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CompositeAnalysis

UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN

Dr. Faeq M. Shaikh

Seattle,Washington,USA

(SeattleishomeofBoeingJets)

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
PreRequisitesforTodaysSeminar

BasicunderstandingofFiniteElementAnalysis

WorkingKnowledgeofLaminatePlateTheory

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
NASTRAN&PATRANareproductsofMcNeal
SchwendlerCorporation(MSC)

PATRAN=Pre&PostProcessor
NASTRAN(NASAStructuralAnalysis)=Solver

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN

PATRAN

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
SummaryofPATRANModelingCapabilities
Line(Bar)Elements:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
SummaryofPATRANModelingCapabilities
Line(Beam)Elements:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
SummaryofPATRANModelingCapabilities
Surface(Shell)Elements:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
SummaryofPATRANModelingCapabilities
Surface(Shell)Elements:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
SummaryofPATRANModelingCapabilities
SolidElements:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
SummaryofPATRANResults Deformation

Animate
Deformation

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
SummaryofPATRANResults Deformation

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
SummaryofPATRANResults Stresses

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
ProcessofFiniteElementAnalysis:
Setdatabaseunits(BritishorMetric)
DefineorImport(fromCADtools)Geometry
Createfiniteelementmesh
Definematerials(isotropic,orthotropic,anisotropic)
Definelaminate/sandwichmaterials
Applymaterialstoelementproperties
Applyloadsandboundaryconditions
Performanalysis(Linear,NonLinear,Buckling,etc)
AccessResults
Createfringeanddeformationplots

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Shell(Plate)vs.SolidElements
MeshUsingSolid
MeshUsingShell Elements:
Elements: Donothave
Canmodel bendingcapability
bending. Muchlarger
Usuallymuch modelsize
smallermodelsize Elementsare
Elementsare createdona
createdona volume
surface(area) Thruthickness
Limitedthru resultcapabilities
thicknessresults

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
ExamplesofModelswithShell&SolidElements:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Compositescanbemodeledusingbothshell
andsolidelements.Choicedependson:
Computingpower(largevs.smallmodels)
Whatkindofresultsarerequired(2Dvs.3Dstate
ofstress inplanevs.thruthickness)
Importanceofinterfaces(fittingattachments,
etc.)
IF

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
2D vs.3D StateofStress

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Compositescanalsobemodeledasahybrid
ofshellandsolidelements
Modelfacesheetasshell
elements

Modelcoreas
solidelements

Modelfacesheetasshell
elements

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Materials Isotropic:

3DConstitutiveRelationship

PlaneStress
ConstitutiveRelationship

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Materials Orthotropic:
MAT3Orthotropicmaterial MAT8orthotropicmaterial
isdefinedforSolidelements. isdefinedforshellelements.

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Materials Anisotropic:
The MAT9 is used to define 3D orthotropic constitutive
stress strain relation using the anisotropic material matrix.

The MAT2 is used to define 2D anisotropic


constitutive stress-strain relationship using
the anisotropic material matrix.

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
LaminatePlateTheory Overview

Thelaminateconsistsofperfectlybonded
laminae.
Thebondsareinfinitesimallythinandnonshear
deformable;i.e.,displacementsarecontinuous
acrosslaminaeboundariessothatnolaminacan
sliprelativetoanother.
Eachofthelaminaisinastateofplanestress.

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Modelingcomposites:
Laminatedcompositesarea"stack"oflaminae
withdifferentorientations

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Modelingcompositeswhatdoweneed?
Laminaproperties(E,G,etc)
Orientation
Thickness
Stackingsequence

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Modelingcompositeswhatdoweneed?
DataRecovery
Displacements
Forces
PlyStresses
PlyStrains
MarginofSafety/FailureIndices
FI<1,thelaminaisassumedsafe.
FI>1,thelaminaisassumedtohavefailed.

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
FailureIndices:
IsotropicMaterials:Strengthisindependentof
orientationofbodyunderload
LaminatedComposites(orthotropic):Strengthis
afunctionofbodyorientationrelativetoload.
MinimumAllowablesRequired:
Tensilestress/straininmaterial1&2directions
Compressivestress/straininmaterial1&2directions
Shearstress/straininprincipalmaterialdirection.

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
FailureTheoriesinNASTRAN/PATRAN:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Startaproject:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
PATRAN
ModelingWindow

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
PATRAN
ApplicationForm

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
CreatingGeometry: 1

2
3

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
1
CreatingMesh:

2 3

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Materials:
1

CreatingUni 2 4
DirectionalTape
(for2DShellElms)

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Materials:
1

Creating 2 4
HoneycombCore
(for2DShellElms)

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Materials:

2
Creating
HoneycombCore 4
(for2DShellElms)

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Materials:

Laminate
Constants
(for2DShellElms)

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Elementvs.MaterialCoordinateSystem:

For2Dshellelements,ECSfromNode1toNode2
ElementForcescomeoutinElementCoordinateSys
MCSdefinesthe0degfiberdirection
PlyStrains&Stressescomeoutinplyfiberdirections/
MaterialCoordinateSystem
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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Properties:

2
4

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Geometry:

1. CreatePoints
2. CreateSurface

3. Createsolid(for
3Danalysis)

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
FEMs:

1. CreateNodes&
Elements(2D)

2. Createsolids
(for3Danalysis)

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
ApplyLoads: 1

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
ApplyBoundaryConditions: 1

2
3
4

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
1
Analyze:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
3DModeling:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
3DModeling:

Facesheetsmodeled
with2DShellElements

HoneycombCore
modeledwith3D
SolidElements

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
3DAnisotropicMaterial:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Results Deformationplot:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Ply1(bottom) xdirectionstrainfringeplot:
1

3
Compressivestrain
4

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
Ply13(top)xdirectionstrainfringeplot:
1

Tensilestrain
4

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
PrintedOutputFile Displacements:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
PrintedOutputFile ElementForces(2DShell):

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
PrintedOutputFile ReactionsatSupport:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
PrintedOutputFile PlyStrains(2DShell):

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
PrintedOutputFile Stresses(3DSolid):

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
WordofCaution UseofOffsets:

Modelingwith2Dshellelements
Meshingsurfaceisthebottomsurface
Howdowemodelvaryingthicknesses?
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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN
WordofCaution Offsets:

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CompositeAnalysis
UsingNASTRAN/PATRAN

ThankYou.

Forquestions,pleasecontactmeat:
faeq_m_shaikh@hotmail.com

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