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Brick masonry is built with bricks bonded together with mortar. For
temporary sheds mud mortar may be used but for all permanent
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buildings lime or cement mortars are used.

The various types of bonds generally used in brick masonry are

1. Stretcher bond
2. Header bond
3. English bond and
4. Flemish bond

1. STRETCHER BOND
A stretcher is the longer face of the brick as seen in the elevation. In the
brick of size 190 mm 90 mm 90 mm, 190 mm 90 mm face is the
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11/30/2016 4TYPESOFBONDSCOMMONLYUSEDINBRICKMASONRYWORKCivilBlog.Org

stretcher. In stretcher bond masonry all the bricks are arranged in


stretcher courses as shown in Fig-1. However care should be taken to
break vertical joints. This type of construction is useful for the
construction half brick thick partition wall.

Fig-1 Stretcher Bond

2. HEADER BOND
A header is the shorter face of the brick as seen in the elevation. In a
standard brick it is 90 mm 90 mm face. In header bond brick masonry
all the bricks are arranged in the header courses as shown in Fig-2. This
type of bond is useful for the construction of one brick thick walls.

Fig-2 Header Bond

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CONSTRUCTION

3. ENGLISH BOND
In this alternate courses consist of headers and stretchers. This is
considered to be the strongest bond. Hence it is commonly used bond
for the walls of all thicknesses. To break continuity of vertical joints a
brick is cut lengthwise into two halves and used in the beginning and
end of a wall after first header. This is called queen closer. (Refer Fig-3).
Fig-3 shows typical one brick and one and half brick thick wall with
English bond.

Fig-3 English Bond

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4. FLEMISH BOND
In this type of bond each course comprises of alternate header and
stretcher [Fig-4]. Alternate courses start with stretcher and header. To
break the vertical joints queen closers are required, if a course starts
with header. Every header is centrally supported on the stretcher below
it.

Flemish bonds may be further classified as

Double Flemish Bond


Single Flemish Bond.

In case of double flemish bond, both faces of the wall have flemish look,
i.e. each course consist of alternate header and stretcher, whereas
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11/30/2016 4TYPESOFBONDSCOMMONLYUSEDINBRICKMASONRYWORKCivilBlog.Org

single flemish bond outer faces of walls have flemish look whereas inner
faces have look of English bond [Fig-4 (a), (b)].

Fig-4 Flemish Bond

Construction of flemish bond needs greater skill. It gives more pleasing


appearance. But it is not as strong as English bond. If only pointing is to
be used for finished wall, flemish bond may be used to get good
aesthetic view. If plastering is going to be used, it is better to use English
bond.

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Suryakanta
Geotechnical-Material Engineer. You can
connect me on Google +. To know more about
me just visit AboutMe

15 COMMENTS

leonard karatta March 5, 2016 Reply

It is good field and most important

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11/30/2016 4TYPESOFBONDSCOMMONLYUSEDINBRICKMASONRYWORKCivilBlog.Org

thato April 19, 2016 Reply

satiesfied,very good field

yesuf April 22, 2016 Reply

it is very good filed ..pls add important web about civil


engineering constraction

Rahul Khanna April 25, 2016 Reply

Nice article explaining the bonds between bricks.Really


enjoyed reading it.

MANDEEP MEHTA May 15, 2016 Reply

IT IS VERY USEFUL FOR CIVIL ENGINEERING

ankit May 28, 2016 Reply

thanks

Rahatafridi May 31, 2016 Reply

Very useful

Rahatafridi May 31, 2016 Reply

Useful

yuvaraj varma June 22, 2016 Reply

Plz anyone give job ..


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11/30/2016 4TYPESOFBONDSCOMMONLYUSEDINBRICKMASONRYWORKCivilBlog.Org

Ashish Shukla July 20, 2016 Reply

Nice very usefully.. .

Gowhar Ahmad Rather September 4, 2016 Reply

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very nice

Zubairu Salisu September 9, 2016 Reply

We are enjoying your sacrifice to students @ Bauchi,


Nigeria.

sunil nawariya October 7, 2016 Reply

this is good explaination about it so more tnq

Juliet Onwuakor October 17, 2016 Reply

nice enjoy reading

osman gani November 23, 2016 Reply

nice present

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