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DOCSIS 3.

1: Cables Gigabit Gambit


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Todays Presenters
Presenter

Alan Breznick
Contributing Analyst
Heavy Reading

Jeff Finkelstein,
Executive Director
Network Strategy
Cox Communications

Presenter

Jim Crammond,
Director, Cable Operator
Business Development
Connected Home
Division, Intel

Presenter

Presenter

Jeff Leung,
Director, Product
Management
Cable Solutions
Casa Systems

Cyrille Morelle,
President and CEO
VeEX

Presenter

Daniel Howard
Fellow
SCTE

Todays Agenda

DOCSIS 3.1 Highlights


DOCSIS 3.1 Status Update
MSO Deployment Plans
Biggest Deployment Challenges
How to Overcome the Challenges
Preparing for the Transition
Panel Roundtable
Audience Q&A

DOCSIS 3.1 Highlights


Speed: Support for up to 10 Gbit/s downstream and
2 Gbit/s upstream network capacity
Quality of Experience: Active Queue Management
improves responsiveness for gaming and web
Fluid Deployment Strategy: Backward compatibility
provides a flexible migration for MSOs
Cost Reduction: Up to 50% more data capacity over
the same spectrum relative to DOCSIS 3.0
Higher Capacity over Existing HFC Network: No
upgrade required. Supports more spectrum for
even more capacity

How Much Capacity?


Depends on the Network

Specifications provide roadmap to greater than:


10 Gbps downstream and 2 Gbps upstream capacity
First Generation minimum Cable Modem requirements:
Downstream: 24 D3.0 channels, plus 2 D3.1 channels ~4.5 Gbps
Upstream: 8 D3.0 channels plus 2 D3.1 channels ~1.4 Gbps
Existing 42 MHz split network (assuming spectrum available)
~4 Gbps downstream capacity
~200 Mbps upstream capacity
Flexibility to Grow Incrementally with Consumer Demand

Slide 6

Whats New?
Improves efficiency, moves more data across existing network

Orthogonal Frequency Division


Multiplexing (OFDM)
Forward Error Correction (FEC)
based on Low Density Parity
Check (LDPC)
Efficient modulations,
including 1024 and 4096 QAM
Options for additional HFC
spectrum

Slide 7

DOCSIS 3.1 StatusTesting & Certification


CableLabs has conducted 7 equipment interops since Dec.
2014; next one slated for January
More than two dozen vendors (27) have participated in
interops so far
CableLabs has completed 5 dry runs of pre-certification
equipment testing; testing rounds held monthly
Nearly two dozen (22) equipment makers participated in Sept.
21 Demo Day at CableLabs headquarters
CableLabs will certify DOCSIS 3.1 devices on rolling basis until
they pass muster, after theyve already completed dry run
testing phase

DOCSIS 3.1 Deployment Strategies


MSO

Strategy

Comcast

Now testing D3.1; Plans to start deploying D3.1


commercially in field in early 2016

Liberty Global

Now testing D3.1; Plans to start deploying D3.1


commercially in field in early 2016

Cox Communications

Now Testing D3.1; Plans to start deploying D3.1


commercially in field in 2016

Rogers Communications

Plans to start deploying D3.1 commercially iin 2016

NBN

Plans to start deploying D3.1 commercially in 2016

Vodafone New Zealand

Started deploying D 3.1 commercially in phases in Nov.;


plans to complete deployment in Feb. 2016

Panel Question I:

How can cable operators integrate such new


technologies as OFDM into their plants? (Jeff F)

18

Current HFC Topology


Fiber
Node

Hub

Trunk
Amplifier
Feeder
Amplifier
DWDM

Line
Extender

Panel Question II:

What must cable operators do to prepare their


networks for DOCSIS 3.1 deployments? What
new tools will they need? (Cyrille)

18

Panel Question III:

When will the silicon and equipment be ready


for DOCSIS 3.1 rollouts? (Jim)

19

Panel Question IV:

What kinds of training and retraining must be


done to prepare the cable workforce for DOCSIS
3.1? (Daniel)

20

SCTE HFC READINESS ACTIVITY:


PLANNED OPERATIONAL PRACTICE DOCUMENTS

Return path laser optimization for 85 MHz loading


Additional HFC network optimization for D3.0
Explanation of DOCSIS 3.1 configuration options and their effect
on the end-to-end network performance
Downstream loading optimization for multiwavelength optics
and high output RF amplifiers (w/ extended spectrum, up to 1.2
GHz)
Planning the in-home architecture for 85 MHz upstream and/or
1218 MHz downstream, esp. MoCA
Overall 85 and/or 204 MHz upstream operation
Workforce education and technician test equipment
Slide 15

DOCSIS 3.1 BOOTCAMP FOR


ENGINEERS NOV 15 - JAN 16
Learning & Development

Awareness
& Relevance
Weeks 1-2:
Virtual & E-Learning

Reinforce &
Remember

Practice & Application


Week 3:
Classroom: Day 1

Week 3:
Classroom: Day 2

Week 3:
Classroom: Day 3

1 Hr. Virtual Class: Kickoff


Tony W. and Jorge S.
Speakers
Self-paced e-learning:
D31-99.1 Primer D3.1
D31-100.1 Explainer
Fundamentals of DS 3.1
D31-102.5 D3.1 Overview
Pre-test
Self-paced e-learning:
Required courses based on
failed pre-test score:
D31-104.1 PHY Background
D31-104.2 PHY Multiplexing
and Multiple Access Tech
D31-105.1 MAC Data Links
D31-203.1 DS 1.0-3.0 Cable
Modem Initialization Part 1
D31-203.2 DS 1.0-3.0 Cable
Modem Initialization Part 2

Instructor-led session
D31-200.1 Deploying
D31-203.3 Current
Initialization
D31-101.2 End to end
Process
D31-104.6 D31
Enhancements (freq.
plans)
D31-104.7 D31 Benefits
(freq. plans)
D31-201.2 NCP (service
groups, MAC domains,
profiles)
D31-204.1 Init. Steps
D31-204.2 Ranging and
Probing
D31-204.3 Initialization

Instructor-led session
D31-205.1 OFDM in
Action
D31-205.2 PHY/OFDM
plant testing, Spectrum
Analyzers, OFDM
Generators (VeEx, Viavi,
Trilithic VIdeo)
D31-205.3
Demonstration of OFDM
testing
D31-205.4 Testing
D31-300 Explainer
Adv./Tshoot
D31-202.1 Agg. Routing
and Capacity & HW
D31-202.2 Installation
D31-202.3 Installation
3.1

Instructor-led session
D31-202.5 Deployment
D31-202.6 1st Modem
Provisioning
D31-206.1 CMTS
configuration, show commands
(CASA, ARRIS, Cisco)
D31-303.1 Maint. of Network
D31-304.1 Troubleshooting
D31-304.3 Tools, Monitoring
and Testing
D31-304.4 Troubleshooting

D31-100.1, 102.5 Multi Quiz:


End-of-Module Assessment

D31-203.3 Current
Initialization Demo
D31-Multi Quiz: End-ofModule Assessment
D31-204.3 Initialization
DOCSIS 3.1 - System
Demonstration / practice

D31-Multi Quiz: End-ofModule Assessment


D31-205.3 OFDM testing
demonstration (VeEx,
Viavi, Trilithic)
D31-205.4
Demonstration / practice

Team challenge
D31-Multi Quiz: End-ofModule Assessment
D31-304.4 Troubleshooting
Demonstration / practice
Final exam and Graduation
Certificate / Award Ceremony

+ 1-3 Months

400 DOCSIS 3.1


What you need to
remember!
3 mins.
400 Process games
and data input or
CMT command
games
400 DOCSIS 3.1
Implementation tips /
CableLabs pocket
guide
5 mins.
400 Troubleshooting
tips
7 mins.
400 Threaded
discussions on
reflector stimulated
by presenters
5 mins.
400 Grill the guru:
Aftermath Q&A
30 mins.

Slide 16

SCTE PROACTIVE NETWORK


MAINTENANCE (PNM) COURSE
Scope: Functional aspects of PNM for monitoring and
troubleshooting
Coverage: Operations center to the customer premises
Specific topics include:
Why be proactive?
PNM technology
introduction
Using PNM
Using full RF
spectrum capture
Nextgen PNM
technologies
Slide 17

Panel Question V:

How well will DOCSIS 3.1 co-exist with DOCSIS


3.0 and earlier versions of the spec? (Jeff L)

22

Flexible
Deployment
Options
Backward
Compatibility
with DOCSIS 3.0
Smooth migration to next-gen services enabled with flexible deployment options

Backward compatible with DOCSIS 3.0


In the DS, new encodings in MDD message
are ignored by D3.0 modems

In the US, OFDMA channel is invisible to


D3.0 modems
Shared channels can be used for unicast or
broadcast video

19

Panel Question VI:

How well will DOCSIS 3.1 co-exist with MoCA


home networking standard? (Daniel)

23

COEXISTENCE BETWEEN
DOCSIS 3.1 AND MOCA

Technical report Coexistence Requirements between DOCSIS 3.1


Networks and MoCA Networks
Authors from CableLabs, Entropic and Broadcom
SCTE HFC Readiness special working group developing detailed
practices/requirement document for coexistence of D3.1 and MoCA

US

DOWNSTREAM CABLE / DOCSIS 3.0

5 42 54

MoCA

864 1002 1125

1675

MHz

Current Frequency Plan

UPSTREAM
5

204 258

DOCSIS 3.1 DOWNSTREAM

MoCA
1002 11251218

1675 1794MHz

DOCSIS 3.1 Frequency Plan


Slide 21

Panel Question VII:

How well will DOCSIS 3.1 play with WiFi and


other home networking technologies? (Jim &
Daniel)

23

Home Networking Trends


Toward >=1 Gbps (MAC rate) inside the home
Technology

Medium

WiFi

Air

Ethernet
MoCA

Current Throughputs

Next Generation(s)
rates

1Gbps
(80MHz, 802.11ac)

2.5Gbps
(160MHz, 802.11ax)

Cat5e / 6

1Gbps
(1000BaseT)

2.5/5Gbps
(NBaseT)

Coax

Up to 1Gbps
(MoCA2.0)

2.5 Gbps
(MoCA2.5)

Connected Home Division

23

Panel Question VIII:

How can cable operators clear more bandwidth


capacity for DOCSIS 3.1, particularly on the
upstream? (Daniel & Jeff F)

23

Panel Question IX:

What other steps can cable operators take to


make a smoother migration to DOCSIS 3.1? (Jeff
L, Cyrille & Jim)

24

Embracing Full CCAP + DOCSIS 3.1


Yields Significant Benefits

IPTV

VoIP

CMTS

HSD

IPTV

VoIP

CMTS

HSD

Linear

VoD

> 30%
space
reduction

VoD
EQAM
Linear

NPVR

C100G

Broadcast
EQAM

VoD

NPVR

Universal
EQAM

SDV
EQAM

Even greater reductions possible with DOCSIS 3.1

> 30%
power
demand
reduction

Additional Steps Service


Providers May Take Toward Ultra-Broadband
Monetizing network investments
Wi-Fi@
Home

Beyond 1G
Speeds

Enterprise
Services

Mobility,
Voice

M2M

IPTV
Anywhere

UBB
Anywhere

Integrate
Virtualize
Densify
Upgrade
Consolidate
Embrace full CCAP to
scale edge devices to
full spectrum (1GHz)
per port and integrate
all video functions.

Upgrade CCAP to
D3.1, leverage
channel bonding
Make full use of
spectrum, boost
speeds to 10Gbps

Save OPEX now to help


fund further network
evolution

Meeting todays throughput and QoS demands

Push access to demand


hot spots and
enterprises with DCA
Use remote nodes in
place of adding more
analog fiber nodes
Continue to reduce
analog optics by
migrating to an all
digital fiber network

Virtualize network
functions where it
makes sense to do
so
Use SDN to deliver
new services,
faster

Full convergence of
services across fixed
and mobile via
Software Defined UltraBroadband
Deeper enterprise
services
Residential stickiness
through branded
services anywhere

Evolving networks to deliver ultra-broadband


everywhere
27

Panel Question X:

How should cable operators decide when to


upgrade to DOCSIS 3.1? Why not go FTTH? (Jeff
F)

25

Access Capacity
100G
10G
1G
100M
10M
1M
100k
10k
1k
100
Dial-up

10

DOCSIS 1.0-2.0

DOCSIS 3.0

DOCSIS 3.1

Future

2014

2022

2030

1
1982

1986

1990

1994

1998

2002

2006

2010

2018

2026

Panel Question XI:

Where will the cable industry stand with D3.1 a


year from now? (All 5 speakers)

25

Audience Q & A Session


Presenter

Alan Breznick
Contributing Analyst
Heavy Reading

Jeff Finkelstein,
Executive Director
Network Strategy
Cox Communications

Presenter

Jim Crammond,
Director, Cable Operator
Business Development
Connected Home
Division, Intel

Presenter

Presenter

Jeff Leung,
Director, Product
Management
Cable Solutions
Casa Systems

Cyrille Morelle,
President and CEO
VeEX

Presenter

Daniel Howard
Fellow
SCTE

Thank you for attending!


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