structural mechanics

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structural mechanics

© All Rights Reserved

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Complex Stresses

Question 1:

section is subjected to varying bending moment and torque; the internal and external diameters

of the cantilever are 40 and 50mm, respectively. For a given loading condition the bending

moment and torque at a particular section of the cantilever are 100Nm and 50Nm, respectively.

Calculate the maximum and minimum principal stresses at a point on the outer surface of the

cantilever at the section where the direct stress produced by bending moment is tensile.

Determine also the maximum shear stress at the point and the inclination of the principal

stresses to the axis of the cantilever.

b. A shear stress xy acts in a two-dimensional field in which the maximum allowable shear

stress is denoted by max and the major principal stress . Derive, using the geometry of

Mohrs circle of stress, expressions for the maximum value of direct stress which may be

applied to the x and y planes (x & y) in terms of the parameters given (xy, max & ).

Hint: Radius of Mohrs Circle =

1

2

y ) + 4 xy

2

max

(y,xy)

(x,xy)

Question 2:

w = 120 kN/m

15 mm 175 mm

10mm

200 mm

15 mm

0.3 m

2m

The beam shown above is subject to a distributed load w = 120 kN/m. Complete the following stress

calculations for point P

a. Calculate the direct stress at P due to the beam moment at this location [5]

b. Calculate the shear stress at P due to the beam shear force at this location [5]

c. Calculate the principal stresses at P and determine their angles of application [5]

d. Determine the maximum shear stress at P and determine its angle of application [5]

Sketch the mohrs circle for the state of stress at P [5]

Question 3

The solid rod shown in the figure below has a radius of 0.75 in, and is fixed at one end to a wall.

8 in

10 in

x

800 lbs

y

14 in

500 lbs

a. Determine the combined direct and shear stresses at location A, and sketch these stresses on a

free body diagram of element A. [12 marks]

b. Calculate the magnitude and direction of the principal stresses at location A. [6 marks]

c. Calculate the magnitude and direction of the maximum shear stress at location A. [4 marks]

d. Sketch the state of stress at location A on a Mohrs circle diagram. [3 marks]

Influence Lines

Question 4:

8k

2.5 k

8k

G

10 ft

M

F

A

25 ft

15 ft

20 ft

20 ft

20 ft

10 ft

20 ft

20 ft

A 18.5k truck has wheel loads as shown in the diagram above. Assume that the truck can travel in either

direction along the center of the deck, so that half the load shown is transferred to each of the two side

trusses. Also assume that the members are pin connected.

a. Draw the influence line for the force in member IH of the bridge truss

b. Determine the maximum live force (tension or compression) that can be developed in this

member (IH) due to the truck

c. Draw the influence line for the force in member BC of the bridge truss

d. Determine the maximum live force (tension or compression) that can be developed in this

member (BC) due to the truck

Question 5

9'-0"

0.4W

9'-0"

0.4W

Pin

0.2W

40'-0"

20'-0"

20'-0"

Consider the double span bridge as shown in the diagram above.Support A may be treated as a simple

support, while supports C and D treated as rollers. Location D is to be treated as a pin along the span.

Location B is at the midspan of span AC.

a. Use Muller-Breslau principle to qualitatively sketch the shape of the influence lines for each of

the following

[7 marks]

Reaction at A

Moment at B

Shear at B

Reaction at C

Moment at C

Shear at D

Reaction at E

b. A 3 axle truck of weight W travels in the direction shown above along the bridge. Its rear and

middle axles each carry 40% of its weight and the front axle carries 20%. At what distance

should the middle axle be from position A, such that the truck load on the bridge results in zero

moment at position B. [9 marks]

c. If the bridge sustained damage at position B such that its capacity was limited by shear forces

developed there. What would be the maximum weight of truck that can safely traverse the

bridge, if the shear capacity at B was found to be 16kips? [9 marks]

Question 6

Consider the truss bridge shown below, which is comprised of two similar trusses, aligned side by side

spanning 80ft over a waterway.

8 ft

3k

2k

15 ft

20 ft

20 ft

20 ft

20 ft

a. Draw the influence lines for the forces in members IH and IC [15 marks]

b. Compute the maximum live force that can be developed in the members IH and IC due to a 5-k

truck having wheel loads shown. Assume the truck travels in either direction along the center of

the deck, so that half the load shown is transferred to each of the two side trusses. [10 marks]

Moment Frames

Question 7

A bus shed is subjected to wind forces as shown in the diagram below. It is only supported at its

base. Determine its support reactions and draw the shear force, bending moment and axial

force diagrams for each member of its members.

2.5 m

4m

4 kN/m

3 kN/m

Fixed

Support

0.5 m

Questions8

Draw the shear force, bending moment and axial force diagrams for each member of the frame

below.

40 kN

8 kN/m

20 kN

20 kN

3.0 m

6 kN

B

Pin

9.0 m

6.0 m

4 kN/m

2 kN/m

8.0 m

8.0 m

16.0 m

Cables

Question 9

Determine the tension in each segment of the cable and the cables total length

Question 10

The cable supports loads shown. Determine the magnitude of horizontal force P, such that xB = 6ft.

Column Buckling

Determine Buckling capacity of each base below. (see UB section properties at end of questions on

following page)

Question 11

Question 12

Question 13

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