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IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol.

4, Issue 03, 2016 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613

Critical Review on Effects of Different waste Materials on Strength

Properties of Clayey Soil
Neel K. Patel1 Parth C. Patel2 Dipen C. Patel3 Sachin N Bhavsar4 Ankit J Patel5
B.E. Student 4,5Lecturer
S.V.B.I.T, Gandhinagar-382650 5G.P., Patan-284265
Abstract Clay is a fine-grained natural rock or soil material This study resulted in it change of the expansive soil
that combines one or more clay minerals with traces of metal texture takes place. When lime & fly ash are mixed with the
oxides and organic matter. Clay soils contain more than 30 expansive soil, the Plastic limit increases by mixing lime and
percent fine clay particles. Clays swell and shrink as they wet liquid limit decreases by mixing fly ash, which decreases
and dry. This property results in decrement of strength and plasticity index and by adding lime and fly ash, it will lead to
engineering properties of clay. There were several research increase in the different properties and atterbergs limits.
has been carried out on improvement of properties of clayey
B. Basic Parameters Governing The Behaviour Of Cement
soil. In this present paper we have carried out review on work
Treated Clays [3]
done till date in the field of soil stabilization using different
waste materials. S. Sasanjan, T.A. Newson carried out Basic parameters
Key words: Clayey Soil, Waste Materials governing the behaviour of cement treated clays.
In this study, The residual shear strength of the
I. INTRODUCTION cemented soil increase with increasing curing time or cement
content.Although the hydration rate of ordinary Portland
It consists of microscopic and sub microscopic particles cement used to stabilize clay drops significantly with curing
derived from chemical decomposition of rocks. It contains a time, cemented clays continue to gain significant amount of
large quantity of clay minerals with particle size less than strength long after the curing has started. This behaviour,
0.002mm.Clay are plastic due to their water content and which is not typical of cement-based construction materials
become hard, brittle and non-plastic upon drying or firing. can be attributed to slower pozzolanic reactions that happen
Design and construction of civil engineering structures on between clay minerals and cementation products.
and with clay soil is a challenging task for geotechnical
engineers.[1] C. Effect of Waste Material on Swelling And Shrinkage
Due to such properties soil behavior is unstable for Properties of Clayey Soil [4]
desire standards. To improve these properties we need to Sachin Bhavsar and Ankit Patel from SVBIT, Gandhinagar
replace the defected soil or to stabilize it with different carried out stabilization on black cotton soil using Marble
stabilizers. Powder & Brick Dust as a stabilizing agent.
Another problem related to stabilization is the cost The study was concluding the stabilization of soil by
of stabilizer so to optimize the total construction cost, it is using the marble powder & brick dust as a stabilizer with
necessary to use waste materials as a stabilizer. replacement of 40% of the dry weight of soil. They had got
the improvement in atterbergs limit, swelling & shrinkage as
II. STABILIZATION well. The study also shows that the marble powder is better
Soil stabilization is a technique aimed at increasing or stabilizer than the brick dust in means for the swelling &
maintaining the stability of soil mass and chemical alteration shrinkage because the result shows that the addition of marble
of soil to enhance their engineering properties. powder reduces the swelling from 50.50% to 0% where brick
Stabilization allows for the establishment of design dust is effectively but it reduces the value to 5%.
criteria as well as the determination of the proper chemical D. Analysis Of Clayey Soil Using Waste Material [5]
additive and admixture rate to be used in order to achieve the
Sachin Bhavsar and Ankit Patel from SVBIT, Gandhinagar
desired engineering properties. Benefits of the stabilization
carried out stabilization on black cotton soil using Marble
process can include higher resistance values, reduction in
plasticity, lower permeability, reduction of pavement Powder & Brick Dust as a stabilizing agent.
thickness, elimination of excavation material hauling or From the above observations and interpretations we
can say that by stabilization of black cotton soil for 30%
replacement by marble powder and brick dust the properties
Soil stabilization is done by various methods by
related to soil are improved.
adding fly ash, rise husk ash, chemicals, fibers, adding lime,
For replacement of marble powder we get 0% of
by different geo materials like geo synthetic, geo grid and geo
form. Soil stabilization allows engineers to distribute a larger swelling in soil and also shrinkage is reduced by 17.7%. As
load with less material over a longer life cycle.[1] same for brick dust swelling is only 0f 10% and shrinkage
reduced by 14.3 %. Result great decrement in swelling and
shrinkage behavior of soil which can be helpful to our future
construction uses and waste of land can be reduced by using
A. Stabilization Of Expansive Soils Using Low Cost black cotton soil itself as a construction material or a base of
Materials With Lime And Fly Ash [2] any construction powder Liquid limit, Plastic limit, Plasticity
Monica Malhotra, Sanjeev Naval has conducted an index values are decreasing. As same we have found
experimental study on Stabilization of Expansive Soils Using increment in maximum dry density and reduction in optimum
Low Cost Materials with lime and fly ash. moisture content. It is clearly identified from result that

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Critical Review on Effects of Different waste Materials on Strength Properties of Clayey Soil
(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 03/2016/022)

swelling and shrinkage behavior of soil is improved after

addition of stabilizers.
E. Durability Of Soft Clay Soil Stabilized With Recycled
Bassanite And Furnace Cement Mixtures [6]
Takeshi Kamei,Aly Ahmed and Keizo Ugai analysed
durability of soft clay soil stabilized with recycled Bassanite
and furnace cement mixtures.
The study results the compressive strength and the
wettingdrying durability of very soft clay soil improved with
the addition of Bassanitecement mixtures. The durability
index and compressive strength increased with an increase in
the Bassanitesoil ratio in the soil mixtures for stabilized
specimens subjected to different numbers of wettingdrying

Based on the reviewed research papers it is concluded that the
addition of stabilizers improve the engineering properties as
well as strength characteristics. And it also enhanced the
properties. The suitable construction can be carried out with
more economy by using waste materials like marble powder
and brick dust, Rise husk ash, fly ash etc. which are also
easily available.

[1] Book of Soil mechanics by Dr. K. R. Arora Monica
Malhotra, Sanjeev Naval Stabilization of Expansive
Soils Using Low Cost Materials with lime and fly ash..
International Journal of Engineering and Innovative
Technology (IJEIT) Volume 2, Issue 11, May 2013.
[2] S. Sasanjan, T.A. Newson Basic parameters governing
the behaviour of cement treated clays Journal of soil &
foundation 2014;54(2); 209-234.
[3] Sachin N. Bhavsar and Ankit J. Patel Effect of waste
material on swelling and shrinkage properties of clayey
soil. International Journal of Application or innovation
in Engineering and Management (IJAIEM). ISSN: 2319
4847, Volume 03 Issue 11, November 2014, page 200-
[4] Sachin N. Bhavsar and Ankit J. Patel Analysis of
Clayey Soil Using Waste Material. International
Journal for Innovative Research in Science &
Technology (IJIRST). ISSN: 2349 6010, Volume 01,
Issue 06, November 2014.
[5] Takeshi Kamei,Aly Ahmed and Keizo Ugaidurability
of soft clay soil stabilized with recycled Bassanite and
furnace cement mixtures Journal of soil & foundation
2013 ; 53(1):155-165.

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