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91.

Locate the center of mass of the homogeneous rod bent y


into the shape of a circular arc.

30

300 mm

SOLUTION
dL = 300 d u
' 30
x = 300 cos u
'
y = 300 sin u
2p
3
' 300 cos u (300du)
x dL
L L-2p3
x = = 2p
3
dL 300d u
L L-2p3

(300)2 C sin u D -3 2p3


2p

=
4
300 a p b
3

= 124 mm Ans.

y = 0 (By symmetry) Ans.

Ans:
x = 124 mm
y = 0

879
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

92.

Determine the location (x, y) of the centroid of the wire. y

2 ft

4 ft
SOLUTION
Length and Moment Arm: The length of the differential element is dL = y = x2

2dx2 + dy2 =
2

B
dy dy
1 + a b dx and its centroid is
y = y = x2. Here, = 2x.
dx dx x

Centroid: Due to symmetry



x = 0 Ans.

Applying Eq. 97 and performing the integration, we have

x 21 + 4x2 dx
2 ft
2
ydL
LL L-2 ft
y = =
21 + 4x2 dx
2 ft
dL
LL L-2 ft

16.9423
= = 1.82 ft Ans.
9.2936

Ans:
x = 0
y = 1.82 ft

880
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

93.

Locate the center of gravity x of the homogeneous rod. If y


the rod has a weight per unit length of 100 N>m, determine 1m
the vertical reaction at A and the x and y components of
reaction at the pin B. B

1m
y  x2

A x

Solution
Length And MomentArm. The length of the differential element is
dy 2 dy
dL = 2dx2 + dy2 = c 1 + a b d dx and its centroid is ~
x = x. Here = 2x.
A dx dx
Perform the integration
1m

LL L0
L = dL = 21 + 4x2 dx

1m

L0
1
= 2 x2 + dx
A 4

1 1 1 1m
= cx x2 + + ln ax + x2 + b d
A 4 4 A 4 0
= 1.4789 m

1m

LL L0
x~ dL = x21 + 4x2 dx

1m

L0
1
= 2 x x2 + dx
A 4

2 1 3>2 1 m
= c ax2 + b d
3 4 0

= 0.8484 m2
Centroid.

1L x dL
~
0.8484 m2
1L dL
x = = = 0.5736 m = 0.574 m Ans.
1.4789 m

Equations of Equilibrium. Refering to the FBD of the rod shown in Fig. a


+ Fx = 0;
S Bx = 0 Ans.

a+MB = 0; 100(1.4789) (0.4264) - Ay(1) = 0

Ay = 63.06 N = 63.1 N Ans.

a+MA = 0; By(1) - 100(1.4789) (0.5736) = 0

By = 84.84 N = 84.8 N Ans.


Ans:
x = 0.574 m
Bx = 0
Ay = 63.1 N
By = 84.8 N

881
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*94.

Locate the center of gravity y of the homogeneous rod. y

1m

1m
y  x2

A x

Solution
Length And Moment Arm. The length of the differential element is
dy 2 dy
dL = 2dx2 + dy2 = c 1 + a b d dx and its centroid is ~
y = y. Here = 2x.
A dx dx
Perform the integration,
1m

LL L0
L = dL = 21 + 4x2 dx

1m

L0
1
= 2 x2 + dx
A 4

1 1 1 1m
= cx x2 + + ln ax + x2 + b d
A 4 4 A 4 0
= 1.4789 m

1m

LL L0
y~ dL = x2 21 + 4x2 dx

1m

L0
2 1
= 2 x x2 + dx
A 4

x 1 3 1 1 1 1 1m
= 2c 2
ax + b - x x2 + - ln ax + x2 + b d
4A 4 32 A 4 128 A 4 0

= 0.6063 m2
Centroid.

1L y dL
~
0.6063 m2
1L dL
y = = = 0.40998 m = 0.410 m Ans.
1.4789 m

Ans:
y = 0.410 m

882
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

95.

Determine the distance y to the center of gravity of the y


homogeneous rod. 1m

y  2x3
2m

Solution x

Length And Moment Arm. The length of the differential element is


dy 2
dL = 2dx2 + dy2 = a 1 + a b b dx and its centroid is at ~
y = y. Here
A dx
dy
= 6x2. Evaluate the integral numerically,
dx
1m

LL L0
L = dL = 21 + 36x4 dx = 2.4214 m

1m

LL L0
~ 3
y dL = 2x 21 + 36x4 dx = 2.0747 m2

Centroid. Applying Eq. 97,

1L y dL
~
2.0747 m2
1L dL
y = = = 0.8568 = 0.857 m Ans.
2.4214 m

Ans:
y = 0.857 m

883
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

96.

Locate the centroid y of the area. y

1
y 1 x2
4
1m
x
2m

SOLUTION
Area and Moment Arm: The area of the differential element is
1 y 1 1
dA = ydx = a1 - x2 b dx and its centroid is y = = a1 - x 2 b .
'
4 2 2 4
Centroid: Due to symmetry

x = 0 Ans.

Applying Eq. 94 and performing the integration, we have


2m
1 - x 1 - x2 dx
' 1 1 2 1
ydA 2 4 4
LA L- 2m
y = =
2m
1 - x dx
dA 1 2
LA L- 2m 4

`
x x3 x 5 2m
- +
2 12 160 - 2m 2
= = m Ans.
5
x - `
3 2m
x
12 - 2m

Ans:
2
y = m
5

884
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

97.

Determine the area and the centroid x of the parabolic area. y

h
h x2
SOLUTION y
a2

Differential Element:The area element parallel to the x axis shown shaded in Fig. a
x
will be considered. The area of the element is
a

a
dA = x dy = y 1>2 dy
h1>2
' x a '
Centroid: The centroid of the element is located at x = = y 1>2 and y = y.
2 2h1>2

Area: Integrating,

A y3>2 B 2 =
h h
a 2a 2
A = dA = y 1>2 dy = ah Ans.
LA L0 h 1>2
3h 1>2
0 3
h
a2 y2 h
y1>2 1>2 y 1>2 dy `
a a h 2
' a
xdA 1>2 y dy 2h 2 0
LA L0 2h h L0 2h 3
x = = = = = a Ans.
2 2 2 8
dA ah ah ah
LA 3 3 3

Ans:
3
x = a
8

885
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*98.

Locate the centroid of the shaded area. y

y  a cospx
L

x
L L
2 2

Solution
Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in
p y a p
Fig.a is dA = ydx = a cos x dx and its centroid is at y~ = = cos x.
L 2 2 2
Centroid. Perform the integration

L>2

L-L>2 2
a
1A y dA
p p
~ a cos xbaa cos x dxb
L L

1A dA
y = = L>2

L-L>2
p
a cos x dx
L

L>2
a2
L-L>2
2p
acos x + 1b dx
4 L
= L>2

L-L>2
p
a cos x dx
L

a2 L 2p L>2
a sin x + xb `
4 2p L -L>2
= L>2
aL p
a sin xb `
p L -L>2

a2 L>4 p
= = a Ans.
2aL>p 8

Due to Symmetry,
x = 0 Ans.

Ans:
p
y = a
8
x = 0

886
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

99.

Locate the centroid x of the shaded area. y

4m

1 2
y x
4
x
4m
Solution
Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig.a
1
is dA = x dy and its centroid is at ~
x = x. Here, x = 2y1>2
2
Centroid. Perform the integration

1A x dA
4m

L0
1
~ a2y1>2 ba2y1>2 dyb
2
1A dA
x = = 4m

L0
2y1>2 dy

3
= m Ans.
2

Ans:
3
x = m
2

887
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

910.

Locate the centroid y of the shaded area. y

4m

1 2
y x
4
x
4m
Solution
Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig.a
is dA = x dy and its centroid is at
y = y. Here, x = 2y1>2.
Centroid. Perform the integration

1A y dA
4m

L0
~ y a2y1>2 dyb

1A dA
y = = 4m

L0
2y1>2 dy

4m
4
a y 5>2 b `
5 0
= 4m
4
a y3>2 b `
3 0

12
= m Ans.
5

Ans:
12
y = m
5

888
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

911.

Locate the centroid x of the area. y

h
SOLUTION y  2 x2
b
h
dA = y dx
'
x = x
x
b
B x R
b b
' h 3 h 4
x dA x dx
LA L0 b
2 4b2 0 3
x = = = = b Ans.
b 4
B 2 x3 R
b
dA h 2 h
x dx
LA L0 b
2
3b 0

Ans:
3
x = b
4

889
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*912.

Locate the centroid y of the shaded area. y

h
SOLUTION y  2 x2
b
h
dA = y dx
' y
y =
2 x
b
B x R
'
b
h 42 h2 5 b
y dA x dx
LA L0 2b
4 10b4 0 3
y = = = = h Ans.
b 10
B x R
b
dA h 2 h 3
x dx
LA L0 b 2
3b2 0

Ans:
3
y = h
10

890
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

913.

Locate the centroid x of the shaded area. y

SOLUTION 4m 1 2

y 4 x
16 x
1 8m
dA = 14 - y2dx = a x 2 b dx
16
'
x = x
8
x2
xa b dx
'
xdA
LA L0 16
x = = 8
1 2
dA a x b dx
LA L0 16
x = 6m Ans.

Ans:
x = 6m

891
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

914.

Locate the centroid y of the shaded area. y

SOLUTION 4m
y 4
1 2
x
16 x
1 2
dA = 14 - y2dx = a x b dx 8m
16
4 + y
y =
2
8
1 x2 x2
'
ydA 8 - b a b dx
LA 2 L0 16 16
y = = 8
1 2
dA a x b dx
LA L0 16
y = 2.8 m Ans.

Ans:
y = 2.8 m

892
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

915.

Locate the centroid x of the shaded area. Solve the problem by y


evaluating the integrals using Simpsons rule.

y = 0.5ex2

SOLUTION
At x = 1 m
2
y = 0.5e1 = 1.359 m
1 1 x
2
dA = (1.359 - y) dx = a 1.359 = 0.5 ex b dx = 0.6278 m2
LA L0 L0 1m

x = x
1
2
x dA = x a 1.359 - 0.5 ex b dx
LA L0

= 0.25 m3

x dA
LA 0.25
x = = = 0.398 m Ans.
0.6278
dA
LA

Ans:
x = 0.398 m

893
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*916.

Locate the centroid y of the shaded area. Solve the problem by y


evaluating the integrals using Simpsons rule.

y = 0.5ex2

SOLUTION
1 1
a 1.359 - 0.5ex b dx = 0.6278 m
2 2
dA = (1.359 - y) dx =
LA L0 L0
1.359 + y x
y =
2
1m
1 x2
b A 1.359 - 0.5 ex B dx
1.359 + 0.5 e
a
2
y dA =
LA L0 2
1
1
a 1.847 - 0.25 e2x b dx = 0.6278 m3
2
=
2 L0

y dA
LA 0.6278
y = = = 1.00 m Ans.
0.6278
dA
LA

Ans:
y = 1.00 m

894
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

917.

Locate the centroid y of the area. y

SOLUTION y
2

x3
Area: Integrating the area of the differential element gives 4 in.

8 in. 8 in. x
3
A = dA = x 2>3
dx = c x 5>3 d 2 = 19.2 in.2
LA L0 5 0 8 in.
' 1
Centroid: The centroid of the element is located at y = y>2 = x2>3. Applying
2
Eq. 94, we have

8 in. 8 in.

x A x B dx
' 1 2>3 2>3 1 4>3
y dA x dx
LA L0 2 L0 2
y = = =
19.2 19.2
dA
LA

8 in.
3 7>3 2
c x d
14 0
= = 1.43 in. Ans.
19.2

Ans:
y = 1.43 in.

895
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

918.

Locate the centroid x of the area. y

h n
y h nx
a

SOLUTION h

dA = y dx
x
' a
x = x

a
hx - x dx
' h n+1
x dA an
LA L0
x = =
a
h - x dx
dA h n
LA L0 an

h1xn + 22
B x2 - R
a
h
2 a 1n + 22
n
0
= n+1
2
B hx - R
h1x a

a n1n + 12 0

h h
a - b a2
2 n + 2 a(1 + n)
x = = Ans.
h 2(2 + n)
ah - ba
n + 1

Ans:
a(1 + n)
x =
2(2 + n)

896
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

919.

Locate the centroid y of the area. y

h n
y h x
an

SOLUTION h

dA = y dx
x
' y a
y =
2

a
h2 - 2 n xn + 2n x2n dx
' 1 h2 h2
y dA 2 L0 a
LA a
y = =
a
h - x dx
dA h n
LA L0 an

2h21xn + 12 h21x 2n + 12 a
Bh x - n R
1 2
+ 2n
2 a 1n + 12 a 12n + 12 0
=
h1x n + 12
B hx - R
a
n
a 1n + 12 0

2n2
h
21n + 1212n + 12 hn
y = = Ans.
n 2n + 1
n + 1

Ans:
hn
y =
2n + 1

897
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*920.

Locate the centroid y of the shaded area. y

y h xn

an
h
SOLUTION
dA = y dx x
y a
y =
2
a
' 1 h2
ydA 2 a 2n x 2n dx h2(a 2n + 1)
LA L0 2a 2n(2n + 1) hn + 1
y = = a = = Ans.
h
h(a n + 1) 2(2n + 1)
dA an xn dx a n(n + 1)
LA L0

Ans:
hn + 1
y =
2(2n + 1)

898
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

921.

Locate the centroid x of the shaded area. y

1
y  (4  x2 )2
16 ft

4 ft
x
4 ft
Solution
Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded

in Fig. a is dA = y dx = ( 4 - x1>2 ) 2 dx = (x - 8x1>2 + 16)dx and its centroid is


~ = x.
atx
Centroid. Perform the integration

1A x dA
4 ft

L0
~ x(x - 8x1>2 + 16)dx

1A dA
x = = 4 ft

L0
( x - 8x1>2 + 16) dx

x3 16 5>2 4 ft
a - x + 8x2 b `
3 5 0
=
x2 16 3>2 4 ft
a - x + 16xb `
2 3 0

3
= 1 ft Ans.
5

Ans:
3
x = 1 ft
5

899
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

922.

Locate the centroid y of the shaded area. y

1
y  (4  x2 )2
16 ft

4 ft
x
4 ft
Solution
Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in
1
Fig. a is dA = y dx = ( 4 - x 2 ) 2 dx = (x - 8x1>2 + 16)dx and its centroid is at
y 1
y~ = = ( 4 - x1>2 ) 2.
2 2
Centroid. Perform the integration,

4 ft

1A y dA L0
1
~ ( 4 - x1>2 ) 2 ( x - 8x1>2 + 16 ) dx
2

1A dA
y = = 4 ft

L0
(x - 8x1>2 + 16)dx

4 ft

L0
1
a x2 - 8x3>2 + 48x - 128x1>2 + 128bdx
2
= 4 ft

L0
( x - 8x1>2 + 16 ) dx

x3 16 5>2 256 3>2 4 ft


a - x + 24x2 - x + 128xb `
6 5 3 0
=
x2 16 3>2 4 ft
a - x + 16xb `
2 3 0

8
= 4 ft  Ans.
55

Ans:
8
y = 4 ft
55

900
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

923.

Locate the centroid x of the shaded area. y

y   h2 x2h
a

x
a

Solution
Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig.a
h
is dA = y dx = a - 2 x2 + hbdx and its centroid is at ~
x = x.
a
Centroid. Perform the integration,
a

1A x dA L0
h 2
~ x a- x + hbdx
a2
1A dA
x = = a

L0
h 2
a- 2
x + hbdx
a

h 4 h 2 a
a- x + x b`
4a2 2 0
= a
h 3
a - 2 x + hxb `
3a 0

3
= a  Ans.
8

Ans:
3
x = a
8

901
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*924.

Locate the centroid y of the shaded area. y

y   h2 x2h
a

x
a

Solution
Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig.a
h y 1 h2
is dA = y dx = a - 2 x2 + hbdx and its centroid is at ~
y = = a - x2 + hb.
a 2 2 a
Centroid. Perform the integration,
a

1A y dA L0 2
1 h h
~ a - 2 x2 + hba - 2 x2 + hbdx
a a
1A
y = = a

L0
dA h 2
a - 2 x + hbdx
a

1 h2 5 2h2 3 2
a
a 4x - x + h xb `
2 5a 3a2 0
= a
h 3
a - 2 x + hxb `
3a 0

2
= h  Ans.
5

Ans:
2
y = h
5

902
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

925.

The plate has a thickness of 0.25 ft and a specific weight of z


g = 180 lb>ft3. Determine the location of its center of
gravity. Also, find the tension in each of the cords used to
support it.

B
16 ft
SOLUTION 16 ft C
1 y
Area and Moment Arm: Here, y = x - 8x + 16. The area of the differential
2
A 1 1
y2  x2 4
element is dA = ydx = 1x - 8x2 + 162dx and its centroid is x = x and
1 '
x
1
y = 1x - 8x2 + 162. Evaluating the integrals, we have
' 1

16 ft
1x - 8x2 + 162dx
1
A = dA =
LA L0

x2 + 16x b `
16 ft
1 16 3
= a x2 - = 42.67 ft2
2 3 0

16 ft
' 1
xdA = x31x - 8x 2 + 162dx4
LA L0

x2 + 8x2 b `
16 ft
1 16 5
= a x3 - = 136.53 ft3
3 5 0

16 ft
1
1x - 8x2 + 16231x - 8x2 + 162dx4
' 1 1
ydA =
LA L0 2

x2 + 256xb `
16 ft
1 1 3 32 5 512 3
= a x - x2 + 48x2 -
2 3 5 3 0

= 136.53 ft3

Centroid: Applying Eq. 96, we have

'
xdA
LA 136.53
x = = = 3.20 ft Ans.
42.67
dA
LA

'
ydA
LA 136.53
y = = = 3.20 ft Ans.
42.67
dA
LA

Equations of Equilibrium: The weight of the plate is W = 42.6710.25211802 = 1920 lb.

Mx = 0; 192013.202 - TA1162 = 0 TA = 384 lb Ans.

My = 0; TC1162 - 192013.202 = 0 TC = 384 lb Ans. Ans:


x = 3.20 ft
Fz = 0; TB + 384 + 384 - 1920 = 0 y = 3.20 ft
TA = 384 lb
TB = 1152 lb = 1.15 kip Ans. TC = 384 lb
TB = 1.15 kip

903
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

926.

Locate the centroid x of the shaded area. y

1 2
y x
4 ft 4

Solution
Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig.a x
1
is dA = y dx = x2 dx and its centroid is at ~
x = x. 4 ft
4
Centroid. Perform the integration
4 ft

1A x dA L0
1
~ x a x2 dxb
4

1A dA
x = = 4 ft

L0
1 2
x dx
4

1 4 4 ft
a x b`
16 0
=
1 3 4 ft
a x b`
12 0

= 3 ft  Ans.

Ans:
x- = 3 ft

904
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

927.

Locate the centroid y of the shaded area. y

1 2
y x
4 ft 4

Solution
Area And Moment arm. The area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig.a x
1 y 1 1 1
is dA = y dx = x2 dx and its centroid is located at ~
y = = a x2 b = x2. 4 ft
4 2 2 4 8
Centroid. Perform the integration,
4 ft

1A y dA L0
1 2 1 2
~ x a x dxb
8 4

1A dA
y = = 4 ft

L0
1 2
x dx
4

6
= ft  Ans.
5

Ans:
6
y = ft
5

905
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*928.

Locate the centroid x of the shaded area. y

yx

100 mm
y  1 x2
100

x
100 mm
Solution
1 2
Area And Moment arm. Here, y2 = x and y1 = x . Thus the area of the
100
1 2
differential element shown shaded in Fig. a is dA = ( y2 - y1 ) dx = ( x - x ) dx
100
~
and its centroid is at x = x.

Centroid. Perform the integration


100 mm

1A x dA L0
1 2
~ x ax - x bdx
100

1A dA
x = = 100 mm

L0
1 2
ax - x bdx
100

x3 1 4 100 mm
a - x b`
3 400 0
=
x2 1 3 100 mm
a - x b`
2 300 0

= 50.0 mm  Ans.

Ans:
x = 50.0 mm

906
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

929.
Locate the centroid y of the shaded area. y

yx

100 mm
y  1 x2
100

x
100 mm
Solution
Area And Moment arm. Here, x2 = 10y 1>2 and x1 = y. Thus, the area of the
differential element shown shaded in Fig. a is dA = ( x2 - x1 ) dy = ( 10y1>2 - y ) dy
and its centroid is at ~
y = y.
Centroid. Perform the integration,
100 mm

1A y dA L0
~ y a10y1>2 - ybdy

1A dA
y = = 100 mm

L0
1>2
a10y - ybdy

y3 100 mm
a4y 5>2 - b`
3 0
=
20 3>2 y2 100 mm
a y - b`
3 2 0
= 40.0 mm  Ans.

Ans:
y = 40.0 mm

907
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

930.

Locate the centroid x of the shaded area. y

h
y 
ax
h h
y( )(xb)
ab
x
b
Solution
a a - b
Area And Moment arm. Here x1 = y and x2 = a b y + b. Thus the area
h h
a - b a
of the differential element is dA = ( x2 - x1 ) dy = c a by + b - y d dy =
h h
b x -x 1 a b b
( b - y ) dy and its centroid is at ~x = x1 + 2 1 = ( x2 + x1 ) = y - y + .
h 2 2 h 2h 2
Centroid. Perform the integration,
h

1A x dA L0
a b b b
~ a y - y + b c ab - ybdy d
h 2h 2 h

1A
x = = h

L0
dA b
ab - ybdy
h

b b b2 h
c (a - b)y2 + 2
(b - 2a)y3 + yd `
2h 6h 2 0
=
b 2 h
aby - y b`
2h 0

bh
(a + b)
6
=
bh
2
1
= (a + b)  Ans.
3

Ans:
1
x = (a + b)
3

908
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

931.

Locate the centroid y of the shaded area. y

h
y 
ax
h h
y( )(xb)
ab
x
b
Solution
a a - b
Area And Moment arm. Here, x1 = y and x2 = a by + b. Thus the area
h h
a - b a
of the differential element is dA = ( x2 - x1 ) dy = c a by + b - y d dy =
h h
b
ab - ybdy and its centroid is at ~ y = y.
h
Centroid. Perform the integration,
h

1A y dA L0
b
~ y ab - ybdy
h

1A dA
y = = h

L0
b
ab - ybdy
h

b b 3 h
a y2 - y b`
2 3h 0
=
b 2 h
aby - y b`
2h 0

1 2
bh
6 h
= =  Ans.
1 3
bh
2

Ans:
h
y =
3

909
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*932.

Locate the centroid x of the shaded area. y

x
y  a sin a

SOLUTION a

Area and Moment Arm: The area of the differential element is x


x ap
dA = ydx = a sin dx and its centroid are x = x
a
pa
x
x a a sin dx b
'
xdA
LA L0 a
x = = pa
x
dA a sin dx
LA L0 a

- x a a2 cos b d `
pa
x x
c a3 sin
a a 0
=
b`
x pa
a -a2 cos
a 0

p
= a Ans.
2

Ans:
p
x = a
2

910
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

933.

Locate the centroid y of the shaded area. y

x
y a sin a

SOLUTION a

Area and Moment Arm: The area of the differential element is x


x y a x
dA = ydx = a sin dx and its centroid are y = = sin . ap
a 2 2 a

bd`
pa
1 2 1 2x pa
c a a x - a sin
a x x
ydA sin aa sin dxb
L0 2 a a 4 2 a
y = LA = =
0
=
pa
Ans.
pa
x 8
a -a cos b `
pa
dA a sin dx 2 x
LA L0 a a 0

Ans:
pa
y =
8

911
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

934.

The steel plate is 0.3 m thick and has a density of y


7850 kg>m3. Determine the location of its center of mass.
Also compute the reactions at the pin and roller support. y2  2x

2m

SOLUTION
x
y1 = - x1 A

y 22 = 2x2 2m

dA = 1y2 - y12 dx = A 22x + x B dx y  x


B
'
x = x
2m
' y2 + y1 22x - x
y = =
2 2
2
x A 22x + x B dx
2
222 5>2 1
c x + x3 d
'
x dA
LA L0 5 3 0
x= = 2
= = 1.2571 = 1.26 m Ans.
A 22x + x B dx
2
2 22 3>2 1
dA c x + x2 d
LA L0 3 2 0
2
A 22x + x B dx
22x - x x2 1 2
c - x3 d
'
y dA
LA L0 2 2 6 0
y = = 2
= = 0.143 m Ans.
A 22x + x B dx
2
2 22 3>2 1
dA c x + x2 d
LA L0 3 2 0

A = 4.667 m2

W = 785019.81214.667210.32 = 107.81 kN

a + MA = 0; -1.25711107.812 + NB A 2 22 B = 0

NB = 47.92 = 47.9 kN Ans.

: Fx = 0;
+ - A x + 47.92 sin 45 = 0

A x = 33.9 kN Ans.

+ c Fy = 0; A y + 47.92 cos 45 - 107.81 = 0

A y = 73.9 kN Ans.

Ans:
x = 1.26 m
y = 0.143 m
NB = 47.9 kN
Ax = 33.9 kN
Ay = 73.9 kN

912
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

935.

Locate the centroid x of the shaded area. y

h
y  h  n xn
a

h
h
yh
a x

x
a

Solution
h n h
Area And Moment Arm. Here, y2 = h - x and y1 = h - x. Thus, the
an a
area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig. a is dA = ( y2 - y1 ) dx
h n h h h
= ch - x - ah - xb d dx = a x - n xn bdx and its centroid is ~
x = x.
an a a a
Centroid. Perform the integration
a

1A x dA L0
h h
~ x a x - n xn bdx
a a

1A
x = = a

L0 a
dA h h n
a x - n x bdx
a
a
h 3 h
c x - n xn + 2 d `
3a a (n + 2) 0
= a
h 2 h
c x - n xn + 1 b `
2a a (n + 1) 0

ha2 (n - 1)
3(n + 2)
=
ha(n - 1)
2(n + 1)

2(n + 1)
= c da  Ans.
3(n + 2)

Ans:
2(n + 1)
x = c da
3(n + 2)

913
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*936.

Locate the centroid y of the shaded area. y

h
y  h  n xn
a

h
h
yh
a x

x
a

Solution
h n h
Area And Moment Arm. Here, y2 = h - x and y1 = h - x. Thus, the
an a
area of the differential element shown shaded in Fig. a is dA = ( y2 - y1 ) dx
h h h h
= c h - n xn - ah - xb d dx = a x - n xn bdx and its centroid is at
a a a a
y2 - y1 1 1 h h 1 h h

y = y1 + a b = ( y2 + y1 ) = ah - n xn + h - xb = a2h - n xn - xb.
2 2 2 a a 2 a a
Centroid. Perform the integration
a

1A y dA L0
1 h h h h
~ a2h - n xn - xba x - n xn bdx
2 a a a a

1A
y = = a

L0
dA h h n
a x - n x bdx
a a

1 h2 2 h2 2h2 h2 a
c x - 2 x3 - n xn + 1 + 2n x2n + 1 d `
2 a 3a a (n + 1) a (2n + 1) 0
= a
h 2 h
c x - n xn + 1 b `
2a a (n + 1) 0

(4n + 1) (n - 1)
h2a c d
6(n + 1)(2n + 1)
=
n - 1
hac d
2(n + 1)

(4n + 1)
= c d h  Ans.
3(2n + 1)

Ans:
(4n + 1)
y = c d h
3(2n + 1)

914
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

937.

Locate the centroid x of the circular sector. y

a
C
x
a

Solution
Area And Moment Arm. The area of the differential element shown in Fig. a is
1 2
dA = r 2 du and its centroid is at x~ = r cos u.
2 3
Centroid. Perform the integration

1A x dA L-a
a
2 1
~ a r cos u ba r 2 du b
3 2

1A dA
x = =

L-a
a
1 2
r du
2

1 a
a r 3 sin u b `
3 -a
=
1 a
a r2 ub `
2 -a

2 3
r sin a
3
=
r2 a

2 r sin a
= a b Ans.
3 a

Ans:
2 r sin a
x = a b
3 a

915
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

938.

Determine the location r of the centroid C for the loop of the r2 = 2a2 cos 2
lemniscate, r2 = 2a2 cos 2u, ( -45 u 45).
r
O
C

_
r
SOLUTION
1 1
dA = (r) r du = r2 du
2 2
45
1
A = 2 (2a2 cos 2u)du = a2 C sin 2u D 45
0 = a2
L0 2
45 45
x dA 2 A 23 r cos u B A 12r2du B 2
3 r3 cos u du
LA L0 L0
x = = =
a2 2
a
dA
LA
45 45
2 3 2
x dA = r cos u du = A 2a2 B 3/2 cos u (cos 2 u)3/2du = 0.7854 a3
LA 3 L0 3 L0

0.7854 a 3
x = = 0.785 a Ans.
a2

Ans:
x = 0.785 a

916
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

939.

Locate the center of gravity of the volume. The material is z


homogeneous.

2m

SOLUTION 2m
y 2 = 2z
Volume and Moment Arm: The volume of the thin disk differential element is
' y
dV = py2dz = p12z2dz = 2pzdz and its centroid z = z.

Centroid: Due to symmetry about z axis


- = y
x -= 0 Ans.

Applying Eq. 93 and performing the integration, we have


2m
'
z dV z12pzdz2
- Lv L0
z = = 2m
dV 2pzdz
Lv L0

z3 2m
2p
3 0 4
= = m Ans.
z2 2m 3
2p
2 0

Ans:
x = y = 0
4
z = m
3

917
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*940.

Locate the centroid y of the paraboloid. z

z2 = 4y

4m

y
SOLUTION
Volume and Moment Arm: The volume of the thin disk differential element is
'
dV = pz2dy = p14y2dy and its centroid y = y.
4m

Centroid: Applying Eq. 93 and performing the integration, we have


4m
'
ydV y3p14y2dy4
LV L0
y = = 4m
dV p14y2dy
LV L0
y3 4m
4p
3 0
= = 2.67 m Ans.
2 4m
y
4p
2 0

Ans:
y = 2.67 m

918
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

941.

Locate the centroid z of the frustum of the right-circular z


cone.
r

h
R
SOLUTION
y - r h - z x y
Volume and Moment Arm: From the geometry, = ,
R - r h
1r - R2z + Rh
y = . The volume of the thin disk differential element is
h

1r - R2z + Rh 2
dV = py2dz = pc a b d dz
h

c1r - R22z2 + 2Rh1r - R2z + R2h2 ddz


p
=
h2

and its centroid z = z.

Centroid: Applying Eq. 95 and performing the integration, we have


h
zb 31r - R22z2 + 2Rh1r - R2z + R2h24dz r
' p
z dV
LV L0 h2
z = = h
3r - R22z2 + 2Rh1r - R2z + R2h24dz
dV p
LV L0 h
2

B R `
4
2 z z3 2 2 z
2 h
1r
p
- R2 + 2Rh1r - R2 + R h
h2 4 3 2 0
=
+ R2h21z2 `
3
2 z z2 h
1r
p
- R2 + 2Rh1r - R2
h2 3 2 0

R2 + 3r2 + 2rR
= h Ans.
4 R2 + r2 + rR

Ans:
R2 + 3r 2 + 2rR
z = h
4(R2 + r 2 + rR)

919
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

942.

Determine the centroid y of the solid. z


y
z  (y  1)
6

SOLUTION 1 ft
y
Differential Element: The thin disk element shown shaded in Fig. a will be considered. The x
volume of the element is
3 ft
y 2
dV = pz2 dy = pc (y - 1) d dy =
p 4
(y - 2y3 + y2)dy
6 36
Centroid: The centroid of the element is located at yc = y. We have

3 ft 3 ft
p y6 y4 3 ft
A y - 2y3 + y2 B dy d A y - 2y4 + y3 B dy
2
yc c d2
p 4 p 5
y~ dV - y5 +
LV L0 36 L0 36 36 6 5 4 0
y = = 3 ft
= 3 ft
=
A y - 2y3 + y2 B dy A y - 2y3 + y2 B dy
p y5 y4 y 3 3 ft
c d2
dV p 4 p 4
- +
LV L0 36 L0 36 36 5 2 3 0

= 2.61 ft Ans.

Ans:
y = 2.61 ft

920
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

943.

Locate the centroid of the quarter-cone. z

SOLUTION
a
'
z = z y

a x
r = (h - z)
h

p 2 p a2
dV = r dz = (h - z)2 dz
4 4 h2
h
p a2 p a2 2 z3 h
dV = 2
(h2 - 2hz + z2) dz = 2
c h z - hz2 + d
L 4 h L0 4h 3 0

p a2 h3 pa2 h
= 2
a b =
4h 3 12
2 h
pa p a 2 2 z2 z3 z4 h
ch d
' 2 2
z dV = 2
(h - 2hz + z ) z dz = - 2h +
L 4 h L0 4 h2 2 3 4 0

p a2 h4 pa2h2
= a b =
4 h2 12 48

' p a2 h2
z dV
L 48 h
z = = = Ans.
p a2h 4
dV
L 12
h h
' pa 2 4r pa2 4a
xdV = 2
(h - z)2 dz = 2
(h3 - 3h2 z + 3hz2 - z3) dz
L 4 h L0 3p 4 h 3
L0 p h

p a2 4a 3h4 h4
= a h4
- + h4
- b
4 h2 3ph 2 4

p a2 a h3 a3 h
= a b =
4 h2 3p 12

'a3 h
xdV
L 12 a
x = y = = = Ans.
p a2h p
dV
L 12

Ans:
h
z =
4
a
x = y =
p

921
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*944.

The hemisphere of radius r is made from a stack of very thin z


plates such that the density varies with height r = kz,
where k is a constant. Determine its mass and the distance
to the center of mass G.
G

_
r z
SOLUTION y
x
Mass and Moment Arm: The density of the material is r = kz. The mass of the thin
disk differential element is dm = rdV = rpy2dz = kz3p(r2 - z2) dz4 and its
'
centroid z = z. Evaluating the integrals, we have

r
m = dm = kz3p(r2 - z2) dz4
Lm L0

= pk - ` =
r2z2 z4 r pkr4
Ans.
2 4 0 4

r
'
z dm = z5kz3p(r2 - z2) dz46
Lm L0

= pk - ` =
r2z3 z5 r 2pkr5
3 5 0 15

Centroid: Applying Eq. 93, we have

'
2pkr5>15
z dm
Lm 8
z = = = r Ans.
pkr4>4 15
dm
Lm

Ans:
pkr 4
m =
4
8
z = r
15

922
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

945.

Locate the centroid z of the volume. z


1m

y2  0.5z

2m

Solution
Volume And Moment arm. The volume of the thin disk differential element shown y
shaded in Fig. a is dV = py2 dz = p(0.5z)dz and its centroid is at ~
z = z.

Centroid. Perform the integration x

2m

1V z dV L0
~ z[p(0.5z)dz]

1V dV
z = = 2m

L0
p(0.5z)dz

0.57 3 2 m
z `
3 0
=
0.5p 2 2 m
z `
2 0

4
= m Ans.
3

Ans:
4
z = m
3

923
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

946.

Locate the centroid of the ellipsoid of revolution. z

y2 z2
 1
b2 a 2
a

x y
SOLUTION
b
dV = p z2 dy
b
y2 y3 b
2pa2b
dV = p a2 a 1 - 2
b dy = p a2 c y - 2
d =
L L0 b 3b 0 3
b 2 2
y y y4 b p a2b2
p a2y a1 - b dy = p a2 c d =
'
ydV = 2
- 2
L L0 b 2 4b 0 4

' pa2b2
ydV
LV 4 3
y = = = b Ans.
2pa2b 8
dV
LV 3

x = z = 0 (By symmetry) Ans.

Ans:
3
y = b
8
x = z = 0

924
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

947.

Locate the center of gravity z of the solid. z

2

z  4y 3 16 in.
SOLUTION
Differential Element: The thin disk element shown shaded in Fig. a will be
considered. The volume of the element is
2
y
1
dV = py2 dz = pc z3>2 d dz =
p 3
z dz 8 in.
8 64
x
Centroid: The centroid of the element is located at zc = z. We have

16 in. 16 in.
p z5 16 in.
zc z dz d a b2
~ p 3 p 4
z dV z dz
LV L0 64 L0 64 64 5 0
z = = 16 in.
= 16 in.
= = 12.8 in. Ans.
p z4 2 16 in.
a b
dV p 3 p 3
z dz z dz
LV L0 64 L0 64 64 4 0

Ans:
z = 12.8 in.

925
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*948.

Locate the center of gravity y of the volume. The material is z


homogeneous.
z  1 y2
100

4 in.
1 in. y

10 in. 10 in.

Solution
Volume And Moment Arm. The volume of the thin disk differential element shown
1 2 2 p
shaded in Fig. a is dV = pz2 dy = pa y b dy = y4 dy and its centroid is
100 10000
at ~
y = y.

Centroid. Perform the integration


20 in.

1V y dV L10 in.
p
~ ya y4 dyb
10000

1V dV
y = = 20 in.

L10 in. 10000


p
y4 dy

20 in.
p
a y6 b `
60000 10 in.
= 20 in.
p
a y5 b `
50000 10 in.

= 16.94 in. = 16.9 in. Ans.

Ans:
y = 16.9 in.

926
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

949.

Locate the centroid z of the spherical segment. z

z2 a2 y2

C 1a

2
a
SOLUTION z
2 2 2
dV = py dz = p(a - z ) dz
y
z = z
a
' x
z dV p z (a2 - z2)dz
LV L
a
2
z = = a
dV p (a 2 - z2)dz
LV La2

p B a2 a b - a bR
z2 z4 a
pB R pB R
a4 a4 a4 a4 9a 4
- - +
2 4 a
2
2 4 8 64 64
= = =
p B a (z) - a b R pBa - R pB R
2 z3 a a3
3 a3 a3 5a 3
- +
3 a
2
3 2 24 24
z = 0.675 a Ans.

Ans:
z = 0.675a

927
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

950.

Determine the location z of the centroid for the z


tetrahedron. Hint: Use a triangular plate element parallel
to the xy plane and of thickness dz.

b
a

SOLUTION c

1 1
yb = ca1 - xb
y
z = ca1 -
b a
c c
1 1 z z abc
a a 1 - b ba 1 - b dz =
x
dV = (x)(y)dz =
L L0 2 2 L0 c c 6
c
1 z z a b c2
z a a 1 - b ba 1 - b dz =
'
z dV =
L 2 L0 c c 24

' a b c2
z dV
L 24 c
z = = = Ans.
abc 4
dV
L 6

Ans:
c
z =
4

928
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

951.

The truss is made from five members, each having a length y


of 4 m and a mass of 7 kg>m. If the mass of the gusset plates
at the joints and the thickness of the members can be
neglected, determine the distance d to where the hoisting
cable must be attached, so that the truss does not tip d 4m C
B
(rotate) when it is lifted.

4m 4m
4m
SOLUTION
60
xM = 4(7)(1+ 4 + 2 + 3 + 5) = 420 kg # m
'
x
A 4m D
M = 4(7)(5) = 140 kg
'
xM 420
d = x = = = 3m Ans.
M 140

Ans:
d = 3m

929
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*952.

Determine the location (x, y, z) of the centroid of the z


homogeneous rod.

200 mm
x
30

600 mm

100 mm
y
Solution
Centroid. Referring to Fig. a, the length of the segments and the locations of their
respective centroids are tabulated below

Segment L(mm) x~(mm) y~(mm) z~(mm) x~ L(mm2) y~ L(mm2) z~ L(mm2)


1 200 0 0 100 0 0 20.0 ( 103 )

2 600 300 cos 30 300 sin 30 0 155.88 ( 103 ) 90.0 ( 103 ) 0

3 100 600 cos 30 600 sin 30 50 51.96 ( 103 ) 30.0 ( 103 ) - 5.0 ( 103 )

a 207.85 ( 103 ) 120.0 ( 103 ) 15.0 ( 103 )


900

Thus,
~
xL 207.85 ( 103 ) mm2
x = = = 230.94 mm = 231 mm Ans.
L 900 mm

~
yL 120.0 ( 103 ) mm2
y = = = 133.33 mm = 133 mm Ans.
L 900 mm

~
zL 15.0 ( 103 ) mm2
z = = = 16.67 mm = 16.7 mm Ans.
L 900 mm2

Ans:
x = 231 mm
y = 133 mm
z = 16.7 mm

930
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

953.

A rack is made from roll-formed sheet steel and has the y


cross section shown. Determine the location 1x, y2 of the 30 mm
centroid of the cross section. The dimensions are indicated
at the center thickness of each segment.

80 mm
SOLUTION
50 mm
L = 15 + 50 + 15 + 30 + 30 + 80 + 15 = 235 mm
'
xL = 7.5(15) + 0(50) + 7.5(15) + 15(30) + 30(30) + 45(80) + 37.5(15) = 5737.50 mm2
' x
yL = 0(15) + 25(50) + 50(15) + 65(30) + 80(30) + 40(80) + 0(15) = 9550 mm2
'
xL 5737.50 15 mm 15 mm
x = = = 24.4 mm Ans.
L 235
'
yL 9550
y = = = 40.6 mm Ans.
L 235

Ans:
x = 24.4 mm
y = 40.6 mm

931
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

954.

Locate the centroid (x, y) of the metal cross section. Neglect y


the thickness of the material and slight bends at the corners.

50 mm

150 mm
SOLUTION
Centroid: The length of each segment and its respective centroid are tabulated below. x

' '
Segment L (mm) y (mm) y L (mm2) 50 mm 100 mm 100 mm 50 mm
1 50p 168.17 26415.93
2 180.28 75 13520.82
3 400 0 0
4 180.28 75 13520.82

917.63 53457.56

- = 0
Due to symmetry about y axis, x Ans.
'
yL 53457.56
y = = = 58.26 mm = 58.3 mm Ans.
L 917.63

Ans:
x = 0
y = 58.3 mm

932
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

955.

Locate the center of gravity 1x, y, z2 of the homogeneous z


wire.

400 mm
SOLUTION
2 (300) p
a b (300) = 165 000 mm2
'
xL = 150(500) + 0(500) + y
p 2
300 mm

L = 500 + 500 + a b (300) = 1471.24 mm


p
2
' x
xL 165 000
x = = = 112 mm Ans.
L 1471.24

Due to symmetry,

y = 112 mm Ans.

z L = 200(500) + 200(500) + 0 a b (300) = 200 000 mm2


' p
2
'
zL 200 000
z = = = 136 mm Ans.
L 1471.24

Ans:
x = 112 mm
y = 112 mm
z = 136 mm

933
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*956.

The steel and aluminum plate assembly is bolted together y


and fastened to the wall. Each plate has a constant width in
the z direction of 200 mm and thickness of 20 mm. If the
density of A and B is rs = 7.85 Mg>m3, and for C,
ral = 2.71 Mg>m3, determine the location x of the center of 100 mm
mass. Neglect the size of the bolts. 200 mm
A
x
C
SOLUTION B
300 mm
m = 2 C 7.85(10)3(0.3)(0.2)(0.02) D + 2.71(10)3(0.3)(0.2)(0.02) = 22.092 kg
'
xm = 150{2 C 7.85(10)3(0.3)(0.2)(0.02) D }+350 C 2.71(10)3(0.3)(0.2)(0.02) D

= 3964.2 kg.mm
'
xm 3964.2
x = = = 179 mm Ans.
m 22.092

Ans:
x = 179 mm

934
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

957.

Locate the center of gravity G1x, y2 of the streetlight. Neglect 1m 1.5 m


y
the thickness of each segment. The mass per unit length of
each segment is as follows: rAB = 12 kg>m, rBC = 8 kg>m,
rCD = 5 kg>m, and rDE = 2 kg>m.
D E
90 1 m
1m
1m
C
SOLUTION G (x, y)
3m
2(1) p
xm = 0(4)(12) + 0(3)(8) + 0(1)(5) + a 1 - b a b(5)
'
p 2
B
+ 1.5 (1) (5) + 2.75 (1.5) (2) = 18.604 kg # m

p 4m
m = 4 (12)+3 (8)+ 1(5)+ (5) + 1(5) + 1.5 (2) = 92.854 kg
2
' A
xm 18.604 x
x = = = 0.200 m Ans.
m 92.854

2(1) p
ym = 2 (4) (12) + 5.5 (3)(8) + 7.5(1) (5) + a 8 + b a b(5)
'
p 2

+ 9 (1) (5) + 9(1.5) (2) = 405.332 kg # m


'
ym 405.332
y = = = 4.37 m Ans.
m 92.854

Ans:
x = 0.200 m
y = 4.37 m

935
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

958.

Determine the location y of the centroidal axis x - x of the 150 mm


beams cross-sectional area. Neglect the size of the corner 15 mm
welds at A and B for the calculation. B

y
150 mm 15 mm

C
x x
SOLUTION
A
'
yA = 7.5(15) (150) + 90(150) (15) + 215(p) (50)2

= 1 907 981.05 mm2 50 mm

A = 15(150) + 150(15) + p(50)2

= 12 353.98 mm2
'
yA 1 907 981.05
y = = = 154 mm Ans.
A 12 353.98

Ans:
y = 154 mm

936
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

959.

Locate the centroid (x, y) of the shaded area. y


6 in.

6 in.

6 in.

6 in.
Solution
Centroid. Referring to Fiq. a, the areas of the segments and the locations of their
respective centroids are tabulated below

3 A(in.3)
Segment A(in.2) x(in.)
y (in.) xA(in. ) y
1 12(12) 0 0 0 0

2 1 -4 4 72.0 -72.0
- (6)(6)
2
126 72.0 -72.0

Thus,

x~A 72.0 in.3


x = = = 0.5714 in. = 0.571 in. Ans.
A 126 in.2
y~A - 72.0 in.3
y = = = - 0.5714 in. = - 0.571 in. Ans.
A 126 in.2

Ans:
x = 0.571 in.
y = - 0.571 in.

937
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*960.

Locate the centroid y for the beams cross-sectional area.

120 mm

240 mm

x
y

Solution 240 mm
Centroid. The locations of the centroids measuring from the x axis for segments 240 mm
120 mm
1 and 2 are indicated in Fig. a. Thus
y~A 300(120)(600) + 120(240)(120)
y = =
A 120(600) + 240(120)

= 248.57 mm = 249 mm

Ans:
y = 249 mm

938
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

961.

Determine the location y of the centroid C of the beam 150 mm


having the cross-sectional area shown. 15 mm
B
y

C
x x
150 mm

15 mm

15 mm A
100 mm
Solution
Centroid. The locations of the centroids measuring from the x axis for segments 1,
2 and 3 are indicated in Fig. a. Thus

~
yA 7.5(15)(150) + 90(150)(15) + 172.5(15)(100)
y = =
A 15(150) + 150(15) + 15(100)

= 79.6875 mm = 79.7 mm Ans.

Ans:
y = 79.7 mm

939
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

962.

Locate the centroid (x, y) of the shaded area. y

6 in.

3 in.

6 in.

x
Solution 6 in.

Centroid. Referring to Fig. a, the areas of the segments and the locations of their respective
centroids are tabulated below

Segment A(in.2) x~(in.) y~(in.) x~A(in.3) y~A(in.3)

1 1 2 6 54.0 162.0
(6)(9)
2

2 1 -2 7 -18.0 63.0
(6)(3)
2

3 6(6) -3 3 -108.0 108.00

72.0 -72.0 333.0

Thus,
x~A - 72.0 in.3
x = = = - 1.00 in. Ans.
A 72.0 in.2
y~A 333.0 in.3
y = = = 4.625 in. Ans.
A 72.0 in.2

Ans:
x = - 1.00 in.
y = 4.625 in.

940
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

963.

Determine the location y of the centroid of the beams cross-


sectional area. Neglect the size of the corner welds at A and B
for the calculation.

35 mm

SOLUTION 110 mm
2
35 35
yA = p(25)2(25) + 15(110)(50 + 55) + pa b a50 + 110 + b = 393 112 mm3
' C
2 2 15 mm

35 2
A = p(25)2 + 15(110) + p a b = 4575.6 mm2
B
y
2
50 mm
'
yA 393 112
y = = = 85.9 mm Ans.
A 4575.6

Ans:
y = 85.9 mm

941
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*964.

Locate the centroid (x, y) of the shaded area. y

1 in. 3 in.

x
3 in. 3 in.

Solution
Centroid. Referring to Fig. a, the areas of the segments and the locations of their respective
centroids are tabulated below

Segment A(in.2) x~(in.) y~(in.) x~A(in.3) y~A(in.3)

p 2 4 4
1 (3 ) 9.00 9.00
4 p p

2 3(3) - 1.5 1.5 -13.50 13.50

1
3 (3)(3) -4 1 -18.00 4.50
2
p 2 4
4 - (1 ) 0 0 -0.67
2 3p

18.9978 -22.50 26.33

Thus,

x~A - 22.50 in.3


x = = = - 1.1843 in. = -1.18 in. Ans.
A 18.9978 in.2
y~A 26.33 in.3
y = = = 1.3861 in. = 1.39 in. Ans.
A 18.9978 in.2

Ans:
x = - 1.18 in.
y = 1.39 in.

942
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

965.

Determine the location (x, y) of the centroid C of the area. y

1.5 in.

1.5 in.

1.5 in. 1.5 in.


x

Solution 1.5 in.

Centroid. Referring to Fig. a, the areas of the segments and the locations of their respective
centroids are tabulated below.

Segment A(in.2) x~(in.) y~(in.) x~A(in.3) y~A(in.3)

1 3(3) 1.5 1.5 13.5 13.5

p 2 2
2 - (1.52) -1.125 -1.125
4 p p
1 2.5
3 - (1.5)(1.5) 2.5 -2.8125 -2.8125
2

6.1079 9.5625 9.5625

Thus

x~A 9.5625 in.3


x = = = 1.5656 in. = 1.57 in. Ans.
A 6.1079 in.2
y~A 9.5625 in.3
y = = = 1.5656 in. = 1.57 in. Ans.
A 6.1079 in.2

Ans:
x = 1.57 in.
y = 1.57 in.

943
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

966.

Determine the location y of the centroid C for a beam having y


the cross-sectional area shown. The beam is symmetric with
respect to the y axis.

3 in.
C
y
SOLUTION 1 in.
x
' 2 in. 1 in. 2 in. 1 in.
yA = 6(4)(2) - 1(1)(0.5) - 3(1)(2.5) = 40 in3

A = 6(4) - 1(1) - 3(1) = 20 in2


'
yA 40
y = = = 2 in. Ans.
A 20

Ans:
y = 2 in.

944
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

967.

Locate the centroid y of the cross-sectional area of the


beam constructed from a channel and a plate. Assume all
corners are square and neglect the size of the weld at A.
20 mm y
350 mm
C
10 mm
A

70 mm

SOLUTION 325 mm 325 mm


Centroid: The area of each segment and its respective centroid are tabulated below.

' '
Segment A (mm2) y (mm) y A (mm3)
1 350(20) 175 1 225 000
2 630(10) 355 2 236 500
3 70(20) 385 539 000

14 700 4 000 500

Thus,
'
' yA 4 000 500
y = = = 272.14 mm = 272 mm Ans.
A 14 700

Ans:
y = 272 mm

945
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*968.

A triangular plate made of homogeneous material has a z


constant thickness which is very small. If it is folded over as 1 in.
shown, determine the location y of the plates center of 1 in.
gravity G. 3 in.

SOLUTION y
G
1 z
A = (8) (12) = 48 in2 6 in. 1 in.
2
3 in.
1 1
yA = 2(1) a b (1)(3) + 1.5(6)(3) + 2(2) a b(1)(3)
' y
2 2 3 in.
x 3 in. 1 in.
= 36 in3
'
yA 36
y = = = 0.75 in. Ans.
A 48

Ans:
y = 0.75 in.

946
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

969.

A triangular plate made of homogeneous material has a z


constant thickness which is very small. If it is folded over as 1 in.
shown, determine the location z of the plates center of 1 in.
gravity G. 3 in.

SOLUTION y
G
1 z
A = (8)(12) = 48 in2 6 in. 1 in.
2
3 in.
1 1
z A = 2(2) a b (2)(6) + 3(6)(2) + 6 a b (2)(3)
' y
2 2 3 in.
x 3 in. 1 in.
= 78 in3
~
zA 78
z = = = 1.625 in. Ans.
A 48

Ans:
z = 1.625 in.

947
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

970.

Locate the center of mass z of the forked lever, which z


is made from a homogeneous material and has the 0.5 in.
dimensions shown.

3 in.
2 in.
SOLUTION
G
1 1
A = 2.5(0.5) + c p (2.5)2 - p (2)2 d + 2 [(3)(0.5)] = 7.7843 in2
2 2

2.5 4(2.5) 1
(2.5) (0.5) + a 5 - b a p (2.5)2 b
' z
zA = 2.5 in.
2 3p 2

4(2) 1
- a5 - b a p (2)2 b + 6.5(2)(3)(0.5) = 33.651 in3 x
y
3p 2 0.5 in.

'
zA 33.651
z = = = 4.32 in. Ans.
A 7.7843

Ans:
z = 4.32 in.

948
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

971.

Determine the location x of the centroid C of the shaded y


area which is part of a circle having a radius r.

a
SOLUTION C
x
a
Using symmetry, to simplify, consider just the top half:
x
1 2r 1 2
sin a b - (r sin a) (r cos a) a r cos ab
'
xA = r 2 aa
2 3a 2 3

r3 r3
= sin a - sin a cos2 a
3 3

r3 3
= sin a
3

1 2 1
A = r a - (r sin a) (r cos a)
2 2

1 2 sin2a
= r aa - b
2 2
' r3
sin3 a 2
r sin3a
xA 3 3
x = = = Ans.
A r2 A a - B
1 sin 2 a sin 2a
2 2 a - 2

Ans:
2
3r sin3 a
x = sin 2a
a - 2

949
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*972.

A toy skyrocket consists of a solid conical top, a


20 mm
rt = 600 kg>m3, a hollow cylinder, rc = 400 kg>m3, and a 5 mm 100 mm
stick having a circular cross section, rs = 300 kg>m3. 3 mm
10 mm
Determine the length of the stick, x, so that the center of
gravity G of the skyrocket is located along line aa. a G
x

SOLUTION

xm = a b c a b p (5)2 (20) d (600) - 50 C p A 52 - 2.52 B (100) D (400) - C (x) p (1.5)2 D (300)


' 20 1 x
4 3 2

= - 116.24 A 106 B - x2(1060.29) kg # mm4>m3

m = c p (5)2 (20) d (600) + p A 52 - 2.52 B (100)(400) + C xp (1.5)2 D (300)


1
3

= 2.670 A 106 B + 2120.58x kg # mm3/m3


'
xm -116.24(106) - x2(1060.29)
x = = = - 100
m 2.670(106) + 2120.58x

- 116.24 A 106 B - x2 (1060.29) = - 267.0 A 106 B - 212.058 A 103 B x

1060.29x2 - 212.058 A 103 B x - 150.80 A 106 B = 0

Solving for the positive root gives

x = 490 mm Ans.

Ans:
x = 490 mm

950
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

973.

Locate the centroid y for the cross-sectional area of the


angle.

y
a a

SOLUTION t t

Centroid : The area and the centroid for segments 1 and 2 are

A 1 = t1a - t2

a - t t t 22
y1 = a + b cos 45 + 1a + 2t2
'
=
2 2 2cos 45 4

A 2 = at

a t t 22
y2 = a - b cos 45 + 1a + t2
'
=
2 2 2cos 45 4

Listed in a tabular form, we have

' '
Segment A y yA

22 22t 2
1 t1a - t2 1a + 2t2 1a + at - 2t22
4 4
22 22t 2
2 at 1a + t2 1a + at2
4 4
22t 2
t12a - t2 1a + at - t22
2

Thus,

22t 2
' 1a + at - t22
yA 2
y = =
A t12a - t2
22 a2 + at - t2
= Ans.
2 2a - t

Ans:
22 ( a2 + at - t 2 )
y =
2(2a - t)

951
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

974.

Determine the location (x, y) of the center of gravity of the 1. Rear wheels 18 lb
three-wheeler. The location of the center of gravity of each y 2. Mechanical components 85 lb
3. Frame 120 lb
component and its weight are tabulated in the figure. If the
4. Front wheel 8 lb
three-wheeler is symmetrical with respect to the xy plane,
determine the normal reaction each of its wheels exerts on
the ground.
3

2
SOLUTION
' 4 1
1 ft 1.50 ft 2 ft 1.30 ft
xW = 4.51182 + 2.31852 + 3.111202
x
= 648.5 lb # ft A B

2.30 ft 1.40 ft
W = 18 + 85 + 120 + 8 = 231 lb 0.80 ft
'
xW 648.5
x = = = 2.81 ft Ans.
W 231
'
yW = 1.301182 + 1.51852 + 211202 + 1182

= 398.9 lb # ft
'
yW 398.9
y = = = 1.73 ft Ans.
W 231

a + MA = 0; 21NB214.52 - 23112.812 = 0

NB = 72.1 lb Ans.

+ c Fy = 0; NA + 2172.12 - 231 = 0

NA = 86.9 lb Ans.

Ans:
x = 2.81 ft
y = 1.73 ft
NB = 72.1 lb
NA = 86.9 lb

952
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

975.

Locate the center of mass (x, y, z) of the homogeneous z


block assembly.

250 mm
200 mm

x 150 mm
SOLUTION 100 mm
150 mm
150 mm y
Centroid: Since the block is made of a homogeneous material, the center of mass of
the block coincides with the centroid of its volume. The centroid of each composite
segment is shown in Fig. a.
1
' (75)(150)(150)(550) + (225)(150)(150)(200) + (200) a b(150)(150)(100)
xV 2 2.165625(109)
x = = = = 120 mm Ans.
V 1 18(106)
(150)(150)(550) + (150)(150)(200) + (150)(150)(100)
2

1
' (275)(150)(150)(550) + (450)(150)(150)(200) + (50) a b(150)(150)(100)
yV 2 5.484375(109)
y = = = = 305 mm Ans.
V 1 18(106)
(150)(150)(550) + (150)(150)(200) + (150)(150)(100)
2

1
' (75)(150)(150)(550) + (75)(150)(150)(200) + (50) a b(150)(150)(100)
zV 2 1.321875(109)
z = = = = 73.4 mm Ans.
V 1 18(106)
(150)(150)(550) + (150)(150)(200) + (150)(150)(100)
2

Ans:
x = 120 mm
y = 305 mm
z = 73.4 mm

953
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*976.

The sheet metal part has the dimensions shown. Determine z


the location 1x, y, z2 of its centroid.

D
3 in.
C
SOLUTION A 4 in.
B
1 x
A = 4(3) + (3)(6) = 21 in2
2 y

1
xA = - 2(4)(3) + 0 a b (3)(6) = - 24 in3
' 6 in.
2

2 1
yA = 1.5(4)(3) + (3) a b (3)(6) = 36 in3
'
3 2

1 1
z A = 0(4)(3) - (6) a b (3)(6) = - 18 in3
'
3 2
'
xA - 24
x = = = - 1.14 in. Ans.
A 21
'
yA 36
y = = = 1.71 in. Ans.
A 21
'
zA - 18
z = = = - 0.857 in. Ans.
A 21

Ans:
x = - 1.14 in.
y = 1.71 in.
z = - 0.857 in.

954
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

977.

The sheet metal part has a weight per unit area of 2 lb>ft2 z
and is supported by the smooth rod and at C. If the cord is
cut, the part will rotate about the y axis until it reaches
equilibrium. Determine the equilibrium angle of tilt,
measured downward from the negative x axis, that AD
makes with the -x axis. D
3 in.
C
SOLUTION A 4 in.
B
Since the material is homogeneous, the center of gravity coincides with the centroid. x
y
See solution to Prob. 9-74.
6 in.
1.14
u = tan -1
a b = 53.1 Ans.
0.857

Ans:
u = 53.1

955
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

978.

The wooden table is made from a square board having a


4 ft
weight of 15 lb. Each of the legs weighs 2 lb and is 3 ft long.
Determine how high its center of gravity is from the floor.
4 ft
Also, what is the angle, measured from the horizontal,
through which its top surface can be tilted on two of its
legs before it begins to overturn? Neglect the thickness of
each leg. 3 ft

SOLUTION
'
zW 15(3) + 4(2) (1.5)
z = = = 2.48 ft Ans.
W 15 + 4(2)

2
u = tan - 1 a b = 38.9 Ans.
2.48

Ans:
z = 2.48 ft
u = 38.9

956
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

979.

The buoy is made from two homogeneous cones each


having a radius of 1.5 ft. If h = 1.2 ft, find the distance z to h
the buoys center of gravity G.
1.5 ft

z
G
4 ft
SOLUTION
1 1.2 1 4
z V = p (1.5)2 (1.2) a- b + p(1.5)2 (4) a b
'
3 4 3 4

= 8.577 ft4

1 1
V = p (1.5)2 (1.2) + p(1.5)2 (4)
3 3

= 12.25 ft3
'
zV 8.577
z- = = = 0.70 ft Ans.
V 12.25

Ans:
z = 0.70 ft

957
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*980.

The buoy is made from two homogeneous cones each


having a radius of 1.5 ft. If it is required that the buoys h
center of gravity G be located at z = 0.5 ft, determine the
height h of the top cone.
1.5 ft

z
G
4 ft
SOLUTION
1 h 1 4
z V = p (1.5)2 (h) a- b + p(1.5)2 (4) a b
'
3 4 3 4

= -0.5890 h2 + 9.4248

1 1
V = p (1.5)2 (h) + p(1.5)2 (4)
3 3

= 2.3562 h + 9.4248
'
' zV - 0.5890 h2 + 9.4248
z = = = 0.5
V 2.3562 h + 9.4248

-0.5890 h2 + 9.4248 = 1.1781 h + 4.7124

h = 2.00 ft Ans.

Ans:
h = 2.00 ft

958
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

981.

The assembly is made from a steel hemisphere, z


rst = 7.80 Mg>m3, and an aluminum cylinder,
80 mm
ral = 2.70 Mg>m3. Determine the mass center of the
assembly if the height of the cylinder is h = 200 mm.

G h

_
z
SOLUTION 160 mm
y
z m = C 0.160 - 38 (0.160) D A 23 B p(0.160)3 (7.80) + A 0.160 + 0.2
2 B p(0.2)(0.08)2(2.70)
= 9.51425(10 - 3) Mg # m
x
2 3 2
m = A B p(0.160) (7.80) + p (0.2)(0.08) (2.70)
3

= 77.7706(10 - 3) Mg

zm 9.51425(10 - 3)
z = = = 0.122 m = 122 mm Ans.
m 77.7706(10 - 3)

Ans:
z = 122 mm

959
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

982.

The assembly is made from a steel hemisphere, z


rst = 7.80 Mg>m3, and an aluminum cylinder,
ral = 2.70 Mg>m3. Determine the height h of the cylinder 80 mm
so that the mass center of the assembly is located at
z = 160 mm.
G h

_
z
SOLUTION 160 mm
y
z m = C 0.160 - 38 (0.160) D A 23 B p(0.160)3 (7.80) + A 0.160 + h
2 B p (h)(0.08)2(2.70)
= 6.691(10 - 3) + 8.686(10 - 3) h + 27.143(10 - 3) h2
x
2 3 2
m = A B p(0.160) (7.80) + p (h)(0.08) (2.70)
3

= 66.91(10 - 3) + 54.29(10 - 3) h

zm 6.691(10 - 3) + 8.686(10 - 3) h + 27.143(10 - 3) h2


z = = = 0.160
m 66.91(10 - 3) + 54.29(10 - 3) h

Solving

h = 0.385 m = 385 mm Ans.

Ans:
h = 385 mm

960
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

983.

The car rests on four scales and in this position the scale
readings of both the front and rear tires are shown by FA
and FB. When the rear wheels are elevated to a height of 3 ft
G
above the front scales, the new readings of the front wheels _
are also recorded. Use this data to compute the location x y
and y to the center of gravity G of the car. The tires each B A
have a diameter of 1.98 ft. _
x
9.40 ft
FA 1129 lb 1168 lb 2297 lb
FB 975 lb 984 lb 1959 lb

SOLUTION
G
In horizontal position 3.0 ft
B

W = 1959 + 2297 = 4256 lb A

a + MB = 0; 2297(9.40) - 4256 x = 0
FA 1269 lb 1307 lb 2576 lb
x = 5.0733 = 5.07 ft Ans.

3 - 0.990
u = sin - 1 a b = 12.347
9.40

With rear whells elevated

a + MB = 0; 2576(9.40 cos 12.347) - 4256 cos 12.347(5.0733)

- 4256 sin 12.347 y = 0

y = 2.86 ft

y = 2.815 + 0.990 = 3.80 ft Ans.

Ans:
x = 5.07 ft
y = 3.80 ft

961
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*984.

Determine the distance h to which a 100-mm diameter hole z


must be bored into the base of the cone so that the center of
mass of the resulting shape is located at z = 115 mm. The
material has a density of 8 Mg>m3.

1 0.5
2
3 p10.152 10.52 4A B - p10.05221h2 A h2 B
1 2
= 0.115 500 mm
3 p10.152 10.52 - p10.05221h2

0.4313 - 0.2875 h = 0.4688 - 1.25 h2


h C _
z
y
h2 - 0.230 h - 0.0300 = 0 50 mm
150 mm

Choosing the positive root,


x
h = 323 mm Ans.

Ans:
h = 323 mm

962
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

985.

Determine the distance z to the centroid of the shape which z


consists of a cone with a hole of height h = 50 mm bored into
its base.

500 mm
SOLUTION

z V = p (0.15)2 A 0.5 B a
1 0.5 0.05
b - p (0.05)2 (0.05) a b
' h C
3 4 2 z
y
50 mm
-3
= 1.463(10 ) m 4 150 mm

1
V = p (0.15)2 (0.5) - p (0.05)2 (0.05)
3
x
3
= 0.01139 m
'
z V 1.463 (10 - 3)
z = = = 0.12845 m = 128 mm Ans.
V 0.01139

Ans:
z = 128 mm

963
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

986.

Locate the center of mass z of the assembly. The cylinder z


and the cone are made from materials having densities of
5 Mg>m3 and 9 Mg>m3, respectively.

0.4 m 0.6 m
SOLUTION
Center of mass: The assembly is broken into two composite segments, as shown in
Figs. a and b.
0.2 m 0.8 m
5000(0.4) C p(0.2 2)(0.8) D + 9000(0.8 + 0.15)c p(0.4 2)(0.6) d
1
'
zm 3
z = = x
5000 C p(0.2 2)(0.8) D + 9000c p(0.4 2)(0.6) d
m 1 y
3

1060.60
= = 0.754 m = 754 mm Ans.
1407.4

Ans:
z = 754 mm

964
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

987.

Major floor loadings in a shop are caused by the weights of z


the objects shown. Each force acts through its respective y
center of gravity G. Locate the center of gravity (x, y) of all 450 lb
these components. 1500 lb
G1 G2

9 ft
280 lb
600 lb
7 ft
6 ft G4
SOLUTION G3
12 ft
Centroid: The floor loadings on the floor and its respective centroid are tabulated 8 ft 5 ft
below. 3 ft
4 ft
Loading W (lb) x (ft) y (ft) xW(lb # ft) yW(lb # ft) x
1 450 6 7 2700 3150
2 1500 18 16 27000 24000
3 600 26 3 15600 1800
4 280 30 8 8400 2240
2830 53700 31190

Thus,

xW 53700
x = = = 18.98 ft = 19.0 ft Ans.
W 2830

yW 31190
y = = = 11.02 ft = 11.0 ft Ans.
W 2830

Ans:
x = 19.0 ft
y = 11.0 ft

965
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*988.

The assembly consists of a 20-in. wooden dowel rod and a 5 in.


tight-fitting steel collar. Determine the distance x to its 5 in.
center of gravity if the specific weights of the materials are 10 in.
gw = 150 lb>ft3 and gst = 490 lb>ft3. The radii of the dowel G
and collar are shown. x
x
2 in.
1 in.

SOLUTION
1
xW = E 10p (1)2 (20)(150) + 7.5p (5)(2 2 - 12)(490) F
(12)3

= 154.8 lb # in.

1
W = E p (1)2 (20)(150) + p (5)(2 2 - 12)(490) F
(12)3

= 18.82 lb

xW 154.8
x = = = 8.22 in. Ans.
W 18.82

Ans:
x = 8.22 in.

966
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

989.

The composite plate is made from both steel (A) and brass z
(B) segments. Determine the mass and location 1x, y, z2 of
its mass center G. Take rst = 7.85 Mg>m3 and
rbr = 8.74 Mg>m3.

A
225 mm

150 mm y
B
150 mm

30 mm
SOLUTION x
1 1
m = rV = c 8.74 a (0.15)(0.225)(0.03)b d + c 7.85a (0.15)(0.225)(0.03) b d
2 2

+ [7.85(0.15)(0.225)(0.03)]

= C 4.4246 A 10 - 3 B D + C 3.9741 A 10 - 3 B D + C 7.9481 A 10 - 3 B D

= 16.347 A 10 - 3 B = 16.4 kg Ans.

(0.150) b (4.4246) A 10 - 3 B + a 0.150 + (0.150) b (3.9741) A 10 - 3 B


2 1
xm = a0.150 +
3 3

(0.150)(7.9481)(10 -3) = 2.4971(10 -3) kg # m


1
+
2

zm = a (0.225) b(4.4246) A 10 - 3 B + a (0.225)b (3.9471) A 10 - 3 B + a b(7.9481) A 10 - 3 B


1 2 0.225
3 3 2

= 1.8221 A 10 - 3 B kg # m

xm 2.4971(10 - 3)
x = = = 0.153 m = 153 mm Ans.
m 16.347(10 - 3)

Due to symmetry:

y = - 15 mm Ans.

zm 1.8221(10 - 3)
z = = = 0.1115 m = 111 mm Ans.
m 16.347(10 - 3)

Ans:
m = 16.4 kg
x = 153 mm
y = - 15 mm
z = 111 mm

967
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

990.

Determine the volume of the silo which consists of a 10 ft 10 ft


cylinder and hemispherical cap. Neglect the thickness of
the plates. 10 ft

SOLUTION 80 ft
4(10) 1
V = u r A = 2p c a b p (10)2 + 5(80)(10) d
3p 4

= 27.2 A 103 B ft3 Ans.

Ans:
V = 27.2 ( 103 ) ft 3

968
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

991.

Determine the outside surface area of the storage tank. 15 ft

4 ft

30 ft

SOLUTION
Surface Area: Applying the theorem of Pappus and Guldinus, Eq.97. with u = 2p,
L1 = 2152 + 4 2 = 2241 ft, L2 = 30 ft, r1 = 7.5 ft and r2 = 15 ft, we have

A = ur~L = 2p C 7.5 A 2241 B + 15(30) D = 3.56 A 103 B ft2 Ans.

Ans:
A = 3.56 ( 103 ) ft 2

969
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*992.

Determine the volume of the storage tank. 15 ft

4 ft

30 ft

SOLUTION
Volume: Applying the theorem of Pappus and Guldinus, Eq. 98 with u = 2p,
1
r1 = 5 ft, r2 = 7.5 ft, A 1 = (15)(4) = 30.0 ft2 and A 2 = 30(15) = 450 ft2, we have
2

V = urA = 2p[5(30.0) + 7.5(450)] = 22.1 A 103 B ft3 Ans.

Ans:
V = 22.1 ( 103 ) ft 3

970
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

993.

Determine the surface area of the concrete sea wall,


excluding its bottom.

8 ft

SOLUTION
30 ft
Surface Area: Applying Theorem of Pappus and Guldinus, Eq. 99 with
50 5
u = a bp =
60 ft
p rad, L1 = 30 ft, L2 = 8 ft, L3 = 272 + 302 = 2949 ft,
180 18 50 15 ft
N1 = 75 ft, N2 = 71 ft and N3 = 63.5 ft as indicated in Fig. a,

5
A 1 = uNL = p [75(30) + 71(8) + 63.5( 2949)]
18
= 4166.25 ft2

The surface area of two sides of the wall is


1
A 2 = 2 c (8 + 15)(30) d = 690 ft2
2
Thus the total surface area is

A = A 1 + A 2 = 4166.25 + 690

= 4856.25 ft2

= 4856 ft2 Ans.

Ans:
A = 4856 ft2

971
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

994.

A circular sea wall is made of concrete. Determine the total


weight of the wall if the concrete has a specific weight of
gc = 150 lb>ft3.
8 ft

30 ft

SOLUTION 60 ft

50 2 1 50
V = ur~ A = a b p[a 60 + (7)b a b (30) (7) + 71(30)(8)]
15 ft
180 3 2

= 20 795.6 ft3

W = gV = 150(20 795.6) = 3.12(106) lb Ans.

Ans:
W = 3.12 ( 106 ) lb

972
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

995.

A ring is generated by rotating the quartercircular area about


the x axis. Determine its volume.

SOLUTION
2a
Volume: Applying the theorem of Pappus and Guldinus, Eq. 910, with u = 2p,
4a 6p + 4 p
r = 2a + = a and A = a2, we have
3p 3p 4

6p + 4 p 2 p(6p + 4) 3
V = urA = 2p a a = a Ans.
3p 4 6 x

Ans:
p(6p + 4)
V = a3
6

973
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*996.

A ring is generated by rotating the quartercircular area


about the x axis. Determine its surface area.

SOLUTION
2a

Surface Area: Applying the theorem of Pappus and Guldinus, Eq. 911, with u = 2p ,
pa 2(p + 1) 5
L1 = L3 = a, L2 = , r1 = 2a, r 2 = a and r3 = a, we have
2 p 2

2(p + 1) 5
a a b + a (a)
pa
A = urL = 2p 2a(a) + x
p 2 2

= p(2p + 11)a2 Ans.

Ans:
A = p(2p + 11)a2

974
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

997.

Determine the volume of concrete needed to construct


the curb.
100 mm
150 mm

30 4m
150 mm
150 mm

Solution
p p 1
V = u A r = a b[(0.15)(0.3)(4.15)] + a b c a b(0.15)(0.1)(4.25)d
6 6 2
V = 0.114 m3  Ans.

Ans:
V = 0.114 m3

975
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

998.

Determine the surface area of the curb. Do not include the


area of the ends in the calculation.
100 mm
150 mm

30 4m
150 mm
150 mm

Solution
p
A = urL = {4(0.15) + 4.075(0.15) + (4.15 + 0.075) ( 20.152 + 0.12 )
6
+ 4.3(0.25) + 4.15(0.3)}

A = 2.25 m2 Ans.

Ans:
A = 2.25 m2

976
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

999.

A ring is formed by rotating the area 360 about the xx


axes. Determine its surface area.

80 mm

50 mm
30 mm 30 mm
100 mm
x x

Solution
Surface Area. Referring to Fig. a, L1 = 110 mm, L2 = 2302 + 802 = 27300 mm
L3 = 50 mm, r1 = 100 mm, r2 = 140 mm and r3 = 180 mm. Applying the theorem
of pappus and guldinus, with u = 2p rad,
A = urL

= 2p 3 100(110) + 2 (140) ( 17300 2 + 180 (50) 4

= 275.98 ( 103 ) mm2

= 276 ( 103 ) mm2 Ans.

Ans:
A = 276(103) mm2

977
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9100.

A ring is formed by rotating the area 360 about the xx


axes. Determine its volume.

80 mm

50 mm
30 mm 30 mm
100 mm
x x

Solution
1
(60)(80) = 2400 mm2, A2 = 50(80) = 4000 mm2,
Volume. Referring to Fig. a, A1 =
2
r1 = 126.67 mm and r2 = 140 mm. Applying the theorem of pappus and guldinus,
with u = 2p rad,
V = urA

= 2p 3 126.67(2400) + 140(4000) 4

= 5.429 ( 106 ) mm3

= 5.43 ( 106 ) mm3 Ans.

Ans:
V = 5.43 ( 106 ) mm3

978
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9101.

The water-supply tank has a hemispherical bottom and


cylindrical sides. Determine the weight of water in the tank 6 ft
when it is filled to the top at C. Take gw = 62.4 lb>ft3. C

8 ft

6 ft
SOLUTION
4162 1
~ = 2p e 3182162 +
V = urA a b 1p21622 f
3p 4

V = 1357.17 ft3

W = g V = 62.411357.172 = 84.7 kip Ans.

Ans:
W = 84.7 kip

979
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9102.

Determine the number of gallons of paint needed to paint


the outside surface of the water-supply tank, which consists 6 ft
of a hemispherical bottom, cylindrical sides, and conical top. C
Each gallon of paint can cover 250 ft2.
8 ft

6 ft
SOLUTION
2162 2162p
~ = 2p e 3 A 6 22 B + 6182 +
A = urL a bf
p 4

= 687.73 ft2

687.73 ft2
Number of gal. = = 2.75 gal. Ans.
250 ft2>gal.

Ans:
Number of gal. = 2.75 gal

980
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9103.

Determine the surface area and the volume of the ring


b
formed by rotating the square about the vertical axis.

a
45

a
SOLUTION
~ = 2c 2p a b - a a
A = urL sin 45b(a) d + 2 c 2p a b + sin 45b(a) d
2 2

a2 a2
= 4p cba - sin 45 + ba + sin 45 d
2 2

= 8pba Ans.

Also
A = urL = 2p(b)(4a) = 8pba

~ = 2p(b)(a)2 = 2pba 2
V = urA Ans.

Ans:
A = 8pba
V = 2pba2

981
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9104.

Determine the surface area of the ring. T he cross section is


circular as shown.

8 in.

4 in.

SOLUTION
'
A = ur L = 2p (3) 2p (1)

= 118 in.2 Ans.

Ans:
A = 118 in.2

982
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9105.

The heat exchanger radiates thermal energy at the rate of 0.5 m


2500 kJ h for each square meter of its surface area.
Determine how many joules (J) are radiated within a
5-hour period.
0.75 m

0.75 m 1.5 m
SOLUTION

A = u r L = (2p) B 2 a b 2(0.75)2 + (0.25)2 + (0.75)(1.5) + (0.5)(1) R


0.75 + 0.5
0.75 m
2

= 16.419 m2 1m

Q = 2500 A 103 B a b A 16.416 m2 B (5 h) = 205 MJ


J
Ans.
h # m2

0.5 m

Ans:
Q = 205 MJ

983
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9106.

Determine the interior surface area of the brake piston. It


consists of a full circular part. Its cross section is shown in
the figure. 40 mm

60 mm

80 mm

SOLUTION 20 mm

A = u r L = 2 p [20(40) + 552(30)2 + (80)2 + 80(20)

+ 90(60) + 100(20) + 110(40)] 40 mm 30 mm 20 mm

A = 119(103) mm2 Ans.

Ans:
A = 119 ( 103 ) mm2

984
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9107.

The suspension bunker is made from plates which are y


curved to the natural shape which a completely flexible
10 ft
membrane would take if subjected to a full load of coal. This
curve may be approximated by a parabola, y = 0.2x2. C
Determine the weight of coal which the bunker would
B
contain when completely filled. Coal has a specific weight of
g = 50 lb>ft3, and assume there is a 20% loss in volume due
to air voids. Solve the problem by integration to determine 20 ft
the cross-sectional area of ABC; then use the second
theorem of PappusGuldinus to find the volume.

SOLUTION
x
y  0.2x2 A
x
x =
2
'
y = y

dA = x dy

L0 C 0.2
20 20
y 2
3 20.2
y2 2 = 133.3 ft2
3
dA = dy =
LA 0

20
y y2 20
x dA = dy = 2 = 500 ft3
LA L0 0.4 0.8 0

x dA
LA 500
x = = = 3.75 ft
133.3
dA
LA

V = u r A = 2p (3.75) (133.3) = 3142 ft3

W = 0.8 g V = 0.8(50)(3142) = 125 664 lb = 126 kip Ans.

Ans:
W = 126 kip

985
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9108.

Determine the height h to which liquid should be poured


into the cup so that it contacts three-fourths the surface
40 mm
area on the inside of the cup. Neglect the cups thickness for
the calculation.

160 mm
h

Solution
Surface Area. From the geometry shown in Fig. a,
r 40 1
= ; r = h
h 160 4

1 1 2 2 217
Thus, r = h and L = a hb + h = h, Fig. b. Applying the theorem of pappus and
8 A 4 4
Guldinus, with u = 2p rad,

1 217 p217 2
A = u r L = 2p a hba hb = h
8 4 16

For the whole cup, h = 160 mm. Thus

p217
Ao = a b 1 1602 2 = 1600p217 mm2
16
3 3
It is required that A = A = 1 1600p217 2 = 1200p217 mm2. Thus
4 o 4

p217 2
1200p217 = h
16
h = 138.56 mm = 139 mm Ans.

Ans:
h = 139 mm

986
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9109.

Determine the surface area of the roof of the structure if it y


is formed by rotating the parabola about the y axis.
y 16 (x2/16)

16 m

SOLUTION x

Centroid: The length of the differential element is dL = 2dx2 + dy 2 16 m

C
= b dx and its centroid is x = x. Here,
dy 2 dy x
1 + a = - . Evaluating the
dx dx 8
integrals, we nave

C
16 m
dx = 23.663 m
x2
L = dL = 1 +
L L0 64

C
16 m
x dx = 217.181 m2
' ' x2
xdL = 1 +
LL L0 64

Applying Eq. 95, we have

'
xdL
LL 217.181
x = = = 9.178 m
23.663
dL
LL

Surface Area: Applying the theorem of Pappus and Guldinus, Eq. 97, with u = 2p,
L = 23.663 m, r = x = 9.178, we have

A = urL = 2p(9.178) (23.663) = 1365 m2 Ans.

Ans:
A = 1365 m2

987
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9110.

A steel wheel has a diameter of 840 mm and a cross section 100 mm


as shown in the figure. Determine the total mass of the A 30 mm 60 mm
wheel if r = 5 Mg>m3.
420 mm
250 mm
30 mm

840 mm
80 mm

SOLUTION
Volume: Applying the theorem of Pappus and Guldinus, Eq. 912, with u = 2p, A Section AA
r1 = 0.095 m, r2 = 0.235 m, r3 = 0.39 m, A 1 = 0.110.032 = 0.003 m2,
A 2 = 0.2510.032 = 0.0075 m and A 3 = 10.1210.062 = 0.006 m2, we have
2

V = urA = 2p30.09510.0032 + 0.23510.00752 + 0.3910.00624

= 8.775p110-32m3

The mass of the wheel is

m = rV = 51103238.775110-32p4

= 138 kg Ans.

Ans:
m = 138 kg

988
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9111.

Half the cross section of the steel housing is shown in the 30 mm


20 mm
figure. There are six 10-mm-diameter bolt holes around its 40 mm
rim. Determine its mass. The density of steel is 7.85 Mg m3.
The housing is a full circular part.
10 mm
30 mm
10 mm
10 mm

10 mm
SOLUTION
V = 2p[ (40)(40)(10) + (55)(30)(10) + (75)(30)(10)] - 6 C p (5)2(10) D = 340.9 A 103 B mm3

b (340.9) A 103 B A 10-9 B m3


kg
m = rV = a7850
m3

= 2.68 kg Ans.

Ans:
m = 2.68 kg

989
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9112.

The water tank has a paraboloid-shaped roof. If one liter of y


paint can cover 3 m2 of the tank, determine the number of
liters required to coat the roof.
1 (144  x2)
y 
96

x
SOLUTION 2.5 m

Length and Centroid: The length of the differential element shown shaded in 12 m
Fig. a is

dL = 2dx2 + dy2 =
A
dy 2
1 + a b dx
dx

dy 1
where = - x. Thus,
dx 48

2482 + x2 dx
2
x2
B B
1 1
dL = 1 + a- x b dx = 1 + 2 dx =
48 48 48

Integrating,

2482 + x2 dx = 12.124 m
12 m
1
L = dL =
LL L0 48

The centroid x of the line can be obtained by applying Eq. 95 with xc = x.

2482 + x2 dx d
12 m
1
x~ dL xc
LL L0 48 73.114
x = = = = 6.031 m
12.124 12.124
dL
LL
Surface Area: Applying the first theorem of Pappus and Guldinus and using the
results obtained above with r = x = 6.031 m, we have

A = 2prL = 2p(6.031)(12.124) = 459.39 m2

Thus, the amount of paint required is

459.39
# of liters = = 153 liters Ans.
3

Ans:
153 liters

990
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9113.

Determine the volume of material needed to make the 2 in.


casting.

6 in. 6 in. 4 in.

SOLUTION Side View Front View

V = uAy

1 4(6) 1 4(2)
= 2 p c2a pb(6)2 a b + 2(6)(4) (3) - 2 a pb (2)2 a6 - bd
4 3p 2 3p

= 1402.8 in3

V = 1.40(103) in3 Ans.

Ans:
V = 1.40 ( 10 3 ) in3

991
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9114.

Determine the height h to which liquid should be poured into


the cup so that it contacts half the surface area on the inside
of the cup. Neglect the cups thickness for the calculation. 30 mm

50 mm

SOLUTION 10 mm
A = uz ~
rL = 2p{202(20)2 + (50)2 + 5(10)}

= 2p(1127.03) mm2

20h 2h
x = =
50 5

2p b 5(10) + a 10 + b a b + h2 r = (2p)(1127.03)
2h 2
5 B 5
h 1
2

10.77h + 0.2154h2 = 513.5

h = 29.9 mm Ans.

Ans:
h = 29.9 mm

992
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9115.

p
The pressure loading on the plate varies uniformly along
each of its edges. Determine the magnitude of the resultant
force and the coordinates ( x , y) of the point where the line of 40 lb/ft
action of the force intersects the plate. Hint: The equation
defining the boundary of the load has the form p ax
by c, where the constants a, b, and c have to be determined. 30 lb/ft 20 lb/ft

10 lb/ft y
5 ft
SOLUTION 10 ft
x
p = ax + by + c

At x = 0, y = 0; p = 40

40 = 0 + 0 + c; c = 40

At x = 5, y = 0, p = 30

30 = a (5) + 0 + 40; a = -2

At x = 0; y = 10, p = 20

20 = 0 + b (10) + 40; b = -2

Thus,

p = - 2x - 2y + 40
5 10
FR = p(x,y)dA = ( -2x - 2y + 40) dy dx
LA L0 L0

= - 2 A 12(5)2 B (10) - 2 A 12(10)2 B 5 + 40(5)(10)

= 1250 lb Ans.
5 10
2
xp(x,y) dA = ( -2x - 2 yx + 40 x) dy dx
LA L0 L0

= - 2 A 13(5)2 B (10) - 2 A 12 (10)2 B A 12(5)2 B + 40 A 12(5)2 B (10)

= 2916.67 lb # ft

xp(x,y) dA
LA 2916.67
x = = = 2.33 ft Ans.
1250
p(x,y)dA
LA
5 10
yp(x,y) dA = ( -2x y - 2y2 + 40y) dy dx
LA L0 L0

= - 2 A 12(5)2 B A 12(10)2 B - 2 A 13(10)3 B (5) + 40(5) A 12(10)2 B

= 5416.67 lb # ft

yp(x,y) dA
LA 5416.67
y = = = 4.33 ft Ans.
1250
p(x,y) dA
LA Ans:
FR = 1250 lb
x = 2.33 ft
y = 4.33 ft

993
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9116.

The load over the plate varies linearly along the sides of the p
plate such that p = (12 - 6x + 4y) kPa. Determine the
12 kPa
magnitude of the resultant force and the coordinates ( x, y )
18 kPa
of the point where the line of action of the force intersects x
the plate.
1.5 m 6 kPa

2m
y

Solution
Centroid. Perform the double integration.
1.5 m 2m

LA L0 L0
FR = r(x, y)dA = (12 -6x + 4y)dxdy

1.5 m 2m

L0
= 1 12x - 3x2 + 4xy 2 ` dy
0

1.5 m

L0
= (8y + 12)dy

1.5 m
= (4y2 + 12y) `
0

= 27.0 kN Ans.


1.5 m 2m

LA L0 L0
xr(x, y)dA = 1 12x - 6x2 + 4xy 2 dx dy

1.5 m 2m

L0
= (6x2 - 2x3 + 2x2y) ` dy
0

1.5 m

L0
= (8y + 8)dy

1.5 m
= 1 4y2 + 8y 2 `
0

= 21.0 kN # m
1.5 m 2m

LA L0 L0
yr(x, y)dA = 1 12y - 6xy + 4y2 2 dx dy

1.5 m 2m

L0
= 1 12xy - 3x2y + 4xy2 2 ` dy
0

1.5 m

L0
= (8y2 + 12y)dy

1.5 m
8
= a y3 + 6y2 b `
3 0

= 22.5 kN # m

994
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9116. Continued

Thus,

LA
xp(x, y)dA
21.0 kN # m 7
x = = = m = 0.778 m  Ans.

LA
27.0 kN 9
p(x, y)dA

LA
yp(x, y)dA
22.5 kN # m
y = = = 0.833 m  Ans.

LA
27.0 kN
p(x, y)dA

Ans:
FR = 27.0 kN
x = 0.778 m
y = 0.833 m

995
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9117.

The load over the plate varies linearly along the sides of the p
plate such that p = 23[x14 - y2] kPa. Determine the resultant
force and its position 1x, y2 on the plate. 8 kPa y

3m

4m
x

SOLUTION
Resultant Force and its Location: The volume of the differential element is
2 ' '
dV = d FR = pdxdy = (xdx)[(4 - y)dy] and its centroid is at x = x and y = y.
3
3m 4m
2
FR = dFR = (xdx) (4 - y)dy
LFk L0 3 L0

Ba b 2 b 2 R = 24.0 kN
2 x2 3 m y2 4 m
= a 4y - Ans.
3 2 0 2 0
3m 4m
2 2
xdFR = (x dx) (4 - y)dy
LFR L0 3 L0

Ba b 2 b 2 R = 48.0 kN # m
2 x3 3 m y2 4 m
= a 4y -
3 3 0 2 0
3m 4m
' 2
ydFR = (xdx) y(4 - y)dy
LFR L0 3 L0

B a b 2 a 2y2 - b 2 R = 32.0 kN # m
2 x2 3 m y3 4 m
=
3 2 0 3 0

'
xdFR
LFR 48.0
x = = = 2.00 m Ans.
24.0
dFR
LFR

'
ydFR
LFR 32.0
y = = = 1.33 m Ans.
24.0
dFR
LFR

Ans:
FR = 24.0 kN
x = 2.00 m
y = 1.33 m

996
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9118.

The rectangular plate is subjected to a distributed load over p


its entire surface. The load is defined by the expression
p = p0 sin (px>a) sin (py>b), where p0 represents the
pressure acting at the center of the plate. Determine the
magnitude and location of the resultant force acting on
the plate. p0

a
x
SOLUTION b
Resultant Force and its Location: The volume of the differential element is
dV = dFR = pdxdy = p0 a sin dx b asin dy b .
px py
a b
a b
a sin dx b a sin dy b
px py
FR = dFR = p0
LFR L0 a L0 b

px 2 a px 2 b
= p0 B a - b R
a b
cos b a - cos
p a 0 p b 0

4ab
= p0 Ans.
p2

Since the loading is symmetric, the location of the resultant force is at the center of
the plate. Hence,

a b
x = y = Ans.
2 2

Ans:
4ab
FR = p0
p2
a
x =
2
b
y =
2

997
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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9119.

A wind loading creates a positive pressure on one side of


the chimney and a negative (suction) pressure on the other
side, as shown. If this pressure loading acts uniformly along p
the chimneys length, determine the magnitude of the u
resultant force created by the wind.
p  p0 cos u

Solution l
p p

L- 2 L- 2
FRx = 2l 2p (p0 cos u) cos u r du = 2rlp0 2
p cos2 u du

p
= 2rlp0 a b  Ans.
2

FRx = plrp0
p

L- 2
2
FRy = 2l p (p0 cos u) sin u r du = 0

Thus,

FR = plrp0 Ans.

Ans:
p
FRx = 2rlp0 a b
2
FR = plrp0

998
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9120.

When the tide water A subsides, the tide gate automatically


swings open to drain the marsh B. For the condition of high
tide shown, determine the horizontal reactions developed C
at the hinge C and stop block D. The length of the gate is
6 m and its height is 4 m. rw = 1.0 Mg/m3. 4m
A 3m
B
2m
D
SOLUTION
Fluid Pressure: The fluid pressure at points D and E can be determined using
Eq. 913, p = rgz.

pD = 1.01103219.812122 = 19 620 N>m2 = 19.62 kN>m2

pE = 1.01103219.812132 = 29 430 N>m2 = 29.43 kN>m2

Thus,

wD = 19.62162 = 117.72 kN>m

wE = 29.43162 = 176.58 kN>m

Resultant Forces:

1
FR1 = 1176.582132 = 264.87 kN
2

1
FR2 = 1117.722122 = 117.72 kN
2

Equations of Equilibrium:

a + MC = 0; 264.87132 - 117.7213.3332 - Dx 142 = 0

Dx = 100.55 kN = 101 kN Ans.

:
+ F = 0;
x 264.87 - 117.72 - 100.55 - Cx = 0

Cx = 46.6 kN Ans.

Ans:
Dx = 101 kN
Cx = 46.6 kN

999
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9121.

The tank is filled with water to a depth of d = 4 m.


Determine the resultant force the water exerts on side A and 3m 2m
side B of the tank. If oil instead of water is placed in the tank,
to what depth d should it reach so that it creates the same
resultant forces? ro = 900 kg>m3 and rw = 1000 kg>m3.

A B
d
SOLUTION
For water

At side A:

wA = b rw g d

= 2(1000)(9.81) (4)

= 78 480 N/m

1
FRA = (78 480)(4) = 156 960 N = 157 kN Ans.
2

At side B:

wB = b rw g d

= 3(1000)(9.81)(4)

= 117 720 N>m

1
FRB = (117 720)(4) = 235 440 N = 235 kN Ans.
2

For oil

At side A:

wA = b ro g d

= 2(900)(9.81)d

= 17 658 d

1
FRA = (17 658 d)(d) = 156 960 N
2

d = 4.22 m Ans.

Ans:
For water: FRA = 157 kN
FRB = 235 kN
For oil: d = 4.22 m

1000
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9122.

The concrete gravity dam is held in place by its own 1m


weight. If the density of concrete is rc = 2.5 Mg>m3, and
water has a density of rw = 1.0 Mg>m3, determine the
smallest dimension d that will prevent the dam from
overturning about its end A. 6m

A
d1
d

Solution
Loadings. The computation will be based on b = 1 m width of the dam. The pressure
at the base of the dam is.
P = rgh = 1000(9.81)(6) = 58.86 ( 103 ) pa = 58.86 kPa
Thus
w = pb = 58.86(1) = 58.86 kN>m
The forces that act on the dam and their respective points of application, shown in
Fig. a, are
W1 = 2500 3 1(6)(1) 4 (9.81) = 147.15 ( 103 ) N = 147.15 kN

1
W2 = 2500c (d - 1)(6)(1) d (9.81) = 73.575 ( d - 1 )( 103 ) = 73.575(d - 1) kN
2
1
( FR )v = 1000c (d - 1)(6)(1) d (9.81) = 29.43 ( d - 1 )( 103 ) = 29.43(d - 1) kN
2
1
( FR ) h = (58.86)(6) = 176.58 kN
2

1 1 2 1
x1 = 0.5 x2 = 1 + (d - 1) = (d + 2) x3 = 1 + (d - 1) = (2d + 1)
3 3 3 3

1
y = (6) = 2 m
3
Equation of Equilibrium. Write the moment equation of equilibrium about A by
referring to the FBD of the dam, Fig. a,
1
a+MA = 0; 147.15(0.5) + [73.575(d - 1)]c (d + 2) d
3
1
+ [29.43(d - 1)] c (2d + 1) d - 176.58(2) = 0
3
44.145d 2 + 14.715d - 338.445 = 0
Solving and chose the positive root
d = 2.607 m = 2.61 m Ans.

Ans:
d = 2.61 m

1001
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9123.

The factor of safety for tipping of the concrete dam is defined as the y
ratio of the stabilizing moment due to the dams weight divided by 1m
the overturning moment about O due to the water pressure.
Determine this factor if the concrete has a density of
rconc = 2.5 Mg>m3 and for water rw = 1 Mg>m3.
6m

O x

4m
Solution
Loadings. The computation will be based on b = 1m width of the dam. The pressure
at the base of the dam is

P = pwgh = 1000(9.81)(6) = 58.86(103)pa = 58.86 kPa

Thus,

w = Pb = 58.86(1) = 58.86 kN>m

The forces that act on the dam and their respective points of application, shown in
Fig. a, are

W1 = (2500)[(1(6)(1)](9.81) = 147.15(103)] N = 147.15 kN

1
W2 = (2500) c (3)(6)(1) d (9.81) = 220.725(103) N = 220.725 kN
2
1
FR = (58.86)(6) = 176.58 kN
2

1 2 1
x1 = 3 + (1) = 3.5 ftx2 = (3) = 2my = (6) = 2 m
2 3 3

Thus, the overturning moment about O is

MOT = 176.58(2) = 353.16 kN # m


And the stabilizing moment about O is

Ms = 147.15(3.5) + 220.725(2) = 956.475 kN # m

Thus, the factor of safety is


Ms 956.475
F.S. = = = 2.7083 = 2.71 Ans.
MOT 353.16

Ans:
F.S. = 2.71

1002
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9124.

The concrete dam in the shape of a quarter circle.


Determine the magnitude of the resultant hydrostatic force
that acts on the dam per meter of length. The density of
water is rw = 1 Mg>m3.
3m

SOLUTION
Loading: The hydrostatic force acting on the circular surface of the dam consists of
the vertical component Fv and the horizontal component Fh as shown in Fig. a.

Resultant Force Component: The vertical component Fv consists of the weight


of water contained in the shaded area shown in Fig. a. For a 1-m length of dam,
we have

Fv = rgAABCb = (1000)(9.81) B (3)(3) - (3 ) R (1) = 18947.20 N = 18.95 kN


p 2
4

The horizontal component Fh consists of the horizontal hydrostatic pressure.


Since the width of the dam is constant (1 m), this loading can be represented
by a triangular distributed loading with an intensity of wC = rghCb =
1000(9.81)(3)(1) = 29.43 kN>m at point C, Fig. a.

1
Fh = (29.43)(3) = 44.145 kN
2
Thus, the magnitude of the resultant hydrostatic force acting on the dam is

FR = 3F h 2 + F v 2 = 344.1452 + 18.952 = 48.0 kN Ans.

Ans:
FR = 48.0 kN

1003
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9125.
The tank is used to store a liquid having a density of C
80 lb>ft3. If it is filled to the top, determine the magnitude of
force the liquid exerts on each of its two sides ABDC
A D
and BDFE.
4 ft

B F
6 ft

12 ft

3 ft E

Solution
w1 = 80(4)(12) = 3840 lb>ft

w2 = 80(10)(12) = 9600 lb>ft


ABDC :
1
F1 = (3840)(5) = 9.60 kip Ans.
2
BDEF :
1
F2 = (9600 - 3840)(6) + 3840(6) = 40.3 kip Ans.
2

Ans:
F1 = 9.60 kip
F2 = 40.3 kip

1004
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9126.

The parabolic plate is subjected to a fluid pressure that y


varies linearly from 0 at its top to 100 lb>ft at its bottom B. 2 ft 2 ft
Determine the magnitude of the resultant force and its
location on the plate. y  x2

4 ft

Solution
4

LA L0
FR = p dA = (100 - 25y)(2x dy)

L0
1 B
= 2 (100 - 25y)ay 2 dyb

2 3 2 5 4
= 2c 100 a by 2 - 25a by 2 d = 426.7 lb = 427 lb Ans.
3 5 0

LA L0
1
FR y = yp dA; 426.7 y = 2 y(100 - 25y)y 2 dy

2 5 2 7 4
426.7 y = 2c 100 a by 2 - 25a by2 d
5 7 0

426.7 y = 731.4

y = 1.71 ft Ans.

Due to symmetry,

x = 0 Ans.

Ans:
FR = 427 lb
y = 1.71 ft
x = 0

1005
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9127.

The 2-m-wide rectangular gate is pinned at its center A and


is prevented from rotating by the block at B. Determine the
reactions at these supports due to hydrostatic pressure.
rw = 1.0 Mg>m3.

6m

1.5 m
A

1.5 m
B
SOLUTION
w1 = 1000(9.81)(3)(2) = 58 860 N/m

w2 = 1000(9.81)(3)(2) = 58 860 N/m

1
F1 = (3)(58 860) = 88 290
2

F2 = (58 860)(3) = 176 580

a + MA = 0; 88 290(0.5) - FB (1.5) = 0

FB = 29 430 N = 29.4 kN Ans.

:
+ F = 0;
x 88 290 + 176 580 - 29 430 - FA = 0

FA = 235 440 N = 235 kN Ans.

Ans:
FB = 29.4 kN
FA = 235 kN

1006
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*9128.

The tank is filled with a liquid which has a density of y


900 kg>m3. Determine the resultant force that it exerts on
the elliptical end plate, and the location of the center of 1m 1m
pressure, measured from the x axis.
4 y2 x2 1

0.5 m
x
0.5 m

SOLUTION
Fluid Pressure: The fluid pressure at an arbitrary point along y axis can be
determined using Eq. 913, p = g(0.5 - y) = 900(9.81)(0.5 - y) = 8829(0.5 - y).

Resultant Force and its Location: Here, x = 21 - 4y2. The volume of the
differential element is dV = dFR = p(2xdy) = 8829(0.5 - y)[221 - 4y 2] dy. the
Evaluating integrals using Simpsons rule, we have
0.5 m
FR = d FR = 17658 (0.5 - y)(21 - 4y2)dy
LFR L-0.5 m

= 6934.2 N = 6.93 kN Ans.


0.5 m
yd FR = 17658 y(0.5 - y)(21 - 4y2)dy
LFR L-0.5 m

= - 866.7 N # m

'
ydFR
LFR - 866.7
y = = = - 0.125 m Ans.
6934.2
dFR
LFR

Ans:
FR = 6.93 kN
y = - 0.125 m

1007
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9129.

Determine the magnitude of the resultant force acting on


the gate ABC due to hydrostatic pressure. The gate has a
width of 1.5 m. rw = 1.0 Mg>m3.
1.5 m
1.25 m
B

SOLUTION 2m
w1 = 1000(9.81)(1.5)(1.5) = 22.072 kN>m
60
w2 = 1000(9.81)(2)(1.5) = 29.43 kN>m A

1
Fx = (29.43)(2) + (22.0725)(2) = 73.58 kN
2

2
F1 = c (22.072) a 1.25 + b d = 53.078 kN
tan 60

1 2
F2 = (1.5)(2)a b (1000)(9.81) = 16.99 kN
2 tan 60

Fy = F1 + F2 = 70.069 kN

F = 2F2x + F2y = 2(73.58)2 + (70.069)2 = 102 kN Ans.

Ans:
F = 102 kN

1008
2016 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9130.

The semicircular drainage pipe is filled with water.


A
Determine the resultant horizontal and vertical force
components that the water exerts on the side AB of the
2 ft
pipe per foot of pipe length; gw = 62.4 lb>ft3.

SOLUTION
Fluid Pressure: The fluid pressure at the bottom of the drain can be determined
using Eq. 913, p = gz.

p = 62.4(2) = 124.8 lb>ft2

Thus,

w = 124.8(1) = 124.8 lb>ft w

1 2 1
Resultant Forces: The area of the quarter circle is A = pr = p(2 2) = p ft2.
4 4
Then, the vertical component of the resultant force is

FR v = gV = 62.4[p(1)] = 196 lb Ans.

and the horizontal component of the resultant force is

1
FR h = (124.8)(2) = 125 lb Ans.
2

Ans:
FRv = 196 lb
FRh = 125 lb

1009