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PROFET ITS428L2

Smart High-Side Power Switch


for Industrial Applications
One Channel: 60m
Status Feedback
Product Summary Package

On-state Resistance RON 60m PG-TO252-5-11


Operating Voltage Vbb(on) 4.75...41V
Nominal load current IL(NOM) 7.0A
Current limitation IL(SCr) 17A
Operating temperature Ta -30 +85C

General Description
N channel vertical power MOSFET with charge pump, ground referenced CMOS compatible input and
diagnostic feedback, monolithically integrated in Smart SIPMOS technology.
Providing embedded protective functions

Applications
C compatible high-side power switch with diagnostic feedback for 5V, 12V and 24V grounded loads in
industrial applications
All types of resistive, inductive and capacitve loads
Most suitable for loads with high inrush currents, so as lamps
Replaces electromechanical relays, fuses and discrete circuits

Basic Functions
Very low standby current
CMOS compatible input
Improved electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
Fast demagnetization of inductive loads
Stable behaviour at undervoltage
Wide operating voltage range
Logic ground independent from load ground
Block Diagram
Protection Functions
Short circuit protection Vbb
Overload protection
Current limitation
Thermal shutdown
Overvoltage protection (including load dump) with external
resistor IN Logic
with
Reverse battery protection with external resistor
protection
Loss of ground and loss of Vbb protection ST functions OUT
Electrostatic discharge protection (ESD)

Diagnostic Function Load


PROFET
Diagnostic feedback with open drain output
GND
Open load detection in ON-state
Feedback of thermal shutdown in ON-state

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PROFET ITS428L2

Functional diagram

overvoltage gate current limit VBB


protection control
+
internal charge
logic pump clamp for
voltage supply inductive load
OUT

IN temperature
sensor
ESD
LOAD
Open load
ST detection

GND
PROFET

Pin Definitions and Functions Pin configuration


(top view)
Pin Symbol Function

GND Tab = VBB


1 Logic ground

Input, activates the power switch in


2 IN
case of logical high signal
Positive power supply voltage
3 Vbb
The tab is shorted to pin 3

4 ST 1 2 (3) 4 5
Diagnostic feedback, low on failure
GND IN ST OUT

5 OUT Output to the load

Positive power supply voltage


Tab Vbb
The tab is shorted to pin 3

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PROFET ITS428L2

Maximum Ratings at Tj = 25 C unless otherwise specified


Parameter Symbol Values Unit
Supply voltage (overvoltage protection see page 4) Vbb 43 V
Supply voltage for full short circuit protection Vbb 24 V
Tj Start=-40 ...+150C
dump protection1) VLoadDump = VA + Vs, VA = 13.5 V
3)
Load VLoad dump 60 V
2)
RI = 2 , RL= 4.0 , td= 200 ms, IN= low or high
Load current (Current limit, see page 5) IL self-limited A
Junction temperature Tj 150 C
Operating temperature range Ta -30 ...+85
Storage temperature range Tstg -40 ...+105
Power dissipation (DC), TC 25 C Ptot 75 W
Maximal switchable inductance, single pulse
Vbb = 12V, Tj,start = 150C, TC = 150C const.
4
(See diagram on page 9) IL(ISO) = 7 A, RL = 0 ; E )AS=0.19J: ZL 5.6 mH
Electrostatic discharge capability (ESD) IN: VESD 1.0 kV
(Human Body Model) ST: 4.0
out to all other pins shorted: 8.0
acc. MIL-STD883D, method 3015.7 and
ESD assn. std. S5.1-1993; R=1.5k; C=100pF
Input voltage (DC) VIN -10 ... +16 V
Current through input pin (DC) IIN 2.0 mA
Current through status pin (DC) IST 5.0
see internal circuit diagrams page 8

Thermal Characteristics
Parameter and Conditions Symbol Values Unit
min typ max
Thermal resistance chip - case: RthJC -- -- 1.67 K/W
junction - ambient (free air): RthJA -- -- 75
device on pcb5): -- 42 --

1)
Supply voltages higher than Vbb(AZ) require an external current limit for the GND and status pins (a 150
resistor for the GND connection is recommended).
2)
RI = internal resistance of the load dump test pulse generator
3)
VLoad dump is setup without the DUT connected to the generator per ISO 7637-1 and DIN 40839
4)
EAS is the maximum inductive switch-off energy
5)
Device on 50mm*50mm*1.5mm epoxy PCB FR4 with 6cm2 (one layer, 70m thick) copper area for Vbb
connection. PCB is vertical without blown air.

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PROFET ITS428L2
Electrical Characteristics
Parameter and Conditions Symbol Values Unit
at Tj =-40...+150C, Vbb = 12 V unless otherwise specified min typ max

Load Switching Capabilities and Characteristics


On-state resistance (pin 3 to 5)
IL = 2 A; VBB 7V Tj=25 C: RON -- 50 60 m
Tj=150 C: 100 120
see diagram, page 10
Nominal load current, (pin 3 to 5)
ISO 10483-1, 6.7:VON=0.5V, TC=85C IL(ISO) 5.8 7.0 -- A
Output current (pin 5) while GND disconnected or IL(GNDhigh) -- -- 2 mA
GND pulled up6) , Vbb=30 V, VIN= 0,
see diagram page 8
Turn-on time IN to 90% VOUT: ton 30 100 200 s
Turn-off time IN to 10% VOUT: toff 30 100 200
RL = 12 ,
Slew rate on dV /dton 0.1 -- 1 V/s
10 to 30% VOUT, RL = 12 ,
Slew rate off -dV/dtoff 0.1 -- 1 V/s
70 to 40% VOUT, RL = 12 ,

Operating Parameters
Operating voltage Tj =-40 Vbb(on) 4.75 -- 41 V
Tj =+25...+150C: -- 43
Overvoltage protection7) Tj =-40C: Vbb(AZ) 41 -- -- V
Ibb=40 mA Tj =25...+150C: 43 47 52
Standby current (pin 3) 8) Tj=-40...+25C: Ibb(off) -- 5 9 A
VIN=0; see diagram on page 10 Tj= 150C: -- -- 25
Off-State output current (included in Ibb(off)) IL(off) -- 1 10 A
VIN=0
Operating current 9), VIN=5 V IGND -- 0.8 1.5 mA

6)
not subject to production test, specified by design
7)
Supply voltages higher than Vbb(AZ) require an external current limit for the GND and status pins (a 150
resistor for the GND connection is recommended. See also VON(CL) in table of protection functions and
circuit diagram page 8.
8
) Measured with load
9)
Add IST, if IST > 0, add IIN, if VIN>5.5 V

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PROFET ITS428L2
Parameter and Conditions Symbol Values Unit
at Tj =-40...+150C, Vbb = 12 V unless otherwise specified min typ max
Protection Functions10)
Current limit (pin 3 to 5) IL(lim)
(see timing diagrams on page 12) Tj =-40C: 21 28 36 A
Tj =25C: 17 22 31
Tj =+150C: 12 16 24
Repetitive short circuit shutdown current limit IL(SCr)
Tj = Tjt (see timing diagrams, page 12) -- 17 -- A
Thermal shutdown time11 Tj,start = 25C: toff(SC) -- 7.5 -- ms
(see timing diagrams on page 12)
Output clamp (inductive load switch off) 41
at VOUT = Vbb - VON(CL) IL= 40 mA: VON(CL) 43 47 52 V
Thermal overload trip temperature Tjt 150 -- -- C
Thermal hysteresis Tjt -- 10 -- K
Reverse battery (pin 3 to 1) 12) -Vbb -- -- 32 V
Reverse battery voltage drop (Vout > Vbb)13)
IL = -2 A Tj=150 C: -VON(rev) -- 600 -- mV

Diagnostic Characteristics
Open load detection current IL (OL) 10 -- 500 mA
(on-condition)

10)
Integrated protection functions are designed to prevent IC destruction under fault conditions described in the
data sheet. Fault conditions are considered as "outside" normal operating range. Protection functions are
not designed for continuous repetitive operation.
11)
Device on 50mm*50mm*1.5mm epoxy PCB FR4 with 6cm2 (one layer, 70m thick) copper area for Vbb
connection. PCB is vertical without blown air.
12)
Requires 150 resistor in GND connection. The reverse load current through the intrinsic drain-source
diode has to be limited by the connected load. Note that the power dissipation is higher compared to normal
operating conditions due to the voltage drop across the intrinsic drain-source diode. The temperature
protection is not active during reverse current operation! Input and Status currents have to be limited (see
max. ratings page 3 and circuit page 8).
13)
not subject to production test, specified by design

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PROFET ITS428L2
Parameter and Conditions Symbol Values Unit
at Tj =-40...+150C, Vbb = 12 V unless otherwise specified min typ max
Input and Status Feedback14)
Input resistance RI 2.5 3.5 6 k
see circuit page 8
Input turn-on threshold voltage VIN(T+) 1.7 -- 3.2 V
Input turn-off threshold voltage VIN(T-) 1.5 -- -- V
Input threshold hysteresis VIN(T) -- 0.5 -- V
Off state input current (pin 2), VIN = 0.4 V IIN(off) 1 -- 50 A
On state input current (pin 2), VIN = 5 V IIN(on) 20 50 90 A
Delay time for status with open load after switch off td(ST OL4) 100 520 900 s
(see timing diagrams on page 12)
Status output (open drain)
Zener limit voltage IST = +1.6 mA: VST(high) 5.4 6.1 -- V
ST low voltage IST = +1.6 mA: VST(low) -- -- 0.4

14)
If a ground resistor RGND is used, add the voltage drop across this resistor.

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PROFET ITS428L2

Truth Table
Input Output Status
level level BTS 428L2
Normal L L H
operation H H H
Open load L Z H
H H L
Overtem- L L H
perature H L L

L = "Low" Level X = don't care Z = high impedance, potential depends on external circuit
H = "High" Level Status signal after the time delay shown in the diagrams (see fig 5. page 12)

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PROFET ITS428L2

Terms Overvolt. and reverse batt. protection


+ 5V
+ Vbb
Ibb
3 R ST
I IN V
Vbb Z2
RI
IN IN
2 IL VON
PROFET OUT Logic
I ST 5
ST
4 R ST ST OUT
V V ST GND
IN
V
V
bb
1 IGND V OUT
Z1 PROFET
R
GND GND
R Load
R GND

Signal GND Load GND

Input circuit (ESD protection) VZ1 = 6.1 V typ., VZ2 = 47 V typ., RGND = 150 ,
RST= 15 k, RI= 3.5 k typ.
R In case of reverse battery the load current has to be
I
IN
limited by the load. Temperature protection is not
active
ESD-ZD I
I
I
Open-load detection in on-state
GND Open load, if VON < RONIL(OL); IN high

+ V bb
The use of ESD zener diodes as voltage clamp at DC
conditions is not recommended

Status output
VON
ON
+5V

OUT
R ST(ON) Open load
ST Logic
unit detection

ESD-
ZD
GND

ESD-Zener diode: 6.1 V typ., max 5.0 mA; RST(ON) < 375 GND disconnect
at 1.6 mA. The use of ESD zener diodes as voltage clamp at
DC conditions is not recommended.
3

Inductive and overvoltage output clamp IN


Vbb

+ V bb 2

PROFET OUT
V
Z 5
ST
4
GND
VON
V V V 1 V
bb IN ST GND
OUT

GND PROFET Any kind of load. In case of Input=high is VOUT VIN - VIN(T+) .
Due to VGND >0, no VST = low signal available.

VON clamped to 47 V typ.

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PROFET ITS428L2
GND disconnect with GND pull up Inductive Load switch-off energy
dissipation
3 E bb

Vbb
IN E AS
2
ELoad
PROFET OUT
5 Vbb
IN
ST
4
GND
PROFET OUT
1
= ST EL
V V V GND L

{
V IN ST GND
bb
ZL RL ER
Any kind of load. If VGND > VIN - VIN(T+) device stays off
Due to VGND >0, no VST = low signal available.

Vbb disconnect with energized inductive


Energy stored in load inductance:
load 2
EL = 1/2LI L
3 While demagnetizing load inductance, the energy
high Vbb dissipated in PROFET is
IN
2
EAS= Ebb + EL - ER= VON(CL)iL(t) dt,
PROFET OUT
5
with an approximate solution for RL > 0 :
ST
4
GND IL L ILRL
EAS= 2R (Vbb + |VOUT(CL)|) ln (1+ |V )
1 L OUT(CL)|

Maximum allowable load inductance for


V
bb a single switch off
L = f (IL ); Tj,start = 150C,TC = 150C const.,
For inductive load currents up to the limits defined by ZL Vbb = 12 V, RL = 0
(max. ratings and diagram on page 9) each switch is
protected against loss of Vbb. ZL [mH]
Consider at your PCB layout that in the case of Vbb dis- 1000
connection with energized inductive load all the load current
flows through the GND connection.

100

10

0.1
2 7 12 17
IL [A]

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PROFET ITS428L2
Typ. on-state resistance
RON = f (Vbb,Tj ); IL = 2 A, IN = high

RON [m]

175

150

125

100 Tj=150C

75

50 25C

-40C
25

0
3 5 7 9 30 40
Vbb [V]
Typ. standby current
Ibb(off) = f (Tj ); Vbb = 9...34 V, IN1,2 = low

Ibb(off) [A]
45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

0
-50 0 50 100 150 200
Tj [C]

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PROFET ITS428L2
Timing diagrams
Figure 1a: Vbb turn on: Figure 2b: Switching a lamp,
IN

IN

V bb

ST

V
OUT
V
OUT

ST open drain I
L
t

t
proper turn on under all conditions
The initial peak current should be limited by the lamp and not by the
current limit of the device.

Figure 2a: Switching a resistive load, Figure 2c: Switching an inductive load
turn-on/off time and slew rate definition:

IN IN

VOUT ST

90%
t on dV/dtoff
V
OUT
dV/dton t
off
10%

IL
I
L
I L(OL)

t t

*) if the time constant of load is too large, open-load-status may


occur

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PROFET ITS428L2

Figure 3a: Short circuit Figure 5a: Open load: detection in ON-state, open
shut down by overtemperature, reset by cooling load occurs in on-state

IN other channel: normal operation


IN

t t
d(ST OL) d(ST OL)
I ST
L

I
L(lim)
I VOUT
L(SCr)

t
off(SC)
ST normal open normal
I
L

t
t
Heating up of the chip may require several milliseconds, depending
on external conditions td(ST OL) = 10 s typ.

Figure 4a: Overtemperature: Figure 5b: Open load: turn on/off to open load
Reset if Tj <Tjt
IN

IN

t
ST d(STOL4)

ST

I
L
V
OUT

T
J

Infineon Technologies AG Page 12 2006-Mar-16


PROFET ITS428L2
Published by
Package and Ordering Code Infineon Technologies AG,
All dimensions in mm St.-Martin-Strasse 53,
D-81669 Mnchen
DPAK-5 Pin: PG-TO252-5-11 Infineon Technologies AG 2006
Sales code ITS428L2 All Rights Reserved.
Ordering code SP000221220
Attention please!
The information herein is given to describe certain
+0.15
components and shall not be considered as a guarantee of
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A
5.7 MAX.
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Terms of delivery and rights to technical change reserved.
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(4.24) 1 0.1

We hereby disclaim any and all warranties, including but not


0.9 +0.20
-0.01
limited to warranties of non-infringement, regarding circuits,
0.8 0.15

descriptions and charts stated herein.


6.22 -0.2
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0...0.15
Infineon Technologies is an approved CECC manufacturer.
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per side 5 x 0.6 0.1 0.5 +0.08
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1) Includes mold flashes on each side. Warnings


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Due to technical requirements components may contain
dangerous substances. For information on the types in
question please contact your nearest Infineon Technologies
Office.
Infineon Technologies Components may only be used in life-
support devices or systems with the express written
approval of Infineon Technologies, if a failure of such
components can reasonably be expected to cause the
failure of that life-support device or system, or to affect the
safety or effectiveness of that device or system. Life support
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