You are on page 1of 19

PROTECTED AREA MANAGEMNT PROJECT HINGOL NATIONAL PARK MANAGEMENT PROJECT

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SURVEY

Prepared By

Mohammad Yahya Musakhel Aliya Kausar

BALOCHISTAN FOREST AND WILDLIFE DEPARTMENT
CONTENTS S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 TOPIC List of Annexure Acknowledgments Executive Summary Hingol National Park at a Glance Statistic of Surveyed Areas House hold Size, \ Ethnic Composition Geophysical Environment Education Health Facilities Shrines and Historical Employment and Occupation Communication Source of Energy Occupation Irrigation Pictures of Park areas Page# 03 04 05 6 09 09 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 12 13 14 19

2

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

Annexure S. No. Annex1 Annex 2 Annex 3 Annex 4 Annex 5 Annex 6 List of Annex Detail figure of Climate of Park area Ethnic composition of Park area Livestock population of the Park area Occupation of the people of Park area List of Participants of Social Survey Name of Surveyed Villages Page 15 15 16 16 17 18

3

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We owe personal gratitude and thanks to Park Management of Hingol National Park in particular and Forest & Wildlife Department in general for providing us a chance and engaged for Social Survey of Hingol National Park. We are thankful to all Community Members, Field Staff and especially to Mr. Manzoor Ahmed Project Director Hingol National Park Management Project/Conservator of Forest and Wildlife Quetta for his guidance and Mr. Abdul Rehman Deputy Ranger Hingol for his help during the Survey. The efforts of all made this Survey report successfully completed and presentable form.

4

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

In an interim setup and as first initiative a Social Survey by the Park Management Office has been carried out. It embodies not only details of various resources but reveal some base line data of parts of the Park, covering 70 villages of 9 Mozas. The Surveyed area covers 65 % of total area. It reveals that majority of the population is involved directly and indirectly in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries. The average household size is about 6.11 Persons. 90% populations Live in Rural area. Although there is rural urban migration creating employment but still rural population is predominant. The population of the surveyed 70 villages consists of two major ethnic groups namely Baloch and Lasi while only two percent comprises of other groups. Rain water is main source of irrigation and drinking water. However in several villages beside rainwater they dig open well to meet the requirements. Lack of resources (Capital) and water are the main constraint in uplift of Socio-Economic Conditiosn. Land holding in most cases is communal. Individual holdings are small and used for various purposes mainly for grazing. The compositions of livestock vary in the Park area, which is second major source of income. While goat is turned into the major animal. The average climate of the Park’s studied area ranges from extreme hot in summer to severe cold in winter. The temperature vary from area to area, some places of Park are very hot while some areas having harsh winter. There is dire need of design of activities to address the identified issues and cover the whole National Park in follow-up Social Survey with scientific tools of need Assessment through PRA or PLA.

5

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

Hingol National Park at a Glance
Headquarter Establishment of Park Area of the Park Location 1997 619,043 ha Lasbela, Awaran and Gwadar Districts Uthal

Population (part of Social Surveyed Area) 2005 Male 781 Sex Ratio Major Ethic Groups Major Language Female 500 1.02 Baloch Balochi Children 1698 Total 2979

Location: • • • Liarai Tehsil (Dist: Lasbela), Spat, Sarpal, Jabal Ghurab, Dak, Singal, Beharo, Deakoh, Aghore, Kund Maleer, Jabal Hinglach, Kundrach, Ghat Katari, Sher Kumb, Malan, Buzi Pass, Chandra Gup Jhal Jhao Tehsil (Dist: Awaran) Dhurun, Tranch, Kullit, Jogin Koh, Ghari Koh, Jabal Haro, Kahuri Ormarah Tehsil (Dist: Gwadar) Gazab, Jhakain Shoor, Sarbhat, Sri Chakul, Goran Gatti, Daud, Sumanan, Rudia, Majority of the population is involved directly and indirectly in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries. Employment. 52% Agriculture and livestock 30% production and related work, fisheries, 18% with services and others. Important Industry. Fisheries

Economy.

6

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

Major Crops. Communication.

Wheat, Pulses and Fodder. Metal Road ------------Yes-----------

Shingle -------------No-------------Railway-------------No-------------Airport Climatic Conditions: The coastal area of the of the park, has a more moderate and moist climate than the interior. The weather is generally fine. The winter extends from October to January, but in February and March the climate is moderate. April to September constitute summer. During the hottest months of May and June, the area often records the highest temperature (43.3 0C in the month of May 1995) . The north-western wind (Gorich) prevails from October to February and becomes particularly strong towards the end of the cold weather season. The Gorich becomes a burning hot wind during April and May, when it is known as Liwar. Annual Mean Rainfall Rainfall is capricious and uncertain. Normally, most rain falls in summer during June, July and August. There is little rain in January and February. The three years data 1993-95 of rainfall (see Temperature Graph 3) show great variation in precipitation in the district. The maximum precipitation noted was 192.6 mm in the month of July 1995, which was near to the total annual rainfall of 205.6 mm. In some months during the past years precipitation was zero. However during 2005 winter season received ample rain even caused flood in various parts of the Park. -------------No--------------

Annual Mean Temperature The climate of the interior is subject to considerable variations. The winter extends over the months of October to January. The period from April to September constitutes the summer. While May and June are hot. Maximum and Minimum temperature

7

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

The three years data of maximum temperature is given at Temperature Graph 3. The temperature variation indicated in the data shows a maximum temperature of 43.3 0C in the month of May, 1995. The annual maximum average temperature was 35.8 0C. The three years data for minimum temperature is given in Temperature Graph 3, which shows that the minimum temperature recorded was 8.3 0C in the month of January 1994. The average annual minimum temperature was 18.6 0C detail figure presented in the Annex 1 Map of Park Area

Statistic of Surveyed Areas
Population Project: \

In the present survey nine Mozas and eighty villages surveyed. As per latest survey total population of Hingol National Park surveyed villages is 2979 male, out of which 781 male and 500 are female with 1698 children (details presented in the Annex 6) In first of history of Hingol national Park women have been included in survey to take their view.

8

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

House hold Size:

The average household size is about 6.11 during the latest survey of nine villages Roduni Kachu, Dhrun, Kund-Maleer, Deudri, Sungal, Kund raj, Chinty, Tranch, Dandale were included for test check. According to the latest survey around 90% populations lived in rural area. Although there is rural urban migration creating employment and lots of other social problems but still rural population is predominant. Around 57% population is below 15years of age while Adult population is (above 18 years of age) is slightly above 43% of which 17% is female population, which is employed on non-wage agriculture and live stock, beside working as housewives.

Ethnic Composition:

The population of the surveyed villages consists of two major ethnic groups namely Balochi and Lasi. Baloch are 75%, Lasi 23% and others 2% details figure presented in the Annex 2
Geophysical Environment

The spectrum of terrestrial habitat under Pakistan’s jurisdiction extends from sea level to 8,611m (27,985), range in altitude that is unprecedented in any other sovereign state. Situated on the northwestern limit of what is regarded to be the South-Asian Sub-region, Pakistan’s 803,940 km2 (310,402 mi.2) land mass obliquely straddles an essentially arid zone consisting of a mosaic of 9
PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

semi-deserts and deserts. These include the Chagai, Sibi, Thal, Cholistan and Thar. The survey area falls under stretch of Sibi desert. The broken and, often, precipitations nature of these mountain ranges presets a spectrum of physical environmental conditions related to slope, aspect and elevation that is further complex by the diverse origins of the bedrock from witch the mountains themselves have been formed. Rock strata exposed include: ancient granites and sedimentary rock: Permian/Eocene marine sediments: Eocene/Oligocene continental sediments and a range of recent volcanic and associated metamorphic rocks. These strata have given the rise to a wide range of soil types. Education Literacy according to the 1998 census is said to be as 22 percent in the Lasbela district, out of it 32 percent for males and 10 percent for females respectively. The figures show that 20 percent children (5-24 of age) are enrolled in school. However, in the rural areas, the enrollment has been only 10.50 percent. Only 4 percent of the girls of age 4 to 24 are enrolled at schools. During the whole survey session, no school observe. The present survey indicated that provision of education facilities in the district is one of major demands of general public. The literacy rate of education is compared to be nil There is no vocational institution in the entire area. Health Facilities There are two hospitals, 24 dispensaries, 38 BHUs, 4 Mother and Child Health Care centers, 4 Rural Health Centers, and Leprosy unit exist in the whole of the district. The government has been providing health faculties to the inhabitants of the district, however most remote and isolated villages have limited access to these faculties. Shrines and Historical District Lasbela is known for hosting shrines and historical sits. These include Shrine of Shah Bilawal, Lahut-I-Lamakan, Kumb Shrine, Shireen and Farhad, Sassi and Punnu and the tomb of General Haroon and Col. Robert Sandeman, Pir Fida Hussain and Mai Gondrani. Very famous and mostly visited Shrine is Nani Mander inside Hingol National Park Employment and Occupation

10

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

The majority (over 43 percent) of the people are engaged in agriculture and fishery. Other sources of incomes are service government and private, enterprises and factories. Most of the youth migrates to Karachi, Quetta and other parts of the country for their livelihood. Communication The national highway that runs from Karachi to Quetta (689Km) covers 215 km of Lasbela district. A very recently constructed costal highway has linked Ormera town to Uthal and to Karachi, which has connected the most remote villages on the way. The district however is not yet linked with the country either by railway tracks or by air.

Source of Energy Cooking Fuel Around 16%of the households in the urban areas use natural gas for cooking and heating purposes, while only 0.33% of the rural households have access to this facility. Almost 99.7% of the households use wood as a source of fuel for cooking/heating.
Electricity

The major towns of the district have access to electricity that is supplied by Karachi Electricity Supply Corporation (KESC) through the only grid at Uthal. 29 percent of the total households have access to this basic need in Dist Lasbela. While in surveyed villages the majority use kerosene oil for lighting.
Water

11

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

Source of water mostly dependent over rain. However I several village beside rain water they dig open well for human and livestock drinking purposes. The average water table in the all villages was founded 46.5 feet above the sea level. The water in all the surveyed area found to be potable and the quality is good.
Major Diseases:

Major diseases reported are diarrhea, typhoid, Malaria, tuberculosis and urinary tract infection. The present survey indicated that provision of health facilities in the district is one of major demands of
general public.

Occupations
As given in the survey report Summary 52% Agriculture and livestock 30% production and related work, fisheries, 14% with services and 4% with others profession details presented in the Annex 4 Before we go to Secondary source details, primary data collected shows that house wives, although not identified separately, 100% work either in the field or tend the livestock. The survey shows 50 – 60% male population as laborers, which seems to be misnomer for Agriculture labour. As in villages there is no major employment-generating sector. Major landlords employ people as ‘Bazgar’ and share the produce with them. 10 to 20% population as per above survey is attached with livestock and due to drought, they had a setback and their employment has shrunk. Indifferent attitude of government can be judged from the fact that no technical institute exists in whole of Area. People cannot be utilized the fishing industry which has ample scope in future. Even private sector is not planning for future skilled labour supply. Outside local population because of high rate of unemployment is resisting labour both skilled and unskilled. Why there is no industry, because there is no electricity and skilled man-power and why electricity can not be provided because there is no industry and hence no demand for skilled man-power. This is paradox.
Smuggling:

Smuggling is one such source of employment, which does not get any mention in any government document. Even NGOs may not have worked in this particular area. Generally on national level it is taken as social and economic evil. Social, because directly or indirectly it breeds

12

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

corruption and other social illness in the society. Economic, because it deprives government of possible revenues in-duties and importers lose profits/ markets because of smuggling. Locally it is considered as yet another business. Any region which has no agriculture, no industry, no trade and no other economic activities essential for sustaining life, then only way out seems smuggling. Those who shrug their shoulders on mentioning smuggling as an evil in the area should realize that living souls need something to live on. Passing value judgment does not require any effort. As mentioned earlier majority of population survives on Agriculture and livestock.
Figures are not forthcoming, how many people are directly involved in this illegal business. However, it is an open fact that in the absence of proper sources of employment, Hundreds able bodied people look towards this only source. The people mainly trapping migratory birds e.g. Houbara Bustard, Falcons etc and smuggle to the nearest countries. Agriculture: In terms of labour involvement agriculture is the main activity in the district economy. Wheat, Melons, Onions, Potato and dates are normally sown. In Rabi season mostly wheat, vegetables and fodder is cultivated and in Kharif onion, Potato and fodder are major crops. In agriculture female population is involved with male counterparts in planting, harvesting and thrashing activities.

Livestock: Livestock is second major source of income for the people of Hingol National Park. Present survey of the area shows that every village has multiple flocks of small ruminates, as livestock provides for food as well as it is source of income. It is also a symbol of social status. People take pride in having large flocks. The break-up of livestock as per survey of all Mozas , given in the Annex 3

Irrigation:
The major source of irrigation in the District is Barani whereas traditionally used to be major source of irrigation. However in some villages well observed for agriculture purposes.

13

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

Annexes
Annex 1 Detail figure of Climate of Park area

Mean Minimum/Maximum Temperature Graph 1993 – 1995

Source: Pakistan Meteorological Department, Karachi.

Annex 2 Ethnic composition of Park area.

23%

2% Baloch Lasi others 75%

14

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

Annex 3 Livestock population of the Park area. Livestock Ppulation Moza Roduni-Kachu Dhrun Kund-Maleer Deudri Sungal KundRaj Chinty Tranch Dandale Total %age Goat
815

Sheep
300

Cow
48

Camel
50

Donkey
Nil

Hens
131

1346 193 61 632 248 195 3302 85 6877 61

269 4 34 38 24 29 1614 4 2316 20

45 0 13 14 29 13 194 6 362 3

57 4 21 45 16 11 176 5 385 4

0 36 19 43 14 11 28 2 153 1

310 175 129 175 12 19 287 0 1238 11

Annex 4 Occupation of the people of Park area

14%

4% Agriculture &LS Production Fisheries sevices

52% 30%

15

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

Annex 5 List of Participants of Social Survey 1. Abdul Jabbar Park Manager Hingol National Park (HNP) Uthal 2. Mr. Samander Khan Divisional Forest Officer HNP 3. Mr. Muhammad Yahya Social Mobilizer (male) (Data Analysis) 4. Miss Aliya Kauser Social Mobilizer (Female) (Data Analysis and Field Visits) 5. Mr. Abdul Rehman Deputy Ranger Hingol 6. Mr. Goher Khan Deputy Ranger HNP 7. Mr. Sher Jan Deputy Ranger HNP 8. Mr. Abdul Aziz Deputy Ranger HNP 9. Mr. Pir Muhammad Deputy Ranger HNP 10. Mr. Aman ullah Deputy Ranger HNP 11. Mr. Dosto Game Watchers HNP 12. Mr. Mr.Shado Game Watchers HNP 13. Mr. Daro Game Watchers HNP 14. Mr. Juma Khan S/O Jaro Community Member of Yar Muhammad Goth Sangal 15. Mr. Allah Buksh Community Member of Goth Essa Phore 16. Mr. Ahmad Community Member, Umer Goth Kund Malir

Period of Survey April 2005 to June 2005

16

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

Annex 6 Name of Surveyed Villages
House Holds Tehsil Jhao District Awaran Name of Moza Rodini Dhrun 42 28 No. of Village 4 4 Name of Villages

Jafferi Dun, Shehli Dun, Madoi and Daoot Dali Hinj, Dadain dock, Kohr Dab, Kangri Bhaint

Tranch

101

38

Mazneen Bhent,Seeri Jarreen,Cheery Jareen,Undreen,,Mungo,Chagardi,Sehtakoo kur,Raig kour,Giddan Mil,Darri, Dodar,Bhet Sir,Hudu Bhent,Nimmi,Muchi Bhent,Pugtti,Jukai Zup,Goreen Bhent,Kirpaas,Pid-e-Kore,Vad Jad,Daak Dun,Jhul Jakki,Sardar-e-chib,Jamdaan Bhent, Hudar Kore,Burzeen koh,Koh Kulli,Nulli Khcha,Gustain,Sipah Garri,Koondi,Lumb Late Sirti Koh,Darah Bhent,Khali Hinj,Kohe-e-Dodher,Koh-eDap,Kangari BhentKukrri,Bhent,Lori Gor,Duri Dap,Mela Dap,Soko Gar
Kussu Goth and Mama Goth Haji Shair Muhammad Goth, Noko Goth, Washi Goth,Ramzan Goth, Eisa Goth,Abdullah Goth, Suleman Goth, Haji Washi Goth,Allah Buksh Goth, Badin Goth, Deudri Goth, Kashi Goth and

Tehsil Liari District Lasbela Dandale 6 2

Kund Malir Deudri Sungal Kund Raj Chinty Total

99 47 106 22 19 470

10 3 3 2

Noko Goth, Ali Ghot, Nodain Goth and Allah Bukhsh Goth 4 70

17

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

Pictures of Park Areas.

Community meeting at Sangal

Community meeting at Jhao

Community meeting at Malan

Community meeting at Kund Malir

Secretary forest visiting fisheries community

Livestock grazing
PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project

18

View of Sea at Park

View of Hingol River

.

19

PAMP Hingol National Park Management Project