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# 5

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CONTENTS
Abstract
List of Table
List of Figures
List of Abbreviations
INTRODUCTION
1.1 General Introduction
1.2 Hybrid energy system
1.2.1 Benefits of hybrid system
1.3 Existing system
1.4 Objective
LITERATURE REVIEW
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
3.1 Proposed system
3.2 Elements of proposed system
3.3 Block diagram
3.4 Design of hybrid energy system
3.5 Fuel Cell energy
3.6 Solar energy
3.6.1 PV cell
3.6.2 Module and Array
3.6.3 Equivalent circuit of PV cell
3.6.4 I V and P V curves
3.7 MPPT Technique
3.7.1 Incremental Conductance technique
3.8 Wind energy
3.8.1 Working principle
3.8.2 Types of Wind Turbines
3.8.3 Permanent Magnet Synchronous
Generator
3.9 Boost converter
3.10 Three level inverter
3.10.1 Working principle
ALGORITHM DESCRIPTION
4.1 Robust optimization algorithm
4.2 Introduction
4.3 Theory of robust algorithm
4.3.1 Definitions and basics

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## 4.3.2 Static robust optimization

4.4 Formulation of robust algorithm
4.5 Flow chart
4.6 Application of robust optimization
SIMULATION OVERVIEW
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Simulation model
5.2.1 PV system with MPPT converter
5.2.2 Wind energy system
5.2.3 Battery system
5.2.4 Fuel cell
5.2.5 Main grid
5.2.6 Main inverter
5.2.7 Control system
5.3 Overall simulation
5.4 Simulation results
CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
REFERENCES

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LIST OF TABLES

FIGURE
4.1
4.2

TITLE

PAGE

Specification

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LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE

TITLE

PAGE

1.1
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.13
4.1
5.1

## Block diagram of existing system

Block diagram of hybrid system
Basic Fuel cell diagram
Fuel cell system
The Photo Voltaic effect
Cell, Module and Array
Equivalent circuit of PV cell
I-V curve
P V curve
Flowchart of IC Algorithm
Boost Converter
Waveform of Boost converter
Three phase three level inverter
PWM signals for switching devices of R phase
Flow chart of Robust Algorithm
Simulink model for PV system with MPPT

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36

5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11

converter
Simulink model for Wind energy system
Power sharing graph
Voltage waveform of Inverter AC voltage
Voltage waveform of Inverter DC voltage

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5.12
5.13
5.14
5.15
5.16
5.17

## Output voltage of PV panel

Output voltage of Wind speed
Battery SOC &Voltage
Grid voltage
Grid current
Cost graph

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

VSC
PV
AC
DC
SOC

## Voltage Source Converter

Photovoltaic
Alternating Current
Direct Current
Start of Charge

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MPPT
PWM

## Maximum Power Point Tracking

Pulse Width Modulation