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ee lab exp 5

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You are on page 1of 11

Experiment 5:

Internal Resistance (Rin): 466.3

Load Resistance (RL): 469.0

Trial

s

1

Voltage Source

(Vs)

1.038V

Load Voltage

(VL)

0.516V

Load Current

(IL)

1.2 mA

Load Power

(PL)

6.192x10-4 W

2.081V

1.032V

2.4 mA

2.4768x10-3 W

3.030V

1.507V

3.4 mA

5.1238x10-3 W

5.021V

2.503V

5.6 mA

14.0168x10-3 W

7.00V

3.477V

7.6 mA

26.425x10-3 W

9.00V

4.453V

10 mA

44.53x10-3 W

11.09V

5.512V

12.5 mA

68.9x10-3 W

13.03V

6.447V

14.5 mA

93.4815x10-3 W

16.02V

7.95V

18 mA

143.1x10-3 W

10

20V

9.95V

22.5 mA

223.875x10-3 W

Internal Resistance (Rin): 988

Load Voltage

(VL)

1.999V

Load Current

(IL)

14 mA

4.809V

4.850V

Trials

27.99x10-3 W

Load Resistance

(RL)

142.79

11 mA

52.899x10-3 W

437.18

11 mA

53.35x10-3 W

440.9

-3

6.114V

9.5 mA

58.08x10 W

643.58

7.61V

8 mA

60.88x10-3 W

951.25

-3

8.31V

7.5 mA

62.33x10 W

1108

12.52V

2.8 mA

35.06x10-3 W

4471.43

-3

13.79V

1.5 mA

20.69x10 W

9193.33

14.53V

0.8 mA

11.62x10-3 W

18162.5

10

15.03V

0.2 mA

-3

3.006x10 W

SAMPLE COMPUTATION

75150

Load Power (PL) = (VL)* (IL)

Trial 2: (1.032V) * (2.4x10-3) = 2.4768x10-3 W

Trial 3: (1.507V) * (3.4x10-3) = 5.1238x10-3 W

Trial4: (2.503V) * (5.6x10-3) = 14.0168x10-3 W

Trial 5: (3.477V) * (7.6x10-3) = 26.425x10-3 W

Trial 6: (4.453V) * (10x10-3) = 44.53x10-3 W

Trial 7: (5.512V) * (12.5x10-3) = 68.9x10-3 W

Trial 8: (6.447V) * (14.5x10-3) = 93.4815x10-3W

Trial 9: (7.95V) * (18x10-3) = 143.1x10-3W

Trial 10: (9.95V) * (22.5x10-3) = 223.875x10-3W

Load Power (PL) = (VL)* (IL)

Load Resistance (RL) = VL / IL

Trial 1:

PL = 1.999V*14 mA = 27.99x10-3 W

RL = 1.999V/14 mA = 142.79

Trial 2:

PL = 4.809V*11 mA = 52.899x10-3 W

RL = 4.809V/11 mA = 437.18

Trial 3:

PL = 4.850V*11 mA = 53.35x10-3 W

RL = 4.850V/11 mA = 440.9

Trial 4:

PL = 6.114V*9.5 mA = 58.08x10-3 W

RL = 6.114V/9.5 mA = 643.58

Trial 5:

PL = 7.61V*8 mA = 60.88x10-3 W

RL = 7.61V/8 mA = 951.25

Trial 6:

PL = 8.31V*7.5 mA = 62.33x10-3 W

RL = 8.31V/7.5 mA = 1108

Trial 7:

PL = 12.52V*2.8 mA = 35.06x10-3 W

RL = 12.52V/2.8 mA = 4471.43

Trial 8:

PL = 13.79V*1.5 mA = 20.69x10-3 W

RL = 13.79V/1.5 mA = 9193.33

Trial 9:

PL = 14.53V*0.8 mA = 11.62x10-3 W

RL = 14.53V/0.8 mA = 18162.5

Trial 10:

PL = 15.03V*0.2 mA = 3.006x10-3 W

RL = 15.03V/0.2 mA = 75150

GRAPHS

16

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

16

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

Load Current

0.07

0.06

0.05

0.04

Load Power (Watts)

0.03

Load Power

0.02

0.01

0

DISCUSSION

CONCLUSION

1.

2.

3.

source is a voltage source that supplies constant voltage to a circuit

despite the current which the circuit draws. This means that despite

the resistance which a load may be in a circuit, the source will still

provide constant and steady voltage. When an ideal voltage source has

zero internal resistance, it can drop all of its voltage perfectly across a

load in a circuit. Being that the source has zero internal resistance,

none of the power is wasted due to internal resistance.

characteristic of an ideal current or voltage source that makes them

ideal is the fact that neither of them dissipates any power because of

zero internal resistance. Now, since an ideal current source does not

dissipate power in its own internal resistance, the finite parallel resistor

is removed in the equivalent ideal current source circuit leaving an

infinite ohmic value internal resistance in parallel with the ideal current

source.

maximum power transfer theorem states that, to obtain maximum

external power from a source with a finite internal resistance, the

resistance of the load must equal the resistance of the source as

viewed from its output terminals.

4.

What are the practical applications of the theory maximum power transfer?

Discuss briefly the different applications.

5.

Determine the maximum power that can be dissipated from the figure below.

6.

terminal/load voltage is 160V. The generators efficiency is 90% when a 9

load is connected to it. Find:

a.

b.

c.

d.

7.

the

the

the

the

power transfer efficiency and the power PL, if RL = 50.

power transfer efficiency and the load RL, if PL = 8kW.

load RL and the power PL, if the power transfer efficiency = 65%.

current if the load is increased to 20. Find:

a.

b.

c.

d.

the

the

the

the

power transfer efficiency and the power PL, if the load RL = 10.

power transfer efficiency and the load RL, if PL = 45W.

load RL and the power PL, if the power transfer efficiency = 75%.

REFERENCES

http://www.learningaboutelectronics.com/Articles/Ideal-voltage-source.php

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voltage_source

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Current_source

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximum_power_transfer_theorem

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