You are on page 1of 3

Electronic Commerce

-also called e-business


-General term applied to the use of a computer and technologies..
-modern business tech.
-associated with buying ad selling
How E-Commerce Works
* Commercial Web site are stored on a Web server
* Web sites are written in HTML, or XML
* Server also us ASP
Benefits
Consumer benefits
* Access to more info.
* Easy market research
* Lower transaction cost & prices
Firm Benefits
* Changing business environment and technology
* Better distribtion
* Marketing Communication
Operational Benefits
* Reduced errors,time...
* Reduced costs to suppliers
Business on the Internet
Consumer pressure - Consumer prefer shopping on the internet
Economic pressure - Offer the potential for great efficiency & reduced o
verheads
Web servers
- require constant maintenance
Types of Relations
IntraEnterprise
Partner
Stranger
Customer

Between Employees or organization


between "Trusted" allies
between two business parties
conflicting interest
information represented by one seller

Types
B2B - involve one company dealing business transaction directly with oth
er companies. ex. Toyota Phil connected to Toyota japan
B2C - Involves Retailing to the public at large. ex. Amazon
Opportunities
Manufacturing - Concept of material resource
Distribution - Online ordering of products and retailing
Service
- meeting customer,online & real time information response
system, online tracking
Framework
Architecture framework - access mechanism,Resource, Middleware
Functional
- Design,Produce,Distribute
What is Inventory - Raw material, finnish and unfinnish products that have not y

et sold.
Manufacturing - both raw material and finish goods
Retail
- Items resale
Inventory Terminology
Category

- group of items that are related or as classifi

Product

- Term use to describe all goods and services so

Physical count

- determination of inventory quantity by actual

cation
ld
count
Back Order
- Unfilled customer order
Economic Oder Quantity - calculated to balance espected cost of acquisi
tion
Finished Goods
Reorder Point
Safety Stock
Stock Status
Raw Materials
Work in process

Product sold as completed item


sum of the forecast requirements
amount of the stock planned
Report of what is on hand
Items to purchse by the company
alse called work in progress or in process inv

entory
- materials that have been moved from the Storag
e
Lead Time
Fast- moving Items
Slow-moving items
at must be sold

- Number of days needed


- out-of-stock situation
- products do not meet the number of products th

Inventory Documents
Receiving Slip
- Record of all accountabe items received by the
warehouse
Invoice
- Itemized list of goods or services
Purchase Order
- formal request to a vendor
Requisition and issue slip - record of all items issued by the warehouse
Stock adjustment
- adjust balance of items to thier correct figur
es
Transfer order
- record transfer of items
Re-order list
-Alert Purchasing departent on the need to purch
ase
Item master list
- reference ist of all items
Stock status Report
- over-all status
Stock card
- each entity in the transaction is then posted
Inventory Valuation Methods
FIFO
LIFO
Average
What is sale?
or transferred

- Item acquired first


- Iten acquired latest
- unit cost is comuted every time an aquisition is made
- transaction in which a product or service is provided