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(4.1.12
S = a0 + a1X; S =
)
a
a0 X 1,
S
;
a0, a1
.
,
:
a
a
S = a0 + a1X1 + a2X2 + a3X3; S = a0 X 1 X 2
a
X 3. (4.1.13)

- ,
- .
-

- 6 .

, ,
- .
.

- .
-

1330
1330

1332
1334
1334

1000

2500

1000
1600
2500
2500

3150
4050
3150
5050

,
.
17
760
18 600
29 300
43 760
50 060


- EXCEL
- ()
-
:
S = 4,597

0,95

0,21

X1 X2 ,
1
, ; 2
, .
0,99.
,
1600
5050 .
0,21- :

4,597
0,95
= 30 480 .
1600
5050

-
,
-
() :
(4.1.14)
S = ,

- .


- :
,
,
..


,
()
.
,
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-
-
.

,
-
, .
.

20 50 3.

:
,
3
30
38
53
57

,
.
6000
7500
9750
10 500

, - 1 3 .
-
: 200; 197,37; 183,96 184,21 .

191,38 . 1 3.
= 8,5 .
(
) 4,4%,

. -
-
. , - 25 3
191,38 25 = 4784 .


-
- , ,
- ,
- ,
.
-
- ,

.
-
.

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- .
,


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3.
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4) .
(: ) 1, 2, 3; ) 1, 3, 4; ) 1, 2, 4.)
4.
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;
)
.
5.

(
)

- 2001 .,
1999 . ( ) 200
000 .
1999 . 150 000 ,
2001 . 170 000 - .
6.

( )
-5-4
2001 ., ,
1999 . ( ) 120 000 .
160 500 .
1999 . 260 000 . 2001 . ( )
2001 . - 570 .
( 29,37 ./.).
7.

10
3,
- .


( ): -8 8 3 287 000
, -12 12 3 310 000 .
( ) 14 900 .
8. ( )
-315 80 ,
- 0,87.
- -40
150 ( ) 96 000 .
20%.
9.
-1500, 1,5
1200 3/, ,

-1200, 1,2 1200


3/ 10 800 ( ). -
0,87, 0,92.
10.

- 6-32.
() -2 ( ) 50 000
. 150 000 . .
:

6-32

,
600

5,5

,
/
8,12

()

400

7,5

7,12

-2

800

13,1

8,16


.
11.

-1500,
15-
. -
-1200 -2500, ( ) 10 800
. 15 100 .

:
-1500

,
.
1

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3/
2000

1,5

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1200

1,2

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3000

2,2

4.2.

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.


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).


.

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(4.2.1)
, .. = /, =
.
:
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(4.2.2)
),
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:
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, :
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1

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(4.2.4)

.
,

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(4.2.5)
(1
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)
-
.
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.
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-
5 30%. -
-
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2000 . 13,6%*.
* 2002. .: ,
2002. . 367.


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- ,
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1. .

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.
2.
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.
3.
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4.2.1

1
2
3
4
1 (


2 )

3

4

.
4.2.1
1
2
5
6

7

:
8
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,

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9
:
10
:


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6)
.
;
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.

:

0,250,35, , ,
0,10,25, 0,050,1,
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.,

(4.2.7)


;
G G
;

-
. -

, 1,1 , 1,2
- 1,3
.

(
)

:
SB =
(1

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,

(4.2.8)


- .
.

. -
,
70 000 .
0,15,
0,06.

,
. .
- 0,24,
20%.
: 70
000(1 0,24
0,15)/(1 + 0,2)(1 0,24) = 46 820 .

:
46 820
1,3/1,1 = 55 330 .

:
SB =

(1 0,24)55 330
1 0,24 0,06 = 60 070 .,

*. ,

-
- .

- ,
.

=
(4.2.9
Q
:
)
Q
.
,
Q Q

- .

--
. -
.

, -

,
N
:
N

Q = 0,73G 1 +
+ 12N 1 +
(4.2.10
)
+ 20N ,


N
N
G , ;
N ,
; N ,
( );
N ,
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* ..
// : , ,
. 1998. 3. . 3637.



,
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()
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2.
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3.

(4.2.11
n
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i
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n
;
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0,30,4.

:
SB = (1
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(4.2.12
)

- , ,
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, ,

. -
. , - ,

. ,
,
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.
,
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:
S = S ,
(4.2.13
S )
; S
;

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.

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,
3500 .
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4200 .

. 4.2.2.
4.2.2

-

2132

1200

,
.
117 000

1
, .
97,50

2C163
278
2135
2125

4250
2680
1200
800

300 000
165 000
105 000
78 000

70,59
61,57
87,50
97,50

:
- 1 82,93 83 .,
16,23 .,

) 0,195 = 19,5%.
20%,
- 83 .
.
83 3500 = 290 500 .
,
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.



--
,
.

(- )

, .
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.
.

,
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.


, - .

-
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(-


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X
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(
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(1/).

,
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- .
.
,
-
. . 4.2.2
-
(. 4.2.1).

350 000
300 000
250 000
200 000
150000
100 000
50 000

y = 60,196x + 31042 R2 = 0,964

1000

2000
3000
4000
,

5000

. 4.2.1.

. 4.2.1 ,
-
,
0,964. -
60,196 3500 + 31 042
= 241 728 . ,
- 31 042 .,
,
,
60,196 3500 = 210 686 .
,
210 686/241 728 = 0,87, .. 87%
.


, 290 500 .

: -
40 316 .,
-
16 688 ., .. - 2,5 .

( - ).
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:
Soc = SB (1 ),
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.
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24%. 20%.
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10.
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24%. -
12%. .
11.

4400 .
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r = r (1 + i)
(4.3.1)
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r, r
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(4.3.2)
r = r + i.

. ,
-
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2.

- .
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:
E1
En
Sn
E2
+
..
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(1 +
(1 +
1 + (12 + . +
=
n+
r)
+
r)
r)n
r
E1F4(r,1) + E2F4(r,2) + ... + EnF4(r,n)
(4.3.3)
+ SnF4(r,n),
1, 2, ... n ,
1-, 2- ... n-
;
r ;
Sn
- -
n- ;
F4(r, j)
, -
(
r j);
n

- , .

- ,
:
1
1
S= E
Sn
)
= E F5(r,n) + Sn F4(r,n),
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(1 +
+
(4.3.4)
n
r
(1 + r)n r)
,
;

F5(r,n) ,

.
3.
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( ):
S = S
(4.3.5)
S.
4.
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,
:
S = S
(4.3.6)
,

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7 .
21%. 9240 .
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4.3.2 .
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(
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1

1.

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149
688
83 160
284
13592
860
531
300

0,15 3 ,
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3

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30,8 .

1,5 .

. 4.3.1
1
2
3
2.
31 752 21 ., 126 .

3.
11 304 .
35,6%
()

4.
56%
( ) 17 781
5.
(
)

315 10,5 , 1500


, 0,02 .

15 000 1
5 ., 250 . .

7500 50%

22 815



614

952
( )
4.3.2



- 7

831
600
216
648
3,5079
5
759
990
1400
0,2633
3
369
760
359
385
500
374
859

90
.
21%,
7
35 ,
40 . 1
.

21%,
7

717 2;
500 ./2. 45
2;
600 ./2



.
1. , 1

.
2. ,
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):
= S (.
(4.3.7)
+ r),
S
( - );
. .
, ,

, ,
.
, ,
.
- .
3.
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=
(4.3.8)
,

- - ,
1.
4.
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S =

r
1

1
n
(1 + r)

F6(r, n)

n
;
F6(r, n) ,

.
5.
-
,
.
.

15 .

- 417 000
. -
320 . .
100 ..
- 9 .

22%.

()

.

,
( ) - ():
4,5 . 417 000 = 1 876 500 .

. - . 4.3.3.
4.3.3

(
)

1. ,

2.

3.

4.

5.
6.
7. ()

1 535
972
107
520
29
667
10
561
5100
122
554
26
700



1 528 084,
7888

-

107 520

24
723;
,

4944
35,6%


5100
38
892;
65 662,

21 700;

1 838
074


. 4.3.4.
4.3.4

,
1.
876 4,5 .
38500
426
95 000 3202 ;
200 ./2. 100
2;
2
310 ./

0,23 1%;
22%
21 850


,

,
16 576

0,26411 22%,
F6(r,n)

- 9

62 761



-
,
. , -
, (),
- .

(
), -
(, ),
,
- , ,
.
-
.
() - .

(4.3.10

S
.
:
)

, . + r
=
,
- ;
. ,
- ;
.
, -


; r
.

:
= S(. + r) +
(4.3.11
..
)
,

- (
) , .. = .


:
= S(. + r) +
(4.3.12
. + .
)

- , ..

- :
Q
= Q = [S(. + r) + .
(4.3.13
)
+ ]
,

Q
Q

;
Q Q (),

.


(4.3.14

:
)
S = + r


,
- ;

,
- ;

, -

.

-
( ) ,
.. = . -
, :

S =
(4.3.15
+ r
)
.

:

Q
[S(. + r) + . + ]

Q
S =
a
.K + r

(4.3.16
)


. + r +
:
*
+
+ + r .
Q
S = .
*
r

+r

()

, :
S = S

( ) + (.
)

+ r
.

(4.3.18
)

,

- ,

,
-
, ,

,
.

.
( ) -
,

.
,
, ,
. -
. 4.3.5.
4.3.5

1. () ,
5200
.
2.
251
262
,
040
100
3.
1
1
4. ,
18
18
5.
250
250
,
6. 1 ,
280
.

7. () 1 . , .
0,06
8. 1
420
,
9. () 1 , .
0,04
10.
( )
320
320

%
11.,

0,15
0,15
12. ,
10
11
14.
0,0411
0,0492

(
) . 4.3.6.

4.3.6
(
)

1.

2.

.
3. (35,6%)

4.
5.

(- )

,
.

.
.

6000 6000

: 250122 =
6000 : 250122
=
6000
:
60000,356 =
2340 2340
2340 :
60000,356
= 2340
=
:
(28018251
75 914
040/1000)0,06 75 914
: (42018262
79
100/1000)0,04 = 79 259
259
: 60003,2 = 19 200
19 200 19
: 60003,2 = 19 200
200
103
106
459
799

. ,


- :

103
262
0,0492 +
106
S = 5200 +
*
*

454
0,0492 + 100
0,15
251
0,04107 + 0,15 0,04107 +

0,15

04

= 11 982 .


,
.

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().
(),

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-
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70 000 3 . - 4,7 .
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. n = 10 .
10 3000 . - r = 0,22.
7.


- .
50 000 2 .
3,6 . 1 2.
( ) 3,1 . 1
2. - n = 10 .
10 330 . 90 000 .
r = 0,24.

8.


. - 4 850
000 .
0,01 . . 200 000 . 1,5%.
n = 11 .
r = 0,22.

9.

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. . 1190 . 1
. - (
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520 .. 100 . 1 . .
n = 11 .

r = 0,22.
10.

.
.

4000
.


- 18 600 .,
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5%.
12,5%. r = 0,24.

5



5.1.
,


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n x1, x2 ... xn
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f ( x)

2e

( x

)
2 2

(5.1.1)

2
(-
). ,

5.1.1 .

x,
- f(x),
-
. . 5.1.1 =
20; = 1 = 20; = 2.
= 0 2 = 1 f(x, , )
- . .

5.1.1

- :
(x )2 .

1 x
2 2
F (X ) 2
(5.1.2)


- ,
- F(X),

.
f(x, )

0,35
=1

0,3
0,25
0,2
0,15
0,1
0,05

10

=2
15
20

25

x
30

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2 -
- .

5.1.1 .

-
. -

.
:
( ) (
)
xcp

1
n
ni
x
1

i,
(5.1.3)

(
2)
1
2
s
n (x x )2
(5.1.4)
cp
n i
1 i 1
()

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(5.1.5)

s
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:
24 26 27 29 30 31 31 33 35,
30 ,

31 .

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= (s / x)100%.
(5.1.6)
s x

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.

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2 , - .
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,

.
, .

. - ,
- .
[11]
,
- .
(n = 4):
Y = [67; 103; 104; 110].

y1 = 67.

x2 x1 103 67

0,837.
xn x1 110 67

5.1.1, - 95%
n = 3 7:

5.1.1

xn xn1
n

3
4
5
6
7

xn x1

xn xn1

x2 x1
xn x1

xn x1
x2 x1
xn x2

0,941
0,765
0,642
0,560
0,507

1,000
0,955
0,807
0,689
0,610

xn
xn2 x

x3 x1
xn x1
1,00
0
0,96
7
0,84
5
0,73
6
0,55
1

5.1.1 n = 4
95% -
, 0,765. -
0,837 ,
y1 = 67
-
.
, .

xn xn1 110 104

0,139
xn x1 110 67

0,765,
,
,
y4
= 110.
5.1.1
- ,
-
.
, 7.1,
- .
-
,
.


- = (s /
x)100%. - 33%,
-
. ,
- .
(n = 3):

x = 105,67 s = 3,786,
= 3,58%.
,
. ,
7.1, -

()

.
(, )
L U , -
:
p (L U) = 1 .

(5.1.7)
L U
(5.1.8)

100(1 )-
- .
- : (1 )
-
. L U -

- , (1 )
,
( ). - = 0,1,
90- -
.

.

( )
. - n
, .
-
s.
, -
t

cp

(5.1.9)

s
n
t- (n 1)
.
t- -

. n
t--
.
m = (n 1)
t-
tk.
:
cp tkps / n .
(5.1.10)
t-

= 0,1 ( )
- 1 5 :

5.1.2

m
1
2
3
4
5

tk =
0,1
6,31
2,92
2,35
2,13
2,01

tk =
0,05
12,7
4,30
3,18
2,78
2,57

.
.
, ,
-

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..).

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-
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- ,

,
()
- x. n
, k .
X:
x11 x12 ... x 1k
x
x
... x
21 22
2k
X = ... ... ... ...
(5.1.11)

x n1 xn . xnk
.
2
.
, ,
- (k > 1),
- .
,

, - .

. , ,
1, 2
3 .

- (xi, xj)
- . ,
(xi, xj) -

,
- , .
(xi, xj)

- .

()
[19]:
T T 1
(xi, xj)2 = (x i x j ) (xi x j ) ,
(5.1.12)
xi, xj i- j- - X,
,
.

- (xi, xj).
, ()

, -
:
E(xi, xj)2 = (xi xj)T (xi xj).
(5.1.13)
-
:
x xl ,
(5.1.14)
x H il
il

sl

xil l- i- ;

xl l-
;

1
2
sl

l xil
n

xl

.

.
n = 9
( X),
- k = 4
( X):
1) , ;
2) , ;
3) , ;
4) , . ( ).

MATLAB 6 ( Statistics
Toolbox).

x = [250 1000 7.7 509; 320 1250 7.7 488; 320 1250 7.7
494; 320 1250
11.5 624; 400 1600 14 618; 400 1600 11 640; 400 1600 15
675; 400 1600
26 688; 320 1250 7.7 550],
:
25 100 7,7 509
(
0 125
0
32
7,7 488
,
0 125
0
32
7,7 494
,
0 125
0 11,5 624
32
).
0 160
0 14,0 618
40
0 160
0 11,0 640
40
0 160
0 15,0 675
40
0 160
0 26,0 688
40
0 125
0
32
7,7 550
0
0

()
- . ,

- . ,
.

()

- Y1.
Y1 = pdist(x,Mahal)

, - - Y1,
Y:
Y = squareform(Y1)
Y =
0
3.408 3.351 3.746 3.280 3.451 3.274 3.933 3.201
0
3
5
7
1
3
6
7
3.408
0.164
3.268
2.124
2.826
2.845
3.275
1.696
0
2
8
5
0
5
5
3
3.351
0.164
0
3.111
2.083
2.732
2.731
3.244
1.532
3
2
5
1
0
4
7
2
3.746
3.268
3.111
0
3.467
3.184
2.517
3.537
1.705
5
8
5
2
1
4
7
9

3.280
7
3.451
1
3.274
3
3.933
6
3.201
7

2.124
5
2.826
0
2.845
5
3.275
5
1.696
3

2.083
1
2.732
0
2.731
4
3.244
7
1.532
2

3.467
2
3.184
1
2.517
4
3.537
7
1.705
9

0
1.280
6
1.426
8
2.871
4
2.304
5

1.280
6
0
1.017
4
3.719
4
2.277
0

1.426
8
1.017
4
0
2.946
5
2.030
3

2.871
4
3.719
4
2.946
5
0
3.354
6

2.304
5
2.277
0
2.030
3
3.354
6
0

Y1 .
- (
9). -
,
. , -
,
- ; 0
- .

- ,
- .

()
.

: Z = linkage(Y).
Z, (n
1) 3
(
;
Y ):
Z =
2 3 0.1642
10
6 7 1.0174
11
5 11 1.2806
12
10 9 1.5322
13
13 4 1.7059
14
14 12 2.0303
15
15 8 2.8714
16 1 16 3.2017

: dendrogram(Z).

- ( 1 9),

( - ),
( 10 16),

..
3 4 (
- ,

2,0303),

, -
:

3
2,9
2
1,5
1
0,5

. 5.1.2. ,

T=
cluster(Z,3)
T
=
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1

T = cluster(Z,4)
T
=
4
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
1


(
), -
( ).
, .
- , .

, ,
2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7, 9; 8; 1.
,
-

. -
1-

320 , 2-
400 , ,
, (26 )
,
(1115 ). 3-
. , 4-
- ,
250 .

-
- .
1, -
.
p=cophenet(Z,
Y1) p =
0,8605
= 0,8605
, -
.

-
, , - ,
-
.

s.

, ,
, -
.
, ,

,
, -
. ,


.
s

tk,
.
.


- n = 4
:
Y = 101; 110; 110; 120 [. . .].

:
Y = 110,25.

5.1.4 5.1.5

( - Excel):
s = 7,76.
= 0,1
(n 1) = 3 t = 2,35
(. . 5.1.1).
:
D 2tkp s / n
(5.1.15
18,24.
)

- :
= 100(D / (2))% = 8,27%.
(5.1.16)

10%, -

. 10%,
,
,

- s (. 5.1.15
5.1.16).


- .
-
,
(). -

.

. -

,
.

(
). - ,
- .
-
, .

,
n (1;1),(2;2) ... (n;n)
-

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(; )
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(. 5.1.3 5.1.3 ).
)

8
12
14
20
21

280
390
422
700
735

75
0

75
0

70
0

70
0

65
0

65
0

60
0

60
0

55
0

55
0

50
0

50
0

45
0
40
0
35
0

28
0
39
0
42
2
70
0
73
5

1
12
22
17
8
19

45
0
10

12
22

14

16

18

20

40
0

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

35
0

30
0

30
0

25
0

25
0

) (; )

) (1; )

. 5.1.3.

. 5.1.3 , x

,
.
. 5.1.3 ,
-
1.
,
-

-
):
= 15,0;
sx = 5,4772;
= 505,4;
s = 201,0360.

- ,
. (- )

,
sx -
:
1
s
n (x )( )
x
x

n
i
1
i 1

cp .
(5.1.17)

cp

sx = 10900.
sx, 5.1.17,

.
-
, -
, ,
. ,
,

.
sx
(- ) sx s,
rx
.
rx
, (xi; i), :
n

(xi xcp )(i cp )


rx

i 1
n

i
1

i
1

( (xi xcp )2 )( (i cp )2 )

(5.1.18
)

rx
() -
- n.

-1 +1,
:
-1 rx + 1.
rx > 0,
, rx < 0
.
,
. rx , rx =1
.
rx = 0,9894.

. -


- ,
.

, -
, , -
-
( ). .
,
- r
,
rx, - , r = 0,9.

:
1 rx
z 0,.5ln
.
1 rx
z = 2,62. z
- , n
-
:
zcp

0,.5ln
rx

r
.
2(n 1)

1
rx

z

1
n3

z = 1,58 z = 0,71.
r

Z
zcp

z
- (n 2) (. 5.1.3).
5.1.3

0,1
2,5
8

0,05
1,96

Z < z, ,
,

r

. Z = 1,46
z = 1,96 ( a = 0,05) .
, Z < z,

r = 0,9.

:
T

rx n 2 ,
(5.1.19)
2

1 rx

t- m = n 2
.
= 81,6.
, , =
0,05 - m = 5 2
= 3, 5.1.1 t = 3,18.
| T | t,
,
.

,
.

(1,
)
(.5.1.3
)

rx = -0,165,
1

- MATLAB 6 (
Statistics Toolbox)
- Sx
Rx

Y.
- Y
,
. - cov(Y)
corrcoef(Y).

:
s
xx
S x
s

sx

;

s

Rx

r
xx
r

rx
.
r

(.5.1.3 )
:
Sx = 1.0e + 004
Rx =
0.0030 0.1090
1.0000 0.9894
0.1090 4.0416
0.9894 1.0000


.
R
,

, -
.
,
:
1) B,
2) L,
3) N,
4) .
B
L
N

1.0000 0.9981 0.6697 0.8012

0.8135
0.998 1.000 0.683

R = corrcoef(x); R
1
0
4
0.669

0.683
1.000
0.8009

4
0
0.800
0.801 0.813
1.0000
5
9
R

(
). - ,

,
( 0,8009 0,8135),

. , ,

- - .

,
, -


0,9981.


,
.

,
, .


,
.


- ( ,


- .
,
,
,

X = (x1, x2, ..., xk),


.
,

, -
. = f(X)


.
,

f(X). ,
- .

:
1)
- ;
2) f(X);
3) ;
4) .

.
-

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.
,

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- .

- ,

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()
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.
f(X) ,

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:
k

f (X ) b0
bi xi

i 1

,
(5.1.20)

bi
( - ), i = 1, 2 ... k;
xi ,
X.
- ,
- ,
. -

f(X), 5.1.20
( ):
f (X )
b
2
kb
x k b x b x x
i
ii
i
(5.1.21)
ij i
0
j
i i 1

i
i
1

, ,

, -
-
bi.

.

().
-
:
N

(
i
i,
i 1

)
min

(5.1.22
)

i i, .
- ,
-

b.
- ,
- .
- ,
, N ,
m . N = m + 2,
- k
:

m = k;

m = k +1;
m = (k + 2)(k
+ 1)/2 .. , N,
,
,
.
- ,
- ,
.

,
- b
,
, :
b (X

X)

,
(5.1.23)
-1
-
- .

. - ,

,
- MS Excel 7.0.
MS Excel
- .

-
.

- B L,
. - ,
,
: 250
, 320
11,5
-

.
, . 5.1.3.

- (72)
.
,
. 5.1.4,
b.

,
, :
= 1,5244 + 2,7088 L.
,
.

5.1.4



,

320
320
400
400
400
400
320

N,

7,7
7,7
14
11
15
26
7,7

.
b0
b1
b2
0
1,524
2,7088
4

, .

488
494

618

640
df
SS
MS
675
2 359599, 17979,
3
7
680

5
3837,5
767,51
6
1
550

7
39796,
9

F
23,425
9

regress MATLAB:
b =
regress(, ).
.

- ,

.
- (. . 5.1.4).

- SS
SS, ,
SS,
:
SS = SS +
SS.

MS = SS/df,
-
df = k df = N k.

MS

MS

, F > F(, df,


df), F F-
- (1 )
df.
F (0,05;2;5) = 5,79 23,4259 > 5,79,

):
SS 35959,3
0,903571.
SS
39796,9
, 0 < R 2 1. R2
, 90%

, .
.

R2

, -
,
.

-
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R

( )


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5.1.5
( )

2- ()

y b0 b1 t
y b0 b1 t b2 t

3- (
)

y b0 bt1 t b2 t
y b0 b

y b0 e
y b0 b1 lnt
1
yb b *

bt

b0 t

1 b1 *e

b*t


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,
- Excel.

y = f (t),
. Excel

-
,
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()
,

R2.
. 5.1.4
. -

.
. , -
,
,
.

y
x .
,
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Excel
.
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-
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. Excel
.


-
- .

.
-
-
.
.
-

R2.
. 5.1.4
- :
,
(2- 3- ).


1
1210
2

840

610

450

354

350

250


1400
1200
1000 1210
y = -147x + 1168,6
R2 = 0,8704
800
600
840
400
610
200
450 354 350
0

1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200

250
2

2-
1400
1200
1000 1210
y = 31,048x2 395,38 + 1541,1
800
R2 = 0,9868
600
840
400
610
200
450 354
350 250
4
6
0
2
8


y = 1384 -0,2509
R2 = 0,9653

1210
840

610
450 354 350
250
2

3-
1400
y = -5,94443 + 102,382
1200
639,1 + 1755,1 R2 = 0,9978
1000 1210840
800
610
600
400
350 250
200
450 354350 250
4
6
0
2
8

. 5.1.4


( - )
- ,


.
,
.

) R2. ,
. . 5.1.4 ,
-
(R2 = 0,8704),
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5.1:
1.
?
2.
.
3. ?
4.
.
5.
?
6. ?
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7.
?
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5.2.
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[11]

.
. 5.2.1 Excel
-
- .

,

(1) ,
- .
k .
-

(1 2).

- k,
.
,
,
n k
.
k < C, k

(. . 5.2.1).


-
.

i

4
- n =
i
|(i

i
|(i
)|
67
1
29,00
( 2
103
103
2,67
7,00
)
104
104
1,67
8,00
1
k=
Ek = 1/2
110
110
4,33
14,00
Ek =
0,025
Ek =
( n k ) Ek < C, k
Ek =
0,025

96,0

. .

105,6
7
k

28,7

1150,0

0,000


1
2

.
!
Ek
n = 345678
k0,081
=1
0,001
0,02
0,14
0,208
2
5
6
0,00
0,01
0,03
0,065
3
1
4
0,00
0,016

0,265
0,099
0,034

. 5.2.1

[17]

- .


- .

Excel (. 5.2.2).

v,
s
, -


,
s = v
, 33%.
3,79
, (,
3,9

() =
,
: (/s 0,7979) < (0,4/n
=n =
:

, (,
3,7
9
3

2,8
9
0,0
4

0,23

. 5.2.2


33%,
- .
v = 3,9%
.
,

().

.
5.2.2
,

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0,4 .

(5.2.1)


0,04 < 0,23, 5.2.1 ,

.


. -
- ,
,
.

-

.
Excel (. 5.2.3)
. D


i
/

103,
0
104,

=
0,05
0
110,
= s =

0 t = D =
4
105,7 .
=
5n=3
3,79
2
3

4,3
18,80

8,9
= 105,7

. 5.2.3

. 5.2.3
i ,
- .
, -

- .
Excel .
D,
.
- (1 )
, .

, -


100

D/2
cp

%.

(5.2.2)


- ,
-
() s , -
,
t(),
- = 0,05
(n 1) =3.
s
Excel ,
,
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10%.

- ,
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D. , -
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.

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()

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( ).

,
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.

= f(X) + .
(5.2.3)
,
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.
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, - , = (x1, x2 ...
xk).
, ,
,

.

-
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-
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k

b0 bi xi ,
(5.2.4)
i 1

b0, b1 ... bk
, -
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j ,
5.2.4:

Q
(b (
j
j

j
0

2
k (5.2.5)
b x )) .

i
i i 1


, :
Q = ( b)T ( b),
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n ;
(n k) (
);

b
- .
Q,
,

i.

0
bi
,
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|/s 0,798| < 0,4/n^0,5.


0,071 > 0,163

|,,i |

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4
1,53
1
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6,08
8
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= 100*(. -


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(19902002
.)

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2002
.: 2000. (2000)
1997

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54333
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(
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1997
2002
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21064
0,0055
117
117

3,4
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t nep

nep
4

110

nep

tnep
, - -.

tnep 50 -

^, (7.2.29),

50% ()

,
, , ,

.

()

-
.
,
-


, :


w
C

K K
t

(7.2.31)

t 1

w
, ;

,

-
- ;

t ,
t- ;

C t t-
-
, .
:

1
40% ,
K
40

(7.2.32)
40%


7.2.2.
7.2.2

1
2
3
4

0,2
0,3
0,3
0,4
0,4
0,5
0,6
0,5

:
1
- 20%
;
2
-
20 % 50%
- ;
3
- ,
30%


, - ,

, -
;
4
30%


^,
(7.2.31), 50%
()

.

()


.

,
(, , ),
:

^ = ^,
(7.2.33)

.

:
3

110
t 5-

4
4

10 6 10
5 t 10 -
t

2
0
60 10

t

,
(7.2.34)

2 10

t 10 -

t (
-
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^


( ).


:
4

4 10

t 25 ,(7.2.35)

t 25 -

50

4
4
10
t
10
^
:

C
0,03C

(7.2.36)

0,03 C C 0,03 C


,
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:
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(7.2.37)
,
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.


7.2.3.
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-


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2

3
4

0,010
0,010
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0,200



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1
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1
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e EUROTAX ,
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1 1 -

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1

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2.

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2.

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1
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1.
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7.2.8
1
2
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1

3
3.
1
3.
2
3.
3

2
3


Auto- VIN
Ident
(Vehicle Identifi- cation Number
EUROTAX
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,
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()


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Internet,
-
.

Internet, .
-
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-
,

(http://www.mgi.ru/).
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Internet

1
2
http://www.roscon.ru/

http://www.rostokino

,
lada.ru/

.
7.2.9
1
http://www.eleks.ru/

2

,

http://www.lukas.nm.ru/



http://www.omega-inter.ru/
.
http://www.autorussia.newmail.


ru/


http://www.lavka.ru/


http://www.autocentre.ru/

-

http://www.avtogarant.ru/




,
,
http://www.carmarket.ru/

-

-


http://www.altek.ru/



http://www.aha.ru/~vinsk/


http://www.bk.ru/

http://www.automir.ru/

.


http://www.autokatalog.net

/
-

http://www.motomir.ru/

1
http://www.kamaz.ru/
http://www.spb.to/motors/
http://www.autogaz.r
u/
http://www.auto.nn.ru
/http://www.auto.vl.ru
http://www.sila.ru/

http://www.vvo.ru/
http://www.vvo.ru/
http://www.buykorea.ru/
http://www.germany.ru/aut
o/
http://www.aha.ru/~ligaser
v/
http://www.mehanika.ru/
http://www.autoparts.narod.
ru/
http://www.exportransit.ru/au
to/
http://www.glasnet.ru/~aleamot
ors/
http://www.auto.ru/

.
7.2.9
2

-


-
- .
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50

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http://www.775.ru/



http://www.autonp.ru/

7.2:
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- :
Fn = (NL RL )/ NL = EA/(EA + RL) (7.3.1)
: Fn
;
NL (
); RL ;
EA .

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RLi = NLi Ai
(7.3.2)
Fni = Ai/NLi
(7.3.3)
A
- ,
i (
i = 1, i = 2 ..).

- (7.3.1).


-
-
.

- :
RLki = max{NLk Ak Tm, NLk (NLk Ak Tm)
Ri/NLi} (7.3.4) Fnki = max{0,1 RLki/NLk}
(7.3.5)

: RLki
- ,
- i
- ;
Fnki
- ,
i ;
NLk
( ) ;
Ak ;

Tm ,
,
, -

) (
-
-
Tm = 0);
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,
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( ).


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Fnr0 = max {Fni, Fnki : i = 1, ..., n}


(7.3.6) .. 1, 2, 4, 5)
..8)
-
-

(7.3.1)

- ,
,
.
,

N

Fni = (Ai/NLi) + Fr (Ai, OMri)


(7.3.7)
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, i (
i = 1, i = 2,

i = 3 ..),
N (N 1),
Fr (Ai, OMri)
-
,
OMri
i.
i.

Adfno
-
CN - .
Adfno = CN Fnro
(7.3.8)
Cr
( -
-
,
- ,
-
) CD


( - PVr
-
-

),


.
Cr > CDo = CN ADfno
(7.3.9)
PVr > Cr,
(7.3.10)
ADfn = CN r
(7.3.11)
CN
; D
;
Cr .

( )
Ar -
NLr
-
( PVro

-

),
Ar = NLr
(7.3.12) PVro < r,
(7.3.13)
ADfn = CN r min{RLi/Mri : i = 1, ..., n}
(7.3.14)

Mri
i ,
-
;
RLi i
.
, .. PVo

-

),
.
PVo < r,
(7.3.15)
ADfn = CN
(7.3.16)

-
-
.
(7.3.1)(7.3.8)
,

,
,

,
..

Crm
(



PVr

)

( -

,
- ,
-

CD,

-
-
.
Crm = PVr > CDo = CN Adfno,
(7.3.17) ADfn = CN Crm
(7.3.18)
CN
; D
;
Crm .

(
- ),
(- PVro


- ),
.
PVro < rm,
(7.3.19) ADfn = CN rm min{OMri/ Mri : i
= 1, ..., n} (7.3.20)
Mri
i ; OMri
i .
( PVr
-

), -
.
PVr < r,
(7.3.21)
ADfn = CN
(7.3.22)
, (7.3.1)
-


-
(7.3.1)(7.3.22),

:
,
,


- ,

-
(

. 7.3.1 7.3.2.

CN

Cr

30000
15000
20
1
0

. 7.3.1.

CN

Cr

18000
8400
3
1

. 7.3.2.

- ,

.


ADfu = (Suj + max{Srji : i =
1, ..., n})
(7.3.23)
ADfu ;

Suj
- j;
Srji
- j,
-
i.

,
-

- .
( ).

-

- ( )
.
:
Srji = Crj(1 OMrtsji/Mrtsji)/(1 + I )Tji +
+ a(Ntsji; (I/N1tsji)%) Ctsj)
(7.3.24) Tji = Aji OMrtsji/Rji
(7.3.25)
Aji = 1 Prj/Mrji(OMrtsji OGrji)/2)
(7.3.26) Srji
- j ,

i;
Crj
; Mrji
;

Mrtsji
;
OMrtsji
- ;
I ;
Tji
-
,
i;
a(Ntsji; (I/N1tsji)%)
;

Ntsji

- ;
N1tsji

- ;
Ctsj
;
Aji ,


-
;
Rji
( ..) ;
Prj
; Ogrji
;
i
; j

.

( )
Ar -
NLr
(-
PVro
-

),

- ,


-
.
Arj = NLrj
(7.3.27) PVroj < rj,
(7.3.28)

Sr j = 0
(7.3.29)

,
,

) -
. 7.3.3.


CN

Cr

30000
15000
20
1

. 7.3.3.


-
.
, -


- (,

, -
..).


-

-
.
:

Srji = Crj(1 OMrtsji/Mrtsji)/(1 + I)Tji


(7.3.30) Tji = Aji OMrtsji/Rji
(7.3.31)
Aji = 1 Prj/Mrji (OMrtsji OGrji)/2)
(7.3.32) Srji
- j ,
i;
Crj
; Mrtsji
;

OMrtsji ()
;
I ;
Tji

i;
Aji ,

;
Rji
( ..) ;
Prj
; OGrji
;
i
; j

.
(7.3.32)

-
.
(
),
(- PVro


),
,

-
-
PVroj < rj,
(7.3.33) Srj = 0

(7.3.34)
ADf
-

ADf = ADfn + Adfu
(7.3.35)

F
F = Adf/CN
(7.3.36)




, - :
(
- , ,
) - ,
-
.

-
, , ..
,

( ).
,
- :
,
;
,
.
,

-
-

- ,
- .
Cu ,
-
m Cum = Cm + Mcm
Msm
(7.3.37)

Cm ,
Mcm ,
Msm
, m
.

, - ,
, ,

.
-

(
),

.
Cu ,
-
m um = Cm + Mcm +
Mdm dm
(7.3.38)
Cm ,
dm
- ,
Mcm
, Mdm
,
m .

- ,
-
, .
, ,
- ,
- ,
,
.

-
-,



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.
1.

.
2. , ,
- ,

.

3.

-
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.
4.
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5.

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, -
)
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(
),

, ..2.
6. -
,
- (

),


-
.
, .. 3-5
,

,
-

, - ,
- .
NLc
ADvn = CNb((1 Pc/Pb) + 1 / (1+ I) (1 NLc/NLb
NLc
Pb/Pc)) + (1 1/(1+ I) )/I (Do + Dn)

(7.3.39)
a
b
Pc = Nc Kc Vc Hc
(7.3.40)
a
b
Pb = Nb Kb Vb Hb
(7.3.41) NLc = min {NLci/Rci : i = 1, ..., n}
(7.3.42)
NLb = min {NLbi/Rbi : i = 1, ..., n}
(7.3.43) Do = H (Chc Chb Nc Kc / (Nb Kb)
(Vc/Vb)a) (1-Np) (7.3.44)

ADvn
; CNb ;
Pb, Pc
, ;
Nb,Nc

- , ,
- ;
Kb,Kc
; Vb,Vc
, ;
Hb, Hc
; a, b ,

(
);
NLc
- ;
NLb
;
NLc i
i ;
NLb i
i ;
Rc i
i ; Rb i
i ;
Chb,Chc
;
I ;
Do -
- ,

;
Dn -
,

(
), Do

-
,
-;
Np ;
i .




,
, -
..


(- m)
ADvu = Cum
(7.3.45)


ADv = ADvn + ADvu

(7.3.46)

-
-V

CNo
V = ADv / CNo
(7.3.47)

-
:
1.

ADva,



CN
CNa
CN = CNa ADva
(7.3.48)


- , ,

, - ,
.

,

-,

, , ,

-
(, , ),
- ,
- , -,
-
(-)
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,
- .

,
, ,
-
-

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- 154 1994
-

.

-154.
-

ADvo ( ,

).

- (

(7.3.39)(7.3.44))

- -

, ,
, ,
.. - .


V = ADvo / CN = ADvo / (CNa Adva)
(7.3.49)


,
(
), -
.

-
- ,
-
.
.


.

- m ADe m

ADem = a (ONLc ; I%) Dm
(7.3.50) ONLc = min {(NLci Ai)/Rci : i =
1,...,n}
(7.3.51)
ONLc
;
I% ;
Dm
- m;
NLci
i ;
Ai i ;
Rci
i ; i .

- Ai = 0.
A i

,
. ,
-
,

ADe = CN(1 ( 1 ADem/CN )) (7.3.52)

-
- .
,

-

,

- .
-
.
,
- ADet

Det = CN(Kto + (Kt Kto)
(Ak / max{NLc i / Rc i : i = 1,...,n })0,25)
(7.3.53)

Kto, Kt

, ,
Ak .


ADe
ADe = ADem + ADet
(7.3.54)


E = ADe / CN
(7.3.55)

.
,
- ,
-

.

-
--
- .

-
.
D = CN (1 S)
(7.3.56)
D ;

CN
; S S = 1
(1 V)(1 E)(1 F); F, V, E
,
.


-
.
1. .
.

2.
.

, .
3. .
-
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4. .

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5. .

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8. ,
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(7.3.1)(7.3.36)

(7.3.37)(7.3.44)

-,
- , ,

- .

-
Co = (Cb Ub)(1 Fo)/(1 Fb) 1 2 .... m+
UoCd (7.3.57)
Co
; Cb
;
Uo
,

,

,
-
);
Ub
, -
;
Fo
; Fb
;
1 m ,
- 1
7, ;
Cd
- .
, (7.3.57)
,
- 95%.


, .


- (, -

,
- ,


.

-
, 1970 .,
-

810 ,

C = N (30 + (10,83 + 0,5 (n -1))(T 1970)) (7.3.58)
. . ,
N c
810 , n
,
T
.


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,

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NPV
. -

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.

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, - 90%
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20%
20%
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1.
2.

3.
4.
5.



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. , . ... ., ., 1995.
58. Appraising Mashinery and Equipment. Ed. By John
Alico.Selected chap- ters (2, 4-9, 13). McGraw-Hill Book
Company. NY. 1989
59. Bewertung von Nutzfahrzeugen. Germany, Dekra AG.
1995.
60. Gebraucht-Fahrzeug-Bewertung nach dem System
DEKRA- SCHWACKE. Relese 1.3. Germany, Dekra AG.
1994.
61. Mashinery and Equipment Appraisal. Teaching Materials
prepared for EDI/World Bank Seminars by Robert B.Podwalny
and Edward V.Raether. 1995

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0,9944

, . .

500
0

=
0,5162
1332,6
2
R = 0,9784

400
0
300
0
200 0
0
100
0
0

5
10
15
, . ./

= -2,6977 + 402,48 +
2
875,56 R = 0,9949

1
( 1)
( 1)
( 1)

. 1.1.

.
,
,
- ,
-
,

,

.


- ,
.
(
)

():

Y = f(1, 2, 3, ... m)

-
-

.
1.1,
- -0,4
- .

- (),
-
(.
)
:
1 .

-
-
, :
1.4

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

1
2
3
0,9930 0,8672 0,9932
5
1
6
1
0,9012
0,9999
2
9
1
0,8993
4
1

4
0,9972
0
0,9928
7
0,8557
3
0,9931
8
1

5
0,8802
3
0,8726
0
0,9284
8
0,8709
0
0,8610
5
1

6
7
0,9933 0,9907
5
0
1,0000
0,9993
0
2
0,9008
0,8941
8
0
0,9999 0,9994
9
0
0,9931 0,9918
2
2
0,8732 0,8572
9
9
1
0,9992
6
1

2 .
.

,
, , , .

- ,

. -

(),
- (r |1|),
- .
, -
( r
< 0,5).
,
. 3 .
.

-

( - ).

.
-
:
rjy > rkj; rky > rkj,
rjy
Xj Y, rky
Xk Y,
rkj
Xj Xk.
,

j k,
- Y .
,
1 2
:
0,99305 > 0,90122 ;
0,86721 > 0,90122 .

, - 2, ..
Y (0,99305 >
0,86721).
( 1.5),
- .


- 1, 2, 3, 7.

.
(4, 5, 6)

. ,

-
.

1.5
()

1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

4 .
.

- :
= 0 +1 1 + 2 2 + 3 3 + ... +


:
= 0 + 4 4 + 5 5 + 6 6
Excel
- , :


R
0,9982
R-
0,9964
R0,9910

161,54
(Se)

6,0000

Y-
595,78852
36
X 4
301,25546
26
X 5
129,75905
69
X 6
1,7923531
65

5 . .


- R (
).


R2

. ,

,
.
R2 0 1
,
- .
1 ( R 2 = 0,9964),
(1,
2, 3, 7),

- (4, 5, 6).
6 .
, ,
-

_ Se

:
_
D = (Se / )100 = 161,54/2805100 = 5,8%
5,8%
-

.
7 . -0,4

C0,4 = 1,7948 + 129,762,2 + 301,263 + 595,79 =
1870,96 .

2.1.
.
2.1.1.

1
2

(


. .


/

./


../

. .

0 ,

1
.

CN
H, R1
F, R2
Dh

70000
2000
800
13,00

0,12

Cr

25700,00
0

Ar

30000
15000
20,00
20000
10000
15,00

Gr
1
Gr
2

4000
2000
2,00

.
2.1.1.
1

-,
-

Mr1
1
Mr1
2
Mr
1
Mr
2

9000
4000
6,25

A
1
A
2

5000
2000
5

Ar
1
Ar
2

9000
4000
5,00

OMr 1
OMr 2
OMr k

4000,0
0
3000,0
0

OGr 1
OGr 2
OGk

. .

Su

0,00
0,00
0,00

800,00

Tm

0,5

1) NL i

NL1
NL 2
NL k

3000
0
1500
0
20

2) (
i
=1, i = 2) (7.3.1)-(7.3.3)
Fn 1 = A 1 / NL 1 = 5000 / 30000 = 0,17
Fn 2 = A2 / NL 2 = 2000 / 15000 = 0,13
3)
- (7.3.4) (7.3.5).
RLk 1= max{(20 5 0,5); 20(20 5 0,5)2000/
30000} =
= max{14,5; 19,33} 19,33
Fnk 1 = max{ 0; 1 19,33 / 20 }= max{ 0; 0,03 } = 0,03
RLk 2 = max{(20 5 0,5);20(20 5 0,5) 800/
15000 }=
= max{14,5; 15,47 } = 15,47
Fnk 2 = max{ 0; 1 15,47 / 20 }= max{ 0; 0,23}
= 0,23
4)
- (7.3.6)
Fnro = max {0,17; 0,13; 0,03; 0,23 } = 0,23
5) ADfno
- (7.3.8)
ADfno = CN Fnro = 700000,23 = 16100 . .
6) (7.3.9).
CDo = CN Adfno = 70000 16100 = 53900 .
CDo > CR = 25700 . .

- .

7) (7.3.12)
(7.3.13). (7.3.12)
.


Mro = min{ Mr1/H; Mr2/F; Mr3 } =
= min{ 9000/2000; 4000/800; 5 } = min{ 4,5; 5; 5 } =
4,5
Vro = a(Mro; I%) Dh H= 3,33132000 = 86557 .
. > Cr,

a(Mro; I%)
- () Mro
I%.
(7.3.13) .
8) (7.3.15).
Vo >
Cr (7.3.15)
.
9)
Adfn = Adfno = 16100 . .
2.2.
.
2.1.1. .
1)

- 2.1.1.
Su = 800 . .
2)
(7.3.24)
(7.3.26).
Pr = 0,1.
A1 = 1 Pr / Mr1 (OMr 1 OGr 1 ) / 2 ) =
= 1 0,1 / 9000 (4000 0 ) / 2 ) = 0,98
T1 = A1 OMr1 / R 1 = 0,984000 /
2000 = 1,96 Sr1 =Cr(1 OM1/Mr1) /
(1+I)T1 =
= 25700(1 4000/9000)/(1 + 0,12 ) 1,96 = 11434 . .
A2 = 1 Pr / Mr2 (OMr 2 OGr 2) / 2 ) =
= 1 0,1 / 4000 (2000 0 ) / 2 ) = 0,97
T2 = A2 OMr2 / R 2 = 0,97 2000 / 800
= 2,43 Sr2 =Cr(1 OMr2/ Mr2)/
(1+I)T2)) =
= 25700(1 2000/4000)/(1 + 0,12 ) 2,43 = 9735 . .
Ak = 1 Pr / Mr k (OMr k OGr k ) / 2 ) =
= 1 0,1 / 6,25(1,25 0 ) / 2 ) = 0,99

Tk = Ak Omr k / R k = 0,991,25 / 1 =
1,24 Srk=Cr(1 OMk/ Mr k)/(1+I) Tk =
= 25700(1 1,25/6,25)/(1 + 0,12 ) 1,24 = 17878 . .

Sr = max {Sr ji : i = 1,...,n} = max{11434; 9735; 17878}


=
= 17878 . .
3) ..7 2.1. ,
PVro

,
(7.3.21) (7.3.30) .
, (7.3.29).
,
(7.3.23)
ADfu = Su + max{Sri : i = 1,...,n} = 800 + 17878=
18678 . .
2.3.

.
2.3.1.

:

()


-
-

.
2

.
3

.
.

CN

4
154

5
-204100
450000

164
214
810
810
18,00

21,00

850

830

3900,00

4100,00

NL
1
NL
2

30000
15000
20

45000
20000
20

.
2.3.1.
1



(.)

2
/
./

3
H, R1
F, R2

4
2000
800

5
4000
2000

../

Ch

74,00

84,00

0,70

0,70

0,12

0,12

Np

0,30

0,30

(7.3.39)
(7.3.44) -
a
b , Dn .
NLc = min { NLc i / Rc i : i = 1,...,n } =
= min { 30000 / 2000; 15000 / 800; 20 } = 15

NLb = min {NLb i / Rb i : i = 1,...,n} =


= min {45000 / 4000; 20000 / 2000; 20} = 10

Do = H (Chc Chb NcKc / (NbKb) (Vc/Vb) a)


(1-Np) =
= 2000( 74 841648500,7/ (2148300,7))(10,3) =
= 11305 . .
Pc = Nc Kc Vca Hcb = 1640,78502000 =
195160000 Pb = Nb Kb Vb a Hb b =
2140,78304000 = 497336000 ADvn =
CNb((1 Pc/Pb ) + 1/(1+ I)NLc (1 NLc/NLb Pb/Pc)) +
+ (1-1 / (1+ I)NLc) / I (Do + Dn) =
= 450000((1 195160000/497336000 ) + 1/(1+
0,12)15

(1-15/10497336000/195160000 ) + (1-1/(1+
0,12)15)/0,1211305 =
= 450000( 0,61+ 0,18(1-3,82)) +
6,83(11305+ 0) =
= 45000 +77213 = 122213 . .
2.4. -
TCAS II.

TCAS II.

TCAS II C = 2500 .
. , Mc = 500
. ., -
Ms = 100 . .



Dmo = 2000 .
.
I = 0,12.
-

TCAS II , 2.1.1,

1,5 (ONLc =1,5).
1) .


Vr = a(ONLc; I%) Dmo = a(1,5; 12%)2000 = 2605
. .,
a(ONLc; I%)
.
.
(7.3.37)
Cu = C + Mc Ms = 2500 +500 100 = 2900 .
.
.. Vr < Cu
(7.3.39)

Dn = Dmo = 2000 . .

15 13622 . .
2.5. -
-

,
.

C = 7000 .
., -
d = 200 . .,
Mc = 300
.
.,

Md = 200 . .

Dmo = 1500
. . -

(
-
)
ONLc
=
10
.

I = 12%.
1) (7.3.40)
-

u = C + Mc + Md Cd = 7000 + 300 + 200 200 =


7300 . .
2) .


Vr = a(ONLc; I%) Dmo = a(10; 12%)1500 = 8475
. .
.. Vr > Cu,
u = 7300
. .
2.6.
- 154 ,
2.1.1 2.3.1 , ,
100000 .
.,

,

,
- 500 /,

10
.
./
,

10% 20%, .
1)
- (7.3.51)
ONLc = min { (NLc i A i ) / Rc i : i = 1,...,n } =
= min { (30000-5000 )/2000; (15000-2000)/800; 20-5} =
12,5
2)
D m = 10 500 = 5000 . .

3)
(7.3.50) (7.3.52)
ADm = ADe m = a (ONLc ; I%) D m = a (12,5;12%)
5000 =
= 31561 . .
4)
(7.3.53)
ADet = CN(Kto + (Kt-Kto) (Ak / max{NLc i / Rc i: i = 1,...,n
})0,25) =
= 100000 (0,1+ (0,2-0,1) (5/max{3000/2000; 15000/800;
20})0,25 =
= 17100 . .

5)
ADe = ADem + ADet = 31561+17100 = 48661 .
.

E = ADe/ CN = 48661/100000 = 0,49
2.7.
- .
2.7.1


,
.

(
)

:

()

(
)

(
)

.
-

2 4
3 5
2
3 1
-154 -154 -154 -154

XX
XX
XX
XX
10000
39000
15500


.
. .
.
.
. .
.

1
0,
1
8
10000
31200
15500
5

1,07
1,07
10700,00
33384,00
-

1,
1,
3
3
13910,00
43399,20
-600
-1548

3
1,06
16430,00

1,
3
21359,00
-1548

13310,00

41851,20 19811,00

.
2.7.1
1

:
:

.
.

.
.

.
-

: .

1548

0,6

0,25

0,47

1
7986,0
0
0
7986,0
0

1
10462,8
0
0
10462,8
0

1
9311,17
0
9311,17

1
7987,0
0

1
10463,8
0

1
9312,17

0
7987,0
0

0
10463,8
0

0
9312,17

9535,0
0
1
0,333

12011,8
0
1
0,333

10860,1
7
1
0,333

1080
2

2.8. .

-
-
2.8.1.

,

.
,
- ,

, ,
, -
, -

- . 8
- ,
-

. 7
-
.

US $. - US $
2,4% .
12% .

,
0,845 .
. . -

1,2 0,845 = 1,01. . 27 .
.
2.8.1.

..

.
.
.
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

2
1

3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

4
1
1,002
1,004
1,006
1,008
1,01
1,012
1
1,014
1
1,016
1
1,018
1

5
100
100
110
140
150
150
150
150
140
110


. .
.
.

.
. .
.
+
.
. .

.
.
.
.
.
.

6
7
8
9
10
11
95 845,0 2585,0 47,7
-3
0
0
3
382,27
95
47,7
47,77 3382,27
46,82
7
105
53,0
53,07 51,51
7
133
68,9
68,93 66,24
3
143
74,2 74,23 70,63
3
143
74,2
74,27 69,96
7
143
74,3
74,30 69,30
0
143
74,3
74,33 68,65
3
133
69,0
69,09 63,17
9
105
53,3 53,31 48,26
1

11
12
13
14

11
12
1
2

1,020
2
1,022
2
1,024
3
1,026
3

100
100
100
100

95
95
99
99

48,0
7
48,1
0
50,6
1
50,6
5

48,07
48,10
50,61
50,65

43,08
42,69
44,47
44,06

.
2.8.1.
1
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

3
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

4
1,028
4
1,030
4
1,032
5
1,034
5
1,036
6
1,038
7
1,040
8
1,042
9
1,044
9
1,047
1,072
2
1,097
9
1,124
2
1,151
2
1,178
8
1,207
1
1,236
1
1,265
8
1,296
2

5
110
140
150
150
150
150
140
110
100
100
1500
1500
1500
1500
750
1500
1500
1500
750
1500
0

6
7
8
9
109
56,20
139
72,80
149
78,35
149
78,39
149
78,42
149
78,45
139
72,97
109
56,43
99
50,95
99
50,98
1
578,963 778,4
528
7
6
1
21,96
803,6
564
2
1
829,2
602
7
1
855,4
640
1
840 636,58 1178,8 415,8
5
2
1
909,2
720
1
15
881
003,5
1
965,2
804
4
924
510,8
9

10
56,20
72,80
78,35
78,39
78,42
78,45
72,97
56,43
50,95
50,98
199,50
781,66
829,27
855,41
-1
399,60
909,25
81
003,58
965,24
510,89

11
48,41
62,08
66,16
65,53
64,91
64,30
59,21
45,34
40,52
40,15
142,00
496,76
470,55
433,38
633,11
367,23
361,90
310,78
146,87
-0,46

2.9.
.
1.

, ,
-
.
2.

.
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.

3.
, -
4. , ,
, .
-
20%.


-
,
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.
27 . ., ,

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3.2.1. MemoouKa onpeoeJZeHuR cmouMocmu o6opyooeaHuR no Memooy npRMozo cpaeHeHuR e paMKax
cpaeHumeJZbHozo nooxooa.......................................................................................................................34
3.2.2. OnpeoeJZeHue cmouMocmu olfeHueaeMozo o6opyooeaHuR cpaeHumeJZbHlM nooxoooM.................35
3.3. PACqET CTOHMOCTH EH3HECA HA OIJEHHBAEMOM OEOPY)];OBAHHH )];OXO)];HIM IIO)];XO)];OM.........................38
3.3.1. MemoouKa onpeoeJZeHuR cmouMocmu o6opyooeaHuR no Memooy KanumaJZu3alfuu e paMKax
ooxooHozo nooxooa.....................................................................................................................................38
3.3.2. OnpeoeJZeHue cmouMocmu 6u3Heca Ha olfeHueaeMoM o6opyooeaHuu ooxooHlM nooxoooM.........38
3.4. BIBE)];EHHE HTOrOBOH BEJIHqHHI CTOHMOCTH OEOPY)];OBAHH5I.......................................................41
4. KBAJIH<l>HKAQH51 HCIIOJIHHTEJIEH.................................................................................................42
IIPHJIO)KEHH51........................................................................................................................................................42

1,cnOilH1,TEilbHOE PE3K>ME
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CoCTo51HIIIO Ha XX XXXXXX 2002 ro)],a.
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Heo6Xo)],IIMIe KoppeKTIIpoBKII Ha rrapaMeTpI II CorroCTaBIIMoCTh.
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ero pyHKu:IIoHaJihHIe Bo3Mo)KHoCTII.
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o6opy)],oBaHII51 orpaHIIqeHo, rro3ToMy B HaCTo51IIJeM OTqeTe )],aHHIH
rro)],Xo)], HoCIIT BCrroMoraTeJihHIH XapaKTep II CJiy)KIIT opIIeHTIIpoM )],Ji51
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BIBe)],eHIIe IIToroBoH BeJiIIqIIHI rrpoBo)],IIJioCh MeTo)],oM


B3BeIIIIIBaHII51.

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"XXXXX", 11pH Cym;eCTByIOm;eM HC110Jih30BaHHH C0CTaBHJia C
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110 0)HuHaJihH0My KypCy liaHKa P0CCHH Ha .IJaTy 0ueHKH.

reHepaJihHIH )],IIpeKTop OAO "XXX"

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1. BBOAHafl l.laCTb
1.1. IIocmaHoeKa 3aoaHuR no olfeHKe
3aa3'lu: OAO "XXXXX". HHH: XXX.
HcnoJtHumeJtb (OueHU(u): OAO "XXX". HHH: XXX.
I(eJtb oueHu: IIo rropyqeHIIIO 3aKa3qHKa OueHm;HK rrpoII3BeJi
paCqeT CToIIMoCTII o6opy)],oBaHII51, rrpIIHa)],Jie)KaIIJero OAO "XXXXX", rrpII
CyIIJeCTByIOIIJeM IICrroJih3oBaHIIII )],Ji51 u:eJieH 3aJiora.
OueHuBaeMlU o6'bem: KaMepI ra3au:IIII II XpaHeHII51 6aHaHoB KaK
yCTaHoBJieHHoe o6opy)],oBaHIIe.
MecmopacnoJto;meHue o6'bema: r. MoCKBa, XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX.
Ha3Ha'leHue oueHu:
,/ orrpe)],eJieHIIe CToIIMoCTII o6opy)],oBaHII51, rrpIIHa)],Jie)KaIIJero OAO
"XXX", rrpII CyIIJeCTByIOIIJeM IICrroJih3oBaHIIII B CooTBeTCTBIIII C )];oroBopoM Ha ou:eHKy.
.
2002 ro)],a.
peUcmBumeJtbHaR iJama oueHu: XX XXXXXXX2003

Kypc iJoJtJtapa Ha iJamy oueHu: 29,39 py6Ji51 3a 1 )],oJiJiap ClllA.


Kypc iJoJtJtapa Ha iJamy 3aJtJO'leHuR iJo2oBopa ynJtu-npoiJa;mu
o6opyiJoBaHuR: 29,20 py6Ji51 3a 1 )],oJiJiap ClllA.
pama cocmaBJteHuR om'lema: XX XXXXXXX2003
.
2002 ro)],a.

CocmaB oueHuBaeMo2o o6'bema:


o6opy)],oBaHIIe KaMep ra3au:IIII II XpaHeHII51 6aHaHoB; 6aJiaHCoBa51 CToIIMoCTh o6neKToB
ou:eHKII CoCTaBJi51eT XXXXXXX py6JieH.
1.2. J1cnoJZb3yeMaR mepMuHoJZozuR
npu onpeoeJZeHuu plHottHoU
cmouMocmu

1.2.1.

OlfeHKa rrpou:e)],ypa orrpe)],eJieHII51 CToIIMoCTII, qaCTh 3KoHoMIIqeCKoro aHaJiII3a,


orrIIpaIOIIJa51C51 Ha orrpe)],eJieHHIe HayqHIe rrpIIHu:IIrrI II MeTo)],oJiorIIqeCKyIO 6a3y;
51BJi51IOIIJa51C51 CoqeTaHIIeM MaTeMaTIIqeCKIIX MeTo)],oB II Cy6neKTIIBHIX Cy)K)],eHIIH
ou:eHIIJIIKa, oCHoBaHHIX Ha ero rrpopeCCIIoHaJihHoM orrITe.

1.2.2.

PlHottHaR cmouMocmb o6beKma olfeHKu HaII6oJiee Bepo51THa51 u:eHa, rro KoTopoH


o6neKT ou:eHKII Mo)KeT 6ITh oTqy)K)],eH Ha oTKpIToM pIHKe B yCJioBII51X
KoHKypeHu:IIII, Kor)],a CTopoHI C)],eJiKII )],eHCTByIOT pa3yMHo, paCrroJiara51 BCeH
Heo6Xo)],IIMoH IIHpopMau:IIeH, a Ha BeJiIIqIIHe u:eHI C)],eJiKII He oTpa)KaIOTC51 KaKIIe-JiII6o
qpe3BIqaHHIe o6CTo51TeJihCTBa.

1.2.3.

3aJZozoeaR cmouMocmb CToIIMoCTh aKTIIBa, o6eCrreqIIBaIOIIJero IIrroTeqHIH Kpe)],IIT,


KoTopyIO Kpe)],IITop Ha)],eeTC51 rroJiyqIITh oT rrpo)],a)KII Ha pIHKe
)],aHHoro aKTIIBa B CJiyqae HerrJiaTe)KeCrroCo6HoCTII 3aeMIIJIIKa; CJiy)KIIT BepXHIIM
rrpe)],eJioM CCy)],I, rrpe)],oCTaBJi51eMoH rro)], 3aJior aKTIIBa.

1.2.4.

CmouMocmb 3aMeUfeHuR o6beKma olfeHKu CyMMa 3aTpaT Ha Co3)],aHIIe o6neKTa,


aHaJiorIIqHoro o6neKTy ou:eHKII, B pIHoqHIX u:eHaX, CyIIJeCTByIOIIJIIX Ha )],aTy
rrpoBe)],eHII51 ou:eHKII, C yqeToM II3HoCa o6neKTa ou:eHKII.

1.2.5.

CmouMocmb eocnpou3eoocmea o6beKma olfeHKu CyMMa 3aTpaT B pIHoqHIX u:eHaX,


CyIIJeCTByIOIIJIIX Ha )],aTy rrpoBe)],eHII51 ou:eHKII, Ha Co3)],aHIIe o6neKTa, II)],eHTIIqHoro
o6neKTy ou:eHKII, C rrpIIMeHeHIIeM II)],eHTIIqHIX MaTepIIaJioB II TeXHoJiorIIH, C yqeToM
II3HoCa o6neKTa ou:eHKII.

1.2.6.

CmouMocmb o6beKma olfeHKu npu cyUfecmey10UfeM ucnoJZb3oeaHuu CToIIMoCTh o6neKTa


ou:eHKII, orrpe)],eJi51eMa51 IICXo)],51 II3 CyIIJeCTByIOIIJIIX yCJioBIIH II u:eJieH ero IICrroJih3oBaHII51.

1.2.7.

J1HeecmulfuoHHaR cmouMocmb o6beKma olfeHKu CToIIMoCTh o6neKTa ou:eHKII,


orrpe)],eJi51eMa51 IICXo)],51 II3 ero )],oXo)],HoCTII )],Ji51 KoHKpeTHoro JiIIu:a rrpII 3a)],aHHIX
IIHBeCTIIu:IIoHHIX u:eJi51X.

1.2.8.

JluKeuoalfuoHHaR cmouMocmb o6beKma olfeHKu CToIIMoCTh o6neKTa ou:eHKII B CJiyqae,


eCJiII o6neKT ou:eHKII )],oJi)KeH 6ITh oTqy)K)],eH B CpoK MeHhIIIe o6IqHoro CpoKa
3KCrro3IIu:IIII aHaJiorIIqHIX o6neKToB.

1.2.9.

J13Hoc JiIO6a51 rroTep51 rroJie3HoCTII, KoTopa51 rrpIIBo)],IIT K ToMy, qTo pIHoqHa51 CToIIMoCTh
aKTIIBa CTaHoBIITC51 MeHhIIIe CToIIMoCTII BoCrrpoII3Bo)],CTBa.

1.2.10. KoppeKmupoeKu (nonpaeKu) rrpII6aBJi51eMIe IIJiII BIqIITaeMIe CyMMI, yqIITIBaIOIIJIIe


pa3JiIIqII51 Me)K)],y ou:eHIIBaeMIM II CorroCTaBIIMIM o6neKTaMII.
1.2.11.

3ampamHlU nooxoo CoBoKyrrHoCTh MeTo)],oB ou:eHKII CToIIMoCTII o6neKTa ou:eHKII,


oCHoBaHHIX Ha orrpe)],eJieHIIII 3aTpaT, Heo6Xo)],IIMIX )],Ji51 BoCCTaHoBJieHII51 JiII6o
3aMeIIJeHII51 o6neKTa ou:eHKII, C yqeToM ero II3HoCa.

1.2.12. CpaeHumeJZbHlU nooxoo CoBoKyrrHoCTh MeTo)],oB ou:eHKII CToIIMoCTII o6neKTa


ou:eHKII, oCHoBaHHIX Ha CpaBHeHIIII o6neKTa ou:eHKII C aHaJiorIIqHIMII o6neKTaMII, B
oTHoIIIeHIIII KoTopIX IIMeeTC51 IIHpopMau:II51 o u:eHaX C)],eJioK C HIIMII.
1.2.13. I{oxooHlU nooxoo CoBoKyrrHoCTh MeTo)],oB ou:eHKII CToIIMoCTII o6neKTa ou:eHKII,
oCHoBaHHIX Ha orrpe)],eJieHIIII o)KII)],aeMIX )],oXo)],oB oT o6neKTa ou:eHKII.

1.3.

CepmurpuKalfuR olfeHKu

HaCTo51IIJIIM y)],oCToBep51eM, qTo:


1.3.1.

Co)],ep)KaIIJIIeC51 B OTqeTe aHaJiII3, MHeHII51 II 3aKJiIOqeHII51 rrpIIHa)],Jie)KaT CaMoMy


Ou:eHIIJIIKy II )],eHCTBIITeJihHI CTporo B rrpe)],eJiaX orpaHIIqeHHIX yCJioBIIH II )],orryIIJeHIIH,
51BJi51IOIIJIIXC51 qaCThIO HaCTo51IIJero OTqeTa.

1.3.2.

Ou:eHIIJIIK He IIMeeT HII HaCTo51IIJeH, HII o)KII)],aeMoH 3aIIHTepeCoBaHHoCTII B


ou:eHIIBaeMoM IIMyIIJeCTBe II )],eHCTByeT Herrpe)],B351To II 6e3 rrpe)],y6e)K)],eHII51 rro
oTHoIIIeHIIIO K yqaCTByIOIIJIIM CTopoHaM.

1.3.3.

Bo3Harpa)K)],eHIIe Ou:eHIIJIIKa He 3aBIICIIT oT IIToroBoH ou:eHKII CToIIMoCTII, a


TaK)Ke TeX Co6ITIIH, KoTopIe MoryT HaCTyrrIITh B pe3yJihTaTe

IICrroJih3oBaHII51 3aKa3qIIKoM IIJiII TpeThIIMII CTopoHaMII BIBo)],oB II 3aKJiIOqeHIIH,


Co)],ep)KaIIJIIXC51 B OTqeTe.

1.4. CoeJZaHHle oonyUfeHuR u ozpaHutteHuR


1.4.1.

Ou:eHIIJIIK He HeCeT oTBeTCTBeHHoCTII 3a IOpII)],IIqeCKoe orrIICaHIIe rrpaB


Co6CTBeHHoCTII Ha ou:eHIIBaeMoe IIMyIIJeCTBo, )],oCToBepHoCTh KoToporo
rrpIIHIIMaeTC51 Co CJioB 3aKa3qIIKa. Ou:eHIIBaeMIe rrpaBa Co6CTBeHHoCTII
paCCMaTpIIBaIOTC51 CBo6o)],HIMII oT KaKIIX-JiII6o rrpeTeH3IIH IIJiII orpaHIIqeHIIH, KpoMe
oroBopeHHIX B OTqeTe.

1.4.2.

IIpII rrpoBe)],eHIIII ou:eHKII rrpe)],rroJiaraJioCh oTCyTCTBIIe KaKIIX-JiII6o CKpITIX paKTopoB,


BJiII51IOIIJIIX Ha CToIIMoCTh ou:eHIIBaeMoro IIMyIIJeCTBa. Ha Ou:eHIIJIIKe He
Jie)KIIT oTBeTCTBeHHoCTh rro o6Hapy)KeHIIIO (IIJiII B CJiyqae o6Hapy)KeHII51) rro)],o6HIX
paKToB.

1.4.3.

HCXo)],HIe )],aHHIe, IICrroJih3oBaHHIe Ou:eHIIJIIKoM rrpII rro)],roToBKe OTqeTa, 6IJiII


rroJiyqeHI II3 Ha)],e)KHIX IICToqHIIKoB II CqIITaIOTC51 )],oCToBepHIMII. TeM He MeHee,
Ou:eHIIJIIK He Mo)KeT rapaHTIIpoBaTh IIX a6CoJiIOTHyIO ToqHoCTh, rro3ToMy
)],eJiaeT CCIJiKII Ha IICToqHIIKII IIHpopMau:IIII.

1.4.4.

Ou:eHIIJIIK o6513yeTC51 CoXpaHIITh KoHpII)],eHu:IIaJihHoCTh B oTHoIIIeHIIII IIHpopMau:IIII,


rrpe)],oCTaBJieHHoH 3aKa3qIIKoM.

1.4.5.

3aKa3qIIK rrpIIHIIMaeT yCJioBII51 oCBo6o)],IITh II o6e3orraCIITh Ou:eHIIJIIKa oT BC51Koro


po)],a paCXo)],oB II MaTepIIaJihHoH oTBeTCTBeHHoCTII, rrpoIICXo)],51IIJIIX II3 IICKa TpeThIIX
CTopoH K HeMy, BCJie)],CTBIIe JieraJihHoro IICrroJih3oBaHII51 TpeThIIMII CTopoHaMII
)],aHHoro oTqeTa, KpoMe CJiyqaeB, Kor)],a oKoHqaTeJihHIM Cy)],e6HIM rrop51)],KoM
orrpe)],eJieHo, qTo y6ITKII, rroTepII II 3a)],oJi)KeHHoCTII 6IJiII CJie)],CTBIIeM MoIIIeHHIIqeCTBa,
o6IIJeH XaJiaTHoCTII II yMIIIIJieHHo HerrpaBoMoqHIX )],eHCTBIIH Co CTopoHI Ou:eHIIJIIKa
B rrpou:eCCe CoCTaBJieHII51 )],aHHoro oTqeTa.

1.4.6.

OTqeT Co)],ep)KIIT rrpopeCCIIoHaJihHoe MHeHIIe Ou:eHIIJIIKa oTHoCIITeJihHo


CToIIMoCTII ou:eHIIBaeMoro o6opy)],oBaHII51 II He 51BJi51eTC51 rapaHTIIeH Toro, qTo oHo
rrepeH)],eT II3 pyK B pyKII rro CToIIMoCTII, yKa3aHHoH B OTqeTe.

1.5.

IIpuMeHReMle cmaHoapml olfeHKu

Ou:eHKa 6IJia BIrroJiHeHa, a OTqeT CoCTaBJieH B CooTBeTCTBIIII C


C[>e)],epaJihHIM 3aKoHoM "O6 ou:eHoqHoH )],e51TeJihHoCTII B PoCCIIHCKoH C[>e)],epau:IIII" oT
29 IIIOJi51 1998 ro)],a, Co "CTaH)],apTaMII ou:eHKII, o6513aTeJihHIMII K rrpIIMeHeHIIIO
Cy6neKTaMII ou:eHoqHoH )],e51TeJihHoCTII", yTBep)K)],eHHIMII IIoCTaHoBJieHIIeM
IIpaBIITeJihCTBa PC[> 6 IIIOJi51 2001r. 2519, Co "CTaH)],apTaMII rrpopeCCIIoHaJihHoH
)],e51TeJihHoCTII B o6JiaCTII ou:eHKII IIMyIIJeCTBa" PoCCIIHCKoro o6IIJeCTBa ou:eHIIJIIKoB II
"Me)K)],yHapo)],HIMII CTaH)],apTaMII ou:eHKII", rrpIIH51TIMII Me)K)],yHapo)],HIM KoMIITeToM
rro CTaH)],apTaM ou:eHKII IIMyIIJeCTBa.

1.6.

CnucoK ucnoJZb3oeaHHlx npu npoeeoeHuu olfeHKu MamepuaJZoe

1.6.1. J1HrpopMalfuR, nepeoaHHaR 3aKa3ttuKoM

)];oroBop KyrrJiII-rrpo)],a)KII ou:eHIIBaeMoro o6opy)],oBaHII51;


)];oroBop apeH)],I He)KIIJiIX rroMeIIJeHIIH;

ro)],a.

TeXHIIqeCKIIe rraCrropTa Ha ou:eHIIBaeMoe o6opy)],oBaHIIe;


HHCTpyKu:IIII rro 3KCrrJiyaTau:IIII II TeXHIIqeCKoMy o6CJiy)KIIBaHIIIO;
IIo51CHIITeJihHIe 3arrIICKII rro o6opy)],oBaHIIIO B KaMepaX ra3au:IIII II
XpaHeHII51;
CepTIIpIIKaTI II JiIIu:eH3IIII;
HHpopMau:II51 rro paCqeTy )],oXo)],a oT )],e51TeJihHoCTII rro ra3au:IIII 6aHaHoB.
1.6.2. HopMamueHo-npaeoele u cnpaeottHle
ooKyMeHml

3aKoH PC[> "O6 ou:eHoqHoH )],e51TeJihHoCTII" 2135-C[>3 oT 29 IIIOJi51 1998

"CTaH)],apTI ou:eHKII, o6513aTeJihHIe K rrpIIMeHeHIIIO

Cy6neKTaMII

ou:eHoqHoH )],e51TeJihHoCTII", yTBep)K)],eHHIe IIoCTaHoBJieHIIeM IIpaBIITeJihCTBa PC[> oT 6


IIIOJi51 2001r. 2519;
"IIpaBIIJia ou:eHKII pII3IIqeCKoro II3HoCa" BCH 53-86 (p),
roCrpa)K)],aHCTpoH, M., 1990;
E)],IIHIe HopMI aMopTII3au:IIoHHIX oTqIICJieHIIH Ha rroJiHoe BoCCTaHoBJieHIIe
oCHoBHIX poH)],oB Hapo)],Horo Xo351HCTBa CCCP, yTBep)K)],eHHIe IIoCTaHoBJieHIIeM
CoBeTa MIIHIICTpoB CCCP oT 22 oKT516p51 1990 r. 2 1072;
Me)K)],yHapo)],HIe CTaH)],apTI ou:eHKII.
1.6.3. J1HrpopMalfuR, co6paHHaR OlfeHUfuKoM
,/ IIHpopMau:II51 II3 CeTII HHTepHeT II )],p. IICToqHIIKII
1.6.4. MoHozparpuu u MemoouttecKue MamepuaJZl
,/ KoBaJieB A.II. "KaK ou:eHIITh IIMyIIJeCTBo rrpe)],rrpII51TII51". M.:
C[>IIHCTaTIIHpopM, 1996.
,/ KoBaJieB A.II. "Ou:eHKa MaIIIIIH, o6opy)],oBaHII51 II TpaHCrropTHIX
Cpe)],CTB". M.: AKa)],eMII51 ou:eHKII, 1996.
,/ "Ou:eHKa 6II3HeCa". IIo)], pe)],. )],.3.H., rrpop. A.r. rp513HoBoH, )],.3.H.,
rrpop. M.A. C[>e)],oToBoH. M.: "C[>IIHaHCI II CTaTIICTIIKa", 2002.
,/ "Ou:eHKa pIHoqHoH CToIIMoCTII MaIIIIIH II o6opy)],oBaHII51". Yqe6HorrpaKTIIqeCKoe rroCo6IIe. M.: )];eJio, 1998.
,/ "CToIIMoCTh rrpe)],rrpII51TII51". IIpaKTIIKyM. M.: BICIIIa51 IIIKoJia
rrpIIBaTII3au:IIII II rrpe)],rrpIIHIIMaTeJihCTBa, 2000.

2. O6U,1afl l.laCTb
2.1. O6UfaR xapaKmepucmuKa 9KoHoMuKu
CyIIJeCTBeHHoe BJiII51HIIe Ha rrpoBe)],eHIIe paCqeToB rro ou:eHKe MoryT
oKa3aTh pe3yJihTaTI MaKpo3KoHoMIIqeCKoro aHaJiII3a. OqeBII)],Ho, qTo )],oCToBepHoe
rrporHo3IIpoBaHIIe BHeIIIHIIX pIICKoB, orrpe)],eJieHIIe rrepCrreKTIIB )],BII)KeHII51
)],oXo)],oo6pa3yIOIIJIIX rrapaMeTpoB o6neKTa ou:eHKII, orrpe)],eJieHIIe CTaBKII )],IICKoHTa II
)],pyrIIe aCrreKTI ou:eHKII pIHoqHoH CToIIMoCTII HeBo3Mo)KHI 6e3 yqeTa BJiII51HII51 TaKIIX
MaKpo3KoHoMIIqeCKIIX paKTopoB, KaK 3KoHoMIIKo-rroJiIITIIqeCKa51 CIITyau:II51 B CTpaHe,
)],eHe)KHo-Kpe)],IITHa51 rroJiIITIIKa, CIITyau:II51 Ha BHyTpeHHIIX II BHeIIIHIIX pIIHaHCoBIX
pIHKaX, CoCTo51HIIe IIHBeCTIIu:IIoHHoro KJiIIMaTa II )],IIHaMIIKa IIHBeCTIIu:IIH B peaJihHIH
CeKTop 3KoHoMIIKII (B ToM qIICJie IIHoCTpaHHIX).
O6m;He TeH.IJeHuHH
OcHoeHle 9KoHoMuttecKue noKa3ameJZu.
2002r.

BaJioBoH BHyTpeHHIIH rrpo)],yKT,


MJip)],. py6JieH
BIrryCK rrpo)],yKu:IIII II yCJiyr
4)
6a3oBIX oTpaCJieH 3KoHoMIIKII
O6neM rrpoMIIIIJieHHoH
rrpo)],yKu:IIII, MJip)],. py6JieH
HHBeCTIIu:IIII B oCHoBHoH
KarrIITaJi,
5)
MJip)],. py6JieH (ou:eHKa)
IIpo)],yKu:II51 CeJihCKoro
Xo351HCTBa,
MJip)],. py6JieH
rpy3oo6opoT TpaHCrropTa,
MJip)],. T-KM
B ToM qIICJie
)KeJie3Ho)],opo)KHoro
TpaHCrropTa
O6opoT po3HIIqHoH ToproBJiII,
MJip)],. py6JieH
BHeIIIHeToproBIH o6opoT,
6)
MJip)],. )],oJiJiapoB ClllA
B ToM qIICJie:
3KCrropT ToBapoB
IIMrropT ToBapoB
PeaJihHIe paCrroJiaraeMIe
7)
)],eHe)KHIe )],oXo)],I
HaqIICJieHHa51 Cpe)],H5151
3apa6oTHa51
7)
rrJiaTa o)],Horo pa6oTHIIKa :
HoMIIHaJihHa51, py6JieH
peaJihHa51
O6IIJa51 qIICJieHHoCTh
6e3pa6oTHIX,
MJiH. qeJioBeK
qIICJieHHoCTh opIIu:IIaJihHo
3aperIICTpIIpoBaHHIX
6e3pa6oTHIX, MJiH. qeJioBeK
HH)],eKC rroTpe6IITeJihCKIIX u:eH
HH)],eKC u:eH rrpoII3Bo)],IITeJieH
rrpoMIIIIJieHHoH rrpo)],yKu:IIII
1)
2)
3)
4)

7906,9

B%K
2001r.

1)

104,1

)];eKa6ph
2002r.

B%K
)],eKa6pIO
Ho516pIO
2001r.
2002r.

2)

2001r.
B%K
2000r.
105,3

103,9

CrrpaBoqHo
)],eKa6ph 2001r. B % K
)],eKa6pIO
Ho516pIO
2000r.
2001r.

3)

104,0

102,9

105,7

105,1

102,0

6868

103,7

648

103,2

102,4

104,9

102,6

100,1

1660,5

102,6

262,5

103,2

159,6

108,7

111,5

158,0

1049,8

101,7

48,5

100,0

78,3

107,5

105,4

86,8

3963,2

105,6

344,6

107,8

101,9

103,2

100,4

99,2

1508,8

105,2

132,8

114,2

98,6

104,4

94,8

92,9

3719,0

109,1

397,3

109,1

114,2

110,7

111,0

114,7

149,8

105,9

14,8

110,0

93,3

104,9

93,2

105,2

95,8
54,0

102,5
112,5

9,2
5,6

110,1
109,8

91,5
96,6

98,5
120,1

83,2
116,3

105,2
105,3

107,6

123,6

108,5

108,2

123,5

108,8

4426

135,0
116,6

5868

129,9
112,9

125,0
123,1

145,7
119,9

150,9
127,2

126,7
124,7

5,5

8)

85,4

5,1

83,1

100,1

85,0

87,9

98,2

1,2

8)

117,4

1,3

116,6
115,1

104,8
101,5

98,1

108,3
118,6

105,4
101,6

117,1

99,8

110,7

100,2

)];aHHIe 3a 51HBaph-CeHT516ph 2002r.


5IHBaph-CeHT516ph 2002r. B % K 51HBapIO-CeHT516pIO 2001 ro)],a.
5IHBaph-CeHT516ph 2001r. B % K 51HBapIO-CeHT516pIO 2000 ro)],a.
HH)],eKC BIrryCKa rrpo)],yKu:IIII II yCJiyr 6a3oBIX oTpaCJieH 3KoHoMIIKII (HEO) IICqIICJi51eTC51 Ha oCHoBe )],aHHIX o6 II3MeHeHIIII pII3IIqeCKoro o6neMa
BIrryCKa rrpo)],yKu:IIII rrpoMIIIIJieHHoCTII, CTpoIITeJihCTBa, CeJihCKoro Xo351HCTBa, TpaHCrropTa, po3HIIqHoH ToproBJiII.
5) HaqIIHa51 C 51HBap51 2002r. IIHBeCTIIu:IIII B oCHoBHoH KarrIITaJi yqIITIBaIOTC51 6e3 HaJiora Ha )],o6aBJieHHyIO CToIIMoCTh. HH)],eKCI pII3IIqeCKoro o6neMa

2002r.

B%K
2001r.

)];eKa6ph
2002r.

B%K
)],eKa6pIO
Ho516pIO
2001r.
2002r.

2001r.
B%K
2000r.

CrrpaBoqHo
)],eKa6ph 2001r. B % K
)],eKa6pIO
Ho516pIO
2000r.
2001r.

rrpIIBe)],eHI B CorroCTaBIIMoH ou:eHKe.


6) )];aHHIe 3a 51HBaph-Ho516ph 2002r. II Ho516ph 2002r. paCCqIITaHI EaHKoM PoCCIIII B CooTBeTCTBIIII C MeTo)],oJiorIIeH rrJiaTe)KHoro 6aJiaHCa B u:eHaX
ppaHKo-rpaHIIu:a CTpaHI-3KCrropTepa (C[>OE). OTHoCIITeJihHIe rroKa3aTeJiII rrpIIBe)],eHI B rrpou:eHTaX 3a 51HBaph-Ho516ph II Ho516ph 2002r. II
2001r. B TeKyIIJIIX u:eHaX.
7) IIpe)],BapIITeJihHIe )],aHHIe.
8) B Cpe)],HeM 3a MeC51u:.

IIoJio)KIITeJihHa51 )],IIHaMIIKa BBII rro)],)],ep)KIIBaeTC51 poCToM rrpoII3Bo)],CTBa B


rrpoMIIIIJieHHoCTII, CTpoIITeJihCTBe II CeJihCKoM Xo351HCTBe. BMeCTe C TeM,
CpaBHIITeJihHIH aHaJiII3 BHyTpIIro)],oBoH )],IIHaMIIKII MaKpo3KoHoMIIqeCKIIX IIH)],IIKaTopoB
yKa3IBaeT Ha rroCTerreHHoe TopMo)KeHIIe TeMrroB poCTa. ECJiII B 1999-2000rr.
Cpe)],Hero)],oBoH TeMrr rrpIIpoCTa BBII CoCTaBJi51Ji 7,2%, To B 2001r. 4,5%.
PoCT BBII PoCCIIII rro IIToraM 2002r. CoCTaBIIJi, rro rrpe)],BapIITeJihHoH
ou:eHKe, 4%.
3HatteHuR ocHoeHlx MaKpo9KoHoMuttecKux noKa3ameJZeU.
IIoKa3aTeJiII
)];aTa
3HaqeHIIe H3MeHeHIIe 3a MeC51u:, %
BaJioBoH BHyTpeHHIIH rrpo)],yKT, MJip)],. py6.
2001
9040,8
5,0 K 2000 ro)],y
O6neM rrpoMIIIIJieHHoro rrpoII3Bo)],CTBa, MJip)],. py6.
2002
6868,0
3,7 K 2001 ro)],y
O6neM rrpoMIIIIJieHHoro rrpoII3Bo)],CTBa, MJip)],. py6.
)],eKa6ph 2002
648,0
2,4
HHBeCTIIu:IIII B oCHoBHoH KarrIITaJi, MJip)],. py6.
2002
1660,5
2,6 K 2001 ro)],y
HHBeCTIIu:IIII B oCHoBHoH KarrIITaJi, MJip)],. py6.
)],eKa6ph 2002
262,5
59,6
HH)],eKC rroTpe6IITeJihCKIIX u:eH
2002
115,1
-3,5 K 2001 ro)],y
HH)],eKC rroTpe6IITeJihCKIIX u:eH 3a MeC51u:
)],eKa6ph 2002
101,5
-0,1
O6neM 3oJioToBaJiIOTHIX pe3epBoB, $ MJip)],.
2002
47,8
30,6 K 2001 ro)],y
O6neM 3oJioToBaJiIOTHIX pe3epBoB, $ MJip)],.
10.01.03
47,9
0,21 K 03.01.03
)];eHe)KHa51 MaCCa (M2), MJip)],. py6.
01.12.02
1930
2,4
)];eHe)KHa51 6a3a (B y3KoM orrpe)],eJieHIIII), MJip)],. py6.
13.01.03
915,3
-0,74 K 08.01.03

B )],eKa6pe 2002r. CoXpaHIIJiIICh BICoKIIe TeMrrI IIHpJi51u:IIII. IIpIIpoCT


IIH)],eKCa rroTpe6IITeJihCKIIX u:eH 3a MeC51u: rrpeBICIIJi 1,8%, qTo CoCTaBJi51eT 6oJiee 24% B
ro)],oBoM IICqIICJieHIIII. TaKIIM o6pa3oM, IIToroBoe 3HaqeHIIe IIHpJi51u:IIII B 2002r.
)],oCTIIraeT 15,5%. )];aHHoe 3HaqeHIIe HII)Ke CooTBeTCTByIOIIJero rroKa3aTeJi51 2001r.
(18,8%), o)],HaKo Ha 1,5 rrpou:eHTHoro rryHKTa B ro)],oBoM IICqIICJieHIIII rrpeBoCXo)],IIT
BepXHIOIO rpaHIIu:y )],IIarra3oHa u:eJieBIX 3HaqeHIIH IIHpJi51u:IIII Ha 2002r. (12-14%).
CTpeMIITeJihHIH poCT 3oJioToBaJiIOTHIX pe3epBoB EaHKa PoCCIIII
rrpeKpaTIIJiC51, qTo CB513aHo, B rrepByIO oqepe)],h, C rrpIIo6peTeHIIeM BaJiIOTI
MIIHIICTepCTBoM pIIHaHCoB PC[> )],Ji51 BIrrJiaT rro BHeIIIHeMy )],oJiry; B )],eKa6pe 2002r. oHII
CoCTaBIIJiII 6oJiee 900 MJiH. )],oJiJiapoB ClllA. BMeCTe C TeM, HaKorrJieHHIH o6neM
pe3epBoB (48 MJip)],. py6JieH) 51BJi51eTC51 MaKCIIMaJihHIM 3a BCIO IICTopIIIO CyIIJeCTBoBaHII51
PoCCIIII II rrpeBoCXo)],IIT pa3JiIIqHIe ou:eHKII "6e3orraCHoro" ypoBH51, To
eCTh
)],oCTaToqHoro )],Ji51 rroKpITII51 TpeXMeC51qHoro IIMrropTa II o6eCrreqeHII51 CTa6IIJihHoCTII
BaJiIOTHoro pIHKa, B pa3Mepe 40-45 MJip)],. )],oJiJiapoB.
B KoHu:e 2002r. Tpa)],IIu:IIoHHo Ha6JiIO)],aeTC51 6ICTpIH poCT )],eHe)KHIX
arperaToB, BI3BaHHIH CrrpoCoM Ha JiIIKBII)],HoCTh Co CTopoHI HaCeJieHII51 (B CB513II C
yBeJiIIqeHIIeM paCXo)],oB) II pIIpM (B CB513II C paCqeTaMII C 6IO)],)KeToM II 3aKpITIIeM
ro)],oBIX 6aJiaHCoB), a TaK)Ke yBeJiIIqeHIIeM 6IO)],)KeTHIX paCXo)],oB. TaK, 3a rrepBIe
)],Be He)],eJiII )],eKa6p51 rrpIIpoCT y3KoH )],eHe)KHoH 6a3I CoCTaBIIJi 3,4%.
AHaJiII3IIpy51 yCToHqIIBoCTh CoCTo51HII51 poCCIIHCKoH 3KoHoMIIKII, CJie)],yeT
rro)],qepKHyTh, qTo orrepe)KaIOIIJIIH poCT BHyTpeHHero CrrpoCa rro CpaBHeHIIIO C BHeIIIHIIM
51BJi51eTC51 o)],HoH II3 oCHoBHIX oCo6eHHoCTeH pa3BIITII51 3KoHoMIIKII B 2000-2002rr. IIo
ou:eHKe MIIH3KoHoMpa3BIITII51, )],oJi51 BHyTpeHHero CrrpoCa B CTpyKType BBII B 2002r.
rroBICIIJiaCh )],o 90,0% rrpoTIIB 87,1% B 2001r.

YBeJiIIqeHIIe pa3pIBa B TeMrraX poCTa oTeqeCTBeHHoro rrpoII3Bo)],CTBa


rroTpe6IITeJihCKIIX ToBapoB II IIX IIMrropTa rrpIIBeJio K II3MeHeHIIIO CIITyau:IIII Ha
po3HIIqHoM pIHKe. )];oJi51 IIMrropTHIX ToBapoB B peCypCaX ToBapoB

rrpo)],oBoJihCTBeHHoro pIHKa CoCTaBIIJia rro IIToraM TpeX KBapTaJioB 2002r. 33,3%,


Herrpo)],oBoJihCTBeHHIX ToBapoB 47,8%.
J13MeHeHue meMnoe pocma 9Kcnopma, uMnopma u elnycKa
npooyKlfuu npoMlUtJZeHHocmu e 1995-2002zz., e % K coomeemcmey10UfeMy KeapmaJZy
npeoloyUfezo
zooa.

B 51HBape-Ho516pe 2002r. CaJih)],IIpoBaHHIH pIIHaHCoBIH pe3yJihTaT


(rrpII6IJih MIIHyC y6IToK) opraHII3au:IIH (6e3 opraHII3au:IIH CeJihCKoro Xo351HCTBa,
Cy6neKToB MaJioro rrpe)],rrpIIHIIMaTeJihCTBa, 6aHKoB, CTpaXoBIX II 6IO)],)KeTHIX
opraHII3au:IIH) B )],eHCTByIOIIJIIX u:eHaX CoCTaBIIJi +924,0 MJip)],. py6JieH, IIJiII 29,3 MJip)],.
)],oJiJiapoB ClllA (49,7 TIC. opraHII3au:IIH rroJiyqIIJiII rrpII6IJih B pa3Mepe 1148,2 MJip)],.
py6JieH, 34,8 TIC. opraHII3au:IIH IIMeJiII y6IToK Ha CyMMy 224,2 MJip)],. py6JieH).
CaJih)],IIpoBaHHIH pIIHaHCoBIH pe3yJihTaT 3a aHaJiorIIqHIH rrepIIo)], rrpe)],I)],yIIJero ro)],a
CoCTaBIIJi (rro CorroCTaBIIMoMy Kpyry opraHII3au:IIH) + 1034,9 MJip)],. py6JieH, IIJiII
35,3 MJip)],. )],oJiJiapoB ClllA.
)];oJi51 y6IToqHIX opraHII3au:IIH B 51HBape-Ho516pe 2002r. rro CpaBHeHIIIO C
aHaJiorIIqHIM rrepIIo)],oM rrpoIIIJioro ro)],a yBeJiIIqIIJiaCh Ha 4,8 rrpou:eHTHoro rryHKTa
II CoCTaBIIJia 41,2%.
)];eKa6phCKIIe II3MeHeHII51 )],eHe)KHIX rrpo)],a)K He rro)],TBep)],IIJiII rrporHo3I
rrpe)],I)],yIIJero MeC51u:a. TeMrrI CHII)KeHII51 rrJiaTe)KeCrroCo6Horo CrrpoCa II3MeHIIJiIICh C 4% )],o -15% (rro 6aJiaHCy) II rrpeBICIIJiII B IITore pe3yJihTaTI )],eKa6p51 2001r., Kor)],a
)],aHHIH rroKa3aTeJih CoCTaBJi51Ji -10%. CeHqaC poCT rrJiaTe)KeCrroCo6Horo CrrpoCa
oTMeqeH ToJihKo B 3JieKTpo3HepreTIIKe (+58%) II rrIIIIJeBoH rrpoMIIIIJieHHoCTII (+4%).
He)],eHe)KHIe BII)],I CrrpoCa TaK)Ke rrpo)],oJi)KaIOT CoKpaIIJaThC51. B )],eKa6pe
2002r. TeMrrI CHII)KeHII51 6apTepa, BeKCeJieH II 3aqeToB He rrpeTeprreJiII
rrpIIHu:IIrrIIaJihHIX II3MeHeHIIH. PoCT 6apTepa IIMeeT MeCTo ToJihKo B u:BeTHoH
MeTaJiJiyprIIII, BeKCeJieH II 3aqeToB B 3JieKTpo3HepreTIIKe II rrIIIIJeBoH
rrpoMIIIIJieHHoCTII.
TaKIIM o6pa3oM, B HaCTo51IIJee BpeM51 B poCCIIHCKoH rrpoMIIIIJieHHoCTII
CoKpaIIJaIOTC51 BCe BII)],I CrrpoCa. IIpII 3ToM IIHTeHCIIBHoCTh CHII)KeHII51 rrpo)],a)K 3a )],eHhrII (15%) BIIIIe II IIHTeHCIIBHoCTII CHII)KeHII51 6apTepa (-9%), II BeKCeJieH II 3aqeToB (-4%).
PeaJihHa51 rrpII6IJih rrpoMIIIIJieHHIX rrpe)],rrpII51TIIH rrpo)],oJi)KaeT
CoKpaIIJaThC51. EaJiaHC II3MeHeHIIH )],aHHoro rroKa3aTeJi51 B 4 KB. 2002r. IIMeeT
rrpaKTIIqeCKII rroCTo51HHyIO TeH)],eHu:IIIO TeH)],eHu:IIIO IIHTeHCIIBHoro CHII)KeHII51.
A6CoJiIOTHIH poCT rrpII6IJiII B )],eKa6pe 6IJi 3aperIICTpIIpoBaH ToJihKo B
3JieKTpo3HepreTIIKe II MeTaJiJiyprIIII.

<l>e.IJepaJihHIH 6IO.IJeT

B 51HBape-oKT516pe 2002r. )],oXo)],I pe)],epaJihHoro 6IO)],)KeTa rro KaCCoBoMy


IICrroJiHeHIIIO )],oCTIIrJiII 1803,4 MJip)],. py6JieH, IIJiII 20,2% BBII, paCXo)],I 1589,5 MJip)],.
py6JieH, IIJiII 17,8% BBII. IIpopIIu:IIT pe)],epaJihHoro 6IO)],)KeTa CoCTaBIIJi 213,9 MJip)],.
py6JieH, IIJiII 2,4% BBII.
IIo CpaBHeHIIIO C aHaJiorIIqHIM rrepIIo)],oM 2001r. )],oXo)],Ha51 qaCTh 6IO)],)KeTa
BIpoCJia Ha 3,4 rrpou:eHTHoro rryHKTa, paCXo)],Ha51 Ha 3,9 rrpou:eHTHoro rryHKTa,
rrpopIIu:IIT CoKpaTIIJiC51 Ha 0,5.
OCHoBHa51 qaCTh pe)],epaJihHIX HaJioroBIX )],oXo)],oB rrpIIXo)],IITC51 Ha
rroCTyrrJieHII51 oT H)];C 37% oT BCeX HaJioroBIX )],oXo)],oB, qTo HeCKoJihKo HII)Ke
aHaJiorIIqHoro rroKa3aTeJi51 51HBap51-oKT516p51 rrpe)],I)],yIIJero ro)],a (42%).
OCHoBHyIO qaCTh paCXo)],oB pe)],epaJihHoro 6IO)],)KeTa CoCTaBJi51IOT
Cou:IIaJihHIe yCJiyrII 5,5% BBII IIJiII 31% oT BCeX paCXo)],oB. Ha 1 Ho516p51 2002r.
paCXo)],I Ha o6CJiy)KIIBaHIIe roCy)],apCTBeHHoro )],oJira )],oCTIIrJiII 2,2% BBII, B To
BpeM51 KaK 3a aHaJiorIIqHIH rrepIIo)], rrpe)],I)],yIIJero ro)],a oHII CoCTaBJi51JiII 2,9% BBII.
IIo rrpe)],BapIITeJihHoH ou:eHKe MIIHIICTepCTBa pIIHaHCoB, pe)],epaJihHIH
6IO)],)KeT rro oCyIIJeCTBJieHHoMy pIIHaHCIIpoBaHIIIO B 51HBape-Ho516pe 2002r. 6IJi
IICrroJiHeH rro )],oXo)],aM B CyMMe 1991,0 MJip)],. py6JieH (20,1% BBII), rro paCXo)],aM
1920,1 MJip)],. py6JieH (19,4% BBII).
B Ho516pe 2002r. HaJioroBIe rroCTyrrJieHII51 B pe)],epaJihHIH 6IO)],)KeT
CoKpaTIIJiIICh )],o 98 MJip)],. py6JieH (6e3 yqeTa e)],IIHoro Cou:IIaJihHoro HaJiora). B
peaJihHoM BIpa)KeHIIII oHII CoCTaBIIJiII 241,0% K ypoBHIO 51HBap51 1999r., B To BpeM51
KaK
aHaJiorIIqHIH rroKa3aTeJih B oKT516pe 2002r. 6IJi paBeH 299,7%.
HH.IJeKCI ueH
HH)],eKC BIrryCKa rrpo)],yKu:IIII II yCJiyr rro rr51TII 6a3oBIM oTpaCJi51M
3KoHoMIIKII (rrpoMIIIIJieHHoCTh, CTpoIITeJihCTBo, CeJihCKoe Xo351HCTBo, TpaHCrropT,
po3HIIqHa51 ToproBJi51) B 2002r. CoCTaBIIJi 103,9% rro oTHoIIIeHIIIO K 2001r., 3a )],eKa6ph
2002r. rrpoTIIB )],eKa6p51 2001r. 104,0%.
J1HoeKcl lfeH u mapurpoe e 2002z., Ha KoHelf nepuooa, e
npolfeHmax.
K rrpe)],I)],yIIJeMy MeC51u:y
oKT516ph
Ho516ph
)],eKa6ph
HH)],eKC rroTpe6IITeJihCKIIX u:eH
HH)],eKC u:eH rrpoII3Bo)],IITeJieH
rrpoMIIIIJieHHoH rrpo)],yKu:IIII
HH)],eKC TapIIpoB Ha rpy3oBIe
rrepeBo3KII

101,1

101,6

101,5

)];eKa6ph

115,1

CrrpaBoqHo

118,6

102,1

101,1

99,8

117,1

110,7

101,1

100,2

100,0

118,3

138,6

HH)],eKC rroTpe6IITeJihCKIIX u:eH B )],eKa6pe 2002r. CoCTaBIIJi 101,5%, B ToM


qIICJie Ha rrpo)],oBoJihCTBeHHIe ToBapI 102,2%, Herrpo)],oBoJihCTBeHHIe ToBapI
100,7%, rrJiaTHIe yCJiyrII HaCeJieHIIIO 101,1%.
B 5 Cy6neKTaX PoCCIIHCKoH C[>e)],epau:IIII (KpoMe aBToHoMHIX oKpyroB,
BXo)],51IIJIIX B CoCTaB Kpa51, o6JiaCTII) rroTpe6IITeJihCKIIe u:eHI B )],eKa6pe BIpoCJiII
6oJiee qeM Ha 3,0%. B MoCKBe II CaHKT-IIeTep6ypre IIH)],eKCI rroTpe6IITeJihCKIIX u:eH
CoCTaBIIJiII 101,0% II 101,2% CooTBeTCTBeHHo (C HaqaJia ro)],a 117,2% II 114,7%).
B )],eKa6pe 2002r. u:eHI Ha rrpo)],oBoJihCTBeHHIe ToBapI BIpoCJiII Ha 2,2%
rro CpaBHeHIIIO C 2,0% B )],eKa6pe rrpe)],I)],yIIJero ro)],a. IJeHI Ha Herrpo)],oBoJihCTBeHHIe
ToBapI B )],eKa6pe 2002r. Bo3poCJiII Ha 0,7% (B )],eKa6pe 2001r. Ha 0,9%).
B )],eKa6pe 2002r. IIH)],eKC u:eH rrpoII3Bo)],IITeJieH rrpoMIIIIJieHHoH
rrpo)],yKu:IIII CoCTaBIIJi, rro rrpe)],BapIITeJihHIM )],aHHIM, 99,8%.

Yp0BeHh H3HH HaCeJieHHH

PeaJihHIe paCrroJiaraeMIe )],eHe)KHIe )],oXo)],I ()],oXo)],I 3a BIqeToM


o6513aTeJihHIX rrJiaTe)KeH, CKoppeKTIIpoBaHHIe Ha IIH)],eKC rroTpe6IITeJihCKIIX u:eH) B
2002r. II )],eKa6pe 2002r. rro CpaBHeHIIIO C aHaJiorIIqHIMII rrepIIo)],aMII
rrpe)],IIIeCTByIOIIJero ro)],a, rro ou:eHKe, yBeJiIIqIIJiIICh CooTBeTCTBeHHo Ha 8,8% II 7,6%.

HaqIICJieHHa51 Cpe)],H5151 3apa6oTHa51 rrJiaTa B )],eKa6pe 2002r., rro


rrpe)],BapIITeJihHIM )],aHHIM, CoCTaBIIJia 5868 py6JieH II rro CpaBHeHIIIO C )],eKa6peM
2001r. Bo3poCJia Ha 29,9%.

OcHoeHle noKa3ameJZu, xapaKmepu3y10Ufue ypoeeHb :JIu3Hu HaceJZeHuR.


2002r.

)];eHe)KHIe )],oXo)],I (B Cpe)],HeM Ha


)],yIIIy HaCeJieHII51), py6JieH B MeC51u:
PeaJihHIe paCrroJiaraeMIe
)],eHe)KHIe )],oXo)],I
HaqIICJieHHa51 Cpe)],HeMeC51qHa51
3apa6oTHa51 rrJiaTa o)],Horo
pa6oTHIIKa:
HoMIIHaJihHa51, py6.
peaJihHa51
O6IIJa51 qIICJieHHoCTh
6e3pa6oTHIX,
MJiH. qeJioBeK
qIICJieHHoCTh opIIu:IIaJihHo
3aperIICTpIIpoBaHHIX
6e3pa6oTHIX, MJiH. qeJioBeK

3887

B%K
2001r.

127,0

)];eKa6ph
B%K
2002r. )],eKa6pIO Ho516pIO
2001r.
2002r.

5381

108,8

2001r.
B %
K
2000r.

CrrpaBoqHo
)],eKa6ph 2001r. B
%K
)],eKa6pIO Ho516pIO
2000r.
2001r.

123,8

127,0

134,2

130,3

128,0

107,6

123,6

108,5

108,2

123,5

4426

135,0
116,6

5868

129,9
112,9

125,0
123,1

145,7
119,9

150,9
127,2

126,7
124,7

5,5

85,4

5,1

83,1

100,1

85,0

87,9

98,2

1,2

117,4

1,3

116,6

104,8

98,1

108,3

105,4

3a ro)], B u:eJioM II )],eKa6ph 2002r. rrpe)],BapIITeJihHIe )],aHHIe.

qIICJieHHoCTh 3KoHoMIIqeCKII aKTIIBHoro HaCeJieHII51 K KoHu:y )],eKa6p51


2002r. CoCTaBIIJia 72,5 MJiH. qeJioBeK, IIJiII oKoJio 50% o6IIJeH qIICJieHHoCTII HaCeJieHII51
CTpaHI.
<l>HHaHC0BIe pIHKH
EoKoBoH TpeH)], roCrro)],CTBoBaJi Ha pIHKe poCCIIHCKIIX BaJiIOTHIX
o6JiIIrau:IIH B )],eKa6pe 2002r. KoTIIpoBKII "KopoTKIIX" II ")],JiIIHHIX" o6JiIIrau:IIH
rrpaKTIIqeCKII He II3MeHIIJiIICh. MaKCIIMaJihHIH poCT u:eHI rrpo)],eMoHCTpIIpoBaJiII
o6JiIIrau:IIII 7 TpaHIIIa OBB3 (+2,81%), RUS-18 (1,2%) II RUS-30 (+1,09%). 4
)],eKa6p51 u:eHI HaII6oJiee JiIIKBII)],HIX poCCIIHCKIIX 6yMar
TpII)],u:aTIIJieTHIIX
(RUS-30)
rrpeBICIIJiII 3HaqIIMyIO oTMeTKy 80% oT HoMIIHaJia, o)],HaKo K KoHu:y MeC51u:a
KoTIIpoBKII o6JiIIrau:IIH BHoBh yrraJiII. HeraTIIBHyIO poJih CIrpaJia HeCTa6IIJihHa51
CIITyau:II51 Ha pIHKaX )],pyrIIX pa3BIIBaIOIIJIIXC51 CTpaH, B qaCTHoCTII Epa3IIJiIIII II
ApreHTIIHI. IIoBIIIIeHIIe peHTIIHroB PoCCIIII aBTopIITeTHIMII Me)K)],yHapo)],HIMII
peHTIIHroBIMII areHTCTBaMII y)Ke 6IJio yqTeHo B u:eHaX II rrpaKTIIqeCKII HIIKaK He
oTpa3IIJioCh Ha )],oXo)],HoCTII o6JiIIrau:IIH.
B )],eKa6pe 2002r. MIIHIICTepCTBo pIIHaHCoB PC[> rrepeqIICJiIIJio $352,8 MJiH.
B CqeT BIrrJiaTI rrpou:eHToB rro eBpoo6JiIIrau:II51M.
3a rrepBIe TpII He)],eJiII MeC51u:a Cpe)],H5151 )],oXo)],HoCTh Ha pIHKe BHyTpeHHero
)],oJira CoCTaBIIJia 13,18% ro)],oBIX. B TeqeHIIe MeC51u:a CoCTo51JioCh TpII ayKu:IIoHa rro
pa3MeIIJeHIIIO roCy)],apCTBeHHIX o6JiIIrau:IIH Ha o6IIJyIO CyMMy 20 MJip)],. py6. rro
HoMIIHaJiy, paKTIIqeCKa51 CyMMa pa3MeIIJeHII51 CoCTaBIIJia 8,13 MJip)],. py6. rrpII
o6neMe CrrpoCa 9,37 MJip)],. py6.

OTqeT o6 orrpe)],eJieHIIII pIHoqHoH CT


oIIMoCTII o6opy)],oBaHII51, rrpIIHa)],Jie)KaIIJero OAO "XXXXX"

15

B HaqaJie 2003r. poCCIIHCKIIH poH)],oBIH pIHoK XapaKTepII3oBaJiC51


HeraTIIBHoH )],IIHaMIIKoH. HH)],eKC PTC CHII3IIJiC51 Ha 3,67% II CoCTaBIIJi 343,31.
Cpe)],He)],HeBHoH o6neM ToproB yBeJiIIqIIJiC51 Ha 33,16% II CoCTaBIIJi $14 MJiH.
BaJiIOTHIH pIH0K
B )],eKa6pe 2002r. Ha BaJiIOTHoM pIHKe PC[> Ha6JiIO)],aJioCh 3aTIIIIIhe. KypC
py6Ji51 K )],oJiJiapy II3MeH51JiC51 B y3KoM KopII)],ope Me)K)],y 31,84 II 31,86 py6JieH 3a )],oJiJiap.
O6neMI ToproB rro )],oJiJiapy B )],eKa6pe Ha PTC, rro rrpe)],BapIITeJihHIM ou:eHKaM,
CoCTaBIIJiII oKoJio 90 MJip)],. py6JieH.

OTqeT o6 orrpe)],eJieHIIII pIHoqHoH CToIIMoCTII o6opy)],oBaHII51, rrpIIHa)],Jie)KaIIJero OAO "XXXXX"

B KoHu:e 51HBap51 2003r. opIIu:IIaJihHIH KypC )],oJiJiapa ClllA rrpaKTIIqeCKII


He II3MeHIIJiC51 II C 24 51HBap51 CoCTaBIIJi 31,81 py6. 3a )],oJiJiap. TeM MeHee, B
6oJiee
)],oJiroCpoqHoM rrepIIo)],e Ha6JiIO)],aeTC51 yCToHqIIBa51 TeH)],eHu:II51 rra)],eHII51 KypCa )],oJiJiapa.
Ha ero CHII)KeHIIe oKa3IBaeT )],aBJieHIIe CIITyau:II51 Ha MIIpoBIX pIHKaX, r)],e
rrpo)],oJi)KIIJioCh o6eCu:eHeHIIe )],oJiJiapa rro oTHoIIIeHIIIO K )],pyrIIM Be)],yIIJIIM BaJiIOTaM,
qeMy CrroCo6CTByIOT aKTIIBHIe rrpIIroToBJieHII51 ClllA K BoHHe rrpoTIIB HpaKa.
He)],aBHee 3a51BJieHIIe EaHKa PoCCIIII o rrepeBo)],e qaCTII BaJiIOTHIX pe3epBoB B
eBpo C u:eJihIO
)],IIBepCIIpIIKau:IIII pIICKoB ToJihKo rro)],TBep)],IIJio, qTo rro3IIu:IIII )],oJiJiapa rro oTHoIIIeHIIIO K
)],pyrIIM BaJiIOTaM oCJia6eBaIOT.
IIepC11eKTHBI pa3BHTHH
IIo rrporHo3aM MIIHIICTepCTBa 3KoHoMIIqeCKoro pa3BIITII51 II ToproBJiII,
poCT BBII B 2003r. CoCTaBIIT oKoJio 3,5%-4,4%, rrpIIqeM HaII6oJiee Bepo51THoe
3HaqeHIIe
)],aHHoro rroKa3aTeJi51 HaXo)],IITC51 B BepXHeM IIHTepBaJie rrpIIBe)],eHHoro )],IIarra3oHa. PoCT
IIHBeCTIIu:IIH B CJie)],yIOIIJeM ro)],y rrporHo3IIpyIOT )],o 7,5%.
B 6JiII)KaHIIIIIe rroJiTopa-)],Ba ro)],a oCHoBHIe rrpo6JieMI B 3KoHoMIIKe MoryT
6ITh CB513aHI C orpaHIIqeHIIeM rroTeHu:IIaJia poCTa rrpoII3Bo)],CTBa II 3KCrropTa
BCJie)],CTBIIe Bo3Mo)KHoro MaCCoBoro BI6ITII51 rrpoII3Bo)],CTBeHHIX poH)],oB, B ToM qIICJie
B 3KCrropTHo-opIIeHTIIpoBaHHIX oTpaCJi51X, KpIITIIqeCKoro CoCTo51HII51 HepTe- II
ra3orrpoBo)],oB. IIpIIqIIHa CoCToIIT B He)],oIIHBeCTIIpoBaHIIII 3KoHoMIIKII B rroCJie)],Hee
)],eC51TIIJieTIIe. BIXo)], II3 CTpyKTypHoro KpII3IICa, CB513aHHoro C MopaJihHIM II
pII3IIqeCKIIM II3HoCoM oCHoBHIX poH)],oB, )],oJi)KeH 51BJi51ThC51 o)],HIIM II3 rrpIIopIITeToB
roCy)],apCTBeHHoH 3KoHoMIIqeCKoH rroJiIITIIKII.
Cpe)],II oTpaCJieH rrpoMIIIIJieHHoCTII oCo6oe BHIIMaHIIe )],oJi)KHo 6ITh
y)],eJieHo MaIIIIIHoCTpoeHIIIO. B HaCTo51IIJee BpeM51 oTeqeCTBeHHoe MaIIIIIHoCTpoeHIIe II33a CTpyKTypHoro KpII3IICa He CrroCo6Ho y)],oBJieTBopIITh B rroJiHoM o6neMe
rroTpe6HoCTII CTpaHI B HoBoH TeXHIIKe II TeXHoJiorII51X )],Ji51 oCBoeHII51 IIHBeCTIIu:IIH II
HapaIIJIIBaHII51
rrpoII3Bo)],CTBa KoHKypeHToCrroCo6HoH rrpo)],yKu:IIII. B pe3yJihTaTe IIHBeCTIIu:IIoHHIH
CrrpoC Mo)KeT 6ITh qaCTIIqHo rrepeopIIeHTIIpoBaH Ha rrpIIo6peTeHIIe IIMrropTHIX
CTaHKoB, MaIIIIIH, o6opy)],oBaHII51 II TeXHoJiorIIH, qTo Tpe6yeT 3HaqIITeJihHIX
BaJiIOTHIX 3aTpaT.
B 6JiII)KaHIIIIIe )],eC51Th JieT BaJiIOTHIe peCypCI rroTpe6yIOTC51 )],Ji51
o6CJiy)KIIBaHII51 BHeIIIHIIX )],oJiroBIX o6513aTeJihCTB CTpaHI. HX orpaHIIqeHHoe
KoJiIIqeCTBo He rro3BoJiIIT rrpoII3BeCTII 3aKyrrKy IIMrropTHoH MaIIIIIHoCTpoIITeJihHoH
rrpo)],yKu:IIII B Heo6Xo)],IIMoM o6neMe. B CB513II C 3TIIM IIpaBIITeJihCTBy PC[> Heo6Xo)],IIMo
o6paTIITh BHIIMaHIIe Ha IIMrropTo3aMeIIJeHIIe B MaIIIIIHoCTpoeHIIII. IIoJiIITIIKa
IIMrropTo3aMeIIJeHII51 Ha HaqaJihHoM 3Tarre )],oJi)KHa 6ITh HarrpaBJieHa Ha 3aMeIIJeHIIe
IIMrropTa MaIIIIIHoCTpoIITeJihHoH rrpo)],yKu:IIII IIMrropToM o6opy)],oBaHII51 II TeXHoJiorIIH
)],Ji51 rrpoII3Bo)],CTBa 3ToH rrpo)],yKu:IIII.
HeCMoTp51 Ha 6oJihIIIoH o6neM rrpIIH51TIX yKa3oB IIpe3II)],eHTa PC[> II
rroCTaHoBJieHIIH IIpaBIITeJihCTBa PC[>, a TaK)Ke pa3pa6oTaHHIX oTpaCJieBIX rrporpaMM II
rrpoeKToB pepopMIIpoBaHII51 rrpoMIIIIJieHHoCTII, IIX pe3yJihTaTIIBHoCTh HeBICoKa.
IIpIIqIIHI CoCTo51T B ToM, qTo oHII He CooTBeTCTByIOT CoBpeMeHHIM Tpe6oBaHII51M, B
qaCTHoCTII He)],oCTaToqHo KoppeKTHI ou:eHKa 6IO)],)KeTHoH oKyrraeMoCTII II rrpou:e)],ypa
oT6opa rrpIIopIITeToB 6IO)],)KeTHoH rro)],)],ep)KKII IIHBeCTIIu:IIoHHIX rrpoeKToB II rrporpaMM.
EoJihIIIIIHCTBo rrpaBIITeJihCTBeHHIX peIIIeHIIH He BIrroJiH51eTC51 B rroJiHoM o6neMe, B
qaCTHoCTII II3-3a oTCyTCTBII51 MeTo)],IIqeCKoro o6eCrreqeHII51.
IIo IIHpopMau:IIII MIIHrrpoMHayKII, pa3BIITIIe rrpoMIIIIJieHHoCTII B PoCCIIII
B 2003. rrpe)],yCMaTpIIBaeT yBeJiIIqeHIIe o6neMa BIrryCKa rrpo)],yKu:IIII Ha 2,7-3,6% rro
CpaBHeHIIIO C rrpoIIIJiIM ro)],oM, B 2004r. 3,3-4,1%.

O)],HoH II3 rrpIIopIITeTHIX 3a)],aq MIIHIICTepCTBa 51BJi51eTC51 peCypCHoe


o6eCrreqeHIIe HayKII II 3ppeKTIIBHoe IICrroJih3oBaHIIe Cpe)],CTB pe)],epaJihHoro
6IO)],)KeTa, BI)],eJi51eMIX Ha pa3BIITIIe pyH)],aMeHTaJihHIX IICCJie)],oBaHIIH II
Co)],eHCTBIIe HayqHo- TeXHIIqeCKoMy rrporpeCCy.

HeKoHKypeHToCrroCo6HoCTh oTeqeCTBeHHoH rrpoMIIIIJieHHoCTII rJiaBHoe


rrperr51TCTBIIe )],Ji51 rroJiHou:eHHoH IIHTerpau:IIII PoCCIIII B MIIpoBoe Xo351HCTBo. B 51HBape
2002r. rrpaBIITeJihCTBo paCCMaTpIIBaJio Xo)], peaJiII3au:IIII Cpe)],HeCpoqHoH 3KoHoMIIqeCKoH
rrporpaMMI, a B HaqaJie peBpaJi51 MepI o6eCrreqeHII51 MaKpo3KoHoMIIqeCKoH
CTa6IIJihHoCTII. TaK)Ke paCCMoTpeHa CTpaTerII51 IIHHoBau:IIoHHoro pa3BIITII51
rrpoMIIIIJieHHoCTII )],o 2010r., oCHoBHoH 3a)],aqeH KoTopoH 6y)],eT )],oCTII)KeHIIe
HerrpepIBHoCTII u:IIKJia BHe)],peHII51 KoHKypeHToCrroCo6HIX ToBapoB B rrpoII3Bo)],CTBo.
2.2. O63op ompacJZu: XoJZoouJZbHoe o6opyooeaHue
B CB513II C paCTyIIJIIM CrrpoCoM Ha 6ICTpo3aMopo)KeHHIe rroJiypa6pIIKaTI
II 3aMopo)KeHHIe oBoIIJII, IIIIIpoKoe paCrrpoCTpaHeHIIe rroJiyqIIJiII MeJiKIIe
rrpoII3Bo)],CTBa II oT)],eJihHIe u:eXa rro BIrryCKy 6ICTpo3aMopo)KeHHIX rrpo)],yKToB
rrIITaHII51. OCHoBHIM 3BeHoM TeXHoJiorIIqeCKoH u:errII TaKoro rrpoII3Bo)],CTBa
51BJi51eTC51
6ICTpoe
3aMopa)KIIBaHIIe
pa3JiIIqHIX
rro
o6neMy
rrapTIIH
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o6opy)],oBaHII51 IIHTeHCIIBHoro TIIrra
)],eHCTBII51, a TaK)Ke pa3JiIIqHoH rrpoII3Bo)],IITeJihHoCTII.
X0Ji0.IJHJihH0e 060py.IJ0BaHHe .IJJiH 3aM0p03KH 11p0.IJyKT0B
)];Ji51 3aMopo3KII oBoIIJeH, ppyKToB II 51ro)], poCCIIHCKIIe rrpoII3Bo)],IITeJiII
rrpe)],JiaraIOT pJiIOII)],II3au:IIoHHIe CKopoMopo3IIJihHIe arrrrapaTI. B TaKIIX arrrrapaTaX
KpyrrHIe oBoIIJII II ppyKTI, Hape3aHHIe B BII)],e Ky6IIKoB IIJiII JioMTIIKoB,
3aMopa)KIIBaIOTC51 Bo B3BeIIIeHHoM CoCTo51HIIII (rrpIIHu:IIrr pJiIOII)],II3au:IIII) B )],BII)KyIIJeMC51
BBepX rroToKe Bo3)],yXa, o6pa3yIOIIJeM Bo3)],yIIIHyIO rro)],yIIIKy.
IIpo)],yKT Ha ropII3oHTaJihHo )],BII)KyIIJeMC51 KoHBeHepe rro)],aeTC51 B
TerrJioII3oJi51u:IIoHHyIO KaMepy II rrorra)],aeT B XoJio)],HIH BoCXo)],51IIJIIH rroToK Bo3)],yXa.
CKopoCTh rroToKa CKBo3h CeTKy rrepBoro KoHBeHepa TaKoBa, qTo rrpo)],yKT rro)],HIIMaeTC51 II
rrJiaBaeT B Bo3)],yIIIHoM rroToKe. Ha ero rroBepXHoCTII o6pa3yeTC51 ToHKa51 3aMep3IIIa51
KopoqKa, rrperr51TCTByIOIIJa51 CMep3aHIIIO qaCTIIu: rrpo)],yKTa B KoMKII. IIoJiHoe
3aMopa)KIIBaHIIe rrpoII3Bo)],IITC51 Ha BTopoM KoHBeHepe B yCJioBII51X M51rKoH
pJiIOII)],II3au:IIII. Bo3)],yXoo6MeH B KaMepe o6eCrreqIIBaeTC51 u:eHTpo6e)KHIMII
BeHTIIJi51TopaMII, Bo3)],yX oT KoTopIX rrpoXo)],IIT qepe3 oXJia)K)],aIOIIJIIe IICrrapIITeJihHIe
6aTapeII II CeTKy C rrpo)],yKToM II BHoBh HarrpaBJi51eTC51 K BeHTIIJi51TopaM. BeJiIIqIIHy
Bo3)],yIIIHoro rroToKa Mo)KHo peryJiIIpoBaTh, rro3ToMy arrrrapaT rrpIIMeHIIM )],Ji51 pa6oTI
C IIIIIpoKIIM aCCopTIIMeHToM rrpo)],yKToB. 3aMopa)KIIBaHIIe 3TIIM MeTo)],oM 3aMe)],Ji51eT
rrpou:eCC yCyIIIKII rrpo)],yKTa, CoXpaH5151 ero BICoKoe KaqeCTBo.
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pa3pa6oTaHo II II3roTaBJiIIBaeTC51 PoCToKIIHCKIIM TeXHoJiorIIqeCKIIM u:eHTpoM II OOO
TepMoKyJi (r. MoCKBa).
TexHuttecKue oaHHle rpJZ10uou3alfuoHHlx annapamoe.
IIpoII3Bo)],IITeJihHoCTh rro
3eJieHoMy ropoIIIKy, Kr/q
TeMrrepaTypa Bo3)],yXa B KaMepe,
C
HaqaJihHa51 TeMrrepaTypa BHyTpII
rrpo)],yKTa, C
KoHeqHa51 TeMrrepaTypa BHyTpII
rrpo)],yKTa, C
BpeM51 3aMopa)KIIBaHII51, MIIH.
IIoTpe6Ji51eMa51
MoIIJHoCTh
XoJio)],IIJihHoH yCTaHoBKII, KBT
TIIrr KoMrrpeCCopa

300

600

400 -600

- 30-35

- 30-35

- 30-35

+ 20

+ 20

+ 20

- 18

- 18

- 10 - -15

8 15

8 15

8 15

35

70

90

Bitzer BIIHToBoH

Bitzer
BIIHToBoH

Bitzer
BIIHToBoH

MapKa arrrrapaTa
TIIrr arrrrapaTa

TMC[> 300
C[>JiIOII)],II3au:IIoHHIH
KoHBeHepHIH

TMC[> 600
C[>JiIOII)],II3au:IIoHHIH
KoHBeHepHIH

A3A 05
Eapa6aHHIH

Pa3MepI arrrrapaTa, M

5,3 X 2,6 X 2,8

CK0p0M0p03HJihHIe
110Jiy)a6pHKaT0B

8.4 X 2,6 X 2,8

a1111apaTI

.IJJiH

5,3 X 5,6 X 2,9

3aM0p03KH

MHCHIX

CKopoMopo3IIJihHIe arrrrapaTI HaXo)],51T IIIIIpoKoe rrpIIMeHeHIIe y


rrpoII3Bo)],IITeJieH TaKIIX M51CHIX rroJiypa6pIIKaToB, KaK rreJihMeHII, KoTJieTI, 6JiIIHqIIKII C
M51CoM, rrIIporII II T.)],. OCo6eHHo 3ppeKTIIBHo 3aMopa)KIIBaHIIe MeJiKoIIITyqHIX
rrpo)],yKToB B CKopoMopo3IIJihHIX arrrrapaTaX rrpII BIrryCKe 6oJihIIIIIX rrapTIIH.
IIpeIIMyIIJeCTBa 6ICTpoH 3aMopo3KII:
He3HaqIITeJihHIe rroTepII rrpo)],yKTa oT yCyIIIKII < 2 %;
CoXpaHeHIIe KaqeCTBa rrpo)],yKTa;
CHII)KeHIIe Ce6eCToIIMoCTII e)],IIHIIu:I rrpo)],yKu:IIII;
yMeHhIIIeHIIe rrpoII3Bo)],CTBeHHIX rrJioIIJa)],eH II o6CJiy)KIIBaIOIIJero
rrepCoHaJia.
Annapaml KoHeeUepHle muna TMK
IIpo)],yKT rroCTyrraeT B arrrrapaT II rrepeMeIIIIIBaeTC51 B HeM C rroMoIIJhIO
KoHBeHepHIX JieHT, CKopoCTh )],BII)KeHII51 KoTopIX peryJiIIpyeTC51 rrJiaBHo B
IIIIIpoKoM
)],IIarra3oHe. JIeHTI BIrroJiHeHI II3 TKaHerroJiIIMepHIX IIJiII pe3IIHoTKaHIX MaTepIIaJioB,
)],orryIIJeHHIX )],Ji51 KoHTaKTa C rrIIIIJeBIMII rrpo)],yKTaMII. 3aMopo)KeHHIH rrpo)],yKT qepe3
rrpIIeMHIH 6yHKep BIBo)],IITC51 )],Ji51 rro)],aqII Ha paCpaCoBKy.
B TeXHoJiorIIqeCKoM u:eHTpe rpyrrrrI KoMrraHIIH PoCToK CoBMeCTHo Co
Crreu:IIaJiIICTaMII pIIpMI TepMoKyJi (MoCKBa) II 3HpKyJi (CII6) II3roToBJieHI II yCrreIIIHo
3KCrrJiyaTIIpyIOTC51 KoHBeHepHIe CMA TIIrra TMK Ha 150 II 300 Kr/qaC )],Ji51 3aMopo3KII
rreJihMeHeH. Pa3pa6oTaHI TaK)Ke TyHHeJiII Ha 600 II 800 Kr/qaC.
B TyHHeJi51X, B oTJiIIqIIe oT )],pyrIIX II3BeCTHIX CKopoMopo3IIJihHIX
arrrrapaToB, Bo3Mo)KHa 3aMopo3Ka oqeHh IIIIIpoKoro aCCopTIIMeHTa rrpo)],yKToB II
MeJiKoIIITyqHIX ToBapoB. IIpIIBo)], KoHBeHepa o6eCrreqIIBaeT rrJiaBHyIO peryJiIIpoBKy
CKopoCTII )],BII)KeHII51 KoHBeHepHIX JieHT B IIIIIpoKoM )],IIarra3oHe. BCe TyHHeJiII
KoMrrJieKTyIOTC51 XoJio)],IIJihHoH MaIIIIIHoH HeMeu:KoH pIIpMI Bitzer. TyHHeJiII MoryT
6ITh II3roToBJieHI C Bo3)],yXooXJia)],IITeJieM )],Ji51 pa6oTI Ha aMMIIaKe. AHaJiorIIqHIe
arrrrapaTI pa3pa6oTaHI B AO "ArpIIXoJio)],MaIII" (r. H)KeBCK) II Bo BHHXH (r. MoCKBa).
TexHuttecKue oaHHle annapamoe KoHeeUepHozo muna.
IIpoII3Bo)],IITeJihHoCTh rro
rreJihMeH51M, Kr / qaC
TeMrrepaTypa Bo3)],yXa B
KaMepe, C
HaqaJihHa51 TeMrrepaTypa
BHyTpII rrpo)],yKTa, C
KoHeqHa51 TeMrrepaTypa
BHyTpII rrpo)],yKTa, C
BpeM51 3aMopa)KIIBaHII51,
MIIH.
TIIrr KoMrrpeCCopa

MapKa arrrrapaTa (TIIrr)

Pa3MepI, M

50

80

150

300

500-600

-30 -35

-30 -35

-30 - 35

-30 - 35

-30 - 35

+ 20

+ 20

+ 20

+ 20

+ 20

-10 -15

-10 -15

-10 -15

-10 -15

-10 -15

45

45

30

30

30

Bitzer
Bitzer
Bitzer rropIIIHeBoH IIJiII
rropIIIHeBoH rropIIIHeBoH
BIIHToBoH
TMK-150
KHC50
KHC 80
AIIC-150
(CTeJiJia)KHI (CTeJiJia)KHI
(KoHBeHepHIH)
5I 10-OAC
H)
H)
(6apa6aHHIH)
3,2 X 2,6 X 2.8
2,1 X 1,5 X 2,1 X 1,8 X
3,4 X 2.1 X 2,28
1,7
1,7
7,7 X 4,2 X 3.0

Bitzer BIIHToBoH Bitzer BIIHToBoH


TMK-300
TMK-600
(KoHBeHepHIH) (KoHBeHepHIH)
5I 10-OAC -M 5I 10-OHC-5
(6apa6aHHIH) (6apa6aHHIH)
6,3 X 2,6 X 2.8 7,2 X 2,6 X 2,8
10,7 X 4.0 X
12,1 X 4,5 X
3,0
3,3

Annapaml 6apa6aHHozo muna

IIpo)],yKT rroCTyrraeT B arrrrapaT C rroMoIIJhIO rrpIIeMHoro JieHToqHoro


TpaHCrropTepa II Ha HeM )Ke rro)],Mopa)KIIBaeTC51, 3aTeM Cpe3aeTC51 Ho)KoM II
HarrpaBJi51eTC51
B
CeTqaTIH
6apa6aH
Co
IIIHeKoBoH
HaBIIBKoH,
r)],e
oKoHqaTeJihHo )],oMopa)KIIBaeTC51. 3aTeM rrpo)],yKT BIBo)],IITC51 )],Ji51 rro)],aqII B
rpyrrrroByIO Tapy (MeIIIoK IIJiII Kopo6) IIJiII Ha paCpaCoBKy B MeJiKyIO
K TaKoMy po)],y yCTaHoBoK oTHoCIITC51 arrrrapaT ACM-250-1, KoTopIH
rrpe)],Ha3HaqeH )],Ji51 3aMopa)KIIBaHII51 rreJihMeHeH B TeXHoJiorIIqeCKoH JiIIHIIII rro
rrpoII3Bo)],CTBy rreJihMeHeH Ha rrpe)],rrpII51TII51X AIIK C u:eHTpaJiII3oBaHHIM
XoJio)],oCHa6)KeHIIeM. Mo)KeT 6ITh yKoMrrJieKToBaH )],orroJiHIITeJihHIM TpaHCrropTepoM,
rro)],HIIMaIOIIJIIM rreJihMeHII Ha BICoTy )],o 3 M )],Ji51 HarrpaBJieHII51 IIX B yrraKoBoqHIH
aBToMaT. IIo )KeJiaHIIIO 3aKa3qIIKa Mo)KeT KoMrrJieKToBaThC51 Co6CTBeHHoH 6JioqHoH
XoJio)],IIJihHoH MaIIIIIHoH. Pa3pa6oTqIIK II II3roToBIITeJih AHIIO MapIIXoJio)],MaIII, r.
HoIIIKap-OJia.
TexHuttecKaR xapaKmepucmuKa annapama ACM-250-1.
IIpoII3Bo)],IITeJihHoCTh, Kr/q
He MeHee 250
Pe)KIIM pa6oTI
HerrpepIBHIH
o
TeMrrepaTypa rrpo)],yKTa, C, He 6oJiee: Ha BXo)],e - Ha BIXo)],e
20-10
IIoTpe6JieHIIe XoJio)],a rrpII TeMrrepaType KIIrreHII51 XoJio)],IIJihHoro areHTa
53
-40
o
C, KBT
XJia)],areHT
AMMIIaK (R7:7)
OTTaHKa
rop51qIIMII rrapaMII aMMIIaKa
YCTaHoBJieHHa51 MoIIJHoCTh 3JieKTpoo6opy)],oBaHII51, KBT
He 6oJiee 9
2
3aHIIMaeMa51 rrJioIIJa)],h, M
He 6oJiee 27
BICoTa 3arpy3oqHoH qaCTII rro)],Mopa)KIIBaIOIIJero TpaHCrropTepa oT ypoBH51
He 6oJiee 1400
rroJia, MM
ra6apIITHIe pa3MepI, MM
3600X7500X3000
MaCCa, Kr
6000

CKopoMopo3uJZbHle annapaml nJZumottHozo muna


IIpII 3ToM CrroCo6e 3aMopa)KIIBaHII51 rrpo)],yKT C)KIIMaeTC51 Me)K)],y )],ByM51
MeTaJiJiIIqeCKIIMII rrJiIITaMII, B KoTopIX u:IIpKyJiIIpyeT XoJio)],IIJihHIH areHT. TaKa51
KoHCTpyKu:II51 o6eCrreqIIBaeT Heo6Xo)],IIMyIO TerrJiooT)],aqy. ArrrrapaT rrpe)],Ha3HaqeH )],Ji51
6ICTporo 3aMopa)KIIBaHII51 pI6I, pI6orrpo)],yKToB, Kpa6oB, M51Ca II M51Corrpo)],yKToB.
IIpe)],CTaBIITeJieM 3Toro CeMeHCTBa CKopoMopo3IIJihHIX arrrrapaToB 51BJi51eTC51
yHIIBepCaJihHIH arrrrapaT TIIrra AMII-3Y.
YHIIBepCaJihHoCTh arrrrapaTa 3aKJiIOqaeTC51 B pa3JiIIqIIII CrroCo6oB
3aMopa)KIIBaHII51 B 3aBIICIIMoCTII oT BII)],a rrpo)],yKTa.
KoHTaKTHIH CrroCo6 rrpe)],yCMaTpIIBaeT 3aMopa)KIIBaHIIe pI6I II M51Ca B
6JioKaX 3a)],aHHIX JiIIHeHHIX pa3MepoB C rroCTo51HHIM )],aBJieHIIeM Me)K)],y
Mopo3IIJihHIMII rrJiIITaMII.
EeCKoHTaKTHIH CrroCo6 rrpe)],yCMaTpIIBaeT 3aMopa)KIIBaHIIe IIITyqHIX
rrpo)],yKToB, II rrpo)],yKToB, yJio)KeHHIX B Tapy (KapToHHIe Kopo6KII). 3aMopa)KIIBaHIIe
oCyIIJeCTBJi51eTC51 oXJia)K)],eHHIM Bo3)],yXoM, rrpIIHy)],IITeJihHo u:IIpKyJiIIpyIOIIJIIM B
TerrJioII3oJiIIpoBaHHoH KaMepe. Pa3pa6oTqIIK II II3roToBIITeJih AO rPAH, r. BoJi)KCK.
TexHuttecKaR xapaKmepucmuKa annapamoe nJZumottHozo muna.
IIpoII3Bo)],IITeJihHoCTh, Kr/ 3a 23 q
TeMrrepaTypa rrpo)],yKTa C, He 6oJiee Ha
BXo)],e Ha BIXo)],e
IIoTpe6JieHIIe XoJio)],a B pe)KIIMe KoHTaKTHoH 3aMopo3KII KBT
IIoTpe6JieHIIe XoJio)],a B pe)KIIMe Bo3)],yIIIHoH 3aMopo3KII KBT
XJia)],areHT
Pa3oBa51 3arpy3Ka rrpo)],yKTa, Kr B pe)KIIMe KoHTaKTHoH 3aMopo3KII B pe)KIIMe
Bo3)],yIIIHoH 3aMopo3KII
YCTaHoBJieHHa51 MoIIJHoCTh 3JieKTpoo6opy)],oBaHII51, KBT
2
3aHIIMaeMa51 rrJioIIJa)],h, M
ra6apIITHIe pa3MepI, MM

He MeHee 2700
10
-25
12
12
C[>peoH 22
495
120
He 6oJiee 18,25
He 6oJiee 27
2140X1615X2100

MaCCa, Kr

2400

CKopoMopo3uJZbHle myHHeJZu nepuoouttecKozo oeUcmeuR


Bo3poCIIIIIH CrrpoC Ha Tpa)],IIu:IIoHHo pyCCKIIe rrpo)],yKTI - rreJihMeHII,
BapeHIIKII, KoTJieTI II )],p. - rroBICIIJi IIHTepeC K Ha)],e)KHoMy XoJio)],IIJihHoMy
o6opy)],oBaHIIIO )],Ji51 IIX 3aMopa)KIIBaHII51.
Ha TeKyIIJIIH MoMeHT Ha pIHKe rrpe)],CTaBJieHI CKopoMopo3IIJihHIe
TyHHeJiII rrepIIo)],IIqeCKoro TIIrra )],eHCTBII51, oCHaIIJeHHIe rpy3oBIMII TeJie)KKaMII
rrpoII3Bo)],IITeJihHoCThIO 150; 300 II 500 Kr/q. )];aHHIe TyHHeJiII rrpe)],CTaBJi51IOT Co6oIO
TerrJioII3oJiIIpoBaHHyIO KaMepy He6oJihIIIoro o6neMa, CoCTo51IIJyIO II3 CeH)],BIIqrraHeJieH.
TyHHeJiII MoryT oCHaIIJaThC51 TerrJioII3oJiIIpoBaHHIMII rraHeJi51MII pIIpMI TELEDOOR
(repMaHII51) IIJiII oTeqeCTBeHHIMII o6pa3u:aMII. TyHHeJiII o6opy)],oBaHI
Bo3)],yXooXJia)],IITeJi51MII HerroCpe)],CTBeHHoro oXJia)K)],eHII51.
IIpo)],yKT, rroMeIIJeHHIH Ha Crreu:IIaJihHIe JioTKII, pa3MeIIJaeTC51 Ha
rpy3oBIX TeJie)KKaX, KoTopIe rroMeIIJaIOT B KaMepy II BI)],ep)KIIBaIOT )],o )],oCTII)KeHII51
Tpe6yeMoH TeMrrepaTypI B ToJiIIJe rrpo)],yKTa. )];Ji51 IIHTeHCIIpIIKau:IIII rrpou:eCCa
TyHHeJiII MoryT oCHaIIJaThC51 )],ByM51 KoMrrJieKTaMII TeJie)KeK, a TaK)Ke o)],HoH IIJiII )],ByM51
)],Bep51MII.
)];aHHIe ToHHeJiII TaK)Ke KoMrrJieKTyIOTC51 XoJio)],IIJihHIM o6opy)],oBaHIIeM
pIIpMI IICrroJih3oBaH Bitzer. B KaqeCTBe XoJio)],IIJihHoro areHTa o3oHo6e3orraCHIH
ppeoH R 404 A. XoJio)],IIJihHoe o6opy)],oBaHIIe Mo)KeT paCrroJiaraThC51 KaK
HerroCpe)],CTBeHHo p51)],oM C TyHHeJieM, TaK II Ha HeKoTopoM y)],aJieHIIII oT Hero.
Pa3pa6oTqIIK II II3roToBIITeJih - OOO TepMoKyJi, r. MoCKBa.
TexHuttecKue xapaKmepucmuKu annapamoe nepuoouttecKozo oeUcmeuR.
IIpoII3Bo)],IITeJihHoCTh, Kr/q.
IIoTpe6JieHIIe XoJio)],a, KBT
TeMrrepaTypa rrpo)],yKTa Ha BXo)],e (BIXo)],e)
IIpo)],oJi)KIITeJihHoCTh TepMoo6pa6oTKII
o
TeMrrepaTypa Bo3)],yXa B KaMepe, C

150
14
+20(-18)
60-75 MIIH.
-30C

300
27
+20(-18)
60-75 MIIH.
-30C

500
30
+20(-18)
60-75 MIIH.
-30C

CKopoMopo3IITeJihHIe arrrrapaTI IIMeIOT CJie)],yIOIIJIIe rrpeIIMyIIJeCTBa:


rro3BoJi51IOT rroBICIITh rrpoII3Bo)],IITeJihHoCTh Tpy)],a II CoKpaTIITh qIICJieHHoCTh
pa6oTHIIKoB;
rro3BoJi51IOT 3KoHoMIITh 3JieKTpo3HeprIIIO;
CHII)KaIOT rroTepII rrpo)],yKToB oT yCyIIIKII 3a CqeT 3HaqIITeJihHoro CoKpaIIJeHII51
BpeMeHII 3aMopa)KIIBaHII51;
o6eCrreqIIBaIOT 6ICTpyIO oKyrraeMoCTh KarrIITaJihHIX BJio)KeHIIH.
C[>IIpMa "3HPKYJI" (r. MoCKBa) pa3pa6aTIBaeT XoJio)],IIJihHIe
yCTaHoBKII (Ha R22) )],Ji51 CKopoMopo3IIJihHIX arrrrapaToB, rrpe)],Ha3HaqeHHIX )],Ji51
3aMopa)KIIBaHII51
rreJihMeHeH
oTeqeCTBeHHoro
rrpoII3Bo)],CTBa.
HaII6oJihIIIeH
rrorryJi51pHoCThIO rroJih3yIOTC51 arrrrapaTI rrpoII3Bo)],IITeJihHoCThIO rro rreJihMeH51M 500
Kr/q.
B CoCTaB XoJio)],IIJihHoH yCTaHoBKII BXo)],51T )],Ba rroJiyrepMeTIIqHIX
BIIHToBIX KoMrrpeCCopa pIIpMI BITZER C 3KoHoMaH3epoM. C[>IIpMoH ALFA LAVAL
CoBMeCTHo C pIIpMoH "3HPKYJI" Crreu:IIaJihHo )],Ji51 CKopoMopo3IITeJihHIX arrrrapaToB
pa3pa6oTaHI ppeoHoBIe IICrrapIITeJihHIe 6JioKII, rapaHTIIpyIOIIJIIe KpyrJioCyToqHyIO
pa6oTy XoJio)],IIJihHoH yCTaHoBKII ToJihKo C o)],HoH oTTaHKoH. KoH)],eHCaTop II
MaCJiooXJia)],IITeJih pIIpMI ALFA LAVAL MoryT 6ITh BIrroJiHeHI KaK Bo3)],yIIIHoro,
TaK II Bo)],51Horo oXJia)K)],eHII51. IIpII 3ToM B CJiyqae IICrroJih3oBaHII51 Bo3)],yIIIHoro
KoH)],eHCaTopa B CXeMe rrpe)],yCMaTpIIBaIOTC51 peryJi51TopI )],aBJieHII51 KoH)],eHCau:IIII,
rro3BoJi51IOIIJIIe yCTaHoBKe pa6oTaTh B 3IIMHIIH rrepIIo)],. B XoJio)],Hoe BpeM51 ro)],a TerrJioTy,
oTBo)],IIMyIO oT MaCJiooXJia)],IITeJi51 II KoH)],eHCaTopa, Mo)KHo IICrroJih3oBaTh )],Ji51
oTorrJieHII51.

KoMrrJieKTau:II51 XoJio)],IIJihHIX yCTaHoBoK: KoMrrpeCCopaMII pIIpMI


BITZER, TerrJioo6MeHHIIKaMII pIIpMI ALFA LAVAL, rrpII6opaMII 3aIIJIITI II
aBToMaTIIKII Be)],yIIJIIX eBporreHCKIIX rrpoII3Bo)],IITeJieH DANFOSS, RANCO.
O630p CHCTeM 3am;HTI K0M11peCC0pH0r0 060py.IJ0BaHHH

KoMnpeccop "Cep)],u:e" XoJio)],IIJihHoH yCTaHoBKII, rro3ToMy o6eCrreqeHIIe


ero HopMaJihHoro pyHKu:IIoHIIpoBaHII51 - 3To o)],Ho II3 oCHoBHIX yCJioBIIH
6e3aBapIIHHoH pa6oTI o6opy)],oBaHII51.
3aIIJIITa KoMrrpeCCopa oCyIIJeCTBJi51eTC51 rro CJie)],yIOIIJIIM rrapaMeTpaM:
- )],aBJieHIIIO MaCJia (rrpII CMa3Ke C rroMoIIJhIO MaCJi51Horo HaCoCa),
- )],aBJieHIIIO BCaCIBaHII51,
- )],aBJieHIIIO HarHeTaHII51,
- TeMrrepaType C)KaToro rrapa,
- TeMrrepaType o6MoToK 3JieKTpo)],BIIraTeJi51,
- rrporra)],aHIIIO II aCIIMMeTpIIII Harrp51)KeHII51 B pa3aX 3JieKTpoCeTII.
3aIIJIITa
oT
rroHII)KeHHoro
)],aBJieHII51
MaCJia
rrpoII3Bo)],IITC51
)],IIppepeHu:IIaJihHIM rrpeCCoCTaToM C BpeMeHHoH 3a)],ep)KKoH. IIpeCCoCTaT CpaBHIIBaeT
)],aBJieHIIe B KapTepe KoMrrpeCCopa C )],aBJieHIIe MaCJia rroCJie MaCJi51Horo HaCoCa. IIpII
3HaqeHIIII pa3HoCTII )],aBJieHII51 HII)Ke yCTaHoBJieHHoro KoMrrpeCCop oTKJiIOqaeTC51 C
3a)],ep)KKoH rro BpeMeHII, KoTopa51 o6IqHo CoCTaBJi51eT 90 CeKyH)],. Pa3HoCTh )],aBJieHIIH
)],oJi)KHa HaXo)],IIThC51 B rrpe)],eJiaX 1,4...3,5 6ap. IIpeCCoCTaT, rroCTaBJi51eMIH BMeCTe
C KoMrrpeCCopoM, IIMeeT 3aBo)],CKyIO HaCTpoHKy II peryJiIIpoBKe He rro)],Jie)KIIT.
CaMoCTo51TeJihHoe rro)],KJiIOqeHIIe rrpeCCoCTaTa K KoMrrpeCCopy Heo6Xo)],IIMo
rrpoII3Bo)],IITh B CooTBeTCTBIIII C HHCTpyKu:IIeH rro MoHTa)Ky II BBo)],y B 3KCrrJiyaTau:IIIO
rroJiyrepMeTIIqHIX rropIIIHeBIX KoMrrpeCCopoB. 3JieKTpIIqeCKoe rro)],KJiIOqeHIIe
)],aTqIIKa rrpoII3Bo)],IITC51 B CTporoM CooTBeTCTBIIII C rrpIIJiaraeMoH K HeMy CXeMoH.
)];Ji51 3aIIJIITI KoMrrpeCCopa oT He)],orryCTIIMIX )],aBJieHIIH BCaCIBaHII51 II
HarHeTaHII51 rrpIIMeH51IOT rrpeCCoCTaTI HII3Koro II BICoKoro )],aBJieHII51, rro)],KJiIOqaeMIe
HerroCpe)],CTBeHHo K CooTBeTCTByIOIIJIIM IIITyu:epaM Ha KoprryCe KoMrrpeCCopa.
HaCTpoHKa rrpeCCoCTaToB HII3Koro II BICoKoro )],aBJieHII51 rrpoII3Bo)],IITC51 B
CooTBeTCTBIIII C yCJioBII51MII pa6oTI KoMrrpeCCopa.
PaCrrpoCTpaHeHHoH oIIIII6KoH 51BJi51eTC51 rro)],KJiIOqeHIIe rrpeCCoCTaToB K
CepBIICHIM IIITyu:epaM Ha 3arropHIX BeHTIIJi51X KoMrrpeCCopa.
)];Ji51 3aIIJIITI HII3KoTeMrrepaTypHIX KoMrrpeCCopoB oT BICoKoro )],aBJieHII51
BCaCIBaHII51, Bo3HIIKaIOIIJero rrpII rryCKe KoMrrpeCCopa, rrpIIMeH51IOT peryJi51TopI
)],aBJieHII51 B KapTepe II TPB C MOP, orpaHIIqIIBaIOIIJIIe MaKCIIMaJihHoe )],aBJieHIIe
BCaCIBaHII51 B CooTBeTCTBIIII C TeMrrepaTypHoH o6JiaCThIO pa6oTI KoMrrpeCCopa.
3JieKTpoHHoe 3aIIJIITHoe yCTpoHCTBo INT 69VC rrpe)],Ha3HaqeHo )],Ji51 IIX
3aIIJIITI rroJiyrepMeTIIqHIX KoMrrpeCCopoB BITZER oT He)],orryCTIIMoH TeMrrepaTypI
o6MoToK. B yCTpoHCTBe TaK)Ke rrpe)],yCMoTpeHa Bo3Mo)KHoCTh rro)],KJiIOqeHII51 )],aTqIIKa
TeMrrepaTypI C)KaToro rrapa, KoTopIH Mo)KeT 6ITh rroCTaBJieH rro Tpe6oBaHIIIO
3aKa3qIIKa.
3JieKTpoHHoe 3aIIJIITHoe yCTpoHCTBo INT 389 IIMeeT Te )Ke pyHKu:IIII, qTo II
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KoMHaTe. MeCTo rro)],Bo)],KII orrpeCCoBaHHIX CIIJioBIX 3JieKTpIIqeCKIIX Ka6eJieH )],oJi)KHo
paCrroJiaraThC51 B HerroCpe)],CTBeHHoH 6JiII3oCTII oT CooTBeTCTByIOIIJIIX 3JieKTpIIqeCKIIX
IIJIIToB.
MaKCIIMaJihHa51 yCTaHoBJieHHa51 MoIIJHoCTh rrIITaHII51, Heo6Xo)],IIMa51 )],Ji51
pa6oTI KaMepI XpaHeHII51, CoCTaBJi51eT 134 KBT, KaMep ra3au:IIII 447 KBT, a
rroTpe6Ji51eMa51 MoIIJHoCTh 94,7 II 241 KBT CooTBeTCTBeHHo.
IUIIT RK2 51BJi51eTC51 u:eHTpaJihHIM IIJIIToM 3JieKTporrIITaHII51 II
yrrpaBJieHII51 BCeX arperaToB, o6eCrreqIIBaIOIIJIIX TeXHoJiorIIqeCKIIe rrpou:eCCI B
KaMepaX ra3au:IIII 6aHaHoB. OCo6eHHoCThIO 3JieKTpoCHa6)KeHII51 IIJIITa 51BJi51eTC51
3JieKTporrIITaHIIe Harpy3oK oT )],ByX He3aBIICIIMIX pII)],epoB. OT o)],Horo pII)],epa
rrpoII3Bo)],IITC51 rrIITaHIIe KoMrrpeCCopHoro arperaTa, KoH)],eHCaTopa, BeHTIIJi51u:IIII,
o6orpeBa BeHTIIJi51u:IIII, a TaK)Ke 3JieKTporrIITaHIIe pe3epBa, oT )],pyroro
3JieKTporrIITaHIIe BoChMII KaMep ra3au:IIII 6aHaHoB.
YrrpaBJieHIIe KaMepaMII ra3au:IIII rrpoII3Bo)],IITC51 rrpou:eCCopoM ra3au:IIII
PROBA 110.
KoJiIIqeCTBo II MoIIJHoCTh oCBeTIITeJihHIX JiaMrr B KaMepaX ra3au:IIII II
KoMrrpeCCopHoH paCCqIITaHI CorJiaCHo eBporreHCKIIM HopMaTIIBaM. )];Ji51 oCBeIIJeHII51
IICrroJih3yIOTC51 Crreu:IIaJihHIe JiIOMIIHeCu:eHTHIe rrIJie- II BJiaro3aIIJIITHIe JiaMrrI )],Ji51
HII3KoTeMrrepaTypHIX rroMeIIJeHIIH C rrJiapoHaMII II3 3aKaJieHHoro CTeKJia.
Cocmae o6opyooeaHuR:
1. Bo3)],yXooXJia)],IITeJih
"FINCOIL"
TIIrr FMPE
51/6-1400-SS
(C[>IIHJi51H)],II51) - 8 IIIT.;
2. KoMrrpeCCop "BITZER" 4J-22.2 (repMaHII51) - 4 IIIT.;
3. KoH)],eHCaTop "FINCOIL" TIIrr SOLAR CA 8-5-950-H (C[>IIHJi51H)],II51) - 1
IIIT.;
4. PeCIIBep "BITZER" FS 2202
5. Bo3)],yXooXJia)],IITeJih "FINCOIL"
PBCA-5-5-1400-7C-SSO
(C[>IIHJi51H)],II51) - 4 IIIT.;
6. KoMrrpeCCop "BITZER" 4H-25.2 (repMaHII51) - 2 IIIT.;
7. KoH)],eHCaTop "FINCOIL" TIIrr SOLAR Junior MEGA SJM-4-1400-H
(C[>IIHJi51H)],II51) - 1 IIIT.;
8. BeHTIIJi51TopI Ha)],yBa rroToJiKoB "SISTEMAIR" K 200 L TW - 8 IIIT.;
9. Bo3)],yXooXJia)],IITeJih "ALFA LAVAI" FD-580 E - 5 IIIT.;
10. Bo3)],yXooXJia)],IITeJih "ALFA LAVAI" FDN-310 - 1 IIIT.;
11. )];aTqIIK ra3oaHaJiII3aTopa SENSOREX OY SX 902 b - 8 IIIT.;
12. )];aTqIIK TeMrrepaTypI rryJihrroBIH - 39 IIIT.;
13. )];aTqIIKII BJia)KHoCTII RH-970 - 15 IIIT.;

14. )];Beph "NORDOOR OY" - 14 IIIT.;

IIIT.

15. KoMrrpeCCop "BITZER" TIIrr HSK 7471-90 - 2


IIIT.;
16. KoH)],eHCaTop "ALFA LAVAI" TIIrr CRS-345 - 1
IIIT.;
17. KoHTpoJiJiep "Proba 120" - 1 IIIT.;
18. Kopo6 BeHTIIJi51u:IIII - 5 IIIT.;
19. IIaHeJih yrrpaBJieHII51 "Proba 110" - 8 IIIT.;
20. PeCIIBep "BITZER" FS 1602 - 1 IIIT.;
21. PeCIIBep "BITZER" FS 3102 - 1 IIIT.;
22. YBJia)KHIITeJih "Carel" TIIrr 303 - 8 IIIT.;
23. YBJia)KHIITeJih "Carel" TIIrr 313 - 4 IIIT.;
24. YBJia)KHIITeJih "HYGROMAT-IK" TIIrr DG 8 - 7
IIIT.;
25. IUIIT yrrpaBJieHII51 KoMrrpeCCopoB - 2 IIIT.;
26. IUIIT yrrpaBJieHII51 KoMrrpeCCopoB "MEGAKOJESTO OY" MFRO - 1

C[>II3IIqeCKoe CoCTo51HIIe rrepeqIICJieHHoro BIIIIe o6opy)],oBaHII51 XopoIIIee:


o6opy)],oBaHIIe HaXo)],IIJioCh B 3KCrrJiyaTau:IIII He)],oJiro II He Tpe6yeT peMoHTa IIJiII
3aMeHI KaKIIX-JiII6o qaCTeH. CpoK 3KCrrJiyaTau:IIII ou:eHIIBaeMIX o6neKToB )],Ba ro)],a.

3. MeTOAHKa OnpeAeI1eHHf lCTOHMOCTH O6beKTOB


O eHKH
3.1. Pacttem cmouMocmu o6opyooeaHuR 3ampamHlM nooxoooM
3aTpaTHIH rro)],Xo)], CoBoKyrrHoCTh MeTo)],oB ou:eHKII CToIIMoCTII o6neKTa
ou:eHKII, oCHoBaHHIX Ha orrpe)],eJieHIIII 3aTpaT, Heo6Xo)],IIMIX )],Ji51 BoCCTaHoBJieHII51 JiII6o
3aMeIIJeHII51 o6neKTa ou:eHKII, C yqeToM ero II3HoCa.
3aTpaTHIH rro)],Xo)], oCHoBaH Ha rrpIIHu:IIrre 3aMeIIJeHII51, CoCTo51IIJeM B ToM,
qTo rroKyrraTeJih He 6y)],eT rrJiaTIITh 3a o6neKT Co6CTBeHHoCTII 6oJihIIIe ToH CyMMI,
KoTopa51 Tpe6yeTC51, qTo6I 3aMeHIITh ero )],pyrIIM o6neKToM, aHaJiorIIqHIM rro CBoIIM
KoHCTpyKTIIBHIM II rrapaMeTpIIqeCKIIM XapaKTepIICTIIKaM (Me:JIoyHapooHle
cmaHoapml olfeHKu).
3aTpaTHIH rro)],Xo)], rro)],pa3yMeBaeT, qTo plHottHaR cmouMocmb
ou:eHIIBaeMoro o6neKTa orrpe)],eJi51eTC51, B rrepByIO oqepe)],h, 3aTpaTaMII Ha ero
Co3)],aHIIe, Ho orrpe)],eJi51eMa51 TaKIIM o6pa3oM CToIIMoCTh Mo)KeT He B rroJiHoH Mepe
oTpa)KaTh peaJihHyIO pIHoqHyIO CToIIMoCTh, Ha KoTopyIO TaK)Ke BJiII51IOT rroJie3HoCTh,
KaqeCTBo II KoHKypeHToCrroCo6HoCTh.
PlHottHoU cmouMocmb10, olfeHueaeMoU 3ampamHlM nooxoooM, ReJZRemcR
cmouMocmb eocnpou3eoocmea, maK KaK npu 9moM onpeoeJZR10m, cKoJZbKo Mo:JIem
cmoumb o6beKm, ecJZu ezo co3oaJZu u npooaJZu cezooHR, mo ecmb npu
cyUfecmey10UfeM ypoeHe lfeH. B maKoU olfeHKe uMeemcR 9JZeMeHm ycJZoeHocmu,
maK KaK, eo-nepelx, nooo6Hle o6beKml Mozym cezooHR He co3oaeambcR, u, eo-emoplx,
oa:JIe ecJZu oHu u co3oa10mcR, e Hux Mozym ucnoJZb3oeambcR y:JIe Hoele
MamepuaJZl u mexHoJZozuu. lfeM 6oJZbUte eo3pacm olfeHueaeMozo o6beKma, meM
6oJZbUte oonyUfeHuU npuxooumcR oeJZamb npu ezo olfeHKe 3ampamHlM nooxoooM.
Kor)],a paCqeT CToIIMoCTII BoCrrpoII3Bo)],CTBa HeBo3Mo)KeH, To 6a3oH )],Ji51
orrpe)],eJieHII51 BoCCTaHoBIITeJihHoH CToIIMoCTII CTaHoBIITC51 CToIIMoCTh 3aMeIIJeHII51.

C0B0Ky11HIH H3H0C
3To yMeHhIIIeHIIe rroJiHoH CToIIMoCTII
BoCrrpoII3Bo)],CTBa IIJiII CToIIMoCTII 3aMeIIJeHII51, KoTopoe Mo)KeT rrpoIICXo)],IITh B
pe3yJihTaTe pII3IIqeCKoro pa3pyIIIeHII51, pyHKu:IIoHaJihHoro II BHeIIIHero yCTapeBaHII51
IIJiII IIX KoM6IIHau:IIII.
B 3aTpaTHoM rro)],Xo)],e II3HoC Bo BCeX CJiyqa51X BIqIITaeTC51 II3 rroJiHoH
CToIIMoCTII BoCrrpoII3Bo)],CTBa IIJiII rroJiHoH CToIIMoCTII 3aMeIIJeHII51.
B 3aBIICIIMoCTII oT rrpIIqIIH, BI3IBaIOIIJIIX rroTepIO CToIIMoCTII, II3HoC
rro)],pa3)],eJi51eTC51 Ha TpII BII)],a:
C[>II3IIqeCKIIH II3HoC;
C[>yHKu:IIoHaJihHIH II3HoC;
BHeIIIHIIH IIJiII 3KoHoMIIqeCKIIH II3HoC.
TepMIIH "II3HoC" yrroTpe6Ji51eTC51 B TeopIIII II rrpaKTIIKe ou:eHoqHoH
)],e51TeJihHoCTII B )],ByX CMICJiaX:
KaK TeXHIIqeCKIIH TepMIIH, orrpe)],eJi51IOIIJIIH CTerreHh MaTepIIaJihHoro IIJiII pII3IIqeCKoro
II3HoCa o6neKTa ou:eHKII, To eCTh qaCTIIqHyIO IIJiII rroJiHyIO yTpaTy IIM CBoIIX
rrepBoHaqaJihHIX CBoHCTB;
KaK 3KoHoMIIqeCKoe o6eCu:eHeHIIe IIJiII yCTapeBaHIIe, XapaKTepII3yIOIIJee rroTepIO C
TeqeHIIeM BpeMeHII rrepBoHaqaJihHoH CToIIMoCTII o6neKTa ou:eHKII B CB513II C
yMeHhIIIeHIIeM ero rroJie3HoCTII rro pa3JiIIqHIM 3KoHoMIIqeCKIIM II TeXHIIqeCKIIM
rrpIIqIIHaM, Jie)KaIIJIIM KaK B CaMoM o6neKTe IIJiII yCJioBII51X ero 3KCrrJiyaTau:IIII, TaK II BHe
o6neKTa II yKa3aHHIX yCJioBIIH.
B o6oIIX CJiyqa51X CTerreHh II3HoCa BIpa)KaeTC51 B )],oJi51X IIJiII B rrpou:eHTaX
rro oTHoIIIeHIIIO K rroJiHoH rrepBoHaqaJihHoH CToIIMoCTII o6neKTa ou:eHKII.

<[)u3uttecKuU u3Hoc (J1rpu3.) 3To yXy)],IIIeHIIe rrepBoHaqaJihHo 3aJio)KeHHIX


TeXHIIKo-3KoHoMIIqeCKIIX rrapaMeTpoB, o6yCJioBJieHHoe eCTeCTBeHHIM II3HaIIIIIBaHIIeM
o6neKTa B u:eJioM II oT)],eJihHIX ero KoMrroHeHToB B rrpou:eCCe 3KCrrJiyaTau:IIII, a TaK)Ke
rro)], Bo3)],eHCTBIIeM oKpy)KaIOIIJeH Cpe)],I.
CyIIJeCTByIOT rrp51MIe II KoCBeHHIe MeTo)],I orrpe)],eJieHII51 pII3IIqeCKoro
II3HoCa. K npRMlM oTHoC51TC51 ToqHIe MeTo)],I orrpe)],eJieHII51 II3HoCa, oCHoBaHHIe Ha
oCMoTpe o6opy)],oBaHII51 II II3MepeHIIII pa3JiIIqHIX ero rrapaMeTpoB, K KoceeHHlM
MeTo)],I, oCHoBaHHIe Ha oCMoTpe IIMyIIJeCTBa IIJiII II3yqeHIIII yCJioBIIH ero
3KCrrJiyaTau:IIII II HopMaTIIBHIX )],aHHIX. Ko BTopoH rpyrrrre oTHoC51TC51 CJie)],yIOIIJIIe
MeTo)],I:
MeTo)], CpoKa )KII3HII;
yKpyrrHeHHa51 ou:eHKa TeXHIIqeCKoro CoCTo51HII51;
MeTo)], "rrp51Moro )],eHe)KHoro II3MepeHII51" II )],p.
MeTo) ] , CpoKa )KII3HII 3aKJiIOqaeTC51 B aHaJiII3e CooTHoIIIeHII51 Bo3paCTa
IICpoKa CJiy)K6I o6neKTa.
3B = Cp0K CJiy6I - OCTaIOm;HHCH Cp0K
CJiy6I H)H3. = 3B / Cp0K H3HH
r)],e 3B 3ppeKTIIBHIH Bo3paCT.
3rprpeKmueHlU eo3pacm oCHoBaH Ha ou:eHKe BHeIIIHero BII)],a,
TeXHIIqeCKoro CoCTo51HII51, 3KoHoMIIqeCKIIX paKTopoB, BJiII51IOIIJIIX Ha CToIIMoCTh
o6neKTa; 3To Bo3paCT, CooTBeTCTByIOIIJIIH pII3IIqeCKoMy CoCTo51HIIIO o6neKTa II
yqIITIBaIOIIJIIH Bo3Mo)KHoCTh ero rrpo)],a)KII.
CpoK rpu3uttecKoU :JIu3Hu o6beKma 3To HopMaTIIBHo pa3pa6oTaHHIH
3aBo)],oM-II3roToBIITeJieM rrepIIo)], BpeMeHII, B TeqeHIIe KoToporo o6neKT ro)],eH K
3KCrrJiyaTau:IIII II CooTBeTCTByeT 3aJio)KeHHIM B Hero rrapaMeTpaM; oH
3aKaHqIIBaeTC51, Kor)],a o6neKT yTIIJiII3IIpyeTC51.
XpoHoJZozuttecKuU eo3pacm rrepIIo)],, rrpoIIIe)],IIIIIH Co )],H51 BBo)],a o6neKTa
B 3KCrrJiyaTau:IIIO.
CpoK 9KoHoMuttecKoU :JIu3Hu 3To rrepIIo)], BpeMeHII, B TeqeHIIe KoToporo
o6neKT Mo)KHo IICrroJih3oBaTh, II3BJieKa51 rrpII6IJih; B 3ToT rrepIIo)], yJiyqIIIeHII51 BHoC51T
BKJia)], B CToIIMoCTh o6neKTa; )],aHHIH CpoK 3aKaHqIIBaeTC51, Kor)],a rrpoII3Bo)],IIMIe
yJiyqIIIeHII51 He BHoC51T BKJia)], B CToIIMoCTh o6neKTa BCJie)],CTBIIe IIX o6IIJero yCTapeBaHII51.
CpoK ocmaeUteUcR 9KoHoMuttecKoU :JIu3Hu o6beKma (OC9:JI) CoCTaBJi51eT
rrepIIo)], BpeMeHII oT ou:eHKII )],o oKoHqaHII51 3KoHoMIIqeCKoH )KII3HII o6neKTa; peMoHT II
Mo)],epHII3au:II51 yBeJiIIqIIBaIOT )],aHHIH CpoK.
% H3H0Ca 0T IICB = 3B / TC9:JI = 3B / (3B + OC9:JI)
r)],e TC TIIrrIIqHIH CpoK 3KoHoMIIqeCKoH )KII3HII;
IICB rroJiHa51 CToIIMoCTh BoCrrpoII3Bo)],CTBa (BoCCTaHoBIITeJihHa51
CToIIMoCTh).

HHor)],a )],Ji51 rrpII6JiII)KeHHIX paCqeToB IICrroJih3yeTC51 oTHoIIIeHIIe


XpoHoJiorIIqeCKoro Bo3paCTa K TIIrrIIqHoMy pII3IIqeCKoMy CpoKy CJiy)K6I.
IIpII rrpIIMeHeHIIII yKpyrrHeHHoH ou:eHKI I TeXHIIqeCKoro CoCTo51HII51
IICrroJih3yeTC51 CJie)],yIOIIJa51 pa36IIBKa:

0-20% o6IIJee CoCTo51HIIe XopoIIIee, rroBpe)K)],eHIIH II )],epopMau:IIH HeT, IIMeIOTC51


oT)],eJihHIe HeIICrrpaBHoCTII, KoTopIe He BJiII51IOT Ha 3KCrrJiyaTau:IIIO 3JieMeHTa II
yCTpaH51IOTC51 B rrepIIo)], TeKyIIJero peMoHTa;
21-40% o6IIJee CoCTo51HIIe y)],oBJieTBopIITeJihHoe, 3JieMeHTI B u:eJioM rrpIIro)],HI )],Ji51
3KCrrJiyaTau:IIII, o)],HaKo Tpe6yIOT peMoHTa Ha )],aHHoH CTa)],IIII 3KCrrJiyaTau:IIII;

41-60% o6IIJee CoCTo51HIIe Hey)],oBJieTBopIITeJihHoe, 3KCrrJiyaTau:II51 3JieMeHToB


Bo3Mo)KHa ToJihKo rrpII yCJioBIIII rrpoBe)],eHII51 peMoHTa;
61-80% o6IIJee CoCTo51HIIe aBapIIHHoe, BIrroJiHeHIIe 3JieMeHTaMII CBoIIX pyHKu:IIH
Bo3Mo)KHo ToJihKo rrpII rrpoBe)],eHIIII Crreu:IIaJihHIX oXpaHIITeJihHIX pa6oT IIJiII rroJiHoH
3aMeHe 3TIIX 3JieMeHToB;
81-100% o6IIJee CoCTo51HIIe HerrpIIro)],Hoe, 3JieMeHTI HaXo)],51TC51 B HerrpIIro)],HoM K
3KCrrJiyaTau:IIII CoCTo51HIIII.
Bo BCeX CJiyqa51X Heo6Xo)],IIMo yqIITIBaTh Bo3Mo)KHoCTII II CToIIMoCTh
3aMeHI II3HoIIIeHHIX y3JioB II )],eTaJieH, a TaK)Ke )],pyrIIe Bo3Mo)KHoCTII
Mo)],epHII3au:IIII yCTapeBIIIero o6opy)],oBaHII51.
MeTo) ] , "rrp51Moro )],eHe)KHoro II3MepeHII51" 3aKJiIOqaeTC51 B rro)],CqeTe
CyMMI 3aTpaT Ha 3aMeHy oT)],eJihHIX 3JieMeHToB o6opy)],oBaHII51 B )],eHe)KHoM
BIpa)KeHIIII Ha yCTpaHeHIIe II3HoCa II BoCCTaHoBJieHIIe o6opy)],oBaHII51, 6IBIIIero B
yrroTpe6JieHIIII. O6IqHo 3KoHoMIIqeCKII Heu:eJieCoo6pa3Ho IIJiII pII3IIqeCKII
HeBo3Mo)KHo yCTpaHIITh BeCh II3HoC, orrpe)],eJieHHa51 ero qaCTh Mo)KeT 6ITh paCCqIITaHa
CJie)],yIOIIJIIM o6pa3oM:
% )H3HqeCK0r0 H3H0Ca = CT0HM0CTh peM0HTa / CT0HM0CTh H0B0H MamHHI
<[)yHKlfuoHaJZbHlU u3Hoc (J1rpyH.) yMeHhIIIeHIIe rroTpe6IITeJihCKoH
rrpIIBJieKaTeJihHoCTII CBoHCTB o6neKTa, o6yCJioBJieHHoe rro51BJieHIIeM HoBIX TeXHoJiorIIH
B Cpepe rrpoII3Bo)],CTBa aHaJiorIIqHIX o6neKToB. B 3aBIICIIMoCTII oT rrpIIqIIH rro51BJieHII51
)],aHHoro II3HoCa CyIIJeCTByeT MopaJihHIH II TeXHoJiorIIqeCKIIH II3HoC.
MopaJZbHlU u3Hoc II3HoC, rrpIIqIIHa KoToporo 3aKJiIOqaeTC51 B yJiyqIIIeHIIII
TeXHIIKo-3KoHoMIIqeCKIIX rrapaMeTpoB IIJiII KoHCTpyKTIIBHIX peIIIeHIIH rrpII
rrpoII3Bo)],CTBe aHaJiorIIqHoro o6opy)],oBaHII51. )];aHHIH II3HoC Mo)KeT 6ITh o6yCJioBJieH
II36IToqHIMII KarrIITaJihHIMII IIJiII 3KCrrJiyaTau:IIoHHIMII 3aTpaTaMII, HII3KoH
3KoJiorIIqHoCThIO II )],p.
TexHoJZozuttecKuU u3Hoc II3HoC, BI3BaHHIH yCoBepIIIeHCTBoBaHIIeM
CTpyKTypI TeXHoJiorIIqeCKoro u:IIKJia: II3MeHeHIIeM CoCTaBa II KoJiIIqeCTBa 3BeHheB
TeXHoJiorIIqeCKoH u:erroqKII.
3KoHoMuttecKuU (eHeUtHuU) u3Hoc (J1eH.) rroTep51 CToIIMoCTII,
o6yCJioBJieHHa51 HeraTIIBHIM BJiII51HIIeM BHeIIIHIIX paKTopoB: CoKpaIIJeHII51 CrrpoCa Ha
BIrryCKaeMyIO rrpo)],yKu:IIIO, Bo3poCIIIeH KoHKypeHu:IIII, poCTa paCu:eHoK Ha CIphe,
pa6oqyIO CIIJiy IIJiII KoMMyHaJihHIe yCJiyrII, IIHpJi51u:IIII, BICoKIIX rrpou:eHTHIX
CTaBoK, 3aKoHo)],aTeJihHIX orpaHIIqeHIIH, paKTopoB oKpy)KaIOIIJeH Cpe)],I II )],p.
O6UfaR eeJZuttuHa HaKonJZeHHozo u3Hoca (J1) orrpe)],eJi51eTC51 KaK
rrpoII3Be)],eHIIe rrpeo6pa3oBaHHIX oTHoCIITeJihHo )],oJieH Ka)K)],oro BII)],a II3HoCa.
H = 1 - (1 - H)H3.) X (1 - H)yH.) X (1 - HBH.)

C[>II3IIqeCKIIH II pyHKu:IIoHaJihHIH II3HoCI rro)],pa3)],eJi51IOTC51 Ha:


yCTpaHIIMIH;
HeyCTpaHIIMIH.
J13Hoc cttumaemcR ycmpaHuMlM, eCJiII 3aTpaTI Ha ero yCTpaHeHIIe
MeHhIIIe, qeM )],o6aBJi51eMa51 CToIIMoCTh o6opy)],oBaHII51 3a CqeT ero yCTpaHeHII51.
J13Hoc cttumaemcR HeycmpaHuMlM, eCJiII 3aTpaTI Ha ero yCTpaHeHIIe
rrpeBIIIIaIOT )],o6aBJi51eMyIO CToIIMoCTh o6opy)],oBaHII51 3a CqeT ero yCTpaHeHII51.
PIHoqHa5 1 CToIIMoCTh o6opy)],oBaHII51 6y)],eT orrpe)],eJi51ThC51 KaK pa3HIIu:a
Me)K)],y rroJiHoH CToIIMoCThIO BoCrrpoII3Bo)],CTBa IIJiII rroJiHoH CToIIMoCThIO 3aMeIIJeHII51 II
o6eCu:eHeHIIeM, BI3BaHHIM CyMMapHIM II3HoCoM.
VpIH. = VB0CCT. - H3

PIHoqHa51 CToIIMoCTh Ka)K)],oH e)],IIHIIu:I ou:eHIIBaeMoro o6opy)],oBaHII51


BKJiIOqaeT B Ce651:

u:eHy Ha )],aHHIH o6neKT;


CorryTCTByIOIIJIIe 3aTpaTI, BKJiIOqaIOIIJIIe B Ce651 3aTpaTI rrpII rroKyrrKe
(yrraKoBKa II TpaHCrropTHIe paCXo)],I); 3aTpaTI Ha )],oCTaBKy; MoHTa)K.
HHpopMau:II51 o CToIIMoCTII II)],eHTIIqHoro o6opy)],oBaHII51 Ha )],aTy ou:eHKII
6IJia B351Ta II3 rrpaHC-JiIICToB pIIpM-rrpoII3Bo)],IITeJieH ou:eHIIBaeMIX o6neKToB. IIpaHCJiIICTI o6neKToB-aHaJioroB rrpe)],CTaBJieHI B IIpIIJio)KeHIIII 22.
BeJiIIqIIHa CorryTCTByIOIIJIIX 3aTpaT 6IJia paCCqIITaHa Ha oCHoBaHIIII
Cpe)],HepIHoqHoH IIHpopMau:IIII rro o6neKTaM, aHaJiorIIqHIM ou:eHIIBaeMIM.
Ou:eHIIBaeMoe o6opy)],oBaHIIe 6IJio KyrrJieHo OOO "XXX" )],Ba ro)],a
Ha3a)],, Ha )],aTy ou:eHKII oHo HaXo)],IITC51 B XopoIIIeM CoCTo51HIIII.
PaCqeT pII3IIqeCKoro II3HoCa ou:eHIIBaeMoro o6opy)],oBaHII51 rrpoBo)],IIJiC51
MeTo)],oM CpoKa )KII3HII II BIrJi51)],IIT CJie)],yIOIIJIIM o6pa3oM (Ha rrpIIMepe rro3IIu:IIII 21
peCIIBepa Bitzer FS3102).
CpoK CJiy)K6I o6neKTa CoCTaBJi51eT 10 JieT, XpoHoJiorIIqeCKIIH Bo3paCT 2
ro)],a, 3ppeKTIIBHIH Bo3paCT 1 ro)],. IIpou:eHT pII3IIqeCKoro II3HoCa peCIIBepa
CoCTaBJi51eT 1/(1+9), IIJiII B rrpou:eHTHoM BIpa)KeHIIII 10%.
TaK KaK ou:eHIIBaeMoe o6opy)],oBaHIIe 51BJi51eTC51 CoBpeMeHHIM II
3ppeKTIIBHoCTh ero 3KCrrJiyaTau:IIII BICoKa, To BeJiIIqIIHa pyHKu:IIoHaJihHoro II
BHeIIIHero II3HoCa 6IJia rrpIIH51Ta paBHoH HyJiIO.

CT0HM0CTh 060py.IJ0BaHHH 11pH Cym;eCTByIOm;eM HC110Jih30BaHHH 110


3aTpaTH0My 110.IJX0.IJy C0CTaBJiHeT C 0KpyrJieHHeM 153 700 .IJ0JiJiap0B CIIIA.
PaCqeT IIToroBoH CToIIMoCTII ou:eHIIBaeMoro o6opy)],oBaHII51 rrpIIBe)],eH B
Ta6JiIIu:e HII)Ke.

Pac'-tem pl1-o'-t1-oii cmouMocmu u cmouMocmu npu cyUJecmey10UJeM ucno!lb3oea1-uu o1.e1-ueaeMo2o o6opyiJoea1-u51 3ampam1-lM noiJxoiJoM.
2
rr/rr

HaHMeHoBaHHe

eHa
rrpoH3Bo)]HTeJi5,
py6.

eHa
KoJi-Bo
rrpoH3Bo)]HTeJi5,
(wT.)
$

CToHMocTh
Bcero, $

<1H3.
BHew.
fToroBa5
<1yHKll,.
06w,HH
H3Hoc,
H3Hoc,
cToHMocTh c
H3Hoc, %
H3Hoc, %
%
%
y'--eToM H3Hoca, $

19 708,33

674,94

674,94 10,0%

0%

0%

10%

607,45

12 500,00

428,08

428,08 11,0%

0%

0%

11%

380,99

BeHTHJi5Topl Ha)]yBa rroToJiKoB "SISTEMAIR"


K 200 L TW

20 041,67

686,36

5 490,87 11,1%

0%

0%

11%

4 881,38

Bo3)]yxooxJia)]HTeJih "Fincoil" THrr FMPE


51/6- 1400-SS

86 233,33

2 953,20

23 625,57 7,7%

0%

0%

8%

21 806,40

Bo3)]yxooxJia)]HTeJih "Fincoil" THrr PB-CA-5-51400-7c-SSO

1
2

6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26

PecHBep "BITZER" FS 3102


IIJHT yrrpaBJieHH5 KoMrrpeccopoB "MEGAKOJESTO OY" MFRO

141 541,67

4 847,32

19 389,27 7,7%

0%

0%

8%

17 896,30

Bo3)]yxooxJia)]HTeJih "ALFA LAVAI" FD-580 E


Bo3)]yxooxJia)]HTeJih "ALFA LAVAI" FDN-310
)];aT'--HKH BJia)l{HocTH RH-970
)];aT'--HK ra3oaHaJiH3aTopa SENSOREX OY
SX 902 b

141 541,67
141 541,67
5 858,33

4 847,32
4 847,32
200,63

5
1
15

24 236,59 7,7%
4 847,32 7,7%
3 009,42 10,0%

0%
0%
0%

0%
0%
0%

8%
8%
10%

22 370,37
4 474,07
2 708,47

5 858,33

200,63

1 605,02 10,0%

0%

0%

10%

1 444,52

)];aT'--HK TeMrrepaTypl rryJihrroBlH


)];Beph "NORDOOR OY"
KoMrrpeccop "BITZER" 4H-25,2
KoMrrpeccop "BITZER" THrr 4J-22,2
KoMrrpeccop "BITZER" THrr HSK 7471-90
KoH)]eHcaTop "ALFA LAVAI" THrr CRS-345
KoH)]eHcaTop "FINCOIL" THrr SJM-4-1400-H
KoH)]eHcaTop "FINCOIL" THrr SOLAR-CA-8-5950-H
KoHTpoJiJiep "Proba 120"
Kopo6 BeHTHJi5ll,HH
IlaHeJih yrrpaBJieHH5 "Proba 110"
PecHBep "BITZER" FS 1602
YBJia)l{HHTeJih "Carel" THrr 303
YBJia)l{HHTeJih "Carel" THrr 313
YBJia)l{HHTeJih "HYGROMAT-IK" THrr DG 8
IIJHT yrrpaBJieHH5 KoMrrpeccopoB
IIJHT yrrpaBJieHH5 KoMrrpeccopoB "MEGAKOJESTO OY"

5 858,33
15 433,33
20 875,00
20 875,00
20 875,00
23 333,33
23 333,33

200,63
528,54
714,90
714,90
714,90
799,09
799,09

39
14
2
4
2
1
1

7 824,48
7 399,54
1 429,79
2 859,59
1 429,79
799,09
799,09

10,0%
10,0%
5,4%
5,4%
5,4%
6,7%
6,7%

0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%

0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%

10%
10%
5%
5%
5%
7%
7%

7 042,03
6 659,59
1 352,59
2 705,17
1 352,59
745,55
745,55

23 333,33

799,09

799,09 6,7%

7 041,67
21 548,33
12 500,00
19 708,33
6 916,67
6 916,67
6 916,67
12 500,00

241,15
737,96
428,08
674,94
236,87
236,87
236,87
428,08

1
5
8
1
8
4
7
2

12 500,00

428,08

0%

0%

7%

745,55

10,0%
10,0%
11,0%
10,0%
10,0%
10,0%
10,0%
11,0%

0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%

0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%

10%
10%
11%
10%
10%
10%
10%
11%

217,04
3 320,80
3 047,95
607,45
1 705,48
852,74
1 492,30
761,99

428,08 11,0%

0%

0%

11%

380,99

241,15
3 689,78
3 424,66
674,94
1 894,98
947,49
1 658,11
856,16

2
rr/rr

HaHMeHoBaHHe
HTOI'O:
3aTpaTl rrpH rroKyrrKe:
yrraKoBKa
TpaHcrropTHle
pacxo)]l
3aTpaTl Ha )]ocTaBKy
MoHTa)l{
HTOI'O c y1emoM 3ampam:

eHa
rrpoH3Bo)]HTeJi5,
py6.
835

eHa
KoJi-Bo
rrpoH3Bo)]HTeJi5,
(wT.)
$
28

CToHMocTh
Bcero, $
120

<1H3.
BHew.
fToroBa5
<1yHKll,.
06w,HH
H3Hoc,
H3Hoc,
cToHMocTh c
H3Hoc, %
H3Hoc, %
%
%
y'--eToM H3Hoca, $
110 305,30
4 818,52
20 478,69
6 023,14
12 046,29
153 671,94

OTqeT o6 orrpe,[(eneHIIII prHoqHoii CToIIMoCTII o6opy,[(oBaHII5, rrpIIHa,[(ne)KaIUero OAO "XXXXX"

33

3.2.

Pacqem cmouMocmu o6opyiJoeaHuR cpaeHume.rmHlM noiJXoiJoM

CpaBHIITeJihHIH rro.[(Xo.[( oCHoBaH Ha orrpe.[(eJieHIIII pIHoqHIX u;eH, a.


[(eKBaTHo oTpa)KaIOrnIIX CToIIMoCTh e.[(IIHIIu;I o6opy.[(oBaHII5! B TeKyrneM CoCTo5!HIIII.
OCHoBHoH IICrroJih3yeMIH rrpIIHu;IIrr - CorroCTaBJieHIIe, KoTopoe .[(oJi)KHo rrpoII3Bo.[(IIThC5!:
C II.[(eHTIIqHIM aHaJioroM, rrpo.[(aIOrnIIMC5! Ha BTopIIqHoM pIHKe;
C rrpII6JiII3IITeJihHIM aHaJioroM, rrpo.[(aIOrnIIMC5! Ha BTopIIqHoM pIHKe, C BHeCeHIIeM
KoppeKTIIpyIOrnIIX rrorrpaBoK rrpII oTCyTCTBIIII ToqHoro aHaJiora;
C HoBIM aHaJiorIIqHIM o6opy.[(oBaHIIeM C BHeCeHIIeM rrorrpaBoK Ha II3HoC rrpII
oTCyTCTBIIII BTopIIqHoro pIHKa.
)];aHHIH rro.[(Xo.[( Tpe6yeT CyrneCTBeHHIX o6,eMoB pIHoqHoH
IIHcpopMau;IIII II rrpIIMeHeHII5! a.[(eKBaTHIX MeTo.[(oB CorroCTaBJieHII5! o6,eKToB.

3.2.1. MemoiJu<a onpeiJe.reHuR cmouMocmu o6opyiJoeaHuR no MemoiJy npRMo2o cpaeHeHuR


e paM<aX cpaeHume.rmHo2o noiJXoiJa
MeTo.[( rrp5!Moro CpaBHeHII5! B paMKaX CpaBHIITeJihHoro rro.[(Xo.[(a oCHoBaH Ha
rrpIIHu;IIrre, CorJiaCHo KoTopoMy oCBe.[(oMJieHHIH rroKyrraTeJih He 3arrJiaTIIT 3a
Co6CTBeHHoCTh 6oJihIIIe, qeM u;eHa rrpIIo6peTeHII5! .[(pyroH Co6CTBeHHoCTII, IIMeIOrneH
paBHyIO rroJie3HoCTh.
)];aHHIH rro.[(Xo.[( rrpe.[(Ha3HaqeH .[(Ji5! orrpe.[(eJieHII5! pIHoqHoH CToIIMoCTII
o6,eKTa, IICXo.[(5! II3 .[(aHHIX o CoBepIIIaeMIX Ha pIHKe C.[(eJiKaX. IIpII 3ToM
paCCMaTpIIBaIOTC5! CorroCTaBIIMIe o6,eKTI Co6CTBeHHoCTII, KoTopIe 6IJiII rrpo.[(aHI
IIJiII, rro KpaHHeH Mepe, rrpe.[(Jio)KeHI B rrpo.[(a)Ky.
3ToT MeTo.[( IICrroJih3yeTC5!, Kor.[(a .[(Ji5! ou;eHIIBaeMoro o6,eKTa Mo)KHo
rro.[(o6paTh 6JiII3KIIH aHaJior IIJiII HeCKoJihKo aHaJioroB, .[(Ji5! KoTopIX II3BeCTHI u;eHI.
U:eHTpaJihHoe MeCTo B .[(aHHoM MeTo.[(e 3aHIIMaeT aHaJiII3 u;eH, Ha oCHoBe KoToporo
rroJiyqaIOT 3HaqeHII5! KoppeKTIIpoBoK K u;eHaM aHaJioroB.
IIoJiHa5! CToIIMoCTh 3aMerneHII5! MaIIIIIHI IIJiII e.[(IIHIIu;I o6opy.[(oBaHII5!
orrpe.[(eJi5!eTC5! rro cpopMyJie:
SB = 11aH * KMo * (1-Ku.aH) * K1K2Km * KKoM + 11,rorr + 11Tl
r.[(e 11aH - u;eHa o6,eKTa-aHaJiora Ha MoMeHT rrpo.[(a)KII;
KMo - Ko3cpcpIIu;IIeHT rrpIIBe.[(eHII5! u;eHI aHaJiora K MoMeHTy ou;eHKII;
Ku.aH - Ko3cpcpIIu;IIeHT cpII3IIqeCKoro II3HoCa (o6eCu;eHeHII5!) aHaJiora
3a rrepIIo.[( 3KCrrJiyaTau;IIII C MoMeHTa BIrryCKa .[(o MoMeHTa ou;eHKII;
K1,
K2,Km,
KoppeKTIIpyIOrnIIe
rrapaMeTpIIqeCKIIe
Ko3cpcpIIu;IIeHTI, yqIITIBaIOrnIIe oTJiIIqII5! B 3HaqeHII5!X TeXHIIqeCKIIX rrapaMeTpoB
y ou;eHIIBaeMoro o6,eKTa II aHaJiora;
KKoM - Ko3cpcpIIu;IIeHT pa3JiIIqII5! KoMMepqeCKoH rrpIIBJieKaTeJihHoCTII
o6,eKToB;
11,rorr - u;eHa .[(orroJiHIITeJihHIX yCTpoHCTB, HaJiIIqIIeM KoTopIX
oTJiIIqaIOTC5! CpaBHIIBaeMIe o6,eKTI (6epeTC5! Ha MoMeHT ou;eHKII);
11Tl - u;eHa ToBapHoro 3HaKa.
KoppeKTIIpyIOrnIIe rrapaMeTpIIqeCKIIe Ko3cpcpIIu;IIeHTI paCCqIITIBaIOTC5! rro
CJie.[(yIOrneH cpopMyJie:
Ki = (Xi : X aH.i)

r.[(e Xi, XaH.i - 3HaqeHII5! i-ro rrapaMeTpa ou;eHIIBaeMoro o6,eKTa II aHaJiora;


n - rroKa3aTeJih CTerreHII, Ha3IBaeMIH Ko3cpcpIIu;IIeHToM "TopMo)KeHII5!
u;eHI", 3aBIIC5!rnIIH oT KoHKpeTHoro BII.[(a TeXHIIqeCKIIX yCTpoHCTB.
OTqeT o6 orrpe.[(eJieHIIII pIHoqHoH CToIIMoCTII o6opy.[(oBaHII5!, rrpIIHa.[(Jie)Karnero OAO "XXXXX"

PaCqeT CTerreHHoro Ko3cpcpIIu;IIeHTa "TopMo)KeHII5! u;eHI" oCHoBaH Ha


IIMeIOrnIIXC5! .[(aHHIX o u;eHaX II rrapaMeTpaX p5!.[(a aHaJiorIIqHIX II3.[(eJiIIH. PaCqeT
Ko3cpcpIIu;IIeHTa 6IJi rrpoII3Be.[(eH rro HeCKoJihKIIM rrapaMeTpaM, BI6paHHIM Ou;eHrnIIKoM
.[(Ji5! orrpe.[(eJieHII5! CorroCTaBIIMoCTII o6,eKTa ou;eHKII C oTo6paHHIMII aHaJioraMII. PaCqeT
rrpoII3Bo.[(IIJiC5! rro cpopMyJiaM:
lg P1 = n * lg N1
P2
N2
n = lg P1 / lg N1
P2
N2
r.[(e P1 II P2 - u;eHI (3aTpaTI);
N1 II N2 - MornHoCTh, rrpoII3Bo.[(IITeJihHoCTh IIJiII IIHoH rrapaMeTp
CorroCTaBIIMIX MaIIIIIH.
IIpII HaJiIIqIIII HeCKoJihKIIX rrapaMeTpoB, Ka)K.[(IH II3 KoTopIX .[(oCTaToqHo
CIIJihHo BJiII5!eT Ha rroTpe6IITeJihCKIIe CBoHCTBa MaIIIIIHI II, CJie.[(oBaTeJihHo, Ha u;eHI,
Heo6Xo.[(IIMo rrpIIMeH5!Th 6oJiee CJio)KHIe MaTeMaTIIqeCKIIe 3aBIICIIMoCTII. O6IqHo .[(Ji5!
3Toro IICrroJih3yIOT Mo.[(eJiII u;eH, KoTopIe rrpe.[(CTaBJi5!IOT Co6oH MaTeMaTIIqeCKIIe
BIpa)KeHII5!, CB5!3IBaIOrnIIe u;eHI II rrapaMeTpI II3.[(eJiIIH.

3.2.2. OnpeiJe.reHue cmouMocmu olJeHueaeMo2o o6opyiJoeaHuR cpaeHume.rmHlM noiJXoiJoM


PIHoqHa5! CToIIMoCTh HaII6oJiee 3HaqIIMoro o6opy.[(oBaHII5! orrpe.[(eJi5!JiaCh
IICXo.[(5! II3 u;eHI aHaJiora, rrpe.[(JiaraeMoro Ha pIHKe. B CJiyqae HerroJiHoro rrepeqH5!
rrapaMeTpoB ou;eHIIBaeMoro o6opy.[(oBaHII5! B KaqeCTBe aHaJiora rrpIIHIIMaJiC5!
HaII6oJiee 6JiII3KIIH o6,eKT. B HeKoTopIX CJiyqa5!X 6IJiII rrpoBe.[(eHI KoppeKTIIpoBKII Ha
pa3JiIIqII5! Me)K.[(y ou;eHIIBaeMIM o6,eKToM II IICrroJih3yeMIMII o6,eKTaMII-aHaJioraMII.
IIpuMepl pacqema plHoqHoU cmouMocmu o6opyiJoeaHuR c noMoUfmJO <oppe<mupoeo<.
XoJio.[(orrpoII3Bo.[(IITeJihHoCTh,
BT

Pa3Mep, MM

CToIIMoCTh,
$

rr/rr Bo3.[(yXooXJia.[(IITeJih "Fincoil" TIIrr FMPE 51/61


1400-SS

11 500

2 286,15

Bo3.[(yXooXJia.[(IITeJih "Fincoil" TIIrr PB-CA-5-51400-7c-SSO

33 000

3 861,99

3 Bo3.[(yXooXJia.[(IITeJih "ALFA LAVAI" FD-580 E

3 861,99

4 Bo3.[(yXooXJia.[(IITeJih "ALFA LAVAI" FDN-310

3 861,99

18 800
28 200
38 200

2150X745X845
3000X745X845
3000X745X845

2 702,00
3 661,00
4 059,00

HaIIMeHoBaHIIe

AHaJiorII
1 Bo3.[(yXooXJia.[(IITeJih ECO ICE 19-10 ED
2 Bo3.[(yXooXJia.[(IITeJih ECO ICE 28-10 ED
3 Bo3.[(yXooXJia.[(IITeJih ECO ICE 38-10 ED
Ko3cpcpIIu;IIeHT CTerreHHoro TopMo)KeHII5! rro
XoJio.[(orrpoII3Bo.[(IITeJihHoCTII

HaIIMeHoBaHIIe
rr/rr KoH.[(eHCaTop "FINCOIL" TIIrr SJM-41
1400-H
KoH.[(eHCaTop "FINCOIL" TIIrr SOLAR2
CA-8-5-950-H

0,3400

XoJio.[(orrpoII3Bo.[(IITeJihHoCTh,
BT

KoJiIIqeCTBo
BeHTIIJi5!TopoB

5 400

322,01

14 750

687,46

Pa3Mep, MM

CToIIMoCTh, $

AHaJiorII

HaIIMeHoBaHIIe
rr/rr
1 KoH.[(eHCaTop LU-VE SHVN 15/6
2 KoH.[(eHCaTop LU-VE SHVN 17/1
3 KoH.[(eHCaTop LU-VE SHVN 20/8
KoH.[(eHCaTop Bo3.[(yIIIHoro oXJia)K.[(eHII5! C
4
oCeBIMII BeHTIIJi5!TopaMII KB-15
Ko3cpcpIIu;IIeHT CTerreHHoro TopMo)KeHII5! rro
XoJio.[(orrpoII3Bo.[(IITeJihHoCTII

XoJio.[(orrpoII3Bo.[(IITeJihHoCTh,
BT
15 600
17 100
20 800

KoJiIIqeCTBo
BeHTIIJi5!TopoB

Pa3Mep, MM

CToIIMoCTh, $

1518X305X460
1518X305X460
1518X305X460

710,00
804,00
900,00

12 000

510,00

0,5759

Ou;eHIIBaeMoe o6opy.[(oBaHIIe 6IJio KyrrJieHo OOO "XXX" He.[(aBHo, Ha


.[(aTy ou;eHKII oHo HaXo.[(IITC5! B XopoIIIeM CoCTo5!HIIII, paCqeT IIToroBoH BeJiIIqIIHI II3HoCa
rrpIIBe.[(eH B pa3.[(eJie 3.1HaCTo5!rnero OTqeTa.
Pacqem plHoqHoU cmouMocmu u cmouMocmu npu cyUfecmeyJOUfeM ucno.rm3oeaHuu o6opyiJoeaHuR
cpaeHume.rmHlM noiJXoiJoM.
ToroBan
rr/rr
1
2

HaHMeHoBaHHe
PecHBep "BITZER" FS 3102
IIJHT yrrpaBJieHHn KoMrrpeccopoB "MEGAKOJESTO OY" MFRO

CToHMocTh
e)]HHHUI, $

KoJi-Bo
(IIIT.)

CToHMocTh
Bcero, $

06w,Htt
cToHMocTh c y'-IeTo
H3Hoc, %
M
H3Hoca, $
1 680,29 10%
1 512,2

1 680,29

479,45

479,45

11%

426,7
4 715,2

BeHTHJinTopI Ha)]yBa rroToJiKoB "SISTEMAIR"


K 200 L TW

663,00

5 304,00

11%

Bo3)]yxooxJia)]HTeJih "Fincoil" THrr FMPE 51/61400-SS

2 286,15

18 289,21

8%

16 880,9

Bo3)]yxooxJia)]HTeJih "Fincoil" THrr PB-CA-5-51400-7c-SSO

3 861,99

15 447,96

8%

14 258,4

3 861,99
3 861,99
222,60

5
1
15

19 309,95
3 861,99
3 339,00

8%
8%
10%

17 823,0
3 564,6
3 005,1

222,60

1 780,80

10%

1 602,7

222,60
582,19
4 589,29
3 959,51
799,09
856,16
322,01

39
14
2
4
2
1
1

8 681,40
8 150,66
9 178,58
15 838,04
1 598,18
856,16
322,01

10%
10%
5%
5%
5%
7%
7%

7 813,2
7 335,5
8 682,9
14 982,7
1 511,8
798,8
300,4

687,46

687,46

7%

641,4

273,97
753,42
479,45
1 093,45
273,97
273,97
273,97
479,45

1
5
8
1
8
4
7
2

273,97
3 767,10
3 835,60
1 093,45
2 191,76
1 095,88
1 917,79
958,90

10%
10%
11%
10%
10%
10%
10%
11%

246,5
3 390,3
3 413,6
984,1
1 972,5
986,2
1 726,0
853,4

479,45

479,45

11%

6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

Bo3)]yxooxJia)]HTeJih "ALFA LAVAI" FD-580 E


Bo3)]yxooxJia)]HTeJih "ALFA LAVAI" FDN-310
,n:aT'-IHKH BJia)KHocTH RH-970
,n:aT'-IHK ra3oaHaJiH3aTopa SENSOREX OY SX
902 b
,n:aT'-IHK TeMrrepaTypI rryJihrroBItt
,n:Beph "NORDOOR OY"
KoMrrpeccop "BITZER" 4H-25,2
KoMrrpeccop "BITZER" THrr 4J-22,2
KoMrrpeccop "BITZER" THrr HSK 7471-90
KoH)]eHcaTop "ALFA LAVAI" THrr CRS-345
KoH)]eHcaTop "FINCOIL" THrr SJM-4-1400-H
KoH)]eHcaTop "FINCOIL" THrr SOLAR-CA-8-5950-H

18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

KoHTpoJiJiep "Proba 120"


Kopo6 BeHTHJinUHH
IlaHeJih yrrpaBJieHHn "Proba 110"
PecHBep "BITZER" FS 1602
YBJia)KHHTeJih "Carel" THrr 303
YBJia)KHHTeJih "Carel" THrr 313
YBJia)KHHTeJih "HYGROMAT-IK" THrr DG 8
IIJHT yrrpaBJieHHn KoMrrpeccopoB
IIJHT yrrpaBJieHHn KoMrrpeccopoB "MEGA26
KOJESTO OY"
HTOI'O:
3aTpaTI rrpH rroKyrrKe:
yrraKoBKa
TpaHcrropTHIe pacxo)]I
3aTpaTI Ha )]ocTaBKy
MoHTa)K

33 539,47

130 419,03

426,7
119 856,0
5 216,7
22 171,2
6 520,9
13 041,9

rr/rr

HaHMeHoBaHHe
HTOI'O c y1emoM 3ampam:

CToHMocTh
e)]HHHUI, $

KoJi-Bo
(IIIT.)

CToHMocTh
Bcero, $

ToroBan
06w,Htt
cToHMocTh c y'-IeTo M
H3Hoc, %
H3Hoca, $
166
806,8

IIpaHC-JiIICTI o6,eKToB-aHaJioroB rrpe.[(CTaBJieHI B IIpIIJio)KeHIIII

2.

TaKuM o6paloM, CTouMoCTh o6opy,roBaHuH rrpu CyIU,eCTByJOIU,eM


uCrroJihloBaHuu rro CpaBHuTeJihHoMy rro,rXo,ry C oKpyrJieHueM CoCTaBJiHeT 166 800
,roJiJiapoB CIIIA.

3.3.
Pacqem cmouMocmu 6u3Heca Ha olJeHueaeMoM o6opyiJoeaHuu
iJoXoiJHlM noiJXoiJoM
3.3.1. MemoiJu<a onpeiJe.reHuR cmouMocmu o6opyiJoeaHuR no MemoiJy
<anuma.ru3alJuu e paM<aX iJoXoiJHo2o noiJXoiJa
IIpIIMeHeHIIe .[(oXo.[(Horo rro.[(Xo.[(a K ou;eHKe o6opy.[(oBaHII5! orpaHIIqeHo.
HeBo3Mo)KHoCTh ToqHo BI.[(eJiIITh .[(oXo.[(, oTHoCIIMIH K e.[(IIHIIu;e o6opy.[(oBaHII5!,
rrpIIBo.[(IIT K Heo6Xo.[(IIMoCTII ou;eHKII .[(oXo.[(a, Co3.[(aBaeMoro CoBoKyrrHoCThIO
cpaKTopoB rrpoII3Bo.[(CTBa (Tpy.[(, rrpe.[(rrpIIHIIMaTeJihCKa5! CrroCo6HoCTh II .[(p.). B CB5!3II C
3TIIM B HaCTo5!rneM OTqeTe orrpe.[(eJieHIIe CToIIMoCTII o6opy.[(oBaHII5! C rroMornhIO .
[(oXo.[(Horo rro.[(Xo.[(a oCHoBaHo Ha ou;eHKe 6II3HeCa C IICrroJih3oBaHIIeM o6,eKToB ou;eHKII.
MeTo.[( KarrIITaJiII3au;IIII rrpe.[(rroJiaraeT He3HaqIITeJihHoe paCXo)K.[(eHIIe
BeJiIIqIIH 6y.[(yrnIIX II TeKyrnIIX .[(eHe)KHIX rroToKoB, a TaK)Ke IIX yMepeHHIe II rrpe.
[(CKa3yeMIe TeMrrI poCTa. IIpIIHu;IIrr .[(aHHoro MeTo.[(a 6a3IIpyeTC5! Ha orrpe.[(eJieHIIII
BeJiIIqIIHI e)Kero.[(HIX .[(oXo.[(oB II CooTBeTCTByIOrnIIX CTaBoK KarrIITaJiII3au;IIII, Ha oCHoBe
KoTopIX II paCCqIITIBaeTC5! CToIIMoCTh 6II3HeCa C IICrroJih3oBaHIIeM ou;eHIIBaeMoro
o6opy.[(oBaHII5!.
B KaqeCTBe rroToKa .[(oXo.[(oB IICrroJih3yIOTC5! rrporHo3HIe ou;eHKII .[(oXo.[(oB,
KoTopIe, B CBoIO oqepe.[(h, MoryT 6ITh rroJiyqeHI Ha oCHoBe aHaJiII3a .[(aHHIX 3a
TeKyrnIIH II rrpoIIIJiIe ro.[(a, Cpe.[(HeapIIcpMeTIIqeCKIIX IIJiII Cpe.[(HeB3BeIIIeHHIX BeJiIIqIIH 3a
HeCKoJihKo rrpoIIIJiIX JieT, C yqeToM TeH.[(eHu;IIH pa3BIITII5! 6II3HeCa.
CTaBKa KarrIITaJiII3au;IIII orrpe.[(eJi5!eTC5! rryTeM BIqIITaHII5! II3 CTaBKII
.[(IICKoHTIIpoBaHII5! o)KII.[(aeMIX Cpe.[(Hero.[(oBIX TeMrroB poCTa rrpII6IJiII IIJiII .[(eHe)KHoro
rroToKa (B 3aBIICIIMoCTII oT Toro, KaKa5! BeJiIIqIIHa KarrIITaJiII3IIpyeTC5!). TaKIIM o6pa3oM,
CTaBKa KarrIITaJiII3au;IIII orrpe.[(eJi5!eTC5! rro CJie.[(yIOrneH cpopMyJie:
KK = r g
r.[(e KK - Ko3cpcpIIu;IIeHT KarrIITaJiII3au;IIII;
r - CTaBKa .[(IICKoHTIIpoBaHII5!;
g - .[(oJiroCpoqHIe TeMrrI poCTa rrpII6IJiII IIJiII .[(eHe)KHoro rroToKa.
3.3.2. OnpeiJe.reHue cmouMocmu 6u3Heca Ha olJeHueaeMoM o6opyiJoeaHuu
noiJXoiJoM

iJoXoiJHlM

CTaBKa .[(IICKoHTa 6IJia orrpe.[(eJieHa rro Mo.[(eJiII KyMyJi5!TIIBHoro


rroCTpoeHII5!, CorJiaCHo KoTopoH oHa BKJiIOqaeT:
a) 6e3pIICKoByIO HopMy .[(oXo.[(HoCTII;
6)HopMy .[(oXo.[(HoCTII, rroKpIBaIOrnyIO HeCIICTeMaTIIqeCKIIe pIICKII, XapaKTepHIe .[(Ji5! ou;eHIIBaeMoH
KoMrraHIIII.
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He3aBIICIIMo oT KaKIIX-JiII6o cpaKTopoB rroJiyqIIT Ha BJio)KeHHIH KarrIITaJi IIMeHHo ToT
.[(oXo.[(, Ha KoTopIH oH paCCqIITIBaJi B MoMeHT IIHBeCTIIpoBaHII5! Cpe.[(CTB. K TaKIIM
BJio)KeHII5!M Mo)KHo oTHeCTII IIHBeCTIIu;IIII B roCy.[(apCTBeHHIe .[(oJiroBIe o65!3aTeJihCTBa,
.[(erro3IITHIe BKJia.[(I B Ha.[(e)KHIe 6aHKII II .[(p.
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ToJihKo oTHoCIITeJihHoe oTCyTCTBIIe pIICKa. )];eHCTBIITeJihHo, B paMKaX o.[(HoH
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rroJiyqeHII5! cpIIKCIIpoBaHHoro .[(oXo.[(a rro CpaBHeHIIIO C rrpaBIITeJihCTBeHHIMII
o6JiIIrau;II5!MII. TeM He MeHee, Bepo5!THoCTh Toro, qTo rrpaBIITeJihCTBo PoCCIIII
rrpoCpoqIIT BIrrJiaTy .[(oXo.[(a rro CBoIIM u;eHHIM 6yMaraM, Boo6rne oTKa)KeTC5! oT
CBoIIX o65!3aTeJihCTB IIJiII rrpIIMeT IIHyIO rroJiIITIIKy B o6JiaCTII KoMMepqeCKIIX
6aHKoB, 3HaqIITeJihHo BIIIIe, qeM B HeKoTopIX .[(pyrIIX CTpaHaX.

Be3pIICKoBoe BJio)KeHIIe rrpIIHoCIIT, KaK rrpaBIIJio, MIIHIIMaJihHIH ypoBeHh


.[(oXo.[(a, .[(oCTaToqHIH .[(Ji5! rroKpITII5! ypoBH5! IIHcpJi5!u;IIII II pIICKa, CB5!3aHHoro C

BJio)KeHIIeM B .[(aHHyIO CTpaHy. B pa3BIITIX CTpaHaX B KaqeCTBe 6e3pIICKoBoH


CTaBKII ou;eHrnIIKII, KaK rrpaBIIJio, IICrroJih3yIOT HopMy .[(oXo.[(HoCTII rro .
[(oJiroCpoqHIM rrpaBIITeJihCTBeHHIM o6JiIIrau;II5!M Co CpoKoM rroraIIIeHII5! qepe3 10-20
JieT.
B HaCTo5!rneM OTqeTe B KaqeCTBe 6e3pIICKoBoH IICrroJih3yeTC5!
Cpe.[(HeB3BeIIIeHHa5! CTaBKa rro .[(oJiroCpoqHIM BaJiIOTHIM .[(erro3IITaM KpyrrHIX
CTa6IIJihHIX poCCIIHCKIIX 6aHKoB - C6ep6aHKa PCI, AJihcpa-6aHKa, ra3rrpoM6aHKa,
BaHKa MoCKBI II M)];M-6aHKa.
Pacqem 6e3puc<oeoU cmae<u.
BaHKII
C6ep6aHK PCI
ra3rrpoM6aHK
AJihcpa-6aHK
BaHK MoCKBI

IIpou;eHTHIe CTaBKII ro.[(oBIX B


%
6
7
7
8

M)];M-6aHK

Cpe.[(H5!5! rro 6aHKaM:

7,4

TaKIIM o6pa3oM, 6e3pIICKoBa5! CTaBKa CoCTaBIIJia 7,4%.


)];Ji5! orrpe.[(eJieHII5! .[(orroJiHIITeJihHoH rrpeMIIII 3a pIICK II3yqaJiIICh
CJie.[(yIOrnIIe HaII6oJiee Ba)KHIe cpaKTopI: pa3Mep KoMrraHIIII, KaqeCTBo yrrpaBJieHII5!,
cpIIHaHCoBa5! CTpyKTypa, peHTa6eJihHoCTh, ToBapHa5! II TeppIITopIIaJihHa5!
.[(IIBepCIIcpIIKau;II5!, .[(IIBepCIIcpIIKau;II5! KJiIIeHTypI II .[(p.
B pe3yJihTaTe rrpoBe.[(eHHoro aHaJiII3a .[(orroJiHIITeJihHa5! rrpeMII5! 3a pIICK
CoCTaBIIJia 18,67%. TaKIIM o6pa3oM, CTaBKa .[(IICKoHTa, orrpe.[(eJieHHa5! rro Mo.[(eJiII
KyMyJi5!TIIBHoro rroCTpoeHII5!, CoCTaBIIJia 26,07%.
fToroBIH Ko3cpcpIIu;IIeHT KarrIITaJiII3au;IIII CoCTaBIIJi 24,07%. )];aHHoe
3HaqeHIIe rrpIIMeH5!eTC5! B .[(aJihHeHIIIIIX paCqeTaX B paMKaX .[(oXo.[(Horo rro.[(Xo.[(a.
-iJIICTIH .[(oXo.[( rrpe.[(CTaBJi5!eT Co6oH rroCJie.[(HIOIO CTaThIO rroCJie BIqeTa
BCeX 3aTpaT, BKJiIOqa5! aMopTII3au;IIIO, BIrrJiaTI rrpou;eHToB II HaJiorII. ro.[(oBoH qIICTIH
.[(oXo.[( oT ou;eHIIBaeMoro o6,eKTa 6IJi CKoppeKTIIpoBaH B CooTBeTCTBIIII C .[(aToH ou;eHKII.
PaCXo.[(I Ha rro)KapHyIO 6e3orraCHoCTh, oXpaHy, peKJiaMy II yCJiyrII IOpII.[(IIqeCKIIX
opraHII3au;IIH 6IJiII paCCqIITaHI IICXo.[(5! II3 Cpe.[(HepIHoqHoH
IIHcpopMau;IIII rro aHaJiorIIqHoMy o6opy.[(oBaHIIIO II CoCTaBIIJiII 1,5, 1,3, 5 II 1%
CooTBeTCTBeHHo.
HopMa aMopTII3au;IIII 6IJia orrpe.[(eJieHa C rroMornhIO "E.[(IIHIX HopM
aMopTII3au;IIoHHIX oTqIICJieHIIH Ha rroJiHoe BoCCTaHoBJieHIIe oCHoBHIX cpoH.[(oB Hapo.
[(Horo Xo35!HCTBa CCCP".
Pacqem iJeHe:J1Ho2o nomo<a no cocmoRHuJO Ha iJamy olJeH<u.
IloKa3aTeJih, $
BaJioBan BIpy'-IKa
Pacxo)]I rrpH rroKyrrKe
BaJioBan rrpH6IJih
0rrepaUHoHHIe pacxo)]I Bcero:
ApeH)]a rroMew,eHHtt
KoMMyHaJihHIe rrJiaTe)KH
Pacxo)]I rro rro)KapHott 6e3orracHocTH
Pacxo)]I Ha oxpaHy
MaTepHaJiI H ycJiyrH cTopoHHHx
opraHH3aUHtt:

01.11.00 - 01.11.01

01.11.00 - )]aTa oUeHKH


(01.10.01)

10 647 000
10 114 650
532 350
150 633
61 500
2 000
7 985
6 921

9 769 500
9 281 025
488 475
138 123
56 375
1 833
7 327
6 350

18 240

16 720

6aHaHora3
ra3 )]Jin aBTorrorpy3'-IHKoB

6 000
2 400

5 500
2 200

IloKa3aTeJih, $

01.11.00 - 01.11.01

TeKyw,Htt peMoHT o6cJiy)KHB. TexHHKH


TeKyw,Htt peMoHT o6opy)]oBaHHn KaMep
YcJiyrH ay)]HTopcKHx, HoTapHaJihHIx H
)]p. opraHH3aUHtt

1 200
8 640

01.11.00 - )]aTa oUeHKH


(01.10.01)
1 100
7 920

5 324

4 885

AMopTH3aUHn (10%)
Pacxo)]I Ha peKJiaMy

12 046
26 618

11 042
24 424

Ilpo'-IHe pacxo)]I (3/rr ocH. pa6o'-IHx,


oT'-IHcJieHHn c <D0T, pacxo)]I rro
yrrpaBJieHHO)

10 000

9 167

IlpH6IJih oT )]enTeJihHocTH rro ra3aUHH


6aHaHoB )]o yrrJiaTI HaJioroB

381 717

350 352

HaJior Ha HMyw,ecTBo (2%)


HaJior Ha rrpH6IJih (35%)

3 073
133 601

3 073
122 623

IlpH6IJih oT )]enTeJihHocTH rro ra3aUHH


6aHaHoB

245 043

224 655

AMopTH3aUHn
qHcTItt )]eHe)KHItt rroToK

12 046
257 089

11 042
235 698

TaKIIM o6pa3oM, CToIIMoCTh 6II3HeCa C IICrroJih3oBaHIIeM o6,eKToB


ou;eHKII rro MeTo.[(y KarrIITaJiII3au;IIII CoCTaBJi5!eT:
235 698 / 0,2407 = 979 217

HTaK, p Ho HaH CTouMoCTh 6ulHeCa C uCrroJihloBaHueM


o11eHuBaeMoro o6opy,roBaHuH rro ,roXo,rHoMy rro,rXo,ry C oKpyrJieHueM CoCTaBJiHeT
979 000 ,roJiJiapoB CIIIA.

3.4.

BleeiJeHue umo2oeoU ee.ruquHl cmouMocmu o6opyiJoeaHuR

CToIIMoCTh o6opy.[(oBaHII5! OAO "XXXXX" rrpII CyrneCTByIOrneM


IICrroJih3oBaHIIII, paCCqIITaHHa5! 3aTpaTHIM rro.[(Xo.[(oM, CoCTaBJi5!eT 153 700 .[(oJiJiapoB
CIIIA.
CToIIMoCTh o6opy.[(oBaHII5! rrpII CyrneCTByIOrneM IICrroJih3oBaHIIII,
rroJiyqeHHa5! C rroMornhIO CpaBHIITeJihHoro rro.[(Xo.[(a, CoCTaBJi5!eT 166 800 .[(oJiJiapoB
CIIIA.
PIHoqHa5! CToIIMoCTh 6II3HeCa Ha ou;eHIIBaeMoM o6opy.[(oBaHIIII,
paCCqIITaHHa5! .[(oXo.[(HIM rro.[(Xo.[(oM, CoCTaBJi5!eT 979 000 .[(oJiJiapoB CIIIA.
)];aHHIH pe3yJihTaT CBII.[(eTeJihCTByeT o BICoKoH rroTeHu;IIaJihHoH
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[(TBep)K.[(aeT rrJiaTe)KeCrroCo6HoCTh 3aeMrnIIKa.
IIoJiyqeHHIH pe3yJihTaT CBII.[(eTeJihCTByeT TaK)Ke o ToM, qTo rrpIIo6peTeHIIe
ou;eHIIBaeMoro o6opy.[(oBaHII5! rro IIToroBoH BeJiIIqIIHe CToIIMoCTII rro3BoJi5!eT BeCTII
6II3HeC C .[(oCTaToqHoH CTerreHhIO .[(oXo.[(HoCTII.
TaKIIM o6pa3oM, B pe3yJihTaTe aHaJiII3a IIMeIOrneHC5! IIHcpopMau;IIII,
rrpIIHIIMa5! Bo BHIIMaHIIe ee .[(oCToBepHoCTh II CorroCTaBIIMoCTh, rrpII paCqeTe
IIToroBoH BeJiIIqIIHI CToIIMoCTII o6opy.[(oBaHII5! BeCa 6IJiII paCrrpe.[(eJieHI CJie.[(yIOrnIIM
o6pa3oM:
BleeiJeHue umo2oeoU ee.ruquHl cmouMocmu.
IIpIIMeH5!eMIH rro.[(Xo.[(
3aTpaTHIH rro.[(Xo.[(
MeTo.[( CpaBHeHII5! rrpo.[(a)K
Hmozo:

CToIIMoCTh
153 700
166 800

BeC
50%
50%
160 250

HTaK, CTouMoCTh o6opy,roBaHuH, rrpuHa,rJieaIU,ero OAO "XXXXX",


rrpu CyIU,eCTByJOIU,eM uCrroJihloBaHuu CoCTaBuJia C oKpyrJieHueM 160 000 (CTo
meCTh,reCHT T CH ) ,roJiJiapoB CIIIA, uJiu 4 702 000 (eT pe MuJiJiuoHa CeMhCoT
,rBe T CH u) py6Jieit: B rrepeC eTe rro o4>u11uaJihHoMy KypCy liaHKa PoCCuu Ha
,raTy o11eHKu.

reHepaJihHIH .[(IIpeKTop OAO "XXX"

XXXXXX

Crreu;IIaJiIICTI,
BIrroJiHIIBIIIIIe
HaCTo5!rnyIO
pa6oTy,
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CooTBeTCTByIOrnee rrpocpeCCIIoHaJihHoe o6pa3oBaHIIe II rrpaKTIIqeCKIIH orrIT pa6oTI B
o6JiaCTII ou;eHKII Co6CTBeHHoCTII. KorrIIII .[(oKyMeHToB, rro.[(TBep)K.[(aIOrnIIX
KBaJiIIcpIIKau;IIIO 3KCrrepToB, HaXo.[(5!TC5! B IIpIIJio)KeHIIII 4.

B pa3pa6oTKe OTqeTa rrpIIHIIMaJiII yqaCTIIe 3KCrrepTI-ou;eHrnIIKII:

IIPHJIO)KEHHE !! 1 (4>oToMaTepuaJi )
IIPHJIO)KEHHE !! 2 (IIpait:C-JiuCT aHaJioroB, uCrroJihloBaHH
X B paC eTaX)
IIPHJIO)KEHHE !! 3 (HH4>opMa11uH, rrepe,raHHaH 3aKal
uKoM) IIPHJIO)KEHHE !! 4 (KorruH Jiu11eHluu)

487

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.
.
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107078, , . , 20
10.06.03
60x90/16. .
.
. 30,5 . . 500 .
431