You are on page 1of 8

SIOP Lesson Plan Template 4

Key: SW = Students will | TW = Teachers will | SWBAT = Students will be able to | HOTS = Higher Order Thinking Skills

SIOP Lesson Title: One in a Minion Grade: MS Life Science

Content Standard(s): MS-LS3-2 Time: 30-45 minutes

Key Vocabulary: genotype, phenotype, heterozygous, Visuals/Resources/Supplementary Materials:


homozygous, dominant, recessive One in a Minion PowerPoint, Minion Genetics review
sheet, One in a Minion INB foldable and directions,
pennies, colored pencils, One in a Minion rubric
HOTS: Interpreting data into visuals, self-evaluation,
classifying genetic information, comparing own projects
to others in order to identify genetic variability in a
population

Connections to Prior Knowledge/Building Background:


Prior to this lesson, students should be familiar with the concept of a monohybrid cross and be able to complete
basic monohybrid Punnett squares. To refresh student recollection, have the class walk through the quick
completion of two monohybrid crosses on the board (use two heterozygous alleles for the first, and a homozygous
recessive X homozygous dominant cross for the second). Assign a phenotype to each of the above alleles and have
students identify the phenotypic outcomes of each cross.

Tell students that they will be undertaking a very important science experiment involving designing their very own
minions. Students will begin by completing the review worksheet, Minion Genetics to gain reinforcement on the
concepts of phenotype and genotype.

Content Objective(s): Meaningful Activities: Review/Assessment:


SWBAT use randomly selected SW complete the Minions Once students have completed
genotypic traits for two organisms, Genetics worksheet in order to the worksheet, they may raise their
create a monohybrid cross, and further solidify their understanding of hand to have the instructor check their
determine both the phenotypic and phenotypes and genotypes before answers. Once 100% has been
achieved, the student may begin work
genotypic outcomes/ratios for moving on to creating their own
on One in a Minion. If changes need
potential offspring. minion. to be made to the assignment, students
should be able to identify what they
missed and what they need to do to
choose the correct answer.
Language Objective(s): Meaningful Activities: Review/Assessment:
SWBAT summarize and SW complete the One in a Once finished, students will be
present information about their Minion activity, which walks them allowed to compare their creations to
minions phenotypes and genotypes through the process of creating and a partners to see the genetic
to a partner. drawing the genotypes/phenotypes variation from minion to minion.
for two parent minions. SW then
use the parental traits to create their
own baby minion. All three will be
recorded and drawn on an INB
foldable.

Wrap-Up:
SW glue their One in a Minion foldable in their INB. Take a class poll of completed minion phenotypes and
genotypes. Have students write the genotypes of each of their three minions in a table on the board. Have
students see if they can identify any trends (i.e. if some traits appear more than others) then ask them to infer
what would happen if the population were to stay on the same trend. Are there any traits that rarely occur? Can
they name any traits in Homo sapiens that might follow the same percentage of occurrence? Using the collected
data, create a bar graph for each trait (one for parents, one for offspring) and have students use the graphs to
answer the next days bell ringer question.
One in a Minion Rubric

CATEGORY Exceeds Expectations - 10 Meets Expectations - 7 Approaches Expectations - 5

Accuracy & Completion of Genotypes & phenotypes of Genotypes & phenotypes of Genotypes & phenotypes of
Minion Offspring both parents and offspring are parents and offspring are parents and offspring are
clearly and accurately defined defined including probability. defined including probability.
including probability. Some information unclear or Some information is inaccurate
inaccurate. or missing.

Accuracy & Completion of All questions in the worksheet All questions in the worksheet Most questions in the
Follow Up Questions are answered thoroughly & are answered. Most questions worksheet are answered.
accurately with appropriate are answered accurately with Some answers are inaccurate
use of vocabulary terms. acceptable use of vocabulary or present unclear use of
terms. vocabulary terms.

Understanding of Content & All information from the data Most information from the data Some information from the
Vocabulary tables clearly and accurately tables is accurately recorded in data tables is recorded in
recorded in notebook, notebook, including relevant notebook, including relevant
including relevant vocabulary. vocabulary. vocabulary. Some is missing,
inaccurate, or unclear.
Name: ______________________________________ Per. _____ Date: ___________________

Background:
Dr. Nefario needs to help the Minion species stay genetically varied to help protect them from extinction (cuz lets face
it, the world would be a sad place without minions). Minions only have one pair of chromosomes and all the genes are
on those chromosomes. Therefore, each genetic trait has two alleles. Today, you are going to assist Dr. Nefario with
making more Minions and increasing Minion genetic diversity.
Learning Target: Make a Minion Genetics
I Can Demonstrate my understanding of Mendelian genetics and Punnett square probability predictions.
I know I am successful when I can
Determine genotypes and phenotypes for Dominant/Recessive alleles.
Predict potential offspring genotype ratio and phenotype percentage for monohybrid crosses of traits.
Create a Minion by translating genotype into phenotype for various traits.

Procedure:
1. Use a coin to determine what alleles are present on chromosome number 1 and chromosome number 2 for each trait.
Heads = Dominant Tails = Recessive
a. Refer to the Trait Chart below to determine which allele version is dominant and which allele version is recessive.
b. Record your allele results for each trait for chromosome number 1 under the appropriate column in Data Table 1.
c. Repeat the coin flip procedure and record allele results for chromosome 2 under the appropriate column in Data Table 1.
2. Record the genotype for each trait under the appropriate column in Data Table 1.
3. Determine the phenotype for each trait from the genotype and record in the appropriate column of Data Table 1.
4. Once your minion is finished, repeat the same process to fill in Data Table 2 for your Daddy Minion.
a. Complete Data Table 2 with the information about Daddy Minion. (make sure you get this info before going any further)
b. Complete the Punnett squares for each cross.
c. Determine the genotype ratio for each cross.
d. Determine the phenotype percentage for each cross.
5. Complete a dihybrid cross between Mommy Minion and Daddy Minion for two traits.
6. Use the phenotype for each trait from Minion Trait Chart to create your minion. Remember to keep a close eye on if your
minion is heterozygous or homozygous! Minions can be tricky sometimes!
a. Use the template material packet and markers/crayons to give your Minion the appropriate physical features determined by
their genetic makeup.
Minion Trait Chart
Trait Dominant Allele Recessive Allele
Body color Yellow (Y) Purple (y)
Height Tall (T) Short (t)
Body shape Stocky (S) Skinny (s)
Number of eyes Two (E) One (e)
Color of eyes Brown (B) Green (b)
Hands 3 fingers (F) 4 fingers (f)
Hair Spikey hair (H)* Flat hair (h)*
*If Minion is purple and has spikey hair, then the *Purple minions have
hair is a big straight-up tuft. fluffy flat hair.
Personality Outgoing (P) [open smile] Shy (p) [closed smile]

Data Table 1 (Mommy Minion)


Trait Chromosome 1 Chromosome 2 Genotype Phenotype
Allele Allele
Body color
Height
Body shape
Number of eyes
Color of eyes
Hands
Hair
Personality
Data Table 2 (Daddy Minion)
Trait Chromosome 1 Chromosome 2 Genotype Phenotype
Allele Allele
Body color
Height
Body shape
Number of eyes
Color of eyes
Hands
Hair
Personality

Analysis:

Using the genotypes of your minions, complete each Punnett square, genotype ratio, and phenotype percentage for each designated
trait.

1. Cross your Minion and the other groups Minion for the trait of body color.

a. Complete the Punnett square for the monohybrid cross.

b. What is the genotype ratio for the possible offspring?

c. What is the percentage chance of having a purple offspring?


2. Cross your minions for the trait of number of eyes.
a. Complete the Punnett square for the monohybrid cross.

b. What is the genotype ratio for the potential offspring?

c. What is the percentage chance of having an offspring with 2 eyes?

Minion #2
EXTRA CREDIT: Complete a Punnett square for a
dihybrid cross for both the traits of height (Tt) and body
shape (Ss).

3. What is the percentage chance of having an offspring


Minion that is both tall and skinny?

4. What is the percentage chance of having an offspring


Minion that is both tall and stocky?

Minion #1
5. What is the percentage chance of having an
offspring Minion that is both short and stocky?

6. What is the percentage chance of having an offspring


Minion that is both short and skinny?
Dr. Nefario is trying to get his lab notes organized. He wants to find out he decides that having two eyes is the dominant trait, he will use the code
which minion traits are common,and which minion traits are rare. Dr. E to show that the minion has two eyes. This means that having one eye
Nefario plans upon doing this by observing their phenotypes, and then would be the recessive trait, so he would need to use the code e to show
predicting their genotypes with the help of his machines. that a minion has one eye. If a dominant trait shows up anywhere in the
genotype (once or twice), it will show up in the phenotype. For a recessive
Phenotypes are traits that you can see. In the following list, circle the trait to show up in the phenotype, it would need to show up
phenotypes: twice in the genotype.

two eyes EE long hair short hair Hh hh one eye ee Look at the genotypes below, and write whether you would see the dominant
or recessive phenotype:
Dominant traits are the stronger traits; these tend to show up a lot.
Recessive traits are the weaker traits that usually are not seen as much. BB ___________________________________
Look at the picture of minions below and use
it to answer the questions.
Pp ___________________________________
Is having two eyes a dominant or recessive
minion trait? nn ___________________________________

___________________________________
Mm ___________________________________

Is having one eye a dominant or recessive dd ___________________________________


minion trait?
AA ___________________________________
___________________________________

Genotypes are letter codes that stand for traits. In the following list, circle
the genotypes:

short hair Hh EE one eye ee two eyes hh long hair

Dominant traits are represented by a CAPITAL letter, and recessive traits


by a lowercase letter. If a CAPITAL letter shows up in a genotype, that
means that the dominant trait will be seen in the organism. Dr. Nefario
decides to look at the characteristic of the number of eyes a minion has. If