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# Cohesive Interaction

Prepared by
Prof. Dr. Ibrahim M. Metwally
Concrete Structures Research Institute

## Housing & Building National Research Center,

87, El-Tahrir St., Dokki, Giza 11511-P.O. Box: 1770 Cairo, Egypt.

## Emails : ibrahimhbrc@gmail.com &

dr_ibrahimmetwally@yahoo.com

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Cohesive Surface

## Press create interaction property

Choose: contact & continue

## 2) Define Cohesive Behaviour

Mechanical ------Cohesive Behaviour

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Bilinear Traction Separation Constitutive Curve

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K nn
tc t epoxy

Ec E epoxy
tc = Concrete thickness, mm Usually, take tc = 5 mm
tepoxy = Epoxy or adhesive thickness, mm Usually, take tepoxy = 1 mm
Ec = Young's modulus of concrete, MPa
Eepoxy = Young's modulus of adhesive, MPa

## The approximate value of Knn = 1700

Gepoxy
K ss K tt 1000(0.16 0.47)
t epoxy
Gepoxy = Shear modulus of epoxy or adhesive in GPa, Usually, take
Gepoxy = 0.665 GPa

## tepoxy = Epoxy or adhesive thickness, mm Usually, take tepoxy = 1 mm

OR

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K ss K t t
tc t epoxy

Gc Gepoxy
Gc = Shear modulus of concrete in MPa Usually, take Gc= 10800 MPa
Gepoxy = Shear modulus of epoxy or adhesive in MPa Usually, take
Gepoxy= 665 MPa

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3) Define Damage of the Interface

Mechanical ------Damage
Initiation

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To Calculate these stresses as follows:

## Normal Only = Tensile strength of concrete (fct)= 0.33 f c MPa

Shear-1 Only = Shear-2 Only = max

## max 1.46Gepoxy 0.165 f ct1.033

Gepoxy= Epoxy or adhesive shear modulus in GPa Usually, take Gepoxy=
0.665 GPa
fct = Tensile strength of concrete, MPa

OR

bf bf
max 1.5 f ct 2.25
/ 1.25
bc bc

bf = FRP plate width, mm
bc = Concrete width, mm

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Evolution

## Normal Fracture Energy = 0.09 mJ/mm2

1st Shear Fracture Energy = 2nd Shear Fracture Energy range from 0.3 to
1.5 mJ/mm2 . Usually take = 0.9 mJ/mm2

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4) Create Interaction

## Select Master & Slave Surfaces as follows:

Master surface is the surface of the material which has
biggest Young's modulus, is FRP sheet.
Slave surface is the surface of the material which has
lowest Young's modulus, is concrete

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