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Date: October 5th , 2010

Teacher: Nguyn Th Kim Chung




Lesson 5: Language focus

By the end of the lesson, students will be able to:
- distinguish two vowel sounds /e/ and // and know how to pronounce as well as recognize the
two sounds in words and sentences.
- know how to use The Past Perfect, and differ The Past Perfect from The Past Simple in
- have a chance to train their skills of doing exercises of verb-using and mistake-finding through
three Exercises 1, 2 & 3.
- Projector, textbook, group boards.
- Method: Students-centered, integrated, mainly communicative.
- Strategies: make Exercises easier, more popular and obvious.

Teachers activities Time Students activities

- Greet Good morning and introduce 1 - Stand up and greet teachers Good morning.
the teachers attending.
- Give a small task to students: - look at the pictures and names, discuss and do
+ show four pictures and names. 3 the matching.
+ ask students to match each name 1. pen 2. pan 3. send a letter 4. sand
with a suitable picture, then correct. - under teachers guide, students practise
- guide students to pronounce the pronouncing the names: pen-pan, send-sand.
names: pen-pan, send-sand and realise - and realise the different sounds /e/ and //.
two different sounds /e/ and //. - then start the new lesson.
- lead students to the new lesson.
- At first, teacher describes the two 12
sounds, and then pronounces the word - students understand the differences of the
examples. sounds clearly.
- ask students to listen and repeat the - listen to teachers pronunciation, then imitate
words in chorus, then individually. by listening and repeating the words.
- ask some students to read and correct - some students stand up and read again.
the mistakes after their reading. - after that, students practise the sentences.
- then, guide students to practise the - firstly, listen to teachers reading.
sentences: T reads first and then - then, practise in groups.
students practise in groups sentence by - some representatives stand up and read the
sentence. sentences for teacher to check and correct their
- check some students pronunciation mistakes.
and correct their mistakes. - students receive their homework: find out and
- after make sure that students practise differ words in the sentences which contain the
accurately and fluently, teacher gives two sounds /e/ and // (write in two columns).
homework to students.
1. The Past Perfect
- teacher gives a situation: 5 - students look at the situations and example.
+ show two pictures about Miss Ngas - do the same sentence with another picture and
activities before 2009 and ask students suggestions.
to complete a sentence using Before 2009, Miss Nga had worked as a
suggestions Before 2009, Miss Nga teacher.
.. - students look at one more example and imitate
- teacher do the sample sentence: to do the similar sentences:
Before 2009, Miss Nga had visited When Rosy went to school, she had had
France. breakfast.
- show some other pictures and When Rosy went to school, she had finished
suggestions, ask students to do the her homework.
same. - students focus on the underlined words and
- teacher give one more example with recognize the form of The Past Perfect.
another picture and suggestions FORM:
When Rosy went to school, she had + S + HAD + P2
brushed her teeth. - S + HAD NOT + P2
- ask students to make similar ? HAD + S + P2?
sentences with another situation and
suggestions. 7
- after that, teacher orders students to USE:
recognize the form of The Past Perfect. - th qu kh hon thnh din t 1 s vic c
- Give exercise 1 to students. hon tt trc 1 mc thi gian trong qu kh.
Eg: Before 2009, Nga had visited France.
Before 1990, Mr. Long had worked as a teacher.
- th qu kh hon thnh din t 1 s vic c
hon tt trc 1 hnh ng khc trong qu kh.
Eg: After Mary had brushed her teeth, she had
After Rosy had finished her homework, she went
to bed.
- thng dng just, already, never, ever
nhn mnh tnh cht hon tt ca s vic.
Exercise 1 Eg: Lan has just gone to school.
+ give instructions to students use the
verbs in brackets in the past perfect. - then students do exercise 1 in pairs under
+ ask students to do the first 5 teachers guide.
situations in class (do the rest at Key: 1. had broken 2. had done 3. had met
home). 5 4. hadnt turned off 5. had ever seen
+ ask students to work in pairs.
+ check and correct their mistakes.

2. The past perfect vs. The past

- teacher reshows two sentences:
After Mary had brushed her teeth, she - students look at the sentences, focus on the
had breakfast. forms of verbs.
After Rosy had finished her 8 - students realise the difference between the two
homework, she went to bed. tenses:
- order students to realise the forms of Khi trong cu c hai hnh ng xy ra trong
verbs in sentences in order to find out qu kh, s vic no hon tt trc c chia
the difference between The Past th qu kh hon thnh, hnh ng no xy ra
Perfect and The Past Simple. sau ta chia th qu kh n.
- ask students to do exercise 2.
Exercise 2
- teacher gives instructions to students
put the verbs in brackets in the past - work in groups.
simple or the past perfect. - the quickest group fix their answers onto the
- ask students to work in groups in black board.
group boards. Answers:
- go around to help groups. 1. had just finished 2. had seldom travelled/
- ask the group who give answers the traveled-went 3. went-had already taken 4.
most quickly to fix the board onto the Did you manage-had he gone-got 5. had just
black board. got-phoned-had been
- correct their answers.

Exercise 3
- teacher compiles based on the form
and requirement of Exercise 3 (in - do Exercise 3 individually.
textbook). - some students give their answers on the board.
- give instructions find out one Key:
mistake (A or B) in each sentence then 5 1. A came
correct. 2. B had already started
1. When we had come (A) to the 3. A went
cinema, the film had stopped (B).
2. Before Mr. Smith moved (A), he
already had started (B) the summer
3. Terry had gone (A) out because he
had received (B) a phone call.
- ask some students to write their
answers on the board and correct.

- ask students to sum up their lesson. 3 - students sum up their lesson:
+ know how to pronounce and recognize two
vowel sounds /e/ and //.
+ know how to use the past perfect.
+ can differ two past tenses: The past perfect
and The Past Simple.
- give homework to students. 1
Practise pronouncing /e/ and // - students write down their homework.
at home.
Learn form and use of the past
perfect & the past simple by
Do the rest of Exercises 1.
Do exercise 3.