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Providedspacing= 150

Providedtensilereinforcement,Asc=(AscxCalculatedSpacing)/Providedspacing
2
2094.47 mm
Usetensilesteelof 20 mmdia.@ 150 mmc/c
K
DesignofRearCounterfort:
F G B C
2
NetdownwardpressureonheelslabatE= 285.93 kN/m 9.00 1.7 5.00
2
NetdownwardpressureonheelslabatD= 16.08 kN/m 1.5
E D
ThemagnitudeofreactiontransferredtoeachcounterfortatFandG
ReactionatF= 714.82 kN/m 80.47 350.32
ReactionatG= 40.21 kN/m 551.20
Thusatanydepth(h)fromtop,thehorizontale/pacting
8.56 h= 15.65
Therefore,Horizontalpressureattopoffrontcounterfort= 134.01 kN/m
Shearforceattopoffrontcounterfort= 1048.59 kN/m
CounterfortactasaTBeamandthedepthavailableismorethanrequiredfromactualdesingconsideration.Evenasa
rectangularbeamthedepthrequiredisgivenby; M
Rb
RequireddepthofStemslab= = 1232.42 mm
Ok,Provideddepthisgreater

Availabledepth(GK)calculateby:
Tan=FG/AB 0.436
= 30 Degree
GK= M 4.450 m

Requiredtensionsteel,Ast=
st j d = 4589.98 mm2

RequiredNumberofreinforcementof 32 mmdia.@ 7 Nos.


Providingthereinforcemtof 1.75 layereachlayercontained 4 bar

Curtailmentofreinforcementincounterfort;
Sincetheearthpressureandotherforcesinthecounterfortdecreasestowardsthetop,Soitispossibletocurtailreinforcement
Hs^2 * (n - m)
h totalnumberofbarprovidedatbottom,n= 7
n
totalnumberofbartobecurtail,m= 6

Therefore,h= 7.805 mbelowtopPlusthedevelopmentlength


ShearForceCheck;
Effectiveshearforceinacaseofbeamofvaryingdepthisdeterminedby;
V=V'M/dtan 773298.3 N
where,
d=de/Cos 5138.42 mm
VFG=V'= 1014.25 kN

2
ActualShearstress,v=V/bd 0.25 N/mm
Percentageoftensilesteel=(100Ast)/(bd)= 0.19 %
Designofhorizontalties;
Duetohorizontalearthpressuretheverticalstemhasatendencyofseparatingoutfromthecouterforts,Henceitshouldbe
tiedtoitbyhorizontalties.
Atanydepth(h)belowthetoptheforcecausingthetendencyofseparation=.h.ka.ClearwidthofCouterfortwall
8.56 h

StemandCounterfortWallDesignforAbutmentwithCounterfortWall
TheForceat 1 mfrombottom 168.26 kN/m
2
Areaofsteelrequired,Asv= 1201.83 mm
Centretocentrespacingofthestirrup,Sv=(Ast*d)/Asv 376.418 mm
Provide 12 mmdia. 4 Legstirrups 150 Spacing
DesignofVerticalties;
Duetohorizontalearthpressure,theverticalstemhasatendencyofseparatingoutfromcouterforts,Henceitshouldbetied
toitbyhorizontalties.

Max.netdownwardforceatPointF= 514.674 kN

2
Areaofsteelrequired,Asv= 3676.24 mm
Centretocentrespacingofthestirrup,Sv=(Ast*d)/Asv 437.538 mm
Provide 16 mmdia. 8 Legstirrups 150 Spacing

Max.netdownwardforceatPointG= 28.95 kN

2
Areaofsteelrequired,Asv= 206.80 mm
Centretocentrespacingofthestirrup,Sv=(Ast*d)/Asv 759.557 mm
Provide 10 mmdia. 2 Legstirrups 150 Spacing

DesignofFrontCounterfort: K H
F G
2
NetdownwardpressureonheelslabatC= 184.8 kN/m 9.00 1.7 5.00 C
2
NetdownwardpressureonheelslabatB= 34.89 kN/m 1.5 B
E D C'
WidthofCourterfortwall= 0.40 m
Centertocenterspacing= 3.00 m 80.47 401.29
Clearspacingprovided= 2.60 m 551.20

ThemagnitudeofreactiontransferredtoeachcounterfortatFandG
ReactionatF= 554.40 kN/m
ReactionatG= 90.70 kN/m
Duetoactionofupwardforces,thefrontcounterfortwillhaveatendencytobendasahorizontalcantileveraboutsectionBH
So,thefaceCHwilldevelopcompressivestressesandthefaceB'C'willdeveloptensilestresses.
Totalupwardforce= 1612.76 kN
DistanceofC.G.oftheforcefromB'= 2.63 m
BMatfaceofBB'= 4243.43 kN/m
M
RequireddepthofStemslab= Rb = 3805.43 mm
Ok,Provideddepthisgreater

Overalldepthassumingdiameter 32 mmbarsin 2 Layersandclearcoverof 50 mm


Overalldepth,D= availableoveralldepthprovided 5000.000 mm 3920

Availabledepth(GK)calculateby:
Tan=FG/AB 1.000
M = 45 Degree
st j d
Requiredtensionsteel,Ast= = 3814.66 mm2

RequiredNumberofreinforcementof 28 mmdia.@ 8 Nos.


Providingthereinforcemtof 2 layereachlayercontained 4 bar

StemandCounterfortWallDesignforAbutmentwithCounterfortWall