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# Natural Frequency Electric Motor Equation and Calculator

## Electric Motors, Generators and Drives

Machine Design
Mechanics and Machine Design
Natural Frequency of Electric Motor Synchronous Machines Direct Connected to Reciprocating Machinery
Equations and Calculator
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Preview: Natural Frequency of Electric Motor Calculator
DesignVariables
Weightofallrotangparts(lbs)W=

10

Radiusofgyraonofrotangparts()k=

0.5

Synchronousspeed(rpm)n=

60.0

Synchronizingtorquecoecient(kW/radian)Pr=

5.0

Frequencyofmotoroutput(Hz)f=

60.0

Results
Naturalfrequency(cycles/minute)Fn=

6426.61

The undamped natural frequency of oscillation of a electric motor in a synchronous machine connected to an
infinite system is:

Where:
fn = natural frequency in cycles per minute
f = Frequency of motor output Hz
n = synchronous speed in revolutions per minute
Pr = synchronizing torque coefficient
W = weight of all rotating parts in pounds
k = radius of gyration of rotating parts in feet
When a pulsating torque is applied to its shaft, the synchronous machine rotor will oscillate about its average
angular position in the rotating magnetic field produced by the currents in the stator. As a result of this
oscillation, a pulsating torque will be developed at the air gap, a component of which is proportional to the
angular displacement of the rotor from its average position. The proportionality factor is the synchronizing
torque coefficient, Pr. It is expressed in kilowatts, at synchronous speed, per electrical radian.
Factors Influencing Pr
The value of Pr, for a given machine, is dependent upon:
1. the voltage and frequency of the power system,

## 2. the magnitude of the applied load,

3. the operating power factor,
4. the power system impedance, and
5. the frequency of the torque pulsations. It is recommended that, unless other conditions are specified,
the value of Pr submitted be that corresponding to operation at rated voltage, frequency, load, and
power factor, with negligible system impedance and a pulsation frequency, in cycles per minute, equal
to the rpm for synchronous motors and equal to onehalf the rpm for synchronous generators.
Reference: NEMA MG 12009

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