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UGC NET

Education - Paper - I, II & III


Question Paper with Ans Key July-16

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General Paper - I (July 2016)

General Paper on Teaching and Research Aptitude


Previous Year Solved Paper
Time : 1 hours

Paper-I

Maximum Marks : 100

Note : This paper contains sixty (60) objective type questions, each question carries two (2)
marks. Attempt any fifty (50) questions.

The following table shows the percentage profit (%) earned by two companies A and B during
the years 2011-15. Answer questions 1-3 based on the data contained in the table:
Profit earned by two companies

Year

2011

20

30

2012

35

45

2013

45

35

2014

40

50

2015

25

35

Where, percent (%) Profit =


1.

2.

3.

Percentage Profit (%)

Income Expenditure
100
Expenditure

In which year, the percentage profit earned by the company B is less than that of company A?
(1)

2012

(2)

2013

(3)

2014

(4)

2015

If the total expenditure of the two companies was ` 9 lakh in the year 2012 and the expenditure
of A and B were in the ratio 2 : 1, then what was the income of the company A in that year?
(1)

` 9.2 lakh

(2)

` 8.1 lakh

(3)

` 7.2 lakh

(4)

` 6.0 lakh

What is the average percentage profit earned by the company B?


(1)

35%

(2)

42%

(3)

38%

(4)

40%

The following table shows the number of people in different age groups who responded to a
survey about their favourite style of music. Use this information to answer the questions that
follow : (Question 4-6) to the nearest whole percentage :

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General Paper - I (July 2016)

Age
Style of
Music
Classical
Pop
Rock
Jazz
Blues
Hip-Hop
Ambient
4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Number of people
(Years)
(Years)
(Years)
15-20
21-30
31+
6
7
6
1
2
9
2

4
5
12
4
3
3
2

17
5
14
11
15
4
2

What percentage of respondents aged 31+ indicated a favourite style other than classical music?
(1)

64%

(2)

60%

(3)

75%

(4)

50%

Approximately what percentage of the total sample were aged 21-30?


(1)

31%

(2)

23%

(3)

25%

(4)

14%

Approximately what percentage of the total sample indicates that Hip-Hop is their favourite style
of music?
(1)

6%

(2)

8%

(3)

14%

(4)

12%

The process of copying files to a CD-ROM is known as


(1)

Burning

(2)

Zipping

(3)

Digitizing

(4)

Ripping

An unsolicited e-mail message sent to many recipients at once is a


(1)

Worm

(2)

Virus

(3)

Threat

(4)

Spam

The statement the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of


computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer Hardware
refers to
(1)

Information Technology (IT)

(2)

Information and Collaborative Technology (ICT)

(3)

Information and Data Technology (IDT)

(4)

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

If the binary equivalent of the decimal number 48 is 110000, then the binary equivalent of the
decimal number 51 is given by
(1)

110011

(2)

110010

(3)

110001

(4)

110100

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General Paper - I (July 2016)

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

Identify the air pollutant in urban areas which irritates eyes and also respiratory tract of human
beings.
(1)

Particulate matter

(2)

Oxides of nitrogen

(3)

Surface ozone

(4)

Carbon monoxide

Which of the following is the largest source of water pollution in major rivers of India?
(1)

Untreated sewage

(2)

(3)

Unregulated small scale industries (4)

Agriculture run-off
Religious practices

Sustainable development goals have specific targets to be achieved by


(1)

2022

(2)

2030

(3)

2040

(4)

2050

Indian governments target of producing power from biomass by the year 2022, is
(1)

50 GW

(2)

25 GW

(3)

15 GW

(4)

10 GW

Assertion (A) : Conserving our soil resources is critical to human survival.


Reason (R) : Soil is home to many micro-organisms and contains minerals.
Choose the correct code :

16.

17.

18.

(1)

Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

(2)

Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

(3)

(A) is true and (R) is false

(4)

(A) is false and (R) is true

World Meteorological Organisations (WMO) objective has been to reduce the number of deaths
due to hydrometeorological disasters over the decade 2010-2019 by (with reference to the
decade 1994-2003)
(1)

25%

(2)

50%

(3)

75%

(4)

80%

___________ is a type of memory circuity that holds the computers start-sup routine.
(1)

RIM (Read Initial Memory)

(2)

RAM (Random Access Memory)

(3)

ROM (Read Only Memory)

(4)

Cache Memory

An ASCII is a character-encoding scheme that is employed by personal computers in order to


represent various characters, numbers and control keys that the computer user selects on the
keyboard. ASCII is an acronym for
(1)

American Standard Code for Information Interchange

(2)

American Standard Code for Intelligent Information

(3)

American Standard Code for Information Integrity

(4)

American Standard Code for Isolated Information

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General Paper - I (July 2016)

19.

20.

The National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) has been declared unconstitutional by
(1)

The Supreme Court of India

(2)

The High Court

(3)

The High Court and the Supreme Court both

(4)

The President of India

Which of the following statements about the Indian political system is/are correct?
(a)

The President is both Head of the State and Head of the Government

(b)

Parliament is Supreme.

(c)

The Supreme Court is the guardian of the Constitution.

(d)

The Directive Principles of State Policy are justiciable.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below :

21.

(1)

(a), (b), (c) and (d)

(2)

(b), (c) and (d)

(3)

(b) and (c)

(4)

(c) only

Which of the following are the fundamental duties?


(a)

To respect the National Flag.

(b)

To protect and improve the natural environment.

(c)

For a parent to provide opportunities for education to his/her child.

(d)

To protect monuments and places of national importance.

Select the correct answer from the codes given :

22.

(1)

(a), (b) and (c)

(2)

(a), (b) and (d)

(3)

(a), (c) and (d)

(4)

(a), (b), (c) and (d)

Which of the following statements are correct in respect of Niti Aayog?


(a)

It is a constitutional body.

(b)

It is a statutory body.

(c)

It is neither a constitutional body nor a statutory body.

(d)

It is a think-tank.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below :

23.

(1)

(a) and (d)

(2)

(b) and (d)

(3)

(c) and (d)

(4)

(b), (c) and (d)

Which of the following core values among the institutions of higher education are promoted by
the NAAC (National Assessment and Accreditation Council)?
(a)

Contributing to national development.

(b)

Fostering global competencies among the students.

(c)

Inculcating a value system among students and teachers.

(d)

Promoting the optimum utilization of the infrastructure.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below :


Codes :
(1)

(b), (c) and (d)

(2)

(a), (b) and (c)

(3)

(a), (c) and (d)

(4)

(a), (b), (c) and (d)

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General Paper - I (July 2016)

24.

25.

The best way for providing value education is through


(1)

discussions on scriptural texts

(2)

lectures / discourses on values

(3)

seminars / symposia on values

(4)

mentoring / reflective sessions on values

A college level assistant professor has planned his/her lectures with an intent to develop cognitive
dimensions of students centered on skills of analysis and synthesis. Below, given are two sets
of items Set I consisting of levels of cognitive interchange and Set II comprising basic
requirements for promoting them. Match the two sets and indicate your answer by choosing the
correct alternative from the code :
Set I

Set II

(Levels of Cognitive Interchange)

(Basic requirements for promoting cognitive


interchange)

a.

Memory level

i.

Giving opportunity for discriminating examples


and non-examples of a point.

b.

Understanding level

ii.

Recording the important points made during


the presentations.

c.

Reflective level

iii.

Asking the students to discuss various items


of information.

iv.

Critically analyzing the points to the made


and discussed.

Codes :

26.

(1)

ii

iv

(3)

ii

iv

(2)

iii

iv

ii

(4)

ii

iii

Which set of learner characteristics may be considered helpful in designing effective teachinglearning systems? Select the correct alternative from the codes given below :
(i)

Prior experience of learners in respect of the subject.

(ii)

Interpersonal relationships of learners family friends.

(iii)

Ability of the learners in respect of the subject.

(iv)

Students language background.

(v)

Interest of students in following the prescribed dress code.

(vi)

Motivational-orientation of the students.

Codes :

27.

(1)

(i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)

(2)

(i), (iii), (iv) and (vi)

(3)

(ii), (iii), (iv) and (v)

(4)

(iii), (iv), (v) and (vi)

Assertion (A) : The purpose of higher education is to promote critical and creative thinking
abilities among students.
Reason (R) : These abilities ensure job placements.
Choose the correct answer from the following code :
(1)

Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

(2)

Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

(3)

(A) is true and (R) is false

(4)

(A) is false and (R) is true

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General Paper - I (July 2016)

28.

Match the items of the first set with that of the second set in respect of evaluation system.
Choose the correct code :
Set I
Set II
a.
Formative evaluation
i.
Evaluating cognitive and co-cognitive aspects
with regularity
b.
Summative evaluation
ii.
Tests and their interpretations based on a
group and certain yardsticks
c.
Continuous and comprehensive
iii.
Grading the final learning outcomes
evaluation
d.
Norm and criterion referenced
iv.
Quizzes and discussions
tests
Codes :
a
b
c
d
a
b
c
d
(1)
iv
iii
i
ii
(2)
i
ii
iii
iv
(3)
iii
iv
ii
i
(4)
i
iii
iv
ii

29.

Select the alternative which consists of positive factors contributing to effectiveness of teaching:
List of factors :
(a)
Teachers knowledge of the subject
(b)
Teachers socio-economic background.
(c)
Communication skill of the teacher.
(d)
Teachers ability to please the students.
(e)
Teachers personal contact with students.
(f)
Teachers competence in managing and monitoring the classroom transactions.
Codes :
(1)
(b), (c) and (d)
(2)
(c), (d) and (f)
(3)
(b), (d) and (e)
(4)
(a), (c) and (f)

30.

The use of teaching aids is justified on the grounds of


(1)
attracting students attention in the class room
(2)
minimising indiscipline problems in the classroom
(3)
optimising learning outcomes of students
(4)
effective engagement of students in learning tasks

31.

The format of thesis writing is the same as in


(1)
preparation of a research paper/article
(2)
writing of seminar presentation
(3)
a research dissertation
(4)
presenting a workshop / conference paper

32.

In qualitative research paradigm, which of the following features may be considered critical?
(1)
Data collection with standardised research tools
(2)
Sampling design with probability sample techniques
(3)
Data collection with bottom-up empirical evidences
(4)
Data gathering to take place with top-down systematic evidences

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General Paper - I (July 2016)

33.

From the following list of statements identify the set which has negative implications for research
ethics :
(i)

A researcher critically looks at the findings of another research.

(ii)

Related studies are cited without proper references.

(iii)

Research findings are made the basis for policy making.

(iv)

Conduct of practitioner is screened in terms of reported research evidences.

(v)

A research study is replicated with a view to verify the evidences from other researches.

(vi)

Both policy making and policy implementing processes are regulated in terms of preliminary
studies.

Codes :

34.

35.

36.

(1)

(i), (ii) and (iii)

(2)

(ii), (iii) and (iv)

(3)

(ii), (iv) and (vi)

(4)

(i), (iii) and (v)

In a research on the effect of child-rearing practices on stress-proneness of children in completing


school projects, the hypothesis formulated is that child rearing practices to influence stressproneness. At the data-analysis stage a null hypothesis is advanced to find out the tenability of
research hypothesis. On the basis of the evidence available, the null hypothesis is rejected at
0.01 level of significance. What decision may be warranted in respect of the research hypothesis?
(1)

The research hypothesis will also be rejected

(2)

The research hypothesis will be accepted

(3)

Both the research hypothesis and the null hypothesis will be rejected

(4)

No decision can be taken in respect of the research hypothesis

A researcher intends to explore the effect of possible factors for the organization of effective midday meal interventions. Which research method will be most appropriate for this study?
(1)

Historical method

(2)

Descriptive survey method

(3)

Experimental method

(4)

Ex-post-facto method

Which of the following is an initial mandatory requirement for pursuing research?


(1)

Developing a research design

(2)

Formulating a research question

(3)

Deciding about the data analysis procedure

(4)

Formulating a research hypothesis

Read the following passage carefully and answer question numbers from 37 to 42 :
In terms of labour, for decades the relatively low cost and high quality of Japanese workers
conferred considerable competitive advantage across numerous durable goods and consumerelectronics industries (e.g. Machinery, automobiles, televisions, radios). Then labour-based
advantages shifted to South Korea, then to Malaysia, Mexico and other nations. Today, China
appears to the capitalizing best on the basis of labour. Japanese firms still remain competitive
in markets for such durable goods, electronics and other products, but the labour force is no
longer sufficient for competitive advantage is clearly not limited to manufacturing industries.
Today, a huge number of IT and service jobs are moving from Europe and North America to
India, Singapore, and like countries with relatively well-educated, low-cost workforces possessing
technical skills. However, as educational levels and technical skills continue to rise in other
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General Paper - I (July 2016)

countries, India, Singapore, and like nations enjoying labour-based competitive advantage today
are likely to find such advantage cannot be sustained through emergence of new competitors.
In terms of capital, for centuries the days of gold coins and later even paper money restricted
financial flows. Subsequently regional concentrations were formed where large banks, industries
and markets coalesced. But today capital flows internationally at rapid speed. Global commerce
no longer requires regional interactions among business players. Regional capital concentrations
in places such as New York, London and Tokyo still persist, of course, but the capital concentrated
there is no longer sufficient for competitive advantage over other capitalists distributed worldwide.
Only if an organization is able to combine, integrate and apply its resources (eg. Land, labour,
capital, IT) in an effective manner that is not readily imitable by competitors can such an
organization enjoy competitive advantage sustainable overtime.
In a knowledge-based theory of the firm, this idea is extended to view organizational knowledge
as a resource with atleast the same level of power and importance as the traditional economic
inputs. An organization with superior knowledge can achieve competitive advantage in markets
that appreciate the application of such knowledge. Semiconductors, genetic engineering,
pharmaceuticals, software, military warfare, and like knowledge-intensive competitive arenas
provide both time-proven and current examples. Consider semiconductors (e.g. computer chips),
which are made principally of sand and common metals. These ubiquitous and powerful electronic
devices are designed within common office buildings, using commercially available tools, and
fabricated within factories in many industrialized nations. Hence, land is not the key competitive
resource in the semiconductor industry.
Based on the passage answer the following questions :
37.

38.

39.

40.

41.

How can an organisation enjoy competitive advantage sustainable overtime?


(1)

Through regional capital flows

(2)

Through regional interactions among business players

(3)

By making large banks, industries and markets coalesced

(4)

By effective use of various instrumentalities

What is required to ensure competitive advantages in specific markets?


(1)

Access to capital

(2)

Common office buildings

(3)

Superior knowledge

(4)

Common metals

The passage also mentions about the trend of


(1)

Global financial flow

(2)

Absence of competition in manufacturing industry

(3)

Regionalisation of capitalists

(4)

Organizational incompatibility

What does the author lay stress on the passage?


(1)

International commerce

(2)

Labour-Intensive industries

(3)

Capital resource management

(4)

Knowledge-driven competitive advantage

Which country enjoyed competitive advantages in automobile industry for decades?


(1)

South Korea

(2)

Japan

(3)

Mexico

(4)

Malaysia

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General Paper - I (July 2016)

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

48.

49.

Why labour-based competitive advantages of India and Singapore cannot be sustained in IT and
service sectors?
(1)

Due to diminishing levels of skill

(2)

Due to capital-intensive technology making inroads

(3)

Because of new competitors

(4)

Because of shifting of labour-based advantage in manufacturing industries

What are the barriers to effective communication?


(1)

Moralising, being judgemental and comments of consolation

(2)

Dialogue, summary and self-review

(3)

Use of simple words, cool reaction and defensive attitude

(4)

Personal statements, eye contact and simple narration

The choice of communication partners is influenced by factors of


(1)

Proximity, utility, loneliness

(2)

Utility, secrecy, dissonance

(3)

Secrecy, dissonance, deception

(4)

Dissimilarity, dissonance, deviance

As a teacher, select the best option to ensure your effective presence in the classroom.
(1)

Use of peer command

(2)

Making aggressive statements

(3)

Adoption of well-established posture

(4)

Being authoritarian

Every communicator has to experience


(1)

Manipulated emotions

(2)

Anticipatory excitement

(3)

The issue of homophiles

(4)

Status dislocation

Imagine you are working in an educational institution where people are of equal status. Which
method of communication is best suited and normally employed in such a context?
(1)

Horizontal communication

(2)

Vertical communication

(3)

Corporate communication

(4)

Cross communication

Identify the important element a teacher has to take cognizance of while addressing students in
a classroom.
(1)

Avoidance of proximity

(2)

Voice modulation

(3)

Repetitive pause

(4)

Fixed posture

Two railway tickets from city A to B and three tickets from city A to C cost ` 177. Three tickets
from city A to B and two tickets from city A to C cost ` 173. The fare for city B from city A will
be `
(1)

25

(2)

27

(3)

30

(4)

33

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General Paper - I (July 2016)

50.

A person walks 10 m infront and 10 m to the right. Then every time turning to his left, he walks
5, 15 and 15 m respectively. How far is he now from his starting point?
(1)
20 m
(2)
15 m
(3)
10 m
(4)
5 m

51.

A is sister of B. F is daughter of G. C is mother of B. D is father of C. E is mother of D. A is


related to D as
(1)
Grand daughter
(2)
Daughter
(3)
Daughter-in-law
(4)
Sister

52.

In the series
AB, EDC, FGHI, ...?..., OPQRST, the missing term is
(1)
JKLMN
(2)
JMKNL
(3)
NMLKJ
(4)
NMKLJ

53.

Among the following propositions two are related in such a way that one is the denial of the
other. Which are those propositions? Select the correct code:
Propositions :
(a)
All women are equal to men
(b)
Some women are equal to men
(c)
Some women are not equal to men
(d)
No women are equal to men
Codes :
(1)
(1) and (2)
(2)
(1) and (4)
(3)
(3) and (4)
(4)
(1) and (3)

54.

In certain code, SELECTION is coded as QCJCARGML. The code of AMERICANJS will be


(1)
YKCPGAYLQ
(2)
BNFSJDBMR
(3)
QLYAGPCKY
(4)
YQKLCYPAG

55.

In the series 3, 11, 23, 39, 59, ........ The next term will be
(1)
63
(2)
73
(3)
83
(4)
93

56.

Select
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

the code which is not correct about Venn diagram :


Venn diagram represents propositions as well as classes
It can provide clear method of notation
It can be either valid or invalid
It can provide the direct method of testing the validity

57.

Select
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

the code which is not correct in the context of deductive argument with two premises:
An argument with one true premise, one false premise and a false conclusion may be valid
An argument with two true premises and a false conclusion may be valid
An argument with one true premise, one false premise and a true conclusion may be valid
An argument with two false premises and a false conclusion may be valid

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10

General Paper - I (July 2016)

58.

Given below are two premises and four conclusions are drawn from them (taking singly or
together). Select the code that states the conclusions validly drawn.
Premises :
Conclusions :

(i)

All religious persons are emotional.

(ii)

Ram is a religious person.

(a)

Ram is emotional

(b)

All emotional persons are religious.

(c)

Ram is not a non-religious person.

(d)

Some religious persons are not emotional.

Codes :

59.

(1)

(a), (b), (c) and (d)

(2)

(a) only

(3)

(a) and (c) only

(4)

(b) and (c) only

If the proposition All thieves are poor is false, which of the following propositions can be claimed
certainly to be true?
Propositions :

60.

(1)

Some thieves are poor

(2)

Some thieves are not poor

(3)

No thief is poor

(4)

No poor person is a thief

Consider the following statement and select the correct code stating the nature of the argument
involved in it :
To suppose that the earth is the only populated world in the infinite space is as absurd as to
assert that in an entire field of millet only one grain will grow.
(1)

Astronomical

(2)

Anthropological

(3)

Deductive

(4)

Analogical

ANSWER KEY
1
2
11
3
21
1
31
3
41
2
51
1

2
2
12
3
22
3
32
3
42
3
52
3

3
3
13
2
23
2
33
3
43
1
53
4

4
3
14
4
24
4
34
2
44
1
54
1

5
3
15
2
25
3
35
4
45
3
55
3

6
4
16
2
26
2
36
2
46
2
56
3

7
1
17
3
27
2
37
4
47
1
57
2

8
4
18
1
28
1
38
3
48
2
58
3

9
1
19
1
29
4
39
1
49
4
59
2

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10
1
20
4
30
3
40
4
50
4
60
4
11

Education Paper - II (July 2016)

Education
Question Paper (July 2016)
Time : 1 hours

Paper-II

Maximum Marks : 100

Note : This paper contains fifty (50) objective type questions, each question carries two (2)
marks. Attempt all the questions.
1.

Rearrange the following in a correct sequence of their origin and evolution.


Technology, Philosophy, Science, Education.

2.

(1)

Science, Technology, Philosophy, Education.

(2)

Technology, Science, Philosophy, Education.

(3)
(4)

Philosophy, Education, Science, Technology.


Education, Technology, Science, Philosophy.

Match the items of List I with that of List II and select the appropriate code.
List I
(Points of accent)

List II
(Schools of Philosophy)

(a)

Education for eternal values

(i)

Idealism

(b)

Education for democracy

(ii)

Realism

(c)
(d)

Emphasis on mass production


Scientific method

(iii)
(iv)

Naturalism
Pragmatism

(v)

Existentialism

(vi)

Marxism

Which sequence is correct ?


(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

3.

(1)

(i)

(vi)

(ii)

(iv)

(2)

(iii)

(iv)

(ii)

(i)

(3)
(4)

(v)
(i)

(iv)
(iv)

(vi)
(vi)

(iii)
(ii)

Which school of philosophy in education will plead affinity with Darwinian theory of evolution ?
(1)
(3)

4.

Existentialism
Idealism

(2)
(4)

Naturalism
Pragmatism

Which condition of the following principles will describe most appropriately the existentialist
stance ?
(i)
Human mind is a tabula rasa.
(ii)

Each child has got immense potential.

(iii)

Self learning is the most effective learning approach.

(iv)
(1)

Freedom should lead to owning responsibility.


(i), (iii) and (iv)
(2)
(i), (ii) and (iii)

(3)

(i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)

(4)

(ii), (iii) and (iv)

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Education Paper - II (July 2016)

5.

In the context of Samkhya categories, match the items of List I with that of List II select the
appropriate code.
List I

List II

(Form)

(Metaphysical Entity)

(a)

Both cause and effect

(i)

Prakriti

(b)

Cause only

(ii)

Mahat

(c)

Effect only

(iii)

Sensory organs

(d)

Neither cause nor effect

(iv)

Subtle essences

(v)

Mind

(vi)

Purusa

Which sequence is correct ?

6.

7.

8.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(1)

(vi)

(v)

(iii) & (iv)

(i)

(2)

(ii) & (iv)

(vi)

(iii)

(v)

(3)

(ii) & (iv)

(i)

(iii) & (v)

(vi)

(4)

(vi)

(v)

(iii)

(vi)

The Jain philosophy propounds the following epistemological principle for arriving at true knowledge.
(1)

Anekantvada

(2)

Syadvada

(3)

Naya

(4)

Mati Gyan

In the terms of Vedanta philosophy, the concept of Maya is used to represent


(1)

Transcendent reality

(2)

Immanent reality

(3)

Inherent reality

(4)

Temporary power of the absolute

Match the items of List I with that of List II and select the appropriate code.
List I

List II

(Thinker)

(Title of the Book)

(a)

Gandhi

(i)

Geeta Pravachan

(b)

Tagore

(ii)

Practical Vedanta

(c)

Aurbindo

(iii)

Geeta Rahasya

(d)

Vivekanand

(iv)

Savitri

(v)

My Experiment with Truth

(vi)

Universal man

Which sequence is correct ?


(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(1)

(v)

(vi)

(iii)

(ii)

(2)

(vi)

(iv)

(iii)

(i)

(3)

(i)

(ii)

(iv)

(vi)

(4)

(v)

(vi)

(iv)

(ii)

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Education Paper - II (July 2016)

9.

10.

According to Gandhiji, which of the following aims can be achieved through basic education ?
(i)

Ram Rajya

(ii)

Freedom and Autonomy

(iii)

Natural justice

(iv)

Sarvodaya

(v)

Equality

(vi)

Democracy

(1)

(i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)

(2)

(ii), (iii), (iv) and (v)

(3)

(i), (iii), (iv) and (v)

(4)

(ii), (iii), (iv) and (vi)

Assertion (A) : According to Logical Positivism, teach and use only those words and sentences
which can be verified empirically.
Reason (R) : Because the truth can be verified only through empirical means.
Which of the following options is correct ?

11.

12.

13.

14.

(1)

Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct reason.

(2)

Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct reason.

(3)

Both (A) and (R) are not true.

(4)

(A) is true, but (R) is not true.

Which of the following Article of Indian Constitution lays down that education of Children aged
6-14 years is a Fundamental Right ?
(1)

Article 21 (A)

(2)

Article 45

(3)

Article 51 (A)

(4)

Article 42

Which of the following practices leads to social exclusion ?


(1)

Reservation of seats for SC and ST children.

(2)

Special schools for blind.

(3)

Provision of mid-day meal.

(4)

Posting of at least one female teacher in every school.

Upward social mobility of teachers is relatively less contingent on


(1)

Academic merit

(2)

Political influence

(3)

Level of aspirations

(4)

Caste affiliation

Upcoming of private schools in urban areas has contributed to


(a)

Hierarchy among the educational institutions.

(b)

Equalization of educational opportunity.

(c)

Hierarchy among status groups.

(d)

An element of selectivity.

Choose the correct set of answers from the following alternatives.


(1)

(a), (b), (c) and (d)

(2)

(a), (b) and (c)

(3)

(b), (c) and (d)

(4)

(a), (c) and (d)

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Education Paper - II (July 2016)

15.

The phrase equality of educational opportunity implies :


(a)

Giving equal opportunity for educational advancement to all irrespective of differences.

(b)

The state to provide adequate educational facilities for all children upto certain level.

(c)

No child should remain educationally unserved owing to poor economic conditions.

(d)

Giving identical educational opportunity to all children irrespective of differences.

Choose the correct set of answers from the following alternatives.

16.

(1)

(a), (b) and (d)

(2)

(a), (b), (c) and (d)

(3)

(a), (b) and (c)

(4)

(a), (c) and (d)

A National system of Education implies :


(a)

A uniform system of education for all children.

(b)

Education should be free upto certain level.

(c)

Education upto specific level should be universally available.

(d)

All children should have equal opportunity to pursue formal education.

Choose the correct set of answers from the following alternatives :

17.

(1)

(a), (c) and (d)

(2)

(b), (c) and (d)

(3)

(a), (b), (c) and (d)

(4)

(a), (b) and (c)

The role of education in the context of social change is to


(a)

Preserve the worthwhile cultural heritage.

(b)

Transmit the preserved culture to the new generation.

(c)

Replace the cultural heritage by new.

(d)

Disseminate the new knowledge in the society.

Choose the correct set of answers from the following alternatives :

18.

19.

20.

(1)

(a), (b) and (d)

(2)

(a), (b) and (c)

(3)

(b), (c) and (d)

(4)

(a), (b), (c) and (d)

Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of culture ?


(1)

Culture is social inheritance.

(2)

Culture is cumulative.

(3)

Culture is in constant flux.

(4)

Culture is biological inheritance.

Which of the following statements does not imply that education is an instrument of cultural
diffusion ?
(1)

Preserves culture through formal and informal ways.

(2)

Transmits cultural norms, values and ideas to young generation.

(3)

Preaches cultural norms, values and ideas to younger generation.

(4)

Interprets culture and perpetuates the social heritage.

Which of the following is not a basic need of every social system ?


(1)

Democracy

(2)

Adaptation

(3)

Integration

(4)

Goal attainment

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Education Paper - II (July 2016)

21.

For organizing its content and process educational psychology takes support from
(1)
Scientific knowledge relating to teaching and learning.
(2)
Philosophical perspective of society.
(3)
Sociological problems in schools.
(4)
Socio-political contexts of schools.

22.

Match the following two lists in order to render them meaningful in terms of psychology of growth
and development and select the right answer from the given codes.
Set I
Set II
(Aspects of Development)
(Characteristics)
(a)
Language development
(i)
The child is able to walk.
(b)
Cognitive development
(ii)
The parents take care of childs toilet habits.
(c)
Emotional development
(iii)
The child holds conversation with peers.
(d)
Physical development
(iv)
The child starts asking questions.
(v)
The child feels shy.
(vi)
The child attacks another child.
Codes :
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(1)
(v)
(iv)
(ii)
(vi)
(2)
(iii)
(iv)
(v)
(i)
(3)
(i)
(iii)
(iv)
(v)
(4)
(ii)
(i)
(vi)
(iii)

23.

In improving classroom teaching-learning interactions, which of the following strategies is linked


with the later adolescence stage of development ?
(1)
Activity based presentation.
(2)
Imitative acts in the classroom.
(3)
Mentoring with free exchange of ideas.
(4)
Assigned reading and writing.

24.

In Pavlovian conditioning paradigm as developed originally which of the following was used as
independent variable ?
(1)
Response magnitude
(2)
Response latency
(3)
Number of CS-US pairing
(4)
Presentation of CS alone

25.

In the operant conditioning procedure, match the following two sets on the basis of nature of
reinforcement, Cue and the form of response and choose the correct code which follows :
Set I
Set II
(Procedure of operant conditioning)
(the form of reinforcement, Cue and response)
(a)
Reward training
(i)
Positive reinforcement with making of a
response in the absence of cue.
(b)
Escape training
(ii)
Negative reinforcement with holding of
response in the presence of cue.
(c)
Discrimination training
(iii)
Positive reinforcement with making of
response in the presence of a cue.
(d)
Active-avoidance training
(iv)
Negative reinforcement with making of a
response in the presence of a cue.
(v)
Negative reinforcement with making of a
response in the absence of a cue.

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Education Paper - II (July 2016)

Codes :

26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(1)

(i)

(v)

(iii)

(iv)

(2)

(v)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(3)

(i)

(iii)

(v)

(iv)

(4)

(iii)

(v)

(iv)

(ii)

In Gagnes hierarchy of learning which of the following learning types will form part of chain
learning ?
(1)

Concept learning

(2)

Problem solving learning

(3)

Rule learning

(4)

Signal learning

For developing his theory of learning Tolman got support from


(1)

Trial and Error learning experiment

(2)

Place learning experiment

(3)

Maze learning experiment

(4)

S-R learning experiment

In Hulls system of learning which one is an intervening variable ?


(1)

Number of Reinforced practices

(2)

Resistance to extinction

(3)

Excitatory Reaction potential

(4)

Response Amplitude

What is the correct sequence in terms of development of transfer of learning theories ?


(1)

Identity of Elements theory, Faculty theory, Generalization theory, Transposition theory.

(2)

Faculty theory, Identity of Elements theory, Generalization theory, Transposition theory.

(3)

Transposition theory, Faculty theory, Identity of Elements theory, Generalization theory.

(4)

Generalization theory, Transposition theory, Faculty theory, Identity of Elements theory.

Assertion (A) : All gifted children are creative also.


Reasoning (R) : Creativity is not necessarily related to giftedness.
Which of the following options is correct ?

31.

(1)

Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct reason for (A).

(2)

Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct reason for (A).

(3)

Both (A) and (R) are false.

(4)

(R) is true, but cannot be the reason for (A).

In dealing with which of the following categories of children, social equity becomes an important
consideration ?
(1)

Gifted children

(2)

Backward children

(3)

Mentally retarded children

(4)

Creative children

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Education Paper - II (July 2016)

32.

33.

34.

35.

36.

37.

For enhancing personal effectiveness, which of the aspects of Johary Window should be
expanded ?
(1)

Arena with reduced size of B

(2)

Arena with reduced size of C

(3)

Arena with reduced size of D

(4)

Arena with reduced size of B, C and D

Who is an arch advocate of trait theory of personality ?


(1)

Sheldon

(2)

Kretschmer

(3)

Jung

(4)

Allport

A student is rebuked by his/her class teacher for negligence in studies. When he/she comes
back to his/her home, he/she ill-treats the pets/toys etc. This is a case of
(1)

Aggression

(2)

Rationalization

(3)

Denial

(4)

Displacement

Which of the following is intimately associated with mental health ?


(1)

Absence of anxiety.

(2)

Keeping ones desires in abeyance.

(3)

Resources for gratifying needs.

(4)

Ability to defer gratification of needs.

In a study regarding two types of video games and their relation to play way method of teaching,
four types of conclusions can be arrived at, as listed below. Identify which of the statements can
be treated as Type II error.
(1)

Deciding the two types of video games are not related to play way method of teaching
and they really are not.

(2)

Deciding the two types of video games are related to play way method of teaching and
they really are not.

(3)

Deciding the two types of video games are related to play way method of teaching and
they really are.

(4)

Deciding the two types of video games are not related to play way method of teaching
and they really are.

Match the criterion for evaluation study from Set-I with the description in Set-II. For answer use
the appropriate code.

(a)

Set I

Set II

(Criterion for Evaluation Study)

(Description)

Feasibility Standard

(i)

Evaluation will be conducted legally, ethically


giving due regard for the welfare of those
involved.

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Education Paper - II (July 2016)

(b)

Propriety Standard

(ii)

Evaluation should state and convey technically


adequate information about the practice
studied.

(c)

Utility Standard

(iii)

Ensure that evaluation will offer practical and


timely information.

(d)

Accuracy Standard

(iv)

Evaluation will be realistic, economical and


diplomatic.

(v)

Evaluation will be based on context analysis


and procedure.

(vi)

Evaluation should be based on conceptual


framework and for self regulation.

Codes :

38.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(1)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(2)

(iv)

(i)

(iii)

(ii)

(3)

(iv)

(ii)

(i)

(iii)

(4)

(ii)

(i)

(iii)

(iv)

Match the items in Set I with the items in Set II and use the correct code as answer.

(a)

Set I

Set II

(Variable)

(Scale of measurement)

Intelligence scores on a

(i)

Ratio scale

(ii)

Interval scale

(iii)

Ordinal scale

(iv)

Nominal scale

Verbal test
(b)

Ranks of the students in a


musical test

(c)

Number of children in tribal


families

(d)

Length and breadth of classroom

Codes :

39.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(1)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(i)

(2)

(ii)

(iv)

(iii)

(i)

(3)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(4)

(iv)

(iii)

(i)

(ii)

In using inferential statistics, which one of the following will be considered as relevant information ?
(1)

Information about the tool of research.

(2)

Information about the research design.

(3)

Nature of the aggregate (population).

(4)

Sampling procedure used.

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Education Paper - II (July 2016)

40.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

In calculating an F value from a research data, which of the following is required at the end of
operation ?
(1)

Finding out the total sum of squares.

(2)

Finding out the ratio of total sum of squares and between sum of squares.

(3)

Finding out the ratio of Between sum of squares and within sum of squares.

(4)

Finding out the ratio of within sum of squares and total sum of squares.

In a study, a researcher wants to eliminate the effect of one variable in a bid to find out the pure
relationship between two variables of his/her interest. He/She should be advised to use which
of the following methods of computing coefficient of correlation ?
(1)

Multiple correlation

(2)

Point Biserial correlation

(3)

Contingency coefficient via Chi-square

(4)

Partial correlation

In rejecting a null hypothesis (H), a researcher is likely to commit which type of error ?
(1)

Type I error

(2)

Type II error

(3)

Both Type I and II errors

(4)

Neither Type I or Type II errors

Which of the following is not a limitation of Educational Research ?


(1)

Complexity of Research problems.

(2)

Methodological difficulties.

(3)

Public nature of education.

(4)

Mental discomfort of subjects.

In meta analysis of literature reviews


(1)

are narrative syntheses of prior research.

(2)

can be applied in every study.

(3)

require little or no researcher decisions in the process.

(4)

consider in average statistical terms the results of prior research.

Which of the following will be the standard error of mean when standard deviation is 8.00 and
N = 100 ?
(1)

8.00

(2)

0.80

(3)

0.08

(4)

0.008

Match the items of List I with the items in List II and use the correct code to indicate your answer.
List I
List II
(Types of reliability)
(Procedure)
(a)
Stability
(i)
Administer one test and correlate the items
to each other.
(b)
Equivalence
(ii)
Administer different tests to the same

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Education Paper - II (July 2016)

(c)

Equivalence and Stability

(iii)

(d)

Internal consistency

(iv)

Codes :
(a)
(1)
(iii)
(2)
(ii)
(3)
(iii)
(4)
(iv)

(b)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
(iii)

(c)
(iv)
(i)
(ii)
(i)

individuals over a period of time.


Administer the same test to the same
individuals over a period of time.
Administer different tests to the same
individuals at about the same time.

(d)
(i)
(iv)
(i)
(ii)

47.

Which
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

of the following is not included in ethnographic contributions to research ?


Exploratory or discovery oriented approach.
Generalizability to different settings and populations.
Preponderance of evidence of many case studies.
Evaluation research through formative method.

48.

In the formation of research problems for educational studies using quantitative paradigms a
sequence of logical steps has to be followed usually in a particular order.
From the list given below, select an appropriate sequence from the code.
List of steps :
(i)
Deciding the specific problem.
(ii)
Determining the field of study.
(iii)
Identifying the variables involved.
(iv)
Defining and delimiting the scope of the problem.
(v)
Evaluating on the basis of personal and academic suitability of the problem.
Codes :
(1)
(i), (ii), (iv), (iii), (v)
(2)
(v), (iii), (iv), (ii), (i)
(3)
(ii), (iv), (v), (iii), (i)
(4)
(ii), (i), (iii), (iv), (v)

49.

Standard deviation of a sampling distribution of a statistic is termed as,


(1)
Standard variance
(2)
Sampling variance
(3)
Sampling error
(4)
Standard error

50.

For conducting action research, reviewing of related literature is done to


(1)
classify the design of the study.
(2)
ascertain the quantitative or qualitative nature of the situation.
(3)
ensure the contribution of the study to existing literature.
(4)
identify the effective ideas and practices.

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Education Paper - II (July 2016)

ANSWER KEY
1
3
11
1
21
1
31
3
41
4

2
4
12
2
22
2
32
4
42
1

3
2
13
4
23
3
33
4
43
4

4
4
14
4
24
3
34
4
44
4

5
3
15
3
25
1
35
4
45
2

6
2
16
2
26
4
36
4
46
3

7
3
17
1
27
2
37
2
47
2

8
4
18
4
28
3
38
1
48
4

9
3
19
3
29
1
39
3
49
4

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10
1
20
1
30
4
40
3
50
4

11

Education Paper - III (July 2016)

Education
Question Paper (July 2016)
Time : 2 hours

Paper-III

Maximum Marks : 150

Note : This paper contains seventy five (75) objective types questions, each question carries
two (2) marks. Attempt all the questions.
1.

Topics
(i)
(iii)
(1)
(3)

such as listed below will find favour in a naturalistic approach


Seven Wonders of the World.
(ii)
Expedition to Mount Everest.
Factors causing rain.
(iv)
Paths connecting forests.
(i), (ii) and (iii)
(2)
(i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
(ii) and (iii)
(4)
(ii), (iii) and (iv)

2.

Which of the following features are a pointer towards similarity among Existentialist and Idealistic
Education ?
(i)
Emphasis on self
(ii)
Valuing human potential
(iii)
Striving for the goal of freedom and responsibility
(iv)
Struggle for survival
(1)
(i) and (ii)
(2)
(i), (ii) and (iii)
(3)
(ii), (iii) and (iv)
(4)
(iii) and (iv)

3.

As per Jain Philosophy, a disciple cannot attain definitive knowledge because


(1)
The truth is fleeting in nature.
(2)
The truth is multifaceted
(3)
The truth is bound by workings as pudgal.
(4)
The truth is out of the reach of human mind.

4.

The Islamic educational practice of combining knowledge of skills along with the knowledge of
one God runs parallel to the thesis of
(1)
Advait Vedanta
(2)
Bhedabhed Vedanta
(3)
Vishisht Vedanta
(4)
Poorva Mimamsa

5.

According to Sri Aurbindo the human mind


(1)
has evolved to its maximum limit
(2)
is still in the process of evolution
(3)
has evolved to the level of Sat-chit-Anand
(4)
is in need of proper education for evolving

6.

The concept of Equality of educational opportunity implies :


(1)
Identical educational opportunity to each and every child irrespective of differences.
(2)
Everybody to be given his/her due.
(3)
Providing educational facilities to all.
(4)
Education on the basis of ability neutralizing negative factors.

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Education Paper - III (July 2016)

7.

Which of the following has been the main consideration in establishing various social classes ?
(1)
Economic consideration
(2)
Social inheritance
(3)
Training and education
(4)
Biological inheritance

8.

Social change can result from


(a)
Regional affiliation
(b)
Social mobility
(c)
Cultural diffusion
(d)
Analysis of traditions
Choose the correct set of answers from the following list of alternatives :
(1)
(b), (c), (d)
(2)
(a), (b), (c)
(3)
(a), (c), (d)
(4)
(a), (b), (c), (d)

9.

Making special provisions for the promotion of education amongst disadvantaged section of
society facilitates :
(a)
Social mobility
(b)
Equality of opportunity
(c)
Inclusive growth
(d)
Social stratification
Choose the correct set of answers from the following alternatives :
(1)
(a), (b), (c)
(2)
(b), (c), (d)
(3)
(a), (b), (c), (d)
(4)
(a), (c), (d)

10.

Which of the following Articles of Indian Constitution is related to educational provision for
weaker sections of Indian Society ?
(1)
Article 45
(2)
Article 46
(3)
Article 21
(4)
Article 13

11.

Match the two sets : Set I which indicates stages of development and Set - II which details
the characteristics associated with them. Select the correct code to provide your answer.
Set I
Set II
(Stages of Development)
(Characteristics Associated)
(a)
Sensory motor stage
(i)
Transductive reasoning
(b)
Pre-operational stage
(ii)
Reversibility
(c)
Concrete operational stage
(iii)
Object permanence
(d)
Formal operational stage
(iv)
Repetitive acts
(v)
Intense self-awareness
(vi)
Concept formation
Codes :
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(1)
(v)
(iii)
(i)
(ii)
(2)
(iii)
(i)
(ii)
(v)
(3)
(iv)
(v)
(i)
(ii)
(4)
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

12.

Which
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

of the following features belongs to intellectual development during adolescence stage ?


Moral development
Conflict in motivation
Capacity for convergent and divergent thinking
Hero-worship

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Education Paper - III (July 2016)

13.

14.

15.

16.

The term habit family hierarchy was used to explain learning situations by whom ?
(1)

Pavlov

(2)

Tolman

(3)

Hull

(4)

Skinner

In explaining the development of problem solving capability which of the combination is most
appropriate ?
(1)

discrimination, generalization and logical thinking.

(2)

memorization, conceptualisation and assimilation.

(3)

discrimination, conceptualization and assimilation.

(4)

convergent thinking skills, divergent thinking skills, seeing of relation between means and
end.

The concept of functional autonomy of motives was advanced by


(1)

D.C. Mclelland

(2)

Frederick Herzberg

(3)

Harry F. Harlow

(4)

Gordon W. Allport

In the list given below a few theories of intelligence have been indicated. What is the correct
sequence of their historic formulation ? Give your answer by selecting the appropriate alternative
from the code.
Burts group factor theory, Spearmans two factor theory, Guilfords
List Structure of intellect, Daniel Golemans theory of Emotional
intelligence, Zohar and Marshalls theory of spiritual intelligence

Codes :

17.

(1)

Guilfords structure of intellect, Spearmans two factor theory, Daniel Golemans theory of
Emotional intelligence, Zohar and Marshalls theory of spiritual intelligence, Barts group
factor theory.

(2)

Spearmans two factor theory, Burts group factor theory, Guilfords structure of intellect,
Daniel Golemans theory of Emotional intelligence, Zohar and Marshalls theory of spiritual
intelligence.

(3)

Barts group factor theory, Guilfords structure of intellect, Spearmans two factor theory,
Zohar and Marshalls theory of spiritual intelligence, Daniel Golemans theory of Emotional
intelligence.

(4)

Guilfords structure of intellect, Spearmans two factor theory, Zohar and Marshalls theory
of spiritual intelligence, Burts group factor theory, Daniel Golemans theory of Emotional
intelligence.

For the concept of Emotional Intelligence which theory of intelligence is considered to be the
fore-runner ?
(1)

Thurstones Multiple factor theory

(2)

Vernons hierarchical structure theory

(3)

Burts Group factor theory

(4)

Gardners theory of multiple intelligence

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Education Paper - III (July 2016)

18.

In a learning situation, a student is able to give the same or similar responses to a class of
stimuli. This will be called a case of
(1)
discrimination linked with acquisition
(2)
extinction connected with elimination of behaviour
(3)
generalization explaining transfer of learning
(4)
spontaneous recovery of a response

19.

What is the critical difference between Pavlovian and Skinnerian conditioning ? From the code
select the combination which is most appropriate.
(i)
Stimulus Stimulus Substitution.
(ii)
Elicited Vs Emitted class of responses.
(iii)
Reinforcement comes before the response in one while in the other reinforcement follows
the response.
(iv)
In one the no. of pairings of two stimuli is critical while in the other response reinforcement
contingency is critical.
(v)
In one the learner is passive while in the other learner is active.
(vi)
Elapsed time between two stimuli or two responses is not important.
Codes :
(1)
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
(2)
(ii), (iii), (iv) (v)
(3)
(ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
(4)
(ii), (iv), (v), (iii)

20.

For performance in learning to take place in a positive way which of the following combinations
provides an appropriate explanation
(1)
Prior experience, training and ability.
(2)
Prior experience, ability and motivation.
(3)
Training, social background and ability.
(4)
Training, Practice and Socio-cultural background.

21.

Match the two sets by selecting the appropriate answer from the code.
Set I
Set II
(Personality theory)
(Chief Proponent)
(a)
Psychological personality type
(i)
Adler
(b)
Personality based on personal
(ii)
Freud
disposition
(c)
Surface and source traits based
(iii)
Eysenck
personality
(d)
Psycho-analytic theory of
(iv)
Jung
personality
(v)
Allport
(vi)
Cattel
Codes :
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(1)
(iv)
(v)
(vi)
(ii)
(2)
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
(3)
(ii)
(i)
(v)
(vi)
(4)
(v)
(iv)
(iii)
(i)

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Education Paper - III (July 2016)

22.

In the two sets that follow, in the first one categories of children have been shown while in the
second one typical educational approaches are mentioned. Match the two sets and select the
correct answer from the code.
Set I
Set II
(Categories of Children)
(Typical educational approaches to deal with them)
(a)
Creative Children
(i)
Placement in reform homes
(b)
Gifted Children
(ii)
Brain-storming
(c)
Backward Children
(iii)
Special training at preschool stage
(d)
Mentally Retarded Children
(iv)
Special separate classes within the school
(v)
Acceleration approach
(vi)
Psycho-therapy
Codes :
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(1)
(ii)
(v)
(i)
(vi)
(2)
(ii)
(v)
(iv)
(iii)
(3)
(i)
(ii)
(v)
(vi)
(4)
(iv)
(v)
(i)
(ii)

23.

Which
model
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)

24.

In respect of describing the characteristics of a well-adjusted person which sets of statements


will hold good ?
Choose the correct code for your answer.
i.
the person who shows temper-tantrums.
ii.
the person of a quiet but unpredictable behaviour.
iii.
one who shows little or no difference between his/her sayings and doings.
iv.
one retaliates when there is an occasion.
v.
the person who remains unruffled and takes decisions by looking into pros and cons.
vi.
one who has learnt to defer the gratification of his/her needs according to the demand
of situations.
Codes :
(1)
iii, iv, v
(2)
i, iii, iv
(3)
ii, vi, i
(4)
iii, v, vi

of the statements in respect of adjustment process will find favour in the psychoanalytic
of adjustment ?
Adjustment is objective and action oriented process.
Learning plays an important role in adjustment.
Adjustment process can be explained in terms of schedules of reinforcement.
Ego mechanisms play an important role in adjustment.
Shaping forms part of the adjustment process.
Adjustment of a person with his/her environment is based on his/her personal and racial
unconscious.
Select the alternative given in the following codes :
Codes :
(1)
(a) and (f)
(2)
(a) and (b)
(3)
(c) and (d)
(4)
(d) and (f)

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Education Paper - III (July 2016)

25.

It is difficult to acquire and extinguish behaviour in the context of any subject. In the case of
which of the following schedule of reinforcement/motivation this holds good ?
(1)
Continuous schedule of reinforcement when every response has been followed by a reinforcer.
(2)
Fixed interval schedule where the reinforcer is delivered after a period of time having
elapsed.
(3)
Variable interval schedule where reinforcer is delivered without any fixed period of time.
(4)
Variable intermittent schedule where reinforcer is delivered without any certainity with
different amount of responses produced.

26.

The emphasis of guidance programme is relatively more on :


(1)
Individual
(2)
Problem
(3)
Both Individual and Problem
(4)
Neither on Individual nor on Problem

27.

Match the following Guidance Services in relation to their purpose.


Set I
Set II
(a)
Placement Service
(i)
To ascertain whether students placed in job
are going ahead satisfactorily or not.
(b)
Follow-up Service
(ii)
To help the individual student in solving his/
her problem through face to face interaction.
(c)
Counselling Service
(iii)
To help the students in getting part-time/
summer/full time job.
(d)
ccupational Information Service
(iv)
To provide information about world of work.
Codes :
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(1)
(i)
(iv)
(ii)
(iii)
(2)
(iii)
(ii)
(iv)
(i)
(3)
(iii)
(i)
(ii)
(iv)
(4)
(ii)
(i)
(iii)
(iv)

28.

Which
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

of the following is correct in the context of eclectic counselling ?


Role of Counsellor is conspicuous
Role of Counselee is relatively more visible.
Depending upon the context the role of the counsellor and the counselee may undergo
a change.
Counsellors role is of a minor nature.

29.

Which of the following types of counselling is also known as client centered counselling ?
(1)
Directive
(2)
Non-directive
(3)
Eclectic
(4)
Group counselling

30.

Establishment of Rapport in the context of counselling means :


(1)
Keeping Report of the Individuals Academic Record.
(2)
Availability of Records to the counsellor.
(3)
Trusting relationship between the Counsellor and Counselee.
(4)
Trusting relationship between the Counsellor and School Staff.

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Education Paper - III (July 2016)

31.

A good research tool is identified on the basis of


(1)
availability in the market.
(2)
ease of administration and handling.
(3)
reliability index coupled with its validity.
(4)
the kinds of data it is going to provide.

32.

The hypothesis in research is usually formulated on the basis of


(1)
Setting up relationship between two or more than two variables.
(2)
Identification of variables and their nature.
(3)
Reading research articles.
(4)
Holding conversations with senior researchers.

33.

In the
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

34.

Which research tool is befitting for phenomenological researches ?


(1)
Questionnaire
(2)
Interview
(3)
Conversations
(4)
Self-report

35.

Mention the non-probability counterpart of stratified random sampling.


(1)
Stage sampling
(2)
Purposive sampling
(3)
Snow ball sampling
(4)
Quota sampling

36.

In an experimental group design, pairs of participants are selected who are similar in terms of
the independent variable under consideration and then each of the pair is randomly assigned to
the controlled or experimental group. Which of the following type of experimental designs it is
related to ?
(1)
Pre test-post test two treatment design
(2)
Parametric design
(3)
Equivalent control group design
(4)
Matched pairs design

37.

Which
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

38.

Which of the following methods of data collection can be considered as, ____ an attempt to
map out or explain the richness and complexity of human behaviour by studying it from more
than one standpoint, using both quantitative and qualitative data ?
(1)
Non-participant observation
(2)
Triangulation
(3)
In-depth interview
(4)
Participant observation

calculation of Between Variance which of the following operations is carried out ?


Finding out the mean sum of squares for between variance.
Finding out the mean sum of squares for within variance.
Finding out the degree of freedom for between variance.
Finding out the degree of freedom for within variance.

one of the following becomes the basis of writing the report in historical research ?
Primary data source
Secondary sources of data
Personal judgement of the research
Historical evidence

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Education Paper - III (July 2016)

39.

Which of the following types of research can be called as, ____ a small scale intervention in
the functioning of the real world with an intent of a close examination of the effects of such
intervention ?
(1)
Case Study
(2)
Naturalistic Research
(3)
Action Research
(4)
Historical Research

40.

Match the types of sampling in Section I with the purpose served given in Section II and
identify the appropriate code.
Section I
Section II
(Types of Sampling)
(Purpose Served)
(a)
Dimensional sampling
(i)
Choosing the nearest individuals to serve as
respondents.
(b)
Cluster sampling
(ii)
Hand pick the cases to be included on the
basis of their typical characteristics.
(c)
Purposive sampling
(iii)
Selecting a specific group of individuals from
a widely dispersed population.
(d)
Convenience sampling
(iv)
Identifying various factors of interest in a
population and obtaining at least one
respondent of every combination.
(v)
Sampling in stage wise.
Codes :
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(1)
(iii)
(ii)
(v)
(iv)
(2)
(iv)
(iii)
(ii)
(i)
(3)
(ii)
(iii)
(i)
(iv)
(4)
(v)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

41.

The effective combination for universalization of primary education in India in the long run, out
of the following is :
i.
Legislative measures
ii.
Social persuation
iii.
Complete decentralization
iv.
Preparing database of all learners
v.
Proper implementation and monitoring
(1)
i, ii, iii and v
(2)
ii, iii, iv and v
(3)
i and iv
(4)
ii and v

42.

One major factor responsible for poor progress of elementary education in India is
(1)
Low level of motivation of teachers and parents.
(2)
Poor infrastructural facilities in schools.
(3)
Poor teaching learning material.
(4)
Scheme of promoting students into next class without examination.

43.

The purpose of vocationalization of education is to :


(1)
Bridge the gap between theoretical and practical aspects of education.
(2)
Reduce the increasing crowd of students in general education stream.
(3)
Help in solving the unemployment problem in the country.
(4)
Help the child develop into a complete personality by training in vocational skills.

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Education Paper - III (July 2016)

44.

In U.S.A. higher education is controlled by


(1)
The Federal Government
(2)
(3)
Private bodies and the State, both (4)

Respective State Governments


District authorities

45.

For effective organization of distance education which combination of instructional systems is


necessary ?
i.
Lecture-cum discussions in contact classes.
ii.
Modular instructional materials with emphasis on self-learning.
iii.
Inviting students to study centres.
iv.
Specially prepared CDs and DVDs to be made available to students.
v.
Workshop based discussions and assignments.
vi.
Associating parents during written/oral tests.
(1)
i, ii, iii, iv
(2)
iii, iv, v, vi
(3)
i, ii, iv, v
(4)
i, ii, v, vi

46.

Which one of the following is not a curricular model ?


(1)
Administrative Line Staff Model
(2)
System Analysis Model
(3)
Jurisprudence Inquiry Model
(4)
Demonstration Model

47.

Who makes decisions in grass-root model of Curriculum development ?


(1)
Community
(2)
Students
(3)
District Inspector of Schools
(4)
Teacher

48.

Which
i.
iii.
(1)
(3)

49.

In a test, a question was correctly answered by only 10 students out of 50. The difficulty level
of that question is
(1)
40
(2)
10
(3)
20
(4)
80

50.

By summative evaluation we mean


(1)
Sum of marks obtained in all tests during the year.
(2)
Marks obtained in the year end examinations.
(3)
Sum of marks obtained by the whole class in a test.
(4)
Sum total of marks obtained in all tests during the semester.

51.

In a school organization system each member, whether teacher, headmaster or inspector of


schools, has to follow certain rules and regulations. The functions, areas, seniority of each
worker and officer are predecided. This approach of educational administration will be called,
(1)
Bureaucratic Management
(2)
System Management
(3)
Scientific Management
(4)
Administrative Management

combination of the following is related to


Hilda Taba
ii.
Alexander and Saylor
iv.
i, ii and iv
(2)
ii, iii and iv
(4)

curriculum development ?
Taylor
Hilgard
i, iii and iv
i, ii and iii

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Education Paper - III (July 2016)

52.

Which of the following diagrams tends to provide a correct depiction of Systems approach to
administration in education ?
(1)
Community
School

(2)

Teacher
Teacher
School

Community

Community
School
Teachers
(3)

Community

School District

(4)
Parents

School

53.

When
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
(v)
(1)
(3)

System approach is used for ensuring quality in schools, it implies


Assessment of students prior experience
Adequacy of school resources
Cooperation of parents
Interaction between teachers and parents
Fixing of benchmarks for judging quality of learning
(i), (iii), (iv) & (v)
(2)
(ii), (iv) & (v)
(i), (ii), (iv) & (v)
(4)
(ii), (iii) & (v)

54.

Which of the sets of statements gives acceptable difference between transactional and
transformational leadership styles for strengthening the school system ?
(i)
In transactional leadership style, the leader goes with his/her own vision while in
transformational style, the leader creates vision in others.
(ii)
Transactional style leader monitors while in the transformational style leader inspires.
(iii)
Transactional style leader promotes trust while the transformational style leader keeps
strict vigil.
(iv)
In transactional leadership style, the leaders personal traits are important while in
transformational style, inter relationships are important.
(v)
The transactional leader monitors while the transformational leader guides.
(1)
(i), (ii), (iii) & (v)
(2)
(ii), (iii), (iv) & (v)
(3)
(i), (ii), (iv) & (v)
(4)
(i), (iii), (ii) & (iv)

55.

Supervisory function in terms of modern approaches to management, will entail


(i)
Strict watch on an aberrant behaviour.
(ii)
Involving everybody in the institutional tasks.
(iii)
Maintaining a secret record for every participant.
(iv)
Sharing concerns for growth and development of the institution.
(v)
Promoting trust and proactive moves.
(1)
(i), (iii) & (iv)
(2)
(i), (iii) & (v)
(3)
(ii), (iii) & (v)
(4)
(ii), (iv) & (v)

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10

Education Paper - III (July 2016)

56.

Which of the following are descriptive of average, typical or mediocre performance and are not
to be regarded as standards or as desirable levels of attainment ?
(1)
Profiles
(2)
Norms
(3)

57.

Grades

(4)

Standardized scores

Match items of Set I with the items of Set II and select appropriate code.
Set I

Set II

(Type of test items)

(Purpose served)

(a)

Multiple choice items

(i)

Comprehension of ideas

(b)
(c)

Rearrangement type
Free response type

(ii)
(iii)

Ability to pair on the basis of relationship


Recognition power

(d)

Matching type

(iv)

Ability to supply

(v)

Identification of sequence

Codes :

58.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(1)

(i)

(iv)

(iii)

(v)

(2)

(ii)

(iii)

(i)

(iv)

(3)
(4)

(iii)
(iv)

(v)
(i)

(iv)
(ii)

(ii)
(iii)

Match the items of Set I with the items of Set II and select appropriate code.
Set I

Set II

(a)
(b)

Parallel form reliability


Split half method of reliability

(i)
(ii)

Correlate with an established test


Analysis of the meaning of test score in terms
of a stipulated purpose.

(c)
(d)

Construct validity
Power test

(iii)
(iv)

Kuder-Richardson formula
Standard error of measurement for one form
is the same as the other.

(v)

The student gets enough time to show what


he/she knows.
Spearman-Brown formula

(vi)
Codes :

59.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(1)
(2)

(iv)
(v)

(vi)
(iv)

(ii)
(iii)

(v)
(ii)

(3)

(ii)

(iii)

(v)

(vi)

(4)

(iv)

(ii)

(v)

(vi)

For any trait or characteristic that shows a progressive and relatively uniform increase from one
school grade to the next we can prepare as set of grade equivalents. Identify the type of grade
equivalent from the list given below, which indicates number of standard deviations an individual
falls above or below average.
(1)

Age norms

(2)

Percentile norms

(3)

Grade norms

(4)

Standard score norms

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11

Education Paper - III (July 2016)

60.

On a test with a mean of 80 and a standard deviation of 20, an individual with a score of 60
will have a z-score of
(1)
0.1
(2)
1.0
(3)
0.1
(4)
1.0

61.

Which of the following sets of statements relate more appropriately to the meaning and scope
of Educational technology ? For your answer, select the correct alternative set from the code
given under the list of statements.
(i)
Hardware in ET is the modality of presentation whereas software is the content or message
which is presented.
(ii)
ET caters to memory level teaching only.
(iii)
Interactive stage of teaching is outside the scope of ET.
(iv)
ET aims at optimizing learning outcomes.
(v)
ET is restricted to only conditioning and training modalities.
(vi)
Systems approach in ET followed hardware and software approaches.
(vii)
The purpose of multimedia is confined to making engagement in learning sustained for
a long time.
(viii) Simple cognitive interchanges in teacher and learner form part of reflective level teaching.
Codes :
(1)
(i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
(2)
(vi), (vii), (viii) and (ii)
(3)
(i), (iv), (vi) and (viii)
(4)
(ii), (iii), (iv) and (vi)

62.

In the following list of statements, those which are true and acceptable form a set. Identify the
correct set from the code to indicate your answer.
(i)
Microteaching is basically a training strategy aimed at teaching of instructional skills.
(ii)
In branching programmes feedback to the learner is immediate while in linear programmes
it is slightly delayed.
(iii)
Flanders interaction analysis is aimed at observing direct and indirect influence patterns
of teaching behaviour.
(iv)
There is no difference between correspondence, distance and open concepts of distance
education.
(v)
Criterion referenced tests are related to individualised instruction.
(vi)
Basic teaching model of Robert Glaser can form the basis of analysing the components
of other teaching models.
Codes :
(1)
(i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
(2)
(ii), (iv), (v) and (vi)
(3)
(iii), (iv), (i) and (ii)
(4)
(i), (iii), (v) and (vi)

63.

The structure of a frame in linear, branching and computer assisted instruction consists of three
important components. What is the usual sequence underlying this structure. Select from the
alternatives given below.
(1)
Feedback given, Response made, Prompted answer.
(2)
Information given, Response made, Feedback delivered.
(3)
Partial information given, No response asked for, Feedback delayed.
(4)
Part of the information with held, Response asked for, No feedback given.

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12

Education Paper - III (July 2016)

64.

In designing instructional systems, what is the correct sequence insisted ? Choose from the
alternatives given below ?
(1)
Deciding of instructional strategy, task analysis, formulation of objectives and evaluation
rubrics.
(2)
Formulation of objectives, deciding evaluation rubrics, task analysis, choice/use of
instructional strategies.
(3)
Formulation of instructional objectives, task analysis, designing of instructional strategies
and evaluation rubrics.
(4)
Deciding evaluation rubrics, formulation of instructional objectives, task analysis, designing
instructional strategies.

65.

What are the various strategies used for modifying teaching behaviour in ET ? Select from the
following list of alternatives to indicate your answer.
(1)
Micro-teaching, Interaction Analysis, action research, use of hardware, conducting
understanding level teaching and simulation.
(2)
Sensitivity training, micro teaching, action research, simulation, interaction analysis,
proceeding and programmed instructional strategy.
(3)
Programmed instructional strategy, discussion, projects, brainstorming, action research
and lecturing.
(4)
Lecturing, discussions, use of computers, brainstorming, projects and teaching machines.

66.

Anoxia is one of the causes of :


(1)
Mental retardation due to deprivation of oxygen at birth.
(2)
Physical disability due to weakness.
(3)
Hard of hearing due to bacterial infection.
(4)
Speech Impairment due to Psychological cause.

67.

According to Legal Perspective, a person with which of the following visual acuity will be called
partially sighted ?
(1)
Upto 20/200 or less
(2)
Between 20/70 and 20/200
(3)
Between 20/100 and 20/70
(4)
Upto 20/60 or less

68.

Which
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

69.

Which of the following could you associate to the greatest extent with the education of the
Mentally Retarded Children ?
(1)
Leta Hollingworth
(2)
Lewis M. Terman
(3)
Nancy Bayley
(4)
Christine Ingram

70.

Downs Syndrome is a
(1)
Physical disorder
(3)
Genetic disorder

of the following is not characteristic of the intellectually challenged child ?


He/She tends to be retarded in his/her physical development.
He/She is above average in sensory motor and artistic aptitude.
He/She is lacking in ability to conceptualise and generalise.
He/She tends to display socially undesirable traits very often.

(2)
(4)

Mental disorder
Personality disorder

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13

Education Paper - III (July 2016)

71.

A Review of NPE-1986 Programme of Action (POA) was done by :


(1)
National Commission for Teachers (2)
Yashpal Committee
(3)
Rama Murti Committee
(4)
Hansa Mehta Committee

72.

Establishment of DIETs was the result of one of the recommendations of :


(1)
Indian Education Commission (1882)
(2)
University Education Commission (1948-49)
(3)
Secondary Education Commission (1952-53)
(4)
National Policy on Education (1986)

73.

Below are given the various types of Teacher Education Programmes in Set I while their functions
are indicated in Set II. Match the two sets and give your answer from the code.
Set I
Set II
(a)
In-service Teacher Education
(i)
To Sharpen and deepen the subject knowledge.
(b)
Pre-Service Teacher Education
(ii)
To bring refinement and upgradation in
teaching skills.
(c)
Distance Education
(iii)
To prepare teachers in terms of the requirements
of demand-supply analysis.
(d)
Refresher Courses
(iv)
To help the disadvantaged society.
(v)
To meet the large scale shortage of teachers
in rural areas.
(vi)
To prepare teachers with an eye on the
shortage of teachers in the far flung areas.
Codes :
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(1)
(i)
(iii)
(vi)
(ii)
(2)
(ii)
(i)
(v)
(vi)
(3)
(i)
(v)
(iv)
(iii)
(4)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
(v)

74.

Which of the following combinations of statements reflects the concerns of National Curriculum
Framework (NCF) 2005 :
(i)
A commitment to democracy and values of equality, Justice, Freedom, Secularism, respect
for human dignity and rights.
(ii)
Burdening children with information resulting from an erroneous notion of knowledge.
(iii)
A capacity to learn and willingness to unlearn and relearn as means of responding to new
situations in a flexible and creative manner.
(iv)
Appreciation of beauty and art being an integral part of human life.
Codes :
(1)
(i), (iii), (iv)
(2)
(ii), (iii), (iv)
(3)
(i), (ii), (iii)
(4)
(ii), (iv), (iii)

75.

Animals are trained but teachers are educated, was the observation made by :
(1)
W.H. Kilpatrik
(2)
John Dewey
(3)
Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan
(4)
Swami Vivekanand

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14

Education Paper - III (July 2016)

ANSWER KEY
1
3
11
2
21
1
31
3
41
1
51
1
61
3
71
3

2
1
12
3
22
2
32
1
42
1
52
4
62
4
72
4

3
2
13
2
23
4
33
1
43
1
53
3
63
2
73
1

4
2
14
4
24
4
34
4
44
4
54
3
64
3
74
1

5
2
15
4
25
4
35
4
45
3
55
4
65
2
75
1

6
4
16
2
26
1
36
4
46
3
56
2
66
1

7
1
17
4
27
3
37
4
47
4
57
3
67
2

8
2
18
3
28
3
38
2
48
4
58
1
68
2

9
1
19
2
29
3
39
3
49
4
59
4
69
4

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10
2
20
2
30
3
40
2
50
2
60
4
70
3

15