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December 2002


ISO/IEC 11801 : ISS2



SCOPE OF THIS HANDBOOK 6 The Standard Specifies 21

ISO/IEC 11801 7 ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B.1 22

Cabling Subsystems 7 1. Building Entrance 22
Campus Backbone Cabling Subsystem 7 2. Equipment Room 22
Building Backbone Cabling Subsystem 8 3. Backbone Cabling 23
Horizontal Cabling Subsystem 8 4. Telecommunications Room 25
Distributors 9 5. Horizontal Cabling 25
Telecommunications Outlet (TO) 10 Multi-user Telecommunications Outlet Assembly 26
Single-User TO Assembly 10 Consolidation Point 27
Multi-User TO Assembly 10 Centralised Optical Fibre Cabling 28
Consolidation Point 10 6. Work Area 29
Floor Distributor (FD) & Building Distributor (BD) 11 Work Area Components 29
Performance of Balanced Cabling 11 Telecommunications Outlet 29
Insertion Loss/Attenuation 13 Definitions of Electrical Parameters 32
Classification of Balanced Cabling 15
Balanced Cabling Performance 15
ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B.2 37
Optical Fibre Cables 15
Singlemode Optical Fibre Cables 17 100 OHM UNSHIELDED TWISTED-PAIR CABLING SYSTEMS 37
Connecting Hardware 17 Horizontal Cable 37
Telecommunications Outlet Requirements 18 Category 3 37
Optical Fibre Hardware 19 Category 5e 37
Screening Practices 19 Category 6 37
Test Procedures 19 Bundled & Hybrid Cable 40
UTP Connecting Hardware 40
UTP Patch Cords 42

2 3
ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B.3 Plenum/Ceiling 62
45 Conduit 62
Optical Fibre Connector 46 Perimeter Pathways 63
Optical Fibre Telecommunications Outlet 46 CONSOLIDATION POINTS & MUTOA’S 64

ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A 54 CLASS 1 70
PURPOSE OF THE STANDARD 54 Infrastructure Identifiers 70
DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS 55 Required Records 71
ENTRANCE FACILITIES 56 Infrastructure Identifiers 71
EQUIPMENT ROOM 57 Required Records 72
Location 58 CLASS 3 73
Perimeters 58 Infrastructure Identifiers 73
Limited Access 58 Required Records 73
Other 58 CLASS 4 74
HVAC 58 Infrastructure Identifiers 74
Lighting 58 Required Records 74
Dust 59 Termination Fields 75
Backbone & Horizontal Pathways 60 FURTHER INFORMATION 78
Multichannel Raceway 62 OBTANING ISO, TIA & EIA DOCUMENTS 79
Cellular Floor 62 CONTACT ANIXTER 80
Trenchduct 62
Access Floor/Raised Floor 62

4 5


Look to Anixter when you need any type of communication
The following sections are extracts from the ISO/IEC 11801
infrastructure. Whether you’re looking for data, voice or
2002 2nd Edition, Cabling for Customer Premises, the
video networks, wired or wireless, in an office, campus or
information contained has been taken from the final
factory, Anixter is the company to turn to. We are the one
standards document.
distributor with both the technical understanding to help you
determine the right products for your application and the EN 50173 follows the same path as 11801 and the
unparalleled global distribution capabilities to get you that information is the same as this document.
product, when and where you need it.
Cabling Subsystems
In an effort to continually support you, we have pulled There are three generic cabling subsystems: campus
together some valuable information from ISO/IEC and backbone, building backbone and horizontal cabling.
ANSI/TIA/EIA. The information contained within this These subsystems are connected together to form a
reference guide covers the key aspects of the ISO/IEC generic cabling structure as shown.
11801, ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B, 569 and 606-A standards.
We hope you find its contents informative and useful.


This document is meant as a reference that highlights the key

points of the ISO/IEC 11801, ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B, 569
and 606-A standards. It is not intended as a substitute for
the original documents. For further information on any topic
in the guide, refer to the actual standard. See the section
called Reference Documents for instructions on how to order
a copy of the standard itself.
Campus Backbone Cabling Subsystem
The campus subsystem extended from the campus distributor
(CD) to the building distributor (BD) is usually located in
separate buildings. When installed this includes:
• Campus cables.
• Jumpers and patch cords.
• Connecting hardware at both ends to terminate the
campus cable.

6 7
If a BD does not exist then the campus subsystem extends to Work area and equipment cords are not considered part
the floor distributor (FD). Campus backbone cable may also of the horizontal cabling subsystem because they are
connect BD’s. Such connections are in addition to those application specific. Horizontal cable from the FD to the
required for basic hierarchical topologies. TO shall be continuous unless a CP is installed.
Building Backbone Cabling Subsystem Distributors
The building cabling subsystem extends from the BD to The number and type of subsystems depends on the
the FD. When installed this includes: requirements of the end user and the size and geography
• Building backbone cables. of the site. Usually there would be one campus distributor
• Jumpers and patch cords. per campus, one building distributor per building and one
• Connecting hardware at both ends to terminate the floor distributor per floor.
backbone cable.
When designing the FD the lengths of patch cords/jumpers
Building backbone cables may also interconnect floor and equipment cords should be kept to a minimum and
distributors. However these are classed for back up and in administration should ensure that the design does not
addition to those required for basic hierarchical topologies. exceed the required lengths of this standard.
Building backbone cables shall not contain
Distributors should be located as to maintain the cable
consolidation points.
lengths required by the channel performance requirements.
Horizontal Cabling Subsystem
Not all applications are supported to the maximum channel
The horizontal cabling subsystem extends from the
distances set down in Table 1 of the standard using a single
floor distributor to the telecommunications outlet (TO)
cable type.
and includes:
• Horizontal cable.
Maximum Channel Distances
• Mechanical termination at the TO of horizontal cable.
Channel Length (m)
• Mechanical termination at the FD including connecting
Horizontal 100m
hardware e.g. of the interconnect or cross connect.
Horizontal + building backbone + campus backbone 2000m
• Cross connections to application specific equipment at
NOTE: In some implementations of the horizontal cabling subsystem in clause 7
the FD.
of ISO/IEC11801, the FD may not support TO’s up to the maximum distance shown.
• Consolidation point (CP) (optional).
• Telecommunications outlets.
For floor spaces that exceed 1,000m2, a minimum of one
FD should be provided for every 1,000m2 of floor space
reserved for offices. If the floor space is to be sparsely
populated such as a reception area then this may be fed
from an adjacent floor.

8 9
Functions of multiple distributors may be combined, as • The CP shall be placed so that one work area is served
an example the CD and BD may be in the same room by at least one CP.
physically, this is common when a small site is occupied • The CP’s shall be limited to serving a maximum of
or the link to other BD’s requires very little space. 12 work areas.
• For balanced cabling the CP shall be placed a minimum
Telecommunications Outlet (TO)
of 15m from the FD.
Each work area should be served by a minimum of two
• The CP shall be placed in an accessible position.
TO’s, for work area size refer to ISO/IEC TR 14763-2.
• A CP shall be part of the administration system.
• The first outlet should be for four pair balanced cable
terminated on a eight position outlet as described on Floor Distributor (FD) & Building Distributor (BD)
page 18. The FD shall provide all facilities (space, power,
• The second outlet may be for optical fibre or another environmental, control etc.) for passive components, active
four pair outlet. devices, and external network interfaces housed within it.
Backbone cabling shall have direct access to the FD.
Single User TO Assembly
Single user TO’s should be located in user accessible locations. The BD is a location within a building that houses
equipment. BD’s are different from FD’s due to the nature
The copper or fibre outlet should be selected to ensure
of the complexity of the equipment (e.g. PABX or computer
channel performance is maintained.
equipment). More than one distributor may be housed in
Multi-User TO Assembly (MUTOA) an equipment room. If a FD serves more than one BD it
In open office environments an assembly of multipule should be considered an equipment room.
TO’s may be used to serve more than one work area.
Performance of Balanced Cabling
A multi-user TO assembly should be limited to serving a
This specifies the minimum performance of generic balanced
maximum of twelve work areas. This assembly should be
cabling. The performance specifications are placed in
user accessible and mounted on a permanent location such
six classes A to F for balanced cabling. This allows for
as a building column or permanent wall.
successful transmission of applications over channels.
The length of the work area cord should be limited to ensure
Channel performance requirements described in this
cable management in the work area.
document may be used for the design and verification
Consolidation Point of any implementation of the ISO11801 standard.
Installation of a consolidation point (CP) in the work area is
The channel, permanent link and CP link performance
permitted between the FD and the TO. The CP shall only
specification of the relevant class shall meet all temperatures
contain passive connecting hardware and shall not be used
at which the cabling is intended to operate.
as a cross connect.

10 11
Compatibility between cables used in the same channel or Insertion Loss/Attenuation
permanent link shall be maintained throughout the cabling Previous editions of the ISO11801 standard used the term
system. For example, connections between cables with ‘attenuation’ which is still widely used in the cable industry.
different nominal characteristic impedance shall not However due to impedance mismatches in cabling systems
be made. this characteristic is better described as ‘insertion loss’.
In this guide insertion loss is used to describe the signal
attenuation over the length of the channel, links and
The channel comprises of only passive sections of cable,
components. However it should be clearly understood
connecting hardware, work area cords, equipment cords
that insertion loss is not a length specific characteristic.
and patch cords.
The performance limits for the permanent link are given
The channel is composed of 90m of solid conductor cable,
in the following tables, these figures are for maximum
10m of cord(s) and four connections.
implementation. These limits are derived from the
performance limits assuming that the permanent link
is composed of 90m of solid conductor cable and
three connectors.

Class D Permanent Link

Frequency Insertion NEXT PSNEXT ELFEXT PSELFEXT Return
(MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB)
1.0 4.0 60.0 57.0 58.6 55.6 19.0
16.0 7.7 45.2 42.2 34.5 31.5 19.0
100.0 20.4 32.3 29.3 18.6 15.6 12.0

The insertion loss for CP cable to TO may differ from that

of both fixed horizontal cables and cords. Table 21 within
the standard gives equations for calculating maximum Class E Permanent Link
channel lengths. Frequency Insertion NEXT PSNEXT ELFEXT PSELFEXT Return
(MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB)
The performance of a permanent link is specified for
1.0 4.0 65.0 62.0 64.2 61.2 21.0
horizontal cabling at and between the TO and the first patch
16.0 7.1 54.6 52.2 40.1 37.1 20.0
panel at the other end of the horizontal cable. This may
100.0 18.5 41.8 39.3 24.2 21.2 14.0
contain a CP.
250.0 30.7 35.3 32.7 16.2 13.2 10.0
For Definitions of Electrical Parameters see page 32.

12 13
Class F Permanent Link Class F Channel
Frequency Insertion NEXT PSNEXT ELFEXT PSELFEXT Return Frequency Insertion NEXT PSNEXT ELFEXT PSELFEXT Return
(MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB) (MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB)
1.0 4.0 65.0 62.0 65.0 62.0 21.0 1.0 4.0 65.0 62.0 65.0 62.0 19.0
16.0 6.9 65.0 62.0 59.3 56.3 20.0 16.0 8.1 65.0 62.0 57.5 54.5 18.0
100.0 17.7 65.0 62.0 46.0 43.0 14.0 100.0 20.8 62.9 59.9 44.4 41.4 12.0
250.0 28.8 60.4 57.4 39.2 36.2 10.0 250.0 33.8 56.9 53.9 37.8 34.8 8.0
600.0 46.6 54.7 51.7 32.6 29.6 10.0 600.0 54.6 51.2 48.2 31.3 28.3 8.0

The performance limits of the channel are given in Classification of Balanced Cabling
the following tables, these figures are for maximum ISO/IEC 11801 standard specifies the following classes
implementation. These limits are derived from the for balanced cabling.
performance limits assuming that the channel is Class A is specified up to 100kHz.
composed of 90m of solid conductor cable, 10m
of cord(s) and four connectors. Class B is specified up to 1MHz.

Class C is specified up to 16MHz.

Class D Channel
Class D is specified up to 100MHz.
Frequency Insertion NEXT PSNEXT ELFEXT PSELFEXT Return
(MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB) Class E is specified up to 250MHz.
1.0 4.0 60.0 57.0 57.4 54.4 17.0
16.0 9.1 43.6 40.6 33.3 30.3 17.0 Class F is specified up to 600MHz.
100.0 24.0 30.1 27.1 17.4 14.4 10.0 Channels, permanent links and CP links shall be installed
to provide a minimum of Class D performance.
Class E Channel Balanced Cabling Performance
Frequency Insertion NEXT PSNEXT ELFEXT PSELFEXT Return The nominal impedance of channels, permanent links
(MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB) and CP links is 100 ohm.
1.0 4.0 65.0 62.0 63.3 60.3 19.0
16.0 8.3 53.2 50.6 39.2 36.2 18.0 Optical Fibre Cables
100.0 21.7 39.9 37.1 23.3 20.3 12.0 There are four types of optical fibre specified to support
250.0 35.9 33.1 30.2 15.3 12.3 8.0 varying applications, three multimode types and one
singlemode type.

14 15
The following table gives the optical attenuation as a Singlemode Optical Fibre Cables
maximum in dB’s per kilometre. As with multimode fibre there are three requirements:
• Optical fibre requirements: The optical fibre shall
OM1, OM2, & OM3 Multimode OS1 Singlemode conform to IEC 60793-2 type B1 and ITU-T G.652.
Wavelength 850nm 1300nm 1310nm 1550nm • Cable transmission performance requirements:
Attenuation 3.5 1.5 1.0 1.0 a) Attenuation, each optical fibre in the cable shall
have an attenuation in accordance with the
Multimode Optical Fibre Cables measurement requirements in IEC 60793-1-40.
There are three parts to the requirements of multimode b) Cut-off wavelength, of cabled singlemode optical
cables, they are: fibre shall be less than 1260nm in accordance to
measurement requirements in IEC 60793-1-44.
• Optical fibre requirements: The optical fibre shall
• Physical cable requirements: Indoor and outdoor cables
be graded index with nominal 50/125 µm or
shall meet mechanical and environmental requirements
62.5/125 µm core/cladding diameter and numerical
from IEC 60794-2 and IEC 60794-3.
aperture complying with IEC 60793-2.
• Cable transmission performance requirements: Each Connecting Hardware
optical fibre shall meet the performance of the above Connecting hardware refers to the connectors, panels and
table. Attenuation and modal bandwidth shall be ancillary products that are terminated on to the copper or
measured in accordance with IEC 60793-1. fibre cable. This is installed in the:
• Physical cable requirements: The indoor and outdoor • Campus Distributor (CD)
optical fibre cable shall meet mechanical and • Building Distributor (BD)
environmental requirements from IEC 60794-2 • Floor Distributor (FD)
and IEC 60794-3. • Consolidation Point (CP)
• Telecommunications Outlet (TO)
The following table gives modal bandwidth for multimode
optical fibres shown as the minimum modal bandwidth as
In addition to the location of connecting hardware it should
also be designed to provide:
Optical Core Diameter Overfilled Launch Effective Laser • Means to identify cabling for installation
and administration.
Fibre Type In µm Bandwidth Launch Bandwidth
• Means to permit cable management.
850nm 1300nm 850nm
• Means to access, monitor or test cabling
OM1 50 or 62.5 200 500 Unspecified
and components.
OM2 50 or 62.5 500 500 Unspecified
• Protect against physical damage and contamination.
OM3 50 1500 500 2000

16 17
• Space efficiency for termination density and ease Optical Fibre Hardware
of administration. Telecommunications outlet optical fibres shall be terminated
• Means to ensure screening and bonding requirements on to the horizontal cabling at the TO with a duplex SC
when required. connector as specified in IEC 60874-19-1. Connectors
at locations other than the TO shall meet the optical,
Telecommunications Outlet Requirements
mechanical and environmental requirements of
Cabling Classes A to F; each horizontal balanced cable
IEC 60874-19-1.
shall be terminated at the telecommunications outlet with
an unkeyed socket and shall comply with the pin and pair Screening Practices
assignments as shown. The procedures must provide adequate earthing for both
electrical and EM performance, are subject to local and
national regulations, always in accordance with
ISO/IEC TR 14763-2.

Earthing and bonding shall be in accordance with

applicable electrical codes or IEC 60364-1.

Test Procedures
Testing of balanced cabling channels, permanent links
and CP links shall follow test procedures as specified
in IEC 61953-1.

Testing of optical fibre channels are specified in

Plugs and sockets shall be intermateable and backward IEC 61280-4-1 Ed.1.0, IEC 61280-4-2 Ed.1.0 and
compatible with previous category performance. Backward IEC 61280-4-3 Ed. 1.0.
compatibility means that mated connectors shall meet all of
the requirements of the lowest performing All figures shown in the tables are informative. For full
component. calculation values please see the latest full standard.

18 19


• Establish a generic telecommunications cabling standard

that will support a multivendor environment.
• Enable the planning and installation of a structured
cabling system for commercial buildings.
• Establish performance and technical criteria for various
cabling system configurations.

The Standard Specifies:

• Minimum requirements for telecommunications cabling

within an office environment.
• Recommended topology and distances.
• Media parameters which determine performance.
• Connector and pin assignments to ensure
• The useful life of telecommunications cabling systems
as being in excess of ten years.

Building telecommunications cabling specified by this

standard is intended to support a wide range of different
commercial building sites and applications (e.g. voice, data,
text, video and image). Typically, this range includes sites
with a geographical extent from 3000-1,000,000m2 of
office space, and with a population of up to 50,000
individual users.

This standard replaces ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A dated

6 October 1995. This standard also incorporates and
refines the technical content of TSB67, TSB72, TSB75,
TSB95 and TIA/EIA-568-A-1, A-2, A-3, A-4 and A-5.

20 21

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS telecommunications rooms. Any or all of the functions

of a telecommunications room may be provided by an
THE SIX SUBSYSTEMS OF A equipment room.
The backbone cabling provides interconnection between
telecommunication rooms, equipment rooms and
entrance facilities.

It consists of the backbone cables, intermediate and main

cross-connects, mechanical terminations and patch cords or
jumpers used for backbone-to-backbone cross-connection.
This includes:
• Vertical connection between floors (risers).
• Cables between an equipment room and building
cable entrance facilities.
• Cables between buildings (interbuilding).

1. Building Entrance
Building entrance facilities provide the point at which
outdoor cabling interfaces with the intrabuilding backbone
cabling. The physical requirements of the network interface
are defined in the TIA/EIA-569-A standard.
2. Equipment Room
The design aspects of the equipment room are specified in
the TIA/EIA-569-A standard. Equipment rooms usually
house equipment of higher complexity than
Specified Backbone Cabling Topology: Star

22 23
Other Design Requirements: 4. Telecommunications Room
• No more than two hierarchical levels of backbone A telecommunications room is the area within a building
cross-connects. that houses the telecommunications cabling system
• Star topology. equipment. This includes the mechanical terminations
• Bridge taps are not allowed. and/or cross-connects for the horizontal and backbone
• Main and intermediate cross-connect jumper or patch cabling system. Please refer to TIA/EIA-569-A for the
cord lengths should not exceed 20m. design specifications of the telecommunications room.
• Avoid installing in areas where sources of high levels of
5. Horizontal Cabling
EMI/RFI may exist.
Specified Horizontal Cabling Topology: Star
• Grounding should meet the requirements as defined in
local regulations. The horizontal cabling system extends from the work
area telecommunications (information) outlet to the
Note: It is recommended that the user consult with
telecommunications room and consists of the following:
equipment manufacturers, application standards and
• Horizontal Cabling.
system providers for additional information when planning
• Telecommunications Outlet.
shared-sheath applications on UTP backbone cables.
• Cable Terminations.
• Cross-Connections.
Maximum Backbone Distances
• Patch Cords.
Main to Main to Intermediate
Media Horizontal Intermediate to Horizontal Four media types are recognised as options for horizontal
Type Cross-Connect Cross-Connect Cross-Connect cabling, each extending a maximum distance of 90m:
Copper (Voice*) 800m 500m 300m • 4-pair, 100 ohm UTP/ScTP cable (22 to 24AWG
Multimode 2000m 1700m 300m solid conductors).
Single-mode 3000m 2700m 300m • 2-fibre, 62.5/125µm or 50/125µm optical cable.

Note: Backbone distances are application-dependent. The

maximum distances specified above are based on voice
transmission for UTP/ScTP and data transmission over fibre.
A 90m distance applies to UTP/ScTP at spectral bandwidths of
5–16 MHz for CAT 3 and 20–100 MHz
for CAT 5e.

Current state-of-the-art distribution facilities usually include

a combination of both copper and fibre optic cables in
the backbone.

24 25
secured furniture cluster. Work area cables may then be
routed through furniture pathways and directly connected to
work area equipment. Each furniture cluster should have one
MUTOA which serves a maximum of 12 work areas. Ceiling
and access floor mounting is not allowed by TIA/EIA-569-A.

Maximum Work Area Cable Length is

Determined by the Following Table:
Length of Maximum Maximum combined length
horizontal length of work of work area cables, patch
cable area cable cords and equipment cable
m m m
90 5 10
85 9 14
Maximum Distances for Horizontal Cabling
80 13 18
In addition to the 90m of horizontal cable, a total of 10m is 75 17 22
allowed for work area and telecommunications room patch 70 22 27
and jumper cables.
Multi-user Telecommunications Outlet Assembly Note: No Work Area cable length may exceed 22m.
Optional practices for open office environments are For optical fibre, any combination of horizontal, work area
specified for any horizontal telecommunications cabling cables, patch cords and equipment cords may not exceed 100m.
recognised in TIA/EIA 568-B.
Consolidation Point

A multi-user telecommunications outlet assembly (MUTOA)

facilitates the termination of multiple horizontal cables in a
common location within a column, wall or permanently

26 27
A consolidation point differs from a MUTOA in that it To connect fibre from the work area to the equipment
requires an additional connection for each horizontal room, within a single building, the user may use a splice
cable run. or interconnect in the telecom room. The combined distance
limitation is 300m for horizontal, intrabuilding backbone
Only one consolidation point (an interconnection point in
and patch cords. Alternatively, the user may simply pull
the horizontal cabling) is allowed, at a distance of at least
cables through the closet. In this last case, the fibre
15m from the telecom room. A transition point (transition
horizontal and backbone consist of one continuous fibre
from round to flat under carpet cable) is not allowed. A
pair, and the pull-through distance limitation is 90m.
consolidation point is installed in unobstructed building
Cabling is 62.5/125µm multimode or 50/125µm
columns, permanent walls, ceilings or access floors
multimode. Sufficient space shall be allowed for slack,
(if accessible).
addition and removal of cables, spares and conversion to
The multi-user telecommunications outlet and consolidation a full cross-connect system. Labelling shall be in accordance
point methods are intended to be mutually exclusive. Labelling with TIA/EIA-606-A, with additional labelling to identify
and allowance for spares is required. Moves, adds and A-B pairs with specific work areas.
changes should be administered in the telecom room.
6. Work Area
Centralised Optical Fibre Cabling The work area components extend from the telecommunications
The ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B-1 standard offers maximum (information) outlet to the station equipment. Work area
flexibility for distributed electronics for multi-tenant buildings wiring is designed to be relatively simple to interconnect
by providing for single-tenant users who prefer centralised so that moves, adds and changes are easily managed.
electronics (i.e. server farms) connected by a fibre horizontal
Work Area Components
and fibre backbone.
• Station Equipment – computers, data terminals,
telephones, etc.
• Patch Cables – modular cords, PC adapter cables,
fibre jumpers, etc.
• Adapters (baluns, etc.) – must be external to
telecommunications outlet.
Telecommunications Outlet
Each work area shall have a minimum of two information
outlet ports: one for voice and one for data. The cabling
choices are indicated in the following diagram.

Centralised Cabling Scheme

28 29

For the purposes of testing UTP/ScTP cabling systems, the

horizontal channel is assumed to contain a telecommunications
outlet/connector, a transition point, 90m of UTP/ScTP
Category 3, 5e or 6 cable, a cross-connect consisting of two
blocks or panels and a total of 10m of patch cords. The
figure below shows the relationship of these components.

Telecommunications Outlet

Two link configurations are defined for testing purposes.

The permanent link includes the horizontal distribution cable,
8-Position Modular Jack Pair Assignments for UTP/ScTP telecommunications outlet/connector or transition point and
one horizontal cross-connect component, including the
mated connections. This is assumed to be the permanent
part of a link. The channel is comprised of the permanent
link plus cross-connect equipment, user equipment cord and
cross-connect patch cable.

Minimum Bend Radius

Horizontal UTP (4-pair) 4 x diameter
Horizontal ScTP 8 x diameter
Backbone Cable 10 x diameter
Patch Cord Not determined

30 31
Definitions of Electrical Parameters Propagation Delay: The time needed for the transmission
Insertion Loss: This term has replaced the term of signal to travel the length of a single pair.
‘attenuation’ (ATTN). It is a measure of the decrease of
Delay Skew: The difference between the propagation
signal strength as it travels down the media.
delay of any two pairs within the same cable sheath. Delay
NEXT (near-end crosstalk): A measure of the skew is caused primarily because twisted pairs are designed
unwanted signal coupling from a transmitter at the near-end to have different twists per foot (lay lengths). Delay skew
into a neighbouring (non-energised) pair measured at the could cause data transmitted over one channel to arrive out
near-end. of sync with data over another channel.
PSNEXT (power sum near-end crosstalk): A The following tables show the limitations for both the
computation of the unwanted signal coupling from multiple permanent links and channel.
transmitters at the near-end into (non-energised) pair
Tests shall also measure physical length of each link, and
measured at the near-end.
employ wire map to verify pin terminations at each end
FEXT (far-end crosstalk): A measure of the unwanted and identify simple electrical faults. Level III field test
signal coupling from a transmitter at the near-end into equipment accuracy is defined.
a neighbouring pair measured at the far-end.
Category 3 Permanent Link
ELFEXT (equal-level far-end crosstalk): A measure
of the unwanted signal coupling from a transmitter at the Frequency (MHz) Insertion Loss (dB) NEXT (dB)
near-end into a neighbouring pair measured at the far-end, 1.0 3.5 40.1
relative to the received signal level measured on that same 4.0 6.2 30.7
pair. (ELFEXT is FEXT adjusted to discount attenuation.) 8.0 8.9 25.9
10.0 9.9 24.3
PSELFEXT (power sum equal-level far-end 16.0 13.0 21.0
crosstalk): A computation of the unwanted signal
Category 3 Permanent Link Requirements
coupling from multiple transmitters at the near-end into
a pair measured at the far-end, relative to the received
signal level on that same pair.

Return Loss: A measure of the degree of impedance

mismatch between two impedances. It is the ratio, expressed
in decibels, of the amplitude of a reflected wave echo to the
amplitude of the main wave at the junction of a transmission
line and a terminating impedance.

32 33
Category 3 Channel Category 5e Channel
Frequency (MHz) Insertion Loss (dB) NEXT (dB) Frequency Insertion NEXT PSNEXT ELFEXT PSELFEXT Return
1.0 4.2 39.1 (MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB)
4.0 7.3 29.3 1.0 2.2 >60 >57 57.4 54.4 17.0
8.0 10.2 24.3 4.0 4.5 53.5 50.5 45.4 42.4 17.0
10.0 11.5 22.7 8.0 6.3 48.6 45.6 39.3 36.3 17.0
16.0 14.9 19.3 10.0 7.1 47.0 44.0 37.4 34.4 17.0
16.0 9.1 43.6 40.6 33.3 30.3 17.0
Category 3 Channel Requirements
20.0 10.2 42.0 39.0 31.4 28.4 17.0
25.0 11.4 40.3 37.3 29.4 26.4 16.0
31.25 12.9 38.7 35.7 27.5 24.5 15.1
Category 5e Permanent Link 62.5 18.6 33.6 30.6 21.5 18.5 12.1
Frequency Insertion NEXT PSNEXT ELFEXT PSELFEXT Return 100.0 24.0 30.1 27.1 17.4 14.4 10.0
(MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB) Category 5e Channel Requirements
1.0 2.1 >60 >57 58.6 55.6 19.0
Maximum channel propagation delay: 555ns @ 10MHz
4.0 3.9 54.8 51.8 46.6 43.6 19.0
Maximum channel delay skew: 50ns @ 100MHz
8.0 5.5 50.0 47.0 40.6 37.5 19.0
10.0 6.2 48.5 45.5 38.6 35.6 19.0
Category 6 Permanent Link
16.0 7.9 45.2 42.2 34.5 31.5 19.0
Frequency Insertion NEXT PSNEXT ELFEXT PSELFEXT Return
20.0 8.9 43.7 40.7 32.6 29.6 19.0
(MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB)
25.0 10.0 42.1 39.1 30.7 27.7 18.0
1.0 1.9 65.0 62.0 64.2 61.2 19.1
31.25 11.2 40.5 37.5 28.7 25.7 17.1
4.0 3.5 64.1 61.8 52.1 49.1 21.0
62.5 16.2 35.7 32.7 22.7 19.7 14.1
10.0 5.5 57.8 55.5 44.2 41.2 21.0
100.0 21.0 32.3 29.3 18.6 15.6 12.0
16.0 7.0 54.6 52.2 40.1 37.1 20.0
Category 5e Permanent Link Requirements 31.25 10.0 50.0 47.5 34.3 31.3 18.5
Maximum link propagation delay: 518ns @ 10MHz 62.5 14.4 45.1 42.7 28.3 25.3 16.0
Maximum link delay skew: 45ns @ 100MHz 100.0 18.6 41.8 39.3 24.2 21.2 14.0
200.0 27.4 36.9 34.3 18.2 15.2 11.0
250.0 31.1 35.3 32.7 16.2 13.2 10.0

Maximum Cat 6 permanent link propagation delay: less than 498ns

@ 10 MHz
Maximum Cat 6 permanent link delay skew: less than
44ns/100m @ 10 MHz

34 35


(MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB)
1.0 2.1 65.0 62.0 63.3 60.3 19.0 100 OHM UNSHIELDED TWISTED-PAIR (UTP/ScTP)
4.0 4.0 63.0 60.0 51.2 48.21 19.0 CABLING SYSTEMS
10.0 6.3 56.6 54.0 43.3 40.3 19.0
Horizontal Cable
16.0 8.0 53.2 50.6 39.2 36.2 18.0
As transmission rates have increased, higher performance
31.25 11.4 48.4 45.7 33.4 30.4 16.5
UTP/ScTP cabling has become a necessity. In addition,
62.5 16.5 43.4 40.6 27.3 24.3 14.0
100.0 21.3 39.9 37.1 23.3 20.3 12.0
some means of classifying horizontal UTP/ScTP cables and
200.0 31.5 34.8 31.9 17.2 14.2 9.0
connecting hardware by performance capability had to be
250.0 35.9 33.1 30.2 15.3 12.3 8.0
established. These capabilities have been broken down
to a series of categories. The following categories are
Maximum Cat 6/ClassE channel propogation delay: less currently recognised:
than 555ns @ 10MHz
Category 3
Maximum Cat 6/ClassE channel delay skew: less than
Cables/connecting hardware with transmission parameters
50ns/100m @ 10MHz
characterised up to 16MHz
Category 5e
Cables/connecting hardware with transmission parameters
characterised up to 100MHz
Category 6
Cables/connecting hardware with transmission parameters
characterised up to 250MHz

36 37
Characteristic impedance of horizontal cabling=100ohms
Category 3 Horizontal & Backbone Cable (100m) ±15 percent from 1MHz to the highest referenced frequency
Frequency Insertion NEXT PSNEXT (16 or 100MHz) of a particular category.
(MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB)
*Requirements for 25-pair cable are identical to those for
0.772 2.2 43.0 43
4-pair cable.
1.0 2.6 40.3 41
4.0 5.6 32.3 32
8.0 8.5 27.8 28
Category 6 Solid Horizontal & Backbone Cable (100m)*
10.0 9.7 26.3 26
16.0 13.1 23.2 23 Frequency Insertion NEXT PSNEXT ELFEXT PSELFEXT Return
(MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB)
Category 3 Horizontal & Backbone Cable 0.772 1.8 76.0 74.0 70.0 67.0 –
1.0 2.0 74.3 72.3 67.8 64.8 20.0
Max Cat 3 cable propagation delay: 545ns/100m @ 10MHz
Maximum Cat 3 cable delay skew: 45ns/100m @ 16MHz 4.0 3.8 65.3 63.3 55.8 52.8 23.0
8.0 5.3 60.8 58.8 49.7 46.7 24.5
Category 5e Horizontal & Backbone Cable (100m) 10.0 6.0 59.3 57.3 47.8 44.8 25.0
16.0 7.6 56.2 54.2 43.7 40.7 25.0
Frequency Insertion NEXT* PSNEXT ELFEXT* PSELFEXT Return
(MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB) 20.0 8.5 54.8 52.8 41.8 38.8 25.0
0.772 1.8 67.0 64.0 19.4 25.0 9.5 53.3 51.3 39.8 36.8 24.3
1.0 2.0 65.3 62.3 63.8 60.8 20.0 31.25 10.7 51.9 49.9 37.9 34.9 23.6
4.0 4.1 56.3 53.3 51.8 48.8 23.0 62.5 15.4 47.4 45.4 31.9 28.9 21.5
8.0 5.8 51.8 48.8 45.7 42.7 24.5 100.0 19.8 44.3 42.3 27.8 24.8 20.1
10.0 6.5 50.3 47.3 43.8 40.8 25.0 200.0 29.0 39.8 37.8 21.8 18.8 18.0
16.0 8.2 47.2 44.2 39.7 36.7 25.0 250.0 32.8 38.3 36.3 19.8 16.8 17.3
20.0 9.3 45.8 42.8 37.8 34.8 25.0 Maximum Cat 6 cable propagation delay: 538ns/100m
25.0 10.4 44.3 41.3 35.8 32.8 24.3 @ 100MHz (536 @ 250MHz)
31.25 11.7 42.9 39.9 33.9 30.9 23.6 Maximum Cat 6 cable delay skew: 45ns/100m @ all frequencies
62.5 17.0 38.4 35.4 27.9 24.9 21.5
The PSNEXT performance of bundled or hybrid cables shall be 1.2dB
100.0 22.0 35.3 32.3 23.8 20.8 20.1 greater than shown above.
Category 5e Horizontal & Backbone Cable * Horizontal and Backbone cables are defined only as identical
4-pair cables.
Maximum Cat 5e cable propagation delay: 538ns/100m
@ 100MHz
Maximum Cat 5e cable delay skew: 45ns/100m @ 100MHz

38 39
Bundled and Hybrid Cable
Category 5e Connecting Hardware
Bundled, wrapped or hybrid cables are allowed for use in
horizontal cabling, provided that each individual cable type Frequency Insertion NEXT FEXT Return
(MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB)
meets TIA/EIA-568-B.2 specifications, and that power sum
1.0 0.1 65.0 65.0 30.0
NEXT loss created by adjacent jacketed cables be 3dB better
4.0 0.1 65.0 63.1 30.0
than the normally allowed pair-to-pair NEXT for the cable
8.0 0.1 64.9 57.0 30.0
type being tested. Colour codes must follow individual cable
10.0 0.1 63.0 55.1 30.0
standards to distinguish them from multipair UTP
20.0 0.2 57.0 49.1 30.0
backbone cabling.
25.0 0.2 55.0 47.1 30.0
UTP/ScTP Connecting Hardware 31.25 0.2 53.1 45.2 30.0
To ensure that installed connecting hardware 62.5 0.3 47.1 39.2 24.1
(telecommunications outlets, patch cords and panels, 100.0 0.4 43.0 35.1 20.0
connectors, cross-connect blocks, etc.) will have minimal Category 5e Connecting Hardware
effect on overall cabling system performance, the
characteristics and performance parameters presented in
this section shall be met. Category 6 Connecting Hardware
Frequency Insertion NEXT FEXT Return
Category 3 Connecting Hardware (MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB)
Frequency (MHz) Insertion Loss (dB) NEXT (dB) 1.0 0.10 75.0 75.0 30.0
1.0 0.1 58.0 4.0 0.1 75.0 71.0 30.0
4.0 0.2 46.0 8.0 0.1 75.0 65.0 30.0
8.0 0.3 39.9 10.0 0.1 74.0 63.1 30.0
10.0 0.3 38.0 16.0 0.1 69.9 59.0 30.0
16.0 0.4 33.9 20.0 0.1 68.0 57.1 30.0
25.0 0.1 66.0 55.1 30.0
Category 3 Connecting Hardware
31.25 0.11 64.1 53.2 30.0
62.5 0.16 58.1 47.2 28.1
100.0 0.20 54.0 43.1 24.0
200.0 0.28 48.0 37.1 18.0
250.0 0.32 46.0 35.1 16.0

PSNEXT and PSFEXT are not defined for connecting hardware

40 41
The preferred termination method for all UTP/ScTP
Category 5e Assembled Patch Cords
connecting hardware utilises the insulation displacement
Frequency 2m Cord 5m Cord 10m Cord Return
contact (IDC). To ensure overall system integrity, horizontal
(MHz) NEXT (dB) NEXT (dB) NEXT (dB) Loss (dB)
cables need to be terminated with connecting hardware of
1.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 19.8
the same category or higher.
4.0 62.3 61.5 60.4 21.6
The following requirements apply only to wire and cable 8.0 56.4 55.6 54.7 22.5
used for patch cords and cross-connect jumpers: 10.0 54.5 53.7 52.8 22.8
16.0 50.4 49.8 48.9 23.4
UTP/ScTP Patch Cords
20.0 48.6 47.9 47.1 23.7
Jumper/patch cord maximum length limitations:
25.0 46.7 46.0 45.3 24.0
• 20m in main cross-connect.
31.25 44.8 44.2 43.6 23.0
• 20m in intermediate cross-connect.
62.5 39.0 38.5 38.1 20.0
• 6m in telecommunications room.
100.0 35.1 34.8 34.6 18.0
• 3m in the work area.
Category 5e Assembled Patch Cords
Patch cord cable construction:
• Stranded conductors for extended flex-life. Category 6 Assembled Patch Cords
Also, cables used for patch cords and cross-connect jumpers Frequency 2m Cord 5m Cord 10m Cord Return
(MHz) NEXT (dB) NEXT (dB) NEXT (dB) Loss (dB)
need to be of the same performance category (or higher)
1.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 19.8
as the horizontal cables they connect. Lastly, UTP/ScTP
4.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 21.6
cabling systems are not Category 3, 5e or 6 compliant
8.0 65.0 65.0 64.8 22.5
unless all components of the system satisfy their respective
10.0 65.0 64.5 62.9 22.8
category requirements.
16.0 62.0 60.5 59.0 23.4
20.0 60.1 58.6 57.2 23.7
25.0 58.1 56.8 55.4 24.0
31.25 56.2 54.9 53.6 23.0
62.5 50.4 49.2 48.1 20.0
100.0 46.4 45.3 44.4 18.0
200.0 40.6 39.8 39.3 15.0
250.0 38.8 38.1 37.6 14.0

Insertion Loss (Attenuation) per 100m (328ft) @ 20 degrees C is

defined as equal to UTP solid cable attenuation plus 20% (the
increased insertion loss allowance is due to stranded conductors).

42 43



Optical Fibre Cabling Systems

Optical Fibre Cabling Media
• Horizontal – 62.5/125 or 50/125µm multimode optical fibre (minimum
of two fibres)
• Backbone – 62.5/125 or 50/125µm multimode or single-mode
optical fibre
Cable Transmission Performance Parameters Multimode
(Horizontal & Backbone)
50µm 62.5µm 50µm Laser Optimised
Maximum Minimum Minimum Minimum
Wavelength Attenuation Bandwidth Bandwith Bandwidth
(nm) (dB/km) ( ( (
850 3.5 500 160 15001/20002
1300 1.5 500 500 500/not required
overfilled launch
laser launch

Refer to TIA/EIA - 492AAAC for Laser Optimised Fibre.

Cable Transmission Performance Parameters Single-mode

Inside Plant Outside Plant
Wavelength Maximum Attenuation Maximum Attenuation
(nm) (dB/km) (dB/km)
1310 1.0 0.5
1550 1.0 0.5

44 45
Optical Fibre Splices, Fusion or Mechanical:
Optical Fibre Bend Radius
• Maximum attenuation 0.3dB.
Fibre Type Bend Radius • Minimum return loss:
Small Inside Plant Cable (2–4 fibres) 25mm (no load) Multimode: 20dB.
50mm (w/load) Single-mode: 26dB.
All Other Inside Plant Cable 10 x diameter (no load)
Single-mode: 55dB (analog CATV).
15 x diameter (w/load)
Optical Fibre Connector (mated pair).
Outside Plant Cable 10 x diameter (no load)
• Maximum insertion loss 0.75dB.
20 x diameter (w/load)
Patch Cords
Outside plant cable must be water-blocked and have a • Shall be dual fibre of the same type as the horizontal
minimum pull strength of 91kg. (Drop cable pull strength and backbone fibre.
may be 45kg). • Polarity shall be keyed duplex.
Optical Fibre Connector
No specified connector: 568SC and other duplex designs
may be used.

Colour Identification:
• Beige – multimode connector/coupling.
• Blue – single-mode connector/coupling.

Note: The ISO/IEC standard now specifies the 568SC-type

fibre connector in the work area.
Optical Fibre Telecommunications Outlet
Required features:
• Capability to terminate minimum of two fibres into
568SC couplings or other duplex connection.
• Means of securing fibre and maintaining minimum
bend radius of 25mm.

46 47

GUIDE TO DIFFERENCES TIA and ISO standards are shown. There are a number of
references in the ISO standard to Categories, these apply to
the components and their relevant performance. A reference
CATEGORY 6 TO CLASS E COMPARISON to these can be found at the end of this document.
In the past there has been vast differences between the The following provides a comparison that highlights many of
TIA/EIA-568 standard and the ISO/CENELEC version. the fundamental similarities and differences between
Today as we work towards a more unified Category 6 or ANSI-TIA/EIA-568-B (and addendum) and
Class E standard, both groups are working closely together. ISO/IEC 11801 : Issue 2.
The following information gives an insight and confirmation
of electrical characteristics, where there is a discrepancy an
explanation is given. TERMINOLOGY

Balanced Twisted-Pair Cabling Components –
Cross Connect: A facility enabling the termination of
Addendum 1 – Transmission Performance
cable elements and their connection by patch cord
Specifications for 4-Pair 100ohm Category
or jumper.
6 Cabling
MC: Main Cross Connect
This addendum describes Category 6 cables, patch cords, IC: Intermediate Cross Connect
connecting hardware, permanent link and channel HC: Horizontal Cross Connect
transmission parameters characterised up to 250 MHz. TR: Telecommunications Room
TO: Telecommunications Outlet/connector
The standard specifies insertion loss, near-end crosstalk
TP: Transition Point. A location in the horizontal cable
(NEXT) loss, equal level far-end crosstalk (ELFEXT), return
where flat under carpet cable connects to round cable
loss, propagation delay and delay skew for cables and
CP: Consolidation Point. An interconnection scheme that
connecting hardware.
connects horizontal cables that extend from building
ISO11801 2nd Edition pathways to horizontal cables that extend into work
Information Technology, Generic cabling for area pathways
customer premises. Interbuilding Backbone
This standard incorporates additions from Edition 1 and also Intrabuilding Backbone
deletions. Edition 2 incorporates Class D upgraded to meet Cabling Performance
the requirements of TIA Cat5e. Class E and Class F are Category 3 specified to 16 MHz
included within this specification, the differences between the Category 4 specified to 20 MHz *

48 49
Category 5 & 5e specified to 100 MHz **
Backward Compatible Mated Component Performance
Category 6 specified to 250 MHz
Cat 3/ Cat 5 Cat 5e/ Cat 6/ Class F
Category 7 specified to 600 MHz ***
Class C Class D Class E
* Withdrawn from TIA/EIA-568-B
Cat 3/ Cat 3/ Cat 3/ Cat 3/ Cat 3/ Cat 3/
** Category 5 withdrawn from main 568-B standard to TSB Class C Class C Class C Class C Class C Class C
95 for reference only Cat 5 Cat 3/ Cat 5 Cat 5 Cat 5 Cat 5
*** Category 7 is not currently a draft standard by the TIA Class C
Cat 5e/ Cat 3/ Cat 5 Cat 5e/ Cat 5e/ Cat 5e/
Class D Class C Class D Class D Class D
ISO/EN Cat 6/ Cat 3/ Cat 5 Cat 5e/ Cat 6/ Cat 6/
Class E Class C Class D Class E Class E
Distributor: A facility enabling the termination of cable Class F Cat 3/ Cat 5 Cat 5e/ Cat 6/ Class F
elements and their connection by patch cord or jumper Class C Class D Class E
CD: Campus Distributor
BD: Building Distributor The lowest rated component determines the rating of the link
FD: Floor Distributor or channel.
TR: Telecommunications Room
TO: Telecommunications Outlet/connector
Category 6/Class E Connecting Hardware
No Equivalent ISO does not support under carpet data cable
Frequency Insertion NEXT FEXT Return
(MHz) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) Loss (dB)
Campus Backbone
1.0 0.10/0.10 75.0/80.0 75.0/65.0 30.0
Building Backbone
100.0 0.20/0.20 54.0/54.0 43.1/43.1 24.0
Cabling Performance 250.0 0.32/0.32 46.0/46.0 35.1/35.1 16.0
Class C specified to 16 MHz #
No comparable class PSNEXT and PSFEXT are not defined for connecting hardware in the
Class D 2002 specified to 100 MHz ## TIA but is defined in ISO.
Class E specified to 250 MHz
Class F specified to 600 MHz

# Class C has been withdrawn from the ISO and

EN standards
## Class D 2002 is equivalent to Category 5e, the original
Class D (Cat5) has been withdrawn

50 51
Category 6/Class E Assembled Patch Cords Channel
Frequency 2m Cord 5m Cord 10m Cord Return Frequency Insertion Insertion NEXT NEXT PSNEXT PSNEXT
(MHz) NEXT (dB) NEXT (dB) NEXT (dB) Loss (dB) (MHz) Loss (dB) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB)
1.0 65.0/65.0 65.0/65.0 65.0/65.0 19.8/19.8 Cat 6 Class E Cat 6 Class E Cat 6 Class E
16.0 62.0/61.6 60.5/60.0 59.0/58.5 23.4/23.4 1.0 2.1 4.0 65.0 65.0 62.0 62.0
100.0 46.4/46.2 45.3/45.0 44.4/44.2 18.0/18.0 16.0 8.0 8.3 53.2 53.2 50.6 50.6
250.0 38.8/38.6 38.1/37.9 37.6/37.6 14.0/14.0 100.0 21.3 21.7 39.9 39.9 37.1 37.1
250.0 35.9 35.9 33.1 33.1 30.2 30.2

Insertion Loss (Attenuation) per 100m (328ft) @ 20 degrees C is Frequency ELFEXT ELFEXT PSELF PSELF Return Return
defined as equal to UTP solid cable attenuation plus 20% (the (MHz) (dB) (dB) EXT EXT Loss Loss
increased insertion loss allowance is due to stranded conductors). (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB)
1.0 63.3 63.3 60.3 60.3 19.0 19.0
Permanent Link 16.0 39.2 39.2 36.2 36.2 18.0 18.0
100.0 23.3 23.3 20.3 20.3 12.0 12.0
Frequency Insertion Insertion NEXT NEXT PSNEXT PSNEXT
(MHz) Loss (dB) Loss (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) 250.0 15.3 15.3 12.3 12.3 8.0 8.0
Cat 6 Class E Cat 6 Class E Cat 6 Class E
1.0 1.9 4.0 65.0 65.0 62.0 62.0 Maximum Cat 6/Class E channel propogation delay: less than
16.0 7.0 7.1 54.6 54.6 52.2 52.2 555ns @ 10MHz
100.0 18.6 18.5 41.8 41.8 39.3 39.3 Maximum Cat 6/Class E channel delay skew: less than 50ns/100m
@ 10MHz
250.0 31.1 30.7 35.3 35.3 32.7 32.7
Frequency ELFEXT ELFEXT PSELF PSELF Return Return N.B. The figures given within the tables are informative only,
(MHz) (dB) (dB) EXT EXT Loss Loss for exact figures please refer to the calculations within the
(dB) (dB) (dB) (dB) standards document.
1.0 64.2 64.2 61.2 61.2 19.1 21.0
16.0 40.1 40.1 37.1 37.1 20.0 20.0
100.0 24.2 24.2 21.2 21.2 14.0 14.0
250.0 16.2 16.2 13.2 13.2 10.0 10.0

Maximum Cat 6 permanent link propogation delay: less than 498ns

@ 10MHz
Maximum Cat 6 permanent link delay skew: less than 44ns/100m
@ 10MHz

52 53


As the complexity of voice and data telecommunications has
increased, standards have been established to ensure the
operability, flexibility, manageability and longevity of these
critical commercial support systems. Telecommunications
now encompass voice, data and video transmission of
business information, fire/security, audio, environmental and
other intelligent building controls over media that includes
fibre optics, specialised copper data cabling, microwave
and radiowave. This guide concisely describes the
architectural design elements of cabling pathways and
dedicated rooms for telecommunications equipment.

A multi-tenant commercial building has a life expectancy of

at least 50 years. Software, hardware and communications
gear have far shorter lifespans of one to five years.
Moreover, in a multi-tenant environment, continuous moves,
adds and changes are inevitable. It is the purpose of
standards to guide design and ease future changes – by
planning for the future now. These standards are intended
to provide for a generic structured cabling plant, capable
of running any voice or data application foreseeable in the
next 10 to 15 years.
Abbreviations: 1. Electric Entrance 5. Voice
AWG American Wire Gauge 2. Telco Entrance 6. Telecom Room
V volts 3. Telecom Equipment Room 7. Grounding & Bonding
A amps 4. Data 8. Underfloor System
kVA kilovolt ampere

For underground facilities, use a minimum 100mm conduit

or duct constructed of PVC; multiple plastic duct; galvanised
steel; fibre glass; with appropriate encasement. No more

54 55
than two 90° manufactured bends are allowed (10 times the Gross Building
diameter). Drain slope should not be less than 300mm per
Floor Space (m2) Plywood Field (m) Room Dimensions(m)
30m. Recommended conduit fill varies but should not exceed
465 2.44 high x 1 wide
40 percent for more than two cables.
929 2.44 high x 1 wide
Maintenance holes (typically 240kg/cm2, concrete) must be 1858 2.44 high x 1.07 (A room recommended
equipped with sump, corrosion-protected pulling iron, cable 3716 2.44 high x 1.727 beyond this level)
racks, grounded ladder and only such power/light 4645 2.44 high x 2.28
conductors as required for telecommunications support per 5574 2.44 high x 2.44 (A dedicated room req’d.)
NEC requirements. 7432 2.44 high x 3.048 3.66 x 1.9
9290 2.44 high x 2 walls 3.66 x 1.9
ENTRANCE FACILITIES 18,580 2.44 high x 2 walls 3.66 x 2.74
Entrance facilities include the pathways for outside carrier 37,160 2.44 high x 2 walls 3.66 x 3.96
services, interbuilding backbone, alternate entrance and 46,450 2.44 high x 2 walls 3.66 x 4.72
55,740 2.44 high x 2 walls 3.66 x 5.56
antennae entrance pathways. The entrance facilities consist
74,320 2.44 high x 2 walls 3.66 x 6.78
of a termination field interfacing any outside cabling to the
92,900 2.44 high x 2 walls 3.66 x 8.4
intrabuilding backbone cabling. The local telephone carrier
is typically required to terminate cabling within 15m of
building penetration and to provide primary Rule of thumb: Allow one square foot of plywood wallmount
voltage protection. for each 18.6m2 of floor space.

In buildings larger than 2000m2, a locked, dedicated, EQUIPMENT ROOM

enclosed room is recommended. Beyond 7000m2, a locked,
An equipment room is essentially a large telecommunications
dedicated room is required, with a plywood termination
room that may house the main distribution frame, PBXs,
field provided on two walls. In buildings up to 10,000m2,
secondary voltage protection, etc. The equipment room is
a wall-mounted termination field may serve as the entrance
often appended to the entrance facilities or a computer
facility, using 20mm plywood, 2.4m high. Beyond 10,000m2,
room to allow shared air conditioning, security, fire
rack-mounted and free-standing frames may also be
control, lighting and limited access.
required. Minimum space requirements are given as follows:

56 57
Number of Equipment Room
Typically, a minimum of two dedicated 15A, 110/220V
Workstations Floor Space (sq.m) AC duplex outlets on separate circuits is required. Convenience
101–400 37.16 duplex outlets shall be placed at 2m intervals around the
401–800 74.32 perimeter. Emergency power should be considered and
801–1,200 111.50 supplied, if available.

Rule of thumb: Provide 0.7m2 of equipment room floor space Dust

for every 10m2 of user workstation area. Less than 100 micrograms/cubic meter/24-hour period.

Location Note: The term ‘typically’ is applied here to indicate,

Typically, rooms should be located away from sources of where applicable, that these requirements also apply to
electromagnetic interference (transformers, motors, x-ray, other elements of the cabling system spaces. Lighting
induction heaters, arc welders, radio and radar) unless requirements, for instance, are largely identical for entrance
interference is less than 3 V/m across the frequency facilities, equipment rooms and telecommunications rooms.
spectrum. Avoid sources of flooding.
Typically, no false ceiling; all surfaces treated to reduce dust; Within a building, the intrabuilding backbone pathways
walls and ceiling painted white or pastel to improve visibility. extend between the entrance facilities, equipment room and
telecommunications rooms. Telecom rooms should be stacked
Limited Access
vertically above each other on each floor, and provided
Typically, single or double 0.91 x 2.03 lockable doors.
with a minimum of three 100mm sleeves (a stub of
Other conduit through the floor) for less than 4645m2 served.
Typically, no piping, ductwork, mechanical equipment or An equivalent 100mm x 300mm slot may be used in lieu
power cabling should be allowed to pass through the of three sleeves. Firestopping is required. If rooms are not
equipment room. No unrelated storage. vertically aligned, then 100mm horizontal conduit runs are
required. Include no more than two 90° bends between
pull points. Pulling iron or eyes embedded in the concrete
24 hours/day, 365 days/year, 18° to 24°C, 30 to
for cable pulling is recommended. Fill should not exceed
55 percent humidity, positive pressure.
40 percent for any run greater than two cables.
Typically, 2.56m high, providing 50-foot candles @ 0.91m
above floor.

58 59
Backbone & Horizontal Pathways in the floor at the left side of a plywood termination field,
which are ideally located near the door. A fire extinguisher
is recommended.

Riser Sleeve

1. Telco Conduit 6. Vertical Backbone

2. Telco Manhole 7. Telecom Room
3. Entrance Conduit 8. Horizontal Cabling
4. Telco Entrance Facility 9. Interbuilding Backbone
5. Telecom Equipment Room 10. Electrical Entrance Facility


The telecommunications room on each floor is the junction

between backbone and horizontal pathways. It contains
active voice and data telecommunications equipment,
termination fields and cross-connect wiring. Typical Telecommunications Room

More than one telecom room per floor is required if HORIZONTAL PATHWAYS
distance to a work area exceeds 90m, or if floor area
served exceeds 1000m2. Recommended room sizing is Horizontal pathways extend between the telecommunications
3.0m x 3.4m for each 1000m2 area served. room and the work area. A variety of generic pathway
options are described. Choice of pathway(s) is left to the
Power, lighting, air conditioning and limited access are discretion of the designer. The most commonly employed
typical. See requirements for Equipment Room. There is pathway consists of cable bundles run from the telecom
a minimum of three 100mm firestopped backbone sleeves room along J-hooks suspended above a plenum ceiling,

60 61
which fan out once a work zone is reached. They then drop Perimeter Pathways
through interior walls or support columns or raceways, and Options include surface raceway, recessed, molding and
terminate at an information outlet (I/O). Other options are: multichannel (to carry separate power and lighting circuits).

Multichannel Raceway Rule of thumb: Typically, size horizontal pathways by

Cellular raceway ducts capable of routing telecom providing 25mm2 of cross-section area for every 10m2 of
and power cabling separately in greater than 75mm workspace area being served.
reinforced concrete.
Note: Typically, a pull box, splice box or pulling point is
Cellular Floor required for any constrained pathway where there are more
Pre-formed hollows, or steel-lined cells, are provided in than two 90° bends, a 180° reverse bend or length more
concrete, with header ducts from the telecom room than 30m.
arranged at right angles to the cells.
A wide, solid tray, sometimes containing compartments, and
fitted with a flat top(with gaskets) along its entire length.
It is embedded flush with the concrete finish.
Access Floor/Raised Floor
Modular floor panels supported by pedestals, used in
computer rooms and equipment rooms.
Bundled cables, suspended above a false ceiling, fan out
to drop through walls, power poles or along support
Perimeter Pathway
columns to baseboard level.
To be considered only when outlet locations are permanent,
device density low and flexibility (future changes)
not required.
Cable Trays
Options include channel tray, ladder tray, solid bottom,
ventilated and wireway. Variety of Horizontal Pathways

62 63
A multi-user telecommunication outlet assembly (MUTOA)
is another methodology to reduce cabling moves, adds
and changes in modular furniture settings. The user cord is
directly connected to the MUTOA. A MUTOA location must
be accessible and permanent, and may not be mounted in
ceiling spaces or under access flooring. Similarly, it cannot
Access Floor/Raised Floor be mounted in furniture unless that furniture is permanently
secured to the building structure.

For more descriptive information on distance limitations

and purposes of consolidation points and MUTOAs, see


Voice and data telecommunications cabling should not

be run adjacent and parallel to power cabling – even
along short distances – unless one or both cable types are
shielded and grounded. For low-voltage communication
cables, 150mm is required from any fluorescent lighting
fixture or power line over 2kVA and up to 600mm from any
power line over 5kVA. In general, telecommunications
cabling is routed separately, or several metres away from
power cabling. Similarly, telecommunications cabling is
routed away from large motors, generators, induction
heaters, arc welders, x-ray equipment, and radio frequency,
Ceiling Utility Pole
microwave or radar sources.

Note: Distance recommendations from (1990) TIA/EIA-569

are reproduced here by popular request.
Consolidation points provide limited area connection
access. Typically, a permanent flush wall, ceiling or support
column-mounted panel serves modular furniture work areas.
The panels must be unobstructed and fully accessible without
moving fixtures, equipment or heavy furniture.

64 65
Annex A of the standard discusses various types of
packing used to re-establish the integrity of fire-rated
structures when these barriers have been penetrated by
cable. This section briefly discusses passive mechanical
systems and non-mechanical systems such as putty, caulk,
cements, intumescent sheets and strips, silicone foams and
pre-manufactured pillows. The most common method is
stuffing all apertures with ceramic/mineral wool and
caulking both sides with fire-resistant putty.

Cutaway of Typical Firestop

66 67


The following extracts are taken from the The main elements of a generic telecommunications
ANSI/TIA/EIA-606-A-2002 dated May 2002, Administration infrastructure for which this standard specifies an
Standard for Commercial Telecommunications Infrastructure. administration system are:
1. Horizontal pathways and cabling.
Modern buildings require an effective telecommunications 2. Backbone pathways and cabling.
infrastructure to support the wide variety of services that rely 3. Telecommunications grounding and bonding.
on the electronic transport of information. Administration 4. Spaces (e.g. entrance facility, telecommunications room,
includes basic documentation and timely updating of equipment room).
drawings, labels and records. Administration should be 5. Firestopping.
synergistic with voice, data and video telecommunications,
as well as with other building signal systems, including This standard addresses the administration of commercial
security, audio, alarms and energy management. telecommunications infrastructure by:
a) Assigning identifiers to components of the infrastructure.
Administration can be accomplished with paper records, but b) Specifying elements of information which make up
in today’s increasingly complex telecommunications records for each identifier.
environment, effective administration is enhanced by the use c) Specifying relationships between these records to access
of computer-based systems or even real time management. the information they contain.
d) Specifying reports presenting information on groups
Administrative record-keeping plays an increasingly
of records.
necessary role in the flexibility and management of frequent
e) Specifying graphical and symbolic requirements.
moves, adds and changes. This section describes the
administrative record-keeping elements of a modern
structured cabling system.

68 69
One horizontal link record for each horizontal link.
Four classes of administration are specified in this standard The horizontal link record shall contain the following
to accommodate the complexity present in telecommunications information:
infrastructure. The specifications for each class include a) Horizontal link identifier (primary indexing identifier,
requirements for identifiers, records and labelling. e.g. 1A-A47).
b) Cable type (e.g. 4-pair, UTP category 5e, PVC).
An administration system may be managed using a c) Location of TO (room, office or grid location).
paper-based system, general purpose spreadsheet software, d) Outlet connector type (e.g. 8-position modular,
or special purpose cable management software. T568B, Cat5e).
e) Cable length (e.g. 51m).
Classes are scalable and allow expansion without requiring
f) Cross connect hardware type (e.g. 24-port modular
changes to existing identifiers or labels. For mission critical
patch panel, T568B, Cat5e).
systems, buildings over 7000m2, or multi-tenant buildings,
administration of pathways and spaces and outside plant For TMGB and TGB labelling please see full standard.
elements is strongly recommended.
Class 2 provides for the telecommunications infrastructure
CLASS 1 administration needs of a single building with an ER and
Addresses the needs of a premises that is served by a single one or more TR’s within a single building. Class 2
ER. This ER is the only administration point in the building administration includes the elements of Class 1, plus
and has no backbone cable or campus cables connected to identifiers for backbone cabling, multiple element grounding
it. Simple cable pathways will generally be understood and firestopping. Optional administration of pathways is
without the need to be administered. If there is a need for allowed if they are understood.
administration of the pathways then Class 2 should be used
as a minimum. Class 2 can be managed by using paper-based, general
purpose spreadsheet software or special purpose cable
Class 1 is usually managed by using paper-based or management software.
general purpose spreadsheet software.
Infrastructure Identifiers
Infrastructure Identifiers
a) Identifiers required as in Class 1.
a) Telecommunications Space (TS) identifier.
b) Building backbone cable identifier.
b) Horizontal link identifier.
c) Building backbone pair or optical fibre identifier.
c) TMGB identifier.
d) Firestopping location identifier.
d) TGB identifier.
Class 2 administration may include pathway identifiers.

70 71
Required Records CLASS 3
a) Horizontal link records as specified in Class 1. Addresses the needs of the campus, including its buildings
b) One TS record for each TS. and outside plant elements. Class 3 includes the elements of
c) One backbone cable record for each backbone cable. Class 2, plus identifiers for building and campus cabling.
d) One TMGB record for each TMGB. Administration of building pathways and spaces, and
e) One TGB record for each TGB. outside plant elements is recommended.
f) One firestopping location record for each
firestopping location. Class 3 may be managed with paper-based, general
purpose spreadsheet software or special purpose cable
The TS record shall contain: management software.
a) TS identifier.
b) Type of TS (e.g. TR, ER). Infrastructure Identifiers
c) Building room number. a) Identifiers required in Class 2 administration.
d) Key or access card identifier. b) Building identifier.
e) Contact person. c) Campus backbone cable identifier.
f) Hours of access. d) Campus backbone pair or optical fibre identifier.

Building backbone record shall contain: The following identifiers are optional:
a) Building backbone identifier. a) Identifiers optional in Class 2 administration.
b) Type of cable (e.g. 300 pair 24AWG Armoured b) Outside plant pathway element identifier.
riser cable). c) Campus pathway or element identifier.
c) Type of connecting hardware (e.g. 48 SC duplex
Required Records
adapter panel).
a) Records required in Class 2 administration.
d) Cross connect table relating to each backbone cable
b) One building record for each building.
pair or optical fibre to other backbone cable or to
c) One campus backbone cable record for each campus
horizontal link.
backbone cable.
For TMGB, TGB and firestopping labelling see full standard.
Building records shall contain:
a) Building name.
b) Building location (e.g. street name).
c) A list of all TS’s.
d) Contact information for access.
e) Access hours.

72 73
Campus records shall contain: Campus or site records shall contain:
a) Campus backbone identifier. a) Campus or site name.
b) Type of cable (e.g. 48 fibre, 50/125 OM3 b) Campus or site location (e.g. street name).
indoor/outdoor duct). c) Contact information for local administrator
c) Type of connecting hardware (e.g. 48 SC duplex of infrastructure.
adapter panel). d) List of all buildings at the site or campus.
d) Table relating to backbone terminations to other e) Location of main cross connect, if applicable.
backbone terminations or horizontal links, to which they f) Access hours.
are cross connected.
CLASS 4 This section covers colour coding requirements for
Class 4 addresses the administration of multi-site system. termination fields and for horizontal cabling.
Class 4 administration includes all elements of Class 3
administration, plus an identifier for each site, and optional Termination Fields
identifiers for intercampus elements, such as WAN Colour coding of termination fields can assist with the
connections. There are strong recommendations to administration by making the structure of the cabling
administer all pathways, spaces and outside plant elements. more intuitive.

Class 4 may be managed with paper-based, general The following table gives the colours that shall be used
purpose spreadsheet software or special purpose cable within the termination fields. Cross connections generally
management software. connect termination fields of different colours.

Infrastructure Identifiers
a) Identifiers required in Class 3 administration.
b) Campus and site identifier.

The following identifiers are optional:

a) Identifiers optional in Class 3 administration.
b) Inter-campus element identifiers.

Required Records
a) Records required in Class 3 administration.
b) One campus or site record for each campus or site.

74 75
Termination Colour Pantone No. Typical
Type Application
Demarcation Orange 150C Central Office Connection
Network Green 353C User side of central office
Connection connection
Common Purple 264C Connections to PBX,
Equipment Mainframe computer,
LAN, Multiplexer
Key System Red 184C Connections to key
telephone systems
First Level White – Terminations of building
Backbone backbone cable, MC to IC’s
Second Level Grey 422C Termination of building
Backbone backbone cable connecting
IC’s to HC’s
Campus Backbone Brown 465C Termination of backbone
cable between buildings
Horizontal Blue 291C Terminations of horizontal
cable in TS’s
Miscellaneous Yellow 101C Alarms, security or energy
Illustration of colour coding of termination fields.
Industry practices in some areas may prevent the use of
some colours.

76 77


Additional Transmission Performance Specifications for
The standards are intended to help you identify the minimum
50/125µm Optical Fibre Cable.
solution you will require. Unfortunately, the standards do not
always adequately address the data traffic demands of TIA/EIA-569-A (1998)
emerging technologies. Commercial Building Standard for Telecommunications
Pathways and Spaces.
The standards are minimum requirements and ensure only
minimal performance. You can’t meet the needs of the future ISO/IEC 10810 (DRAFT)
by installing products built around yesterday’s standards.
TIA/EIA-570-A (1999)
Find a system that’s tested and certified well beyond present Residential and Light Commercial Telecommunication
day requirements. You need to ensure that your data can Wiring Standard.
travel reliably and efficiently tomorrow.
TIA/EIA-606-A (2002)
Fortunately, there are infrastructures that can handle VoIP, Administration Standard for the Telecommunications
streaming video and other bandwidth-hungry applications. Infrastructure of Commercial Buildings.
Anixter provides the right solutions.
IS0/IEC 11801 Issue 2 (2002)
REFERENCE DOCUMENTS FOR FURTHER Generic Cabling for Customer Premises.
INFORMATION ON CABLING STANDARDS IEEE 802.3-2002 Revision of 2000 Edition
TIA/EIA-568-B.1 (2001) Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection
Commercial Building Telecommunications Cabling Standard (CSMA/CD) Access Method and Physical Layer Specification.
Part 1: General Requirements. IEEE 802.5-1998 (1998)
TIA/EIA-568-B.2 (2001) Token Ring Access Method and Physical Layer Specifications
Commercial Building Telecommunications Cabling Standard (also known as ANSI/IEEE Std 802.5-1998).
Part 2: Balanced Twisted-pair Cabling Components.
TIA/EIA-568-B.2-1 (2002)
Transmission Performance Specifications for 4-Pair 100ohm TIA and EIA documents may be purchased through Global
Category 6 cabling. Engineering Documents at*. IEEE
documents may be purchased through IEEE,
TIA/EIA-568-B.3 (2000)
Optical Fibre Cabling Components Standard. * Check worldwide offices on main site for an office near you.

78 79
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80 81
Anixter Distribution does not manufacture the items described in this brochure. The information
contained herein is given in good faith. Users are requested to determine directly from the
manufacturer’s tests or to make their own tests to determine the suitability of these materials
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PRINTED IN ENGLAND – Anixter 11/02 ANIX 0297