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FLEXI EDGE BTS

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Topics to be covered
Introduction to Flexi BTS

Commissioning of Flexi BTS

Advantages of Flexi BTS

Specifications of BTS

Units in Flexi BTS

Alarms in Flexi sites

Terminology and
Abbreviations

Troubleshooting methods

Features of Flexi BTS

Frequent problems at sites


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Introduction to Flexi BTS


Edge Technology is introduced on the existing GSM network and does not
compromise network performance and quality

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Advantages of Flexi BTS


Movement to Third generation Applications
Flexibility in pricing due to lower costs for data capacity in High speed data
applications
1 to 24 TRXs in 1-6 sectors under 1 cabinet
There are No limitations on how to mix GSM and WCDMA in the cabinet
No Mother boards or Electronics (fans etc)
Only Front cabeling
Nokia Flexi EDGE BTS feeder less and Distibuted site sollutions refer to a
situation where the system module and Dual TRX modules are installed apart
from each other

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Advantages of Flexi BTS


No cabinet is needed for a fully functional BTS

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Features of Flexi BTS


System Module providing BTS O&M, Transmission and Power distribution
Both TRXs in the unit of used for capacity(By pass or Combining is used)
Power On/OFF switching at Unit level (From power distribution module)

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UNITS IN FLEXI BTS


ESMA (EDGE SYSTEM MODULE)

EXxA (FLEXI EDGE DUAL TRX)


ERxA (FLEXI EDGE DUAL DUPLEXER)
EWxA (FLEXI EDGE WIDE BAND COMBINER)
FIFA (TRANSMISSION UNIT)

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ESMA (EDGE SYSTEM MODULE) :

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Functions of ESMA:

ESMA sends user and signaling data to the DTRX

ESMA terminates the Abis interface

ESMA stores operating software uploads to other units on reboot

ESMA handles O&M functions of the base station

Power Distribution

Alarm handling

Synchronization functions.

Acts as a link in communication between DTRXs.

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ESMA:
1. The system module is separated into two separate modules,
they are:

a. Core sub-module --- the main functions of the core submodule are:

Abis termination and BTS O&M.

Transport interface.

System timing.

System interfaces.

External interfaces (external I/O for Alarm and control).

Test support (extra test support interfaces and controls).

Power supply

Alarms for site support.

Q1 interface.
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b. Power distribution module (distributes the power 48v dc):


The main functions of power distribution module are:

Power inlet from screw terminal.

Power outlet to 6DTRX modules.

Power switched to interrupt power supply to DTRX.

Over current protection of power outlets.

Power outlet to system core sub-module.

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OVERVIEW OF ESMA:

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DESCRIPTION OF THE ABOVE DIAGRAM:


1. SS: Side support alarm.
2. FPA: Flexi power alarm.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Q1: for Q1 network management systems.


LMP: local management port.
Sync OUT: base station synchronization chaining out.
Sync IN: base station synchronization chaining in.

7. BUS1 to BUS5, BUS6/OUT: gigabit Ethernet connections.


8. V48N : 48v dc input power for the base station.
9. PWR 1/7 6/12 : 48V DC output power with fuse protection
to up to 6 other modules.

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EXxA (FLEXI EDGE DUAL TRX):

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The EXxA module is a dual TX/ RX unit, it is also known as DTRX-dual TRX.
It consists of
Two separate edge capable transceivers.
Base band for both transceivers.
The receivers have a diversity channel, which can be switched to either the
paired RX, or the RXDIV input connector.
The EXxA has a place to mount one or two white band combiner sub modules
(EWxA and /or EWxB) for two way or four way wide band combining as well as for
DP mode (EWxA only).
Each transceiver in the EXxA module is activated by a license key.

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Description of the above diagram:


BUS: gigabit Ethernet connection to system module (ESMA).
ER_ _: power and control interface for the ERxA.
PWR: 48v input power from the system module.
DP: synchronous combining of both transmitters in the module to create one
GSM/ Edge carrier with increased power.
TxA, TxB: transmitter output, connects to ERxA.
RxA, B: main receiver inputs, connects to ERxA.
RxA Div, RxB Div: used in 4-way uplink Diversity, connects to ERxA.

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The EX_A comes in four frequency variants. The frequencies of


operation for each of the 4 bands are as follows:

SYSTEM

RX (MHZ)

TX (MHZ)

EXTA (GSM
800)

824-849MHZ

869-894MHZ

EXGA(GSM 900) 880-915MHZ

925-960MHZ

EXDA(GSM
1800)

1710-1785MHZ 1805-1880MHZ

EXPA(GSM
1900)

1850-1910MHZ 19301990MHZ

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ERxA (FLEXI EDGE DUAL DUPLEXER):

Internal

The ERxA variable gain dual duplex filter unit includes two TX and two RX
paths, the paths are identical in performance and function but not
necessarily in design, each path consists of a
duplex filter used to separate Tx and Rx signals.
variable gain LNAs used for each Rx path.
Integrated receiver splitter/ multicoupler.

integrated bias tee.


Return loss monitoring capabilities (VSWR monitoring).
I/O interface block.
RF loop function that is shared between the two paths.

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ERxA (FLEXI EDGE DUAL DUPLEXER):

Internal

Internal

The ER_A comes in six frequency variants. The


frequencies of operation for each of the six bands are
as follows:
Variant

Rx Frequency

Tx Frequency

ERTA (GSM
800)

824-849 MHz

869-894 MHz

ERGA (GSM
900)

880-915 MHz

925-960 MHz

ERHA(GSM
900)

897.5-915 MHz

942.5-960MHz

ERJA (GSM
900)

890-915 MHz

935-960MHz

ERDA (GSM
1800)

1710-1785 MHz 1805-1880


MHz

ERPA (GSM
1900)

1850-1910MHz 1930-1990MHz

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EWxA (FLEXI EDGE WIDE BAND COMBINER):


There are six variants:

EWGA or EWGB --- 850/ 900 MHz bands


EWDA or EWDB --- 1800 MHz band
EWPA or EWPB --- 1900 MHz band

Interfaces:
TxA, TxB Tx input from EXxA or EWxA
Out Tx output to ERxA or EWxA.

DP when DP operation used, to EXxA.

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TRANSMISSION UNITS IN FLEXI EDGE BTS:

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Transmission unit transport sub-modules,


overview:
Module
name

interfaces

availability

Remarks

FIPA

8*E1/ T1

EP 1.0

120/
100ohms,
RJ48

FIEA

8*E1 coaxial

EP 1.0

75ohm, SMB

FIFA

2*flexi bus

EP 1.0

TNC

FIQA

4*E1/T1
(balanced)+2*100BT fast
Ethernet+ one optional
gigabit Ethernet SFP module

EP 2.0

For Abis over


IP/ Ethernet
using PWE3

FIQA

4*E1 (unbalanced)+ 2*
100BT fast Ethernet+ one
optional gigabit Ethernet SFP
module)

EP 2.0

For Abis over


IP/ Ethernet
using PWE3

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FIFA POWER SUPPLY:


FIFA receives DC power from the BTS through its backplane connectors
48 V input is used to generate +55 V supply voltage for the outdoor
units
3.3 V input is used to generate all operating voltages for internal
circuits
power consumption of a fully equipped FIFA is less than 76 W
If Flexi bus is connected to another indoor unit, Flexi bus power feed
should be turned off
power feed is controlled with Flexi Hub Manager
power feed status is also indicated by the Flexi bus LED on the FIFA
front panel
power feed is short-circuit protected

Internal

FIFA Q1 address:
In BTS polling, where Flexi EDGE BTS is Q1 bus master, FIFA is
assigned a fixed Q1 address of 4087
Flexi Hub Manager sets the address to the correct one by default
(if BTS Polling is selected in the Q1 Settings)

In BSC polling, where the BSC is acting as Q1 bus master, FIFA must be
assigned a unique Q1 address in the range 0 3999
each address must be unique on the same Q1 bus starting from
the BSC
a BSC can have multiple Q1 buses which are independent of each
other, andthe same Q1 addresses can be reused on each bus.

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Flexi EDGE BTS site configurations:

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TERMINOLOGY AND ABBREVIATIONS

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FLEXI EDGE BTS COMMISSIONING:


Commissioning wizard has two parts:
1. Collect parameters via wizard screens to construct an SCF
2. Send SCF to BTS and monitor progress

SCF provides lots of flexibility in commissioned process

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FLEXI EDGE BTS MANAGER:


Remote commissioning:
Minimum requirement is an OMUSIG link
File based commissioning:
Complete SCF
. all parameters for that site in a single file.
one click commissioning

template (easy wizard) SCF


easy wizard product is available for ULTRASITE.
allows commissioning by end inexperienced user.
only site specifies need to be entered.

trials have shown that a secretary can commission the site with no training.

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Partial SCF
an incomplete file that needs to be completed by the commissioner.
provides full flexibility but requires a more competent commissioner
required for those sites that do not have standard configuration.
Fallback
when connected to a commissioned site the existing SCF is uploaded,
if there are problems in new configuration the old configuration can be
restored.

UNDO COMMISSIONING:

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FLEXI EDGE BTS MANAGER CONNECTIVITY:


Management interface version:
Version of interface between BTS manager and BTS
a. Minor mismatch --- some features may not be available.
b. Major mismatch --- should only download BTS software.

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TROUBLESHOOTING METHODS:
1. Identifying faulty modules..
2. Performing routine maintenance tasks.

3. Disconnecting cables.
4. Replacing module fans.
5. Replacing module fans for dual TRX module (EXxA) and remote
tune combiner module (ECxA).

6. Replacing module fans for system module (ESMA), system


extension module (ESEA) and power DC/ DC module 24v (FPDA).
7. Disabling and enabling power with the flexi EDGE BTS manager.
8. Replacing modules dual TRX (EXxA), dual duplexer (ERxA), system
modules (ESMA), transmission sub-module, wideband combiner
(EWxx).

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Ultra 900 BTS Sync Settings


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Ultra 900 BTS Sync Settings

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Ultra 1800 BTS Sync Settings

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Wrong Settings Configured in Kamalanagar Flexi 1800 BTS

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Recommended Sync Settings for Flexi 1800 BTS

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Recommended Sync Settings for Flexi 900 BTS

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THANK YOU

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