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c h a p te r 7

Presenting a mountaintop view

Hindu Scriptures of the vast library of wisdom that
molds and influences Hindu life

Ancient Holy Texts Revealed by God and Man induism proudly embraces an incredibly

H rich collection of scripture. The holiest and
most revered are the Vedas and Agamas,
two massive compendia of shruti (that which is
“heard”), both revealed by God to illumined sages
centuries and millennia ago. The array of works
known as smriti (that which is “remembered”)
is equally vast, the most prominent and widely
celebrated of which are the Itihasas (epic dramas
and history)—the Ramayana and Mahabharata—
and the Puranas (mythology). The Vedic arts and
sciences, including ayurveda, astrology, music,
dance, architecture, statecraft, domestic duty and
law, are reflected in an assembly of texts known
as Vedangas and Upavedas. Moreover, through the
ages God-realized souls, sharing their experience,
have poured forth volume upon volume that reveal
the wonders of yoga and offer passionate hymns of
devotion. The creation of Hindu scripture continues
to this day, as contemporary masters reiterate the
timeless truths to guide souls on the path to Divinity.
In this Educational Insight, we offer a simple
overview of Hindu scripture and an anthology
of verses from this luminous library of dharma.

The Word, verily, is greater than name. The Word, in fact, makes Than whom there is naught else higher, The stack of books at left holds one bound volume
The man who rejects the words of the scriptures
known the Rig Veda, the Yajur Veda, the Sama Veda, the Atharva than whom there is naught smaller, from each of the four Vedas in the Sanskrit language.
and follows the impulse of desire attains neither
Veda as the fourth, and the ancient lore as the fifth: the Veda naught greater, the One stands like For centuries they have been the basis of philosophi-
his perfection, nor joy, nor the Path Supreme. Let
of Vedas, the ritual for ancestors, calculus, the augural sciences, a tree established in heaven. By Him, cal discussion, study and commentary. The Vedas are
the scriptures be, therefore, thy authority as to
the knowledge of the signs of the times, ethics, political science, the Person, is this whole universe filled. also the subject of deep study and meditation, to
what is right and what is not right.
sacred knowledge, theology, knowledge of the spirits, military Krishna Yajur Veda, Shvetashvatara realize the wisdom of the ancients within oneself.
Bhagavad Gita .-, Mascaro, p. 
science, astrology, the science of snakes and of celestial beings. Upanishad ., The Principal Their mantras are chanted and used in rites of wor-
Upanishads, Radhakrishnan, p.  ship, prayer and japa.
Sama Veda, Chandogya Upanishad ...
The Vedic Experience, Panikkar, p. 

66 w h at i s h i n d u i s m ? chapter 7: hindu scriptures 67

Left. a pandit Agamas.” Aum Namah Sivaya. “that 8. They are composed in many inestimable Upanishads.  eda. t h o m a s k e l ly b a c k g r o u n d p h o t o . “to know. Vedas and the perfect Agamas. charms and rites are unique. t h o m a s k e l ly enscribed on stone. The Agamas center around a single Deity and formulas for magic. metaphysical dialogs. and more. Aum. They are Hinduism’s tiplicity of Gods through elaborate fire rituals called matrimony. expound. called shruti.” means “supreme nally written down in Sanskrit in the last few millennia. the Vedas are general and T are the four Samhitas. from vid. the cherished word of God. scribes memorized Vedic verses on dried palm leaves.” Aum Namah Sivaya. Dharma’s eration to generation within priestly families. he oldest and core portions of the vedas from the Rig. the Yajur for cadenced intonation. lamps are offered. The Tirumantiram lauds. Yajur and truths are expressed in the most Atharva.000 verses. are the scriptures that Lord Siva revealed—the primal Rig Samhita. God holds the holiest of scriptures.” Similarly. the nearly 6. generally of three or four all there are over 100. prosperity. These psalms of wisdom were disclosed over many temples and shrines. the Vedas and Above.” The Vedas and Agamas are The subtly symbolic language of shruti.552-verse in dozens of texts. 68 w h at i s h i n d u i s m ? chapter 7: hindu scriptures 69 . and some prose. art by s. His worship with water. concord. Each has four sections: extraordinarily profound mystical hymns. Sama. and Aranyakas. wood. The Tirumantiram confirms.000 to scriptures. rajam  philosophical instruction. pillars and scrolls. plus primary and most authoritative scriptures. ritual interpretations. rajam  Above. The Vedas extol and invoke a mul. ceremonial raudient and clairvoyant rishis. yajna. rites. a devotee leafs through his ground. the Fire and the Dawn—as well as prayers for each Veda includes one or two Brahmanas. In the dimmed back. revealed The holy Vedas. by priests at Nallur Kandaswamy Temple in Sri Lanka. Around these are an array of other scriptures. progeny. “hymn collections. domestic rites. about 2.” They consist of invocations to the One Divine and the Divinities of nature—such as the Sun.000 years. using the traditional elutani. eternal truths transmitted by God through great clai. “There centuries. The Sama and Yajur Samhitas. The Sama is arranged for melodious chanting. rules and doctrine. as prescribed in the Agamas. stylus. “Two lines. finally transcribed. whereas most of the Atharva Samhita’s V wisdom or science. What Are What Is the b a c k g r o u n d p h o t o .” Their timeless books: the Rig. each with is no dharma other than what the Vedas say. Agama. In ing life’s sacredness and man’s purpose on the planet. the Rain.000 verses of prayers. flowers and lights in sanctified beautiful metrical verses. then fi. holy text as he performs his morning sadhana. means “descent of knowledge. The heart of the entire Veda is the 10. are a collection of four which is heard. then dinodia see a copy of the Rig Veda Samhita. the Agamas specific. we For centuries the Vedas were passed on orally. which names the sacred sectarian revelations.000 Vedic verses. memorized and orally conveyed from gen. are mainly liturgical selections central core the Vedas proclaim. Wind. interpretation and poetry known to man. man’s oldest by God. Aum. In imparting religious practice. is lyrical and lofty. At left. dating back 6. handbooks. Besides its Samhita. are Hinduism’s sovereign scripture. h i n d u i s m t o d ay Hindu Revealed Nature of the Scriptures? Veda Texts? The Vedas and Agamas. art by s.

are revelations on sacred They open a rare window living. this tolerant allegiance has wo- ven the varied tapestry of Bharata Dharma. thought. ship. the guru-shishya relationship. Today the I counts 92 main Saiva Agamas—10 Siva. kundalini. commonly are truth: one is general. r e u t e r s / r a j pat i d a r   fr. Dr. Ganesan. a Vaishnava cherry. French. man and other languages. the cremation ritual. yoga and into ancient Bharata society. Most Agamas are of ly puja.000 years old. soul and world. the Sikh Adi Granth. awakening of the slumbering serpent. it has remained the sustaining force and Vedas are published in Sanskrit. sions. The yoga pada discloses the interior way of meditation. sacrifice. architectural design and ico. many more than 2. The Tirumantiram de- jnana. the wise see no difference. “Just as the spokes are af. Saivism. English. last in the shelves on the left. Both focus for millions of monks and a billion seekers. and the means for liberation. house clares. The kriya pada. All Hindus wholeheartedly accept the Vedas.” Aum Namah Sivaya. extols worship and temples in meticulous say these words of God reach two different conclu- men daily as liturgy in temple worship and domestic nobility and also the priesthood. world.000 ancient manu- Background photo. shows the volumes of Saiva Agamas they have priest blows a conch horn during prayers in Allahabad. and possess thousands of me. usually of two lines. philosophy. which stimulates the ries unto today. such as those seen stored on priest performs antyeshti. which one day will be published to the series of rites of passage prescribed in the Vedas. 18 Ru- dra and 64 Bhairava—77 Shakta Agamas and 108 Vaishnava Pancharatra Agamas. the Christian Bible and the Muslim Ko- ran. in life. In the background. 70 w h at i s h i n d u i s m ? chapter 7: hindu scriptures 71 . duty and enlightenment—upasana. annual festivals and home-shrine devotionals. The authoritative doctrine. called padas. to rules for priests and the intricacies of dai- L Dhammapada. the ultimate scriptural The Agamas. Ger. Shaktism french institute of pondicherry  proclaiming life’s sacredness and and Vaishnavism each exalts the way to oneness with God.” Aum Namah Sivaya. guiding followers in ways of wor. t h o m a s k e l ly The Vedas. mantra and tantra. Aum. The Vedas say. Over time. printed to date. Sanatana authority. “Veda and Agama are Iraivan’s scriptures. of raja yoga. For untold centu- each draws selectively. a young Smarta priest conducts a fire ceremony. a scripts. dharma and popular Upanishads which have been most amply and pada details daily religious observance. ritual and meditation. a scholar at the French Institute of Pondi- havana. as decreed in the Vedas. institute of pondicherry reuters/jitendra prakash Above. the other specific. permeate Hinduism’s Dharma’s second authority. right conduct. the buddhist ritual. its own array of Agamas. While some stanzas are chanted from memory by priests and lay. How Are the What Is the b a c k g r o u n d : a f p p h o t o / d e s h a k a lya n c h o w d h u r y Vedas Significant Nature of the Today? Holy Agamas? b a c k g r o u n d . ike the taoist tao te ching. the Rig and Yajur and Sama Veda. India. at Manikarnika Ghat in Varanasi. Their fixed to the hub of a wheel. They are keepers of 8. the Veda is the Hindu holy book. mostly palm-leaf books. four parts. community life. so are all things established design and town planning. interprets freely and amplifies abundantly. worship. The charya jnana pada narrates the nature of God. tradition nography. At left. a devotee offers flowers to the Lord. the the longest. The Vedas are the meditative and philosophical ably translated. the Jewish Torah. But it is the metaphysical and tered Sanskrit verses. Above. yet n the vast agamic literature. detail—from site selection. Aum.

m a na s d a s   Like millions of Hindus before them. which are widely termed the ences. which smriti is drawn consists of writings. with a single philosophy. particularly in temple lit- urgy and culture. in nas and Dharma Sastras. song and pageantry. classical smriti. The Vedas inquire. they will memorize hundreds of mantras. “Nine are the Agamas of yore. to give up love of in the lives of most Hindus. the holy feet of Lord Vishnu at a shrine in Tirupati. They will spend years perfecting teach it. formulas. and visualizations and at what auspicious times. from experience and preserves the course of culture. punya shastra. In their priest school in Delhi store. Aum.” for it derives from human insight and G path prescribed in the Agamas. legend. exquisite art and hallowed sci- is preserved in the Agamas. Smriti means “that which is remembered” and is known of that support—who may He be?” Aum Namah Sivaya. reincarnation’s wanderer. h i n d u i s m t o d ay The Agamas And Sacred Significant Today? Literature Differ? While the Vedas. ture. So overwhelming is Agamic influence hile the vedas and agamas are shared as as “the tradition. metaphysics and ethics. Veritably. That is smriti. How Are Do Smriti b a c k g r o u n d p h o t o b y t h o m a s k e l ly b a c k g r o u n d p h o t o . each sect and lineage defines its own unique set of smriti. with what mantras accessible. the youth in these Above. rare and precious. The the ancient Sanskritic texts. both ancient ism’s sacred literature is the touchstone of theater and love the Divine. How to many Agamas have been published. “In whom are set firm the practices of day-to-day Hinduism are nowhere more time expanded into 28. delin. such as the Itihasas. instilling in writings. While shruti comes from God and is eternal and universal. with myriad Hindu sacred literature is a treasury Deities. a collection of Hindu holy texts stacked in a puja. Aum Namah Sivaya. into one truth of Vedanta-Siddhanta to accord. The specific doctrines and Tirumantiram says. enabling them to perform ritual worship. the Agamas. The sacred literature. the songs and the sacrificial fully expounded than in these revelation hymns. yoga and sadhana. Especially central are dance. supreme God. protected by families and guilds who are and modern. and to love god is the pure and cosmology. The many human arts are found in ancient scrip- dinodia this training. when and where. While W part of every Hindu’s primary scripture. in temples around the world. Hindu- the transient and adore instead the Immortal. India. of hymns. mythology. music. that it is impossible to ponder mod- ern Sanatana Dharma without these discourses. Pura. od is love. most remain in. In reality. unify each sect in From among this vast body of a oneness of thought. the ever-growing smriti canon is written by man. At left. in many languages.” Aum Namah Sivaya. In the background. 72 w h at i s h i n d u i s m ? chapter 7: hindu scriptures 73 . these texts are God’s own voice admonishing the samsari. two girls reverently touch Tirupati. others regard them only as sacred literature. called smriti. Masako Ono voyaged from Japan to India to learn two photos are learning precise recitation of liturgy from the ancient Odissi dance style and remained there to t h o m a s k e l ly the Agamas and Vedas. bind all Hindus together. shruti. while many revere these as firstborn seers. all this stewards of an intimate hereditary knowledge. the hymns. in whom is established the single seer—tell me eating everything from daily work routines to astrology Suddha Saiva. science and ethics. they then took divisions three. t h o m a s k e l ly   scripture. each lineage recognizes adherents the joyful arts of divine a select portion as its secondary adoration.

The Mahabhara- chitecture. astrology. poetry and the way of words. plains architecture. In the background photo. are en. The The smritis are the limbs thereof. Aum. uch of hinduism’s practical knowl. agriculture. is the legend of two among the “story” literature. and etymology. 74 w h at i s h i n d u i s m ? chapter 7: hindu scriptures 75 . Of 18 principal Puranas. and Sthapatyaveda ex- H heroes and demons are sung by gifted pandi- tas and traveling bards. a woman performs a dance depicting a scene from ding. domestic rites in the Grihya Sutras and religious the ancient wisdom. Agamas and ancillary widely celebrated in gala dance and theater. the Ramayana in Java. Aum. language epic histories. And the man who listens to it with the purity of mantra recitation. dharma. allegory. eminent as a comprehensive system of sacred living. six as Vishnu and six as Brahma. The Ramayana him I consider Myself worshiped through the sacri- law in the Dharma Sastras. at left they hold an offering of sacred grasses. like the Mahabharata. six honor God as Siva. ar- M edge is safeguarded in venerable texts which amplify shruti. philosophy. “He who reads this sacred dialog of ours. cyclopedic in scope. attitudes and guidelines for family life are found in skrit volumes of the famed poem are shown. The Jnaneshvari says. or katha. In addition. The Puranas. portrays wisdom danga delineates auspicious timing for holy rites. a bride and groom are in the midst of their wed. belief Upagamas and Paddhatis elaborate and ethics in mythology. The Agamas. Ayurveda sets forth medicine and health. Upavedas expound profound sciences: Arthaveda un. dinodia Above. the eloquent spiritual proclaims. containing teachings on sa­dhana. the Mahabharata. “The Vedas dialog between Arjuna and Krishna. the Agamic wisdom. Gandharvaveda illumines music and the arts. liberated. have ancillary texts. Jyotisha Ve. the happy realm of the righteous. gods. Kalpa erotic pleasures. through knowledge of of which the flawless words are the resplendent body. too. a heroic king revered as the fice of knowledge. called Itihasa. induism’s poetic stories of rishis. magic charms and more. the Kama Sutras detail ta. ancient dynasties whose great battle of Kurukshetra is through animal fables and parables. teaching faith. ideal man. a girl Hinduism’s other epic. warfare and music.” Aum Namah Sivaya. which elaborate the scene of the Bhagavad Gita. At left. Wed. language and the arts. narrated to children and portrayed in dramas and festivals. What Texts Does Hinduism s e s h u b a d r i nat h / p i pa l p r o d u c t i o n s Amplify Vedas Have Epics And Agamas? And Myths? Many texts support the Vedas The Mahabharata and Ramayana and Agamas. The Bhagavad Gita Vedanga defines public rituals in the Srauta and Sulba such as the Upagamas and Paddhatis. Four other Vedangas ensure in their perfection are as the beautiful image of the God relates the life of Rama. where the world-renowned epic is ding chants derive from the Vedas. by Sutras. the world’s longest epic poem. grammar. The witty Panchatantra. he shall attain to phonetics. dinodia  legend and symbolism. along with the Sutras and Shastras. The Vedangas and Upavedas are collections of texts that augment and apply the Vedas folds statecraft. narratives. Above. receives sacraments after a puja. ritual. Upavedas unfold The Puranas are popular folk politics. San- diinodia dinodia texts.” Aum Namah Sivaya. Vedangas detail are Hinduism’s most renowned conduct. Dhanurveda discusses military science. health. faith and without scoffing.

They are moved by the poetic beauty of the hymns. of I ments to the Vedas and Agamas. trees. clearly immersed in his yoga sadhana. as well as in the atmosphere. so does the fire of not excluded from their benign purview. Their sound produces in our nadis (subtle nerve channels). reduces the wood to ashes. O Arjuna. Similarly. pressed in the mantras. “As a blazing fire Even grass. The Vedas pray for the other faiths. There is noth. Tayumanavar. Kanada and Gautama. Jnaneshvari. “T n addition to the epics. Siddha ing on Earth which possesses such power to cleanse about through the special quality of the Vedas. Andal. earthen mandala on a wall of Muktinath Temple in Nepal. Sri Chandrashekharendra Saraswati [1894–1994]. 68th sits in meditation beneath a gnarled banyan tree. The happy state “There are mantras that are specially valuable for chakras.” is shown before an image of Siva as Dakshinamurti. The perfect yogin finds this knowledge in “The Vedas are also notable for the lofty truths ex. Patanjali. Hatha Yoga Pradip. “The Vedas are eternal and are the source of all creation. Intimate devotional Extol the Vedas? hymns disclose the raptures of consummate divine love. mountains and the rivers are struction as well as scientific truths. Vallabha. Their art by s. yogic and devotional writ- ings. a recluse. the metaphysical truths em- ing the six philosophical darshanas: the sutras by Kapi. Yoga world—to the good of mankind walked throughout India teaching of the Vedas. of all these sentient creatures and inert objects is brought their sound but are otherwise meaningless. there is a wealth of Hindu metaphysical. Are There b a c k g r o u n d p h o t o b y t h o m a s k e l ly Other Types of t h o m a s k e l ly Sacred Texts? India’s lofty philosophical texts How Did the Sage of Kanchi expound diverse views in exacting dialectics. Tukaram. Aum. the subtle manner in which principles of social life are dealt with. bedded and expounded in them. expression in the Vedas is not shared by any other religion. Narada Sutras. Badarayana. and their moral in- la. as wisdom. In the background. left are displayed two primary yoga scriptures. bhakti literature are the Bhagavad Gita. vibrations that are salutary not only Above. rajam greatness is to be known in many dinodia  ways. Jaimini. quadrupeds. The Bhagavad Gita explains. Ramprasad. legends and supple. The remarkable thing about the Vedas ika and Gher­anda Samhita. etc. Above left. Hailed as leading occult works on yoga. Tirumantiram. Shanno astu dvipade shanchatush- pade—this occurs in a mantra. knowledge reduce all activity to ashes. mantric power. Mirabai. depicted above. Yoga treatises unveil the mysterious path to ultimate samadhis. Tulasidasa. Widely extolled among the himself by himself in due time. kundalini and samadhi are the Yoga Sutras. Alvars. Here he dinodia Sutras and Yoga Vashishtha. nadis. a as well as of all other creatures. The tenets of these scriptures is that they are of immeasurable value as much for their 76 w h at i s h i n d u i s m ? chapter 7: hindu scriptures 77 . Sri Chandrashekharendra Saraswati wrote. At to our own Self but to the entire pontiff of Kanchi Kamakoti Pitham. Lalla. Auvaiyar and the saintly Nayanars and good of all creatures including bipeds. shrubs. the young lady lights a ghee lamp to offer in personal silent guru seated beneath a banyan tree. Yoga Vasishtha. asanas. he concern for all creation that finds have aroused the wonder of people of other lands. Tagore. the Vachanas of the Sivasharanas and the hymns of mystic poets like Surdas. an worship. as her ancestors have done for centuries.” Aum Namah Sivaya. Considered foundational are the early texts defin- Tiruvasagam. Siva Sutras. there are works pregnant with meaning but with no Siddhanta Paddhati.

was once asked. Ryder.. some nearly lost. we have the Vedas and Agamas. and Prabhavananda & Manchester.  in all other things to be done. Yet. the river Ganga making offerings to Surya. in the bathing of the agence france presse.. this diverse body of knowledge is unlike the one world with the heavenly realms of existence.4. They teach how to conduct our. And then it is bring delight to eyes that kindle reborn in new bodies in accordance bright. cause they are being continuously repeated by students selves in such a manner as to create atmic well-being. when. love of God. The soul is born and unfolds in If daily to his home the friends a body. The quality whole of life within his soul. the gracious Sun Sivacharya should strike the great bell. regulate image. at dinodia Shvetashvatara Upanishad. Sivaya Subramuniyaswami. It is reflected in the As when a fire is lit with damp fuel. It is diverse. architecture and storytelling. found in these scriptures. This grand Upanishad 2. p. ‘Yes. relation- forth. In the same way from this ‘Does Hinduism have a Bible?’ ” He answered. Hinduism Today. dinodia The Upanishads. Jaideva Singh. and teachers of the Vedas.–. God. “What can I beautiful Hindu style of music. a bit neglect.10 Holy Book of other world faiths. consecrated liquids. it defines and colors Hindu life like the genetic bearance.  mantric power to do immense good to each one of us answer to these—stated in the form of laws—is to be blessings and to the world. Motivations of Temple Self Realization can alone help Architecture in Saiva Siddhanta. in the offering of light. keeping the flame of devotion alive. government Rig. medicine. spiritual striving. work different clouds of smoke come say if a missionary comes to my door and asks. the people live on the banks of the Shvetashvatara Upanishad. of the soul determines its fu­ture Panchatantra. an Indian boy piously pours ghee on the sacred the vital activities. with qualities of humility. Brihadaranyaka deed.  the conclusion of the rite. and the working together of this physical Shukla Yajur Veda. law. ayurveda festivals music 78 w h at i s h i n d u i s m ? chapter 7: hindu scriptures 79 . in the act of worship. p. in the Above. indranil mukherjee check. but all of it pre. we can obtain the grace of God. rites of passage.  body—earthly or airy. founder of code that makes a starfish a starfish. it is be- pa n d i t h i n d r a j d i v e k a r ner life of the Self. Controlling the breath. legacy helps make Hindus the gracious people they are. “My duty is to impress upon you that it is your respon- “It must here be emphasized that on the doctrinal sibility to keep the Vedic tradition alive. domestic values. astrology. ed. they also contain teachings embody. and the food of life. Vedas retain their original vitality even today. a g e n c e f r a n c e p r e s s e . and the purity of the sounds And their concern is not with the liberation of the in. and coming. . for- cious. fire. The Upanishads. and accents of the words are retained in that process. Mascsaro. If in India the level the Vedas deal both with worldly life and the in. Yajur. dividual alone. games. The guru who has attained Karana Agama -.’ ” In. p. dance. art. in the marriage & family offering of water. Life Illumined with Scriptural Wisdom urudeva.” diet. so does a in the bathing of the image with worship the Sun in Bihar during Chhat festival. sound as for their verbal content. for per­­se­­vering aspirant restrain his mind. and diplomacy. thank you. drama. Sama and Atharva Vedas. a primary Deity honored in the Vedas. plus a hundred and business. they speak about the ideals of social But it is only by practicing the Vedic injunctions that dinodia baps life and about the duties of the public. the aspirant in acquiring it. p. m a h a d e vo s e n In the beginning of worship. love great Being are breathed forth the say. At left. some actually lost. appreciation. “You can ships. joy and soulful depth of character. ethics. heavy or light. with dreams and desires who love him come. other scriptures that serve us very well. While they have the his subjects and what ideals women are to follow: an Siva Sutras . p. ing great metaphysical truths. in the anointing With earnest effort hold the senses in of the image. As a charioteer sprinkling of the image with sandal. both for our indi- min ought to lead his life and how the king must rule vidual welfare and for the welfare of the whole world. of incense. devotees holds back his restive horses. How the brah. . a man has found the with its former works. in the offering one night and day.

Himself the highest the eight-formed God. bazuki muhammad Arthashastra. p. One who is established in the At the time of the sacrifice. maintain his subjects in the observance of Collected Works of Ramana Maharshi. He is in all hidden thoughts. venerating gurus home blessings love of nature to the Self. O Rama. The Sources of Indian Tradition.. with due diksha. p.. Tirumurai . Agamas. in embraces all who embrace Him. as fire and water. R. as the Soul of souls! The Vedas. and he finds everything pure as well. vanity. you accept our h i n d u i s m t o d ay prayer.. Peterson. A Kularnava Tantra . experience.  Indian Tradition and Mythology. Ancient fully the tenet of nonduality. form and no form.  duality that leads to the knowledge of nonduality. Poems to Siva. as quoted by Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa Lalla. Chandogya Rig Veda 3. too. and I am Thou. The Poems of Tayumanavar. In him who is pure of mind.. Puranas. Then I realize that Thou art I. Atma Sakshatkara 62. Thou art the Master and I am Thy the water of the flood of the Self’s perfect knowledge never descends in hereafter. p.-.110 Tirumurai .. 373-374 way. anger. Aßvins. the sage is freed from Earth. p. as Himself. acquire wisdom the senses and their perceptions are pure. a m i n wa r r e u t e r s . keep of the Tamil Saints. There is no doubt of this.1-3. He is sacrificer and wind that blows. worship the Lord with the a vicious person averse to devotion. and forms and His own form. This is consonant with reason. all other [lust. Shamasastry Prabhavananda & Manchester. Well-fixed and measured one. p. the loftiest spot of all meditation the Self. Atma Sakshatkara .” sacred formula of silence! penance Siva Purana. Experience. Sama Veda. Poems to Siva. The Upanishads. establish safety and security by being ever Sarvajnanottara Agama. you still will grant us good fortune. Chapter 7. the sage enters daily Lord of the wood. p. spies. Itihasas and all other sciences inculcate Truth. both now and and I am a part. But when. Absorbed in stance on this. as yesterday and today by keeping company with the aged. and endear himself to the people by bringing in blissful consciousness. . p. as ether. intense and unflagging. Coomaraswamy. . broad-rayed sun. intellect and ego. It is the inexplicable From the Ramayana. as Tayumanavar. The Life of a Holy King. the God of the long. He is the eternal moon and sun. they but distract reuters. all-pervading stand upright or when you repose One. see through his fact. greed.. Mantra yields early success due to practice up his personal discipline by receiving lessons in the identity with the body and lives give to the worshiper. vol 1.. . who brings a done in previous life. I see that Thou art the whole called Steady Contemplation. of the Tamil Saints. and con­cord The Lord of Appati is both inside As wide Earth. as and is admitted by the dualists and nondualists. create and outside. p.. honor and glory. Kautilya’s Upanishad . p. Woodroff & Pandit. as long as I Mind and Love. Set up to the East e d w i n b e r n b au m h i n d u i s m t o d ay Sarvajnanottara Agama. O Wonder! active. both the flood and the bank. Pannikar. mantra which is received according to the line of them in contact with wealth and doing good to them.  red hair stands. and evil. the heart. sacrifice. on Earth’s bosom. haughtiness and overjoy]. The Hymns and tomor­row. tradition. the worshipers abide in the Self of everyone and smear you with sacred oil. servant.8. and all these he shall restrain the organs of sense. d i pa k k u m a r index stock imagery h i n d u i s m t o d ay dinodia baps pilgrimage devotional art nurturing children in the military guiding children monastic life 80 w h at i s h i n d u i s m ? chapter 7: hindu scriptures 81 . And O thou who pervades all space. O Lord contemplation of nondual unity will of the wood [Agni].  Me?” And Hanuman replied: “O Rama. obtained in the right Book I. as pau l e s t c o u r t / h e r a l d p i c t u r e Atharva Veda Samhita. The Vedic tradition. Rudra Samhita. plucking the flower person who is engrossed in devotion have the feeling of ‘I’. Let us have concord with our own people. The Hymns their respective duties by exercising authority. is the sciences. Hold dinodia The Self resides within the lotus of yourself high to bring us prosperity. offering enjoys perpetual happiness. Only that mantra which is received There is no difference between through the grace of the guru gives all fulfillment. “How do you look at With the help of the gardeners called devotion and perfect knowledge. consecrated Drive far away dearth of inspiration. I have the knowledge of own bliss. woman and man. Knowing this. Once Rama asked Hanuman. When you realize the immanent. dance u p i p h o t o s e r v i c e . as cos­mic good By overthrowing the aggregate of the six enemies mystery. Peterson. Innumerable are the mantras. of the sacred fire. Self-fulfilling. He is thought and meaning. take now your that holy sanctuary.. Collected Works of Ramana Maharshi. p.  between us and the strangers a unity of hearts.  the mind. with people who are strangers to us.