An Innovative Program on

learning and livelihood

Socio-economic and demographic conditions
of households having out of School
Children & Youth ( 10-19 years old )
in selected districts of Balochistan

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Table of Contents
1

Acknowledgment

1

2

Preface

2

3

Executive Summary

3

4

Introduction

6

5

The Information Base

10

6

Summary of Conclusion & Suggestions

30

7

Annexes

31

Complied by:
Hubdar Ali
Dawood Baloch
Editing
Shahzada Zulfiqar
Designing & Graphic
Asim Riaz

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BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Acknowledgment
The process of designing and conducting this research and analyzing the data after its compilation was a very
challenging task. The scoping exercises in initiation of this study, brainstorming sessions and observational
visits by project core team provided sound basis to find out the focal point of the study.
We are thankful to the participants of scoping exercises particularly renowned educationists Mr. Farooq Akbar
from Department of Education, Mr. Aslam Khan Director Labour and Manpower Training, Mr. Tahir Malik
Regional Manager AHAN Balochistan, Irfan Ahmed of Technical Training Center Quetta, Mr. Raziq Fahim
and Mr. Ali Naqvi Senior Faculty Members and Mr. Barkat Shah Visiting Faculty Member IDSP -Pakistan.
We are deeply thankful to Prof. Dr. Amir Khan lead consultant of the Base Line Study for his professional out
put in processing and conducting the training of enumerators and project team and for his help in producing the
report despite critical security situation in Peshawar city.
IDSP highly acknowledges the support of Mr. Shafique Ahmed Khan (Late), Balochistan Education Minster
for encouraging the field teams and his admiration for this initiative taken for out-of-school youth and children
in Balochistan.
We are also grateful to all field enumerators and data entry operators for their contribution to this survey and
report. Most importantly, we thank all the respondents, informed individuals, teachers, District Governments,
community leaders from different communities of the five districts for sparing their time and taking pain in
sharing their views and offering valuable suggestions on skill needs and cooperation for conducting household
interviews.
I would like to acknowledge the dedicated efforts of Shah Jahan Baloch for his supervision and coordination
regarding the study as well as of all Zaanth team members--Asif Lehri, Ahmed Jan, Sadan Nasir, Ayub Khan,
Sammena Saeed, Farkhanda Aslam, Akbar Khan and Ghulam Raza Hussain. I also acknowledge the services of
administration for its logistic support, all IDSP staff and fellows for their active cooperation during the course
of the study.
We sincerely hope that skill development centers to be set up in the five districts of Balochistan in the light of
findings of baseline survey may help improve the live standards of the people of the province and repay them
off for their time they have spared and pain they have endured during this survey.
Finally, our special thanks go to Japan Social Development Fund and Government of Japan for their financial
assistance for this initiative as well as Mr. Naveed Naqvi and Ms. Huma Waheed of World Bank for their
support and insights during the entire process of this study.

Dr. Quratulain Bakhtiari
Founding Director
IDSP-Pakistan
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IDSP, PAKISTAN

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BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Preface
Institute for Development Studies and Practices (IDSP-Pakistan) is a national level human resource
development institution contributing towards social development since 1998. Institute offers courses of
community development based on theory and practices for the young community activists and development
practitioners. IDSP has also been engaged with national and international partners in education and skill
development sectors in the country. The current initiative is a part of its efforts of creating diverse and locally
conceptualized learning opportunities for the youth and the children excluded from formal education system.
IDSP Pakistan has been a leading national partner in a South Asian innovative joint action research venture of
UNESCO piloting community based literacy, skill and economic empowerment education project for out of
school adolescents. IDSP was one of the leading partners in national Education Sector Reforms Assistance in
the area of education policy and planning operating in eight districts of Balochistan. In this project IDSP
assisted District Governments in formulating education development plans based on citizen's dialogues,
research studies and pilot policy interventions concerning education-related issues with the contribution of
public representatives.
The above mentioned practices, public analysis and IDSP's reflective discourses on educational issues raised
concerns for out of school children and youth. IDSP proposed an innovative approach for learning to address
the educational issues and skill needs of these left out groups in 2005 to Japan Social Development Fund
(JSDF). Based on the concept of various practices of IDSP, Japanese Fund awarded IDSP the grant in an open
competition on regional level with five other countries of Asia and Africa as competitors.

Project Objectives
w

To create, develop and professionalize human resources required for establishing educational training
programs for out of school children and youth in Balochistan.

w

To create diverse learning opportunities using non formal pedagogy and practice for out of school
children and youth in Balochistan.

w
w

To establish public-private partnership in order to develop systems, policies, strategies and structures to
educate out of schools youth and children.

Project Components and implementation
The project has three main components which include establishing partnerships; implementing non-formal
education and the use of small grants for Citizen Community Boards (CCB). The project will be implemented
by establishing 50 community based learning centers and 5 skill and professional development centers for out
of school children and youth aging between 10 to 19 years in the five selected Districts of Balochistan namely
Sibi, Lasbela, Nushki, Loralai and Khuzdar.

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BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Executive Summary
This study was carried out in five selected districts of Balochistan on socio-economic and demographic
conditions of households having out of school children and youth between 10 to 19 years. The objectives
behind the baseline research were as under:
w
w
w
w
w
w

To identify the out of school children and youth in the targeted districts.
To find out the needs of out of school children in terms of skills and education for securing their
Livelihood.
To seek the community support for the project interventions.
To acquire the needed information regarding trade, skills and livelihood patterns of households.
To sketch out and support the basic criteria of project beneficiaries.
To build the capacity of individuals on district level for understanding and designing the baseline
Instruments.

After training of the field investigators and formulating questionnaires, the field work was carried out during
July-August 2009. The distribution of the samples is given as under:

Project Districts
Samples

Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

Clusters

5

5

5

5

5

25

Villages

16

14

9

14

11

64

Households

631

626

688

521

117

2813

Schools

8

3

14

15

12

52

Gds

2

2

2

2

2

10

Number of Children ( Aged 10-19 )

1540

830

1503

1368

1016

6257

Children having no Education ( Aged 10-19 )

1029

601

788

452

488

3358

611

229

716

916

628

2899

Children having some level of Education ( Aged 10-19 )

During the course of survey, data was collected from 2813 respondents. Some 83.72% (2355/2813) of
households were adolescent (10 to 19 years old) who were the project target group. They constitute 33.91%
(6,257/18,450) of the total population. The average household size comprised 5 or 6 persons with 81.62% male
as their heads.
Some 46.30% (2897/6257) of the adolescent population was literate--31.50% up to primary and 8.71% up to
middle level. Non-availability of schools, poverty, condition of schools and lack of parents' interest and their
permission for their girls stood the main reasons behind the dropout.

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IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

PEOPLE OPINION ON EDUCATION SERVICES AND SUGGESTION FOR IMPORVEMENT
Some 18.70% respondents told that the condition of government boys' schools was poor. More or less similar
opinion was recorded about the government girls' schools. Obviously, the opinions of those respondents who
send their wards/children to private schools were different. About half of them rated private schools both for
boys and girls good. Respondents made three very important suggestions which include provision of more
educational facilities (22.79%) close to the population, enhancement of education standard by improving
teachers' teaching skill and their capacity building through on-job training (16.74%) and the quality of
education that cater the community needs (30.50%).

OCCUPATION AND SKILLS
People of the project area were involved in different occupations and skills. Majority of them include
agriculture, unskilled labor, driving, auto repairing, tailoring, carpentry and carpet weaving. Women were also
engaged in income generating occupations such as tailoring, carpet/Chitai weaving, basket making and
farming. Besides that, some of the children were found helping their parents mainly in looking after livestock
herds and farming and were engaged in carpet weaving and labor.

HOUSEHOLD MONTHLY INCOME AND EXPENDITURE
In the project area, out of total 3390, over a quarter (25.84% 876/3390) household members were having
regular monthly income with a single person income up to Rs. 4999 per month. The other income category is of
Rs. 5000 to 7999 per month accommodating 17.73% (601/3390) persons. Some 17.02% (577/3390) earning
members of the households did not respond or register their income. Women and children were also making
some contribution to the household income.
The monthly expenditure categories show more or less similar pattern as that of income categories. Altogether
some 25.84% (876/3394) persons were spending up to Rs. 4999 while persons in another expenditure category
were doing between Rs. 5000 to 7999 with some 17.73% (601/3390) respondents.

HOUSEHOLD LAND OWNERSHIP, HOLDING SIZE AND LIVESTOCK
Some 43.02% (1210/2813) of the households of project area owned land while 34.41% (968/2813) did not
whereas some 22.57% 635/2813 of them did not respond this question.
Among the land owning households, the proportion of the rain fed or Barani land owners was more 22.82%
(642/2813) if compared with other categories of land owners. A significant proportion 52.33% (1472/2813) of
the respondents did not know whether they own land or not.
More than 67% (887/1324) farms of the province were small in size, comprising less than 9 acres. Next category
of farm size in the project area was 10 to 29 acres with 17.67 % (234/1324) farms. The remaining categories
including large size farms had less percentage in all areas.
The survey data shows that more than two third of households 69.57% (1957/2813) own sheep besides poultry
which had also importance in income generation.

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BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

HOUSING STRUCTURE, TENURE AND OTHER CHARACTERISTICS
Overwhelming number of dwelling units 93.07% (2618/2813) were Kacha ( built with mud, stone and wood or
T-iron.)
Altogether some 69.29% (1949/2813) dwelling units of the study area were owner-occupied and another
10.84% (305/28130) did not have the ownership.
The houses having two rooms with kitchen and bathroom were common in all the study districts with the
percentage of 24.81 (698/2813) followed by the other categories of one, three and four room houses.
Mobile phones, TV sets, cycles, motor cycles, refrigerators, motor cars, and tractors were in common use of the
households.
Tube wells and wells were the main source of drinking water supply. Other water sources include tankers,
channels and springs.

SUPPORT FOR SKILL DEVELOPMENT CENTERS AND SUGGESTED SKILL
78.49% (2208/2813) of the respondents were willing to send their children to skill development centers for skill
training. Over whelming majority (88.95%) of them promised to support the skill development centers like
infrastructure management 45.90%, enrollment of adolescent children 24.52%, mobilization campaign
11.22%, provision of venue and land 5.92% and ensuring security for the children, technical staff and centers
1.40%.
Some 5295 multiple response suggestions were made. They include training of tailors, electricians, carpenters
and auto mechanics and education with reading and writing skills, computer, handicraft and many others.

GROUP DISCUSSION (GD)
10 GDs were conducted in project districts. 81 of the participants from different walks of life attended the
discussions and focused those who were out of school or engaged in labor in the age of 10 to 19. These GDs have
been conducted for skill identification for District Professional centers of project districts.

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IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Introduction
This base line study, after giving a brief summary, is divided into two sections. First section gives brief
introduction of the study and Balochistan, objectives; adopted methodology including data collection
instruments, sample and sampling. Data analysis, discussion and findings along with a brief conclusion are
given in the second section of the report.
It is useful to determine the benchmark of the existing socio-economic and the general condition of the target
group population before the project implementation. This helps gauge the project impacts during or after
implementation. With this intention as per project document and requirements of its implementation it was
planned to conduct a participatory baseline survey in the five districts of the province where the project is to be
implemented. In order to establish the benchmark before the project implementation, IDSP conducted this
baseline study by engaging a consultant for designing the survey instruments and conducting capacity building
trainings for IDSP faculty and the field investigators. The consultant along with the project team designed and
pretested instruments in Quetta in July 2009.
Being 43.6% of the total area of Pakistan with an area of 347,190 Sq. KM, Balochistan is the largest of all four
provinces of the country. The province is administratively divided into 30 districts (see map1) with the city of
Quetta as its provincial headquarter. Geographically, the province lies between 25º to 32º North Latitude and 61º
to 70º 15´ East longitudes. In the north, the province borders Afghanistan and Iran to the west while in the south
it touches Arabian Sea whereas it shares borders with all three provinces of the country in the east and south. The
climate is one of the extremes as temperature exceeds 50 degree centigrade in plains while mountainous areas
remain below freezing point for part of the
winter season. In terms of climatic
characteristics, whole of the province is
basically arid. Water is the main limiting
factor for development throughout the
province and at certain places even clean
drinking water is unavailable. However, the
annual rainfall varies from 50mm in the south
/ southwest to 350 mm in the northeast. Most
of the rainfall occurs in winter with the
exception of the northeastern part where some
monsoon showers occur. In spite of limited
precipitation still there is a great scope for rain
water harvesting. As 90% of the land area of
the province is rangeland, therefore livestock
herding is the main occupation of the rural
population of the province. According to 1998
population census report the total population
of Balochistan is 6.511 million which
constitutes about 5% of total population of the
country.

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BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Map 1. The Province of Balochistan showing the districts

OBJECTIVE OF THE BASELINE
³
³
³
³
³
³

To identify out of school children and youth in project targeted districts.
To explore the needs of out of school children in terms of skills and education for securing their
livelihood.
To seek community support for the project interventions.
To have a flavor of information regarding trade, skills and livelihood patterns.
To sketch out and support the basic criteria of project beneficiaries.
To build capacity of individuals in context of the districts for understanding and designing the baseline
instruments.

METHODOLOGY
One week training workshop was organized by IDSP in the first week of July 2009 in which the consultant
worked with district enumerators and IDSP faculty groups to design the instruments for household survey
questionnaire with an emphasis on collecting information that could be useful for establishing skill
development centers in community. This exercise was also an opportunity for skill transfer to the district teams.
Sharing of expertise and suggestions by the participants from the five study districts ensured that a common set
of instruments emerged with inputs, suitable for collecting information in the diverse circumstances of the five
focus districts of Balochistan.
During survey, parallel project team conducted consultative visits of each district for identifying the need based
skills for district professional centers and these visits have been based on group discussions (GDs) and transit
walk in local market.

DATA COLLECTION INSTRUMENTS
The instruments for the survey included: a household questionnaire and a community and school profile
attached as annex I, II and III.
The household questionnaire was completed by door to door visits. It include socio-economic information,
daily work plan of adolescents, educational facilities, local available skills and their contribution in domestic
economy, source of income, suggestions and feedback for setting up a skill centre.
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IDSP, PAKISTAN

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BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

The community profile was completed through discussion with a knowledgeable person within the area. It
covered local trade, natural resources and community availing its usage, proposed trade for youth and
availability of local resource person, information about the local organization and record international or
national NGOs interventions in the area.
Project Districts
Samples

Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

Clusters

5

5

5

5

5

25

Villages

16

14

9

14

11

64

Household

631

626

688

521

117

2813

8

3

14

15

12

52

Number of Children ( Aged 10-19 )

1540

830

1503

1368

1016

6257

Children having no Education ( Aged 10-19 )

1029

601

788

452

488

3358

611

229

716

916

628

2899

School

Children having some level of Education ( Aged 10-19 )

An institutional review of educational facility was documented through school profile questionnaire by
collecting information from school teachers at the sites they worked. It covered net enrollment, basic facilities,
Parent Teachers School Management Committee (PTSMC) or Parent Teacher Association (PTA) and
observation of school assets.

SAMPLE AND SAMPLING
The consultant, advisor and project core group in each district selected a stratified random cluster sample of the
communities to give representation to their each segment in different Tehsils. First fifteen clusters from each
district were enlisted which have been recorded during field observational visits of project core group before the
survey was conducted at field level. These clusters were then divided in school and non school communities to
have a variety in the information. After random samplings five community clusters were selected for each
district. In each selected cluster, the sample included a group of 120 contiguous households and school sites.
The community profile was recorded as per its strength and availability in the cluster. The distribution of the
sample by the district is given as under:

FIELD TEAMS
From each district two data enumerators, male and female, were selected for data collection. They attended
three days training including class room sessions and field activity organized by the consultant and IDSP.
Second team was organized for GDs comprising project coordinators' literacy, Technical & vocational and
Enterprise.

DATA COLLECTION
The field teams undertook data collection for 65 sites in the sample of five districts of Balochistan in July
and August 2009. Each team normally completed the task in one community within 7 days. However in some
cases, survey could not be completed in an area within stipulated time due to difficult terrain or weather
condition. While registering each community, the male enumerator made contact with community leader to
explain the purpose of the survey for seeking his support for the field work among the community.

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BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

MONITORING AND VALIDATION OF THE FIELD ACTIVITIES
All districts were visited by quality control teams for monitoring. In each district, surprise monitoring visits
were conducted to assess district enumerators' activities as per the work plan; data collection process, validation
of formats and interaction with the communities. After recording these observations at field level through
quality control check list, these were shared with the field investigators' team in the next day meeting.
(Annex = IV: Quality Control Check List)

DATA PUNCHING AND CLEANING OF DATA
Five data key punch operators were hired and oriented about the database software designed by IDSP for data
entries of the baseline. Data validation and cleaning process along with the data entries were also done.
Quantitative techniques were used to explain and analyze the data for the report writing.

CHALLENGES
Efforts were made to collect accurate data but still there were some problems we came across during the whole
process. Some of them are listed as under:
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³
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The instruments were developed in Urdu that caused problems for key punch operators for translating
them into English for data base entries.
Instruments comprised open-ended questions. It took extra time as well as more efforts on the part of
project staff in making changes in data that caused delay in completion of task in time.
In the absence of coding for the houses, the quality control team faced much difficulty in rechecking or
re-collecting the data from the respective households in monitoring visits.
In some districts, school profiles were not completed due to summer vacations.
Three sites have been dropped in the mid data collection process due to resistance offered by religious
and political pressure groups within the community.

IDSP, PAKISTAN

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The Information Base
Five trained field teams, each consisting of one each male and female, collected data from some 2813
respondents. The proportion of respondents by sex was almost equal, 50.5 % male (n=1480) and 48.99 female
(n=1378) with more or less similar trend in all the study districts except district Lasbela where the proportion
54.75% of male respondents was slightly more than that of female. (Table.1)
Table No.1

Respondent`s Gender
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

Sex

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Male

307

48.65

288

54.75

284

48.30

311

50.08

218

48.77

1408

50.05

Female

318

50.40

234

44.49

289

49.15

309

49.76

228

51.01

1378

6

0.95

4

0.76

15

2.55

1

0.16

1

0.22

27

0.96

631

100

526

100

588

100

621

100

447

100

2813

100

No Record available
Total

48.99

Gender Wise Repondents
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0

1408

1378
Male
Female
No record available

27
Male

Female

No record available

HOUSEHOLD SIZE
Average number of persons in each household of the project districts in the province was 6.5 while large
household size was 7.9 in the district of Loralai and smallest household size 5.2 in district Lasbela. (Table. 2)
Table No.2

Sample population, household and household size
Particular

Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

631

526

588

621

447

2813

Population ( Both Sexes)

3,897

2,759

4,622

4,286

2,686

18,250

Average households size

6.2

5.2

7.9

6.9

6.0

6.5

Sample household

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BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

GENDER OF THE HOUSEHOLD HEAD
In all project districts of the province, 81.62% of the male were head of households while the ratio of female was
only 3.13%. However 15.25% respondents who were obviously not the family head but qualified for being the
age of 18 years could not respond this question. Interestingly in the districts of Loralai and Lasbela such
respondents were more than a quarter. (Table .3) The sample population by sex is given in Table .4.
Table No.3

Family`s Head Gender
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

Sex

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Male

553

87.64

386

73.38

414

70.41

548

88.24

395

88.37

2296

81.62

Female

16

2.54

5

0.95

8

1.36

39

6.28

20

4.47

88

3.13

No Record available

62

9.83

135

25.67

166

28.23

34

5.48

32

7.16

420

15.25

Total

631

100.00

526

100.00

588

100.00

621

100.00

447

100.00

2813

100.00

Table No.4

Number of Males and Females ( Family Information )
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

Sex

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Male

2,253

57.24

1,505

53.71

5,520

53.53

2,232

51.76

1,531

56.87

10,041

54.42

Female

1,683

42.76

1,297

46.29

2,188

46.47

2,080

48.24

1,161

43.13

8,409

45.58

No
Record available
Total

3,936

100

2,802

100

4,708

100

4,312

100

2,692

100

18,450

100

SPOKEN LANGUAGE
Major languages spoken in the project districts are Brahvi, Balochi, Pashto and Sindhi. Brahvi is widely spoken
in the study districts like Noshki and Khuzdar while Sindhi (Lasi) is the main language spoken in Lasbela.
Loralai is purely a Pashto speaking district. Other minor languages spoken are Sindhi, Siraiki and Khaitrani and
Punjabi. (Table.5)
Table No.5

Languages Spoken
Khuzdar

Languages

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Balochi

85

13.47

15

2.85

30

5.1

155

24.96

124

27.74

409

14.54

Barohi

411

65.13

1

0.19

75

12.76

464

74.72

1

0.22

952

33.84

Khetrani

0

0

0

0

4

0.68

0

0

0

0

4

0.14

Pashto

0

0

0

0

477

81.12

0

0

1

0.22

478

16.99

Punjabi

0

0

7

1.33

0

0

0

0

0

0

7

0.25

Sindhi

132

20.92

0

0

0

0

0

0

228

51.01

360

12.80

Siraiki

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

91

20.36

91

3.23

Sindi ( Lasi )

0

0

500

95.06

0

0

0

0

0

0

500

17.77

No response

3

0.48

3

0.57

2

0.34

2

0.32

2

0.45

12

0.43

631

100

526

100

588

100

621

100

447

100

2813

100

Total

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Lasbela

IDSP, PAKISTAN

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BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

POPULATION BY AGE GROUP
The sample population of both sexes in all age groups was 18,450 people. District Loralai ranked first with
sample share of some 25.52% (4708/18450) followed by the districts of Noshki, Khuzdar, Lasbela and Sibi with
respective population percentage of 23.37% (4312/18450), 22.33% (3936/18450), 15.19% (2802/18450) and
14.59% (2692/18450). The evaluated population is classified into eight groups shown in table 6.
The overwhelming majority of the population (33.91%) belongs to the adolescent age group of 10 to 19 year old
which is the target group of this project. Of these districts, the maximum number of this age group 39.52%
(1540/3936) were found in Khuzdar followed by the districts of Sibi 37.83% (1016/2692) and Loralai 32.52%
(1503/4708). The population data by age group for all five districts is shown in table 6.
Similarly second major age group which comprises 23.63 % (4359/18450) of the population is of children (0 8
years) and that can be categorized as growing potential for the proposed interventions and the potential
beneficiary of the project. (Table.6)
Furthermore it is interesting to note that overwhelming majority 83.72% (2355/2813) of households comprised
adolescent population. The population of adolescent in these districts---Khuzdar, Sibi, Loralai, Noshki and
Lasbela are with respective percentage of 94.93 (599/631) 85.01 (380/447), 84.86 (499/588) 80.19 (498/621)
and 72.05 (379/526). (Table.7)
Table No.6

Age Groups ( Family Information)
Khuzdar

Age

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

0-8

753

19.32

672

24.36

1251

27.07

1115

26.01

568

21.15

4359

23.63

10-19

1540

39.52

830

30.08

1503

32.52

1368

31.92

1016

37.83

6257

33.91

20-25

496

12.60

291

10.39

415

8.81

485

11.25

198

7.36

1885

10.22

26-30

282

7.16

246

8.78

228

4.84

266

6.17

150

5.57

1172

6.35

31-40

332

8.43

402

14.35

407

8.64

426

9.88

326

12.11

1893

10.26

41-50

251

6.38

184

6.57

412

8.75

397

9.21

282

10.48

1526

8.27

51-70

216

5.49

122

4.35

380

8.07

213

4.94

142

5.27

1073

5.82

71+

27

0.69

12

0.43

26

0.55

16

0.37

4

0.15

85

0.46

No Record available

39

0.69

43

1.53

86

1.83

26

0.60

6

0.22

200

1.08

3936

100

2802

100

4708

100

4312

100

2692

100

18450

100

Total

Age Segregation

7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0

6257
4359

1172

0-8

ZAANTH PROJECT

1893

1885

10-19

20-25

26-30

31-40

1526

1073

41-50

51-70

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
12

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Table No.7 Children (aged 10-19 years) in household
Khuzdar
Response

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Yes

599

94.93

379

72.05

499

84.86

498

80.19

380

85.01

2355

83.72

No

30

4.75

144

27.38

89

15.14

121

19.49

67

14.99

451

16.03

No Response

2

0.32

3

0.57

0

0

2

0.32

0

0

7

0.25

631

100.00

526

100.00

588

100.00

621

100.00

447

100.00

2813

100.00

Total

Educational Level of Adolescent 10-19 Year Old
Some 46.30% (2897/6257) of the adolescent population between 10 to 19 years old were literate with overwhelming
majority 31.50% up to the primary and 8.71% up to middle level. In terms of literate adolescent, the district Noshki ranked
first with 66.96% followed by the districts of Sibi, Loralai, Khuzdar and Lasbela with respective percentages of 51.87,
47.50, 33.18 and 27.59. (Table.8)

School Dropout
9.31% of the total respondents did not respond the question when asked about the reasons for the dropout of adolescent
from the school. It shows the lack of awareness about this very important issue and one could assume that either the
schools, Parent Teacher Associations and committees were not functioning properly or parents did not show interest in
their children's education. An overwhelming majority 53.70% in all these districts has ever gone through an educational
facility or experience. Non-availability of schools 32.83% (1802/6207) was the main reason for the dropout besides
poverty, lack of interest and family permission (only for female folk). The data shows that it is true as far as Khuzdar
district is concerned where the biggest reason (54.54%) of dropout was the non availability of schools. More or less similar
trend was observed in the other study districts. (Table. 9)
Non availability of schools is the main factor in case of lack of elementary education (Middle & High) as only 8.71% /545
and 2.92%/183 respectively, adolescents hardly to acquire elementary education that becomes a major source of dropout.

Table No.8

Education Levels ( 10-19 Years Old - Family Information)
Khuzdar

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

No Education

1029

66.82

601

72.41

789

52.50

452

33.04

489

48.13

3360

53.70

Primary

327

21.23

105

12.65

557

37.06

581

42.47

401

39.47

1971

31.50

Middle

58

3.77

98

11.81

130

8.65

187

13.67

72

7.09

545

8.71

Matric

28

1.82

23

2.77

24

1.60

62

4.53

46

4.53

183

2.92

F.A

2

0.13

0

0.00

1

0.07

9

0.66

8

0.79

20

0.30

F.SC

1

0.06

1

0.12

1

0.07

2

0.15

0

0.00

5

0.08

B.A

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

2

0.15

0

0.00

2

0.03

B.SC

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

Islamic Education

95

6.17

2

0.24

1

0.07

73

5.34

0

0.00

171

2.73

1540

100

830

100

1503

100

1368

100

1016

100

6257

100

Education Level

Total

Page
13

Lasbela

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Level of Education of Age Group 10-19
4000
3360

3500
3000
2500

1971

2000
1500
1000

728

500

171

27

0
No Education

Table No.9

Primary

Islamic Education

Level of Education of Age Group 10-19
Khuzdar

Responses

Secondary & Higher College Education
Secondary Education

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Non-availability of
Schools and Facilities

895

54.54

213

21.85

213

21.69

263

26.2

218

24.55

1802

32.83

Poverty

162

9.87

88

9.03

88

8.96

41

4.1

225

25.34

604

11

Domestic work and
Earning Responsibilities

7

0.43

1

0.10

1

0.10

3

0.3

1

0.11

13

0.24

Lack of Interest

66

4.02

62

6.36

62

6.30

128

12.8

75

8.45

393

7.16

No permission from family

28

1.71

2

0.21

2

0.20

8

0.8

48

5.41

88

1.6

Cultural Constraints

48

2.93

52

5.33

44

4.48

28

2.8

37

4.17

209

3.81

Preference to Religious Education

38

2.32

51

5.23

45

4.58

28

2.8

13

1.46

175

3.19

Illness

33

2.01

61

6.26

22

2.24

39

3.9

41

4.62

196

3.57

Distance from School

34

2.07

82

8.41

32

3.26

26

2.6

17

1.91

191

3.48

Lack of Schooling`s importance

43

2.62

62

6.36

41

4.18

35

3.5

16

1.80

197

3.59

Child`s early age

37

2.25

33

3.38

43

4.38

30

3.0

26

2.93

169

3.08

Pedagogical violence

39

2.38

45

4.62

56

5.70

36

3.6

46

5.18

222

4.04

Lack of quality education

33

2.01

52

5.33

28

2.85

33

3.3

32

3.60

178

3.24

Other

109

6.64

71

7.28

198

20.16

162

16.2

1

0.11

541

9.86

No response

69

4.20

100

10.26

107

10.90

143

14.3

92

10.36

541

9.31

1641

100.00

975

100.00

982

100.00

1003

100.00

888

100.00

5489

100.00

Total

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
14

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

People Opinion on Government Education Services
When asked about the quality of education in male government schools, some 18.7% (526/1528) of the
respondents termed it poor. Such situation prevailed in the districts of Loralai followed by Sibi and Khuzdar
with respective percentage response of 32.31 (190/368), 19.24 (86/368) and 11.09 (70/368). However
respondents in Noshki and Lasbela opined that the quality was good with 39.93% and 28.9% respectively
(table 10). More or less similar opinions were recorded about female schools as given in Table 11.
Table No.10

Opinion on Education Services - Government Male
Khuzdar

Languages

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Very Good

16

2.54

12

2.28

10

1.70

99

15.94

1

0.22

138

4.91

Good

54

8.56

140

26.62

41

6.97

149

23.99

21

4.70

405

14.40

Average

74

11.73

128

24.33

53

9.01

96

15.46

108

24.16

459

16.32

Bad

70

11.09

7

1.33

190

32.31

15

2.42

86

19.24

368

13.08

Very Bad

46

7.29

1

0.19

55

9.35

3

0.48

53

11.86

158

5.62

No Information/No
Experience

371

58.80

238

45.25

239

40.65

259

41.71

178

39.82

1285

45.68

Total

631

100.00

526

100.00

588

100.00

621

100.00

447

100.00

2813

100.00

Table No.11

Opinion on Education Services - Government female
Khuzdar

Languages

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Very Good

20

3.17

11

2.09

1

0.17

87

14.01

1

0.22

120

4.27

Good

56

8.87

105

19.96

26

4.42

111

17.87

12

2.68

310

11.02

Average

47

7.45

92

17.49

81

13.78

75

12.08

95

21.25

390

13.86

Bad

9

1.43

4

0.76

88

14.79

40

6.44

58

12.98

199

7.07

Very Bad

2

0.32

1

0.19

3

0.51

1

0.16

13

2.91

20

0.71

No Information/No
Experience

497

78.76

313

59.51

389

66.16

307

49.44

268

59.96

1774

63.06

Total

631

100.00

526

100.00

588

100.00

621

100.00

447

100.00

2813

100.00

People Opinion on Private Education Services
Most of the areas of data collection were in rural settlements and apparently only those who were sending their
wards/children to private schools expressed their opinion. Overall the opinion regarding the private boys'
schools shows that (7.22%) respondents rated private schools for boys as good. The respondents from districts
of Loralai, Noshki, and Khuzdar who rated private schools as good were 23.13%, 6.77%, and 0.79%
respectively (Table 12). More or less similar opinion was recorded for private girls' schools (Table 13).

Page
15

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Table No.12

Opinion on Education Services - Private Schools for boys
Khuzdar

Opinion

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Very Good

0

0.00

0

0.00

34

5.78

17

2.74

3

0.67

54

1.92

Good

5

0.79

0

0.00

102

17.35

25

4.03

17

3.80

149

5.30

Average

1

0.16

0

0.00

30

5.10

2

0.32

43

9.62

76

2.70

Bad

1

0.16

0

0.00

4

0.68

1

0.16

1

0.22

7

0.25

Very Bad

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

1

0.22

1

0.04

No information / no
Experience

624

98.89

526

100.00

418

71.09

576

92.75

382

85.46

2526

89.80

Total

631

100

526

100

588

100

621

100

447

100

2813

100

Table No.13

Opinion on Education Services - Private Schools for girls
Khuzdar

Opinion

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Very Good

7

1.11

0

0.00

22

3.74

18

2.90

0

0.00

47

1.67

Good

13

2.06

0

0.00

73

12.41

25

4.03

13

2.91

124

4.41

Average

9

1.43

0

0.00

16

2.72

1

0.16

56

12.53

82

2.92

Bad

5

0.79

0

0.00

0

0.00

1

0.16

11

2.46

17

0.60

Very Bad

0

0.00

0

0.00

1

0.17

0

0.00

16

3.58

17

0.60

No information / no
Experience

597

94.61

526

100.00

476

80.95

576

92.75

351

78.52

2526

89.80

Total

631

100

526

100

588

100

621

100

447

100

2813

100

Suggestion for Improvement of Education System
Respondents made three very important suggestions which included provision of more educational facilities
(22.79%) close to populated areas, improvement of quality of education by enhancing teachers' basic
qualification and building their capacity through on-job training and skill development (16.74%) that cater the
community needs (30.50). (Table14)
Majority of the respondents in the above tables expressed their dissatisfaction over the quality of education in
public schools (Table #10). An interesting trend witnessed in these districts was about relatively more demand
for the educational facilities than for up-gradation of the existing schools. It shows that the dissatisfaction exists
among the communities was not only because of non availability of schools but also due to existing educational
options available to them. The suggestions of communities regarding improvement respectively demand for
quality of education to cater their needs.
Table No.14

Suggestions for Improvement in Education system
Khuzdar

Responses

Lasbela

Loralai

#

%

#

%

Provision of Education Facility

278

44.06

200

38.02

117

Provide education facilities
for Boys and girls Separately

60

9.51

35

6.65

14

ZAANTH PROJECT

#

Noshki

Sibi

#

%

19.90

38

6.12

8

2.38

107

17.23

51

%

#

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Total
%

#

%

1.79

641

22.79

11.41

267

9.49

Page
16

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Up gradation of Schools

3

0.48

3

0.57

0

0.00

13

2.09

1

0.22

20

0.71

Improve teachers quality

37

5.86

12

2.28

134

22.79

120

19.32

168

37.58

471

16.74

Provision of basic facilities
to schools

12

1.90

20

3.80

9

1.53

11

1.77

19

4.25

71

2.52

Need additional teachers

73

11.57

11

2.09

13

2.21

83

13.37

11

2.46

191

6.79

Quality education should
cater to community needs

103

16.32

76

14.45

70

11.90

17

2.74

28

6.26

294

10.45

No reply

65

10.30

169

32.13

231

39.29

232

37.36

161

36.02

858

30.50

Total

631

100

526

100

588

100

621

100

447

100

2813

100

Occupation and Skills
People of the project area were involved in a variety of occupations and skills. Detail account of male, female
and children engaged in different occupations and skills are listed in table 15, 16 and 17.
Table 15 reveals in detail about the skills the people are engaged in. The major occupations include agriculture,
unskilled labour, driving, auto mechanic shops, tailoring, carpentry, carpet weaving, petty business and a
number of other skilled and unskilled jobs (Table 15).

Women were also engaged in income generating occupations such as, tailoring, handicraft etc. as listed in
Table 16.
Children were mainly engaged in livestock herding and some of them were also engaged in farming, carpet
weaving and labor as shown in Table 17.
Table No.15

Skills Available ( Men )
Khuzdar

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

398

40.49

39

26.90

31

14.62

80

19.42

184

43.81

732

33.67

Bakery Work

1

0.10

0

0.00

0

0.00

2

0.49

0

0.00

3

0.14

Business

8

0.81

6

4.14

6

2.83

1

0.24

0

0.00

21

0.97

Cooking

0

0.00

1

0.69

2

0.94

0

0.00

0

0.00

3

0.14

Carpenter/wood work

2

0.20

3

2.07

1

0.47

14

3.40

1

0.24

23

1.06

Carpet weaving

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

2

0.49

11

2.62

13

0.60

Dispensary/Technician

2

0.20

1

0.69

1

0.47

3

0.73

3

0.71

10

0.46

Driving

10

1.02

7

4.83

77

36.32

99

24.03

10

2.38

203

9.34

Livestock/Farming

391

39.78

36

24.83

31

14.62

80

19.42

183

43.57

721

33.16

0

0.00

17

11.72

0

0.00

0

0.00

1

0.24

18

0.83

125

12.72

17

11.72

11

5.19

48

11.65

2

0.48

203

9.34

Hair dresser

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

2

0.49

0

0.00

2

0.09

Iron/gold work

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

9

2.18

1

0.24

10

0.46

Mud work

3

0.31

0

0.00

21

9.91

30

7.28

4

0.95

58

2.67

Mechanic

1

0.10

2

1.38

25

11.79

20

4.85

6

1.43

54

2.48

Skills
Agriculture/farming

Fishing
Labor

Page
17

Lasbela

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Shepherd

9

0.92

6

4.14

1

0.47

1

0.24

0

0.00

17

0.78

Stone work

10

1.02

1

0.69

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

11

0.51

Shoe making

1

0.10

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

1

0.05

Tailoring

9

0.92

0

0.00

3

1.42

7

1.70

8

1.90

27

1.24

Teaching

7

0.71

3

2.07

0

0.00

0

0.00

1

0.24

11

0.51

Wood work

2

0.20

3

2.07

1

0.47

1

0.24

0

0.00

7

0.32

Other

4

0.41

3

2.07

1

0.47

13

3.16

5

1.19

26

1.20

Total

983

100

145

100

212

100

412

100

420

100

2174

100

Table No.16

Skills Available ( Women )
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Carpet weaving / Chitai
& Basket making

26

30.23

0

0

0

0

1

0.67

24

72.73

51

17.23

Birth attendant

0

0.00

0

0

0

0

3

2

0

0

3

1.01

Tailoring / Handicraft

59

68.60

11

68.75

11

100

131

87.33

7

21.21

219

73.98

Framing

0

0.00

3

18.75

0

0

13

8.67

2

6.06

18

6.08

Labour / Other

1

1.16

2

12.5

0

0

2

1.33

0

0

5

1.69

Total

86

100.00

16

100.00

11

100.00

150

100.00

33

100.00

296

100.00

Skills

Table No.17

Skills Available ( Children )
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

Skills

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Farming

1

0.75

10

50

4

44.44

7

21.21

0

0

22

11.34

Shepard

131

98.5

4

20

1

11.11

0

0.00

0

0

136

70.10

Carpet Weaving

0

0

0

0

0

0.00

0

0.00

3

60

3

1.55

Teaching

1

0.75

0

0

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0

1

0.52

Busnicess

0

0

2

0

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0

2

1.03

Fishing

0

0

2

10

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0

2

1.03

Labor / Brick

0

0

1

10

0

0.00

6

18.18

2

40

3

1.55

Tailoring

0

0

1

5

0

0.00

2

6.06

0

0

3

1.55

Mud Work

0

0

0

5

2

22.22

5

15.15

0

0

7

3.61

Mechanic

0

0

0

0

2

22.22

4

12.12

0

0

6

3.09

Brick Labor

0

0

0

0

0

0.00

5

15.15

0

0

5

2.58

Driving

0

0

0

0

0

0.00

1

3.03

0

0

1

0.52

Iron Work

0

0

0

0

0

0.00

3

9.09

0

0

3

1.55

133

100.00

20

100.00

9

100.00

33

100.00

5

100.00

194

100.00

Total

NOTE: Table no 17 is based on multiple responses by respondent

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
18

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Household Monthly Income
Household income shows the level of satisfaction one can achieve from the available resources. In the project
area out of total 3390 households, slightly more than a quarter (25.84% 876/3390) earned up to Rs. 4999 per
month through their regular salary or other source of income. More than a third (34.95% 238/681) of households
in Lasbela district fell in the same income category. The next income category of Rs. 5000 to 7999 per month
accommodates 17.73% (601/3390) persons. Of these selected districts, Noshki, Lasbela, and Khuzdar had some
25.17% (189/571), 24.96% (170/681) and 19.58% (131/669) respectively. Some 17.02% (557/3390) of the
earning members of households did not respond or record their income with minor difference in district Lasbela
and Sibi (Table 18). An approximated distribution of income has been shown in the table 18 which is based
entirely on respondents' replies and the way interviewer could manage to convince him/her about the
confidentiality of the study. The question about the income level was included in the household questionnaire
with the sole purpose of ascertaining household income stratification but not to determine their earning.
Therefore casualness on the part of respondents leading to under reporting of income cannot be ruled out.
Separate earning of the members of the household including men, women and children who were contributing
to the household income is given in Table, 19, 20 and 21. In the case of women and children the proportion of
earning was very small but still a minor contribution at least giving realization that all the members of the
household are engaged in one or other way in contributing to household income Table 19,20 and 21.
Table No.18

Monthly Income of Household earning members
Khuzdar

Income

Lasbela

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

0-4999

106

15.84

238

34.95

128

18

155

20.64

249

43.08

876

25.84

5000-7999

131

19.58

170

24.96

39

5.49

189

25.17

72

12.46

601

17.73

8000-10999

203

30.34

78

11.45

74

10.41

133

17.71

73

12.63

561

16.55

11000-19999

140

20.93

29

4.26

157

22.08

94

12.51

31

5.36

451

13.30

20000+

51

7.63

11

1.62

190

26.72

50

6.66

22

3.81

324

9.56

No reply

38

5.68

155

22.76

123

17.3

130

17.31

131

22.66

577

17.02

Total

669

100.00

681

100.00

711

100.00

751

100.00

578

100.00

3390

100.00

Table No.19

Household Income contribution - Men
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

0-4999

77

13.01

36

33.64

40

22.23

90

27.78

48

20

291

20.17

5000-7999

115

19.43

23

21.5

31

17.22

98

30.25

4

1.67

271

18.78

8000-10999

179

30.24

10

9.35

43

23.89

27

8.33

4

1.67

263

18.23

11000-19999

134

22.64

5

4.67

32

17.78

11

3.39

5

2.09

187

12.96

20000+

34

5.74

0

0

8

4.44

5

1.55

86

35.83

133

9.22

No Contribution

53

8.94

33

3.84

26

14.44

93

28.7

93

38.74

298

20.65

Total

592

100.00

107

100.00

180

100.00

324

100.00

240

100.00

1443

100.00

Income

Page
19

Loralai

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

0Table No.20

Household Income contribution - Women
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

0-999

4

0.64

5

2.16

21

4.61

9

1.64

51

14.17

90

4.05

1000-2999

28

4.46

13

5.63

95

20.83

23

4.2

129

35.83

288

12.96

3000-4999

12

1.91

2

0.87

10

2.19

28

5.11

10

2.78

62

2.79

5000+

7

1.11

0

0

2

0.44

3

0.55

12

3.33

24

1.08

No Contribution

577

91.88

211

91.34

328

71.93

485

88.5

158

43.89

1759

79.13

Total

628

100.00

231

100.00

456

100.00

548

100.00

360

100.00

2223

100.00

Income

Table No.21

Household Income contribution - Children
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

0-999

1

0.75

3

7.32

3

33.33

5

16.67

5

100

17

7.76

1000-2999

1

0.75

7

17.07

0

0

8

26.67

0

0

16

7.31

3000-4999

0

0

1

2.44

2

22.22

3

10.00

0

0

6

2.74

5000 - 7999

1

0.75

2

4.88

2

22.22

3

10.00

0

0

8

3.65

8000 - 14999

1

0.75

2

4.88

1

11.11

0

0.00

0

0

4

1.83

No Contribution

130

97

26

63.41

1

11.12

11

36.66

0

0

168

76.71

Total

134

100

41

100

9

100

30

100

5

100

219

100.00

Income

Monthly Expenditure
The monthly expenditure categories show more or less the similar pattern as that of monthly income (Table 22).
The table reveals that altogether some 25.55% (867/3394) persons were spending up to Rs. 4999 followed by
the next expenditure category of Rs. 5000 to 7999 with 18.24% (619/3394) respondents of the project area. The
selected districts where expenditure ratio of the respondents was above the average were Noshki, Lasbela and
Khuzdar (Table 22). A considerable number of 17.11% (581/3394) respondents did not respond the monthly
expenditure question.
Table No.22

Household monthly expenditure
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

0-4999

107

15.97

258

37.72

125

17.63

157

20.85

220

38.06

867

25.55

5000-7999

134

20

169

24.71

48

6.77

188

24.97

80

13.84

619

18.24

8000-10999

198

29.55

61

8.92

110

15.51

133

17.66

84

14.53

586

17.27

11000 - 19999

140

20.9

33

4.82

178

25.11

93

12.35

41

7.1

485

14.29

20000+

52

7.76

5

0.73

127

17.92

50

6.64

22

3.81

256

7.54

No reply

39

5.82

158

23.1

121

17.06

132

17.53

131

22.66

281

17.12

Total

670

100.00

684

100.00

709

100.00

753

100.00

578

100.00

3394

100.00

Income

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
20

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Households Fertile Land Ownership
Land is one of the key natural resources the mankind has been depending upon for food, fiber and fuel. Overall
43.02% (1210/2813) of households in the project area owned the land. High percentage of land ownership was
recorded in the districts of Khuzdar, Sibi and Noshki whereas the proportion of the households with minimum
land owning was in Loralai and Lasbela (Table 23). More than one third 34.41% (968/2813) of households in the
project area were without land particularly in the districts of Lasbela and Noshki which is not surprising because
of the prevailing land tenure pattern in the study province. However some 22.57% 635/2813 of the households
did not respond this question (Table 23).
Table No.23

Ownership of fertile land
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Yes

439

69.57

147

27.95

134

22.79

273

43.96

217

48.54

1210

43.02

No

151

23.93

228

43.35

278

47.28

217

34.94

94

21.03

968

34.41

No Response

41

6.5

151

28.71

176

29.93

131

21.10

136

30.43

635

22.57

Total

631

100.00

526

100.00

588

100.00

621

100.00

447

100.00

2813

100.00

Response

Fertile Land by Irrigation Status
Among the land owners the proportion of ownership of the rain fed or Barani land was over 22.82% (642/2813)
when compared with the other land owning categories shown in table 24. A significant proportion 52.33%
(1472/2813) of the respondents declared that they did not know whether they own land or do not. The ownership
of 'Abbi' irrigated land was limited except in district Khuzdar, 20.13% (127/631) where predominantly rain fed
or Barani land owners were more than the districts of Sibi, Lasbela, Khuzdar, Loralai and Noshki (Table 24).
Table No.24

Fertile land by Irrigation Status
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Abbi

127

20.13

5

0.95

75

12.76

47

7.57

36

8.05

290

10.31

Barani

140

22.19

130

24.71

44

7.48

132

21.26

196

43.85

642

22.82

Both

287

45.48

12

2.28

13

2.21

94

15.14

3

0.67

409

14.54

Do not know

77

12.2

379

72.05

456

77.55

348

56.04

212

47.43

1472

52.33

Total

631

100.00

526

100.00

588

100.00

621

100.00

447

100.00

2813

100.00

Land Type

Holding Size
More than 67% (887/1324) of the farms of the province were small in size with less than 9 acres of land. The
corresponding farm size was large in the district of Noshki followed by Lasbela with percentage of 91.33 and
76.71 respectively. Next category of the farm size in the project area was 10 to 29 acres with 17.67 % (234/1324)
farms as compare to the district of Khuzdar and Lasbela. The remaining farm size categories including of extra
large size had less percentage in all areas (Table 25).

Page
21

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Table No.25

Household size of fertile land
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

0-9

212

53-94

56

76.71

49

60.49

432

91.33

138

45.39

887

66.69

10-29

154

39.19

14

19.18

14

17.28

24

5.07

28

9.21

234

17.67

30-49

19

4.83

3

4.11

10

12.35

2

0.42

39

12.83

73

5.51

50-99

7

1.78

0

0

3

3.7

1

0.21

52

17.11

63

4.76

100 and above

1

0.26

0

0

5

6.18

14

2.97

47

15.46

67

5.06

393

100.00

73

100.00

81

100.00

473

100.00

304

100.00

1324

100.00

Area

Total

Land Tenure
In the study area, it is no surprise that overwhelming majority of the respondents 52.11% (1466/2813) avoided
answering the question about the land tenure-ship. However, more than a third 35.80% (1007/2813) of them had land
ownership. The owners with higher number of land tenure than the province's proportion were in the districts of
Khuzdar 59.43% (375/631), Sibi 42.50% (190/447) and Noshki 36.55% (227/621). Only 12.09% (340/2813) were
cultivating farmers and their highest number was recorded in the districts of Khuzdar, Loralai, and Sibi respectively.
(Table 26).
Table No.26

Land tenure ship Owner or Cultivator
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

Type

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Owner

375

59.43

146

27.76

69

11.73

227

36.55

190

42.51

1007

35.80

Cultivator

183

29

1

0.19

64

10.88

47

7.57

45

10.07

340

12.09

No reply

73

11.57

379

72.05

455

77.38

347

55.88

212

47.43

1466

52.11

Total

631

100.00

526

100.00

588

100.00

621

100.00

447

100.00

2813

100.00

Livestock
Animals play key role in the household's income generation in the region like Balochistan where due to water
scarcity, bulk of the area is rangeland and the farmers kept animals/livestock for all purposes. The survey data
shows that more than two third of the households 69.57% (1957/2813) keep livestock. The ratio of those
households having no livestock was less than 1% (27/2813). However, interestingly, some 29.47% (829/2813)
of households avoided to respond the question about the livestock owning households. The ratio of the tradition
of having livestock at household level was highest in Khuzdar 83.36% (526/631) followed by the districts of
Loralai, Noshki, Lasbela and Sibi (Table 27).
Table No.27

Livestock/cattle keeping
Khuzdar

Response

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Yes

526

83.36

327

62.17

425

72.28

420

67.63

259

57.94

1957

69.57

No

10

1.58

0

0

3

0.51

1

0.16

13

2.91

27

0.96

No reply

95

15.06

199

37.83

160

27.21

200

32.21

175

39.15

829

29.40

Total

631

100.00

526

100.00

588

100.00

621

100.00

447

100.00

28133

100.00

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
22

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Among the domestic animals, goat and sheep are common. Poultry was also very important as source of income
contributing to household earning in all the study districts of the province. Other animals kept for multi purposes
are listed along with numbers in Table 28.
Table No.28

Cattle Animal kind
Khuzdar

Cattle kind

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Goat

496

36.42

315

41.02

254

27.5

369

30.17

298

23.84

1732

31.41

Sheep

268

19.68

45

5.86

82

8.99

222

18.15

94

7.52

711

12.89

Chicken

403

29059

195

25.39

370

40.57

304

24.86

297

23.76

1569

28.45

Duck

0

0.00

1

0.13

2

0.22

5

0.41

11

0.88

19

0.34

Buffalo

40

2.94

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

6

0.48

46

0.83

Cow

43

3.16

64

8.33

178

19.52

15

1.23

193

15.44

493

8.96

Ox

26

1.91

24

3.13

2

0.22

1

0.08

113

9.04

166

3.01

Camel

10

0.73

30

3.91

2

0.22

73

5.97

27

2.16

142

2.57

Donkey

73

5.36

94

12.24

14

1.54

155

12.67

204

16.32

540

9.79

Other

3

0.22

0

0.00

8

0.88

79

6.46

7

0.56

97

1.76

Total

1362

100.00

768

100.00

912

100.00

1223

100.00

1250

100.00

5515

100.00

NOTE: Table no 28 is based on multiple responses by respondent

Housing Structure
Overwhelming number of dwelling units 93.07% (2618/2813) in the study districts was Kacha (built with mud,
stone and wood or T-iron) except some 16.73% (88/526) dwelling in the district of Lasbela were Pakka.
(Table 29).
Table No.29

House Structure
Khuzdar

Type

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Kacha

626

99.21

434

82.51

584

99.32

555

89.37

419

93.74

2618

93.07

Pakka

1

0.16

88

16.73

1

0.17

16

2.58

18

4.03

124

4.41

No reply

4

0.63

4

0.76

3

0.51

50

8.05

10

2.24

71

2.52

631

100.00

526

100.00

588

100.00

621

100.00

447

100.00

2813

100.00

Total

Housing Tenure
Altogether some 69.29% (1949/2813) of dwelling units in the study area were owner's occupied while 10.84%
(305/2813) were in tenant possession. Maximum ownership of dwelling units was 81.62% in Khuzdar while
minimum in Loralai district. About one fifth (19.87%) of the respondents did not respond for not being clear
about the question of ownership. Response rate to this question was least in the district of Lasbela (Table 30).

Page
23

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Table No.30

Ownership of House
Khuzdar

Type

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Yes

515

81.62

363

69.01

365

62.07

428

68.92

278

62.19

1949

69.29

No

80

12.68

12

2.28

113

19.22

62

9.98

38

8.5

305

10.84

No response

36

5.71

151

28.71

110

18.71

131

21.1

131

29.31

559

19.87

Total

631

100.00

526

100.00

588

100.00

621

100.00

447

100.00

2813

100.00

Dwelling size by Rooms
Two room houses excluding kitchen and bathroom were common in all the study districts with the percentage of
24.81 (698/2813) followed by the other categories of one , three and four room houses with more or less similar
trend in all districts (Table 31). Surprisingly more than a fifth of the respondents remained silent over the
question about the number of rooms in the household.
Table No.31

Number of Rooms in house
Khuzdar

Number or rooms

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

1

88

13.95

161

30.61

22

3.74

98

15.78

91

20.36

460

16.35

2

199

31.54

141

26.81

85

14.46

155

24.96

118

26.4

698

24.81

3

157

24.88

45

8.56

104

17.69

90

14.49

51

11.41

447

18.89

4

74

11.73

23

4.37

105

17.86

59

9.5

34

7.61

295

10.49

5

23

3.65

3

0.57

68

11.56

40

6.44

10

2.24

144

5.12

6

29

4.6

2

0.38

36

6.12

23

3.7

5

1.12

95

3.38

7+

22

3.49

1

0.19

46

7.82

24

3.87

7

1.56

100

3.55

No reply

39

6.18

150

28.52

122

50.75

132

21.26

131

29.31

574

20.41

Total

631

100.00

526

100.00

588

100.00

621

100.00

447

100.00

2813

100.00

Household Belongings/Gadgets
In present modern age, the gadgets/electric or communication appliances such as mobile phone, TV set, means
of transport etc. play a very important role to make life more comfortable and enjoyable. The data collected from
the field reveals that some of the gadgets were very common like mobile phone, bicycle, motor cycle, TV set,
refrigerator, car, tractor etc. as listed in Table 32.
Table No.32

Household gadget
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Motorcycle

227

36.15

52

76.71

176

20.25

159

14.48

76

8.76

690

17.62

Cycle

115

18.31

55

19.18

153

17.61

204

18.58

257

29.61

784

20.36

Car

16

2.55

12

4.11

37

4.26

62

5.65

6

0.69

133

3.45

Truck

3

0.48

0

0

11

1.27

18

1.64

3

0.35

35

0.91

Tractor

12

1.91

3

0

28

3.22

17

1.55

25

2.88

85

2.21

TV

1

0.16

23

100.00

50

5.75

104

9.47

147

16.94

325

8.44

Resources / Assets

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
24

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Fridge

4

0.64

18

4.65

63

7.25

117

10.66

75

8.64

2.77

7.19

Computer

1

0.16

4

1.03

7

0.81

40

3.64

13

1.50

65

1.69

202

32.17

210

54.26

321

36.94

239

21.77

246

28.34

1218

31.64

Telephone

9

1.43

1

0.26

2

0.23

102

9.29

16

1.84

130

3.38

Tube well

38

6.05

9

2.33

21

2.42

36

3.28

4

0.46

108

2.81

Total

628

100.00

387

100.00

869

100.00

1098

100.00

898

100.00

3850

100.00

Mobile

NOTE: Table no 32 is based on multiple responses by respondents

Drinking Water
In general, the province of Balochistan is a water-deficient province and there is a need of harnessing water from
all sources with sustainability. Some 34.53% of the households, particularly of the districts of Noshki, Khuzdar
and Loralai use tube wells as a main source of drinking water supply. In Sibi, the water channels and water
tankers are also used for water supply. The population in Lasbela and Khuzdar get water from wells for their use
(Table 33).
Table No.33

Household Drinking Water Sources
Khuzdar

Source

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

1

0.18

21

5.85

171

37.34

14

2.93

1

0.32

208

9.59

214

38.08

58

16.16

180

39.30

294

61.51

3

0.96

749

34.53

Rental Tanker

1

0.18

14

3.90

33

7.21

0

0.00

118

37.82

166

7.65

Spring

23

4.09

13

3.62

0

0.00

108

22.59

1

0.32

145

6.69

Water Channel

1

0.18

43

11.98

0

0.00

0

0.00

182

58.33

226

10.42

Water Supply

9

1.60

1

0.28

4

0.87

0

0.00

7

2.24

21

0.97

Well

251

44.66

208

57.94

78

15.28

0

0.00

0

0.00

529

24.39

Moto Machine

11

1.96

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

11

0.51

Hand Pump

51

9.07

1

0.28

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

52

2.40

Water reservoir - Local made

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

62

12.97

0

0.00

62

2.86

562

100.00

359

100.00

458

100.00

478

100.00

312

100.00

2169

100.00

Tap
Tube well

Total

NOTE: Table no 33 is based on multiple responses by respondents

Fuel Source
The survey reveals that overwhelming majority of the households use wood as a common source of fuel for
cooking which was widely available in all the districts of the project area. To some extent natural gas was also
used as fuel in the district of Sibi (Table 34).

Page
25

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Table No.34

Fuel Source
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

551

99.64

355

100.00

436

87.20

446

63.26

332

89.25

2120

85.31

Electricity

1

0.18

0

0.00

29

5.80

131

18.58

0

0.00

161

6.48

Organic Waste

1

0.18

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

1

0.04

Gas cylinder

0

0.00

0

0.00

35

7.00

124

17.59

0

0.00

159

6.40

Gas

0

0.00

0

0.00

0

0.00

4

0.57

40

10.75

44

1.77

Total

553

100.00

355

100.00

500

100.00

705

100.00

372

100.00

2485

100.00

Source
Wood

NOTE: Table no 34 is based on multiple responses by respondents

Skill Development Training
In order to evaluate the project, the parents were asked about their willingness to send their children to these skill
development centers to be established in near future in their districts. The response of an overwhelming
majority of the respondents 78.49% (2208/2813) was found positive in this regard with the percentage in the
districts of Khuzdar 94.77% Loralai 77.21%, Noshki 76.97, Lasbela 70.91 and Sibi 68.23%. However, some
21.01% of them were not sure whether these skill development centers would be set up in the near future or not
(Table 35).
Community responses toward enrollment of
Children, In Centers

No response

591

No

14

Yes

2208

0

Table No.35

500

1500

2000

2500

Parents willingness to admit children in skill development centers
Khuzdar

Type

1000

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Yes

598

94.77

373

70.91

454

77.21

478

76.97

305

68.23

22.08

78.49

No

0

0

1

0.19

10

1.7

1

0.16

2

0.45

14

0.50

No response

33

5.23

152

28.9

124

21.09

142

22.87

140

31.32

591

21.01

Total

631

100.00

526

100.00

588

100.00

621

100.00

447

100.00

2813

100.00

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
26

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Support for Skill Development Centers
During the field work in the project districts when the respondents were asked for their cooperation in
establishing skill development centers, almost all (88.50%) of them promised to do, except a few (11.05%) who
refrained from answering the question. The types of support available for the project from all the districts
include infrastructure management 45.90%, help in enrolling adolescent children 24.52%, mobilization
campaign 11.22%, provision of venue and land 5.92% and ensuring security for the children, technical staff and
centers 1.40%. District-wise support available for these centers is listed in Table 36
Table No.31

Number of Rooms in house
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Support in Mobilization Campaign

26

4.12

19

3.61

74

12.59

157

25.28

52

9.32

328

11.22

Enrollment of Children in centers

321 50.87

19

3.61

37

6.29

33

5.31

307

55.02

717

24.52

Provision of Venue and Land for Center

91

14.42

19

3.61

10

1.70

15

2.42

38

6.81

173

5.92

Security insurance of Children, Teacher and Center Assets 20

3.17

1

0.19

0

0.00

20

3.22

0

0.00

41

1.40

Cattle kind

Noshki

Sibi

Total

Support in Infrastructure Management

156 24.72

285

54.18

404

68.71

336

54.11

161

No Reply

17

183

34.79

63

10.71

60

9.66

0

Total

631 100.00 526 100.00 588 100.00 621 100.00 558 100.00 2924 100.00

2.69

28.85 1342 45.90
0.00

323

11.05

NOTE: Table no 36 is based on multiple responses by respondents

Suggestion for the Skill Development
Some 5295 multiple response-suggestions were made by the respondents of the project area. The proposed
skills are listed in table 37. They include training of tailors, electricians, carpenters, craftsmen/women, auto
mechanics and instructors teaching skills for reading, writing, computers and many others. The complete list of
these skills along with the percentages is listed in Table 37.
Table No.37 Suggestions regarding the Skills need to be taught in community centers
Khuzdar

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Tailoring

451

37.9

44

6.98

279

24.52

419

24.81

320

32.65

1513

26.89

Electrician

157

13.19

18

2.86

184

16.17

449

26.58

112

11.43

920

16.35

Education

220

18.49

143

22.7

0

0

18

1.07

37

3.78

418

7.43

Computer

11

0.92

92

14.6

36

3.16

153

9.06

55

5.61

347

6.17

Electronics

8

0.67

5

0.79

17

1.49

0

0

0

0

30

0.53

Auto Mechanic

29

2.44

26

4.13

209

18.37

221

13.08

143

14.59

628

11.16

Fridge repairing

0

0

0

0

22

1.93

0

0

0

0

22

0.39

Dispensary

5

0.42

2

0.32

2

0.18

4

0.24

5

0.51

18

0.32

Farming

10

0.84

10

1.59

6

0.53

0

0

4

0.41

30

0.53

Welding

5

0.42

0

0

0

0

24

1.42

0

0

29

0.52

Skills

Page
27

Lasbela

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

#

%

Agriculture

30

2.52

13

2.06

0

0

0

0

0

0

43

0.76

Carpenter

18

1.51

4

0.63

72

6.33

4

0.24

104

10.61

202

3.59

Painting

0

0

0

0

1

0.09

12

0.71

2

0.2

15

0.27

Masonry

15

1.26

34

5.4

0

0

0

0

16

1.63

65

1.16

Handicrafts

170

14.29

2

0.32

249

21.88

346

20.49

143

14.59

910

16.17

Plumbing

0

0

0

0

17

1.49

8

0.47

0

0

25

0.44

Driving

1

0.08

1

0.16

5

0.44

15

0.89

0

0

22

0.39

Beautician

0

0

0

0

0

0

14

0.83

10

1.02

24

0.43

English Language

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0.12

2

0.2

4

0.07

Chatai Making

6

0.5

3

0.48

0

0

0

0

0

0

9

0.16

Carpet Weaving

5

0.42

1

0.16

0

0

0

0

4

0.41

10

0.18

Teaching

1

0.08

6

0.95

1

0.09

0

0

1

0.1

9

0.16

Cooking

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0.2

2

0.04

No response

48

4.03

226

35.87

38

3.34

0

0

20

2.04

332

5.90

1190

100.00

630

100.00

1138

100.00

1689

100.00

980

100.00

5627

100.00

Skills

Total

NOTE: Table no 37 is based on multiple responses by respondents

Group Discussion ( GD )
Base-line findings for community centers were based on multiple responses. Therefore, it was needed to narrow
down these findings for final selection of professional skills for district centers. Thus, consultative visits were
made by the project coordinators to each district. These visits were conducted for the following objectives; 1- To
identify skill and knowledge needs of project target group 2- To collect information about district based skill
intervention by different organizations 3- To conduct GDs with working youth and community members 4- To
identify available opportunities and need of the communities about skills 5- To make visit of local markets for
holding informal meetings with the shop owners regarding market needs and 6- To explore local entrepreneur
Models (female).
In this exercise 10 GDs were conducted in project districts, 5 each with male and female in which 81participants
from different walks of life keenly took part and discussed about adolescents 10 to19 years old who have been
out of school and engaged in labor work. The complete list of these skills recommended by the GDs participants
are listed in Table 38.
Table No.38

Suggestion regarding the skills need to be taught
in District Professional Centers

S#

District

Male

Female

Common Skills

1

Noshki

Plumbing
Electrician
Tailoring
Auto Mechanic
Mobile repairing

Tailoring ( Dress Designing )
Local embroidery ( Balochi embroidery)
Cooking & Baking

IT Course ( Hardware &
Software)
Linguistic Teaching ( English)

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
28

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Page
29

S#

District

Male

Female

Common Skills

2

Khuzdar

Submersible/trans former/ motor repairing
Refrigeration/ Air conditioning
Tailoring
Auto Mechanic
Mobile repairing
Food preservation

Tailoring (Dress Designing)
Beautician
local embroidery
Cooking & baking
Food preservation

-Do-

3

Lasbela

Food preservation
Tailoring
Submersible/transformer/motor repairing
Auto Mechanic
Mobile repairing
Cooking & baking

Tailoring (Dress Designing)
Beautician
local embroidery
Fine Arts
Secretarial practice

-Do-

4

Sibi

Electrician
Welding
Auto Mechanic
Submersible/transformer/motor repairing
Tailoring
Mobile repairing
Leather embroidery
Food preservation

Beautician
Tailoring (Dress Designing)
local embroidery
Food preservation
Electrician

-Do-

5

Loralai

Submersible/transformer/motor repairing
Auto Mechanic
Tailoring
Welding
Mobile repairing
Cooking & baking

Tailoring (Dress Designing)
Handicrafts
Beautician
Food preservation

-Do-

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Summary of Conclusion & Suggestions
The study has successfully achieved its objectives by mapping out the socio-economic and demographic
conditions of the project areas as summarized in the executive summary of the report. More than three
fourth 78.49% (2208/2813) of the respondents were willing to send their children to the skill
development centers for skill learning and make them useful, responsible and productive citizens of the
country. There was a great support which can be witnessed from the response of the 88.50% respondents
promising that they would support the skill development centers in one or other way such as,
infrastructure management (45.90%), enrollment of adolescent children (24.52%), mobilization
campaign (11.22%), provision of venue and land (5.92%) and ensuring security for the children,
technical staff and centers. Thus it indicates that great support like ownership is essentially required for
sustainability of intervention.
The people of the study areas have also identified different areas/sectors for the skill development in
accordance with the local trends, demands and the local available resources such as, embroidery,
tailoring, handicrafts, electricians, carpentry, auto mechanics, education including reading, writing and
communication skills, computers and many others.
These findings provide enough evidence and great support for establishing the skill development centers
in the study districts. As the findings of the study suggest that these centers will go a long way in
achieving the goals and objectives and may bring about a positive socio-economic change for
improvement of life standard of the people of the province in general and of the youth in particular.

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
30

ANNEXES

Page
31

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Annex: I - Household Questioner

Page
32

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
33

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Page
34

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Annex: II - School key Information ( Ki Questionnaire)

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
35

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Page
36

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Annex: III- Community Profile key Information ( Ki Questionnaire)

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
37

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Page
38

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
39

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Annex : IV - Qaulity Control Check List
Quality Control Check List
Date:

District:

Monitoring Period:

Monitoring Team:

1.

2.

Enumerators Team:

1.

2.

RECORD OF BASELINE:
( This Section will be filled during team reviews at field office level )
No of Villages in Cluster:
Complete Formats:
No of Uncompleted:
( due to non availability of target
group at HH Cause
NO of Refusals ( From door Step ):
No of Female Enum Formats:
No of School Profile:
No of Community Profile:

Villages Covered:
Format in process of Completion
No of Uncompleted:
( Refusal during interview process due to any)
No of household:
No of Male Enum Formats:
No of House Holds profile:
Total working days:

OPERATION REGARDING BASELINE ACTIVITIES:

EVALUATION OF FORMATS:

Cross check three or four variables for Evaluation
from the Formats.
( Write findings of evaluation of variables )

Page
40

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

MONITORING AT FIELD LEVEL:
( This section will be filled in field visit of targeted locality of baseline survey )
Cluster Name:

Village Name:

Time:

Date:

Orientation regarding
project

Community Level

House hold Level

School Level

Field plan
Implementation

Sampling for
Interviews

Interviews
Conduction
Process

Compiling of Field
activity

Feed back / sharing
mechanism of the
visited day

Next day planning

Time management

ZAANTH PROJECT

In interviews process

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
41

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

In field travelling

In relax Hours

General Remarks / Observation:

Reported by:
Signature:
Name:
Designation:

Page
42

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Annex: V - School ( KI ) Summery Data
Number of School Observed in Survey

Number of School
District:

15

16

14

14

Number of School

12

12
10

8

8
6

Khuzar

8

Lasbela

3

Loralai

14

Noshki

15

Sibi

12

3

4
2
0
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

School Type

Type of School
Number of Schools
2
Khuzdar
No Record

18

Co-Education

15

Female
Male

17

Lasbela

Loralai

1

0

8

4

0

3

4

4

3

1

8

3

0

2

0

0

Noshki

Sibi

Male
3

5

Female
Co-Education
3
No Record
0

5

0

10

15

20

Total Number of Students in School

18

Number of Students
Number of Schools

17

16

Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

3

0

0

2
100-150

0

0

2

0

2

1

0

2

1

150-200
1

0

0

3

0

0

0

3

4

2

14

1

0

14

14

Noshki

Sibi

0-50

12

0-50

4

7

50-100
50-100

10

100-150

8

7
6

6
4

4
2
0

ZAANTH PROJECT

4

150-200
200+
No Record

200+
0
No Record
0

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
43

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Total number of Teacher in Schools

Number of Teachers
Number of Schools
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

3

1

3

3

1

1

0

3

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

6

4

Noshki

Sibi

1
8

4

2
3
4
5
6+

1

2

3

4

5

6+

No Record

Total number of Staff in Schools

Number of Teachers
Number of Schools
Khuzdar

Lasbela

0

1

0

1

1

1

0

0

1

2

0

0

0

1

2

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

1
2
3
4
5
6+
1

Page
44

2

3

4

5

6+

IDSP, PAKISTAN

No Record

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Availability of resource in School
Khuzdar
Resource

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Total

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Drinking Water

2

6

3

0

5

2

2

7

8

7

3

9

Toilet - Male

2

6

1

2

0

7

7

7

6

9

5

7

Toilet - Female

1

7

0

3

0

7

7

7

6

9

2

9

Toilet for Staff

0

8

0

3

0

6

6

8

5

10

6

6

Library

1

7

0

3

0

6

6

8

2

13

0

12

Black board

1

7

3

0

5

1

1

8

15

0

11

1

Boundary wall

3

5

1

2

5

4

4

5

8

7

6

6

Electricity

0

8

1

2

3

2

2

9

9

6

8

4

Fans

0

8

1

2

3

2

2

9

8

7

8

4

Furniture for staff

3

5

2

1

4

1

1

9

13

2

11

1

Furniture for students

2

6

0

3

0

5

5

9

10

5

5

7

Computer

0

8

0

3

0

5

5

0

1

14

0

12

Chalk

8

0

3

0

4

1

1

0

15

0

11

1

Play ground

3

5

1

2

4

1

1

0

9

6

0

12

Numbers of rooms in school
Number of
Rooms

Number of
School - Khuzdar

Number of
School - Lasbela

Number of
School - Loralai

Number of
School - Noshki

Number of
School - Sibi

1

4

0

2

2

3

2

2

2

5

6

4

3

0

0

0

1

1

4

1

0

1

0

0

5

1

1

0

0

1

6+

0

0

1

6

3

Not Observed

0

0

5

0

0

Uniform dressing rule in Schools
Uniform status
in Shcool

Number of
School - Khuzdar

Number of
School - Lasbela

Number of
School - Loralai

Number of
School - Noshki

Number of
School - Sibi

Uniform Observed

6

2

1

13

6

Uniform not
Observed

2

1

7

2

6

No Record

0

0

6

0

0

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
45

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Item Provide in Schools

35
30

28

25
20

Uniform Observed

18

Uniform not-observed

15

No record

10

6

5
0

0

0.5

45

1

1.5

Items Provided
Number of Schools

40

40

40

35

Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

3

3

15

12

4

0

0

2

1

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

6

0

2

0

0

2

0

Free Books

30

Free books

25

Free notebooks

20

Food

15

Free cooking Oil

10

7

5

7
Free Notebooks
Food

Flour

7
2

1

Free Cooking Oil

0
Item Provided - Number of Schools

Flour

Medium of instruction in Schools

52
50

Language Number
of School

5

48
Khuzdar

2

46

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

6

3

9

15

12

2

0

0

0

0

0

5

0

0

Urdu

44

Bravi

45
42

No Record

40

0

Number of Schools
No Record

Page
46

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Bravi

Urdu

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

PTSMC / PTA in Schools

Type of School
Number of Schools

11
No Record
28

Khuzdar

Doesn`t Exist

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

1

1

4

2

2

4

8

10

0

8

3

0

Exists

Exists

4

12

Doesn`t Exist
4
No Record
0

0

20

40

Distance between School and Village
Number of Schools
Distance

Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Inside Village

7

2

8

12

12

0-2 Km

0

1

1

1

0

2-4 Km

0

0

5

0

0

4 Km +

1

0

0

0

0

No record

0

0

0

2

0

45

41

40
35
30

Inside Village

25

0-2 KM

20

2-4 KM

15

4 KM +
No record

10
5

3

5
1

2

0
Number of Schools

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
47

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Annex: VI - Community Profile Summery Data
Number of Village
17
16
13
12

Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

17

6

16

12

Villages

6

Khuzdar

Lasbela

13

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Number of Houses in Villages

35
30

Number of Houses
Number of Villages

29

Khuzdar

0-50

25

50-100

20

17

15

100-200
200+

12

Loralai

Noshki

6

2

12

9

1

2

2

8

2

1

1

0

1

0

0

1

2

0

2

0

0

1
50-100
3
100- 200

No Response

10

Lasbela

Sibi

0-50
8

200+

4

5

2

No Record
0

0
Population in Villages
40
35

Population
Number of Villages

34

30
25

0-500

22
500-1000

20

1000-2000

15
2000+

10
5

1

4

3

No Response

Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

9

3

13

7

1

1

3

0

0

0

1

0

1

0

0

1

2

1

2

0

0

Sibi

0-500
2
500-1000
10
1000- 2000

7

2000+
No Response

0

0

Total

Page
48

IDSP, PAKISTAN

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Suggested Skills by Village Communities
Number of Suggestions

Suggested Skills
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Carpenter

0

0

0

1

3

Charpai Making

0

0

0

0

2

Computer Skills

0

4

2

4

3

Cooking

0

1

0

0

0

Driving

0

0

0

2

0

Electrician

3

4

4

12

7

Embroidery

13

16

6

11

10

Farming

1

0

0

0

2

Iron Work

0

0

0

1

0

Mechanic

3

5

4

10

4

Mobile Repairing

1

0

0

0

0

Plumber Work

0

0

0

1

0

Poultry Training

0

1

0

0

0

Tailoring / Stitching

15

5

4

17

7

Teaching

0

0

0

1

0

Technician

0

0

0

7

0

Welding

4

0

0

5

0

Wood Work

0

0

1

0

1

Natural Resources at Village Level
Availability - Number of Villages

Resources
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Mud

10

5

6

16

8

Sand

3

0

1

16

1

Stone ( Bajri )

3

3

3

8

0

Coal

0

1

0

0

0

Minerals

0

0

0

0

0

Forests

10

10

0

1

10

Animals

10

8

6

14

12

Fertile Land

9

4

3

13

12

Spring

2

2

0

2

0

Other

0

0

0

0

0

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
49

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Natural Resources at Village Level

50

43

45

Number of People
Number of Villages

40

Khuzdar

35

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

9

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

8

6

16

12

0-200

0-200

30

200-400

25

400-500

20

600-800

3
200-400
6
400-600

No Response

15

800+

12

No Response

10

6

1

5

2

1

0

Facilities at Village Level
Khuzdar

Lasbela

Loralai

Noshki

Sibi

Resource

Yes

No

No.Res

Yes

No

No.Res

Yes

No

No.Res

Yes

No

No.Res

Drinking Water

10

1

2

17

0

0

6

0

0

11

5

Health Facilities

0

11

2

2

15

0

1

5

0

2

Cemented Streets

1

10

2

1

16

0

2

4

0

Local Market

0

11

2

1

16

2

0

4

Road

9

2

2

6

11

0

3

Electricity

3

8

2

8

9

0

Gas

1

2

10

0

17

Factory

0

11

2

0

Schools ( Boys )

5

6

2

Schools ( Girls )

2

9

Waste Management

0

Development Center

Yes

No

0

0

12

0

13

0

4

8

0

1

15

0

3

9

0

2

0

16

0

2

10

0

3

0

7

9

0

5

7

0

6

0

0

9

7

0

7

5

0

3

0

3

3

0

16

0

2

10

0

17

3

0

3

3

0

16

0

1

11

0

6

11

2

4

0

2

10

6

0

7

5

0

2

4

12

1

1

4

1

4

12

0

5

7

0

11

2

0

15

2

0

4

2

0

16

0

0

12

0

2

9

2

4

13

0

0

6

0

2

14

0

1

11

0

Flood Prevention Measures

3

8

2

1

13

5

0

1

5

2

14

0

1

11

0

Union Council Office

2

9

2

0

17

0

0

6

0

5

11

0

1

11

0

Flour Mill

7

4

2

2

15

1

1

4

1

3

13

0

0

12

0

Page
50

IDSP, PAKISTAN

No.Res

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Annex: VII - Cluster / Village Profile
S#

District

Tehsil

U/C

Villages

Clusters

1

KHUZDAR

Tuk
Wadh

Tuk

Nall

Oranch

Wadh

Bardee

Karkh

Sun Chakoo

Nall

Darnali

Sibi

Tali

Sibi

Marghazani

Lehri

Bakhtiyar
Abad

Sibi

Mall

Hub

Patdra

Bela

Wal Pat

Rag Mass

Ghulam Rasool

Sun Chakoon

Purki

Babar Ghazee

2

SIBI

Misree

Bakhtiyar Abad
Abdroo
Mall Buzeeri

3

LASBELA

Shearo Ghujar

ZAANTH PROJECT

Saddiq Goht
Abdullah Stop

Utal

Wahyaro

Lehari

Lehari

Bela

Katore

Goht Hassan
Goht Murad

Killi Faiz Muhammad
Killi Beha
Killi Yalaan
Tuk
Rag Mass
Shardee
Daat
Ghulam Rasool
Killi Fatah Muhammad
Killi Lashkari Khan
Sun Chakoo
Killi Shawani Abad
Chakoo
Purki
Para
Kandozai
Babar Ghazee
Killi M. Hussan Hada
Misree
Kalan Marghzaani
Goht Baroozai
Bakhtiyar Abad Abdoo
Jat Abad
Mall Buzeri
Juma Kach Hanbhi
Mall Gishkori
Abdullah
Qadir Bakhsh Goth
Haji Hashim Wawra
Shearo Ghujar
Saddiq Goht
Khan M. Goht
Faqir Goht
Shaikh Goht
Mari Goht
Qadari Goht
Abdullah Stop
Goht Hassan
Ahmed Goht
Chanal Goht
Goht Murad

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
51

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Bull Ghani
Kishingi
M. Khan Mall

4

Noshki

Mall

Noshki

Badini

Darband Badal Khan
Umer Khan

2

Page
52

SIBI

Anam Bostan

Bori

Jamaldini
Kuch Amaqzai

Duki

Wyalla Duki

Duki

Tall

Bori

Oriyagai
Nasir Abad

Duki

Wyalla Duki

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Jamaldini
Kanobi Markez
Rabaat
Ismail Shaar
Oriyagai

Kharotabad

Killi Rasheed
Bull Ghani
Abdul Karim
Habibullah
Jalal Khan
Madad Khan
Dad Shah
Shah Muhammad
Umer Khan
Sardar Abdul Samad
Saleh Muhammad
Mir Baz
Umer Khan Camp
Jamaldini
Kanobi Markez
Sheer Ghulli
Killi Nawab Khan
Ismail Shaar
New Uriyagai
Oriyagai Nasran
Babozai
Kharotabad
Killi Manda

ZAANTH PROJECT

BASELINE SURVEY REPORT

Annex: VIII - Enumerator Name List

S#

District

Name

1

Noshki

1. Mr. Syed Kamil Shah
2. Ms. Bilqees Anum

2

Khuzdar

1. Ms. Rubina Mengal
2. Mr. Rafiq Ahmed

3

Lasbela

1. Ms. Maha Gul
2. Mr. Syed Anwer Shah

4

Sibi

1. Mr. Syed Gulan Shah
2. Ms. Sajida Khair Muhammad

5

Loralai

1. Mr. Hameed Taraqi
2. Ms. Rozina

ZAANTH PROJECT

IDSP, PAKISTAN

Page
53

IDSP - PAKISTAN
7-A, Al Mashriq Street Arbab Karam Khan Road, Quetta.
Ph: 0092-81-2470243-2471776, Fax: 0092-81-2447285
Web Site: www.idsp.org.pk, E-mail: idsp@idsp.org.pk

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