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MIKE FLOOD TRAINING

Modelling of River Flooding


Exercises

MIKE BY DHI 2011


Agern All 5
DK-2970 Hrsholm
Denmark

Tel: +45 4516 9200


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mikebydhi@dhigroup.com
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2011-08-12/DOCUMENT1/JSL/2011Training.lsm
CONTENTS

Modelling of River Flooding


Exercises

1 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................. 1
1.1 Background ............................................................................................................................. 1
1.2 MIKE FLOOD Project Presentation ....................................................................................... 1
1.3 Required Data.......................................................................................................................... 3

2 PROJECT AND DATA PREPARATION IN MIKE ZERO ............................ 5


2.1 Creating a New Project from Template .................................................................................. 5
2.1.1 Change the Settings for Project Explorer ................................................................................ 7
2.2 Convert XYZ Data for Project ................................................................................................ 7
2.3 Create a DFS0 Water Level Time Series from ASCII File ..................................................... 8
2.4 Create Hydrograph Time Series for Project .......................................................................... 10

3 SETTING UP A MIKE 11 MODEL FOR MIKE FLOOD ............................. 13


3.1 Review the Existing MIKE 11 Model whole .................................................................... 13
3.1.1 Check the Simulation File ..................................................................................................... 13
3.1.2 Open the MIKE 11 Input Files .............................................................................................. 14
3.1.3 Edit the Network File ............................................................................................................ 17
3.2 Prepare the MIKE 11 Model for MIKE FLOOD .................................................................. 20
3.2.1 Edit the Network and Boundary Files ................................................................................... 20
3.2.2 Modify the Cross-Section File .............................................................................................. 22
3.2.3 Update the Simulation Parameters ........................................................................................ 26
3.2.4 Create another MIKE 11 Setup ............................................................................................. 26
3.3 View MIKE 11 Results in MIKE VIEW .............................................................................. 27

4 SETTING UP A MIKE 21 MODEL................................................................ 29


4.1 Defining the Model Topography........................................................................................... 29
4.1.1 Create a Bathymetry File ...................................................................................................... 29
4.1.2 Import Background Data and Image to Bathymetry File ...................................................... 31
4.1.3 Create and Export the Bathymetry ........................................................................................ 33
4.1.4 Import Topography from ASCII File .................................................................................... 37
4.1.5 Create Palette and Overlay for Project .................................................................................. 39
4.2 Creating the Bathymetry dfs2 Files for MIKE 21 Model ..................................................... 46
4.2.1 Create Grid50m_2.dfs2 for MIKE FLOOD Model .............................................................. 46
4.2.2 Create Grid50m_3.dfs2 for MIKE FLOOD Model .............................................................. 49
4.2.3 Create Grid50m_4.dfs2 for MIKE FLOOD Model .............................................................. 51
4.2.4 Create an Initial Water Level Map for MIKE FLOOD Project ............................................ 51

i
4.2.5 Create a Roughness Map for MIKE FLOOD Project ........................................................... 53
4.3 Setup of Different MIKE 21 Flow Models for MIKE FLOOD Project ............................... 54
4.3.1 Create a Standalone MIKE 21 Flow Model .......................................................................... 54
4.3.2 View the MIKE 21 Result File in Grid Editor ...................................................................... 59
4.3.3 Create 2D Component for MIKE FLOOD Model 1 ............................................................. 60

5 COUPLING AND RUNNING MIKE FLOOD MODEL 1: ASSESSMENT


OF EXPLICIT COUPLES ............................................................................... 61
5.1 Create a New Couple File for MIKE FLOOD 1 ................................................................... 61
5.2 Create 2 Standard Links ........................................................................................................ 63
5.3 Create a Lateral Link for Tributary ................................................................................... 65
5.4 Block Out River Cells in the Bathymetry File ...................................................................... 68
5.5 View the MIKE FLOOD 1 Results in Plot Composer .......................................................... 70
5.6 Additional, if time permits ................................................................................................ 71

6 CREATE DIFFERENT MIKE FLOOD MODELS FOR COMPARISON .... 73


6.1 Create MIKE 21 Models for MIKE FLOOD ........................................................................ 73
6.1.1 Create 2D Component for MIKE FLOOD Model 2 ............................................................. 73
6.1.2 Create 2D Component for MIKE FLOOD Model 3 ............................................................. 73
6.2 MIKE FLOOD 2: Assessment of Implicit Couples/Structures............................................. 74
6.2.1 Create MIKE FLOOD 2 Couple File .................................................................................... 74
6.2.2 Modify the MIKE 11 Model to Insert an H-Q-H Structure Branch ..................................... 74
6.2.3 Set up the Implicit Structure in MIKE FLOOD 2 ................................................................. 81
6.2.4 Add Zero Flow Links ............................................................................................................ 84
6.2.5 View and Analyse the Results of MIKE FLOOD 2 ............................................................. 84
6.3 MIKE FLOOD 3: Assessment of Explicit Structures ........................................................... 87
6.3.1 Create MIKE FLOOD 3 Couple File .................................................................................... 87
6.3.2 Insert an H-H Structure Branch in MIKE 11 ........................................................................ 87
6.3.3 Define Explicit Links for H-H Conduit in MIKE FLOOD 3................................................ 92
6.3.4 View the Results of MIKE FLOOD 3 .................................................................................. 93

7 DISCUSSIONS ................................................................................................ 95
7.1 H-Q-H versus H-H Structure Method ................................................................................... 95
7.2 Implicit versus Explicit Structure Methods .......................................................................... 95
7.3 Tips to Improve the Stability of the Links ............................................................................ 97

8 RESULT EXTRACTION USING TOOLBOXES .......................................... 99


8.1 MIKE Zero Toolbox ............................................................................................................. 99
8.2 MIKE 21 Toolbox ............................................................................................................... 102
8.3 Additional Result Viewing Tools ....................................................................................... 104

ii MIKE FLOOD Training


Introduction

1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background
The purpose of these exercises is to construct different coupled MIKE FLOOD
models (MIKE 11-MIKE 21) going through all the necessary steps. The exercises
relate to a typical example of applying MIKE FLOOD to simulate water levels
across a floodplain on the East Coast of Australia.

The scenario is presented as follows:


A MIKE 11 model of the river and floodplain exists
New 2D ground data (ALS or LIDAR) has been sourced
A MIKE 21 model of the floodplain needs to be developed
Four MIKE FLOOD models, utilizing the existing MIKE 11 model, will be
created to determine impacts of road upgrades and new structures on flood
levels.

1.2 MIKE FLOOD Project Presentation


Through the exercises of this training guide, you will setup various models for the
MIKE FLOOD Project. A list of the different models is presented below:

A standalone MIKE 11 model with a Main River and a Tributary (whole);


A standalone MIKE 21 model which replicates the MIKE 11 model
(standalone);
MIKE FLOOD Model 1 to be used for assessment of explicit links;
MIKE FLOOD Model 2 to be used for assessment of implicit links/structures;
MIKE FLOOD Model 3 to be used for assessment of explicit structures;

Exercises 1
Modelling of River Flooding

Standalone MIKE 11 Standalone MIKE 21

MIKE FLOOD 1: Explicit couples MIKE FLOOD 2: Implicit Structure (HQH)

MIKE FLOOD 3 (left): Explicit Structure (HH Conduit)

2 MIKE FLOOD Training


Introduction

1.3 Required Data


The available data for this exercise are stored under the exercises folder. Data
are placed in 5 sub-folders. These include:

COUPLE
- Topo.pfs palette for MIKE FLOOD
- Couple.xls spreadsheet of all coupled cells used in exercises

DFSO
- Hydrograph.xls spreadsheet with base inflow hydrograph
- Tide.txt ASCII file used to create time series of tide
- Test.dfs1 example of DFS1 file for exercises

MIKE 11
- Existing model setup whole including 5 files (sim11, bnd11, HD11,
nwk11, xns11)
- Photo.jpg background image for MIKE 11
- Photo.extents text file of image coordinates
- Create Closed Sections 1.xls tool for making conduit section

MIKE 21
- Photo.bmp background image for MIKE21
- Photo.bmpw text file of image coordinates
- Test_lat.xyz raw XYZ point in lat/long coordinates
- \ASCII Files:
Ascii_Import.txt DHI ASCII format for import of grid data
Ascii_toolbox.asc ESRI ASCII format for grid data
- \Backup Grids:
Backup grids of bathymetry, roughness and initial conditions

RESULTS
- Comparison.xls spreadsheet of results comparing methods
- Exercise.plc plot composer for exercise
- M21_Toolbox.21t M21 toolbox for exercise
- MZ_Toolbox.mzt MZero toolbox for exercise

Check to make sure you have all of these files prior to starting.

Exercises 3
Modelling of River Flooding

4 MIKE FLOOD Training


Project and Data Preparation in MIKE Zero

2 PROJECT AND DATA PREPARATION IN MIKE ZERO


2.1 Creating a New Project from Template
The first step in creating a new MIKE FLOOD model is to create a MIKE Zero
project.

1 Start MIKE FLOOD by selecting Start/Program files/DHI Software/MIKE


FLOOD/MIKE FLOOD. This will load the MIKE Zero modelling platform
from which you can create or open MIKE 11, MIKE 21 and MIKE FLOOD
models.

2 From the MIKE Zero window select File >New > New Project from
template. The following New Project dialog will appear.

3 This dialog provides a selection of typical Project Types and a list of Project
Templates for the selected Project Type. As noted in the dialog, the Project
Templates provide a suggested folder structure for helping to organise your
model data.

4 In the Project Type list, select General, and in the Template list, select the
General item.

5 Fill in the Project Name and the Client as indicated in the dialog Name (give
a dummy name for this exercise) and then click the [OK] button to create the
project folder.

Exercises 5
Modelling of River Flooding

The folder structure of the selected project template is listed under the Project
Explorer panel on the right-hand side of the MIKE Zero window. This
panel provides you with an easily accessible overview of the project and the
files associated with the project.

6 Under the folder Model, create three sub-folders named MIKE11, MIKE21
and COUPLE by right-clicking on the folder Model, selecting Add Folder.

7 Similarly, under the Result folder, create two sub-folders named MIKE11
and MIKE21.

8 We now need to reorganise the data


and move the files to the relevant
folders. You can use Windows
Explorer or try the Project Explorer
in MIKE Zero:
- Copy the data from the Data
folder into the Model folder.
- Copy the data under MIKE11
to the Model\MIKE11 folder.
- Similarly copy the data for
MIKE21, COUPLE and DFS0
into the relevant project
folders.

9 If you could not see the content of


these folders under the Project
Explorer just right click on the
folder and choose Show All (if it is
already checked, uncheck it and
recheck it again) then it will
refresh.

Your Project Explorer should look


as follows:

6 MIKE FLOOD Training


Project and Data Preparation in MIKE Zero

2.1.1 Change the Settings for Project Explorer

Go to MIKE Zero > File > Options > User Settings


Under the General Tab, enable Dynamic Show All

Browse through the other tabs of the User Settings window. You can specify the
default project location, parameters for notifications (SMS and emails), the file
associations, etc

2.2 Convert XYZ Data for Project


In this exercise, we would like to convert spatial XYZ data coordinates from one
coordinate system to another. The XYZ data will be used to create the bathymetry,
input to the 2D model.

1 Go to MIKE Zero > File > Options > Datum Convert.

2 Navigate to the folder Model\MIKE21 and select the file test_lat.xyz.

3 Assign map projection and type of coordinates to System A: MGA-56


(Australian Datum) in Lat/Long (geographical).

Exercises 7
Modelling of River Flooding

4 We want to convert the Coordinate System A into a Coordinate System B,


here: MGA-56 in Easting/Northing (Map projection). Click Convert from A
to B.

5 Save the file as test_mga.xyz and close the Datum Converter.

2.3 Create a DFS0 Water Level Time Series from ASCII File
In this exercise, you will create a time series (*.dfs0) from an ASCII file. This
time series will be used as a downstream water level boundary condition in the
project.

1 Go to MIKE Zero > File > New > File > MIKE Zero > Time Series > From
ASCII File.

2 Navigate to Model\Model Inputs\DFS0 and select the file tide.txt.

3 Select Equidistant Calendar Axis.

8 MIKE FLOOD Training


Project and Data Preparation in MIKE Zero

4 Click OK and save the file as tide.dfs0 under Model\Model Inputs\DFS0.


Close the file.

Exercises 9
Modelling of River Flooding

2.4 Create Hydrograph Time Series for Project


We will now create a hydrograph for the project from a blank time series and copy
the hydrograph data from an Excel sheet. The hydrograph will be used as inflow
boundary to the model.

1 Open the file Hydrograph.xls under Model\Model Inputs\DFS0 and review


the file (period, time step, items, units, etc).

2 Go to MIKE Zero > File > New > File > MIKE Zero > Time Series > Blank
Time Series.

3 Fill in the descriptor and start date. Infill time interval and number of time
steps as shown on the image below.

4 You need to add 3 different items to this time series. Append 3 blank
Discharge time series and rename them as Main, Trib and Main_M21
(see image above). Click OK.

5 You can now see the graphical and tabular view of the time series data. Copy
the data from the Excel sheet into the first column Main.

6 Use the Calculator (Tools > Calculator) to create data for Trib and
Main_M21:
- Divide values from column 1 by 5 for Trib
- Multiply values from column 1 by -1 for Main_M21

10 MIKE FLOOD Training


Project and Data Preparation in MIKE Zero

Exercises 11
Modelling of River Flooding

7 Save the file as Inflow.dfs0 under Model\Model Inputs.

12 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 11 Model for MIKE FLOOD

3 SETTING UP A MIKE 11 MODEL FOR MIKE FLOOD


The aim of the present exercise is to review the existing MIKE 11 model setup and
change some graphical settings so that you will get familiar with the different files
and features of MIKE 11. Hereafter, you are going to modify the 1D model for use
in the MIKE FLOOD setup.

3.1 Review the Existing MIKE 11 Model whole


3.1.1 Check the Simulation File

1 Open MIKE Zero and load your Project if it is not already open. From the
Project Explorer, navigate to Model\MIKE11 and double click on
whole.sim11 to load the simulation file. Alternatively, you can load the
simulation by going to File > Open > File and browse to the *.sim11 file.

Exercises 13
Modelling of River Flooding

2 Check each tab in the *.sim11 file successively:


- Models Tab where you select the MIKE 11 modules to execute and the
simulation mode.
- Input Tab where you specify the required input file names to run the
model.
- Simulation Tab which contains details of simulation time, time stepping
specifications and initial conditions for each of the chosen models.
- Results Tab where you specify a file name for saving results of each
simulation. Change the file path name to the Result\MIKE11 directory of
your project.
- Start Tab where you can start the simulation. If all specified input files
exist (green validation status), the Start button can be pressed to run the
simulation. Some files may need to be reloaded as the file path may have
changed.

3.1.2 Open the MIKE 11 Input Files

From the Input Tab of the Simulation file, you can open all input files specified
for the simulation by pressing Edit.

1 Open the Network file.

Inflow Boundary (Main)

Source Inflow (Trib)

Inflow
Boundary Level Boundary
(Trib) (Tide)

2 Open the Cross-section file.

14 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 11 Model for MIKE FLOOD

3 Open the Boundary file. You may need to reload the boundary time series as
they are stored in a new directory \Model\Model Inputs.

4 Open the HD Parameter file.

Exercises 15
Modelling of River Flooding

5 Go back to the simulation file and run the model.

16 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 11 Model for MIKE FLOOD

3.1.3 Edit the Network File

1 Open the network file from the Input Tab of the simulation file.

2 On the graphical view, look at the various digitisation tools. You can try and
draw points, add a branch, etc Remember not to save the network file or do
not forget to rename it before.

3 Open the Tabular View of the network editor. Go to View > Tabular View or
press [Ctrl] + [t] on the graphical view. Click on the tree view on the left to
navigate through the different network tables (Points and Branches).

4 We would like to add a background image to the graphical view. Go to Layers


> Add/Remove. Load the picture Photo.jpg from Model\MIKE11.

Exercises 17
Modelling of River Flooding

5 The picture does not display properly so we need to define the extent of the
coordinates. Go to Layers > Properties and insert the image coordinates:
- Min X: 500543
- Max X: 511994
- Min Y: 7049718
- Max Y: 7069277

6 Save the file and close all files from the whole model.

18 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 11 Model for MIKE FLOOD

Exercises 19
Modelling of River Flooding

3.2 Prepare the MIKE 11 Model for MIKE FLOOD


You will now edit the existing MIKE 11 setup so that it can be used with MIKE
FLOOD.

1 Open the whole.sim11 file and save it as mflood1.sim11 in the same


project folder.

2 Open all 4 referenced files and rename them as follows:


- mflood1.nwk11
- mflood1.xns11
- mflood1.bnd11
- mflood1.hd11

3 Reassign the new files to mflood1.sim11 and save the simulation file.

3.2.1 Edit the Network and Boundary Files

1 Open the network file. We would like to add a grid file as a background
image.
- Go to Layers > Add/Remove. Load the grid file Grid50m_2.dfs2 from
External Data\MIKE21\Backup Grids.
- Turn off the aerial photo in Layers > Properties and turn on the grid file
instead (double-click to select or unselect a layer).

20 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 11 Model for MIKE FLOOD

2 Now, we need to remove a few items by right-clicking on the graphical view:


- The tidal boundary at the outlet of Main River (to the East). Right-click
on the outlet and choose Delete, delete the boundary.
- The point source inflow to Main River directly from the boundary file.
- The branch connection between Main River and Tributary using the
Disconnect Branch tool.

3 Split the branch Main River downstream of chainage 5831 m using this

Cut branch into 2 tool . Delete the lower part of the branch and the

points left behind using the following tools and . You can also
delete the branch at once from the tabular view. This part of the branch will
be modelled in MIKE 21 instead.

4 Add new water level boundaries at the loose ends of the new network. The
boundary should be a constant water level of 0m. To add a boundary, right-
click on the graphical view and choose Insert > Boundary > Hydrodynamic
you should now have 4 boundaries: 2 inflow boundaries and 2 water level
boundaries at the downstream ends.

Exercises 21
Modelling of River Flooding

3.2.2 Modify the Cross-Section File

1 Open the cross-section file mflood1.xns11

2 Copy the cross-section at Tributary chainage 3437m to chainage 3500m.


Right click on the cross-section on the tree view and choose Copy

22 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 11 Model for MIKE FLOOD

3 Trim the Tributary cross-sections to the low flow channel using the bank
markers 1 and 3 from chainage 3500m to chainage 10065m.

Exercises 23
Modelling of River Flooding

4 Rename the cross-section at Tributary ch6835m to ch6850m by right-


clicking on the cross-section in the tree view.

5 Insert an interpolated cross-section at Tributary ch10000m by using the


right-click function.

6 Insert interpolated cross-sections at 50m intervals on branch Tributary


between ch3500m and 10000m. Having a cross-section section every 50m
will ensure at least one H-point every 50 metres for a better coupling with
MIKE 21 (bathymetry with 50 m grid resolution).

24 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 11 Model for MIKE FLOOD

7 Using the option Apply to All Sections (from the menu Cross-sections)
change the Type and Process Data for all sections as shown below. Save the
cross-section file.

8 Open the network file and view the changes in the graphical view. Open the
tabular view and generate the grid points. Save the network file.

Exercises 25
Modelling of River Flooding

Changing dX to 50 m in Branch Menu


will have same effect as Interpolated
Sections (more H-Points)

3.2.3 Update the Simulation Parameters

1 Close the cross-section and network files and go to the simulation file
mflood1.sim11.

2 Change the simulation time step to 5 sec. This is the time step we will use in
the MIKE 21 setup.

3 Change the result file name to mflood1.res11, save it under the directory
Result\MIKE11 and change the saving interval to 120 time steps.

4 Save the simulation file and check that the model runs.

3.2.4 Create another MIKE 11 Setup

Now that you have created a MIKE 11 model for MIKE FLOOD
mflood1.sim11, rename all the files to mflood2.sim11. Do not forget to also
change the result file name to mflood2.res11.

This second MIKE 11 setup will be used for another MIKE FLOOD model.

26 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 11 Model for MIKE FLOOD

3.3 View MIKE 11 Results in MIKE VIEW


You can view MIKE 11 result file (*.res11) using MIKE View. To start MIKE
View, go to Start > Programs > MIKE BY DHI 2011 > MIKE View > MIKE
View.

1 Open MIKE View and navigate to the \Results directory. Open


whole.res11.

2 View the results using different tools:


- time series graph of water level and discharge results
- time series data
- longitudinal profile
- q/H curve
- water level in a cross-section

3 Use the animation tool to animate a longitudinal profile and a cross-section.

Exercises 27
Modelling of River Flooding

4 Exit MIKE View.

28 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 21 Model

4 SETTING UP A MIKE 21 MODEL


The aim of the present exercise is to construct the 2D component of the coupled
1D/2D MIKE FLOOD setup.

4.1 Defining the Model Topography


The topography is the most important data for creating a 2D model. This is the
driven force for overland flow. In this exercise, we are going to use the
Bathymetry Editor to process xyz survey data to generate the bathymetry.

4.1.1 Create a Bathymetry File

1 Open a new bathymetry file by going into MIKE Zero > File > New > File >
MIKE Zero > Bathymetries (.batsf).

2 In the Define Working Area dialog, enter the coordinates, projection and
origin data as indicated in the figure below. Then click the OK button to
validate the values.

Exercises 29
Modelling of River Flooding

3 Save the bathymetry file as test.batsf under Model\Model Inputs. In the


Define Working Area dialog, enter the coordinates, projection and origin data
as indicated in the figure below. Then click the OK button to validate the
values.

30 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 21 Model

4.1.2 Import Background Data and Image to Bathymetry File

4 Navigate to Model\MIKE21 and open the file Photo.bmpw. Review the


coordinates of the image.

5 From the top menu bar select Working Area > Background Management to
open the Background Management dialog. Then click the Import button and
browse to the file Photo.bmp.

6 In the same way, import the data file test_mga.xyz. Remember to select
Convert from MGA-56 when importing (No conversion should be the
default option).

Exercises 31
Modelling of River Flooding

7 Click OK and an image similar to the one below should appear. The image
shows the location of the available data points to use for creating a model
bathymetry data set. Notice that the image is not shown.

32 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 21 Model

8 To show the image in the background, simply go to Work Area and select
Show Background Images.

9 Save the file.

4.1.3 Create and Export the Bathymetry

We now need to convert the data points for interpolation of the bathymetry. This is
done through the following steps:

1 Go to Work Area > Bathymetry Management > New.

Exercises 33
Modelling of River Flooding

2 Define the extent of the grid to be created by entering the values shown in the
image below. Click OK.

34 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 21 Model

3 Go to Work Area > Settings and change the border display to a tick red line
for viewing purposes.

4 Click on the button Import From Background and select all the points by
left clicking and holding the left mouse button and then dragging a box
around all the points within the working area.

5 Click again on the button. The Bathymetry Editor should look similar to
the image below.

Exercises 35
Modelling of River Flooding

6 In Work Area > Bathymetry Management dialog, select the previously


defined bathymetry item and click the Interpolate button to interpolate the xyz
survey data to the bathymetry grid. Set the search radius to 2 and select
Bilinear Interpolation method. Leave the other settings as default. Click OK to
execute.

7 Save the file. This should create 3 files: the *.batsf file, *.RD file (binary file
with raw data) and the *.dfs2 bathymetry grid file. Alternatively, in the
Bathymetry Management dialog, select Export and export the grid file as
Grid50m_1.dfs2 under Model\MIKE21.

36 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 21 Model

8 Open and inspect the newly generated grid file.

4.1.4 Import Topography from ASCII File

It is also possible to create a bathymetry by importing an ASCII file. Through the


steps below, you will learn how to import from an ASCII file. However the file
created will not be used for the MIKE FLOOD project.

1 Open MIKE Zero and go to File > New > File > MIKE Zero > Grid Series
(.dfs2) and choose from ASCII File.

2 Browse to Model\MIKE21\ASCII Files and select the file


ASCII_Import.txt. Click OK.

Exercises 37
Modelling of River Flooding

3 Save the imported file as Imported_ASCII.dfs2.

4 It is also possible to import the topography from an ASCII file using MIKE
Zero Toolbox. Open MIKE Zero Toolbox from File > New > File > MIKE
Zero > MIKE Zero Toolbox (.mzt). Under the GIS Tab, choose Grd2Mike
and follow the steps.

38 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 21 Model

5 An example has been prepared. Browse to the \Result directory and open
MZ_Toolbox.mzt. Double click on the setup Import ASCII and follow
the different steps. Change the result file path to an appropriate folder.

6 Execute the file and open the resulting file Converted ASCII.dfs2 for
review.

4.1.5 Create Palette and Overlay for Project

1 Navigate to Model\MIKE21 and open the bathymetry Grid50m_1.dfs2.

2 We want to create a new colour palette to improve the viewing of the


bathymetry. Go to View > Palette > New. to open the Palette Wizard. Fill
in the parameters of the first step as indicated on the following image:

Exercises 39
Modelling of River Flooding

3 Change the colours and values in steps 2 and 3. Follow the next two images.
Values go from 10m to -5m.

40 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 21 Model

4 Save the palette as Topo.pal under Model\MIKE21 by going to View >


Palette > Save

Exercises 41
Modelling of River Flooding

5 We would like to import the image Photo.bmp in the background. We have


already reviewed the image coordinates (Photo.bmpw) in a previous
exercise. Go to Data Overlay > Add/Remove Layers and load the image
file.

6 We need to change the order of display as the image is now hiding the
bathymetry. In the Add/Remove Layers dialog go to the tab Overlay Manager
and bring the image to the top.

42 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 21 Model

We now want to make the grid transparent so that the image will be displayed
in the background, behind the bathymetry. Go to View > Grid Settings
change the Contour type to Box contour with transparency and set the
transparency to 50%.

The grid should appear like the image below.

7 We can also overlay the MIKE 11 network file on top of the bathymetry. Go
to Data Overlay > Add/Remove layers Browse to the whole.nwk11 file
and select Convert from: MGA-56 before clicking the OK button.

Exercises 43
Modelling of River Flooding

8 Save the grid as Grid50m_2.dfs2 under Model\MIKE21.

44 MIKE FLOOD Training


Setting Up a MIKE 21 Model

9 MIKE Zero created a *.gsf file in the same folder where you have your grid
file saved. This file contains information on the grid settings, so that next time
you open the grid file, the additional image and network file as well as the
palette will be loaded with the grid. Browse to your exercise folder and open
the Grid50m_2.gsf file for review.

Exercises 45
Modelling of River Flooding

4.2 Creating the Bathymetry dfs2 Files for MIKE 21 Model


In the following steps, you will modify the bathymetry you have created
previously to define the topography file to be used in the MIKE FLOOD model.
You will also create an initial water level map and a roughness grid.

4.2.1 Create Grid50m_2.dfs2 for MIKE FLOOD Model

In this exercise, we will prepare a second topographic grid for the MIKE FLOOD
setup with an ocean boundary and inflow from Tributary 2. The inflow from the
Main River and Tributary 1 will be supplied by MIKE 11.

1 Load Grid50m_2.dfs2 and deselect the image Photo.bmp display.

2 Change the transparency of the grid to 0%.

3 The first change to the bathymetry will be to close all boundaries by setting
all points along the edge equal to the land value. For the project, the land
value is set to 10m. All points above 10m are considered land. Use the
selection tool ( Select by lines) to choose the cells along the boundaries.
All the values along the line should be selected and highlighted in the tabular
view. From the top menu bar choose Tools > Set value. Enter a value of 10m.

Note: once cells are selected, they stay selected until you unselect them by
clicking on the Unselect All icon . If you forget to unselect the cells then
all subsequent changes will be applied to all currently selected cells.

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4 Now we would like to block out the ocean cells to the right side of the

bathymetry. Use the Select by polygon tool to select the ocean north and
south of the river mouth as shown below.

The current selection is quite rough and includes cells which are not the
ocean. We should then refine the selection. Go to Tools > Select > Values
Choose Select values less than 1 (ocean values are currently around 0m)
and apply a filter Select from the current selection.

Go to Tools > Set Value and set the value to 10m.

Exercises 47
Modelling of River Flooding

5 Using the Selection tool, set the eastern ocean boundary to -3m.

6 Using the Selection tool, create a southern inflow boundary and set the value
to -1m.

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7 Save the bathymetry file.

4.2.2 Create Grid50m_3.dfs2 for MIKE FLOOD Model

In this step, you will create a third bathymetry file Grid50m_3.dfs2, it will be
used for a standalone MIKE 21 model where all inflows to the model are done
through MIKE 21 boundaries.

1 Open Grid50m_2.dfs2 and save it as Grid50m_3.dfs2.

2 Using the Selection Tool, create a western inflow boundary as shown on the
following image. Set the values to -1m.

Exercises 49
Modelling of River Flooding

3 Using the Selection Tool, create the northern inflow boundary and set the
values to -5m. Save the file.

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4.2.3 Create Grid50m_4.dfs2 for MIKE FLOOD Model

Using the Grid50m_2.dfs2, we will define the road embankment across the main
river in the grid itself.

1 Open Grid50m_2.dfs2 and save it as Grid50m_4.dfs2.

2 Zoom into the road crossing.

3 We would like to insert a road embankment blocking the main river between
the existing abutments. For that, select 7 cells using the Selection Tool and set
them to 2.6m.
- (112,60)
- (112,61)
- (112,62)
- (113,63)
- (113,64)
- (113,65)
- (113,66)

4 Save the file.

4.2.4 Create an Initial Water Level Map for MIKE FLOOD Project

1 Open the file Grid50m_3.dfs2 and save it as Initial50m.dfs2.

2 Select all values less than 0m by going to Tools > Select > Values set the
selected cells to 0m.

Exercises 51
Modelling of River Flooding

3 Select all points near the southern boundary which are less than the spill level
(3.4m) and set them to 3.4m.

4 Save the file.

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4.2.5 Create a Roughness Map for MIKE FLOOD Project

Finally, we will create the last grid needed for our MIKE FLOOD project: a
roughness grid. Different roughness values should be applied to the floodplain and
the channels.

1 Open Grid50m_1.dfs2 and save it as Rough50m.dfs2.

2 Select all values less than 0m (they should be cells representing the river
channels and ocean) and set the value to 40 (Mannings n = 0.025).

3 Select all values which are not equal to 40 and set them to 20 (floodplain
roughness of Mannings n = 0.05).

4 Save the file.

Exercises 53
Modelling of River Flooding

4.3 Setup of Different MIKE 21 Flow Models for MIKE FLOOD Project
4.3.1 Create a Standalone MIKE 21 Flow Model

1 Create a new MIKE 21 flow model file by selecting File > New > File >
MIKE 21 > Flow Model (.m21). Save it as Standalone.m21 under
Model\MIKE21.

2 First we will define the Basic Parameters of the MIKE 21 model. Under
Module Selection, choose Hydrodynamic only (default). Once you specify the
required settings, it will show a green tick icon , otherwise it will show a
red cross icon .

3 Under Bathymetry, load the Grid50m_3.dfs2 file. Once the bathymetry is


loaded, you can open it by clicking on the view button and it will
open the grid editor.

4 Deselect the Apply Coriolis forcing.

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5 Under the Simulation Period, set the start date to 21/02/1992, the time step to
5 seconds and the number of time steps is 25920 (36hrs).

6 Under Boundary, choose Program Detected (default), it will show that there
are 4 boundaries in the model.

7 Under Flood and Dry, assign a drying depth of 0.02m and a flooding depth of
0.05m.

Exercises 55
Modelling of River Flooding

8 You will now continue with the editing of the Hydrodynamic Parameters.
Under Initial Surface Elevation, load the map of initial level that you have
created Initial50m.dfs2, choose Given as: From File.

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9 Under the Boundary tab, you need to assign boundary time series for each
boundary as shown on the image below.

10 The Eddy Viscosity value to be applied is Flux based and 5m2/s.

Exercises 57
Modelling of River Flooding

11 Under Resistance, use the roughness map that you have created
Rough50m.dfs2.

12 In this exercise, you do not need Source and Sink, Wave Radiation, Wind
Conditions and Structures. So you can go directly to the Results tab.

13 Under Results, choose 1 output area, type 2 (for 2D). To specify the result file
location, press [Ctrl] + [d]. Name the result file as Standalone.dfs2 in
Results\MIKE21. Under J, K and Time, click on the button to specify the
output range of the results in term of space and time. We want the results to
be saved every 15 min for the entire simulation period and the total grid
extent. When you have entered information on the results, you can check the
size of the output to be produced. Check that the size is reasonable to you.

14 Save your MIKE 21 model and you are now ready to try and run the model.
Go to Run > Start Simulation and click OK in the Launch Setting dialog.

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4.3.2 View the MIKE 21 Result File in Grid Editor

1 Open the grid result file Standalone.dfs2.

2 View the results using the navigation panel and the step forward and back

3 Select different items: H Water Depth, P Flux and Q Flux.

Exercises 59
Modelling of River Flooding

4.3.3 Create 2D Component for MIKE FLOOD Model 1

In this step, you will modify the Standalone.m21 model to prepare


Mflood1.m21 model which will be used for assessment of explicit couples in
MIKE FLOOD model 1.

1 Open Standalone.m21 and save it as Mflood1.m21.

2 Under Bathymetry, use


the grid
Grid50m_2.dfs2 as the
bathymetry file. A dialog
should be prompted
asking if you would like
to recalculate the boundaries. Click YES as some of the inflow boundaries
will be assigned in MIKE 11 instead.

3 You do not need to change anything else under the Basic Parameters. You can
go directly under Boundary in the Hydrodynamic Parameters. Reassign the
boundaries as indicated on the image below.

4 Under Results, change the result file name to Mflood1.dfs2.

5 Save the simulation file and check if it runs (but terminate the simulation).

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5 COUPLING AND RUNNING MIKE FLOOD MODEL 1: ASSESSMENT


OF EXPLICIT COUPLES
The aim of the following exercises is to couple the 1D and 2D components
through the MIKE FLOOD interface and to run the coupled model Mflood1 for
assessment of explicit links.

5.1 Create a New Couple File for MIKE FLOOD 1


1 Create a new couple file by going to File > New > File > MIKE FLOOD and
choose MIKE FLOOD (.couple) in document.

2 Click on the Linkage Files Page and browse for the MIKE 21 file
Mflood1.m21. Load the MIKE 11 file Mflood1.sim11. Once you load
these 2 files, the overlay of the bathymetry and the river network is shown in
the window on the Link Definitions Page.

3 You can change to colour palette of the bathymetry on the Link Definitions
Page. Right-click on the graphical view and choose Layer Properties. Click on
the Grid file properties and under the Color tab, select Open Load the
palette created previously Topo.pal. By using the right mouse click, you can
also zoom into the bathymetry.

Exercises 61
Modelling of River Flooding

4 Save the file as Mflood1.couple under the folder Model\COUPLE.

In the next steps, you will learn how to couple the 1D and 2D model and create
standard and lateral links.

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5.2 Create 2 Standard Links


1 On the Definition Page, right-click on the layout and choose Link river
branch to MIKE 21. In the Link river branch to MIKE 21 dialog, select
Standard link, Highest chainage and connect the Main River branch.

2 Repeat the same procedure to link the downstream part of Tributary branch.

Exercises 63
Modelling of River Flooding

3 You can now observe the 2 additional lines in the couple table. Notice that
when you select the line, the location of the link is highlighted in the graphical
view.

4 You should remove the first line (default) by clicking on the number at the far
left of the table and click on the Remove button.

5 View the default couple inserted (1 cell for each link). We would like to
change these numbers to link more cells. Manually change the numbers to 41
cells for the Main River and 2 cells for Tributary as shown on the image.

6 The couple link cells have been selected and are defined in a spreadsheet
called Couple.xls under Model\COUPLE. For the Main River, copy the j,k
data from the spreadsheet into the couple file.

7 For the Tributary, change the link cells manually. The values are also given in
the Couple.xls file.

8 Go to the Standard/Structure Link Options page and change the Depth


Adjustment to Yes, the Smoothing Factor to 0.4 and the Momentum Factor
as required. Refer to the User Manual for a description of the different
options.

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9 Save the couple file.

5.3 Create a Lateral Link for Tributary


1 On the Link Definitions page, right-click on the graphical view and choose
Link river branch to MIKE 21. This will open the Link river branch to
MIKE 21 dialog. Select Lateral link Centre and connect the branch
Tributary from chainage 3500m to chainage 10030m using one segment
only. The Topo ID field should be filled in automatically once you have
entered the river name.

Exercises 65
Modelling of River Flooding

2 View the resulting lateral couple. A new line has been added in the dialog just
above the layout and a green line in the layout indicates the location of the
linkage. On the left side, the table defines the cells of the link. The cells have
been chosen automatically but we will change them. Note the spatial
difference between MIKE 21 (168*50=8400m) and MIKE 11 (10000-
3500=6500m).

3 We would like to shorten the length of the link by removing the cells which
are not above the channel in MIKE 21. The coupling cells have already been
selected and are stored in the spreadsheet couple.xls. Manually change the
number of cells to 130 and copy the values from the spreadsheet into the table
to the left.

4 Under the Lateral Link Options page, check the lateral link options. We will
leave the default values. Notice the Structure Type, Method, Source, the
Depth Tolerance Refer to the User Manual for a description of the different
options.

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5 Save the file.

Exercises 67
Modelling of River Flooding

5.4 Block Out River Cells in the Bathymetry File


A residual channel remains in the MIKE 21 grid and this will result in duplicating
the conveyance. This channel needs to be filled in the bathymetry to match the
bank markers in MIKE 11.

1 Right-click in the layout and select the Block Out River Cells tool. The tool
will make a selection file of the river cells based on the lateral couple. Fill in
the River name, Topo ID and Chainages as shown on the image below.

2 Open Grid50m_2.dfs2 and load the selection file you have just created in
Tools > Load Selection. Note that the selection may need to be adjusted
manually to match with the location of the channel.

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3 Delete the existing channel values and interpolate the new values by going to
Tools > Interpolation and click OK (just leave the default parameters for
interpolation).

4 Save the grid file without renaming it. The channel should be indiscernible
from the floodplain now.

Exercises 69
Modelling of River Flooding

5 Save the couple file and run the MIKE FLOOD simulation (choose Run >
Start Simulation). Note that the run time is nearly twice as long as when you
run the standalone MIKE 21 model.

5.5 View the MIKE FLOOD 1 Results in Plot Composer


Now that you have successfully run the first MIKE FLOOD simulation, you will
look at the results using Plot Composer.

1 Open a new Plot Composer file from File > New > File > MIKE Zero > Plot
Composer (.plc).

2 Load the result input file to Mflood1.dfs2. To do that, Go to Plot > Insert
New Plot Object. Select the plot type Grid (dfs2). In the Plot Property dialog,
load the result file.

3 Click the Items tab and select Water Depth and Velocity vectors to be plotted.
Under Contours tab, un-tick the Draw Isolines and tick Plot Color
Legend. You can explore the various tabs and change the properties of the
plot as you like.

4 You can animate the plot by clicking on the Animate tab at the bottom left of
the file. In this way, you can review the behaviour of the standard and lateral
links.

5 Save the file as Mflood1.plc and close it.

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5.6 Additional, if time permits


Save lateral inflow results in MIKE 11 HD file (Additional results).

Create seamless 1D-2D results in MIKE 11 HD file > Maps, select the h,p,q
type.

Open the MFLateral.xns11 generated in the folder where the MIKE 11


simulation file is located to compare M11 elevations, M21 elevations and
lateral structure elevation. See manual for more details.

Exercises 71
Modelling of River Flooding

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6 CREATE DIFFERENT MIKE FLOOD MODELS FOR COMPARISON


In this exercise you are going to set up two additional MIKE FLOOD models that
include a new road embankment on the floodplain. The first setup will use an
implicit structure to represent the road crossing while the second setup will use an
explicit structure. Before running the MIKE FLOOD models, you need to change
the MIKE 21 and MIKE 11 models to add the road embankment.

6.1 Create MIKE 21 Models for MIKE FLOOD


6.1.1 Create 2D Component for MIKE FLOOD Model 2

In this step you will modify the Mflood1.m21 model to prepare Mflood2.m21
model which will be used for assessing implicit couples/structures in the MIKE
FLOOD Model 2.

1 Open the MIKE 21 flow model Mflood1.m21 and rename it as


Mflood2.m21.

2 Change the result file name to Mflood2.dfs2.

3 Save the file. Note that all other parameters and files are unchanged.

6.1.2 Create 2D Component for MIKE FLOOD Model 3

In this step, you will modify the Mflood2.m21 model to prepare Mflood3.m21
model which will be used for assessing explicit structures in MIKE FLOOD
model 3.

1 Open the MIKE 21 flow model Mflood2.m21 and rename it as


Mflood3.m21.

2 Under Bathymetry, use the grid Grid50m_4.dfs2 as the bathymetry file. A


dialog should be prompted asking if you would like to recalculate the
boundaries. Click
NO as some of the
inflow boundaries
will be assigned in
MIKE 11 instead.

3 Under Results, change the result file name to Mflood3.dfs2.

4 Save the file and check that the simulation starts.

Exercises 73
Modelling of River Flooding

6.2 MIKE FLOOD 2: Assessment of Implicit Couples/Structures


6.2.1 Create MIKE FLOOD 2 Couple File

1 Save Mflood1.couple as MFlood2.couple.

2 Assign Mflood2.m21 and Mflood2.sim11 files.

3 Save the couple file.

6.2.2 Modify the MIKE 11 Model to Insert an H-Q-H Structure Branch

1 From the Mflood2.couple file, click Edit MIKE 11 Input to open the
Mflood2.sim11 file.

2 From the MIKE 11 simulation file, open the network file for edition.

3 Turn off the bathymetry in the background and turn on the image instead, by
going to Layers > Properties.

4 Zoom into the bridge area on the graphical view.

5 To add the bridge structure, you need to add a new branch. Use the digitizing
tools: Add new points and Define branch to create a new branch.

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6 Edit the branch name and chainages in the Tabular View as indicated on the
images below. The name of the new branch is HQH_Structure, the TopoID
is Topo2006 and it goes from chainage 0 to chainage 100m.

Exercises 75
Modelling of River Flooding

7 Save the network file.

8 Open the cross-section file from the simulation file. Find the chainage
11650m on the Main River.
Copy the section (right-click option) to HQH_Structure 0 and 100m.

9 Close the cross-section file and reopen the network file. Verify that the 2
cross-sections have been added correctly.

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10 We would like to insert a weir and a culvert on the HQH_Branch to represent


the bridge. Click on one of the points of the branch to select it and then right-
click. In the menu that appears, choose Insert > Network > Weirs.

Exercises 77
Modelling of River Flooding

11 In the network tabular view, enter the weir information data, calculate the Q/h
relationship and plot the weir.
- Chainage 50m
- Broad Crested Weir
- Level-Width table (enter the values indicated in the image below).

12 In the same way as you have inserted a weir, you need to insert a culvert at
chainage 50m. The upstream and downstream invert levels are -4.7m. The
length of the culvert is 50m. The Mannings N roughness value is 0.02 and
the number of culverts is 10. The culverts are rectangular with a width of 8m
and a height of 6m. Plot the culvert and calculate the Q/h relationship.

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13 Click on Grid Points in the Overview tree and Generate the Grid Points.
Observe the generated grid points for H-Q-H_Structure.

Exercises 79
Modelling of River Flooding

14 To complete the updated MIKE 11 model, you now need to insert boundary
conditions to the new branch. On the network graphical view, right-click at
the upstream and downstream end of the branch and select Insert > Boundary
> Hydrodynamic. The boundary file is open automatically. Both boundaries
are a constant water level of 0m.

15 Save all the files that you have just edited and check that the simulation runs.

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6.2.3 Set up the Implicit Structure in MIKE FLOOD 2

1 Open the MIKE FLOOD file Mflood2.couple. Note the extra short branch
in the layout (reload the simulation file if the branch does not appear in the
window).

2 The new branch should be


coupled to MIKE 21. Right-
click on the layout and select
Link branch to MIKE 21.
Connect the HQH_Structure
branch using the Implicit
Structure link. Note that both
the upstream and downstream
end of the branch are
automatically coupled.

Exercises 81
Modelling of River Flooding

3 Observe the added lines in the Couple Table and the changed colours in the
graphical view.

4 Change the number of MIKE 21 cells that define the link to 7 for both
couples.

5 The coupled cells have been defined in the spreadsheet Couples.xls. Open
the spreadsheet and copy the 7 cells into the couple file for both links.

6 Under the Standard/Structure Link Options tab, change the Depth Adjustment
to YES and the Exponential Smoothing Factor to 0.4m.

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7 Under the Definition Page, change the colour palette in the layout and load
the existing palette Topo.pfs. Zoom into the view and look at the Implicit
Links.

Exercises 83
Modelling of River Flooding

6.2.4 Add Zero Flow Links

A highway upgrade is proposed and you need to estimate the future road level
above the flood level. You will use Zero Flow Links to insert a blockage on the
floodplain so that the desired road level can be determined.

1 Manually insert two new links and change their type to XFLOW=0 and
YFLOW=0.

2 The link cells are also defined in the Couple.xls spreadsheet. Open the
spreadsheet and copy the reference cells into the couple file.

3 Zoom in the graphical view and view the zero flow links.

4 Save the MIKE FLOOD file and run the simulation. Note that the impact of
Implicit Links on the run time is almost negligible.

5 Open the dfs2 result file and check the maximum water level upstream of the
highway.

6.2.5 View and Analyse the Results of MIKE FLOOD 2

Using MIKE VIEW:

1 Open MIKE VIEW from Start > Programs > MIKE BY DHI 2011> MIKE
View > MIKE View.

2 Load the result file mflood2.res11.

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3 Review the water level and discharge at the bridge structure.

Exercises 85
Modelling of River Flooding

Using PLOT COMPOSER

1 In MIKE Zero, load the Plot Composer file Exercise.plc from the \Result
directory.

2 Change the input file to mflood2.dfs2 by right-clicking on the layout and


selecting Properties.

3 You can animate the plot by going under the Animate tab and review the
impact of the structure and the zero flow behaviour.

4 Rewind, save as Mflood2.plc and close the file.

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6.3 MIKE FLOOD 3: Assessment of Explicit Structures


6.3.1 Create MIKE FLOOD 3 Couple File

1 Open MFlood2.couple and save it as Mflood3.couple.

2 Assign Mflood3.m21 and leave Mflood2.sim11 for the moment.

3 Open Mflood2.sim11 and rename it as Mflood3.sim11. Change the result


file name to Mflood3.res11 and assign the new simulation file to
Mflood3.couple model.

6.3.2 Insert an H-H Structure Branch in MIKE 11

1 From the MIKE 11 simulation file Mflood3.sim11, open the network file
for edition mflood2.nwk11. Change the network file name to
mflood3.nwk11 and assign it to the simulation file.

2 Zoom into the bridge location. We would like to digitize a new branch
parallel to the HQH_branch you have created in the previous exercise. Use the
digitizing tools to add a new branch as shown on the image below.

3 Edit the branch details in the network tabular view. The branch name is
HH_Conduit, TopoID is Topo2006 and the DxMax is 10m.

Exercises 87
Modelling of River Flooding

4 Change the upstream and downstream points of the branch to User Defined at
0 and 50m.

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5 Go to Grid Points in the overview tree and Generate the Grid Points.

6 You need to insert new cross-sections to the HH_Conduit branch. From the
graphical view, right-click on the upstream point of the branch and choose
Insert > Network > Cross-sections.

7 The cross-section geometry is defined in a spreadsheet Create Closed


Sections 1.xls under Model\MIKE11. Open the spreadsheet and copy the
closed cross-section X, Z data into the cross-section file. The cross-section
type is Closed Irregular. Note that the cross-section represents the 10 culverts
8*6m.

Exercises 89
Modelling of River Flooding

8 Change the Settings and Processed Data of the cross-section as indicated in


the image below. Recompute the levels with equidistant method.

9 Copy the cross-section to chainage 50m (right-click option). Save the cross-
section file and close it.

10 You have now created a new branch and have added cross-sections. To
complete the setup, you should insert water level boundary conditions to the
branch at chainages 0 and 50m. Right-click on the network graphical view
and choose Insert > Boundary > Hydrodynamic. In the boundary file, change
the boundary to a constant water level of 0. Alternatively, you can go to
Network > Auto Boundary (HD) Free Branch Ends. This will automatically
add boundaries to the end of branches that do not have boundaries yet. Save
the file as mflood3.bnd11 and reload it into the simulation file.

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11 Go back to the network file and right-click on the branch to insert some local
Mannings n roughness values of 0.02.

Exercises 91
Modelling of River Flooding

12 Save and close the network, cross-section, boundary and HD files. Check that
Mflood3.sim11 runs.

6.3.3 Define Explicit Links for H-H Conduit in MIKE FLOOD 3

1 Open Mflood3.couple and note the new structure branch at the bridge
location.

2 Delete the Implicit Links 4 and 5. You will insert 2 new explicit standard
links instead. Using the right-mouse click option, link the HH_Conduit
upstream and downstream using explicit standard links.

3 Change the number of link cells to 7 for both links. The coupling cells are
defined in the spreadsheet Couples.xls Copy the values into the couple file.

4 Under the Standard/Structure Link Options, change the Depth Adjustment to


YES and set the Exponential Smoothing Factor to 0.4.

5 Change the colour palette of the graphical view (load the file Topo.pfs).
Zoom in to view the links. The embankment separating the upstream and
downstream links should be visible.

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6 Save the couple file and run the simulation.

6.3.4 View the Results of MIKE FLOOD 3

1 Create a new Plot Composer and save it as Mflood3.plc.

2 Load the input file Mflood3.dfs2 and save the file. Change the properties of
the plot to show water depth with velocity vectors.

3 Create an animation and review the flood behaviour at the bridge. Verify that
the river is blocked at the structure but that no flow passes through.

Exercises 93
Modelling of River Flooding

94 MIKE FLOOD Training


Discussions

7 DISCUSSIONS
7.1 H-Q-H versus H-H Structure Method
Conduit method or H-H method can be used for long culverts where inlet and
outlet are not adjacent in the Grid.

Conduit method does not accurately account for structure head losses (contraction
and expansion).

Dominant parameter affecting head loss is Roughness in the Pipe/Culvert.

No weir required as overtopping is done in MIKE21.

7.2 Implicit versus Explicit Structure Methods


1 Open MIKE View and load the MIKE 11 result file Mflood2.res11.

2 Plot the water level and discharge for HQH_Structure. Copy the water level
values at HQH_Structure 0 and 100m into the spreadsheet called
Comparison.xls under the \Result directory. Plot and copy the discharge
results at HQH_Structure 50 into the same spreadsheet.

3 Load the Mflood3.res11 results into MIKE View and plot the discharge and
water level for HH_Conduit. In the same way, copy the results into the
spreadsheet for comparison between the 2 link methods.

4 View the graphs comparison in the spreadsheet.

Exercises 95
Modelling of River Flooding

Comparison of Levels

2.5

2
Water Level

1.5

HQH_STRUCTURE 0.00

HQH_STRUCTURE 100.00

0.5 HH_CONDUIT 0.00

HH_CONDUIT 50.00

0
21-02-1992 00:00 21-02-1992 12:00 22-02-1992 00:00 22-02-1992 12:00

Date/Time

Comparison of Discharge

1600

1400

1200

1000
Discharge

800

600

400

HQH_STRUCTURE 50.00
200
HH_CONDUIT 25.00

0
21-02-1992 21-02-1992 22-02-1992 22-02-1992
00:00 12:00 00:00 12:00

Date/Time

Structures are generally implemented as Sub-Grid Scale features.


Therefore, IMPLICIT structures are recommended where the coupled cells (inlet
and outlet) share a common face in MIKE21.

IMPLICIT formulation is preferred for Bridges.

96 MIKE FLOOD Training


Discussions

EXPLICIT H-Q-H structures are prone to instability at low flows and are not
recommended.

CONDUIT H-H structures are very stable but do not accurately account for
structure head losses (too hydraulically efficient).

7.3 Tips to Improve the Stability of the Links


The MIKE FLOOD User Manual contains a section on Tips and
Troubleshouting. We really recommend that you read this section to try and
improve the stability of your MIKE FLOOD model.

Exercises 97
Modelling of River Flooding

98 MIKE FLOOD Training


Result Extraction using Toolboxes

8 RESULT EXTRACTION USING TOOLBOXES


You have now run different models and have produced 1D and 2D result files.
Various tools exist to view, show and extract results from a MIKE FLOOD
simulation. You have already used MIKE VIEW to look at MIKE 11 results, the
Grid Editor to navigate through dfs2 results and Plot Composer.

In this section, you will be introduced to some of the conversion and extraction
tools available in MIKE Zero to extract flood results, including MIKE Zero and
MIKE 21 Toolboxes.

8.1 MIKE Zero Toolbox


A MIKE Zero Toolbox file has been prepared and 3 different tasks have been
setup.

1 Navigate to \Result directory and open MZ_Toolbox.mzt.

2 Extend the different sub-menus of the Tool List.

3 Under Extraction, open the setup Extract Water Level. This is an example
for extraction of a time series from a 2D file. Review the settings (click Next
>) for extraction. Note that you need to click on the Execute button to
actually launch the extraction.

Exercises 99
Modelling of River Flooding

4 Open the resulting time series.

5 Review the GIS > Grd2Mike > Import ASCII setup. It converts an ASCII
file into a grid dfs2 file. Execute the file and open the resulting *.dfs2 file.

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Result Extraction using Toolboxes

6 Review the Statistics > TxStat > Max Stats Surface setup. This tool creates
a maximum surface level dfs2 grid. Execute the file and open the resulting
*.dfs2 file. This tool is very useful to create maximum maps of your results
(water level, depth, velocity) and can be used for flood risk assessment,
damage assessment

7 Under Setup List, you can


select the setups and click on
Run to execute them.

8 Save and exit the MIKE Zero Toolbox.

Exercises 101
Modelling of River Flooding

8.2 MIKE 21 Toolbox


In the same way as for the MIKE Zero Toolbox, a MIKE 21 Toolbox file has been
prepared. In this example the Toolbox is used to extract the discharge between 2
points.

1 Navigate to the \Result directory and open the file M21_Toolbox.21t.

2 Review the setup for Discharge extraction under Hydrodynamics > Discharge
Calculation > Extract Discharge.

3 Execute the example setup.

4 View the result file. The result file contains instantaneous and cumulative
discharge data; positive, negative and summed flow. By right-clicking on the
graphical view, you can should the items you would like to display.

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Result Extraction using Toolboxes

5 Save and exit the MIKE 21 Toolbox setup.

Exercises 103
Modelling of River Flooding

8.3 Additional Result Viewing Tools


If time permits, you can try some of the other result viewing tools available:

Result Viewer
MIKE Animator
Map Explorer
Google Earth

104 MIKE FLOOD Training