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Gritsizes [ edit ]

Gritsizereferstothesizeoftheparticlesofabradingmaterialsembeddedinthesandpaper.Several
standardshavebeenestablishedforgritsize.Thesestandardsestablishnotonlytheaveragegritsize,but
alsotheallowablevariationfromtheaverage.ThetwomostcommonaretheUnitedStatesCAMI(Coated
AbrasiveManufacturersInstitute,nowpartoftheUnifiedAbrasivesManufacturer'sAssociation)andthe
EuropeanFEPA(FederationofEuropeanProducersofAbrasives)"P"grade.TheFEPAsystemisthesameas
theISO6344standard.OthersystemsusedinsandpaperincludetheJapaneseIndustrialStandards
Committee(JIS),themicrongrade(generallyusedforveryfinegrits).The"ought"system({0,00,000,...}aka
{1/0,2/0,3/0,...})wasusedinthepastintheUS.Cheapersandpaperssometimesusenomenclaturesuchas
"Coarse","Medium"and"Fine",butitisuncleartowhatstandardsthesenamesrefer.

Gritsizetable [ edit ]

Thefollowingtable,compiledfromthereferencesatthebottom,comparestheCAMIand"P"designationswith
theaveragegritsizeinmicrometres(m).

Gritsizetable
ISO/FEPAGrit CAMIGrit Averageparticle
designation designation diameter(m)
MACROGRITS
ExtraCoarse(Veryfastremovalof P12 1815
material,hardwoodflooringinitial P16 1324
sanding)
P20 1000
P24 764
24 708
P30 642
30 632
36 530
P36 538
Coarse(Rapidremovalofmaterial) P40 40 425
50 348
P50 336
Medium(sandingbarewoodin 60 265
preparationforfinishing,forgentle P60 269
removalofvarnish,alsousedfor
skateboardgriptape) P80 201
80 190
Fine(sandingbarewoodin P100 162
preparationforfinishing,not 100 140
suitableforremovingvarnishor
paintfromwood,useforcleaning P120 125
plasterandwaterstainfromwood) 120 115
VeryFine(sandingofbarewood) P150 100
150 92
P180 180 82
P220 220 68
MICROGRITS
VeryFine(sandingfinishes P240 58.5
betweencoats) 240 53.0
P280 52.2
P320 46.2
P360 40.5
Extrafine,startpolishingofwood 320 36.0

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P400 35.0
P500 30.2
360 28.0
P600 25.8
Superfine(finalsandingoffinishes, 400 23.0
finalsandingofwood) P800 21.8
500 20.0
P1000 18.3
600 16.0
P1200 15.3
Ultrafine(finalsandingand P1500 800 12.6
polishingofthickfinishes) P2000 1000 10.3
P2500 8.4
P3000 6
P6000 4

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