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SUNBELT XXX

Riva del Garda Fiere Congressi


Riva del Garda (TN), Italy
June 29 – July 4, 2010
Table of Contents

Page Name Page Number


Program 3..81
Keynote Speakers and Organizers 3
Sunbelt XXX Organizers 4..5
Places 6..11
Workshops 12
Schedule At-a-Glance 13..16
Paper Presentations 17..74
List of Presenters 75..80
Abstracts by Title 82..729
Index by Session Name 730..732
Index by Author Name 733..766
Index by Keyword 767..789
INSNA “Sunbelt” Keynote Speakers and Organizers
Sunbelt Year Location Keynote Speaker Organizers
I 1981 Tampa no speaker H. Russell Bernard & Alvin Wolfe
II 1982 Tampa John Barnes H. Russell Bernard & Alvin Wolfe
III 1983 San Diego James Coleman Douglas White
IV 1984 Phoenix Harrison White Brian Foster
V 1985 Palm Beach Linton Freeman H. Russell Bernard & Alvin Wolfe
VI 1986 Santa Barbara J. Clyde Mitchell Eugene Johnsen & John Sonquist
VII 1987 Clearwater Everett M. Rogers H. Russell Bernard & Alvin Wolfe
VIII 1988 San Diego Charles Kadushin John Sonquist, Eugene Johnsen, Sue Freeman &
Linton Freeman
IX 1989 Tampa Frank Harary Jeffrey Johnson
X 1990 San Diego Mark Granovetter Everett M. Rogers
XI 1991 Tampa James Davis Katie Faust, Jeffrey Johnson, John Skvoretz &
Alvin Wolfe
XII 1992 San Diego Peter Blau Phillip Bonacich & Sue Freeman
XIII 1993 Tampa A. Kimball Romney H. Russell Bernard & Alvin Wolfe
XIV 1994 New Orleans Barry Wellman Scott Feld & Jill Suitor
XV 1995 London Patrick Doreian Martin Everett & Keith Rennolls
XVI 1996 Charleston Bonnie Erickson Katie Faust & John Skvoretz
XVII 1997 San Diego H. Russell Bernard & Pat Doreian and Sue Freeman
Peter Killworth
XVIII 1998 Sitges Rolf Zeigler José Luis Molina, Josep A. Rodríguez, Nuria R.
Ávila, Frans N. Stokman, Tom A. B. Snijders,
Evelien P.H. Zeggelink, Stephen P. Borgatti,
Alain Degenne, & Thomas Schweizer
XIX 1999 Charleston Nan Lin John Skvoretz & Katie Faust
XX 2000 Vancouver Linton Freeman Bill Richards & Andrew Seary
XXI 2001 Budapest Martin Everett Endre Sik
XXII 2002 New Orleans Philippa Pattison Ruth Aguilera, Noshir Contractor, Scott Feld,
Caroline Haythornthwaite, Shin-Kap Han, Ravi
Madhavan, & Stan Wasserman
XXIII 2003 Cancún Alvin Wolf Jorge Gil-Mendieta, Narda Alcántra Valverde,
Silvia Casasola argas, Jore Castro Cuellar,
Alejandro Ruiz León, José Luis Molina, Smauel
Schmidt, & Enrique Pérez García
XXIV 2004 Portorož Frans Stokman Anuška Ferligoj, Vladimir Batagelj, Andrej
Mrvar, Hajdeja Iglič, Andrej Rus, Gregor Petrič,
Tina Kogovšek, Matjaž Zaveršnik, Nataša
Kejžar, & Darinka Kovačič
XXV 2005 Redondo Beach Ronald Breiger Carter Butts, Becca Davis, Katherine Faust &
Tom Valente
XXVI 2006 Vancouver Ed Laumann Bill Richards & Andrew Seary

XXVII 2007 Corfu Vlado Batagelj & Moses Boudourides & Iosif Botetzagias
Anuška Ferligoj
XXVIII 2008 St. Pete, FL Steve Borgatti Russ Bernard, Christopher McCarty, & John
Skvoretz
XXIX 2009 San Diego, CA Phil Bonacich Becca Davis, Laura Koehly & Tom Valente

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 3


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
International Network for Social Network Analysis

Sunbelt XXX

International Sunbelt Social Network Conference

Riva del Garda Fiere Congressi


Riva del Garda (TN), Italy

June 29 – July 4, 2010

www.insna.org

Host Institution

University of Trento
38122 Trento, Italy
www.unitn.it
INSNA Officials

President: George Barnett

Board Members: Philippa Pattison (Vice-president), Philip Bonacich, Ulrik


Brandes, Martin Everett, Katherine Faust, Scott Feld, Anuska Ferligoj, David
Lazer, Garry Robins, John Skvoretz, Thomas Valente (Treasurer), Barry
Wellman

Chief Information Officer: Benjamin Elbirt

Sunbelt XXX Organizers

Scientific Committee: Mario Diani (chair), Vlado Batagelj, Moses


Boudourides, Antonio M. Chiesi, Dimitris Christopoulos, Ainhoa de Federico,
Anuska Ferligoj, Emmanuel Lazega, Alessandro Lomi.

Local organizing committee: Mario Diani (chair), Ferenc Jordan, Francesca


Odella, Elena Pavan, Massimo Riccaboni, Alberto Sanna, Marco Zamarian.

The University of Trento Conference Unit: Francesca Menna (head),


Francesca Chistè, Martina Lorenzi.

Conference stewards: Simona Bora, Giulio Bressan, Floriana Cova, Stefano


Diani, Francesco Pace, Silvia Ziliotto.

Department of Sociology and Social Research staff: Alessandra Bergamo,


Emilia Demattè, Michela Monselesan.

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Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Places
Registration point

The registration point is located on the ground floor, just in front of the entrance. Limited xeroxing and
printing facilities are available there.

Meeting Rooms location

Room Location
Sala 1000/A First floor
Sala 1000/B First floor
Sala Meeting First floor
Sala Presidenza First floor
Sala 100/A First floor
Sala 100/B First floor
Sala 300/A Second Floor
Sala 300/B Second Floor
Sala Belvedere Second Floor
Sala Stampa A Second Floor
Sala Stampa B Second Floor

Posters area

Posters area Location


0.A Ground Floor - Hall
0.B Ground Floor - Hall
0.C to 0.F Ground Floor – Corridor to the Palameeting
1.A First floor
1.B First floor
2.A Second Floor
2.B Second Floor

PC points

PC points are available on the ground floor, in the Hall.

Coffee corners

Coffee corners are available on the first and second floor

How to get to the banquet area

The banquet will take place in the PALAMEETING, which is right behind the meetings building. To get
to the PALAMEETING, walk along the corridor on the ground floor.

Hospitality suite: Hostel Benacus, Piazza Cavour 10 (see map)

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Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Ground Floor
First Floor
Second Floor
Workshops

Tuesday, June 29, 14:00 – 17:30


Meeting Stampa/B 100/B Belvedere 300/A
NetworkX introduction: Mixed Methods Research Networks for Newbies Introduction to the Analysis of Introduction to
Hacking social networks Designs for Ego-centered Network Data via UCINET and Exponential- family
using the Python Social Networks- Part 1 Alexandra Marin NetDraw- Part 1 Random Graph (ERG or p*)
programming language Modeling with Statnet
Bettina Hollstein, Rich DeJordy,
Aric Hagberg, Laura Bernardi Dan Halgin Martina Morris,
Drew Conway Steven M. Goodreau,
Carter Butts,
Mark S. Handcock

Wednesday, June 30, 8:30 – 12:00


100/A Stampa/B 300/B 100/B Belvedere 300/A
Relational Text Analysis and Mixed Methods Research An Introduction to Collecting Social Introduction to the tnet: Software for
Network Analysis: From Designs for Ego-centered Modeling Social Network Data Analysis of Network Data Analysis of
AutoMap to ORA – Social Networks- Part 2 Networks via UCINET and NetDraw- Weighted, Two-
Part 1 Part 1 Alexandra Marin Part 2 mode, and
Bettina Hollstein, Longitudinal
Jana Diesner, Laura Bernardi Matthew Jackson Rich DeJordy, networks
Kathleen Carley Dan Halgin
Tore Opsahl

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 11


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Wednesday, June 30, 14:00 – 17:30
100/A 100/B 300/B Stampa/A Belvedere 300/A
Relational Text Analysis and Pajek workshop: Analysis An Introduction to VennMaker: A New Advanced Social The Analysis of
Network Analysis: From of Large Networks – Modeling Social Software for Network Analysis using Longitudinal Social
AutoMap to ORA – Part 1 Networks – Part 2 participative UCINET and NetDraw- Network Data using
Part 2 visualization, Part 1 SIENA - Part 1
Vladimir Batagelj, Matthew Jackson interpretation and
Jana Diesner, Andrej Mrvar, analysis of social Stephen Borgatti, Tom Snijders
Kathleen Carley Wouter de Nooy networks – Part 1 Martin Everett

Michael
Schoenhuth,
Markus Gamper,
Michael
Kronenwett

Thursday, July 1, 8:30 – 12:00


Stampa/B 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Belvedere 300/A
Social Network Approaches Pajek workshop: Analysis visone - Analysis and VennMaker: A New Advanced Social The Analysis of
for Behavior Change of Large Networks – Visualization of Social Software for Network Analysis using Longitudinal Social
Part 2 Networks participative UCINET and NetDraw- Network Data using
Thomas Valente visualization, Part 2 SIENA - Part 2
Vladimir Batagelj, Ulrich Brandes, interpretation and
Andrej Mrvar, Jurgen Lerner analysis of social Stephen Borgatti, Tom Snijders
Wouter de Nooy networks - Part 2 Martin Everett

Michael
Schoenhuth,
Markus Gamper,
Michael
Kronenwett

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 12


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Schedule At-a-Glance

Wednesday, June 30
14:00-18:00 Poster sessions

Thursday, July 1
9:00-12:00 Poster sessions
12:00-13:30 Board meeting
13:30-15:30 Interlocking Directorates I Methods and Statistics Kinship Network Communication Geographic & Social
I Analysis Networks Space I
13:30-15:30 Social Support Infectious Diseases Network Theory I Mixed Methods
(continued) and Social Networks Network Studies I
15:50-17:30 Social Networks and Life Twitter Networks I Sessão Networks and Natural Networks, Economics,
Course Transitions I Iberoamericana: Resource Management and Markets I
Organizações e I
Relações
Interorganizacionais

15:50-17:30 Academic and Scientific Adolescent Friendship 2-Mode Networks I Philosophy of


(continued) Networks I Networks I Networks I
17:45-19:15 Keynote Speech
Treasures and tensions – the alliance between social network analysis and statistics?
Tom Snijders

20:00 Banquet @ Palameeting, Conference Center


21:00-24:00 Hospitality Suite – Hostel Benacus

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 13


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2
8:30-10:10 Networks in Political Science I Network Dynamics I Friendship Networks I Network Mechanisms Collective Action and
And Network Social Movements I
Evolution I
8:30-10:10 Inter-Organizational Online Social Adolescent Friendship Social Capital I
(continued) Networks I Networks I Networks II
10:30-12:10 Mixed Methods Network Network Dynamics II Networks, Economics, Network Mechanisms Online Social
Studies II and Markets II And Network Networks II
Evolution II
10:30-12:10 Intra-Organizational Personal (Egocentric) 2-mode Networks II Cognitive Social
(continued) Networks I Networks I Structures

12:30-13:30 Poster sessions


13:30-15:30 Analyzing Network Data I Algorithms and Networks in Education Methods and Statistics Geographic & Social
Analytic Methods II Space II
13:30-15:30 Mixed Methods Network Entrepreneurial Inter-organizational Exponential Random
(continued) Studies III Networks Networks II Graphs
15:50-17:30 Intra-Organizational Innovation and Networks, Economics, Social Networks and Interlocking
Networks II Diffusion I and Markets III Health I Directorates II
15:50-17:30 Academic and Scientific Personal (Egocentric) Network Theory II Collective Action and
(continued) Networks II Networks II Social Movements II
17:40-19:00 Collaboration & Coordination I Twitter Networks II Sessão Collecting Network C-IKNOW
Iberoamericana: Data
Saúde
17:40-19:00 Academic and Scientific Networks and Natural Social Networks and Semantic Network
(continued) Networks III Resource Management Life Course Analysis
II Transitions II
21:00-24:00 Hospitality Suite – Hostel Benacus

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Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3
8:30-10:10 Mixed Methods Network Social Capital II Organizations and Online Social Collective Action and
Studies IV Networks Networks III Social Movements III
8:30-10:10 Words and Networks I Viszards Social Networks and Ethnicity and International
(continued) Health II Networks I Networks
10:30-12:10 Intra-Organizational Innovation and Social Networks and Online Social Philosophy of
Networks III Diffusion II Health III Networks IV Networks II
10:30-12:10 Words and Networks II Academic and Qualitative Network Networks and Culture Interlocking
(continued) Scientific Networks IV Studies I I Directorates III
12:30-13:30 Business Meeting
13:30-15:30 Methods and Statistics III Community Sesión Dynamic Networks I Gender and social
Iberoamericana: networks
Miscelânea
13:30-15:30 Words and Networks III Inter-Organizational Leadership Networks Simulation Social Influence I
(continued) Networks III
15:50-17:30 Individual Differences and Twitter Networks III Adolescent Friendship Networks and Culture Collective Action and
Social Networks Networks III II Social Movements IV
15:50-17:30 Words and Networks IV Social Capital III Visualization Ethnicity and Networks in Political
(continued) Networks II Science II
17:40-19:00 Friendship Networks II Qualitative Network Sessão Innovation and Web Science Panel
Studies II Iberoamericana: Diffusion III
Redes Politicas
17:40-19:00 Words and Networks V Analyzing Network Collaboration & Criminals, Gangs, Elite Networks
(continued) Data II Coordination II Terrorists, and
Networks
21:00-24:00 Hospitality Suite – Hostel Benacus

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 15


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Sunday, July 4
8:30-10:10 Collaboration & Coordination Networks and Teams Network Properties Inter-Organizational Collective Action and
III Networks IV Social Movements V
8:30-10:10 Networks in Political Science Social Capital IV Sex, Drugs, and Social Social Influence II
(continued) III: Policy Networks Networks
10:30-12:10 Friendship Networks III Analyzing Network Economic Dynamic Networks II Methods and Statistics
Data III Development IV
Networks
10:30-12:10 Academic and Scientific Networks and Natural Knowledge and Interlocking
(continued) Networks V Resource Management Learning Networks Directorates IV
III

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 16


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Paper presentations

Wednesday, June 30, 14:00-18:00 – Poster sessions


0.A 0.B 0.C 0.D
15:00-16:00 Tell your customers what they really Innovation and Networks in Response to Emailed The psychological constitution and
want to hear! Improving the Cancer Drug Development Invitations: Sunbelt XXIX Online relevance of personal networks: a
effectiveness of advertising campaigns Lewis K Lee Survey multidimensional and multi-sector
in the financial sector using SNA on the William B Hansen, Eric L study of subjectively important
Web2.0 Reese relationships.
Daniel Oster, Detlef Schoder, Johannes Holger von der Lippe, Nina-Sophie
Putzke, Kai Fischbach, Peter A Gloor, Gaede
Sabrina Steinfels
16:00-17:00 Understanding the role of Public Health Not only Twitter: Networks, Social networks of young researchers
Systems and Services Research in Public Activity and Involvement in in German educational research
Health Blip.pl Martina Kenk
Jenine Kinne Harris, Kate Beatty, Jesse Jan M. Zajac, Mikolaj Hnatiuk,
Lecy Michal Podlewski, Dominik
Batorski
17:00-18:00 Social network in social sciences Playing brokerage: actions and Seize the mate: How migration
companies’ creation dynamics of brokerage roles in background impacts the perception
Gregori Akermann two mediated transactions and availability of classmates as
Santi Furnari source for academic help
Lysann Zander-Music, Bettina
Hannover, Gregory Daniel Webster

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 17


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Thursday, July 1, 9:00-12:00 – Poster sessions (1/2)
0.A 0.B 0.C 0.D 0.E
9:00-10:00 Optimistic and pessimistic Processo da formação da Hybrid Metrics of Eliciting Personal Social
network members in families rede oncorio especializada Performance Networks through
affected by hereditary cancer: no atendimento lencaa o Measurement in Diagrams
implications for risk lencaa oncológico Communities of Practice Lixiu Yu, Jeffrey V.
communication and screening Lamounier Erthal Villela, Francesca Grippa, Laura Nickerson
encouragement Fatima Mendes Carvalho, Schina
Laura M Koehly, Hillary Luciene Nascimento de
Devlin, Sato Ashida, Andrea Almeida, Luciano Prates
Giroux, Kaley Skapinsky, Junqueira
Donald W Hadley
10:00-11:00 The Development of Public Understanding the correlated The role of social capital Measuring the A Picture is Worth a
Health Systems and Services risk and protective functions social and resource Reciprocity Effect in a Thousand Words:
Research: A Citation Network of social networks on health: mobilization in Series of FollowFriday Photographic Cross-
Analysis Relationships, water quality internationalization Twitter Networks Identification Procedures
Kate E Beatty, Jenine K Harris and infectious disease risk in processes Spyridon K. for Gathering Social
rural Ecuador Jose Luis Galan, Cristobal Lazaropoulos, Moses A. Network Data
Jonathan L. Zelner, James Casanueva, Ignacio Castro Boudourides, Andrew Douglas A Hughes,
Trostle, James Scott, Joseph Conway, Dimitrios G. Derek K Stafford, Bret
N.S. Eisenberg Daousis Abel
11:00-12:00 Cognitive and social structure Examining the Role of Peer-level Influences on Network analysis of The visualization of local
of the elite collaboration Network Centrality in Bullying and Sexual Twitter-based ecological healthcare economies as
network of astrophysics: a Hepatitis C Infection among Harassment During debates and a means to transform an
mixed-methods approach Rural Appalachian Drug Adolescence communities industry
Richard Heidler Users Dorothy Espelage, Sabina Jason Brownlee, Simon Olaf Zorzi
Adam B Jonas, Carrie B Oser, Low, Josh Polanin Martin, Djamel
Jennifer R Havens Hassaine, Malcolm
Young

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Thursday, July 1, 9:00-12:00 – Poster sessions (continued – 2/2)
0.F 1.A 1.B 2.A 2.B
9:00-10:00 Exploiting the knowledge Structural equivalence as a Participation in
shared among the members of basis for detecting network organizations practicing
a virtual community: subgroups in preschool peer collective action: A
collaborative innovation groups longitudinal analysis of
processes in a global António J. Santos, João R. network patterns
automotive company Daniel, Inês Peceguina, Brian Eric Tesdahl, Paul W
Giuseppina Passiante, E. Vaughn Speer, Kimberly Bess
Pasquale Del Vecchio, Dario
Rollo, Laura Schina, Francesca
Grippa
10:00-11:00 Who’s in and who’s out: The Assembling the puzzle for Evaluating Cross Folks in Folksonomies: Location of social
construction of parent social promoting physical activity Functional Teams in the Social Link Prediction networks and political
support networks in Brazil: a social network Public Sector from Shared Metadata participation:
Kimberly D. Bess, Bernadette analysis Joss Douthwaite Rossano Schifanella, Comparative study in
Doykos Diana C Parra, Marsela Alain Barrat, Ciro Japan and Korea.
Dauti, Ross C Brownson, Cattuto, Benjamin Motoko Harihara
Jenine Harris Markines, Filippo
Menczer
11:00-12:00 On Experts, Teams and Team Sex Network Stress and intra- The knowledge system of
Performance Characteristics and High organizational networks actors within the organic
Florian Aubke Risk Sexual Encounters Tanja Kirkegaard, farming network: A Case
among Rural Drug Users Christian Waldstrøm study of small scale
Carrie B. Oser, Adam farmers in the settlement
Jonas, Jennifer R. “5.000” in Mato Grosso,
Havens Brazil.
Elisabeth Leibezeder,
Christian Reinhard Vogl

12:00-13:30 Lunch break

12:00-13:30 Board meeting, Sala Stampa/A

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 19


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Thursday, July 1, 13:30-15:30 (1/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Interlocking Directorates I Methods and Statistics I Kinship Network Communication Geographic & Social
Analysis Networks Space I
13:30-13:50 Political Facets of Business Modeling the emergence Making the Most of Social Distance, Social
Networks: Politics And of matrimonial circuits Conferences via Social Networks and Adolescent
Interlocking Directorates In in random kinship Networking Academic Performance
Russia networks: alternative Julia Hersberger, Crystal Ming-Yi Chang, Yeu-
Bruce Cronin, Vladimir approaches and Fulton, Kate Johnson, Sheng Hsieh
Popov comparative results Ophelia T. Morey, Ruth
Arnaud Bringé, Klaus Vondracek
Hamerger, Camille Roth
13:50-14:10 Women on board! Female A latent trajectory model for Longitudinal Family Unemployment: The dual
board representation in the co-evolution of behaviour Networks importance of who you
Sweden 1987-2005 and network ties Walter Bien, Holger know and where you
Love Bohman, Christofer Johan H Koskinen, Tom A.B. Quellenberg live?
Edling, Anna Staffudd Snijders Galina Daraganova, Pip
Pattison, Bill Mitchell,
Anthea Bill, Martin
Watts, Scott Baum
14:10-14:30 Institutional Transition and Triadic closure in two-mode Analysing extended Reality Mining Africa
Market Networks: An networks: Redefining the global household and family Shawndra Hill,
Historical Investigation of and local clustering coefficients networks Getachew Berhan, Anita
Interlocking Directorates of Tore Opsahl Walter Bien, Pötter Banser, Nathan Eagle
Big Businesses in Taiwan, Ulrich, Prein Gerald
1962-2003
Zong-Rong Lee

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 20


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Thursday, July 1, 13:30-15:30 (continued – 2/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Interlocking Directorates I Methods and Statistics I Kinship Network Communication Geographic & Social
Analysis Networks Space I
14:30-14:50 The dynamics of interlocks in Random effect models for Ja-networks, diffusion of Disaster networks Exploring the Changing
France triadic social network data innovation and Michael Schweinberger, Social Structure of the
Catherine Comet Marijtje AJ van Duijn behaviour change Miruna Petrescu- United States of America
Kaberi Gayen, Robert Prahova (1972-2008) with
Raeside Homophily Networks
Stephen Lieberman,
Sean Everton
14:50-15:10 Corporate interlock A second look at the graph KinMason: Modeling From Social Structure to The spatiality of social
formation as network theoretic dimensions of Kinship Networks in Social Rhythms: Time as networks: some
process. An event history informal organizations Pakistan’s Rural North- a Key Dimension in exploratory
analysis of directors’ Martin G Everett, David West Province Understanding the Effect considerations for the
changeovers in industry, Krackhardt Armando Geller, of Team Communication analysis of cross-border
finance, and cultural Maksim Tsvetovat, Structure and Team policy networks
institutions. Claudio Cioff-Revilla Leader Position on Team Christophe Sohn, Olivier
Wouter De Nooy Performance Walther, Dimitrios C
Eric Quintane, Philippa Christopoulos
E. Pattison, Garry L.
Robins, Joeri M. Mol
15:10-15:30 Corporations and Algebraic models of diffusion Presentation of the Weighted reciprocity in a Local governance
Foundations’ Networks: through a social network software Puck (Program human communication networks in Europe:
Creating a New Power Lucia Falzon, Nectarios for the use and network Preliminary findings
System Kontoleon, Pip Pattison, Garry computation of kinship David S Hachen, Omar Olivier Walther,
Josep A Rodriguez Robins data) Lizardo, Zoltan Dimitrios C
Klaus Hamberger, Toroczkai, Nitesh Christopoulos,
Arnaud Bringé, Camille Chawla, Cheng Wang, Christophe Sohn
Roth Anthony Strathman

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Thursday, July 1, 13:30-15:30 (continued - 3/4)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Social Support Infectious Diseases and Social Network Theory I Mixed Methods Network
Networks Studies I
13:30-13:50 Social Support Mechanisms of the Social Network Analysis (SNA) Reciprocity, Power and Eliciting communities from
Elderly – Insights from the British advantages in tuberculosis (TB) Exploitation in Exchange personal network visualizations:
Household Panel Survey control in high TB incidence Networks: A Social-Psychological ties, groups and communities
Robert Raeside, Kaberi Gayen community in Saskatchewan. Model Romina Cachia, Isidro Maya-
A Al-Azem, V Hoeppner, N Phil Bonacich Jariego
Osgood
13:50-14:10 Social support and the experience Building a complete poultry farm Memory Constraints and Network Effect of Background, Attitudinal
of living with HIV for women in network for epidemic Structure and Social Network Variables on
Australia preparedness Matthew E Brashears PhD Students’ Academic
Jayne Marie Russell Lena Fiebig, Timo Smieszek, Jan Performance. A Multimethod
Hattendorf, Jakob Zinsstag Approach
Lluis Coromina, Aina Capo,
Jaume Guia, Germa Coenders
14:10-14:30 Network characteristics of a Super-nodes are not necessarily The Length of Weak Ties Network structures and value
social support organization for super-spreaders! Nathan Eagle, Michael Macy, Rob shifts in China: How who you
gay men in Southern California Timo Smieszek, Lena Fiebig Claxton know influences how you define a
Ian W Holloway moral person
Christine Benita Avenarius,
Jeffrey Carl Johnson
14:30-14:50 A Niche in the Family: Collecting social network data for Creating and Maintaining a Kin and Neighbors: Hunting the
Multiplexity in Parent-Adult Child HIV prevention activities: a Scale-Free Core-Periphery Hills of Missouri
J. Jill Suitor, Megan Gilligan, Karl review of strategies Fractal Network Kasey L Walker
Pillemer Chyvette T Williams Scott L Feld, Bernard Grofman

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Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Thursday, July 1, 13:30-15:30 (continued - 4/4)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Social Support Infectious Diseases and Social Network Theory I Mixed Methods Network
Networks Studies I
14:50-15:10 The role of social support Emergence of core groups in Signed Networks in Social Media Examining Online Organizational
networks on household well- dynamic sexual contact networks Jure Leskovec, Daniel Development through the
being: A village level case study in Boris V. Schmid, Mirjam Huttenlocher, Jon Kleinberg Extraction and Analysis of
Northern Thailand Kretzschmar Longitudinal Network Data from
Theda Goedecke, Hermann the World Wide Web
Waibel Matthew S Weber, Peter Monge

15:10-15:30 Intergenerational social support Mixing in large populations: From Communication to Actors in Getting a Job with or without
and gender inequalities Some new measures Networks. What Niklas social Networks : the Interest of
Andreas Klaerner, Sylvia Keim Alden S Klovdahl Luhmann’s Theory of a mixed Method
Communication Can Teach Us Nathalie Chauvac
about the Constitution of Social
Networks
Jan Fuhse

15:30-15:50 Coffee break

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 23


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Thursday, July 1, 15:50-17:30 (1/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Social Networks and Twitter Networks I Sessão Iberoamericana: Networks and Natural Networks, Economics, and
Life Course Organizações e Relações Resource Management Markets I
Transitions I Interorganizacinais I

15:50-16:10 How Personal Networks Diffusion in large virtual A Estrutura Formal e Informal Linking social and Network Science Approach to
affect the Entry into the networks: distinguishing das Organizações: A Comparação ecological networks in Network Structure &
Labour Market. A Fuzzy- social connections and entre a Percepção de coastal fisheries Transparency in Frontier
Set Analysis cultural discourse Conhecimento Técnico e Joseph J Luczkovich, Markets
Betina Hollstein, influence on the adoption Organizacional. Becky A Deehr, Jeffrey C Dan Evans, Joshua
Claudius Wagemann of Twitter clients Edgar Reyes Jr, Maria de Lourdes Johnson, Lisa Clough, Lospinoso, John Graham
Elena Dugundji, Ate Borges, Claudio Reis Gonçalo David Griffith, Brian
Poorthuis, Michiel van Chevaurant
Meeteren
16:10-16:30 Individual preferences The Twitter network As relações sociais em The importance of trust From formal to informal
and relational boost: Social amplification aglomerados de empresas : um and leadership in the market’s organization: Social
constraints in selecting and attenuation of estudo de caso governance of urban construction and stabilization
wedding guests: a discourse in microblogging Edgar Reyes Jr, Maria de Lourdes river corridor ecosystem of an emerging audiovisual
qualitative analysis of Dawn Gilpin, James A Borges, Claudio Reis Gonçalo, services market
young couples’ social Danowski, Munan Xue Heitor josé Medina Alison R Holt, Peter Guillaume Favre
networks Moug, David N Lerner
Anna-Maija Castren,
Florence Maillochon

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 24


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Thursday, July 1, 15:50-17:30 (continued – 2/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Social Networks and Twitter Networks I Sessão Iberoamericana: Networks and Natural Networks, Economics, and
Life Course Organizações e Relações Resource Management Markets I
Transitions I Interorganizacinais I

16:30-16:50 Social Interaction as Network Generation Problemas de agência e Social Influence and The role of the General
Incentive to Parenthood Mechanisms and the desempenho económico: redes Environmentally Practitioners’ social networks
Laura Bernardi, Twitter Online Network mercantis no comércio luso Sustainable Land in sales force management in
Francesco Giudici Derek Ruths, Ramnath brasileiro (1720-1760) Management in pharmaceutical companies
Vaidyanathan Maria Manuela Rocha, Leonor Australia Gianluca Murgia, Alessandro
Freire Costa Dean Lusher, David Agnetis, Enza Messina, Marco
Tucker, Melissa Green, Pranzo
Lorraine Bates, Garry
Robins, Philippa
Pattison, Peta Dzidic
and Zoe Leviston
16:50-17:10 Stability and change of Twittering your way into Inter-organizational Cooperation SNA methods in Network Models of Brand
personal networks office. Local elections and on the institutions of professional conservation biology: an Relationships: brand power, a
during the transition to candidate’s use of Twitter training in the Central Alentejo overview brand portfolio and an
parenthood networks (Portugal) Ferenc Jordan extension to tripartite
Marlene Sapin Maurice Vergeer, William Joaquim Fialho, José Saragoça, networks
J. Burk Carlos Silva Jun Kanamitsu
17:10-17:30 My choice or theirs? Patterns in Twitter: Epistemic authorities and local Spreading the Oprah Effect:
Social network effects on between Noise and Social mechanisms of coordination in The Diffusion of Exogenous
occupational changes Action the French biotech industry Demand Shocks in
during the transition to Sam Zeini, Lothar Alvaro Pina Stranger Recommendation Networks
parenthood. Krempel Eyal Carmi, Gal Oestreicher-
Francesco Giudici, Eric Singer, Arun Sundararajan
D. Widmer

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 25


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Thursday, July 1, 15:50-17:30 (continued - 3/4)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Academic and Scientific Networks I Adolescent Friendship Networks I 2-Mode Networks I Philosophy of
Networks I
15:50-16:10 A Longitudinal Analysis of Coauthorship The Classroom as Network Boundary. Problems for Network
Antecedents, Trends and Outcomes in Identifying and Handling the Role of Theory in the Thought of
Information Systems Research Inter-Class Friendships Durkheim, Simmel,
Michael Gallivan, Manju Ahuja Thomas N. Friemel, Christian E.G. Bourdieu, and Spinoza
Steglich Ronald Breiger

16:10-16:30 Predicting author h-index using Adolescent Social Networks and Mode Definition and Sampling in Substantiating the network
characteristics of the co-author network Sexual Practices Affiliation Networks perspective based on by
Christopher McCarty, James Jawitz, Alex Wassie Kebede Reda Katherine Faust Bourdieu´s habitus and field
Goldman, Allison Hopkins theory
Marina Hennig, Steffen Kohl
16:30-16:50 Meaning Networks for Social Networks Selection and influence processes in Evolutionary games on 2-mode Network Plasticity and the
concept: A Scientometric Study Case gender segregated friendship networks Philosophy of Hegel
Gabriel Velez networks Jorge Peña, Yannick Rochat, Moses A. Boudourides
Liesbeth Mercken, Tom Snijders, Henri Volken
Christian Steglich, Erkki Vartiainen,
Hein de Vries
16:50-17:10 Impact factor as a measure of quality? The measurement of social Interorganizational Network SNA meets ANT: A Dialogue
Sasha Goodman, Balazs Kovacs integration among the pupils in Dynamics After Disaster: between Two Modern
different Italian regional contexts Evacuation, Reconnection, Networks
Antonella Guarneri, Luisa Natale, Rebuilding, And Re-Engaging Nick Srnicek
Giulia Rivellini, Maura Simone, Laura Marya L Doerfel, Lisa V
Terzera Chewning, Chih-Hui Lai

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 26


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Thursday, July 1, 15:50-17:30 (continued - 4/4)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Academic and Scientific Networks I Adolescent Friendship Networks I 2-Mode Networks I Philosophy of
Networks I
17:10-17:30 Alcohol Use among Adolescents as a Fitting Signed Two-mode Representation of
Coordination Game in a Dynamic Blockmodels sociotechnical networks
Friendship Network Patrick Doreian, Andrej Mrvar, Athena Piterou, Fred
Rense Corten, Andrea Knecht Paulette Lloyd Steward

17:45-19:15 Keynote Speech


Treasures and tensions - the alliance between social network analysis and statistics?
Tom Snijders
(University of Oxford and University of Groningen)
Sala 1000/A

20:00 Banquet at Palameeting, Conference Center


21:00-24:00 Hospitality Suite – Hostel Benacus

ABSTRACT KEYNOTE SPEECH

Recent years have seen a host of new statistical methods being proposed for social network analysis, covering cross-sectional as
well as longitudinal network data. These methods are complicated but nevertheless they are indeed starting to be applied.
However, statistical modelling and network analysis are not easy friends: statistics is based on averaging while network analysis
highlights the unique features of structure and positions - such as geodesic distances, bridges, centrality. Statistics usually is based
on sampling and measurement error, but in network analysis sampling is notoriously hard and measurement error is one of the
great unknowns. What does an alliance between social network analysis and statistics have to offer? Does it yield new answers,
insights, results for social network questions? Does it provide a bridge between social network analysis and other parts of the
social sciences? Or is it barren methodology?

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 27


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 8:30-10:10 (1/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Networks in Political Network Dynamics I Friendship Networks I Network Mechanisms Collective Action and
Science I And Network Social Movements I
Evolution I
8:30-8:50 Stakeholder Dynamics in a Is dropping old friends Chess The Attitudinal Bases of
Conflict Situation: Social necessary for making Benjamin Johnson, Sean Protest Networks:
Network Analysis of new friends? Kelly Eyre, Ian Attitudes towards the
Newspaper Articles Lung-An Li, Chyi-In Wu McCulloh, Anthony War and Multiple
Anna Heikkinen Johnson Memberships in
Associations and Protest
Communities in the 15
February 2003 Anti-War
Demonstrations
Iosif A Botetzagias,
Moses A Boudourides,
Chrysovaladis Malesios
8:50-9:10 Informed Decisions and War: Personal network dynamics : Macro-structural Part 1: Social Network Transnational Social
How the Networked changes, sequences and events. conditions on micro- Monsters in Telecom Call Movement
Structure of Governments Claire Bidart, Patrice friendship formation Graphs Organizations’
Shapes Their Behavior Cacciuttolo processes: Towards Kenth Engo-Monsen, Connectedness and
Regarding Threats and War convergence or Johannes Bjelland, Collaborations: Strategic
Wayne Allen Thornton divergence? Geoffrey Canright, Rich Action and Network
Filip Agneessens, S. Ling, Pål Roe Sundsøy Dynamics Driving
Gerhard van de Bunt, ‘Globalization’
Maurits de Klepper Ana Velitchkova

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 28


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 8:30-10:10 (continued – 2/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Networks in Political Network Dynamics I Friendship Networks I Network Mechanisms Collective Action and
Science I And Network Social Movements I
Evolution I
9:10-9:30 The power of votes. Political The Interplay Between Project Rational Choice in Part 2: Dynamics of Just a conversation like
networks at the territorial Networks and Project classroom networks? An social network monsters any other? A network
level in Naples Institutions empirical study of Paal Roe Sundsoey, analysis of digital
Luciano Brancaccio Emanuela Todeva desires, motives, and Kenth Engoe-Monsen, activism in the German
actual friendships Geoffrey Canright, Twittersphere
Chris Baerveldt, Jef Johannes Bjelland, Rich Andreas Jungherr,
Vlegels, Christian Ling Pascal Jürgens
Steglich
9:30-9:50 A Union Divided: Choosing multiple sources for a Is a “Friend” a Friend?: Structurally Induced Defeating Milosevic: The
Polarization in the Screen network diffusion Comparing the Structure Random Graph Model of Role of Networked
Actors Guild Bruce W Rogers, Shankar of Online and Offline Social Networks Organizations and the
Nina F. O'Brien Bhamidi, Peter Mucha Friendship Networks Drew Conway Internet in Serbia in the
Brooke Foucault Welles, 1990s.
Anne M Van Devender, Christopher Tunnard
Noshir Contractor
9:50-10:10 Network Influence on Civic Explaining Patterns of IkeNet4: Friendship Social Networks and Ideology and
Attitudes: A Cross-Country Interorganizational Network Formation Among Performance in School collaboration in the
Analysis Dynamics Military Officers Classes, Efficient and Italian legislative
Cerem Isil Cenker Alexander C. Smit, Marius T.H. Ian McCulloh, Joshua Inefficient Teacher process: myth or reality?
Meeus, Joerg Raab Lospinoso, John Graham Control Laura Sartori, Paolo
Karoly Takacs, Kinga Parigi
Reka Makovi, Zsofia
Boda, Balint Neray

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 29


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 8:30-10:10 (continued – 3/4)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Inter-Organizational Networks I Online Social Networks I Adolescent Friendship Social Capital I
Networks II
8:30-8:50 The Governance and Effectiveness of IM Social Networks: Individual, Being loved or being acclaimed? – Towards Social Network HIV
Whole Networks. Testing Propositions Relational and Cultural How does (not) status rivalry bias Prevention Interventions in
from Provan and Kenis (2008) in the Characteristics performance in friendship- Truck-Drivers
Dutch Water Sector Ilan Talmud networks? John A Schneider, Ed O
Joerg Raab, Stefan Keijl, Roy Neijland, Kinga Reka Makovi, Balint Neray, Laumann, Prem SG Kumar, Lalit
Keith Provan Judit Pál Dandona, Kenneth H Mayer
8:50-9:10 Technological turbulence and the Network as auto-biography: Changes of Friendship among Social networks in the production
effectiveness of alliance cliques Community detection on Taiwanese Adolescents: Gender, of culture: the role of social
M Pieters, V Gilsing, W Vanhaverbeke personal networks from Class, and Rural-Urban capital
Facebook Differences Zeljka Tonkovic
Bernie Hogan Yeu-Sheng Hsieh, Ming-Yi Chang,
Meng-Sian Jhou
9:10-9:30 Structures of Close Scientific Factors of Online Social Co-Evolutionary Models of Social Capital in the Creation of
Collaboration in Publicly Funded R&D Network Usage Friendship Networks and Human Capital--the Case of Rural
Networks Marek Opuszko, Johannes Substance Use Behaviors Among Students in Contemporary China
Georg Fuerlinger, Manfred Paier Ruhland Middle-School Students: Findings Kayi Fung, Danching Ruan
from the Project choice-idea
Mariana Horta, Harold D. Green
Jr., Joan Tucker, Elizabeth J.
D'Amico
9:30-9:50 Structural patterns and effectiveness of Culture, network, distinction: Exploring Adolescent Rejection Social Capital and Economic
interorganizational networks: An example An ethno-computational and Victimization Dynamics with Integration of Migrants in Urban
of the high-tech-industry approach to friendship in SNS SIENA China
Michael Strenge, Olaf N. Rank, Nadine V. Antonio A. Casilli, Paola John M Light, Julie C Rusby, Tom Yao Lu, Danching Ruan, Gina Lai
Kegen Tubaro A B Snijders

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 30


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 8:30-10:10 (continued – 4/4)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Inter-Organizational Networks I Online Social Networks Adolescent Friendship Social Capital I
I Networks II
9:50- Running well and looking good: The Modeling Influence and Power The Contribution of School Marketization and Job Search
10:10 differential effect of different ties on in Political Blog Networks Context to Stability on Adolescent Networks in Urban China: A
internal and external ratings of Wojciech Gryc Friendship Networks Decade of Change
organizational performance Jodi L Ford, Christopher R Yanjie Bian, Xianbi Huang
Brandon Ofem Browning

10:10-10:30 Coffee break

Friday, July 2, 10:30-12:10 (1/4)


100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Mixed Methods Network Network Dynamics II Networks, Economics, Network Mechanisms Online Social
Studies II and Markets II And Network Networks II
Evolution II
10:30-10:50 Pride, Prejudice and Dynamic Cognitive similarity, tie Finding the optimal Repairing Negative Networks, Information
Triangles. Marriage creation, and tie strength: delimitation of regional Relationships Consumption and
Strategies within the Estate Network and content analysis labour markets using Zuzana Sasovova, Filip Problem Solving in a
System in England at the End of an online forum Newman’s modularity Agneessens, Giuseppe Web-Based Community
of the 18th Century. Pietro Panzarasa, Bernard approach Labianca Alexandra Marin
Juergen Pfeffer, Betina Kujawski Per Kropp
Hollstein
10:50-11:10 Qualitative Networks. Stability and instability of Conflict & connection: Personalised and Social Bookmarking
Theoretical and complex systems and major International network Dynamic Trust in Social Systems: Verbosity
epistemological foundations. players position: the case of the position and the onset of Networks Improves Semantics
Elisa Bellotti biopharmaceutical industry conflict since the Cold Frank E. Walter, Stefano Christian Körner,
Brigitte Gay War. Battiston, Frank Dominik Benz, Andreas
Lindsay Marie Jacobs, Schweitzer Hotho, Markus
Ronan Van Rossem Strohmaier, Gerd
Stumme

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 31


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 10:30-12:10 (continued – 2/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Mixed Methods Network Network Dynamics II Networks, Economics, Network Mechanisms Online Social
Studies II and Markets II And Network Networks II
Evolution II
11:10-11:30 Organizational Understanding Social Influence Economic Credit in Local Structure in The hidden layer of
Transformation for Energy Processes. Insights from 5 Years Renaissance Florence Dynamic Belief Networks online collaboration: The
Management and Green of Stochastic Actor-based John F Padgett, Paul D Lorien Jasny social network and
Buildings: A Case Study of Modelling. McLean functions of the user talk
One Public School District Christian Steglich pages on Venetian
Jennifer E. Cross, Zinta wikipedia
Byrne, Michelle Lueck, Bill Paolo Massa, Davide
Franzen, Stuart Reeve Setti, Asta
Zelenkauskaite
11:30-11:50 Social Network Analysis and A Few Special Cases: Scientific Generative Mechanisms Investigating Social Jungere or gaudere? An
Ethnography: Creativity and Network of the International Interactions via Active investigation of tertium
Complementary Tools to Dynamics in the Field of Rare Trade Network RFID iungens and tertium
Analyze Real-life Behavior Diseases Tim Kastelle Lorenzo Isella, Ciro gaudens strategies in
Mark S Fleisher, Andrew V Laura Frigotto, Massimo Cattuto, Alain Barrat, online business social
Papachristos Riccaboni Vittoria Colizza, Wouter networks
Van der Broeck, Marco Lucia Marchegiani,
Quaggiotto Federica Brunetta,
Francesca Vicentini
11:50-12:10 Winners’ Circles 2.0: From Do changes in the personal Discerning Meaning in Linking on-line social
Whole to Ego Networks networks of immigrants over the Complex Structure of networks and real-world
John L McCreery time reflect a process of Multiple Networks: An human proximity
integration in the host society? Exponential Random Juliette Stehle, Lorenzo
Miranda Jessica Lubbers, José Graph Approach Isella, Harith Alani, Ciro
Luis Molina, Chris McCarty Neha Gondal, Paul Cattuto, Gianluca
McLean Correndo, Marco
Quaggiotto

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 32


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 10:30-12:10 (continued - 3/4)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Intra-Organizational Personal (Egocentric) 2-mode Networks II Cognitive Social Structures
Networks I Networks I
10:30-10:50 Email networks and social A decade of changing neighbor Predicting links in social What Does Knowledge of the
networks in organizations. A relations networks: the israeli law system Network Get You?
study of a medium-sized bank Gerald Mollenhorst, Beate and netflix Jeffrey C Johnson
Rebeka Lex, Balazs Kovacs, Völker, Veronique Schutjens Alon Bartal, Gilad Ravid
Andras Vicsek
10:50-11:10 Normative Homophily, Relational Personal networks of young Jumping on the bandwagon: A Perceptual Congruence of a Top
Turnover and Organizational people in Sweden longitudinal study on Management Team
Structure: the Case of the Christofer Edling, Jens Rydgren collaboration networks and Daniel S Halgin, Stephen P
Commercial Court of Paris decision to participate Borgatti, Virginie L Kidwell,
Paola Tubaro, Emmanuel Marco Tonellato, Guido Conaldi Travis Grosser
Lazega, Lise Mounier, Tom A.B.
Snijders
11:10-11:30 Productivity Through Coffee International comparisons of Sexual affiliation networks of Predicting regional self-
Breaks: Changing Social personal networks swingers and the spread of identification from spatial
Networks by Changing Break Ainhoa de Federico sexually transmitted infections, network models
Structure the two-mode approach. Zack W. Almquist, Carter T. Butts
Benjamin N Waber, Daniel Anne-Marie Niekamp, Christian
Olguin Olguin, Taemie Kim, Alex JPA Hoebe, Nicole HTM Dukers-
Pentland Muijrers

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 33


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 10:30-12:10 (continued - 4/4)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Intra-Organizational Personal (Egocentric) 2-mode Networks II Cognitive Social Structures
Networks I Networks I
11:30-11:50 Pathways to Informal Power: the Change and External Events in The co-evolution of social Accuracy of Cognitive Network
Interplay between Network Online Networks networks and students’ affiliation Perceptions and their Influence
Structure and Individual Ryan M Acton, Emma S Spiro, preferences Upon Search Efficacy
Strategic Behavior Effects on Carter T Butts Vanina Torlò, Alessandro Lomi, Nick Parsons, Tim Kastelle, Jon
Informal Power Tom Snijders Heales
Alona Labun, Rafael Wittek,
Christian Steglich, Rudi Wielers
11:50-12:10 Where Do Intra-Organizational Network Autocorrelation Model Emerging Perceptions: Using
Advice Relations Come From? using Two-mode Network Data: Longitudinal Analysis to Examine
Rafael Wittek, Filip Agneessens Affiliation Exposure Model and the Dynamic Power Structures in
Biasness in Autocorrelation Networks
Parameter Kasey L Walker
Kayo Fujimoto, Thomas W
Valente

12:10-13:30 Lunch break

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 34


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 12:30-13:30 - Poster sessions
0.A 0.B 0.C 0.D 0.E
12:30-13:30 Software Demonstration: Examining the Role of Building Agency Network evolution: An
Gephi Network Centrality in Capacity in Human actor based replicator
Mathieu Bastian Hepatitis C Infection Services through dynamic model.
among Rural Li-Wen Liu, Wei Hsi- James Greenwood-Lee,
Appalachian Drug Users Sheng, HU Chung-Yi Alberto Nettel-Aguirre
Adam B Jonas, Carrie B
Oser, Jennifer R Havens

Friday, July 2, 12:30-13:30 - Poster sessions (continued)


1.A 1.B Sala 100/A
12:30-13:30 Analyses of Industrial Affinity Social capital in hotelling TextAnalytics.net: A
in Networks of Patents and firms. the design of a system for automated
Transaction measurement instrument discovery of social
Hiroyasu Inoue Cristobal Casanueva, networks from electronic
Angeles Gallego, M Angeles communication
Revilla Anatoliy Gruzd

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 35


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 13:30-15:30 (1/5)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Analyzing Network Data I Algorithms and Analytic Networks in Education Methods and Statistics Geographic & Social
Methods II Space II

13:30-13:50 Novel Definition for Spectral analysis of directed Social influence and Matrix Operations for Diversity of Aggregate
Weighted Clustering Laplacians of social networks career paths: Findings Counting Triads Neighborhood Network
Coefficient John P Boyd from 14 nascent Akishige Kishida Exposures and
Geoffrey S Canright, Kenth networks Adolescent Problem
Engø-Monsen Brian Rubineau, Behavior: The Case of
Shinwon Noh, David Immigrant Concentrated
Lazer, Michael Neblo Neighborhoods
Christopher R
Browning, Lauren J
Krivo, Mei-Po Kwan,
Heather Washington,
Aubrey Jackson, Jodi
Ford
13:50-14:10 Interdisciplinary application Bayesian Inference of “Behind enemy ties” - Measuring Segregation Neighborhood Networks
of (Social) Network Analysis Exponential-family random Effect of network in Social Networks and Neighborhood
to the field of scenario graph model and its conjugacy structure on negative Michal Bojanowski, Crime: A Simulation
technique analysis relations among high Rense Corten Study
Volker Grienitz, Andre- Ranran Wang, Mark S. school students John R Hipp, Carter T
Marcel Schmidt Handcock Zoltán László Csaba, Butts, Nicholas N Nagle,
Judit Pál, Károly Takács Adam Boessen, Ryan
Acton

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 36


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 13:30-15:30 (continued – 2/5)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Analyzing Network Data I Algorithms and Analytic Networks in Education Methods and Statistics Geographic & Social
Methods II Space II
14:10-14:30 Quantifying the topological Distance Measures for Dynamic As long as they are Data-analytical Methods Social Networks and
importance of nodes in Citation Networks happy you don’t need to in Social Network Spatial Analysis – How
signed digraphs Michael James Bommarito, improve. / If it ain’t Research Office Layouts Drive
Wei-chung Liu Daniel Martin Katz, Jonathan broke, don’t collaborate Jaime R. S. Fonseca, Interaction and
Zelner, James H. Fowler Jens Martinus Pedersen, Romana Xerez Collaboration
Christian Waldstrøm, Kerstin Sailer, Ian
Jacob Wagner Sørensen McCulloh
14:30-14:50 Models of Quasi-Symmetry Modeling Relational Events via The Generalized Method Using the weighted rich-
Relate Sex to Dominance in Latent Classes of Moments for the club coefficient to
Wild Dolphin Males Christopher L DuBois, estimation of the explore traffic
Elisa Jayne Bienenstock, Padhraic Smyth parameters in the organization in mobility
Margaret Stanton, Janet stochastic actor-oriented networks
Mann model. Michele Tizzoni, Jose'
Viviana Amati, Tom A.B. Javier Ramasco, Vittoria
Snijders Colizza, Pietro
Panzarasa
14:50-15:10 Some Thoughts on Analyzing Bridging Between Interaction Measuring Negative Ties: ERGMs vs Latent Space The Geographical
Trajectories Data and Association Networks a combined approach. Models: Comparing their Distribution of Personal
Stephen P. Borgatti, Daniel S. Daniel D Suthers Renato Roda goodness-of-fit for Networks of Migrants in
Halgin Kapferer's tailor shop Barcelona
network Jose Luis Molina,
Nicola Soriani, Mark S. Miranda J. Lubbers,
Handcock Juergen Lerner, Ulrik
Brandes, Fabien
Pelissier

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 37


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 13:30-15:30 (continued – 3/5)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Analyzing Network Data I Algorithms and Analytic Networks in Education Methods and Statistics Geographic & Social
Methods II Space II
15:10-15:30 Individual Profiles in Local Communities in five networks: a Tie Interdependencies in Social Influence and the
Network Structures meta-analysis Email Communication Autism Epidemic
Michael Andrew Pearson Malgorzata Jadwiga Krawczyk Networks Ka-Yuet Liu, Marissa
Ofer Engel King, Peter Bearman

Friday, July 2, 13:30-15:30 (continued- 4/5)


Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Mixed Methods Network Entrepreneurial Networks Inter-organizational Networks Exponential Random Graphs
Studies III II
13:30-13:50 Welcome to the Dealmaker Club - Networking of words of the A Perfect Sampling Method for
Studying the Matthew Effect and mission: exploring mission Random Graph Models
its Exceptions in Venture Capital management in Japanese NPO Carter T. Butts
Deal Networks Hiroki,Noguchi
Michael Schuricht
13:50-14:10 Integrating Social Network The impact of the social network (A semi comprehensive) Network Activity, closure and brokerage in
Analysis in Participant on the decision to start analysis of an exchange program social network models
Observation Work with Student entrepreneurial activity Antonio Rivero Ostoic Garry Robins, Philippa Pattison,
Engineering Teams Martin Haring, Tom Elfring, Tom Snijders, Peng Wang
Michael L Jones Mirjam van Praag, Sander
Hoogendoorn

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 38


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 13:30-15:30 (continued – 5/5)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Mixed Methods Network Entrepreneurial Networks Inter-organizational Networks Exponential Random Graphs
Studies III II
14:10-14:30 Explaining decision-making The Impact of Network Network transparency and the Instability and near-degeneracy
structures in Swiss politics: A Embeddedness on Firm Survival: performance of business of ERGMs
combination of SNA and QCA The Case of Biotechnology networks: Experimental evidence Michael Schweinberger
Manuel Fischer Olaf N Rank Sarita Koendjbiharie
14:30-14:50 Relational chains and multilevel Social tie consistency and The role of homophily in The Network Structure of
networks from narrative data starting a business explaining interorganizational Collaboration for Problem-
Michel Grossetti Boris F Blumberg collaboration patterns among solving: A Case Study on Open
infectious diseases INGOs. Source Software
Yannick Atouba, Michelle Guido Conaldi, Alessandro Lomi
Shumate
14:50-15:10 Using A Mixed Methods Design to The Network Dynamics of A multiplex approach to the An exponential random graph
Examine School Policing Entrepreneurial Starts-up: Two analysis of knowledge networks (p*) modelling framework for
Networks and Community Cohorts Compared Susanna Zaccarin, Domenico De affiliation networks
Collaboration Chenjian Zhang Stefano Wang,Peng, Garry Robins &
Ellyn Marie Dickmann, Andrew Philippa Pattison
N Briers
15:10-15:30 The icing on the cake – mixing The effect on success of positive CTSA Consortium Structure and Diagnostic tools for the analysis
methods to extract meaning from and negative social relationships Organization: Results from a of degeneracy in ERGMs
online message board postings in networks of independent self- Social Network Analysis of Agnieszka Stawinoga
C Moser, P Groenewegen, M employed entrepreneurs Archival Data
Huysman Ingrid Wakkee, Martin van der John Skvoretz
Gaag, Mandy van Tilborg

15:30-15:50 Coffee break

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 39


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 15:50-17:30 (1/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Intra-Organizational Innovation and Diffusion I Networks, Economics, Social Networks and Interlocking
Networks II and Markets III Health I Directorates II
15:50-16:10 Social Network Analysis Is dolphin sponging a culture? A Assessing the Investment Using Network Data to The State is back, but for
in the German Social Network Approach Strategies of Venture Evaluate Program how long? Corporate-
Cooperative Banking Janet Mann, Eric M. Patterson, Elisa Capitals in Silicon Valley Success in a Systems-of- State interlocks in the
Group J. Bienenstock, Brooke L. Sargeant, by analyzing co- Care Initiative for Babies Netherlands 1969-2006
Anna Poser Maggie A. Stanton, Ewa B. investing network and Young Children With Eelke M Heemskerk,
Krzyszczyk, Quincy A. Gibson, Yi- Naoki Shibata, Kiminori Special Health Care Meindert Fennema,
Jiun Tsai, Lisa O. Singh Gemba, Ichiro Sakata Needs Robert Mokken
Danielle M Varda, Ayelet
Talmi
16:10-16:30 What happened? How to Influence of social networks on Investigating Brokerage Emotional Support and The role of director
compare intra- uptake of a feedback quality in the IP Market Information Networks in capital in the corporate
organizational networks improvement intervention in long Mario F. Benassi, Guido a Mental Health Client- community: A bipartite
over time term care settings: Preliminary Geenen based Advocacy exponential random
Lukas Zenk, Florian findings Organization graph model of
Windhager Anne E Sales, Carole A Estabrooks, Dahlia Fuentes, Bettie corporate interlocks
Thomas W Valente Reinhardt Nicholas Harrigan,
Matthew Bond
16:30-16:50 Affect-seeking and Personal networks and practices of Family Social Capital in After the Crash: The
competence-seeking in Ethiopian farmers the Life of a Firm: A Effects of the 2008-09
task-related ties: Gender Petr Matous, Yasuyuki Todo, Dagne Comparison between the Financial Crisis on UK
differences and Mojo Yadate Old Director Interlocks
performance effects and New Economy Bruce Cronin
Tiziana Casciaro Fortunata Piselli

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 40


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 15:50-17:30 (continued – 2/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Intra-Organizational Innovation and Diffusion I Networks, Economics, Social Networks and Interlocking
Networks II and Markets III Health I Directorates II
16:50-17:10 The co-evolution of Global Innovativeness and Timing Innovation: The Functional specificity in The Transformation of
instrumental and Correlates to Communication Impact of Professional discussion networks: The the German Company
affective content in Technology Networks Social Networks in the influence of problem- System 1996-2008
intraorganizational Philip J Salem, Alejandra Achurra, Watchmaking Industry specific networks on Lothar Krempel
task-related networks Kevin Kline, Stephanie Pridgen Frederic Godart, Kim health outcomes
Tiziana Casciaro, Miguel Claes Brea L Perry, Bernice A
Sousa Lobo Pescosolido
17:10-17:30 Interventions in The variation of searching networks A Study of Using Online The Global Diffusion of Incidence or Intention?
networks: lateral on patent inventions: the Users Interaction Tobacco Control The Stability of the
coordination and comparison of patent citations and Structure to Predict Heather Wipfli, Kayo German Corporate
performance of inventors’ networks in two Movie Box Office Fujimoto, Thomas W Network during the
knowledge sharing semiconductor firms in Taiwan Performance Valente Crisis of the 1930th
networks Ray-May Hsung, Yi-Ren Guan, Ke- Jyun-cheng Wang Karoline Krenn,
Rick Aalbers, Wilfred Wei Lu Christian Marx
Dolfsma, Otto Koppius,
Roger Leenders

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 41


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 15:50-17:30 (continued – 3/4)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Academic and Scientific Personal (Egocentric) Networks II Network Theory II Collective Action and Social
Networks II Movements II
15:50-16:10 Evolving hypergraphs to The spatial spread of connected egocentric A Golden Wedding and a The duality of organizations
appraise academic team structures: Experiences from a snowball Funeral: Interconnection of and events
formation processes survey Events in Two-mode Networks Mario Diani
Carla Taramasco, Jean- Matthias Kowald, Kay W. Axhausen Christian Stegbauer,
Philippe Cointet, Camille Roth Alexandre Rausch
16:10-16:30 Using SNA to evaluate and Spillover, competition, or compensation? The Problem of Emergence The coevolution of an INGO
monitor a large Interdependencies between workplace John F Padgett, Walter W collaboration network with
interdisciplinary Network of relationships and kin and friendship Powell external relations
Excellence within the field of networks outside the workplace Michelle Shumate, Yannick
Technology Enhanced Martin Diewald, Sebastian Boehm Atouba
Learning
Nina Heinze, Barbara
Kieslinger
16:30-16:50 Network analysis of co- Poverty and Sociability in Brazilian Social network research Culture, Structure and
operation between research Metropolises: Comparing Personal results and their sociological Networks in the Israeli Peace
institutions. Example of Networks of Poor People in São Paulo and implications Camp
ESPON Programme. Salvador Deirdre M Kirke Yulia Zemlinskaya
Adam Ploszaj, Katarzyna Renata Mirandola Bichir, Eduardo Cesar
Wojnar Marques
16:50-17:10 The Morphology of Using Social Networks To Break The The utility of ties: A Social Network
Contemporary Sociological Bystander Effect reconceptualization and Reorganization Post-
Discourse: a Network Analysis Andreas C Sonnenbichler, Andreas Geyer- computational exploration of Disturbance: A New Orleans
of Bibliographical Couplings Schulz, Michael Ovelgönne social network tie measures Case Study
Attila Varga Devan Rosen, Kar-Hai Chu Joshua AlanLewis, Brittany
Marie Bernik

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 42


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 15:50-17:30 (continued - 4/4)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Academic and Scientific Personal (Egocentric) Networks II Network Theory II Collective Action and Social
Networks II Movements II
17:10-17:30 The role of ties in initiating With(out) a Little Help from my Siblings: A A Network Theory of Life, the The segregation of civic
collaborative research Cross-National Investigation of the Universe and Everything: A networks: racial and gender
Barry Wellman, Dimitrina Relationship between Sibsize and Personal Progress Report differences in the voluntary
Dimitrova, Anatoliy Gruzd, Networks Stephen P. Borgatti association networks
Diana Mok, Zack Hyatt, Mo Neha Gondal Yanlong Zhang, Nan Lin
Guangying

Friday, July 2, 17:40 – 19:00 (1/5)


100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Collaboration & Twitter Networks II Sessão Collecting Network C-IKNOW
Coordination I Iberoamericana: Data
Saúde
17:40-18:00 Informal Structures of Community Core Detection in Grado de prestigio, redes The Game of Contacts: Introduction to Network
Communication in Free Twitter - a “Bottom Up” Heuristic sociales y percepción del Estimating The Visibility Data Collection, Analysis,
Software Communities Gernot Tscherteu, Christian rendimiento: un estudio of Social Groups and Visualization via C-
Dominika Czerniawska Langreiter en las organizaciones Matthew J. Salganik, IKNOW
sanitarias españolas Maeve B. Mello, Noshir Contractor,
Pilar Marques, María F. Alexandre H. Abdo, Larkin Brown, Meikuan
Muñoz Neilane Bertoni, Hang, Zack Johnson and
Francisco I. Bastos Nicole Scholtz
(runs 17:40-19:00)

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 43


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 17:40 – 19:00 (continued - 2/5)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Collaboration & Twitter Networks II Sessão Collecting Network C-IKNOW
Coordination I Iberoamericana: Data
Saúde
18:00-18:20 Discovering new roles of journalists Grupos de discusión A multiple imputation
using social network analysis and sobre la maternidad y procedure for dealing
twitter difusión de nuevas with non-response based
Katarina Stanoevska-Slabeva, prácticas de crianza on reciprocity: principles
Miriam Meckel, Jana Eberman, Jaime Jimenez-Pernett, and simulations
Thomas Plotkowiak, Matthes Fleck Marie-Pierre Bes, Jose- Filip Agneessens, Mark
Francisco Garcia- Huisman
Gutierrez
18:20-18:40 Collective Action in Geography of Twitter Networks Social network and Assessing Respondent-
Virtual Organizations: Yuri Takhteyev, Anatoliy Gruzd, promotion of quality of Driven Sampling in the
Networks of Barry Wellman care for children with estimation of STDs
Collaboration in an diabetes type I prevalence in
Online Scientific Carlos Alberto Da Silva, populations structured
Community Mafalda Fortuna, Raquel in complex networks
Nina F. O'Brien, Lauren Costa, Joaquim Manuel Elizabeth Maciel de
B. Frank, Jessica J Gould, Fialho, José Manuel Albuquerque, Cláudia
Courtney M. Schultz, Saragoça Torres Codeço,
Matthew S. Weber, Francisco Inácio Bastos
Peter R. Monge

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 44


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 17:40 – 19:00 (continued - 3/5)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Collaboration & Twitter Networks II Sessão Collecting Network C-IKNOW
Coordination I Iberoamericana: Data
Saúde
18:40-19:00 Social Dynamics of Diffusion of Political Rumors from Sobre Trajetórias de Snapshot or movie: How
Interdisciplinary Niche to Mainstream Audiences sociabilidades de sampling methods bias
Research: Implications Andrei Boutyline portadores de transtorno dolphin social network
for Organizations mental: estudo empirico metrics
Sebastian Ulbrich, com usuários CAPS do Margaret Stanton, Janet
Andrea Knecht, Ceará, Pernambuco e Rio Mann, Elisa Jayne
Christoph Clases Grande do Sul Bienenstock, Quincy
Breno Fontes Anne Gibson, Brooke L
Sargeant, Lars Bejder,
Lisa O. Singh

Friday, July 2, 17:40 – 19:00 (continued – 4/5)


Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Academic and Scientific Networks and Natural Resource Social Networks and Life Course Semantic Network Analysis
Networks III Management II Transitions II
17:40-18:00 How publications maintain Integrated Network Analysis in Family Trajectories and Social Evolving issue positions,
social and scientific relations. Social-Ecological Studies – Networks: the life course in an emerging conflicts: a
An analysis of scientific Methodological Approaches intergenerational perspective longitudinal model of political
citations in chemistry Henrik Ernstson, Jeff Ranara Rita Gouveia, Karin Wall, Sofia campaign dynamics
Béatrice Milard Aboim, Vanessa Cunha, Cátia Nunes, Jan Kleinnijenhuis
Vasco Ramos
18:00-18:20 Analysis of exchange networks Integration for the better? Local The Development of Trust in Intact
of the Copenhagen Climate networks and natural resources and Stepfamilies: A social Network
Conference management in Swiss mountain Perspective
Frans N. Stokman, Jacob regions Eric Widmer, Ivan de Carlo
Dijkstra, Reinier Van Oosten Christian Hirschi, Karin Ingold

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 45


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Friday, July 2, 17:40 – 19:00 (continued – 5/5)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Academic and Scientific Networks and Natural Resource Social Networks and Life Course Semantic Network Analysis
Networks III Management II Transitions II
18:20-18:40 Using subfields to study social Power asymmetries in small-scale Pathways to Adulthood: Picking the winner using
structures of modern scientific fisheries– a barrier to governance Opportunities and Challenges for semantic network analysis:
fields: The case of transformability? Harlan County Youth Employment Evidence form an academic
nanotechnology Beatrice I Crona, Örjan Bodin Success electoral contest
Stasa Milojevic Jessica N Kropczynski, Patricia H Dyk Vitaliano Andrea Barberio,
Alessandro Lomi
18:40-19:00 An Empirical Analysis on Social structures and land Reexamination of Social Networks on Tracking the evolution of
Social Capital and management views Job Changes: the Case of Japanese organizational forms with
Enterprise2.0 Participation in Christina Prell, Klaus Hubacek, Labor Market egocentric semantic network
a Research Institute Mark Reed Yusuke Inagaki, Yusuke Hayashi analysis
Michela Ferron, Marco Bettina M. R. Heiss
Frassoni, Paolo Massa,
Maurizio Napolitano, Davide
Setti

21:00-24:00 Hospitality Suite – Hostel Benacus

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 46


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 8:30-10:10 (1/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Mixed Methods Network Social Capital II Organizations and Online Social Collective Action and
Studies IV Networks Networks III Social Movements III
8:30-8:50 Does Context Matter in The The structure of business
Social Networks of Low- social network sites: the
Income Women case of Milan IN
Silvia Dominguez, Tenille Ivana Pais, Riccardo De
Allen Vita, Roberto Marmo
8:50-9:10 Transnational Remigration The Invisible Hand of Social Discovering the Network Social Network Analysis
Processes – Personal Capital in the Meritocracy Structures that Support of various kinds of
Networks as a source of Vincent Chua Massive Distributed Networks on Twitter
social support for highly Collaboration in Takeshi Sakaki, Yutaka
skilled Ghanaian migrants Wikipedia Matsuo
returning from Germany Lev Muchnik, Sinan Aral
Claudia Olivier
9:10-9:30 Information seeking and Online Associations and Civic Advice Networks and Natural Born Centralisation and
instrumental support via Engagement: Can the Internet Implementation of Networkers: Social Density in Covert Social
informal mediaries using Build Social Capital? Evidence-Based Control and Children’s Movement Networks: the
public access computing: Jennifer Kayahara Practices in Public Mobile Phone Use UK Suffragettes and the
Results from a U.S. Youth-Serving Systems Mito Akiyoshi Provisional IRA
nationwide, mixed method Lawrence A. Palinkas,
study Dahlia Fuentes, Ian W. Nick Crossley
Karen E Fisher, Michael D Holloway, Qiaobing Wu,
Crandall, Samantha Becker Patricia Chamberlain

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 47


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 8:30-10:10 (continued – 2/4))
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Mixed Methods Network Social Capital II Organizations and Online Social Collective Action and
Studies IV Networks Networks III Social Movements III
9:30-9:50 Problem solving, advice Value Creation through Social Inter-organizational Are Facebook friends Indirect inter-
networks and human Networks in Knowledge network studies: A real friends? The role organizational networks
capital: A study of dairy Intensive Business systematic literature Facebook friends play in and networks of inter-
farmers in Norway Hanna Lehtimaki, Katja review of methodology people’s social support organizational
Arent Greve, Bjørn G Karintaus Carsten Bergenholtz, networks collaboration in the 5th
Hansen Christian Waldstrøm Andraz Petrovcic, Vasja European Social Forum
Vehovar, Gregor Petric in Malmö 2008
Magnus Wennerhag,
Moses A. Boudourides,
Rickard Andersson, Iosif
Botetzagias
9:50-10:10 Fertility relevant social How Many Neighbours do I Sustainability in Analyzing Patterns of Using political posters to
networks. A mixed-methods Know? Bridging Social Capital Functionally Entrepreneurs’ Online analyze social movement
study on personal relations and Neighbourhood Collaborative Virtual Social Network: a networks
and the transition to Community Networks and Longitudinal Study with Sebastian Haunss
parenthood. Romana Xerez, Jaime Fonseca Organizations Linkedin
Sylvia Keim Naim Kapucu, Vener Yang Song, Tsvi Vinig
Garayev

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 48


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 8:30-10:10 (continued – 3/4)
1000/B Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Words and Networks Viszards Social Networks and Ethnicity and International
I Health II Networks I Networks
8:30-8:50 Analyzing Political Networks Music networks Primary Care Networks and ethnicity: An Examination of the
using Newswire Services as Vladimir Batagelj, Katy Borner, Integration: the Case of comparison of the Global Hyperlink
Data Ulrik Brandes, Seok-Hee Hong, Advice Networks among network characteristics Network: Adjustment
Christian Hirschi Jeffrey C. Johnson, Lothar Pediatricians of Hungarians and the through Cracking .COM
Krempel Franco Fontana, Roma population George A Barnett, Chung
(runs until 10:10) Americo Cicchetti, Maria Fruzsina Albert, Beata Joo Chung, Han Woo
Pia Fantini, Roberto David Park
Dandi, Daniele Mascia,
Tiziano Dall'Osso
8:50-9:10 Social Network Analysis of An Invisible Hand: Social How Social Capital Is Measuring the
Political Campain Coverage Capital and Health Created during Current Transformation of World
Wouter van Atteveldt, Information Search Job: Work Conditions Trade Patterns
Christine Moser Lijun Song, Tian-Yun and Interpersonal Lucio Biggiero, Mario
Chang Contacts Basevi
Yang-chih Fu, Ray-may
Hsung, Si-yin Lee
9:10-9:30 2007-2008 – The end of Social networks and Social Capital and Economic Networks and
bush: link analysis of world health literacy Violence in the Regional Instability
media headlines Hsieh-Hua Yang, Ming- Philippines Iain James Cruickshank,
Karl M. van Meter Yi Chang, Hung-Jen Yang Philip Murphy, Nancy Dan Evans
Roberts

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 49


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 8:30-10:10 (continued- 4/4)
1000/B Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Words and Networks Viszards Social Networks and Ethnicity and International
I Health II Networks I Networks
9:30-9:50 Semiosis and the How a Non-Contagious Network Segregation, A Dynamic View of the
Communication of Meaning Disease Becomes an Homophily, or Social International Treaty
in Social Networks “Epidemic”: An Agent- Closure? Explaining Network (1900-2000)
Loet Leydesdorff Based Model of the Race/Gender Inequality Michael James
Evolution of Autism in Job Leads and Job Bommarito, Paul D
Clusters in Metropolitan Finding Assistance Poast, Daniel Martin
Los Angeles Steve McDonald Katz, Donn Diego
Christine Fountain, Ka- Gladish
Yuet Liu, Peter S.
Bearman
9:50-10:10 Ecological Dynamics of Network Centrality and Internal mobility in China and India in the
Discourse in Scientific PTSD Italy: a network analysis international
Communities Justin Turner, Michael Cinzia Conti, Antonella fragmentation of the
Drew B Margolin Matthews, Joe Geraci, Guarneri, Enrico Tucci global auto industry
Ian McCulloh Alessia A. Amighini,
Sara Gorgoni

10:10-10:30 Coffee break

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 50


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 10:30-12:10 (1/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Intra-Organizational Innovation and Diffusion II Social Networks and Online Social Philosophy of
Networks III Health III Networks IV Networks II
10:30-10:50 The impact of structural An agent-based model of The Social Contagion in Link Classification on a FOSS Communities as
holes and strong ties on competitive diffusion: network Post Traumatic Stress Large Social Networking Socio-Technical
influence, career success and structure and coexistence Disorder Data in Japan Networks: A hybrid
job satisfaction in a Swiss Giovanni Pegoretti, Francesco Tish Torgerson, Kate Junki Marui, Mikio Kato, approach
service firm Rentocchini, Giuseppe Vittucci Coronges, Ian McCulloh, Yutaka Matsuo, Yuki Susan Bastani, Mahin
Nicoline Scheidegger Marzetti Joe Geraci Yasuda Raissi, Mahmoud
Sadeghi
10:50-11:10 Using Formal Structure to How to Immunize a Network: Emotional Support and The Calculated
Discover Informal Structure: The Case of Spread of Highly Tie Strength: Community: A Critique
Fraternal Lodges in the Resistant Hospital Acquired Mechanisms through on the Neoliberal Ethics
Industrializing U.S. Midwest, Infections Via Critical Care which Adolescent of ‘Social Media’
1880-1930 Transfers Friendship Networks Ingrid Maria Hoofd
Pamela A. Popielarz Theodore J Iwashyna, Umanka Influence Smoking
H Karkada, Lada A Adamic, Cynthia Marie Lakon
Jeremy M Kahn
11:10-11:30 Merging social networks : Analysis of Ethics and Social
Evolution of cooperation Communications and networks: Practical
between organizational Decision-making insights from mixed
members in a corporate Networks in North methods case study
merger American Quitlines research
Nicola Mirc Scott J Leischow, Keith Barbara Joyce King,
Provan, Jonathan E. Mark Stephen Paine,
Beagles, Jessie Saul, Ruth Irene Beilin
Gregg Moor

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 51


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 10:30-12:10 (continued – 2/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Intra-Organizational Innovation and Diffusion II Social Networks and Online Social Philosophy of
Networks III Health III Networks IV Networks II
11:30-11:50 Knowledge sharing in non- Engineering Contagion: Understanding the Exploring the structure Ethical ties and network-
knowledge intensive Identifying Optimal Seeding Impact of Opinion of FOSS communities: Do based ethics in banking:
organizations: when social Strategies in Social Networks Leaders on the Behaviors local communities differ the case of Cooperatives
networks do not matter Sinan Aral, Lev Muchnik, Arun of Homeless Youth: from global one? in the Greek periphery
Otto Koppius, Rick Aalbers Sundararajan Findings from Project Susan Bastani, Mahin Theodoros Katerinakis
CONNECT Raissi
Harold D. Green, Joan S.
Tucker, Suzanne L.
Wenzel, Brett Munjas
11:50-12:10 Analysis of Fide network of Network Evaluation of News Memes in Network
chess players Attitudes towards Gays in the Space
Kristijan Breznik, Vladimir Military in Preparation for the John Kelly
Batagelj Repeal of Don’t Ask Don’t Tell
Katherine A Miller, Kate
Coronges

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 52


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 10:30-12:10 (continued - 3/4)
1000/B Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Words and Networks II Academic and Scientific Qualitative Network Networks and Culture Interlocking
Networks IV Studies I I Directorates III
10:30- The Spread of HIV/AIDS Building interdisciplinary Changing Networks over Two faces of taste: From Structural to
10:50 Research: Topic Structures in collaboration networks from a time Duality of culture and Brokerage Based
AIDS and JAIDS, 1988-2008 social citation analysis tool Janet Salaff social structure, and Hegemony: U.S.
Ryan Light, Jimi Adams Diep Thi Hoang, Filippo their mutual articulation Corporations in a
Menczer James G. Ennis Changing Global
Context, 1996 and 2006
Roy C Barnes, William K
Carroll
10:50- Learning Influence The analysis of scientific Discourse Networks and Finding Valuable
11:10 Propagation on Personal network of Italian statisticians Environmental News: Information Flows in
Blogs combining complementary The Promise of Network Networks
Il-Chul Moon, Dongwoo Kim, data sources Analysis within Ching-Yung Lin, Zhen
Yohan Jo, Alice H Oh Domenico De Stefano, Maria Qualitative Research. Wen, Lynn Wu
Prosperina Vitale, Susanna Mark CJ Stoddart,
Zaccarin, Howard Ramos, David B
Tindall
11:10- Generating Social Networks Interdisciplinarity revisited: A ICT: connecting and Evolution of creation Elitist and Pluralist
11:30 from Meeting Transcripts comparison of co-authorship managing contacts field Interlocking Networks
using Bayesian Topic Models networks within two european Johann Chaulet Josep C. Bosch across the World
David Andre Broniatowski universities Julian Cardenas
Uwe Obermeier, Jef Vlegels

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 53


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 10:30-12:10 (continued – 4/4)
1000/B Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Words and Networks II Academic and Scientific Qualitative Network Networks and Culture Interlocking
Networks IV Studies I I Directorates III
11:30- Computational integration of Ethics Innovation Workgroup Motivation changes of Interlocks of Elite and
11:50 network theory and topic Keely Eyre, Ben Johnson, Ian Network Dynamics: social networks Managerial Networks in
modeling for investigating the McCulloh Rewiring, Gatekeepers embeddedness in the the Global Energy
relationship between socio- and Complementarity context of planned and Market
technical networks, funding, Chris Coleridge transition Russian Nanà de Graaff
and innovation in the economy
European Union Irina Borovskaya,
Jana Diesner, Kathleen M. Natalia Trifonova
Carley
11:50- Text- and Network-Based Losers: how not to win in a Problems and challenges Buried Ties - Network
12:10 Modeling of Political Bloggers global interconnected world faced by researchers in a Analysis in Archaeology
Wojciech Gryc, Karo Fabio Nonino, Matteo Vignoli qualitative study of a Gabriel Seidl da Fonseca
Moilanen community of practice in
Hong Kong
Olivia Ip, Shek Kam Tse

12:10-13:30 Lunch break

12:10-13:30 Business meeting, Sala 1000/B

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 54


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 13:30-15:30 (1/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Methods and Statistics III Community Sesión Dynamic Networks I Gender and social
Iberoamericana: networks
Miscelânea
13:30-13:50 Network Model-Assisted City mouse/country mouse – Convergencia lingüística Dynamics of Teachers’
Prevalence Estimation from how public libraries contribute y redes sociales. Mathematics Networks
Respondent-Driven Sampling to social capital in urban and Natxo Sorolla Vidal and Mathematics
Data rural communities in North Instruction
Krista J. Gile, Mark S. America Chong Min Kim,
Handcock Catherine A Johnson Kenneth A. Frank
13:50-14:10 Some link-tracing sampling Applying P* to 32 Real World Social network analysis Structures of Concurrence on the
strategies Social Networks to Better of preschool children collaboration in Nature of Dyadic Ties:
Steve Thompson Understand the Determinants association patterns Slovenian science Comparing Spouses'
of a Connection Social Choice: João R Daniel, António J systems Reports on Career
Applying P* to 32 Real World Santos, Inês Peceguina Luka Kronegger, Patric Hierarchy
Social Networks to Better Doreian, Anuška Ferligoj Joy E Pixley
Understand the Determinants
of a Connection
Derek K Stafford, Douglas A
Hughes
14:10-14:30 Conditional estimation of Discovering scientific Análise de Redes Sociais Gender in Discussion
exponential random graph communities using conference na Internet Relations
models from snowball network Ines Albuquerque Matthew E Brashears
samples Alejandro Mussi, Aliaksandr Amaral, Helena Sousa
Philippa E. Pattison, Garry L. Birukou, Fabio Casati, Luca
Robins, Tom A. B. Snijders, Cernuzzi
Peng Wang

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 55


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 13:30-15:30 (continued – 2/4))
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Methods and Statistics III Community Sesión 3 Dynamic Networks I Gender and social
Iberoamericana: networks
Miscelânea
14:30-14:50 Estimating Hidden Instrumental and Expressive A análise de redes sociais Extended Structures of Bridging the gender
Population Size using Networks in Different Types of em língua portuguesa Mediation: Re-examining divide: an experimental
Respondent-Driven Sampling Communities Marta Varanda, Raquel Brokerage in Dynamic analysis of group
Data Ioana Alexandra Mihai Rego, Breno Fontes Networks formation in African
Mark S Handcock, Krista J Emma S Spiro, Ryan M villages
Gile, Corinne M Mar, Acton, Carter T Butts Abigail Barr, Marleen
Dekker, Marcel
Fafchamps
14:50-15:10 Reconstitution and analysis Networks Building a Lay Evolución del concepto Measuring change in Polygons of Love in
of multi-level networks in an Buddhist Community de redes sociales a partir event dynamics Closed Communities
emergent market Liliana Arroyo Moliner, José A. de la utilización de las Christoph Stadtfeld Karoly Takacs, Laszlo
Julien Brailly Rodríguez Díaz, Anna Ramon redes de sentido Lorincz, Andras Voros
Aribau Gabriel Vélez-Cuartas
15:10-15:30 Dynamics of multilevel Social Networks and Happiness An examination of tacit Panel- vs. Event-Based Transnational Feminist
networks in market Anna Ramon, Josep A knowledge networks in a Network Analysis Advocacy Networks:
organization: the case of a Rodriguez, Liliana Arroyo Colombian construction Bobo Nick, Ulrik Assessing Power
trade show project: communities of Brandes, Natalie Relations Among
Emmanuel Lazega, Julien practice and project Indlekofer, Juergen Network Partners
Brailly, Josiane Chatellet, culture Lerner, Martin Mader Leticia Anabel Paulos
Guillaume Favre, Marie Monica Fernanda
Jourda Gomez-Soto, Stephen
Pryke

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 56


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Saturday, July 3, 13:30-15:30 (continued – 3/4)
1000/B Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Words and Networks III Inter-Organizational Leadership Networks Simulation Social Influence I
Networks III
13:30- Motivation and Proximity and the evolution of Vicarious reputation and
13:50 Embeddedness of Wikipedia collaboration networks : the evolution of stable
Editors Evidences from R&D projects co-operation networks
Keiichi Nemoto, Peter Gloor, within the GNSS industry Mark Stanford
Robert Laubacher Pierre-Alexandre Balland
13:50- Predicting Oscars Through Relational and structural Active Surveying for Simulations of When influence flows in:
14:10 Semantic Web Mining antecedents of multipoint Leadership Identification hierarchies and regional Self-report biases and
Jonas Krauss, Stefan Nann, competition Myra Norton, Lise effects In worldwide air constructing the
Hauke Fuehres, Peter Gloor Francesca Pallotti, Daniele Getoor, Hossam Sharara traffic networks influence network.
Mascia, Alessandro Lomi, Daniele Ietri, Céline Brian Rubineau, David
Americo Cicchetti Rozenblat Lazer
14:10- Predicting Asset Value Examining Multiplexity in a A Company Modeling Message Models and Methods to
14:30 Performance through Web Research Organization Commander’s Traction in Social Identify Peer Effects: A
Trend Analysis Jonathon E. Mote, Jerald Hage Networked Expertise in Networks Critical Review
Apurv Jain, Peter A Gloor, the Finnish Defence Steven R Corman, Scott Weihua An
Hauke Fuehres, Stefan Nann, Forces – What Could It Ruston, Kirk Errickson,
Jonas Krauss, Xue Zhang Be? Chase Clow
Juha Ilari Tuominen

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 57


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 13:30-15:30 (continued – 4/4)
1000/B Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Words and Networks III Inter-Organizational Leadership Networks Simulation Social Influence I
Networks III
14:30- Studying online conversations Reputational evaluations The Election Game: The A history-dependent Belief Propagation
14:50 in the Korean blogosphere: A within inter-organizational Intersection between algorithm for social through Social Web
network approach networks Social Networks and structure and patterns of Media
Anatoliy Gruzd, Chung Joo Lucio Biggiero, Mario Basevi Electoral Choice in a social interactions Il-Chul Moon, Kathleen
Chung, Han Woo PARK Rural Laboratory Kun-Lin Kuo M Carley, Aice H Oh
Derek K Stafford,
Douglas A Hughes
14:50- Quorum Analytics: Machine- Structural correlates of the Walk this Way: Change detection in Socializing at the Gym:
15:10 Assisted Collaborative auto and banking industry Explaining Leadership social networks Contagious Commitment
Capture of Qualitative Social collapses in the united states and Influence in a Real Ian McCulloh, Joshua and Network Dynamics
Network Data Mary C Still World Network.1 Lospinoso Massimo Riccaboni,
Maksim Tsvetovat, Daniel Douglas Hughes Anna Romiti, Gianna
Maxwell Giudicati
15:10- Combining Network Science Learning within Multi-partner Leadership in networks: Lunch and Brands: The
15:30 and Textual Content Analysis Alliances: The Influence of In search of exceptional connection between
to Understand Information Coalitions, Competition, and agency group and brand choices
and Knowledge Networks Power Dimitrios C Alexandre Rausch,
Sinan Aral Ralph A Heidl, Kevin H Christopoulos Christian Stegbauer
Steensma, Corey Phelps

15:30-15:50 Coffee break

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 58


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 15:50-17:30 (1/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Individual Differences Twitter Networks III Adolescent Friendship Networks and Culture Collective Action and
and Social Networks Networks III II Social Movements IV
15:50-16:10 Person-Organization Fit Augmenting Microblog Search with Peer Socialization & Aesthetic networks: The Concept of Social
and Social Network Social Authority Ranking Relational Aggression Meaning structures and Movement Revisited: An
Centrality Rinkesh Nagmoti, Ankur Teredesai, Among Middle School peer evaluations in rap Empirical Investigation.
Christian J. Resick, Martine DeCock Students music David B Tindall, Joanna
Jonathan Ziegert, Dali Dorothy L Espelage, Jennifer C Lena, Mark L Robinson, Mario Diani
Ma, Paul Green Sabina Low, Josh Pachucki
Polanin
16:10-16:30 Personality traits in the Structure and evolution of mood A Longitudinal Network Celebrities as Category
formation of positive and contagion in the Twitter social Analysis of Depression and Group: An Empirical
negative networks network Influence Processes in Network Analysis of an
Zsófia Boda, András Huina Mao, Alberto Pepe, Johan Adolescent Friendships Elite Population
Vörös, Zoltán László Bollen David R. Schaefer, Olga Elizabeth Currid, Gilad
Csaba Kornienko Ravid
16:30-16:50 Exploring the role of Consumer Processing of Marketers’ From the village to the Predicting Cognitive Lost letters in the
early decision makers Responses on Micro-blogging high school. Languages, Network Similarities netherlands. Collective
and externalities in on- Platforms resocialization and among rappers in Sao efficacy and its relation
line bulletin boards James R. Coyle, Ted Smith, David social nets in secondary Paulo to prosocial action
Shu-Li Cheng, Wei- Sideways Silver, Glenn Platt education in the eastern Charles Kirschbaum Beate Volker, Henk Flap,
chung Liu part of Aragon Gerald Mollenhorst,
Natxo Sorolla Vidal Wouter Steenbeek,
Veronique Chutjens

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 59


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 15:50-17:30 (continued – 2/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Individual Differences Twitter Networks III Adolescent Friendship Networks and Culture II Collective Action and
and Social Networks Networks III Social Movements IV
16:50-17:10 A Longitudinal Social Network Social Identification and Differences in National Networks of migrant
Analysis of German Politicians' Group Solidarity: Does Entitativity and Cohesion organizations and
Twitter Accounts “Subgroup Membership” (Exploring Cross- protest activities in 5
Thomas Plotkowiak, Jana Matter in Adolescents’ Cultural Differences) European cities
Ebermann, Katrina Stanoevska- Educational Stephen Lieberman, Katia Pilati, Nina Eggert
Slabeva Expectation? Sean Everton, Jonathan
I-Chien Chen, Yeu-Sheng Alt
Hsieh
17:10-17:30 A multi-level study of Attention Networks among Do network Labrador Inuit Social Towards a longitudinal
interpersonal knowledge Members of Congress opportunities make a Networks and Social evaluation of policy
sharing: The implication Ines Mergel, Jana Diesner, Kathleen difference in friendship Problems networks and social
of individual experience M. Carley formation? Kirk Dombrowski, Bilal movement outcome:
and strength of dyadic Yi-Hsuan Chiang, Chen- Khan, Joshua Moses social resistance to
ties Chao Tao water privatisation in
Xiumei Zhu Cochabamba, Bolivia
Emanuele Lobina,
Vladimir Popov, Travis
Driessen, Philipp
Terhorst

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 60


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 15:50-17:30 (continued – 3/4)
1000/B Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Words and Networks IV Social Capital III Visualization Ethnicity and Networks in Political
Networks II Science II
15:50- Network centrality and Who is alone? causes and Faster Pathfinder The Structure of Ethnic Relational Components
16:10 similarity of discourse: a consequences of small networks algorithm for sparse Relations in the in the Formation of
sociosemantic approach Henk Flap, Beate Volker networks Multicultural Metropolis Electoral Publics
to leadership Vladimir Batagelj, Bonnie H Erickson Klaus Liepelt, Lothar
Saint-Charles Johanne, A.Vavpeti Krempel
Mongeau Pierre, Perrault
Marie-Claude
16:10- Using graphs as a Linked chains among alumni in an Visualizing networks Profiling Canadian
16:30 diagnostic tool Engineering School : the use of and territory: interactive Immigrant Networks:
Claudia Meindl, address book systems and web 2.0 Comparing the Network
Alexandre Rausch Marie-Pierre Bès technologies Structures of Immigrant
Cinzia Conti, Angela Groups and
Ferruzza, Daniele Occupational Prestige
Frongia, Paola Patteri Maria M Majerski
16:30- Expression of sentiment Social Capital of Volunteers of A Network Trajectories in Social Capital and Political Brokers and
16:50 by different node positions Classical Music Festival: How Is It Space and Time Indigenous Entrepreneurs:
in email networks Related with Participation in Other Florian Windhager, Entrepreneurs in Distinguishing Between
Ken Riopelle, James A Events and Activities? Lukas Zenk Toronto: Keeping the Exceptional Agents
Danowski, Amanda Ryuhei Tsuji, Koji Hasegawa Old, Working in the New Karin Ingold, Dimitris
Bishop Rochelle R Côté Christopoulos

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 61


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 15:50-17:30 (continued – 4/4)
1000/B Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Words and Networks IV Social Capital III Visualization Ethnicity and Networks in Political
Networks II Science II
16:50- Identifying Educational The processes of social capital and Visual Analytics of The Role of Social Presidential Centrality,
17:10 Innovation Trough the emergence of network structure Dynamic Networks Capital in Transferring Alternative Models of
Semantic SNA Christina Prell, Mariam Kiran Paolo Federico, Florian Job Experiences in the News Sentiment Word
Dustin Larimer, Gloria Windhager, Lukas Zenk, Home Country to a New Networks, and Job
Busche, Kanupriya Goel, Michael Smuc Country among Approval
Melina Becker, Peter Immigrants: Chinese and Noah Cepela, James A
Gloor Asian Indians in Toronto Danowski
Eric Fong, Peter Jiao
17:10- Identifying and Which Network Generates What Visualizing the Fit of Four Dimensions of Network analysis of
17:30 integrating social roles Type of Social Capital? An Enquiry Actor-Based Models Social Capital in the belief systems: cognitive
and structural for the case into Bridging and Bonding Natalie Indlekofer, Ulrik Interplay of Ethnicity heterogeneity and the
of collaborative e- Networks and their Effects based Brandes, Juergen and Inequality: A relationship between
learning environments on a Belgian Survey on Social Lerner, Bobo Nick Network Perspective class and religiosity in
Cathleen M. Stuetzer, Cohesion Baiqing Zhang the US.
Kathleen M. Carley, Jana Bram Vanhoutte, Marc Hooghe Delia Baldassarri, Amir
Diesner, Thomas Köhler, Goldberg
Gerhard Thiem

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 62


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 17:40 – 19:00 (1/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Friendship Networks II Qualitative Network Sessão Words and Networks V Innovation and
Studies II Iberoamericana: Diffusion III
Redes Politicas
17:40-18:00 Analysis of Friendship Network On the big screen and on our Participação dos atores A simple approach for Searching Versus
Using Attendance Records to nightstands: Hollywood, públicos e privados na community detection in Solving, Network
Lecture Classes book publishing, and content gestão da rede do Polo bipartite networks Structure, and Collective
Hiroshi Matsushima, Shogo decisions Comercial SAARA Yi Liao Problem Solving in Small
Kadosaka, Shuhei Yamamoto, Bryan Greenberg, David situado no centro da Groups
Nobuhiro Inuzuka Ruggeri cidade do Rio de Janeiro- Ethan Bernstein, Allan
Brasil Friedman, David Lazer
Lamounier Erthal Villea,
Eduardo Gusmão da
Costa, Fatima Mendes
Carvalho
18:00-18:20 The Dynamic Duality of Ego-network cards as tool Actors Network and Automatic Identification Effects of Change
Adolescents’ Friendship for studying transmission of Public Policy for Local e- of Persons for a Network Adoption on Social
Network local culinary and medicinal Government: the case of Include List Based on Networks in
Chyi-In Wu, Yu-Ting Huang knowledge of Tyrolean’s the District of Évora Word-Network Organizations
who emigrated to Peru, (Portugal) Similarity Florian Schloderer
Australia and Brazil José Manuel Saragoça, Rafal Radulski, James A
Ruth Haselmair, Carlos Alberto da Silva, Danowski
Heidemarie Pirker, Joaquim Manuel Fialho
Elisabeth Kuhn, Christian R.
Vogl

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 63


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 17:40 – 19:00 (continued – 2/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Friendship Networks II Qualitative Network Sessão Words and Networks V Innovation and
Studies II Iberoamericana: Diffusion III
Redes Politicas
18:20-18:40 The Co-evolution of Gossip and The importance of social Impact of Innovation and
Friendship at Work. Studying movements’ networks in Europeanization in entrepreneurship culture
Multiplex Social Networks development Policy Network Carlos Henryque
Lea Ellwardt, Christian Steglich, communication. Lessons Governance Patterns Pompeu Gomes,
Rafael Wittek from the Zapatista Miguel Nuno Rodrigues Joaquim José Borges
Movement in Chiapas, Gouveia, Marcos Aurélio
Mexico Dornelas Silva
Maria Isabel Garrido
18:40-19:00 The Role of West Point’s Honor Dynamic Bag-of-Word
Code in Forming Friendship & Construction through
Trust Networks Amazon Customer
Bradley Swanson, Kate Reviews
Coronges Hauke Fuehres, Jonas
Krauss, Stefan Nann,
Peter Gloor, Detlef
Schoder

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 64


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 17:40 – 19:00 (continued – 3/4)
1000/B Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Panel: Network Science Meets Analyzing Network Data II Collaboration & Criminals, Gangs, Elite Networks
Web Science Coordination II Terrorists, and
Networks
17:40- Chair: Noshir Contractor Relational Atmosphere and Measuring Programmer Together Again: Using Open Elite? Social
18:00 Panelists: Rob Ackland, Sinan Performance in Team Sports Creativity Through Social Movement Theory Mobility, Marriage and
Aral, Jim Hendler, David Lazer, Fabrizio D'Ovidio Sociometric Badges and Social Network Family in Florence,
Michael Macy, and Nigel Casper Lassenius, Analysis to Disrupt 1282-1494
Shadbolt Tuomas Niinimaeki, Regional Terrorist John F Padgett
(runs until 19:00) Arttu Piri, Daniel Olguin Networks
Olguin, Peter A Gloor Sean Everton, Nancy
Roberts
18:00- The "Unfriending" Problem: Political extremists and Voluntary engagement
18:20 The Consequences of financial criminal and personal network
Friendship Attrition for networks: exploring structure among
Causal Estimates of Social relational patterns of community elites
Influence ideologically motivated Gergei M. Farkas
Hans Noel, Brendan Nyhan and profit-driven
offenders in the U.S.
Roberta Belli, Joshua D.
Freilich, William Parkin
18:20- The role of individuals, Network structure in Money Flows and The marriage network of
18:40 geographical groups, highly regulated Communication Patterns Europe’s ruling families
households and social settings: network effects in an Illegal Drug from 1600-1900
networks in social statistics. in clinical research Distribution Network Wilko Schroeter
Mark Tranmer, David Steel, Federica Brunetta Carlo Morselli, Chloé
Ray Chambers, Robert Provost
Clark, Mark Elliot

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 65


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Saturday, July 3, 17:40 – 19:00 (continued – 4/4)
1000/B Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Panel: Network Science Meets Analyzing Network Data II Collaboration & Criminals, Gangs, Elite Networks
Web Science Coordination II Terrorists, and
Networks
18:40- Model-based Classification Anatomy of a Dark
19:00 for Longitudinal Network Network: Network
Data Analysis of an Organized
Huey-Fan Ni, Jing-Shiang Crime Network
Hwang Naim Kapucu, Fatih
Demiroz

21:00-24:00 Hospitality Suite – Hostel Benacus

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 66


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Sunday, July 4, 8:30-10:10 (1/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Collaboration & Networks and Teams Network Properties Inter-Organizational Collective Action and
Coordination III Networks IV Social Movements V
8:30-8:50 Why Don’t We Make What Structural Changes in The extremal behaviour Embedded learning: The
We Need, or Need What We Multiteam Systems of centrality and process of knowledge
Made? Limitations of Leslie A DeChurch, Christian J centralization indices transfer
Collaborative Volunteer Resick, Daniel Doty Philip A Sinclair Helena Kovačič, Andrej
Work Rus
Andreea Daniela Gorbatai
8:50-9:10 How Does Network Structure The relationship between How the efficiency of The Importance of Place The impact of Political
Affect Partnerships For strong ties and structural holes degree based seed in Collaborative Inter- Opportunity Structures
Promoting Physical Activity? Ryuichi Nakamoto groups in social diffusion Organizational Networks on migrants’
Evidence from Brazil and varies with commitment Lauren B Frank, organisational networks
Colombia constraints Amanda M Beacom, Laura Morales, Manlio
Marsela Dauti, Diana C Alexandre H. Abdo Jonathan Nomachi, Lark Cinalli, Mario Diani,
Parra, Jenine K Harris, Galloway-Gilliam Lorien Jasny
Lissette Reyes, Ross C
Brownson
9:10-9:30 Coordination and Conflict in Team, Some Facts Multiplexity and Group Structure
Cooperation Problems in and Consequences Predictors of Formation in a Dynamic
Network Good Production James Huang Liang Cheng, Ti Collaboration in an Coordination Game
Antonie Knigge, Vincent Hsu Inter-organizational Seth Frey, Rob
Buskens Network Goldstone
Amanda M. Beacom,
Lauren B. Frank,
Jonathan Nomachi, Lark
Galloway-Gilliam

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 67


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Sunday, July 4, 8:30-10:10 (continued – 2/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Collaboration & Networks and Teams Network Properties Inter-Organizational Collective Action and
Coordination III Networks IV Social Movements V
9:30-9:50 Collaboration Networks in Team performance: the role of Effects of Individual and Collaboration, culture Building and
Open Source Software social networks and technology Group-Level Properties and search incremental erosion in
Development Fabiola Bertolotti, Diego Maria on the Robustness of Emily Erikson the semantic network for
Angela Bohn, Patrick Mair, Macrì, Elisa Mattarelli, Matteo Emergency-Phase the acid rain movement:
Kurt Hornik Vignoli Communication 1977 to 2009
Networks Andrew Rojecki, James
Sean M Fitzhugh A Danowski
9:50-10:10 Understanding Distributed Turbulent times and the A Network View on Air
Collaboration within Virtual fatal weakness of Transport –
Worlds organizational networks Methodological and
Jeffrey T Hansberger, Rob Adam Tatarynowicz, Conceptual Foundations
Cross Maxim Sytch Simon Herkenhoener,
Andreas Wald

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 68


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Sunday, July 4, 8:30-10:10 (continued – 3/4)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Networks in Political Science Social Capital IV Sex, Drugs, and Social Social Influence II
III: Policy Networks Networks
8:30-8:50 A New Approach to the Social A social network approach to
Capital and the Social Networks recruiting HIV positive drug and
of Austalian Families sex partners
Sheila D Watkins Carl A Latkin, Cui Yang, Karin E
Tobin, Amy R Knowlton
8:50-9:10 Territorial pacts between Do Central Players Perform Sexual networks and STI The Social Ecology of Influence:
cooperation and conflict Better? transmission: Merging network Traversing Physical and Social
Anna Maria Zaccaria Eva Maria Eckenhofer structure applied in a linear Attitudinal Space
framework and dynamic network Mirit Devorah Shoham
similation
Deven T Hamilton
9:10-9:30 Social Influence in Policy Does university generate social Network Characteristics and Social Networks and Online
Networks: A Simulation capital? The role of university- Major Depressive Disorder in Charitable Giving
Stephen Bird based social networks in the Rural Appalachian Drug Users Lauren A Rhue, Arun
university-to-job transition Jennifer R Havens, Adam Jonas, Sundararajan
Cristiana Martini, Monica Carrie B Oser
Palmas, Giovanna Galli
9:30-9:50 Structuring Implementation Management Systems and the Identifying Peer Influence in
Networks for Project Success Social Capital of Knowledge Massive Online Social Networks:
John T. Scholz, Meredith Workers in Geographically A Platform for Randomized
Whiteman Dispersed Firms Experimentation on Facebook.
Marlene A Biseda Sinan Aral, Dylan Walker

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 69


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Sunday, July 4, 8:30-10:10 (continued 4/4)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Networks in Political Science Social Capital IV Sex, Drugs, and Social Social Influence II
III: Policy Networks Networks
9:50-10:10 Cross Cultural Social Capital The Role of “Mommies” in Sexual Social Network-based Marketing:
Zeynep Aksehirli Risk and Protection among Discovering the Relationship
Female Sex Workers in China: Between Homophily, Word-of-
Exploratory Network Analysis of Mouth Recommendations,
Sex Work Structure Awareness, and Advertising on
Huso Yi Application Adoption and
Diffusion Using Facebook
Shawndra Hill

10:10-10:30 Coffee break

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 70


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Sunday, July 4, 10:30-12:10 (1/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Friendship Networks III Analyzing Network Data III Economic Dynamic Networks Methods and Statistics
Development II IV
Networks
10:30-10:50 What Buy Friendship? On the use of relational data in The resource curse, rent- Network Formation with Classification in Network
Socioeconomic Determinants regression models seeking, and eigenvector Limited Foresight Ensembles using Latent
of Friendship Network Maria Prosperina Vitale centrality Dominik Morbitzer, Roles
Centrality Robert Boutilier Vincent Buskens Uwe Nagel, Ulrik
Weihua An Brandes, Jürgen Lerner
10:50-11:10 Perceptions of popularity in Assessing and Correcting Time Social and Economic Where do peer effects Modeling the Dynamics
speed-dating networks Heterogeneous Networks in Rural come from? Evidence of Wikipedia
Skyler S Place, Peter M Todd Parameterizations in Stochastic Gambia from a longitudinal Collaboration Networks
Actor Based Models Dany Jaimovich, Jean study of social networks Juergen Lerner, Ulrik
Josh Lospinoso, Tom Snijders Louis Arcand, Slavica and academic Brandes, Patrick Kenis,
Zec performance Denise van Raaij
Alessandro Lomi,
Christian Steglich,
Vanina Jasmine Torlo',
Tom Snijders
11:10-11:30 Homophily Based Telescopic Analysis of Complex Bioscience relationships Marriage Networks and Assessing Social Support
Relationship Prediction in Networks in developing countries: Political Power in Networks in Cross-
Two Social Networks Massimo Marchiori, Lino a study of Brazil's Poland, 1500-1795 National Comparative
Akshay Patil, Jie Gao, Arnout Possamai bioscience firms and Paul D. McLean Surveys: Measurement
van de Rijt their innovation network Issues
structure Tina Kogovsek,
Frederico Carvalho Valentina Hlebec
Muzzi, Tim Kastelle

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 71


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Sunday, July 4, 10:30-12:10 (continued – 2/4)
100/A 100/B Meeting Stampa/A Stampa/B
Friendship Networks III Analyzing Network Data III Economic Dynamic Networks Methods and Statistics
Development II IV
Networks
11:30-11:50 Using Cognitive Networks in Rural Broadband and Data-Driven Models for Perceived and Received
snow-ball sampling exploratory Economic Networks Dynamic Networks in Social Support at
research designs Alan Sloane, Seamus Changing Populations Stressful Events
Charles Kirschbaum O'Reilly Pavel N. Krivitsky, Mark Valentina Hlebec, Tina
S. Handcock, Martina Kogovsek
Morris
11:50-12:10 The Robustness of Network Who associates with How does network
Measures Under Uncertainty whom in African villages: dynamics affect group
Melissa D Clarkson, Karl A quasi experimental, ideation performance?
Dablonowski, Neil F Abernethy longitudinal study of Mario Losito
associational
membership in 15
villages
Abigail Barr, Marleen
Dekker, Marcel
Fafchamps

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 72


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Sunday, July 4, 10:30-12:10 (continued - 3/4)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Academic and Scientific Networks and Natural Knowledge and Learning Interlocking Directorates IV
Networks V Resource Management III Networks
10:30-10:50 Team assembly and scientific Stakeholders’ netaworks and The co-evolution of knowledge Board Networks and CEO
collaboration on NanoHub sustainable development in the sharing and clinical performance Compensation in Dutch Hospitals
Katherine Ognyanova, Noshir Brazilian Amazon in the Italian Rare Cancer Rob Boterenbrood, Zuzana
Contractor, Meikuan Huang, Yun Frederic Mertens, Renata Network Sasovova
Huang , Drew Margolin, Cuihua Tavora, Mauro Castro, Katia Paola Zappa
Shen Demeda, Raquel Grando
10:50-11:10 Understanding Interdisciplinarity Dialogue, trust and natural Networks As Pipes And The German Upper Echelon
Using a Social Network Analysis resource management Wellsprings: Exploring The Link Network: Principles Determining
of Administration Data Renata Tavora, Frederic Between Firm And Networks In Network Structure
Mark James Elliot, Mark Mertens, Raquel Grando, Mauro The Inventive Process Julia Brennecke, Olaf N. Rank,
Tranmer Castro, Katia Demeda Elisa Operti, Gianluca Carnabuci Anja Tuschke
11:10-11:30 Social network analysis of gender The role of producer Telecom service diffusion and
patterns in bibliometric data: an communication and resource influence in a network of
effective tool for assessing networks in agroforestry interlocking directorates.
institutional climate change in management Johannes Bjelland, Geoffrey
academia Marney E Isaac Canright, Kenth Engo-Monsen,
Jide Osatuyi, Regina Collins, Rich Ling, Pal Roe Sundsoy
Anatoliy Gruzd, Nancy Steffen-
Fluhr
11:30-11:50 Network Dynamics of the Santa The role of social network Traffic through the Wikipedia In Search for Social Capital.
Fe Institute clusters in determining water knowledge network Interlocking directorates at
Magda Fontana, Maksim resource management outcomes Jacob Ratkiewicz, Alessandro Warsaw Stock Exchange.
Tsvetovat in residential landscapes in Flammini, Filippo Menczer Michal Zdziarski
Maricopa County, AZ, USA.
V. Kelly Turner

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 73


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Sunday, July 4, 10:30-12:10 (continued – 4/4)
Belvedere Presidenza 300/A 300/B
Academic and Scientific Networks and Natural Knowledge and Learning Interlocking Directorates IV
Networks V Resource Management III Networks
11:50-12:10 The effect of organizational Politicized directorates: The types
structure and publication of partisan connections of boards’
activities on email dynamics in members of state-owned
higher education organizations: companies in Poland
the case of Catholic University of Dominik Batorski
Chile
Cristobal Garcia-Herrera, Alvaro
Pina-Stranger

Sunbelt XXXI
February 8-13, 2011
Tradwinds Hotel and Resort in St. Petersburg, Florida

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 74


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
List of presenters
Aalbers, Rick 40,51 Biseda, Marlene 68
Abernethy, Neil 71 Bjelland, Johannes 27,28.72
Ackland, Robert 64 Blumberg, Boris 38
Adams, Jimi 52 Boda, Zsofia 58
Agneessens, Filip 27,30,33,43 Bodin, Örjan 45
Ahuja, Manju 25 Bohman, Love 19
Akermann, Gregori 16 Bohn, Angela 67
Akiyoshi, Mito 46 Bojanowski, Michal 35
Aksehirli, Zeynep 69 Bollen, Johan 58
Al-Azem, Assaad 21 Bommarito, Michael 36,49
Albert, Fruzsina 48 Bonacich, Phillip 21
Almquist, Zack 32 Borgatti, Steve 11,32,36,42
Amaral, Ines 54 Borovskaya, Irina 53
Amati, Viviana 36 Bosch, Josep Lluis C. 52
Amighini, Alessia 49 Botetzagias, Iosif 27,47
An, Weihua 56,70 Boudourides, Moses 17,25,27,47
Aral, Sinan 46,51,57,64 68 Boutilier, Robert 70
Arroyo, Liliana 55 Boutyline, Andrei 44
Atouba, Yannick 38,41 Boyd, John 35
Aubke, Florian 18 Brailly, Julien 55
Avenarius, Christine 21 Brancaccio, Luciano 28
Axhausen, Kay 41 Brandes, Ulrik 11,36,55,61 70
Baldassarri, Delia 61 Brashears, Matthew 21,54
Balland, Pierre-Alexandre 56 Breiger, Ronald 25
Barberio, Vitaliano 45 Brennecke, Julia 72
Barnes, Roy 52 Breznik, Kristijan 51
Barnett, George 48 Bringe, Arnaud 19,20
Barr, Abigail 55,71 Broniatowski, David 52
Bartal, Alon 32 Brown, Larkin 42
Bastani, Susan 50,51 Browning, Christopher 30,35
Bastian, Mathieu 34 Brownlee, Jason 17
Batagelj, Vladimir 11,51,58 Brunetta, Federica 31,64
Bates, Lorraine 24 Busche, Gloria 61
Batorski, Dominik 16,19,73 Buskens, Vincent 66,70
Beacom, Amanda 66 10,32,33,35
Butts, Carter
Beatty, Kate 16,17 37,55
Becker, Melina 61 Cachia, Romina 21
Belli, Roberta 64 Canright, Geoffrey 27,28,35,72
Bellotti, Elisa 30 Cardenas, Julian 52
Benassi, Mario 39 Casanueva, Cristobal 17,34
Benz, Dominik 30 Casciaro, Tiziana 39,40
Bergenholtz, Carsten 47 Casilli, Antonio 29
Bernstein, Ethan 62 Castren, Anna-Maija 23
Bès, Marie-Pierre 43,60 Cattuto, Ciro 18,31
Bess, Kimberly 18 Cenker, Isil Cerem 28
Bian, Yanjie 30 Chang, Ming-yi 19,29,48
Bichir, Renata 41 Chaulet, Johann 52
Bidart, Claire 27 Chauvac, Nathalie 22
Bien, Walter 19 Chen, I-Chien 59
Bienenstock, Elisa 36,39,44 Cheng, Shu-Li 58
Biggiero, Lucio 48,57 Chiang, Yi Hsuan 59
Bird, Stephen 68 Christopoulos, Dimitrios 20,57,60

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 75


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Chu, Kar-Hai 41 Ellwardt, Lea 63
Chua, Vincent 46 Engel, Ofer 37
Coleridge, Chris 53 Engo-Monsen, Kenth 27,28,35,72
Collins, Regina 72 Ennis, James G 52
Comet, Catherine 20 Erickson, Bonnie 60
Conaldi, Guido 32,38,72 Erikson, Emily 67
Conti, Cinzia 49,60 Ernstson, Henrik 44
Contractor, Noshir 28,42,59,64 72 Espelage, Dorothy 58
Conway, Drew 10,28 Evans, Daniel 23,48
Corman, Steve 56 Everett, Martin 11,20
Coromina, Lluis 21 Everton, Sean 20,59,64
Corten, Rense 26,35 Eyre, Sean 27
Cote, Rochelle 60 Falzon, Lucia 20
Coyle, James 58 Farkas, Gergei 64
Crona, Beatrice 45 Faust, Katherine 25
Cronin, Bruce 19,39 Favre, Guillaume 23,55
Cross, Jennifer 31 Federico, Paolo 61
Crossley, Nick 46 Feld, Scott 21
Cruickshank, Iain 48 Ferligoj, Anuska 54
Csaba, Zoltán 35,58 Ferron, Michela 45
Czerniawska, Dominika 42 Fialho, Joaquim 24,43,62
Da Silva, Carlos Alberto 43 Fiebig, Lena 21
Dandi, Roberto 48 Fischer, Manuel 38
Daniel, Joao 18,54 Fisher, Karen 46
Danowski, James 23,60,61,62 67 Fitzhugh, Sean 67
Daraganova, Galina 19 Flap, Henk 58,60
Dauti, Marsela 18,66 Fleisher, Mark 31
David, Beata 48 Fong, Eric 61
de Albuquerque, Elizabeth 43 Fonseca, Jaime 36,46
de Federico, Ainhoa 32 Fontana, Magda 72
De Graaff, Naná 53 Fontes, Breno 44,55
De Nooy, Wouter 11,20 Ford, Jodi 30,35
De Vita, Riccardo 46 Foucault Welles, Brooke 28
DeChurch, Leslie 66 Fountain, Christine 49
Dekker, Marleen 55,71 Frank, Lauren 43,66
Diani, Mario 41,58,66 Frey, Seth 66
Dickmann, Ellyn 38 Frigotto, Laura 31
Diesner, Jana 53,59,61 Frongia, Daniele 60
Diewald, Martin 41 Fu, Yang-chih 48
Doerfel, Marya 25 Fuehres, Hauke 56,63
Dombrowski, Kirk 59 Fuentes, Dahlia 39,46
Dominguez, Silvia 46 Fuerlinger, Georg 29
Doreian, Patrick 26,54 Fuhse, Jan 22
Douthwaite, Joss 18 Fujimoto, Kayo 33,40
D'Ovidio, Fabrizio 64 Fulton, Crystal 19
Doykos, Bernadette 18 Furnari, Santi 16
DuBois, Christopher 36 Garcia-Herrera, Cristobal 73
Dugundji, Elenna 23 Garrido, Maria 63
Dyk, Patricia 45 Gay, Brigitte 30
Ebermann, Jana 43,59 Gayen, Kaberi 20,21
Eckenhofer, Eva Maria 68 Geenen, Guido 39
Edling, Christofer 19,32 Gile, Krista 54,55
Eggert, Nina 59 Gilpin, Dawn 23
Elliot, Mark 64,72 Giudicati, Gianna 57

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Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Giudici, Francesco 24 Hollstein, Betina 10,23,30
Gloor, Peter 16,56,61,63 64 Holt, Alison 23
Godart, Frederic 40 Hoofd, Ingrid 50
Gödecke, Theda 22 Horta, Mariana 29
Gomez-Soto, Monica 55 Hsieh, Yeu-sheng 19,29,59
Gondal, Neha 31,42 Hsung, Ray-May 40,48
Gorbatai, Andreea 66 Huang, James Liang Cheng 66
Gorgoni, Sara 49 Huang, Meikuan 72
Gould, Jessica 43 Huang, Yu-Ting 62
Gouveia, Rita 44 Hughes, Douglas 17,54,57
Graham, John 23,28 Ietri, Daniele 56
Green, Harold 29,51 Inagaki, Yusuke 45
Green, Paul 58 Indlekofer, Natalie 55,61
Greenberg, Bryan 62 Ingold, Karin 44,60
Greenwood-Lee, James 34 Inoue, Hiroyasu 34
Greve, Arent 47 Inuzuka, Nobuhiro 62
Grienitz, Volker 35 Ip, Olivia 53
Grippa, Francesca 17,18 Isaac, Marney 72
Grossetti, Michel 38 Isella, Lorenzo 31
Gruzd, Anatoliy 34,42,43,57 72 Iwashyna, Theodore 50
Gryc, Wojciech 30,53 Jackson, Matthew 10,11
Guarneri, Antonella 25,49 Jacobs, Lindsay 30
Hachen, David 20 Jaimovich, Dany 70
Hagberg, Aric 10 Jasny, Lorien 31,66
Halgin, Dan 10,32,36 Jimenez, Jaime 43
Hamberger, Klaus 20 Johnson, Benjamin 27,53
Hamilton, Deven 68 Johnson, Catherine 54
Handcock, Mark 35,36,54,55 71 Johnson, Jeffrey 21,23,32,48
Hannud Abdo, Alexandre 42 Johnson, Zachary 42
Hansberger, Jeff 67 Jonas, Adam 17,18,34,68
Hansen, William 16 Jones, Michael 37
Harihara, Motoko 18 Jordan, Ferenc 24
Haring, Martin 37 Jungherr, Andreas 28
Harrigan, Nicholas 39 Kanamitsu, Jun 24
Harris, Jenine K. 16,17,18,66 Kapucu, Naim 47,65
Haselmair, Ruth 62 Karintaus, Katja 47
Haunss, Sebastian 47 Kastelle, Tim 31,33,70
Havens, Jennifer 17,18,34,68 Katerinakis, Theodoros 51
Hayashi, Yusuke 45 Kayahara, Jennifer 46
Heemskerk, Eelke 39 Kebede, Wassie 25
Heidl, Ralph 57 Kegen, Nadine 29
Heidler, Richard 17 Keim, Sylvia 22,47
Heikkinen, Anna 27 Kelly, John 51
Heinze, Nina 41 Kenk, Martina 16
Heiss, Bettina 45 Kim, Chong Min 54
Hendler, Jim 64 King, Barbara 50
Hennig, Marina 25 Kirke, Deirdre 41
Herkenhoener, Simon 67 Kirkegaard, Tanja 18
Hersberger, Julia 19 Kirschbaum, Charles 58,71
Hill, Shawndra 19,69 Kishida, Akishige 35
Hipp, John 35 Klaerner, Andreas 22
Hirschi, Christian 44,48 Kleinnijenhuis, Jan 44
Hogan, Bernard 29 Klovdahl, Alden 22
Holloway, Ian 21 Koehly, Laura 17

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Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Koendjbiharie, Sarita 38 Margolin, Drew 49,72
Kogovsek, Tina 70,71 Marin, Alexandra 10,30
Kohl, Steffen 25 Marqués, Pilar 42
Koskinen, Johan 19 Martini, Cristiana 68
Kovacs, Balazs 25,32 Martinus, Jens 36
Kowald, Matthias 41 Marui, Junki 50
Krauss, Jonas 56,63 Mascia, Daniele 48,56
Krawczyk, Malgorzata 37 Massa, Paolo 31,45
Krempel, Lothar 24,40,48,60 Matous, Petr 39
Krenn, Karoline 40 Matsushima, Hrisoshi 62
Krivitsky, Pavel 71 Maya-Jariego, Isidro 21
Kronegger, Luka 54 McCarty, Christopher 25,31
Kronenwett, Michael 11 McCreery, John 31
Kropczynski, Jessica 45 27,28,36,49
McCulloh, Ian
Kropp, Per 30 50,53,57
Kuo, Kun-Lin 57 McDonald, Steve 49
Labun, Alona 33 McLean, Paul 31,70
Lakon, Cynthia 50 Meindl, Claudia 60
Langreiter, Christian 42 Menczer, Filippo 18,52,72
Larimer, Dustin 61 Mercken, Liesbeth 25
Latkin, Carl 68 Mertens, Frédéric 72
Lazaropoulos, Spyridon 17 Mihai, Ioana-Alexandra 55
Lazega, Emmanuel 32,55 Milard, Béatrice 44
Lee, Lewis 16 Miller, Katherine 51
Lehtimaki, Hanna 47 Milojevic, Stasa 45
Leibezeder, Elisabeth 18 Mirc, Nicola 50
Leischow, Scott 50 Molina, Jose Luis 31,36
Lena, Jennifer 58 Mollenhorst, Gerald 32,58
Lerner, Jurgen 11,36,55,70 Mongeau, Pierre 60
Leskovec, Jure 22 Moon, Il-Chul 52,57
Lewis, Joshua 41 Morbitzer, Dominik 70
Leydesdorff, Loet 49 Morselli, Carlo 64
Li, Lung-An 27 Moser, Christine 38,48
Liao, Yi 62 Mote, Jonathon 56
Lieberman, Steve 20, 59 Muchnik, Lev 46,51
Liepelt, Klaus 60 Murgia, Gianluca 24
Light, John 29 Murphy, Phil 48
Lin, Ching-Yung 52 Mussi Campos Cervera, 54
Liu, Ka-Yuet 37,49 Alejandro
34 Nagel, Uwe 70
Liu, Li-wen
36,58 Nakamoto, Ryuchi 66
Liu, Wei-chung
59 Nann, Stefan 56,63
Lobina, Emanuele
71 Nemoto, Keiichi 56
Losito, Mario
23,28,57,70 Neray, Balint 28,29
Lospinoso, Josh
58 Nettel-Aguirre, Alberto 34
Low, Sabina
Lubbers, Miranda 31,36 Ni, Huey-Fan 65
23 Nick, Bobo 55,61
Luczkovich, Joseph
24 Nickerson, Jeffrey 17
Lusher, Dean
21,64 Niekamp, Anne-Marie 32
Macy, Michael
23 Noel, Hans 64
Maillochon, Florence
Majerski, Maria 60 Noguchi, Hiroki 37
28,29 Norton, Myra 56
Makovi, Kinga Reka
36,39,44 O’Brien, Nina 28,43
Mann, Janet
31 Obermeier, Uwe 52
Marchegiani, Lucia
Ofem, Brandon 30

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 78


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Ognyanova, Katherine 72 Roberts, Nancy 48,64
Olivier, Claudia 46 Robins, Garry 20,37,38,54
Operti, Elisa 72 Rocha, Maria Manuela 24
Opsahl, Tore 10,19 Rochat, Yannick 25
Opuszko, Marek 29 Roda, Renato 36
Oser, Carrie 17,18,34,68 Rodrigues, Miguel 63
Oster, Daniel 16 Rodriguez, Josep 20,55
Padgett, John 31,41,64 Rogers, Bruce 28
Pais, Ivana 46 Roth, Camille 19,41
Pál, Judit 28,29,35 Ruan, Danching 29
Panzarasa, Pietro 30,36 Rubineau, Brian 35,56
Parra, Diana 18,66 Russell, Jayne 21
Parsons, Nicholas 33 Ruths, Derek 24
19,20,24,37 Sailer, Kerstin 36
Pattison, Philippa
38,54 Saint-Charles, Johanne 60
Paulos, Leticia Anabel 55 Sakaki, Takeshi 46
Pearson, Michael 37 Salaff, Janet 52
Peña, Jorge 25 Salem, Philip 40
Perry, Brea 40 Sales, Anne 39
Petrovcic, Andraz 47 Santos, António 18,54
Pfeffer, Juergen 30 Sapin, Marlène 24
Pieters, Michiel 29 Saragoça, José 24,43,62
Pieterson, Willem 59 Sartori, Laura 28
Pina Stranger, Alvaro Ignacio 24,73 Sasovova, Zuzana 30,72
Piselli, Fortunata 39 Schaefer, David 58
Piterou, Athena 26 Scheidegger, Nicoline 50
Pixley, Joy 54 Schifanella, Rossano 18
Place, Skyler 70 Schloderer, Florian 62
Ploszaj, Adam 41 Schmid, Boris 22
Plotkowiak, Thomas 43,59 Schneider, John 29
Pompeu Gomes, Carlos 63 Schoenhuth, Michael 11
Henryque Scholtz, Nicole 42
Poorthuis, Ate 23 68
Scholz, John
Popielarz, Pamela 50 64
Schroeter, Wilko
Poser, Anna 39 Schuricht, Michael 37
Possamai, Lino 70 20,38
Schweinberger, Michael
Prein, Gerald 19 31
Schweitzer, Frank
Prell, Christina 45,61 53
Seidl da Fonseca, Gabriel
Putzke, Johannes 16 Shadbolt, Nigel 64
Quellenberg, Holger 19 39
Shibata, Naoki
Quintane, Eric 20 68
Shoham, Mirit
Raab, Joerg 28,29 38,41
Shumate, Michelle
Raeside, Robert 20,21 66
Sinclair, Philip
Ramon, Anna 55 38
Skvoretz, John
Ranara, Jeff 44 71
Sloane, Alan
Rank, Olaf 29,30,72 Smieszek, Timo 21
Rausch, Alexandre 41,57,60 28
Smit, Alexander
Ravid, Gilad 32,58 11,12,19,25, 26,
Rebeka, Lex 32 Snijders, Tom 29,32,
Rentocchini, Francesco 50 33,36,37,54, 70
Resick, Christian 58,66 Sohn, Christophe 20
Reyes Jr, Edgar 23 Song, Lijun 48
Rhue, Lauren 28 Song, Yang 47
Riopelle, Kenneth 60 Sonnenbichler, Andreas 41
Rivero Ostoic, Antonio 37 Soriani, Nicola 36

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 79


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Sorolla Vidal, Natxo 54, 58 Vanhoutte, Bram 61
Speer, Paul 18 Varanda, Marta 55
Spiro, Emma S. 33,55 Varda, Danielle 39
Srnicek, Nick 25 Varga, Attila 41
Stadtfeld, Christoph 55 Velez, Gabriel 25,55
Stanford, Mark 56 Velitchkova, Ana 27
Stanoevska-Slabeva, Katarina 43,59 Vergeer, Maurice 24
Stanton, Margaret 36,39,44 Vicentini, Francesca 31
Stawinoga, Agnieszka 38 Vignoli, Matteo 53,67
Steffen-Fluhr, Nancy 72 Villela, Lamounier 62
Stegbauer, Christian 41,57 Vitale, Maria Prosperina 52,70
25,28,31,33 Vittucci Marzetti, Giuseppe 50
Steglich, Christian
63,70 Vlegels, Jef 28,52
Still, Mary 57 Volker, Beate 32,58,60
Stokman, Frans 44 von der Lippe, Holger 16
Strenge, Michael 29 Vörös, András 55,58
Stuetzer, Cathleen 61 Waber, Benjamin 32
Suitor, Jill 21 Waldstrøm, Christian 18,36,47
Sundararajan, Arun 24,51,68 Walker, Dylan 68
Sundsøy, Pål 27,72 Walker, Kasey 21,33
Suthers, Dan 36 Walther, Olivier 20
Swanson, Bradley 63 Wang, Jyun-cheng 40
Takacs, Karoly 28,35,55 Wang, Peng 37,38,54
Talmud, Ilan 29 Wang, Ranran 35
Tatarynowicz, Adam 67 Watkins, Sheila 68
Tavora, Renata 72 Weber, Matthew 22,43
Teredesai, Ankur 58 Wellman, Barry 42,43
Tesdahl, Eric 18 Wennerhag, Magnus 46
Thompson, Steve 54 Widmer, Eric 24,44
Thornton, Wayne 27 Williams, Chyvette 21
Tindall, David 52,58 Windhager, Florian 39,60,61
Tobin, Karin 68 Wittek, Rafael 33,54,63
Todeva, Emanuela 28 Wojnar, Katarzyna 41
Tonellato, Marco 32 Wu, Chyi-In 27,62
Tonkovic, Zeljka 29 Xerez, Romana 36,46
Torgerson, Tish 50 Yang, Hsieh-Hua 49
Torlo, Vanina 33,70 Yi, Huso 69
Tranmer, Mark 64,72 Young, Lindsay 59
Tscherteu, Gernot 42 Zaccaria, Anna Maria 68
Tsuji, Ryuhei 60 Zaccarin, Susanna 38,52
Tsvetovat, Maksim 20,57,72 Zajac, Jan 16
Tubaro, Paola 29,32 Zander-Music, Lysann 16
Tunnard, Christopher 28 Zappa, Paola 72
Tuominen, Juha 56 Zdziarski, Micha 72
Turner, Justin 49 Zec, Slavica 70
Turner, Kelly 72 Zeini, Sam 24
Ulbrich, Sebastian 44 Zelner, Jonathan 17,36
Valente, Thomas 11,33,39,40 Zemlinskaya, Yulia 41
van Atteveldt, Wouter 48 Zenk, Lukas 39,60,61
van de Rijt, Arnout 70 Zhang, Baiqing 61
van der Gaag, Martin 38 Zhang, Chenjian 38
Van Duijn, Marijtje 20 Zhang, Yanlong 42
van Meeteren, Michiel 23 Zhu, Xiumei 59
van Meter, Karl 48 Zorzi, Olaf 17
Van Rossem, Ronan 30

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Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 81
Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

(A semi comprehensive) Network analysis of an exchange program

Antonio R. Ostoic

Inter-Organizational Networks (Lecture)

Measures, Longitudinal, International Networks, Generalized Blockmodeling, Positional Analysis,


Interstructural Analysis

The goal of this study was to find out organizing principles of an interorganizational network and its
evolution over time applying methods of network analysis. Although the methodological aspect was
central in the analysis, social phenomena such as the roles and positions of the actors in the network,
and their choices in relation to their geographical and cultural characteristics were also investigated. For
this, a longitudinal network data set for 30 years of relations among 51 countries that a certain point of
time participated in a youth exchange program, called ICYE, was used as a case study.

Positions in the network, which are made of subsets of regular equivalent actors who are meant to play
a similar role, are revealed through patterns of relationships. Thus, a positional analysis based on the
generalized blockmodeling procedure detected a centre-periphery pattern among the positions in the
interorganizational network, which is geographically heterogeneous and varies over time.

Regarding the actors’ choices, a social selection process based on a negative homophily (or
heterophily) principle was hypothesized to be playing in the development of the exchange relations. This
hypothesis was tested through a stochastic model that permits to incorporate independent variables in
the modelling of the longitudinal network data. The results of such dynamical analysis confirmed that the
evolvement of the network structure was defined by complementary attributes of the actors, although
similar geographical characteristics to some extent prevented the dissolution of relations. Other network
effects at the dyadic level such as the network cohesion and the reciprocity over time were also
statistically modelled, and in this sense both exogenous and endogenous generative mechanisms of
change were considered.

In addition, structural features of the network were measured at both the individual and the group level
in indices that permitted the comparison of the network structure over time, and complemented the
interpretation of the modelling results with the use of visualization tools.

Three prospects (or problems) in the study to take into account are : a) the employ of the Rand index to
assess the level of change in the blockmodel images produced over time, b) the differentiation of
particular and general graph-level indices to compare structural information of a network with changing
order and size, and finally c) some aspects in the definition of the data and the model in the SIENA
program for the longitudinal network analysis.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 82


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

2007-2008 – THE END OF BUSH: LINK ANALYSIS OF WORLD MEDIA HEADLINES

Karl M. Van-Meter

Words and Networks (Lecture)

Politics, Text Analysis, Media, Link Analysis, Text Mining, Co-occurrence Of Keywords

Following the publication of "World Politics & 'Parapolitics' 2006: Computer-Assisted Text Analysis of
International Media Headlines" (2009, Harmattan), based on the analysis of over 7,000 titles, we have
continued our research with the analysis of 2007-2008 titles. Since the same Calliope link analysis
method – co-occurrence of key words -- has been systematically used, we can present not only the
network of "discourse universes" for each years, but also compare they one to another and describe the
longitudinal evolution of the world politics during the end of the Bush Administration.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 83


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Company Commander’s Networked Expertise in the Finnish Defence Forces – What Could It
Be?

Juha I. Tuominen

Leadership Networks (Lecture)

Qualitative Approaches, Egocentic Networks, Leadership

The aim of this paper is to analyze a company commander's activity within his workplace community
and external professional network in the Finnish Defence Forces (FDF) context. New perspectives
offered by professional development in interaction, knowledge sharing, knowledge communities and
networking, mainly applied in business setting, have relevance in military company commanders’
professional development too. Company commanders’ work is more and more knowledge intensive and
such concepts as knowledge, expertise and competence characterize company commanders’ activity
throughout their work. It is also essential to know how such pedagogical communities which focus on
creation of new knowledge and novel social practices, function and how these kinds of communities can
deliberately be cultivated.

Also, a company commander’s personal life, formal and informal relations and accumulation of
experience all affect her or his working behaviours. This is one of the realizations that broaden the
perspective on professional development of company commanders from individual achievements to a
larger framework of relations, where professional development is contributed to by the interaction of
relationship of networks. The networks of company commander do not consist of the people only, but
also meditative tools and other intelligent artefacts and this establishes the need to reflect the social
networks in an innovative frame of reference of intelligent networks of relations. Social network analysis
is a useful tool for the investigation of knowledge flows within organizations.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 84


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A DECADE OF CHANGING NEIGHBOR RELATIONS

Gerald Mollenhorst
Beate Völker
Veronique Schutjens

Personal (Egocentric) Networks (Lecture)

Longitudinal, Ego-centered Networks, Network Stability, Personal Networks, Change, Neighbor


Relationships

In the current sociological and geographical literature, contrasting views exist on the role of the
neighborhood and neighborhood relationships in the life of people in current societies. Some scholars
believe that in our globalizing world, local communities and the neighborhood in general have lost their
significance, while others argue that the role of community and neighborhood contacts is still important.
These divergent opinions are mainly due to the absence of comparative empirical studies, which require
longitudinal data on neighborhood contacts. Based on unique and rich panel data (SSND 1 & 2) on the
role of neighbors in the personal networks of inhabitants of 161 Dutch neighborhoods, we analyzed
whether neighborhood contacts and their implications have changed over a decade.
In this presentation, we show that, although neighbors are just a small part of personal networks, their
importance significantly increased over the past ten years. On average, respondents mentioned more
neighbors as members of the personal network and also the proportion of neighbors in the network
increased. In particular, neighbors are increasingly mentioned as a source of help with odd jobs in or
around the house or as persons to pay a visit from time to time. At the same time, however, the average
frequency of contact with neighbors and the average level of trust in neighbors somewhat declined over
the years. More detailed results, e.g., on changes at the level of individual relationships, as well as on
various explanations for changes in neighbor relationships will be presented.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 85


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Dynamic View of the International Treaty Network (1900-2000)

Michael J. Bommarito
Paul D. Poast
Daniel M. Katz
Donn D. Gladish

International Networks (Lecture)

International Networks, Political Networks, War

There exist a significant number of theories that purport to describe various structural features of the
international system. For example, realist scholars may use treaty-making patterns to highlight
balancing attempts or the development of polarities. Alternatively, social constructivists may rely on
treaty patterns to identify waves of norm diffusion. As a result, scholars have begun collecting and
coding the makeup of various treaties. These existing projects have focused on a specific treaty topic
(alliances for Leeds et al 2003), a random sub-sample of specific treaty categories (Koremenos, Lipson
and Snidal 2001) or have limited their search to just multilateral agreements (Hoffman, Denemark, and
Isherwood 2008).

Using a newly constructed dataset containing every known international agreement in the 20th century,
we believe our analysis represents the most comprehensive view of the international system to date.
Specifically, we leverage techniques in computational social science to combine several datastreams
including League of Nations Treaty Series, United Nations Treaty Series as well as a tremendous
number of otherwise unregistered agreements. Taken together, our analysis of nearly 80,000
documents can help enrich substantive theory by exposing time evolving patterns of treaty-making and
helping reveal the time evolving composition and dimensions of interactions between states.

Our analysis leverages a wide segment of interdisciplinary methods and theories including those
developed in international relations, network science, informatics, we provide an longitudinal picture of
the time evolving dynamics underpinning periods of agglomeration and fractures in the international
system. Specifically, we empirically evaluate the presence or absence of global and regional hegemons
at various time periods. Though additional analysis is likely required, we are exciting to contribute our
analysis and hope it will encourage work from other interested scholars.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 86


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Estrutura Formal e Informal das Organizações: A Comparação entre a Percepção de


Conhecimento Técnico e Organizacional.

Edgar Reyes-Jr
Maria de L. Borges
Claudio R. Gonçalo

Sesión Iberoamericana (Lecture)

Trust, Intra-organizational Networks, Social Network Analysis, Informal Institution

La comprensión de la organización informal se queda relevante dado su relativa independencia de la


estructura formal de la organización y por no aparecer ni en el organograma, ni en otros documentos
jurídicos. Por medio del análisis de las redes sociales, si objetivó verificar esta estructura de relaciones
existentes en uma organización. Los dados fueron obtenidos por Survey de base censitária com los 52
colaboradores con cuestiones que acercaran las personas con mayor conocimiento técnico y aquellas
con mayor conocimiento de la organización. Se usó el software UCINET 6.0 para la análisis. Si verificó
que la densidad y las distancias presentaron características similares, pero cuando se analizó grado de
centralidade, centralidade del flujo, Intermediação y poder de los agentes, fue identificado que los
agentes considerados más bien informados coinciden mucho con el organograma funcional de la
organización, mientras que los agentes considerados con conocimiento técnico más grande ocuparon
posiciones más bajas en la estructura formal de la organización. Observose tambien que una área de la
empresa tiene el control de la compañía, en ambos los aspectos, del flujo de información del la
organización.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 87


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Few Special Cases:Scientific Creativity and Network Dynamics in the Field of Rare Diseases

Laura Frigotto
Massimo Riccaboni

Network Dynamics (Lecture)

Network Dynamics, Rare Diseases, Creativity

We develop of model of the co-evolution of science and network dynamics and test it in the field of rare
diseases. We maintain that a dynamic isomorphic relationship is in place between the evolution network
of the scientific community and the structure of scientific problem decomposition. Namely, we show that
the centrality of scientists in the scientific community is strongly related to their creativity as measured
by the number and the importance of new concepts and new relationships among concepts they have
discovered. Early in their career, scientists have a higher chance to discover and /or to work on new
concepts. Thus new peripheral nodes in the social network tend to be related with new peripheral nodes
in the network of scientific concepts/problems. Next, the centrality of nodes in the two networks
co-evolve: by establishing new connections among concepts creative scientists gain in centrality. At the
same time, by increasing their centrality in the scientific community they can bridge between new
emerging concepts and well-established ones, thus re-ordering the space of scientific knowledge. We
test our model in the case of rare diseases in biomedical sciences. We decided to focus on rare
diseases because they are new unstructured specialties characterized by a high degree of novelty and
uncertainty. Thus we can trace back the evolution of rare biomedical specialties from the very beginning.
On the one side, we apply bibliometric techniques as well as semantic and social network analysis to
Medline data to test our propositions. On the other side, we corroborate our results with an ethnographic
field study of the Rett Syndrome scientific community. The predications of our model are in good
agreement with the empirical evidence.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 88


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Golden Wedding and a Funeral: Interconnection of Events in Two-mode Networks

Christian Stegbauer
Alexandre Rausch

Network Theory (Lecture)

Network Theory, Qualitative Approaches, Event Data, Two-mode Networks

Classical research on two-mode networks mainly focusses on the social contacts between the
participants of events (many examples use Southern Women data, e.g. Davis et al. 1941).
Georg Simmel aimed at a non-individualistic sociology of forms. Such sociology tends to inquire into the
emergence of different forms within local cultures.
Non-individualistic network research provides the answer to the persistence of forms. Forms outlive
individual participants. Events are interconnected by their participants. This network of events is well
worth researching.
In the presentation we will present how events are connected taking the example of family celebrations
in Hesse (Germany). Our aim was to determine the importance of different positions, such as
participants, organizers, event experts.
The events are interconnected by different modes: 1. transfer: similar behaviour in similar situations. 2.
Stories about events. 3. Media stories about events, how to celebrate and how to behave.

Davis, A., Gardner, B. B. and M. R. Gardner (1941) Deep South, Chicago: The University of Chicago
Press.
Simmel, Georg, 1908, Soziologie. Untersuchungen über die Formen der Vergesellschaftung.
Leipzig-München: Duncker & Humblot.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 89


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Longitudinal Analysis of Coauthorship Antecedents, Trends and Outcomes in Information


Systems Research

Michael Gallivan
Manju Ahuja

Academic and Scientific Networks I (Lecture)

Scientific Networks, Citation Networks, Academic Networks, Collaboration, Affiliation Networks,


Communities Of Practice

This study examines coauthorship patterns in IS research. Formally labeled as the study of
sociology of science and “scientific collaboration,” specifically in the physical sciences, we
examine both the longitudinal evidence for changes in the frequency of coauthored research
in the IS field, as well as factors that influence researchers’ specific choices of coauthors (i.e.,
personal attributes such as same gender and common PhD program affiliation). We also
examine specific outcomes that have been claimed to result from coauthored research – such
as a longer page length of published studies and larger numbers of citations. In replicating
many of the analyses that were previously investigated in accounting, economics, political
science, and other physical and social sciences, we found support for most of our hypotheses
– including the fact that IS researchers choose coauthors of the same gender and those who
attended the same PhD program. We did not find any impact of coauthorship on page length;
however, we found unusual results with regard to the effect of coauthoring on numbers of
citations: of the four leading IS journals that we analyzed, we found the number of coauthors
to be positively related to number of citations for MIS Quarterly only, but inversely-related
for Information Systems Research (and a weak, negative result for Journal of MIS) Through
additional post hoc analyses, including the number of individuals “acknowledged” in a paper,
we attempt to tease out the reasons why coauthored studies are more frequently-cited in MIS
Quarterly – but less frequently-cited in ISR. We conclude by identifying the contributions of
our study for IS research, in particular, and sociology of science, in general, as well as
suggestions for future research.

Keywords: Academic networks, Citation networks, collaboration, scientific networks, performance,

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 90


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Longitudinal Network Analysis of Depression Influence Processes in Adolescent Friendships

David R. Schaefer
Olga Kornienko

Adolescent Friendship Networks (Lecture)

Adolescents, Siena, Depression, Peer Influence

Given that depression is the most prevalent mental health problem experienced by adolescents and the
critical role of peers as socializing agents, it is important to understand how friends exert influence on
each others' mental health. This study aims to advance the extant research on socialization processes
in friendship networks by investigating social influence processes through which depression spreads
through a friendship network, while controlling for the previously overlooked contributions of (a)
fundamental processes of friendship formation (e.g., reciprocity, transitivity, and popularity) and (b) the
role of depression for selection into friendship. We use the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent
Health and a multilevel SIENA model to examine depression contagion in friendship networks in several
schools. Our results demonstrate that adolescents’ depressive symptoms are positively influenced by
those of their friends, with the magnitude of the influence proportional to the number of friends. Thus, we
obtain evidence for socialization of depression in friendship networks, while controlling for the selection
into friendship and other network processes salient to friendship formation.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 91


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Longitudinal Social Network Analysis of German Politicians' Twitter Accounts

Thomas Plotkowiak
Ebermann Jana
Katrina Stanoevska-Slabeva

Twitter Networks (Lecture)

Social Network Analysis, Politics, Twitter, Longitudinal, Closure, Reputation

Politicians running for an office in the German Bundestag election in


2009 for the first time massively have taken the liberty of getting
involved with social networking and becoming their own "reputational
entrepreneurs" in social media (Fine, 1996). While reputation in
social networks does not emerge from good work directly so much as
stories about the work, the key to building reputation is to get
people in closed networks talking about oneself (Burt, 1999, Gladwell
2000). The created reputation and its stability in such a network is
clearly not independent of network closure (Burt, 2000) mechanisms,
which reduce the risk of trust among people and carry on reputation
from one year to the next. In order investigate those mechanisms in
context with the German Bundestag election, we took daily snapshots of
the social network formed from over 650 politicians on twitter in a
timeframe of 4 weeks. By tracking almost 10.000 connections of over
650 twitter accounts and monitoring over 240.000 tweets we were able
to investigate how and with whom politicians established connections
and which topics they discussed. Using statistical social network
analysis methods (Snijders et Al., 2007, Carley et Al. 2009) our
results show that there is indication for closure among members of
their own party. They majority of connections are established between
members of the same party while connections between different parties
are significantly less represented. The analysis of the exchanged
tweets shows that conversation is directed towards members of the same
party and mentions of opposite parties can often be found.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 92


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Network Theory of Life, the Universe and Everything: A Progress Report

Stephen P. Borgatti

Network Theory (Lecture)

Theory

In 2006, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) requested proposals for a grant to develop "a
broad, generic, adaptable, flexible and modular theory of social networks that spans all relevant
disciplines". In short, a network theory of everything. I took the challenge, not because I thought the goal
was remotely possible (or even desirable) but because I thought it would be interesting and useful to
see how and why the attempt would fail. As it turns out, the journey has been very interesting, and I now
feel it is possible to describe network theory in a way that is far more generative and integrative than I,
at least, expected. In this talk I try to outline this perspective. In addition, I comment on reactions to this
project collected at last year’s Sunbelt conference.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 93


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Network View on Air Transport – Methodological and Conceptual Foundations

Simon Herkenhoener
Andreas Wald

Nonhuman Network Members (Lecture)

Applications, Preferential Attachment, Aerospace Industry, Connectivity, Transportation

The network perspective has become a prevalent paradigm in management studies comprising many
subfields such as organization, strategy, marketing etc. Consequently, the techniques derived from
social network analysis are widely used to different network phenomena. As a matter of fact, the
application of network analytical techniques to air transport suggests itself, but only a few studies have
implemented this application so far. This paper develops the methodological and conceptual foundations
for the analysis of air transport networks by introducing network analysis as a methodology to
investigate network structures in the aviation industry and by discussing the theoretical foundations for
explaining the emergence and functioning of these networks. Amongst others, we show similarities of
network structure and network characteristics of flight networks compared to social networks such as
scale-freeness and clustering. The analysis will take place on the level of the entire network (e.g. the
network of one airline or alliance) as well as on the level of individual nodes (i.e. airports) using current
techniques such as measures of network density and centrality or clustering coefficient. On this basis
we demonstrate the empirical application of network analysis comparing the network of StarAlliance to
the network of Oneworld.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 94


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A New Approach to the Social Capital and the Social Networks of Austalian Families

Sheila D. Watkins

Social Capital (Lecture)

Exchange, Social Capital, Family Ties, Local Networks, Autonomy, Network Participation

The place of family is changing in contemporary society. Although often seen in terms of a ‘haven’, as a
private confine, the reality of ‘family’ in today’s Australian society is a social structure that is active and
engaged. It is through this connected nature that family is able to provide value to its members; to
provide social capital. Family may well be a caring, nurturing haven but instead of a confined, isolated
unit, the value of the family is in its engaged nature, its myriad of social connections built and maintained
by its many adherents and through these connections, value is gained. This paper presents the findings
of an empirical study on the value of social networks to seventeen families living in Sydney, Australia.
But even within this newer approach, not all families are equal. The benefits of social networks, as a
provisioning base, vary between families and I examine what might account for this variance. First, I
contend that network participation varies with limited interactions affecting how families are able to
leverage their networks. I assert that resource exchange is either facilitated or constrained by the
locations and communities in which families are embedded and lastly, that network exchange is
compromised due to attitudes towards family independence or autonomy. By exploring these tensions, I
am able to observe how they mediate between a family unit and the resources gained through social
networks, elaborating the picture of an engaged family in the contemporary world.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 95


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Niche in the Family: Multiplexity in Parent-Adult Child

J. jill Suitor
Megan Gilligan
Karl Pillemer

Social Support (Lecture)

Social Support, Kinship, Affective Ties, Family Ties

Parents have been found to differentiate among their children throughout the life course across a wide
variety of dimensions, including affection, conflict, disapproval, interaction and, in the later years,
exchange of instrumental and expressive support. However, it is not known whether parents favor the
same offspring across relational contexts, indicating tie multiplexity, or whether they favor different
children for particular contexts. We shed light on this question using data on 556 mothers ages 65-75
regarding their 2,300 adult children. In contrast to the multiplexity typically found between associates in
small groups, less than 10% of adult children were favored across multiple expressive and instrumental
contexts. Among children favored in any context, only about one-quarter were named as the preferred
offspring for multiple expressive relational contexts or multiple instrumental contexts. Multivariate
analyses revealed that favoritism across multiple contexts was predicted by children’s gender, age,
educational attainment, and deviant behaviors as adults; mothers’ characteristics did not play any role.
In sum, high levels of multiplexity do not appear to be typical in parent-adult child relationships, and tie
multiplexity is predicted by children’s, not parents’ characteristics.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 96


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Perfect Sampling Method for Random Graph Models

Carter T. Butts

Exponential Random Graphs (Lecture)

Graph Theory, Exponential-family Random Graph Models, Monte Carlo Simulation, Algorithms

Generation of deviates from random graph models with non-trivial edge dependence is an increasingly
important problem in the social and biological sciences. In recent years, work on this problem has been
greatly facilitated by the use of discrete exponential families to parameterize random graph models, and
by the availability of associated Markov chain Monte Carlo methods for approximate simulation of these
families. Here, I introduce a method which allows perfect sampling from random graph models in
exponential family form (aka ``exponential random graph'' models), using a variant of Coupling From
The Past. I illustrate the use of the method via an application to the Markov graphs, a family of
considerable importance within the social network literature. Applications of the method to other
common cases is also discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 97


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words: Photographic Cross-Identification Procedures for


Gathering Social Network Data

Douglas A. Hughes
Derek K. Stafford
Bret Abel

Collecting Network Data (Methods) (Poster)

Methods, Network Survey, Community Structure, Experiments, Large-scale Networks, P*

Network analysis statistics are more susceptible to the bias created by missing data and measurement
error; and yet, current survey procedures for gathering relational data are more likely to foment the very
types of error that bias network analysis. Moreover, these procedures also make sociometric data in real
world contexts comparatively expensive. In the rural areas of a Central American country, we conducted
network analyses of 32 geographically isolated towns comprised of nearly 5000 respondents. We
essentially collected censuses of these towns in which we have average population response rates of
87%, and built a new computer program (Netrik) for collecting this data that significantly reduces
measurement error from the relational questions by using the pictures of people for cross identification.
Netrik also substantially reduces the cost per response of network questions. In sum, our data collection
procedures, which include Netrik and picture cross-identification procedures, are more accurate and
less costly. This paper explores those procedures, introduces Netrik, and examines the effectiveness
and efficiency of both.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 98


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Study of Using Online Users Interaction Structure to Predict Movie Box Office Performance

Jyun-Cheng Wang
Chen-Hsin Chiang

Marketing and Market Research (Lecture)

An increasing number of researchers use user-generated content (UGC) as a data source to examine
whether online user reviews and behaviors have an impact on consumer purchase decisions and sales.
The objective of this study is to understand the impact of online user interactions on box office results
from the perspective of social network analysis (SNA). We examine data of user reviews and a
post-reply interactions network from the online discussion forums of 126 movies and analyzed their
social network characteristics. The discussion data of 126 movies were collected in the period of
October 23, 2008 to April 6, 2009. We investigated movie ratings, controversial opinions, user
participation and user interaction network density and the relationships of these variables and box office
results. Movie ratings and controversial opinions referred to the reflections of movie watchers. User
participation included entropy and involvement of movie discussions; user interaction network density
indicated the density of movie discussion network. Structural equation model (SEM) was employed for
analysis. Our findings suggest that those user generated contents containing controversial opinions and
a higher density of user interactions have a positive impact on box office results. However, user
participation does not have a significant relationship with box office results. This study helps marketing
personnel to effectively utilize the contents of online discussion to foresee sales results.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 99


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A Union Divided: Polarization in the Screen Actors Guild

Nina F. O'brien

Organizations and Networks (Lecture)

Alliances, Social Network Analysis, Film, Collective Action

This research seeks to understand the conditions that lead to polarization in a social network. The paper
examines a network of 146 members of the Screen Actors Guild who took opposing positions in a
dispute over the Guild's leadership in 2008. Members were analyzed in terms of their co-working
relationships as well as their co-affiliation with talent management agencies. Results suggest that,
consistent with theories of homophily, co-working relationships were important predictors of members'
positions in the dispute. However, the data also suggest that talent agency representation played an
important role: actors who were represented by the same agencies were also more likely to side
together in the dispute. Implications of the role of third-party social influence are explored in this context.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 100


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A análise de redes sociais em língua portuguesa

Marta Varanda
Raquel Rego
Breno Fontes

Sesión Iberoamericana (Lecture)

Scientific Networks, Innovation Networks, Social Network Analysis, Portuguese Language, Scientific
Production

A ARS tem tido ampla divulgação desde há pelo menos 30 anos nos EUA e na Europa, mas essa
dinâmica só se fez sentir recentemente nos países de língua oficial portuguesa. Alguns indicadores
desta ainda fraca presença são o número de artigos publicados na Revista Redes. Em 16 volumes com
125 artigos, só 10 são em língua portuguesa. Outro indicador é o número de associados no INSNA: 22
brasileiros e 9 portugueses, e na Web REDES: 72 brasileiros e 13 portugueses.
Numa primeira análise dos trabalhos publicados, apercebemo-nos que o uso do conceito de redes
enquanto metáfora, sendo muito limitado para a construção de conhecimento, está amplamente
difundido. Apercebemo-nos também que a ARS aplicando as medidas e software próprios, raramente
vai para além da descrição e visualização da rede.
Há portanto, do nosso ponto de vista, muito trabalho a desenvolver no sentido da utilização da ARS
para a explicação das regularidades sociais, a sua génese e consequências, no fundo o contributo da
ARS para a teoria social através da superação da dicotomia micro-macro. Consideramos que o nosso
conhecimento das sociedades de língua portuguesa em muito beneficiaria com uma maior exploração
das potencialidades da ARS.
Para além de dar conta dos principais marcos da ARS em português, desde publicações a encontros,
passando por teses, nesta comunicação faremos uma reflexão sobre os factores inibidores, mas
também os factores promotores do desenvolvimento da ARS no mundo lusófono. Aproveitaremos ainda
para, em diálogo com colegas, apontar vias para o desenvolvimento desta área.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 101


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A history-dependent algorithm for social structure and patterns of social interactions

Kun-Lin Kuo

Simulation (Lecture)

We construct a history-dependent algorithm to reproduce the pattern of social interactions observed


from a social capital survey that was conducted in the USA in 2008. The algorithm is based on two
intuitive rules: (i) an actor interacts with another to gain resources and it chooses its interacting partner
according to its experiences on their past collaborations; and (ii) an actor is more likely to migrate to a
location containing many of its interacting partners than a location containing only a few. The simulation
result shows that (i) the distribution of actor’s capital follows a pyramid-like pattern; (ii) an actor having
higher capital tends to interact with others also having higher capital; (iii) an actor having higher capital
tends to have more social interaction across different levels of a social hierarchy; (iv) an actor with lower
capital is likely to be restricted to local social interactions. The above outcomes of the model are
consistent with observations from the survey study. The model thus provides a simple explanation for
complex sociological phenomenon.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 102


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A latent trajectory model for the co-evolution of behaviour and network ties

Johan H. Koskinen
Tom A. Snijders

Methods and Statistics (Lecture)

Statistical Methods, Bayesian Methods, Latent Class/block Models, Multilevel Networks, Siena,
Co-evolution

Ways of accounting for unobserved heterogeneity through various forms of latent class analysis has
attracted a lot of attention. The concept of latent trajectories has proved especially useful in describing
criminal careers in juvenile delinquency. While several exogenous predictors have been shown to be
associated with differing forms of criminal activity there is considerable variability in the ways in which
the careers pan out. To an extent this heterogeneity may be grouped with respect to distinct patterns of
development. When studying the co-evolution of networks and behaviour it is plausible to assume that
the influence and selection processes do not apply equally to all actors – for example some pupils
exhibit antisocial behaviour for a brief period, some rarely if ever, and again some persist in antisocial
behaviour. While such heterogeneity may correspond in part to unobserved attributes it may also be
indicative of emergent groups and norms. We propose a multilevel co-evolution model for taking this
heterogeneity into account and a Bayesian inference scheme for parameter estimation and the
prediction of class membership.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 103


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A multi-level study of interpersonal knowledge sharing: The implication of individual experience


and strength of dyadic ties

Xiumei Zhu

Individual Differences and Social Networks (Lecture)

Eyadic Ties, Tie-strength, Human Capital, Multi-level, Individual Experience, Interpersonal Knowledge
Sharing

Complementing existing literature that has been dominated by a concern for dyadic relationships (e.g.
strength of ties) in shaping interpersonal knowledge sharing, this paper argues that individual prior
experience is also consequential for interpersonal knowledge sharing. This paper investigates the
influence of variety of individual experience (extent to which individuals have experience in different area
of expertise) on ease of knowledge sharing at the dyadic level. Based on Cohen and Leviathan’s (1990)
theory on pre-existing knowledge and new knowledge acquisition, and research on learning from
experience, I hypothesize that (1) variety of individual experience will increase ease of knowledge
sharing, (2) this positive relationship is partially mediated by increased level of dyadic shared
knowledge, and (3) variety of individual experience may function as a substitute for strong ties. Results
from an empirical study in a supply chain solution unit of a technology services company reveals that (1)
variety of individual experience has a significant positive effect on ease of knowledge sharing,
controlling for strength of ties and knowledge similarity at the dyadic level, (2) this relationship is not
mediated by dyadic shared knowledge, and (3) the positive association between strength of ties and
ease of knowledge sharing becomes weaker with an increase in variety of individual experience.
Empirically, this research is among the first to test the influence of variety of experience on knowledge
sharing. Theoretically, this research suggests the importance of a multi-level approach that integrates
individual level factors, relational characteristics, and cross-level interactions in explaining interpersonal
processes.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 104


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A multiple imputation procedure for dealing with non-response based on reciprocity: principles
and simulations

Filip Agneessens
Mark Huisman

Collecting Network Data (Methods) (Lecture)

Reciprocity, Missing Data, Multiple Imputation

Missing data can be a serious problem, especially because the chance that a tie is missing in a network
might be dependent on the relations surrounding that specific tie. When only partial information of that
network is known, or when a poor imputation technique is used, this is likely to result in biased estimates
of the parameters one is interested in, and an underestimation of the uncertainty that exists about the
true effects (i.e. an overestimation of its significance). In this paper we propose the use of multiple
imputation (MI) techniques to counter the biases and correct for the uncertainty that exists as a result of
non-response. Since reciprocity is often an important force in directed networks, a simple way to deal
with non-response problems consists of considering the value of the reverse tie as a source for
imputation. After proposing a MI technique based in the reverse tie, we discuss the benefits and
limitations of using the reverse tie as a source for multiple imputation, and compare it to other
procedures, such as unconditional imputation based on the observed density. We consider the level to
which this approach helps counter biases under different levels of reciprocity and different levels of item
and unit non-response.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 105


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A multiplex approach to the analysis of knowledge networks

Susanna Zaccarin
Domenico De-Stefano

Inter-Organizational Networks (Lecture)

Scientific Networks, Complexity, Inter-organizational Networks, Multiplexity, Inventor Networks

Evidence shows that knowledge transfer from research institutions and/or from universities contributes
to local innovation processes in a variety of ways. Several studies have emphasized that the extent of
innovation diffusion is strongly affected by the structure of the network over which the innovation
processes take place. Most of these studies have taken a simplified view of relationships among actors
by focusing on a single type of ties. However, organizations interact via many links within more complex
relations.
This contribution is aimed to identify the complex structure of relationships that are at the base of
knowledge and innovation diffusion among organizations (innovative firms, academic and research
institutions) on a given context. A multiplex approach will be proposed to account for multiple ties among
members and multiple roles of members within the structure of the knowledge network. Two forms of
knowledge and innovation production will be considered: co-authorship and co-inventions.
A case study of the Trieste area (in the North-East part of Italy), characterized by a very high
concentration of research organizations and by the emerging of a lively sector of firms in R&D activities,
is presented. The embedding of actors in a hierarchical structure (individual researchers, research
teams/organizations and company) will be also considered.
The case study is designed to show how this approach could capture the complexity of interaction
among actors as well as the different roles that actors play within the multiple network structure.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 106


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A second look at the graph theoretic dimensions of informal organizations

Martin G. Everett
David Krackhardt

Mathematical Models (Lecture)

Organizations, Hierarchical Models, Graph Theory

In 1994 Krackhardt proposed four graph theoretic measures which captured the extent to which a
network formed a strict hierarchical structure or in graph terms a connected out-tree. These measures
were connectivity, hierarchy, efficiency and least upper boundedness. A network has all of these
properties if and only if it is an out-tree. However these properties can be relaxed and we show how we
can still have a similar result with less onerous conditions. In addition we look at alternative
characterisations which may capture some of the properties in a more intuitive way.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 107


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A simple approach for community detection in bipartite networks

Yi Liao

Words and Networks (Lecture)

Text Analysis, Two-mode Networks, Text Mining, Community Detection

Several approaches have been proposed to detect communities in bipartite networks directly, instead of
mapping bipartite to unipartite networks. Although successful in some test cases, they are not capable
of handling large-scale networks. We propose a simple approach for community detection in bipartite
networks. The proposed approach is based on the idea that link weights play an important role in
community detection, and if link weights are scaled properly, unipartite modularity optimization
techniques can be applied directly on bipartite networks. The proposed approach can handle large scale
networks. And the idea can be extended to multi-partite networks. We apply the algorithm to several real
world networks including networks in text mining.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 108


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

A social network approach to recruiting HIV positive drug and sex partners

Carl A. Latkin
Cui Yang
Karin E. Tobin
Amy R. Knowlton

Sex, Drugs, and Social Networks (Lecture)

HIV/STD, Sex Networks, Drug Use

Using a social network approach to recruitment, we analyzed the factors that predicted recruitment of an
HIV seropositive network member by active injection drug users (IDUs). IDUs were asked to bring in
drug and sex network members, whom they delineated on a social network inventory. The mean size of
their personal networks was 10. The 297 index participants recruited 425 networks, of whom 17.3%
were seropositive. The majority of seropositive members were recruited by IDUs who reported no
seropositive risk network members. The strongest predictor of recruiting seropositives was ethnicity,
with African American indexes more than 3 times more likely than others to recruit seropositives. Those
African American indexes who reported that they had no seropositive network members were over 10
times more likely to recruit a seropositive. These results suggest the feasibility to target active drug
users to recruit seropositives and emphasize the public health importance of focusing network
approaches on the networks of African American IDUs.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 109


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

AS RELAÇÕES SOCIAIS EM AGLOMERADOS DE EMPRESAS: UM ESTUDO DE CASO

Edgar Reyes-Jr
Maria de L. Borges
Claudio R. Gonçalo
Heitor J. Medina

Sesión Iberoamericana (Lecture)

Trust, Social Network Analysis, Industrial Clusters

Este artigo analisa as relações sociais internas e externas de empresas localizadas em distritos
industriais. Estas relações foram analisadas sob a perspectiva da confiança, a qual considera como
elementos constituintes: as características das pessoas, a continuidade dos processos e aspectos
institucionais. Foram estudadas todas as 53 empresas do setor de curtumes de uma cidade brasileira
que formaram uma rede social com 250 empresas de 6 diferentes países, abrangendo toda a cadeia
coureiro-calçadista. Neste estudo quantitativo foi utilizada a metodologia de análise de redes sociais
que baseada em álgebra matricial permitiu a mensuração de diferentes de relacionamentos. Os
resultados indicam que os principais determinantes da confiança no grupo de empresas investigado
foram as relações processuais e instituicionais; que as relações não comerciais têm maior impacto que
as relações comerciais; que a reputação é o principal componente da confiança baseada em
instituições e que esta é mais dependente das relações de amizade, que das relações comerciais.
Também pode ser identificado que o índice relacional construído para a análise aumenta em função do
aumento do porte da empresa; do tempo de existência da organização; do aumento da escolaridade do
empresário; e da atividade exportadora.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 110


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Accuracy of Cognitive Network Perceptions and their Influence Upon Search Efficacy

Nick Parsons
Tim Kastelle
Jon Heales

Cognitive Social Structures (Lecture)

Data Collection, Cognitive Social Structures, Information Search

An emerging area of research within the Social Network Analysis literature focuses upon the accuracy of
subjects' cognitive perceptions. A second strand focuses upon the importance of organisational search.
This paper brings together both threads of the literature to demonstrate the impact of varying degrees of
accuracy of managers’ cognitive network perceptions upon the efficacy of their search for information
within the organisation. Cognitive network perception data is to be collected from two government
organisations to determine the degree of accuracy of individual managers within the firm using a new
method to efficiently capture cognitive social structure data from large organizational networks. A
subsequent quasi-experiment using unfolding search chains will be conducted to evaluate the efficacy of
each manager’s search processes using a search efficacy ratio developed for this study. We expect to
find that managers with more accurate cognitive perceptions will conduct more successful searches,
have shorter search chains, and are able to execute faster searches than managers with less accurate
cognitive perceptions. It is speculated that this is a consequence of managers with more accurate
perceptions being able to identify the people within the organisation who are most likely to provide the
information they need, or know someone who can provide the information. In contrast, managers with
less accurate perceptions will likely have more difficulty in directing their search towards useful people
within the network. The study has important implications for the selection of managers within the
organisation, particularly those within industries where dealing with uncertainty is an important
managerial responsibility.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 111


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Active Surveying for Leadership Identification

Myra Norton
Lise Getoor
Hossam Sharara

Leadership Networks (Lecture)

Applications, Influentials, Biopharmaceutical Industry

In the comercial space, the question of how to identify true opinion leaders within a given population of
purchasers or decision makers is of great importance. idenitfying these individuals properly leads to
more effective and efficient sales and marketing initiatives. This is true in multiple industries, but we
begin our exploration in the pharmaceutical space, studying the influence networks of physicians relative
to the treatment of specific disease states.

In this work, we show how to combine the use of primary and secondary data for leadership
identification in the pharmaceutical industry. We study primary data describing a physician nomination
network, in which physicians provide survey information describing whose opinion they trust and who
they turn to for advice relative to treating a particular disease state. We view this data together with
secondary data describing publication history (co-authorship and co-citation), gathered from PubMed
and Google Scholar. We show how we can use partial knowledge of nomination data, together with
secondary data, in order to target additional primary data collection via surveys more effectively.

The results of this work provide a model by which minimal primary data is needed to yield accurate
leadership identification. As this type of primary data collection typically requires significant investment,
this finding empowers organizations to tackle this task of proper leadership identification in a much more
effective and efficient manner.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 112


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Activity, closure and brokerage in social network models

Garry Robins
Philippa Pattison
Tom Snijders
Peng Wang

Exponential Random Graphs (Lecture)

Exponential Random Graph Models, Statistical Models, Brokerage, Transitivity

We describe new specifications for social network statistical models to assist the joint modeling of
network activity, closure and brokerage. Actors in a social network have different levels of network
activity, as expressed through the degree distribution. But activity can take different structural forms. An
ongoing theme in social network theory is the contrast between network closure – the tendency for
closed cyclic and clique-like substructures to form within social networks – and network brokerage – the
propensity for some ties to bridge between these more closed network regions. Burt (2005) argues that
when social capital is optimized, brokerage and closure operate together. Activity and closure processes
in empirical social networks can be well represented using current specifications for exponential random
graph models. But explicit parameterization of brokerage has to date been undeveloped. We introduce
edge-triangle configurations, representing the expression of ties away from closed structures to other
parts of the network. By simulation, we provide examples of different types of network brokerage:
brokerage through hubs or a core of nodes; brokerage distributed across the network through
overlapping group membership; and brokerage through bridging ties. With an empirical example of work
collaboration among managers in a government instrumentality, we show how the combination of
parameters for activity, closure and brokerage can better fit important network characteristics.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 113


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Actors Network and Public Policy for Local e-Government: the case of the District of Évora
(Portugal)

José M. Saragoça
Carlos A. Silva
Joaquim M. Fialho

Sesión Iberoamericana (Lecture)

Information Technologies, Social Network Analysis, Local E-government, E-Democracy,


E-Administration

The paper present the results PhD research in Sociology around the issues of local e-government in
Évora, Portugal. Information technology applied in local government is understood as an instrument of
leverage greater efficiency and transparency in service to "clients" by local government
(e-Administration) and enlargement of the mechanisms of participation (e-participation) of citizens in
democracy through ICT (e-Democracy), including those relating to participation in decision-making.

Through a social network analysis (ARS) as “method” background, we seek to understand how the
formal and informal networks of key players may potentiate the emergence of public policies for the
development of local e-government in the region.

Data gathering was developed through a survey questionnaire administered to the Municipal Councils of
the District of Évora (Alentejo - Portugal), in 2009, and treated with the program UCINET 6.0. The
results enabled us to represent the formal and informal model of local actors network considered to
have a major role in local-government, to identify patterns of interaction in the network and understand
the dynamics of cooperation between them.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 114


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Adolescent Social Networks and Sexual Practices

Wassie K. Reda

Adolescent Friendship Networks (Lecture)

Adolescents, Sex Networks, Social Network Analysis

Abstract
This study examines adolescent social networks and sexual practices among ninth-grade students in
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Social exchange theory and group socialization theory guide the study. Up to
now, there has been no systematic research in Ethiopia on the relationship between adolescent social
networks and sexual practices. Mixed-methods research guides the study, which consists of two parts.
Study A generated data from survey of 167 respondents. Study B used 10 critical cases to generate
qualitative data. UCINET 6.0 was used to draw social network diagrams, and qualitative data were
transcribed and subjected to content analysis. Friendship, immediate family, extended family
neighborhood, and religious networks are key components of social network analysis. The family
network is the most stable type and the friendship network is the most popular. Adolescent friendship
networks are the primary means for finding sexual partners. Male adolescents equate sexual practices
with self-actualization and adventure, while female adolescents equate sexual practices with love and
emotional attachment. The hypothesized relationships between social network variables and sexual
practices were significant, as were correlations between ages at which respondents’ first watched live
sex and when they first masturbated. Understanding adolescents’ social networks is particularly
important in light of the looming problem of HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia and Africa. These findings are also
important for social work and social development interventions.

Key Words: Adolescents, social networks, sexual practices, Ethiopia, Africa

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 115


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Advice Networks and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices in Public Youth-Serving


Systems

Lawrence A. Palinkas
Dahlia Fuentes
Ian W. Holloway
Qiaobing Wu
Patricia Chamberlain

Organizations and Networks (Lecture)

Implementation, Advice Network, Public Organizations, Evidence Based Practices, Children's Services

Background: Relationships among personnel within and between public youth-serving organizations
influence the adoption of new programs and services. Objective: The present study examines the
structure and function of advice networks and their role in helping public youth-serving agency directors
and other program professionals make decisions about whether or not to adopt Multidimensional
Treatment Foster Care (MTFC), an evidence-based practice (EBP) that has been shown to reduce a
variety of negative outcomes for children. Methods: Interviews were conducted with 38 directors and
managers of probation, mental health, and child welfare departments in California counties. A
web-based survey was used to collect data on the structure and attributes of advice networks among 30
study participants. Qualitative and social network data were compared and ultimately combined to best
describe participants’ networks. Results: Advice networks followed county lines; there was little
interagency collaboration despite assertions to the contrary in qualitative interviews. Analysis of social
network and qualitative data demonstrated that systems leaders develop and maintain information and
advice networks based on roles, responsibility, and geography. Advice networks expose agency
personnel to information about EBPs and opportunities to adopt EBPs; networks also influence
decisions to adopt EBPs. Conclusions: Successful implementation of evidence-based practices requires
consideration and utilization of system leaders’ advice networks. Specific attention to the interplay
between organizational structure and advice network structure can be useful in increasing the uptake of
EBPs.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 116


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Aesthetic networks: Meaning structures and peer evaluations in rap music

Jennifer C. Lena
Mark Pachucki

Networks and Culture (Lecture)

Citation Networks, Meaning Networks, Culture, Affiliation Networks, Communities Of Practice

Scholars have used network approaches to index social ties between artists, art forms, or artistic events
(e.g. Anheier, Gerhards, Romo 1995; Giuffre 1999), but have largely overlooked the study of art works.
Art works that share aesthetic conventions reveal social ties of mentorship, imitation, and sub-genre
development (Lena 2004). Recent scholarship has revealed that a structural analysis of these
conventions can illuminate reputation hierarchies built from peer esteem (Lena and Pachucki 2010).
This article builds from that foundation, offering an analysis of meaning structures in rap music over a
twenty-year period (1979-1999), specifically, the evolving affiliation network among Billboard Magazine
charting singles and the “samples” – small snippets of another artist’s song – used within them. While
traditional descriptive measures of network connectivity offer rough insight into the dominant aesthetic
conventions during these years, we innovate a metric of peer recognition based upon one’s position in a
lineage of aesthetic conventions. This has implications for two key sets of ideas. First, we reveal how
particular aesthetic conventions differentially diffuse (or fail to diffuse) through a field over time, shaping
the career structures of their authors. Second, we observe the evolution of cliques which organize
recognition orders. This suggests that a preferential attachment mechanism operates among artists on
the basis of their artistic choices. This is counterintuitive given the premium placed on originality and
innovation in this artistic sphere. While we might reasonably expect the production of "stars" via
collaboration or co-authorship, this indicates the presence of preferential attachment at a micro-cultural
level far below that traditionally recognized by scholars of art worlds.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 117


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Affect-seeking and competence-seeking in task-related ties: Gender differences and


performance effects

Tiziana Casciaro

Intra-Organizational Networks (Lecture)

Intra-organizational Networks, Gender, Affective Ties, Performance

This study concerns the variability in people’s use of affect and competence as criteria for the choice of
work partners. I define “affect-seeking” as a person’s tendency to weigh personal feelings for colleagues
in seeking them out for task-related input. Likewise, I label “competence-seeking” a person’s tendency
to weigh the task competence of colleagues as a criterion to seek them out as work partners. Using
network and performance data on 517 salespeople in a large technology company, I find gender
differences in competence- and affect-seeking behavior, and document their effects on individual
performance.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 118


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

After the Crash: The Effects of the 2008-09 Financial Crisis on UK Director Interlocks

Bruce Cronin

Interlocking Directorates (Lecture)

Interlocking Directorates, Inter-organizational Networks, Interfirm Networks, Political Networks, Policy


Networks

The 2008-09 financial crisis comprised a traumatic disruption to financial markets, by many accounts
unprecedented in a century, but also the opening of a seismic faultline through the normal business of
business. Commercial credit seized up, orders collapsed and most firms went into 'survival' mode, while
a minority were exhausted by the frenzied race for opportunties arising from the rubble.
The events posed considerable challenges for corporate governance, with established norms under
severe criticism from regulators, established relationships with major firms and individuals severed
abruptly by financial collapse, complicated by the desires to survive, reduce uncertainties and seize
opportunities. In particular, the events are likely to have had a major impact on the governance norms
and practices across the business community and evident in the structure of directorate interlocks, well
documented by Useem (1994).

Established theory suggests this set of events could be expected to have three principal effects on the
interlock structure. First, fissures in the structure, created by the exit of highly connected or otherwise
central major players, and a general weakening of the effectiveness of the 'corporate scan'. Second, an
expansion in board size, particularly with links to financial institutions, as firms attempted to coopt
resources to compensate for the disruption to funding lines and other sources of uncertainty. Third, in a
contradictory manner decreased and increased executive director activism associated with both the
withdrawal from specifc exposed positions and specific attempts to capitalise on new opportunities
created by the disruption. And fourth, increased executive director activism in political forums, aimed at
securing a regulatory framework less vulnerable to such disruption in the future.

This paper considers evidence with respect to these expectations, examining changes to the structure of
director interlocking in the UK from 2006 to 2009. Utilising a large dataset of 2300 firms with annual
sales exceeding £500m, and their 14,000 directors, social network analytic techniques are used to
examine changes to the the composition of the interlocking core and the network positions of specific
actors, in both inter-firm and inter-personal dimensions. This is supplemented by archival investigation
of corporate political activity in response to the crisis.

The findings are generally consistent with the theoretical expectations, revealing a dramatic disruption to
the network and contraction of the main component, associated with the withdrawal of major players.
Board size expands in a manner consistent with uncertainty reduction and contradictory trends in
executive director activism are apparent at corporate and political levels.

As well as providing and important confirmation of existing theory, the findings have implications for the
understanding of the insitutional dimensions of the cohesiveness of director interlocks and the dynamics
of corporate political activity.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 119


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Alcohol Use among Adolescents as a Coordination Game in a Dynamic Friendship Network

Rense Corten
Andrea Knecht

Adolescent Friendship Networks (Lecture)

Simulation, Adolescents, Game Theory, Dynamic Networks

Alcohol abuse among adolescents is associated with delinquency, mental health problems, and
educational problems. Social influence by peer groups has often been found to be one of the important
factors explaining alcohol abuse. Whereas most research on this topic studied only effects of personal
networks of adolescents, we propose a theoretical approach that allows for predictions on effects of the
macrolevel social network structure of a group on average alcohol use in this group. We argue that
using alcohol can be understood as risk-dominant but inefficient behavior in a coordination problem,
given that adolescents face incentives to align their behavior with that of their friends. At the same time,
adolescents are also likely to selectively choose their friends among those who behave similarly.
Accordingly, we propose a game-theoretical model in which actors choose behavior in a repeated
coordination game in a network, and are also allowed to change the network. Specific predictions on
levels of alcohol use as depending on initial network structure are based on computer simulations of this
model. We test the predictions using longitudinal data on alcohol use and friendship choices in school
classes in Dutch high schools. We are able to replicate the predicted “catalyzing” effect of initial network
density on the development of alcohol use: the denser the initial network, the more likely the process will
move further in the direction of the initial tendency. However, the predicted opposing effect of
centralization could not be confirmed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 120


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Algebraic models of diffusion through a social network

Lucia Falzon
Nectarios Kontoleon
Pip Pattison
Garry Robins

Mathematical Models (Lecture)

Diffusion, Social Network, Algebraic Representation

Social network analysis offers a powerful modelling framework to describe the structure of relations and
interactions among a set of actors or groups. Using the network paradigm, diffusion may be modelled by
letting inter-node links represent channels through which resources, beliefs, diseases etc flow or diffuse
among the network population. Accurate models of diffusion processes must consider the differences
between the various types of diffusion: the process of contagion differs depending on the inherent
nature of the substance being spread as well as the relational and social structures through which the
diffusion is occurring. In order to model and analyse diffusion we need to take time into account in the
construction of viable network paths, i.e. the sequences of nodes and links that do not violate our time
constraint (Moody, 2002). In this paper we present a framework for path algebras to describe network
flows. We develop a representation of operations on relational intervals from previously constructed
composition rules (Pattison et al, 2009). We describe operations based on a particular class of
semirings that enable development of algorithms for viable path construction and discuss initial
representations of different types of flows in this algebraic framework.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 121


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

An Empirical Analysis on Social Capital and Enterprise2.0 Participation in a Research Institute

Michela Ferron
Marco Frassoni
Paolo Massa
Maurizio Napolitano
Davide Setti

Academic and Scientific Networks (Lecture)

Organizations, Social Capital, Open Source Floss Software, Factor Market, Web 2.0, Social Networks
Sites

Social capital has been suggested as an important dimension within organizations. Recently many
organizations started deploying internal Social Network Sites (SNS), called Enterprise2.0, to improve
how employees collaborates and work.
We have analyzed the relationship between self-perceived social capital and the use of an SNS in a
research institute. Only 35% of the employees (champions) have access to the close beta. We
conducted a web survey (56% replies out of 652 employees) to collect various dimensions of bonding
and bridging social capital and, for champions, of SNS usage. Using factor analysis and regression
analysis, we found champions have significantly higher social capital than non-champions. Focusing on
champions, social capital correlates with self-reported intensity of SNS usage, while we did not find
statistically significant correlation with real usage, extracted from system logs. We also find relationships
between social capital and different demographic features such as years in FBK, job role, age, gender.
There are few studies analyzing the real impact of SNSs on employees ability to collaborate. We believe
more work is needed in this area so we released the SNS we developed as Open Source, aiming to
promote its adoption by other organizations. We also released the dataset we collected in this analysis
for comparative purposes.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 122


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

An Examination of the Global Hyperlink Network: Adjustment through Cracking .COM

George A. Barnett
Chung J. Chung
Han W. Park

International Networks (Lecture)

International Networks, Communication Networks, Communication Technology, Internet/www,


Hyperlinks

An important issue that remains unresolved in research on the international telecommunication network
is how imperfect spatial information may inadvertently alter the perceived structure of the network. One
example in telecommunication research is the international hyperlink network that excludes the
ubiquitous .com. Traditionally, research examining the international Internet has not included gTLD
(generic Top Level Domains). The excluded .com, sites represent more than ten times the hyperlinks
than the greatest number of links between any two countries. The reason for not including .com is
probably due to the ease of data mining the relations among ccTLDs (country Top Level Domains), and
the difficulty in cracking (decomposing) gTLD hyperlinks, that is determining in which countries these
websites reside and who uses these sites. Based on the assumption that decomposing .com leads to a
more accurate description of the international hyperlink structure, this research investigates an adjusted
hyperlink network using data from Alexa.com on the percentage of Internet users from 87 countries for
the 110 most frequently visited .com websites. When compared to the hyperlink network excluding the
.com data, the adjusted hyperlink network shows significant changes in the overall structure. For
example, the United States’s centrality increased dramatically, its indegree centrality more than tripled
and its outdegree centrality increased 30 times. Overall, the global hyperlink network is more precisely
defined through “cracking” or “decomposing” .com and including these links in the description of the
network.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 123


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

An Invisible Hand: Social Capital and Health Information Search

Lijun Song
Tian-Yun Chang

Social Networks and Health (Lecture)

Social Capital, Information Search

Social capital is resources embedded in social networks. Its direct positive effect on physical and mental
health has been documented, but there is little attention to the mechanisms through which social capital
protects health. This study argues that social capital indirectly influences health through its contribution
to the health information search process. Using the 2004 General Social Survey data, this study
examines the effect of social capital on multiple forms of health information search. Using the name
generator, we measure social capital as the average educational level of network members. We find that
social capital is positively associated with the frequency of health information search, the frequency of
health information search from daily newspapers, the frequency of health information from
general-interest magazines, the frequency of health information search from medical professionals, and
the frequency of health information search from the internet. These results demonstrate the importance
of social capital as an invisible hand in the social production of health.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 124


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

An agent-based model of competitive diffusion: network structure and coexistence

Giovanni Pegoretti
Francesco Rentocchini
Giuseppe V. Marzetti

Innovation and Diffusion (Lecture)

Network Theory, Simulation, Innovation

The increasing interest spanned by important developments in graph theory (or network analysis) in
recent years (Watts and Strogatz, 1998; Barabasi and Bonabeau, 2003; Kleinberg, 2000) is at the core
of the plethora of contributions in social sciences as well. Although the latter has been implemented in
several streams of the social science literature, its application has been particularly successful in a set
of well defined areas, among which game theory (Jackson and Wolinsky, 1996) and economics of
innovation are worth noticing for the promising works that have been put forward. Among the others, in
line with the pioneering work proposed by Watts and Strogatz (1998), particular interest has been
devoted to the study of how network structure influences a set of chosen variables assuming constant
overall network density. As for economics of innovation, much of the attention has been devoted to
knowledge creation and diffusion. In particular, main contributions concentrated on how different
patterns of knowledge diffusion tend to arise according the network structure of agents. Along this line of
enquire, theoretical contributions have modelled the issue in two different ways: on the one side,
knowledge transfer has been seen as a barter between two different agents which trade \knowledge for
knowledge" (Cowan and Jonard, 2004). The main model result is that small world structure is found to
be the most efficient one, in the sense that the level of average knowledge is maximal. On the other
side, knowledge can be thought to be broadcasted by innovators to the respective neighbours (Cowan
and Jonard, 2003). In this case, small world is found to be the most efficient structure particularly when
absorptive capacity is low, while with high absorptive capacity short path length are more valuable thus
implying randomness as the most efficient structure of the network.
In parallel to the above mentioned line of research, an increasing effort has been lately put by the
literature in developing models, mainly relying on physics of fluids, able to give an account of diffusion
as a stochastic process of percolation in a \grid" (Frenken et al., 2008; Hohnisch et al., 2008; Delre et
al., 2009).
A particularly innovative contribution is the one from Delre et al. (2007), who fruitfully integrates the
literature on innovation diffusion (taking into consideration both epidemic and threshold models) with
marketing literature dealing with the diffusion of products in fashionable markets where social influence
is extremely important. In particular, Delre et al. (2007) models both individual agents' preferences
(Chatterjee and Eliashberg, 1990) and network externalities arising from word-of-mouth processes
providing, in this way, a description of the diffusion process of a single product.
Although the literature on the topic seems to be extremely rich, an interesting aspect to be still properly
addressed deals with the analysis of the role played by network structure in the process of competition
between product innovations. Our work aims exactly at filling this gap. To start with, we will concentrate
our attention on how network structure can influence the dynamics of competition of two product
innovations. In particular, our main aim will be to show how network externalities (David, 1985; Katz and
Shapiro, 1994) are likely to produce different results according to the structure of the network under
exam. We will characterize the structure of the network on the grounds of two standard measures -
clustering coefficient and characteristic path length - and, implementing Watts and Strogatz's (1998)
routine in Laboratory for Simulation Development (LSD), we develop an agent-based model able to
address the issue at stake. In particular, four main specifications of the model are put forward: (i) a
baseline model where only network effects are taken into consideration; (ii) a second specification adds
both static and dynamic economies of scale; (iii) the third one takes into account the role of economies
of learning by incorporating switching costs and (iv) the last model comprehends the issue of lead-lag

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 125


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

time in product introduction into the market.


By running numerical simulation, we are able to provide some insightful qualitative results. First of all,
we find that while clustering matters to reach the coexistence in the market of both technologies, the
small-world network structure is irrelevant for such a result to be obtained.
Second, the more important economies of scale, the less probable coexistence turns out to be.
Moreover, in this case the highest levels of coexistence are found close to the small-world and the result
is interpreted in terms of p-cohesiveness, i.e. the extent of protection that each possible subset of nodes
is experiencing in the network.
Third, by introducing the switching costs the probability of coexistence of both products in the market
decreases considerably. Furthermore, the effect of switching costs is higher in networks with high
clustering where local network effects provide a barrier to the displacement of one product at early
steps.
Finally, when the relationship between the probability of coexistence and network structure under
different time lags of product introduction is investigated, the small world architecture experiences a
lower probability of coexistence than the neighbouring parameter space. This result is likely to be driven
from the fact that the speed of diffusion is maximal in a small world (Del Re et. al., 2007).

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 126


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

An examination of tacit knowledge networks in a Colombian construction project: communities


of practice and project culture

Monica F. Gomez-Soto
Stephen Pryke

Knowledge and Learning Networks (Lecture)

Reciprocity, Centrality, Ego-centered Networks, Social Network Analysis, Communities Of Practice,


Tacit Knowledge

Project-based organisations are effective forms of knowledge production for all their members. In the
case of construction companies, operative levels nourish their knowledge through experience across
different organisations that are dedicated to the same activity, as well as attending different technical
training institutions where they train to become further skilled.

The study sought to examine the network of principal cause-effect interactions between the members of
a Colombian construction project focussing on the nature and characteristics of knowledge exchange
between site operatives. The research project dealt with interactions and socialisation activities and the
way in which these activities supported the development of operative skills.

Social network analysis (SNA) was used to observe the communities of practice (COP) and their
influence on operatives. Some networks function through the transmission of explicit knowledge to
operatives that is later transformed into tacit knowledge (TK). Other networks provide working
environments where TK is developed and practiced with other members. The SNA provides
demonstrations of centrality, ego analysis as well as reciprocal ties, confirming the different relationships
found in different relational flows. This method demonstrates that COPs not only influence operatives,
they also influence co-workers within the project and facilitate other, less central operative actors, to
acquire TK.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 127


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

An exponential random graph (p*) modelling framework for affiliation networks

Peng Wang
Garry Robins
Philippa Pattison

Exponential Random Graphs (Lecture)

Exponential random graph (p*) models (ergm) provide a flexible framework for modelling network
structures using various local configurations or graph statistics. For affiliation networks where more than
one set of nodes are involved, some ergm specifications have been proposed for single networks (e.g.
Skvoretz & Faust, 1999; Wang et al, 2009). However, most of the ergms proposed to date provide good
fits to small bipartite networks only, exhibiting model degeneracy in many larger networks. In this paper,
we review some recent developments in ergms for affiliation networks, and outline a number of
generalisations designed to address existing limitations. These include the development of models for
more complex data structures, and a hierarchy of tie-variable dependence assumptions that provides
theoretical support for the inclusion of graph statistics of increasing complexity. We illustrate these
developments with several examples.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 128


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Analyses of Industrial Affinity in Networks of Patents and Transaction

Hiroyasu Inoue

Innovation and Diffusion (Poster)

Firms always repeat the process inventing new goods and services and then distributing them. In the
process, we simply realize inventing precedes distributing. However, any goods and services are
basically invented for customers. Hence, the invention is affected by the distribution, despite preceding
it. We can see a typical case in the automobile industry. In the industry, a subcontracting firm often
creates and sells parts specific to its customers. This means an invention does not occur if there is no
business between the two firms. These industries are called integral type industries. On the other hand,
modular type industries do not show the relationship between invention and distribution.
In this study, I investigated a network based on 807,727 firms in Japan. The network had
industries as nodes and relations of invention and distribution as links. Therefore, the network was a
multi-layered network.
As a result, it was revealed which industries take a strong position in invention or distribution and which
industries are modular or integral types. These results show which part of the process, innovation or
distribution should be invested by policies.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 129


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Analysing extended household and family networks

Walter Bien
Pötter Ulrich
Prein Gerald

Kinship network analysis (Lecture)

Kinship Networks, Ego-centered Networks

Based on a recent large-scale survey in Germany ("Aufwachsen in Deutschland: Alltagswelten2 2009),


household and family networks will be analysed. A special feature of this data set is hat it identifies both
egocentred family networks as well as information on household composition and possibly partners and
children outside the household. From this information, we reconstruct the topology of networks. A
typology of networks is based on this basic topology as well as on information about distances between
dwellings of non-household members and contact density.
While distributions of household-based networks can easily be achieved, the distribution of family or
extended household networks is much more difficult to estimate. We present preliminary results for
Germany using methods from set-valued analysis.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 130


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Analysis of Communications and Decision-making Networks in North American Quitlines

Scott J. Leischow
Keith Provan
Jonathan E. Beagles
Jessie Saul
Gregg Moor

Social Networks and Health (Lecture)

Communication Networks, Centrality, Public Health, Affiliation Networks, Behavioral Networks, Evidence
Based Practices

The KIQNIC study is designed to better understand the network and communications mechanisms by
which stakeholders in the North American Quitline Consortium (NAQC), especially state/provincial-lev el
funders and service providers/vendors, interact, share new knowledge, make decisions about how and
when to implement new knowledge, and actually adopt practices that they believe will improve quitline
outcomes. The KIQNIC research team developed a survey in consultation with NAQC members to
collect data about network relationships between quitline organizations, decision-making processes, the
implementation of quitline practices, and learning organization characteristics from each of the
organizations responsible for funding and implementation of the 63 quitlines in North America. The
survey was launched in Summer 2009, and at this point we have completed preliminary work on the
network analysis utilizing UCINET VI. Results will be presented to demonstrate the patterns of
relationships among the 62 quitlines and among the 86 quitline component organizations; namely,
funders, providers, and the NAQC As a participatory research project, NAQC members collaborated,
and are continuing to collaborate, with the KIQNIC research team to ensure that study results reflect
actual quitline practices and behaviors.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 131


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Analysis of Fide network of chess players

Kristijan Breznik
Vladimir Batagelj

Networks and Sports (Lecture)

Chess, Data Collection, Event Data, Community Structure, Spatial Analysis, Pajek

At the Fide (world chess federation) web site data on the results
of games and tournaments are available; from January 2008 on the
single game level. From these data some (temporal) networks can be
obtained. Additional data about chess players (rating, age, gender,
country, title, ...) are also available.

Collecting the data we run in to some problems: there exist different


players with the same name; the same player is entered into the
Fide base under different names (different writting, typos);
some players passed away during the time of analysis and they are no
longer in Fide base of players; for some unknown reason Fide also
does not publish Elo ratings for players from several countries; etc.
We discuss some approaches how to deal with these problems and
produce consistent data sets.

Some chess players presume that the best players of the world
are almost exclusively playing between themselves, avoiding
to play against low rated opponents in order to keep their high
Elo chess rating - they mainly play in closed, also called berger,
tournaments. Another interesting question is how much the result of
the game depends on the color of pieces. It is obviously harder
to win a chess game with black pieces, but in the Elo system
this is not considered in evaluation of the result.
In the paper we deal with these and some other similar questions
on the basis of data from Fide base using network analysis.

The programs for collecting the data from the Fide web site
and producing networks were written in R. For analysis of
networks we used Pajek.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 132


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Analysis of Friendship Network Using Attendance Records to Lecture Classes

Hiroshi Matsushima
Shogo Kadosaka
Shuhei Yamamoto
Nobuhiro Inuzuka

Friendship networks (Lecture)

Statistical Methods, Evolution, Friendship Formation, Friendship Network

We have investigated a method to predict friendship relation among students by using data of
attendance records to lecture classes, where we assume an automatic collection mechanism of
attendance records using ID-cards with wireless tag function held by every student and card readers
equipped in every entrance of lecture rooms. The method is based on an observation that friend
students have similar patterns of attendance and provides a score of the degree that two students can
be guess as friends. The score is defined based on a statistical model constructed from the data and
results of questionnaires to a small part of students, the questionnaires in which we asked to answer
their friends. Then the friendship relation forms a friendship network. We have collected attendance data
of 6000 students for three years and it let us possible to observe friendship network among students and
changes of the network through the period. We have observed characteristic of the network, roles of
each students in the network, and evolution of the network and these properties through the period. We
expect to discuss with people from wide areas sharing our interest.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 133


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Analysis of exchange networks of the Copenhagen Climate Conference

Frans N. Stokman
Jacob Dijkstra
Reinier Van-Oosten

Academic and Scientific Networks II (Lecture)

Exchange, International Networks, Political Networks, Decision-making Structures

In the paper we report the exchange networks of the Copenhagen Climate Conference, based on the
positions and salience of the main stakeholders at the Conference on seven major issues.
We analyse the exchanges that are to be expected and the externalities of these exchanges for the
other stakeholders. We conclude that the interests of the main stakeholders (countries and country
groups) do not align sufficiently to generate a unanimous outcome. Moreover, we compare an analysis
of all exchanges with analyses of exchanges that do not generate negative externalities for other
stakeholders.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 134


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Analyzing Patterns of Entrepreneurs’ Online Social Network: a Longitudinal Study with Linkedin

Yang Song
Tsvi Vinig

Online Networks (Lecture)

Online Networks, Enterpreneurs

Online social networks such as Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin, Myspace are becoming increasingly
important for people to interact with each other, in particular it also becomes one of the most important
ways for entrepreneurs to design their business plans, find business partners, and propagate new
ventures, products, services and technologies. This study focuses on the pattern and structure of
entrepreneurs’ online social network. In order to track entrepreneurs’ social network, we got the
authentication from Linkedin and included Linkedin API on our own survey website to obtain
entrepreneurs’ profiles and connection information. The network data can be only achieved when we get
the approval from entrepreneurs. The network we will analyze originates from 4 entrepreneurs in the
Netherlands. Each entrepreneur has more than 100 connections. Of all these connections, we aim to
get 2-steps depth into each entrepreneur’s network. We try to uncover the role of different entrepreneurs
within the structure role of the whole network as well as the influences on entrepreneurial performance
caused by online network and the access it provides to resources.

By analyzing the structure of entrepreneurs’ online social network structure, our research implicates that
we can infer human behavior from social network through automatically collected online networking data
in the future. We will be able to study entrepreneurship through a large amount of longitudinal online
social network data. However, one of the limitations of this research is that we couldn’t predict whether
the connections will maintain after two entrepreneurs are connected with each other. We can only check
how the network ties and nodes growing but not the break of the connections.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 135


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Analyzing Political Networks using Newswire Services as Data

Christian Hirschi

Words and Networks (Lecture)

Dynamic Network Analysis, Text Analysis, Event Data, Political Networks

Despite the quite frequent use of a network approach to study political processes, formal network
analyses of policy processes remain often static due to data restrictions. A very labor intense gathering
of primary network data (e.g., by conducting interviews) and the lack of readily available secondary data
limit the number of time points that can be included in the analysis dramatically.
In this paper, I will demonstrate how electronic newswire services (such as Thomson Reuters or Agence
France Presse) can be used to generate network data almost in real time – resulting in systematically
coded interactions between political actors over time. The idea of combining dyadic political event data
and network analysis is not new (e.g., Brandes et al. 2006&2009). However, previous work has mainly
focused on analyzing event data using existing data sets created for non-network studies, mostly from
the field of conflict analysis.
This paper, on the other hand, will show how event data coding can be adapted to the coding of primary
network data. The international politics of global climate change serves as a demonstration case. The
interaction patterns between the involved international actors will be coded using the Kansas Event Data
System (KEDS) and news stories obtained from Agence France Presse (AFP). The event-type
interaction patterns between the various actors can then be analyzed over time, e.g., using SIENA.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 136


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Anatomy of a Dark Network: Network Analysis of an Organized Crime Network

Naim Kapucu
Fatih Demiroz

Criminals, Gangs, Terrorists, and Networks (Lecture)

Network Analysis, Terrorism, Ucinet, Content Analysis, Dark Networks, Crime Networks

Administrative entities in governance system are subject to several criticisms which usually refer to lack
of values like transparency, accountability, rule of law, and participation. Waste, abuse, and corruption
are the primary consequences of the lack of these norms in governmental systems. Turkey had had
several successful and unsuccessful coup d'état in its short history. Lack of transparency and
accountability in the governmental system create safe havens for corrupt officials which also inhibits
judicial system’s ability and willingness to judge/try criminals. However, this trend has been changed last
decade. Increasing demand for more democracy, transparency, and accountability brought new
developments to the country. Turkey is currently experiencing a lawsuit called Ergenekon Armed
Terrorist Organization (ETO) case. ETO is a Gladio type structure that played undeniable role in last
several decades of Turkey. The lawsuit charges government officials from both military and nonmilitary
bureaucracy, media, academia, and political organizations with attempting to overthrow the government,
committing assassinations, drug trafficking, and corruption. This study examines how people from
different backgrounds form these organized crime networks? How effective communication and
coordination established among members? How these networks sustained? Public court documents are
used as source of data for the study. UCINET software program is used in analyzing the data collected
using content analysis of court documents.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 137


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Análise de Redes Sociais na Internet

Ines A. Amaral
Helena Sousa

Sesión Iberoamericana (Lecture)

Social Networks On The Web, Tagging, Social Network Analysis, Twitter, Portuguese Language, Social
Media

No presente artigo apresentamos uma proposta de modelo de análise de redes sociais na Internet
recorrendo à lógica dos sistemas de tagging. O objecto de estudo são micro-redes sociais (sinónimo de
redes temáticas que fazem parte de uma escala macro, que definimos com base no sistema de
suporte) que se estabelecem numa plataforma de micro-blogging em torno de acontecimentos que
ocorreram durante o ano de 2009 e tiveram impacto à escala global.
Este trabalho enquadra-se no âmbito de um projecto de doutoramento em curso cuja proposta é a de
equacionar o panorama sócio-comunicacional à luz do actual paradigma, conceptualizando o papel das
redes sociais neste contexto, construindo uma problemática e contribuindo para um quadro teórico com
reflexões sobre e se as ferramentas de interacção mediada por computador influenciam a sociabilidade
desterritorializada que opera no ciberespaço, e encerra em si a capacidade de influenciar directamente
o mundo offline (a nível colectivo e individual; nos contextos social, cultural e político). Por se tratar de
um trabalho em desenvolvimento, neste artigo pretendemos discutir uma proposta de metodologia,
relacionando a perspectiva das Ciências da Comunicação com a Análise de Redes Sociais.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 138


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Applying P* to 32 Real World Social Networks to Better Understand the Determinants of a


Connection Social Choice: Applying P* to 32 Real World Social Networks to Better Understand
the Determinants of a Connection

Derek K. Stafford
Douglas A. Hughes

Community (Lecture)

Diffusion, Reciprocity, Large-scale Networks, P*, P*

P* Markov Chain logistic regression models have been used to quantitatively assess the effectiveness
of structural tendencies on the likelihood of connections being present or absent. In the rural areas of a
Central American country, we conducted network analyses of 32 geographically isolated towns
comprised of nearly 5000 respondents. We collected censuses information of these towns, collecting an
average population response rate of 87%, and built a new computer program (Netrik) for collecting this
data that significantly reduces measurement error from the relational questions by using the pictures of
people for cross identification. Using the P*, this paper examines the overall structures of 32 separate
networks using each town as a separate unit of analysis for the likely structural tendencies of similar
rural communities , including how standard demographic attributes and attitudes shape the determinants
of a connection.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 139


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Are Facebook friends real friends? The role Facebook friends play in people’s social support
networks

Andraz Petrovcic
Vasja Vehovar
Gregor Petric

Online Social Networks (Lecture)

Social Support, Egocentic Networks, Internet/www, Social Networks Sites, Friendship

It is often argued that the rise of social network sites has changed the way people perceive and
understand the social affordances of the web in terms of social connectivity. In contrast with the early
days of the Internet when the bulletin boards systems, the Usenet and web forum platforms were seen
as virtual domains that allowed people, who shared similar interests, but didn't know each other before,
to meet and exchange their experience online, social network sites have given to their users the
opportunity to publicly articulate their existing personal networks and keep up with their offline social
ties, including family members, acquaintances, friends, workmates etc. Recently, the research that has
investigated the characteristics of these publicly articulated networks confirmed such trends by drawing
on the notions of social capital or by analyzing the strength of online ties that appear on the people's
friend lists. By focusing on Facebook various studies showed that Facebook friends help people to
leverage bonding social capital (Steinfield et al., 2008), connect persons with similar tastes and social
backgrounds (Lewis et al., 2008), or to put it short, augment strong social ties (Gilbert and Karahalios,
2009). Although these studies provide an informative insight into the structural characteristics of people
online social connectivity, they tell us little about the role Facebook friends play in people’s personal
networks which provide enduring and reliable social support. There are two main reasons for that. On
one hand, as boyd and Hogan (2009) underline Facebook friend lists cannot be understood as personal
networks but as publicly articulated networks that are derived from a deliberative process of public
articulation. On the other hand, these studies have a low generalizability since they are mainly focused
on youth population not covering other cohorts that nowadays use Facebook on a daily basis.

The purpose of the paper is to contribute to the current debate about structural relations between
publicly articulated online networks and personal networks, and in particular to understand the role
Facebook friends have in people’s personal networks as well as whether the presence of such
friendships in people’s personal networks has an impact on the availability of different kinds of social
support. Drawing on a nation-wide survey, carried out on an representative sample of Slovenians in
December 2009 and designed to measure three types of egocentered networks the paper seeks to
provide an answer to the following research questions: (1) How many members of egos’ personal
networks are also their Facebook friends? (2) Is there any difference in the proportion of Facebook
friends between different types of social support networks? (3) Do egos with larger proportions of
Facebook friends among their alters have larger personal networks? (4) What are the personal
characteristics of Facebook friends in terms of tie strength, social support provision, age, gender, social
roles, tie duration, and geographical distance? (5) How often egos meet their Facebook friends
in-person and how often they keep up with them through information-communic ation technology (i.e.,
mobile and stationary phones, short text messages, email, skype and instant messenger)? (6) Is the
presence and proportion of Facebook friends in different kinds of personal networks related to the ego’s
socio-demographic characteristics?
References

boyd, d. m., hogan, b., 2009. Would the real social network please stand up? Available at:
http://www.zephoria. org/thoughts/archive s/2009/07/28/would_t he_real.html, accessed 19.1.2009.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 140


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Gilbert, E., Karahalios, K., 2009. Predicting tie strength with social media. In: Proceedings of the 27th
international conference on Human factors in computing systems. ACM, New York, NY, pp. 211-220.
Lewis, K., Kaufman, J., Gonzalez, M., Wimmer, A., Christakis, N., 2008. Tastes, ties, and time: a new
social network dataset using Facebook.com. Social Networks 30, 330-342.
Steinfield, C., Ellison, N., & Lampe, C., 2008. Social capital, self-esteem, and use of online social
network sites: A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 29,
434−445.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 141


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

As long as they are happy you don’t need to improve. / If it ain’t broke, don’t collaborate

Jens M. Pedersen
Christian Waldstrøm
Jacob W. Sørensen

Networks in Education (Lecture)

Network Analysis, Communication Networks, Education, Schools, Management

In times were the fundamental set of values within the Danish school sector is increasingly challenged
and questioned by experts this paper aims to provide a new view on school management. This paper
examines and collaboration among 227 employees within the Danish school sector. Time is often said to
be the scarcest resource, but our research suggests that more than 30% of all work related relations are
perceived as being unimportant. This is astounding taking into consideration that the management
mantra – in public schools as indeed organizations in general - over the recent years has been ‘more
and more collaboration’. The main findings indicate that the culture in the school sector hasn’t changed
according to the implementation of new management tools and objectives. Teaching can basically be
carried out without any interference from and sparring with colleagues. Why then share knowledge and
experience at all? Is it in the end the pupils’ bad behavior that knits the school organization together?

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 142


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Assembling the puzzle for promoting physical activity in Brazil: a social network analysis

Diana C. Parra
Marsela Dauti
Ross C. Brownson
Jenine Harris

International Networks (Poster)

Collaboration, Social Network Analysis, Partnerships, Physical Activity, Exercise

Background. Physical inactivity is a significant public health problem in Brazil that may be addressed by
partnerships and networks. In conjunction with Project GUIA (Guide for Useful Interventions for Physical
Activity in Brazil and Latin America), the aim of this study was to conduct a social network analysis of
physical activity in Brazil.
Methods. An on-line survey was completed by 28 of 35 organizations contacted from December 2008
through March 2009. Network analytic methods examined measures of collaboration, importance,
leadership, and attributes of the respondent and organization.
Results. Leadership nominations for organizations studied ranged from 0 to 23. Positive predictors of
collaboration included: being from the south region of Brazil, being a GUIA member organization,
number of years working in physical activity, and being from the research, education, and
promotion/practice areas of physical activity. The most frequently reported barrier to collaboration was
bureaucracy.
Conclusion. Social network analysis identified factors that are likely to improve collaboration among
organizations in Brazil. The present study contributes to our understanding of the predictors of
collaboration between organizations and will inform strategic planning efforts to address gaps and
identify opportunities to expand evidence-based interventions to promote physical activity.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 143


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Assessing Respondent-Driven Sampling in the estimation of STDs prevalence in populations


structured in complex networks

Elizabeth M. De-Albuquerque
Cláudia T. Codeço
Francisco I. Bastos

Collecting Network Data (Methods) (Lecture)

Sampling, Simulation, Prevalence Estimation, Network Models, Respondent-driven Sampling

Several factors may hamper the characterization of a population. When the sampling frame of a
population cannot be defined - either because it requires expensive/time-consu ming procedures or
targets a stigmatized or illegal behavior that may compromise the identification of potential interviewees
-, traditional sampling methods could not be applied. The latter populations are called “hidden
populations”, and include men who have sex with men (MSM), sexual workers and drug users. Here, we
focused on Respondent-Driven Sampling (RDS), a snowball sampling method, with subsequent
weighting, originally proposed by Heckathorn.
The aim of this work was to assess the behavior of prevalence estimators using RDS data in scenarios
of populations organized in complex structures, i.e. different combinations of social networks structures
and disease spreading patterns. We used simulation models parameterized after empirical data from a
RDS study conducted in Brazil on MSM. Three aspects were considered: the time elapsed before
obtaining the desired sample size; the accuracy of the estimates without taking in consideration the
weighting strategies; and the weighting strategy itself. Overall, RDS performed well, showing it is a valid
strategy to assess hidden populations, but the need to analyze the underlying network structures and
patterns of disease spread should not be minimized. Additional simulations will be carried out profiting
from a large empirical study on 3,500 drug users.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 144


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Assessing Social Support Networks in Cross-National Comparative Surveys: Measurement


Issues

Tina Kogovsek
Valentina Hlebec

Methods and Statistics (Lecture)

Social Support, Data Collection, Network Composition, Role Relation Approach, Name Generator
Approach

Social support networks can be measured in many different ways. Each approach has specific
advantages and disadvantages and each of them may be useful and appropriate for specific research
purposes. It could be argued that the name generator approach probably produces the most complete,
broadly ranging and substantively rich data about one's social network. It asks of a respondent directly
to name actual persons in his/her network, which is often done without limitations (e.g., as to the number
of people that may be named, time frame and so on). Usually also a broad range of other information is
collected about the obtained network members (e.g., type of relationship, strength of tie, network
members' personal characteristics and so on). Therefore, also relatively accurate estimates and
interpretively rich information about network characteristics, such as network composition, structure etc.,
are possible. On the other hand, such network data collection may be quite burdensome for the
respondents, especially in the case of rather large networks. In contrast, role relation approach, where
network members are represented only as role relationships and typically, only the first two important
persons are obtained and that with the help of a showcard with possible role relations listed, is cheaper,
simpler to administer and less burdensome for respondents. On the other hand, owing to the specific
response format, less precise information on network members is obtained and therefore, estimation of
different network characteristics is limited.

Both approaches, the name generator and the role relation approach, are used individually or in
combination in large substantive studies (e.g., International Social Survey Programme, General Social
Survey, Generations and Gender Programme, European Quality of Life Survey). This raises a number
of questions about comparability of results, biases, limitations and so on among those studies.
Additionally, there are differences between the two approaches in costs and benefits, respondent
burden, measurement instrument characteristics and complexity of implementation, which are, again,
important issues in large studies.

In this paper, results of two experiments, designed to compare the quality of measured social support
network using the name generator approach and two versions of the role relation approach are
presented. Implications for comparability of results are presented and discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 145


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Assessing and Correcting Time Heterogeneous Parameterizations in Stochastic Actor Based


Models

Josh Lospinoso
Tom Snijders

Analyzing Network Data (Methods) (Lecture)

Statistical Methods, Longitudinal, Statistical Models

This paper illustrates the potentially serious effects of ignoring time heterogeneity in stochastic
actor-based models (SABM) proposed by Snijders (2001). SABMs provide a flexible framework for
network dynamics which allow a researcher to test selection, influence, behavioral, and structural
properties in network data over time. We show through simulation study that failing to parameterize
temporal shifts in these effects can cause bias in both the estimates and their standard errors. Because
higher order models incorporating time heterogeneity can require substantial computation time, it would
incur quite a burden on researchers to require fitting a fully saturated model. Accordingly, the
forward-selecting score type test proposed by Schweinberger (2006) is employed to quickly assess
heterogeneity. One step estimates are employed to assess the magnitude of the heterogeneity.
Simulation studies are conducted to establish the validity of this approach. Cardiff University's ASSIST
dataset (2005) with known time heterogeneity properties is analyzed using this approach. These tools
are implemented in the RSiena package, and a brief tutorial using the ASSIST dataset is provided for
illustrative purposes.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 146


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Assessing the Investment Strategies of Venture Capitals in Silicon Valley by analyzing


co-investing network

Naoki Shibata
Kiminori Gemba
Ichiro Sakata

Entrepreneurial Networks (Lecture)

Centrality, Innovation Networks, Social Network Analysis

The ecosystem of Silicon Valley is so unique and dynamic for innovations that it's difficult to be
understood by outsiders. Especially it is well-known that the direct-investing ecosystem around venture
capitals (VCs) is the one of the most unique characteristics in Silicon Valley.
In this paper, we extract the investment strategies of VCs in Silicon Valley by analyzing co-investing
network. We collect the investment data from CrunchBase, one of the most comprehensive publicly
available database on Web-related start-ups funding. With these data, we construct the co-investing
network regarding a VC as a node and co-investment as a link. (If VC A and B invest the same startup,
there is a link between them.) After constructing co-investing network, two topological measurements,
clustering coefficient and betweenness centrality, are calculated for each node in order to analyze the
investment strategies.
The analysis of two centralities indicates that the most of top thirty VCs according to the accumulated
amount of invested money walk the royal load. These have large clustering coefficient and large
betweenness centrality. They tend to pioneer and create trends by leading investments and involving
other VCs. However, there are three VCs with unique strategies. They have also large betweenness
centrality but small clustering coefficient. They seem to dominate the investments toward a certain
startup since they do not invest by large groups but with fewer VCs. Our co-investing analysis of VCs
can contribute to assess the ecosystem in Silicon Valley by revealing the strategies of VCs.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 147


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Attention Networks among Members of Congress

Ines Mergel
Jana Diesner
Kathleen M. Carley

Twitter Networks (Lecture)

The 2008 election campaign in the U.S. demonstrated to the public that political leaders have started to
adopt a broad range of social networking services for communication, civic engagement, and mostly for
self-marketing purposes. One type of these services is micro-blogging, which facilitates the real-time
dissemination of short pieces of information to create public conversations. In this study we focus on the
usage of micro-blogging by a particular group of people, namely the members of the U.S. Congress. By
using a multi-method approach that combines social network analysis of the 144 Members of Congress
(MoC) who engage in micro-blogging through the Twitter.com service, qualitative text analysis in a
grounded theory fashion, and automated semantic analyses of the disseminated messages, we address
the following questions: For what purposes are MoC primarily using micro-blogging? What key topics
emerge as central themes among what groups of MoC?
Our preliminary findings indicate that from a usage pattern point of view, MoC utilize Twitter as a
one-directional channel for announcing meetings, promoting their webpages, and referring to press
releases in order to push current issues – all of which function as ways to control individual impression
management. Beyond that, our preliminary text analysis results suggest that MoC not only frame
sensitive yet controversial topics such as the health insurance reform and the “You Lie” outburst by
Representative Joe Wilson, but also started to use micro-blogging as a mechanism to socialize their
messages by creating attention networks around issues they are passionate about. Attention networks
aim to capture who people are referring to, but also who mentions them in their messages.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 148


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Augmenting Microblog Search with Social Authority Ranking

Rinkesh Nagmoti
Ankur Teredesai
Martine Decock

Twitter Networks (Lecture)

Social Influence, Twitter

Extracting and using link information to power microblog social search in applications such as Twitter is
a challenge for both the Social Network Analysis (SNA) and the Information Retrieval (IR) communities.
Key issues being the volume of microblog data generated every hour/day, the dynamism in the
underlying social network, and the variety of topics discussed. Limited applicability of traditional IR
methods has currently restricted Twitter search to rely primarily on content based (limited # of tweets)
and chronological (past hour/day) search interfaces. In this talk we propose approaches to improve the
quality of microblog search by augmenting it with the notion of social authority derived from the
underlying social network. We develop several ranking operators to rank authors on Twitter (Twitter
users who author messages on Twitter).
The authority ranking algorithms we develop are based on the status of an author within Twitter’s social
network. Since, it is equally challenging to evaluate authority ranking algorithms in absence of any
baseline ranking strategy for microblogs we developed two new methods for relative comparison of the
ranking algorithms. . We will demonstrate these and also showcase a Twitter search web tool built over
the Twitter API, which allows us to evaluate the various authority ranking algorithms. The performance
evaluation based on the data collected with this evaluation tool will be presented to conclude the talk.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 149


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Automatic Identification of Persons for a Network Include List Based on Word-Network Similarity

James A. Danowski

Words and Networks (Lecture)

Text Analysis, Communication Networks, Text Mining, Automated Network Discovery, Semantic
Networks, Co-occurrence Of Keywords

In monitoring jihad-oriented individuals, having a list of known individuals makes it easy to mine text to
identify the network of these individuals based on their co-appearance in message content. Tools such
as the Include function in WORDij’s WordLink enable this. Sometimes, however, one may wish to
automatically identify unknown new names to add to the list. This paper presents a solution to this
problem by conducting a semantic network similarity assessment of unknown individuals to known
individuals to determine whether an unknown individual should be added to a list. To demonstrate this
approach, a Pakistani discussion list is analyzed. Originally we attempted to download the contents of a
Pakistani accounting web site containing many jihad-oriented messages. We planned to randomly select
a subset of the list as a simulated watch list, and then match individuals on the similarity of their
semantic networks from the remaining subset. The next time we went to the URL, however, there was a
message that the site had been closed. Further Google searches for “jihad” returned only sites without a
large enough sample of posted messages. Instead we used the Pakistani military’s recruitment site,
extracting all messages the qualification test. We used WORDij’s specialized QAP program that
accounts for some words being missing from each word network. We wrote a new interface to allow
comparisons of upwards of 9 million pairs of nodes on a pc, finding the Pearson correlations of their
semantic networks. This paper reports the methods and findings.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 150


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Bayesian Inference of Exponential-family random graph model and its conjugacy analysis

Ranran Wang
Mark S. Handcock

Algorithms and Analytic Methods (Lecture)

ERGM/P*, Bayesian Methods, Conjugate Analysis

Exponential-family random graph model (ERGM) has been widely applied in


the fields of social network analysis, genetics (like protein
interaction networks), information theory and more broadly. Because of
the intractability of the likelihood function, Markov Chain Monte-Carlo
(MCMC) algorithms are typically applied to approximate the likelihood
(Geyer and Thompson 1992). However, ERGMs still suffer from inferential
degeneracy and computational deficiency. In this paper, we apply
Bayesian inference to ERGM to resolve model degeneracy and
bias-reduction problems. We implement efficient MCMC algorithms for
parameter estimation. We particularly are interested in conjugate priors
of exponential families and the conjugacy properties of ERGM. We carry
out simulation studies to show the superiority of the estimators under
Bayesian framework over those based on Monte-Carlo likelihood
approximation and pseudo-likelihood.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 151


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Being loved or being acclaimed? – How does (not) status rivalry bias performance in
friendship-networks?

Kinga reka Makovi


Balint Neray
Judit Pál

Adolescent Friendship Networks (Lecture)

The relationship between status and achievement in course material is ambiguous. It has recently been
discovered that determinants of status in school classes may be disjoint from performance, moreover,
excellence in performance could even cause status deficit. As humans strive for social recognition,
students may lower their efforts in a hostile environment, and this undermines the goals of education at
an overall level. The present work aims to determine the underlying factors and mechanisms leading to
evaluate performance by high status in the community. On the other hand, we aim to determine those
factors, which contribute to underrate performance by ostracism. Both personal attributes (such as
outlook, personality traits and eminence in other activities than studying) and social milieu (requirements
set by teachers or expectations of parents) have crucial role in forming the stance of students to
performance, as well as being appreciated or not in the class. Since these mechanisms are effective
through interpersonal relationships, such as friendships and negative ties, we carry out social network
analysis using data from of first grade high-school students from 10 classes in Hungary (268).

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 152


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Belief Propagation through Social Web Media

Il-Chul Moon
Kathleen M. Carley
Aice H. Oh

Social Influence (Lecture)

Emotion, Consensus Analysis, Blog Networks, Community Norm

Social media on the Web, such as blogs, Twitter, and Facebook, exhibit different belief propagation
phenomena from that of the traditional mass media. In social media, ties among “friends” act as
important vehicles to propagate beliefs, and the language used in blogs and microblogs differ in lexicon
and grammatical constructs. As more and more Internet users have flocked to social media for
communicating with friends and consuming and contributing to the news, belief diffusion through social
media has become quite effective. For example, social media played a criticial role in the Korean
Anti-FTA demonstration and the Iranian Elections. We propose a new approach for capturing and
tracking belief propagation through the social web media. Our approach combines text analysis with
network analyses, and we present the results of our approach on data collected for three months on
Korean Twitter, blogs and Facebook. We analyze blogs and Twitter messages to extract authors and
their purported beliefs. We use a variant of the Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) algorithm and a list of
authors to generate an author by belief matrix from the unstructured content of blogs and Twitter
messages. We generate social network using blog trackbacks and Twitter follower and following
relationships. Then, we predict the diffusion of beliefs utilizing a formal belief propagation model based
on a combined version of Friedkin’s social influence model and Carley’s Construct model. We then
compare the observed and the simulated belief propagation trends over time.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 153


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Bioscience relationships in developing countries: a study of Brazil's bioscience firms and their
innovation network structure

Frederico C. Muzzi
Tim Kastelle

Economic Development Networks (Lecture)

Innovation Networks, Biotechnology, Network Structure

Much work has been done recently to analyse and improve interactive innovation in high-technology
industries. These efforts have, however, been concentrated in the context of developed countries. This
study applies these methodological approaches to study innovation networks in a developing country,
undertaking a complete social network analysis of bioscience firms’ collaboration during innovation
projects in Brazil. Structural problems within the Brazilian innovation network are identified, analysed
and compared to the structures observed for other more mature systems of innovation. It integrates,
therefore, the immature innovation systems’ perspective into comparative research on innovation
systems.

In particular, we find that the biotechnology innovation network within Brazil is more sparsely connected
than those in developed countries, has fewer international ties, and is much more reliant on universities
to maintain cohesion. The study is based on survey data gathered from all of the firms in the bioscience
sector in Brazil, which we use to analyse the statistical mechanics of the sector.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 154


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Board Networks and CEO Compensation in Dutch Hospitals

Rob Boterenbrood
Zuzana Sasovova

Interlocking Directorates (Lecture)

Two-mode Data, Interlocking Directorates, Centrality, Corporate Governance

We use two-mode network data to examine the influence of social capital of supervisory board members
on CEO compensation in the Dutch nonprofit hospitals. Relationships among supervisory and executive
board members are defined on the basis of co-memberships on boards of hospitals and affiliations with
other organizations. Previous research on determinants of executive pay in the nonprofit sector focused
on organizational characteristics (such as size and performance) and individual characteristics (such as
gender and education of the CEO). Given the two-tier governance structure, we investigate
characteristics of supervisory boards, more specifically human and social capital of their members, in
order to analyze their influence on corporate governance. Using a sample of 90 hospitals we show that
well connected supervisory board members (calculated by averaging members’ eigenvector centrality
scores per supervisory board of a hospital) have a strong dampening effect on the level of CEO
compensation over and above the effects of traditional controls and human capital of the supervisory
board members. We further explore this finding and discuss implications for research and practice.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 155


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Bridging Between Interaction Data and Association Networks

Daniel D. Suthers

Algorithms and Analytic Methods (Lecture)

Automatization Of Sna, Two-mode Networks, Affiliation Networks, Action And Structure, Associograms,
Interaction Analysis

As socio-technical networks scale up and become integral to daily life, it becomes increasingly important
to answer fundamental questions concerning how technological designs encourage synergistic
encounters between and transformations of people and ideas within these networks. Techniques are
needed to bridge between levels of description from event log data, through individual trajectories of
activity and how they intersect and affect each other, to the dynamic networks of associations that both
are created by and further shape these interactions.

Towards this end, we are developing a hierarchy of representations and tools to trace out the
movement, confluences, and transformations of actors, artifacts and ideas. Our prior work has
developed the first level of abstraction from log files. Contingency graphs are directed graphs that record
observed relationships (contingencies) between events that may be taken as evidence for interaction
and other associations or influences between actors.

This paper reports on a second-order representation that has been found useful for summarizing
interaction and bridging to network levels of description. Associograms are two-mode directed graphs
that record how associations between actors are mediated by their creation, modification, and access of
digital artifacts. Associograms can be automatically generated from contingency graphs. Patterns in
associograms (e.g., cycles) indicate sequential patterns of interaction (e.g., round-trip interactions).
Thus they summarize more complex interaction data. Associograms can be transformed to conventional
sociograms by transitive closure of mediated associations. Thus they bridge between interaction data
and networks to which existing network analytic techniques may be applied.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 156


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Bridging the gender divide: an experimental analysis of group formation in African villages

Abigail Barr
Marleen Dekker
Marcel Fafchamps

Gender and Social Networks (Lecture)

Risk, Gender, Group Composition, Experiments, Africa

Anyone who has convened meetings in sub-Saharan villages will have witnessed men and women
dividing into their respective gender groups before taking their seats. And this apparent tendency is now
often reflected in the way group-oriented interventions are presented: women and men are often
approached as separate groups.

Here, using data from a behavioural experiment to explore group formation across the gender divide.
Within the experiment, group formation is beneficial as it allows group members to share and, thus, take
on more risk leading to higher expected rewards. The institutional context is varied exogenously as part
of the experimental design: in one treatment the grouping and risk sharing agreements are perfectly
enforced by us, the experimenters; in a second treatment the grouping and risk sharing agreements are
supported only by trust and trustworthiness; and in the third treatment the grouping and risk sharing
agreements can be socially enforced, i.e., if someone wishes to renege on their agreement to their
group, they have to do so in public and thereby accept the wrath of their fellow groupers.

Conducting a dyadic analysis on the resulting data, we find that male-female dyads are, as expected,
less likely to group than male-male and female-female dyads. However, when the grouping and risk
sharing agreements are supported only by trust and trustworthiness this effect is significantly weaker. In
part, this is due to trust based on
co-memberships in gender-mixed religions.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 157


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Building Agency Capacity in Human Services through

Li-Wen Liu
Wei Hsi-Sheng
Hu Chung-Yi

Inter-Organizational Networks (Poster)

Inter-organizational Networks, Community, Collaboration Network, Service Delivery System, Human


Services, Capacity Building

Networking has increasingly become a promising way for capacity building of community-based
organizations in human services delivery. Furthermore, literatures show that the activities and structures
of networks among organizations have great impact on service outcomes and client well-being. This
paper examines the factors related to the development and maintain of interorganizational networks
among community-based organizations engaged in services for low income families. It compares
patterns of coordination and structures of service networks among four community service systems.
This paper also explores the effects of interorganizational links on knowledge management of
organizations, which, in turn, enhances organizational capacities in service delivery. Practical
implications regarding capacity building of organizations and sustainable partnerships in human services
are discussed. Specifically, the authors aim to develop network models that considered as effective for
community organizations in human service delivery.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 158


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Building a complete poultry farm network for epidemic preparedness

Lena Fiebig
Timo Smieszek
Jan Hattendorf
Jakob Zinsstag

Infectious Diseases and Social Networks (Lecture)

Infectious Disease, Ego-centered Networks, Survey

Network based transmission models are more adequate in many settings to predict the course and the
final outbreak size of an epidemic compared to compartmental models. They are also the method of
choice to identify targets for preventive and control measures. In Switzerland, the highly pathogenic
avian influenza (HPAI) threat created the need to preemptively understand potential transmission
pathways between the total of 49,437 poultry farms.
Here, we present a step-by-step approach to building a countrywide contact network of poultry farms.
Data were retrieved and collected from different sources: a poultry farm census was established from all
poultry registration data. Data on poultry movements and contact partners (farms, hatcheries,
abattoirs/butchers, poultry shows) were collected by a survey among poultry keepers and by
interviewing experts from poultry industry. All 1,061 valid contact survey datasets were extrapolated on
the farm census.
For this synthetic poultry farm population highly right skewed distributions of contact frequency and
degree distributions were found; a majority of farms had reported to have no or only one partner, and
only about 4% of the poultry farms had 4 or more different contacts. Unexpectedly, only 20% of these
highly connected farms were commercial poultry farms. For incoming contacts only 14% and for
outgoing contacts 40% were commercial farms.
In order to analyze also global network indices, we further build a complete interrelated network using a
contact generation and optimization algorithm in analogy to Read et al. (2008).
Our work reveals that a contact network model for the Swiss poultry farm population is feasible.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 159


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Building and incremental erosion in the semantic network for the acid rain movement: 1977 to
2009

Andrew Rojecki
James A. Danowski

Collective Action and Social Movements (Lecture)

Collective Action, Communication Networks, Mass Communication, Media, Semantic Networks, Social
Movement Theory

The literature argues that the amount of media coverage of issues sets the public agenda. What sets the
media agenda appears to largely be governmental communication. It was hypothesized that when
governmental actors were more central in the network among other actors, this would attract media to
the issue of acid rain. Once coverage started, after conflict among interest groups accelerated and the
band wagon reached optimal speed, governmental actors would brake the issue cycle by government
action to ostensibly resolve the issue, and as a result media coverage would dissipate. It was further
hypothesized that a period of “long-tail journalism” would ensue in which there was little media coverage
over the years without this governmentally-gener ated buzz of coverage. The plot of the number of
stories per year for the next 25 years showed that there was some coverage but very predictable in its
residual factual nature with no hooks to policy considerations. Not until again in 2009 was acid rain
connected with a governmental initiative, the “Cap and Trade” deliberations set in motion by the Obama
administration. Coverage of acid rain moved again above the long-tail, although only slightly with weakly
organized semantic networks. Perhaps similar processes of network decline into the long tail distribution
occur for who-to-whom networks, which once large and robust erode into a smaller predictable structure
into the long tail period.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 160


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Building interdisciplinary collaboration networks from a social citation analysis tool

Diep T. Hoang
Filippo Menczer

Academic and Scientific Networks III (Lecture)

Bibliometrics, Tagging, Scientometrics, Crowdsourcing, Citation Analysis, Scientific Publications

Scholarometer is a social tool to facilitate citation analysis and help evaluate the impact of an author's
publications. As a browser extension, it provides a local front-end to Google Scholar and allows users to
compute various impact measures on top of Google Scholar data. It also empowers authors to extract
their own bibliographic data from Google Scholar, curate it, annotate it, and export it to other tools or
share it. One of the goals of Scholarometer is to study citation-based impact measures that allow to
compare authors in different disciplines, with widely diverse community sizes. Scholarometer is a
crowdsourcing tool. In exchange for bibliographic and impact information, users provide two precious
bits of work. First, their queries "free" publication data so that it can be openly shared. Second, they tag
authors with discipline annotations. This data permits us to build collaboration networks among
established and emerging disciplines, study the dynamics of interdisciplinary collaboration, and detect
emergent research directions by the breaking of established disciplinary boundaries.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 161


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Buried Ties - Network Analysis in Archaeology

Gabriel Seidl-Da-Fonseca

Networks and Culture (Lecture)

Affiliation Networks, Archaeology

Working in the field of archaeology we are confronted with a large amount of historical data. These
databases provide a simple and effective way to organize the detailed descriptions of numerous
collected artifacts, but until now the common way of analyzing this data are descriptive statistics (like
percentages and means). While these results overview archaeological sites and regions, they seldom
show more than a small piece of the puzzle.
A new approach to better understand the intertwined connections between artifacts is the use of already
inherent relational data. Using social network analyses, regions, sites, features or artifacts can be
connected to get a glimpse of the bigger picture. In my master thesis I try to lay the groundwork in
developing a model that allows archaelogical researchers to display and analyze this kind of
multi-dimensional picture of their databases.

Network analysis allows archaelogists to find possible relations between numerous types of information
regarding our specific field of research. Each artifact placed in two or more graves indicates a relation
between them. In approaching the given data it leads the researcher in his/her search for interpretation,
e.g. the correlation between the funeral rituals used or the artifacts found in a neolithic graveyard and
the familiar or social status of the deceased. These networks help us in our daily work to interpret
situations more clearly as well as offer a new approach for continuative research questions.

In this presentation I will show the first results of my studies regarding the network of graves via artifacts
– the „buried ties“.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 162


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

CHANGE DETECTION IN SOCIAL NETWORKS

Ian Mcculloh
Joshua Lospinoso

Simulation (Lecture)

Statistical Methods, Longitudinal, Simulation, Change

The performance of statistical process control (SPC) is investigated for its ability to detect various
changes in Markovian models of social networks over time. Networks are simulated using continuous
Markov chains. At established points in time nodes are isolated and/or structural factors affecting
network evolution are changed. The average number of time periods required to detect a change are
recorded for each situation. Findings suggest that SPC can be used to detect significant changes in
organizational behavior over time.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 163


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

CHESS

Benjamin Johnson
Sean K. Eyre
Ian Mcculloh
Anthony Johnson

Network Mechanisms and Network Evolution (Lecture)

Longitudinal social network studies require the investigator to make a decision in how to discretize
continuous data into networks and time periods. Common approaches such as RSiena then assume
myopic actor optimization of their links over time. These assumptions that are commonly used in the
analysis of social groups are investigated using the game of chess. In this model, chess pieces take on
the role of actors and they have a link between two pieces if they can both attack the same space on the
board. There are clearly defined time periods and networks, avoiding investigator decisions on
discretization. Players attempt to reach a global optimum instead of a myopic actor optimum.
Exponential random graph models (ergm) are used to determine significant structural variables at the
opening, mid-game, and end-game phases of various chess games. RSiena models are used to
determine significant factors affecting the network evolution of a chess game. This framework provides
an excellent source of data for investigating approaches to longitudinal social network analysis.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 164


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

CTSA Consortium Structure and Organization: Results from a Social Network Analysis of
Archival Data

John Skvoretz

Inter-Organizational Networks (Lecture)

Inter-organizational Networks, Affiliation Networks

One major funding initiative of USA’s National Institutes of Health, the Clinical and Translational Science
Awards (CTSAs) program, awards large multi-year grants to create definable academic homes for
clinical and translational research. The program intends to transform the local, regional, and national
environment to increase the efficiency and speed of clinical and translational research across the
country. The consortium is a confederation of the 46 medical research institutions who currently have
received awards under this program (out of a total of 60 when fully implemented in 2012). I use social
network analysis to examine the consortium’s organization and structure in terms of the linkages formed
between CTSA institutions and government agencies through their representatives’ participation in
various committees and workgroups defining the operational framework of the consortium. The
advantage accruing to early awardees is highlighted as well as the importance to the overall connectivity
of the consortium of certain workgroups and committees.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 165


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Celebrities as Category and Group: An Empirical Network Analysis of an Elite Population

Elizabeth Currid
Gilad Ravid

Networks and Culture (Lecture)

Culture, Mass Communication, Web Mining, Social Structural Location

“Celebrities” are anecdotally one of the most observed groups in contemporary society, but largely
unexplained in empirical analysis or studied in the social sciences. We use a unique data set, Getty
Images photographs, to study this social category and its various network structures. We collected the
caption information for all the photos taken by Getty photographers of arts and entertainment events and
people from March 2006-2007. Implementing natural language processing (NLP) methods we were able
to identify the photographed subjects. In total, we studied some 600,000 photos of almost 12,000 events
with 66,100 people in these photos at 128 places around the world. Because not all 66,100 people in the
photographs are celebrities, and sometimes non-celebrities end up at celebrity events, we isolated those
individuals photographed at least 4 times. By doing this, we captured 5% of all individuals in the Getty
Images database, the “celebrity core”, so to speak. We then studied all the events they attended,
people they spent time with and cities around the world they travelled to in attending those events.
Overall, our analysis demonstrates that celebrities exhibit qualities of dense and directed connections,
such as those observed in small community structures. Higher industry status and media profile form
particular groups within the larger network. Our empirical results stack up with the theory of “superstars”
and the “rich get richer” model of preferential attachment. We speculate that there may be substantial
social and economic outcomes to being more connected to other celebrities.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 166


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Centralisation and Density in Covert Social Movement Networks: the UK Suffragettes and the
Provisional IRA

Nick Crossley

Collective Action and Social Movements (Lecture)

Applications, Centrality, Affiliation Networks, Covert, Centralisation

This paper explores conflicting claims in the literature regarding the structure of covert networks by
reference to empirical work on both the UK suffragettes and the Provisional Irish Republican Army. In
particular I review claims regarding the alleged de/centralisation of such networks and their density.
Having noted that the authors of these claims fail to specify criteria which would allow them to be tested
I argue that, by what might be deemed reasonable criteria, they do not stand up. Actually existing data
on covert (social movement) networks differ significantly from theoretical models. In this vein, claims
about decentralised cell structures are also (with reference to PIRA) challenged.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 167


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Change and External Events in Online Networks

Ryan M. Acton
Emma S. Spiro
Carter T. Butts

Personal (Egocentric) Networks (Lecture)

Network Dynamics, Egocentic Networks, Disruptive Events, Seasonality, Online Networks

Exogenous and endogenous events have the potential to significantly alter the structure of social
networks. Network researchers have long studied the effects of endogenous processes in governing the
evolution of networks; however, there has been more limited research on the effects of exogenous
events. In this presentation we explore this second question. In particular, we use data from a popular
microblogging service to examine changes in local network structure following the incidence of
hazard-related events (e.g., floods, severe weather, etc.). In addition to event-related changes, we also
test for the presence of seasonality in local network dynamics, as well as endogenous and exogenous
variation in the pace of change. The emergence of structures such as hub and brokerage roles is also
discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 168


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Changes of Friendship among Taiwanese Adolescents: Gender, Class, and Rural-Urban


Differences

Yeu-Sheng Hsieh
Ming-Yi Chang
Meng-Sian Jhou

Adolescent Friendship Networks (Lecture)

Adolescents, Homophily, Friendship Formation, Network Opportunity, Friendship Discontinuity

This article uses individual and social network data from Taiwan Youth Project (TYP) to examine the
effects of gender, class, and rural-urban differences on changes of friendship among Taiwanese
adolescents. The use of three-level hierarchical model allows the author to simultaneously estimate the
effects of different level of contexts, including network opportunity, dyadic homophily, individual
attributes, class structure, and school district, on adolescent friendship development. The results
suggest that network opportunity, dyadic homophily, class size, and class sex segregation significantly
influence adolescent new friends making, while network opportunity, dyadic homophily, and individual
attributes have impacts on adolescent friendship discontinuity. These findings imply that interaction
opportunity and homophily determine the starting of friendship, while individual’s actions govern
friendship discontinuity.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 169


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Changing Networks over time

Janet Salaff

Qualitative Network Studies (Lecture)

Qualitative Approaches, Migration, Life Events, Change

We are all invoved with identifying the special contributions of qualitative methods in network analysis.
Having completed a study that took 20 years that turned on the social networks of Hong Kong migration
using mixed methods, I ask: What can we get from the qualitative study of social networks over a period
of time that features rapid change? I will review other qualitative studies on migration over time. Then I
present the findings of my own study on Hong Kong migrants and their networks. These studies all
share features of qualitative methods which are: 1) They link individual responses to their contexts. And
so we ask how do changes in context affect the performance of social networks in migration? 2) They
link individual responses to their perceptions. Using people’s own words and examples helps us to
understand changes to their meanings of social networks in migration. 3) How do networks persistand
change over time? Which conditions allow networks to fulfill the migrant’s expectations in migration over
time? How do the networks of successful and failed migrant differ over time?

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 170


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

China and India in the international fragmentation of the global auto industry

Alessia A. Amighini
Sara Gorgoni

International Networks (Lecture)

Economic Networks, International Networks, International Trade, Production Networks, Automotive


Industry

In this paper we use network analysis to explore the world trade network in automotive components and
its changes over time, and to identify the role that particular countries play in the global division of labour
in this industry. Indeed, the increasing fragmentation of production in an ever growing number of sectors
implies that a dominant and growing share of world trade is accounted for by components trade - rather
than final goods trade - across a number of countries. In addition, the automotive sector has undergone
radical changes in the last decade, with new producers emerging as active participants in auto
production in several stages of the value chain.
In particular, in this paper (1) we aim at assessing whether the entrance of a number of new important
players into the world trading system has changed the main characteristics of the international
organisation of the global auto industry. In addition, (2) we aim at exploring the relative international
positions and roles in the international fragmentation of production of China and India. Finally, (3) we
investigate whether, as a consequence of the rise of these two powers, there has been a switch in the
global organisation of production, with the consequent formation of new regional trade networks. We
use highly disaggregated trade data for each of the components used in automobile production. We
then aggregate all these components into 4 groups. For each of these 4 groups we take all bilateral
trade flows in 1998, 2003 and 2008. We combine standard statistical descriptive tools with social
network analysis with UCINET in order to depict the changes occurred in the trade network across time
as well as to identify the structure and characteristics of the network and analyse the position and role of
specific players. We find evidence of increasing importance of components trade in the automotive
sector, and of the rise of China as an important actor in global components trade. Moreover, China is
developing a regional production system of its own in South and Southeast Asia.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 171


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Choosing multiple sources for a network diffusion

Bruce W. Rogers
Shankar Bhamidi
Peter Mucha

Network Dynamics (Lecture)

There are a variety of centrality scores to determine the most central or influential node in a network.
However, the problem of finding the set of k nodes that is most influential is not as simple as collecting
the k highest centrality scores. For example, in the context of viral marketing, we would like to choose
the k nodes to seed the market so that a diffusion from those seeds has maximal expected size. We use
a community detection algorithm to efficiently approximate the optimal set of k nodes.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 172


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

City mouse/country mouse – how public libraries contribute to social capital in urban and rural
communities in North America

Catherine A. Johnson

Community (Lecture)

Social Support, Social Capital, Social Cohesion, Rural Communities, Urban Neighbourhoods

This presentation reports on a study that investigated the contribution of public libraries to social capital
in urban and rural communities in the United States and Canada. Social capital theories as developed
by Robert Putnam and Nan Lin were used in the creation of the data collection instrument. Over 600
library users and non-users completed questionnaires that collected data on community- and
individual-level social capital. Library users and staff members were also interviewed about their social
interactions within the library to gain insights into how these interactions contributed to social capital.
Findings suggest that public libraries have the largest impact in poor urban neighbourhoods where
residents have few social resources to draw upon. The extra help given by library staff contribute
significantly to levels of social capital by helping patrons search for jobs using the Internet and helping
them to fill out online application forms, by keeping an eye out for children left in the library alone by
caregivers and interacting with socially isolated individuals. Public libraries appear to have the least
social impact on library patrons in rural communities where libraries are only one of a number of places
where residents have opportunities to gain needed resources and interact on a social level with each
other.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 173


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Classification in Network Ensembles using Latent Roles

Uwe Nagel
Ulrik Brandes
Jürgen Lerner

Methods and Statistics (Lecture)

Methods, Generalized Blockmodeling

We present a method for graph classification based on the assumption


that members of the same class have a similar role structure and that
these roles can be derived from a joint classification of all vertices.
Given a network ensemble (a collection of attributed graphs with some
substantive commonality), vertices are first classified based on attribute
similarity. Projection of each graph onto the resulting vertex partition
yields feature vectors of equal dimension, irrespective of the original
graph sizes. These can be clustered using any suitable method.

Our approach is motivated by social network concepts, and we demonstrate


its utility on an ensemble of personal networks of migrants.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 174


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Co-Evolution of Intra-Organizational Trust, Advice, and Communication Networks: A Multiple


Dynamic Analysis

Mohamed Boukhris
Rafael Wittek

Dynamic Networks (Lecture)

Dynamic Network Analysis, Trust, Communication Networks, Advice Network

Questions about the co-evolution of social relations are key to many discussions about the dynamics of
intra-organizational network. The interrelationship between instrumental and affective relations plays a
particularly important role in this context: does frequent communication breed interpersonal trust? Is
interpersonal trust facilitating advice, or will trust gradually follow from an advice relation? Current
models remain incomplete because they neglect that changes in one type of relationship usually bring
about changes in other types of relationships. We reconstruct several mechanisms about the dynamic
interrelationship between three types of intra-organizational ties. For example, by-product theories
suggest that instrumental ties have the unintended consequence of breeding affective ties, e.g. that
frequent interpersonal communication or exchange breeds interpersonal trust. In contrast,
embeddedness approaches suggest that since instrumental relations are brittle in nature, they require a
social foundation, e.g. individuals will share advice only if they have built up an interpersonal trust
relation. Finally, structural approaches argue that the emergence of an instrumental or an affective tie
between two persons depends on their relation to a third party. Four waves of longitudinal
intra-organizational network data from the management team of a German paper factory (n=22) are
used for an empirical test. At the dyadic level, we found evidence for the by-product perspective
(communication breeds trust). At the triadic level, we found both structural embeddedness and
brokerage effects: ego and alter’s trust in tertius breeds communication between ego and alter; ego and
alter’s communication with tertius breeds distrust between ego and alter.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 175


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Co-Evolutionary Models of Friendship Networks and Substance Use Behaviors Among


Middle-School Students: Findings from the Project CHOICE-IDEA

Mariana Horta
Harold D. Green-Jr.
Joan Tucker
Elizabeth J. D'amico

Adolescent Friendship Networks (Lecture)

ERGM/P*, Adolescents, Schools, Drug Use, Siena, Friendship Network

Project CHOICE is a voluntary after-school substance-use program for middle-school students that
targets tobacco, alcohol and marijuana use. Findings from a previous pilot study in two schools
suggested that the program’s effects extended beyond those students who participated in CHOICE to
the entire student body. CHOICE is currently being evaluated in a randomized controlled trial in 16
schools across three California school districts. To determine whether social networks might be
responsible for these broader effects, friendship network data were collected at three of the 16 schools
(two intervention schools and one control school) to investigate the influence and selection mechanisms
associated with the spread of pro-and anti-substance use behaviors and attitudes. SIENA models based
on three waves of in-school surveys allowed us to investigate the co-evolution of friendship networks
and substance use behaviors and attitudes. In particular, we investigated the selection and influence
mechanisms potentially associated with initiation and escalation of drinking and smoking behaviors,
students’ evolving attitudes about these behaviors, and how individual and school-level covariates, most
importantly CHOICE participation, might affect these mechanisms.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 176


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Cognitive and social structure of the elite collaboration network of astrophysics: a


mixed-methods approach

Richard Heidler

Academic and Scientific Networks (Poster)

Scientific Networks, Qualitative Approaches, Mixed Methods, Academic Networks, Collaboration,


Scientometrics

Scientific collaboration can only be understood along the epistemic and cognitive grounding of a
scientific discipline. New scientific discoveries in astrophysics led to a major restructuring of the elite
network of astrophysics. To study the interplay of the cognitive grounding and the social network
structure of a discipline, a mixed-methods approach is necessary. It combines scientometrics,
quantitative network analysis and visualization tools with a qualitative network analysis approach. The
centre of the international collaboration network of astrophysics is demarcated by identifying the 225
most productive astrophysicists for the years 2000-2006. For this period three co-authorship networks
are constructed comprehending each a two year period. A visualisation of the longitudinal network data
gives first hints on the structural development of the network structure. The network of 2005-2006 is
analysed in further depth. Based on cohesion analysis tools for network analysis two main cliques and
two smaller ones are identified. Scientists in each clique and additionally in structurally interesting
positions are identified and qualitative expert interviews are conducted with them. The visualisation of
the network of 2005-2006 is used in the 15 interviews as a stimulus for the interviewees. An analysis of
the three most often used keywords of the 225 astrophysicists is included and combined with the other
data. The triangulation of these approaches shows that major epistemic changes in astrophysics, e.g.
the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the universe, together with technical and organisational
innovations, leads to a restructuring of the network structure of the discipline. The importance of a
combination of qualitative and quantitative network analysis tools for the understanding of the interplay
of cognitive and social structure in the sociology of science is substantiated.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 177


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Cognitive similarity, tie creation, and tie strength: Network and content analysis of an online
forum

Pietro Panzarasa
Bernard Kujawski

Network Dynamics (Lecture)

Homophily, Communication Networks, Cognitive Similarity, Content Analysis

Research has long emphasized the role that social interaction has in the modification of individuals’
mental attitudes, meanings, and interpretations. For example, a number of empirical studies have shown
that, by interacting, individuals can create equifinal meanings and shared understanding of a joint
experience, revise and reconcile conflicting beliefs, and develop social norms for organized action.
However, research has often overlooked the impact that cognitive similarity among people has on the
evolution of social interaction. Convergence of beliefs, interests, and interpretations can be seen not
only as an outcome of interaction, but also as the cognitive antecedent of social ties. In this paper, we
take a step toward this direction, and investigate whether and to what extent cognitive similarity affects
the likelihood and strength of social interaction. To this end, we draw on a longitudinal network dataset
from an online forum in which users post messages to a number of groups or threads, each devoted to a
discussion topic. We combine network and content analysis, and infer cognitive similarities among users
from text-based communication by measuring the semantic distance among the words posted. We use
these similarities to construct a cognitive network, and then examine its effects on whether and how
social interaction unfolds over time. Results indicate that, above and beyond the effects of status
homophily, the probability and strength of a social tie increases with cognitive similarity, but only up to a
critical threshold. Above this level, the effects of cognitive similarity reverse. Individuals with highly
similar beliefs, meanings, and interpretations are not likely to provide each other with the information
they seek, and will direct their attention to other less cognitively similar partners. We further examine the
interplay between cognitive similarity and triadic closure. Findings show that the effects of cognitive
similarity on the creation and strength of a tie between two individuals are mitigated by the number of
partners they share and by the strength of their ties to these common partners.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 178


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Collaboration Networks in Open Source Software Development

Angela Bohn
Patrick Mair
Kurt Hornik

Collaboration and Coordination (Lecture)

Communication Networks, Academic Networks, Collaboration, Text Mining, Software Development

Open source software is created by sometimes hundreds or thousands of developers working together
in more or less formally organized teams.
To cope with the coordination effort, they use web based technologies like mailing lists, forums, and
SVN systems. Once their work is finished, they often present it on conferences and in journal articles.
These communication and collaboration networks can tell a lot about the social processes leading to
great pieces of software. However, even more could be found out if the context of peoples' encounters
(e.g. e-mail content, paper abstract etc.) could be analyzed along with their social networks.
With data created by the community of R, the most widely used statistical open source software, we
show how text mining techniques can add a new dimension to the analysis of collaboration networks in
the sense of community detection and local centrality.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 179


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Collaboration, culture and search

Emily Erikson

Organizational Networks: Collaboration and Alliances (Lecture)

Collaboration, Economic Networks, Culture, Network Mechanisms, Analytic Sociology

Nanotechnology is a diverse field composed of many distinct subfields:


pharmaceutical, computer manufacture, aeronautics, semiconductors, medical equipment, and others.
Firms benefit from collaboration, but report difficulty finding partners. I explore contexts that increase the
likelihood of collaboration, focusing on mechanisms, culture, and structures that assist search through
networks. Specifically, nanotechnology firms are embedded within commercial networks and research
networks (composed of university ties). Using data from a survey of Massachusetts firms and the
database Nanobank, I explore whether different aspects (prestige, cohesion, transitivity, searchability,
culture) of the different networks (commercial and research) are associated with increased rates of
collaboration. I use a fixed-effects model, across different networks, to explore the relationship between
context and culture on collaboration, extrapolating to long-term patterns of network evolution and
structure.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 180


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Collecting social network data for HIV prevention activities: a review of strategies

Chyvette T. Williams

Infectious Diseases and Social Networks (Lecture)

Sampling, HIV/STD, HIV Risk, Injection Drug Use, Data Collection, Sex Work

Social networks have become a central focus of HIV prevention efforts in the United States. The three
primary areas in which social network methods have been used are 1) in recruitment of high-risk groups,
2) in characterizing social and risk networks, and 3) in conducting network-oriented interventions. Both
between and within the categories of activities, variation exists in approaches used for collecting social
network data. Some of the variation may lie in differences in study goals, some may not. This study will
review strategies used to collect network data for HIV prevention activities among high-risk groups.
Articles published from 1990 to 2010 will be identified through multiple databases (e.g. PubMed, SSCI)
and social network journals that fit select criteria. A summary will be presented of the different
approaches used according to study aims and population targets, and promises and pitfalls of the
approach noted. Because of its increasing use in the field of HIV, attention will be given to
respondent-driven sampling as a quasi-network design. Finally, potential ways in which methods can be
standardized for similar activities will be discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 181


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Collective Action in Virtual Organizations: Networks of Collaboration in an Online Scientific


Community

Nina F. O'brien
Lauren B. Frank
Jessica J. Gould
Courtney M. Schultz
Matthew S. Weber
Peter R. Monge

Collaboration and Coordination (Lecture)

On-line Communities, Scientific Networks, Collaboration, Collective Action, Resource Networks, Expert
Community

This research merges collective action theory with social network analysis to explain collaboration and
knowledge development in an online scientific community. Online collaboration provides researchers
with an opportunity to tap into a knowledge base that exists outside of their immediate community.
Researchers who participate in online communities utilize "tagging" as a mechanism to label the
functions and attributes of resources and information. Other users are able to view these tags, and
ultimately tagging may influence actions of others in the community. This study therefore examines user
networks in the Nanohub online scientific community, which is focused on the development of
nanotechnology research. Through the examination of affiliation networks - created by the relationships
between tags and resources created by users - this analysis found during early stages of community
growth a disproportionate amount of tagging was contributed by initial users of the community. Once the
density of the tagging network crossed a minimum threshold, new entrants to the community began to
adopt the practice of tagging and resource contribution. Ultimately, this work proposes that online
communities may be characterized by an accelerating production function whereby early investment and
contributions to the community generate increasing returns in terms of future contributions. This
contradicts earlier findings in collective action research and furthers our understanding of network
development over time. Additionally, this work provides insight for practitioners and community
administrators with regards to the types of actions and contributions that are most likely to spur
contribution by new members over time.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 182


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Combining Network Science and Textual Content Analysis to Understand Information and
Knowledge Networks

Sinan Aral

Words and Networks (Lecture)

Structural theories of social capital and brokerage rely on arguments about the relationship between
social structure and information flow. Intuitive and appealing arguments have been made about how
information is likely to be distributed in networks and how different types of information are likely to
accrue to individuals in different structural positions. However, the actual information flowing between
individuals is rarely observed and we lack detailed dynamic theories of how social groups access, share
and distribute information under different network and environmental conditions. We argue that
combining analysis of message content and communication topology can open new avenues for
answering questions at the heart of the sociology of information. We discuss the methods, benefits and
challenges of combining text mining techniques with network analysis to understand how information
flow in networks affects social and economic outcomes. In particular, we discuss: the capture and
analysis of textual content from electronic communication data such as email or IM; methods used to
analyze textual content data to evaluate the diversity, novelty, scarcity, uniqueness, temporal variation
and implied sentiment of information in electronic communication; content obfuscation and privacy
preservation techniques used to mask the identity of participants and the content of messages while
maintaining precise data on for example the distributions of topics in different local network
neighborhoods over time; and combining text mining with traditional productivity, demand estimation or
market valuation techniques to evaluate how information flow in networks affects the productivity of
information workers, product demand patterns and stock market prices.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 183


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Communities in five networks: a meta-analysis

Malgorzata J. Krawczyk

Algorithms and Analytic Methods (Lecture)

To indicate communities in social networks may be a controversial


task, when the results depend on the used method. The desired outcome
is that some nodes or groups of nodes, which play a crucial role in
the system, should be selected by any applied clusterisation method.
In the analysis of real networks the most important part is an
interpretation of obtained results. If no extra information is known
for a given problem, the validation method is to compare the results
obtained by different clusterization methods to the same data set.
Hence, an application of different methods is reasonable. We present
the results obtained by three clusterisation methods (the
agglomerative Newman method based on the modularity optimization [1],
the differential equation method [2] and the Potts model [3]) for five
social networks (Zachary’s karate club, Bernard&Killworth ham radio,
Bernard&Killworth fraternity, books about US politics and dolphin
social networks). Obtained results are coherent and allow to indicate
most important elements within the communities.

[1] M.E.J. Newman, “Analysis of weighted networks”, Phys. Rev. E 70,


2004, pp. 056131:1-9.
[2] M.J. Krawczyk, “Differential equations as a tool for community
identification”, Phys. Rev. E 77, 2008, pp. 065701(R):1-4
[3] J. Reichardt and S. Bornholdt, “Detecting Fuzzy Community
Structures in Complex Networks with a Potts Model”, Phys. Rev. Lett.
93, 2004, 218701

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 184


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Community Core Detection in Twitter - a “Bottom Up” Heuristic

Gernot Tscherteu
Christian Langreiter

Twitter Networks (Lecture)

Community Structure, Twitter, Tool, Community Core, Expert Community, Detection

In this paper we present a lightweight heuristic for detecting cores of expert communities within
"Twitter". The heuristic combines simple text search methods with social network analysis. One big
advantage of this heuristic is that it needs not to be run over the whole network. As a “bottom up”
approach it explores the network around seed accounts and detects communities with simple measures.
In contrast to well acknowledged algorithms for detecting communities like those by Girvan and
Newman we’re not interested in finding all community clusters in twitter, but only very specific ones that
exist around specific topics. We are not starting with the network as a whole and trying to detect the
densest cores in it, but start with specific seed users that we assume to be representative of a certain
topic and reconstruct the network of their @relations around them.

The heuristic forms the basis for an on-line service to be developed in the next months. It will allow
ordinary Twitter users to explore their own neighbourhood as well as other networks like e.g. "Twitter
lists". Above all we see a challenge in bringing SNA to the "masses" of social media users.
When building tools for detecting and analysing communities with twitter, one should not only present
“results” to the user but allow for simple forms of interaction with the network data.

Full paper already available see notes below

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 185


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Computational integration of network theory and topic modeling for investigating the
relationship between socio-technical networks, funding, and innovation in the European Union

Jana Diesner
Kathleen M. Carley

Words and Networks (Lecture)

Methods, Text Mining, Semantic Networks, Innovation, Algorithms, Meaning In Structure

When text data pertaining to socio-technical networks are available, these texts are often either
analyzed separately from the network data, or are reduced to the fact and frequency of the flow of data
or objects between nodes. Examples for the joint availability of text data and network data include
answers to open questions in classical network surveys, social media such as emails, blogs, and wikis,
and the semantic web. Previous research on the relationship between language and networks suggests
an impact of the position of individuals in the network on their motivation and ability to induce innovation
and change in socio-technical networks. We present our findings from a study in which we empirically
tested this relationship for the case of research proposal that were granted funding by the European
Union under the Framework Programmes and a methodology that we developed in order to facilitate this
type of studies. This methodology computationally integrates network theory and topic modeling, an
unsupervised machine learning technique that reduces the dimensionality of text data to sets of
semantically related words, such that network data are enriched through information from text data and
vice versa. Our approach is based on prior work that assumes not only texts, but also authors and other
types of entities and metadata to have probability distributions over topics (Mimno & McCallum 2008).
We extend this notion by abstracting away from the level of individual authors and collaborators to the
structural role level, where the actual role is defined by network theory.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 186


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Concurrence on the Nature of Dyadic Ties: Comparing Spouses' Reports on Career Hierarchy

Joy E. Pixley

Gender and Social Networks (Lecture)

Measures, Data Collection, Eyadic Ties, Gender, Careers

Social network researchers must often rely on informants to provide data about interactions with their
alters without corroborating input from those alters. Informants report not only on the existence of ties to
alters, but on the nature of those ties. In some cases, the shared experience claimed by the informant
determines whether that alter constitutes a certain type of tie. Such reports are subject to a range of
possible errors due to recall and reporting biases. The current study uses independent reports from both
members of couples, including survey data from 1276 couples and in-depth interviews with 49 couples,
to test concurrence in spouses' reports of career hierarchy in their relationship. Some measures are
evaluative, such as who is the primary provider and whose job is more important, while others address
joint experiences, such as major decisions about moving for one spouse's job advancement. In other
words, these are important issues for close ties who frequently interact: concurrence levels here could
be considered an upper bound on concurrence for less salient issues between weaker ties. Results
indicate only moderate concurrence rates for overall evaluative measures (60-69%). Concurrence rates
on the occurrence and characteristics of joint experiences range from 31% to 90%. The pattern of
results suggests more sex differences in joint experience reporting than in overall evaluations, and
systematic differences in joint experience reporting consistent with salience and self-serving bias.
Implications for relying on single-informant data to characterize dyadic relationships are discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 187


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Conditional estimation of exponential random graph models from snowball samples

Philippa E. Pattison
Garry L. Robins
Tom A. Snijders
Peng Wang

Link-tracing Network Sampling (Lecture)

Sampling, Statistical Methods, Snowball Technique

Obtaining survey network data in a large population in order to understand the structure of the network
may be prohibitively difficult and costly and it is therefore often of interest to estimate models for
networks using data from various network sampling designs, such as link-tracing designs. We focus
here on the case of snowball sampling designs, designs in which an initial sample of network members
are asked to nominate their network partners, their network partners are then traced and asked to
nominate their network partners, and so on. We assume an exponential random graph model (ERGM)
of a particular parametric form and outline a conditional maximum likelihood estimation procedure for
obtaining estimates of ERGM parameters. This procedure is intended to complement the likelihood
approach developed by Handcock and Gile (in press) by providing a practical means of estimation when
the size of the complete network is unknown and/or the complete network is very large. A main
difference in our conditional procedure compared to the full maximum likelihood procedure is that it
requires only simulation of alternative outcomes of observed tie variables, not of unobserved ones. We
report the outcome of a simulation study with a known model designed to assess the impact of initial
sample size and population size on properties of the estimates. We also present an illustrative
application for a large network and conclude with a discussion of further developments of the approach.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 188


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Conflict in Team, Some Facts and Consequences

James. liang cheng Huang


Ti Hsu

Networks and Teams (Lecture)

Conflict, Team, Simulation Game

Recently, team conflict has been emphasized as an important topic by academics; Using cognitive
methods, scholars studied how the intensity of team conflict can affect members’ actions, organization
structure and organizational performance (Rahim, 1982; Jehn, 1995). However, with Georg Simmel’s
view: “conflict should be considered as sociation”, we argue that team conflict is multifaceted and
embedded in dyad relationship, and therefore it should be investigated from the social network
perspective. Here, we devise an experiment in a controlled scenario, and spilt the respondents into 12
different teams of 4 or 5 members, and members of the same team are allowed to participate in a
business strategic simulation game. Through both survey and interview, we measure the extent of team
conflict and examine the impact of members’ characteristics on their team performance. Issues related
to the measurement, computation and quantification of team conflict and future research directions will
also be discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 189


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Consumer Processing of Marketers’ Responses on Micro-blogging Platforms

James R. Coyle
Ted Smith
David S. Silver
Glenn Platt

Twitter Networks (Lecture)

Marketing, Perception, Trust, Social Network, Twitter, Viral Marketing

Micro-blogging networks like Twitter give commercial enterprises the opportunity to respond to
consumer questions and comments within minutes on a public platform. With this opportunity come
elevated expectations of the quality of response that consumers look for. The viral nature of
micro-blogging networks potentially magnifies the costs of not meeting or even exceeding these
expectations. In this field experiment, we manipulate the level of helpfulness depicted in a fictitious set
of tweets in a search results page. Research participants will be exposed to tweets that do one of the
following: 1) solve a consumer’s problem; 2) merely express empathy; 3) are neutral (i.e., a baseline
condition). We are also interested in how perceptions of helpfulness may be influenced by the search
interface in which they appear. Specifically, tweets will appear in one of the following interfaces: 1) a
branded Twitter interface (i.e., the company’s Twitter channel); 2) Twitter.com; and 3) Google.
Perceptions of trust, company benevolence, attitude toward the company and purchase intention will be
assessed. Implications for practitioners and researchers interested in online branding and social CRM
issues will be discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 190


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Coordination and Cooperation Problems in Network Good Production

Antonie Knigge
Vincent Buskens

Collaboration and Coordination (Lecture)

Game Theory, Network Stability, Experiments, Coordination, Cooperation

If actors want to reach a particular goal, they are often better off by forming collaborative relations and
invest together rather than investing separately. In this paper we study the coordination and cooperation
problems that hinder successful collaboration in such situations (which we label the production of a
‘network good with complementarities’). We extend the model by Ballester et al. (2006) on investments
in static networks with a network formation stage. The predictions of the model are tested experimentally
in four-person networks. The theoretical predictions correspond remarkably well with subjects’ behavior.
First, groups of subjects nearly always create a pairwise stable network configuration, i.e., they end up
either in the empty or the full network. As the costs of forming links increase, groups succeed less often
in coordinating on the full network, which can yield higher payoffs than the empty network. Second,
given the created network structure, subjects invest mostly according to their Nash strategy. This implies
a suboptimal amount of network good production, because if linked subjects cooperate by investing
more than in their Nash strategy, everybody can be better off. If cooperation is successful, this is mostly
in the experimental condition in which subjects can monitor how much their partners invest. Finally, we
were able to gain some insight in the individual level mechanisms underlying these outcomes. We find
that groups consisting of more foresighted subjects are better able to solve the coordination and
cooperation problems. Moreover, subjects learn to deal with the problems better as they gain
experience. These results provide stimulating leads for further research into the mechanisms at the
individual level.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 191


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Corporate interlock formation as network process. An event history analysis of directors’


changeovers in industry, finance, and cultural institutions.

W De-Nooy

Interlocking Directorates (Lecture)

Interlocking Directorates, Event Data, Multilevel Analysis

The study of interlocking directorates has yielded a series of theories about the effects of interlocks:
collusion, cooptation and monitoring, legitimacy, career advancement, and social cohesion [Mizruchi, M.
S. (1996). What do interlocks do? Annu. Rev. Sociol. 22, 271-298.] From the intended effects of
interlocks, hypotheses can be deduced on the recruitment of directors by organizations or, vice versa,
the acceptation of board positions by directors. The present study assumes a dynamic perspective
focusing on the changeovers of directors to test the recruitment hypotheses.
The timing and acceptance of a new position by a director in an organization is analyzed using a
longitudinal 2-mode network of people and organizations with lines representing affiliations that have a
starting date and an end date (if applicable). Predictors are characteristics of the director, his position in
the network of current and previous affiliations (including his network of contacts), and characteristics of
the organization offering the position. A discrete-time event history model is applied to data on directors
of the important firms, banks, and cultural institutions in The Netherlands, 2005-2009.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 192


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Corporations and Foundations’ Networks: Creating a New Power System

Josep A. Rodriguez

Interlocking Directorates (Lecture)

Intra-organizational Networks, Power, Non For Profit Organizations

In this paper we aim at advancing our knwoledge on the process of extension of economic power into
the social civil sphere, in the consolidation of the economic elite into the social elite through their key
role in the foundations’ social space.
By using interlocking directorates of the board of directors of the 100 largest Spanish corporations and
interlocking directorates of the board of trustees of the Spanish foundations we look into the mutually
influencing relationship between the economic power netwotks and the social power networks. We study
the role of the economic elite in the foundations’ social space using it to expand their influence into the
entire society. We also see how the foundations space and the relations among trustees also have
influence over the economic space by forging an “invisible” system of relations between corporations.
The ending result is a new power system bringing together the economic and social spheres.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 193


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Creating and Maintaining a Scale-Free Core-Periphery Fractal Network

Scott L. Feld
Bernard Grofman

Network Theory (Lecture)

Network Theory, Prestige, Academic Networks, Network Mechanisms, Core/periphery, Power

Barabasi’s central contribution to network science has been his analysis of scale-free distributions of
node degrees in a continuously growing symmetric network. We refine this notion to consider directed
networks, where the distribution of indegree is scale-free while outdegree is essentially a constant. We
describe a process that could produce such a pattern within a growing network, and a complementary
process that could maintain this pattern as ties are made and broken among a stable set of nodes. The
process involves actors sending ties to other actors “above” them in proportion to the prestige of those
actors. Other properties of the directed network that arise from this process include a close association
between prestige and overall indegree, a positive correlation of prestige/indegree between senders and
receivers of ties, a core-periphery pattern that supports indirect dominance of the entire network by a
few actors at the top, and a similar pattern when any actors are omitted from the network. We suggest
that this type of pattern naturally arises in various contexts in society; e.g. placements of faculty among
training programs as in sociology or medical schools, or initiating interactions among individual persons
in systems with differentiated recognizable prestige.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 194


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Cross Cultural Social Capital

Zeynep Aksehirli

Networks and Culture (Lecture)

Social Capital, Culture, Ego-centered Networks

Defining Social Capital as the value derived from networks (Field, 2006), literature identifies three
dimensions: Structural, Cognitive, and Relational (Huysman & Wulf, 2004). Given significant differences
in norms relevant to these dimensions, it is natural to expect differences in form and value of social
capital in various cultures (Chen et al. 1998). This study aims to find out how cultural values shape
dimensions of social capital in differing national contexts. In assessing cultural values Hofstede’s
Cultural Dimensions and Hall’s Context frameworks are used. Hofstede (1984) lays out four dimensions
of cultural values: Power Distance, Individualism, Uncertainty avoidance, Masculinity. Hall’s (1976)
framework distinguishes high-context societies where people have close connections over a long period
of time and low context societies where people have many connections of shorter duration, for a specific
reason. Though recent studies analyzed how social capital differ by country (Kääriäinen & Lehtonen,
2006), they focus on economic indicators as a measure. Xiao and Tsui (2007) used measures of cultural
differences, however, they consider two values (individualism, high-low commitment) within one country
(China). The present study builds on and contributes to the literature by using a more comprehensive
approach to culture measurement and gaining access to several national cultures: USA, China (Hong
Kong based), Turkey, Netherlands and Belgium. The study uses a cross-sectional, survey research
where participants fill out an ego-centric network questionnaire, the Resource Generator Questionnaire
and cultural values survey.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 195


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Culture, Structure and Networks in the Israeli Peace Camp

Yulia Zemlinskaya

Collective Action and Social Movements (Lecture)

Collective Action, Qualitative Approaches, Political Networks, Interorganizational Networks, Peace


Movement, Israel

The paper presents the findings from the study which examined the inter-organisational ties among
NGOs and grass-root movements belonging to the Peace camp in Israel. The analysis is based on
combination of questionnaire data with 25 interviews with the leading activists of the organisations which
are part of the inter-organisational network. Formal network analysis is used to examine the exchanges
of information, human and financial recourses as well as mutual support and cooperation between the
organisations, while interviews are utilized to explain the reasoning behind alliance building strategies.

On the level of the whole network, the analysis of the data demonstrates that the networks of mutual
cooperation, support and information exchange between the organisations are relatively dense and
highly correlate with each other. In-depth analysis of the whole network shows that human rights
organisations which tend to cooperate with each other and shy away from the public cooperation with
more radical organisations constitute a cohesive sub-network. It is argued that patterns of cooperation
and alliance building strategies between the organisations to a large extant are influenced by the cultural
and political context within which they are embedded. Contextual factors determine who organisations
are willing to form a public alliance with and who they are willing to cooperate informally.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 196


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Culture, network, distinction: An ethno-computational approach to friendship in SNS

Antonio A. Casilli
Paola Tubaro

Online Social Networks (Lecture)

Simulation, Qualitative Approaches, Social Networks On The Web, Agent Based Models, Friendship
Network

This paper focuses on how different configurations of privacy settings, content-sharing and culture traits
display affect the formation of online friendship networks. By adopting an innovative
ethno-computational methodology (as developed in Tubaro & Casilli, 2010), we draw on a participant
observation carried out on the popular SNS Facebook to subsequently inform an agent-based model.
The ethnographic phase suggests the hypothesis that culture traits display plays a crucial role in the
creation of ties and is motivated by social capital maximisation. This hypothesis is problematized
through the analysis of simulated network data. New dynamics emerge from the computational
interaction of agents, such as 1) a tension between bridging and bonding dynamics; 2) relevance of
privacy settings; 3) anomie.
As homophily alone fails to account for tie formation and maintenance, Lahire’s (2004) notion of “cultural
dissonance” – through which individuals adhere to their group culture while preserving their “self
distinction” – can be productively conjured up to explain friendship formation in online social networks.

References:
Lahire, B. (2004) La culture des individus : Dissonances culturelles et distinction de soi, Paris, La
Découverte.
Tubaro, P. & A. A. Casilli (2010) “‘An ethnographic seduction’: how qualitative research and
Agent-based Models can Benefit Each Other”. Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique, n. 106, (in press)

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 197


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Data-Driven Models for Dynamic Networks in Changing Populations

Pavel N. Krivitsky
Mark S. Handcock
Martina Morris

Dynamic Networks (Lecture)

Simulation, Egocentic Networks, Sex Networks, Dynamic Networks, Exponential-family Random Graph
Models

Models of dynamic networks --- networks that evolve over time --- have manifold applications.
Applications in epidemiology present their own challenge, in that the data available are often limited to
egocentric views of the network processes of interest, and in that evolution of these networks comprises
not only changes in relationship states but also changes in attributes and numbers of actors. We
develop and apply a discrete-time generative model for social network evolution that seeks to inherit the
richness and flexibility of exponential-family random graph models (ERGMs) and facilitate modeling of
tie duration distributions, while avoiding pitfalls of some of the past efforts in this area, and adjusting for
changing network size and composition. We develop methods to fit the model to available
cross-sectional, egocentric network and/or tie duration data. We present an application to sexual
partnership data in the context of modeling the structure of HIV spread.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 198


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Data-analytical Methods in Social Network Research

Jaime R. Fonseca
Romana Xerez

Methods and Statistics (Lecture)

Methods, Statistical Models, Social Capital, Latent Class/block Models, Social Network Analysis,
Multidimensional Scaling

In the past two decades, a growing number of social scientists have invoked the concept of social
capital, but there seem to be at least two different usages of this term. In this paper we are more
interested in network measures that might be used to formalize the notion of social capital. Technical
and mathematical applications of social network analysis have increased in the last twenty years, and
we would like to consider the contribution of several techniques such as multidimensional scaling,
correspondence analysis and latent class models. The dataset is a recent survey (n = 402) developed in
the Social Network Analysis perspective, in a Lisbon neighbourhood. Most real networks contain parts in
which nodes are more highly connected to each other than to the rest of the network, and the sets of
such nodes are called clusters or communities. Data analysis suggested a three-cluster latent model,
estimated from both network structure and network resources dimensions, and a two-cluster latent
model, estimated from both trust and reciprocity in the neighbourhood and community engagement
dimensions.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 199


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Defeating Milosevic: The Role of Networked Organizations and the Internet in Serbia in the
1990s.

Christopher Tunnard

Collective Action and Social Movements (Lecture)

Collective Action, Communication, International Networks, Non-governmental Organizations,


Internet/www, Resistance Movements

People in conflict areas are increasingly using new technologies to organize resistance networks and
mount opposition to established organizations and régimes. While resistance movements are using
these technologies in innovative ways (e.g. Twitter in Iran), no one really knows how effective or efficient
they are. There is little research at the intersection of the relevant disciplines: social networks, social
movements, and technology diffusion.

Much of the writing on resistance movements in the Internet era focuses on the paradigm-shifting role of
the Internet (e.g. the Zapatistas in Mexico or the WTO Seattle demonstrations,) but further analysis
shows that the formation of social and organizational networks is what really changes the calculus. So
the focus of studies of the impact of technologies should be on their intermediate role as facilitators of
network development, rather than their direct influence on the outcomes.

But how does one measure the impact of new technologies on the development of social networks and
resistance movements? I use a combination of social network analysis (SNA) and process-tracing
methodologies to examine the “base case” of the Internet era: the development and eventual success of
the Serbian resistance to Slobodan Milosevic during the breakup of Yugoslavia in the 1990s. Drawing
on data obtained from interviews with more than 50 principals in the Serbian resistance and an
accompanying survey, this analysis results in an improved method for using SNA to measure the
effectiveness and efficiency of small organizations linked by weak-tie, short-path computer and email
connections and their ability to defeat much-larger adversaries

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 200


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Diagnostic tools for the analysis of degeneracy in ERGMs

Agnieszka Stawinoga

Exponential Random Graphs (Lecture)

Exponential Random Graph Models, Social Network, Monte Carlo Simulation

During last years different statistical methods for analyzing social networks have been developed. There
are numerous descriptive techniques that measure properties of a network. From an inferential point of
view statistical models allow to understand whether certain network structures are more commonly
observed in the network than might be expected by chance. The Exponential Random Graphs Models is
the family of models that attempts to represent the stochastic mechanisms that produce ties and the
related complex dependencies.
Aim of this work is to examine the degeneracy and stability of ERGMs for large networks within a
simulation study. Degeneracy and stability are two properties of random graph models that have an
important consequence on the use of these models. Using the different methods and functions proposed
in the literature, we are interested to examine model diagnostics and check for degeneracy. The goal is
also to discriminate non-degenerate and degenerate models and to represent them in suitable
parametric space. Moreover the evaluation of model fit will be established by using of the traditional and
graphical methods for assessing the goodness of fit.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 201


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Dialogue, trust and natural resource management

Renata Tavora
Frederic Mertens
Raquel Grando
Mauro Castro
Katia Demeda

Networks and Natural Resource Management (Lecture)

Trust, Natural Resource Management, Development

Dialogue and trust among stakeholders is important to promote cooperation and collective action aiming
at the building of equitable and sustainable solutions for development problems. In the present study,
we analyze the newtorks of dialogue and trust relationships among stakeholders involved in
development activities in the Amazonian Gateway, a territory from the Brazilian Amazon, with natural
resources threatened by logging, intensive agribusiness and planned infrastructure projects. Face to
face interviews, with 505 members of the civil society, the public and the private sectors, were used to
map the two networks. Although most participants are connected through dialogue relationships
regarding development issues, the trust network is highly fragmented. Lack of trust is especially striking
between the private sector and the two other groups, civil society and public sector. Results contribute
to better understand the roots of the lack of efficiency of natural resource regulations in the Brazilian
Amazon and of the conflicts between NGOs, loggers and farmers who regard each other as enemies
rather than potential partners. Participatory workshops will be carried out to discuss results with the
participants of the study in order to foster dialogue among their conflicting views.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 202


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Differences in National Entitativity and Cohesion (Exploring Cross-Cultural Differences)

Stephen Lieberman
Sean Everton
Jonathan Alt

Networks and Culture (Lecture)

Culture, Demography, Centralisation, Clustering Coefficient, Network Structure, Large-scale Networks

We follow Blau, Jackson, Lewis, McPherson, et al., Smith-Lovin, Watts, et al., and others in positing that
human behavior is most functionally conceived in terms of the complex social systems within which
actions are taken, and that the representation of these social systems must make evident the
endogenous structural constraints on opportunities for interpersonal contact and group affiliation
(McPherson and Ranger-Moore 1991; McPherson, Popielarz et al. 1992; Blau 1994; Blau and Schwartz
1997; Watts and Strogatz 1998; McPherson, Smith-Lovin et al. 2001; Smith-Lovin 2003; McPherson,
Smith-Lovin et al. 2006; Watts and Dodds 2007; Jackson 2008; Jackson 2008; Lewis 2009). Following a
brief discussion of Homophily Network models (the network theoretic realization of dynamic social
structures as the culmination of distributions of salient individual attributes), we explore the social
structure of several large countries at the national level. We develop homophily networks using open
source data, visualize and analyze these large-N networks using a variety of SNA tools and metrics
related to entitativity, cohesion, and clustering.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 203


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Diffusion in large virtual networks: distinguishing social connections and cultural discourse
influence on the adoption of Twitter clients

Elenna Dugundji
Ate Poorthuis
Michiel Van-Meeteren

Twitter Networks (Lecture)

With the onset of Internet and phone-based technology, people leave numerous traces of their social
behavior in - often publicly available – data sets. One of the challenges of analysis of these data sets is
delineating meaningful ‘real life’ communities within large and noisy virtual networks. In this paper we
look at a virtual community of independent - or ‘Indie’ - software developers for the Macintosh and
iPhone that primarily interact online. We use a large data set from the social networking site Twitter.
Through pruning methods and a community detection algorithm, we are able to detect the ‘Indie’
community of only 20,000 users within a network of several million edges. Triangulation with qualitative
data proves that the proposed method is able to distill meaningful communities from large, noisy and
ill-delineated networks.

We use this virtual community of ‘Indie’ developers to analyze the adoption of Twitter client software.
Within this community, three software developers have developed Twitter clients that compete for
adoption by users in the same community. Generally, social networks and social capital are considered
to be important variables in explaining the adoption and diffusion of behavior. However, it is contested
whether the actual social connections or the cultural discourse causally determine this adoption and
diffusion. In this paper we are able to analyze how the two different mechanisms influence the adoption
and diffusion of Twitter clients by combining traditional network analysis techniques with discrete choice
analysis.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 204


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Diffusion of Political Rumors from Niche to Mainstream Audiences

Andrei Boutyline

Twitter Networks (Lecture)

Diffusion, Politics, Culture, News, Twitter, Tie-strength

How do political rumors from niche news sources diffuse to reach mainstream audiences? This study
examines contagion in culturally stratified social networks by employing a novel methodology:
computational analysis of communication on Twitter. I hypothesize that political tastes, like other cultural
tastes, lead to the formation of weak ties if they are mainstream, and strong ties if they are niche. I
explore implications for political news diffusion. Next I examine the structures and actors that cause
niche news to start diffusing along mainstream channels. By using prior data to determine the tendency
of an actor to be involved in niche news diffusion, and by observing where the news is introduced to the
network, I contrast predicted and actual diffusion, and thus locate the instances where it leaves the
niche channels. I test three structural hypotheses about these transitions: they could be accomplished
by high-prestige actors with large trusting audiences (opinion leaders); or by low-prestige actors who
succeed only due to the quantity of repeated attempts; or occur when a mainstream recipient receives
simultaneous exposure from multiple niche sources, as described by complex contagion theory (Centola
and Macy 2007). I develop and apply techniques for testing these hypotheses.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 205


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Disaster networks

Michael Schweinberger
Miruna Petrescu-Prahova

Communication Networks (Lecture)

Communication, Communication Networks, Disaster Response

Multiorganizational networks typically emerge during large-scale


disasters due to the need to coordinate response activities among the
many organizations involved. In this paper, we study the emergent
multiorganizational networks (EMONs) formed during the first 12 days
following the September 11, 2001 attacks in New York. We analyze both
the aggregate network, which comprises 717 organizations involved in
the response, and several functional subnetworks defined according to
specific disaster response tasks such as transportation, mass care, or
volunteer coordination. The structure of these networks is
characterized by a small number of high-degree nodes and a large
number of low-degree nodes, thus violating the assumption of nodal
homogeneity in the tendency to form ties to other nodes, a basic
feature of classical exponential-family random graph models (ERGMs).
To address this issue we employ here a newly developed class of ERGMs
that relaxes this assumption and allows for the differential modeling
of nodal degree. In addition, we incorporate organizational attributes
such as organization type (i.e., government, non-profit, profit,
collective) and scale of operations (from local to federal), and seek
to identify the processes that have given rise to the observed
structure of the networks. Possible implications for disaster planning
and emergency management are discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 206


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Discerning Meaning in the Complex Structure of Multiple Networks: An Exponential Random


Graph Approach

Neha Gondal
Paul Mclean

Networks, Economics, and Markets (Lecture)

Exponential Random Graph Models, Economic Networks, Historical Networks, Multiplexity, Meaning In
Structure

In this paper, we attempt to derive the different meanings given to a particular type of tie by different
actors from the structure of the network itself. We argue that differences in the meaning given to a type
of tie—in this case, personal lending—arise from the way ostensibly similar actors are differentially
exposed to disparate contexts, including different exogenous network domains, within a social ecology
of multiple networks. Our argument is based on a descriptive and Exponential Random Graph Model
analysis of a network of over 3500 personal loans involving over 2200 persons in Renaissance
Florence. Within this large directed network, we find the existence of a strong component consisting of
301 nodes and 703 ties. We demonstrate that lending outside the strong component was sparser,
unreciprocated, and typically conducted within family, in accordance with traditional Florentine mores
about lending. Ties within the strong component, in contrast, were embedded in more complex
structures of reciprocation, cyclicity, and transitivity, and participants were significantly more frequently
exposed to participation in the world of Florentine business and public administration. Thus one part of
Florentine lending was traditional, and another part commercialized. ERGM reveals that a two-way
mixed model approach, one that combines features of Markov and Realization Dependent models, as
well as one with structural and attributional effects provides the best possible fit to this ‘real-world’
network of directed ties. In addition, the models demonstrate that higher order triangulation effects are
crucial to obtaining converging models and good fits.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 207


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Discourse Networks and Environmental News: The Promise of Network Analysis within
Qualitative Research.

Mark C. Stoddart
Howard Ramos
David B. Tindall

Qualitative Network Studies (Lecture)

Qualitative Approaches, Discourse Analysis, Two-mode Networks, Media

Social network analysis has traditionally been identified with quantitative approaches to research design
and analysis. However, its techniques are also usefully applied to qualitative data. Network analysis
offers a means of mapping relationships among not only social actors, but also discursive themes.
Drawing upon media coverage of environmental conflict in British Columbia and Nova Scotia, Canada,
we illustrate how network analysis can amplify qualitative research. We use network analysis and
qualitative data software to show how claims, or discursive themes, are in fact nodal points of more
complex networks. This technique preserves the integrity of qualitative data but also allows researchers
to map the large-scale connections among discursive themes, claims-makers, and media outlets. It
offers a promising approach to mixed method research.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 208


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Discovering new roles of journalists using social network analysis and twitter

Katarina Stanoevska-Slabeva
Miriam Meckel
Jana Eberman
Thomas Plotkowiak
Matthes Fleck

Twitter Networks (Lecture)

Information Exchange, Social Network Analysis, New Media Ecosystem, Information Brokerage, Social
Media, Iran Elections

The Twitter coverage of the Iranian election is not the first precedent where user generated content and
social media have caught global attention (Morozov, 2009) (Zuckerman, 2009).
Based on the theory of the "Two-Step Flow of Communication" (Lazarsfeld et Al., 1948) and methods of
Social Network Analysis, this paper analyzes the twitter networks of professional journalists and
bloggers in the Iranian context in order to describe their new role in the social media ecosystem. On the
example of the journalist Robert Mackey, we investigated how he is using social media as a potential
information source. We then analyzed the information flow from his sources to his readers based on his
twitter accounts and his blog. Analyzing betweenness measures and determining his position in the
network consisting of 35 sources and 210 readers we were able to observe that Mackeys position in the
information process about Iran shows characteristics of an information brokerage role (Burt, 1999). To
verify this finding we analyzed over 100.000 tweets of his twitter readers and found that while some of
his very Iran interested readers prefer to obtain information directly from the original sources most of his
readers choose to use him as a source of information instead. Based on the results we were able to
show the emergence of new media ecosystems (Bowman and Willis, 2005) where professional
journalists are trying to find a more authentic and conversational role with their audience. The identified
network structure shows, that social media like twitter might have the potential to change the media
production and reception processes dramatically.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 209


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Discovering scientific communities using conference network

Alejandro Mussi
Aliaksandr Birukou
Fabio Casati
Luca Cernuzzi

Community (Lecture)

Centrality, Community Structure, Community Networks, Conference Networks

This paper presents an algorithm and a tool for discovering scientific communities. Several approaches
have been proposed to discover community structure applying clustering methods over different
networks, such as co-authorship and citation networks. However, most existing approaches do not allow
for overlapping of communities, which are instead natural when we consider communities of scientists.
The approach presented in this paper combines different clustering algorithms for detecting overlapping
scientific communities, based on conference publication data. The Community Engine Tool (CET)
implements the algorithm and was evaluated using the DBLP dataset, which contains information on
more than 12 thousand conferences. The results show that using our approach it is possible to
automatically produce community structure close to human-defined classification of conferences. The
approach is part of a larger research effort aimed at studying how scientific communities are born,
evolve, remain healthy or become unhealthy (e.g., self-referential), and eventually vanish.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 210


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Discovering the Network Structures that Support Massive Distributed Collaboration in Wikipedia

Lev Muchnik
Sinan Aral

Organizations and Networks (Lecture)

Wikipedia, Collaboration Network

Wikipedia is perceived by many as a set of flourishing online collaboration projects. However, only 23
out of 268 Wikipedias in different languages exceed the size of a typical encyclopedia, while in majority
of projects the rate of new contributions actually decreases.
In this paper we make use of the transparency of the communication between Wikipedia contributors
and the entire history of the evolution of Wikipedias in different languages. We conceptualize Wikipedia
projects as different instances of distributed, collaborative knowledge creation projects in which distinct
sets of individuals operate in identical setups striving to achieve similar goals. By analyzing the
dynamics of each Wikipedia, the details of their changes and edits and the network structure and details
of the interactions of its contributors, we identify the collaboration patterns associated with the
successful growth or subsequent failure of different projects.
More specifically, the work consists of two parts. First, we define and study a number of measures which
utilize the Wikipedia network structure, detailed records of changes to encyclopedia content and usage
rates of each page (Page Views) to assess the success of each Wikipedia project. Second, we quantify
communication patterns between contributors and identify those which are most correlated with the
success or failure of the project.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 211


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Distance Measures for Dynamic Citation Networks

Michael J. Bommarito
Daniel M. Katz
Jonathan Zelner
James H. Fowler

Algorithms and Analytic Methods (Lecture)

Measures, Citation Networks, Dynamic Networks

Acyclic digraphs arise in many natural and artificial processes. Among the broader set, dynamic citation
networks represent a substantively important form of acyclic digraphs. For example, the study of such
networks includes the spread of ideas through academic citations, the spread of innovation through
patent citations, and the development of precedent in common law systems. The specific dynamics that
produce such acyclic digraphs not only differentiate them from other classes of graphs, but also provide
guidance for the development of meaningful distance measures. In this article, we develop and apply
our sink distance measure together with the single-linkage hierarchical clustering algorithm to both a
two-dimensional directed preferential attachment model as well as empirical data drawn from the first
quarter century of decisions of the United States Supreme Court. Despite applying the simplest
combination of distance measures and clustering algorithms, analysis reveals that more accurate and
more interpretable clusterings are produced by this scheme.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 212


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Diversity of Aggregate Neighborhood Network Exposures and Adolescent Problem Behavior:


The Case of Immigrant Concentrated Neighborhoods

Christopher R. Browning
Lauren J. Krivo
Mei-Po Kwan
Heather Washington
Aubrey Jackson
Jodi Ford

Geographic and Social Space (Lecture)

Adolescents, Multilevel Analysis, Deviance, Community Networks

Research examining neighborhood effects on adolescents has emphasized the role of residential
neighborhood characteristics. Yet, individuals maintain “activity spaces” that often include
non-residential neighborhoods. In the aggregate, neighborhoods are embedded in larger networks of
neighborhoods based on patterns of external neighborhood exposure among residents. Focusing on
Latino immigrant enclaves, we argue that the aggregate level of diversity with respect to Latino
immigrant concentration characterizing non-residential neighborhood exposures increases problem
behavior among local Latino youth. Latino enclaves with residents who are exposed to more diversity
(and lower levels of immigrant concentration) in the neighborhood network will face challenges in
reinforcing shared normative orientations rooted in immigrant status, with implications for the informal
social control of youth. Using data from the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Study, we
operationalize diversity using kernel density measures of individual non-residential activity space
(capturing routine activities, e.g., going shopping, to church, or to work) for samples of adults from 34
immigrant-concentrat ed census tracts in LA County. Neighborhoods with more variability in the means
of immigrant concentration characterizing activity spaces are considered more diverse. Results of
multilevel non-linear models of sexual activity and substance use indicate that diversity is associated
with sexual activity and drug use among 1st generation Latino youth. These findings demonstrate that
the protective effect of “immigrant enclaves” may be tempered by the characteristics of the larger
neighborhood network to which residents are exposed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 213


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Do Central Players Perform Better?

Eva M. Eckenhofer

Social Capital (Lecture)

Social Capital, Trust, Academic Networks, Social Network Analysis, Performance, Network Structure

Social Capital, the outcome for individuals from networks with shared norms and values, has already
been discussed as a driver for innovation and performance improvement. Social Capital is a resource
embedded in social structures, which can be accessed as well as mobilized in purposive actions. The
functions of Social Capital are transparency, which reduces transaction costs by improving information
flow and rationalization, which reduces uncertainty and increases flexibility, leading to enhanced
performance and innovation. There exist various theories about social resources and structures leading
to Social Capital, discussing whether network closure or the absence of ties is the key to success.
Nevertheless little is known about the relation between network centrality and Social Capital. Therefore
this paper aims to contribute to the discussion by analyzing in a case study the structural position of
actors who are rich in Social Capital. Additionally it will be assessed if those actors who are central in
the social network are the ones with the highest performance. This study was based on an online survey
of 50 students from a Czech University, who form a network of doctoral students. For the detection of
Social Capital a procedure developed and tested in the European Values Study Surveys was applied
and the relational data has been analysed by social network analysis using UCINET.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 214


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Do changes in the personal networks of immigrants over time reflect a process of integration in
the host society?

Miranda J. Lubbers
José L. Molina
Chris Mccarty

Personal (Egocentric) Networks (Lecture)

Migration, Personal Networks

In this paper, we analyzed how the personal networks of immigrants change over time with increasing
length of residence in the host society. International migration disrupts personal networks, and
considerable time evolves before the networks are reconstructed. We argue that the process of network
reconstruction reflects the process of integration in the host society. Of a larger sample of four groups of
immigrants in Barcelona (Argentineans, Dominicans, Moroccans, and Senegalese) interviewed in
2004-2006, 77 respondents were re-interviewed two years later. At both observations, respondents
were asked to nominate 45 alters, and to provide information about alter and relationship attributes and
about the relationships among alters. We tested whether overall, we could observe a tendency toward
integration, with a larger number of Spanish alters, stronger relations with Spanish alters, a higher
centrality of Spanish alters, and stronger interrelations among alters of different groups. Based on
previous results showing that indicators of tie strength were poorly correlated among immigrants, we
furthermore tested whether these indicators became more correlated over time. Last, we tested whether
immigrants with longer residence in Spain had more stable networks than more recent immigrants.
Overall, a tendency toward integration was not found. Change patterns were diverse, with some
migrants showing a tendency toward – in Berry’s terms – integration, a few toward assimilation and
others toward separation. Results indicated that a high turnover of network members was associated
with a considerable structural stability. We discuss how we distinguished real change from temporal
instability.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 215


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Does Context Matter in The Social Networks of Low-Income Women

Silvia Dominguez
Tenille Allen

Mixed Methods Network Studies (Lecture)

Structure Variation, Homophily, Culture, Immigration, Network Composition, Poverty

Wilson (1987) spearheaded the argument that concentrated levels of poverty


in a neighborhood have deleterious consequences for its residents. Central
to this notion is that socioeconomic homogeneity leaves residents socially
isolated, without relationships or exposure to working and middle class
people. These arguments have pushed policymakers to consider ways in which
public housing residents can have access to diverse social networks.
Consequently, many formerly low-income housing developments are changing
through the Housing Opportunities for People Everywhere VI (HOPE VI) program
and other initiatives into mixed-income developments. Using longitudinal
ethnographic data collected in Chicago and Boston, we ask if context matters
when it comes to developing heterogeneity in the social networks of
low-income African-American women living in a mixed income development and
Latin-American women living in a traditionally homogeneous public housing
development. Our findings indicate that context does not matter; instead
the development, composition, and activation of social networks were more
reflective of the cultural background and the historical nature of race
relations in the locality.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 216


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Does university generate social capital? The role of university-based social networks in the
university-to-job transition

Cristiana Martini
Monica Palmas
Giovanna Galli

Social Capital (Lecture)

Social Capital, Labor Markets, Education, Careers, Job Search, Human Capital

Tertiary education is not only a powerful means to develop human capital, but also an important source
of social opportunities in the Granovetter’s perspective of the labour market. During their formative
career, students meet many people who could enhance quality and quantity of the “weak ties” in their
social network; above all, other students (in the same or in different disciplines), characterised by
common interests, and common, or complementary, professionalism, some of which will become the
future ruling class. Italian universities do not have the same illustrious tradition of fraternities and
sororities as the American universities, nevertheless some personal ties hold out for several years after
graduation, and can provide excellent sources of professional information exchange, counselling,
recommendation. Other forms of social capital provided at university are the connections with teachers,
but also with people working in companies, especially in recent years, when many universities have
implemented formal collaborations with the labour market. In this note we present results from a survey
conducted on MSc graduates of the Faculty of Communication and Economic Studies at the University
of Modena and Reggio Emilia. Students who graduated in the last year and those graduated two years
before are interviewed by telephone about their professional outcomes, the size, strength and
composition of the social network generated at the university, and the professional usefulness of this
network. The analysis of two cohorts of graduates allows to assess the persistence over time of
university-based social capital.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 217


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Dynamic Bag-of-Word Construction through Amazon Customer Reviews

Hauke Fuehres
Jonas Krauss
Stefan Nann
Peter Gloor
Detlef Schoder

Words and Networks (Lecture)

Sentiment, Product Reviews, Dynamic Bag-of-word

Classic sentiment retrieval focuses on a particular domain like product or movie reviews and applies
dictionary/bag-of-wo rd methods. These approaches are static in regard to the structure of their
bag-of-word and the domain being analyzed. This project’s goal is to construct a dynamic bag-of-word
(DBoW) for any given context through utilizing Amazon’s product categories as a taxonomy and
Amazon’s customer reviews as a training dataset. By applying social network analysis metrics,
relevance levels of individual customer reviews will be considered in order to achieve higher DBoW
quality (e.g. helpful reviews will be considered as more relevant). This will lead to a holistic sentiment
model suitable for classification of documents from any given domain.
The approach consists of two steps: first, a given word or phrase, representing the context/subject
domain, is classified based on Amazon’s product taxonomy. Fuzziness is applied to find all potential
matches. In case of multiple matches the match with the highest degree of similarity will be chosen, or
manual selection will be applied. Second step is the construction of a dictionary consisting of positive
and negative words/phrases specifically adapted to the identified domain. Construction uses positive
and negative customer reviews for products from the domain as training dataset. The social network of
customers will provide clues about a review’s individual impact for the DBoW construction.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 218


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Dynamics of Teachers’ Mathematics Networks and Mathematics Instruction

Chong min Kim


Kenneth A. Frank

Dynamic Networks (Lecture)

Knowledge Networks, Dynamic Network Analysis, Social Network, Education, Meta Analysis, Siena

Recent evidence suggests that a teachers’ social network has a significant effect on the teacher’s
norms, learning in communities of practice, distributed leadership, and the diffusion of innovations.
Nevertheless, little effort has been made to estimate co-evolving networks and behaviors in education.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the social selection and dynamics in teachers’ mathematics
network and instruction. Research questions were that 1) Do teachers’ social networks relate to their
instruction? If yes, what actors might account for the patterns observed in these social networks? 2)
How do teachers’ mathematics network and instruction change over two years? What can explain this
dynamics? Sample was 209 teachers across 10 schools in 2007 and 2008. The P2 4.0 and SIENA 3.2
were used for selection and actor-oriented models respectively. The finding show that prior mathematics
network, same grade taught and same subgroup accounted for the pattern of interaction in selection
modeling and that reciprocated dyad network, transitive triplets’ network, same grade taught and same
subgroup explained the dynamics of mathematics network in micro and macro actor-oriented modeling.
The results suggest that teachers’ mathematics network can improve mathematics instruction by setting
formal (grade) and informal (subgroup) structure.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 219


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Dynamics of multilevel networks in market organization: the case of a trade show

Emmanuel Lazega
Julien Brailly
Josiane Chatellet
Guillaume Favre
Marie Jourda

Multilevel Network Analysis (Lecture)

Network Dynamics, Multilevel Networks, Entrepreneurship, Labor Markets, Markets, Interorganizational


Networks

We present the first steps of a network study of market organization based on the observation and
analysis of scheduled meetings between sellers, buyers, distributors, advertisers and producers at an
international trade show for television programs. We use a “linked-design” approach in which each level
(inter-individual and inter-organizational ) constitutes a specific exchange system of different resources
among actors present at this commercial event. We examine levels separately, but also jointly. We raise
the issue of the dynamics of such multilevel structures and provide a first approach to such dynamics by
looking at individual actors’ trajectories over time in the labor market created by the inter-organizational
network of companies represented at this fair.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 220


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

ERGMs vs Latent Space Models: Comparing their goodness-of- fit for Kapferer's tailor shop
network

Nicola Soriani
Mark S. Handcock

Methods and Statistics (Lecture)

Latent Cluster Random Effects Models, Exponential-family Random Graph Models, Goodness-of-fit

One of the goal in social network analysis is to obtain models that are able to reflect the observed
network. In this context, it is central to develop general tools that allow to evaluate goodness and
flexibility of the different modeling approaches proposed in the literature.
In this contribution we compare goodness of fit [Hunter et al., 2008] of the exponential-family random
graph models (ERGMs) in their new geometrically alternative specification [Hunter, 2007], and the
Latent Cluster random effects models [Krivitsky et al., 2009]. Data on the Kapferer's tailor shop are used
[Kapferer, 1972] and results from the two modeling approaches are evaluated in terms of characteristics
not explicitly in either model (degree, minimum geodesic distance, edge-wise and dyad-wise shared
partners distributions).

Latent clusters random effects models are considered more flexible for their ability to model
simultaneously many important network features (transitivity, homophily, community structure,...) while,
on the contrary, ERGMs are extremely sensitive to model specification. Despite of these models
characteristics, preliminary results show that networks generated by ERGMs are closer to the observed
ones.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 221


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

ETHICS

Keely Eyre
Ben Johnson
Ian Mcculloh

Academic and Scientific Networks III (Lecture)

Ideology, Ethics, Co-authorship Network

This paper investigates how ethical beliefs might influence co-authorship in an academic environment.
Social network data is collected where the nodes consist of individuals who posted comments in
reference to a statement on insna.org's SOCNET ListServe that the military only uses social networks to
kill people. Nodes also include people who, in the last five years, co-authored with the individuals
posting comments to the ListServe. Multi-plex relations represent co-location, affiliation, co-authorship,
and beliefs concerning the military's use of social network analysis. Findings suggest that ethical beliefs
concerning the military are correlated with clustering in the co-authorship networks.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 222


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Ecological Dynamics of Discourse in Scientific Communities

Drew B. Margolin

Words and Networks (Lecture)

Citation Networks, Discourse Analysis

This research theorizes and tests the proposition that discourse within social communities exhibits
patterns found in biological and organizational ecology. The dynamics explored include density
dependence, cooperation and competition, and path dependence. The scarcity of attention is treated as
the fundamental resource constraint. To gain attention, it is argued that texts must be recognized as
both comprehensible -- likely to demand a limited amount of attention -- and meaningful -- likely to yield
useful insights when attention is granted. It is argued that to facilitate the production of meaningful texts,
communities develop constitutive rules that distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable terms,
statements, and configurations there-of. These constitutive rules serve as selective pressures,
legitimating the use of some terms and statements over others, leading to ecological patterns.

Data are drawn from abstracts, keywords and citations from scientific papers in nanotechnology and its
sub-fields. Discursive communities are identified using techniques for identifying scientific sub-field
communities from citation and co-citation networks. Texts are analyzed longitudinal patterns in the
frequency of usage of individual terms (density dependence), the co-occurrence of terms (cooperation
and competition), and correspondence with features of prior discourse (path dependence).

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 223


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Economic Credit in Renaissance Florence

John F. Padgett
Paul D. Mclean

Networks, Economics, and Markets (Lecture)

This paper analyzes 5000 economic credits among 400 companies in Renaissance Florence, to
determine both their network topology and their social embeddedness. The findings illustrate that
commercial credit at that time was a mixture between anthropological gift-giving and extremely
sophisticated mathematical accounting. A new theory of markets, based on clearing through reputation
rather than clearing through prices, is proposed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 224


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Economic Networks and Regional Instability

Iain J. Cruickshank
Dan Evans

International Networks (Lecture)

Terrorism, Economic Networks, Longitudinal Analysis

Economic conditions underlie many of the conflicts in the world, to include fomentation of radical
ideologies. In contemporary society, many of these radical ideologies form the bases for terrorism and
other salient points of conflict. This research seeks to statistically correlate international trade conditions,
both local with the trading entity and the global network as a whole, to regions where radical ideologies
are present. Prior to this investigation, there has been significant work investigating the impacts that
terrorism and other security threats have on economic conditions. However, very little research has
examined the relationship between economic conditions and formation of terrorist groups. This project
examines annual global trade data from 1948 to 2000 to develop a global trade network. From there,
nodes are given attributes according to whether radical terrorist groups exist within their borders during
the given annual time frame. Then a series of analyses are conducted to determine which
economic-based network factors are significant in the terrorist regions in the network. These analyses
were conducted using statistical inference to determine whether the measures were significant on a
local, subgroup level as well as for the network as a whole. Most notable among these measures were
centrality, flux of volume of trade, and connection density. Thus, form the analyses applied in this
project, a significant correlation exists between economic conditions and the presence of radical terrorist
ideologies in a region.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 225


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Effect of Background, Attitudinal and Social Network Variables on PhD Students’ Academic
Performance. A Multimethod Approach

Lluis Coromina
Aina Capo
Jaume Guia
Germa Coenders

Mixed Methods Network Studies (Lecture)

Mixed Methods, Academic Networks, Education, Ego-centered Networks, Performance, PhD Students

The aim of the study is to predict the academic performance for PhD students with a multimethod
approach. First, we use a quantitative approach to find out which variables predict performance. Then,
we use a qualitative method to attempt to understand some unexpected results from the previous
quantitative analysis.
In the quantitative analysis, we first collect the data through a web survey of PhD students and their
supervisors. The explanatory variables represent different characteristics of the PhD students’ research
groups, understood as social networks; and also background and attitudinal characteristics of the PhD
students and their supervisors. The academic performance of PhD students is measured by the
weighted number of publications and conference presentations. Then, we specify a separate regression
model for each of the three types of variable. Later we combine them, we find that only background and
attitudinal variables are valid predictors of PhD student academic performance. However, the literature
on PhD student success stresses the importance of the research group and social networks. Therefore,
we decided to conduct a qualitative analysis to try to uncover the reasons why the quantitatively
measured network variables fail to translate into increased student’s performance.
The goal of the qualitative study is, thus, to understand the PhD students’ point of view and to better
know what or who fostered or hindered their research performance. We collected data using in-depth
interviews with extreme/deviant case sampling and typical case sampling techniques. The qualitative
research shows networking as important for students. Out of the 115 aspects that students mention in
the interviews as relevant to publishing, 92 have to do with their supervisors, their research group or
their network as a whole. Similarly, out of the 50 hindrances mentioned, 20 have to do with the networks
or relations. The most commonly mentioned network related helpful topics are research group members
pushing PhD students to publish, meeting researchers outside the research group, existence of other
PhD students in the group, help with the PhD from group members, supervisor’s interest in the thesis,
the possibility of discussing with experts on the PhD topic and frequent contact with the supervisor and
research group members.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 226


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Effects of Change Adoption on Social Networks in Organizations

Florian Schloderer

Innovation and Diffusion (Lecture)

Network Dynamics, Diffusion, Organizational Change, Intra-organizational Networks

Previous studies on the diffusion of change in organizations usually draw on three basic assumptions.
First, they assume that social networks affect the adoption of change. Second, these studies usually
explain the transformation of networks by fundamental social processes that occur independently from
organizational change (such as homophily), and third, they suppose that social networks remain static
during the change adoption process. However, these assumptions ignore the fact that social networks
do not only affect, but can also be affected by the adoption of organizational change. In this paper,
theoretical mechanisms are discussed that explain why and how actors transform their social networks
in the context of organizational change. To explore the effect of change adoption on the transformation
of social networks, a dataset is gathered with full network data of an organization in which major
organizational change is implemented. To analyze this dataset, dynamic actor-oriented models
developed by Snijders (2001, 2005) are used. Finally, the implications of this new perspective for a
successful implementation of organizational change are discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 227


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Effects of Individual and Group-Level Properties on the Robustness of Emergency-Phase


Communication Networks

Sean M. Fitzhugh

Network properties (Network Robustness) (Lecture)

Communication Networks, Disaster Response, Network Structure, Social Networks, Robustness

Maintaining network connectivity is essential to carry out complex, coordination-heavy tasks. Disaster
response networks tend to be hub-dominated and therefore rely heavily on the most connected
members of the network to disseminate information. In the case of the response to the World Trade
Center attacks of September 11th, 2001, the most connected members of disaster response teams
were often actors in coordinative roles. This paper examines the importance of these actors by
simulating several systematic node failures. The effect of node failures on network connectivity depends
on the type of network—specialist or non-specialist—and who is being targeted — random actors,
actors in coordinative roles, or high-degree actors. Using robustness scores which I derive by simulating
failure of these three types of actors, I compare robustness across networks to see which of these
networks are most vulnerable to which types of node failures. Furthermore, comparing the results of
these failures across different measurements of connectivity—direct and mutual connectivity and isolate
formation—yields information on how these failures dismantle these networks. I find that specialist
networks are most vulnerable to loss of high degree actors, who often tend to be those in coordinative
roles. Once those nodes fail, the remaining nodes tend to be isolated, without a contact in the network.
On the contrary, non-specialist networks tend to remain relatively connected (and produce fewer
isolates) when their coordinators are removed. Both remain quite susceptible to degree-targeted
failures.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 228


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Ego-network cards as tool for studying transmission of local culinary and medicinal knowledge
of Tyrolean’s who emigrated to Peru, Australia and Brazil

Ruth Haselmair
Heidemarie Pirker
Elisabeth Kuhn
Christian R. Vogl

Qualitative Network Studies (Lecture)

Qualitative Approaches, Knowledge Transfer, Personal Networks

Local Knowledge is context specific knowledge that is dynamic due to it’s changing ecological, social
and economic environment. Research on dynamics of local knowledge is important to better
understand influencing variables on this specific body of knowledge, and the process of its
transformation and it’s transmission. In a research project, in 2008 and 2009, personal networks of
sources of local knowledge of emigrated Tyrolean’s were visualized using network cards in Peru,
Brazil and Australia. The purpose of the study is to gain more insight on the process of transmission of
local knowledge looking at Tyrolean emigrants in three different migration contexts. Simple white
paper sheets were used to create network cards in combination with qualitative interviews, giving
informants room for narratives related to actors of their ego-network. Qualitative hermeneutic analysis
of the narratives and quantitative analysis of the ego-network cards were combined to gain more
insight on the process of transmission of local knowledge and about sources of knowledge. The
migration context and its infrastructure have influence on quantity and kind of sources of local
knowledge, whereas similarities can be found looking at role, gender and personal distance of persons
as knowledge sources. Human sources and especially kinship plays an important role transmitting
culinary knowledge, whereas in the case of medicine plants non human sources are used more often.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 229


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Eliciting Personal Social Networks through Diagrams

Lixiu Yu
Jeffrey V. Nickerson

Collecting Network Data (Methods) (Poster)

Visualization, Personal Networks, Cognitive Science, Diagrams

We can gain insight into the perceptions of ties between people


through the diagrams used to represent these ties. The results of four
participant studies of personal social network diagramming are
presented, focused on creation, evaluation, manipulation, and
mediation. In the diagram creation study, diagrams were collected from
both face-to-face and online participants, through a vector-based
drawing tool we developed. In the diagram evaluation study, a set of
pre-drawn diagrams were presented to participants who were asked for
their preferences. In the interactive study, we provided pre-drawn
diagrams whose topology could be manipulated on line until the
visualizations felt appropriate to the participants. Finally, in the
study of mediation, participants were asked to draw their social
network together with the devices and software used to communicate
with alters.

The visual methods we have developed and tested provide additional


information by eliciting spatial information that correlate with
emotional bonds such as the intimacy of a relationship. Specifically,
those people and technologies playing particular roles in a person’s
life are represented regularly in certain positions, measured both by
distance and angle in relation to the ego.

The techniques we have developed have been used online through


crowdsourcing marketplaces to elicit networks and the nature of links
in the network. Together, our studies show that both the topology and
the Euclidean characteristics of the elicited, evaluated, and
manipulated diagrams provide important information. This work can be
applied to the automated visualization of electronically mediated
social networks, as well as to the elicitation of personal social
networks.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 230


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Eliciting communities from personal network visualizations: ties, groups and communities

Romina Cachia
Isidro Maya-Jariego

Mixed Methods Network Studies (Lecture)

Personal Networks, Community, New Media

This study contributes to the debate on personal networks and communities, and attempts to explore a
possible link in the context of new media and mobility. The research has been undertaken using
personal network analysis, interviews and questionnaires, on a sample of 15 foreign individuals residing
in Seville, aged between 24 and 37 years. The paper investigates a new approach for eliciting
communities through personal networks and also identifies various characteristics of the communities
elicited. It also explores the sense of community experienced with a selection of the groups and the
communities and the major characteristics of the personal networks derived. Results indicate that the
personal networks method generated three times more communities than the spontaneous method.
Through the examination of this method, it became clear that the role of groups cannot be ignored
because for many respondents groups and communities are interrelated. This study shows that while
communities provide a latent over arching sense of community, groups provide a higher, more specific
and functional sense of belonginess. Of the communities identified, communities outside Seville
predominated showing the significant role of new media technologies in how respondents connected
with their groups and communities. Six different typologies of respondents´ own visualisations of their
personal networks have been identified reflecting egos’ perception of their own networks.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 231


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Elitist and Pluralist Interlocking Networks across the World

Julian Cardenas

Interlocking Directorates (Lecture)

Interlocking Directorates

The empirical literature of power structures and interlocking directorates requires an up-to-date
comparative study among national power structures to figure out the emergence of new maps of power.
First, we compare corporate networks and director networks of twelve developed countries using data of
50 largest corporations and their board of directors in 2005. After applying multivariate analysis of MDS
and hierarchical clustering we differentiate an Elitist type of power networks based on structural
cohesion, centralization and multiple directorship interlocks –Italy, Spain, France, Canada, Germany,
Netherlands and Sweden; and a Pluralist type based on autonomy, cut-points and single directorship
interlocks typical of United Kingdom, Japan, Switzerland, US and Australia. Similarities and differences
are explained by institutional structures: financial market, state intervention and ownership–control.
Second, we embed national structures in the international corporate and director networks to discuss
the transnationalization of national elites and the struggles between elites through mergers and
acquisitions.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 232


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Email networks and social networks in organizations. A study of a medium-sized bank

Rebeka Lex
Balazs Kovacs
Andras Vicsek

Communication Networks (Lecture)

Recently there has been a surge in the availability of online data on


the connections among people, and these new online data have been
increasingly used to map the social structures of communities. There
have been less research, however, on how these new types of relational
data correspond to classical measures of social networks. To fill this
gap, we aim to contrast the structure of an email network with the
underlying friendship and advice-seeking networks. Our dataset
contains detailed email communications among employees of a
medium-sized bank, and of a survey of the ego networks of the
employees. We find that although the email structure is related to the
underlying social structure, emails are not perfect proxies for social
networks. Thus, we argue, researchers should be cautious in merely
relying on email data to map social networks.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 233


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Emergence of core groups in dynamic sexual contact networks

Boris V. Schmid
Mirjam Kretzschmar

Infectious Diseases and Social Networks (Lecture)

HIV/STD, Sex Networks, Dynamic Networks, Agent Based Models, Emergent Behaviour

Heterosexual contact networks typically are sparsly connected dynamic contact networks, with a small
group of highly connected `core group members'. In epidemiological studies, these core group members
are defined by their observed behaviour, such as a high numbers of partners in a given time period, or
the presence of casual partnerships concurrent to a steady relationship. However, in many of the
models used to describe the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STI) through sexual contact
networks, being member of a core group is defined as a state that one acquires at birth or by chance,
and loses somewhere during its lifetime. Typically in such models core member have a different rule set
for pair formation than the one used by non-core members.

Here we show how abandoning the assumption of a pre-defined core-membership state for a model in
which core-membership behaviour is the result of local network interactions, affects both the network
structure and the properties of disease spread in a small actor-based model of 40,000 hosts. In the
latter, core membership behaviour is an emergent property based on a set of pair formation rules which
are the same for all individuals in the population. Pair formation is influenced by the local network
structure of individuals and therefore network structure evolves by self-organization. The fixed core-state
and evolving core models in this comparison are otherwise identical, and fitted to the same data sets
from sexual behaviour surveys.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 234


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Emerging Perceptions: Using Longitudinal Analysis to Examine the Dynamic Power Structures
in Networks

Kasey L. Walker

Cognitive Social Structures (Lecture)

Communication Networks, Collaboration, Siena, Cognitive Social Structures, Longitudinal Analysis

This manuscript argues for a dynamic understanding of the “recursive relationships between observable
communication and cognitive social structures” (Monge & Contractor, 2003, p. 197). Drawing on
previous work in this area, this manuscript asks us to reconsider cognitive social structures as an
emergent phenomenon. Through longitudinal modeling and a multilevel approach, we can better
understand the (re)enactment of cognitive social structures over time. Research has focused on (1)
explaining how a person constructs a particular cognitive social structure (e.g., attributional effects such
as hierarchical position) and (2) explaining consensus among actors or accuracy relative to the
observed network or the consensual cognitive structure (e.g., relational effects such as other social
network ties). Furthermore, research has linked a person or group’s ability to match the consensual
cognitive structure with increased influence, reputation, and the ability to organize. All of these
explanations, however, can benefit from understanding how these structures emerge over time and how
they are influenced by actor attributes as well as overall network structure and relationships external to
the network being studied. The manuscript then provides a case study of an engineering collaboration
using longitudinal analysis (SIENA) that examines how this approach to can add to our current
conceptions of perception—to extend our theorizing about mechanisms that explain the emergence and
impact of cognitive social structures.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 235


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Emotional Support and Information Networks in a Mental Health Client-based Advocacy


Organization

Dahlia Fuentes
Bettie Reinhardt

Intra-Organizational Networks (Lecture)

Mental Health, Advocacy Organization, Client Empowerment And Recovery

Consistent with the recovery movement, mental health advocacy organizations emphasize client
empowerment through peer-led outreach, advocacy, support, and educational programs. Active
participation in the organization’s operations and governance by mental health service clients and
families is encouraged and fostered. Yet, the extent in which an organization's structure reflects client
empowerment remains unclear. The focus of this study is to gain clarity about the information and
support structure and the operation of social networks among employees and board members of a
mental health advocacy organization in Southern California, USA. Network questions included who
individuals go to for information about mental health and/or recovery, as well as for emotional support.
Data was analyzed using UCINET. The correlations between each individual’s identification with mental
illness (i.e., self, family member, friend, or none) and whom they go to for emotional support or
information about recovery were calculated using Quadratic Assignment Procedure (QAP). Although the
associations are weak, statistically significant results demonstrate that individuals seek out their peer
group for information (r=0.109, p<0.05) and emotional support (r=0.130, p<0.05). Network diagrams
illustrate that clients and family members are sought for support and information, thus suggesting that
client and family empowerment is taking place through the networks of this organization. Network
analysis is a viable tool to help organizations identify and formalize peer support networks that promote
client empowerment and recovery.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 236


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Emotional Support and Tie Strength: Mechanisms through which Adolescent Friendship
Networks Influence Smoking

Cynthia M. Lakon

Social Networks and Health (Lecture)

Social Support, Adolescents, Network Mechanisms, Smoking

While studies have examined the relationship between social bonds and risk behavior among youth
populations, the mechanisms through which social networks promote risk behaviors among adolescents
warrant further explication. Past work has suggested the importance of examining emotional support as
a mechanism through which networks relate to health, however other work suggests the merit of
investigating other social processes. This study tests the simultaneous contribution of two social
processes -- emotional support transacted in friendships and the strength of friendship ties -- as
mechanisms through which characteristics of adolescent networks influence smoking behavior, to gain
insight into which social process more strongly accounts for the relationship between network
characteristics and adolescent smoking. These competing hypotheses are examined simultaneously
using a Structural Equation Modeling approach. This study utilizes data from the National Longitudinal
Study of Adolescent Health in grades 7 through 12.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 237


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Engineering Contagion: Identifying Optimal Seeding Strategies in Social Networks

Sinan Aral
Lev Muchnik
Arun Sundararajan

Innovation and Diffusion (Lecture)

Diffusion, HIV Risk, Product Adoption, Peer Influence, Seeding In Network Environment

Which key nodes should be targeted or seeded to achieve either the broadest adoption or the most
effective containment in a network? Here we develop and validate a framework for evaluating seeding
strategies in which correlated node outcomes may be caused by a combination of peer influence and
node homophily. While both may play significant roles in the diffusion of behaviors, beliefs and product
adoption through social networks [Aral et. al. PNAS 2009, 106:21544-21549], the presence of one rather
than the other implies very different optimal promotion or containment strategy.
Our approach uses robust identification of homophily-driven diffusion and peer influence from individual
and network characteristics, requires knowing only a small set of actual outcomes, and accommodates
incomplete information about network structure, making it especially useful for real-world problems
where complete data is rarely available. It integrates a pilot phase explicitly into the seeding strategy
where measured outcomes from limited exploratory seeding are used to simulate the effectiveness of
alternative policies and then optimally exploited in subsequent large-scale seeding. We test the
framework using a massive empirical data set containing 27 million subjects and hundreds of thousands
of adopters of a new mobile service product over 5 months.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 238


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Epistemic authorities and local mechanisms of coordination in the French biotech industry

Alvaro Pina-Stranger

Sesión Iberoamericana (Lecture)

ERGM/P*, Entrepreneurship, Interfirm Networks, Careers, Advice Network, Coordination

Collective learning is associated with entrepreneurs exchange forms. Between organizations,


coordination capabilities are limited by the absence of a formal hierarchy defining who has the "right to
know". In this context, the relational proximity induced by industrial co-localization facilitates the
emergence of coordination mechanisms. The analysis of the French Biotech entrepreneurs’
relationships allows us to highlight some of these mechanisms, in particular the existence of
differentiated roles in the local exchange system.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 239


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Estimating Hidden Population Size using Respondent-Driven Sampling Data

Mark S. Handcock
Krista J. Gile
Corinne M. Mar

Link-tracing Network Sampling (Lecture)

Sampling, Statistical Methods, Snowball Technique

Respondent-Driven Sampling (RDS, introduced by Heckathorn 1997) is an approach to sampling design


and inference in hard-to-reach populations. These populations are characterized by the difficulty in
sampling from them using standard probability methods. Typically, a sampling frame for the target
population is not available, and its members are rare or stigmatized in the larger population so that it is
prohibitively expensive to contact them through the available frames. Examples of such populations in a
behavioral and social setting include injection drug users, men who have sex with men, and female sex
workers.

Most analysis of RDS data has focused on estimating aggregate characteristics of the target population,
such as disease prevalence. However, RDS is often conducted in settings where the population size is
unknown and of great independent interest. In this paper, we present an approach to estimating the size
of a target population based on the data collected through RDS. This strategy uses the successive
sampling approximation to RDS introduced in Gile (2009) to leverage the information in the ordered
sequence of observed personal network sizes. We develop inference within the Bayesian framework
that allows prior knowledge of the population size to be incorporated. We show via a simulation study
and application to real data that these approaches also improve estimation of aggregate characteristics
based on RDS data.

This is joint work with Krista J. Gile (Nuffield College, Oxford) and Corinne M. Mar (University of
Washington).

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 240


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Ethical ties and network-based ethics in banking: the case of Cooperatives in the Greek
periphery

Theodoros Katerinakis

Networks and Culture (Values) (Lecture)

Economic Networks, Centrality, Behavior Change, Ethics, Change, Autonomy

Homo Communicans seems to prefer to be connected and stay in contact with their surrounding world.
Mutuality and social cohesion through sustainable finance, especially at a decentralized local level,
function as security mechanisms in the current era of turbulence. Non-commercial ties of buyers- sellers
matter in major purchases. Most such transactions take place among kin, friends, or acquaintances that
substitute impersonal markets, especially when decisions involve high uncertainty. Connectedness
rather than expertise prevails or risk favors reliance on friends and relatives in order to make decisions,
sustain and support them. This paper argues that connectedness resides in the network structure of a
cooperative. The paper proposes two further steps: (1) introduces social network analysis to visualize a
cooperative banking network, as the epicenter of an inclusive social network. The case study is
Cooperative Bank of Chania. (2) Connects trust and integrity with the central value of Greek culture
philotimo, a unique conscious arete of honor and pride, as expressed through acts of generosity and
sacrifice. It is a script of a collective programming of mind, matches with credibility, and the ritual of
keeping your word without reserving it in a contract. Philotimo has its anthropological roots in the poetics
of manhood disclosed in micro-communities of the Greek periphery. It is also consistent with virtue
ethics of Aristotle and kalokagathia as contributions of Greek economic thought. In Greek cooperative
banks, doing business is another facet of the social networking coin, where Homo Diktyous override
utilities of Homo Economicus.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 241


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Ethics and Social networks: Practical insights from mixed methods case study research

Barbara J. King
Mark S. Paine
Ruth I. Beilin

Philosophy of Networks (Lecture)

Mixed Methods, Social Network Analysis, Ethics, Real World Networks

Social network analysis is a powerful tool for mapping and analyzing social processes including the flow
of knowledge and communication. In real world networks the process by which SNA 'makes the invisible
visible and the intangible tangible’ raises a range of ethical questions about how network participants
need to be prepared and protected as part of the research process. Ethical consideration also needs to
be given to the processes of collecting and interpreting data to make certain it is valid and that SNA
research maintains its integrity as a method for addressing questions about relationships and social
processes.
The theory and practice of social network analysis has been extensively developed in recent decades. It
has become an increasingly popular method used in both academic and organizational network
research in real world settings. There is however limited development of ethical frameworks to support
real world application of SNA. In such settings ethical questions arise not only during the initial stages of
framing and planning research (pre-data collection consent, confidentiality) but also during subsequent
stages of data collection, member checking, analysis, recommendations and application of findings.

This paper will discuss ethical challenges that have emerged during empirical social research in two
separate Australian rural case study contexts. The first case study set out to address questions of
knowledge sharing (Project 3030) in relation to a complex agricultural innovation. The second was a
pilot study to consider community connectivity of Landcare groups involved with issues of local natural
resource management. Both projects used a mixed methodology approach with qualitative research
undertaken alongside SNA research. In both projects unanticipated ethical questions arose despite both
having formal university ethics clearance. Many emerging ethical questions are likely to be context
specific, but there is also a need for discussion among SNA real world researchers to consider generic
issues and how an appropriate ethics framework for SNA may be developed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 242


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Evaluating Cross Functional Teams in the Public Sector

Joss Douthwaite

Poster Session (Poster)

Organizations, Intra-organizational Networks, Collaboration, Teams, Management

Governments set up cross-functional teams so that the knowledge and resources of


several departments can be applied to problems requiring individual or innovative
solutions. The hope is that the staff seconded to these teams will find it easier to work
with their colleagues from other departments than if they remained under their
present administrative structures. This paper reports on the use of SNA to find out
the extent to which this happened when a team dealing with young people was set up.

The analysis showed that the basis on which staff were seconded to the new team
and the style of management they then received were crucial determinants of their
interactions and, consequently, to the flow of information and resources. This was
because seconded staff needed to maintain strong relationships with
colleagues in their home departments in order to make the resources of those
departments available to fellow team members. Equally, they needed to
establish strong relationships with other members of the team so that those
members knew what resources were available and felt able to ask for them.

Managing a cross-functional team therefore involves balancing the development


of internal cohesion on the one hand with the maintenance of strong external ties
on the other. The study concludes that managing a cross-functional team is very
different from managing a conventional one and that SNA is a valuable tool for
identifying weak links in a team's networks and improving its performance.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 243


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Evolución del concepto de redes sociales a partir de la utilización de las redes de sentido

Gabriel Vélez-Cuartas

Sesión Iberoamericana (Lecture)

Scientific Networks, Meaning Networks, Social Network, Social Network Analysis, Scientometrics, Social
Systems

Un estado general del arte sobre el concepto de redes sociales en la producción científica es
presentado. El estudio da cuenta de las principales concepciones metodológicas y teóricas asociadas al
concepto en la literatura en Inglés, Español y Portugués. Se toma el período de 1995 al 2008 y las
publicaciones Social Networks, Redes: Revista Hispana para el Análisis de Redes Sociales y artículos
tomados de las bases de datos JSTOR y SCIELO.
Hay pocos estudios sobre la evolución conceptual del término redes sociales. Uno de los estudios más
recientes fue el Loet Leydesdorff y otros autores publicado en la última edicion del 2008 de “El
Profesional de la Información”. En este estudio se presentan resultados relevantes a la producción de la
revista Social Networks desde el año 1985. Aquí se ha pretendido ampliar no sólo el objeto de estudio a
la producción en otros idiomas como el portugués y el español, sino también utilizar un modelo
metodológico diferente que ha permitido ampliar la base analítica.
El modelo utilizado ha sido el de redes de sentido el cual presenta un marco teórico metodológico
basado en los planteamientos de la teoría de sistemas sociales de Luhmann y el desarrollo de
herramientas metodológicas provenientes del análisis de redes sociales exploratorio. La redes de
sentido permiten distinguir grupos de textos por palabras, especialidades y referencias compartidas,
proyectando genealogías temáticas y evolución histórica conceptual. La herramienta analítica
fundamental del modelo es el concepto de componentes de distinciones el cual hace una fusión entre el
concepto de componentes débiles del análisis de redes sociales y el término distinción proveniente del
cálculo de la distinción de George Spencer-Brown y la sociología de Niklas Luhmann.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 244


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Evolution of creation field

Josep C. Bosch

Networks and Culture (Lecture)

Culture, Historical Networks, Event Data, Work, Fashion, Typology

Our study shows the transformation of the production field (from 1980 to 2005) of the professional
writers members of a professional organization (AELC). We study how change the complexity of the
tasks, the relationships with the media industry and with the literary genders, using data from a survey.,
We build with mutiresponse questions Russell-Rao matrixes to study the evolution of the networks.
Among the principal findings we find that networks of tasks follow generational profiles and reflect the
adaptation to the cultural market.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 245


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Evolutionary games on 2-mode networks

Jorge Peña
Yannick Rochat
Henri Volken

2-Mode Networks (Lecture)

Evolution, Cooperation, Agent Based Models

Evolutionary models attempt to predict whether a given trait can evolve by natural selection in a
population of reproducing or imitating individuals. Traditionally, such models assume infinite well-mixed
populations, so that evolution can be analytically described using differential equations. However, real
populations are finite and not well mixed. For instance, humans interact more often with friends than
with strangers. This realization has lead to the adoption of complex networks for modeling more
plausible population structures in evolutionary models. In such models individuals sit on the nodes of a
1-mode network and interactions are modeled by means of 2-player games played between nodes
sharing a common edge. Adopting this new formalism, several studies have shown how different
structural properties of the network (e.g. degree distributions and clustering) play an important role on
the outcome of evolutionary processes. For instance, clustered networks with highly heterogeneous
degree distributions seem to foster the evolution of cooperation in the 2-player Prisoner's Dilemma, Stag
Hunt and Snowdrift games.
In this work, we propose using 2-mode (a.k.a bipartite) networks instead of traditional 1-mode networks
as population structures for evolutionary game models. In our framework, games are conceptualized as
top nodes to which bottom nodes (players) are attached. This allows us to consider any n-player game
with n equal or greater than 2. Thus, general public goods games can be easily studied from a network
approach. We will show examples of the models that can be constructed using this framework and the
influence that different structural properties, such as top and bottom degree distributions and bipartite
clustering, have in the evolution of cooperation. Both real and model networks will be discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 246


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Evolving hypergraphs to appraise academic team formation processes

Carla Taramasco
Jean-Philippe Cointet
Camille Roth

Academic and Scientific Networks I (Lecture)

Knowledge Networks, Methods, Academic Networks, Dynamic Networks, Team Formation,


Hypergraphs

This paper quantitatively explores the social and socio-semantic patterns of constitution of academic
collaboration teams. To this end, we broadly underline two critical features of social networks of
knowledge-based collaboration: first, they essentially consist of group-level interactions which call for
team-centered approaches. Formally, this induces the use of hypergraphs and n-adic interactions,
rather than traditional dyadic frameworks of interaction such as graphs, binding only pairs of agents.
Second, we advocate the joint consideration of structural and semantic features, as collaborations are
allegedly constrained by both of them.
Considering these provisions, we propose a framework which principally enables us to empirically test a
series of hypotheses related to academic team formation patterns. In particular, we exhibit and
characterize the influence of an implicit group structure driving recurrent team formation processes. On
the whole, innovative production does not appear to be correlated with more original teams, while a
polarization appears between groups composed of experts only or non-experts only, altogether
corresponding to collectives with a high rate of repeated interactions.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 247


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Evolving issue positions, emerging conflicts: a longitudinal model of political campaign


dynamics

Jan Kleinnijenhuis

Semantic Network Analysis (Lecture)

Communication Networks, Political Networks, Balanced Triad, Conflict, Content Analysis, Longitudinal
Analysis

Political campaigns in a multi-party democracy amount to unstable political communication networks.


Parties have to choose whether they will distinguish themselves with unique issue positions, or whether
they will copy the issue positions of the most successful parties (in a 2-mode parties x issues network).
Furthermore they have to choose whether they should attack their ideological enemies, or their
ideological neighbors so as to knock out parties who attract ideologically nearby voters (in a 1-mode
parties x parties network). Moreover they have to reckon with the newsworthiness criteria of journalists.
Consistent issue positions, as well as attacks on traditional ideological enemies, may be considered as
old news by journalists.

The current paper presents a simultaneous longitudinal model of evolving issue positions (in the parties
x issues-network) and of emerging conflict or cooperation between parties (in the parties x parties
network). Theoretical notions like autoregression, reciprocity, transitivity, closure, and agreement will be
employed to specify the drivers of change. The data to estimate the parameters of the model come from
a daily content analysis (semantic network analysis) of the campaign coverage in print media and in
television news during the four months that preceded the five most recent national elections in the
Netherlands (1994-2006).

Preliminary versions of the model explain about one third of the variance in biweekly changes in the
campaign news networks. The data clearly show that the (1-mode party x party) network of conflict and
cooperation differ enormously from the (party x party) network that can be inferred from the (2-mode
party x issue-network of the) issue positions of parties. The model gives a cue why in some elections the
centrist Christian-Democrats and extreme parties could win, while in other elections moderate parties to
the left and the right of the political centre could win.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 248


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Examining Multiplexity in a Research Organization

Jonathon E. Mote
Jerald Hage

Intra-Organizational Networks (Lecture)

Multiplexity, Organizational Behavior, Research Networks, R&D

Organizations are arenas of cooperation, coordination and conflict. In addition to the formal relationships
defined by the organizational chart. Organization are comprised of a range of informal relationships
among individuals. These informal relationships structure into regularities and patterns that can be
understood in terms of social networks. In conjunction with, or in opposition to, the imposed patterns of
interaction found in formal organizational structures, these informal networks can have a dramatic
impact on how an organization works, influencing knowledge flow and transfer, work cooperation and
problem-solving, support, and even friendship. In short, it is crucial to understand these social networks
in order to understand how an organization functions.

In this article, we analyze multiple social networks at the Center for Satellite Applications and Research
(STAR), a research division of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). In
previous studies on STAR, we have examined networks based on project affiliations (Mote et al, 2008;
Mote et al, 2007). Although these analyses yielded interesting insights, looking at project affiliations is a
very limited way of understanding an organization’s social networks. In this current study, we sought to
examine the multiple ways that people interact at STAR. Looking at multiple networks offers the ability to
examine several different types of relationships and interactions within an organization. The condition of
simultaneous multiple networks is typically referred to as multiplexity. In this article, we explore multiple
social networks at STAR. In particular, we focused on three types of social networks that have been
identified as important in the organizational literature: communication, problem-solving and trust. Our
interest in these distinctions stems not only from the differences in content, but also because the
literature suggests that each may play a role in explaining organizational performance.

As in our previous articles, the social network analyses in this study were coupled with the research
environment survey. This allows us to uncover not only network structures, but the perceptions of the
actors as well. In this manner, we are able to identify whether there are any patterns among specific
networks, such as actors with high closeness in communication networks. An underlying assumption
here is that depending upon the position within the network, certain individuals may have more
knowledge about the characteristics of the processes of innovation at STAR.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 249


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Examining Online Organizational Development through the Extraction and Analysis of


Longitudinal Network Data from the World Wide Web

Matthew S. Weber
Peter Monge

Organizations and Networks (Lecture)

Organizations, Methods, Web Mining, Data Collection, Organizational Development, Online Networks

Since the mid 1990s, organizations have used the World Wide Web as a tool for sharing information and
establishing connections with other organizations. Few studies, however, have taken a comprehensive
look at how organizations have developed online networks over time. This work validates the use of the
Internet Archive (archive.org) as a tool for reconstructing historical online organizational networks, and
illustrates how these networks can be used to analyze organizational development over time. As of
2009, the Internet Archive has recorded, parsed and archived more than 40 billion Web pages; this
constitutes roughly 12 complete crawls of the known Internet and provides a substantive sample of the
networks that exist between Web sites. This study utilized a custom Web crawler – WEBextract - to
extract network data from the archive. Subsequently, a series of filters were then developed to parse out
unwanted sites and extraneous links. In addition, organizational studies require validation against
secondary sources in order to develop reliable representations of historical networks. To demonstrate
how the Internet Archive can be used in practice, a study is presented using a sample set of 3000 online
news organizations. The results show the step-by-step process of reducing hyperlink networks to valid
organizational networks, and highlight the role that organizational strategy plays in the development of
online networks over time. Although this work focuses on organizational networks, the techniques
presented here can be applied to a wide range of research topics.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 250


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Examining the Role of Network Centrality in Hepatitis C Infection among Rural Appalachian Drug
Users

Adam B. Jonas
Carrie B. Oser
Jennifer R. Havens

Infectious Diseases and Social Networks (Poster)

HIV/STD, Centrality, HIV Risk, Rural Communities

Objective: Network centrality measures are hypothesized to be important predictors of disease


transmission. However, few extant studies have demonstrated the association between network
centrality and the connection to blood borne infections such as the Hepatitis C Virus(HCV).
Consequently, the goal of the current study is to explore the relationship between centrality and HCV
infection among Rural Appalachian Drug Users. Methods: Study participants included 308 rural
prescription opioid users. Using a network inventory names were generated for sex and drug network
membership in the 6 months prior to the respondents’ baseline interview. Network linkages were verified
before inclusion into the network. A blood test was undertaken to determine the presence of antibodies
to the hepatitis C virus. Network measures were then calculated using UCInet 6 and modeled using
multivariable logistic regression. Results: Of the 308 drug users sampled the majority were male (60%)
and white (93.1%) with a median age of 31 years. 147 tested positive for HCV (40.7%). In addition to
lifetime injection drug use (IDU) (adjusted odds ratio: 17.12, 95% CI: 14.56, 20.13), greater eigenvector
centrality was independently associated with HCV adjusting for age, race, gender, and clustering of
individuals within risk network components (adjusted odds ratio: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.06, 1.09). Conclusions:
These findings further support the role of network membership and its association with infectious
disease risk, even after the adjustment for individual-level factors such as IDU. Ideally, future
observational studies will validate the utility of eigenvector centrality in predicting HCV seroconversion.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 251


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Explaining Patterns of Interorganizational Network Dynamics

Alexander C. Smit
Marius T. Meeus
Joerg Raab

Network Dynamics (Lecture)

Two-mode Data, Network Dynamics, Inter-organizational Networks, Hierarchical Models, Innovation


Networks, Cooperation

Studies on patterns of interorganizational network dynamics to date are either mainly descriptive (see
for example Gay & Dousset 2005, Powell Koput et al. 2005 or Cantner and Graf 2006) or conceptual
(see for example Madhavan, Koka et al. 1998 or Koka, Madhavan et al. 2006) The application of
exponential random graph modeling in the area of inter-organizational networks is almost not existent
yet.

In the descriptive studies, usually different network measures at two or three time points are calculated
and then an explanation is given for the observed pattern. The conceptual studies specify different
conditions in the network environments and then formulate hypotheses about how the reaction to these
different environmental conditions by individual nodes leads to different patterns of network dynamics.
However, because it is usually very difficult to collect sufficient longitudinal data to test hypotheses and
systematically advance theory, there remains a gap between what we conceptualize and what we can
empirically describe or even explain in terms of patterns of network dynamics.

Our study pursues a contribution to this theory-data gap by both testing/expanding the hypotheses
formulated in earlier work on network dynamics (Rosenkopf and Padula, 2008) and expanding the
comparison of patterns in network dynamics across different technological fields to control for the
robustness of network endogenous effects. We draw on a new 2-mode dataset that contains information
on ~1.800 projects conducted in the period 1981-2003 in which individual scientists (~900) work with
different organizations (~2.400) to utilize basic scientific knowledge. We expect significant differences in
patterns of network dynamics due to network endogenous (e.g. structural) and network exogenous
effects (e.g. resource availability, development stage of technological field).

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 252


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Explaining decision-making structures in Swiss politics: A combination of SNA and QCA

Manuel Fischer

Mixed Methods Network Studies (Lecture)

Methods, Power, Political Networks, Conflict, Decision-making Structures

The aim of my paper is to explain decision-making structures (DMS). In order to do this, I compare 11 of
the most important decision-making processes in Switzerland between 2001 and 2006.
Decision-making structures (DMS) describe the relations between collective actors collaborating and
fighting for influence in a policy network. DMS have important consequences on the policy output and
consist of mainly two dimensions, which are power and conflict. Each of these dimensions consists of
two aspects. Concerning conflict, one must determine the dominating conflict line and the level of
conflict. Concerning power, one should assess the dominating actor group and the distribution of power.
These four aspects of DMS constitute the dependent variables of my study.
My analysis concentrates on different policy domains, whose comparison allows identifying the factors
that explain a given DMS. I will take into account a set of factors such as the degree of Europeanization,
of mediatization, or the amount to which institutional factors such as federalism, the pre-parliamentary
phase or direct democracy play a role. These theoretical factors postulate mechanisms from which the
literature, for each of the factors alone, developed a number of hypotheses. However, I assume that
these different factors interact with each other when they influence the DMS.
The analysis will rely on an innovative integration of two methods. In a first step, I rely on Social Network
Analysis to describe the dimensions of DMS. The dimension of conflict will be operationalized using data
on convergence and divergence of collective actors’ positions as well as techniques of block-modeling.
The dimension of power will be operationalized using data on collective actors’ reputation and centrality
in the collaboration network. This network data has been gathered from interviews with representatives
of roughly 25 actors per network. In a second step, in order to detect the different combinations of
causes which lead to different DMS, the 11 cases are compared by a Qualitative-Comparat ive Analysis
(QCA). Social Network Analysis – as a tool to precisely describe cases – and QCA – as a tool to
compare them – combine very well for the analysis of complex phenomena such as DMS. However, the
two methods have, with very few exceptions, never been combined before.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 253


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Exploiting the knowledge shared among the members of a virtual community: collaborative
innovation processes in a global automotive company

Giuseppina Passiante
Pasquale Del-Vecchio
Dario Rollo
Laura Schina
Francesca Grippa

Community (Poster)

Marketing, Virtual Environments, Text Mining, Innovation, Community, Collaboration Network

The rising of Web 2.0 technologies is changing the traditional way companies search and interact on the
web, enabling open knowledge sharing processes and collaborative innovation.
This paper describes a methodology to consolidate a collaborative Innovation approach based on
exploitation of knowledge shared on the web and active participation of customers within new product
development process.
We tested the methodology in a case of a global automotive company that has enhanced its new
product development process by launching a forum and creating a virtual customers community.

The research has been articulated into three main steps: 1) identification of the main areas of analysis:
New Product Development Strategies and Collaborative Innovation Tools; 2) data collection through the
observation of the Company’s forum and forum/blogs launched by other firms; questionnaires and
face-to-face meetings with a manager in charge of new product development; 3) application of a web
text mining model (Yin, et al., 2007) to extract relevant data from the information exchanged on the
company’s forum.
The preliminary results indicate that the ideas exchanged by customers on the company’s forum could
be used in the phase of “New Ideas Generation” and “Product Concept Design”. The next step of this
research is to implement the web text mining tool within the Company’s platform for relational marketing,
in order to explore the links among the emerging ideas and recognize lead users.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 254


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Exploring Adolescent Rejection and Victimization Dynamics with SIENA

John M. Light
Julie C. Rusby
Tom A. Snijders

Adolescent Friendship Networks (Lecture)

Adolescents, Embeddedness, Siena, Actor-based Models, Bullying, Victimization

Prior research has established that socially marginal youth are more likely to be bullied and victimized
by their peers than their more socially-integrated youth. In this study, we examine the interplay between
social integration and victimization in four middle schools in the US (age range approximately 12-14)
across 1.5 school years, during which time 6 waves of complete, school-wide network and behavioral
data are available. Analyses focus on victimization in relation to different types of rejection, e.g., global
isolation, affiliation with marginalized others, affiliation with better-integrated others, and other
embeddings. Trajectories of rejection are also examined in relation to the extent to which they expose
youth to victimization.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 255


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Exploring the Changing Social Structure of the United States of America (1972-2008) with
Homophily Networks

Stephen Lieberman
Sean Everton

Geographic and Social Space (Lecture)

Homophily, Social Cohesion, Social Influence, Dynamic Networks, Large-scale Networks, Longitudinal
Analysis

We follow Blau, Jackson, Lewis, McPherson, et al., Smith-Lovin, Watts, et al., and others in positing that
human behavior is most functionally conceived in terms of the complex social systems within which
actions are taken, and that the representation of these social systems must make evident the
endogenous structural constraints on opportunities for interpersonal contact and group affiliation
(McPherson and Ranger-Moore 1991; McPherson, Popielarz et al. 1992; Blau 1994; Blau and Schwartz
1997; Watts and Strogatz 1998; McPherson, Smith-Lovin et al. 2001; Smith-Lovin 2003; McPherson,
Smith-Lovin et al. 2006; Watts and Dodds 2007; Jackson 2008; Jackson 2008; Lewis 2009). Following a
brief discussion of Homophily Network models (the network theoretic realization of dynamic social
structures as the culmination of distributions of salient individual attributes), we explore changes in the
social structure of the United States at the national level across four decades. We develop homophily
networks of the USA using open source data, visualize and analyze these large-N networks using
popular SNA tools (e.g., Pajek, Network Workbench), as well as prototype SNA software. We discuss
changes in national core-periphery patterns, as well as entitativity, dispersion, and clustering metrics.
We investigate the relationships between socio-demographic features and brokerage roles for segments
of the US population, and relate our findings to historical accounts of segmentation in the United States.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 256


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Exploring the role of early decision makers and externalities in on-line bulletin boards

Shu-Li Cheng
Wei-Chung Liu

Individual Differences and Social Networks (Lecture)

Individuals frequently make their decision based on learning from the information of others. Theories of
herd behaviour or information cascade suggest that individuals display a tendency towards mass or
copied behaviour (Bikhchandani, Hirshleifer and Welch, 1992). It is reasonable to assume that a large
group is less likely to make wrong choices than a smaller one as the latter needs to trigger an
informational cascade (Banerjee, 1992; Leoni, 2008). This may be rational as other decision makers
may possess some information which is important for the individual taking the decision (Banerjee,
1992). This research uses data from the on-line bulletin boards in Taiwan to investigate the effect of
early decision makers on subsequent behaviour of others. The bulletin board system allows the
registered users to express whether or not they agree with the authors of posted messages. We
examine whether there is a difference between early decision makers showing approval and those of
showing disapproval on subsequent behaviour of others. We suggest that if one agrees with the author,
it is more likely for him to react and show his approval. In contrast, if one disagrees, he may hesitate in
responding and wait for others to signal their disapproval first. Moreover, the effect of (positive)
externalities may be more appealing in the group of disapproval compared with that of approval.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 257


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Exploring the structure of FOSS communities: Do local communities differ from global one?

Susan Bastani
Mahin Raissi

Online Social Networks (Lecture)

Open Source, Structure, Social Network Analysis, Local And Global Communities

Social network analysis (SNA) provides a suitable framework for studying scientific and working online
communities. Free/Open Source Software (FOSS) development/use communities are good samples of
such communities in which a high level of collaboration takes place and considerable amount of code,
information and products are exchanged every hour. Different aspects of the FOSS phenomenon have
been studied by many scholars over the years, however, few studies on structure of these communities
exists in the literature.

In this paper we show how SNA can be used for studying online communities’ structures by presenting
our findings on two FOSS communities: a local Persian (Mambolearn) and a global (Mozilla Firefox)
FOSS community. Our analysis is based on both qualitative and quantitative indicators. Findings show
that FOSS communities have a layered structure and members are arranged based on their activities.
Layers become stable after a while (as project and community becomes stable) but members change in
layers continually. This makes them dynamic, decentralized and meritocratic. We also found that FOSS
communities provide a new method of learning and knowledge production. Comparing these two cases
shows that local and global communities have different structures despite their nearly equal lifetimes.
Different structures depict different maturity phases and consequently different working and
collaboration policies.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 258


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Expression of sentiment by different node positions in email networks

Ken Riopelle
James A. Danowski
Amanda Bishop

Words and Networks (Lecture)

Text Analysis, Sentiment, Email Networks, Semantic Networks, Co-occurrence Of Keywords,


Time-series Networkks

Earlier research (Schaefer, 1985) found that individuals with radial networks expressed more evaluative
sentiment in an online synchronous discussion forum.
They also expressed more emotion in greeting new users who entered the forum.
Danowski (1986) attributed this higher sentiment of those with more radial, centralized ego-centric
networks to the fact that these bridging network individuals were motivated to share sentiment obtained
from diverse social networks with those whose networks were yet to form or were in interlocking,
bonded networks. Their positioning as centralized processors of more diverse information uniquely
qualified them for making sentiment expressions about information and in response to questions from
others in that their cognitive load was highest (Carley, 2001). Higher cognitive load was found a strong
predictor of emergent leadership. We argue that emergent leadership includes not only the exchange of
diverse information but the expression of more sentiment in the evaluation of it for others benefit.

Email data gathering from individuals across a global automotive component enterprise was
automatically captured by the researchers’ server over time. Central network positions in the email
network were strongly associated with the expression of highly positive sentiment, and of negative
sentiment to a lesser extent. A toridial screw model is suggested. Central nodes produce evaluative
cognitions in a toroid structure that over time elevates into a third dimension of network space because
positively charged sentiments spin upward and negative sentiments spin downward. This rotation and
elevation enables the screwing toroid to move through the more dense regions of the network spreading
sentiment messages.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 259


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Extended Structures of Mediation: Re-examining Brokerage in Dynamic Networks

Emma S. Spiro
Ryan M. Acton
Carter T. Butts

Dynamic Networks (Lecture)

Dynamic Networks, Disaster Response, Interorganizational Networks, Dynamic Brokerage

Recent improvements in the availability of large-scale dynamic data, particularly from automated data
collection, have resulted in increased scholarly interest in dynamic network analysis. With these new
sources of data, researchers can re-examine many traditional network concepts which were originally
motivated by dynamic processes. In this paper we re-explore the concept of brokerage in social
networks. Brokerage occurs when one acts as an intermediary between two others who themselves lack
a direct connection. We elaborate on the concept of brokerage as a process, and extend traditional
measures of brokerage to the dynamic case by developing a measure of dynamic brokerage.
Additionally, we provide an application of this new measure to a case study involving collaboration
among organizations in an evolving network. Our research suggests substantial differences in
brokerage opportunities when comparing the traditional case to the dynamic one. This research adds to
the growing set of social network methods that can be applied to dynamic structures. Implications of this
research for investigations of brokerage activity are also discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 260


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

FOSS Communities as Socio-Technical Networks: A hybrid approach

Susan Bastani
Mahin Raissi
Mahmoud Sadeghi

Philosophy of Networks (Lecture)

Open Source, Socio-technical Network, Actor Network Theory, Social Network Theory

Free/Open Source Software (FOSS) communities are mostly online and are combined of three
interconnected networks: social, technical, and socio-technical. Although many scholars have studied
these communities and social and technical networks, however, the study of socio-technical networks
has not so far received much attention.
Two of the most important theories and frameworks that exist in the literature for studying networks are
the Social Network theory and the Actor-Network theory. In this paper we explore and compare these
theories and propose a combination which is more suitable for exploring the structure of FOSS
communities. To describe and clarify our point of view, we use our findings achieved from applying this
technique to Mozilla Firefox’s online community in Bugzilla. We show that this hybrid approach can
describe the structure of the FOSS communities and other similar socio-technical networks more
precisely than each theory can do separately.

We extracted networks for the year 2008 from the Firefox’s online community through Bugzilla. We
divided these networks into 12 smaller ones, each for one month, and then analyzed them using the
Social Network Analysis (SNA) framework. Our findings show that socio-technical networks are different
from both social and technical networks. As such, to have a complete and comprehensive
understanding of such communities, we need to use complete socio-technical networks instead of social
or technical ones.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 261


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Factors of Online Social Network Usage

Marek Opuszko
Johannes Ruhland

Online Social Networks (Lecture)

On-line Communities, Social Networks On The Web, Social Network, Youth Networks, Online Survey

Researchers have long recognized the potential of Online Social Networks (OSN) like Facebook.
Nevertheless only few studies have investigated people’s motivation for using OSN and the importance
that OSN have in the user’s everyday life. Especially in Europe, studies considering that issue are
sparse.
For this purpose over 3,000 OSN users were questioned in a survey focusing on the most popular
German speaking OSN - Studivz.

Based on descriptive findings, a picture of the typical OSN user, regarding demographics, and
socioeconomic status for OSN usage, is drawn. Using factor analysis five, basic motivations for OSN
usage could be indentified: Self-Expression, Communication, Relationship, OSN as an
Organizational-Tool and the Exchange of Views. Moreover we show that OSN usage significantly differs
according to several preditcors and sigificantly changes over time in some groups. So do women and
men as well as high vs low educated differ in their patterns of usage.

We further examine what common communication tools OSN substitute. We point out the relation
between real-life and OSN friendship, show the users’ sensitivity regarding their information privacy and
investigate why some people explicitly decide not to use OSN.

The theoretical and practical relevance of the results is discussed in relation to previous research and
proposals for future research are given.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 262


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Family Social Capital in the Life of a Firm: A Comparison between the Old and New Economy

Fortunata Piselli

Networks, Economics, and Markets (Lecture)

How economic behaviour and the institutions are influenced by social relations is one of the classic
questions of social theory. The paper uses the concept of social capital to investigate the various ways
in which family relational resources influence the economic performance of small and medium-sized
enterprises, in both traditional sectors ('old economy') and innovative ones ('new economy'), in the three
Italian macro-regions: North-West, Third Italy, and the South. It considers the following phases and
dimensions of a firm's life: start-up and growth, operation, employment dynamics, critical events or
accelerated development. The paper uses network analysis to investigate the concrete strategies of
individuals and families, and to identify the nature and content of relations and their evolution in time.
The results show that family relational resources have more weight in the old economy than in the new
one, in small firms more than in large ones. In the South, where small firms are most concentrated,
family relational resources also exert a 'virtuous' influence on the new economy, demonstrating that also
in the South (as in the Third Italy) family and kin are able to construct stable solidarities and to sustain
economic innovation. Still to be clarified is whether the family basis of small firms - not only in the South
but also in the Centre and North-East - results from a deliberate organizational choice by entrepreneurs
or from their inability to operate in new markets and to exploit new technological opportunities. In other
words, not yet determined is whether the familistic nature of firms, while apparently consolidating them,
may not also weaken their action.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 263


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Family Trajectories and Social Networks: the life course in an intergenerational perspective

Rita Gouveia
Karin Wall
Sofia Aboim
Vanessa Cunha
Cátia Nunes
Vasco Ramos

Social Networks and Life Course Transitions (Lecture)

Social Network, Family, Trajectories, Life Course

One of the strongest features of the modernization of family life in Western societies is the diversification
of the family trajectories of individuals, who are today able to construct their lives with greater freedom
than in the past. The decline of marriage and of the birth-rate, the increase in the number of divorces
and remarriages, and the emergence of alternative life-styles for couples, are all changes which have
influenced the format of family trajectories and transformed the way individual and family lives mesh
together. A second fundamental change has taken place in the social networks of which individuals are
a part throughout their lives. These have become more diverse, in terms of both function and internal
organization, which is today focused more on elective affinities than on the strict limits of kinship ties. By
carrying out a national survey using a representative sample (N = 1500) of men and women born
between 1935 and 1940, between 1950 and 1955 and between 1970 and 1975, this study seeks to
compare the family trajectories and the social networks of three different generations (each representing
a different period of entry into adult life.). In this paper we will present some preliminary findings
highlighting the egocentric networks of contact, emotional support and conflict. These exploratory
analyses will provide insight on the linkages between social networks and life trajectories in their various
dimensions (educational, professional, partnership/marital living, geographical mobility, reproductive).

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 264


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Faster Pathfinder algorithm for sparse networks

Vladimir Batagelj
Anže Vavpeti&#269;

Visualization (Lecture)

Layout Algorithms, Data Reduction, Scientometrics, Weighted Links, Algorithms, Pathfinder

In larger weighted networks the visual inspection can't be used anymore


for identifying essential parts of the network. An approach to this problem
are the pruning algorithms. They are used to remove less significant links,
allowing the more salient links to be found. An example of a network pruning
algorithm is the Pathfinder algorithm, developed in cognitive science to
determine the most important links in a network. Later
works have extended its use to many other fields of application.

The original Pathfinder algorithm (Schvaneveldt et al., 1988)


has time complexity O(n^4) - can be used on some tens of vertices only.
Recently a group of Spanish authors (Guerrero-Bote et al., 2006)
presented an improved version of the Pathfinder algorithm with
time complexity O(n^3 log n) - can be used on some thousands of
vertices.

In the paper we present a version of Pathfinder algorithm that takes


into account that the large networks are usually sparse. This
algorithm can be used also on some tens of thousands of vertices.
We present comparison of algorithms and some applications of the new
algorithm on typical networks.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 265


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Fertility relevant social networks. A mixed-methods study on personal relations and the
transition to parenthood.

Sylvia Keim

Mixed Methods Network Studies (Lecture)

Mixed Methods, Social Influence, Family

The network perspective studying individual behavior in its relational context promises new insights in
family research that is largely dominated by – in Granovetter’s terms – “undersocialized” or
“oversocialized” views of the individual. Little is known about the relevance and influence of social
relations on fertility behavior in Western countries, including the channels and mechanisms of social
influence, and how exactly personal relations and social networks affect individual decision-making on
family formation. This paper presents a mixed-methods study on social networks and fertility intentions
in western Germany, focusing on the interrelation of network structures and fertility intentions and
identifying six types of fertility relevant networks.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 266


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Finding Valuable Information Flows in Networks

Ching-Yung Lin
Zhen Wen
Lynn Wu

Networks and Culture (Lecture)

Values And Social Networks, Productivity, Diffusion, Network Analysis, Behavioral Networks,
Communication Networks

Large amount of information flows in social networks. People are usually overwhelemed by them. Is it
possible to estimate or predict the value of information flows by analyzing the charactersitics of social
network and semantic analysis of information?

We have been collecting more than 20 millions of email and instant messaging communications,
including the time stamps, to whom they communicate with, the subjects, the content statistics, from
10,000+ volunteers in 76 countries for more than 3 years. Besides, more than 2 million of social
software data (including bookmarking, file sharing, wiki, blog, etc.) and knowledge and learning activities
for more than 30,000 employees were collected. These data have been used for inferring the dynamic
social networks and expertise of 400,000 employees. Moreover, we are also collecting the financial
performance of 100,000 consultants, including the details of the projects and the billable hours of each
individual. After anonymizing the data, these abundant datasets empower our study to examine social
capital, human capital, and financial capital simultaneously ( http://smallblue.res earch.ibm.com).

In this presentation, we will describe our findings on how to choose appropriate content and network
characteristics and build up automatic value estimation models. Financial data have been used to verify
such findings. Specifically, we focus on three questions: (1) how to evaluate the value of topics
automatically classified in the communication content? (2) what are the factors that can be used to rank
topics by value? and (3) how to estimate the impact of information flows?

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 267


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Finding the optimal delimitation of regional labour markets using Newman’s modularity
approach

Per Kropp

Networks, Economics, and Markets (Lecture)

Applications, Economic Networks, Labor Markets, Community Structure, Spatial Analysis, Geographic
Mobility

Newman's modularity approach allows comparing the clustering of a network with a random clustering of
a network that has similar properties as the network investigated. Using this approach, I evaluate
different clustering methods with regard to their efficiency. Furthermore, if clustering procedures several
solutions - as it occurs typically for hierarchical clustering methods - the modularity approach can be
used to identify the optimal solution. Evaluation of different clustering methods and identification of the
optimal solution for the best methods will be applied on the example of the commuting network in
Germany. This network consists of commuting ties between regions which vary in their strength
according to the number of commuters between them. Finding clusters in this valued network is
important to identify regional labour markets. Finally, the temporal stability of the identified structures is
investigated.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 268


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Fitting Signed Two-mode Blockmodels

Patrick Doreian
Andrej Mrvar
Paulette Lloyd

2-Mode Networks (Lecture)

Alliances, Structural Balance, Generalized Blockmodeling, Signed Networks

Structural balance provides a theoretical foundation for partitioning signed one-mode network data with
an implied blockmodel structure with positive blocks on the main diagonal of the image and negative
blocks off the main diagonal. This theory has been generalized to relaxed structural balance where
positive and negative blocks appear anywhere in the image. The heuristic used to fit these blockmodels
uses a relocation algorithm that is vulnerable to the charge that there it is not guaranteed to lead to
partitions with a global minimal the criterion function. Recent work has shown, for one-mode signed
networks, that fitting a signed blockmodel with branch-and-bound algorithm, that is guaranteed to locate
a global optimum, and the relocation heuristic yield identical partitions for small signed networks (with 30
vertices or less). Relaxed structural balance has been extended to deal with two-mode networks in a
straightforward fashion and applied to small two-mode networks such as the patterns of voting by
justices on cases in a single term of the US Supreme Court. In principle, larger signed two-mode
networks can be partitioned. The data motivating this paper comes from the voting record of nations in
the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). However, as the size of the networks increase, the
problem of there being no guarantee of reaching an optimum partition returns. We explore alternative
approaches to partitioning such large signed two-mode data structures. These include: two-step
blockmodeling; using pre-specified signed blockmodels; varying the weights placed on positive and
negative inconsistencies; and an indirect approach based on Euclidean distances. Formal results are
presented along with practical suggestions for fitting blockmodels to signed two-mode data and
interpreting them. These are illustrated with the UNGA voting data.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 269


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Folks in Folksonomies: Social Link Prediction from Shared Metadata

Rossano Schifanella
Alain Barrat
Ciro Cattuto
Benjamin Markines
Filippo Menczer

Online Social Networks (Poster)

Friendship Network, Social Media, Web 2.0, Social Networks, Folksonomies

Web 2.0 applications have attracted a considerable amount of attention because their open-ended
nature allows users to create lightweight semantic scaffolding to organize and share content. To date,
the interplay of the social and semantic components of social media has been only partially explored.
Here we focus on Flickr, Last.fm and Anobii, three social media systems in which we can relate the
tagging activity of the users with an explicit representation of their social network. We show that a
substantial level of local lexical and topical alignment is observable among users who lie close to each
other in the social network. This analysis suggests that users who are friends are more likely to have
similar topical interest, and therefore semantic similarity measures among users based solely on their
annotation metadata should be predictive of social links. Moreover, to leverage the interplay between
the social and the semantic components, we present TagMatch, a word association game on the iPhone
platform that allows users to build word networks and explore similarity relations between people and
media contents.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 270


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Four Dimensions of Social Capital in the Interplay of Ethnicity and Inequality: A Network
Perspective

Baiqing Zhang

Ethnicity and Networks (Lecture)

Social Capital, Race, Careers, Co-authorship Network

: This paper takes academic institutions as the object of the research to try to answer the question:
which features or aspects of the four dimensions of social capital in organizations contribute to
co-authorship minorities have? By the four dimensions of social capital, this paper refers to: structural,
relational, collective cognitive, and cultural capital that compose social capital. Such co-authorship
patterns are used to show whether inequality of intellectuals by ethnicity exists. This paper is based on
the assumption that the social capital minorities possess would lead to different outcomes in terms of
co-authorship opportunities. Based on Cicourel’s “cognitive social capital” and Nahapiet and Ghoshal’s
“intellectual capital,” this paper proposes the concept of “collective cognitive social capital” – an
organizational cultural capital as the third dimension of social capital. This paper adds a fourth
dimension to the concept of social capital: cultural capital. I use “cultural capital” to refer to the
knowledge and ability of individual actors to know and to select context relevant cultural schema to act
on. This is a comparative study of two networks: sociology department and management department.
As implied in the title, this is also a social network analysis using many of the important measures at the
individual and whole network levels.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 271


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

From Communication to Actors in Networks – What Niklas Luhmann’s Theory of Communication


Can Teach Us about the Constitution of Social Networks

Jan Fuhse

Network Theory (Lecture)

Communication, Theory

The presentation combines the recent theory of social networks by Harrison White and others with
Niklas Luhmann’s theory of communication. Networks emerge out of the process of communication as
structures of meaning constraining and facilitating future communication. Social relationships and
networks constitute one solution for the inherent uncertainty and instability of communication by
providing relatively stable expectations. These expectations arise as communication is routinely
attributed to the action of personal identities. Actors are thus constructed as relatively stable entities
(‘identities’) with specific dispositions for action – e.g. like or dislike of particular alters. These are
accounted for in relational narratives (‘stories’). Slightly modifying Luhmann’s theory, social relationships
can be conceived of as autopoietic communication systems. Social networks are the arrangements of
these dyadic systems, connected to each other through relational stories.
This theoretical account leads to three propositions: (1) Networks are seen as dynamic structures of
meaning emerging, reproducing and modifying in the process of communication. (2) It is possible to
identify and to model ‘transactional’ or ‘relational mechanisms’ (Charles Tilly) which stem from the logics
of communication in networks rather than from individual dispositions and actions. (3) In order to study
these logics, one has to analyze communication processes rather than individual actions.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 272


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

From Social Structure to Social Rhythms: Time as a Key Dimension in Understanding the Effect
of Team Communication Structure and Team Leader Position on Team Performance

Eric Quintane
Philippa E. Pattison
Garry L. Robins
Joeri M. Mol

Communication Networks (Lecture)

Communication Networks, Leadership, Dynamic Networks, Email Networks, Relational Events, Teams

There is a seeming contradiction in the extant literature about the relationship between a team’s
structure and its performance: team performance has been associated with leader centrality as well as
with decentralized team structures. Based on a case study of two teams - one high- and one
low-performing - engaged in comparable projects, this paper reports that above and beyond the position
of the team leader, the structure of the group, or the existence of specific communication patterns, it is
the time frame in which certain forms of communication occur that may explain performance
differentials. In order to study the patterns of leader and team e-mail exchanges, we use the recently
developed relational events model (Butts, 2008), which facilitates examining the sequences of
within-team interactions across time. We find evidence that team leaders’ communication behavior has
a strong influence in shaping the social structure of their teams. But on a more fundamental level, the
time frame in which this behavior occurs reflects different social processes. Our results suggest that
high centralization established across longer time frames may be associated with lower performance
and that high centralization over shorter time frames may lead to enhanced performance, therefore
providing an answer to the centrality-centraliz ation paradox. Furthermore, we propose that
incorporating time as an element in the study of communication structure offers key insights to unpack
social dynamics and understand team and organizational performance.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 273


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

From Structural to Brokerage Based Hegemony: U.S. Corporations in a Changing Global


Context, 1996 and 2006

Roy C. Barnes
William K. Carroll

Interlocking Directorates (Lecture)

Interlocking Directorates, Transnational Networks, Globalisation, Interfirm Networks

Though moderate in comparison to the financial crisis of 2008-09, the global economy between 1996
and 2006 experienced many shocks – the Asian financial crisis of 1997, the dot-com bust of the early
2000s, and numerous mergers and acquisitions of increasing magnitude. These crises and waves of
corporate restructuring occurred during a period of increasing globalization of the world economy, in
general, and the network of corporate ties in particular. While recent scholarship has indicated that the
increase in transnational interlocking is primarily a European phenomenon (Carroll 2008), it would be
premature to conclude that that the corporations based in the United States are becoming irrelevant to
the global network of corporate ties. Through the use of network analysis and visualizations, we explore
the changing face of U.S. hegemony within the global network of corporations. Our initial analyses
indicate that U.S. corporations have indeed experienced a relative decline in their structural importance
– that is a decrease in network centrality and increasing average geodesic distance. However, a deeper
analysis of the roles U.S. corporations fill in the transnational network reveals a more complex picture.
While U.S. corporations have experienced a relative decline in coordinator roles which link other U.S.
corporations, our brokerage analyses indicate that U.S. corporations have increased their roles as
gatekeepers/represen tatives and liaisons. By assuming roles which form transnational ties, these triads
are more cosmopolitan in their scope. In addition to exploring the changing brokerage roles among the
U.S. corporations, the analyses also explore whether this changing face of hegemony is driven by
financial or nonfinancial corporations in the United States.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 274


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

From formal to informal market’s organization: Social construction and stabilization of an


emerging audiovisual market

Favre Guillaume

Networks, Economics, and Markets (Lecture)

Advice Network, Cooperation, Social Construction Of Markets

This presentation is a contribution to the problem of social construction of markets. We study the
organization of an international trade show for television programs as an attempt to construct an African
audiovisual market. In this market actors are looking for new contractors; they need to rely initially on
intermediary actors, and they are faced with various risks (piracy of programs, defection, corruption ...)
that requires the development of collaboration strategies and resources exchange with their own
competitors. Based on an analysis of formal (meetings) and informal (advice) networks among
stakeholders, we bring out the system of interdependence and the social processes reflecting the social
discipline of the participants and the stabilization of this market.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 275


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

From the village to the high school. Languages, resocialization and social nets in secondary
education in the eastern part of Aragon

Natxo S. Vidal

Adolescent Friendship Networks (Lecture)

Education, Ethnic Relations, Social Networks, Longitudinal Analysis, Teeneagers, Sociolinguistics

Catalan is a minority language all over its linguistic territory. That is, why it has to coexist in a permanent
way with Castilian in a language contact situation. This conjuncture has been usually interpreted by
means of the rule of linguistic subordination of the minority language. This rule has created —and
fixed— a series of habits through which Catalan speakers use Catalan when they interact with
Catalan-speakers and Castilian when they speak with people of other languages different than Catalan.

Nevertheless, some studies show how this rule has been broken in some Catalan-speaking linguistic
areas, and how it has been even lost, as the two linguistic groups end up coming together. That is to
say, Castilian-speakers adapt to Catalan and Catalan-speakers use Castilian in their interpersonal
relations, to the extent that the concepts of Catalan-speaker and Castilian-speaking finish to be diluted.

This paper tends to approach the analysis of social nets, in order to relate both concepts of
Catalan-speaker and Castilian-speaker. Specifically, it tries to describe the speaker not only according
to his/her linguistic uses, but controlling these uses on the sociolinguistic conditions of the people to
whom he/she speaks. In this case, it is important to explore the possibilities of the analysis of social nets
in sociolinguistics. Taking these definitions as the basis, this paper tends to follow up different aspects
such as the consolidation of the rule of the linguistic convergence to Castilian or its vitality in
preadolescent groups. Finally, it attempts to detect the main factors that unstable this rule, like the
vehicular language of the educational system, the linguistic competences, the social nets or the
linguistic attitudes.

It also includes the results of a longitudinal analysis from a study carried out during the course 2006-07
to scholars of last course of primary education from different rural schools. To finish with, it analyses the
evolution of social nets when pupils are grouped in high schools during the course 2007-08. This
research subsequently shows a special interest in the changes of sociolinguistic behaviour to split this
process of resocialization.

Natxo Sorolla Vidal


natxosorolla@gmail.c om

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 276


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Functional specificity in discussion networks: The influence of problem-specific networks on


health outcomes

Brea L. Perry
Bernice A. Pescosolido

Social Networks and Health (Lecture)

Ego-centered Networks, Mental Health, Important Matters, Functional Specificity, Discussion Networks

Though commonly used in social science research to measure the influence of social networks, the link
between discussing “important matters” within networks and the achievement of instrumental ends is
frequently unspecified or untested. To address this gap, we explore the consequences of using the
general “important matters” approach versus one in which the substance of discussions is directly linked
to the outcomes of interest. The egocentric social networks of people experiencing an acute health crisis
are examined. We identify the characteristics of and the degree of membership overlap between
“important matters” and “health matters” discussants, and explore their relative power in explaining a
wide range of health and health services-related outcomes. We find no evidence for the influence of
“important matters” networks, while characteristics of “health matters” networks demonstrate a
significant effect across all models.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 277


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Gender in Discussion Relations

Matthew E. Brashears

Gender and Social Networks (Lecture)

Social Capital, Homophily, Egocentic Networks, Gender, Heterophily

This paper analyzes homophily and social distance in the 1985 and 2004 General Social Survey
networks data to determine if males and females exhibit different patterns of association with non-kin
alters and if these differences have changed over the past twenty years. It also examines the
implications of these changes for male and female access to social capital. The age and education of
respondents and their associates are compared to map the nature of social space and life experiences
for both sexes. Log-multiplicative modeling reveals that the sexes are generally similar in terms of
homophily and social distance but, nevertheless, noticeable differences remain. Less social distance
separates associates for women than for men, and males differentiate more among levels of education.
The results suggest that men may specialize to a degree in “bonding” social capital while women
specialize in “bridging” social capital. As a consequence, females may have access to a wider selection
of information than males, while enjoying less influence.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 278


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Generating Social Networks from Meeting Transcripts using Bayesian Topic Models

David A. Broniatowski

Words and Networks (Lecture)

Communication, Text Analysis, Bayesian Methods, Status, Decision-making Structures, Expert


Community

Language encodes social structure. In particular, similar word choice typically indicates interpersonal
affinity. Innovations in unsupervised machine-learning techniques allow the operationalization of this
insight for the purpose of inferring network structure. I present an empirical methodology for generating
social network representations of expert committee deliberations, using meeting transcripts as input. In
particular, a variant of Blei’s Latent Dirichlet Allocation (a form of unsupervised Bayesian clustering) is
used to identify topics of discourse based upon word co-occurrence patterns. Network links are formed
when speaker-pairs jointly discuss topics. These links are weighted according to their empirical
log-likelihood. Furthermore, ordering of speech often reflects differential status. Link directionality is
therefore determined using topic-specific temporal ordering information contained within the meeting
transcript. This methodology is tested using a corpus of transcripts of U. S. Food and Drug
Administration medical device approval committee panel meetings. High-status members of the panel
(e.g., lead reviewers) are frequently represented by nodes with a high outdegree and a low indegree.
Low-status members (e.g., those in the voting minority) are conversely represented by nodes with a low
outdegree and a high indegree. The resulting social networks may therefore be interpreted as status
hierarchies. The role of key committee members, such as the chairperson, in flattening or reinforcing the
status hierarchy is examined.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 279


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Generative Mechanisms of the International Trade Network

Tim Kastelle

Networks, Economics, and Markets (Lecture)

International Networks, Siena, International Trade

There have been a number of studies recently which have analysed international trade as a complex
network. Most of these have concluded that trade connections within the network show a power-law
distribution. This is generally assumed to mean that the world trade web has grown through the
generative mechanism of preferential attachment. If this is true, it suggests that one natural outcome of
increasing trade is that the rich will continue to get richer. Using trade data compiled by the International
Monetary Fund from 1938 to 2003, this paper uses longitudinal network analysis (SIENA) to determine
whether or not preferential attachment is in fact the primary generative mechanism of growth within the
world trade web. The actual case appears to be substantially more complex, with multiple generative
mechanisms contributing to the growth of the network. While preferential attachment has some impact
on growth, other factors such as relative network position and geographic proximity have a greater
impact on the formation of new trading links within the network. This suggests that the relative position
of a country within the trade network is not determined by its starting position, as is the case if
preferential attachment is the dominant generative mechanism. Consequently, countries and innovative
agents within the network have the ability to drive change within the world trade web.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 280


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Geography of Twitter Networks

Yuri Takhteyev
Anatoliy Gruzd
Barry Wellman

Twitter Networks (Lecture)

Communication Networks, Geography, Geo-location Networks, Twitter Networks

The paper studies Twitter, a popular social networking and micro-blogging service that allows users to
post and read short messages. In June 2009 alone, Twitter has attracted an international following of
more than 44.5 million unique visitors. Its international reach and popularity make Twitter an important
global medium and a valuable case for analysis.
Our paper examines the spatial dimensions of the Twitter network focusing on how the geographic
location of the users affects the formation of their ties. Specifically, to what extent is Twitter, as a social
networking tool, capable of creating and sustaining cross-national ties among its users? Does the fact
that Twitter users can create and maintain asymmetric ties with others -- unlike Facebook and MySpace
-- help or hinder the creation and maintenance of cross-national ties?
Our initial analysis shows that the majority of ties (about three-quarters) connect users in the same
countries, with a substantial fraction of them linking users within the same metropolitan region. We find
that spoken language and geographic distance may reduce the chance of forming cross-national ties.
However, we see clear evidence that cross-national ties on Twitter can increase due to historical,
cultural and economic connections as well as respond to significant news stories. For example, the
death of Michael Jackson resonated substantively rather than spatially. This finding is consistent with
earlier work that explored many social and individual barriers that can aid or prevent people from
forming active social relationships.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 281


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Getting Things Done: Mobilising Influence in a Small Rural Shire

Damon Alexander

Networks in Political Science (NIPS I) (Lecture)

Local Elites, Rural Communities, Political Networks

This paper uses social network analysis to explore the structure and composition of an ‘action network’
in a small rural Shire in north central Victoria, Australia, and to map where ‘influential actors’ sit within
this network structure. Two name generators – the first asking respondents to nominate people they
know personally who could help them with a local issue they wanted ‘to get action on’; the second
asking them to identify influential people in their local communities – are used to identify important
actors and to map action pathways. The results suggest that although traditional political channels
remain crucial in mobilizing influence at the local level, citizens make use of a range of alternative actors
and institutions in order to influence local events. Influence is found to be highly centralised across a
relatively small number of individuals, and to be highly gendered. The results also indicate a close
relationship between perceptions of influence and network centrality.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 282


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Getting a Job with or without social Networks : the Interest of mixed Method

Nathalie Chauvac

Mixed Methods Network Studies (Lecture)

Mixed Methods, Social Network, Job Search

Since 2006, a research on workers and employers allows to build job's stories and a best understanding
of recruitment practices, specially the use of social networks. We use a method developed by Michel
Grossetti, Marie-Pierre Bès (Grossetti et Bes 2001)&#8288;, Jean-François Barthe (Grossetti et Barthe
2008) for different studies such as the creation of innovating companies. This method consists to piece
together the recruitment sequences.
Sequences are analyzed with both qualitative and quantitative tools. They are first coded for a statistic
analysis with the employment as unit. This step allows to built correlations between the way people find
a job or the way employers find workers and the sort of job or the education level of applicants, etc. In a
second time, a qualitative process is done to analyze the account of the interviewees.
Some hypothesis may be confirm or invalidate with this double analysis such as the repetition of the way
of finding a job for the workers or the recruitment for the employers, in order to complete the results of
well-known survey on this topic, such as “Getting a job”(Granovetter 1995). In this presentation, we will
give some results of the survey, notably on social networks used to get a job or to find a worker and we
will explain the interest of the method and the encountered difficulties.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 283


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Global Innovativeness and Correlates to Communication Technology Networks

Philip J. Salem
Alejandra Achurra
Kevin Kline
Stephanie Pridgen

Innovation and Diffusion (Lecture)

Diffusion, Communication Networks, Egocentic Networks, Innovation Networks, Communication


Technology, Scale Development

Innovativeness is the extent to which an individual or other unit of adoption is relatively early in adopting
an innovation. Rogers classified subjects according to how early they adopted as innovators, early
adopters, early majority members, late majority members, or laggards. He explored communication
channels and social networks and developed propositions describing socioeconomic, personality, and
communication correlates to innovativeness.

The Innovativeness Scale (IS) is an indicator of global or trait innovativeness (GI). IS includes items
about risk taking, tolerance for ambiguity, seeking new ideas, and opinion leadership. It integrates
various predictors of when and how someone might engage in the adoption process, and it reflects the
factors in Rogers’s propositions. IS measures a predisposition to try something new, and research
demonstrates associations between this GI indicator and domain specific innovativeness. A GI threshold
may characterize more rapid diffusion.

Communication technology refers to how individuals exchange messages, and the emerging exchange
pattern constitutes a communication network. Individuals employ a variety of technology, and they
develop single and multiple technology networks. We are exploring the use of face-to-face, telephone,
e-mail, private electronic (e.g., texting), and public electronic (e.g., Facebook) communication. Network
dimensions include heterogeneity, range, density, efficiency, and constraint of the five separate and
combined ego networks. This paper reports on how the dimensions of these communication technology
networks correlate to GI.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 284


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Grado de prestigio, redes sociales y percepción del rendimiento: un estudio en las


organizaciones sanitarias españolas

Pilar Marques
María f. Muñoz

Sesión Iberoamericana (Lecture)

Prestige, Performance, Social Networks

Este estudio ha sido realizado en dos organizaciones sanitarias españolas. Incluye a 196 trabajadores,
médicos y personal de enfermería, pertenecientes a un hospital y a la Atención Primaria. Los
encuestados trabajan en distintos departamentos representativos de las especialidades médicas.
Nuestro modelo propone que el grado de prestigio de un individuo en su red social, se relaciona
positivamente con la percepción que el trabajador tiene del rendimiento de su equipo. El prestigio ha
sido calculado con medidas de centralidad utilizando el programa informático UCINET. Las redes objeto
de estudio fueron: la Red Social del Consejo y la Red Social de la Motivación, esta última como
aportación novel. La variable rendimiento ha sido definida como la Identificación Individual del
Rendimiento Colectivo, conceptualizada a partir de los procesos de identificación.
El análisis estadístico se ha realizado con técnicas de correlación y de regresión lineal (método por
pasos). Los resultados indican que los aspectos de semejanza son muy relevantes en las
organizaciones sanitarias. En consecuencia, las hipótesis planteadas se cumplen de forma opuesta y
complementaria en el estamento médico y de enfermería. Es decir, médicos y enfermeras interpretan
de forma distinta el prestigio y el rendimiento organizativo.
De esta investigación se derivan una serie de implicaciones prácticas para las organizaciones
sanitarias, que incluye la aplicación del Análisis de Redes Sociales para optimizar su rendimiento.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 285


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Group Structure Formation in a Dynamic Coordination Game

Seth Frey
Rob Goldstone

Collective Action and Social Movements (Lecture)

Laboratory Experiment, Cognitive Science, Coordination Games, Coordination Failure, Group Structure,
Behavioral Networks

We test spontaneous group formation in a laboratory coordination game, in which small groups played a
continuous-time, asynchronous stag-hunt style game on networked computers. We varied both reward
size and the amount of uncertainty that subjects faced about the state of other participants in the
experiment. Using both information theoretic and simpler measures of predictability, we computed
behavioral networks, based on the "functional networks" of computational neuroscience, that reflect the
extent of behavioral coupling between all pairs of subjects in each experiment. Mutual information is
outperformed by a simpler measure for subject behavioral coupling. Within these behavioral networks,
we find evidence of increased stratification of subjects with time, in parallel with a net decrease in
coordination, over all group sizes. The networks also enable us to show that this stratification, an
increase in the variance of the inter-subject distances (appropriate for the small group sizes), is not due
to increased avoidance behavior (increase in maximum distance), but to a decrease in the minimum
distance between subjects, as in commitment formation. Coordination improves with decreased
uncertainty, although there is no evidence of commitment formation with changes in uncertainty. We
also compare the similarity of subject's social value orientation to the proximity measures based on
real-time subject behavior in the experiment.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 286


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Grupos de discusión sobre la maternidad y difusión de nuevas prácticas de crianza

Jaime Jimenez-Pernett
Marie-Pierre Bes
Jose-Francisco Garcia-Gutierrez

Sesión Iberoamericana (Poster)

Networks And Health, Information Exchange, Hyperlinks, Family, Peer Groups

Los hipervínculos o enlaces web son los canales a través de los cuales las personas acceden a la
información entre las páginas web. Estas relaciones representan una oportunidad para ganar visibilidad
en Internet. En este trabajo se examina la red de hipervínculos entre 62 grupos virtuales de discusión
sobre maternidad, aplicando diversas técnicas del análisis de redes sociales. Se pretende abordar dos
objetivos básicos: (1) Describir el conjunto de enlaces web entre las organizaciones que ofrecen y
mantienen grupos de discusión sobre la maternidad en Internet y (2) Estudiar la importancia de la
práctica llamada “crianza con apego” (parenting attachement) entre estos grupos de discusión. Durante
la etapa de la maternidad (embarazo, parto y lactancia) las madres y los padres tienen necesidades de
información específicas que suelen responderse a través de redes familiares, de amigos/as y consulta a
profesionales sanitarios. Internet ha posibilitado la organización de grupos de discusión entre pares que
abren un nuevo canal para atender estas necesidades de información. Nuestros resultados muestran
que la crianza con apego ha aumentado significativamente su visibilidad en la red. Este tipo de crianza
de los hijos se basa en la acción guiada por las necesidades y demandas infantiles más que incorporar
las prácticas tradicionales de crianza. Frente a esta tendencia creciente es necesaria mayor
investigación sobre el impacto que pueden tener tales prácticas en la educación y salud de la siguiente
generación.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 287


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

HOW DOES NETWORK DYNAMICS AFFECT GROUP IDEATION PERFORMANCE?

Mario Losito

Dynamic Networks (Lecture)

Dynamic Network Analysis, Dynamic Networks, Dynamic Brokerage

This article examines the effect of network dynamics on group ideation ability. More precisely, we
examine how different ways of changing network connections affect group ideation ability. The argument
put forward is that the dynamics of each actor’s network connections will provide opportunities for
learning. We distinguish between two types of changing network connections that have a potential to
influence group ideation ability: (1) the individual ability to change network connections; and (2) the
individual ability to close structural holes. Consequently, we investigate to what extent these two types
of individual network dynamics matter for group ideation, providing implications for theory of the
evolution of intra-organizational relationships, group metabolism and its impact on ideation performance.
Most firms need to continuously innovate in order to ensure long-term competitiveness. A fundamental
component of these innovation activities is ideation, the act of generating and handling new ideas by a
single person or by group. Contrary to some widespread popular beliefs about ideation as the result of a
discrete, individual act of creative insight, research shows that ideation is generally a
multiperson-multitas k affair that proceeds over time (Taggar, 2002). It is thus not surprising that the
early stages of the innovation process, when innovation ideas are generated and identified, has been
recognized as an important phase that has high impact on the success and costs of innovation (Koen et
al., 2001; Reid and Brentani, 2004; Zhang and Doll, 2001). The use of informal network constellation is
often pointed out as a key factor for successful innovation. The information flux within organizational
networks enhances the likelihood of obtaining new knowledge and disclose new perspectives, which
may spark the development of new ideas or the adaptation of new ways of doing things (Ancona and
Caldwell, 1992; Andrews and Smith, 1996; Denison, Hart, and Kahn, 1996; Keller, 2001; Payne, 1990;
Sparrowe et al., 2001; Perry-Smith and Shalley. 2003). Although network structure tends to be resistant
to change (Uzzi, 1996, 1997; Kim, Oh, & Swaminathan, 2006; Sgourev & Zuckerman, 2007) any change
in actors’ connections might have an effect on performance at different levels, including egocentric,
dyadic, group, overall network (Podolny, 2005; Perry-Smith, 2006; Lazer & Friedman, 2007). While this
topic has been discussed in earlier works, there is still a lack of empirical studies investigating this
phenomenon. Therefore, the overall aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of the dynamics of
individual network connections within an overall ideation network on groups’ idea creation.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 288


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Homophily Based Relationship Prediction in Two Social Networks

Akshay Patil
Jie Gao
Arnout Van-De-Rijt

Friendship networks (Lecture)

Statistical Methods, Homophily, Social Network, Whole Networks, Data, Friendship Network

We consider the problem of predicting relationships between actors in a social network from their
sociodemographic attributes alone. In tackling this problem, we constrain ourselves by allowing only one
theoretical principle to explain variance. This is the sociological principle of homophily, that friends are
alike. We put our scheme to test on two different kinds of social networks; Orkut, an online friendship
network and a Speed Dating social network. To avoid overfitting, we assess predictive power using
crossvalidation. Our friendship prediction classifier achieves a recall of 99.95% and a precision of
85.71% on the Orkut network & a recall of 96.54% and a precision of 74.54% on the Speed Dating
network. Apparently, despite the absence online of many of the segregating social institutions that
induce homophily in the offline world, individuals continue to assort along socio-demographic lines, often
duplicating their offline friendships. They thereby make successful friendship prediction possible.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 289


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Homophily Networks for Large Populations: Development Methodology and Use

Stephen Lieberman

Network properties (Empirical Large-N Networks) (Lecture)

Homophily, Heterophily, Dynamic Networks, Tie-strength, Action And Structure

We follow Blau, Jackson, Lewis, McPherson, et al., Smith-Lovin, Watts, et al., and others in positing that
human behavior is most functionally conceived in terms of the complex social systems within which
actions are taken, and that the representation of these social systems must make evident the
endogenous structural constraints on opportunities for interpersonal contact and group affiliation
(McPherson and Ranger-Moore 1991; McPherson, Popielarz et al. 1992; Blau 1994; Blau and Schwartz
1997; Watts and Strogatz 1998; McPherson, Smith-Lovin et al. 2001; Smith-Lovin 2003; McPherson,
Smith-Lovin et al. 2006; Watts and Dodds 2007; Jackson 2008; Jackson 2008; Lewis 2009). We
demonstrate a theory and modeling framework for Homophily Networks: the network theoretic
realization of dynamic social structures as the culmination of distributions of salient individual attributes
across multidimensional space. We further demonstrate methodologies to develop representative
homophily networks for very large populations (e.g., nation-states) using existing open source and freely
available data.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 290


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Homophily Networks in Artificial Societies

Stephen Lieberman
Jonathan Alt

Simulation (Lecture)

Homophily, Agent Based Models, Large-scale Networks, Action And Structure, Dynamic Brokerage,
Actor-based Models

We discuss a novel methodology for managing entity interactions in artificial societies of representative
heterogeneous agents. We follow Blau, Jackson, Lewis, McPherson, et al., Smith-Lovin, Watts, et al.,
and others in positing that human behavior is best understood in terms of the complex social systems
within which actions are taken, and that the representation of these social systems must make evident
the endogenous structural constraints on opportunities for interpersonal contact and group affiliation
(McPherson and Ranger-Moore 1991; McPherson, Popielarz et al. 1992; Blau 1994; Blau and Schwartz
1997; Watts and Strogatz 1998; McPherson, Smith-Lovin et al. 2001; Smith-Lovin 2003; McPherson,
Smith-Lovin et al. 2006; Watts and Dodds 2007; Jackson 2008; Jackson 2008; Lewis 2009). We
introduce the Cultural Geography (CG) artificial society- a multi-agent simulation that tracks the
emergence of beliefs across a large population of representative agents-, and demonstrate the
realization of dynamic social structure in an artificial society as a Homophily Network that manages the
likelihood that agent-pairs will engage in influential (belief changing) interactions. We review the CG
modeling framework, procedures for simulation instantiation, and three types of simulation outputs, 1)
aggregate measures of emergent belief change, 2) individual reports of belief change, and 3) networks
of influential communications between agents.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 291


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

How Does Network Structure Affect Partnerships For Promoting Physical Activity? Evidence
from Brazil and Colombia

Marsela Dauti
Diana C. Parra
Jenine K. Harris
Lissette Reyes
Ross C. Brownson

Collaboration and Coordination (Lecture)

Visualization, ERGM/P*, Network Analysis, Collaboration, Interorganizational Networks, Physical Activity

When do organizations succeed in building partnerships to address health risks


collaboratively? We study two networks that promote physical activity in different
contexts, i.e. Brazil and Colombia. Using network stochastic modeling, we investigate the effect of
network and organizational-level characteristics on the likelihood of
organizations to collaborate with each other. While the structural features of networks
were significant predictors of collaboration among the two networks, they differed both
in nature and magnitude. Compared to the decentralized network (Brazil), where collaboration was
driven by shared partnerships and the number of ties in which each organization was involved, in the
centralized network (Colombia) collaboration was influenced by perceived importance of peer
organizations. More barriers to collaboration
were reported in the centralized network. Research findings indicate different partnership formation
processes in the physical activity networks of Brazil and Colombia. Future studies should focus on how
these different network structures affect tangible outcomes, such as the implementation of
evidence-based interventions, and shed light on the complexity of partnership formation and barriers to
collaboration.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 292


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

How Many Neighbours do I Know? Bridging Social Capital and Neighbourhood Community

Romana Xerez
Jaime Fonseca

Social Capital (Lecture)

Public Policy, Social Capital, Mixed Methods, Social Network Analysis, Urban Neighbourhoods,
Resource Networks

Does social neighbouring matter to community engagement? Despite the considerable increase in the
development of research on social capital empirical and theoretical in last years, the conclusions on its
effects on community are all but consensual. There are those that proclaim that it is decreasing and
those that demonstrate the opposite. We propose that the neighbourliness affects community
engagement. This paper argues the theoretical and empirical significance of social ties from an
empirical neighbourhood community research. We explore the SNA linkages to social capital in the
context of neighbourhood community concerning: (1) theoretical breakthrough; (2) methods; (3) and
neighbourhood community findings. The data set is a recent survey (N= 402) developed in the SNA
perspective in a Lisbon neighbourhood. We have estimated a SNA model based on the evaluation of
four social capital components: network structure; trust and reciprocity in the neighbourhood; resources;
and community engagement. Results suggested three significant clusters with important linkages to
neighbourliness. This paper reports the first Portuguese social capital neighbourhood score and
discusses the findings concerning literature, social network, as well as urban policy implications.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 293


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

How Personal Networks affect the Entry into the Labour Market. A Fuzzy-Set Analysis

Betina Hollstein
Claudius Wagemann

Social Networks and Life Course Transitions (Lecture)

Longitudinal, QCA, Personal Networks, Life Course

Personal relationships, i.e. family, friends and acquaintances, are of eminent importance for the
successful transition from school-to-work. Social relationships provide several forms of interaction, of
assistance, and of social support relevant for the entry into the labour market, such as orientation and
motivation, information and advice, and material support. On the other hand, personal relationships can
also be quite hindering, if we think of families at risk or deviant peers groups.
In this paper, we examine such influences on the transition from school-to-work for a group of lowly
educated young adults having difficulties at their first step into the labour market.
We analyze the relational influences from a social network perspective (a) and the network effects over
time (b).
Longitudinal data were collected on 40 lowly educated young adults facing difficulties at the transition
from-school-to-vocat ional training. Respondents were followed over a five years period, with three
survey waves with intervals of two years (Keupp et al 1999). Standardized instruments were combined
with qualitative biographical interviews. The data was analyzed by using Fuzzy-set-analysis (Ragin
2000, 2008), revealing different types of network influence, cumulative and compensatory effects, and
the conditions thereof.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 294


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

How Social Capital Is Created during Current Job: Work Conditions and Interpersonal Contacts

Yang-Chih Fu
Ray-May Hsung
Si-Yin Lee

Ethnicity and Networks (Lecture)

Social Capital, Work, Position Generator

Social capital often varies by one’s work conditions and surrounding social circles. The present paper
examines how work conditions and interpersonal contacts help explain the extent to which social capital
changes during current job, and how such an association varies among societies. We argue that due to
greater overlap between work and non-work ties in Asian or Chinese culture than those in Western
culture, one would expect that both work-related and non-work-related social interactions affect social
capital in East Asia but not so much in the West. Data contain national representative samples of those
who ever work, ages 21-64, in the United States (n=3,000), China (n=3,535) and Taiwan (n=3,281), all
interviewed in 2005. We construct two dependent variables that measure social capital from the position
generator (extensity -- the number of occupational positions among the respondent’s acquaintance
networks, and reachability -- the highest prestige among these occupations). Overall, social capital
varies by work conditions quite substantially in both China and Taiwan, but not in the U.S. Both firm size
and innovation at work help a worker in China and Taiwan reach a wider spectrum and a higher position
along the occupational hierarchy, while they are irrelevant to how an American worker accumulates
his/her social capital. Similarly, interpersonal contacts explain considerably why a Taiwanese worker
gains more social capital than others, even though they are less consistent in both China and the U.S.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 295


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

How a Non-Contagious Disease Becomes an “Epidemic”: An Agent-Based Model of the


Evolution of Autism Clusters in Metropolitan Los Angeles

Christine Fountain
Ka-Yuet Liu
Peter S. Bearman

Social Networks and Health (Lecture)

Diffusion, Community Structure, Social Contagion, Agent Based Models, Autism

In the past two decades the measured prevalence of autism in the US has increased dramatically.
California saw its autism caseload increase 634% between 1987 and 2003 alone (California DDS 2003).
This “epidemic” increase in a non-infectious disorder is puzzling, particularly as it did not occur uniformly
across the state. Clusters of births with high autism risk have been identified throughout California
(Meter et al. 2010) including a large and robust cluster in northwest Los Angeles (Mazumdar et al.
2010). Geographic clustering suggests the operation of local processes, such as residential sorting on
risk factors like parental age and education (King et al. 2009); toxicological environment; uneven
ascertainment and access to services; information diffusion; and social influence (Liu, King & Bearman).
It is likely that some or all of these processes interact to produce feedback loops, creating the conditions
for micro-epidemics. We model the spread of autism through the social and geographic networks of
young children and their parents in the LA metro area using an agent-based model. Multiple datasets --
including geocoded population-level data on all births linked to autism diagnoses, census and survey
data, and the locations of key meeting places – inform the model. We use the ABM to explore the
conditions under which autism clusters form, as well as to assess the relative contributions of various
local mechanisms to the production of geographic variation in autism risk.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 296


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

How publications maintain social and scientific relations. An analysis of scientific citations in
chemistry

Béatrice Milard

Academic and Scientific Networks II (Lecture)

Scientific Networks, Mixed Methods, Citation Analysis, Scientific Publications

The objective of this paper is to highlight the social and relational substance of scientific citations by
showing how social network of scholars are involved in citations’ practices. It is a continuation, but also
an alternative, to recent works on social networks of scientific citations which analyse formal
combinations of intellectual sphere (citations) and social sphere (collaborations). In this work, I consider
citations, not as an indicator, but as an opportunity for scholars to build ties with others scholars or
groups of scholars, to reinforce them and also, sometimes, to lighten them. Citations – with all their
social substance – are seen as an expression of scientific sociability and potential vector of
transformation of scientific groups.
The methodology – a “mixed method”, quantitative and qualitative – is based on the studies of a corpus
of 32 prestigious publications of chemists and interviews with their authors. My approach is 1) to use
scientific references as name generators to understand the socio-cognitive network of the publication
(intellectual, professional and social); 2) to complete this analyse with relational studies of publication
process (writing, evaluation, cooperation, funding, links with previous and later publications); 3) to
survey the diffusion of citations with particular attention to actors, supports and temporality of the chains
of mediations that they draw.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 297


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

How the efficiency of degree based seed groups in social diffusion varies with commitment
constraints

Alexandre H. Abdo

Network properties (Centrality Measures in Social Networks) (Lecture)

Diffusion, Simulation, Viral Marketing, Agent Based Models, Scheduling, Commitment

On several theoretical information flow processes, degree centrality is


known to be positively correlated to a node's influence towards others.
In other processes, however, one observes the opposite, as the influence
of high degree individuals may be dispersed due to commitment
constraints. In this paper we investigate with computer simulations how
the influence of degree changes in-between these situations for groups
of nodes. Our concern is the practical objective of minimizing
the number of seed nodes necessary to reach a target diffusion
performance, when making the choice of seeds in some proportion of the
degree. We introduce a parameter to a well known model of social
contagion that bridges the case where individuals are free to influence
any number of alters to another case where individuals can only
influence a single alter at a time, or are even more restricted.
Simulating this range of models, for a particular static influence
network obtained from computer mediated human interactions we find that
this aspect of the micro mechanism of contagion - the balance between
the time committed to infect to that to be infected - determines whether
degree favors, is neutral to, or diminishes a seed group's influence. We
further investigate the role of that specific network's topology in such
relationship, revealing its relative unimportance. These conclusions
suggest that any instrumental use of degree centrality as network
influence should start by considering where the interactions taking
place would lie within this range of models.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 298


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

How to Immunize a Network: The Case of Spread of Highly Resistant Hospital Acquired
Infections Via Critical Care Transfers

Theodore J. Iwashyna
Umanka H. Karkada
Lada A. Adamic
Jeremy M. Kahn

Innovation and Diffusion (Lecture)

Networks And Health, Diffusion, Centrality, Influentials

Objectives: Reducing the spread of potentially harmful agents over a network requires optimally
targeting scarce resources. We compare approaches to placing “immunization” resources on a real
network when each resource provides incomplete, but potentially cumulative, protection.

Application Context: Hospital-acquired infections with highly resistant organisms are an important
problem among critically ill patients. Control of these organisms has focused within individual hospitals,
but we examine the way critical care transfers could spread organisms between hospitals

Design and Setting: We analyzed the network of interhospital transfers of ICU patients in 2005 U.S.
Medicare data. We simulated spread of highly resistant hospital-acquired infections, following spread of
throughout the network under varying strategies of infection control resource allocation. Each infection
control resource was assumed to reduce the risk of infection by 25% per transfer.

Measurements and Main Results: Critical care transfers could spread a highly resistant organism
between any two U.S. hospitals in a median of three years. Targeting resources to a small subset of
hospitals based on their position in the network was 16 times more efficient than distributing infection
control resources uniformly. However, targeting resources with a greedy algorithm significantly
outperformed targeting resources based on between-ness or degree centrality.

Comment: Partial, rather than complete, immunization may provide a more realistic framework in which
to model alternations of network diffusion.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 299


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Hybrid Metrics of Performance Measurement in Communities of Practice

Francesca Grippa

Mixed Methods Network Studies (Poster)

This paper proposes a methodology to integrate methods of Social Network Analysis, Business
Scorecards and Intellectual Capital. To test the methodology and verify the managerial implications, we
applied hybrid indicators to monitor three communities of practice within an aerospace and defense
industrial group. We integrated their performance monitor system – based on a Balanced Scorecard -
with the network metrics based on the communication frequency among members.
First, we systematically reviewed strategic tools such as Skandia Navigator, Intangible Assets Monitor,
IC-Index™, Balanced Scorecard; Intangible Value Framework. Second, we identified the dimensions of
analysis that are common to each of these tools and we built a matrix composed of four dimensions:
people, processes, innovation and financial. Third, we combined network indicators with metrics
describing the four dimensions, creating a list of 46 hybrid indicators, 22 at actor’s level and 24 at
community level.
A preliminary result is this validation of the hybrid indicators. For example, the index ABC/Pe might help
identify employees with key connections to clients, as it combines values of Actor Betweenness
Centrality and the number of new clients contacted by the employee.
This integration provides opportunities to complement Business Scorecard approaches to take into
account the evolution of social capital and the community’s dynamics; it also helps SNA to better qualify
members through the application of metrics describing organizational performance.

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Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

ICT: connecting and managing contacts

Johann Chaulet

Qualitative Network Studies (Lecture)

Trust, ICTS, Availability, Disconnection, Autonomy

This presentation deals with the substance of the network more than its structure, relation itself more
than connections.
While studying meeting websites lead us to understand construction of trust among strangers on the
Internet, exploring email uses by academics helps us understand how availability is managed and
negotiated between partners already in contact.
Those very different points of view help us to understand how ICTs may be used to connect and
disconnect, using for those two opposites aims, different social and technical strategies, local and more
general arrangements.
Presenting those two logics will show how those tools may obviously be connecting facilitators but might
also be part of the availability management one has to oppose to perpetual contact ideal to maintain
autonomy and freedom in a more and more connected environment.
Social relations and contacts will be studied in detail, using different kinds of materials such as
interviews, email boxes content or mediated and written contacts between users.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 301


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

IM Social Networks: Individual, Relational and Cultural Characteristics

Ilan Talmud

Online Social Networks (Lecture)

Online Networks, Youth Networks, Multiplexity, Internet/www, Homophily, Communication

Prevalent research on information and communication technologies (ICTs) tends to focus on either
individual or group level characteristics, while neglecting to investigate the effect of relational variables
on communication. We collected survey data in Israel (N = 492) and Canada (N = 293) to investigate the
effect of individual, relational and cultural variables on frequency and topic multiplexity of Instant
Messaging communication among dyads of university students. In both countries, we found that
university students living in geographical proximity communicated more frequently and on more topics
than students living at geographical distance did. Relationship type had an effect on patterns of IM
communication: communication with close friends and romantic partners was more frequent than with
distant friends and family ties. Additionally, perceived closeness was positively associated with
frequency and topic multiplexity. More important, we show that IM communication patterns reflect the
type and nature of existing relationships between contacts rather than individual attributes and cultural
characteristics of the communicators.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 302


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

IUNGERE OR GAUDERE?AN INVESTIGATION OF TERTIUM IUNGENS AND TERTIUM GAUDENS


STRATEGIES IN ONLINE BUSINESS SOCIAL NETWORKS

Lucia Marchegiani
Federica Brunetta
Francesca Vicentini

Online Social Networks (Lecture)

Network Data, Knowledge Flows, Knowledge Transfer, Brokerage, Structural Equivalence, Viral
Marketing

The role of Information as a strategic asset has been thoroughly analyzed in the economic disciplines;
the possibility to access broad information repositories provided by the digital technologies has shed
new questions about the impact of information on the economy and on the economic actors. Indeed, as
Teece (2000) among others pointed out, in the new economy firm’s core capabilities rely on the ability to
create, transfer, integrate and exploit knowledge.
Business networking appears of great value especially for Small and Medium Enterprises (SME),
offering the possibility to lower transaction costs (Sherer, 2003) and to exploit collective knowledge (Yli
Renko et al., 2001). We focus on a virtual social network of SMEs and we investigate its structural
characteristics. The presence of structural holes appears important for the circulation of knowledge and
ideas; nevertheless, being the brokering activity multidimensional in nature, brokers appear to follow
either a tertium iungens (Obstfeld, 2005) strategy creating and facilitating ties among alters or a tertium
gaudens (Burt, 1992) strategy. This is also paired with the “network memory” (Soda et al., 2004) that
affects the dynamic and evolution of the network structure. With the aim of investigating the different
strategies from a network evolution viewpoint, we analysed an online business social network that
comprises more than 4,000 users over a time range September 2009-March 2010, based on data
collected through the log files. We aim at observing longitudinally the data in order to understand the
dynamics and evolution of the network and the nature of the relationships.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 303


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Identifying Educational Innovation Trough Semantic SNA

Dustin Larimer
Gloria Busche
Kanupriya Goel
Melina Becker
Peter Gloor

Words and Networks (Lecture)

Trend Discovery, Web Mining, Schools, Social Network Analysis

In this paper we describe a project measuring educational innovativeness of students and teachers
through their online social networking structure. We analyze the online social network of the
collaborative learning platform educanet.ch, which has been developed by the Swiss educational
ministry as a collaboration tool for K1-12 teachers and students. We measure the linking structure of the
publicly accessible part of educanet, and compare it with the link structure of Swiss private schools. We
notice a huge discrepancy between highly linked private schools, and the sparsely linked public
educanet. In particular, links are only between schools, i.e. teachers, and not between students. There
are for example no links from Facebook to educanet. One conclusion therefore is that students are not
using educanet for collaboration.
In one subproject we focused on the density of the network as well as the density of the different
language sub networks in trilingual Switzerland (German, French, Italian). We correlated networking
structure of schools with their success rate in the ETH Swiss high school ranking, to evaluate if higher
interconnection implied greater success and excellence within the network.
To find global educational innovations, we identified trends and trendsetters on the global educational
forum TakingItGlobal through dynamic social network analysis, calculating the most central participants,
and analyzing their interests and discussion topics.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 304


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Identifying Influentials by Example - the MVP (Most Valuable Player) Algorithm

Stefan Nann
Jonas S. Krauss
Hauke Fuehres
Peter Gloor
Kai Fischbach

Words and Networks (Lecture)

In this paper we introduce a method for finding the most relevant or “most valuable” person (where
“valuable” refers to relevance towards a search term or query) inside a social network through creating a
MVP-index (most valuable person index). The basic idea is that people “close” to a person with a
desired property (e.g. wealth, famous actor, respected scientist) share the same property. “Closeness”
is defined by social network position and by shared attributes. An example for a network with
appropriate properties would be the social network site xing.com. Xing is a social network for business
people, mainly used by German speaking users.

Our MVP-algorithm consists of two main components. First component is the attribute ranking,
depending on the relevance of the attribute towards the search term or query. Common text processing
algorithms are used to identify shared attributes and determine the relevance level. The second
component is the degree-of-separation to other MVP-ranked persons. The seed MVP-ranking is done
through external sources, e.g. the list of Nobel Prize winning scientists, or the Forbes list of millionaires.
Attribute- and MVP-rank can additionally be weighted with centrality of each person in the social network
being analyzed. Thus, the index ranks persons according to their relevance towards a search term but
also considers network centrality and pre-assigned persons of interest.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 305


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Ideology and collaboration in the Italian legislative process: myth or reality?

Laura Sartori
Paolo Parigi

Networks in Political Science (NIPS I) (Lecture)

Collaboration, Alliances, Political Networks

Why paying attention to Italian Parliament in the Seventies is relevant? There are two main reasons:
first, to pinpoint unexplored aspects of legislative process and second, to innovate with respect to
traditional methodological approach through the network analysis. On the one side, Italy in the 70s
represents an interesting case for political party system and political behavior specialists studying
political processes in the context of divided civil societies. On the other side, political scientists have only
recently become more interests in the tools of network analysis. This paper brings these two aspects
together by focusing on the patterns of collaboration between MPs of the 6th legislature (1972-1977).
Our analysis shows that a fragmented, ideologically divided and conflicting society produced a political
system that was at once divided and united. Party affiliations counted in explaining collaboration among
MPs, but other factors – such as territorial belonging – played a significant role as well. We indentified in
the scant coherence between the social and political levels the key characteristic of the Italian political
system at the time.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 306


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

IkeNet4: Friendship Formation Among Military Officers

Ian Mcculloh
Joshua Lospinoso
John Graham

Friendship networks (Lecture)

Dynamic Network Analysis, Siena, Friendship Formation, Friendship Network, Longitudinal Analysis

Structural factors and node attributes affecting friendship formation are investigated using a unique data
set collected at the U.S. Military Academy. Social network data was collected on self-reported
friendship, time spent together, and email communication for 21 mid-career Army officers enrolled in a
one-year graduate program run jointly by Columbia University and the U.S. Military Academy. Data was
collected on the first day the officers reported for duty and met each other for the first time. Longitudinal
data was collected for the subsequent 20 weeks. Significant social factors affecting friendship in this
group is estimated using RSiena. Social network change detection is used to determine when the group
reaches an equilibrium state.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 307


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Impact factor as a measure of quality?

Sasha Goodman
Balazs Kovacs

Academic and Scientific Networks I (Lecture)

Citation Networks, Academic Networks

The number of citations journal articles get are known to follow a


power law. The underlying mechanism behind this power-law distribution
is the preferential attachment or Matthew-effect: those who have more
will get even more. In this paper, we disentangle the Matthew-effect
into two mechanisms: article quality and the Matthew effect itself.
Both mechanisms are consistent with the Matthew effect, but they have
very different interpretations. If the first effect dominates, we
argue, then high citation count is indeed a good proxy for quality. If
the peer pressure and other sociological factors dominate, however,
then citation count is less precise as a proxy for quality. We build
models to study these mechanisms, and test these models on citation
count distributions. We find that including article quality results in
better fit than the power-law.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 308


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Impact of Europeanization in Policy Network Governance Patterns

Miguel N. Rodrigues

Sesión Iberoamericana (Lecture)

Public Policy, Social Capital, Inter-organizational Networks, Institutional Theory, Adaption And
Networks, Policy Networks

This paper draws on the conclusions of an international research project on EU Enlargement and
Multi-level Governance in European Regional and Environment Policies. The project’s main goal was
twofold: first, to evaluate the impact of Europeanization of public policy on the governance structures of
three traditionally unitary countries (Ireland, Portugal and Greece), and their response, in terms of
learning and adaptation, to the European environment in the regional and environmental policies; and
second, to identify the appropriate reforms that new member states (Poland and Hungary) should
undertake, in order to facilitate the adaptation and adjustment of their public policy structures to the
European environment.
Focus is given to institutional formal and informal networks that sustain the policy-making process and
its relation to EU policy, which were analyzed with SNA methods, namely, density, centrality and
structural equivalence measures. This methodology allowed the research to identify points of resistance
to change and to assess the level of expertise involved in the policy-making process and subsequently
of the presence of relevant forms of governance. More centralized networks (Ireland and Poland;
Portugal in regional policy; Hungary in environmental policy) were associated with the concentration of
power in state actors; More dense networks (Ireland, Poland and Portugal), however, enabled better
levels of informational flows and knowledge exchange. Structural equivalence revealed pattern
similarities among central state actors on the one hand, and more peripheral ones on the other.
On the basis of these findings, a new research program is proposed to address unanswered questions,
with recourse to more sophisticated SNA methods.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 309


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

In Search for Social Capital. Interlocking directorates at Warsaw Stock Exchange.

Michal Zdziarski

Interlocking Directorates (Lecture)

Interlocking Directorates, Social Capital, Centrality, Interfirm Networks, Performance, Teams

I would like to present a research on the network of interlocking directorates among top management
teams of Polish companies listed at Warsaw Stock Exchange. Using empirical data for years
2006-2008, I will discuss possibility of using interlocking directorates as an indicator of the social capital.
Thus major research question addressed in my presentation and reseach will consider the relationship
among efficiency and consequences and interlocking directorates. I will approach this research problem
from several perspectives. First I will try to check if, at individual level, bonding and/or bridging types of
social capital are related to individual executives performance, masured by tenure in executive position.
I will also examine if centrality measures are related to the likelihood of selection to new executive
boards. Second I will try to examine if centrality measures, or their combination for companies
connected by directors, are related to financial performance indicators, such as ROA or ROE. I am also
planning to present small world estimates for booth directors and company networks and to discuss its
evolution in resent years, I will present data on the inner cyrcle of the most influential executives, and
propose research questions for further investigations.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 310


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Incidence or Intention? The Stability of the German Corporate Network during the Crisis of the
1930th

Karoline Krenn
Christian Marx

Interlocking Directorates (Lecture)

Interlocking Directorates, Historical Networks, Corporate Governance, Broken Tie Analysis

In the literature we find at least two theoretical approaches to interlocking directorates. From an
institutional perspective personal networks between big enterprises are intentional and strategic choices
e.g. connected to resource-dependence. From a personal perspective networks result from personal
relations (“old-boys-networks”) and act as means of power maintenance of the manager elite. In the
second case, inter-organizational relations occur incidentally. By operationalizing the reconstitution of
broken ties between firms as an indicator for intentional networks broken-tie analyses is used as a
method to test these competing approaches against each other.
In this paper we want to discuss the stability structure of interlocks between big German business
corporations in the Weimar Republic by a variation of broken-tie analyses (the study comprises about
200 – 300 corporations). It shows that World War I and the inflation of the 1920s have only little
influence on the stability of the network. But it is rather the post 1929 scenario and the bank crisis of the
1930s which lead to a period of dissolution. Equally growth and decline periods have to be accounted
for as relevant factors. It shall be left open to discussion in how far the explaining value of this
socio-economic constellation therefore permits regenerating on the theoretical level. Apart from its
historical relevance, however, the data allows inference on the governance effects of dissolving
incentives.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 311


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Indirect inter-organizational networks and networks of inter-organizational collaboration in the


5th European Social Forum in Malmö 2008

Magnus Wennerhag
Moses A. Boudourides
Rickard Andersson
Iosif Botetzagias

Collective Action and Social Movements (Lecture)

Inter-organizational Networks, Centrality, Block Model Analysis, Qap Multiple Regression Analysis,
Social Movement Theory

In continuation to the previous surveys in various European cities on the occasion of the organization of
the European Social Forum (ESF) there (cf., Donatella della Porta (ed.), Another Europe, Routledge,
2009), we have conducted a similar survey at the 2008 ESF having taken place in Malmö, Sweden,
17-21 September 2008. In this paper, we are presenting a number of social network analyses of our
data corresponding to two questions: (a) Which were the (types of) organizations in which the
respondents (ESF participants) were involved? (b) Have the respondents been involved in any
collaboration with activists from other organizations during the last 12 months, and if that was the case,
within which (types of) organizations were these collaborators (up to 5 contacts) involved?

Apparently, these are 2-mode network data and associated to them are two 1-mode inter-organizational
networks (cf. Mario Diani, Networks and Participation, in D.A. Snow et al., The Blackwell Companion to
Social Movements, Blackwell, 2004; B. Cornwell & J.A. Harrison, Union members and voluntary
associations: Membership overlap as a case of organizational embeddedness, ASR, 69, 2004). In
particular, Question (a) produces an inter-organizational network formed by the respondents’
common/overlapping organizational involvements; this is an undirected valued graph, in which the value
(or weight) on a link/edge between two organizations measures the number of respondents who declare
that they are involved in both these organizations (and where the value on self-loops represents the total
number of respondents involved in an organization). Similarly, Question (b) produces a network of
inter-organizational contacts formed by the respondents’ and their collaborators’ organizational
involvements; this is a directed valued graph, in which the value (or weight) on a link/arc from
organization i to organization j measures the number of respondents who declare that they are involved
in organization i and that they have contacts with persons involved in organization j (and where the
value on self-loops now represents the total number of respondents involved in an organization who
declare that they have contacts with persons involved in the same organization).

For these networks, we are conducting social network analyses at the overall European level and at the
level of certain European countries (representing a considerable number of respondents). After
visualizing such inter-organizational networks, we are computing the centrality measures of each
organization in each network and we are determining groups of organizations in each network according
to the blockmodeling partitioning/cluster ing technique. Finally, we are conducting the QAP multiple
regression analysis among the indirect inter-organizational networks and the corresponding networks of
inter-organizational contacts, so that we might determine existing patterns of correlations among these
two networks.
When the networks that constitute social movements are studied, this is quite often done through
studies of inter-organizational networks, which are analyzed using data for activists’ multiple group
memberships. Such an analysis tends to be focused on activist communities’ shared identities and
organizational belongings, which certainly are important prerequisites for collective action to take place
within a larger social movement network. However, what is not analyzed, are the actual social bonds

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Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

that have been created and sustained between activists belonging to different sectors of a movement,
during a certain time period. Using our analytical approach, we wish to analyze this aspect of social
movement action, and also to compare and interpret the results produced by such an analysis of the
networks produced by Question (b) with an ordinary study of multiple group memberships produced by
Question (a).

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 313


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Individual Profiles in Local Network Structures

Michael A. Pearson

Analyzing Network Data (Methods) (Lecture)

Adolescents, Ego-centered Networks, Balanced Triad, Second Level Networks, Sphere Of Engagement

We investigate growth in social network development whereby individuals make choices about the type
of network structure they occupy. The six phases we study include: only choosing friends who
reciprocate; choosing friends who are popular; choosing friends who are expansive; preferring closure in
my network triads; choosing friend’s who are friends of my friends; and not choosing non-friends of my
friends. Our hypothesis is based on the work of Heider and others involved in classic balance theory.
According to this theory a homogeneous balance across the network is implied. We propose
heterogeneity in balance processes either because of individual preference or because of social position
or social role.
We test the above hypotheses by identifying individual measures of reciprocity, popularity,
expansiveness, closure and balance associated with the phases of development. The measures are
made through orientation to a local network structure or sphere of engagement. Initially we use an
individual’s level 1 ego-network as the sphere of engagement, but later extend this to the level 2
ego-network. We also investigate measures associated with links outside of the local network structures.
We interpret such effects with reference to studies carried out of adolescent behaviour in the West of
Scotland. We look at specific network structures and hypothesise concerning network development in
the context of both gender and age. Our results show that the measures are in general highly gendered
as well as changing with age.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 314


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Individual preferences and relational constraints in selecting wedding guests: a qualitative


analysis of young couples’ social networks

Anna-Maija Castren
Florence Maillochon

Social Networks and Life Course Transitions (Lecture)

Qualitative Approaches, Life Cycle, Relational Embeddedness, Family Ties

Marriage has become an individual choice in most European countries. In this paper we study the entry
into marriage, i.e. weddings, which in the contemporary research literature are often presented with an
emphasis on consumerism, celebration of romance, and the experience of a unique and individual
occasion. In this study weddings are analyzed from the relational perspective with a special emphasis
on guests and the social networks of young couples. The data is collected in France and Finland and
consists of interviews and networks of 24 couples. The study investigates the social prerequisites
conditioning the choices and negotiations related to marriage and weddings, and offer a perspective to
the interplay between the individual preferences and the relational constraints in the life course. The
analysis displays the configurational boundaries of a wedding as a get-together of family and friends.
The results show that despite the predominantly individualistic discourse expressed by the couples, a
wedding is still a familial affair: the configurations of family ties are influential in constraining as well as
enabling the choices available to the couple.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 315


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Influence of social networks on uptake of a feedback quality improvement intervention in long


term care settings: Preliminary findings

Anne E. Sales
Carole A. Estabrooks
Thomas W. Valente

Innovation and Diffusion (Lecture)

Implementation, Knowledge Transfer, Behavior Change, Long Term Care, Quality Improvement

Social network data were collected among staff in two long term care facilities to characterize social
networks in these units and examine how social networks influence uptake and use of feedback reports
based on Resident Assessment Instrument-Minimum Data Set version 2.0 (RAI-MDS 2.0) data. Staff in
six separate nursing units in two long term care facilities in Alberta, Canada were asked five different
sociometric network questions. The two most relevant types of social networks were advice-seeking and
discussion of feedback reports. We obtained data from between 9 and 27 respondents on each unit,
from all types of providers delivering direct care to residents. The data for each unit will be used to
assess the association of uptake of feedback intervention with specific network indicators such as
in-degree, out-degree, network exposure, and structural characteristics. Feedback report uptake was
measured using a separate survey administered concurrently to assess whether or not the respondent
read the report and reported intention to change behaviour based on the report. This study was
conducted within the context of a larger study of an audit with feedback intervention in long term care
settings over a 13 month period with monthly feedback report distribution.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 316


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Informal Structures of Communication in Free Software Communities

Dominika Czerniawska

Collaboration and Coordination (Lecture)

Communication Networks, Coordination, Cooperation, Collaboration Network, Open Source

The main goal of this research is to discover informal structures of communication in free software
communities. Although open source communities received a great attention from social researchers,
limited number of papers have taken time perspective into consideration. Primary question concerns a
role of developers as crucial nodes in evolving social structure. Data covers 7 years period of
communication among Wine Project mailing lists users. The structure of communication shapes
productivity activities which are basic in this kind of communities. Defining factors, which have an
influence on consistency or alteration of structures in communities without predefined management
units, gives us an opportunity to observe emerging patterns of dependency. Two factors were analyzed
deeper: engagement in community (especially communication with users) and affiliation with functional
groups. Results show that extremely strong leader position has decreased during development of the
project. The structure of communication is partly determined by functional divisions. Moreover,
functional subgroups have different patterns of communications (e.g. group as information broker, group
with actors as information brokers, isolated groups). Permanent integral activities engaging relatively
limited but solid number of developers were detected. The communication activity correlates positively
with productivity.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 317


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Information seeking and instrumental support via informal mediaries using public access
computing: Results from a U.S. nationwide, mixed method study

Karen E. Fisher
Michael D. Crandall
Samantha Becker

Mixed Methods Network Studies (Lecture)

Qualitative Approaches, Mixed Methods, Information Sharing, Information Exchange, Public Access
Computing, ICTS

Using Abrahamson and Fisher’s theory of lay information mediary behavior (LIMB) (2007) we
investigated the roles played by family, friends and strangers in seeking information and performing
instrumental tasks across 7 domains using public access computing at public libraries. These domains
included civic engagement, education, health and wellness, employment and entrepreneurship.
eCommerce, and social inclusion. LIMBS—people who seek information or perform instrumental task on
behalf of others without necessarily being asked prior or engaging in follow-up—were a primary feature
of this mixed-method study, designed purposefully to improve results generalizability and
contextualization. The study comprised a nationwide telephone survey (n=3,176); a nationwide Internet
survey administered via 400 randomly selected public libraries (n=45,209); and case studies of four
public libraries, selected to represent geographic and socio-demographic diversity. Users, including
homeless and digitally-disconnect ed individuals, aged 14-plus were recruited in all phases; case study
interviews (n=317) also included library staff, trustees, and volunteers, and community stakeholders,
complementing field observation and community profiling. Tandem statistical analysis of survey data
and focused coding and content analysis of qualitative data were used to triangulate results. At Sunbelt,
we will discuss our use of theory and mixed-methods (especially qualitative techniques) for studying
egocentric social and informational support networks and their implications for directing policy-making
and system design.

Abrahamson, J., & Fisher, K. E. (2007). “What’s past is prologue:” Towards a general model of lay
information mediary behaviour. Information Research, 12.4. http://informationr. net/ir/12-4/colis/co
lis15.html

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 318


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Informed Decisions and War: How the Networked Structure of Governments Shapes Their
Behavior Regarding Threats and War

Wayne A. Thornton

Networks in Political Science (NIPS I) (Lecture)

Methods, Statistical Methods, Inter-organizational Networks, Multilevel Networks, Governance, Policy


Networks

By modeling governments as a network, my paper offers a new perspective on governmental


decision-making. I characterize several essential qualities characterizing the working of a government,
but without explicitly modeling the entire network that comprises a government’s decision-making
process.

I treat all types of governments as an institutionalized networked decision-making process and model
institutional actors as nodes in the network. The model characterizes each actor (node) by the degree to
which it is informed and by the degree to which it informs the decision process. The model combines
these measures using Boolean algebra, resulting in a highly non-linear statistical model. The model
generates composite measures of the propensity of the networked system to make informed decisions.

I apply the model to analyze empirical data and show how the structure of governments shapes states’
behavior regarding threats and war.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 319


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Innovation Workgroup Network Dynamics: Rewiring, Gatekeepers and Complementarity

Chris Coleridge

Qualitative Network Studies (Lecture)

Qualitative Approaches, Small World, Innovation

In recent years, small world network theory has gained attention, not least for its apparent explanatory
power for innovation (eg Uzzi and Spiro 2005); yet the mechanisms through which short geodesics
combined with high clustering coefficients are supposed to yield high generativity of innovation are
rendered doubtful by the power of gatekeepers and the decisions of embedded, homophilous,
mixed-status actors. Through analysis of an eight-month qualitative case study of a cross-functional
innovation workgroup which evaluated 66, developed 13 and launched eight value proposition
innovations in a large telecoms firm, this paper uncovers network mechanisms which, it is proposed,
influenced the success or failure of the innovations. These shed light, in an innovation context, on the
microdynamics of network rewiring, as well as on the operation of social network diversity's social
exchange-based effect on brokerage and network complementarity.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 320


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Innovation and Networks in Cancer Drug Development

Lewis K. Lee

Innovation and Diffusion (Poster)

Genetics, Multilevel Analysis, Competitive Ties, Innovation, R&D, Venture Capital

The expansive field of cancer drug development, with its growing array of novel biological approaches
and drug targets, is beset with strategic and operational challenges. In an environment where standards
of care and knowledge of disease etiology are in continual flux, the choices of therapeutic approaches,
tumor types, development paths and competitive position involve complex decision trade-offs. Success
in exploiting new molecular science requires rapid assimilation of knowledge and tumor-specific
expertise to investigate clinical claims. This study characterized patterns of top cancer drug
development firms in their strategic networks across 3 levels of innovation and capabilities: biological
platforms, drug targets, and tumor types. Also investigated were (1) the correlations between the sets of
relations, (2) firm characteristics which explained common strategic profiles, and (3) relational
differences between early and late stage development. Data on drug development pipelines for a total of
32 firms worldwide were accessed and supplemented by clinical trial registries, along with company and
alliance information from respective annual reports, and mechanism definitions from the U.S. National
Cancer Institute. Core-periphery analysis showed clustering of company types along tumor types, with
evidence of association between platforms and tumor-type relations (Jaccard correlation >0.81).
Regression analyses showed dyadic ties in these relations to be positively associated with existence of
marketed products, and somewhat with non-biotech structure and non-US base. Relational ties were not
constant across the development value chain. Implications of these findings and further research are
discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 321


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Innovation and entrepreneurship culture

Carlos henryque P. Gomes


Joaquim josé B. Gouveia
Marcos aurélio D. Silva

Innovation and Diffusion (Lecture)

Innovation, Sna, Enterpreneurs, Industrial Districts, Gatekeepers

The purpose of this paper is to present observations over primary results of ongoing empirical research
of the influence of social network relations as a tool for promote new ideas, products and innovation and
technology among entrepreneurs at Telecommunications and ITC companies at Porto Digital in Recife
Brazil and Inova-Ria in Aveiro Portugal. The primary objective was investigate and identify how social
actors and leadership, at local level, exchange technical information through social ties and informal
channels among local companies and observe how far innovation is assumed as routine among
entrepreneurs. The methodology applied for this paper is based on structural perspective of Social
Network Analysis and notions of flow of information among entrepreneurs at Telecommunications and
ICT industrial districts in Brazil and Portugal, also the results of an documentary analysis, an empirical
research and literature review of Social Network Analysis and Innovation. The first data collected show
us how the network behave in order to innovate and how communication about innovation flows among
network peers. The paper offers implications regarding how these findings and data could increase and
promote ideas if companies and local leadership stimulate regular dialog and exchange information in
local innovation basis.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 322


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Instability and near-degeneracy of ERGMs

Michael Schweinberger

Exponential Random Graphs (Lecture)

ERGM/P*, Statistical Models, Degeneracy

It is well-known that Exponential-family Random Graph Models (ERGMs) with interaction terms (such as
stars, triangles) and strong homogeneity assumptions tend to be near-degenerate, hampering
simulation and estimation. We shed light on the near-degeneracy of ERGMs by introducing the notion of
instability of ERGMs and showing that unstable ERGMs tend to be asymptotically degenerate in the
sense of Strauss. As applications, we consider ERGMs with Markov dependence and curved ERGMs.
The main conclusion is that ERGMs may include interaction terms, but to be non-degenerate, interaction
must be sufficiently weak.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 323


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Instrumental and Expressive Networks in Different Types of Communities

Ioana A. Mihai

Community (Lecture)

Social Capital, Rural Communities, Cooperation, Urban Neighbourhoods

The paper presents the results of fieldwork carried out in the summer of 2009 in rural and urban
communities in Romania. The main instrument used was a questionnaire including questions on social
capital and cooperation and a resource generator (Van Der Gaag&Snijders, 2005). Data on the
neighborhood/vicinit y, in terms of type of housing and collective action, was also collected through
interviews.
The focus of the research was to compare instrumental and expressive networks of people living in
rural, more traditional communities to those of people living in urban, modern environments. Do people
living in traditional rural communities rely more on local and kinship networks as opposed to people
living in apartment buildings in cities? Do sources of social capital differ depending on the type of
community? What is the effect of different shaping of individual social capital on cooperation and its
outcomes? These are the main questions explored in the paper.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 324


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Integrated Network Analysis in Social-Ecological Studies – Methodological Approaches

Henrik Ernstson
Jeff Ranara

Networks and Natural Resource Management (Lecture)

Social Network Analysis, Ecological Network Analysis, Integrated Social-ecological Network Analysis

Methodological challenges involved in using network analysis for social-ecological studies are
addressed. A typology of four approaches to integrated analysis of systems consisting of interacting
social and ecological entities (social-ecological systems) is proposed: (1) Analytical integration of
separately examined social and ecological networks; (2) Analysis of the social network with ecological
elements as node attributes, or vice versa ; (3) Integrated social-ecological network analysis; and (4)
Translating interactions between social and ecological entities into two-mode networks, possibly
complemented by one-mode social and/or ecological networks. The possibilities and constraints of
these approaches are described and references given, when possible, to studies using these
approaches in empirical research. Attention is paid to which research questions particular approaches
are suitable for and how well the complexity of social-ecological systems is addressed. Approach
number 4 is developed more in detail as it currently represents the best combination between feasability
and complexity for practical case studies, and thus holds greatest promise for scientific break-through.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 325


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Integrating Social Network Analysis in Participant Observation Work with Student Engineering
Teams

Michael L. Jones

Mixed Methods Network Studies (Lecture)

Qualitative Approaches, Mixed Methods, Team Performance, Tacit Knowledge

Social network analysis gives social scientists a compelling empirical and quantitative foundation to
represent relations among actors in a given organizational context. While it is interesting and important
to discover social structure empirically, it cannot be forgotten that these are relations among humans,
who are often a lot more complex than can easily be described in traditional social network measures.
This paper discusses constructivist and pragmatic considerations in the interpretation of social network
data previously presented at Sunbelt (Jones & George, 2003) regarding the Cornell Formula SAE racing
team, a group of engineers charged with designing, manufacturing and racing a small formula-style
racecar in international competition.

While network data proved insightful and had high face validity, the underlying stories of connections
were not adequately represented either mathematically or visually in social network analysis - an
interesting and essential backstory among central nodes remained untold, and the negotiation of that
story was essential in the team's eventual success. Qualitative interpretations also arose in determining
the right level of analysis - either social trust networks or electronic mail communication networks - with
compelling empirical evidence in favour of the former not effectively swaying evaluation of the project's
impact in an appropriately factual manner. Both these observations suggest that while SNA is, at the
core a quantitative method, its interpretation and contextualization remains a very personal, political and
potentially contentious issue.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 326


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Integration for the better? Local networks and natural resources management in Swiss mountain
regions

Christian Hirschi
Karin Ingold

Networks and Natural Resource Management (Lecture)

Public Policy, Cohesion, Natural Resource Management, Integration, Local Networks

Current strategies of natural resource management attempt to address the often proclaimed lack
between the design of political institutions and the scales of environmental problems. At the local level,
these governance approaches try to better include a broader range of state and non-state actors
representing different societal sectors. This paper explores to what extent horizontal and vertical actor
integration improves the political acceptance of new policies as an important precondition for an
effective implementation of the policies.
In formal social network analysis, actor integration and inclusion are typically formalized through the
concept of interconnectivity. More specifically, structural cohesion and the degree of closure give an
insight into how actors are connected and integrated in environmental policy networks. Our paper
examines the challenges of social network analysis in the evaluation of governance structures by
comparing selected resource management projects in Swiss mountain regions. These cases are all
characterized by a participatory principle introduced by higher authority levels with the objective to adapt
regional resource management systems better to new challenges such environmental degradation,
climate change and loss of biodiversity. We will investigate if the more integrated and cohesive projects
have also resulted in constructive cooperation and more efficient policy solutions. Since the projects
have been introduced just recently or implementation is still pending, we will focus on the projects’
acceptance rather than their effectiveness as a crucial intermediary step. Our preliminary results
indicate that better integrated actors do not necessarily show a higher acceptance of the project as
theoretical assumptions would suggest.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 327


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Inter-organizational Cooperation on the institutions of professional training in the Central


Alentejo (Portugal)

Joaquim Fialho
José Saragoça
Carlos Silva

Sesión Iberoamericana (Lecture)

Social Network Analysis, Cooperation, Institutions Of Professional Training, Professional Training

Starting with the social network analysis (SNA) application methodology, it was tried to identify the
cooperation relationship level, developed between the several institutions which promote and develop
professional training actions in the region of Central Alentejo. It is about a investigation based on SNA in
which its main goal deals with the relationships dynamic characterization, between the several
institutions of professional training, in order to achieve a better understanding of the formative activities
questioning the type of resources which are shared and used on it.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 328


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Inter-organizational network studies: A systematic literature review of methodology

Carsten Bergenholtz
Christian Waldstrøm

Organizations and Networks (Lecture)

Methods, Social Network Analysis, Interorganizational Networks, Literature Review

Inter-organizational networks are studied based on a wide variety of methodological frameworks,


including social network analysis. The purpose of the present paper is to provide a systematic insight in
to the use of different methodological frameworks within the research on inter-organizational networks
and to draw methodological and theoretical implications from this use.
Previous systematic literature reviews have either focused on a narrow search in a few journals and
theoretical linkages, or a specific sub-field of inter-organizational networks. The present review is based
on a broad search and involves a clear methodological focus, based on a coding of 306 papers,
published in Web of Science from 1997 to 2008. Some of the main variables are the nature of the
relational measurements, how the network is bounded, what level of analysis is chosen and whether
social network analysis has been applied.
The findings of this paper is that the most cited papers and those appearing in top-ranked journals are
more prone to using SNA than papers published in Web of Science in general. A trade-off between
knowledge on the relational content vs. the overall network structure can furthermore be identified. We
argue that the field of inter-organizational research can benefit significantly from an increased focus on
social network analysis.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 329


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Interdisciplinarity revisited: A comparison of co-authorship networks within two european


universities

Uwe Obermeier
Jef Vlegels

Academic and Scientific Networks III (Lecture)

Academic Networks, Intra-organizational Networks, Interdisciplinarity, Co-publication

A co-authorship network of scientists at a university is an archetypical example of a complex evolving


network. Collaborative R&D networks are self-organized products of partner choice between scientists.
Modern science is, due to the immanent imperative of newness, strongly interdisciplinary. Crossovers
between the different scientific disciplines and organizational units are commonly observable. Since
collaborative research has become the dominant and most promising way to produce high-quality
output, collaboration structures are also a target for research and management design.
In this contribution we compare the intra-organizational collaboration of two European universities,
University College Dublin (UCD) and University Ghent, using publications covered by the Citation Index
(WoS) during the period 1998-2007. We focus on co-authorship within and between schools or colleges,
respectively departments and faculties. We account for the extent of overall collaboration and
interdisciplinary collaboration, distinguishing collaboration between schools within one college ("small
interdisciplinarity" ) from collaboration between schools in different colleges ("big interdisciplinarity" ).
We use characteristics of the organizational units and network characteristics of the authors to
demonstrate the process of interdisciplinary collaboration. Further we use techniques of Network
Analysis to investigate and compare the longitudinal networks of co-authorship between organizational
units in the two universities.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 330


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Interdisciplinary application of (Social) Network Analysis to the field of scenario technique

Volker Grienitz
Andre-Marcel Schmidt

Analyzing Network Data (Methods) (Lecture)

Network Analysis, Complexity, Software, Centrality, Scenario Technique, System Analysis

Scenario technique is one tool for managing futures complexity based on a network of influence factors
which can describe a given system. Based on this complex network alternative futures can be thought
ahead.
In order to reduce the systems inherent complexity, the most relevant factors, so called key factors,
have to be identified. In this context, actually two characteristics can be determined with help of scenario
technique. First, by crosslinking the factors, their activity and passivity can be described. I.e. factors can
be either levers or indicators in the complex network of influence factors. Second, the weight of
influence factors can be identified, which helps to prioritize among the factors. Thus, the higher the
weight of an influence factor is, the more important it is for the considered system.
At this point, (Social) Network Analysis adds another quality to the identification of key influence factors
and therefore helps in resolving the given problem in a more efficient and substantiated way. Especially
by means of betweeness-centralit y, the role of an influence factor in the system can be determined.
Thus resulting in a holistically depiction of the complex system by the possibility of identifying
subsystems in the complex network of influence factors - which was not feasible up to now with the
given set of methods in scenario technique.
This Paper will show the new options with SNA at the complexity reduction process within scenario
technique.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 331


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Intergenerational social support and gender inequalities

Andreas Klaerner
Sylvia Keim

Social Support (Lecture)

Social Support, Qualitative Approaches, Gender, Fertility

Intergenerational social support is an important resource facilitating young couples’ decisions for
childbearing. In our talk we compare differences in ‘supply’ and ‘demand’ of parental support focusing
on young adults in eastern and western Germany. We also analyse implications of availability and lack
of social support for fertility decisions and reproduction of gender inequalities.
In western Germany public child-care for young children is often inadequate or not endorsed. Instead,
many young parents rely on parental support in childcare. Two questions arise: can this form of support
compensate a lack in public childcare and encourage childbearing? Does the dependency from parental
support in connection with the widespread views that childcare is main responsibility of the
(non-working) mother contribute to the reproduction of existing gender inequalities?
In eastern Germany public child-care facilities are more widespread and widely accepted. Nevertheless,
the institutional break after 1989/90 lead to a reduction in public childcare. In contrast to the western
German situation the generation of today’s (potential) grandparents in eastern Germany is often not in
the position to offer support to their (grand-)children. Here the question is if the lack of parental support
hampers family formation or leads to more flexible arrangements of work and family which are often
maintained by mobilization of alternative supporters such as friends.
We draw our conclusions from a set of qualitative interviews which we conducted in two comparable
cities in eastern and western Germany. The interviews contain information on respondents’ life-course,
personal (ego-centred) networks and availability of social support.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 332


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Interlocks of Elite and Managerial Networks in the Global Energy Market

Naná D. Graaff

Interlocking Directorates (Lecture)

Financial Networks, Globalisation, Geography, Corporate Elites, Social Network Analysis, Political
Networks

The recent decade has witnessed the global expansion of state-owned energy companies from outside
the traditional triad (US, EU, Japan). This development is widely perceived to increase the potential for
geopolitical rivalry over resources and to pose a threat to neoliberal market mechanisms. In this paper
that process is analysed from the perspective of the actors in charge of these energy majors and the
interests and motives that drive them: who are they, what kind of social structures do they create
through their group affiliations and what strategies do they employ? In order to answer these questions
this study employs a (two-mode) social network analysis of the interlocking directorates of managers
and owners of the world’s largest energy corporations (both private and state-owned) and how they, in
turn, are related to the state level, to global regulatory bodies, and to civil society organizations such as
universities, think tanks and non-profit organizations. These analyses are based on an original database
composed by the author. Providing more empirical substance to the differences and similarities between
the ‘triad-elite’ and the ‘non-triad elite’ is argued to increase our understanding of the growing influence
of non-triad states and their oil majors, and how this impacts upon the new geopolitics of energy.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 333


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Internal mobility in Italy: a network analysis

Cinzia Conti
Antonella Guarneri
Enrico Tucci

Ethnicity and Networks (Lecture)

Migration, Geographic Mobility, Demography

The changes of residence administrative source, which Istat carries out every year, highlights
synthetically the main aspects, quantity and characteristics of the migration flows that have taken place
in the past years. Until 1995 internal migration in Italy has followed a decreasing trend over the years.
Since the second half of the last decade, the mobility within Italy has been on the increase again:
between 1995 and 2005 the changes of residence have indeed increased more than 18 percent (from
1.1 to 1.3 millions).
The present study exploiting network analysis techniques aims to quantify and describe the ties between
origin and destination geographical areas (regions and local labour market areas).
After a general description of the phenomenon, the attention will be focused on foreign citizens’ internal
mobility.
For this study, the techniques of network analysis and graphical network representation allow to provide
a summary indication of migration networks in Italy and overcome the “two-by-two” perspective of the
origin-destination matrix. Such techniques, therefore, are a particularly useful tool where the objective of
the analysis is to identify, by graphic representation, the existence of specific types of networks
correlated in part with socio-economic conditions in different geographical areas.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 334


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

International comparisons of personal networks

Ainhoa De-Federico

Personal (Egocentric) Networks (Lecture)

Social Support, Personal Networks, International Comparisons

International comparisons of personal networks

International comparisons of personal networks have been relatively rare. This is partly due to the fact
that the study of personal networks is very methodologically sensitive : only networks’ descriptions
produced with the same methodology can be compared.
A certain number of authors have compared pairs or small numbers of countries (Fischer 1982, Fischer
and Shavit 1995, Grossetti 2007, Bastani 2007, Henning 2007) mainly including western industrialized
countries (eg. USA, Great-Britain, France, Germany, Canada) leading to the conclusion that “relational
structures are quite stable,
at least between western industrialized countries” (Grossetti 2007).

An exception to these comparisons, both concerning the amount of countries considered (n=9) and the
conclusions, is the work by Freeman and Ruan (1997) using the data from the ISSP on 1986 survey
“personal networks and social support”. Results showed that norms on content of different kinds of role
relationships are quite similar for western countries but very different from continental China.

This study invites to compare personal networks in samples including western and non western
countries. Two surveys since have gathered information on personal networks in a large sample of
countries: ISSP 2001 “Social networks II” (n=28) and BBVA 2005 “Social Capital” (n=13). The
presentation will show typologies of personal networks in the world and will attempt preliminary
explanations for such differences both at individual and macro levels.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 335


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Interorganizational Network Dynamics After Disaster: Evacuation, Reconnection, Rebuilding,


And Re-Engaging

Marya L. Doerfel
Lisa V. Chewning
Chih-Hui Lai

2-Mode Networks (Lecture)

Communication Networks, Community Structure, Disaster Response, Disruptive Events,


Interorganizational Networks

In disaster situations, uncertainty can resemble an environment in which organizations tend to


collaborate with each other in order to get resources. Theoretically and empirically, resources and
adaptation are critical theoretical mechanisms of community ecology (Monge et al., 2008); so to tap into
their role in disaster recovery, the focus in this study is on the ways in which interorganizational (IO)
networks change as organizations within these networks manage their post-disaster environments. In
Doerfel et al. (forthcoming), grounded theory analysis of in depth interviews with organizational leaders
suggested a sequential use of different types of social ties as they managed in the immediate aftermath
of a disaster and in the months of recovery and rebuilding that followed. This study uses the sequential
stages described in Doerfel et al., to extract longitudinal IO two-mode networks then tests hypotheses
derived from community ecology theory. Doerfel et al. argued that, reflective of evolutionary theory
stages, organizations moved through sequential phases including (a) organizational emergency
(variation); (b) organizational rebuilding (retention); and (c) organizational functioning (selection).
Two-mode data were gleaned from in depth interviews conducted with business and organizational
leaders whose businesses were directly affected by Hurricane Katrina. Analyses are used to extend IO
theory about network dynamics and community evolution.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 336


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Interventions in networks: lateral coordination and performance of knowledge sharing networks

Rick Aalbers
Wilfred Dolfsma
Otto Koppius
Roger Leenders

Intra-Organizational Networks (Lecture)

Network Performance, New Business Development, Network Coordination

We study the development and coordination of both the formal workflow network as well as the informal
communication network over time to determine how these contribute to innovative knowledge sharing at
a large European financial service provider.

Using performance data obtained on both individual and project level, we can identify high and low
performers in this organization. We identify a number of structural network characteristics which may
help explain the performance of the individuals and the networks.

In addition to this, we are able to monitor the effect of specific intervention that management has made
on the different networks over time and through that on performance. Network characteristics such as
centrality, brokerage and multiplexity we have observed in two rounds of data gathering may be coupled
to performance data.

Data was gathered during two observation moments with a time interval of 6 months through in-depth
interviews, observations and an online questionnaire. The networks includes some 200 employees
formally and/or informally involved in the process of new business development. Different intervention
options were developed and discussed with management for their expected effect on networks before
these were selectively implemented to determine the distinctive effects of each.

We will be able to draw conclusions on appropriate structural network


characteristics that contribute to innovative knowledge transfer, as well as the effect of several possible
interventions by management. The outcomes of this study thus help us to better understand how
coordination affect structural network characteristics over time. This has clear management implications
but is of academic value too as a lack of knowledge about the dynamics of networks limits our
understanding of the innovation process in organizations.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 337


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Introducing Gephi, The Open Network Visualization Platform

Mathieu Bastian
Sebastien Heymann

Networks, Economics, and Markets (Lecture)

Gephi is a new open-source network visualization platform. Created with the idea to be the
\\"Photoshop\\" of network visualization, it combines a rich set of built-in functionalities and a friendly
user interface aggregated around the visualization window. Our approach is to provide a visual tool with
a smooth learning curve and an active open-source community supporting the project.
The rendering engine can handle networks larger than 100K elements and guarantees responsiveness.
In addition of interactive exploration, Gephi embed most critical metrics used in Social Network Analysis,
including Betweenness, Clustering Coefficient, PageRank or Modularity. More metrics can be added
thanks to the extensible software architecture and the open-source code. A lot of efforts are made to
facilitate the community growth, by providing plug-ins development
documentation, support and student projects. Focus is also made on interoperability, as Gephi can open
major file formats, including GraphML, UCINet DL or Pajek. Network results can be exported as PNG,
SVG and PDF.

The software demonstration will illustrate major use cases covered by Gephi. The complete chain of
representation, manipulation, layout, analysis and aesthetics refinements will be presented step-by-step
on social networks examples. Particular focus will be made on filtering, metrics and dynamic networks.

Most of current development efforts are made on Dynamic Network Analysis (DNA). Gephi already
provides a Timeline component to study network evolutions and visualize changes over time.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 338


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Introduction to Network Data Collection, Analysis, and Visualization via C-IKNOW

Noshir Contractor
Larkin Brown
Meikuan Hang
Zack Johnson
Nicole Scholz

C-IKNOW (Lecture)

C-IKNOW ( http://iknow.northwe stern.edu/) is a powerful web-based software tool for social network
investigation. The workshop provides an overview on how to use C-IKNOW’s visualization and analytics
suite to collect network data and conduct visual-analytics and utilize network recommendation features.
The presentation begins with a general introduction to the distinct features and perspectives of network
data collection and visualization in C-IKNOW, followed by a few brief examples of C-IKNOW application
in various contexts. We demonstrate a set of three hands-on step-by-step tutorials with illustrative cases
on 1) setting up web-based survey for network data collection, 2) importing and exporting data with
C-IKNOW, and 3) network visualization and recommendation techniques. Finally, we highlight advanced
administrator functions useful for survey setup and data manipulation. Participants who bring their own
internet-ready laptops with Java applets installed can run the web-based software on their machines at
the same time as they are being presented. The goal is to enable participants to design their own
C-IKNOW surveys, import and export network data with C-IKNOW, and familiarize themselves with the
multiple network visualization and analytics functions in C-IKNOW.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 339


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Investigating Brokerage in the IP Market

Mario F. Benassi
Guido Geenen

Networks, Economics, and Markets (Lecture)

Economic Networks, Brokerage, Real World Networks, Network Structure, Innovation, Patents

In the Intellectual Property (IP) Market, licensing and reassignment of patents occur either directly or
with the assistance of a third party.
Patent brokers are a recent phenomenon in the IP Market. Patent brokers neither carry out R&D
activities, nor do they patent any invention. However, there is evidence that patent brokers play a key
role in making the market for technology possible (Benassi & Di Minin, 2008). ) Patent brokers connect
supply and demand in licensing and reassignment and enable the transaction by offering several
services.
The paper comprises two main sections. In the first, we investigate what makes patent brokers so
crucial in structuring the market for patents. We argue that in several cases patent brokers can be a first
best and we investigate what makes brokers a preferable option in extracting value from patents. We
argue that patent brokers do have specific competences that necessitates their presence. By discussing
most relevant managerial theories – like transaction cost economics, resource capabilities and above all
brokerage theory - we formulate specific hypotheses to be tested empirically. In the second section, we
discuss possible research design to test the hypotheses. Several technical databases on patents do
exist, but none of them covers licensing and reassignment and no public information on patent brokers
exists. This causes several methodological and operational dilemmas, like sample construction,
segmentation of proper units of analysis, and operationalization of variables. Building on existing
research on brokerage, we offer and discuss possible methodological alternatives.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 340


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Investigating Social Interactions via Active RFID

Lorenzo Isella
Ciro Cattuto
Alain Barrat
Vittoria Colizza
Wouter Van-Der-Broeck
Marco Quaggiotto

Network Mechanisms and Network Evolution (Lecture)

Dynamic Network Analysis, Data Collection, Network Mechanisms, Network Structure, Network Models

We present a scalable experimental framework for gathering real-time data on face-to-face social
interactions with tunable spatial and temporal resolution.
We use active Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) devices that assess mutual proximity in a
distributed fashion by exchanging low-power radio packets.
We show results on the analysis of the dynamical networks of person-to-person interaction obtained in
different high- resolution experiments carried out at different orders of magnitude in community size.
The developed framework allows for the natural inclusion of the longitudinal dimension in the network
description thus going beyond the static network framework.
Furthermore, the experimental framework paves the way for modeling processes both of the network
and on the network.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 341


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Is a “Friend” a Friend?: Comparing the Structure of Online and Offline Friendship Networks

Brooke Foucault-Welles
Anne M. Van-Devender
Noshir Contractor

Friendship networks (Lecture)

Adolescents, Virtual World, Friendship Network, Adults

An increasing number of Internet users are meeting new friends online. Although several studies have
explored the nature of these relationships through individual self-reports, little work has investigated
online friendships at a network level. Without network-level information, it is difficult to assess the
quality, longevity, or potential influence of these online relationships. This paper reports on a
meta-analytic study of online friendship networks. Using data gathered from logs of player activity in the
virtual world Second Life, we examine the network size, balance, gender- and age-homophily in 100
ego-centric friendship networks, 50 each for adolescents (13-14 years old) and adults (29-30 years old).
Based on prior studies of offline friendship networks, we hypothesized that adolescents would have
online friendship networks that were smaller, more balanced, and more age- and gender-homophilous
than adults. However, our results reveal that adolescents and adults do not have significantly different
online friendship network structures. Moreover, on average, the online friendship networks of both
adolescents and adults were larger, less balanced, and less homophilous than we predicted. Therefore,
we conclude that similarities between online and offline friendships found in previous studies comparing
the two at an individual level may not extend to the network level. Implications for future research on the
structure and effects of online friendship are discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 342


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Is dolphin sponging a culture? A Social Network Approach

Janet Mann
Eric M. Patterson
Elisa J. Bienenstock
Brooke L. Sargeant
Maggie A. Stanton
Ewa B. Krzyszczyk

Innovation and Diffusion (Lecture)

Diffusion, Culture, Spatial Analysis, Animal Networks, Evolution, Affiliation Networks

Controversy over whether wild animals exhibit culture critically depends on: the definition of culture and
field evidence for social learning. All definitions of culture require that the behavior is transmitted by
social learning to at least one other individual. In most non-human studies, all members of the group or
population exhibit the putative cultural behavior. An exception occurs in Shark Bay, Australia, where
<8% of bottlenose dolphins specialize in using marine sponges as foraging tools. Non-spongers and
spongers associate, creating a natural experiment for examining social transmission and culture in a
non-human species. Here we use SNA to examine the structure of sponger and non-sponger networks
and whether these can be interpreted as ‘cultural.’ Stringent definitions of culture require some social
function of the behavior. Such definitions are particularly interesting here because adult female
spongers are strikingly solitary, spending more time alone (80.3±5.8%) than females that do not sponge
(49.3±4.7%; P<0.0001). Spongers also have lower degree (19.2±6.37) than non-spongers (43.7±6.1;
P<0.001). In this analysis, we compare social metrics of spongers to non-spongers while examining the
role of spatial overlap to determine whether spongers preferentially associate, despite their solitary
tendencies. Similarly, we examine whether there are avoidance relationships between sponger and
non-sponger ‘communities.’

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 343


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Is dropping old friends necessary for making new friends?

Lung-An Li
Chyi-In Wu

Friendship networks (Lecture)

Friendship Ties, Friendship Network

It is said that everybody needs some friends sometime and somehow. However, making friends is not a
free lunch. It takes time and cost to keep friendship alive. In two of our panel studies, strong evidences
have shown that adolescents tend to drop some “old” friends they made in previous period before they
are afford to make some “new’ ones. Such a circumstance is not a unique situation but pervasive
around boy-only and girl-only high schools. This phenomenon is not ever discussed in literatures. In this
study, we intend to construct a model to illustrate its mechanism.

Let ties(t) represent the number of ties for an actor at time t. Then we found the differences
ties (t+1) – ties(t) = newf(t+1) - df(t),
where df(t) is the number of friends at time t, being dropped at time t+1
newf(t) if the number of new friends made at time t,
are negative for some t less then 5 for both surveys. This means ties (t) is not always keeping
increasingly for all t. Actors consider dropping some old friends for getting more friends.

We also found that the number of triads at time t, triad(t), increases with the increase of ties(t), but will
saturate for larger time t. We conducted a simulation to assume all actors drops old friends and makes
new friends with equal probability for all available actors given that all the numbers of dropping old
friends, and the numbers of making new friends are exactly as those of the data. We found the observed
outcome is consistent with the simulation results.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 344


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Ja-networks, diffusion of innovation and behaviour change

Kaberi Gayen
Robert Raeside

Kinship network analysis (Lecture)

Diffusion, Kinship Networks, Behavior Change, Contraception Practice, Community Norm

A huge literature suggests that kinship networks hinder adoption of innovation, while a growing set of
literature found that kinship networks actually enhance adoption of innovation and/or behaviour change.
In this paper an attempt has been taken to understand when kinship networks hinder and when they
advance adoption of innovation. The same sample of population was used in two different perspectives,
one in the use of contraception and the other in the seeking qualified health professional advice in
pregnancy. Data were collected from women in six rural villages of Bangladesh (n=724). As most of the
village women are not allowed to travel unaccompanied outside home in rural Bangladesh, their social
networks are mainly comprised of relatives, in particular their brothers-in-law’s wives, Ja-s. Data were
collected in a manner so that both structural and attitudinal properties of individuals and their network
members could be measured. One of the basic propositions of diffusion of innovation theory that central
actors in a social network are more likely to adopt innovation was found relevant in the case of
contraception practice but a reverse result was found in the case of professional help in giving birth.
Through further explorations we found that the ideation of contraception is now virtually 100% whereas
use of health professionals at pregnancy is not at their normative levels yet and the central actors are
conforming more to social norms. We conclude, while measuring influence of kinship networks on
adoption of an innovation, community norm should be considered and interventions should be
suggested accordingly.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 345


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Jumping on the bandwagon: A longitudinal study on collaboration networks and decision to


participate

Marco Tonellato
Guido Conaldi

2-Mode Networks (Lecture)

Network Dynamics, Collaboration, Open Source Floss Software, Affiliation Networks, Teams

In the context of self-managing teams, whether a member decides to voluntarily take action in a required
task may depend on how many fellow members have already done so. In this kind of binary decisions
with externalities ‘bandwagon’ or 'herding' effects play a crucial role in individual decisions to undertake
a specific course of action. Such effects have been linked to a broad set of phenomena including
diffusion of innovation, segregation, and success of fads. Building on these general results, in this paper
we conjecture that individual decisions to take on a task (i.e., the matching between individuals and
jobs) are influenced by network relations generated by collaboration among team members. In order to
explore our conjecture we collected data on a Free/Open Source Software (F/OSS) project team
consisting of 227 volunteer developers committed since 2002 to the development of a web browser. We
reconstructed 2-mode co-collaboration networks (software developer by bug) in which a tie represents a
voluntary action taken by a developer in order to solve a specific bug. Co-collaboration networks were
collected for several six-month development cycles of the software. We report and discuss results of
longitudinal actor-based modelling that we specify to test for the influence of local network structures on
developer’s decision to take action on a specific bug. The study controls for bug-specific and
developer-specific characteristics that may also affect developers’ decisions exogenously. We also
control for priority and severity levels assigned by the team to bugs in an attempt to manage voluntary
contribution.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 346


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Just a conversation like any other? A network analysis of digital activism in the German
Twittersphere

Andreas Jungherr
Pascal Jürgens

Collective Action and Social Movements (Lecture)

Collective Action, Network Analysis, Twitter

Recently the social media platform Twitter has become host to a growing number of political activism
campaigns. These campaigns form around keywords that are preceded by the hashtag sign (i.e.
#iranelections). As this phenomenon grows in importance, it is crucial to gain deeper insights into its
motivations and momentum. Do these #networks constitute political statements comparable to political
protests on the streets (H0) or are they only social media conversations comparable to non-political
conversations (H1)? Are they tools for social change or are they just interaction starters between users?
Social network analysis provides an interesting approach to these questions.

In this paper we compare the network graphs that formed around different #networks on Twitter. Two of
these #networks formed during 2009 around political topics. #zensursula was the hashtag used by
activists who protested against legislation that proposed internet filtering in Germany. #unibrennt was
the hashtag used by Austrian and German students protesting recent education reforms. Between these
network graphs we expect similarities in structure and user base. As a control group we will compare
them to another German #network of similar size but unpolitical nature.

Should we find large similarities in user base, communicative behavior and network structure between
both political and unpolitical networks, this could be seen as evidence towards the hypothesis that
political topics are predominantly used as mere conversation enablers (H1).

Since this is ongoing research, results are not ready yet,. They will be available for the full paper.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 347


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Kin and Neighbors: Hunting the Hills of Missouri

Kasey L. Walker

Mixed Methods Network Studies (Lecture)

Mixed Methods, Kinship Networks, Rural Communities, Family Ties, Neighbor Relationships

This mixed-method study investigates the relationships among fur hunters and buyers in the Ozark
Region of the United States. I employ archival research, ethnographic interviewing, and participant
observation over a five month period to answer three primary research questions: (1) How do fur
hunters and buyers learn their trade? (2) What “value” do they place on their activities, especially given
that some may regard this pastime/work as anachronistic? (3) How do their kin and neighbor social
relationships influence their hunting/buying and vice versa? To answer these questions, I use both
network analysis of the networks generated from the participant interviews and thematic and critical
analyses of the archival data, interviews, and observations. Furthermore, the constructed networks are
shared with the participants in follow-up interviews for additional feedback (e.g., How do they make
sense of these networks? Are these networks representative of their experiences?). While this is a very
specific population, the findings here contribute (a) to the broader issues of mixed-methods research
and the recursive relationship between ethnography and network analysis, (b) how individuals use their
kinship and neighbor networks to learn, and (c) the relationship leisure and work (e.g., how leisure
becomes work).

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 348


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

KinMASON: Modeling Kinship Networks in Pakistan's Rural North-West Province

Armando Geller
Maksim Tsvetovat
Claudio Cioff-Revilla

Kinship network analysis (Lecture)

Kinship, Agent Based Models, Afghanistan, Insurgencies

This research is part of a larger effort to build a realistic social landscape to understand attitudes and
allegiances in irregular warfare. We explore basal
mechanisms in the production of identity and the evolution of attitudes and friend-or-foe classification in
a computational social science framework.

• How does identity emerge from socio-demographic and marriage interactions?


• How can friend-or-foe categories be inferred from kinship structure?

The kinship group defines solidarity (Evans-Pritchard 1942; Malinowski 1930) and is a fundamental
social structure, deriving its significance from a common progenitor (“first instance”). Functional and
emotional relationships make kinship an inherently extendable concept. The effects of culturally
mediated decision
making on emerging social structure have been studied (e.g., Read 1999). We build upon this research
by applying the notions of political culture (Pashtunwali) and Simon’s “ near-decomposability ”. We also
devote considerable effort to mapping the boundary specification problem onto existing social theory.

Resulting kinship networks show an emergent hierarchical structure of identity and affiliation, from
self-identification as a Pashtun at the top level, to intra-clan relationships on the bottom. The emergent
structure displays high structural similarity to these observed in field studies, and exhibits a power-law
distribution of cluster sizes.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 349


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Knowledge sharing in non-knowledge intensive organizations: when social networks do not


matter

Otto Koppius
Rick Aalbers

Intra-Organizational Networks (Lecture)

Knowledge Networks, Intra-organizational Networks, Non-knowledge Intensive Organizations

Considerable attention has been paid to the network determinants of knowledge sharing. However,
most, if not all, of the studies investigating the determinants of knowledge sharing are either focused on
knowledge-intensive organizations such as consultancy firms or R&D organizations, or knowledge
workers in regular organizations, while lesser knowledge intensive organizations or non-knowledge
workers are rarely explored. This is a gap in the literature on social networks and knowledge sharing. In
this paper, the relations between network determinants and actor determinants of knowledge sharing
are empirically tested by means of a network survey in a less knowledge intensive organization,
specifically two separate stores of a Dutch department store chain. The results show that individual-level
variables such as organizational commitment, departmental commitment and enjoyment in helping
others are the major determinants of individuals’ knowledge sharing behavior, but none of the social
network variables play a role. The results thus present an important boundary condition to social
networks effects on knowledge sharing: social networks only seem to play a role in knowledge sharing
for knowledge workers, not for blue-collar workers.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 350


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

LOSERS: HOW NOT TO WIN IN A GLOBAL INTERCONNECTED WORLD

Fabio Nonino
Matteo Vignoli

Academic and Scientific Networks III (Lecture)

International Networks, Performance, Research Networks, Eu Framework Programmes

The paper illustrates the results of a research carried out on the topic of collaboration among
international research groups/institutes/or ganizations. The aim of this research is to understand if the
structural characteristics of network of collaboration are more important than experience and quality of a
research group and then to investigate the impact of network structure of collaboration at
inter-organizational level on a not positive outcome. Scholars has widely recognized the importance of
network structure of collaboration in research performances (Mart et al., 2002; Subramanyam, 1983).
However, when studying its negative impacts, literature is still scant and shows unexplored and
emergent research areas. Consequently the question which has driven our research is:

Is it the quality of partners and/or consortium or the network structure characteristics that determine
negative performances?

Our sample contains network data for 3363 research organizations which applied for a EU framework
program, but in three different calls (time points): respectively 1000, 788 and 1575. Among these only
378, 335 and 590 were funded for at least one project.
Preliminary results, which have to be further analyzed, seems to show that network characteristics are
better predictor of not positive outcomes than the research consortium quality.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 351


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

LOST LETTERS IN THE NETHERLANDS. COLLECTIVE EFFICACY AND ITS RELATION TO


PROSOCIAL ACTION

Beate Volker
Henk Flap
Gerald Mollenhorst
Wouter Steenbeek
Veronique Schutjens

Collective Action and Social Movements (Lecture)

Collective Action, Personal Networks, Community Networks, Local Networks, Prosocial Action

Since a lack of collective efficacy has been shown being a powerful explanation for neighborhood social
and physical disorder, it is plausible to expect that its presence promotes the opposite, i.e., socially
desired outcomes. However, it is not yet studied whether there is indeed an association between
collective efficacy in neighborhoods and prosocial actions of residents or visitors. Our contribution
inquires into this alleged association by employing the lost letter technique (Milgram et al. 1965) in a
field experiment. We apply arguments on the influence of structural neighborhood conditions such as
ethnic heterogeneous composition, residential fluctuation, and economic poverty, and inquire whether
collective efficacy in neighborhoods mediates the effects of these conditions on prosocial action, or
whether it has a direct influence. Our data stem from 1240 letters dropped in a representative sample of
in 161 Dutch neighborhoods combined with a survey among residents (n=1007) and information of
Statistics Netherlands. We distinguish between two treatment groups, 1) place of the lost letter, i.e.
behind a car’s windshield wiper or on the ground; and 2) type of address; i.e. a Dutch name or a
Moroccan name. The sender’s address contained only information on the street and house number.
Information on structural neighborhood conditions was provided by Statistics Netherlands. First analyses
show that economic welfare has a stronger influence on letters returned from a given neighborhood than
its social composition with regard to ethnic homogeneity. Neighborhood networks also have an impact
on the likelihood of resending letters.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 352


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Labrador Inuit Social Networks and Social Problems

Kirk Dombrowski
Bilal Khan
Joshua Moses

Networks and Culture (Lecture)

Relational Embeddedness, Community Structure, Social Structural Location, Indigenous Communities,


Ethnography, Multiple-network Studies

Labrador Inuit have recently concluded a large land settlement, gaining administrative control over a
28,000 sq mile region (roughly the size of Belgium) know as Nunatsiavut. With it they have inherited a
large number of social problems, including among the highest suicide rates in the world, high levels of
household violence, high rates of population growth and economic change. This paper details recently
collected social network data from Nain, the seat of government in the new region. This data consists of
social connections associated with housing, jobs, domestic problems for women and youth, alcohol use,
traditional food use and the circulation of hunted/collected items, and the sharing of Inuit traditional
knowledge. The data was collected in the Fall ’09-Spring ’10, drawn from interviews with almost all
adults in the community of Nain. In addition, household specific data will be used to aggregate individual
ties and compare network specific measures with household specific data, like income, composition,
physical space, and other factors. Contemporary questions about the role of kinship, traditional
ecological knowledge, economic stability, ties to the external economy, and other questions are
approached from a network framework. As such, the paper will demonstrate the value of collecting
multiple topologies among a single population, each around specific set of social problems or issues.
Such an approach allows for topological comparison across networks and thus an approach to domain
specific inquiries from the standpoint of multiple kinds of interaction.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 353


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Leadership in networks: In search of exceptional agency

Dimitrios C. Christopoulos

Leadership Networks (Lecture)

Entrepreneurship, Leadership, Political Networks, Experiments, Psychological Network Theory,


Longitudinal Analysis

The two dominant streams in the leadership literature premise leadership either as a role within
socio-political structure (George 1969; Meindl 1995) or as a behavioural predisposition of agents
(Nowak et al 2005). Leadership roles are determined by decisional power, most typically related to
hierarchical positions of agents and by the position of agents within socio-political networks. Leadership
behaviour can be seen as the outcome of psychological predispositions (Kalish and Robins 2006: Kilduff
et al 2008) and to some degree of processes influenced through complexity (Goldstein 2008).
Limitations in attaining meaningful predictions of leader potential can be assumed related to a
separation of leadership as agency from leaders as agents.

In this paper we attempt a theoretical integration of the two literature streams and provide an example
from an empirical case study where the evolution of the interaction and influence networks across
multiple decision events is compared with attribute and psychometric data about the actors. In this
semi-experimental setting leadership emergence is studied among four small groups of undergraduate
students in a UK University faced with a decision choice in an iterative political simulation game.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 354


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Learning Influence Propagation on Personal Blogs

Il-Chul Moon
Dongwoo Kim
Yohan Jo
Alice H. Oh

Words and Networks (Lecture)

Social Influence, Blog Networks, Social Media

Weblogs (blogs) have become a major communication medium for the general public. Since blogs serve
as a gateway to a large blog reader population, blog authors can potentially influence a large reader
population by expressing their thoughts and expertise in their blog posts. An important and complex
problem, then, is figuring out why and how influence propagates through the blogosphere. While a
number of previous research has looked at the network characteristics of blogs to analyze influence
propagation through the blogspace, we hypothesize that a blog’s influence depends on its contents as
well as its network positions. Thus, in this paper, we present the results of our experiments to predict the
level of influence of a blog by applying machine learning algorithms to its contents and network
positions. We observed over 70,000 blog posts, reduced from over 20,000,000 posts, and we found that
the prediction accuracy shows significant improvements from looking at the content topics and the
network positions simultaneously. We expect that this research result will contribute to understanding
the problem of influence propagation through the blogosphere, and to developing applications for
recommending influential blogs to social web users.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 355


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Learning within Multi-partner Alliances: The Influence of Coalitions, Competition, and Power

Ralph A. Heidl
Kevin H. Steensma
Corey Phelps

Inter-Organizational Networks (Lecture)

Inter-organizational Networks, Knowledge Transfer, Power, Cooperation, Patents, Collaboration


Network

Multi-partner alliances have distinctive characteristics that can affect partners’ willingness to share their
knowledge. In this study, we considered how coalitions, competition, and power within multi-partner
alliances influence the extent to which partner firms are able to learn and use partner knowledge in their
independent innovative efforts. We found that the potential for coalition influence and internal
competition within a multi-partner alliance decreased knowledge sharing. However, those firms which
had substantial power relative to their partners, due to their technological expertise, benefited
disproportionately in learning from their partners, and their learning was less impeded by internal
competition and coalitions.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 356


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Link Classification on a Large Social Networking Data in Japan

Junki Marui
Mikio Kato
Yutaka Matsuo
Yuki Yasuda

Online Social Networks (Lecture)

Social Networks On The Web, Social Network Analysis

We investigate the structure of the social network and the access log in mixi, which is the largest social
networking service (SNS) in Japan with more than 16 million users and 410 million connections. First,
we show the basic properties of the data, such as the access interval and degree distributions. We
found that there is a large gap between different genders and different generations on friendship
connections. Second, we classify the friendship connections into several types by a clustering
technique. By defining the attributes of individual ties, five clusters are emerged: 1) links between users
with the same gender and the same age group, 2) links between users with a large age differences, 3)
links between users with numerous common friends, 4) links between users of different genders, and 5)
links between users with a large degree difference. Finally, we count the number of triad patterns, i.e.,
network motifs, in order to find frequent co-occurring link types. Our study is novel in that we apply
clustering to a vast volume of social links by making feature vectors, which enables network motif
analysis using categorized links. The analyses reveal the interaction patterns on mixi, which provides
insight into how to make information flow on the SNS for product recommendations and advertisements.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 357


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Linked chains among alumni in an Engineering School : the use of address book

Marie-Pierre Bès

Social Capital (Lecture)

Social Capital, Email Networks, Name Generator Approach

It is well known that social relations, in particular among students, are important for job searching
(Granovetter, 1974 ; Lin, 2001), professional networking (Grossetti & Bès, 2001) and political elite
acquaintance (Kadushin, 1995). In 1989, Pierre Bourdieu characterized the community spirit of French
“Grandes Ecoles” by the way their alumni share a social capital. In contrast, some recent studies
underlined that the competition in private sector reduces the room for favoritism based on alumni
networks (D. Kawaguchi, W. Ma, 2007).

The study of relations among alumni deserves further investigations to understand the impact of
students networks in the company’s lifes. Examples of questions include “Who keeps in touch with his or
her former schoolmates?,” “Do former schoolmates working in the same company know one another?,”
“When and how do engineers use their school’s alumni address book?”.

The paper relies on the qualitative data provided by (Bès, 2009) in the framework of an French
Engineering “Grande Ecole” and discusses the results of an observation experiences on Web-mediated
relations. The approach reuses the small world experiment conducted by Milgram (1965) and the names
generators methods: a student sent an e-mail to an alumni sample and followed the path monitoring by
this message. Finally, the final database, generated by different linked chains includes 1240 alumni who
received an email through the network progressively built by the 70 first senders.

At first, our results underline the small size of the social group, defined by one chain : the average chain
length is only 14 for a recurrent rhythm of 1 for 10 receivers. At second, the data emphasize the
embeddedness of these relations in the professional context : Emails propagate according to a vertical
logic, among people working in the same company, regardless of graduation year.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 358


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Linking on-line social networks and real-world human proximity

Juliette Stehle
Lorenzo Isella
Harith Alani
Ciro Cattuto
Gianluca Correndo
Marco Quaggiotto

Online Social Networks (Lecture)

Dynamic Network Analysis, Social Network, Network Models, Community

The convergence of web-based social networking systems with mobile


applications prompts new research directions on relating on-line social
networks with their real-world counterparts. Here we report on experiments at
conference gatherings where the real-world face-to-face proximity of
individuals was recorded together with their identities and connections in
several on-line social networking systems. We find that the existence of an
on-line link between individuals is strongly correlated with the strength of
their face-to-face presence, as well as with the similarity of their social
contacts in physical space. Based on these findings, we characterize how
accurately the existence of an on-line social link can be predicted by using
the measured properties of face-to-face presence.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 359


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Linking social and ecological networks in coastal fisheries

Joseph J. Luczkovich
Becky A. Deehr
Jeffrey C. Johnson
Lisa Clough
David Griffith
Brian Chevaurant

Networks and Natural Resource Management (Lecture)

Natural Resource Management, Animal Networks, Affiliation Networks, Equivalence, Management,


Ecological Network Analysis

Humans have caused significant impacts to ecological networks because of their fishing in coastal food
webs – they are “keystone” species. Intensive fishing by humans often causes a trophic cascade
(indirect effect), disproportionately affecting other species not the target of the fishery. To examine the
potential for such indirect effects in both ecosystems and social systems, we prepared social and
ecological networks of fishing activities in Core Sound, NC (USA). We analyzed the food web networks
in adjacent bays where the use of trawling and other commercial fishing gears has been intensive or
restricted for 30 years, creating a natural comparative study of ecosystems with differing levels of
fisheries extractions. We integrated the species-node ecological networks in the intensively fished areas
with a fisherman (actor) by gear-species (event) affiliation network, which allowed us to examine the
ways fishermen might switch among fisheries. Fishermen were most strongly affiliated in the gill net
fisheries for southern flounder and red drum (> 70 participants), hard clam raking (> 30 participants),
pound netting and shrimp trawling (> 15 participants). We estimated the ecological impacts of each of
these fisherman affiliation groups using an ecological network model based on the fishermen’s reported
catches. Restriction of fishing with gill nets may increase trawling and clamming activities, increasing the
ecosystem impacts associated with those gears. Conversely, reducing shrimp trawling may cause
fisherman to shift to gill netting for declining species (like flounder and red drum). Because
single-species management plans have indirect impacts both on ecosystems and the social systems,
both social and ecological network models are useful tools for fishery management.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 360


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Local Structure in Dynamic Belief Networks

Lorien Jasny

Network Mechanisms and Network Evolution (Lecture)

Network Dynamics, Triad Census, Cognitive Social Structures

Entailment networks are produced from survey responses by studying the relationships between each
question in the survey at the population level. In the dichotomous case, there exist 5 possible
relationships between questions A and B. This formulation extends the traditional dyad census of
M(mutual), A(assymetric), N(null), with two new logical relationships E(exclusive), C(coexhaustive).
Using data from political participation and ideology surveys, I investigate the structure of the
relationships between responses and change in that structure over time. I test whether these macro
cognitive norms affect individual responses over time.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 361


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Local governance networks in Europe: Preliminary findings

Olivier Walther
Dimitrios C. Christopoulos
Christophe Sohn

Geographic and Social Space (Lecture)

Homophily, Geography, Governance, Social Network Analysis, Cooperation

The structure of local governance networks has particular interest for SNA. Actors are strongly
embedded in their locations and geographic proximity can be contrasted with network propinquity or
other relational attributes of actors. In this paper we present the background to a study of local
governance networks in four cross-border city-regions across Europe. In our work we hypothesise that
there is a relation between network topology and geographical topology. We test for distortions in
network structure related to homophily effects related to culture, language and identity.

In order to analyse the configuration of networks in local governance we require both the identification of
the role played by actors and the evaluation of the nature of their relationships. The objective is to know
which actors play a central role in strategic planning and territorial promotion and what are the
determinants of their power relations. We focus on formal and informal relations between institutional
actors, especially cities on the one hand and central states on the other. Building on the literature on
new metropolitan governance, we are interested in whether networks are affected by the role of the city
administrations in national policy space. We assume that municipalities at the core of the metropolitan
areas play a central role in the construction of a cross-border metropolitan cooperation unless they are
state capitals.

Central to our inquiry is the role of political actors in relation to other actors embedded in local networks.
Are political elites in a central position in these networks and if so, what are their motivations? This type
of questioning requires taking into account the individual actors in addition to organizations and in
particular the role of political entrepreneurs in political leadership and network brokerage roles. We also
investigate the role played by non-political actors, in particular economic decision-makers, but also civic
associations, planners, experts and consultants of cross-border cooperation. Following the literature on
metropolitan cooperation in Europe, our hypothesis is that the opening up of networks to actors in the
private sphere is a motivating factor, as private initiatives are likely to stimulate actions taken by public
stakeholders.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 362


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Location of social networks and political participation: Comparative study in Japan and Korea.

Motoko Harihara

Social Capital (Poster)

Social Capital, Japan, Personal Networks, Korea, Political Participation, Social Survey

Social capital — defined as trust, norms of reciprocity, and social networks — promotes people to
participate in political behaviors (e.g., Putnam, 2000). Although a growing body of research seeks to
shows how social networks influence political participation, it is not still clear what kind of social
networks promotes participation. Research on cross-cutting networks has shown that political
disagreement with alters discourage participation (Mutz, 2002). In this line of arguments, social capital
which promotes political participation is homogeneous “bonding” one. On the other hand, “bridging”
social capital is argued to be important to expose people to new information, and has some evidences to
promote participation (e.g., Ikeda & Richey, 2005). This study aims to examine this question using
different measures than before. Most of the previous studies which investigated the effect of social
networks used name generators. This method is beneficial to examine the specific relationships
between ego and some important alters, but cannot capture the impact of ego’s entire personal
networks. In this study, two comparative social surveys were conducted in Japan and Korea, and
respondents were asked to count their 1) families and relatives, 2) colleagues, 3) friends, 4) other
acquaintances, further divided into alters’ living place; a) living in the same city with respondent or b) in
other cities, respectively. Network size had positive effect on political participation in both countries, but
geographical closeness of social networks — ratio of alters living in the same city with ego to all alters
— had positive effect only in Japan. Some possible interpretations will be discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 363


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Longitudinal Family Networks

Walter Bien
Holger Quellenberg

Kinship network analysis (Lecture)

Ego-centered Networks, Development, Family

Beginning 1988 the German Youth Institute started a survey asking for family related egocentered
networks to describe a wider support network . Within this support network of ego all different relevant
family definitions should be allowed to operationalize. Therefore up to 10 different generator question
and several indicators to describe the alter of ego were asked . Up to now three replicative waves were
realized. A subsample was interviewed four times 1988, 1994, 2000 and 2008. So there are
informations about the development of family related networks over 20 years.First results of continuity
and change related to several states of the life cycle of interviewed persons will be presented.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 364


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Lunch and Brands: The connection between group and brand choices

Alexandre Rausch
Christian Stegbauer

Social Influence (Lecture)

Network Theory, Simulation, Peer Effects

Harrison White (1992) has argued that positional patterns emerge through negotiations in specific
situations. For negotiations in such situations the cultural tool kit (Swidler 1986) is referred to. The tool
kit comprises symbols, stories, rituals, world views, ideologies, societal positions and their role patterns.
The identities of the people involved (and their preferences) develop in such situations (certainly people
have to adjust their identities to different situations.
In our experiment we assumed that a lunch group at a table can be conceived as a positional system on
a micro scale. In this system processes of adjustment take place. Such processes are known as “status
homophily and value homophily” (Lazarsfeld/ Merton 1957) or homophily in social networks (McPherson
et al. 2001).
University canteen visitors are relatively homogeneous (mostly students, sometimes staff and faculty
members). In this setting we carried out an experiment to determine whether the individual choice of
brands is dependent on the choice of the table group. We compiled a questionnaire to obtain information
about In a questionnaire information was requested about six different types of products (jeans,
watches, mobile phones, sneakers, mp3 players, cars).
We constructed two-mode networks (tables and members of the table group). We made 1000
simulations of the composition of the table networks to establish whether the observed similarity of
brand choices is significantly higher than the simulated configuration. We obtained significantly higher
similarities for all six types of products.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 365


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Macro-structural conditions on micro-friendship formation processes: Towards convergence or


divergence?

Filip Agneessens
Gerhard Van-De-Bunt
Maurits De-Klepper

Friendship networks (Lecture)

Network Theory, Siena, Friendship Network, Actor-based Models, Longitudinal Analysis, Micro-macro

Considerable advances have been made in the understanding of friendship networks, as well as in the
friendship-formation processes. However, few longitudinal studies have considered how
macro-structural conditions at the start might have an impact on the subsequent mechanisms to form
friendship ties. In this paper we study how the (macro-)position (ego-network) that an actor starts from
might have an impact on the subsequent micro-level preferences to make changes to this network. More
concretely we ask the questions: 1) Do people who start with few friends, tend to have a higher
preference to build new friendship relations than people who have more friends at the beginning? 2) Do
people who at the beginning have many heterophilous friends (i.e. where ego and alter are different on
some characteristics) have a higher preference to build homophilous new friendships, while others who
already have a high level of homophilous alters prefer heterophilous new friends? 3) Do people with a
highly closed friendship network tend to prefer new friends who are not yet connected to this
friendship-cluster, while people with an open network prefer to develop new friendships with the friends
of their friends? We use a SIENA model to study how the tendency to form new friendships differs
depending on these 3 conditions and subsequently consider the macro-structural implications on 1) the
variance in the number of friends, 2) the level of heterophilous friends, and 3) the level of closure.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 366


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Making the Most of Conferences via Social Networking

Julia Hersberger
Crystal Fulton
Kate Johnson
Ophelia T. Morey
Ruth Vondracek

Communication Networks (Lecture)

Social Capital, Communication Networks, Group Communication, Information Exchange, Network


Socialization

Social computing has ushered in a new way for people to interact on the Web. Acceptance of this
means of interacting suggests a significant impact on our social lives. Nevertheless, little empirical
research has been conducted to understand the effect of these interactions on social behavior
(Bumgarner, 2007).
This paper reports findings of a preliminary study investigating social interactions among American
Society of Information Science & Technology Annual Meeting attendees. Prior to conference
attendance, ASIS&T members were invited to share their conference experiences via a specially
created Facebook group. During the 2008 and 2009 conferences focus groups and individual interviews
were conducted, along with unobtrusive observation of attendees.
Findings indicate people easily joined the Facebook group but were not particularly engaged in online
discussions. The findings also suggest that it is easier to build one’s social capital face to face rather
than interacting online. There were more opportunities for accidental meetings, such as sitting next to
someone at dinner and strategic interactions such as approaching a senior scholar in person after a
session. Both instrumental and expressive actions were rated important. Socially rich environments
include various hotel locations and conference events; conference sessions offered least potential for
making connections. Besides setting, an important component of personal networking at conferences is
the effect of “outreach” to junior attendees by senior attendees. “Outreach” may influence social
integration at conferences and within ASIS&T.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 367


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Management Systems and the Social Capital of Knowledge Workers in Geographically Dispersed
Firms

Marlene A. Biseda

Social Capital (Lecture)

Organizations, Social Capital, Qualitative Approaches, Virtual Environments, Management Systems,


Knowledge Workers

Working in geographically dispersed organizations is increasingly becoming the reality for knowledge
workers. Working virtually can provide a sense of autonomy, but also a sense of isolation. Similarly,
managers have additional challenges when they and their employees are not co-located, especially
when they must integrate new employees into the firm. Managers spend time and resources to develop
systems that replace the informal meetings and discussions that happen naturally in traditional offices.
The resultant infrastructure is expected to enable virtual employees to develop relationships with other
members of the organization.

This paper examines how knowledge workers develop a network of relationships during their initial
years in geographically dispersed firms. It assesses effectiveness of the organizational infrastructure
(the roles, processes, and information technology) in place to enable the building of social capital in the
virtual environment. Three cases were studied: auditors in a regional practice of a Big Four accounting
firm, project managers in the professional services practice of a global technology company, and
executive managers in a business unit of a global manufacturing company. 42 participants were
interviewed about the use and perceived value of the organizational infrastructure to develop
relationships. The quantitative assessment and key drivers of value are presented. Similarities across
cases and differences based on firm context are discussed.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 368


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Marketization and Job Search Networks in Urban China: A Decade of Change

Yanjie Bian
Xianbi Huang

Social Capital (Lecture)

Social Capital, Personal Networks, China, Job Search

To what extent has the role of social networks in employment processes been altered by the increasing
marketization of China’s transitional economy? Capitalizing on a 1999 and a 2009 large scale surveys in
Chinese cities, we test three research hypotheses about the persistence, decreasing and increasing
significances of interpersonal networks in job search processes. An initial data analysis shows that 1)
the proportion of network users in the acquisition of jobs increased over years; 2) network users are
more crowded in the acquisition of competitive jobs than in less competitive jobs; and 3) social networks
are more active in sectors of greater institutional uncertainty. Our ongoing efforts focus on micro- and
macro-level factors to explain these observed patterns, and we will aim to present a full set of results
and a completed paper at the Sunbelt conference in July 2010.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 369


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Marriage Networks and Political Power in Poland, 1500-1795

Paul D. Mclean

Dynamic Networks (Lecture)

Network Dynamics, Historical Networks, Kinship, Political Networks

In patrimonial political regimes, marriage is a crucial instrument of political alliance formation. This was
especially pervasively true in early modern Poland, where the monarchy was exceedingly weak and
political power devolved to several dozen regionally influential magnate families. This paper traces the
dynamic development of marriage alliance structure in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth based on a
dataset of over 3100 marriages contracted by Polish elite families between 1500 and 1795. Previous
work on this data has generated only static pictures and very coarse-grained periodization. This paper
employs SONiA to generate a more evolving, decade-by-decade representation of the network. Data on
individuals’ and families’ region of origin and their political capital (in the form of senatorial offices held)
is used to label nodes, in order to trace inter-regional consolidation and to identify core action locales
within the network.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 370


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Matrix Operations for Counting Triads

Akishige Kishida

Methods and Statistics (Lecture)

Matrix Mathematics, Triads, Graph Theory, Transitivity, Balanced Triad

In the present presentation, I’d like to show a few new matrix operations for counting the number of
triads in a graph, transitive triads in a digraph, and balanced triads in both a signed graph and a signed
digraph respectively. Transitivity is an important concept not only in mathematics but also in sociology,
social psychology, and economics. As a matter of fact, it is one of the fundamental key concepts in
social networks research. The concept of balance triad is also significant for analyzing social network
data.
The number of transitive triads in a digraph and of balanced triads in a signed graph can be counted
visually with ease if their orders are small. As the order becomes larger, however, it gets more difficult to
do so by means of visual inspection. An alternative method is desirable. Suppose that denotes an
adjacency matrix representing a diagraph. Then each entry of gives the number of length 2 sequences.
We can obtain a matrix by using the Hadamard multiplication, whose each entry gives the number of
transitive triads. We can also calculate the number of balanced triads in a signed digraph by
generalizing the above method. A new operation will be defined for that purpose.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 371


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Meaning Networks for Social Networks concept: A Scientometric Study Case

Gabriel Velez

Academic and Scientific Networks I (Lecture)

Bibliometrics, Meaning Networks, Social Network, Scientometrics

Meaning networks is a methodological tool that allows to measure emergence of meaning in Scientific
texts. Luhmann said that is possible to understand society as emergence of meaning through
communications (not only throught phenomenological or hermeneutic processes). Communications
have both systemic and structural properties. Systemic property allows to find systems codes, functions
and operations composed by communications and meaning (scientific articles in our case). Structural
property allows to draw maps of relations between communications and aggregation or disaggregation
of meaning. Meaning networks mix both kind of analysis through distictions’ theory from second order
cybernetics (Niklas Luhmann; George Spencer-Brown; Louis Kauffman) and structural analysis from
exploratory SNA and Scientometrics (Loet Leydesdorff). From this mixture, it’s proposed a concept
called Components of Distinctions that mix the definition of weak component with overlapping emergent
structures of co-word analysis, aggregated journal-journal references (Leydesdorff), Main-Path Analysis
(Hummon and Doreian) and bi-component analysis. The evolution of social network concept is
presented through 20 theoretical objects and 13 methodological procedures identified. Analysis is based
on 487 texts from Social Networks, Redes Review, and random texts from JSTOR an Scielo databases.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 372


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Measuring Negative Ties: a combined approach.

Renato Roda

Networks in Education (Lecture)

Longitudinal, Adolescents, Network Socialization, Youth Networks, Network Structure, Negative


Relationships

The research on the actual role of Negative Ties in personal network dynamics constitute a real open
frontier for both conceptual and methodological development. The work on this topic – while not
completely non existent – is quite scanty compared with the one focused on positive ties, and social
resources. Still, in recent years a few influential papers have raised the interest among the social
sciences academic community in negative relationships, pointing to the fact that these are more
important than positive relations in social networks for understanding attitudes and behaviors, because
negative relations are more salient. At the moment one of the main methodological issue tied to this
path of research is the improvement of a set of specialized instrument, suited to measure the
idiosyncratic attributes of negative ties. In this paper, we will analyze the methodological approach
adopted by an in progress longitudinal research, centered on negative social networks. The study,
conducted on a sample of 12 high school classes, representative of the different streams of the Italian
educational system, aims to analyse the evolution of positive and negative relationships in a relatively
closed and enduring social setting, and their possible effects on students’ performances, the formation
of their social attitudes, the vision of the future career. These analyses will rely on several measures of
the relationships among the students within each class, some based on the name elicitor methodology
and one on an (innovative) ethnographic approach, meant to overcame the several biases that limit the
soundness of information about direct negative ties. The paper, precisely, intends to compare the
different measures of negative and positive ties, and to asses the envisaged advantages of the
ethnographic instrument, on the basis of the results of the first wave of the study.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 373


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Measuring Programmer Creativity Through Sociometric Badges

Casper Lassenius
Tuomas Niinimaeki
Arttu Piri
Daniel Olguin-Olguin
Peter A. Gloor

Collaboration and Coordination (Lecture)

Group Communication, Collaboration, Emotional Intelligence, Team Formation, Decision-making


Structures, Sensors

IIn this project we analyze knowledge flows and knowledge worker productivity in two high-tech
companies in a Nordic European country. In particular, we measure face-to-face interaction among
three teams of software developers through sociometric badges. Two of the teams were co-located in
one location, one was split with another location in an Eastern European country. All teams used the
highly interactive agile Scrum development methodology, in which team members work together in small
collaborating groups in two to four week iterations, having daily project meetings. This process is very
well suited for measurement with sociometric badges. In particular, we are able to compare interaction
patterns with team outcomes on a detailed level.

We correlate social network metrics such as betweenness centrality, degree centrality, and contribution
index with individual daily ratings collected though an online survey from the developers. In particular,
we asked how creative, productive, communicative, and stressed the developers felt on each particular
day. Early results indicate strong correlation between creativity and productivity, which means that
developers feel creative and productive at the same time. Feel of stress and need for communication
seems to be negatively correlated with contribution index. This means the more programmers face other
people directly, the lower the need for communication and the feeling of stress seems to be. To put it in
other words: the more developers are being looked at by others without reciprocating, the more stressed
they feel.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 374


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Measuring Segregation in Social Networks

Michal Bojanowski
Rense Corten

Methods and Statistics (Lecture)

Methods, Measures, Homophily, Segregation

Network homophily is a pattern, in which ties are more likely to exist between nodes similar to each
other. It is frequently observed for various types of social relations. At the same time, segregation is a
recognized feature often encountered in urban areas, which is characterized by a tendency of families to
occupy neighborhoods inhabited by other families similar to them. In this paper we consider both
phenomena as manifesting themselves with the same types of outcomes: a social network of interlinked
positions occupied by a population of actors. In this setting we review existing measures and
approaches to measuring the extent of homophily/segregatio n in social networks. In this task we pursue
a systematic approach by first specifying a set of basic properties that a generic segregation measure
should/could have. The existing measures are then confronted with these properties. This allows us to
dissect various aspects differentiating the existing measures. We argue that, given the particular
application and the need for some descriptive measure of segregation, the results presented in this
paper can help in selecting an optimal measure for the task at hand.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 375


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Measuring change in event dynamics

Christoph Stadtfeld

Dynamic Networks (Lecture)

ERGM/P*, Communication Networks, Event Data, Evolution, Change

When communication networks or other social networks are analysed, the underlying data often consist
of dyadic, directed, weighted and time-stamped events between actors. Examples of events are e-mails
on a social networks platform, phone calls, or chat messages. Such a stream of events can be
transformed into a sequence of communication networks that are defined for each point in time.
It can be tested in how far these communication networks or other known networks and attributes
influence actor decisions, and thereby drive the dynamics of the event stream. A Markov process model
with an adapted ERGM probability function can be used for describing actor decisions on event
recipients.

When estimating structural parameters of an event stream, however, the researcher may be interested
in whether the influence of network structures on actor decisions is really stable over time. Sometimes
the relevance of certain structures change. There can be slow evolutionary effects or sudden structural
changes, caused by influences from outside the analysed community. When analysing the whole data
stream at once, information on such cases would get blurred. Therefore, a new approach will be
presented that allows to visualize the change of parameter estimates over time.

To illustrate the mentioned methods, different examples of communication data sets will be used.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 376


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Measuring the Reciprocity Effect in a Series of FollowFriday Twitter Networks

Spyridon K. Lazaropoulos
Moses A. Boudourides
Andrew Conway
Dimitrios G. Daousis

Twitter Networks (Poster)

Visualization, ERGM/P*, Twitter Networks, Large-scale Networks

Starting from Friday, November 20th, 2009, and continuing every Friday throughout (at least) the first
quarter of 2010 (or possibly longer), we have been collecting massive amounts of FollowFriday Twitter
data. In our Twitter searches, we are employing The Archivist application < http://flotzam.com/a
rchivist/> (searching the FF hash-tag) and, subsequently, we are filtering the data through certain scripts
that we have devised in order to be able to extract the FollowFriday Twitter networks for each Friday in
the time period we are collecting these data.

Essentially, the main types of rules for the formation of ties (which are directed links/arcs) in the FF
networks are the following two (where A, B, C, …, L, M, N, … are tweeples, i.e., Twitter users):

(1) FF tweets of the reference (@) form “@A: @B, @C, @D, … #FF @L, @M, @N, …” generate
directed links/arcs from A to B, C, D, … and from A to L, M, N, …
(2) FF tweets of the retweet (RT) form “@A: RT @B, RT @C, RT @D, …, @ RT K #FF @L, @M, @N,
…” generate directed links/arcs from A to B, from B to C, from C to D, …, to K and from K to L, M, N, …

Of course, when we encounter mixed tweets combining the above two basic rules, we extract the
corresponding FF network ties in the obvious ways. Thus, the obtained FF networks are very large
directed graphs including a number of vertices of the order of 200,000 to 400,000 tweeples. For these
networks, we are computing the distribution of in- and out-degrees of the tweeples. Moreover, we are
trying to visualize some much smaller components (or communities) of these networks and to monitor
their time evolution (in a sequence of Fridays).
Finally, we are conducting a statistical analysis through the ERGM specification in order to compute an
estimate of the reciprocity (mutuality) effect. As usually, the fit of such a p1 model uses a standard
maximum likelihood estimation and the resulting approximate maximum likelihood estimates are
obtained using a stochastic algorithm based on Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC). Our hypothesis is
that the time evolution of the reciprocity (mutuality) estimate might indicate some sort of a
self-organizing process among the members of the community of tweeples as, for instance, the
development of some sort of a mutually gratifying or mature sociality among them. Our aim is to test this
hypothesis through a long series of Fridays by taking appropriate samples of the FF networks in order to
facilitate an efficient operation of the ERGM package.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 377


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Measuring the Transformation of World Trade Patterns

Lucio Biggiero
Mario Basevi

International Networks (Lecture)

Methods, Economic Networks, Globalisation, Geography, Qap Multiple Regression Analysis

The world trade web represents the network of the international trade, which is at the core of economic,
social and political interest to understand the true nature of globalization, beyond ideological views and
superficial analysis. In fact, only by studying the transformation of the world trade web is possible to
grasp a real picture of the extent of globalization and other interesting aspects. The focus of our analysis
is the multi-methodological assessment of the degree of similarity of world trade web through the
comparison of the matrixes corresponding to each year. Four methods have been used: QAP correlation
of the valued networks; QAP correlation of its dichotomized links; QAP correlation of the actual
dichotomized links (that is, excluding the absent links); Euclidean distance. The discussion of the results
will concern each single method and its differences, because it will be showed that they produce quite
different outcomes. Thus, the paper gives two main scientific contributions. The first one concerns
international economics, because it supplies crucial and objective data to the debate on the extent and
characteristics of globalization. The second one consists in a discussion of the methodological problems
related to the application and outcomes of the four different methods and to its corresponding
information content. Of the researchers are not aware of them, their analysis could lead to very
divergent findings regarding the structure of international trade at world or country or sectoral levels.
Further, since the main divergences occur either in moving from value to dichotomic links or from
including/excluding the zeros or in shifting from the direction (QAP approaches) to the amount
(Euclidean distance) of similarity, we suggest that our warnings extend to all analysis of value networks.
The problems grow if the links values have a great range and in the network there are also many absent
links. Interestingly, these remarks hold even for high dense networks, as the world trade web is.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 378


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Memory Constraints and Network Structure

Matthew E. Brashears

Network Theory (Lecture)

Network Theory, Theory, Experiments, Discussion Networks

Why are humans able to build larger and more complex groups than other primates and what does the
answer mean for social science? The fact of human society has in many ways been taken as a given-
human society is to be explained because humans are, first and foremost, a social species.
Nevertheless, our great capacity as a species for the creation of extensive social structures is unusual
and must, on some level, be rooted in our biology. More importantly, however, just as our biology
enables us to build large social structures, it also imposes constraints on the types of structures that we
are able to build. To understand how humans create and maintain their societies, we must determine
how our biological endowments both enable, and constrain, our unique level of sociability. This paper,
building on the Machiavellian Intelligence hypothesis and the work of R.I.M. Dunbar, develops theory
and describes an ongoing experiment aimed at both exploring our cognitive capacity for sociability and
linking this to the structure of our social networks. Preliminary results suggest that the ability to
remember social information is partly determined by the availability of organizing schema and that some
aspects of social networks, such as balance and transitivity, may be adaptive responses that allow an
organism to construct larger networks with a sub-linear increase in cognitive demands. Directions are
suggested for future work and the development of general network theory.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 379


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Merging social networks : Evolution of cooperation between organizational members in a


corporate merger

Nicola Mirc

Intra-Organizational Networks (Lecture)

Mergers And Acquisitions, Multiplexity, Cooperation, Management, Collaboration Network

Cooperation between organizational members plays a crucial role in synergy creation after a merger or
acquisitions. It has been identified as one of the key-factors linking human capital to post-acquisition
performance. The paper presents the results of an empirical study of the emergence of cooperative
processes between two merged consultant firms. Data on the collaboration networks, advice networks
and friendship networks of both firms was collected shortly before the merger and six months after
(through socio-metric questionnaires and in-depth individual interviews with the same consultants,
assistants and managers at the two points in time). The aim is to get insights on the way these networks
evolve over time and structure the emergence of cooperative behavior between organizational members
once firms are integrated. The results permit to apprehend the integration of interpersonal networks in
the scope of an organizational merger and contribute to the understanding of the role of multiplexity in
cooperative processes.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 380


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Mixing in large populations: Some new measures

Alden S. Klovdahl

Infectious Diseases and Social Networks (Lecture)

Measures, Infectious Disease, Race, Homophily, Friendship Ties, Informant Accuracy

More often than not when we obtain 'real' network data (allowing us to map overall patterns of
connection) it is with a view to measuring structural properties to ascertain effects on individual actors or
on characteristics of the network as a whole. Where possible, we also try to understand effect-producing
processes. Rarely, however, do we recognize that these same network data can be employed to
develop measures of population characteristics for use when network studies are not appropriate,
feasible or cost-effective.

One critical characteristic of populations is the degree of 'mixing' within/between groups that are
similar/different on some feature(s). Examples: mixing between infected/susceptible individuals in
epidemiological studies, between various ethnic groups in studies of potential conflict, … and so on.

Here, network data – combined with theoretical, conceptual and empirical material from anthropology,
sociology, social psychology, philosophy, probability and statistical theory – were used to develop some
new population-level mixing measures. Their performance was tested against simulations carried out on
a supercomputer [n = 753,571 and n = 20,791,225].

These measures allow meaningful comparisons of mixing within and across epidemiological, policy,
social and other research studies. They provide a uniform basis for parameterizing relevant
mathematical models.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 381


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Mode Definition and Sampling in Affiliation Networks

Katherine Faust

2-Mode Networks (Lecture)

Methods, Two-mode Networks, Affiliation Networks

With few exceptions, applications of two mode affiliation networks pay relatively little attention to
definition the mode defining memberships among the actor set or to sampling this mode. Lack of
attention to sampling can lead to inappropriate measures of association in one-mode projections from
the two mode network. This paper discusses sampling and measurement of association, with
illustrations from several empirical examples: Davis, Gardener and Gardner’s Southern Women;
Sugiyama’s co-feeding chimpanzees; Bernard, Killworth and Sailer’s fraternity members; Bejder’s
dolphin observations; and Galaskiewicz’s CEOs and board memberships.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 382


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Model-based Classification for Longitudinal Network Data

Huey-Fan Ni
Jing-Shiang Hwang

Analyzing Network Data (Methods) (Lecture)

With the fact that human society is a dynamic object and actors in which might follow various types of
social contexts when taking actions, for longitudinal network data, we propose a method to classify
actors according to the predicted probabilities that they follow the particular social contexts. In the light
of the profit-maximization for each action, we employ an actor-oriented model with a mixture of
probabilities of attracting an actor to move from the current network to the other when he (or she) gets
the opportunity to make a change, where the unknown parameters can be estimated by a Monte Carlo
EM algorithm. Through introducing an indicator variable to each actor, the probabilities that an actor
follows the particular social contexts can be predicted, hence the individual inclination to take actions
can be suspected.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 383


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Modeling Influence and Power in Political Blog Networks

Wojciech Gryc

Online Social Networks (Lecture)

On-line Communities, Longitudinal, Political Networks

Analyzing blogs for marketing intelligence or performing e-social science holds numerous opportunities
for researchers. Using a year-long data set of political bloggers, we explore pre-existing definitions of
"influence" and "power" (i.e. centrality) in social networks, and illustrate these concepts as they work in
political discourse on the Internet. The debate surrounding influence in the blogosphere is complex, and
our approach to this topic is based on estimating probabilities that individual nodes (i.e. bloggers) will
cause those who read their work to adopt new linking patterns, new diction or slogans, or new sentiment
toward specific topics. Such measures take advantage of the longitudinal structure of our data to
illustrate the key differences between influence, homophily, power, and popularity.

Furthermore, we incorporate these definitions and measures into dynamical models of the blog networks
with the ultimate goal of predicting blogger- and community-based responses to internal and external
political events, such as the 2008 US Presidential election. Our specific data set consists of over 16
thousand political bloggers crawled daily between April 2008 and May 2009. The data set represents
over 2.8 million posts, and includes time stamps and post content. As such, even a descriptive overview
of the data provides useful insights into political bloggers, and mathematical models help us delve
deeper into the underlying social system.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 384


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Modeling Message Traction in Social Networks

Steven R. Corman
Scott Ruston
Kirk Errickson
Chase Clow

Simulation (Lecture)

Diffusion, Simulation, Communication Networks

Many theories attempt to explain why some messages “get traction” in social networks and others do
not, including diffusion of innovations, memetics, ideodynamics, and others. Because these
theories—and the empirical studies that test them—are focused on particular domains and scholarly
traditions, none takes complete account of all the possible factors involved in message spread. This
study begins with a comprehensive review of available literature on the spread of messages to identify
known factors. Factors relating to the message, sender, receiver, group, medium, and environment are
tested in an agent based simulation designed to find the most parsimonious set that can reproduce
known distributions of message spread identified in descriptive research. This presentation discusses
challenges related to generating a realistic agent network and empirically grounding the factors and
some preliminary results.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 385


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Modeling Relational Events via Latent Classes

Christopher L. Dubois
Padhraic Smyth

Algorithms and Analytic Methods (Lecture)

Statistical Models, Block Model Analysis

Social networks often produce event data when actors interact. Techniques for analysing sequences of
dyadic events between actors are of increasing interest. We describe a generative model for dyadic
events, where each event arises from one of K latent classes, and the properties of the event (e.g.
sender, recipient, and action type) are chosen from distributions over these entities conditioned on the
chosen class. We then present two algorithms for inference in this model: an expectation-maximiza tion
algorithm as well as a Markov chain Monte Carlo procedure based on collapsed Gibbs sampling. We
use these algorithms to analyze the model's predictive accuracy on multiple real-world datasets
involving email communication and international political events.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 386


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Modeling the Dynamics of Wikipedia Collaboration Networks

Juergen Lerner
Ulrik Brandes
Patrick Kenis
Denise Van-Raaij

Methods and Statistics (Lecture)

Statistical Methods, Dynamic Network Analysis, Event Data, Wikipedia

The collaborative work in Wikipedia gives rise to a large two-mode network in which users are
connected to the articles they contribute to. Moreover, the edges in this network are associated each
with a dynamic point process encoding the timestamps of edit events. In this talk we apply descriptive
and inferential statistical methods to uncover empirical distributions and dependencies in the Wikipedia
collaboration network. Special emphasis is given to the joint dynamics of articles together with their
associated talk pages. Here we are interested in whether the editing process is influenced by ongoing
and past discussions or, vice versa, whether discussion is rather a reaction to previous edits.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 387


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Modeling the emergence of matrimonial circuits in random kinship networks: alternative


approaches and comparative results

Arnaud Bringé
Klaus Hamberger
Camille Roth

Kinship network analysis (Lecture)

Statistical Methods, Data Collection, Kinship, Loops, Validation Methods

Empirical kinship networks are complex networks emerging from the interaction of demographic
constraints, marriage practices, and genealogical memory. A key to the understanding of their
morphogenesis is the study of their matrimonial circuit profile, that is, of the relative frequencies of
circuits resulting from marriages between relatives of different types. Recent research has made
considerable progress in this field. We are today able to count all matrimonial circuits in a given kinship
network and to enumerate all their theoretically possible types. However, we still lack efficient methods
for determining whether the observed frequencies indicate particular matrimonial preferences, are mere
by-products of other matrimonial practices, or are simply random artifacts due to the construction
process of the network under the condition of e.g. a given degree of endogamy. Observable marriages
between relatives are both logically and sociologically constrained by preceding marriages and by the
possibility to recall the concerned kinship and marriage ties. We are therefore in need of simulation
methods operating under the triple constraints of demographic parameters, matrimonial rules and
unknown data. The paper discusses alternative approaches towards this problem and presents the
comparative results of different models on a simple example (modeling the relative frequencies of
relinking marriages between sibling pairs).

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 388


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Models and Methods to Identify Peer Eects: A Critical Review

Weihua An

Social Influence (Lecture)

Causal Inference, Peer Effects

Peer effects are very important for us to understand many social phenomena, including diffusion of new
knowledge and products, spreading of diseases and smoking, enlarging of socioeconomic inequality,
mobilizing of social movements, to name only a few. There have been numerous studies trying to
identify and quantify peer effects. This paper will review some of these attempts and recent advances in
statistical modeling and inference on peer effects, and point out some directions for future research in
this area. There are two features of this review worth of particular attention. One is that it is
interdisciplinary, drawing literature not only from sociology, but also from economics, political science,
statistics, etc. The other is that it uses potential outcomes framework to unite and elaborate its critiques
and emphasizes the conditions under which peer effects can be attributed as causal.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 389


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Models of Quasi-Symmetry Relate Sex to Dominance in Wild Dolphin Males

Elisa J. Bienenstock
Margaret Stanton
Janet Mann

Analyzing Network Data (Methods) (Lecture)

Alliances, Animal Networks, Dominance, Quasi-symmetry, Sex, Fitness

Models of quasi-symmetry are ideal for determining status, volume and proximity when valued
non-symmetric one mode data are available. In a previous paper, Mann (2006) collected and analyzed
data on the sociosexual play between ten young male dolphins observed in detail during focal follows.
Sexual encounters among young males are thought to play a role in status development and influence
the composition of alliances in adulthood. Since alliance membership is closely tied to fitness, these
alliances are very important; nearly all males form very close ties with two or three other males, with
whom they collaborate to secure fertile females. Often these dyads or triads also cooperate with other
alliances against a third alliance, a pattern previously thought unique to humans. In this study, data were
collected on the homosexual mounting incidents involving ten focal males. Behavioral observations
provide evidence that being the receiver is a less desirable position for males. The data reflect this
asymmetry: the rows represent the actor, the columns, the receiver. Mann analyzed the data to
determine the degree to which relationships between dolphins were symmetric. We extend this analysis
by using a model of quasi-symmetry to discover the status hierarchy and the alliance structure among
young dolphins and compare our results to this earlier work. We also compare results of the model to
analyses done using other metrics. Finally, we apply the method to a more extensive dataset that
includes more dolphins and several types of sociosexual encounters. Parameters generated from the
model can be used to investigate the relationship between early sociosexual play and outcomes such as
adult dominance, adult alliance composition and fitness.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 390


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Money Flows and Communication Patterns in an Illegal Drug Distribution Network

Carlo Morselli
Chloé Provost

Criminals, Gangs, Terrorists, and Networks (Lecture)

Criminal Behavior, Centrality, Entrepreneurship, Brokerage, Covert

Past research on the financial organization of criminal groups and organizations has followed the
assumption that the flow of money and transactions in such settings takes place within a formal
organization setting. This assumption runs counter to much research on organized crime, street gangs,
and general criminal enterprise that have found the presence of more informal and flexible working
structures to be more conducive to crime. In short, when it comes to crime, the network has proven to
be a more relevant concept than the hierarchy. In this study, we follow through on the growing emphasis
on networks in crime by transposing this framework on the financial transactions between participants in
Montreal's illegal drug distribution market, circa 1994-2001. During this period, members from reputed
organizations, such as the Hells Angels, were strongly integrated in the market. Such organizations also
became the focus of intense law-enforcement targeting. Based on a mix of surveillance data, accounting
files kept by Hells Angels members, and interviews with various participants in this market during this
period, we find that the network framework does provide a more complete understanding of how illegal
drug distribution was structured and how money flows were coordinated therein. Three analytical paths
will be discussed: 1) that the central participants in this market were not members of any established
criminal organization; 2) that the pivotal actors in the financial network were primarily positioned along
the peripheral segments of the network; and 3) that the network, as a whole, was not organized around
any single individual or organization—on the contrary, the network revolved around the personal
capacities of individual actors to increase the number of supply and demand routes within the ensemble
of transactions. We conclude with a discussion of this study’s implications for dispelling the ongoing
stereotypes that often guide interventions and, unfortunately, much research in this area.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 391


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Motivation and Embeddedness of Wikipedia Editors

Keiichi Nemoto
Peter Gloor
Robert Laubacher

Words and Networks (Lecture)

Degree Centrality, Dynamic Network Analysis, Wikipedia, Social Network Analysis, Friendship Network,
Betweenness Centrality

This paper analyzes editing patterns of Wikipedia contributors using dynamic social network analysis.
Our research question is what motivates the most active Wikipedians to spend a huge amount of time
doing their authoring and editing work. In particular we analyze the editing network of the 2716 featured
articles in the English language Wikipedia. Featured articles (FA) are the articles Wikipedians consider
their best work. As a metric of success we measure the amount of time it takes an article from its
creation to be promoted to FA.
To construct the social network we convert the edit flow among contributors into a temporal social
network. In particular, we analyze the response patterns on the talk pages of the editors working on FA.
A link is constructed if one editor of a featured article puts a comment on the talk page of another editor
who has worked on the same FA. A link between two editors means they both have worked on the same
article, and one has written a comment on the talk page of the other. We therefore construct a type of
“friendship network” among the editors. We found that density, betweenness, and degree centrality of
the network significantly negatively correlate with the “time to FA” of an article. This means that the
denser the network, and the more centralized the network, the faster the article reaches the “featured”
status. It therefore seems that the more embedded Wikipedians are in a tight group of friends, the better
the work they do.

PROCEEDINGS of SunBelt XXX, 2010 Page 392


Copyright INSNA (c) Jun 29, 2010 to Present.
Abstract

Motivation changes of social networks embeddedness in the context of planned and transition
Russian economy

I