You are on page 1of 3


International labour migration is defined as the movement of people

from one country to another for the purpose of employment. Today, an
estimated 105 million persons are working in a country other than their
country of birth. Labour mobility has become a key feature of globalization
and the global economy with migrant workers earning US$440 billion in
2011, and the World Bank estimating that more than $350 billion of that total
was transferred to developing countries in the form of remittances. However,
despite the efforts made to ensure the protection of migrant workers, many
remain vulnerable and assume significant risks during the migration process.
When properly managed, labour migration has far-reaching potential for the
migrants, their communities, the countries of origin and destination, and for
employers. While job creation in the home country is to preferred option,
demographic, social and economic factors are increasingly the drivers of
migration. As a result, a growing number of both sending and receiving
countries view international labour migration as an integral part of their
national development and employment strategies. On one hand, countries of
origin benefit from labour migration because it relieves unemployment
pressures and contributes to development through remittances, knowledge
transfer, and the creation of business and trade networks. On the other
hand, for destination countries facing labour shortages, orderly and wellmanaged labour migration can lighten scarcity and facilitate mobility.
International migration occurs when people cross state boundaries and stay
in the host state for some minimum length of time. Migration occurs for
many reasons. Many people leave their home countries in order to look for
economic oppurtunities in another country. Others migrate to be with family
members who have migrated or because of political conditions in their
countries. Education is another reason for international migration, as
students pursue their studies abroad. While there are several different
potential systems for categorizing international migrants, one system
organizes them into nine groups: temporary labour migrants; irregular,
illegal, or undocumented migrants; highly skilled and business migrants;
refugees; asylum seekers; forced migration; family members; return migrant;
and long-term, low-skilled migrants. These migrants can also be divided into
two large groups, permanent and temporary. Permanent migrants intend to
establish their permanent residence in a new country and possibly obtain
that countrys citizenship. Temporary migrants intend only to stay for a
limited periods of time; perhaps until the end of the particular program of a
study or for the duration of a work contract or a certain work season. Both

types of migrants have a significant effect on the economies and societies of

the chose destination country and the country of origin. Similarly, the
countries that receive these migrants are often grouped into four categories:
traditional settlement countries, European countries which receive a
significant portion of their immigrant populations from their former colonies,
and which formerly were points of emigration but have recently emerged as
an immigrant destinations. Philippines to Saudi Arabia.


This study aims to explain that many people leave their home
countries in order to look for economic oppurtunities in another countries.

1. What will be the effect to the family of that person who migrate especially
to child who dont have comprehension yet?

2. Why many people want to go the other country for work instead to their
country of birth?

3. What is the importance of International labour migration for those people

who dont have enough financial?

4. When will be the time you should experience international labour


5. What if you will be involve to the people who cant find job in your country
whatever you do, would you decided to think to go to the country?