You are on page 1of 3

Simple Present – Present Progressive

Form

Simple Present Present Progressive

infinitive form of 'be' and verb + ing
(3rd person singular: infinitive + 's')

I speak I am speaking
you speak you are speaking
he / she / it speaks he / she / it is speaking
we speak we are speaking
they speak they are speaking

Exceptions

Exceptions when adding 's' : Exceptions when adding 'ing' :
 For can, may, might, must, do not add s.  Silent e is dropped. (but: does not apply for -ee)

Example: he can, she may, it must Example: come - coming
but: agree - agreeing
 After o, ch, sh or s, add es.

Example: do - he does, wash - she washes  After a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is
doubled.
 After a consonant, the final
Example: sit - sitting
consonant y becomes ie. (but: not after a vowel)

Example: worry - he worries  After a vowel, the final consonant l is doubled in British

but: play - he plays English (but not in American English).

Example: travel - travelling (British English)
but: traveling (American English)

 Final ie becomes y.

Example: lie - lying

See also explanations on Simple Present and Present Progressive

Use

In general or right now?

Do you want to express that something happens in general or that something is
happening right now?

Simple Present Present Progressive

. Look! Colin is playing football now. The film starts at 8 pm. never) right now Colin plays football every Tuesday. think. want Timetable / Schedule or arrangement? Do you want to express that something is arranged for the near future? Or do you refer to a time set by a timetable or schedule? Simple Present Present Progressive arrangement for the near future action set by a timetable or schedule I am going to the cinema tonight. smell. Colin is playing football and Anne is watching. know.. Signal words  always  at the moment  every . then he watches TV. in general (regularly. like. present actions happening one after another also for several actions happening at the same time First Colin plays football. hear. see. love. have. Daily routine or just for a limited period of time? Do you want to talk about a daily routine? Or do you want to emphasis that something is only going on for a limited (rather short) period of time? . often.  at this moment  often  today  normally  now  usually  right now  sometimes  Listen!  seldom  Look!  never  first  then Note: The following verbs are usually only used in Simple Present: be.

Certain Verbs The following verbs are usually only used in Simple Present (not in the progressive form). Simple Present Present Progressive only for a limited period of time (does not have to happen directly at daily routine the moment of speaking) Bob works in a restaurant. prefer. know. think. reply. like. regret.  Introductory clauses for direct speech: answer.  brain work: believe. love. have Example: Sam has a cat. want.  state: be. understand Example: I believe you. hope. taste. suit Example: We are on holiday. smell. touch Example: He feels the cold.  senses: feel. wish Example: Jane loves pizza. mean. hear. .“ he says. say Example: “I am watching TV. ask.  possession: belong. Jenny is working in a restaurant this week. cost. see.  feelings: hate. fit.