Behavior in an organization has become a special subject of study. It is the knowledge of human behavior at work. It has become necessary to learn about human behavior within an organization for improving its performance. An organization is not a successful unit until and unless it understands, predicts and controls human behavior. OB has been defined as the knowledge of people’s behavior at work. Concept and meaning • Organization behavior has been defined as the knowledge of people’s behavior at work. • Organisational behavior is considered to be a branch of science wherein human behavior is studied, researched, concluded and channelised for organizational effectiveness. • Behavior is a dynamic process depending on the experiences of individuals and the experiences of others related with the individuals. • The purpose of the study is to modify and mould their behavior for increasing the effectiveness and efficiency of the organization.

Organisation Behavior
Definitions:  “Organization behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people act within an organization. It is a human tool for human benefit. It applies broadly to the behavior of people in all types of organizations”… John W Newstrom and Keith Davis.  “Organization behavior is directly concerned with the understanding, prediction and control of human behavior in organizations”… Fred Luthans.  “Organisation Behavior is concerned with the study of the behavior, attitudes and performance of workers in an organizational setting, the organisation’s and informal group’s effect on the worker’s perceptions, feelings and actions the environment’s effect on the organization and its human resources and goals, and the effect of the workers on the organization and its effectiveness”…Andrew D Szilegyi, Jr. & Marc. J Wallanc.  “Organisational behavior is a field of study that investigates the impact, that individuals, groups and structures have on behavior within the organizations for the purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving an organisation’s effectiveness”… Stephen P Robbins.

The field of organization behavior
Organization behavior focuses on three levels of analysis
1. Individuals
Organization behavior specialists are concerned with individual perceptions, attitudes and motives.

The field of organization Behavior

2. Groups
Organization behavior specialist also describe about how people communicate with each other and coordinate their activities between themselves in work groups.

The field of Organisation Behavior

3. Organizations
Organization behavior specialists examine organization as a whole --- the way they are structured and operate in their environments and the effects of their operations on the individuals and groups within them.

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