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INTRODUCTION

Spectroscopy and spectrography and terms used to


refer to the measurement of radiation intensity as a
function of wavelength and are often used to describe
experimental spectroscopic methods.Spectral measurement
devices are referred to as spectrometers,
spectrophotometers, spectrographs or spectral analyzers.
Daily observations of color can be related to spectroscopy.
Neon lighting is a direct application of atomic
spectroscopy. Neon and other gases have characteristic
emission frequencies ( Colors).Gaseous nitrogen dioxide
has a characteristic red absorption feature, and this gives
air polluted with nitrogen dioxide a reddish brown color.
USES :
Spectroscopy is also used in astronomy and
remote on earth. Most research telescopes and have
spectrographs. The measured spectra are used to determine
the chemical composition and physical properties of
astronomical (such as their temperature and velocity ) .

AIM :
Aim of the report is to create a device (Spectroscopy
) which is a technique that uses the interaction of energy
with a sample to perform an analysis to identify materials.
MATERIALS REQUIRED :
A CD or DVD that can be sacrificed to this project.
A cardboard box that can hold a CD or DVD disk.
Two single edged razor blades.
A small cardboard tube, the kind used as a core to
wrap paper om.
Some cellophane tape.
Some aluminium tape (found in hardware stores ),
or some aluminium foil and glue.

THEORY :
One of the central concepts in spectroscopy is
resonance and its corresponding resonant frequency.
Spectroscopic techniques are useful in determining both
the identity of unknown substances and their concentration
in solution. Different regions of the electromagnetic
spectrum such as infrared, visible, ultraviolet or X-ray
radiations can be used to interact with matter. The
Molecular
Motion

Absorbed
Energy
Electromagnetic
Radiation
Rotation
Microwave,
Low
infrared
Vibration
Infrared
Moderate
Electron
Visible,
High
Transitions
ultraviolet
electrons and nuclei of atoms and molecules may exist in
only certain specific energy levels, that is, the area is
quantized. They can absorb only photons having certain
energies or wavelengths. The energies of light absorbed by
a molecule can be related to motions (energy modes) of the
molecule. A few examples are shown below:

CONSTRUCTION :

Now place the paper tube on the box, draw the circle
over centered. Draw another circle on the box by
tracing the outline of the paper tube.
Now cut an oval out of the box with the sharp knife.
The oval will allow the paper tube to enter the box at
an angle.
Turn the box one quarter turn so the oval we just cut is
to the right. Using the CD disk again, draw another
small circle close to the left side of the box.

Cut a small rectangle out of the box at the height


marked by the small circle we made with CD disk.
The rectangle should be about a half inch wide., two
inches high.
Carefully unwrap the two razor blades, and set them
over the rectangular hole.
Next, tape the CD disk onto the black wall of the
box.
Use the aluminum tape to seal up any places on the
box where the light might leak in.
The last step is to use the aluminum tape to attach
the paper tube.
WORKING :
Hold the slit up to a source of light. An incandescent
light will show a simple spectrum with no bright lines.
This is because, the light comes from a hot solid (the
tungsten filament in the light bulb ).