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NATIONAL SEMINAR ON GREEN AFFORDABLE HOUSING

INNOVATIVE GREEN TECHNOLOGIES


IN
AFFORDABLE HOUSING
- Case studies

PROMOD ADLAKHA NAMRITA KALSI


Managing Director Sr. Architect
ADLAKHA ASSOCIATES Pvt. Ltd. DSIIDC
Email: adlakhaoffice@gmail.com (Delhi state industrial & infrastructure
Website: www.adlakhaassociates.com development corporation)

13 June 14
EVERYONE TALKS ABOUT AFFORDABLE HOUSING

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WE HAVE PROVED IT

TOGETHER WE CAN TRANSFORM THE LIVES OF MILLIONS


AND OUR URBAN LANDSCAPES

HOW?

LOW COST
NOT AT THE COST OF QUALITY
BUT
THROUGH TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION
WHY COPY WEST ?

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Recognize our own Technocrats
for Innovations

We have enough indigenous Cost Effective


Technologies available

The World over the best brains have been busy in solving problems of
the rich: who really dont have problems to solve so the poors problems
dont get the right kind of talent
Sam Pitroda
Chairman (Former)
National Innovation Council
INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES USED FOR AFFORDABLE HOUSING
FOR ROOFING: SHEAR WALL TECHNOLOGY
R.C. Ribbed Slab
Precast Channel Roofing OTHER COMPONENTS:
Precast RC Plank Roofing

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Precast RC Ferrocement Panel Roofing Precast Ferrocement Cupboard &
Precast RC Hollow Slab Roofing Kitchen Shelves
Cast-in-Situ Hollow Slab Roofing Precast Ferrocement Sunshades
R.B. Filler Slab Roofing Precast R.C. Lintels
R.B.C. Roofing R.B.C. Lintels
Precast R.B. Panel Roofing Precast Ferrocement steps
Precast R.B. Arched Panel Roofing Precast concrete door & window frames
CRF Sections and Ferrocement Panel Roofing Ferrocement water tanks
Precast Ferrocement Segmental Shells Roofing RCC monolithic technology
Precast RC panel roofing Precast elements such as
Funicular shell roofing o Lintels,
FOR WALLING: o Sunshades,
Rowlock bond (Rat trap bond), o Kitchen slabs,
Stretcher bond, o Water tanks,
Hollow concrete blocks, o Stair case steps,
Interlocking mortar less block walking, o Drains and chambers,
Perforated mechanized modular bricks, Under reamed piles (for load bearing
FAL-G modular bricks, walls)
Stone block masonry. Interlocking pavers
AAC blocks (in multistoried) CRF beams
Cement Flyash mortar
RECOGNITION BY MINISTRY OF HOUSING, GOVT. OF INDIA
& GOVT. OF NCTD, DELHI
CALENDER/NEWS PAPER/BOOK PROJECTS PUBLISHED

HUDCO (Ministry of Housing, Govt. of India) Corporate Office, Greater Noida Industrial
Calender - 2002 Development Authority

BMTPC (Ministry of Housing, Govt. of India) Low Cost Housing at Baprola, Delhi
Calender - 2012 Demonstration housing at Amethi
Community Centre at Ambala
Demonstration project at Pinjore
Ministry of Housing, Govt. of India :JNNURM Housing at Bawana, under JNNURM
(Times of India, The Hindustan Times &
Others)
Indian International Trade Fair -2008 Delhi Facade of Pavilion with Rajiv Gandhi, Housing
Pavilion Project, Bawana.

HUDCO (Ministry of Housing Govt. of India) (Awarded project)


Publication: Is it possible? Corporate Office, Greater NOIDA Industrial
Development Authority

BMTPC : News letters Demonstration Housing at Amethi


Community Centre at Ambala
RECOGNITION BY Ministry of Housing, Govt. of India
& Govt. of NCDT, Delhi

FAADE IN PRAGATI MAIDAN DELHI


PAVILION MADE TO REPRESENT RAJIV
GANDHI HOUSING PROJECT
RECOGNITION BY Ministry of Housing, Govt. of India
& Govt. of NCDT, Delhi (recognition of low cost housing projects)

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MASS HOUSING WORKS - YEAR 2003 Client: Greater Noida Authority
AFFORDABLE HOUSING GR. NOIDA (800 D.U.) Contractor:

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TECHNOLOGY
Row lock bond wall
MASS HOUSING WORKS - YEAR 2006 Client: DSIIDC
RAJIV GANDHI HOUSING, BAWANA, 3164 HOUSES Contractor: ERA Infra Engg. Ltd.

TECHNOLOGIES
ROOFING
Precast RC planks & joists roofing
Precast ferrocement elements
WALLING
Perforated mechanized modular bricks
FAL-G modular bricks
OTHER COMPONENTS
Single stack system of plumbing

The housing is
located in
Bawana, which
is a town in
North-west
district in the
state of Delhi,
India.
MASS HOUSING WORKS - YEAR 2008 Client: DSIIDC
BAWANA-1184, DELHI Contractor: ERA Infra Engg. Ltd.

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TECHNOLOGIES
Modular perforated Brick Walls
Precast RC Planks & Joists Slab
Precast Ferrocement Elements
MASS HOUSING WORKS - YEAR 2009 Client: DSIIDC
NARELA, DELHI 1892 HOUSES Contractor: ERA Infra Engg. Ltd.

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TECHNOLOGIES
Modular perforated Brick Walls
Precast RC Planks & Joists Slab
Precast Ferrocement Elements
MASS HOUSING WORKS - YEAR 2009 Client: DSIIDC
BHORGARH, DELHI 1272 HOUSES Contractor: ERA Infra Engg. Ltd.

TECHNOLOGIES
Modular perforated Brick Walls
Precast RC Planks & Joists Slab
Precast Ferrocement Elements
MASS HOUSING WORKS - YEAR 2009 Client: DSIIDC
NARELA (CETP), DELHI 1652 HOUSES Contractor: ERA Infra Engg. Ltd.

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TECHNOLOGIES
Modular perforated Brick Walls
Precast RC Planks & Joists Slab
Precast Ferrocement Elements
MASS HOUSING WORKS - YEAR 2010 Client: DSIIDC
BAPROLA, DELHI 5568 HOUSES Contractor: IVRCL Ltd.

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TECHNOLOGIES
Modular perforated Brick Walls
Precast RC Planks & Joists Slab
Precast Ferrocement Elements
MASS HOUSING WORKS - YEAR 2010 Client: Greater Noida Authority
OMICRON, G. NOIDA, 1848 HOUSES Contractor: Sai Constructions

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TECHNOLOGIES
Modular perforated Brick Walls
Precast RC Planks & Joists Slab
Precast Ferrocement Elements
MASS HOUSING WORKS - ongoing Client: ERA Landmarks Ltd.
EWS Housing, Faridabad Contractor: ERA Infra Engg. Ltd.

TECHNOLOGIES
Modular perforated
bricks

Precast RC Planks &


Joists Roof
MASS HOUSING WORKS - ongoing Client: DSIIDC
POOTHKHURD, DELHI - 14200 Contractor: Ramky Infrastructure Ltd. & IVRCL Ltd.

TECHNOLOGIES
RC Planks & Joists Roof
In framed structure
Flyash brick walls
MASS HOUSING WORKS - ongoing
POOTHKHURD, DELHI - 14200

Under construction pictures


MASS HOUSING WORKS - ongoing Client: DSIIDC
TIKRI KALA, DELHI 4560 + 6480 Contractor: Supreme Infrastructure Ltd. &
Pande Construction Ltd.

TECHNOLOGIES
RC Planks & Joists Roof
In framed structure
Flyash brick walls
&
Shear wall monolithic
technology
MASS HOUSING WORKS - ongoing
TIKRI KALA, DELHI 4560 + 6480

Under
construction
pictures
MASS HOUSING WORKS - ongoing Client: NDMC
EWS HOUSING, BAKARWALA, DELHI 240 Contractor: Adharstamb Construction Pvt. Ltd.

TECHNOLOGIES
Mechanized bricks
Flyash bricks
Precast RC Planks
& Joists Roof
MASS HOUSING WORKS - YEAR 2008 Client: DSIIDC
BAWANA, DELHI - 896 Contractor: Sintex Industries Ltd.

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TECHNOLOGY
Projects using Shear Wall
Technology

COMPLETED PICTURES
MASS HOUSING WORKS - YEAR 2009 Client: DSIIDC
GHOGHA, DELHI - 3680 Contractor: Sintex Industries Ltd.

TECHNOLOGY
Projects using Shear Wall
Technology
MASS HOUSING WORKS - YEAR 2013 Client: DSIIDC
BAWANA, DELHI - 704 Contractor: Sintex Industries Ltd.

Under
construction
pictures
MASS HOUSING WORKS
Monolithic technology
MASS HOUSING WORKS - ongoing Client: Delhi Police
DELHI POLICE HOUSING, DHEERPUR, DELHI - 5202 Contractor: Punj Lloyd Ltd.

TECHNOLOGY
Projects using Shear Wall
Technology
MASS HOUSING WORKS - ongoing
DELHI POLICE HOUSING, DHEERPUR, DELHI - 5202
MASS HOUSING WORKS - YEAR 2013 Client: Oragadam Developers Pvt. Ltd.
INNO GEOCITY, CHENNAI 500 HOUSES Contractor: Tempus Construction Pvt. Ltd.

TECHNOLOGIES
Hydraform
interlocking block
walls
Precast RC Planks
& Joists Roof
Stone Block
masonry in
foundation
Precast Boundary
wall
MASS HOUSING WORKS - ongoing Client: Welspun Group
ANJAR & VAPI, GUJRAT Contractor: Welspun Projects Ltd.
TECHNOLOGIES
Hydraform interlocking block walls
Precast RC Planks & Joists Roof
Precast sunshade, Ferrocement staircase
Concrete Block masonry in foundation
Precast Boundary wall

Under construction pictures


TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
For Affordable Housing
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
R.C. PLANKS AND JOISTS SLAB

The plank and joist


technology consists of

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60mm thick specifically
designed precast planks
supported over precast
joists.

Cast in situ concrete is


poured over the slab
forming a monolithic
structure.
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
R.C. PLANKS AND JOISTS SLAB
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
R.C. PLANKS AND JOISTS SLAB
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
R.C. PLANKS AND JOISTS SLAB
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
R.C. PLANKS AND JOISTS SLAB
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
R.C. PLANKS AND JOISTS SLAB
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
R.C. PLANKS AND JOISTS SLAB
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
PRECAST R.C.C LINTEL CUM SUNSHADES
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
FERROCEMENT STEPS & KITCHEN SHELVES
TECHNOLOGY VALIDATION
PRECAST RC PLANKS AND JOIST SYSTEM
TIME TESTED TECHNOLOGY IMPORTANT CODES
IS : 13990 : 1994 Precast reinforced planks & joist & flooring
specifications.

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IS : 13994 : 1994 Specifications
CBRI Building Research Note (4) 1982 & Precast RC planks flooring/Roofing scheme
1987
IS : 4326 : 1993 Code of practice for EQ resistance design &
Construction of buildings improvised
NBC : 2005 (part 6) clause 6.3.1, 7.3.1.1 Part Prefabrication system accepted standards
6 section 7B

APPROVED TECHNOLOGY BY CBRI

APPROVED TECHNOLOGY BY BIS (BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS)


IS:13994
IS: 13990

APPROVED TECHNOLOGY BY IIT, DELHI

APPROVED TECHNOLOGY AS PER NBC- 2005


TECHNOLOGY VALIDATION
LOAD TEST
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
PERFORATED MODULAR BRICKS & FAL-G BRICKS

Raw materials: fly-ash, cement and sand


Binder: Cement
Raw materials: fly-ash, lime gypsum
and sand
Binder: Lime
(blocks also called FAL-G)
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
HYDRAFORM BUILDING SYSTEM
An alternate to conventional bricks &
mortar
Male/Female Interlocking Vertical /
Horizontal Shear keys
Suitable for Load/Framed Structures
Compatible to incorporate V/H
reinforcements
Suitable for Seismic structures
Speedier construction

INTERLOCKING CONSTRUCTION
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
YEAR 2001- MINISTRY OF ANIMAL HUSBANDARY

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With hydraform blocks
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
Boundary wall in Interlocking Blockwork

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With hydraform blocks
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
in Vapi, Gujrat project

Concrete Door frame


Steps in interlocking
block walling
Vertical EQ
reinforcement
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
in Vapi, Gujrat project

View of roof:
RC planks & joists in
Interlocking block walling
system with EQ bands.
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
in InnoGeocity, Chennai project

Casting of
Interlocking blockwork blocks

RC planks &
Joist roofing
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
Monolithic technology
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
Monolithic technology
TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED
RC Planks & Joist in framed structure

Under Construction pictures


FRAMED COMPOSITE PRECAST SYSTEM
FRAMING PLAN
Cast-In-Situ Columns
300mm x 300mm

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Precast Framing Beams
300mm x 300mm

Precast Joists
150mm x 210mm

Precast Planks
60mm thick
FRAMED COMPOSITE PRECAST SYSTEM
JUNCTION DETAILS

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Corner junction showing
Cast-In-Situ column with
Precast Framing Beams
FRAMED COMPOSITE PRECAST SYSTEM
JUNCTION DETAILS

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Junction of Precast Joist and
Precast Framing Beams
FRAMED COMPOSITE PRECAST SYSTEM
JUNCTION DETAILS

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T - junction showing Cast-
In-Situ column with Precast
Framing Beams
FRAMED COMPOSITE PRECAST SYSTEM
JUNCTION DETAILS

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Plus junction showing Cast-
In-Situ column with Precast
Framing Beams
FRAMED COMPOSITE PRECAST SYSTEM
JUNCTION DETAILS

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Junction of two Precast Joists and
Precast Framing Beam
FRAMED COMPOSITE PRECAST SYSTEM
JUNCTION DETAILS

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Precast Planks
overlapping with Precast
Joist
AFFORDABILITY IN
TECHNOLOGY
AFFORDABILITY IN TECHNOLOGY
COMPARISON CHART SAVINGS IN COST
Item Conventional Alternative Advantages Savings
technology used In Cost
Foundations Isolated and step Under-reamed piles Economical as well as 10%

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footings In load bearing speedy construction
Structure
Walls 230 mm Brick wall in 200 mm thick brick Reduction in wall 20%
English bond (using wall in Flemish thickness due to
conventional FPS, bond (using high strength bricks
Clay Bricks) machine made No plaster on
modular perforated external faces
bricks) Heat & Sound
resistance
Intermediate Cast-in-situ Precast RC Plank Saving in cement, 21%
floors & roof RCC slab system Steel & shuttering
Stair case Cast-in-situ Precast ferrocement 30%
RCC joist slab steps 25 mm thick Cost effective (no
(tread & riser unit) Plaster required)

Sunshades Cast-in-situ Precast RC Controlled 25%


Cum Lintels RCC slab conditions
Kitchen Cast-in-situ Precast ferrocement Speedy 30%
Platforms RCC slab 25 mm thick construction
Better finishes &
Water Tanks RCC, PVC Ferrocement Aesthetics 20%
COST COMPARISON
CASE STUDY - WALLING

Conventional Alternative
(230 mm wall) (200 modular perforated bricks)

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Brick work 0.23 cum @ Rs 1545.15 Brick work 0.20 cum 1851.15
= Rs 355.38 = Rs 370.23
Internal Plaster (1.6) 15mm 1Sqm Extra for superstructure 0.20 Cum
@ Rs 51 = Rs 51.00 @ Rs 262.45 = Rs 52.49
External grit plaster 1Sqm @ Rs 169.3 Internal 12mm plastic 1Sqm @ Rs 44
= Rs 169.3 = Rs 44.00
Groove 2m @ Rs 9.50 = Rs 19.00 External silicon treatment 1Sqm
@ Rs 23.10 = Rs 23.10
Total = Rs 594.63 Total = Rs 489.82
Savings = Rs 10.481 = 17.62%

for 1 Sqm

Case study done for Bawana, Delhi


COST COMPARISON
CASE STUDY - ROOFING
Conventional Cost effective alternative
Cast-in-situ Precast RC Planks system

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RCC (1:1.5:3) 0.10 cum RCC 1:1.5:3 in joints 0.0096 cum
@ Rs 2324.20=232.42 @ 3208 = Rs 30.80
RCC 1:1.5:3 in planks 0.0602 cum
@ 4192.45 = Rs 252.39

Steel Reinforcement 9 Kg Steel reinforcement 6.265 Kg


@ Rs 21.85 = Rs 196.65 @ Rs 21.85 = Rs 136.89
Centering & shuttering 1Sqm
@ Rs 111.20 = Rs 111.20
Ceiling plaster 1 Sqm@ Rs 40.00
= Rs 40.00
Total = Rs 580.27 Total = 420.08
Savings = 580.27-420.08= Rs 160.19
= 27.60%

Case study done for Bawana, Delhi for 1 Sqm


COST COMPARISON
CASE STUDY - STAIRCASE
Conventional (Cost in Situ) Alternative (precast ferrocement)
R.C.C 1:1.5:3 = 0.346cm Mortar 1:1.5 0.122 cum
@ Rs 2324.20 = Rs 804.17 @ 2701.60 = Rs 329.60

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Centering and shuttering = 3.15 sqm Chicken Mesh 9.90 Sqm
@ Rs 106.40 = Rs 335.16 @ 30 = Rs 297
Reinforcement 31.14 kg @ Rs 21.85 Welded fabric 6.78kg
= Rs 680.41 @ 34.70 = Rs 166.73
Brickwork in step 0.22 cm Labour = Rs 148.74
@ Rs 1545.15 = Rs 339.93
Flooring 4.75 sqm @ Rs 86.05 Reinforcement 4.2 kg @ Rs 21.85 =
= Rs 408.74 Rs 91.77
Angle iron nosing 18 kg @ Rs 21.95 = Rs
395.10
Sundries 23.4 Units @ Rs 1.66 =
Rs 38.84
Water charges, 0.H., Contractor Profit
= Rs 90.30
Total = Rs 2568.41 Total = Rs 1558.08
Savings Rs. 1010.33 = 39.33%
Case study done for Bawana, Delhi For 1 flight of 10 steps
COST COMPARISON
CASE STUDY SHELVES & SUNSHADES

Conventional (Cast-in-situ) Alternative (Precast Ferro-cement)


R.C.C 0.08 cum @22324.20 cm Mortar (1:1.5) 0.027 cum

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= Rs 185.94 @ Rs 2701.60 = Rs 72.94
Cutting & shuttering 0.84 sqm Chicken Mesh 2.20 Sqm @ Rs 30
@ Rs 111.20 = Rs 93.41 = Rs 66
Finishing 0.94 Sqm@ Rs 13.30 = Rs 12.50 Welded fabric 1.50kg @ Rs 24.70
= Rs 37.05
Steel reinforcement 7.20 kg @ Rs 21.45 Labour = Rs 10.80
= Rs 154.44
Sundries 5.20 Units @ 1.66 = Rs 8.63
Water charges, 0.H., Contractor Profit =
Rs 17.58

Total = Rs 446.29 Total = Rs 213.00

Savings = Rs 233.29 = 52.27%

Per sq m
Case study done for Bawana, Delhi
AFFORDABILITY IN TECHNOLOGY
COMPARISON CHART TIME SAVING

S. No Description Conventional Cost effective Proposal

1. Foundation 6 days 6 days

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2. Superstructure: Casting of column, 16 days 6 days
beams, slabs including shuttering, placing (precast slab)
reinforcement, casting and removal of
form work (each Floor)
3. Raising Brick wall (each floor) 3 days 3 days
4. Internal plastering (each floor) 2 days 1 day (no ceiling plaster)

5. External plastering (each floor) 3 days No Ext. plaster


6. Flooring (each floor) 1 day 1 day
7. Plumbing & Elec.(each Floor) 4 days 4 days
One Block 122 days 71 days
SAVINGS IN STEEL AND CEMENT

Consumption of reinforcement steel


STEEL
Cost effective housing: less than 1.0 kg per sq ft. Less than 1.0 kg per sq ft

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Conventional housing: 3 to 4 kg per sq ft.

Consumption of cement
CEMENT
Cost effective housing: 0.25 BAGS per sq ft. Less than 0.25 bags per sq ft

Conventional housing: 0.45 BAGS per sq ft.

Thus, savings in
Resource Material
Embodied energy
CO2

Case examples were taken of each housing block from 4 of our projects (ie. Bawana, Baprola, Bhorgarh and
Narela) and estimates were prepared using one example of a conventional technology and one using precast
systems. The comparison charts prepared by us are as follows:
AFFORDABILITY IN TECHNOLOGY
CAPITAL INVESTMENT of mechanization

(For 20 lacs Sq ft built-up area for roofing) (Time period: 27 months)

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RC planks Casting machines 7 Nos @ 85000 = 5.60 lacs
Twin moulds 14 Nos @ 20000 = 2.80 lacs
Pellets 700 Nos @ 1000 = 8.00 lacs
MS Channels for Joists 70 Nos. @ 2500 = 1.75 lacs
MS Angles for Steps, Sunshades, Shelves = 0.50 lacs
Cost per Sft = Rs. 0.93 say Rs. 1.0 per Sft 18.65 lacs
Open platform (20000 sft) & Temporary
shed (10000 sft) = 10.00 lacs
Total = 28.65 lacs
Total cost per Sft = Rs. 1.43 per Sft (say Rs. 1.50 per Sft)
CASE STUDY 1

Construction of Type - III 1184 Units Houses with Conventional Specifications


Vs Cost Effective Technologies at BAWANA

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With Conventional Specification Amount With Cost Effective Technologies Amount

Civil Work 2485384.00 Civil Work 1929027.00


Internal Services Internal Services
Sanitary Water Supply Sanitary Water Supply
(Dual Stack System) (Single Stack System)
171425.00 132468.00
Internal Electrical 224116.00 Internal Electrical 224116.00
2880925.00 2285611.00
Add 34.34 % Cost Index on Civil & Sanitary items Add 34.34 % Cost Index on Civil &
on Rs 2656809.00 Sanitary items on Rs 2061495.00
912348.00 707917.00
3793273.00 2993528.00
Cost per dwelling unit 237079 Cost per dwelling unit 187096.00
Savings Achieved = 799745.00
21.08%
CASE STUDY 2
Cost Comparison Conventional Construction Vs Cost Effective Technologies
at NARELA (Plinth area of dwelling units 39.74 sqm) Comparative cost of one
block of 16 dwelling units (G+3)

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With Conventional Specification Amount With Cost Effective Technologies Amount
Civil Work 2380810.00 Civil Work 1788415.00

Internal Services Internal Services


Sanitary Water Supply Sanitary Water Supply
(Dual Stack System) 171425.00 (Single Stack System) 132468.00

Internal Electrical 224116.00 Internal Electrical 224116.00


2776351.00 2144999.00
Add 34.34 % Cost Index on Civil & Add 34.34 % Cost Index on Civil & Sanitary
Sanitary items on Rs 2656809.00 items on Rs 2061495.00
1076277.00 810036.00
3852628.00 2955035.00

Cost per dwelling unit 240789.00 184690.00

Savings Achieved = 897593.00


23.30%
CASE STUDY 3

Construction of Type - III 1272 Units Houses with Conventional Specifications


Vs Cost Effective Technologies at BHORGARH
Cost for 1 Block Area for one flat 39.74 sqm

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With Conventional Specification Amount With Cost Effective Technologies Amount
RCC Framed Structure
Civil Work 2485384.00 Civil Work 1879066.00

Internal Services Internal Services


Sanitary Water Supply Sanitary Water Supply
171425.00 146401.00
(Dual Stack System) (Single Stack System)

Internal Electrical 224116.00 Internal Electrical 224116.00


2880925.00 2249583.00
Add 42.17% Cost Index on Civil &
1214886.00 Add 42.17 % Cost Index 948649.00
Sanitary items on Rs 2656809.00
4095811.00 3198232.00

Savings Achieved = 897579.00


Cost per Dwelling Unit 255988 199890
Savings = 21.91%
CASE STUDY 4
EWS Housing at BAPROLA (Plinth area: 33.60 Sft.)
Cost of 1 Block (16 D.U) (G+3)
Cost Comparison Between Conventional Specifications & Cost Effective

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Technologies
S.No Description Conventional Load bearing using Saving Percent-
construction Cost Effective age
Technologies
1 Civil Work 4240365.00 3305145.00 935220.00 22.05

2 Internal Sanitary and 434384.00 300675.00 133709.00 30.78


Plumbing

3 Internal Electrical Works 375858.29 375858.00 0.00

TOTAL 5050607.29 3981678.00 1068929.00 21.61

Cost per Dwelling Unit 315663 248855

Saving 21.16%
AFFORDABILITY IN TECHNOLOGY
Interlocking blocks and RC planks system Case study
Housing at Anjar for WELSPUN Housing VAPI for WELSPUN
G+2 (EQ Zone V) G+3 (EQ Zone III)

Workers Housing Bachelor Family Workers Housing


WIL Accommodation Accommodation Cost/Sqft.
Cost/Sqft. Rs WIL WIL
Cost/Sqft. Cost/Sqft.

Civil Works 492 513 555 553

Sanitation 22 29 72 67
Work

Electrical 61 59 73 71
Work

Total Rs. 575 / sft. Rs. 601 / sft. Rs. 700 / sft. Rs. 691 / sft.
Cost/Sqft.

Case study done for Welspun Group projects.


FACTOR FOR COSTING (13 STORIED) 1 block - 92,433 sft.

I RE-BAR WORK Factor per sq ft Unit Description Factor per Sq ft Unit


Foundation 0.1477 Kg/sq ft of built-up area
Col 0.9677 Kg/sq ft IV BRICK WORK/ BLOCK WORK:
Beam 1.247 Kg/sq ft Brick work in
Stairs & R C Planks 0.84 Kg/sq ft foundation 0.0005 Cum/sq ft
Total 3.20 Kg/sq ft Brick work Stair Steps
II R.C.C. Only. 0.0004 Cum/sq ft
Foundation 0.0465 Cum/sqft 200 mm thk.
Col 0.046 Cum/sqft Interlocking Hydra-
Beam 0.056 Cum/sqft 0.0276 Cum/sq ft
form Block in Super
Stairs & R C Planks 0.06 Cum/sqft Structure.
Total 0.2085 Cum/sqft Half brick masonry 0.0368 Sqm/sq ft
III SHUTTERING V PLASTER & EXT. PAINT
Beams 5039 Sqm
Col 3820 Sqm Cement Plaster
Stairs & R C Planks 267 Sqm Internal walls 0.2251 Sqm/sq ft
Foundation 312 Sqm Silicon external
Total 9438 (0.1021) Sqm (sq m/sqft) walls Exposed 0.1264 Sqm/sq75ft
SAVINGS IN COST & ENERGY

Load bearing A load bearing structure up to 4 storeyed is highly


construction economical.

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Precast elements reduces the thickness of plaster
Savings in plaster required. External facades can be exposed without
plaster, further savings in cost.

Savings in The overall thickness of precast RC planks is only


material 60mm. A normal cast in situ slab requires 100mm
consumption thickness thus the dead load of slab is reduced by
about 30% to 40%.
The intermediate floor slabs and the roof slab are
No shuttering
in precast RC planks and joist system. The system
saves shuttering.
Minimum
transportation All precast elements casted at site, saves fuel and
and fuel cost cost of transportation.

Because of precast controlled quality concrete and


Low maintenance
and high life cycle ferrocement elements, they have high life cycle.
ECO-FRIENDLY MATERIALS

Better quality finish and less maintenance Water conservation


Mechanized bricks The machine made Due to lesser masonry, concrete & plaster less water
bricks and blocks have smooth finish and consumption.

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can be left exposed. If painting is Mechanised bricks / blocks have high strength and
required, it can be done without plaster low water absorption.
directly over putty. Precast elements due to stack arrangement require
Precast items Precast items are less water.
prefabricated and mechanized, hence, they Ponding of sunken portions is used for curing
have a smooth finish and ceiling plaster is Soft permeable pathways to reduce run off rain
not required. water.
Quality control Better quality control in
mechanization. Machine made production Structural efficiency
ensures better quality than hand-made in
situ work. Designed on the principles of Box consisting of wall
Quality management Testing of precast panels and floor diaphragms are structurally more
items can be done on site. efficient. Ductility provisions provided through
Less maintenance due to precast vertical reinforcement at corners Tee junctions, plinth
elements, no external plaster, less bands, lintel bands & roof bands.
weathering affect Besides economical, these structures have higher
lateral stiffness than framed structure and are more
sustainable.
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