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'

Math'_________','Period'____________'

Mr.'Rogove'

'

Date:__________'

'

Learning Objective:''We'will'define'linear'functions'and'write'function'

rules'based'on'scenarios'and'tables'of'values.'(G8M5L3)'

'

Concept Development:

Constant'rates'and'proportional'relationships'can'be'described'by'a'linear'

function,'where'the'rule'is'a'linear'equation'in'the'form'of'! = #$ + &,'where'm'

and'b'are'constants.'The'graph'of'a'linear'function'is'a'straight'line.''

Example:'A'bathtub'has'12'gallons'of'water'already'in'it,'and'is'filling'at'a'rate'of'2'

gallons'per'minute.''

! = 2$ + 12')

'

Table*Example:*

Bags'of'

1'

2'

3'

4'

5'

6'

7'

candy'(x)'

Cost'(y)'

$1.25'

$2.50'

$3.75'

$5.00'

$6.25'

$7.50'

$8.75'

'

'

Why'is'this'a'linear'function?''

'

'

'

Function'notation:'instead'of'writing'! = 3$ 4,'we'can'say'-($) = 3$ 4.''

-($)'is'read'as'f*of*x'or'y*is'a'function'of*x.'

Example:'Christine'walks'3'miles'each'hour.'

! = 3$''

- $ = 3$''

The'number'of'miles'you'walk'is'a'function'of'the'amount'of'time'you'spend'

walking.''

'

'

Different'ways'to'say'the'same'thing.''

'

0'

1'

independent'variable'

dependent'variable'

horizontal'axis'

vertical'axis'

$*

-($)'

input'

output'

domain'

range'

'

1'

G8M5L3:'Linear'Functions'and'Proportionality'

NAME:___________________________'

'

Math'_________','Period'____________'

Mr.'Rogove'

'

Date:__________'

Guided Practice:

Steps'for'Evaluating'Functions'

1.'Read'the'scenario'carefully,'and'study'the'table'(if'values'are'provided)'to'verify'

the'function'is'linear.'

2.'Create'the'function'rule'based'on'the'information'provided.'

3.'Graph'your'rule.'

4.'Answer'any'questions'about'the'rule.'

'

The'table'below'shows'the'function'of'time'in'minutes'with'respect'to'mowing'an'

area'of'lawn'in'square'feet.''

'

Number'of'

5'

20'

30'

50'

minutes'(x)'

Area'mowed'in'

36'

144' 216' 360'

square'feet'(y)'

'

What'is'the'rate'of'mowing'a'lawn'in'5'minutes?''

'

'

What'about'20'minutes?''

'

'

30'minutes?''

'

'

50'minutes?''

'

'

'

Write'a'function'rule'that'describes'

the'area'in'square'feet'(y)'that'can'be'

mowed'in'x'minutes.''

'

'

'

How'long'will'it'take'to'mow'400'square'feet'of'lawn?''

'

'

How'many'square'feet'can'you'mow'in'24'minutes?''

'

'

What'are'the'restrictions'on'the'domain'and'range?''

'

'

'

2'

G8M5L3:'Linear'Functions'and'Proportionality'

NAME:___________________________'

'

Math'_________','Period'____________'

Mr.'Rogove'

'

Date:__________'

Water'is'flowing'from'a'hose,'and'the'amount'of'water'that'comes'out'has'been'

captured'at'the'times'indicated'in'the'table'below.''

'

Time'in'minutes'(x)'

10'

25'

50'

70'

Total'Volume'of'

44'

110'

220'

308'

Water'in'gallons'(y)'

'

Describe'the'function'in'terms'of'

volume'and'time.''

'

'

'

Write'a'function'rule'that'describes'

the'volume'of'water'in'gallons,'y,'in'

x'minutes.'Graph'the'function.''

'

'

'

'

What'number'does'the'function'

assign'to'250?''That'is,'how'many'

gallons'of'water'flow'from'the'hose'

in'250'minutes?''

'

'

'

'

2

A'backyard'pool'needs'17,300'gallons'of'water'to'fill'it'up.''If'it'already' 'full,'write'a'

3

rule'that'describes'the'volume'of'water'flow'as'a'function'of'the'time'needed'for'

filling'the'pool'with'the'hose,'including'the'number'of'gallons'already'in'the'pool.''

'

'

'

'

'

How'many'hours'will'it'take'to'finish'filling'up'the'pool?''

'

'

'

What'are'the'restrictions'on'the'domain'and'range?'

'

'

'

'

3'

G8M5L3:'Linear'Functions'and'Proportionality'

NAME:___________________________'

'

Math'_________','Period'____________'

Mr.'Rogove'

'

Date:__________'

You'can'buy'a'reusable'mug'for'$9.00'at'the'theatre,'and'refill'your'soda'for'$2.00'

each'time.''

'

Complete'the'table'below.'

'

Number'of'sodas'

0'

'

4'

5'

'

purchased'(x)'

Amount'paid'(y)'

9'

13'

'

'

21'

'

Describe'the'function'in'terms'of'

sodas'purchased'and'money'spent.'

'

'

'

'

'

'

'

Write'a'function'rule'that'describes'

the'amount'of'money'paid,'y,'for'x'

sodas.'Graph'the'function.''

'

'

'

'

How'much'money'would'you'need'

to'8'sodas?'

'

'

'

'

'

'

If'you'had'$31,'how'many'sodas'

would'you'be'able'to'drink?''

'

'

'

'

What'are'the'restrictions'on'the'domain'and'range?'

'

'

'

4'

G8M5L3:'Linear'Functions'and'Proportionality'

NAME:___________________________'

'

Math'_________','Period'____________'

Mr.'Rogove'

'

Date:__________'

'

Logan'has'a'certain'amount'in'her'bank'account'when'she'decides'shes'going'to'

make'recurring'weekly'deposits'(she'puts'the'same'amount'in'each'week).'Below'is'

a'partial'table'of'values.'

'

Number'of'

0'

1'

3'

'

10'

'

weeks'(x)'

Amount'in'

'

95'

'

195' 275' 315'

Logans'bank'

account'(y)'

'

How'much'money'does'Logan'have'

when'she'decides'shes'going'to'start'

to'deposit'the'same'amount?'

'

'

'

How'much'does'Logan'deposit'each'

week?'

'

'

'

'

Write'a'function'rule'that'describes'

the'amount'of'money'Logan'has'in'her'

account,'y,'after'x'weeks.'Graph'the'

function.'

'

'

'

If'Logan'needs'$500'to'go'on'tour,'

how'long'will'it'take'her'to'save'that'

amount?''

'

'

'

'

'

'

'

What'are'the'restrictions'on'the'domain'and'range?'

'

'

'

'

5'

G8M5L3:'Linear'Functions'and'Proportionality'

NAME:___________________________'

'

Math'_________','Period'____________'

Mr.'Rogove'

'

Date:__________'

'

'

Independent Practice:

Battery'charging'activity'from'Illustrative'Math'can'be'independent'practice.'

'

'

We'can'write'linear'equations'based'on'a'table'of'values.''

'

Write'the'equation'based'on'the'

Write'the'equation'based'on'the'

following'table'of'values:'

following'table'of'values:'

'

'

x%

y%

x%

y%

0'

5'

0'

4)

1'

8'

2'

6)

2'

11'

4'

8)

3'

14'

6'

10)

'

'

'

'

Equation:'

Equation:'

'

'

'

'

Closure:

'

Teacher Notes:

'

6'

G8M5L3:'Linear'Functions'and'Proportionality'

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