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MasterRecyclerIntroduction

SpringFallClass

A bit of History and Why we do what we do...

Presentedby:
SarahGrimm,WastereductionSpecialist,
LaneCountyPublicWorks
The Birth of Recycling

1950sPollution
1960sRevolution
1970sEPA
EarthDay
BottleBill
Oregon Revised Statues (ORS)
Chapter 459
Oregon DEQ delegates to counties the authority and
responsibility to establish a coordinated Solid Waste Management Plan.

The regulation also prioritizes methods of manage solid waste as follows:

1. To reduce the amount of solid waste generated.


2. To reuse material for the purpose for which it was originally
intended
3. To recycle materials that cannot be reused
4. To compost
4. To recover energy from solid waste that cannot be reused or
recycled or composted.
5. To dispose of solid waste that cannot be reused, recycled or from
which energy cannot be recovered by landfilling or other method
approved by the Department.
Opportunity to Recycle Act
SB 66
In 1991, Oregon DEQ required cities and counties to implement an opportunity
to recycle program and established a state wide goal of 50 % materials recovery
by 2000.
a. At least one durable recycling container to residential customers.
b. Weekly on-route collection on the same day that solid waste is collected.
c. An education program about the benefits of reducing, reusing, recycling
and composting material and to promote use of recycling services.
d. Recyclables collection at multi-family complexes.
e. Residential yard debris program.
f. On-site commercial recycling collection.
g. Expanded depot program (1 per 25,000 people).
h. Progressive residential rates.
i. Commercial organics/compost collection.
OpportunitytoRecycle

Springfield
Eugene
Junction City
Florence
Cottage Grove
Creswell
Veneta

Each Wasteshed (county) is responsible for providing


in the urban growth boundaries of these cities
GlassBottlesandJars LaneCountyRecycles
PlasticBottles,Tubs &Jars
TVs,CPUs.Monitors,Electronics
Paper(mixedlowgrade)
YardDebris
Newspaper
WoodWaste
Aseptic&MilkCarton
TinCans&Aluminum
Sharps
Cardboard
HouseholdBatteries
ScrapMetal
PlasticBagandFilm

Appliances&PropaneTanks
LeadAcidBatteries
MotorOil &OilFilters
Antifreeze
Tires
Electronics(6sites)
:Recycle
GlenwoodOnly
St.VincentdePaul
Styrofoam

CarpetPadding

Mattresses
MattressRecycling
:
St.VincentdePaulsince2004
~15,000annually
~average6080%recycled

set end-to- end,


they would
stretch all the
way to
Redmond
ElectronicsRecycling
Florence
Cottage Grove
Veneta
Vida
Oakridge
Glenwood

Other ECYCLES collectors: NextStep Recycling


Garten Services
Goodwill Industries
EventRecyclingProgramoffers:
Paper = Trees LAND
FILL
Metals = mineral mining
Glass = mineral mining
Plastic = petroleum, natural gas

95% of total energy used and pollution generated


ALUMINUM STEEL PAPER GLASS
Energy use 90-97% 47-74% 23-74% 4-32%
Air pollution 95% 85% 74% 20%
Water Pollution 97% 76% 35% -- ? --
Mining wastes 100% 97% ----- 80%
Water use -- !?! -- 40% 58% 50%
350,000

300,000
Recovered/Recycled

250,000
Disposed/Garbage

200,000

150,000

100,000

50,000

Tons
0
1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

http://www.deq.state.or.us/pubs/reports.htm#Recove
ry
Recycling is Up in Oregon, But So is Waste Generation
Total Solid Waste Disposed, Recovered, and
Generated 8.4
Results Energy(byprocess)
8
7.2 7.2
7.5 7.7
8.0

7.5
6.6 3.8
7 6.1 2.7 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.5
6.5 5.7
6
2.3
Pounds Per Person Per Day

2.0
5.5 1.5
5
4.5
4
3.5
4.5 454.6
3 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3
2.5 4.2 4.1 4.3
2
1.5
1
0.5
0

Key 0.0 = Generated = Recovered = Disposed


Recovery + Disposal = Generation
Facebook
just last night:
Traditionalview
Impactsfromcollectionandtransport
Landfillleachateandairemissions
Potentialliner failure
Illegaldumpingordischarging
AmoreAccurateview
Extraction/harvestofrawmaterials
Energyuse
Habitatimpact
Pollutionandwastes
Production/packagingmanufacturing
Energyuse
Consumptivewateruse
Pollutionandwastes
Transportofrawmaterials/products
EnergyUse
Pollution
Oregon DEQ delegates to counties the authority and responsibility to establish a
coordinated Solid Waste Management Plan.

The regulation also prioritizes methods of manage solid waste as follows:

1. To reduce the amount of solid waste generated.


2. To reuse material for the purpose for which it was originally
intended
3. To recycle materials that cannot be reused
4. To recover energy from solid waste that cannot be reused or
recycled.
5. To dispose of solid waste that cannot be reused, recycled or from
which energy cannot be recovered by landfilling or other method
approved by the Department.
:Reduce
K12Education
Contract

Business
Waste Prevention
Services Contract
Reuse
Reuse Contract at Glenwood
Ewaste Contracts Prioritize Reuse
Mattress Prioritizes Reuse
Appliances & Propane
:Reuse
RepairServiceDirectory

RepairCafes
Reuse

Advertising and Outreach


Radio, television, newsletters.

Oregon Green Schools


Grant program

lanecounty.org/greenschools.org
MargaretMead
: Reduce
DurableDishwareProgramoffers:
Servicefor100 availablein4tubs
Plates of25servingseach
Bowls
Forks
Knives
Spoons
Napkins
Drinkcups
Coffeecups
SharewhatyouLearn
Getinvolved,followyourpassion
How Recycling Is Like Flying

Thegreenhousegas(GHG)reductionsresultingfrom
Oregoniansrecyclingin2010(3millionMTC2e) isnearly
equaltotheGHGimpactofallairtravelbyall
Oregonianstoalldestinationsinthatsameyear(3.2
millionMTC2e).
Data compiled by ODEQ using 2010 Material Recovery and Waste Generation Report. and Table 4.1 of Oregons Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Through 2010: In-Boundary, Consumption-Based and Expanded Transportation Sector Inventories, ODEQ, ODOE and ODOT July 18, 2013.