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Bowdoin Orient





Elite school, wealthy students

Percentage of students receiving aid remains flat while

comprehensive fees and aid packages steadily increase

100% The Colleges comprehensive fee








and average student aid package

have increased by 30 and 31 percent respectively since 2008. Over
the same period the percentage
of the student body that receives
financial aid has increased by only
one percent.
President Clayton Rose confirmed
his desire to build more socioeconomic diversity but argued that
maintaining a roughly steady level
of financial aid recipients itself has
taken work.





Despite having a significantly larger endowment and spending more on financial

aid, Bowdoin is not admitting significantly more students who receive financial aid.
This has been the status quo at Bowdoin
for the past 15 years. In 2002, roughly 40
percent of the student body received aid.
In 2006, it was still 40 percent. As of the
fall of 2016, 44 percent of the student body
receives financial aid, meaning that over
the past 15 years, the percentage of the
student body receiving financial aid has
increased by only 4 percent.
A study from the Equality of Oppor-


tunity Project republished in the New

York Times last week laid bare the socioeconomic composition of the Bowdoin
student body. The report shows that there
are more students at Bowdoin whose family income falls in the top quintile of the
national income distribution (69 percent)
than the bottom three quintiles combined.
Twenty percent of the Bowdoin student
body comes from the top 1 percent of the
income spectrum. Only 3.8 percent of students come from the bottom 20 percent.
The study also revealed that the financial composition of the student body did
not change significantly over the period it
addressed (between 1998 and 2009). According to data from the Colleges com-


The Office of Safety and Security is investigating a bias incident after a student reported a swastika and the satanic image
666 stomped into the snow near Osher Quad. The student
noticed the images on Saturday, January 21 after returning to
campus from Winter Break, but the images were not shared
with the Office of Safety and Security until Wednesday night.
The swastika was approximately three feet by three feet,
while the 666 was approximately three feet by one-and-ahalf feet, according to Director of Safety and Security Randy
Nichols. The student destroyed both symbols after taking a
President Clayton Rose informed the Bowdoin community
of the bias incident investigation in an email to all students
and College employees Thursday afternoon. Anyone with
information on the incident should contact Security at 207725-3314.
Jono Gruber contributed to this report.


The renovated multi-stall bathroom in David

Saul Smith Union is for everyone. Page 3.



Average gift for students

Comprehensive fee of Bowdoin





Percent of student body receiving aid

mon data set, the percentage of students
receiving financial aid remained at roughly 45 percent of the student body from
2008 to 2015.
Since 2008, Bowdoins endowment per
student has increased at an average rate of
3.84 percent per year. Its average financial
aid grant has increased at an average rate
of 3.16 percent per year, but the Colleges
comprehensive fee increased at a similar
average rate of 3.2 percent per year.
These numbers raise significant questions about the effectiveness of the Colleges need-blind admissions policy
(which has been in place for over 15 years)
in actively creating socioeconomically diverse classes. They also indicate that the

schools ever increasing comprehensive

fee is at odds with this mission.
Bowdoin regularly talks about diversity
as a priority and socioeconomic diversity
is a big part of this. The College has made
real steps over this period, such as eliminating loans as an aspect of financial aid
packages in 2008 under former President
Barry Mills and dropping the application
fee for first-generation and financial aidseeking applicants in 2016.
President Clayton Rose confirmed this
mission and his desire to build more socioeconomic diversity, but argued that maintaining a roughly steady level of financial

Please see INCOME, page 4

Two top administrative positions filled


Elizabeth McCormack will join the

Bowdoin faculty as dean for academic
affairs effective July 1, replacing the Jennifer Scanlon, who has held the interim
dean position since the summer of 2015.
McCormack will also teach physics. Matt
Orlando has become senior vice president for finance and administration effective January 4. He previously served
as vice president and interim head of finance and administration and treasurer.
Both positions are part of the Presidents
Senior Leadership Team.
Former Dean for Academic Affairs
Cristle Collins Judd, who held that position at the College from 2006 until 2015,
was also named president of Sarah Lawrence College. She will begin that position in July.
The College is still in the midst of hiring processes for four positions in the
Office of the Dean of Student Affairs.
They intend to fill the positions held
by Interim Dean of First Year Students


Professor of Digital Humanities Crystal Hall talks

hot rods and family. Page 6.


The alternative pop band will perform in

Pickard Theater on Saturday. Page 8.

Melissa Quinby, and Interim Assistant

Deans for Upperclass Students Michael
Pulju and Abbey Greene Goldman. Additionally, Bowdoin is planning on hiring a dean of students to replace Senior
Associate Dean of Student Affairs Kim
Pacelli, who announced in December
that she will leave Bowdoin at the end of
this academic year.
McCormack is currently a professor of physics at Bryn Mawr College in
Pennsylvania, where she has taught since
1995. She has served as chair of the faculty, director of the Center for Science in
Society, director of the STEM Posse Program, dean of graduate studies and as an
associate provost, where she worked to
support faculty across campus.
There was an amazingly thorough
process that engaged a number of faculty and staff, and she clearly differentiated herself from a really great group of
candidates that we looked at, talked to
and thought hard about, said President
Clayton Rose. She brings a record of ac-


Womens ice hockey traveled to Fenway to take

on Connecticut College. Page 11.

JANUARY 27, 2017

College caps
housing for
17-18 year

The College will not allow more than

200 students to live off campus next year,
after 217 students lived off campus this
academic year. The cap marks Bowdoins
first attempt to regulate off-campus housing numbers. The College was one of only
two NESCAC schools that did not regulate off-campus housing, despite having
the second-highest percentage of students
living off campus.
The change comes in response to the
steady upward trend in the number of
students living off-campus. Over the past
three years, the College has seen a 56 percent increase in the number of upperclass
students living off campus. Today, nearly a
third of Bowdoin seniorsand about 12
percent of the total student body live off
campus, according to Dean of Student Affairs Tim Foster.
The Colleges decision to limit off-campus housing also stemmed from cultural
and financial factors. Housing for the academic year costs $6,356; the College loses
that money when students choose to live
off campus and beds are left empty.
Foster said limiting the number of students who live off campus also allows the
community to address the meaning of
Bowdoin as a residential college.
Students who signed leases before January 12, the day Foster informed students
that a limit would be enforced, automatically have permission to live off campus
during the 2017-18 academic year. All
other students must apply for permission
from Residential Life (ResLife) before
signing a lease.
The new limit will serve as a placeholder
while the College develops a new housing
policy and considers the condition of and
possible improvements to existing upperclass housing, according to Foster. The
College plans to solicit feedback from the
campus community to inform this process.
Aside from Tufts, Bowdoin is currently
the only NESCAC school without an offcampus housing policy in place. Williams,
Trinity and Bates are among the schools
that cap the number of students allowed
to live off campus, while schools such as
Wesleyan and Connecticut College do not
allow students to live off campus.
Some students were frustrated by the
timing of the policy. Sophomore Lenoir
Kelley had already begun talking to a
landlord about off-campus housing for
her senior year, which is not an uncommon practice among sophomores.
[My friends and I have] been kind of
frustrated that the school has suddenly
implemented this policy, and we just feel
like its a little bit of an overreach on ResLifes part, she said.
Kelley is concerned that her friends
may not be able to live in the house they
had planned on for senior year, despite
having already made moves to sign a lease
with the landlord. At the same time, she

Please see HIRING, page 5

Postage PAID
Bowdoin College


Please see HOUSING, page 5


Ryan Ward discusses the meaning of President

Obamas legacy. Page 14.


the bowdoin orient

friday, january 27, 2017


What is your New Years resolution(s)?

Kayla Kaufman 18
To spend more time in the town of Brunswick and connect with the town. Try every
restaurant in Brunswick. Im going to make a
list and check it off.


Monica Xing 19


Call my parents more. I call them once a

week, but I plan to call them twice a week.

SECURITY REPORT: 1/3 to 1/26

Tuesday, January 3

A staff member at Searles Hall reported that someone

burglarized a locked office and forced open a filing cabinet and a desk drawer. Nothing appeared to be missing.
Wednesday, January 4

A faculty member at Massachusetts Hall reported that

he found indications that someone had been inside a
locked office, i.e., an open packet of hot chocolate and
several empty candy wrappers.
Thursday, January 5

Reports were received of unusual activity on campus by

a man who was later determined to be an alumnus.
Friday, January 6

An interior padlock hasp to an attic space in Winthrop

Hall was found to have been pried.
Wednesday, January 11

A housekeeper discovered a homeless man inside Adams Hall at 5:45 a.m. An investigation determined that
the man had entered the building the previous afternoon before the building had closed and had slept overnight. The Brunswick police issued the man a trespass
warning that bars him from all campus property.

A Bowdoin alumnus was issued a trespass warning

after there were further reports of suspicious activity
on campus.
Thursday, January 12

A visitor who was backing a vehicle along a walkway

near Sills Hall knocked down a light pole.

An interior door at the north entrance to Baxter House

was vandalized.

A local man was found to be distributing political pamphlets at a downtown business and at Smith Union. The
pamphlet used vulgar and violent language, displayed a
Bowdoin logo and a false campus address, and falsely
gave the impression that the contents were supported
by Bowdoin students. A security officer located the
man the next day near campus and the Brunswick

police issued a criminal trespass warning barring him

from all campus property. The man has no affiliation
with Bowdoin College.
Wednesday, January 18

A student took responsibility for accidentally damaging a table at the Druckenmiller atrium.
Thursday, January 19

A security officer aided an elderly woman who appeared to be in distress inside a parked vehicle on North
Campus Drive.
Saturday, January 21

A visitors vehicle that was parked in the Dayton parking lot at 3:15 p.m. was broken into during a basketball
game at Morrell Gym. The thief smashed a side window
and grabbed a womans purse that had been left inside
while the woman attended the game. Security was able
to capture camera images of the male suspect and his
vehicle. The information was shared with the Brunswick police who have identified a suspect. The investigation is in progress.
Sunday, January 22

A local motorist reported a verbal altercation with a

group of students near the intersection of Maine and
Boody streets shortly after midnight.

A large unregistered event was dispersed at Reed House.

Monday, January 23

At 1:00 a.m., students reported hearing what sounded

like a terrified woman screaming in the woods near
Pine Street Apartments. Security and Brunswick police
responded. The sounds were determined to be a foxs
Vixens Scream.
Thursday, January 26

A student reporting finding a swastika and satanic imagery (on January 21) stamped with feet into the snow
on the Osher Quad.

Will Doak 17
I feel like New Years resolutions are an
outdated concept. I just want to be a better
person. Its my New Years resolution every

Hayley Nicholas 17
To pet more dogs. Ive pet probably four
or so dogs total. Whenever there is a dog
around campus I always run across campus
to pet it as fast as I can. Ive been going to
the gym.

Sam Walkes 18
I read these and Im like, wow these people
are so creative and I cant think of anything
creative [to say] so I think my New Years
resolution is to be more creative.

Compiled by the Office of Safety and Security


Where Bowdoin Marched

The Orient sent out a survey to the Bowdoin community collecting data on
student participation in
the Womens March that
took place around the
country and the world on
Saturday, January 21. Out
of 218 march participants
who responded, thirteen
states were represented.
Students marched and
protested across the
globe in the U.K., France,
Denmark, Saudi Arabia
and Pakistan.

Seattle: 2
Chicago: 2
Detroit: 1

Steamboat Springs, CO: 1

Denver: 1
Durango, CO: 1

Brunswick: 12
Portland: 14
Augusta: 27
Providence, RI: 2
Boston: 27
NYC: 25
Philadelphia: 1
DC: 89

Los Angeles: 1
San Francisco: 1

Out of 308 respondants, 218 attended the march.

New Orleans: 1

january 27, 2017

the bowdoin orient


NEWS IN BRIEF Professors pen letter to Trump on climate



Charles E. Chuck Huntington,
professor of biology emeritus and
former director of the Bowdoin
Island, died on January 2, 2017,
surrounded by his family. He was
97 years old.
Huntington earned a bachelors
degree in biology from Yale
University in 1942. He served in the
U.S. Naval Reserve during World
War II and was released to inactive
duty in 1946 as a lieutenant, at
which point he returned to Yale,
earning his doctorate in biology
in 1952.
Huntington began teaching in the biology department at Bowdoin in 1953
after being introduced to the Bowdoin Scientific Station on Kent Island in the
Bay of Fundy by Ray Paynter 47, a fellow graduate student at Yale.
Chuck fell in love with the place, said Anne T. and Robert M. Bass Professor
of Natural Sciences Nat Wheelwright of Huntingtons relationship with Kent
Island. [When he started teaching at Bowdoin] he wandered out to Kent Island
to figure out what to study, and there he found these small birds that are relatives
of albatrosses called Leachs storm petrels. Theyre about the size of a robin, and
they nest in burrows in the ground and so Chuck decided to essentially dedicate
his life to learning about the biology of Leachs storm petrels.
Huntington ended up studying Leachs storm petrels for more than half a
century. His work with the Leachs storm petrel may be one of the most detailed
and longest running studies of a single animal population in the field of biology.
He single-mindedly continued returning to Kent Island summer after
summer and would reach into these holes, pull the birds out, put bands on
them, said Wheelwright. If they already were banded, [he] would look into
his records to see how old they were and who they had been mated with
through their entire life, so it was a really detailed, long-term focused study of
survival, reproduction, longevity in one population of birds.
Wheelwright noted that Huntington continued to return to the island until
only a few years ago when he became unable to do so because of his health.
He never lost his attachment to Kent Island, Wheelwright said.
Huntington served as the director of the Bowdoin Scientific Station on Kent
Island for more than 30 years.
He was a very kind man, said Wheelwright. He would drop everything
if somebody said there was an interesting bird to see in Freeport or Bangor.


In February, the Office of Safety and Security will formally embark on an

accreditation program with the International Association of Campus Law
Enforcement Administrators (IACLEA), the highest accreditation available
for campus public safety departments. This is the first time Security will be
nationally accredited.
Associate Director of Safety and Security David Profit hopes that Security
will become fully accredited within two years.
IACLEA includes members at nearly 1,200 colleges and universities in 10
countries. Security is seeking accreditation with the group in order to improve its practices and procedures.
What they do is essentially they look to identify best practices and look
at situations that involve high risk or might be of low incidence and try to
establish a system to have standards, Profit said.
The current IACLEA Accreditation Standards Manual lists 210 standards,
which address a variety of issues pertaining to subjects like evidence collection, officer training, Title IX and community engagement.
For the past year, Security has been conducting a self-study to begin tailoring its practices to IACLEA standards. Once Security formally begins the
process, it will have three years to complete the accreditation. After the accreditation is approved by an outside assessor, IACLEA will check in every
three years to ensure Security continues to meet its standards.
Becoming nationally accredited has been a goal of mine ever since Ive
been here at Bowdoin, said Director of Safety and Security Randy Nichols.
Profit belives the accreditation process will be fairly smooth.
Its a long process, but once you get there its fairly easy to manage, Profit
said. But its a team effort. Its not just [Nichols] and I. We have our supervisors heavily involved and our assistant director because theyve got their
fingers on the pulse as well, and theyre out there doing this stuff every day.


Three Bowdoin seniors, Liam Ford, Kevin Kearney and Daniel Wanger,
who received court summons for disorderly conduct by the Brunswick Police Department (BPD) on October 23 will not face charges. The District
Attorneys office issued no complaint for their summons, meaning they were
effectively dismissed, according to BPD.
The students were issued summons after BPD had visited their property on
Garrison Street and issued warnings multiple times earlier in the semester.

change in opposition to alternative facts



Two Bowdoin professors helped

write a letter to President Donald
Trump urging him to act on the issue
of climate change. The letter, defending
scientific fact, was ultimately signed
by over 700 physics and astronomy
professors at colleges and universities across the nation. It outlines three
pointsmajor areas of climate change
scientific consensusthat its writers
encourage the Trump administration
to value in policy creation.
After Trumps election in November,
Paul Nakroshis, an associate professor
of physics at the University of Southern
Maine, contacted Mark Battle, associate professor of physics, about writing
a letter. Battle then recruited Professor
of Physics Madeleine Msall and the
three contacted colleagues at every institution that offers an undergraduate
physics degree.
We decided to not just have it come
from the National Academy of Sciences,
but lets have it come from people and
communities all around the country,
Msall said. There are small and big colleges all across the nation, and the people
who teach there are connected to a set of
community resources. We decided to use
that platform to say, Look: physics teachers, people who are at academic institutions, recognize the truth of this research
and want it to be used in policy.

The letter argued three points central to climate science: climate scientists have confirmed beyond any
reasonable doubt that our planet is
warmer now than it was in 1850, the
human use of fossil fuels is driving
this warming, and climate change is
an economic and existential threat to
our country and to human and animal life on our planet, according to
the letter.
Our hope was that the administration would make use of the scientific
information available to them to fuel
infrastructure projects or carbon taxes, Battle said.
The professors were concerned both
by Trumps individual rhetoric on climate change and the words of his close
advisors. His nominee to lead the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
Scott Pruitt, has said that climate science is far from settled.
However, Battle and Msall said the
letters ultimate goal extends beyond
the issue of climate change and relates
to the larger question of the role of science in policy creation.
Its not just climate changeits
about using good data with a breadth
of understanding, not just arbitrary
policy agendas that direct legislation,
Msall said.
The Trump administration is
cracking down on multiple areas that
conduct research, not simply scientific,
and essentially saying that only they

have the answers. What we really want

to put on the record is a strong sense
for scientific consensus as a basis for
directing government policy.
Battle said he was concerned by
Trumps science-related actions in the
presidents first few days in office, particularly the restriction placed on government agencies disseminating scientific information.
Im deeply disappointed by the
action to remove all mention[s]
of climate change from the White
House website, he said. Im also
concerned with the decision to keep
the five federal agencies that do
the most work on issues of climate
change from communicating with
the press or social media, but instead
to funnel their information through
an appeals process. Its not particularly unusual to have a directive for
agencies to speak with one voice,
but what is extraordinary is that its
not a blanket orderits just the five
agencies that are focused on climate
change research.
Wednesday, the Trump administration asked the EPA to take down its
webpage about climate change.
They seek to subordinate the importance of scientific facts to partisan
issues, Msall said.
In addition to the open letter, the
professors have been tweeting from
an account with the handle @Physics4Climate.

Students pleased with new gender-neutral bathroom


Over Winter Break, the College

converted the womens bathroom on
the second floor of the David Saul
Smith Union into a gender neutral restroom. The renovations included installing new paneling to prevent anyone from seeing any part of the person
in any of the stalls. All cracks in the
stalls were covered up. The bathroom
is designed to be inclusive for students
who identify as transgender or gender
Discussions for the bathroom started last year, according to Director of
Student Activities Nate Hintze.
For me it started last year when
[the Latin American Student Association] brought trans activist Bamby
Salcedo. In a conversation with her I
asked What can I do to support our
trans students? Hintze said.
Salcedo suggested the College create gender-neutral bathrooms.
Hintze started working with Katy
Longley, former treasurer of the
College, Director of the David Saul
Smith Union Allen Delong and Director of the Center for Gender
and Sexual Diversity Kate Stern to
create a multi-stall gender-neutral
bathroom on the second floor of the
Union in addition to the single stall
gender inclusive bathroom on the
first floor.
After speaking with Facilities,
Hintze said the process was very
quick. The womens room was converted because the paneling was
already in place and Facilities only
needed to create new panels and to
cover all the cracks in the doors.
Elongated panels and bristles covering the cracks in doors make it impossible to identify the gender of an
individual in a stall.
The concern really is privacy


BATHROOMS HAVE NO GENDER: The College renovated a bathroom in David Saul Smith
Union to be gender inclusive.
so the thoughtfulness really went
into reconstructing the panels and
doors, Stern said.
We covered every crack in the
door so you physically cannot see who
is in the bathroom next to you unless
theyre washing their hands next to
you, Hintze said.
Several students voiced their support for the creation of the bathroom.
Justin Weathers 18 said that he has
no problem with the bathroom. Because its use is optional, he doesnt see
it affecting his everyday life.
It doesnt bother me. I assume
theyre all stalls so no one is paying
attention to you, he said. Its opt-in.
If you dont want to use the genderneutral bathroom you dont have to
use it.
A womens bathroom is still present
on the first floor of the union by the
Weathers said that although he
does not know many people who may
have expressed the need for such a

bathroom, he is glad there is a space

for those who desire it.
Im happy that those people have a
bathroom that makes them feel comfortable.
Caroline Watt 18, who has used the
bathroom, says she likes it.
I kind of like it. For the fact that
the lines will be less longless of a
However, some students expressed
concern about the fact that only the
womens bathroom has been converted.
Hannah Karlan 19 says that she
fears only women will use the space
because it is right next to a mens
Ive been in there a few times and
I only noticed girls in there, said Karlan.
Hintze says the College does plan
to convert the mens bathroom as well.
Ideally, we would do the mens

Please see BATHROOM, page 5


the bowdoin orient

january 27, 2017

Bowdoin students attend

inauguration, womens marches

aid recipients itself has taken work.
The steady state of students who are
attending elite schools who come from
the low economic strata suggests that
theres been some real work thats kept that
number at that level and I think that our
experience bears that out. I think weve
worked really hard to make that happen
and a number of our peer schools, perhaps all of them, have as well. And I think
the fruit of that is that weve been able to
keep that steady.
Both Rose and Dean of Admissions and
Financial Aid Whitney Soule defended the
Colleges need-blind admissions policy.
I would say that being need-blind is
a huge opportunity for this college, said
Soule. To put the emphasis on going out
to find the students who have the qualities that were seeking and look at them as
people and to be going through a recruitment and selection process that is separating them from need. And I think its an
incredibly important value.
Soule also indicated that the needblind process actually does create socioeconomically diverse classes.
We are not placing investigation or
emphasis on [socioeconomic diversity]
on a particular application. How much
does the student need? But by being needblind, it naturally is setting our admit
decisions across the array of the socioeconomic strata.
While the College does enroll students
from across the socioeconomic spectrum,
the newly published data indicate that
it enrolls a disproportionate number of
students from the high end of the income
Rose emphasized the structural factors
that prevent Bowdoin from creating socioeconomically diverse classes.
Our challengeand we know this
is true and the study reinforces itour
challenge and every schools challenge is
that the number of low income students
that apply to elite schools is lower than it
should be.
Soule added that often, students lower
on the income spectrum are not thinking
about and not prepared for elite schools
like Bowdoin.
If you think about the country at large
and much of education ... theres public
funding in every state that educates most
of our young people, she said. And the
disparity of the quality of education,

about resistance to
the Trump administrations policies.
If [people] could
marches] together
then we could do
more, despite political worries, MorseGagne said. [In
were looking for
a very supportive,
generally positive
place to be. I got
MARCH ON WASHINGTON: Bowdoin students pose for a picture while protesting at the Womens March on Washingmore of an impression of people being ton on January 21.
positive and hopethe Womens March the following day. were in their Trump hats, and they
ful than angry and resisting.
I think not going to the inaugura- had American flag shirts with Make
Morris emphasized the importance tion would have been [me] missing a America Great Again slogans, he
of continued political engagement.
big moment in our U.S. history, he said. They were unbelievably nice
I think thats important not be- said. Even if it is something [many] people. They were kind, and they talking scared to demonstrate opinion that people disagree with.
ed to me about my views. They were
is unpopular. We have the freedom of
While Bredar said he doesnt per- honestly respectful. They definitely
speech, so you better use it, she said.
sonally agree with many of Trumps werent what people might portray
Henry Bredar 19, who lives in policies, he met people who did at the them to be.
Washington, D.C., attended both Pres- inauguration.
Emily Cohen contributed to
ident Trumps inaugural ceremony and
I met this one couple They this report.

across resourcesthat also plays out in

preparation for higher ed and whos thinking about going to a school like Bowdoin
and how we find those students.
Soule and Rose both emphasized that
admissions outreach and recruiting has
a big effect on who applies to Bowdoin
and is the primary tool the school uses
to attract lower income students. The
more lower-income students that become
aware of Bowdoin, the more that apply
and the more the College is able to admit.
Every year, Bowdoin sends its 14 admissions officers across the country to
meet with prospective applicants at high
schools and college fairs. Last year, they
visited 450 schools. Sending them to areas
of socioeconomic diversity is a priority.
Admissions employs various methods
to attract lower-income students including partnering with community based
college-prep organizations so that more
lower income students are aware of Bowdoin and traveling with groups of admissions counselors from other peer schools
like Pomona and Swarthmore.
Soule said that for the past two years
she has abandoned the practice of taking
a two-week trip to New York City where
she would hold a series of information
sessions with students at specific schools,
many of them private. Instead, for the past
three years, the admissions team has held
a few information session nights and invited students from across the city.
She says this gets prospective students
who are lower on the income spectrum in
the room with a more diverse range of applications and helps them see themselves
in the context of a more diverse Bowdoin
rather than the more limited applicant
pool that might show up to an information session at any given school.
What it does is it brings a lot of
people into a room, often with a lot
more kids and their parents from all
over the city from different boroughs
and from completely different kinds of
high schools. And when you sit in that
room and look around at the people
who are interested in Bowdoin, thats
what our prospect pool is, so thats
been really effective.
This is a strategy Soule hopes to employ
in other cities in the future.
The steady increase in the cost of college
is a factor that works against its ability to
provide access to lower-income students.
As the cost of college goes up, so does the
amount of financial aid required to send
a student to Bowdoin. If rate of growth of

ceed the rate of tuition growth, the
financial aid dollars available to
distribute will only cover roughly
the same number of students.
Addressing the increasing cost
of college is a priority for Rose.
Were going through serious
exercises to understand our budget, to take out whatever fatfat
isnt even the word because theres
no fat in itbut really making tough choices about where
were going to spend our money,
2008 2009
2012 2013
he said.
Currently, roughly 64 percent
of the budget goes to payroll and
Endowment in Millions/Capita
Percentage of students on aid
36 percent of the budget goes to
operations. Rose said touching
payroll is not an option and that
AID AND THE ENDOWMENT: While the endowment per student has increased significantly since
the focus of his budget review will
dipping due to the recession in 2008, reaching $1.7 million per student in 2015, the percentage of the student body
be on the 34 percent that is dedithat receives financial aid has stayed roughly flat at around 44 percent.
cated to operations.
According to Senior Vice
ministration and Treasurer Matt
Orlando, the budget office has
implemented a new practice
this budget season that requires
departments to justify every expenditure in their budgets and
presumes a 0 percent growth
rate rather than the traditional
2-4 percent increase.
Orlando said the practice is
aimed at slowing the growth of
4.3% of students from bottom 20%
departmental budgets and identifying areas of spending that
may no longer be priorities.
Still, some of the increasing
cost is tied to inflationaround
2-3 percent currentlyand is
likely inevitable.
Bowdoins performance
in admitting students from
lower on the income specELITE MEANS WEALTHY: This chart plots the parent income rank of the student bodies at a group of
trum does not compare poorelite schools as compiled by The Equality of Opportunity Project. Bowdoins performance in admitting students from
ly to its peer schools.
lower on the income spectrum is no worse than its peer elite schools. The student bodies at all elite colleges skew
Jordan Richmond 16, who
heavily towards the wealthy.
worked on the Equality of Opportunity project as a predoctoral
income spectrum of the country is not students, if we can, that have the ability to
fellow with Stanford economics professor Raj Cheti, said that one of realistic and is not Bowdoins mission. do the work here and get them to apply to
The idea that we should look like the Bowdoin, he said.
the studys key findings is that across the
board, the percentage of poor students at countryI think thats unrealistic in that
The real thing, I think, to take away
elite schools has remained the same over not every student is prepared for Bowdoin from all of this is that how you interpret
the course of the study, from 1998 to 2009. and many students from low-income your results totally depends on what you
Despite expressing support for a backgrounds are engaged in educational think the goals of a college are and what
socioeconomically diverse class, Rose experiences in junior high and high and our model of education should aim to acbelieves that a student body that re- grammar school which leave them ill- complish, said Richmond.
flects an equal distribution across the prepared. Our job is to find all those great
Gideon Moore contributed to this report.



Last weekend, a number of Bowdoin students participated in womens

marches across the nation and globe
including the March on Washington
to protest issues related to the Trump
administrations proposed policies including equal pay, racial and gender
equality and LGBT rights.
Danielle Horne 20 was one student
who marched alongside her mother and
a friend. She noted the large crowd.
There was a wall of people behind
you, [and] a wall of people in front of
you. [There were] just so many people,
so many pussy hats, so many wonderful signs, Horne said.
There was every [issue] there. The
only reason for you not to go was if
you physically could not get there,
she added.
In the United Kingdom, Julia Morris 18 participated in the Womens
March in her hometown of London.
Though the event was conceived by
Americans, Morris said, people gathered to protest a wide range of issues

not just Trumps presidency.

It was about inequality in terms of
pay between men and women, inequality between different races, she said.
It was also this idea [of] appealing
to the lowest common denominator.
Like with Brexit, [there was] this idea
that sameness is better, or exclusion is
better and hate is better, and the overwhelming message, what was chanted,
was a lot of, spread love, not hate.
Students also chose to march locally in Maine. Katie Morse-Gagne 19
drove to Augusta to protest.
Morse-Gagne said she was impressed by the crowds that showed up
in Augusta. In Augusta, as well as in
Portland, Maine, thousands of people people showed up to support the
march and peacefully protest genderrelated issues.
I dont think anyone was really
anticipating [a large crowd]. I had no
idea there were that many people. In
between speeches, the announcer said
they were estimating around ten thousand people, and everyone went nuts,
Morse-Gagne said.
She left the march feeling hopeful





january 27, 2017

the bowdoin orient


Man barred from campus over vulgar fliers


On January 13, Brunswick Police

Department (BPD) issued a criminal
trespass warning barring Vincent Liu,
a resident of Brunswick who has no
affiliation with the College from campus. Liu was found distributing politically charged fliers containing violent
and vulgar language as well as Bowdoins logo and address. He has not
been on campus since being issued a
warning and the Office of Safety and
Security does not see Liu as a threat.
The flier suggested violence as a solution to political issues, such as gun
violence and terrorism. It included a
polar bear logo, listed an address that
seemed to be on the Colleges cam-

pus and seemed to be from members

of the Bowdoin student body. The
contents of the letter were not biasrelated, andthough disturbing to
manydid not imply a direct threat.
There was some specific wording
that would lead anyone looking at the
flier to believe that it was written and
approved by Bowdoin students, said
Director of Safety and Security Randy Nichols.
Nichols declined to disclose the
specific text of the flier.
A Brunswick business called the
Office of Safety and Security on
January 12 with the impression that
a Bowdoin student was passing out
fliers downtown, according to Director of Safety and Security Randy

After Security received the phone

call about the flier distribution, a
man matching the description of the
individual was caught on security
camera footage leaving the same fliers on the David Saul Smith Union
information desk. On January 13, a
security officer on patrol noticed the
individual walking on campus and
was able to identify Liu because of
the security footage. Security called
BPD, who issued Liu the criminal
trespass warning.
There was no direct threat in any
way shape or form to Bowdoin College or any member to the campus
or any member of the community of
Brunswick, Nichols said. Had there
been, we obviously would have informed the community of that fact.

New interdisciplinary class tackles public health


In response to growing student interest in public health, Associate Professor

of History David Hecht is teaching an
interdisciplinary course entitled Public
Health and the Liberal Arts this semester. The course exposes students to lessons in public health through a variety
of academic fields from mathematics to
romance languages.
This class is part of a larger initiative
of the College on public health and liberal
arts, Hecht said. Ive been working with
a group of faculty for a little over a year
now to brainstorm ways that we could
capitalize on the large student interest in
the subject.
Although Bowdoin rarely offers interdisciplinary classes, Hecht knew that the
course had to be an interdisciplinary one
from its inception.
Interdisciplinary was the logical place
for the class, said Hecht. We do not have
one person on campus who specializes in
public health. It made sense to then bring
in expertise from around the College.
The class lecturers reflect its interdisciplinary nature. Bowdoin professors from
departments as varied as romance Lan-

felt the College has been receptive to students feelings.
Im happy that theyre considering
students feedback and hopefully moving
forward with some alternative on-campus
housing options because honestly, for upperclassmen, there are not a lot of great
Lisa Bossi 87 and her husband, also a
Bowdoin alum, have been renting to Bowdoin students for about nine years. She is
concerned that the change in policy will
make it more difficult to find tenants.
That is the one concern that we have
as landlords, that the timing of this is going to be disruptive for students to make
plans, she said. We really love the idea
of having students in our neighborhood,
and the neighbors also really appreciate
really good tenants. Its a really nice way
for students to get to learn about certain
responsibilities they wont learn living on
campus, and they very often end up with
their first reference for their next apartment. So its been a really nice situation,
and were hoping that this new rule doesnt
break the fluidity of the word of mouth.
Some students choose to live off campus for social reasons. Jodi Kraushar 17,
who currently lives off campus, said she
prefers the off-campus social space.
As I got older ... I was feeling like
it would be really nice to have my own

guages, environmental studies, and mathematics are all scheduled to speak over the
course of the class. Hecht also invited six
guest speakers from outside of the College, whose lectures will be open to the
general public.
I wanted to make sure that we had
representation from across the College, Hecht said. I had no particular
designs on a specific department.
Students interested in taking the
class had to fill out an application,
which included a short essay detailing what they hoped to get out of
the class, why they were interested in
public health and their previous experience with public health. They were
also required to discuss an unusual assignment that had prepared them for
taking the course.
A total of 18 students were selected
from the 36 who applied. About half
of the students in the class are on the
pre-med track.
There are people in the class who
are philosophy majors, anthropology
majors, government and legal studies
majors, said Dhivya Singaram 17,
who is enrolled in the class.
You can tell that there are going
to be a wide range of experiences and

skillsets that contribute to our learning, and I know that the professors
geared the class to us building off of
each others expertise and applying it
to the study of public health, she said.
Both Hecht and the students taking
the class acknowledge that many aspects of the class are still being tested,
but they all hope that similar classes
are offered in the future.
I think that sometimes Bowdoin
doesnt like to focus on pre-professional because they want to be very
open to everything, but sometimes it
is good to have something very specific to help students decide if thats
something that they want to do, said
Michael Walsh 19. Even if its not a
class on public health, there should be
classes that are focused on more specific professions.
Hecht said that lessons from the
class could help inform future public
health courses at Bowdoin.
At the moment this is just an experimental one-time thing, said
Hecht. But we are hoping that one of
the results of this class is that it helps
us think about how best we can create
public health programming for students and faculty in the future.

space ... and I think thats a really great

benefit of living off campus, especially
as a woman, in a house with other
women, and we can just sort of have
spaces that feel really comfortable for
ourselves, she said. I dont think there
[is] really any upperclassman housing
thats conducive to that kind of social
setting like ours is.
She believes that the regulations
of Bowdoins social scene encourage
some students to seek alternative living arrangements.
I think there have been policies like
alcohol policies [and] party registration policies that have made students
feel like Bowdoin is even more confining and maybe hand-holding than they
want, she said.
Kraushar hopes the College will improve senior housing, but she acknowledged the difficulties involved in this task.
Professor of Cinema Studies Tricia
Welsch, who has worked as a College
House advisor for 15 years, thinks that restricting the number of students living off
campus would be beneficial for both the
College and the surrounding community.
She believes that the upperclassman practice of living off campus detracts from the
Colleges social climate.
The plan was for the College House
system to be a real center and hub for academic and extracurricular life, and while
it works that way for students who are first
years and sophomores ... the seniors really

arent coming back into life at Bowdoin

anymore, not in the way that they used to
do, she said. I think increased numbers
of students living off campus really diminishes that sense of possible community.
Welsch lives next door to a house
rented annually by students and says
that college students do not tend to
make the best neighbors.
I made a lot of noise when I was a
student too. Its what you do. Youre not
a good neighbor because its not your
time to be a good neighbor, she said. I
do think that at least some students try
very hard to be good neighbors and want
to be good neighbors ... but you know,
theyre not homeowners. They dont live
like permanent residents live, and its not
just quiet. [There] is trash, upkeep of
buildings. Its all kinds of things.
Welsch commended the College for
taking steps to regulate the number of
students living off campus and believes
such steps will ultimately be better for relations between the College and the town.
Most of the places that are desirable around campus are historic homes
where people are attached to the College
in one way or another or have a longstanding interest in the College and
seeing it thrive. The idea of making an
adversarial relationship out of that is not
good, she said. If the College now can
do something that will limit that, thats
good for the College as well, the College
as an institution in this town.


NEW DEAN: Elizabeth McCormack will be joining the College as dean for academic aairs and a physics professor beginning July 1. She is currently teaches physics at Bryn Mawr College.

complishments as a teacher, and a
scholar, and an administrator and as
someone whos been deeply engaged
in the liberal arts for a long time.
McCormack is excited to join the
faculty at Bowdoin.
The tradition of excellence and
the engaged liberal arts model is
what attracted me, she said.
She expects ensuring equitable
academic access to be one of the
challenges in her role at the College.
The [challenge] is equitable access, finding ways to brings students
in from all different walks of life, but
once they are here supporting their
success, said McCormack. This
involves supporting faculty to create inclusive learning environments
[and] understanding how students
learn best.
The Office for the Dean of Academic Affairs is responsible for
overseeing faculty, including hiring,
mentoring and tenure. The office
also supports special academic programs and leads faculty discussion
on teaching and innovation.
McCormack is also looking forward to teaching physics at Bowdoin.
As someone who has gotten into
campus leadership from faculty, my
heart with always be with and my
lens will always be through the perspective of a teacher, faculty member, and a colleague, she said.
At Bryn Mawr, McCormack
taught a gender information science
and politics course with the English department. She hopes to teach
a first-year seminar at Bowdoin
that discusses women in science
and technology.
As a woman scientist myself, but

bathroom at some point as well just so
they were both gender-neutral so we
wouldnt have a mens bathroom and
a gender-neutral bathroom, he said.
Were figuring out how to work
through the urinals. We wanted to
do one and do it perfectly and then
figure out how we can do that with
the other bathroom as well.
Stern and Hintze both said that
the move was made to help trans and
nonbinary individuals at Bowdoin.
Many of our students who are

also having taught at a womens college, Im pretty excited about and interested in the issues young women
face today not only as scientists, but
as intellectuals engaging with the
world today, she said.
Orlando will continue at Bowdoin as the senior vice president of
finance and administration and the
treasurer, the equivalent of the chief
financial officer of the College, after
a national search. He held this position in the interim after Katy Longley left in June.
[Orlando] has been a member of
the Bowdoin community for a long
time and many, many of the folks
here know him well, Rose said.
The search was interestingwe did
a national search, engaged one of the
leading search firms, we looked at a
number of candidates, and a number of really good candidates, and it
was not a foregone conclusion going
into the search that this was Matts
job. This was a job he earned in an
amazing competition with a number
of other really well qualified candidates.
Orlando will oversee capital projects and the campus master plan.
Most of these ideas involve funding, whether that comes through donor funding or operating revenues,
Orlando said. We do have finite resources. We are blessed with a really
big endowment, but the dollars in
the budget are all spoken of to some
degree. Well have to figure out how
to make room for these new incremental costs within the budget.
Orlando is excited to take on a
larger role at the College.
I think that it will be a really exciting chapter in the history of Bowdoin. I know it sounds clich, but I
genuinely believe that and am excited to be a part of it, he said.

either transgender or gender-nonbinary dont go to the bathroom unless

theyre in their room, said Stern.
She said that trans students and
gender-nonbinary students might
feel more comfortable not having to
decide which bathroom to use.
Its really making sure that our
small trans population feels really
comfortable on this campus, Hintze
Stern said that there is a desire by
those in the trans and gender nonbinary community for more inclusive spaces, although she is unsure
what the Colleges next steps will be.

the bowdoin orient


friday, january 27, 2017


Hidden hobby: from hard drives to hot rods


Crystal Hall, associate professor

in the digital humanities, has fond
memories of participating in the
Brunswick Memorial Day Parade.
She rode alongside her father and
Rene Bernier, laboratory instructor/support manager and Science
Center manager, as they gave rides
in their World War II Jeeps to veterans. These experiences piqued
her interest in cars, and as soon as
she was old enough to hold a screwdriver, she began helping her dad in
his garage.
Hall began seriously working on
cars when she was 13.
We restored my Jeep before I got
my learners permit so that we could
go off-roading with it, she said.
Hall is currently in the process
of creating a hot rod from a 1934
Dodge, a car of particular sentimental value as it is the same type of
car her grandfather drove. She has
restored one and half cars with her
dad, but the 34 Dodge will be the
first hot rod she has built.
Creating a hot rod is the process
of drastically improving old cars
different from restoring cars, which
is taking an old car and bringing it
back to working order.
Building a hot rod can be timeconsuming and frustrating. For Hall
and her father, it is more like a jigsaw puzzle.
The biggest challenge with the
hot rod is that you have a completely
blank canvas to work with, said Hall.
My father and I are very meticulous
about history and historical accuracy
and being very precise in our work,
but there isnt a blueprint for how to
make this hot rod, so its really challenging our creative side.


VROOM VROOM: [Above] Associate Professor in the Digital Humanities Crystal Halls grandfather, Joseph Hall, Jr., poses with his 1934 Dodge
the car that Hall credits as the inspiration for her own hot rod. Hall has worked
on cars with her father since she was old enough to hold a screwdriver. We
restored my Jeep before I got my learners permit so that we could go oroading with it, she said.
FAST CAR: While her daily job in the Digital Humanities generates less tangible satisfaction, Hall has found an outlet for her creative side in working on cars
with her father. Hall refers to the challenges she faces in this as resembling those
of a jigsaw puzzle. Between the meticulous care and manual labor that building a
hot rod requires, Hall and her father certainly have their hands full.

As a professor whose main focus

is working with computers, working with cars allows Hall to clear her
mind and get her hands dirty. Unlike
coding, where the products are on a
screen, the results of restoring cars
are tangible and immediate.
Its satisfying to code, but its a
completely different satisfaction to
clean something, paint something and
put something together, said Hall.
Through her work restoring and
building cars, Hall has noticed improvements in other areas of her life.
She credits these improvements to
the intelligence her dad has shared
with her.
Watching him think and problem
solve and the different ways he approaches problems has helped me to
be more flexible and open to different ways of solving problems, said
Hall. When you are coding, thats
the best thing you can ask for.
Another benefit of creating a hot
rod is having the ability to build it
exactly to ones needs. With the 34
Dodge, Hall is planning to install a
Corvette engine and transmission as a
nod to her dads favorite type of cars.
She is planning on picking a Porsche
color for the car as a nod to her longlasting infatuation with Porsches.
Thats where the amalgamation of
parts and pieces of different places
comes into play, Hall said. Were
picking from the things we really
like and the flexibility of being able
to put them together.
Hall and her father plan to begin
the assembly process of the Dodge
in September and hope to have it up
and running by next summer. They
went on a road trip to retrieve the car
parts and plan to go on another one
when the hot rod is finished.
I have a feeling hot rods are in my
future for a long time, said Hall.

Ellis La Forza Palmieri 17 joins us to uncork a taste of Italy





Senior year is all about friendshipsand crippling stress but

I digressso what better way to
start our first wine column of the
year than to invite our dear friend
and housemate Ellis La Forza

Palmieri 17, co-captain emeritus of

the much-vaunted Bowdoin Rugby
Football Club, to join us. Ellis spent
all of winter break in Italy, and that
mere fact alone means he already
knows more about wine than either
of us.
With our internationally travelled friend on the mind, we selected a BellAgio Chianti 2015,
proudly bearing both the wickerbasketted bottle oft associated with
wines of its kind and the candles
used at the Cub Scout Spaghetti
Dinner fundraisers at which Will
used to work. A wine that displays
its national and regional origins
so proudly is perfect for
this, we thought, seeing
as such a wine must
truly try its best to
represent its roots
well. We hoped
to impress La
Forza with our
eye for fine
Italian vintages, knowing
that his potential disappointment
in it would
leave us in the

lowest of spirits.
This wine smells of dust despite
its young age. Smelling this wine
dims the lights of whatever room
youre in to the luminosity of a
single lit taper. All sounds take on
the din of quiet conversation. Suspense lingers on every sniff. The
taste reveals the wine to be a heavy
hitting red, reminiscent of certain
boxed varietals found in regions
across our great nation. Tasting
reveals a change in equation. Nuance is not on the table. Justin was
quick to note that the wine tastes
like what he imagined wine tasting
like when he was at the table with
his parents at various Italian eateries. Youd think the buttery grapes
would glide you to the hill towns
of central Tuscany. However, upon
second and third sip, it appears
your journey has been redirected
to somewhere of a different tone.
Tuscaloosa, perhaps? Or could we
be detecting notes of Happy Valley, Pennsylvania? The mouthfeel
left by the bev was vinous, to say
the least. Seconds after the garnet
liquid passes down your throat the
taste of what one can only identify
as wine lingers.
With that, well leave you with this:

The Palmieri Review

Many thanks to Big Billy Schweller
and JJ Drama Ramos for the feature
in this weeks article. As theyve already informed you, I spent my winter traversing the wine country of my
homeland experiencing only the finest
of this succulent red fruit. The aforementioned journey across Italy became
a sort of spirit quest to reestablish my
innate connection to the grapevine.
If I learned anything from my dear
mother (Hi Mom!) who was more
than generous, and more than quite
insistent, that I partake in the tasting
of fine Italian wines, I would say that
the Chianti proves underwhelming
among the ranks of its peers. While the
Chianti is able to pose as a good wine
to the lesser-versed wine drinkers that
sit to my right and left, the true Italian
wines of Amarone and Brunello are the
heavyweight fighters when it comes to
Italian wines. To settle the long standing family debate over which carries
more weight, Ill use this credible and
well established wine forum to be the
first to publish the final verdictAmarone is a better wine than a Brunello.
Chianti is nice if you like grape juice,
but the real wine drinkers wont go
wrong with an Amarone.

Tonights Soundtrack: Why Do
Fools Fall In Love? - Frankie Lyman &
The Teenagers
Justin: This wine would gain a
full star rating if I had an Italian
delicacy to pair it with. RIP to the
ball Scamorza left home over break
Will: I cant say Id buy this wine
to drink again, but I can say Id buy
this wine to keep a few bottles in my
room for the aesthetic.

friday, january 27, 2017

the bowdoin orient



How autism awareness has changed the way schools educate students
When I was four years old, I was
diagnosed with Aspergers syndrome. The diagnosis was fairly
new at the timeit had only been
a diagnosis under the Diagnostic
and Statistical Manual of Mental
Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV)
for seven years at that pointso my
mother and father had to bring me
to a specialist in order to diagnose
me. Neither of them had ever heard
of autism before, let alone Aspergers. While they were glad to have
a reason as to why I didnt behave
like other children, they still didnt
understand how they could help me

overcome the challenges I faced.

Even with my diagnosis, there
were few resources available to parents to help them understand their
autistic children. The spectrum
model of autism was a recent phenomenon at this time, and of the
few people who knew about autism,
many still thought of it as describing
a very narrow set of characteristics.
Awareness for autism in general was
almost non-existent, especially in a
sparsely populated state like Maine.
My parents had to work hard to find
resources to help me.
One of their biggest hurdles was
acquiring educational accommodations for me. The local elementary
school I attended didnt have a special education program to speak
of. Although my Individualized

Education Plan (I.E.P.) entitled me

to academic accommodations, my
elementary school was reluctant
to provide the services I needed to
Looking back, I think I understand why the school made it difficult for me to receive accommodations. While I remember that the
schools reluctance was in part due
to poor administration, I feel that
the problems stemmed in large part
from a lack of understanding as to
why I needed what I was asking for.
For instance, when I was young,
one of the things that worked best
to calm me down was chewing on
something. Gum wasnt allowed at
the school, and my parents didnt
want me chewing on my own
clothes. Instead, I chewed on straws,

which were available in plenty at

the cafeteria. The number of times
an administrator stopped me in the
hallway to tell me to take the straw
out of my mouth, and the number
of times I or someone else had to
then explain that I had been given
permission to do so, went beyond
young Benjamins ability to count.
Small incidents like this were typical, and symptomatic of the larger
issues I experienced at the school.
Administrators and teachers alike
didnt understand that, while my
behaviors may have been odd, they
were effective ways for me to function in a school environment.
Since then, autism awareness has
improved exponentially. The schools
I work with now are all eager to learn
more about how they can help their

autistic students and many already

have strong programs designed to
help students on the spectrum. If todays level of autism awareness and
education was around when I was a
child, I dont feel my parents would
have had nearly as much trouble
getting me the accommodations I
Speaking of parents, autism
awareness has also resulted in more
resources for parents with children
on the spectrum. Public schools,
universities and other non-profit
organizations are providing a number of services to parents that didnt
even exist when I was a child. While
the state of education for autistic
children is far from perfect, it is certainly better than it was when I was
four. A lot has changed in 15 years.

friday, january 27, 2017

the bowdoin orient


NYC-based alt-pop duo Cults to perform this weekend


Over 500 students have purchased

tickets to see the band Cults in concert tomorrow. Tickets went on sale
at 8 a.m. on Tuesday, and within 30
minutes, the first 100 tickets were
sold. As of now, seating is limited,
according to Entertainment Board
(eBoard) co-chair Brendan Civale
Over the past four years, Cults, an
American indie band, has risen to
prominence in the alternative music
scene. The group is best known for
its hits Go Outside and You Know
What I Mean, which it will perform
in Pickard Theater at 10 p.m. tomorrow.
This will be the second concert
hosted by eBoard this year; the first
concert featured Louis the Child,
performing to a packed audience in
Smith Union in October. The Winter
Concert will not be the last concert,
howeverthe 152nd Ivies weekend
in April will feature more artists,
which are yet to be announced.
Co-Chairs of eBoard Civale and
Arindam Jurkhan 17 were very
pleased with the positive student reception on campus. With this event,
eBoard sought to replicate the success of last years BRNS concert
which sold out in four hours and also
bring a different style of live music
to campus.
For Ivies, we ask students what
kind of artists they want, and its usually hip-hop, rap, EDM or some loud
party music, said Civale. But we
also want to appeal to a lot of people
on campus who might want a slower,
indie act. We knew how well BRNS
did last year, so we wanted to bring
a performer that had a similar vibe.
Despite Pickards limited space,


CULT FOLLOWING: Maddie Follin and Brian Oblivion of the duo Cults will perform at the Entertainment Boards second annual Winter Concert to be held at Pickard Theater tomorrow night at 10 p.m.
eBoard insists it is the only place that
the concert can take place for financial and security reasons.
Its the only venue on campus
where you can sell tickets, said
Civale. Also, crowd control for the

administration and security is much

easier there. In [David Saul Smith]
Union, there are 40 entrances and
exits; in Pickard, there are two [entrances].
Students are generally pleased with

eBoards decision to host another

concert after Winter Break.
Its a really great idea to do a concert in the winter because otherwise,
Bowdoin doesnt get a lot of musical
acts until Ivies in April, said Chris-

tina Moreland 17, who will be attending Saturdays concert. BRNS

was very successful last year. Everyone really enjoyed it, so Im glad the
eBoard has decided to continue the
new tradition.

To the Crossroads: The Beatles vs. Migos and the triumph of trap

Though Ive never really paid

much mind to the hype and buzz
surrounding the award show season,
this year something happened at the
Golden Globes that drew my attention.
While accepting an award for his show
Atlanta, Donald Glover, also known
as Childish Gambino, gave a shout
out to the trap group Migos. In a later
interview, Glover continued to praise
Migos, touting the band as the Beatles
of this generation.
Reactions to this comparison
have been varied, ranging from my
mothers who are the amigos? to
my falling out of my chair crying in
a giddy fit of assenting laughter. The
comparison confused a lot of people,
and rightly sothe Beatles are rock
and roll legends, remembered as the
progenitors and patron saints of pop
music by pretty much every suburban
parent in the world. Migos, on the
other hand, has only been relevant
for about four years. Regardless, this
isnt the first time the comparison has
been made. Back in 2014, Complex
Magazine ran an article on its website
documenting the memeification of
the claim that Migos is better than the
Beatles. It seems like ever since Migos
erupted onto the scene with Versace,
people have been (with varying degrees

of sincerity) comparing the hip-hop

trio to the Beatles.
However, up until this point,
nobody with the musical clout of
Grammy-nominated musician and
famed George Clinton impersonator
Donald Glover had ever publicly made
the comparison in earnest. Gambinos
endorsement gave credence to what
had previously been a tongue-in-cheek
Twitter meme. Therefore, I think it
deserves some serious discussion.
Comparing the groups based on
their musical prowess is tricky, since
members of Migos are not, strictly
speaking, musicians. Whereas the
Beatles performed and recorded with
live instruments, Migos tracks are
primarily composed of electronically
produced eight-bar loops. Instead
of judging the music on its technical
merits, I would suggest a comparison
rooted in the phenomenological
experience of each artist. What is
important is not the theoretical
proficiency or instrumental virtuosity
of the artist, but the subjective,
emotional response of the listener. I
dont know about you, but personally,
I get more goosebumps during Bad
and Boujee than I do during the entire
Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club
Band album. So, Migos: 1, Beatles: 0
Moreover, although neither group is
exceptionally innovative musically
the Beatles rock was derivative (an

opinion shared by the musicologists

at Queen Mary University of London
and Imperial College London) and
Migos has yet to revolutionize the
trap sceneeach group has had a
profound impact on popular culture.
The Beatles influence is fairly evident
in the fact that people still foam at the
mouth over their music. They have
five feature-length films, dozens of
albums and members that have been
inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall
of Fame multiple times. Their
clout is almost unquestionable;
but that being said, it came
over the course of decades. For
a group as new as it is, Migos
wields a considerable amount
of influence. The group has
spawned a multitude of internet
memes, created the infamous
dab and has been at least
partially responsible for
the proliferation of trap
music in American
more impressive is
that Migos did
it, for the
most part,
without the
support of a
record label.
Beatles: 0
This is the

aspect of Migos fame that I find the

most admirable. The majority of
the groups music has been released
independently. The trio has had one
major label release, with another
upcoming, but a lot of its most popular
music, i.e. Versace, Fight Night,
Handsome and Wealthy, Look At
My Dab, etc., has been released
on mixtapes. It is common for
artists in the Atlanta-based
trap scene to operate in this

fashion, so what Im about to say about

Migos also applies to many of its peers.
When I look at Migos, I dont see just
another hip-hop outfit rapping about
guns, drugs and the mistreatment
of women. What I see is the reappropriation and commodification
of black body politics. Hip-hop
record executivesthe overwhelming
majority of them rich, white men
have profited for decades off the
commodification of black stereotypes,
selling stories of life in the ghetto
to kids in the suburb. Migos
sidestepped the middlemen,
making its paper selling
hood dreams directly to
those same suburban
kids while still staying
relevant in the streets.
The Beatles dont have
shit on that. Migos: 3,
Beatles: 0


friday, january 27, 2017

the bowdoin orient


Student-curated exhibit
gives snapshots of
American photography

Art History students dug into

the Colleges archives to curate
a photography exhibition that
opened on Wednesday. Each student in Assistant Professor of Art
History Dana Byrds Snap, Shoot,
Instagram: A History of Photography class presented collections
of photos inspired by a specific
theme in the history of photography on the second floor of Hawthorne-Longfellow Library.
The classs concentrations
ranged from the evolution of
photographic technology to the
representation of women and
indigenous peoples. Although
Byrd has taught the course three
times, this is the first time she has
incorporated a curation project.
[Students] translated ideas
that may be deeply involved with
theory into something that anyone walking by a case can begin
to understand by looking at the
objects, she said.
After selecting their themes,
students worked with Special
Collections Education and Outreach Librarian Marieke Van
Der Steenhoven to explore the
George J. Mitchell Department of
Special Collections and Archives
and selected between two and
five books, photographs or other
items relating to their theme.
Many students had never used
Special Collections before taking
the course, and Van Der Steenhoven hopes that the exhibition
will encourage those students to
come back and to invite others
One of the things that I find
really exciting about Special Collections here at Bowdoin is that
our collections are incredibly

diverse and they are here for the

students to use, she said.
Special Collections houses
over 50,000 rare books as well
as the manuscripts of more than
300 families and individuals.
Getting to go through all the
different sources was really interesting, and to see the sheer
volume of objects in the collection is really impressive, said
Ethan Bevington 19.
After looking through the artifacts in the Special Collections
reading room, students wrote labels
and texts for the pieces they chose
to display. Some students found the
process of consolidating all of their
research into a paragraph under
200 words to be challenging.
You dont want to leave anything out, but you dont want to
make it too long so that people
are nervous to read it, Emily
McColgan 17 said. You have to
find a balance.
Byrd hopes that students descriptions and curatorial work
will teach visitors to the exhibit
about the history of photography
and encourage them to consider
the art form in new ways.
Its nice to kind of see the texture of the real object, to look at
different historic photo processes as they change over time, to
look at different sizes: all of the
sort of things you lose by looking at a digital image or a JPEG,
Byrd said.
The opening of Shoot, Snap,
Instagram also featured a selfie
station of enlarged reproductions of photographs from the
college archives as they relate
to the various themes relatALEX WESTFALL, THE BOWDOIN ORIENT
ing to the history of AmeriINSTANT EXPOSURE: (TOP:) An exhibition attendee snaps a photograph at the opening of Shoot, Snap, Instagram in Hawthorne-Longfellow
can photography.
The exhibit will be on display un- Library. (LEFT:) Special Collections Education and Outreach Librarian Marieke Van Der Steenhoven stands aside the exhibits selfie station, where participants
til the end of the semester in May. were encouraged to pose with a photo of the 1896 gymnastic team from the archives. (RIGHT:) Promotional posters for the exhibit at the opening.


PRESIDENTIAL FOCUS: (LEFT:) The Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln as President of the U.S., Capitol, Washington, D.C., 1861, wood engraving by Winslow Homer, American 1826-1910. (RIGHT:) Inauguration of Abraham
Lincoln, March 4, 1861, salt print attributed to Alexander Gardner, American 1821-1882. The photograph was acquired from Sothebys of New York in October of 2016. The photograph is rare, with only two other copies in existenceone
at the Library of Congress and the other at the Smithsonian museum in Washington D.C. According to Co-Director of the Museum Frank Goodyear, the Museum was interested in the piece not only for its historic importance but also because
of the Winslow Homer print in the Museums collection of the same inauguration. The Bowdoin College Museum of Art intends to display the piece to the public at some point in the Spring 2017 semester, as well as in an exhibit in 2018.



friday, january 27, 2017

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friday, january 27, 2017


the bowdoin orient


Making a racket. The
womens squash team (4-6) is
currently ranked 21st by the
College Squash Association
(CSA). While the team has faced
some challenges this season,
it is currently on a three-game
win streak as it looks to turn
the season around heading to
Providence to face No. 10 Brown
this weekend. The mens team
(3-7) is currently ranked 25th
by the CSA and also has a tough
weekend ahead of it. The team
will face No. 21 MIT at home
today and travel to No. 17 Brown
on Saturday.


IN THE BIG LEAGUES: The womens ice hockey team prepares to face Connecticut College (11-4-2, 7-3-0 NESCAC) at Fenway Park on January 12. The Polar Bears worked with Dr. Ti Jones, a sports psychiatrist
hired by Bowdoin this year, to maintain the right mindset leading up to the game. The extra mental preparation was key, as the team had to adapt to dicult conditions and melting ice to secure the 3-0 shutout win.

Womens hockey dominates at Frozen Fenway


On January 12, the womens ice

hockey team left the comfort of Watson Arena for the prestige of Fenway
Park, where they played in the firstever match between two NESCAC
womens teams at Frozen Fenway, a
series of outdoor hockey games at
the park.
The Polar Bears decisively beat
conference-leader Connecticut College (11-4-2, 7-3-0 NESCAC) in a
3-0 shutout despite challenging ice
conditions, securing Head Coach
Marissa ONeils 100th career win.
Participating in Frozen Fenway
was historic for not only Bowdoins
program, but the NESCAC as well.

As a result, the biggest challenge

going into the game was the teams
mindset, according to captain Kimmy Ganong 17. To help prepare, the
team worked with Dr. Tiff Jones, a
sports psychiatrist hired by Bowdoin this year.
We met with [Jones] a few times
leading up to Fenway just to get the
mindset of what its going to be like
playing at Fenway and playing in
such a big arena, Ganong said. So
she did a lot of work with us on that
and helped us be on the ice and not
get caught up in the ice or not get
distracted by fans.
ONeil agrees that the teams mental preparation was extremely important leading up to the game, but
she didnt want to take away from

the players excitement for the event.

Its a huge game, its a conference game, but its a once-in-a-lifetime experience, ONeil said. We
werent trying to dampen the mood
by just saying You need to focus on
this. You need to have perspective
on it. Its an incredible opportunity,
so we wanted [the team] to enjoy
that excitement and enjoy being
with one another.
The most visible challenge the
team faced was playing outside. On
the day of the match, it was warm
and rainy, which led to an inch and a
half of water on the ice, quite similar
to current campus conditions.
It was like playing on a pond, but
the pond wasnt frozen, said Ganong. You can find pictures online

that show our goalie standing at the

net and there are just rings of water
[on the ice]. It was definitely something we had to adjust to because
our ice here is always frozen.
According to ONeil, the ice conditions actually helped the team relax before and during the game.
They play better when they can
be playful and not overthink too
much so [the ice quality] sort of
helped in their mental preparation,
she said. I think the absurdity of
trying to pass in puddles helped
calm their nerves.
Ganong believes that the main
reason that the Polar Bears won

Please see FENWAY, page 13

Siwady 19 swims at short Womens swimming and diving

course world championships marches, races in solidarity
for Honduras national team


Last month, Gabriel Siwady 19

represented Honduras in the 13th
International Swimming Federation
(FINA) World Swimming Championships in Windsor, Canada and recorded the fifth best time among college
students in the 1500-meter freestyle.
The international short-course (25
meters) championship is held every two years and hosts some of the
worlds best swimmers from more
than 150 countries, including Olympians Lilly King and Tom Shields of
the United States, as well as Katinka
Hosszu of Hungary and Chad Le Clos
of South Africa.
Siwady has competed at junior international championships as a part of
the Honduras national team since he
was 15. This was his first time competing at the senior level.

Eight swimmers represented Honduras in different events, all of whom

Siwady previously met back home or
at other international championships.
Honduras is a very weak country in
athletics, we dont have the best swimmers in the world, he said. We dont
excel that much, but I was able to still
perform well, despite that.
He participated in two events: the
1500-meter freestyle and the 200-meter butterfly. In his stronger event, the
1500, he beat his personal record with
a time of 16:32.62.
If you train hard and you prepare
well, in the moment you can accomplish your goals if you think about
them everyday, Siwady said.
Though Siwady has been swimming
competitively since he was five, the international stage can still be daunting.

Please see SIWADY, page 12

On Saturday, as hundreds of thousands of Americans gathered to participate in Womens Marches across

the country, the Bowdoin womens
swimming and diving team took a
moment during their division meet to
show solidarity with the movement.
At the end of the meet, all femaleidentifying members of the four
NESCAC teamsBowdoin, Colby,
Wesleyan and Trinitywere invited
to partake in a mixed relay. Instead
of competing as separate colleges,
swimmers and divers from all teams
lined up and completed their final
event together. Using a variety of
strokes for varying distances, the
women forewent competition and
swam in sync with one another for
nearly five minutes before concluding
the meet.
I think it was just really cool that
we got participation by almost all of
the women at the meet, said womens
captain Isabel Schwartz 17. It was

really powerful to see everyone lined

up behind the blocks, giving each
other high fives at the end of the relay and seeing everyone try to swim
The four teams also chose to begin
the meet with a small-scale march
from the locker rooms onto the
pool deck. Instead of walking out as
separate teams, the women entered
together, led by the teams captains
and followed by an integrated group
of swimmers and divers from all the
Once gathered on deck, the captains read a statement about the
march and then had a moment of silence to honor the events of the day.
Colby womens swimming captain
Cat Padgett 17, who spearheaded the
event, first suggested it when athletes,
including Padgett herself, realized
the Saturday meet conflicted with
the womens marches. Determined to
participate in some capacity, Padgett

Please see SWIMMING, page 13

Hot shot. Over winter break,

Jack Simonds 19 was named
NESCAC Player of the Week for
mens basketball after scoring 44
points between the teams last
two wins over Maine-Presque
Isle and Williams. In the games,
Simonds averaged 6.5 rebounds,
4.5 assists and shot 53 percent
from the three-point range. The
team currently has a record of
9-8 but is 1-4 in conference play.
As a result, the team is ranked
10th in the NESCAC. It will
travel to Colby on Saturday for
its next NESCAC matchup.

Locked in for lax. On

Monday, the U.S. Intercollegiate

Lacrosse Association ranked
Bowdoin mens lacrosse 11th
in the nation in its Division III
Preseason Poll. Setting the stage
for a competitive in-conference
season, the Polar Bears are joined
in the top 20 by five other NESCAC teams, including Tufts at
No. 2 and Amherst at No. 9. The
team finished last season with a
12-5 record and advanced to the
NESCAC semifinals.

Queen of the court.

Chamique Holdsclaw will be on

campus on February 1 as part
of Bowdoin Athletics Leadership and Empowerment through
Athletics Principle (LEAP) Initiative. Holdsclaw is a womens
basketball Olympic gold
medalist who has been heavily involved in mental health
and wellness activism after an
astounding career that included three consecutive NCAA
championships at the University
of Tennessee and six WNBA
All-Star honors. Her documentary Mind | Game: The Unquiet
Journey of Chamique Holdsclaw, will be screened at 7:30
p.m. on Wednesday in Kresge
Auditorium, followed by a panel
discussion at 8:30 p.m. also in
Kresge Auditorium.




the bowdoin orient

friday, january 27, 2017


GETTING OVER IT: Joseph Staudt 19 jumps over a hurdle during Bowdoins track and field meet on January 14. In last weeks home invitational, Staudt finished first in the 60 meter hurdles and the mens team as a whole finished with four event wins.

Indoor track and field season opens with early

success, sets high expectations for next meets


GOING THE DISTANCE: Brian Greenberg 18 competes in the long jump during Bowdoins
second invitational. He finished first in the triple jump (14.34 m) and second in the long jump (6.56 m).

Over break, both the Bowdoin

womens and mens indoor track and
field teams started off their seasons
strong at a pair of home invitationals.
In the first invitational, the
womens team placed first, edging
out Worcester Polytechnic Institute
(WPI) by half a point in a tight, seven-team field. The men placed second behind WPI, and the following
week again took second place, losing
only to MIT, but placing higher than
Tufts for the first time in five years.
The womens team placed fourth at
the competitive second invitational.
I think that the way the men
and the women are covering all the
events this year has been different
than in some years past, said Head
Coach Peter Slovenski. It is much
better for the team when we have
good athletes in all events, which we
are not always able to do.
There were a wide array of standout performances between the two
invitationals, including sweeping
the 4x400 relay at the first meet.
At the second invitational, Joseph
Staudt 19 broke his own field house
and Bowdoin record in the 60m hurdles with a time of 8.30 seconds.
Helping round out the womens
roster this season is a massive group
of first years19 in allled by Morgen Gallagher 20, who placed first
in the long jump during the teams
first meet.

Our entire first-year class has really been stepping it up this season,
said captain Pamela Zabala 17. I
think it is a testament to their hard
work during preseason.
Even though Bowdoin is a relatively small school compared to
its competition, Slovenski is confident that the teams will find success in the postseason. He believes
that both teams can win the Maine
State meet on February 3-4 and two
weeks later follow it up with top 5
finishes in the New England DIII
track championship. He also hopes
that several individual athletes will
qualify for nationals along the way.
That being said, their success is
dependent on recovering from and
preventing injuries.
A big priority for the teams success is to have people who are healthy
stay healthy and getting some of key
members back from injuries up to
competitive form, Slovenski said.
This Saturday at 1 p.m., the Polar Bears are hosting another invitational, this time facing the Coast
Guard Academy and Husson University. Both teams are feeling very
It will be a good tune-up, said
captain Matthew Jacobson 17. I feel
confident that we should get the win,
but it is mostly a tune-up for the state
meet. Some guys will run some different events to work on some different technical things and get mentally
and physically prepared for the bigger meets. It will be a fun meet.



However, he embraced the high stakes
and elite competition.
I like that [the meet] has all the
elaborate introductions, Siwady said.
They play music when you are about
to step on the starting blocks. I just
liked seeing people from other countries, seeing fast Olympic swimmers
who broke world records.
Siwady believes his experience competing at the junior international level
mentally prepared him to feel comfortable and succeed when competing
at the senior level.
My first time [was in 2013], so I
wasnt used to competing at a global
stage so I was little more nervous, he
said. I had prepared well and performed well in that one too, but the
whole experience was very new to me.
This time around I really knew what I
was doing, where I had to go and who I
needed to talk to before my race.
Siwady plans to continue representing Honduras during his time at Bowdoin and hopes to compete on an even
more competitive stage.
Im thinking about participating at
the Olympics, he said. It depends on
how I am with jobs after college, but it
is a good objective to have.


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friday, january 27, 2017



the game was due to their ability to
adapt to the conditions.
The game was a lot slower and
the ice was wet, she said. You had
to almost lift all your passes so that
they wouldnt get stuck in the water.
The ice was bumpy, but we all did it.
We all adjusted and I think that is a
big reason we won.
The turning point in the game,
according to ONeil, was the teams
first goal.
[Connecticut College] had us on
our heels at times and there were
a lot of momentum shifts, ONeil
said. But we scored on a low-angle
shot that really seemed to be a turning point for our team.
We had great goal-tending by
Kerri St. Denis [19] up to that point,
but in terms of momentum, the table
just kind of turned when we scored
that first goal. Then our kids led just
a relentless pursuit the rest of the
way, she said.
While ONeils 100th career win is
a notable accomplishment, it didnt
overshadow the teams success, according to ONeil.
I never focused on that and
same with our players with their
individual achievements, she said.
Its all about our team and always
will be. But it was pretty incredible
that it just happened to be on that

the bowdoin orient



Just hearing that we played at Fenway and we

won, I think its really special for the program and
for Bowdoin athletics as well
Although the excitement surrounding the game is over, Ganong
believes that this will still be a landmark event in the womens hockey program.
I do think it gives more notice
to Bowdoin and for the future players that may come here, just hearing
that we played at Fenway and we
won, I think its really, really special

for the program and for Bowdoin

athletics as well, she said. To have a
womens team play there and to have
teams from campus come down in
support of us and have alums from
years past comeall in all, it was
just great for the College.
The team will travel to Wesleyan
this weekend for a pair of NESCAC
games on Friday and Saturday.


FEARLESS IN FENWAY: (LEFT:) The Bowdoin womens ice hockey team poses on the ice at Fenway Park after defeating league leader Connecticut College (11-4-2, 7-3-0 NESCAC) in a 3-0 shutout. (RIGHT:) Goalie
Kerri St. Denis 19 leads the team out of the locker room. St. Denis made 24 saves for her third shutout of the season against a team who is ranked first in scoring defense and second in scoring oense in the league.




ALL TOGETHER: Womens swimming and diving closed out its meet with a mixed relay to show solidarity with the womens marches across the nation.

and her sistera Wesleyan swimmerreached out to other NESCAC

captains and together, with the endorsement of their coaches, planned
the event.
Bowdoins womens team captains,
Erin Houlihan 17 and Schwartz,
were excited about organizing and
participating in the march as a united
group of female athletes.
It was really important to find a
way to participate that was particularly meaningful [to me], said Houlihan. I am definitely passionate about
a lot of the issues, but swimming is
also really important to me. It was
really cool to be able to stand up for
what I believe in with all these other
female athletes.
While the captains coordinated

logistics, both Schwartz and Houlihan made it clear that the event
was both team-driven and garnered
the support of their parents and
male teammates.
The mens team gave us a lot of
positive feedback, said Houlihan.
[They] were lined up along the
pool cheering and when we finished
the relay almost everyone jumped in
[the pool].
The unity and solidarity of the
swimmers throughout the entire
meet was deeply felt by all.
Its always cool when theres
something bigger than swimming
out there, when four teams who are
normally competing come together
at a meet to do this one thing, said
Houlihan. It means swimming is
important to us but there are things
that are also really valuable besides

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the bowdoin orient

Class discussion

The Bowdoin student body is disproportionately wealthy, with a fifth of students

hailing from the top one percent of the income spectrum, according to a study by the
Equality of Opportunity Project republished in the New York Times last week. The
study indicates that socioeconomic diversity at Bowdoin remained largely the same
between 1998 and 2009, and data published in the Orient this week shows that the
percentage of students receiving financial aid between 2008 and 2015 has remained at
roughly 45 percent, despite increased spending on aid.
The data shocked some of us, but others felt it matched their perception of Bowdoin. This discrepancy is important and shouldnt be downplayed, as it demonstrates
students varying levels of consciousness regarding wealth on campus. As students
at Bowdoin, we spend surprisingly little time discussing classboth amongst ourselves and with administrators, faculty and staffconsidering the dramatic impact
that socioeconomic status has on every Bowdoin students experience, from buying
textbooks to navigating social life.
There are also institutional questions that need to be addressed. Of critical importance among these are Bowdoins admissions policies relating to class and increases in
the overall cost of Bowdoin.
Need-blind admissions are an improvement over need-based admissions but this
1990s policy is outdated and there are other ways of improving our admissions practices. If Bowdoin is committed to educating a more socioeconomically diverse student
body, there are enough qualified low-income applicants to allow for such change. In
order to achieve that goal, the College would need to go beyond need-blind admissions, which is the most progressive admissions policy regarding socioeconomic class
that we know of. By further developing an admissions system that actively seeks qualified low-income students, Bowdoin could distinguish itself as a leader on the issue of
class equity in elite higher education.
Since 2008, there has been a 3.2 percent average year-to-year increase in comprehensive fee, accompanied by a 3.16 percent average year-to-year increase in average
financial aid gift size. These roughly equal increases cancel each other out and keep the
number of students receiving aid flat. If Bowdoin wants to substantially increase the
socioeconomic diversity of the student body, it needs to either increase gift size faster
than the comprehensive fee or stabilize the comprehensive fee. We acknowledge the
efforts the College is making to investigate the budget, but the budget (and comprehensive fee) will almost certainly increase again this year. To achieve a more socioeconomically diverse campus, we encourage the community to focus on the budget and
hold the College accountable to keeping the comprehensive fee stable or significantly
increasing financial aid spending.
Class affects every student at Bowdoin, and we should more thoroughly investigate
how it influences our experiences here. This goal requires efforts from students and
administrators alike, working together to bring issues of class to the forefront of conversation and taking steps to ensure that the reality of the student body reflects the
Colleges goals regarding socioeconomic diversity.
This editorial represents the majority view of the Bowdoin Orients editorial board,
which is comprised of Julian Andrews, Harry DiPrinzio, Dakota Griffin, Meg Robbins and Joe Seibert.

Bowdoin Orient


6200 College Station

Brunswick, ME 04011

The Bowdoin Orient is a student-run weekly publication dedicated to providing news

and information relevant to the Bowdoin community. Editorially independent of the
College and its administrators, the Orient pursues such content freely and thoroughly,
following professional journalistic standards in writing and reporting. The Orient is
committed to serving as an open forum for thoughtful and diverse discussion and
debate on issues of interest to the College community.

Julian Andrews
Editor in Chief
Creative Director
Alex Mayer
Sr. Photo Editor
Eliza Graumlich
Photo Editor
Jenny Ibsen
Hannah Rafkin
Ezra Sunshine
Web Editor
Grace Handler
James Little
Social Media Editor
Jono Gruber
Layout Editor
Emma Bezilla
Ian Stewart
Data Desk
Lexi Gray
Gideon Moore

Meg Robbins
Editor in Chief

Managing Editor
Sarah Bonanno
Harry DiPrinzio
Joe Seibert
Emily Weyrauch

News Editor
Jessica Piper
Sports Editor
Anjulee Bhalla

Associate Editor
Olivia Atwood
Elle Lueders
Eli Lustbader
Calder McHugh

Features Editor
Amanda Newman

Copy Editor
Marina Ao
Dakota Grin
Lucy Ryan
Liza Tarbell

Opinion Editor
Julia ORourke

Sr. News Reporter

James Callahan
Ste Chavez
Cameron de Wet

Calendar Editor
Rohini Kurup

A&E Editor
Surya Milner

Page 2 Editor
Eleanor Paasche

Business Manager
Maggie Coster
Vivien Lee

The material contained herein is the property of The Bowdoin Orient and appears at the sole discretion of the editors.
The editors reserve the right to edit all material. Other than in regard to the above editorial, the opinions expressed in
the Orient do not necessarily reflect the views of the editors.

friday, january 27, 2017

The importance of considering

the ambiguity of Obamas legacy


On January 10, 2017, former President Barack Obama delivered his

farewell address to the nation. It was
a classic showcase of the rhetorical skill that brought Obama to the
national spotlight years ago, which
served him well in his two terms
as president. But tension lay at the
heart of his message between his attempt to frame the successes of his
presidency and his rather urgent
call to action to save our democracy
in the face of Trumps presidency.
The tension between his promise of
change and his ability to keep those
promises raises questions about how
his presidency will be remembered,
especially in the face of the uncertainty surrounding the new administration. I know I am painting with
broad strokes here, but I believe
Obama will be remembered for his
largely successful domestic policies,
failed foreign policies and dangerous expansion of executive powers.
As far as domestic policy goes, I believe his record on the economy will
be remembered as quite successful.
Our recovery from the 2008 recession has been long and slow, but it has
been much stronger than recoveries in
most other developed countries and
employment has rebounded to higher
levels. How much of this should be
credited to Obamas leadership is certainly up for debate, but as presidents
usually receive blame or praise for the
state of the economy when they leave
office, I think Obama will be well-remembered on this score.
Obamas single greatest accomplishment in domestic policy was
the Affordable Care Act. Healthcare
reform was one of Obamas central
campaign promises in the 2008 election, and whatever you think of the
law, everyone can agree that he did
accomplish something significant.
Twenty million people gained insurance as a result of the law, many of
whom would have previously been
denied coverage due to preexisting conditions. But the law remains
deeply controversial, mostly because
of the structuring of the heavily
regulated individual exchanges and
individual mandate that requires everyone to purchase health insurance.
As premiums rise and competition
in the state exchanges decreases, it
is possible that some of Republicans
worst fears will come true and the

law will end up costing taxpayers

more than originally promised. That
is, of course, only in the unlikely
event that Republicans dont pull the
plug on the law before it gets that far.
In foreign policy, Obama came
into office with a fairly promising
agenda. He intended to end the wars
in Iraq and Afghanistan and reorient
our priorities away from spreading
democratic values through unilateral military action. Throughout his
presidency, Obama remained deeply
suspicious of military intervention
and even used the mantra Dont do
stupid shit as a sort of guiding philosophy for his foreign policy.
While no one will disagree with
the wisdom of that statement, it is an

power to shape the strategic objectives of American foreign policy and

take actions consistent with those
ends. I believe his main problem was
a lack of clarity in his view of Americas place in the world. He rejected
the idea that America is endowed
with a certain moral authority to enforce democratic values around the
world, but his actions in response to
the Arab Spring and Ukrainian uprising show that he was just as willing as his predecessor to use American power to shape the world in our
image. And despite his skepticism
of nation-building, our troops are
committed to that very task in Afghanistan for years to come.
Finally, the Obama administration


open question whether this skeptical

attitude really helped him develop
coherent foreign policy positions in
response to international conflict. If
we look at his policies in the Middle
East, it seems he has not fully succeeded in this regard. There are still
American troops fighting in Iraq
and Afghanistangranted, there are
far fewer than when he came into
office. We have engaged in bombing
campaigns and supported various
factions in civil wars in Syria, Libya and Yemen, all of which are far
worse off than they were eight years
ago. Obamas skepticism toward increasing military commitments may
be wise, but that doesnt change the
fact the U.S. is today just as involved
in military conflicts with no clear
aim and no end in sight.
Of course, it is unfair to blame
Obama for things out of his control,
such as the rise of ISIS and foreign
civil wars that would have happened
regardless of his actions. But the
president does have considerable

has continued to expand the powers

of the Imperial Presidency, which
refers to a presidents executive powers that have grown unchecked for
the better part of the past half-century. His ordering of extrajudicial
drone strikes, expansion of National
Security Agency surveillance capabilities and liberal use of executive
orders are a legacy that even Democrats have expressed concern with.
Especially now that all of these tools
have been handed to Donald Trump,
a man whose lack of respect for rule
of law and restraint are, shall we say,
not exactly encouraging.
All things considered, I believe
President Obama had his share of
successes and failures, but his inability to bring about much of the change
he promised leaves his legacy in an
ambiguous position. And although
many will remember him more kindly as the Trump presidency wears on,
I think it is wise to reflect critically
on Obamas accomplishments before
donning our rose-colored glasses.

Letter to the Editor: controversial art display

We live in a society where very
little is sacred and every element of
the human condition is on display
or exploited for pure shock value. It
seems that either destroying or entirely laying waste to previously taboo barriers and boundaries has become an accepted practice in todays
curriculum. This sentiment was recently on display in the most recent
installment of The Bowdoin Orient,
and I challenge anyone to read Nell
Fitzgeralds article, Provocative

Student Art Brings Menstrual Blood,

Trumps Face in View and not be
repulsed. I cannot fathom how offended I would be to stumble upon
photographs of womens used menstrual pads while visiting a Bowdoin
College mens bathroom. It begs the
question: who validates these graphic and visually repugnant pictures as
art? Presumably this was sanctioned
by the Bowdoin College Visual Arts
Department, so I am assuming there
was both consent and possibly en-

couragement to pursue this project.

I strongly doubt any individual who
witnessed these horrifying pictures
ever drew the sympathetic connections regarding period angst that
the artist had hoped. Both this project and its presumed objective have
failed miserably and has likely fostered antipathy and gall towards its
intended subject rather than empathy. Repulsive and disgusting.
Michael W. McCullom 86

friday, january 27, 2017

the bowdoin orient



Coping with the gendered complexities of social anxiety disorder



The privilege embedded in masculinity is indisputable. However, the societal

expectations that accompany masculinity often complicate the realities of those
who suffer from social anxiety disorder.
When society applauds men for boldness
and assertiveness, those who are burdened with social anxiety are often unable to reap these benefits.
Social anxiety disorder is a mental
health issue that affects 40 million Americans and women are diagnosed with
anxiety disorders at nearly twice the rate
of men. This statistic has proven highly
controversial, as anxiety appears to be a
gendered disorder. Much of the literature
on anxiety thus seems to be narrated in
the perspective of the female experience.
I have read countless articles that attempt
to explore how anxiety complicates in-

timate relationships. These articles are

often fraught with phrases such as, He
might leave you and If he loves you
he will love your anxiety. (The fact that
these articles appear to center on helping
women retain their romantic partners
rather than deal with their anxiety is disconcerting.) These articles unjustly impose gender expectations onto a mental
disorder. Their main point: social anxiety
is female and she simply cannot take care
of herself.
The gendered nature of social anxiety
often presents challenges to those who
identify as male. Masculinity is (often
unfairly) predicated on the capacity to assert oneself with confidence and authority. My experience growing up as a male
with social anxiety is laden with such reminders to act like a manI still dont
know exactly what that means. When I
was 16, I had a lovely exchange with an
employee at a very popular restaurant.

I would like to preface this with the fact

that ordering food triggers my anxiety,
regardless of the venue. This spot just
so happened to be a Ghanaian restaurant (this detail is crucial, as one should
know that Ghanaians are often quick to
give unsolicited advice to other fellow
Ghanaians). My heart was palpitating as
I walked up to the middle-aged woman
behind the counter and began to recite an
orderone I had rehearsed religiously.
With furrowed brows she asked me to
repeat myself louder. I was accustomed to
this response, as I am seldom ever heard
the first time. As I timidly attempted to
do so, the woman demanded that I alter
my behavior to fit one that she considered to be belonging to a manmeaning
that I should speak confidently and commandingly. Who did this woman think
she was? My reaction was twofold: utter
shock and confusion. The terror on my
face was palpable; the woman must have





point. Yes, healthy debate and exposure to opposing opinions and

viewpoints is crucial to the personal growth and development that
a college education is designed
to promote, but homophobia and
transphobia arent opinions. Homophobia and transphobia are not
harmless beliefs that just so happen
to be controversial or unpopular
on college campuses. Homophobia
and transphobia are hate, and its
wrong to blame queer students for
refusing to cater to those who propagate this hate.
My own, albeit limited, experience has led me to believe that critics of safe spaces often exhibit a
fundamental misunderstanding of
what exactly this phrase means. In
order to explore its actual meaning, I will refer to our safe space
for the LGBT community on Bowdoins campus: the Resource Center
for Sexual and Gender Diversity at
24 College Street. During the time
I have spent in that house, for club
meetings, Thursday night quinners (queer dinners) or simply visiting with friends and peers, I have
not, in fact, been coddled or blinded
to the harsh realities of the outside
world. That was never the intention of the Center. Instead, I have
found a group of people that I can
trust, that I can relate to, and with
that I feel comfortable sharing parts
of myself that I would be scared
to share with others. I have found
people who share my passions, my

mean that females do not suffer greatly

from the disorder, but the burden that
males with social anxiety face is twofold:
the disorder itself as well as the struggle
to assert notions of masculinity. To be a
person who both identifies as male and
as a person with anxiety is seemingly
paradoxical in the views of our society.
Our culture embraces women who speak
softly, yet shuns men who do the same.
Gender stereotypes and mental disorders
are intrinsicalMy heart was palpitating as I walked up ly, yet unfairly,
tied, altering
to the middle-aged woman behind the
the male and
counter and began to recite an order
female experione I had rehearsed religiously. With
ence of each
furrowed brows she asked me to repeat disorder. In
our growing
myself louder.
awareness of
The inherent shyness of many who mental health, we must recognize that the
suffer from social anxiety aligns with the nuances of gender complicate our underfemale gender stereotype. This does not standing of social anxiety disorder.

Culture of gratitude limits

Bowdoins potential progress

Finding a
community at
24 College
My first semester at Bowdoin was
rife with new experiences. I learned
how to write a college-level paper,
how to best manage my time and
how to live in temperatures below 40 degrees. But built into the
routine I constructed for myself
was another new commitment,
one that occupied my Tuesday
afternoons and Thursday evenings, introduced me to a circle
of friends that I would never have
found otherwise and opened up a
new opportunity for me to carve out
a role for myself on this campus.
And it all centered around the little
house at 24 College Street.
I have never before been a part
of a queer community like the one
at Bowdoin. In just a few months, I
have been able to spend time with
others who share what has become
an integral aspect of my identity. I
dont know why, but I have always
been drawn to other queer people
and, even on a subconscious level,
have found it much easier to get
close to others who arent straight.
Maybe its the gaydar. Or maybe its
just human nature to want common
ground, to seek out groups of people
in which one can feel like they belong. I dont know why my sexuality and gender identity have such a
habit of influencing whom I connect
with, but they do.
Lately, many people have pushed
back against the liberal collegiate
phenomenon of safe spaces.
Claims that political correctness
culture has created a generation of
young adults that are fragile, easily
offended and unprepared for the socalled real world have been touted
by everyone from journalists and
authors to college administrators,
such as the University of Chicagos
administration in their letter to incoming freshmen this past fall.
While I recognize the concerns
that lie at the heart of these criticisms, I personally believe that in
some ways, they are missing the

realized that her statements were transgressive. As she handed me my meal,

with a side of nervous laughter, her mood
had softened. This was not the first time
that I have been reminded to be a man;
with each instance, however, I often feel
compelled to be more masculine. This dilemma characterizes the unfair pressure
to adhere to the rules of masculinity that
are seemingly antithetical to symptoms of
social anxiety.

interests, my dreams and hopes for

myself and for the world. I have
found my queer community.
This is what a safe space is meant
to be. By spending time at 24 College
Street, I am not cutting myself off
from others or isolating myself from
opposing viewpoints. I have straight
friends, too, and I love that I can associate with people who have different perspectives from my own, but
who still possess a fundamental respect for me and my identity. Therefore, 24 College Street functions instead as a safe place away from those
who do not respect my identity.
Theres no rule that dictates that
queer students must subject themselves to homophobia, transphobia
and abuse. Theres no principle that
states that queer students have to
agree with their oppressors in order to be well-adjusted. We know
we cant always avoid people who
hate us. But we can find places and
people that will help us step away, at
least for a little while. We can create communities and spaces for ourselves, and we can help each other
heal, grow stronger, strategize and
work towards a better world without
hate. Not a world without opposing
viewpoints, or a world where no one
is allowed to express their opinions,
but rather a world where bigotry is
not shrugged off as a personal belief,
where prejudice is not mislabeled as
harmless ideology and where hatred
is allowed to be challenged as freely
as it can be expressed.

When Bowdoin students were

confronted with Malcolm Gladwells
podcast in his series Revisionist History, the most frequent response I
heardaside from justified criticisms of
Gladwells journalistic ethicswas one of
incredulity. How could Bowdoin be criticized for its financial aid policiesthe
same policies that receive so much praise
for their generosity? In conversations and
in social media, it appeared that it was almost sacrilegious to criticize Bowdoin for
not giving more as this contrasted with
the prevailing attitude on campus. But the
reality of the situation is a little more complicated: as Inside Higher Ed reported
in July, Bowdoin does not give as many
Pell Grants as some of our peer schools,
including Amherst and Williams. Further, we do not necessarily have the financial diversity that campus attitude would
have us believe: a recent New York Times
report listed schools where there were
more students from the top 1 percent
than the bottom 60 percentout of the
38 schools in the U.S. where this is true,
Bowdoin is listed as No. 25.
I see the response to Malcolm
Gladwells podcast as part of the larger
problem of Bowdoins culture of gratitude. It is one which I see created by the
administration and socially enforced
by students. Bowdoin drills into us a
need to be thankful. Administrators
make a point to remind us that not every school does so much to ensure the
well-being and happiness of its
studentslook at all of the
resources available to
us! This is then reinforced by perks
from lobster bakes
to the abundance
of talks we have
been treated to
this semester.
We begin to
offer stock responses whenever
someone begins
a complaint. Criticisms of the unappealing options at the
dining hall are often
met by others reminders of how Bowdoin has
such good food generallyafter all, were ranked
as the second-best school

for food in the country. Obviously, this is a

light example. But the attitude extends to
issues of much greater importanceindividuals are often loath to criticize Bowdoins various services or responses to
campus issues, or when they do criticize
them, frequently feel the need to qualify
their statements by stating how generous
Bowdoin is for what it does have. Overall,
the prevailing attitude seems to be: what
is the point of complaining when things
are so good for us?
And, generally, things are good. I am
grateful for Bowdoins various resources,
care for our well-being and all of the various perks. I would not want to see them go
away. However, like every other college in
the country, Bowdoin isnt perfect. There
is room for improvement on a number of
meaningful issuesthe diversity of faculty, our role in the environment and our
role as a social agent, just to name a few.
But this culture of gratitude frequently
prevents important change from taking place and breeds complacency. Even
more importantly, this attitude frequently
stifles even the discussion of potential
change. When we reinforce the idea that
Bowdoin has done so much for us, it often appears silly to desire improvement.
The logic behind these arguments isnt
sound. Just because we are doing well in
some areas does not mean that we cannot
still do better. A reminder of the benefits
we have at Bowdoin is importantbut
ultimately so that we can continue to
improve upon them. Speaking out isnt
shameful, its productive to a better school
and society. In this column, I will aim to
address not only larger issues on
Bowdoins campus and beyond, but also the little
things. Above all, I
will advocate for
changes, even
when they may
seem trivial.
While this may
be seen as irritating complainingand
I wouldnt necessarily argue
with this characterizationI believe that we need
constant reminders
that we should never
be satisfied with the
status quo, whether
its at Bowdoin or in
at large.


friday, january 27, 2017

the bowdoin orient



Get Organized Drop-in Session For Students

Students are invited to meet with an academic mentor to get
organized for the new semester.
Center for Learning & Teaching, Kanbar Hall. 1 p.m.

Spring Volunteer Fair

The McKeen Center for the Common Good will provide

information about community service opportunities about how
students can get involved. Options range
from weekly service groups to special
volunteer events.
Banister Hall, McKeen Center for the Common Good. 4 p.m.

Arctic Museum Student Night


The Peary-MacMillan Arctic Museum will open its doors for

student tours, a capella performances by the Longfellows and
Ursus Verses and snacks - including a
chocolate fountain.
2nd Floor, Hubbard Hall. 7 p.m.

SIGNS IN SOLIDARITY: Posters from the Womens March on Washington cover a fence in front of the Capitol Building in Washington DC. The march represented a call to
protect womens rights, safety and health. Many Bowdoin students participated in marches across the country and globe. See page 4.


Amernet String Quartet

The acclaimed quartet will perform several works including

String Quartet #2 in Raag Ahir-bhairav, a new piece by Associate
Professor of Music Vineet Shende.
Kanbar Auditorium, Studzinski Recital Hall. 7:30 p.m.

Fitness and Wellness Classes

Fitness classes will resume with Vinyasa Flow Yoga at 4:30 p.m.
in Room 301 Buck Center for Health and Fitness. A full schedule
and description of offerings can be found online.
Buck Center for Health and Fitness. All Day.


Cults Concert

The indie band will perform in the annual Winter Concert hosted
by the eBoard. See page 8.
Pickard Theater. 10 p.m.


A Theatrical Performance of Anton Chekhov's

The Cherry Orchard"
The Russian and Theater and Dance Departments will host a
film screening of a stage production by the Moscow Art Theatre
of the Russian play. The Cherry Orchard centers on themes of
modernity and cultural futility.
Smith Auditorium, Sills Hall. 6 p.m.


Uncommon Hour


First Year







Gallery Conversation: "Perspectives from

Postwar Hiroshima"

Michael Amano '17, co-curator of the exhibition Perspectives

from Postwar Hiroshima: Chuzo Tamotzu, Children's Drawings,
and the Art of Resolution, will discuss issues faced by the
citizens of Hiroshima following the aftermath of World War II.
Organized by Japanese-American artist Chuzo Tomatzu, the
exhibition features drawings exchanged between children in
Hiroshima and Santa Fe.
Bowdoin College Museum of Art. Noon.

Mind / Game - The Unquiet Journey of

Chamique Holdsclaw

Chamique Holdsclaw, former WNBA All-Star, Olympic Gold

Medalist and 3-time University of Tennessee Lady Vols NCAA
Champion, will speak about mental health and wellness
activism. Her dedication to issues of mental health stems from
her own struggle with depression.
Kresge Auditorium, Visual Arts Center. 7:30 p.m.

"The Prescience of Philip Roth and 'The Plot

Against America'"

Harrison King McCann Professor of English Marylin Reizbaum

will discuss Philip Roth's novel The Plot Against America,"
which has relevance to the 2016 election. The talk is part of the
Bowdoin Book Lecture Series.
Lancaster Lounge, Moulton Union. 7 p.m.




The Career Planning Center will hold an information session to

discuss grant and fellowship opportunities.
Main Lounge, Moulton Union. 1 p.m.

Father Michael Pfleger, a senior pastor from Chicago and an

outspoken advocate for social justice, will speak in commemoration of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr in the annual lecture series.
Kresge Auditorium, Visual Arts Center. 7 p.m.

Funded Internships & Fellowships

Info Session


Security in the
21st Century"

"The Sermon Dr. King Never Preached"


Trump, Trade, and

Global Populism