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Popular medical treatments in India

Why India?
Indias modern and high-end technology available at lower costs than its
western counterparts has made the country a popular choice for medical
tourists from all across the globe. Rich cultural diversity and a health care
structure that works for every seeker local or international has
contributed to treatment costs 80 90 % lower than the US and the UK.

Popular treatments in cardiology: Treatments focussed on improving or

correcting any disease or abnormality in the functioning of the heart falls
under Cardiology. Non invasive cardiac surgeries are performed at
much lower rates than other western countries. Robot-assisted cardiac
surgery is also a rapidly popular method of treatment chosen by
international medical tourists. India is a top choice for cardiac surgeries
because of its success rate of over 98% that is higher than the US and the
Cardiac bypass: A surgical procedure where a large vein (saphenous
vein) from the leg is taken out and the end is connected to the aorta
(main artery supplying oxygenated blood) while the other to the coronary
artery (main supply of oxygenated blood to the heart) to establish an
alternate pathway for blood flow. This procedure is carried out when the
coronary artery is blocked or narrow. More than 60,000 bypass surgeries
get done every year and cost approximately 60,000USD less.

Angioplasty: A treatment procedure to widen narrow/blocked artery by

introducing a stent (small protective plastic tube). A catheter (small, thin
tube) with a balloon at its end in introduced through the stent and the
balloon is widened to push the plaque (blockage) against the arterial
walls for easy blood flow. Around 1200 angioplasty operations are done
in every major hospital per year and prices are 96.8% lesser in the Indian
subcontinent than in the US.

Heart valve replacement: A heart valve is a thin flap between heart

chambers to prevent the backflow of blood. Damaged valves are removed
in this procedure, and replaced by an artificial valve (synthetic or animal
tissue). At least 700 valve replacement surgeries per year are done by
each of the leading hospitals in India. The cost of the surgery is only 20%
of the cost of the same surgery in the USA.

Popular treatments in orthopaedics: Surgical procedures that repair

damages in the musculoskeletal system are categorized as orthopaedic
procedures. Orthopaedic doctors work with several physical therapists
and wellness coaches to arrive at surgical or non-surgical solutions to
problems. Arthroplasty (replacing joints with prosthetics) is one of the
most sought out orthopaedic procedures in India. The country has over
15,000 accredited orthopaedic surgeons.
Knee Replacement: In the case of severe trauma/arthritis, the knee
joint and the surrounding cartilage is removed by means of surgery. A
plastic joint is substituted. Nine out of ten knee replacement surgeries are
successful in India and costs only 3% of the prices in the US.

Hip replacement: Damage to the hip bone is caused due to severe

arthritis or trauma. The damaged femoral head of the bone where the
thigh is attached to the hip is removed and a ceramic/metal ball head
joint is introduced. More than 95% of hip replacement surgeries
performed in India are successful and medical tourists can save over
30,000 USD by choosing India as their place of treatment.

Joint Replacement: A damaged or arthritic joint is removed by the

surgeon. An artificial joint made from ceramic/metal material is then
substituted in place of the removed joint and mimics the joint movement.
The success rate is over 90% and the cost of the surgery in India is only
6000 USD when compared to the USAs 39,000 USD.

Arthroscopic Surgery: Damages in minor joints like wrist, finger,

shoulder, etc. are treated through arthroscopy. It is a minimally invasive
surgery where a small incision is made in the surgical field and an
endoscope (long tube with light) is inserted through to visualize the
extent of the damage. Loose cartilage or damaged bone is cut out and
artificial prosthesis (ceramic/metal substitute) is introduced. The
arthroscopic surgery is approximately 90% successful and is only 25% of
the cost in the USA.

Popular treatments in cosmetology: Cosmetology treatments are those

that treat deformities in the face, hair, or skin due to injuries or for
personal benefits. Specialists with years of experience and state of the
art hospice infrastructure makes India one of the 10 top choices for
cosmetology treatments at prices 60 90% cheaper than in the western
Facelift: Facelift restores youthfulness of individuals with sagging/aging
skin. Multiple incisions are made on the outline of the face and fat and
excess tissues are removed to remove folds and creases. There are more
than 6000 dermatologists in India and the number of facelift surgeries
performed every year is over 7,600.

Rhinoplasty: Congenital (present from birth) or acquired nasal

abnormalities are treated for therapeutic/aesthetic reasons. The incision
is made in the columella (anterior end of nasal septum) and the bone
structure of the nose is altered to suit the individuals preference. More
than 23, 000 rhinoplasty surgeries are done every year.

Mammoplasty: The appearance of the breast can be modified by the

mammoplasty procedure. Incisions are made on the underside or areola
(the area around nipples) of the breast and excess tissue is removed.
Silicone/Saline implants are introduced in certain cases. Almost 25,000
women have their breasts enlarged while 14,000 of them have them
reduced in a year.

Liposuction: Liposuction procedure removes excess fat to change the

shape of the body. A cannula (tube to remove fluid) is inserted at certain
sites and an aspirator (suction device) at its end to improve the contour
of the body. Liposuction procedures are carried out for over 41,000 men
and women in a year by qualified professionals.

Popular Organ implants: The recipients damaged or dysfunctional organ

is removed and supplemented with a healthy organ from a willing donor.
The Indian Transplant Registry is a website where the profile of donors
and recipients are stored to facilitate legal organ transplants. Over 70% of
organ transplantation surgeries performed in India are successful.
Bone marrow implants: Bone marrow is the tissue inside bones that
produces blood cells. Unhealthy bone marrow tissue has to be replaced
with healthy stem cells to treat life-threatening diseases like leukaemia
(blood cancer) and aplastic anaemia (deficiency of blood cells due to
underdeveloped bone marrow). 162 bone marrow transplants on average
are performed every year at Indias leading hospital at only 1/10th of the

Liver implant: Liver transplants are performed in individuals battling

cirrhosis (chronic liver damage due to alcohol abuse) and liver failure
because of hepatitis C. On failure of a liver dialysis (liver detoxification),
the failed liver is removed from the body and replaced with a healthy one
in its place. Indian surgeons perform around 1500 liver transplants each
year at 27,000 USD as compared to the 577,000 USD in the USA.
Popular Dental treatment: Dental treatments include surgical corrections
in the arrangement of teeth and jaw bones. Dental treatments are one of
the most chosen treatment options in India because the treatment period
is usually short and painless to enable sightseeing. The success rate is
over 90%.

Dental implants: Dental implants are metal/plastic structures that are

placed in the jaw bone to support artificial teeth. Incisions are made on
the gum line to access the jaw bone where dental implants are fixed using
cement or a small drill. There are 1404 well-equipped clinics across India
to perform dental implants at costs 30% of the rates in the US.

Root canal treatment: The infected pulp (tissue inside root canal) is
removed along with the nerve and the cavity realized is cleaned. It is then
filled with a resin and sealed with a crown (tooth shaped cap) for
protection. The root canal treatment is 92% successful and performed at
costs 15 150 USD only.
Craniofacial and skull deformities: Surgical procedures to correct
damage in the facial, jaw, skull bones resulted from trauma. Bone grafts
(bone transplanted from one part to another), laser surgery and
microsurgery (surgery performed under the microscope) is employed in
the reconstruction of deformed structures. More than 1000 craniofacial
surgeries are performed each year in leading hospitals throughout the
country and cost around 60% less than the costs for the same in the US.
Popular treatments in Ophthalmology: Any surgical or medical problem
to treat eye diseases/disturbances. The All India Ophthalmic Society
conducts regular conferences to discuss new advancements in
technology. The ophthalmic treatments in India boast a high success rate

Eye transplant: When the cornea (transparent front tissue of the eye) is
damaged beyond repair and the damage cannot be rectified by
medicines, corneal transplantation is suggested. A total or a partial graft
of the cornea is performed depending on the extent of the damage. The
success rate is between 70 89% and the cost of the surgery is much
lesser than it is in Western countries.

LASIK: LASIK is a commonly performed laser corrective surgery aimed at

correcting the refractive errors of the eye. The corneal epithelium is cut
through and the stroma (tissue matrix) is vaporized carefully using a laser
until corrective vision is restored. Almost 200,000 LASIK surgeries are
performed every year throughout the country. The average cost of a
LASIK procedure in India is 465 USD to USAs 1500 USD.

Treating glaucoma, cataracts: Glaucoma is because of increase in the

intraocular pressure of eye fluid (aqueous/vitreous humor) and cataract is
the Keratinization (hardening of eye protein) of the eye lens. Both can be
treated by pills, eye drops, or corrective surgery. India has 12,000
certified Ophthalmologists qualified to treat glaucoma and cataract and
costs less than 1000 USD.
Pediatric ophthalmic diseases and disorders: Pediatric ophthalmologists
treat infections and impairments in vision in children. A thorough eye
examination is first performed, and most of the diseases are treated with
the help of eye drops. India has well-equipped centres to treat Pediatric
ophthalmic diseases at nearly half the rates in the USA.
Popular treatments in Fertility: Treatments involved in rectifying fertility
problems (inability to conceive) in couples are called fertility treatments.
India is one of the top global destinations for fertility treatments because
of its infrastructure. There are over 500 centres treating fertility

IVF: Unexplained infertility, blocked fallopian tubes or endometriosis

(extra lining of uterus tissue lining) may hinder natural conception
process. The mans sperm and the womans egg are artificially fertilized in
the lab and then introduced into the uterus to induce pregnancy. Over
500 IVF babies are born each month in the capital of the country alone
and the general success rate is over 30%.

GIFT: This procedure is carried out on the failure of IVF. The eggs are
enhanced by hormones to increase chances of pregnancy before they are
artificially fertilized and placed directly in the fallopian tubes by means of
an abdominal incision. The overall success rate of the procedure is
between 10 20% and the average cost is around 750 USD.

Surrogacy treatment: Surrogacy is the preferred treatment option if the

uterus is too weak to carry the pregnancy or because of a womans age.
The egg and sperm are fertilized artificially and then a healthy surrogate
mother is chosen to perform IVF. India is one of the countries where
surrogacy is legal and more than 25,000 children are successfully born in
India through surrogate mothers. The treatment costs around 25,000 USD
on average.
Women Infertility: Intra Uterine Insemination is suggested in case of
couples with low sperm count or decreased sperm mobility. The sperm is
removed and washed from the man and then placed inside the womans
uterus to facilitate pregnancy. The success rate is between 30 40% in
the first attempt, and 80 90% in the subsequent attempts. The
procedure costs around 2500 USD.
Alternative therapy: Any method of therapy other than western is called
Alternative/traditional therapy. Indian traditional therapies find their
origin in the practice of traditional tribes that are, in recent days,
increasingly employed in providing relief to a migraine, insomnia, viral
infection, paralysis, substance abuse, etc.

Wellness and rejuvenation spas: Vacation retreats that are established

solely for the purpose of rehabilitation of mind, soul, and body after
medical treatment. Wellness spas are suggested by the physician to
speed up the bodys natural healing process. Most of the wellness spas
are scattered throughout the southern part of India.

Yoga: Yoga is an ancient Indian practice that helps in wholesome

healing of the body. The regular practice of Yoga has been consistently
proven to reduce risks of pathological diseases like blood pressure, heart
diseases, hypertension, nervous diseases, etc. Yoga centres are stretched
all across the country and offer certified courses.

Ayurveda: Ayurveda medicine is an ancient medicinal treatise that

diagnoses and treats diseases using herbal, metallic, and mineral
components. Ayurveda treatments are non-surgical and hence, have no
side effects. The centre of Ayurveda treatment is Kerala, and most of the
western medicinal treatments in recent times are supplemented by
ayurvedic practices.
India is also home to other branches of treatments like neurosurgery that
deals with the diagnosis and therapy of nervous system related disorders.
The country also specializes in general surgery (treatment of abdominal
organs) practices. Laparoscopy and gastro-intestinal surgeries are one of
the most sought out treatments.

How Medobal will help you with the trip?

Medobal will connect you with the best hospitals in the world with the
help of our interactive website. We also help you with superior
accommodation and a taste of the locals until the treatment is done.
Using our website, you can browse through any of the treatment
procedures and get a budgeted quote that is light on the wallet without
compromise on the world class treatment facilities.