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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

91.

into the shape of a circular arc.

30

300 mm

SOLUTION

dL = 300 d u

' 30

x = 300 cos u

'

y = 300 sin u

2p

3

' 300 cos u (300du)

x dL

L L-2p3

x = = 2p

3

dL 300d u

L L-2p3

2p

=

4

300 a p b

3

= 124 mm Ans.

Ans:

x = 124 mm

y = 0

879

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

92.

2 ft

4 ft

SOLUTION

Length and Moment Arm: The length of the differential element is dL = y = x2

2dx2 + dy2 =

2

B

dy dy

1 + a b dx and its centroid is

y = y = x2. Here, = 2x.

dx dx x

x = 0 Ans.

x 21 + 4x2 dx

2 ft

2

ydL

LL L-2 ft

y = =

21 + 4x2 dx

2 ft

dL

LL L-2 ft

16.9423

= = 1.82 ft Ans.

9.2936

Ans:

x = 0

y = 1.82 ft

880

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

93.

the rod has a weight per unit length of 100 N>m, determine 1m

the vertical reaction at A and the x and y components of

reaction at the pin B. B

1m

y x2

A x

Solution

Length And MomentArm. The length of the differential element is

dy 2 dy

dL = 2dx2 + dy2 = c 1 + a b d dx and its centroid is ~

x = x. Here = 2x.

A dx dx

Perform the integration

1m

LL L0

L = dL = 21 + 4x2 dx

1m

L0

1

= 2 x2 + dx

A 4

1 1 1 1m

= cx x2 + + ln ax + x2 + b d

A 4 4 A 4 0

= 1.4789 m

1m

LL L0

x~ dL = x21 + 4x2 dx

1m

L0

1

= 2 x x2 + dx

A 4

2 1 3>2 1 m

= c ax2 + b d

3 4 0

= 0.8484 m2

Centroid.

1L x dL

~

0.8484 m2

1L dL

x = = = 0.5736 m = 0.574 m Ans.

1.4789 m

+ Fx = 0;

S Bx = 0 Ans.

Ans:

x = 0.574 m

Bx = 0

Ay = 63.1 N

By = 84.8 N

881

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*94.

1m

1m

y x2

A x

Solution

Length And Moment Arm. The length of the differential element is

dy 2 dy

dL = 2dx2 + dy2 = c 1 + a b d dx and its centroid is ~

y = y. Here = 2x.

A dx dx

Perform the integration,

1m

LL L0

L = dL = 21 + 4x2 dx

1m

L0

1

= 2 x2 + dx

A 4

1 1 1 1m

= cx x2 + + ln ax + x2 + b d

A 4 4 A 4 0

= 1.4789 m

1m

LL L0

y~ dL = x2 21 + 4x2 dx

1m

L0

2 1

= 2 x x2 + dx

A 4

x 1 3 1 1 1 1 1m

= 2c 2

ax + b - x x2 + - ln ax + x2 + b d

4A 4 32 A 4 128 A 4 0

= 0.6063 m2

Centroid.

1L y dL

~

0.6063 m2

1L dL

y = = = 0.40998 m = 0.410 m Ans.

1.4789 m

Ans:

y = 0.410 m

882

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

95.

homogeneous rod. 1m

y 2x3

2m

Solution x

dy 2

dL = 2dx2 + dy2 = a 1 + a b b dx and its centroid is at ~

y = y. Here

A dx

dy

= 6x2. Evaluate the integral numerically,

dx

1m

LL L0

L = dL = 21 + 36x4 dx = 2.4214 m

1m

LL L0

~ 3

y dL = 2x 21 + 36x4 dx = 2.0747 m2

1L y dL

~

2.0747 m2

1L dL

y = = = 0.8568 = 0.857 m Ans.

2.4214 m

Ans:

y = 0.857 m

883

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

96.

1

y 1 x2

4

1m

x

2m

SOLUTION

Area and Moment Arm: The area of the differential element is

1 y 1 1

dA = ydx = a1 - x2 b dx and its centroid is y = = a1 - x 2 b .

'

4 2 2 4

Centroid: Due to symmetry

x = 0 Ans.

2m

1 - x 1 - x2 dx

' 1 1 2 1

ydA 2 4 4

LA L- 2m

y = =

2m

1 - x dx

dA 1 2

LA L- 2m 4

`

x x3 x 5 2m

- +

2 12 160 - 2m 2

= = m Ans.

5

x - `

3 2m

x

12 - 2m

Ans:

2

y = m

5

884

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

97.

h

h x2

SOLUTION y

a2

Differential Element:The area element parallel to the x axis shown shaded in Fig. a

x

will be considered. The area of the element is

a

a

dA = x dy = y 1>2 dy

h1>2

' x a '

Centroid: The centroid of the element is located at x = = y 1>2 and y = y.

2 2h1>2

Area: Integrating,

A y3>2 B 2 =

h h

a 2a 2

A = dA = y 1>2 dy = ah Ans.

LA L0 h 1>2

3h 1>2

0 3

h

a2 y2 h

y1>2 1>2 y 1>2 dy `

a a h 2

' a

xdA 1>2 y dy 2h 2 0

LA L0 2h h L0 2h 3

x = = = = = a Ans.

2 2 2 8

dA ah ah ah

LA 3 3 3

Ans:

3

x = a

8

885

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*98.

y a cospx

L

x

L L

2 2

Solution

Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in

p y a p

Fig.a is dA = ydx = a cos x dx and its centroid is at y~ = = cos x.

L 2 2 2

Centroid. Perform the integration

L>2

L-L>2 2

a

1A y dA

p p

~ a cos xbaa cos x dxb

L L

1A dA

y = = L>2

L-L>2

p

a cos x dx

L

L>2

a2

L-L>2

2p

acos x + 1b dx

4 L

= L>2

L-L>2

p

a cos x dx

L

a2 L 2p L>2

a sin x + xb `

4 2p L -L>2

= L>2

aL p

a sin xb `

p L -L>2

a2 L>4 p

= = a Ans.

2aL>p 8

Due to Symmetry,

x = 0 Ans.

Ans:

p

y = a

8

x = 0

886

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

99.

4m

1 2

y x

4

x

4m

Solution

Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig.a

1

is dA = x dy and its centroid is at ~

x = x. Here, x = 2y1>2

2

Centroid. Perform the integration

1A x dA

4m

L0

1

~ a2y1>2 ba2y1>2 dyb

2

1A dA

x = = 4m

L0

2y1>2 dy

3

= m Ans.

2

Ans:

3

x = m

2

887

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

910.

4m

1 2

y x

4

x

4m

Solution

Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig.a

is dA = x dy and its centroid is at

y = y. Here, x = 2y1>2.

Centroid. Perform the integration

1A y dA

4m

L0

~ y a2y1>2 dyb

1A dA

y = = 4m

L0

2y1>2 dy

4m

4

a y 5>2 b `

5 0

= 4m

4

a y3>2 b `

3 0

12

= m Ans.

5

Ans:

12

y = m

5

888

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

911.

h

SOLUTION y 2 x2

b

h

dA = y dx

'

x = x

x

b

B x R

b b

' h 3 h 4

x dA x dx

LA L0 b

2 4b2 0 3

x = = = = b Ans.

b 4

B 2 x3 R

b

dA h 2 h

x dx

LA L0 b

2

3b 0

Ans:

3

x = b

4

889

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*912.

h

SOLUTION y 2 x2

b

h

dA = y dx

' y

y =

2 x

b

B x R

'

b

h 42 h2 5 b

y dA x dx

LA L0 2b

4 10b4 0 3

y = = = = h Ans.

b 10

B x R

b

dA h 2 h 3

x dx

LA L0 b 2

3b2 0

Ans:

3

y = h

10

890

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

913.

SOLUTION 4m 1 2

y 4 x

16 x

1 8m

dA = 14 - y2dx = a x 2 b dx

16

'

x = x

8

x2

xa b dx

'

xdA

LA L0 16

x = = 8

1 2

dA a x b dx

LA L0 16

x = 6m Ans.

Ans:

x = 6m

891

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

914.

SOLUTION 4m

y 4

1 2

x

16 x

1 2

dA = 14 - y2dx = a x b dx 8m

16

4 + y

y =

2

8

1 x2 x2

'

ydA 8 - b a b dx

LA 2 L0 16 16

y = = 8

1 2

dA a x b dx

LA L0 16

y = 2.8 m Ans.

Ans:

y = 2.8 m

892

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

915.

evaluating the integrals using Simpsons rule.

y = 0.5ex2

SOLUTION

At x = 1 m

2

y = 0.5e1 = 1.359 m

1 1 x

2

dA = (1.359 - y) dx = a 1.359 = 0.5 ex b dx = 0.6278 m2

LA L0 L0 1m

x = x

1

2

x dA = x a 1.359 - 0.5 ex b dx

LA L0

= 0.25 m3

x dA

LA 0.25

x = = = 0.398 m Ans.

0.6278

dA

LA

Ans:

x = 0.398 m

893

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*916.

evaluating the integrals using Simpsons rule.

y = 0.5ex2

SOLUTION

1 1

a 1.359 - 0.5ex b dx = 0.6278 m

2 2

dA = (1.359 - y) dx =

LA L0 L0

1.359 + y x

y =

2

1m

1 x2

b A 1.359 - 0.5 ex B dx

1.359 + 0.5 e

a

2

y dA =

LA L0 2

1

1

a 1.847 - 0.25 e2x b dx = 0.6278 m3

2

=

2 L0

y dA

LA 0.6278

y = = = 1.00 m Ans.

0.6278

dA

LA

Ans:

y = 1.00 m

894

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

917.

SOLUTION y

2

x3

Area: Integrating the area of the differential element gives 4 in.

8 in. 8 in. x

3

A = dA = x 2>3

dx = c x 5>3 d 2 = 19.2 in.2

LA L0 5 0 8 in.

' 1

Centroid: The centroid of the element is located at y = y>2 = x2>3. Applying

2

Eq. 94, we have

8 in. 8 in.

x A x B dx

' 1 2>3 2>3 1 4>3

y dA x dx

LA L0 2 L0 2

y = = =

19.2 19.2

dA

LA

8 in.

3 7>3 2

c x d

14 0

= = 1.43 in. Ans.

19.2

Ans:

y = 1.43 in.

895

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

918.

h n

y h nx

a

SOLUTION h

dA = y dx

x

' a

x = x

a

hx - x dx

' h n+1

x dA an

LA L0

x = =

a

h - x dx

dA h n

LA L0 an

h1xn + 22

B x2 - R

a

h

2 a 1n + 22

n

0

= n+1

2

B hx - R

h1x a

a n1n + 12 0

h h

a - b a2

2 n + 2 a(1 + n)

x = = Ans.

h 2(2 + n)

ah - ba

n + 1

Ans:

a(1 + n)

x =

2(2 + n)

896

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

919.

h n

y h x

an

SOLUTION h

dA = y dx

x

' y a

y =

2

a

h2 - 2 n xn + 2n x2n dx

' 1 h2 h2

y dA 2 L0 a

LA a

y = =

a

h - x dx

dA h n

LA L0 an

2h21xn + 12 h21x 2n + 12 a

Bh x - n R

1 2

+ 2n

2 a 1n + 12 a 12n + 12 0

=

h1x n + 12

B hx - R

a

n

a 1n + 12 0

2n2

h

21n + 1212n + 12 hn

y = = Ans.

n 2n + 1

n + 1

Ans:

hn

y =

2n + 1

897

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*920.

y h xn

an

h

SOLUTION

dA = y dx x

y a

y =

2

a

' 1 h2

ydA 2 a 2n x 2n dx h2(a 2n + 1)

LA L0 2a 2n(2n + 1) hn + 1

y = = a = = Ans.

h

h(a n + 1) 2(2n + 1)

dA an xn dx a n(n + 1)

LA L0

Ans:

hn + 1

y =

2(2n + 1)

898

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

921.

1

y (4 x2 )2

16 ft

4 ft

x

4 ft

Solution

Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded

~ = x.

atx

Centroid. Perform the integration

1A x dA

4 ft

L0

~ x(x - 8x1>2 + 16)dx

1A dA

x = = 4 ft

L0

( x - 8x1>2 + 16) dx

x3 16 5>2 4 ft

a - x + 8x2 b `

3 5 0

=

x2 16 3>2 4 ft

a - x + 16xb `

2 3 0

3

= 1 ft Ans.

5

Ans:

3

x = 1 ft

5

899

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

922.

1

y (4 x2 )2

16 ft

4 ft

x

4 ft

Solution

Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in

1

Fig. a is dA = y dx = ( 4 - x 2 ) 2 dx = (x - 8x1>2 + 16)dx and its centroid is at

y 1

y~ = = ( 4 - x1>2 ) 2.

2 2

Centroid. Perform the integration,

4 ft

1A y dA L0

1

~ ( 4 - x1>2 ) 2 ( x - 8x1>2 + 16 ) dx

2

1A dA

y = = 4 ft

L0

(x - 8x1>2 + 16)dx

4 ft

L0

1

a x2 - 8x3>2 + 48x - 128x1>2 + 128bdx

2

= 4 ft

L0

( x - 8x1>2 + 16 ) dx

a - x + 24x2 - x + 128xb `

6 5 3 0

=

x2 16 3>2 4 ft

a - x + 16xb `

2 3 0

8

= 4 ft Ans.

55

Ans:

8

y = 4 ft

55

900

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

923.

y h2 x2h

a

x

a

Solution

Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig.a

h

is dA = y dx = a - 2 x2 + hbdx and its centroid is at ~

x = x.

a

Centroid. Perform the integration,

a

1A x dA L0

h 2

~ x a- x + hbdx

a2

1A dA

x = = a

L0

h 2

a- 2

x + hbdx

a

h 4 h 2 a

a- x + x b`

4a2 2 0

= a

h 3

a - 2 x + hxb `

3a 0

3

= a Ans.

8

Ans:

3

x = a

8

901

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*924.

y h2 x2h

a

x

a

Solution

Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig.a

h y 1 h2

is dA = y dx = a - 2 x2 + hbdx and its centroid is at ~

y = = a - x2 + hb.

a 2 2 a

Centroid. Perform the integration,

a

1A y dA L0 2

1 h h

~ a - 2 x2 + hba - 2 x2 + hbdx

a a

1A

y = = a

L0

dA h 2

a - 2 x + hbdx

a

1 h2 5 2h2 3 2

a

a 4x - x + h xb `

2 5a 3a2 0

= a

h 3

a - 2 x + hxb `

3a 0

2

= h Ans.

5

Ans:

2

y = h

5

902

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

925.

g = 180 lb>ft3. Determine the location of its center of

gravity. Also, find the tension in each of the cords used to

support it.

B

16 ft

SOLUTION 16 ft C

1 y

Area and Moment Arm: Here, y = x - 8x + 16. The area of the differential

2

A 1 1

y2 x2 4

element is dA = ydx = 1x - 8x2 + 162dx and its centroid is x = x and

1 '

x

1

y = 1x - 8x2 + 162. Evaluating the integrals, we have

' 1

16 ft

1x - 8x2 + 162dx

1

A = dA =

LA L0

x2 + 16x b `

16 ft

1 16 3

= a x2 - = 42.67 ft2

2 3 0

16 ft

' 1

xdA = x31x - 8x 2 + 162dx4

LA L0

x2 + 8x2 b `

16 ft

1 16 5

= a x3 - = 136.53 ft3

3 5 0

16 ft

1

1x - 8x2 + 16231x - 8x2 + 162dx4

' 1 1

ydA =

LA L0 2

x2 + 256xb `

16 ft

1 1 3 32 5 512 3

= a x - x2 + 48x2 -

2 3 5 3 0

= 136.53 ft3

'

xdA

LA 136.53

x = = = 3.20 ft Ans.

42.67

dA

LA

'

ydA

LA 136.53

y = = = 3.20 ft Ans.

42.67

dA

LA

x = 3.20 ft

Fz = 0; TB + 384 + 384 - 1920 = 0 y = 3.20 ft

TA = 384 lb

TB = 1152 lb = 1.15 kip Ans. TC = 384 lb

TB = 1.15 kip

903

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

926.

1 2

y x

4 ft 4

Solution

Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig.a x

1

is dA = y dx = x2 dx and its centroid is at ~

x = x. 4 ft

4

Centroid. Perform the integration

4 ft

1A x dA L0

1

~ x a x2 dxb

4

1A dA

x = = 4 ft

L0

1 2

x dx

4

1 4 4 ft

a x b`

16 0

=

1 3 4 ft

a x b`

12 0

= 3 ft Ans.

Ans:

x- = 3 ft

904

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

927.

1 2

y x

4 ft 4

Solution

Area And Moment arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig.a x

1 y 1 1 1

is dA = y dx = x2 dx and its centroid is located at ~

y = = a x2 b = x2. 4 ft

4 2 2 4 8

Centroid. Perform the integration,

4 ft

1A y dA L0

1 2 1 2

~ x a x dxb

8 4

1A dA

y = = 4 ft

L0

1 2

x dx

4

6

= ft Ans.

5

Ans:

6

y = ft

5

905

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*928.

yx

100 mm

y 1 x2

100

x

100 mm

Solution

1 2

Area And Moment arm. Here, y2 = x and y1 = x . Thus the area of the

100

1 2

differential element shown shaded in Fig. a is dA = ( y2 - y1 ) dx = ( x - x ) dx

100

~

and its centroid is at x = x.

100 mm

1A x dA L0

1 2

~ x ax - x bdx

100

1A dA

x = = 100 mm

L0

1 2

ax - x bdx

100

x3 1 4 100 mm

a - x b`

3 400 0

=

x2 1 3 100 mm

a - x b`

2 300 0

= 50.0 mm Ans.

Ans:

x = 50.0 mm

906

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

929.

Locate the centroid y of the shaded area. y

yx

100 mm

y 1 x2

100

x

100 mm

Solution

Area And Moment arm. Here, x2 = 10y 1>2 and x1 = y. Thus, the area of the

differential element shown shaded in Fig. a is dA = ( x2 - x1 ) dy = ( 10y1>2 - y ) dy

and its centroid is at ~

y = y.

Centroid. Perform the integration,

100 mm

1A y dA L0

~ y a10y1>2 - ybdy

1A dA

y = = 100 mm

L0

1>2

a10y - ybdy

y3 100 mm

a4y 5>2 - b`

3 0

=

20 3>2 y2 100 mm

a y - b`

3 2 0

= 40.0 mm Ans.

Ans:

y = 40.0 mm

907

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

930.

h

y

ax

h h

y( )(xb)

ab

x

b

Solution

a a - b

Area And Moment arm. Here x1 = y and x2 = a b y + b. Thus the area

h h

a - b a

of the differential element is dA = ( x2 - x1 ) dy = c a by + b - y d dy =

h h

b x -x 1 a b b

( b - y ) dy and its centroid is at ~x = x1 + 2 1 = ( x2 + x1 ) = y - y + .

h 2 2 h 2h 2

Centroid. Perform the integration,

h

1A x dA L0

a b b b

~ a y - y + b c ab - ybdy d

h 2h 2 h

1A

x = = h

L0

dA b

ab - ybdy

h

b b b2 h

c (a - b)y2 + 2

(b - 2a)y3 + yd `

2h 6h 2 0

=

b 2 h

aby - y b`

2h 0

bh

(a + b)

6

=

bh

2

1

= (a + b) Ans.

3

Ans:

1

x = (a + b)

3

908

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

931.

h

y

ax

h h

y( )(xb)

ab

x

b

Solution

a a - b

Area And Moment arm. Here, x1 = y and x2 = a by + b. Thus the area

h h

a - b a

of the differential element is dA = ( x2 - x1 ) dy = c a by + b - y d dy =

h h

b

ab - ybdy and its centroid is at ~ y = y.

h

Centroid. Perform the integration,

h

1A y dA L0

b

~ y ab - ybdy

h

1A dA

y = = h

L0

b

ab - ybdy

h

b b 3 h

a y2 - y b`

2 3h 0

=

b 2 h

aby - y b`

2h 0

1 2

bh

6 h

= = Ans.

1 3

bh

2

Ans:

h

y =

3

909

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*932.

x

y a sin a

SOLUTION a

x ap

dA = ydx = a sin dx and its centroid are x = x

a

pa

x

x a a sin dx b

'

xdA

LA L0 a

x = = pa

x

dA a sin dx

LA L0 a

- x a a2 cos b d `

pa

x x

c a3 sin

a a 0

=

b`

x pa

a -a2 cos

a 0

p

= a Ans.

2

Ans:

p

x = a

2

910

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

933.

x

y a sin a

SOLUTION a

x y a x

dA = ydx = a sin dx and its centroid are y = = sin . ap

a 2 2 a

bd`

pa

1 2 1 2x pa

c a a x - a sin

a x x

ydA sin aa sin dxb

L0 2 a a 4 2 a

y = LA = =

0

=

pa

Ans.

pa

x 8

a -a cos b `

pa

dA a sin dx 2 x

LA L0 a a 0

Ans:

pa

y =

8

911

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

934.

7850 kg>m3. Determine the location of its center of mass.

Also compute the reactions at the pin and roller support. y2 2x

2m

SOLUTION

x

y1 = - x1 A

y 22 = 2x2 2m

B

'

x = x

2m

' y2 + y1 22x - x

y = =

2 2

2

x A 22x + x B dx

2

222 5>2 1

c x + x3 d

'

x dA

LA L0 5 3 0

x= = 2

= = 1.2571 = 1.26 m Ans.

A 22x + x B dx

2

2 22 3>2 1

dA c x + x2 d

LA L0 3 2 0

2

A 22x + x B dx

22x - x x2 1 2

c - x3 d

'

y dA

LA L0 2 2 6 0

y = = 2

= = 0.143 m Ans.

A 22x + x B dx

2

2 22 3>2 1

dA c x + x2 d

LA L0 3 2 0

A = 4.667 m2

W = 785019.81214.667210.32 = 107.81 kN

a + MA = 0; -1.25711107.812 + NB A 2 22 B = 0

: Fx = 0;

+ - A x + 47.92 sin 45 = 0

A x = 33.9 kN Ans.

A y = 73.9 kN Ans.

Ans:

x = 1.26 m

y = 0.143 m

NB = 47.9 kN

Ax = 33.9 kN

Ay = 73.9 kN

912

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

935.

h

y h n xn

a

h

h

yh

a x

x

a

Solution

h n h

Area And Moment Arm. Here, y2 = h - x and y1 = h - x. Thus, the

an a

area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig. a is dA = ( y2 - y1 ) dx

h n h h h

= ch - x - ah - xb d dx = a x - n xn bdx and its centroid is ~

x = x.

an a a a

Centroid. Perform the integration

a

1A x dA L0

h h

~ x a x - n xn bdx

a a

1A

x = = a

L0 a

dA h h n

a x - n x bdx

a

a

h 3 h

c x - n xn + 2 d `

3a a (n + 2) 0

= a

h 2 h

c x - n xn + 1 b `

2a a (n + 1) 0

ha2 (n - 1)

3(n + 2)

=

ha(n - 1)

2(n + 1)

2(n + 1)

= c da Ans.

3(n + 2)

Ans:

2(n + 1)

x = c da

3(n + 2)

913

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*936.

h

y h n xn

a

h

h

yh

a x

x

a

Solution

h n h

Area And Moment Arm. Here, y2 = h - x and y1 = h - x. Thus, the

an a

area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig. a is dA = ( y2 - y1 ) dx

h h h h

= c h - n xn - ah - xb d dx = a x - n xn bdx and its centroid is at

a a a a

y2 - y1 1 1 h h 1 h h

y = y1 + a b = ( y2 + y1 ) = ah - n xn + h - xb = a2h - n xn - xb.

2 2 2 a a 2 a a

Centroid. Perform the integration

a

1A y dA L0

1 h h h h

~ a2h - n xn - xba x - n xn bdx

2 a a a a

1A

y = = a

L0

dA h h n

a x - n x bdx

a a

1 h2 2 h2 2h2 h2 a

c x - 2 x3 - n xn + 1 + 2n x2n + 1 d `

2 a 3a a (n + 1) a (2n + 1) 0

= a

h 2 h

c x - n xn + 1 b `

2a a (n + 1) 0

(4n + 1) (n - 1)

h2a c d

6(n + 1)(2n + 1)

=

n - 1

hac d

2(n + 1)

(4n + 1)

= c d h Ans.

3(2n + 1)

Ans:

(4n + 1)

y = c d h

3(2n + 1)

914

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

937.

a

C

x

a

Solution

Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown in Fig. a is

1 2

dA = r 2 du and its centroid is at x~ = r cos u.

2 3

Centroid. Perform the integration

1A x dA L-a

a

2 1

~ a r cos u ba r 2 du b

3 2

1A dA

x = =

L-a

a

1 2

r du

2

1 a

a r 3 sin u b `

3 -a

=

1 a

a r2 ub `

2 -a

2 3

r sin a

3

=

r2 a

2 r sin a

= a b Ans.

3 a

Ans:

2 r sin a

x = a b

3 a

915

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

938.

Determine the location r of the centroid C for the loop of the r2 = 2a2 cos 2

lemniscate, r2 = 2a2 cos 2u, ( -45 u 45).

r

O

C

_

r

SOLUTION

1 1

dA = (r) r du = r2 du

2 2

45

1

A = 2 (2a2 cos 2u)du = a2 C sin 2u D 45

0 = a2

L0 2

45 45

x dA 2 A 23 r cos u B A 12r2du B 2

3 r3 cos u du

LA L0 L0

x = = =

a2 2

a

dA

LA

45 45

2 3 2

x dA = r cos u du = A 2a2 B 3/2 cos u (cos 2 u)3/2du = 0.7854 a3

LA 3 L0 3 L0

0.7854 a 3

x = = 0.785 a Ans.

a2

Ans:

x = 0.785 a

916

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

939.

homogeneous.

2m

SOLUTION 2m

y 2 = 2z

Volume and Moment Arm: The volume of the thin disk differential element is

' y

dV = py2dz = p12z2dz = 2pzdz and its centroid z = z.

- = y

x -= 0 Ans.

2m

'

z dV z12pzdz2

- Lv L0

z = = 2m

dV 2pzdz

Lv L0

z3 2m

2p

3 0 4

= = m Ans.

z2 2m 3

2p

2 0

Ans:

x = y = 0

4

z = m

3

917

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*940.

z2 = 4y

4m

y

SOLUTION

Volume and Moment Arm: The volume of the thin disk differential element is

'

dV = pz2dy = p14y2dy and its centroid y = y.

4m

4m

'

ydV y3p14y2dy4

LV L0

y = = 4m

dV p14y2dy

LV L0

y3 4m

4p

3 0

= = 2.67 m Ans.

2 4m

y

4p

2 0

Ans:

y = 2.67 m

918

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

941.

cone.

r

h

R

SOLUTION

y - r h - z x y

Volume and Moment Arm: From the geometry, = ,

R - r h

1r - R2z + Rh

y = . The volume of the thin disk differential element is

h

1r - R2z + Rh 2

dV = py2dz = pc a b d dz

h

p

=

h2

h

zb 31r - R22z2 + 2Rh1r - R2z + R2h24dz r

' p

z dV

LV L0 h2

z = = h

3r - R22z2 + 2Rh1r - R2z + R2h24dz

dV p

LV L0 h

2

B R `

4

2 z z3 2 2 z

2 h

1r

p

- R2 + 2Rh1r - R2 + R h

h2 4 3 2 0

=

+ R2h21z2 `

3

2 z z2 h

1r

p

- R2 + 2Rh1r - R2

h2 3 2 0

R2 + 3r2 + 2rR

= h Ans.

4 R2 + r2 + rR

Ans:

R2 + 3r 2 + 2rR

z = h

4(R2 + r 2 + rR)

919

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

942.

y

z (y 1)

6

SOLUTION 1 ft

y

Differential Element: The thin disk element shown shaded in Fig. a will be considered. The x

volume of the element is

3 ft

y 2

dV = pz2 dy = pc (y - 1) d dy =

p 4

(y - 2y3 + y2)dy

6 36

Centroid: The centroid of the element is located at yc = y. We have

3 ft 3 ft

p y6 y4 3 ft

A y - 2y3 + y2 B dy d A y - 2y4 + y3 B dy

2

yc c d2

p 4 p 5

y~ dV - y5 +

LV L0 36 L0 36 36 6 5 4 0

y = = 3 ft

= 3 ft

=

A y - 2y3 + y2 B dy A y - 2y3 + y2 B dy

p y5 y4 y 3 3 ft

c d2

dV p 4 p 4

- +

LV L0 36 L0 36 36 5 2 3 0

= 2.61 ft Ans.

Ans:

y = 2.61 ft

920

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

943.

SOLUTION

a

'

z = z y

a x

r = (h - z)

h

p 2 p a2

dV = r dz = (h - z)2 dz

4 4 h2

h

p a2 p a2 2 z3 h

dV = 2

(h2 - 2hz + z2) dz = 2

c h z - hz2 + d

L 4 h L0 4h 3 0

p a2 h3 pa2 h

= 2

a b =

4h 3 12

2 h

pa p a 2 2 z2 z3 z4 h

ch d

' 2 2

z dV = 2

(h - 2hz + z ) z dz = - 2h +

L 4 h L0 4 h2 2 3 4 0

p a2 h4 pa2h2

= a b =

4 h2 12 48

' p a2 h2

z dV

L 48 h

z = = = Ans.

p a2h 4

dV

L 12

h h

' pa 2 4r pa2 4a

xdV = 2

(h - z)2 dz = 2

(h3 - 3h2 z + 3hz2 - z3) dz

L 4 h L0 3p 4 h 3

L0 p h

p a2 4a 3h4 h4

= a h4

- + h4

- b

4 h2 3ph 2 4

p a2 a h3 a3 h

= a b =

4 h2 3p 12

'a3 h

xdV

L 12 a

x = y = = = Ans.

p a2h p

dV

L 12

Ans:

h

z =

4

a

x = y =

p

921

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*944.

plates such that the density varies with height r = kz,

where k is a constant. Determine its mass and the distance

to the center of mass G.

G

_

r z

SOLUTION y

x

Mass and Moment Arm: The density of the material is r = kz. The mass of the thin

disk differential element is dm = rdV = rpy2dz = kz3p(r2 - z2) dz4 and its

'

centroid z = z. Evaluating the integrals, we have

r

m = dm = kz3p(r2 - z2) dz4

Lm L0

= pk - ` =

r2z2 z4 r pkr4

Ans.

2 4 0 4

r

'

z dm = z5kz3p(r2 - z2) dz46

Lm L0

= pk - ` =

r2z3 z5 r 2pkr5

3 5 0 15

'

2pkr5>15

z dm

Lm 8

z = = = r Ans.

pkr4>4 15

dm

Lm

Ans:

pkr 4

m =

4

8

z = r

15

922

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

945.

1m

y2 0.5z

2m

Solution

Volume And Moment arm. The volume of the thin disk differential element shown y

shaded in Fig. a is dV = py2 dz = p(0.5z)dz and its centroid is at ~

z = z.

2m

1V z dV L0

~ z[p(0.5z)dz]

1V dV

z = = 2m

L0

p(0.5z)dz

0.57 3 2 m

z `

3 0

=

0.5p 2 2 m

z `

2 0

4

= m Ans.

3

Ans:

4

z = m

3

923

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

946.

y2 z2

1

b2 a 2

a

x y

SOLUTION

b

dV = p z2 dy

b

y2 y3 b

2pa2b

dV = p a2 a 1 - 2

b dy = p a2 c y - 2

d =

L L0 b 3b 0 3

b 2 2

y y y4 b p a2b2

p a2y a1 - b dy = p a2 c d =

'

ydV = 2

- 2

L L0 b 2 4b 0 4

' pa2b2

ydV

LV 4 3

y = = = b Ans.

2pa2b 8

dV

LV 3

Ans:

3

y = b

8

x = z = 0

924

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

947.

2

z 4y 3 16 in.

SOLUTION

Differential Element: The thin disk element shown shaded in Fig. a will be

considered. The volume of the element is

2

y

1

dV = py2 dz = pc z3>2 d dz =

p 3

z dz 8 in.

8 64

x

Centroid: The centroid of the element is located at zc = z. We have

16 in. 16 in.

p z5 16 in.

zc z dz d a b2

~ p 3 p 4

z dV z dz

LV L0 64 L0 64 64 5 0

z = = 16 in.

= 16 in.

= = 12.8 in. Ans.

p z4 2 16 in.

a b

dV p 3 p 3

z dz z dz

LV L0 64 L0 64 64 4 0

Ans:

z = 12.8 in.

925

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*948.

homogeneous.

z 1 y2

100

4 in.

1 in. y

10 in. 10 in.

Solution

Volume And Moment Arm. The volume of the thin disk differential element shown

1 2 2 p

shaded in Fig. a is dV = pz2 dy = pa y b dy = y4 dy and its centroid is

100 10000

at ~

y = y.

20 in.

1V y dV L10 in.

p

~ ya y4 dyb

10000

1V dV

y = = 20 in.

p

y4 dy

20 in.

p

a y6 b `

60000 10 in.

= 20 in.

p

a y5 b `

50000 10 in.

Ans:

y = 16.9 in.

926

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

949.

z2 a2 y2

C 1a

2

a

SOLUTION z

2 2 2

dV = py dz = p(a - z ) dz

y

z = z

a

' x

z dV p z (a2 - z2)dz

LV L

a

2

z = = a

dV p (a 2 - z2)dz

LV La2

p B a2 a b - a bR

z2 z4 a

pB R pB R

a4 a4 a4 a4 9a 4

- - +

2 4 a

2

2 4 8 64 64

= = =

p B a (z) - a b R pBa - R pB R

2 z3 a a3

3 a3 a3 5a 3

- +

3 a

2

3 2 24 24

z = 0.675 a Ans.

Ans:

z = 0.675a

927

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

950.

tetrahedron. Hint: Use a triangular plate element parallel

to the xy plane and of thickness dz.

b

a

SOLUTION c

1 1

yb = ca1 - xb

y

z = ca1 -

b a

c c

1 1 z z abc

a a 1 - b ba 1 - b dz =

x

dV = (x)(y)dz =

L L0 2 2 L0 c c 6

c

1 z z a b c2

z a a 1 - b ba 1 - b dz =

'

z dV =

L 2 L0 c c 24

' a b c2

z dV

L 24 c

z = = = Ans.

abc 4

dV

L 6

Ans:

c

z =

4

928

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

951.

of 4 m and a mass of 7 kg>m. If the mass of the gusset plates

at the joints and the thickness of the members can be

neglected, determine the distance d to where the hoisting

cable must be attached, so that the truss does not tip d 4m C

B

(rotate) when it is lifted.

4m 4m

4m

SOLUTION

60

xM = 4(7)(1+ 4 + 2 + 3 + 5) = 420 kg # m

'

x

A 4m D

M = 4(7)(5) = 140 kg

'

xM 420

d = x = = = 3m Ans.

M 140

Ans:

d = 3m

929

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*952.

homogeneous rod.

200 mm

x

30

600 mm

100 mm

y

Solution

Centroid. Referring to Fig. a, the length of the segments and the locations of their

respective centroids are tabulated below

1 200 0 0 100 0 0 20.0 ( 103 )

3 100 600 cos 30 600 sin 30 50 51.96 ( 103 ) 30.0 ( 103 ) - 5.0 ( 103 )

900

Thus,

~

xL 207.85 ( 103 ) mm2

x = = = 230.94 mm = 231 mm Ans.

L 900 mm

~

yL 120.0 ( 103 ) mm2

y = = = 133.33 mm = 133 mm Ans.

L 900 mm

~

zL 15.0 ( 103 ) mm2

z = = = 16.67 mm = 16.7 mm Ans.

L 900 mm2

Ans:

x = 231 mm

y = 133 mm

z = 16.7 mm

930

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

953.

cross section shown. Determine the location 1x, y2 of the 30 mm

centroid of the cross section. The dimensions are indicated

at the center thickness of each segment.

80 mm

SOLUTION

50 mm

L = 15 + 50 + 15 + 30 + 30 + 80 + 15 = 235 mm

'

xL = 7.5(15) + 0(50) + 7.5(15) + 15(30) + 30(30) + 45(80) + 37.5(15) = 5737.50 mm2

' x

yL = 0(15) + 25(50) + 50(15) + 65(30) + 80(30) + 40(80) + 0(15) = 9550 mm2

'

xL 5737.50 15 mm 15 mm

x = = = 24.4 mm Ans.

L 235

'

yL 9550

y = = = 40.6 mm Ans.

L 235

Ans:

x = 24.4 mm

y = 40.6 mm

931

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

954.

the thickness of the material and slight bends at the corners.

50 mm

150 mm

SOLUTION

Centroid: The length of each segment and its respective centroid are tabulated below. x

' '

Segment L (mm) y (mm) y L (mm2) 50 mm 100 mm 100 mm 50 mm

1 50p 168.17 26415.93

2 180.28 75 13520.82

3 400 0 0

4 180.28 75 13520.82

917.63 53457.56

- = 0

Due to symmetry about y axis, x Ans.

'

yL 53457.56

y = = = 58.26 mm = 58.3 mm Ans.

L 917.63

Ans:

x = 0

y = 58.3 mm

932

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

955.

wire.

400 mm

SOLUTION

2 (300) p

a b (300) = 165 000 mm2

'

xL = 150(500) + 0(500) + y

p 2

300 mm

p

2

' x

xL 165 000

x = = = 112 mm Ans.

L 1471.24

Due to symmetry,

y = 112 mm Ans.

' p

2

'

zL 200 000

z = = = 136 mm Ans.

L 1471.24

Ans:

x = 112 mm

y = 112 mm

z = 136 mm

933

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*956.

and fastened to the wall. Each plate has a constant width in

the z direction of 200 mm and thickness of 20 mm. If the

density of A and B is rs = 7.85 Mg>m3, and for C,

ral = 2.71 Mg>m3, determine the location x of the center of 100 mm

mass. Neglect the size of the bolts. 200 mm

A

x

C

SOLUTION B

300 mm

m = 2 C 7.85(10)3(0.3)(0.2)(0.02) D + 2.71(10)3(0.3)(0.2)(0.02) = 22.092 kg

'

xm = 150{2 C 7.85(10)3(0.3)(0.2)(0.02) D }+350 C 2.71(10)3(0.3)(0.2)(0.02) D

= 3964.2 kg.mm

'

xm 3964.2

x = = = 179 mm Ans.

m 22.092

Ans:

x = 179 mm

934

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

957.

y

the thickness of each segment. The mass per unit length of

each segment is as follows: rAB = 12 kg>m, rBC = 8 kg>m,

rCD = 5 kg>m, and rDE = 2 kg>m.

D E

90 1 m

1m

1m

C

SOLUTION G (x, y)

3m

2(1) p

xm = 0(4)(12) + 0(3)(8) + 0(1)(5) + a 1 - b a b(5)

'

p 2

B

+ 1.5 (1) (5) + 2.75 (1.5) (2) = 18.604 kg # m

p 4m

m = 4 (12)+3 (8)+ 1(5)+ (5) + 1(5) + 1.5 (2) = 92.854 kg

2

' A

xm 18.604 x

x = = = 0.200 m Ans.

m 92.854

2(1) p

ym = 2 (4) (12) + 5.5 (3)(8) + 7.5(1) (5) + a 8 + b a b(5)

'

p 2

'

ym 405.332

y = = = 4.37 m Ans.

m 92.854

Ans:

x = 0.200 m

y = 4.37 m

935

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

958.

beams cross-sectional area. Neglect the size of the corner 15 mm

welds at A and B for the calculation. B

y

150 mm 15 mm

C

x x

SOLUTION

A

'

yA = 7.5(15) (150) + 90(150) (15) + 215(p) (50)2

= 12 353.98 mm2

'

yA 1 907 981.05

y = = = 154 mm Ans.

A 12 353.98

Ans:

y = 154 mm

936

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

959.

6 in.

6 in.

6 in.

6 in.

Solution

Centroid. Referring to Fiq. a, the areas of the segments and the locations of their

respective centroids are tabulated below

3 A(in.3)

Segment A(in.2) x(in.)

y (in.) xA(in. ) y

1 12(12) 0 0 0 0

2 1 -4 4 72.0 -72.0

- (6)(6)

2

126 72.0 -72.0

Thus,

x = = = 0.5714 in. = 0.571 in. Ans.

A 126 in.2

y~A - 72.0 in.3

y = = = - 0.5714 in. = - 0.571 in. Ans.

A 126 in.2

Ans:

x = 0.571 in.

y = - 0.571 in.

937

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*960.

120 mm

240 mm

x

y

Solution 240 mm

Centroid. The locations of the centroids measuring from the x axis for segments 240 mm

120 mm

1 and 2 are indicated in Fig. a. Thus

y~A 300(120)(600) + 120(240)(120)

y = =

A 120(600) + 240(120)

= 248.57 mm = 249 mm

Ans:

y = 249 mm

938

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

961.

having the cross-sectional area shown. 15 mm

B

y

C

x x

150 mm

15 mm

15 mm A

100 mm

Solution

Centroid. The locations of the centroids measuring from the x axis for segments 1,

2 and 3 are indicated in Fig. a. Thus

~

yA 7.5(15)(150) + 90(150)(15) + 172.5(15)(100)

y = =

A 15(150) + 150(15) + 15(100)

Ans:

y = 79.7 mm

939

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

962.

6 in.

3 in.

6 in.

x

Solution 6 in.

Centroid. Referring to Fig. a, the areas of the segments and the locations of their respective

centroids are tabulated below

1 1 2 6 54.0 162.0

(6)(9)

2

2 1 -2 7 -18.0 63.0

(6)(3)

2

Thus,

x~A - 72.0 in.3

x = = = - 1.00 in. Ans.

A 72.0 in.2

y~A 333.0 in.3

y = = = 4.625 in. Ans.

A 72.0 in.2

Ans:

x = - 1.00 in.

y = 4.625 in.

940

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

963.

sectional area. Neglect the size of the corner welds at A and B

for the calculation.

35 mm

SOLUTION 110 mm

2

35 35

yA = p(25)2(25) + 15(110)(50 + 55) + pa b a50 + 110 + b = 393 112 mm3

' C

2 2 15 mm

35 2

A = p(25)2 + 15(110) + p a b = 4575.6 mm2

B

y

2

50 mm

'

yA 393 112

y = = = 85.9 mm Ans.

A 4575.6

Ans:

y = 85.9 mm

941

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*964.

1 in. 3 in.

x

3 in. 3 in.

Solution

Centroid. Referring to Fig. a, the areas of the segments and the locations of their respective

centroids are tabulated below

p 2 4 4

1 (3 ) 9.00 9.00

4 p p

1

3 (3)(3) -4 1 -18.00 4.50

2

p 2 4

4 - (1 ) 0 0 -0.67

2 3p

Thus,

x = = = - 1.1843 in. = -1.18 in. Ans.

A 18.9978 in.2

y~A 26.33 in.3

y = = = 1.3861 in. = 1.39 in. Ans.

A 18.9978 in.2

Ans:

x = - 1.18 in.

y = 1.39 in.

942

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

965.

1.5 in.

1.5 in.

x

Centroid. Referring to Fig. a, the areas of the segments and the locations of their respective

centroids are tabulated below.

p 2 2

2 - (1.52) -1.125 -1.125

4 p p

1 2.5

3 - (1.5)(1.5) 2.5 -2.8125 -2.8125

2

Thus

x = = = 1.5656 in. = 1.57 in. Ans.

A 6.1079 in.2

y~A 9.5625 in.3

y = = = 1.5656 in. = 1.57 in. Ans.

A 6.1079 in.2

Ans:

x = 1.57 in.

y = 1.57 in.

943

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

966.

the cross-sectional area shown. The beam is symmetric with

respect to the y axis.

3 in.

C

y

SOLUTION 1 in.

x

' 2 in. 1 in. 2 in. 1 in.

yA = 6(4)(2) - 1(1)(0.5) - 3(1)(2.5) = 40 in3

'

yA 40

y = = = 2 in. Ans.

A 20

Ans:

y = 2 in.

944

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

967.

beam constructed from a channel and a plate. Assume all

corners are square and neglect the size of the weld at A.

20 mm y

350 mm

C

10 mm

A

70 mm

Centroid: The area of each segment and its respective centroid are tabulated below.

' '

Segment A (mm2) y (mm) y A (mm3)

1 350(20) 175 1 225 000

2 630(10) 355 2 236 500

3 70(20) 385 539 000

Thus,

'

' yA 4 000 500

y = = = 272.14 mm = 272 mm Ans.

A 14 700

Ans:

y = 272 mm

945

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*968.

constant thickness which is very small. If it is folded over as 1 in.

shown, determine the location y of the plates center of 1 in.

gravity G. 3 in.

SOLUTION y

G

1 z

A = (8) (12) = 48 in2 6 in. 1 in.

2

3 in.

1 1

yA = 2(1) a b (1)(3) + 1.5(6)(3) + 2(2) a b(1)(3)

' y

2 2 3 in.

x 3 in. 1 in.

= 36 in3

'

yA 36

y = = = 0.75 in. Ans.

A 48

Ans:

y = 0.75 in.

946

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

969.

constant thickness which is very small. If it is folded over as 1 in.

shown, determine the location z of the plates center of 1 in.

gravity G. 3 in.

SOLUTION y

G

1 z

A = (8)(12) = 48 in2 6 in. 1 in.

2

3 in.

1 1

z A = 2(2) a b (2)(6) + 3(6)(2) + 6 a b (2)(3)

' y

2 2 3 in.

x 3 in. 1 in.

= 78 in3

~

zA 78

z = = = 1.625 in. Ans.

A 48

Ans:

z = 1.625 in.

947

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

970.

is made from a homogeneous material and has the 0.5 in.

dimensions shown.

3 in.

2 in.

SOLUTION

G

1 1

A = 2.5(0.5) + c p (2.5)2 - p (2)2 d + 2 [(3)(0.5)] = 7.7843 in2

2 2

2.5 4(2.5) 1

(2.5) (0.5) + a 5 - b a p (2.5)2 b

' z

zA = 2.5 in.

2 3p 2

4(2) 1

- a5 - b a p (2)2 b + 6.5(2)(3)(0.5) = 33.651 in3 x

y

3p 2 0.5 in.

'

zA 33.651

z = = = 4.32 in. Ans.

A 7.7843

Ans:

z = 4.32 in.

948

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

971.

area which is part of a circle having a radius r.

a

SOLUTION C

x

a

Using symmetry, to simplify, consider just the top half:

x

1 2r 1 2

sin a b - (r sin a) (r cos a) a r cos ab

'

xA = r 2 aa

2 3a 2 3

r3 r3

= sin a - sin a cos2 a

3 3

r3 3

= sin a

3

1 2 1

A = r a - (r sin a) (r cos a)

2 2

1 2 sin2a

= r aa - b

2 2

' r3

sin3 a 2

r sin3a

xA 3 3

x = = = Ans.

A r2 A a - B

1 sin 2 a sin 2a

2 2 a - 2

Ans:

2

3r sin3 a

x = sin 2a

a - 2

949

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*972.

20 mm

rt = 600 kg>m3, a hollow cylinder, rc = 400 kg>m3, and a 5 mm 100 mm

stick having a circular cross section, rs = 300 kg>m3. 3 mm

10 mm

Determine the length of the stick, x, so that the center of

gravity G of the skyrocket is located along line aa. a G

x

SOLUTION

' 20 1 x

4 3 2

1

3

'

xm -116.24(106) - x2(1060.29)

x = = = - 100

m 2.670(106) + 2120.58x

x = 490 mm Ans.

Ans:

x = 490 mm

950

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

973.

angle.

y

a a

SOLUTION t t

Centroid : The area and the centroid for segments 1 and 2 are

A 1 = t1a - t2

a - t t t 22

y1 = a + b cos 45 + 1a + 2t2

'

=

2 2 2cos 45 4

A 2 = at

a t t 22

y2 = a - b cos 45 + 1a + t2

'

=

2 2 2cos 45 4

' '

Segment A y yA

22 22t 2

1 t1a - t2 1a + 2t2 1a + at - 2t22

4 4

22 22t 2

2 at 1a + t2 1a + at2

4 4

22t 2

t12a - t2 1a + at - t22

2

Thus,

22t 2

' 1a + at - t22

yA 2

y = =

A t12a - t2

22 a2 + at - t2

= Ans.

2 2a - t

Ans:

22 ( a2 + at - t 2 )

y =

2(2a - t)

951

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

974.

Determine the location (x, y) of the center of gravity of the 1. Rear wheels 18 lb

three-wheeler. The location of the center of gravity of each y 2. Mechanical components 85 lb

3. Frame 120 lb

component and its weight are tabulated in the figure. If the

4. Front wheel 8 lb

three-wheeler is symmetrical with respect to the xy plane,

determine the normal reaction each of its wheels exerts on

the ground.

3

2

SOLUTION

' 4 1

1 ft 1.50 ft 2 ft 1.30 ft

xW = 4.51182 + 2.31852 + 3.111202

x

= 648.5 lb # ft A B

2.30 ft 1.40 ft

W = 18 + 85 + 120 + 8 = 231 lb 0.80 ft

'

xW 648.5

x = = = 2.81 ft Ans.

W 231

'

yW = 1.301182 + 1.51852 + 211202 + 1182

= 398.9 lb # ft

'

yW 398.9

y = = = 1.73 ft Ans.

W 231

a + MA = 0; 21NB214.52 - 23112.812 = 0

NB = 72.1 lb Ans.

+ c Fy = 0; NA + 2172.12 - 231 = 0

NA = 86.9 lb Ans.

Ans:

x = 2.81 ft

y = 1.73 ft

NB = 72.1 lb

NA = 86.9 lb

952

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

975.

block assembly.

250 mm

200 mm

x 150 mm

SOLUTION 100 mm

150 mm

150 mm y

Centroid: Since the block is made of a homogeneous material, the center of mass of

the block coincides with the centroid of its volume. The centroid of each composite

segment is shown in Fig. a.

1

' (75)(150)(150)(550) + (225)(150)(150)(200) + (200) a b(150)(150)(100)

xV 2 2.165625(109)

x = = = = 120 mm Ans.

V 1 18(106)

(150)(150)(550) + (150)(150)(200) + (150)(150)(100)

2

1

' (275)(150)(150)(550) + (450)(150)(150)(200) + (50) a b(150)(150)(100)

yV 2 5.484375(109)

y = = = = 305 mm Ans.

V 1 18(106)

(150)(150)(550) + (150)(150)(200) + (150)(150)(100)

2

1

' (75)(150)(150)(550) + (75)(150)(150)(200) + (50) a b(150)(150)(100)

zV 2 1.321875(109)

z = = = = 73.4 mm Ans.

V 1 18(106)

(150)(150)(550) + (150)(150)(200) + (150)(150)(100)

2

Ans:

x = 120 mm

y = 305 mm

z = 73.4 mm

953

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*976.

the location 1x, y, z2 of its centroid.

D

3 in.

C

SOLUTION A 4 in.

B

1 x

A = 4(3) + (3)(6) = 21 in2

2 y

1

xA = - 2(4)(3) + 0 a b (3)(6) = - 24 in3

' 6 in.

2

2 1

yA = 1.5(4)(3) + (3) a b (3)(6) = 36 in3

'

3 2

1 1

z A = 0(4)(3) - (6) a b (3)(6) = - 18 in3

'

3 2

'

xA - 24

x = = = - 1.14 in. Ans.

A 21

'

yA 36

y = = = 1.71 in. Ans.

A 21

'

zA - 18

z = = = - 0.857 in. Ans.

A 21

Ans:

x = - 1.14 in.

y = 1.71 in.

z = - 0.857 in.

954

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

977.

The sheet metal part has a weight per unit area of 2 lb>ft2 z

and is supported by the smooth rod and at C. If the cord is

cut, the part will rotate about the y axis until it reaches

equilibrium. Determine the equilibrium angle of tilt,

measured downward from the negative x axis, that AD

makes with the -x axis. D

3 in.

C

SOLUTION A 4 in.

B

Since the material is homogeneous, the center of gravity coincides with the centroid. x

y

See solution to Prob. 9-74.

6 in.

1.14

u = tan -1

a b = 53.1 Ans.

0.857

Ans:

u = 53.1

955

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

978.

4 ft

weight of 15 lb. Each of the legs weighs 2 lb and is 3 ft long.

Determine how high its center of gravity is from the floor.

4 ft

Also, what is the angle, measured from the horizontal,

through which its top surface can be tilted on two of its

legs before it begins to overturn? Neglect the thickness of

each leg. 3 ft

SOLUTION

'

zW 15(3) + 4(2) (1.5)

z = = = 2.48 ft Ans.

W 15 + 4(2)

2

u = tan - 1 a b = 38.9 Ans.

2.48

Ans:

z = 2.48 ft

u = 38.9

956

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

979.

having a radius of 1.5 ft. If h = 1.2 ft, find the distance z to h

the buoys center of gravity G.

1.5 ft

z

G

4 ft

SOLUTION

1 1.2 1 4

z V = p (1.5)2 (1.2) a- b + p(1.5)2 (4) a b

'

3 4 3 4

= 8.577 ft4

1 1

V = p (1.5)2 (1.2) + p(1.5)2 (4)

3 3

= 12.25 ft3

'

zV 8.577

z- = = = 0.70 ft Ans.

V 12.25

Ans:

z = 0.70 ft

957

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*980.

having a radius of 1.5 ft. If it is required that the buoys h

center of gravity G be located at z = 0.5 ft, determine the

height h of the top cone.

1.5 ft

z

G

4 ft

SOLUTION

1 h 1 4

z V = p (1.5)2 (h) a- b + p(1.5)2 (4) a b

'

3 4 3 4

= -0.5890 h2 + 9.4248

1 1

V = p (1.5)2 (h) + p(1.5)2 (4)

3 3

= 2.3562 h + 9.4248

'

' zV - 0.5890 h2 + 9.4248

z = = = 0.5

V 2.3562 h + 9.4248

h = 2.00 ft Ans.

Ans:

h = 2.00 ft

958

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

981.

rst = 7.80 Mg>m3, and an aluminum cylinder,

80 mm

ral = 2.70 Mg>m3. Determine the mass center of the

assembly if the height of the cylinder is h = 200 mm.

G h

_

z

SOLUTION 160 mm

y

z m = C 0.160 - 38 (0.160) D A 23 B p(0.160)3 (7.80) + A 0.160 + 0.2

2 B p(0.2)(0.08)2(2.70)

= 9.51425(10 - 3) Mg # m

x

2 3 2

m = A B p(0.160) (7.80) + p (0.2)(0.08) (2.70)

3

= 77.7706(10 - 3) Mg

zm 9.51425(10 - 3)

z = = = 0.122 m = 122 mm Ans.

m 77.7706(10 - 3)

Ans:

z = 122 mm

959

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

982.

rst = 7.80 Mg>m3, and an aluminum cylinder,

ral = 2.70 Mg>m3. Determine the height h of the cylinder 80 mm

so that the mass center of the assembly is located at

z = 160 mm.

G h

_

z

SOLUTION 160 mm

y

z m = C 0.160 - 38 (0.160) D A 23 B p(0.160)3 (7.80) + A 0.160 + h

2 B p (h)(0.08)2(2.70)

= 6.691(10 - 3) + 8.686(10 - 3) h + 27.143(10 - 3) h2

x

2 3 2

m = A B p(0.160) (7.80) + p (h)(0.08) (2.70)

3

= 66.91(10 - 3) + 54.29(10 - 3) h

z = = = 0.160

m 66.91(10 - 3) + 54.29(10 - 3) h

Solving

Ans:

h = 385 mm

960

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

983.

The car rests on four scales and in this position the scale

readings of both the front and rear tires are shown by FA

and FB. When the rear wheels are elevated to a height of 3 ft

G

above the front scales, the new readings of the front wheels _

are also recorded. Use this data to compute the location x y

and y to the center of gravity G of the car. The tires each B A

have a diameter of 1.98 ft. _

x

9.40 ft

FA 1129 lb 1168 lb 2297 lb

FB 975 lb 984 lb 1959 lb

SOLUTION

G

In horizontal position 3.0 ft

B

a + MB = 0; 2297(9.40) - 4256 x = 0

FA 1269 lb 1307 lb 2576 lb

x = 5.0733 = 5.07 ft Ans.

3 - 0.990

u = sin - 1 a b = 12.347

9.40

y = 2.86 ft

Ans:

x = 5.07 ft

y = 3.80 ft

961

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*984.

must be bored into the base of the cone so that the center of

mass of the resulting shape is located at z = 115 mm. The

material has a density of 8 Mg>m3.

1 0.5

2

3 p10.152 10.52 4A B - p10.05221h2 A h2 B

1 2

= 0.115 500 mm

3 p10.152 10.52 - p10.05221h2

h C _

z

y

h2 - 0.230 h - 0.0300 = 0 50 mm

150 mm

x

h = 323 mm Ans.

Ans:

h = 323 mm

962

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

985.

consists of a cone with a hole of height h = 50 mm bored into

its base.

500 mm

SOLUTION

z V = p (0.15)2 A 0.5 B a

1 0.5 0.05

b - p (0.05)2 (0.05) a b

' h C

3 4 2 z

y

50 mm

-3

= 1.463(10 ) m 4 150 mm

1

V = p (0.15)2 (0.5) - p (0.05)2 (0.05)

3

x

3

= 0.01139 m

'

z V 1.463 (10 - 3)

z = = = 0.12845 m = 128 mm Ans.

V 0.01139

Ans:

z = 128 mm

963

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

986.

and the cone are made from materials having densities of

5 Mg>m3 and 9 Mg>m3, respectively.

0.4 m 0.6 m

SOLUTION

Center of mass: The assembly is broken into two composite segments, as shown in

Figs. a and b.

0.2 m 0.8 m

5000(0.4) C p(0.2 2)(0.8) D + 9000(0.8 + 0.15)c p(0.4 2)(0.6) d

1

'

zm 3

z = = x

5000 C p(0.2 2)(0.8) D + 9000c p(0.4 2)(0.6) d

m 1 y

3

1060.60

= = 0.754 m = 754 mm Ans.

1407.4

Ans:

z = 754 mm

964

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

987.

the objects shown. Each force acts through its respective y

center of gravity G. Locate the center of gravity (x, y) of all 450 lb

these components. 1500 lb

G1 G2

9 ft

280 lb

600 lb

7 ft

6 ft G4

SOLUTION G3

12 ft

Centroid: The floor loadings on the floor and its respective centroid are tabulated 8 ft 5 ft

below. 3 ft

4 ft

Loading W (lb) x (ft) y (ft) xW(lb # ft) yW(lb # ft) x

1 450 6 7 2700 3150

2 1500 18 16 27000 24000

3 600 26 3 15600 1800

4 280 30 8 8400 2240

2830 53700 31190

Thus,

xW 53700

x = = = 18.98 ft = 19.0 ft Ans.

W 2830

yW 31190

y = = = 11.02 ft = 11.0 ft Ans.

W 2830

Ans:

x = 19.0 ft

y = 11.0 ft

965

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*988.

tight-fitting steel collar. Determine the distance x to its 5 in.

center of gravity if the specific weights of the materials are 10 in.

gw = 150 lb>ft3 and gst = 490 lb>ft3. The radii of the dowel G

and collar are shown. x

x

2 in.

1 in.

SOLUTION

1

xW = E 10p (1)2 (20)(150) + 7.5p (5)(2 2 - 12)(490) F

(12)3

= 154.8 lb # in.

1

W = E p (1)2 (20)(150) + p (5)(2 2 - 12)(490) F

(12)3

= 18.82 lb

xW 154.8

x = = = 8.22 in. Ans.

W 18.82

Ans:

x = 8.22 in.

966

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

989.

The composite plate is made from both steel (A) and brass z

(B) segments. Determine the mass and location 1x, y, z2 of

its mass center G. Take rst = 7.85 Mg>m3 and

rbr = 8.74 Mg>m3.

A

225 mm

150 mm y

B

150 mm

30 mm

SOLUTION x

1 1

m = rV = c 8.74 a (0.15)(0.225)(0.03)b d + c 7.85a (0.15)(0.225)(0.03) b d

2 2

+ [7.85(0.15)(0.225)(0.03)]

2 1

xm = a0.150 +

3 3

1

+

2

1 2 0.225

3 3 2

= 1.8221 A 10 - 3 B kg # m

xm 2.4971(10 - 3)

x = = = 0.153 m = 153 mm Ans.

m 16.347(10 - 3)

Due to symmetry:

y = - 15 mm Ans.

zm 1.8221(10 - 3)

z = = = 0.1115 m = 111 mm Ans.

m 16.347(10 - 3)

Ans:

m = 16.4 kg

x = 153 mm

y = - 15 mm

z = 111 mm

967

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

990.

cylinder and hemispherical cap. Neglect the thickness of

the plates. 10 ft

SOLUTION 80 ft

4(10) 1

V = u r A = 2p c a b p (10)2 + 5(80)(10) d

3p 4

Ans:

V = 27.2 ( 103 ) ft 3

968

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

991.

4 ft

30 ft

SOLUTION

Surface Area: Applying the theorem of Pappus and Guldinus, Eq.97. with u = 2p,

L1 = 2152 + 4 2 = 2241 ft, L2 = 30 ft, r1 = 7.5 ft and r2 = 15 ft, we have

Ans:

A = 3.56 ( 103 ) ft 2

969

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*992.

4 ft

30 ft

SOLUTION

Volume: Applying the theorem of Pappus and Guldinus, Eq. 98 with u = 2p,

1

r1 = 5 ft, r2 = 7.5 ft, A 1 = (15)(4) = 30.0 ft2 and A 2 = 30(15) = 450 ft2, we have

2

Ans:

V = 22.1 ( 103 ) ft 3

970

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

993.

excluding its bottom.

8 ft

SOLUTION

30 ft

Surface Area: Applying Theorem of Pappus and Guldinus, Eq. 99 with

50 5

u = a bp =

60 ft

p rad, L1 = 30 ft, L2 = 8 ft, L3 = 272 + 302 = 2949 ft,

180 18 50 15 ft

N1 = 75 ft, N2 = 71 ft and N3 = 63.5 ft as indicated in Fig. a,

5

A 1 = uNL = p [75(30) + 71(8) + 63.5( 2949)]

18

= 4166.25 ft2

1

A 2 = 2 c (8 + 15)(30) d = 690 ft2

2

Thus the total surface area is

A = A 1 + A 2 = 4166.25 + 690

= 4856.25 ft2

Ans:

A = 4856 ft2

971

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

994.

weight of the wall if the concrete has a specific weight of

gc = 150 lb>ft3.

8 ft

30 ft

SOLUTION 60 ft

50 2 1 50

V = ur~ A = a b p[a 60 + (7)b a b (30) (7) + 71(30)(8)]

15 ft

180 3 2

= 20 795.6 ft3

Ans:

W = 3.12 ( 106 ) lb

972

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

995.

the x axis. Determine its volume.

SOLUTION

2a

Volume: Applying the theorem of Pappus and Guldinus, Eq. 910, with u = 2p,

4a 6p + 4 p

r = 2a + = a and A = a2, we have

3p 3p 4

6p + 4 p 2 p(6p + 4) 3

V = urA = 2p a a = a Ans.

3p 4 6 x

Ans:

p(6p + 4)

V = a3

6

973

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*996.

about the x axis. Determine its surface area.

SOLUTION

2a

Surface Area: Applying the theorem of Pappus and Guldinus, Eq. 911, with u = 2p ,

pa 2(p + 1) 5

L1 = L3 = a, L2 = , r1 = 2a, r 2 = a and r3 = a, we have

2 p 2

2(p + 1) 5

a a b + a (a)

pa

A = urL = 2p 2a(a) + x

p 2 2

Ans:

A = p(2p + 11)a2

974

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

997.

the curb.

100 mm

150 mm

30 4m

150 mm

150 mm

Solution

p p 1

V = u A r = a b[(0.15)(0.3)(4.15)] + a b c a b(0.15)(0.1)(4.25)d

6 6 2

V = 0.114 m3 Ans.

Ans:

V = 0.114 m3

975

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

998.

area of the ends in the calculation.

100 mm

150 mm

30 4m

150 mm

150 mm

Solution

p

A = urL = {4(0.15) + 4.075(0.15) + (4.15 + 0.075) ( 20.152 + 0.12 )

6

+ 4.3(0.25) + 4.15(0.3)}

A = 2.25 m2 Ans.

Ans:

A = 2.25 m2

976

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

999.

axes. Determine its surface area.

80 mm

50 mm

30 mm 30 mm

100 mm

x x

Solution

Surface Area. Referring to Fig. a, L1 = 110 mm, L2 = 2302 + 802 = 27300 mm

L3 = 50 mm, r1 = 100 mm, r2 = 140 mm and r3 = 180 mm. Applying the theorem

of pappus and guldinus, with u = 2p rad,

A = urL

Ans:

A = 276(103) mm2

977

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9100.

axes. Determine its volume.

80 mm

50 mm

30 mm 30 mm

100 mm

x x

Solution

1

(60)(80) = 2400 mm2, A2 = 50(80) = 4000 mm2,

Volume. Referring to Fig. a, A1 =

2

r1 = 126.67 mm and r2 = 140 mm. Applying the theorem of pappus and guldinus,

with u = 2p rad,

V = urA

= 2p 3 126.67(2400) + 140(4000) 4

Ans:

V = 5.43 ( 106 ) mm3

978

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9101.

cylindrical sides. Determine the weight of water in the tank 6 ft

when it is filled to the top at C. Take gw = 62.4 lb>ft3. C

8 ft

6 ft

SOLUTION

4162 1

~ = 2p e 3182162 +

V = urA a b 1p21622 f

3p 4

V = 1357.17 ft3

Ans:

W = 84.7 kip

979

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9102.

the outside surface of the water-supply tank, which consists 6 ft

of a hemispherical bottom, cylindrical sides, and conical top. C

Each gallon of paint can cover 250 ft2.

8 ft

6 ft

SOLUTION

2162 2162p

~ = 2p e 3 A 6 22 B + 6182 +

A = urL a bf

p 4

= 687.73 ft2

687.73 ft2

Number of gal. = = 2.75 gal. Ans.

250 ft2>gal.

Ans:

Number of gal. = 2.75 gal

980

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9103.

b

formed by rotating the square about the vertical axis.

a

45

a

SOLUTION

~ = 2c 2p a b - a a

A = urL sin 45b(a) d + 2 c 2p a b + sin 45b(a) d

2 2

a2 a2

= 4p cba - sin 45 + ba + sin 45 d

2 2

= 8pba Ans.

Also

A = urL = 2p(b)(4a) = 8pba

~ = 2p(b)(a)2 = 2pba 2

V = urA Ans.

Ans:

A = 8pba

V = 2pba2

981

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9104.

circular as shown.

8 in.

4 in.

SOLUTION

'

A = ur L = 2p (3) 2p (1)

Ans:

A = 118 in.2

982

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9105.

2500 kJ h for each square meter of its surface area.

Determine how many joules (J) are radiated within a

5-hour period.

0.75 m

0.75 m 1.5 m

SOLUTION

0.75 + 0.5

0.75 m

2

= 16.419 m2 1m

J

Ans.

h # m2

0.5 m

Ans:

Q = 205 MJ

983

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9106.

consists of a full circular part. Its cross section is shown in

the figure. 40 mm

60 mm

80 mm

SOLUTION 20 mm

Ans:

A = 119 ( 103 ) mm2

984

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9107.

curved to the natural shape which a completely flexible

10 ft

membrane would take if subjected to a full load of coal. This

curve may be approximated by a parabola, y = 0.2x2. C

Determine the weight of coal which the bunker would

B

contain when completely filled. Coal has a specific weight of

g = 50 lb>ft3, and assume there is a 20% loss in volume due

to air voids. Solve the problem by integration to determine 20 ft

the cross-sectional area of ABC; then use the second

theorem of PappusGuldinus to find the volume.

SOLUTION

x

y 0.2x2 A

x

x =

2

'

y = y

dA = x dy

L0 C 0.2

20 20

y 2

3 20.2

y2 2 = 133.3 ft2

3

dA = dy =

LA 0

20

y y2 20

x dA = dy = 2 = 500 ft3

LA L0 0.4 0.8 0

x dA

LA 500

x = = = 3.75 ft

133.3

dA

LA

Ans:

W = 126 kip

985

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9108.

into the cup so that it contacts three-fourths the surface

40 mm

area on the inside of the cup. Neglect the cups thickness for

the calculation.

160 mm

h

Solution

Surface Area. From the geometry shown in Fig. a,

r 40 1

= ; r = h

h 160 4

1 1 2 2 217

Thus, r = h and L = a hb + h = h, Fig. b. Applying the theorem of pappus and

8 A 4 4

Guldinus, with u = 2p rad,

1 217 p217 2

A = u r L = 2p a hba hb = h

8 4 16

p217

Ao = a b 1 1602 2 = 1600p217 mm2

16

3 3

It is required that A = A = 1 1600p217 2 = 1200p217 mm2. Thus

4 o 4

p217 2

1200p217 = h

16

h = 138.56 mm = 139 mm Ans.

Ans:

h = 139 mm

986

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9109.

is formed by rotating the parabola about the y axis.

y 16 (x2/16)

16 m

SOLUTION x

C

= b dx and its centroid is x = x. Here,

dy 2 dy x

1 + a = - . Evaluating the

dx dx 8

integrals, we nave

C

16 m

dx = 23.663 m

x2

L = dL = 1 +

L L0 64

C

16 m

x dx = 217.181 m2

' ' x2

xdL = 1 +

LL L0 64

'

xdL

LL 217.181

x = = = 9.178 m

23.663

dL

LL

Surface Area: Applying the theorem of Pappus and Guldinus, Eq. 97, with u = 2p,

L = 23.663 m, r = x = 9.178, we have

Ans:

A = 1365 m2

987

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9110.

as shown in the figure. Determine the total mass of the A 30 mm 60 mm

wheel if r = 5 Mg>m3.

420 mm

250 mm

30 mm

840 mm

80 mm

SOLUTION

Volume: Applying the theorem of Pappus and Guldinus, Eq. 912, with u = 2p, A Section AA

r1 = 0.095 m, r2 = 0.235 m, r3 = 0.39 m, A 1 = 0.110.032 = 0.003 m2,

A 2 = 0.2510.032 = 0.0075 m and A 3 = 10.1210.062 = 0.006 m2, we have

2

= 8.775p110-32m3

m = rV = 51103238.775110-32p4

= 138 kg Ans.

Ans:

m = 138 kg

988

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9111.

20 mm

figure. There are six 10-mm-diameter bolt holes around its 40 mm

rim. Determine its mass. The density of steel is 7.85 Mg m3.

The housing is a full circular part.

10 mm

30 mm

10 mm

10 mm

10 mm

SOLUTION

V = 2p[ (40)(40)(10) + (55)(30)(10) + (75)(30)(10)] - 6 C p (5)2(10) D = 340.9 A 103 B mm3

kg

m = rV = a7850

m3

= 2.68 kg Ans.

Ans:

m = 2.68 kg

989

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9112.

paint can cover 3 m2 of the tank, determine the number of

liters required to coat the roof.

1 (144 x2)

y

96

x

SOLUTION 2.5 m

Length and Centroid: The length of the differential element shown shaded in 12 m

Fig. a is

dL = 2dx2 + dy2 =

A

dy 2

1 + a b dx

dx

dy 1

where = - x. Thus,

dx 48

2482 + x2 dx

2

x2

B B

1 1

dL = 1 + a- x b dx = 1 + 2 dx =

48 48 48

Integrating,

2482 + x2 dx = 12.124 m

12 m

1

L = dL =

LL L0 48

2482 + x2 dx d

12 m

1

x~ dL xc

LL L0 48 73.114

x = = = = 6.031 m

12.124 12.124

dL

LL

Surface Area: Applying the first theorem of Pappus and Guldinus and using the

results obtained above with r = x = 6.031 m, we have

459.39

# of liters = = 153 liters Ans.

3

Ans:

153 liters

990

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9113.

casting.

V = uAy

1 4(6) 1 4(2)

= 2 p c2a pb(6)2 a b + 2(6)(4) (3) - 2 a pb (2)2 a6 - bd

4 3p 2 3p

= 1402.8 in3

Ans:

V = 1.40 ( 10 3 ) in3

991

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9114.

the cup so that it contacts half the surface area on the inside

of the cup. Neglect the cups thickness for the calculation. 30 mm

50 mm

SOLUTION 10 mm

A = uz ~

rL = 2p{202(20)2 + (50)2 + 5(10)}

= 2p(1127.03) mm2

20h 2h

x = =

50 5

2p b 5(10) + a 10 + b a b + h2 r = (2p)(1127.03)

2h 2

5 B 5

h 1

2

h = 29.9 mm Ans.

Ans:

h = 29.9 mm

992

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9115.

p

The pressure loading on the plate varies uniformly along

each of its edges. Determine the magnitude of the resultant

force and the coordinates ( x , y) of the point where the line of 40 lb/ft

action of the force intersects the plate. Hint: The equation

defining the boundary of the load has the form p ax

by c, where the constants a, b, and c have to be determined. 30 lb/ft 20 lb/ft

10 lb/ft y

5 ft

SOLUTION 10 ft

x

p = ax + by + c

At x = 0, y = 0; p = 40

40 = 0 + 0 + c; c = 40

At x = 5, y = 0, p = 30

30 = a (5) + 0 + 40; a = -2

At x = 0; y = 10, p = 20

20 = 0 + b (10) + 40; b = -2

Thus,

p = - 2x - 2y + 40

5 10

FR = p(x,y)dA = ( -2x - 2y + 40) dy dx

LA L0 L0

= 1250 lb Ans.

5 10

2

xp(x,y) dA = ( -2x - 2 yx + 40 x) dy dx

LA L0 L0

= 2916.67 lb # ft

xp(x,y) dA

LA 2916.67

x = = = 2.33 ft Ans.

1250

p(x,y)dA

LA

5 10

yp(x,y) dA = ( -2x y - 2y2 + 40y) dy dx

LA L0 L0

= 5416.67 lb # ft

yp(x,y) dA

LA 5416.67

y = = = 4.33 ft Ans.

1250

p(x,y) dA

LA Ans:

FR = 1250 lb

x = 2.33 ft

y = 4.33 ft

993

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9116.

The load over the plate varies linearly along the sides of the p

plate such that p = (12 - 6x + 4y) kPa. Determine the

12 kPa

magnitude of the resultant force and the coordinates ( x, y )

18 kPa

of the point where the line of action of the force intersects x

the plate.

1.5 m 6 kPa

2m

y

Solution

Centroid. Perform the double integration.

1.5 m 2m

LA L0 L0

FR = r(x, y)dA = (12 -6x + 4y)dxdy

1.5 m 2m

L0

= 1 12x - 3x2 + 4xy 2 ` dy

0

1.5 m

L0

= (8y + 12)dy

1.5 m

= (4y2 + 12y) `

0

1.5 m 2m

LA L0 L0

xr(x, y)dA = 1 12x - 6x2 + 4xy 2 dx dy

1.5 m 2m

L0

= (6x2 - 2x3 + 2x2y) ` dy

0

1.5 m

L0

= (8y + 8)dy

1.5 m

= 1 4y2 + 8y 2 `

0

= 21.0 kN # m

1.5 m 2m

LA L0 L0

yr(x, y)dA = 1 12y - 6xy + 4y2 2 dx dy

1.5 m 2m

L0

= 1 12xy - 3x2y + 4xy2 2 ` dy

0

1.5 m

L0

= (8y2 + 12y)dy

1.5 m

8

= a y3 + 6y2 b `

3 0

= 22.5 kN # m

994

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9116. Continued

Thus,

LA

xp(x, y)dA

21.0 kN # m 7

x = = = m = 0.778 m Ans.

LA

27.0 kN 9

p(x, y)dA

LA

yp(x, y)dA

22.5 kN # m

y = = = 0.833 m Ans.

LA

27.0 kN

p(x, y)dA

Ans:

FR = 27.0 kN

x = 0.778 m

y = 0.833 m

995

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9117.

The load over the plate varies linearly along the sides of the p

plate such that p = 23[x14 - y2] kPa. Determine the resultant

force and its position 1x, y2 on the plate. 8 kPa y

3m

4m

x

SOLUTION

Resultant Force and its Location: The volume of the differential element is

2 ' '

dV = d FR = pdxdy = (xdx)[(4 - y)dy] and its centroid is at x = x and y = y.

3

3m 4m

2

FR = dFR = (xdx) (4 - y)dy

LFk L0 3 L0

Ba b 2 b 2 R = 24.0 kN

2 x2 3 m y2 4 m

= a 4y - Ans.

3 2 0 2 0

3m 4m

2 2

xdFR = (x dx) (4 - y)dy

LFR L0 3 L0

Ba b 2 b 2 R = 48.0 kN # m

2 x3 3 m y2 4 m

= a 4y -

3 3 0 2 0

3m 4m

' 2

ydFR = (xdx) y(4 - y)dy

LFR L0 3 L0

B a b 2 a 2y2 - b 2 R = 32.0 kN # m

2 x2 3 m y3 4 m

=

3 2 0 3 0

'

xdFR

LFR 48.0

x = = = 2.00 m Ans.

24.0

dFR

LFR

'

ydFR

LFR 32.0

y = = = 1.33 m Ans.

24.0

dFR

LFR

Ans:

FR = 24.0 kN

x = 2.00 m

y = 1.33 m

996

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9118.

its entire surface. The load is defined by the expression

p = p0 sin (px>a) sin (py>b), where p0 represents the

pressure acting at the center of the plate. Determine the

magnitude and location of the resultant force acting on

the plate. p0

a

x

SOLUTION b

Resultant Force and its Location: The volume of the differential element is

dV = dFR = pdxdy = p0 a sin dx b asin dy b .

px py

a b

a b

a sin dx b a sin dy b

px py

FR = dFR = p0

LFR L0 a L0 b

px 2 a px 2 b

= p0 B a - b R

a b

cos b a - cos

p a 0 p b 0

4ab

= p0 Ans.

p2

Since the loading is symmetric, the location of the resultant force is at the center of

the plate. Hence,

a b

x = y = Ans.

2 2

Ans:

4ab

FR = p0

p2

a

x =

2

b

y =

2

997

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9119.

the chimney and a negative (suction) pressure on the other

side, as shown. If this pressure loading acts uniformly along p

the chimneys length, determine the magnitude of the u

resultant force created by the wind.

p p0 cos u

Solution l

p p

L- 2 L- 2

FRx = 2l 2p (p0 cos u) cos u r du = 2rlp0 2

p cos2 u du

p

= 2rlp0 a b Ans.

2

FRx = plrp0

p

L- 2

2

FRy = 2l p (p0 cos u) sin u r du = 0

Thus,

FR = plrp0 Ans.

Ans:

p

FRx = 2rlp0 a b

2

FR = plrp0

998

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9120.

swings open to drain the marsh B. For the condition of high

tide shown, determine the horizontal reactions developed C

at the hinge C and stop block D. The length of the gate is

6 m and its height is 4 m. rw = 1.0 Mg/m3. 4m

A 3m

B

2m

D

SOLUTION

Fluid Pressure: The fluid pressure at points D and E can be determined using

Eq. 913, p = rgz.

Thus,

Resultant Forces:

1

FR1 = 1176.582132 = 264.87 kN

2

1

FR2 = 1117.722122 = 117.72 kN

2

Equations of Equilibrium:

:

+ F = 0;

x 264.87 - 117.72 - 100.55 - Cx = 0

Cx = 46.6 kN Ans.

Ans:

Dx = 101 kN

Cx = 46.6 kN

999

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9121.

Determine the resultant force the water exerts on side A and 3m 2m

side B of the tank. If oil instead of water is placed in the tank,

to what depth d should it reach so that it creates the same

resultant forces? ro = 900 kg>m3 and rw = 1000 kg>m3.

A B

d

SOLUTION

For water

At side A:

wA = b rw g d

= 2(1000)(9.81) (4)

= 78 480 N/m

1

FRA = (78 480)(4) = 156 960 N = 157 kN Ans.

2

At side B:

wB = b rw g d

= 3(1000)(9.81)(4)

1

FRB = (117 720)(4) = 235 440 N = 235 kN Ans.

2

For oil

At side A:

wA = b ro g d

= 2(900)(9.81)d

= 17 658 d

1

FRA = (17 658 d)(d) = 156 960 N

2

d = 4.22 m Ans.

Ans:

For water: FRA = 157 kN

FRB = 235 kN

For oil: d = 4.22 m

1000

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9122.

weight. If the density of concrete is rc = 2.5 Mg>m3, and

water has a density of rw = 1.0 Mg>m3, determine the

smallest dimension d that will prevent the dam from

overturning about its end A. 6m

A

d1

d

Solution

Loadings. The computation will be based on b = 1 m width of the dam. The pressure

at the base of the dam is.

P = rgh = 1000(9.81)(6) = 58.86 ( 103 ) pa = 58.86 kPa

Thus

w = pb = 58.86(1) = 58.86 kN>m

The forces that act on the dam and their respective points of application, shown in

Fig. a, are

W1 = 2500 3 1(6)(1) 4 (9.81) = 147.15 ( 103 ) N = 147.15 kN

1

W2 = 2500c (d - 1)(6)(1) d (9.81) = 73.575 ( d - 1 )( 103 ) = 73.575(d - 1) kN

2

1

( FR )v = 1000c (d - 1)(6)(1) d (9.81) = 29.43 ( d - 1 )( 103 ) = 29.43(d - 1) kN

2

1

( FR ) h = (58.86)(6) = 176.58 kN

2

1 1 2 1

x1 = 0.5 x2 = 1 + (d - 1) = (d + 2) x3 = 1 + (d - 1) = (2d + 1)

3 3 3 3

1

y = (6) = 2 m

3

Equation of Equilibrium. Write the moment equation of equilibrium about A by

referring to the FBD of the dam, Fig. a,

1

a+MA = 0; 147.15(0.5) + [73.575(d - 1)]c (d + 2) d

3

1

+ [29.43(d - 1)] c (2d + 1) d - 176.58(2) = 0

3

44.145d 2 + 14.715d - 338.445 = 0

Solving and chose the positive root

d = 2.607 m = 2.61 m Ans.

Ans:

d = 2.61 m

1001

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9123.

The factor of safety for tipping of the concrete dam is defined as the y

ratio of the stabilizing moment due to the dams weight divided by 1m

the overturning moment about O due to the water pressure.

Determine this factor if the concrete has a density of

rconc = 2.5 Mg>m3 and for water rw = 1 Mg>m3.

6m

O x

4m

Solution

Loadings. The computation will be based on b = 1m width of the dam. The pressure

at the base of the dam is

Thus,

The forces that act on the dam and their respective points of application, shown in

Fig. a, are

1

W2 = (2500) c (3)(6)(1) d (9.81) = 220.725(103) N = 220.725 kN

2

1

FR = (58.86)(6) = 176.58 kN

2

1 2 1

x1 = 3 + (1) = 3.5 ftx2 = (3) = 2my = (6) = 2 m

2 3 3

And the stabilizing moment about O is

Ms 956.475

F.S. = = = 2.7083 = 2.71 Ans.

MOT 353.16

Ans:

F.S. = 2.71

1002

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9124.

Determine the magnitude of the resultant hydrostatic force

that acts on the dam per meter of length. The density of

water is rw = 1 Mg>m3.

3m

SOLUTION

Loading: The hydrostatic force acting on the circular surface of the dam consists of

the vertical component Fv and the horizontal component Fh as shown in Fig. a.

of water contained in the shaded area shown in Fig. a. For a 1-m length of dam,

we have

p 2

4

Since the width of the dam is constant (1 m), this loading can be represented

by a triangular distributed loading with an intensity of wC = rghCb =

1000(9.81)(3)(1) = 29.43 kN>m at point C, Fig. a.

1

Fh = (29.43)(3) = 44.145 kN

2

Thus, the magnitude of the resultant hydrostatic force acting on the dam is

Ans:

FR = 48.0 kN

1003

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9125.

The tank is used to store a liquid having a density of C

80 lb>ft3. If it is filled to the top, determine the magnitude of

force the liquid exerts on each of its two sides ABDC

A D

and BDFE.

4 ft

B F

6 ft

12 ft

3 ft E

Solution

w1 = 80(4)(12) = 3840 lb>ft

ABDC :

1

F1 = (3840)(5) = 9.60 kip Ans.

2

BDEF :

1

F2 = (9600 - 3840)(6) + 3840(6) = 40.3 kip Ans.

2

Ans:

F1 = 9.60 kip

F2 = 40.3 kip

1004

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9126.

varies linearly from 0 at its top to 100 lb>ft at its bottom B. 2 ft 2 ft

Determine the magnitude of the resultant force and its

location on the plate. y x2

4 ft

Solution

4

LA L0

FR = p dA = (100 - 25y)(2x dy)

L0

1 B

= 2 (100 - 25y)ay 2 dyb

2 3 2 5 4

= 2c 100 a by 2 - 25a by 2 d = 426.7 lb = 427 lb Ans.

3 5 0

LA L0

1

FR y = yp dA; 426.7 y = 2 y(100 - 25y)y 2 dy

2 5 2 7 4

426.7 y = 2c 100 a by 2 - 25a by2 d

5 7 0

426.7 y = 731.4

Due to symmetry,

x = 0 Ans.

Ans:

FR = 427 lb

y = 1.71 ft

x = 0

1005

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9127.

is prevented from rotating by the block at B. Determine the

reactions at these supports due to hydrostatic pressure.

rw = 1.0 Mg>m3.

6m

1.5 m

A

1.5 m

B

SOLUTION

w1 = 1000(9.81)(3)(2) = 58 860 N/m

1

F1 = (3)(58 860) = 88 290

2

a + MA = 0; 88 290(0.5) - FB (1.5) = 0

:

+ F = 0;

x 88 290 + 176 580 - 29 430 - FA = 0

Ans:

FB = 29.4 kN

FA = 235 kN

1006

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9128.

900 kg>m3. Determine the resultant force that it exerts on

the elliptical end plate, and the location of the center of 1m 1m

pressure, measured from the x axis.

4 y2 x2 1

0.5 m

x

0.5 m

SOLUTION

Fluid Pressure: The fluid pressure at an arbitrary point along y axis can be

determined using Eq. 913, p = g(0.5 - y) = 900(9.81)(0.5 - y) = 8829(0.5 - y).

Resultant Force and its Location: Here, x = 21 - 4y2. The volume of the

differential element is dV = dFR = p(2xdy) = 8829(0.5 - y)[221 - 4y 2] dy. the

Evaluating integrals using Simpsons rule, we have

0.5 m

FR = d FR = 17658 (0.5 - y)(21 - 4y2)dy

LFR L-0.5 m

0.5 m

yd FR = 17658 y(0.5 - y)(21 - 4y2)dy

LFR L-0.5 m

= - 866.7 N # m

'

ydFR

LFR - 866.7

y = = = - 0.125 m Ans.

6934.2

dFR

LFR

Ans:

FR = 6.93 kN

y = - 0.125 m

1007

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9129.

the gate ABC due to hydrostatic pressure. The gate has a

width of 1.5 m. rw = 1.0 Mg>m3.

1.5 m

1.25 m

B

SOLUTION 2m

w1 = 1000(9.81)(1.5)(1.5) = 22.072 kN>m

60

w2 = 1000(9.81)(2)(1.5) = 29.43 kN>m A

1

Fx = (29.43)(2) + (22.0725)(2) = 73.58 kN

2

2

F1 = c (22.072) a 1.25 + b d = 53.078 kN

tan 60

1 2

F2 = (1.5)(2)a b (1000)(9.81) = 16.99 kN

2 tan 60

Fy = F1 + F2 = 70.069 kN

Ans:

F = 102 kN

1008

2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9130.

A

Determine the resultant horizontal and vertical force

components that the water exerts on the side AB of the

2 ft

pipe per foot of pipe length; gw = 62.4 lb>ft3.

SOLUTION

Fluid Pressure: The fluid pressure at the bottom of the drain can be determined

using Eq. 913, p = gz.

Thus,

1 2 1

Resultant Forces: The area of the quarter circle is A = pr = p(2 2) = p ft2.

4 4

Then, the vertical component of the resultant force is

1

FR h = (124.8)(2) = 125 lb Ans.

2

Ans:

FRv = 196 lb

FRh = 125 lb

1009

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