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Another Architecture N65 December 2016January 2017

How to use cats

in architecture
Reinventing a
German village
Building high-
rises in wood
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Collidanielarchitettos interior design
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Out Now caf chain Vyta Santa Margherita is

published in Frame 113.

The Events Issue

How design fairs
and festivals last
the distance

Photo Matteo Piazza
Good looks down to the last detail:
FSB Window handles for narrow proles.

The mismatch between normal window handles and narrow profiles is a visual nuisance
for all who lay store by coherency of detail. FSB has set about remedying this with a new
window handle assembly in which the usual rose dimensions are significantly reduced.
Regardless of whether the rose is compound curve-shaped or angular, surface or flush-
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overall sense of restraint.
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Mark 65 December 2016 January 2017 005


012 Notice Board

022 Cross Section

024 Diller Scodio + Renfro /

Gensler New York
026 Fujiwaramuro Hiroshima
028 Nio Prato
030 JDS Hangzhou
032 PLAYstudio / YES Vienna
034 V+ Ghlin
036 Idom Lima
038 SO-IL / Bohlin Cywinski
Jackson Davis
040 Infographic
042 Michael Sorkin Studio Xian
044 Studio Proto pe Wijchen PLAYstudio / YES
Housing in Vienna

046 Tomohiro Hata Otsu Photo Michael Hierner

048 DRAA Las Trancas

050 Martin Dubeau / Jonathan
052 Freelon Group / Adjaye 058
Associates / Davis Brody
Bond Washington, D.C.
054 Aranza de Ario San Pedro

056 Pers ective


058 Peter Haimerl never planned Peter Haimerl

to reinvent the village of Concert hall in Blaibach
Photo Edward Beierle
Blaibach. It happened
gradually. House by house.
006 Mark 65 December 2016 January 2017

082 Lon Section

084 Zaha Hadid Architects Port House reects

the ambitions of Antwerps harbour.
094 Keiichi Kiriyama builds houses like forests.
Interior trees help to connect the inhabitants
to nature.
108 Father and son duo Marcio and Gabriel
Kogan team up with architecture
photographer Pedro Kok and lmmaker
Lea Van Steen for a series of short lms
featuring some of the houses they designed
over the years.
116 Edouard Franois plants a nature-inclusive
tower in Paris.
124 Building high-rises in wood is becoming
increasingly widespread. In Stockholm, Zaha Hadid Architects

plans are being made for a 34-storey Oce building in Antwerp

Photo Tim Fisher

apartment building.
136 Fuhrimann Hchler built a house in
Olten that pays homage to Le Corbusiers
principles of modern architecture.
142 6as studio for fashion and art photographer 094
Juergen Teller lends itself for a varie of
photo shoots.
150 Students on the Universi of Colorado
Denvers design-build programme created a
series of huts in perfect harmony with their
forest location.
160 Amateur Architecture Studio designed
houses for the people of the Chinese village
of Wencun. ey dont like them, but tourists
are happy to stay there.
168 Joseph Giovannini talks about reading and
writing, eccentric architects and about the
Deep South, where people are still friendly.

172 Tools Airhouse

House in Ohno
Photo Toshiyuki Yano

192 Exit
in series.

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008 Mark 65 December 2016 January 2017

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Mark 65

Notice Board 013

e inter la
of movement,
li ht and
is enerated
b Tobias Wallisser on LAVAs design for an energy park
and energy storage building in Heidelberg, page 018

sun and wind

014 Mark 65 Notice Board

Banque Libano-Franaise
Norwegian architecture rm Snhea won the architecture
competition for the new headquarters of the Banque Libano-
Franaise in Beirut. e competition started in January 2016,
when eight architecture rms were selected to participate
in a closed competition. Aer reviewing the entries, the
jury, composed of Walid Raphal, Raya Raphal Nahas, Luca
Molinari, Hashim Sarkis, Jean-Christophe Fromantin and
Li Brian Zhang, could not determine a winner. It chose three
studios (Barozzi Veiga, BIG and Snhea) for a second round,
requesting them to rther develop their projects. Snhea
won the second round.

Nabil Gholam


Kengo Kuma & Associates


Barozzi Veiga

BIG Farshid Moussawi

016 Mark 65 Notice Board


1 Rising Ryde
Ryde Australia
46,657-m2 civic centre
Competition entry, shortlisted

2 Soundport Headquarters
Copenhagen Denmark
Foster + Partners
39,000-m2 headquarters for
Ferring Pharmaceuticals in
Kastrup, on the strait of resund
Expected completion 2019

3 Foon House(s)
Leiden Netherlands
Froscen (Simon George and
Jrg Franken)
Adaptive reuse of a Second
World War telephone bunker,
topped by four sustainable
micro homes
Design proposal

4 Pudong Art Museum

Shanghai China
Open Architecture
36,486-m2 museum with art
galleries, auditorium, art library,
caf, restaurant, art storage
and oces
Competition entry

5 Administration Replacement
Pomona CA USA
CO Architects
13,000-m2 administration
replacement building with an
undulating, standing-seam
aluminium roof
Expected completion August 2018

018 Mark 65 Notice Board

1 Xinhua Bookstore Group

Chongqing China
153,980-m2 tower for the
Xinhua Bookstore Group with
cultural plaza, retail, apartments,
oces and a hotel in the
Jiefangbei Central Business
Expected completion 2020

2 Energy Storage Centre

Heidelberg Germany
56-m-high energy storage
centre with a faade consisting of
around 20,000 diamond-shaped
plates of thin stainless steel
Competition entry, 1st prize, ground
breaking 2017

3 Xili Sports and Cultural Centre

Shenzhen South China
105,000-m2 structure with
amphitheatre, basketball/
badminton arena, multi nctional
arena and swimming pool
Expected completion undisclosed

4 Headquarters 2
Amsterdam Netherlands
72,500-m2 building with public
venues, apartments and oces
Expected completion 2020

020 Mark 65 Notice Board

1 3


1 Science Ci
Cairo Egypt
Architects for Urbani
85,000-m2 building for the
Bibliotheca Alexandrina and UIA
with science park, exhibition
areas, HD theatre, observatory
tower, research facilities,
workshops, conference centre
and oces
Competition entry

2 Axel Springer Oces

Berlin Germany
Oce building for 3,500
employees featuring a 30-m-high
atrium and 3D faade elements
Expected completion undisclosed

3 Innovation Port
Hamburg Germany
MVRDV and morePlatz (Johannes
Schele and Caro Baumann)
70,000-m2 master plan with
hotels, conference halls, oces,
5 laboratories, research facilities
and parking
Expected completion undisclosed

4 Droneport project
Foster + Partners
Droneport for the support
of humanitarian aid
Expected completion undisclosed

5 Rwanda Cricket Stadium

Kigali Rwanda
Light Earth Designs
Multipurpose cricket pavilion
with thin shell vaults with spans
of up to 16 m
Crowdnding stage
Mark 65

Cross Section 023

thou ht
oes into
how to eo Deutinger,
Liam Cooke and
Stefanos Filippas on
dismantling as a part
of the architecture
profession, page 040

et rid of
the stu
we build
024 Mark 65 Cross Section

Vagelos Education Center

seen from the south.
Diller Scodio + Renfro / Gensler New York NY USA 025

e Vagelos
Center by
Diller Scodio
+ Renfro and
Gensler features
a 14-storey
cascade for
informal study.

Text Reed Miller

Photo Iwan Baan

At 170th Street in Manhaan, the south faade, though, and you

concrete slabs march up the Bard- can see them bending, breaking
Haven Towers, three 30-storey and even connecting to form
student residences overlooking closed loops. As the oors and
the Hudson River. e paern of ceilings transform on this side of
their familiar o-white silhouees the building, they open and deect
provided a theme for the bold from the horizontal, creating a less
variations of their new neighbour, conventional space for the facili s
the Vagelos Education Center. more exible nctions.
Located at the northern e designers call this part
edge of the Columbia Universi of the high-rise a study cascade.
Medical Center, the project is Its a single space, unbroken over
the latest realized work of local the ll 14-storey height of the
architects Diller Scodio + building and served by a circuitous
Renfro, designed in collaboration open stair that lends access to
with Gensler. On the north side various areas for informal study.
of the building, thin horizontal Students and facul just
panels of glass bre reinforced beginning to occupy the building
concrete trace each oor plate; a will circulate, sele and ultimately
fried-glass curtain wall hangs decide whether the cascade is
between them. e faade recalls too unprogrammed for its own
the plain horizontal stripes of the good, but the vertical expanse of
residential towers to the west, shared air and a warm consistent
while su
esting a ndamentally palee of materials and colours (a
dierent structure. Its this end predominance of orange!) give the
of the building that houses impression of a coherent space,
specialized programmes requiring even from outside.
uninterrupted oor space: labs,
classrooms, simulation suites, et

cetera. Follow the oor plates to

026 Mark 65 Cross Section

Text Cathelijne Nuijsink

O is Photos Toshiyuki Yano

Can you explain the reference to

the doma the traditional Japanese
gardening, wanted to preserve the
relationship between house and
owers will bloom in and around
the doma, and we hope that it will

for dirt oor?

focus of the relationship between
nature. Although not one of their
initial requirements, the doma
contributes to the circulation
occasionally serve as a place where
our clients and their neighbours
communicate with one another.

the doma and the architecture outside the house we envisioned Whats more, our clients are
itself is the interior space. We and forges a stronger link planning to use the living room
extended the doma to the exterior between garden and house. as a lile store for sundries and
of the house, where it establishes as a workshop for activities such
a relationship that goes beyond Why did you give the doma such a as dyeing and engraving. Passers-
its original nction. What prominent shape? by who stop for a chat while
the two have in common is a We did not want a dirt oor that admiring the doma may be drawn
consciousness of outside. would only establish a connection farther into the house to see what
between inside and outside. We else there is to enjoy.
Fujiwaramuro What made you think that wanted it to create a sense of order

used a circular this old solution would suit a

contemporary house?
for the entire site. at explains
the symbolic shape.
walkway to tie e site used to have a vegetable
garden and owerbeds with Do you think the result inuences
together a house several kinds of blooming
plants. e clients, a middle-
connections among those who use
the house and garden?
and its garden. aged couple whose hobby is Each season, dierent kinds of
Fujiwaramuro Hiroshima Japan 027

Cross Section Plan

Long Section
028 Mark 65 Cross Section

Maurice Nio extended the

New Wave Pecci Museum with a bold
semicircular volume.
Text Monica Zerboni
Photo Lineashow

Although only a stones throw from environment.

e designer calls
Florence, Prato is not Florence, and his work Sensing the Waves.
its inhabitants do not like to be Its semicircular shape can be
compared with the neighbouring interpreted in various ways: as a
Florentines. Proud of its industrial ring, a disc, a spaceship, a lunar
heritage, for the past 30 years the sliver and its rising antenna
smaller ci has devoted its eorts might be seen as a sensor capable
to becoming a rst-rate centre of intercepting and transmi ing
for contemporary art. Centro the creativi of the artists whose
Pecci, which opened in 1988, was pieces appear inside the building.
established by local entrepreneur New interior spaces are
Enrico Pecci in memory of his arranged on two levels within a
son. Nearly three decades later, the volume that embraces the original
size of the museum has doubled, building and joins it at both ends. Photo Nio Architecten

thanks to nancial aid from the Ground-oor facilities include a

European Cultural Foundation and
the contribution of Dutch architect
theatre, a cinema, a library and a
restaurant whose glazed faades
Maurice Nio, whose signature provide views of the ci.
marks the striking extension of the exterior surface of the upper level,
original building. used for temporary exhibitions,
Nios uid volume makes wears a warm, bronze-coloured
a strong architectural impact and, metal cladding. Inside the building,
at the same time, forms a bold transparency interacts with
contrast to the severe character of opaci, concavi with convexi,
the existing museum. Impossible and lightness with heaviness.
to miss, the extension stands out as Contrasts that make Pratos
an a ention-grabbing object in an splendid landmark worth a visit.
otherwise anonymous industrial
ko skin - neither painting nor staining
| sustainable glassbre reinforced concrete
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030 Mark 65 Cross Section

Text Harry den Hartog

Photos Julien Lanoo

Hangzhou Xintiandi is a real Hangzhou Gateway building out that adorns the upper part of him about his experiences,
estate development that is meant is a welcome exception to this the building is intended to allow architect Julien De Smedt
to turn a former industrial rule. ough the name suests extra views and let in more light. answered: Working in China
area in the prosperous Chinese otherwise, the Gateway is not In addition, it creates a terrace has been an exciting and oen
metropolis of Hangzhou into a a gate or connection between that is used to store rainwater for contradictory experience of
luxury business district along two districts. It does, however, reuse and cooling purposes. e opportunities and challenges,
the ring road. To this end, several nction as a landmark, nnelling idea for a sunken, terrace-shaped technological limitations, cultural
characteristic industrial buildings the crowds passing the ci street cut-out below the ground- compromises and cuing corners
are being reused to house cultural into the new district by way of a oor level had to be abandoned during construction. In our
and public facilities and retail. diagonal cut-out. because of complicated building overall strategy for Asia, we try
e majori of the adjacent new e entire building is used regulations. to leverage our reputation in the
buildings, however, are uniform as oce space for client Hakim is is the rst project industry to avoid these pitfalls,
oce and hotel towers. Information Technology, though JDS Architects has completed sometimes by literally cuing
Designed by JDS some ground-oor spaces are in China, with a second under corners.
Architects, the sculptural reserved for small shops. e cut- construction. When we asked
JDS Architects Hangzhou China 031

Cuing JDS provides a new

commercial center in
Corners Hangzhou with a showpiece.

+5 + 16

0 +9
032 Mark 65 Cross Section


Text and photos Michael Hierner

Spanish oces
We ew over Vienna and saw is an overhead 110 kV power line.
PLAYstudio and YES the colourl elds of fallow A study showed that the electrici

designed a housing land surrounding the ci. e

shapes and colours inspired us,
transmied poses no danger to
residents of the project, but many
project for a residual says architect Ivn Capdevila,
who cofounded YIC, the Spanish
people harbour a psychological fear
of the high-voltage conductors.
site in Vienna. oce that won the Europan 7
competition in 2003 and which
e architects responded to their
anxie by tilting the schemes
recently split into two practices: four tower blocks away from the
PLAYstudio and YES. cables, a strategy that resulted in
eir social housing project an unusual design with uncommon
is located in the south of Vienna on characteristics.
a dicult site wedged between an e extroverted towers
elevated section of the metro and a are just one part of the concept,
busy motorway. Spanning the site however, which also includes
is Europan project was completed 13 years
aer the competition was won. e project introverted patio houses
features 115 apartments, 14 oces, a caf reminiscent of a Mediterranean
and retail space. Parking is underground. lifesle. Lower buildings along
the metro rails serve as noise
barriers. Other socially relevant
features are a communal roof
terrace and a large green park
with a playground.
Although the project has
enjoyed a very positive reception,
its bright yellow faades have
certainly caused a stir. e original
proposal indicated buildings with
white and silver exteriors, but the
developers felt those colours might
appear depressing in winter. e
sunny tint agreed upon intended
to cheer everyone up on cloudy
days also led to the projects
nickname: Yellow Lemons.
PLAYstudio / YES Vienna Austria 033
034 Mark 65 Cross Section

Cross Section


e Wishing-Table
Text Izabela Anna
V+ endows Photo Maxime Delvaux

static utili In the UK, there is a saying then presented as a metaphorical plants have rare aesthetic appeal is
that goes: all good ideas start resume of the concept. Looking indisputable, at least since Bernd
with playl in the pub. e water tower in at the water towers crossed legs, and Hilla Bechers photographic

movement. the Belgian village of Ghlin by

Brussels-based architecture studio
the resemblance is unmistakable
even though the steel-enforced
pologies. Unfortunately, most
of the structures that the couple
V+ relates distantly to this theory. concrete legs are asymmetric captured were torn down shortly
Although we know nothing about for seismic reasons. From a aer being photographed. In an
the beer, there was certainly a perceptional point of view, the aempt to not to let history repeat
table involved in conceiving the Mikado-like arrangement allows itself, Bihan and V+ have already
idea for Chateau dEau 113. for intriguing vistas on the taken ture usages of the complex
e challenge when ground. A concrete plateau on into account. Once the water
designing a water tower is how to the top nctions as a gurative tower becomes redundant, the
keep a huge amount of water very table top. e actual water tank, large platform can be transformed
high up in the air. It needs a strong encircled by perforated metal and used for private dwellings, a
structure, explains Jrn Aram sheets, was constructed separately panoramic restaurant or bungee
Bihain of V+. e practice made and manhandled into place by jumping.
a simple drawing of a wooden Europes bi est crane.
fold-out table, such as those oen at industrial complexes
found in gardens, which was like water towers and power

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036 Mark 65 Cross Section

Text Izabela Anna

Photos Antonio Sorrentino

With a population of nearly 10 but also allow for peeks into

Lounge of million, Lima is one of the biest

cities in the Americas. e Lima
Convention Centre, designed by
parts of the interior. The heart
of the project, so the architects
say, is an elevated outdoor area

the Nation Idom, caters to the urban business

population in both a nctional
and aesthetic sense. Situated in
a strategic location in proximi
called Lima Lounge, generated
naturally by the disposition and
the difference in height of the
convention halls.
to the National Museum, the e geometrical layout is
Idoms convention Ministry of Education and the
National Bank an area that is
brought to life with calculated
splashes of colour: on the terraces
centre in Lima is a bold locally referred to as the Cultural
Centre of the Nation the venues
the vivid views are accompanied
by bright red rnishings and
brutalist statement. appearance makes a point. It is contrasting greenery grass
a bold brutalist statement in the that lies on the manmade stone
shape of a tough concrete cube, like a so carpet. ere is social
at some points hollowed out, at potential in this massive space
others clad in metal or glass. On that can hold up to 10,000 people
the inside, rectangles and squares at a time in 18 multipurpose
continue to dominate the dialogue convention halls. e programme
between built environment and rther includes underground
living beings. Cut-outs in the parking space, restaurants,
concrete reveal panoramic vistas cafeterias and other services.
of the ciscape, the mountains,
Idom Lima Peru 037

Cross Section
038 Mark 65 Cross Section

Text Campbell McNeill

Photos Iwan Baan

e US ci of Davis, west of museum is spread across the site down perceptions of indoor feature roof, which filters
Sacramento, hosts the Universi and organized into ve distinct and outdoor functionality, the light throughout the day.
of Californias new art museum. areas: the gallery pavilion, the opting not for one building The public space operates as
e building, when viewed from education pavilion, the operations set within a landscape, but more than just an entrance
above, has a patchwork roof that pavilion, the lobby and courard for a few buildings that are to the building; the intention
mimics the paerns from the area, and the outdoor events plaza. programmatically linked to is that it will accommodate
surrounding farmland. In 2013 All of the spaces nction for the adjacent open-air spaces. The interactive learning, open-air
a design-build competition was reception of art in either a gallery complex comprises 4130 m2 exhibitions and performances.
won in a collaborative eort by format, as classrooms and studios, of functional indoor and Two of its walls are dedicated
New York-based architects SO-IL, or performance and screening areas. outdoor space. to projecting digital works and
the San Francisco oce of Bohlin Bordered by roads and The sweeping metal film, which activates the plaza
Cywinski Jackson and the Folsom carparks, the architects oriented form connects areas by as a multipurpose space of
oce of construction company the pavilions inward to allow a delineating exterior rooms equal functional importance as
Whiting-Turner. public and pedestrian realm to with a canopy that continues to the remainder of the contained
e museum is used as an emerge on the periphery of the act as a roof over the pavilions spaces.
exhibition space and education site, while providing a courard containing interior functions.
platform for the Universi of in the centre. The design The events plaza is dappled

California. e programme for the strategy is focused on breaking by shadows formed by the
SO-IL / Bohlin Cywinski Jackson Davis CA USA 039

Art Al Fresco
SO-IL and Bohlin Cywinski Jackson
have designed a complex sunshade
that spans a series of art spaces.


e Manei Shrem Museum

of Art has a canopy of
perforated aluminium
triangular beams, supported
by 40 steel columns.

Long Section
040 Mark 65 Cross Section

Total vacated
geotextile fabric


Demolition properties
geotextile fabric

Text and graphics eo Deutinger, Liam Cooke and Stefanos Filippas

Architects, structural engineers and manual demolition, machine 1 vacated
clients build for eterni. In the world demolition and deliberate collapse. o
of accountants, however, buildings Although the last is the most pl liti proper

start at the
are wrien o rather quickly. In spectacular and always good for a boom e
the United States, commercial crowd of spectators, it is dicult D
buildings have a nancial lifespan to separate the waste a erwards timber
of 39 years, while in the Netherlands and is feasible only for high-rises public 2.5h
building for
and Germany their life expectancy surrounded by sucient space.
e evacuated
ranges from 30 to 50 years. Another Cut and Take Down Method is a residents
interesting statistic relates to the relatively recent, highly advanced
10,000+ apartments that are torn development: work starts at the geotextile fabric
down annually in the Netherlands, boom by cuing one oor and
where buildings seem to be treated then lowering the entire building roadblock
no dierently than printers or on computer-controlled hydraulic 2
company cars.
e wrecking ball jacks. One oor a week is removed h
hangs as the proverbial sword of in this way, allowing all work to be roll-o Bu
Damocles over almost any building done safely at ground level. container lld
for debris
nowadays, with lile regard for even Dismantling seems to be oz
magnicent architecture. A good as much a part of the architecture er >h
example is OMAs stunning building profession as designing and building, H compacted
i water <15
for the Netherlands Dance
eatre in but except for temporary structures
Exgh- spray debris

e Hague, which was demolished and projects that take a cradle to 10

ca e max.
only 29 years a er its opening. cradle approach to design, scarce
va ac 10m
As sad as such cases might thought goes into how to get rid timber to h
hoardings r
be for the world of architecture, for of the stu we are building. It gets rubble is
those in charge of demolition, the even dodgier when you realize that cleared by
roadblock next morning
task is purely a maer of guring so much of todays extensively used oodlights
allow night
out the best and most ecient way insulation material will become the work
to break the building into pieces toxic waste of the ture. Its good 30m
small enough to be transported by to build with permanence in mind,
truck to a landll site. Generally but its also wise to consider the
ge n
speaking, there are three options: wrecking ball.
geotextile fabric r id sio
protection 25m B plo
Sources: protective element Im / / / restricted access / / / sand / danger zone

quick coupling
system protection prevents cuing/wear
pulveriser crane
dynamite explosive concrete column diamond
geotextile fabric concrete
detonating cord chainlink wrap high-strength
steel wire

1 Implosion Demolition. Explosives detonated 2 High-Reach Excavator. Used for controlled 3 Cut and Li. Bridge is cut into sections and 4 Wire Rope Pulling. is pe of deliberate
on lower and upper oors create a controlled deconstruction of high rises or multistorey removed by crane. Cuing is done with collapse relies on wire ropes xed to key
collapse. Reduces cost, time and risk of danger structures. Boom lengths vary in size from diamond saws or high-pressure water jets. structural members and pulled by
when demolishing multistorey structures. 19 to over 50 m. excavator or winch.


thermic lance heavy-du

rock drill steel structure building
concrete shears aachment
bridge borehole for
mobile deck explosives
platform steel frame covered
li construction walkway


5 ermic Lance. A thermochemical reaction 6 Bridge Implosion. Adaptabili and exibili 7 Mechanical Plant. Another common method 8 Top Down. Traditional progressive-demo-
generates intense temperatures in a tool that are key to a common method of bridge used for progressive demolition features lition method, oen chosen for
can cut through almost any material, demolition in which explosives placed in excavators with aachments such as shears, constricted sites, combines machine and
including steel, cast iron and concrete. boreholes cause a controlled collapse. pulverisers and grapples. manual dismantlement.
Infographic 041

on-site waste

M 5 thermic lance
& cha e
 n 7 op
er ica R
m lP
ic ire g
La lan 2m
W llin steel wire
nc t excavator Pu or chain
h max.
e 4
debris collection
1.5 h
Ta hydraulic
crane used for
liing heavy
jacks machinery and 9


o 13 arisings passed excavators

D debris collection through openings n
work in oors
p liti
performed catch fan
2-layer protective
To mo
at ground
8 e
timber protective screen
hoardings printed with
d image of facade covered
ine walkway
a timber
D nu
o nt hoardings
em al
C n roof removed
e lf- owon presoaked to rst iti
S p-D iti reduce dust 11 on
To mo
e 3m
D timber
on site

debris collection h forged-

steel ball
12 at, rm
diamond crane used for working
saw liing cut pieces ground

3 h+6m
 h re
timber debris collection
hoardings W ll
t& Ba
concrete broken

Cu up before removal

pontoon allows access

from below

remote control protected cabin


9 Robotic Demolition. Powerl remote-controlled 10 Bulldozer. A machine for the demolition of

hydraulic excavator proves ideal when falling buildings no higher than two storeys, it
debris is a risk, because it eliminates the need knocks down the structure and clears debris
for a human operator in close proximi. from the site.
pneumatic/ wire
hydraulic drag rope
hand tools sledgehammer

forged steel ball

up to 6 tonnes

11 Manual Demolition. In the case of a small 12 Wrecking Ball. Progressive demolition used 13 Cut and Take Down. Work starts at the 14 Self-Contained Top-Down Demolition. An
or delicate building, or one that needs to be for multistorey buildings with structural boom by cuing one oor a week; each exoskeleton enclosing the top three oors is
deconstructed and separated into its damage is a job for the wrecking ball, whose time, the entire building is lowered on aached to the building by a hydraulic
component parts for reuse, dismantlement force can be applied from dierent computer-controlled hydraulic jacks, system and lowered as the structure is
by hand is a safe way to go. directions. eliminating a great deal of noise and dust. progressively demolished from within.
042 Mark 65 Cross Section

Grounded Saucer
Michael Sorkin Studio designed a circular
oce building for the Xian Airport.

Text Gili Merin

Photos Wade Zimmerman

Ever since the completion of the those who never go inside. Keeping A series of curvilinear concrete Placed asymmetrically in the
Athenian Propylaea, known for this thought in mind, American ribs lend form to the tilted torus, footprint and highlighting the
its crucial role in framing a view architect Michael Sorkin designed which is clad in perforated-metal project is a landscaped central
of the Parthenon, architects have an oce building for the Xian panels and glass. e regulari void: a secluded outdoor garden
paid special aention to the way in Airport that is best viewed from of the volume is disturbed for employees of the complex,
which their works are viewed for the air. e turistic saucer- by two elements: an arched such as the airport authorities
the rst time, perhaps by visitors shaped structure acts as a gateway s
light that allows daylight and customs personnel who use
approaching along a devotional to the ci of the same name, a to penetrate the interior, and it as a breakout area for lunch,
route, but even by motorists rapidly developing megalopolis in an east-west circulation axis relaxation and conversation.
catching a glimpse as they drive by the northwest of China. that slices through the main Oces immediately surrounding
the location. An architect designs Responding to a strict building, connecting both sides the courard use their balconies
a building not only for its direct master plan, the 70,000-m2 of the doughnut and leading to a as semi-private outdoor spaces,
users, but also for everyone else airport service center is anchored rectangular auxiliary structure on which provide exterior circulation
whos confronted with it, including within a vast orthogonal grid. the southern edge of the site. and cross ventilation, while
Michael Sorkin Studio Xian China 043

also referring to vernacular

Chinese tolou housing. is Cross Section
regional tribute, along with the
aerodynamic aesthetic of the
building as a whole, establishes
the Xian Airport Service Center
as a fantastic combination of
tradition and innovation: exactly
what many of us expected from
famed architect, author, critic
and educator Michael Sorkin.
044 Mark 65 Cross Section

e roof surfaces are slightly twisted, which

contributes to the tent-like character of the building.

Studio Protope designed a
sculpture for an orthodontic
practice in grey and white.


A small height dierence in the oor prevents

patients from taking a shortcut to the large
treatment room. ere is a separate route for them.
Studio Protope Wijchen Netherlands 045

Text David Keuning

Photos Jeroen Musch

e young, Amsterdam-based a private client: he designed a Our rst thought was concrete human need for reassurance:
oce Studio Protope is building practice for his childhood friend faade panels, but that was too patients lying on one of the
a reputation as a designer of very Olivier van Vlijmen, who is now expensive, says Spee. ve treatment chairs have a
precisely detailed villas. A recent an orthodontist in Wijchen, near To so en the clinical 14-m-wide panoramic view of
example is the house in Schoorl the place they both grew up. and sterile character somewhat, the garden, designed by landscape
(Mark 59, page 46). I like to make As you would expect from Spee and Steenvoorden designed architect Andrew van Egmond.
people happy with a beauti l an orthodontist, the practice rniture made of birch veneer for Van Vlijmen is very happy with
home, says Jeroen Spee, who, is super white and clean, not the interior. Even the structure his new practice: hes now asked
together with Jeroen Steenvoorden, only on the inside, but on the of the slight in the ridge of the the architects to design his
founded Studio Protope in outside as well. e sculptural roof, which nearly runs the ll new home in the nearby ci
2008. Its nice to see and share the volume was constructed on length of the building, is clad of Nijmegen.
enthusiasm of private clients. a steel structure with a roof with it. In the large treatment
Studio Protopes newest made of anodized aluminium room the architects found a
project isnt a villa, but it did have sheets and white stucco walls. dierent way to satis the
046 Mark 65 Cross Section

Text Cathelijne Nuijsink

Making Photos Toshiyuki Yano

e site of Tomohiro Hatas

latest housing project is a pical
to su
est a bright ture for the
once-so-fashionable area. His

Room residue of the economic bubble

that aected Japan in the 1980s.
In response to a huge demand
renovation was profound. A er
demolishing the existing 30-year-
old house the rst in the area to
for homeownership at that be razed Hata built an updated
time, a single developer made version of the same pology, but
a dramatic change to an idyllic now according to current building
natural landscape, turning it regulations. e iconic pitched

Tomohiro Hata into a monotonous gridded

neighbourhood lled with
roof, although very much a part
of his new design, allows daylight
manipulates nearly identical pitched-roofed
houses. When a couple in their
to enter the interior and does
not block light from the gardens
a monotonous 50s asked Hata to renovate their
highly symbolic my home, he
and homes around it. Because
his clients had an oversupply of
new town. considered various ways in which rooms, he reduced the total oor
Tomohiro Hata Otsu Japan 047

Reducing the total oor area

made way for a oating terrace.

0 +1 Cross Section

area inside the house to make

way for a large oating terrace.
He also corrected what he calls a
mistake in scale in the housing
estates master plan by sinking
the new house partially into
the ground, using the dwellings
original retaining walls. e
result a house with an austerely
shaped gabled roof and a large
terrace that connects interior and
exterior has encouraged other
residents to follow suit.
048 Mark 65 Cross Section

Learning from the Alps

DRAAs mountain retreat
oers peace, comfort and
beautil vistas.
DRAA Las Trancas Chile 049



e mezzanine, accessible
via a short ladder, is the - 1
play area for the children.

Text Arthur Wortmann

Photos Nicols Saieh

In the remote Chilean mountain On the outside, the house is clad

village of Las Trancas, 500 km in charred timber planks. Inside,
south of the capital Santiago, wood dominates as well, although
Nicolas del Rio of architecture
oce DRAA built a vacation
there is also a solid stone core
with an integrated brick heater
Long Section
home for himself and his family. and various agstone oors.
La Dacha Mountain Retreat is Del Rio explains: As Mark Twain
perched on the edge of a steep ironically unravelled in his Europe
slope in the wooded region part and Elsewhere essay from 1923, its
of the house even juts out over the rather surprising to realize that
slope, as if to separate it from its some ecient heating techniques
surroundings. e extreme position were not transferred to cold places
was obviously chosen on purpose: in America, which is certainly
to achieve the maximum benet also the case in Southern Chile.
from the views. Nature has to be As such, this cabin in the Andes
experienced, not just by being has been given a core inspired by
surrounded by it, but also by seeing chalets in the Alps.
that youre surrounded by it.
050 Mark 65 Cross Section

e Soul
of the Ci

Martin Dubeau and Jonathan

Jacques-Bellette augment Prague.

e Palisade Blades are horizontal arms

that extend high above the Vltava River
and provide secure server space.

Text Oliver Zeller

Images Eidos-Montral / Square Enix

e intersection of architecture centuries-old soul. Its a movement Prague is likewise adorned with Like spatial advertising, entirely
and games rst graced Marks that already commenced in the distinctive sculptures, such as modern buildings appear more
Cross Section in an article on Deus 1990s with the Dancing House, a an enormous rock precariously sparingly. e most striking are
Ex: Human Revolution (Mark 35, deconstructivist building designed suspended above a plaza and a the Palisade Blades, horizontal
page 36). Five years later, its near- by Vlado Miluni and Frank Gehry. massive cubist sign held alo arms that extend high above the
ture depiction of the birth of Rising from a riverfront site that by an ancient tree. is pe of Vltava River and provide secure
transhumanism has given way to a was bombed during the Second brutalism extends guratively server space thats longer than
mechanical apartheid in Deus Ex: World War and subsequently le to spatial advertising where several back-to-back soccer elds.
Mankind Divided. Based in Prague dormant, the contorted structure can strands of suspended pills lead to eyre a stark juxtaposition,
in 2029, the games narrative and look oddly peculiar, even misplaced, a gaping mouth that surrounds symbolically repressive but
architecture represent a clash of on photographs. In person, it adds a metro entrance. Curved with a remarkably minimal
past and ture. seamlessly to the fabric of Prague transparent billboards protrude elevation designed to avoid
Yet Mankind Divided oers and perhaps works so eectively from buildings and unselingly obstructing views and to prevent
a fascinating glimpse of how a because of its sculptural contours. depict a falling businessman, an diminishment of Pragues sline.
ci that evolves with progressive No coincidence then, advert for antidepressants that Most of the new
architecture can still retain its that Deus Exs portrayal of recalls Mad Men. architecture oen incorporating
Martin Dubeau / Jonathan Jacques-Bellette Game Design 051

Curved transparent billboards protrude from

buildings and depict a falling businessman
an advert for antidepressants.

triangular forms indicative of Deus Gra or Mad Architects. Elaborate

Exs signature cyber-renaissance greebled extrusions and triangular
sle presents itself in a more frosted-glass ceilings incorporate a
parasitic way, by augmenting more modern form of ornament.
existing classical architecture. ere is a repressed yet
Glass canopies bridge streets and balanced conict in the architecture
plazas in the same vein as those of this ture Prague. Despite the
included in Foster + Partners march of progressive architecture,
Great Court at the British art director Martin Dubeau and
Museum. At night, dynamic executive art director Jonathan
screens surround select buildings Jacques-Bellette suest that the
and create a second skin. Even soul of a ci can be retained and
commonly dull stairwells are that past and ture need not
retrot, introducing an interior appear conspicuously divided.
morphology where oors se into
walls, reminiscent of projects by
052 Mark 65 Cross Section

Late Arrival Aer a century of planning, the

Museum of African American
History and Culture has been
completed on the National Mall
in Washington, D.C.
Various Architects Washington DC USA 053

Text Evan Jehl

Photos Wade Zimmerman

e Smithsonian National Museum American capitols architectural Originally, the entire volume was
of African American History topography. designed to rise from a rectangular
and Culture in Washington, e ground oor of slab at ground level; ultimately,
D.C., opened in September as the square building features however, over half the building
the product of over a century of transparent glazing, and a bronze- became three subterranean levels,
intense dialogue, commencing with coated aluminium laice wraps a change in plan in adherence with
the eorts of African American the glass walls of the storeys government demands. A circular
Civil War Union Army veterans above: three tiers whose inverted void that punctures the centre of the
to receive just recognition for slopes align with the angle of the building culminates in a waterfall
their overlooked contribution to capstone on the neighbouring and admits light into a triple-height
the nations history. Although the Washington Monument. e contemplative court, which serves
competition-winning design by laice paern refers to the iron as a transition between the solemn
Freelon Group, Adjaye Associates crasmanship of slaves, and the archives of the strule for civil
and Davis Brody Bond encountered envelopes shape takes its cue from rights below and the rich cultural
its own tribulations in the form Yoruban art. e pagoda-like form oerings above.
of extensive bureaucratic revisions regulates the ow of natural light
the nal product is a bold and within and generates a gradual
representative counterpoint shi in surface colour from a
to the whitewashed classicism resplendent bronze to a sombre
and Western hegemony of the brown throughout the day.

Cross Section

Part of the exhibition space

is underground.
054 Mark 65 Cross Section

Mini Monumentali
Aranza de Ario San Pedro Tututepec Mexico 055

Casa Tiny is a concrete

tribute to outdoor living. Text Campbell McNeill
Photos Edmund Sumner

A tiny house designed for a couple up by a kitchen and a dining

on the Oaxacan coast, in San Pedro space that breaches the envelope
Tututepec, Mexico, is one of young to partly occupy a patio directly
architect Aranza de Arios rst outside of the building, as if to say:
professional projects. e building you will live outdoors. If not for
is a holiday home that supplies some obvious features, this house
minimal nctions, located 200 m could almost be considered just a
from the beach in an unpopulated concrete tent; the space is void of
area. e context speaks of solitude any domestic extras. e minimal
and the building conrms the aesthetic, nominal nctions and
lands rhetoric, it seems to want to lack of objects creates a somewhat
push the inhabitants out into their raw, abstract atmosphere.
natural surroundings. e building has the
A winding footpath leads primal gable form of a house and
through vegetation to a sort of is completely cast in concrete, with
external entry lobby between the timber shuers. It could easily
outdoor swimming pool and the be mistaken for one of Rachel
house. Entering the house from Whitereads sculptures made
the concrete platform, the interior habitable through reverting back
is simple and direct. A double- to its original nction. A selection
height space encloses a split-level of Whitereads work can be read
environment; a concrete staircase as memorials to domestici,
with alternating treads ascends containing years of residue from
from the entrance to a mezzanine use; represented as concrete casts
that hosts a bed the space opens of voids le by household objects
out to the rest of the house. Below or buildings themselves. Similar to
Long Section the mezzanine is a sunken slither Whitereads approach, Ario has
of a bathroom, just big enough designed a building that appears
for the necessary amenities. e to be a concrete memorial to
remainder of the building is taken holiday escapism.

Mark 65

Perspective 057

Peo le Peter Haimerl on Bavarias

tradition of outstanding
crasmanship, page 058

oor uali
in the
old da s
058 Mark 65 Perspective

of a Village
Peter Haimerl Blaibach Germany 059

Peter Haimerl never planned to

reinvent the village of Blaibach.
It happened gradually. House by house.

Text Photos
Florian Heilmeyer Edward Beierle
060 Mark 65 Perspective

Local brass band Pfeer performs at the

opening ceremony for the new town hall.
Peter Haimerl Blaibach Germany 061


1 Town hall
2 Concert hall
3 Guesthouse

is nestled deep in the Bavarian and repair the old, as had been driving around looking for suitable reckons was pical of Bavaria
Forest, about 20 km from the customary for centuries. properties, and without these runs until the late 1970s. Admiedly,
border between Germany and He wanted his intervention he might have never ended up in these were sober and pragmatic
the Czech Republic. e Bavarian to change the house as lile as Blaibach. houses, but unlike the cheap junk
Forest or Bayerwald is an area possible and to preserve its Even in an area as being built today, they were also
of natural beau with rolling patchwork character, because that thickly studded with unoccupied solidly constructed and built to
mountains, dark forests and deep was precisely what epitomized properties as the Bavarian Forest, last. People simply couldnt aord
lakes. Driving down the winding the regions ancient traditions Blaibachs uer desolation made poor quali in the old days, says
country roads, people susceptible in building and cras: the quite a deep impression on the Haimerl. ats whats so crazy:
to the charms of David Lynch continuous adaptation of these architect passing through it. Most that today, people think they can
are constantly reminded of the old, robust and very solid houses of the village centre was boarded save money and prevent problems
television series Twin Peaks. that had broken down and been up, the open-air pool closed, by tearing down and building
Unfortunately, however, fewer and repaired time aer time. We the primary school and the inn anew. Like a modern-day Don
fewer people travel these roads. wanted to preserve the house, but opposite the church abandoned Quijote, he ghts the windmills
e young are leaving because it was beginning to decay and and the old bakery vacated a long of the advertising industry that
there are no jobs and the hikers we did not want that situation to time ago. It looked like a mining touts the newest DIY-outlets and
that used to roam the forests continue, Haimerl summarizes his town aer the gold rush, though turn-key prefab homes on huge
singing cheerl wandering songs intentions. To both stabilize and nothing like that had taken place. billboards.
are now few and far between. isolate the outer shell, he added a e population had just dwindled, In Blaibach, Haimerl
Closed inns and hotels with new concrete interior structure to even faster aer the fall of the iron meets with representatives of
broken signs and yellowing create a nest of small, comfortable curtain than before. When Haimerl the town council and they talk
gardens sit by the roadsides. spaces. at was in 2009. arrived in Blaibach, the village had about this and that: about the
Munich-based architect e response to his less than 2,000 inhabitants and Bavarian Forest and the dwindling
Peter Haimerl was born in the radically pragmatic approach took hardly any of them wanted to live numbers of residents and visitors,
Bavarian Forest. He, too, le Haimerl by surprise. e project in the village centre. about Blaibachs prospects and
when he was young. He trained in was published in more than 120 Here, too, the few young especially about the village centre:
Munich and started a family. He magazines and readers asked families that actually want to families are leaving, no one goes
went back home only occasionally, him if the house was for rent and live in the area at all prefer new to church anymore and everyone
to visit his parents in Viechtach. whether he could recommend prefab homes in green meadows prefers to shop at the superstores
One day they told him that the other, similar houses. Together to properties that have been in along the approach roads. Even
old house on the edge of the with some fellow activists, he the family for ages. As a result, the town hall has been moved to
forest, where a farmer named Cilli therefore developed the idea of cheap farm-like excrescences with the outskirts of the village, to be
Sigl had lived until the day she Hauspaten (house siers, literally plastic casings and fake balconies closer to the people. At one time, it
died, was to be torn down. ats house godparents), an open called Villa Tuscany or Alp View seemed like the best thing to do.
when he decided to rerbish organization that brings the House in the catalogue (depending Haimerl has heard of a
the place and use it as a weekend potential buyers of such houses in on the adornments slammed subsidy scheme for abandoned
coage (Mark 20, page 166). What the Bavarian Forest into contact onto their exteriors) pop up all village centres and they jointly
bothered him the most about his with municipalities, politicians, over the place. Haimerl always devise an approach. To encourage
native region was that the present home owners, architects and compares these properties with investments, the communi must
residents would rather tear down crasmen. Haimerl regularly the outstanding crasmanship set a good example and in 2012, it
and build anew than preserve visited the area for six months, of days long gone, which he uses the rst grant money to buy
062 Mark 65 Perspective

the old, abandoned bakery and one to 29 concerts in 2012. ats when
of the oldest houses in the village they hear about Blaibach.
centre: the Blue House. e bakery Apparently, these are the
cannot be preserved, but its necessary requirements for the
demolition allows the construction redevelopment of a village: a closed
of a new village square. e Blue communi with courageous
House is converted into a town politicians, a headstrong architect
hall designed by Haimerl. and a baritone. Soon, someone
With its cellar of local comes up with the crazy idea to
granite and unred masonry walls build a concert hall in Blaibach: a
topped by a heavy, solidly wooden small Bilbao in the Bavarian Forest,
roof, the old house is a ne its architecture and programming
example of the forgoen qualities exciting enough to become famous
Haimerl loves to talk about. At beyond the borders of the region
the same time, it urgently needs and even the country.
restoring, like the house of farmer Theres an air of great
Cilli Sigl. But unlike in Viechtach, excitement in the village, which
Haimerls work in Blaibach is increases as soon as Haimerl
not supposed to look subtle or presents his design during
introverted. Here, the new town a residents meeting: a huge
hall is meant to landmark a fresh boulder dumped on a slope in e village council poses in the new council chamber on the occasion
of the opening of the new town hall. Siing, from right to le:
start: back to the village centre! the village square, an entirely
Ludwig Baumgartner (former mayor of Blaibach) and Rudolf Frschl
Haimerl once again uses closed concrete volume the idea (construction director of the government of Oberpfalz). Standing,
concrete to create a stabilizing and to have local volunteers apply from right to le: Wolfgang Eckl (current mayor of Blaibach), eo
insulating additional layer. But in 45,000 pieces of granite to its Zellner (director of the Bavarian Red Cross), Augustin Sperl (priest),
Franz Ler (coun commissioner), and the mayor of Blaibachs
Blaibach he applies the concrete surface by hand follows later. In
partner town and his wife.
to the exterior of the building, all respects, this has to become a
simultaneously enlarging it to project that directly involves the
make room for a new council members of the community as and klezmer with international on the other hand, he removes
chamber and other nctions. much as possible. guests as well as folk music by the ceiling to allow the addition
Clearly visible from the outside, Nothing about the exterior local bands, children's theatre and of a concrete structure to the
the thick wall sections and the betrays that this is a concert hall. the annual Schaopf card game new space, its course, horizontal
roof of the old building above eres no sign indicating the tournament. e building is at the formwork seams creating an
show that the house has been unusual route to the entrance, disposal of the entire communi. impression of stacked boxes.
converted. At the same time, which leads visitors downward Still, is it enough to save Concrete stairs leading to the
several windows and doors show through a kind of ditch. Below, they Blaibach from extinction? Recently, bedroom and bathroom are a
that many old materials have nd themselves in a surprisingly Haimerl completed a third project new addition. ere are reused
been preserved and reused. Inside, warm, larch-clad foyer facing in the village centre. He renovated materials everywhere: the kitchen
wood and stone refer to local the even bier surprise waiting an adjacent sixteenth-century sink was formerly the stable
traditions and cras. beyond: a large, sloping hall that farmhouse for Bauer; more trough, the new table consists
How did omas Bauer seats 200. eres concrete in here evidence of the architecture of a of old pine. e granite window
become aware of Blaibach? He, as well, but in this case Haimerl bygone era. A modest house with casings as well as the old stable
too, was born in the area. Hes has used it to decorate the hall as thick walls and small windows, a doors have been reused.
now a well-known baritone that a cave, with slits equipped with low aic beneath a gently sloping e simple, old
performs in the best opera houses built-in lights and corners and roof, with a lean-to shed and an Waldlerhaus is now an inn
in the world some hundred nights edges for optimal acoustics. in-law apartment. Its the kind of catering to the artists that
a year. He, too, has returned to his e residents of Blaibach house that tells the story of the perform in the concert hall. e
native region once he realized complain. Some 440 of them simple, hard life of the farmers in small in-law apartment on the
that given the proximi of sign a petition against the this region a story nobody seems other hand has been included in
Munich Airport, a dwelling in the building, but the municipal to want to hear anymore, since this the house siers programme and
Bavarian Forest was compatible council unanimously approves Waldlerhaus, too, had become more will shortly be on the market as
with his profession. Shortly it nevertheless partly because ruin than house. a holiday rental. ey are two
aer his return he and his wife, the municipali only has to As in Viechtach, Haimerl building blocks that contribute
pianist Uta Hielscher, establish the bear a third of the costs, the rest mainly intervenes in the interior, to the ongoing revitalization of
Kulturwald, a festival for classical being contributed by German with hardly a trace of it visible Blaibach, that small village in
concerts that take place in and European subsidy schemes. on the outside. Damaged parts the big, dark forest of which we
churches, barns and farmhouses. Without them, the concert hall of the building are restored, the will perhaps someday be able to
Having started out as private cannot be built. Concerts have living area is reconstructed using say that it reinvented itself by
entertainment in a haylo, it been taking place in it for three local materials and traditional returning to its own centre.
draws no less than 8,000 visitors years now, including classical techniques. In the former stable,
Peter Haimerl Blaibach Germany 063

e inhabitants of Blaibach are gathered for

a pically Bavarian countryside wedding.
064 Mark 65 Perspective

Town Hall
e former Blue House
has a basement built up
of granite blocks, unred
clay masonry exterior
walls and a wooden roof
construction. Demolition
would not only have
entailed high costs, but also
a waste of materials and
energy. e new exterior
envelope consists of heat-
insulating gravel-reinforced
foamed glass concrete
made of, among other
things, recycled boles.
e material has a lively
surface that complements
the existing, traditionally
built walls. In most of the
spaces, the new oor nish
consists of solid, 3-cm-
thick, 20 to 30-cm-wide
pine planks. e rniture
is also made of pine
plywood. e casings and
the new entrance door are
made of weather-resistant
larch, whose aging process
will change its red glow
to silver gray. Most of
the stucco is lime-based,
which is customary in the
Bavarian Forest.
Peter Haimerl Blaibach Germany 065

A new door in a modern design marks

the entrance to the town hall.
066 Mark 65 Perspective

A new concrete shell has been placed

around the existing house. e extension
is to the le.

Necessary for the

redevelopment of
a village: courageous
politicians, a headstrong
architect and a baritone
Peter Haimerl Blaibach Germany 067

e council chamber has large sliding

doors that can be used to regulate the
light. e energy-saving LED chandelier
is by Denise Hachinger Light.
068 Mark 65 Perspective

0 +1 Cross Sections

08 07
02 01


03 05 11


04 10

01 Tourist information
02 Cash register
03 Foyer
04 Citizens registration oce
05 Handicap toilet
06 Built-in cabinets
07 Management oce
08 Mayors room
09 Pantry
10 Council chamber
11 Toilets

e room with tourist information is

ed with a green-lit cabinet for leaets.
Peter Haimerl Blaibach Germany 069

e sloping roof is visible from

Exploded View the foyer on the rst oor.

070 Mark 65 Perspective

e entrance to the concert hall

is located underground.
Peter Haimerl Blaibach Germany 071

Concert Hall
e concert hall is a solitary
concrete object set on a
slope in the village centre.
Its granite faade links it to
the stone carver tradition
of Blaibach. Visitors can
access the monolithic, tilted
building by a staircase
leading down to the foyer
below the surface. e
foyer provides a wardrobe,
sanitary rooms and bar,
as well as access to the
auditorium. e building is
made of pre-cast concrete.
A highly intricately
constructed formwork
made the realization of the
dicult form possible. e
tilted surfaces of the concert
hall are based on acoustic
specications and include,
besides LED-lights, bass
absorbers in the light slits
as well as underneath the
steps for optimal acoustics.
e concrete in the hall
is untreated. Its lively
surfaces help to absorb the
medium-height tones. e
inclination of the building
based on the increase of the
slope corresponds to the
one of the auditorium. e
transparent seats, made of
metal framework, appear to
oat above the light slits.
072 Mark 65 Perspective

e foyer is nished in larch.

e lights are incorporated

in the folds of the walls.

e interior is constructed primarily

of concrete; its acoustic characteristics
have been optimized by placing the wall
surfaces at all kinds of dierent angles.
Peter Haimerl Blaibach Germany 073

Blaibach is a small Bilbao

in the Bavarian Forest
074 Mark 65 Perspective

e directors room is located

near the stage.
Peter Haimerl Blaibach Germany 075

- 1


02 06 09 08


01 Entrance
02 Cloak room
03 Bar
04 Toilets
05 Artists foyer
06 Technical room
07 Directors room
08 Stage
09 Auditorium

Long Section
076 Mark 65 Perspective

ough substantially rerbished on

the inside, the Waldlerhaus has hardly
changed at all.
Peter Haimerl Blaibach Germany 077

e Waldlerhaus is a
pical example of the
rural architecture of the
Bavarian Forest, which is
chiey characterized by the
use of granite, wood, clay
and plaster. e exterior
walls of the living space
and the in-law apartment
are built of logs, the former
barn is stone masonry. e
longitudinal pitched roof
has a 20-degree slope. Both
client omas Bauer and
architect Peter Haimerl
wanted to preserve as much
of the old building volume
as possible. is is why
the existing construction
was reinforced by a
new concrete structure
that was placed in the
interior. It accommodates
a kitchen-diner on the
ground oor level and a
bedroom and bathroom
on the upper level. e
other rooms on the ground
oor level were provided
with a new foundation of
gravel-reinforced foamed
glass concrete, which is
moisture resistant and heat
insulating. e walls were
insulated conventionally
using straw mats covered
with clay plaster and a layer
of lime.
078 Mark 65 Perspective

In a few places, the new concrete

shell that was placed in the interior
is also visible in the exterior.

e kitchen sink is made

from and old trough.
Peter Haimerl Blaibach Germany 079

e houses tell the story

of the simple, hard life of
the farmers in this region

e new concrete structure is

clearly visible in the interior.
080 Mark 65 Perspective

e bedrooms main feature is

the old stone construction.

0 +1

04 01 03

02 02 05


01 Entrance
02 Bathroom
03 Kitchen and dining room
04 Living room
05 Bedroom
06 A ic
Peter Haimerl Blaibach Germany 081

People simply couldnt aord

poor quali in the old days

Musicians that stay at the inn have

the use of a piano for rehearsals.

Long Section Cross Sections

Mark 65

Long Section 083

I behave
Architecture photographer
Pedro Kok, page 108 like
a cat
084 Mark 65 Long Section

Zaha Hadid Architects Antwerp Belgium 085

Zaha Hadid Architects Port

House reects the ambitions
of Antwerps harbour.

Giovanna Dunmall

Tim Fisher
086 Mark 65 Long Section

Above e extensions faceted triangular glass

panels reference the cis role as a centre for the
diamond trade, while its pronounced front leg
bring to mind the prow of a ship.

Zaha Opposite e new structure doesnt rest on the

existing building, but rather on two massive
sculptural concrete columns and two V-columns
that land in the atrium.

Hadid Architects new Port House in the Europe and the eleventh largest in the world. It extension means it has been restored, but also
Belgian town of Antwerp is one of a kind. It is almost eight times the size of Antwerp and reinvigorated as part of a new ensemble that
combines an elongated, organic and articulated has the worlds biest lock. Its no surprise will stand for the next 50 to 100 years at least.
glass volume with a classic rectilinear early- then that the client, the Port Authori, wanted So how does the building work with
20th-century building that was used as a re a new HQ that could not only house its its context? In more ways than is immediately
station. 500-member sta under one roof but, more clear. e extensions faceted triangular glass
is is no polite, restrained blend of old importantly, that could reect its ambitions as panels reference the cis role as a centre
and new, its a bold gesture, a building that can one of the most advanced and technological for the diamond trade, while its pronounced
be seen from a great distance, an unmissable ports in the world. front leg bring to mind the prow of a ship and
shimmering beacon in the liminal area where ose who argue that constructing a Antwerps long-standing maritime industries.
the ci ends and the northern Belgian towns
turistic structure on top of an old building Less obvious, but more compelling, are
port begins. I think a quali of the building is a strange way of preserving it, seem to be some of the other ways it works with the locale.
is that it is hovering in the air and once inside missing the point. Its a grand building but its e practice worked with Belgian heritage
you feel that you are part of this massive port not very precious, says Pauwels, of the existing consultant Origin, which did a detailed
landscape that stretches out for miles, says building. e faades are listed and they were analysis of the building and site and came up
Joris Pauwels, project director and a Senior kept intact, but the rest of the building was with three important conclusions. One was
Associate at Zaha Hadid Architects. in pre y bad shape. e re brigade had put the fact that the Ka endijk dock on which the
When he says massive he isnt up a number of sheds in the atrium, knocked building stands is also the main axis between
exaerating; the port of Antwerp is in fact out walls or put in new columns on the upper ci and port, so the building with its evident
best described in a series of superlatives. With oors. Once the re department moved out nose connects and highlights these two anchor
12 km of docks it is the second largest port in the port could have easily gu ed it. Our points. Another was that the existing
088 Mark 65 Long Section

Inside, you feel that you are part

of this massive port landscape

e new headquarters brings together the ports

500 sta members, who previously worked in
separate buildings around the ci.
Zaha Hadid Architects Antwerp Belgium 089

e bridge links the front leg with the

central column, while also oering
panoramic views of the surroundings.

building, modelled on a 16th-century Hansa of the other projects put forward during the of the hovering volume provide geometrically
House that existed in Antwerp for a while, competition also put something on top of framed views of the world below and create
doesnt have a front and back. ere is no main the building, but they all used the footprint dappled shapes on the walls and oors. From
faade that is also the entrance to the building, of the existing building, explains Pauwels, the second and third oors (of the existing
says Pauwels. e architects therefore chose to whereas we used the idea of the urban axis and building), there are views up through the
li the extension swards instead of puing werent afraid of creating something that really glazed atrium ceiling to the shimmering light
a building next to it, since blocking one of the contrasted. and dark grey panels of the new volume above,
faades would have created an inequali. e buildings layering, the fact that we while the seventh-oor auditorium oers drop-
e third conclusion the heritage worked with the existing fabric, didnt ignore it down views through angled glass on to the
consultant came to was that the building or break it down but layered things on top, was square and water below. e boardroom on the
featured the base of a tower that was never what Zaha especially liked about the project. other side oers wide port vistas.
completed. We thought the building could He pauses. Spatially she thought that was a If the interiors are where the building
do with some topping out, an element that very interesting quali. is at its most alluring, structurally is where
completed it as was the original intention, says Spatially is indeed where the building it inspires awe. is is without a doubt the
Pauwels. So we also see the new building as is at its best, the contrast between the brick, most complex project we have worked on, says
a contemporary version of the original tower decorative masonry and repetitive window Guy Mouton, founder of Studieburo Mouton,
that was never realized. bays of the old building and the sparkling structural engineers for the Port House,
Did the topping out have to be quite in-out appearance of the new one creating we really had to push the limits of what is
so dramatic? ats open to debate but its interesting views, glimpses and light eects. possible. Remarkably, the new structure doesnt
the uncompromising nature of the new build Internal columns and the variously transparent rest on the existing building at all but rather on
that is ultimately what makes it work. Most and opaque back-painted triangle glazed panels two massive sculptural concrete columns
090 Mark 65 Long Section

Above e upper oors house open-plan oces,

meeting rooms, a restaurant and an auditorium.

Opposite e extension is clad in faceted triangular

panels, some transparent and others opaque.

Its as if the building is in motion

from the port towards the ci

(that act as cores and host lis and stairs) and is aesthetic as well as
nctional, providing Very Good BREEAM environmental rating, in
two V-columns that are connected to each outdoor space, views of the classic slate tile part thanks to a borehole energy system that
other and land in two locations in the atrium roof, dormer windows and brickwork of the pumps water to a depth of 80 m below grade in
giving the new structure lateral stabili. existing building and sensational 360-degree more than 100 locations around the building
Masonry buildings are very rigid vistas of the surroundings. e bridge links the to provide heating and cooling. e project
but not very strong, says Mouton of the front leg to the central column and takes the is undoubtedly ambitious and boundary-
20th-century structure. It would have been horizontal forces created by that slanted front pushing. In the ci centre it would have been
impossible to rest such a big building on the leg downwards, explains Mouton. lunacy, but in the vast and monumental yet
existing one, the total weight of the steel With that angled front leg, and its also somewhat anonymous industrial port
construction alone is 1,500 tonnes, and thats slightly asymmetrical positioning, the new landscape and sline, it shines, literally and
without the faades, oors and walls. Another volume looks as if it is passing through. e metaphorically. _
consideration was the wind, a considerable shape is about a sense of dynamism agrees
preoccupation given the open port location Pauwels. By creating a a er faade on the
and the width of the Scheldt River. When the side facing the ci and designing the skin as
wind is acting on the new building it can move ever-more cracked and angled on the north
by up to 3 cm at the top, he says. e old re side facing the port, its as if the building is in
station cant do that, it can only move by a few motion from the port towards the ci.
millimetres. If you joined the two buildings e new Port House by Zaha Hadid
together they would both crack. has a racted as many detractors as fans.
Perhaps the most important structural Surprisingly, for a building with that much
element is the bridge on the h oor, which steel that is also partly listed, it has achieved a
Zaha Hadid Architects Antwerp Belgium 091
092 Mark 65 Long Section





01 Main entrance
02 Reception
03 Atrium
04 Central li 01
05 Service stairs 05
06 Archive
07 Oce
08 Deck 04
09 Restaurant 03
10 Auditorium
11 Meeting room

06 06
Zaha Hadid Architects Antwerp Belgium 093

Long Section


10 11



Keiichi Kiriyama.
Photo Airhouse

Tree Huer
Keiichi Kiriyama builds houses like forests.
Interior trees help to connect the inhabitants to nature.

Text Photos
Cathelijne Nuijsink Toshiyuki Yano
Airhouse Ogaki Gi Japan 095

Born and raised in the Japanese ci of Ogaki, A feeling of good air sounds like a very basic Whats the story behind the curves of House in
Keiichi Kiriyama (37) decided his hometown requirement for a house. Is that all? Ohguchi?
would be the perfect place to devote himself to No, but its the most important prerequisite When the clients, a 38-year-old web designer
architecture. Fascinated by the way buildings that any living space should oer. Due to the and his 33-year-old wife, approached me for
represent peoples lifesles, his house designs current Japanese economy the budgets for the rst time, all the rniture they owned
involve architectural beau as much as usabili. house design are decreasing among young or planned to purchase had curves. I thought
people and consequently the demand for that a oor plan with curves would match. In
When did architecture rst catch your interest? renovation is increasing, as is the amount of addition, since the site faces roads on three
KEIICHI KIRIYAMA: When I was young I used vacant houses. sides, and the building is located close to the
to read the interior magazine Shitsunai, which street, I wanted to give it a so impression.
my father subscribed to. It was the leading Do you suest that we will see fewer Since I knew it would be a small house, I also
magazine on woodwork, rniture and interior architect-designed houses in Japan from felt a need to delete the corners in the interior
at the time. e magazine published examples now on? to disguise the exact size of the space.
of houses, the latest rniture and know-how I don't think whats called a house will
about renovation. I especially admired the disappear, but its the du of the architect now I noticed you completed the overall design with
pictures of old interiors I encountered in that to oer a new sense of value. As a result of the matching details.
magazine, which were very dierent from the triple natural disaster that occurred in Japan All the things you put in a house inuence
spaces I was used to. It made me realize that in 2011 earthquake, tsunami and power plant the feeling of air. In order to make the client
life could be made richer by considering the failure our system of values has drastically feel comfortable, I thought it was important
design of spaces. changed. Since then, an oen heard discussion to erase any sense of discomfort. Part of that
among architects is the question of what kind is in the details. ats why I also designed the
So you decided to go to a school of architecture? of buildings should be built. remaining rniture, door handles and lighting
Actually, as a senior in high school I was xtures.
interested in music and was planning a career What is your opinion about that?
in that direction. I did almost nothing but play Aer the disaster, it was recognized that rst So the curves are mainly designed for reasons
music and neglected my regular schoolwork. and foremost architecture has to protect human of beau?
However, aer assessing my talents, I lives. Additionally, I think that architecture No, even in this curved building I concentrated
decided to study architecture. In Japan, if you must bring the user a feeling of happiness. on usabili. When designing the plan of the
dont have a high level of general scholarly erefore, I carelly listen to my clients and house, I thought about the line of ow, the
abili, you cannot enter any of the famous analyse their demands. Also, I think I can storage space and technical facilities in order to
architecture schools. Its a li le embarrassing enhance the relationship between architecture smoothly answer their requests.
to say, but as a result of the Japanese entrance and nature.
exam system, I was only able to enter my What surprised you most during the design
backup choice, Meijo Universi in Nagoya, So, we can summarize your denition of a process?
rather than one of the more well-known good house as . . . at making a house with a curved surface
architecture schools. It was conveniently close . . . a house that protects the people in it, takes a lot more eort to construct!
to my parents house, however. matches the clients lifesle, has a good
inuence on its surroundings, and allows it For House in Iwakura you came up with a
In 2009, aer a short stint at Suppose Design inhabitants to make new discoveries. solution of individual rooms surrounding a
Oce, you decided to open your own oce in bright central space. How is this a translation
Ogaki. What was the impetus for starting out Lets talk a bit about your houses and your of the clients requests?
on your own? clients. In what way does House in Ohno e clients, who both work in the design
e work of young architects like Junya follow the clients requests? industry, wanted a space where they can
Ishigami formed a great motivation for me. e residents are a 36-year-old son of a always be aware of each other. It had to be
He proved that young people had a chance. At persimmon farmer and his 37-year-old wife. closed o from the neighbourhood, but still
the beginning of my independent career I felt ey own a 600-m2 site located in a eld with have a feeling of spaciousness. Instead of
that I could express my architectural ideas in a persimmon trees. When they approached me big windows, I installed a large slight in
very abstract way, just like Ishigami does. But they had no idea how to build a house on it but such a way that it illuminates all the rooms
gradually I came to understand that this only requested a big space, the feeling of openness surrounding the central space.
works well in the realm of art. Architecture has and pastel colours. Since they used to live in
real clients. I then set out to produce a varie a small apartment and the new site was large, What about the interior quali?
of forms and spaces based on my individual they wanted a high-ceilinged, open space. In I worried about the distance between the
clients dierent ways of thinking. response to their requests, I positioned the slight placed at such a high position and
house among the persimmons, so that from the actual living room, but the high ceiling
Are you implying that designs by architects inside you have a view of the kaki trees. When unexpectedly turned out to be very comfortable
like Ishigami are too abstract and not designed they open their windows, the inhabitants are as the slight carries lots of light into the
with specic clients in mind? united with nature and at the same time their interior.
Yes, I believe a concept should be based on a life is enriched because they can communicate
profound sympathy with people. I like to give with their parents working in the elds. So what about the name of your oce?
a specic answer to the brief, while also trying Airhouse has two meanings. First of all, it
to nd the common denominator within the What gives this house a good relation with its refers to this feeling of good air. And secondly,
various ways of life among my dierent clients. surroundings? it refers to houses with healthy and clean air.
I tried to not interrupt the scenery. e So its about good air in both a metaphorical
Which is . . . ? house feels like a tree standing among the and literal sense. _
Basically, they all want a space that has the persimmons. Japanese and modernist at the
feeling of good air. same time, I think it radiates a good inuence.
096 Mark 65 Long Section

e house is surrounded by persimmon trees.

House in Ohno
is house is set on a piece of land in a
Japanese persimmon (kaki fruit) orchard. A
structure composed of a large roof set on
top of seven thick columns was used. Private
areas are located inside the columns, while
the spaces between the columns are used for
the living room, dining room and kitchen.
Between the columns, the outside walls
are lly glazed. is composition gives
the house an open feeling while the kaki
trees provide a sense of privacy from the
outside world, all of which creates a relaxed
atmosphere in the interior areas.

e private rooms inside the trunks are tiny.

Airhouse Ogaki Gi Japan 097

A tree is the centrepiece of the doma.

098 Mark 65 Long Section

Large windows oer a beauti l view of the orchard.

0 14 +1 14 14

01 Entrance
15 08 02 Shoe closet
07 03 Inner terrace
04 Storage
05 Cats room
09 11 12 13 06 Living room
17 13
07 Dining room
08 Kitchen
09 Walk-in closet
04 10 Guest room
06 11 Laundry 16
12 Pantry
13 Den
14 Childrens room
05 04
01 03 15 Bathroom

16 Bedroom
02 04 17 Library 04
Airhouse Ogaki Gi Japan 099

Private rooms are in the trunks that carry the roof.

100 Mark 65 Long Section

House in Ohguchi
is house is located on a narrow and long
lot with roads on three sides. e client
requested a home-cum-oce with an
open living-dining-kitchen space with a
high ceiling, which he would also use as
e master bedroom is
his web design oce. Also, he wanted to accessible through an
keep an appropriate distance between the intermediary space.

work zone and the daily living zone where

his wife does housework. e building
was positioned obliquely on the lot to
keep some distance from the street, and
its corners were rounded to alleviate an
oppressive impression. e interior space
oers a natural feeling and an embracing
atmosphere generated by the curved form
of the design.
Airhouse Ogaki Gi Japan 101

Abstract forms only work

well in the realm of art
102 Mark 65 Long Section

Various pieces of rniture, such as

the low cupboards along the curved
wall, were designed by the architect
especially for this house.

Architecture should be based on

01 Entrance
02 Inner terrace
03 Storage
04 Dining room
05 Kitchen
06 Living room
07 Pantry
07 03 08 Bathroom
05 09 Atelier
10 Master bedroom
08 02
11 Childrens bedroom
01 12 Walk-in closet

Airhouse Ogaki Gi Japan 103

e inhabitant runs a graphic

design oce from his house.

a profound sympathy with people

+1 Long Section


104 Mark 65 Long Section

Opposite e introverted space,

high ceiling and high-incidence
House in Iwakura daylight cause a cathedral-like
atmosphere in the living room.
is house on the outskirts of Iwakurashi
is surrounded by other buildings on
three sides. e remaining front faade
is on the north side and faces the street.
erefore, the main source of natural
light is a large slight in the top of the
roof that illuminates the high living space
below it. Private rooms, such as bedrooms
and a study, have been placed in the four
corners of the living space. Because of its
high position, the slight provides ample
daylight, also illuminating the private
rooms. On the rst oor, those rooms are
connected by bridges.
Airhouse Ogaki Gi Japan 105

Architecture must bring the

user a feeling of happiness
Airhouse Ogaki Gi Japan 107

01 Entrance 15
02 Shoe closet 12 13
03 Bathroom
04 Storage
05 Pantry
06 Kitchen
07 Dining room
08 Living room
09 Inner terrace
10 Childrens bedroom
11 Master bedroom
12 Sun room
13 Walk-in closet 14
14 Study
15 Bridge

10 09 10




04 04

Above A ladder provides access to

an entresol in the master bedroom.

Opposite Internal windows allow

for a view of the living room from
the study on the rst oor.

Long Section Cross Section

108 Mark 65 Long Section

Wheres the
humour in your

Marcio Kogan.

Studio MK27 So Paulo Brazil 109

Mariana Simas.

Gabriel Kogan.

Father and son duo Marcio and

Gabriel Kogan team up with
architecture photographer Pedro
Kok and lmmaker Lea Van
Steen for a series of short lms
featuring some of the houses
they designed over the years.

Soa Bor es

Romulo Fialdini Pedro Kok.
Photo Pedro Kok
110 Mark 65 Long Section

2012, Studio MK27 has been releasing KOK: Sometimes. Its a mixture. I look at
whimsical, arresting and idiosyncratic short how Studio MK27 works and the kind of
lms to upend the reading of their architecture. architecture it designs and that informs the
Whether introducing a villa exclusively from scripts. e scripts are about the architecture,
the point of a view of a cat or showing a not about a specic site.
home as a haunting framework for a failed GABRIEL KOGAN: All of the lms weve
marriage, these short lms thumb their produced have been produced for a certain
nose at expectation in favour of a refreshing work. For Redux House, I initially wanted to
embrace of irony. Marcio Kogan, Gabriel make a horror lm. [Laughter]
Kogan, architecture photographer Pedro Kok, But Pedro was not comfortable with
and MK27s communication director Mariana that. [More laughter]
Simas walk us through the importance of not He didnt think horror was the right t
taking yourself too seriously. for that house.
KOK: e site also modies the script. e way
I just visited your new house in Catuaba! things go on the day of lming changes things
MARCIO KOGAN: Its the rst house in Brazil too. I come from architectural photography,
to get Platinum Certication from the Green where things happen that we cant control. Its
Building Council. the same when we lm. We let a lot of things

Do you have a lm planned for the house?

GABRIEL KOGAN: Yes. Just waiting for
inuence the work. If it rains on the day that
were lming, then it rained. I behave
the landscaping. ats not quite ready yet.
PEDRO KOK: Its been two years since Gabriel
Why would you create this perfect villa and
then transform it into the seing of a horror
like a cat
and I have collaborated on a lm for the
studio so its probably time.
lm or something that is actually quite critical?
What does that do for the projects branding?
KOK: For me, it was an exercise in how to
when Im
How long do these lms take to make?
KOK: It really depends. Some take just a
few days for shooting and then a few days
make suspense work in just three minutes.
GABRIEL KOGAN: I dont really agree with
this question about branding. If it is branding,
of editing and nalizing. is Was Not My
Dream, about Redux House, took several
its really bad branding! [Laughter]
MARCIO KOGAN: Every time I show the lm,
weeks to develop. the rst thing I say to the audience is: is
GABRIEL KOGAN: Maybe more . . . because is ction! is is not real life! Otherwise its
we wrote two scripts. Writing scripts takes not so good to have the clients thinking about
much longer than the productions themselves. murder or that theyll get divorced because of
We worked on those for several months and the architecture. ats not so nice.
then spent two days on site and then maybe MARIANA SIMAS: People like when you can
a week on post-production. laugh at yourself. You create empathy when
KOK: For Redux House, we decided to do it you dont treat yourself like a genius.
ourselves. We didnt hire a script writer. We
had to learn our way into writing it and So what would make you want to align
making it work for the camera later. the Redux House with a horror genre?
GABRIEL KOGAN: Its isolated. Its a huge
Do you already have a lm in mind for the plot. You have a lot of reective elements.
Catuaba House? Is that something you develop at makes it suitable for a horror movie.
as youre designing the architecture? Or does MARCIO KOGAN: It has never happened.
the completed house dene the story? A horror lm in a contemporary modernist
KOK: We do have several scripts that havent house!
been lmed yet and could work for this house. GABRIEL KOGAN: But the rules we have for
Or they could be completely changed because of our lms didnt really t with a horror project.
the house. So there are lms that can be placed We really care about light and its not easy to
on any project but the project usually modies take good pictures at night. We also use a static
the script. cam, and horror lms demand more of a night
atmosphere and a hand-held camera . . .
So sometimes the scripts are just scripts MARCIO KOGAN: And also its not so easy to
without a project aached until you nd show the architecture.
the right pairing? KOK: Our team is just the two of us
Studio MK27 So Paulo Brazil 111

Casa TobleroneSo PauloBrazil
Emerging from a pile of stued animals, a uy Persian cat begins its
exploration of the tropical villa. e quir feline plays the protagonist
as the camera cuts between shots of the cat in action and others lmed
from the cats perspective. A playl soundtrack, reminiscent of score
from a retro television show, accompanies the pet on its journey.
e cat begins by tracing the outdoor perimeter of the homes
second level, accentuating the projects uid relationship to nature.
As the cat moves indoors, the animals low viewpoint enhances the
vast, open oor plan. Interacting with or casually observing the family
members sprinkled throughout the residence, the cat meanders through
the living spaces framed by oor-to-ceiling glass. e camera follows
closely as the cat continues to the upstairs bedrooms, through a second
oor terrace, and over the tops of bookshelves. e unconventional tour
culminates with the onset of twilight and a slow pass over the keys of QR code of Cat.
the family piano.
112 Mark 65 Long Section

[points to Gabriel]. Sometimes there is an we have a problem, Marcio will have a look and
assistant on site and maybe actors. But we see how to move things forward.
dont have a crew and we like to work that
way especially if youre occupying someone What are the key dierences between the two
elses space. We dont want to transform the teams for you, Marcio?
project into a stage for another story where MARCIO KOGAN: In my opinion, they [points
the architecture dissipates. e lms have at Gabriel and Pedro] are beer than we are.
to be about the project and the particular [Laughter]
realities of that project. In the end its about the I worked a lot in professional movies.
architecture, as a background and as a motive. When I was an architecture student I began
Every composition has to be absolutely to make short lms and did this for about ten
perfect, like architectural photography. eres years. en I decided to make a long feature
no slanted camera. Its dierent than lms for lm. I needed to dedicate a lot of money to the
the cinema, which use dierent kinds of takes. project. I had to completely stop working here
But we are rooted in this architectural way of in the oce for six months. And in the end it
showing images. was a huge asco. [Laughter]
MARCIO KOGAN: Vertical and parallel lines. [Sighs] Really. I lost all the money.
KOK: Absolutely. Everything is pristine. Its I lost all my clients. Before that bad experience,
an homage to the way that architecture has my career in short lms was very, very good.
always been presented photographically. We I got a lot of awards and I felt safe to direct a
just extend that into lm. commercial lm. But a er this experience I was
GABRIEL KOGAN: Weve privileged completely traumatized. I decided to quit my
photography rather than acting or actors lmmaking career and focus on architecture.
the quiet of the image. en in 2012, we were invited to represent
KOK: Very short movements. You never see Brazil in the Venice Biennale and I came back
a continuous long take happening. But . . .
GABRIEL KOGAN: It can happen!
KOK: It can happen. If we feel that the
to lm but related to architecture. So we
made an installation for that and I really liked
doing it. It was so dierent than working on
If these
Catuaba House can be displayed in a new way
and we have a way to show it, I have absolutely
no problem with that.
a feature lm. So two months later I directed
that lm with the cat. We spent maybe two
weeks on it. en Gabriel and Pedro directed
lms are
GABRIEL KOGAN: e camera is very
sensitive to movement. If we are doing
the Casa Redux lm.
long traveling takes then thats not very easy
to control.
KOK: Wed have to hire someone beer than
Who is your ideal audience for these lms?
GABRIEL KOGAN: Before I became an
architect, I was an architectural journalist.
you to do it. [Laughter]
GABRIEL KOGAN: Or get much more
All the things I produce related to docu-
mentation, text and images are intended for
really bad
expensive equipment.

How did the three of you start working

a universal viewer. Everyone should be able
to understand them. Of course, architects
probably appreciate these things a lile more,
together on these lms? How do you develop but theyre not meant for the architectural
your ideas as a team? environment, theyre for everyone.
GABRIEL KOGAN: We have two dierent KOK: is Was Not My Dream appeals to a really
teams. Marcio works with the video maker dierent kind of audience. Weve had more than
Lea Van Steen. And I work with Pedro. We 100,000 views on that video, and Im prey
went to architecture school together. We sure most of them are not architects. And Im
werent really friends at the time. [Laughter] prey glad thats the case. Our main interest
I invited him to make a photo essay of House 6 with these lms is how to discuss architecture
in 2010. He had never used the video seings with a broader audience.
on the camera. And I said OK, lets try! It was
by chance. We had never made a lm before. Soundtrack and narrator seem like key aspects
It was just a short clip. During the following of your visual storytelling. How do you pair
three years we made three or four more lms. music and dialogue with your lms?
ats how this started. GABRIEL KOGAN: ere is a huge dierence
KOK: Marcio gives us a lot of freedom but we between the two teams. Lea works with a
are really grate
l when he modies a script. composer who designs a specic soundtrack
He oversees everything from a distance, but if for the movie. In our case, we use more
Studio MK27 So Paulo Brazil 113

Modern Living
Casa PSo PauloBrazil
When Marcio Kogan came across the Bauhaus documentary Neues
Wohnen, a lm about a Marcel Breuer house, he adopted the same
narrative for one of his own homes. e lm tried to answer the
question: What is modernism? muses Kogan, but it was very, very naive.
It tried to explain a built-in closet or the connection between the kitchen
and a trashcan. So we copied it.
Kogans black-and-white short uses a campy narrator to walk
viewers through the most unremarkable yet technologically advanced
aspects of the house. An enthusiastic maid in ll uniform demonstrates
how to use the retractable outlets in the kitchen to hook up the toaster,
the hidden drying rack, a cork oor in the wine cellar that keeps the
boles from breaking when dropped, and a number of other mundane
details of high-end living. e home also weaves in a critique of the
urban metropolis, in which the house becomes a fortress of surveillance QR code of Modern Living.
for the ustered owner to retreat into.
114 Mark 65 Long Section

ready-made soundtracks. Sometimes we What made you show Casa Toblerone with
have to adjust the cut because of the original a cat as protagonist? Whose cat was it?
soundtrack since we dont have a lot of room to MARCIO KOGAN: How would a cat see
change it. modernist architecture? is was the point. In
KOK: I bring in music before the editing. e this lm, the only professional actor was the
music sets the tone for the way that things cat. e rst day it drove us completely crazy
are then made. For the is Was Not My Dream because when we wanted it to go right, it went
narration, we had two versions one in le
. [Laughter] By the end of the rst day, we
Portuguese and one in English. e Portuguese didnt have a single shot we could use. e
version was cut. It was recorded but never second day he began to do everything correctly.
shown. e Portuguese version lost all its e third day, he didnt want to leave the house.
subtle. It just fell apart. ey were two very He had decided to live there. [Laughter]
dierent lms with the same script. It was just
a maer of translation and narration. So why a cat?
GABRIEL KOGAN: We sent the English SIMAS: To change the perspective.
script to a music producer and he said: Can I KOK: Cats explore space much more than
hire a very good actor for this? and we said:
Of course! And the actor he was in Saving
Private Ryan sent us an email asking to make
dogs. I got a cat aer the lm. [Laughter]
A dog normally sits in a place and has its
known movements, like people. I behave more
You create
changes. When we received the recording we
were shocked. e quali of his voice was so
good. e success of this project . . . or at least
like a cat when Im documenting architecture
because I have to be everywhere and see
everything from high and low viewpoints.
50 per cent of it [Laughter] had to do with him.
KOK: e narrative deconstructed the tectonics
MARCIO KOGAN: e movement of a cat is
more cinematographic.
when you
of the image.

at lm is such an amazing parable about the

Architects pically take themselves too
seriously. Your lms totally upend this aitude.
dont treat
strules and dashed hopes involved in making
architecture in general and a home in particular.
Can you talk about the role that humour and
irony have in your work?
yourself like
Was this a true story or a cautionary tale?
KOK: Some parts are about remodelling my
apartment. [Laughter] I had a very dicult
GABRIEL KOGAN: ere are some interesting
historical examples, like Palazzo Te in Mantua.
ats a manifesto for mannerist architecture
a genius
relationship with my girlfriend, now wife, back that really relates to humour. But its from the
then. Part of that came into this story. 16th century. So really its not very common to
MARCIO KOGAN: You see that happen a lot in nd successl examples of this relationship
the oce. But this is just ction. between architecture and humour in
GABRIEL KOGAN: It was inspired by many contemporary architecture.
stories that happened in the studio over the MARCIO KOGAN: I was at the Universi
past decades. of So Paulo once and a student asked me:
KOK: Lets build a house, and the house will Wheres the humour in your architecture?
save our marriage . . . I spent about ve minutes thinking about
SIMAS: Youre not just building a house, this question, completely silent. Absolutely
youre building an identi. Its not who these silent. And I didnt have the answer. eres no
people actually are, but what they want to be. humour in the architecture. Never, ever. And
Designing a house is a dicult exercise in I like humour, very much. So I think these
making your dreams compatible with what lms are a way to have this irony, this critique.
you are. But sometimes its hard to nd humour in the
GABRIEL KOGAN: We were really concerned architecture. You can look, but you cant nd it.
about whether the client would like this lm . . . Architecture is very, very serious.
GABRIEL KOGAN: Modernism has always
at was my next question. been very serious. And then post-modernism
GABRIEL KOGAN: And they loved it! created a dialogue related to the humour in
SIMAS: eir marriage is ne, thank you. architecture because the results were really,
So they laugh and share in the irony with us. really bad.
er the lm for Casa MARCIO KOGAN: And with very bad
Toblerone with the cat, the clients came to architecture, we can laugh. _
us and said: anks for this. is was a good
moment in our life.
Studio MK27 So Paulo Brazil 115

is Was Not My Dream

Redux HouseBragana PaulistaBrazil
And who wants this kind of house? Cold, dull, without life . . .
begins the scorned narrator over crisp black-and-white pans of a
modernist villa. is stirring voice of the ex-husband systematically
dismantles the seductive shots of the immaculate home. His ex-
wife Susanna remains in the residence, devoted to a life of dull,
uncompromising order. As long as Susanna is enslaved by the
house, she will never be free, the narrator laments.
And still, he longs for the house and Susanna. He describes all
the things he wanted for their home velvet curtains, golden metals,
plaster mouldings as he redraws the villa with classical features
and stately ornaments. Within his scathing critique of the house and
the architects, an aching ardour remains for his lost Susanna and the
QR code of is Was Not
hope that she will abandon the metallic door frames and come back My Dream.
into my arms.
116 Mark 65 Long Section
Maison Edouard Franois Paris France 117

to the
Edouard Franois plants a
nature-inclusive tower in Paris.

Piet Vollaard

Pierre LExcellent

e tower is part of a larger project, which

also includes three lower volumes. Besides
apartments, it houses a day-care centre, a
young workers hostel and retail facilities.
118 Mark 65 Long Section

to the conviction of many (including quite e Tower of Biodiversi is an apartment
a few architects) that the ci is primarily a building located in a green corridor along the
biotope for humans, nature is in fact an integral railway tracks, close to the National Library
part of our urban condition. e biodiversi of France and the Seine River. It is part of an
of a European ci is much larger than that ensemble of several lower building blocks, also
of the surrounding countryside, which is designed by Franois. An exception to the local
predominately agricultural. Many plants and maximum building height of 37 m allowed it to
animals have chosen the ci as their rst and rise up to 50 m, but on the condition that the
only habitat. ese so-called ci-bound species tower would be green. Besides apartments, a
live in and around our buildings and deliver young workers hostel is included, as well as
usel ecosystem services. Plants and trees some shops, a crche and a green space on the
lter the air and protect us from heat stress, ground oor between the blocks. But that is
while insect-eating birds and bats keep down not what makes this design so important. Its
the number of mosquitos. main features are the faade and green rooop,
e biotopes in the ci, however, are
vulnerable, consisting mostly of isolated areas
I urge which are based on carel considerations
concerning the local biodiversi.
that are not always interconnected in a strong
ecological network. On the other hand, the
ci oers an abundance of food (in fact it is
young Asked how this came to be, Edouard
Franois replies: In Paris nobody likes high
buildings, but they are necessary because of
one big snack bar for many animals), is oen
a bit warmer than the surrounding areas,
and has many diverse spaces and greenery
architects the high densi that allows for more open
space around the buildings. I was approached
for this commission by Anne Hidalgo, the
in which to sele, roost, rest and hibernate.
ere is much to be said for strengthening
to step on current mayor of Paris. She asked for a green
building specically. So my challenge was
nature in our cities, if only because parts of
the world, like Northwest Europe have such a
high densi that they are transforming very
the urban to make the Parisians like this building by
making it green. I decided to think of the
tower as a natural hill that would be greener
fast into one big urban alomeration. If we
wish to preserve nature and why would we
nature the closer you get to the top, which would be
totally green.
not then the only option for these parts of the
world is to integrate nature in the ci.
Urban ecology, the science that studies
band- When I was granted the commission in
2010, Franois continues, it was the European
year of Biodiversi, so I also decided to take
nature in our cities, is relatively young; in
fact it only got going in the 1970s. So-called
nature-inclusive design, a design approach
wagon this maer seriously and not just stupidly put
some plants on the faade. A lot of research
went into the project before we knew how
that sees (urban) nature as an integral part
of architecture and urban design, has an
now, to sensibly include biodiversi. For this
we collaborated with the Ecole de Breuil, a
even shorter history. It is, in fact, a pioneer
profession, not unlike sustainable design
was in the 1960s and 1970s (so I urge young
before Parisian school for horticulture. ey studied
the local ecosystem and collected seeds from
native plants. All the plants that we used in the
architects to get on the urban nature band-
wagon now, before its too late and everybody
everybody building, especially those on the rooop, are
chosen seed by seed from the forests in and
does). Solutions are not self-evident and have
to be searched for; knowledge is scaered and
either hidden in boring scientic publications
does around Paris, so they are totally natural. ese
plants themselves, because of the height of the
building, will spread their seeds over time by
or simplied in books and on websites meant force of the wind around Paris and thus the
for the general public. building will regenerate the local biodiversi.
No wonder then, that there are very few Its not improbable that in the ture many
architects that manage to combine nature- kilometres from the building you will nd a
inclusive design with really good architecture. local tree on your own balcony that came from
Paris-based architect Edouard Franois is one these seeds.
of them. For many years he has incorporated Green roofs have been around for some
nature in his designs, including the Building time now and for the most part the technology
that Grows (2000) in Montpellier, which was has been tested in practice enough for them
featured in the very rst issue of Mark (Mark 1, to work most of the time. at is not the case
page 142), the Flower Tower (2004) and Eden Bio with so-called green or living faades. Many
(2009; Mark 19, page 56), both in Paris. Recently experiments for green faades have been
he nished a new project, M6B2 Tower of started, and just as many unless they are
Biodiversi in Paris, which takes the so-called totally articial and intensively taken care of
green or living faade to the next level. seem to fail aer a couple of years.
Maison Edouard Franois Paris France 119

e faade is green all over, even

in places where the plants are not
growing (yet): it is clad in green
titanium faade panels.
120 Mark 65 Long Section

One of the problems is that plants and trees

have a hard time surviving if their roots are
not in the ground. Pots with soil or articial
substrates, even if they are submied to
intensive care by use of expensive automatic
watering systems, dont seem to work. At least
the systems are not able to make the larger
trees grow signicantly (which is probably the
reason why Stefano Boeri put grown trees on
his Bosco Verticale).
In the Biodiversi Tower, trees are also
part of the faade. However, they are allowed
to grow from small sprigs to lly grown trees
over time, so they are beer able to cope with
their specic situation, and probably will be
stronger in the long run. Because this will
take a long time and the mayor wanted a green
tower immediately, Franois chose plants and
trees with three dierent growing speeds. ey
will all be planted immediately, but the slower
species will take over the faster ones in the end.
For a fast greening, climbers have been planted
that will cover large areas of the faade in a
couple of months. Besides that, relatively fast
growing trees will have a signicant height
within just a few years. And then there are
some oak trees. ey will take decades, but in
the end they will probably take over large parts
of the faade.
Besides this three-way, time-based
growing strategy, special pots are being used
that at rst glance hardly look capable of
supporting a small bush, leave alone a lly
grown oak tree. For the pots we were inspired
by trees that grow in narrow cavities on
mountainsides, the architect explains. ese
trees seemed particularly strong and it did not
look like they had diculties growing, despite
their tight spot. We decided to emulate this e green faade consists of plants and trees with three
condition and came up with a system of long dierent growing speeds. e fast growers will provide the
tower with a green exterior within a few months, but in the
and narrow steel tubes, instead of large wide
long term the slower species will take over the faster ones.
pots. At the Ecole de Breuil several sizes, both
in length and diameter, were tested with trees
for a couple of years. We found out that a
length of circa 3.5 m and a diameter of circa
35 cm gave the best results. We also tested
whether the fact that the roots in the tubes will the apartments, which are clad with green
heat up when they are placed along a sunny
faade would have an eect on the growth.
e plants titanium faade panels. So the building was
actually already lly green even before the
For this we placed the same tube with the
same trees both into the ground and in open
sunshine. Surprisingly, the trees that heated up
will spread faade was planted.
Asked how the extra costs of the green
faade were accounted for, Franois answers:
more had stronger roots and grew beer than
the ones that were put in the ground. So that
their seeds Sorry, but this is a question that makes no
sense to me. If you subtract the titanium panels
was another potential problem tackled. e
next step was to integrate these tubes into the
actual faade itself.
over time or the plants, the building looks like shit, so
they are an integral part of the architecture. We
had no trouble justi ing the plants, but had
e plants and trees grow in natural
soil and are helped out by an automatic
watering system that uses collected rainwater.
by force of more problems justi ing the titanium, which,
as you know, is a rare an expensive material.
I came up with the story that yes, titanium is
However necessary, watering is done sparingly
not more than once a week. A 1-m-long
the wind expensive and rare, but consider the building
as a repository for this rare material. When in
reservoir at the boom of the tubes will allow the ture the French aeronautical industry has
the trees to absorb water naturally. a need for titanium and the natural sources are
e green faade lly covers the exhausted, it can be mined from this building.
building and is supported by a stainless So, actually, the faade is cheap? Yes,
steel net. Behind the 1-m-deep green zone cheap and very sustainable. _
with a service balcony are balconies for

e trees in the faade are rooted in

storey-high steel tubes a solution
inspired by trees that grow in narrow
cavities on mountainsides.
Maison Edouard Franois Paris France 123

+ 15 Cross Section

In Paris
likes high




11 Detail
01 Stainless steel net
02 Watering system
03 Stainless steel tube
04 Soil
05 Water deuxion
06 Maintenance footbridge
05 08 09 07 Balustrade
08 Rainwater collection
06 09 Concrete balcony
10 Titanium coating
11 Metallic support
12 Insulation (mineral wool)
124 Mark 65 Long Section

Tall in
Building high-rises in wood is
becoming increasingly widespread.
In Stockholm, plans are being made
for a 34-storey apartment building.

Giovanna Dunmall
Timber building 125

Dalston Lane apartments in London,

UK, by Waugh istleton.
Photo Daniel Shearing
126 Mark 65 Long Section

time has come, at least in architecture. But
its not just growing as this centurys material
of choice for sustainabili- and innovation-
minded architects. Recent advances in
engineering have improved its strength and
stabili so much that designers and builders
are able to go bier and taller than ever before.
In the UK, CLT (cross laminated
timber) buildings are growing in number and
height, in part due to relatively liberal building
regulations but also thanks to a progressive
aitude towards timber, especially in the East
Wenlock Road Apartments in London, UK, by Hawkins Brown. London borough of Hackney where it was
Photos Jack Hobhouse former mayor Jules Pipes material of choice. In
fact the rst tall timber building of the modern
age and the tallest timber building in the world
Timber building 127

Patch22 apartment building in

Amsterdam, the Netherlands,
by Tom Frantzen.
Photos Luuk Kramer

change are
the two
issues of
our age

at the time was built in Hackney back in North England that will create 400 to 500 new of the pollution in London is from tarmac and
e nine-storey Stadthaus (aka Murray jobs and be the rst UK factory to manufacture res and as we are making bi er and heavier
Grove) was designed by London-based CLT. It will go online in the early autumn. buildings now, and di ing ever deeper or
practice Waugh
istleton and completed in A huge promoter of the virtues of CLT demolishing structures, theres more of it.
an astounding 49 weeks. in terms of not only sustainabili, but also A far less researched benet of timber
Andrew Waugh is a founding director speed of erection and the unusually quiet and buildings relates to well-being, however.
of the rm and one of CLTs most impassioned dust-free construction environment, Waughs Waugh lives in a timber building he designed
early adopters and pioneers. Currently, the enthusiasm is infectious. CLT building sites are in London and says that the hygroscopic
practice is completing the largest (by volume) happy, quiet and clean, he says. You dont have properties of the material (where moisture
CLT building on the planet, the ten-storey, the noise of jackhammers, grinders and cement is absorbed and released as humidi levels
121-apartment Dalston Lane, also located in mixers because essentially you are puing up change in the atmosphere) make it feel like a
Hackney, and even more excitingly, it recently prefabricated parts with cordless screwdrivers. more natural humane space than a concrete
started working with the new housing arm One of the most signicant environmental structure. Rot or ngi are not a problem as the
of British nancial services company Legal & advantages oered by CLT construction in wood has been kiln-dried to remove almost
e laer has just opened an 800,000- Waughs view is the 80 per cent reduction in all water, but in places like Australia, where
m2 modular housing factory in Yorkshire in construction trac and trucks.
e majori insects and termites will eat anything, the
128 Mark 65 Long Section

sites are
quiet and

e Tree apartment tower in Bergen, Norway, by Artec.

Photos Treindustrien

timber can be painted with boron for the rst the heart rates of the children in the all-timber wind like a sail, you avoid that and look to the
couple of metres to prevent this. classrooms dropped by 10 beats a minute plan to give you robustness.
Medical research on the health benets (equivalent to two hours of cardiovascular For Dalston Lane, the practice is using
of living and working in wooden structures activi a day) compared to their standard 3,852 m3 of CLT for the buildings external,
is also starting to emerge. A research project classroom counterparts and that their heart par and core walls, oors and stairs, making
carried out by the Austrian Sria regions rates continued to go down during the day. it what is called a pure CLT building. e
timber cluster (Holzcluster Steiermark) at Despite these many advantages, Waugh design is a C-shape with an internal courard
a school in Ennstal in central Austria, for acknowledges that building in timber presents and li cores in each internal corner. ose
example, makes the health case for timber some serious challenges. Resistance of timber li cores give the building its rmness, they
strongly. Two classrooms were clad in timber buildings against wind is actually the most act as the trunk, he says. But also making sure
from oor to ceiling and lled with wooden important design factor. You are building a the walls, cores and oor slabs act together
rniture. Pupils using the two rooms were structure that weighs a h of a concrete in unison to give a real stiness to the plan is
monitored for a year for heart rate and stress building so the strength to resist wind load imperative.
levels alongside pupils of the same age and is always an issue. e solution, he says, is to Important concerns with any building
grade following lessons in two standard design buildings that are robust in their plan. are re, water and structure, continues Waugh.
classroom environments. e tests showed that So rather than a long, thin building facing the ese are the things you need to be aware

Brock Commons student residence in Vancouver, Canada, by Acton Ostry.

Photos Acton Ostry Architects Inc. and Universi of British Columbia

of in terms of longevi. If water sits on top to increase re resistance, especially on re- one needs to be a purist. Architecture can
of timber for a long time it generally only ghting cores. be driven by the limitations of the structural
penetrates the surface. With concrete you For years now, Waugh istleton has proposal, but thats not the most exciting
would have to replace all the rebar or your steel designed every project based on the assumption way to design buildings because people dont
will go rus, with timber you just take out the that its going to be built in timber, but Waugh understand what those limitations are when
bit that has been damaged, paint it with resin admits that they are still learning. Its a brand inhabiting these spaces, he says. I think hybrid
or boron, and replace it. new material so we are trying to understand solutions represent a way of blending the two
On paper re sounds like it would be a how the material inuences the architecture. together to allow ambitious architecture to
huge issue for wood but it is much less so than is is a point also raised by Alex Smith, an happen in a more sustainable way.
one would assume. Typical so
wood performs Associate at London-based practice Hawkins But it isnt just in the UK that
well under re and chars at a rate of circa 0.7 Brown and project architect for Wenlock timber is on the rise in every sense. In
mm per minute, says Waugh. So we put an Road, aka e Cube, a 6,750-m2 scheme with the Netherlands architect Tom Frantzen
external layer, almost like a sacricial layer, on an alluring twisted cruciform plan that uses a says there is no strong wood tradition for
the structure knowing that the rst 25 mm will hybrid timber-steel structure. structural purposes anymore but his recently
last at least 20 minutes. Other materials, such Smith is clear that CLT has serious completed seven-storey Patch 22 project
as double layers of plasterboard, are also added sustainabili advantages but doesnt believe overlooking a canal in a former industrial
130 Mark 65 Long Section

HoHo oce tower in Vienna, Austria,

by RLP Rdiger Lainer + Partner

Haut apartment tower in Amsterdam, the

Netherlands, by Team V Architecture and Arup.

area of northern Amsterdam (which he will become a more accepted alternative to about 20 storeys in pure CLT right now (and is
developed as well as designed) dees that concrete and popular with clients who like working with Cambridge Universis Centre
trend with a load-bearing structure made the look, feel and smell of wood. for Material Innovation to go even higher),
almost entirely of pinewood CLT and Elsewhere in the world some of the whereas Vancouver-based architect Michael
laminated pinewood. Its contemporary most interesting timber projects include the Green says higher is possible, yet with the use
chalet-meets-warehouse faades are clad in 14-storey Tree in Bergen, Norway, which is the of some steel. Back in 2011 his practice MGA
Douglas r. We chose timber because it is worlds tallest timber building at this moment; designed a 30-storey timber building that used
one of the few renewable building materials, the 18-oor student residence in Vancouver by what Green calls mass timber (CLT and other
but there were other reasons too, he says. Acton Ostry Architects, which will overtake it laminates) and steel beams. In a bid to advance
Its exceptional to use wood in this way aer its completion in 2017; the 22-oor Haut discussion and debate he made the design
in the Netherlands so we knew it would tower in Amsterdam (2019); the 25-storey available to all via a creative commons licence.
aract a lot of aention. We wanted to oer HoHo in Vienna (2018); and then, if it goes More recently, a 35-storey building
something dierent during the recession ahead, the 34-storey HSB Landmark project in MGA proposed for a Paris project didnt make
since people had stopped buying. Frantzen Stockholm, expected to be completed in 2023. it beyond the competition stage. Why? It was
doubts wood will become the new concrete Is a super-tall timber building on the horizon deemed too tall for its site, says Green. e
in the Netherlands any time soon, but says it any time sooner? Waugh believes we can go to challenge has always been one of perception
Timber building 131

HSB apartment tower in Stockholm, Sweden, by C.F. Mller.

more than one of science or engineering; how are treated as warehouses for people and create things head on, not carrying on with a 20th-
the public perceives what is possible is actually strange social distancing that is not appropriate century notion of architecture. Green is of the
my hardest job. It is about education and for ci building. Waugh believes rthermore same mind and believes Vancouver has been
inspiration. that sscrapers arent necessarily the best a world leader in building in timber in North
Waugh is more reticent. e more tall buildings for the 21st century. ey are terribly America but that the United States is fast
timber buildings are designed and not realized, inecient in terms of services and internal catching up. When the United States gets into
the less credibili timber architecture and usage and around their bases. If you build any game it has the skill to become a leader,
engineering has. And it becomes about sle or lower you can build denser. he says. For this to happen though, one simple
individuals. What we need to do is eschew the Given that concrete production ndamental thing needs to be acknowledged:
notion of sle and say that this is not about an accounts for 5 per cent of the worlds climate change is real and being impacted by
aesthetic, but about a ndamental sea change. greenhouse gas emissions, wooden buildings the actions of man. Changing the way we build
Both Waugh and Green do agree, from responsibly harvested sources are, and our cities, not just by choosing wood, is critical
however, on the fact that the focus shouldnt should be, rst and foremost about combating to addressing climate. Choosing timber is a
only be on height. In many respects we are not climate change. Housing and climate change pre y good start. _
advocates of building too high in any material, are the two issues of our age, agrees Waugh.
says Green. ere is a point where buildings As architects you need to be addressing these
132 Mark 65 Long Section

Five Points
in the

In the small town of Olten, Fuhrimann Hchler

built a house that pays homage to Le Corbusiers
principles of modern architecture.

Text Photos
Katharina Marchal Valentin Jeck
Fuhrimann Hchler Olten Switzerland 133

e space underneath the

residence nctions as a carport.
134 Mark 65 Long Section

e space underneath the house can be

closed o with a plastic curtain.

Swiss architecture rm Fuhrimann Hchler were smoked, led to the propers name: House
in Zurich is best known for its designs for Cubana. And the result does exude a southern
renowned gallery owners and art collectors, ambience.
like the house in Vn, Graubnden, for gallery At the edge of the small ci of Olten
owner Eva Presenhuber from Zurich (Mark 14, lies a new suburb with apartment buildings
page 144) and the architect and artists home and row houses along long streets. Detached
on etliberg near Zurich. ey are not only houses with two oors and an aic dot the
friends with Swiss artists like Pipiloi Rist terrain on the mountainsides and the forest
and Peter Fischli & David Weiss, but also build edges. e clients managed to acquire two
houses for clients who work in architecture adjacent plots for their new house. On the edge
or construction companies and are looking of the buildable surface and at the highest
forward to something new. And so, during point of the plot, the corner location oers
a pleasant evening with the friendly Sulzer an unrestricted view: of the woods on the
couple, the idea of a house in the suburb of mountainside and of the ci on the side of the
Olten arose. An evening meal, during which valley. Staging the view, and the way we make
the wine owed abundantly and Cuban cigars it visible in the building, is very important in
Fuhrimann Hchler Olten Switzerland 135

e landing of the open staircase leads

to the front door on the rst oor.

our architecture, says Gabrielle Hchler. e of the cubist building not only remind one of entrance; the open staircase that leads up to
decision to realize the living and dining room Le Corbusiers ve points, but also of the family the front door is reminiscent of an entrance
on the most beautil and highest viewpoint house of Swiss architects Albert Frey and Fred to a science-ction spaceship. is project
led to the overall design of the house. We Kocher in Syosset, Long Island of 1932. Notable needs a client who doesnt shun risk, says
turned convention around, says Hchler. are the parts that protrude from the building Hchler. e client adds: ats only possible
Living upstairs and sleeping downstairs is volume. e staircase from the bedroom oor if you work with people who understand their
more natural and logical. Moreover, in this way to the living area hangs on the outside and is profession. Manuela Sulzer, the owner, is an
the architects make the most of the building covered with at plates of titanium zinc. e interior designer; her husband Linus Sulzer is
regulations. same applies to the replace chimney, which an architect and owns the largest construction
Eight rectangular, angled columns is recognizable from outside in the form of a management company in Switzerland:
and a li sha form the legs of a concrete concrete slab. On the west and east side, box- Sulzer + Buzzi Baumanagement. From the
table construction. On top of that rests a like windows protrude from the faade like beginning, both were completely behind this
prefabricated timber frame construction with a telescopes. special home, known in the neighbourhood
ll oor and an aic, which is not recognizable ese added elements provide the as the architect house. Yet the volume
as such because the faade of corrugated steel strict box with a more playl character, seamlessly joins the row of detached houses.
envelops both oors like a raincoat. e shapes says Hchler. e spaciousness starts at the It is an exciting prelude to the conventional,
136 Mark 65 Long Section

e staircase from the rst to the second

oor protrudes from the side as an
independent volume. e chimney and the
drainpipe were also expressively designed.
Fuhrimann Hchler Olten Switzerland 137
138 Mark 65 Long Section

Like the custom cupboard around the replace,

the kitchen was done in light-green wood.

restrained architecture of the neighbours. laundry room on the west side. All walls are from using glass everywhere on the top oor.
Andreas Fuhrimann und Gabrielle covered with sheets of untreated plywood. e view is centred on the town and the
Hchler not only paid aention to the views of On the upper oor beams of pinewood bring forest. e west and east faades have hardly
the countryside and the surroundings in their articulation to the ceilings. e ooring is also any windows. e building regulations were
design; they also created a complex interior. the same everywhere, linking the areas. e exploited by the architects, by extending the
e outdoor area under the raised building beige wood cement ts well with the light maximum surface of the upper oor with a
volume is not only used as a carport by the wood of the walls and ceilings. A mural by loia-like roof terrace. With the storey-high
clients, but also for parties. A curtain of plastic Pipiloi Rist in the open bathroom nctions wooden panelling and oor boards this outside
makes it possible to partly close this 4-m-high as a landmark in the coherent design. When room looks like a south-facing courard.
space. Videos can be projected on a white the curtain in the lady of the houses adjacent Again, windows focus the view to the north
surface on the inner side of the curtain. Next boudoir is open, you have an unimpeded view and south. e view when looking upwards
to the wood-lined storage room and elevator of the forest from the freestanding tub. is is cut up and framed by two sharply angled
entrance landing, stairs lead upward. Because room, too, is multinctional; it can also be wooden beams. An awning that takes its
the opening is in the middle of the building, the used as guest room or library. example from Spanish patios, made of canvas
interconnected rooms are strung together along On the top oor it becomes clear that stretched between multiple points, is in
the faade. eir large dimensions allow for the architects have kept their word. e view preparation.
exible use. is panoramic and reaches across the residential e decision to move to the outskirts
At this time, the entrance and area to the other side of the valley. When of a small town was quite a change for the
cloakroom are on the east side, the master neighbours come to visit, they are surprised client, who comes from Basel. If were moving
bedroom with bathroom, dressing room and and lament: Why didnt we design our house to the Pampa anyway, I want to build with
small study are on the north side, and a large like this? e architects deliberately refrained Fuhrimann Hchler, she demanded of her
Fuhrimann Hchler Olten Switzerland 139

e living room on the second oor gives

access to a spacious roof terrace.

e added
provide the
strict box
with a more
140 Mark 65 Long Section

e bathroom in the guest room has a

mural designed by artist Pipiloi Rist.

e master bedroom on the rst oor

has an open connection to the bathroom.

husband. Hchler says emphatically: Were

proud that we were able to build in a suburb,
because Switzerland is densely built up and
urban sprawl looms. One advantage was
that the clients company supported the
project. Scheduling the building activities
precisely made it possible to turbo-charge the
undertaking. Planning began on 1 February
2014, and the house was constructed from June
2014 to September 2015. Swi decisions by the
clients also made the short construction time
possible. e good cooperation resulted in new
joint projects. Fuhrimann Hchler is working
with Sulzer + Buzzi on the construction of
shopping mall Slipark and senior homes and
oces in the centre of Olten. _
Fuhrimann Hchler Olten Switzerland 141

0 +1 +2

08 11

02 02 09 02

03 07

10 12

05 06

01 Carport
02 Elevator
03 Entrance hall
04 Study
05 Master bathroom
06 Master bedroom

Guest bedroom
Long Sections
09 Guest bathroom
10 Living room
11 Kitchen
12 Roof terrace

is project needs

a client who
doesnt shun risk

Cross Section
142 Mark 65 Long Section

Rough Cut

Juergen Tellers studio is squeezed between

two existing buildings on a residential
street not far from Portobello Road.
6a Architects London UK 143

Fashion and art

Juergen Tellers
new studio,
designed by 6a,
lends itself for
a varie of
photo shoots.

Izabela Anna

Johan Dehlin
144 Mark 65 Long Section

Le e wide hallway in the oce

building leads to the rst courard.

Opposite e tall oce space on the rst

oor is the only room with a street view.

Tom Emerson is an enthusiastic storyteller. e studio that would avoid clinical whiteness and speaks the language of both aloofness and
interview about photographer Juergen Tellers lend itself to be perceived as a more natural sensitivi. e rooms are contained between
new studio, which he designed, takes place in on location seing. With few restrictions sand-coloured walls, balanced by the stale
this years Manifesta Biennale pavilion, e and a lot of freedom on his hands, Emerson greyness of cement ceilings and oors,
Pavilion of Reections, which was built by regularly asked his client what he thought highlighted with shining white window and
Emersons students at the ETH Zrich. Its a about one idea or another questions door frames. Its the only area that gets light
Spe call on a Sunday, and Emersons narrative that Teller generally answered rather from the street side owing to the narrowness
is so rich in references that I have to break unphilosophically with youre the architect, of the plot, which measures 60 7 m, most of
down my notes into digestible paragraphs you tell me. e result shows many contrasts. the other spaces in the building have slights
summarizing the key points that played a role e bold, concrete faade incorporates elegant or overlook a courard.
in conceiving the studio. e conversation feels wooden features, such as the front doors and Further inside the complex is the
like an expedition, which begins straight aer a tall window frame. e northern side wall main studio. A double-height ceiling with
we exchange formalities. is made of warm, red brick instead of grey slights and concrete beams spanning the
About ve years ago, Emerson, who concrete. e rudiment from the plots former ll width makes the room airy yet intimate.
leads architecture oce 6a together with life has been le and kindly welcomed rather Its a space suitable for the execution of many
Stephanie Macdonald, received a brief from than bulldozed in the pursuit of perfection. ideas: from shooting pictures to laying out
the fashion and art photographer that was Entering the studio through its books or printing. It can be kept emp or lled
short and simple nothing like the long and wooden doors, the visitor begins a journey to the brim with props. e main studio is
narrow patch of land that was designated as from business-like formali to private retreat. simple, exible and practical. e pragmatism
the building site. Tellers sole requirements e studio is laid out as a series of separate doesnt lack poetry though. Tom Emerson
were various spaces in three separate compartments. e rst houses an oce, a asks if I have been to Sir John Soanes house
buildings with double-height rooms. Most space for post-production and the archive in London, which is similarly lit by slights
importantly, the client wanted a photography spread over two oors. e interior design only. I have indeed visited the former home
6a Architects London UK 145
146 Mark 65 Long Section

Two staircases lead to storage rooms on

either side of the main studio space.
6a Architects London UK 147

e kitchen may also lend itself as a

location for a photo shoot.

Teller needs of the neoclassical architect. Its a labyrinth of

extravagant rooms, heavy wooden doors and
fascinatingly rich displays of art, curiosities
room without being intruding. Aer moving
in, Teller discovered the staircases as a location
for photoshoots right away. One of his talents

to cross the and other possessions. eres a similari to

Juergens studio, says Emerson. e horizon
cannot be seen and is therefore transferred to
lies in considering every inch of space as a
possibili to create his images.
Furthest away from the street entrance
elements the pictures and objects in the room. Everyone
whos visited the John Soane Museum has
is the most private part of the house. It
compromises a kitchen, dining room, sauna,

in order to experienced the feeling of the world being

sucked into one building. e Wunderkammer-
like museum and Tellers airy studio have
plant room and library. ey may seem like
decadent additions to an otherwise purely
professional space, but anyone who knows

go from one something in common: they seem to contain

an entire universe independently from the one
Tellers work also knows that he invests in
good times, in order to capture the most

part of the existing outside its walls.

Teller preferably shoots on location,
in natural situations and light conditions,
unconstrained moments. Such areas allow as
much for private pastime as they are another
location to shoot in. Slistically, there is no

building and therefore doesnt need any big technical

lights or other special installations. His studio
is emp, but not bare. Its design is the result
dierence between oce space or studio, just
as there seems to be no separation between
Tellers work and his life. e dierent
to another of much thought and many accidents, says
Emerson. ere are two storage spaces for
shades of grey in the interior might appear
monochromatic at rst sight, but everything
props and other stu high up in the studio, and has a texture, resulting in surfaces with
rays of light shine onto the walls underneath highlights and shadows.
them. It would have been too obvious to put a e three parts of the building are
piece of rniture there so we created two zig separated by two courards with abundant
zag staircases instead. ey add depth to the greenery. Emerson explains that they are not
148 Mark 65 Long Section


e main studio
is simple, exible
and practical
6a Architects London UK 149

Long Section

06 06


03 04


01 Entrance hall
02 Archive
03 Studio
04 Library
05 Post-production
06 Storage
07 Study
08 Sauna

merely separators or eye candy, but that having ad for a large fashion house that had sent
a connection to nature, even in this smallest multiple white plastic buckets of honey and
of ways, is important to Teller. He needs to a big bouquet of owers to be incorporated
cross the elements in order to go from one into the seing. A
er the shoot, I mindlessly
part of the building to another. Dan Pearson, a repurposed one of the buckets as a vase, lled
landscape gardener specialized in naturalistic with owers to the brim. Georg Rules, studio
perennial planting, designed the greenery to director at the time, saw the arrangement and
grow naturally and spontaneously. Together, the interpreted it as being very Teller.
three men looked at a 70-year-old book, Londons e water bu, just like the building
Natural History by R.S.R. Fier, to get inspired as a whole, lends itself for the same kind of
and decide what the garden should be like. One repurposing. Emerson can even see Teller taking
of the main questions was how to make it look a bath in it. Juergen regularly tells me about
authentic. ats not that easy in such a small new corners of the building he has discovered,
space encircled by concrete, says Emerson. I says Emerson. He is brilliant at nding these
mean, how do you grow a jungle on 10 m2? In spots that were not anticipated and rnishes
the end, it was decided to make the greenery the building with meaning through the way
look like it has grown out of the cis cracks, he uses it. He used to send me text messages
says Emerson. Gravel has been made by casting saying that he doesnt ever want to go home
concrete sheets in situ, braking them into pieces anymore. Creating this sense of togetherness is a
and giving them over to the elements. talent that Juergen has. It feels like you're doing
e water bu in the corner of one something extreme or conspiring together.
e water bu is a plain metal barrel. of the gardens, a plain metal barrel, reminds In the end its this kind of talent that lends
me of the few times I helped out at Tellers meaning to this beauti l building. _
studio as a student. He was shooting a per me
150 Mark 65 Long Section

in the
Students on the
Universi of Colorado
Denvers design-build
programme created
a series of huts in
perfect harmony with
their forest location.

Jane Szita

Jesse Kuroiwa
Colorado Building Workshop Leadville CO USA 151

Mountains. While providing essential shelter, former student told him that the design-build

A they immerse their inhabitants in their

environment, thanks to their large windows,
outdoor spaces and sensitive use of the
location. Impressively the students, who were
taking part in the universitys postgraduate
design-build programme, not only designed
the 14 seasonal cabins and seven permanent
programme could come up with something
much beer for about the same money. e
eventual cost of the cabins, around $10,000
(disregarding a lot of the donated labour and
materials) was not that wide of the mark.
Intrigued by the hiking encounter, the
Outward Bound chief invited the Universi
ones, but built them all from scratch over a of Colorado design-build programme to
period of just two years. collaborate, initially on a group of 14 seasonal
e project was born, naturally huts to be used by young people aending
steep hillside in a dense lodgepole pine enough, in the great outdoors: namely, with its courses in the summer months (May to
forest is the wild and wonderful setting an encounter between a former student of August). Sommereld and his 24 graduate
for an imaginative series of woodland the design-build programme and Colorado students approached the project by spending
micro-cabins built by architecture students Outward Bounds executive director. e three days camping at the site, interviewing
from the University of Colorado Denver two met on a hike, recounts the universis the clients and being impressed and inspired
for Colorado Outward Bound School. Rick Sommereld, who leads the programme. by the ru ed beau all around them. All this
The cabins offer accommodation to those e executive director was talking about his input was then used to esh out the projects
taking part in or guiding Outward Bounds plans to buy some sheds from the hardware design parameters.
exploratory educational courses in the store in order to use them for sleeping Its a unique site, says Sommereld.
remote area around Leadville in the Rocky accommodation, explains Sommereld. Our Its very densely forested, with a 10-m-high
Colorado Building Workshop Leadville CO USA 153

e students who worked on the project are Derek Ackley, Joshua Allen, Sidney Aulds, Becca Barenblat, Andrew Baur,
Brent Beicker, Devyn Bernal, Michael Black, Mahew Breen, Andrew Brown, Leigh Bryant, Je D'Addario, Craig Dunn, John
Giddens, Amanda Gonzales, Brandon Gossard, Aaron Gray, Anna Grith, Dane Hardy, Jerey Heger, James Hillard, Kyle
Hoehnen, Chad Holmes, Casandra Hu, Mark Hurni, Timo Jyrinki, Andrea Kelchlin, Rachel Koleski, Jesse Leddin, Kate Lucas,
Amie McDermo, Nathan Moore, Tanner Morrow, Nina Najmabadi, Ma Ollmann, Sam Palmer-Dwore, Aleka Pappas, Holly
Paris, Nathan Pepper, Kit Piane, Kyle Plantico, Christopher Powell, Ken Roberts, Louisa Sanford, Michael Schauble, Andrew
Schrag, Genevieve Sellers, Diana Souders, Henry Spiegel, Joe Stainbrook, Samantha Strang, Brandon Sweeney, Phil Stuen,
Amanda arp, Ellio Watenpaugh, Catrina Weissbeck, Tyler Whaley, Briany Wheeler and Ryan Wresch.

Custom CNCd millwork minimized

waste and on-site construction time.

Cabin 2 uses a rock as part

of its foundation.

Cabin 2
01 Bed
02 Desk / storage 01
03 Deck

02 03



Exploded axonometric showing the

prefabricated components of Cabin 2.
154 Mark 65 Long Section

tree canopy, and its 10,000 feet [c. 3,000 possibilities of the box the actual cabin
m] above sea level, with an average daily below it. e roof for each cabin measures 12 X
temperature thats around freezing. x 24 feet [3.66 7.32 m] and that was non-
Conditions are dicult for building it is negotiable, says Sommereld. But the students
impossible to get a crane onto the site, for could do what they like beneath it. In order to
example. is, plus the fact that the client add a communal aspect, we decided to site the
valued the direct connection with nature, buildings close to each other and provide them
inuenced the decision to opt for micro with outdoor decks as a social area.
buildings, rather than aempting a larger Each of the cabins is unique, varying
structure. While the students would work in in its arrangement of deck, sleeping and living
small groups on the individual cabins, it was space (there are no bathrooms, since a bathroom
clear that we needed an overarching scheme, block is located nearby) and in size (between
says Sommereld. 140 and 200 square feet or 13 and 19 m2).
is arrived in the form of our rst idea Above all, each one reacts to its particular
for the big roof structure, which was based location in the group. Elevated several feet from
on the tent ysheet. Able to cover the outside the ground, every cabin is designed to frame a
porches and oering space to store plen particular view. We tried to cut down as few
of outdoor gear beneath it, while protecting trees as possible, says Sommereld. Instead,
everything from snow, the big roof, supported we used the natural growth of the trees to form
by a steel frame, also freed up the design approaches to the individual huts and frame

12 X

B 13

6 5 1


D 8
10 9


1 3 4 5
Colorado Building Workshop Leadville CO USA 155

6 7 8 9

10 11 12 13


14 C E F
156 Mark 65 Long Section

Cabin A





Inside, the cabins feature

steel accents.
01 Deck
02 Bed with storage
03 Desk and built-ins

As the sta of the Outward Bound

School wanted more introversion, the
cedar-clad decks of the year-round
cabins have been given more privacy.

Flat roofs in the year-round cabins

hold snow for additional insulation.

e steel structure remains

exposed inside the cabins.

Cabin B





03 04

01 02

01 Entry walkway
02 Bed with storage
03 Built-ins
04 Desk
05 Deck

Cabin Ds courard has an

operable steel accordion door.

Cabin D









01 Entry walkway
02 Indoor mud room
03 Bed
04 Built-in cabinets
05 Desk
06 Deck Exploded axonometric showing the
07 Accordion door prefabricated components of Cabin D.
Colorado Building Workshop Leadville CO USA 159

An open roof courard connects

the cabins users to s views.

views, and we also made use of the boulders as crane, we needed to panellize everything. We on the roof will contribute greatly to that. As
support one hut has no foundations at all, but ended up with something like a giant Ikea at the cabins are only just completed, he concedes
is built on rocks. pack. We shipped it at, and then the students that he is curious to see how they will perform
e materials palee is uniform to had to carry the parts up to the site and assemble during the winter.
ensure that all the houses read as a group, the huts by hand. We did that in just 30 days Again, each cabin is unique. Its mass
he adds. Steel was chosen for its durabili about two days per cabin, including the interiors. customization, says Sommereld. We were
and low maintenance a choice that initially e students were phenomenal it was snowing able to use computer and CNC technology
shocked the client, who was probably and cold, and they were sleeping in tents. to create 21 prefabricated units that are
expecting a log cabin. ey were convinced e hard work was rewarded when unique and that each respond directly to their
aer seeing a ll-scale mock-up though, a delighted client promptly requested seven environment, with their views and siting
explains Sommereld. e hot rolling process permanent cabins, in addition to the 14 taking ll advantage of the unique context.
that produces the thicker gauge steel that we seasonal ones. is time, the cabins would From Henry David oreau and Walt
used creates a vertical striation, which mimics need to be used for between nine and 12 Whitman to contemporary horror lms, the
the verticali of the forest. e glass also months a year, and would house the Outward cabin in the woods is a staple of American
reects the trees, which helps the cabins to Bound course guides. For these cabins, we culture, loaded with meaning. e students
blend into their seing. added insulation and basic electrici, says version for Outward Bound seems to capture
Inside, steel accents are also used, Sommereld. We also found that the sta, an this signicance, endowing a simple, nctional
linking the indoor and exterior faces, although older demographic than the course aendees, project with a touch of poetry.
the interior and rniture are largely made from wanted more introversion. We therefore Sommereld considers the bi est
CNC birch plywood. e windows, made using converted the decks into courards, carved achievement of the project to be llling the
donated glass, were inserted using double-sided out of a larger box beneath a roof of the same clients needs. When we nished the cabins,
3M VHB tape and then sealed with silicon. dimensions as the seasonal huts, and giving the longest serving Outward Bound guide
is technique is oen used in sscrapers, views of the s. was given the rst choice of the seven, says
not very oen in residential buildings, says Double glazing, rudimentary kitchens, Sommereld. He said, is is a very dicult
Sommereld. You lose the frame of the window lighting and heating increase the home decision, as any one of these cabins would be
it feels as though the glass is simply not there. comforts of the permanent cabins although beer than anything else Ive ever lived in. At
e bi est challenge of the project perhaps not so much: the heater is a tiny the end of the day, thats the bi est reward we
was of course the construction phase on the 1500-wa one, since each cabin has only one could have. _
steep, wooded site. Prefab was essential, says single circuit. We expect that the insulation
Sommereld. And because we couldnt use a will do the rest, says Sommereld. e snow
160 Mark 65 Long Section

A Model
Amateur Architecture Studio Wencun Zhejiang China 161

e people of Wencun, China, dont like the houses

Amateur Architecture Studio designed for them, but
tourists are happy to stay there.

Text Photos
Harry den Hartog Iwan Baan

Some of the existing rural villas,

which previously had tiled walls,
were renished in compressed clay.
162 Mark 65 Long Section

Mao was still in power, the Chinese
countryside was the basis of the national
economy. However, the massive wave of
urbanization that has been washing across the
country since the end of the last century has
had major eects, especially on rural China.
All over the world, young people are leaving
the villages they grew up in to pursue the
beer training, career opportunities and leisure
opportunities oered by big cities. In China,
the phenomenon is even more widespread
than elsewhere owing to the breath-taking
inequali in wealth between urban and rural
areas. In the majori of Chinese villages, the
population is aging rapidly and the buildings
are in bad need of repair.
Amateur Architecture Studio, the oce
Wang Shu set up with his wife Lu Wenyu (who,
say critics, should have been acknowledged
as co-winner of the Pritzker Prize he won in
2012), has conducted many studies of rural
China, o en together with students of the
China Art Academy, where both teach.
Because of the sharp focus on
urbanization, the Chinese countryside has
suered considerable neglect in many respects.

ese days, however, this seems to be gradually

changing. In 2012, the government in Beijing
launched its Beauti l Liveable Village-policy
aimed at the restoration of 4,000 Chinese
villages. No less than 1,000 of these villages,
Wencun among them, have jointly been
designated as a pilot project, its deadline 2017,
so next year. Most of the pilot villages have
been assigned a thematic approach, including
some quite extreme ones such as an unmanned
aerial vehicle village (where you can learn to
y drones), a chocolate village (where you can
learn to make chocolate as well as have some),
and even a cosmetics village.
e plan is to
aract tourists and investments and create of the metropolis of Hangzhou, the ci that is demolition team to stop doing what they were
jobs, which will automatically bring back the also home to the famous China Art Academy doing at once. Local authorities asked Wang if
young people, or so it is hoped. designed by Wang Shu. Shortly a er Wang won he had any beer ideas, since what they had in
Wencun is well-situated in accordance the Pritzker Prize in 2012, the municipali mind was to aen a large part of the village
with Chinese Feng Shui principles at the of Fuyan commissioned him to create a local in the nearby ture. Impressed with the status
interface between the lowlands of the Fuchun cultural centre. A er negotiations, Wang of the international award Wang had recently
River and the foot of Wenbi Mountain. managed to also bring in the order for the received, the authorities subsequently gave
Consisting of some 80 households, the village regeneration for the nearby village of Wencun. Amateur Architecture Studio carte blanche to
straddles a small, distant branch of the Fuchun Rumour has it that Wang visited the develop a plan in collaboration with the local
River. Wencun is part of the municipali of village and saw a building from the Ming authorities, a local investor and the China
Fuyang, which is in turn an administrative part Dynas being torn down. He asked the Academy of Art. Approximately half the village
Amateur Architecture Studio Wencun Zhejiang China 163

Wencun is on a small branch of the Luzhu River,

which is in turn a subsidiary of the Fuchun River.

consists of buildings going back to the Ming To provide the selement with a more e 14 new buildings completed in late 2015
and Qing dynasties. However, most properties organic appearance, in harmony with come in eight dierent
pes, most with small,
are in a deplorable state construction-wise and traditional landscaping ideals, ten of the 10-m2 cour
ards. e ground oor level
some have already been replaced by hideous, abovementioned renovated rural villas that is designed to be used as a workshop, as is
three-storey, ceramic-tiled rural villas. local farmers had already built over the last customary in the region. anks to the used
e proposed programme, completed two decades were stripped of their glazed materials and particularly the scale and the
by now, comprises 14 new buildings for a total tiles and renished with compressed clay, way the new buildings t into the existing
of 24 households clustered along a street, a an ancient tradition no longer in use because urban structure, the addition looks like an
waterfront path with a new bridge, several clay is considered a poor mans material and organically grown continuation of the village.
pavilions and a number of renovated properties nearly no-one remembers how to process However, rather than cra ed the traditional
scaered across the old part of the village. it anymore. way, the concrete support structures were
164 Mark 65 Long Section

Above e buildings are not in a straight

line, which reinforces the impression of an
organically grown selement.

Below Many of the construction activities

involve manual labour.

In China, Opposite Most dwellings have small courards

that measure approximately 10 m2.

cras and
have been
Amateur Architecture Studio Wencun Zhejiang China 165

cast on site. e support structure of the with the China Art Academy were invited to biest challenge of this project was and is to
historical buildings in the village consists of a train local construction workers. ey tested change the farmers perception. e designs
mix of timber frame construction and masonry dierent mixtures including earth-sand-gravel were submied to the villagers several times
supporting walls. in combination with rice husk or straw and and adapted to their housing needs, varying
e work of Amateur Architecture improved ways to apply the plaster on the from the width of the road to the size of the
Studio is characterized by the reuse of building existing concrete walls. Wang considers the kitchen and the toilet. But aer completion, it
materials taken from demolished properties, compressed clay technique, improved in terms turned out that only seven of the 24 housing
as a response to passionate demolishing and, of its technical performance, a path to the units had villagers moving into them. People
according to Wang, soulless new buildings, natural way. said the houses were far too small and did not
but also to create a poetic link to the past. e Wang calls the urban construction have enough bedrooms in rural China, it is
architect says that he wants to echo or respond culture in China hopeless. at is why customary to have a couple of extra rooms to
to reali. He thinks demolished and recycled his oce mainly focuses on rural projects accommodate relatives during major holidays.
materials have memory, a soul. Wangs design now, because they are the only projects e project has received considerable
processes start with the material. architects can make something of. Following media aention in China because of Wang
In Wencun, however, he hardly reused artists such as Ai Weiwei and Ou Ning, who Shus involvement and it seems that more than
any materials at all. e work is mainly already turned their backs on the ci earlier, 300 provincial leaders and experts have visited
executed using locally available materials such architecture rms increasingly invest in the the village to get inspiration. Moreover, it
as compressed clay for the non-supporting countryside, realizing small renovations and draws an increasing number of day trippers.
walls in the new buildings and the plastered new construction projects. To Wang Shu and e idea is to release the properties no-one has
walls of the rural villas. Rather than exterior Lu Wenyu, Wencun represented an excellent moved into so far for bed & breakfast purposes.
walls comprising the recycled black roof tile opportuni to realize their vision for the Also, an agricultural research lab has shown an
and brick that are characteristic of the work of countryside and create a model project for rural interest in opening an oce here. e question
Amateur Architecture Studio, brand-new grey development and construction techniques. e is what this will mean to the traditional
limestone from a nearby quarry was used here. project includes many details that also featured lifesle of villagers that still hand-wash their
In China, many ancient cras and in earlier work by this oce, for example the clothes in the river. For the time being, the
techniques that were in use until well into the form and position of doors and windows as seemingly organically grown village has been
last century are now forgoen. With regard to well as the oor plans. preserved, but rural traditions and lifesles are
the compressed clay, two French specialists Wang and his wife claim to have put a likely to disappear here, too, despite the fairly
Marc Auzet and Juliee Goudy, both associated lot of time in consulting with the villagers: e remote and inaccessible location. _
166 Mark 65 Long Section

New houses
Renovated buildings inside the old village
New bridges
Amateur Architecture Studio Wencun Zhejiang China 167

Owing to the sharp focus on

urbanization, the Chinese countryside
has suered considerable neglect
168 Mark 65 Long Section

Joseph Giovannini.
Joseph Giovannini Bookmark 169

in the
Joseph Giovannini talks about reading
and writing, eccentric architects and
about the Deep South, where people
are still friendly.
Text and photo
Ana Martins
170 Mark 65 Long Section

and raised in Pasadena, California, New I remember, when I was leaving Harvard, but I put it away because I was too involved.
York Ci-based architect and critic Joseph somebody asked me: What do you want to I brought it back o the shelf several years ago,
Giovannini rst migrated from the West do? and I said I would like to journalize my re-read it, and decided I should nish it. But a
to the East Coast to study English at Yale. eld, but I didnt know quite how to go about lot has happened since then, so I had to update
From then on, his academic and professional and do that, and I didnt have any denite it, and while I was doing that, my concept
career took him on a journey that traversed programme. I returned to California for for the book changed. I nally realized what
this geographical frontier many times. More personal reasons; my mother was widowed I am interested in is a history of alternative
important, however, is his disciplinary criss- and she had a building that I had to help her architecture. Lets call it the crazies. Ive taken
crossing between the practice of architecture with. I was doing that and establishing myself it back to the architecture of the late 19th,
and architecture criticism. Today, with a as an architect when I was sort of discovered early 20th centuries. It has become a really big
book and a design competition in the making, by the Herald Examiner. Before I knew it, I volume on an alternative history, the eccentrics,
the two-time Pulitzer nominee continues to became much beer known as a writer than an the people who dont think the usual thoughts.
balance the two careers. In a quiet corner of the architect. When youre in a publication every
majestic tea room of the Yale Club in New York, week, the phone rings and youre answering In articles you wrote for the Los Angeles Review
we talked about each step of a journey that has for articles, not buildings. of Books, youve made a compelling argument
culminated in a quest for otherness. in favour of Frank Gehrys involvement in the
But you never stopped practicing. revitalization of the LA River, and heavily
Why did you decide to study English as an I still think of myself as an architect, but criticized Peter Zumthors design for the LA
undergraduate at Yale? everybody knows me as a writer, so if I want Coun Museum of Art (LACMA). Do you nd
JOSEPH GIOVANNINI: Ive always done what to practice, I have to hire myself, which I do. that this kind of a priori discussion is missing
came naturally to me and Ive always loved, I own and manage some family proper, and from architecture criticism today?
even as a kid, to read. I loved to play tennis and my wife and I bought other proper in Los Absolutely. Im trained as an architect and
I loved to read. I was reading Russian novels in Angeles, which Ive designed. this informs my criticism. I can look at a plan
Pasadena from an early age and I just continued and gure it out, whereas most critics cant.
to read my way through undergraduate school, When we talked about your LA Los in 2013 Another thing is that, since I am technically
where I discovered that I also love to travel. (Mark 43, page 60), you said that writing also a developer, I am very aware of the
As an undergraduate, I took language courses prompted you to build in order to test your potential of a piece of land. You can really
in France and Italy during the summers, and theories, and that it was an aempt at ll develop institutions through buildings, but
then I would spend the rest of my time there disclosure of what you really think about if you do it in the wrong way, youre killing
travelling. I enjoyed exploring cities and their architecture. is notion makes it look as if the institution. In LACMAs case, Zumthors
plans, looking at buildings. My father had your practice of architecture is secondary to scheme is exhausting their land and, for that
been a contractor, so I was always around the your writing. Is that true? very reason, wasting its ture.
structures he was working on. In some way, it ese two careers have always complemented Im assertive enough to challenge a
became part of what I look for. each other, but theyve also been in competition design. If I think I can do beer, Im certainly
with each other. It depends on when you ask going to criticize it, because it means the
At that time, were you thinking of teaching, . . . In a year I will think of myself more as an design is not as good as it can be.
or writing? architect, because Ill be right in the middle of
I was always interested in writing. I took a lot a project. Right now Im right in the middle ats not the pe of writing you did at
of courses in French, which is a great passion of a book, so I think of myself more as a writer. e New York Times.
of mine and eventually, aer Yale, I pursued a When I came to e Times, I was not hired as
degree in French language and literature at the What is the book about? a critic. Paul Goldberger was the critic, and he
Sorbonne. At some point, however, I realized Its something Ive been cultivating for years was very territorial. ere was a long period
I didnt really want to read to teach, so when now. In the 1980s I started a book that I called when I was writing about things that I was
I came back from Paris, I did a pre-medical e Deconstructivists. I had almost nished it, assigned that werent really my subject. I could
and pre-architecture year at Yale and I loved
the architecture part, so thats eventually what
I studied at Harvard.

When did you start writing about architecture?

I took several courses in architecture history
at Yale, including with Vincent Scully, who
was a very inspirational teacher. I wrote a lot
about architecture at the time. Nothing was
published, but I always gravitated to
the subject.
A fourth spatial dimension
Joseph Giovannini Bookmark 171

usually nd ideas, but it was dicult to pursue fabulous book. He takes Queen Elizabeth third, and what a h and sixth would look
them, because the paper wanted facts: Who, II, a most closed person, and pries her open like aer that. Its hard to create a fourth
what, when and where? through literature. Ive also enjoyed Michael dimension, but you can create the perception
In the politics of e Times, as a reporter, Cunninghams e Hours. Hes so socially of it, which has been my goal, actually.
the only way to be smart was to devise a perceptive, the way hes able to go from the
technique that would carry the idea along with mentali of Virginia Woolfs period to our Would a fourth spatial dimension result in
the information. So I learned how to alternate days, its very soul-expanding. new mentalities?
facts and ideas, like a sandwich, so that youre It would open people to otherness, it would be
always eating through several layers. In a piece you wrote for e New York Times in mind-expanding, yes. Im doing a competition
1983 titled I Love New York and L.A. Too, you for the Renwick Gallery of the Smithsonian
Do you nd books to be a more suitable said: Because Im trained as an architect and American Art Museum in Washington, DC,
platform on which to develop ideas? have an interest in urban planning, Im perhaps where I have to design a large, tall room with
Completely, Ive done thousands of articles and, too ready to believe that the space around us a domed ceiling. Im trying to create a one-
at the end of the day, even I forget them. No the physical organization of neighbourhoods, point perspective straight up to heaven, like
one is really interested in article collections, so roads, yards, houses and apartments sets up the one you nd in Giovanni Ba ista Gaullis
they get lost. Books have a much longer shelf living pa erns that condition our mentalities. frescos for the Church of Jesus in Rome, but
life. What is more, with the space of a book, Im not sure what my next book is going to in an abstract language. In order to do it, Im
you can sustain a thought for a longer period of be, but it may be something called e Short busting out the corners with optical illusions
time. Journalism has become so much shorter. History of Space. Dierent cultures that have and taking these illusions all the way up. One
I enjoy writing for the Los Angeles Review of dierent concepts of space. Its such a pervasive way of talking about the experience of this
Books because the digital format means that a subject, it aects everything we do. space is that its like dropping LSD. Itll be
I can write 7,000 words, whereas in the last A while back I went to Savannah, a bath of LSD. _
piece I wrote for e Times I had 1,700 words, Georgia, and I had to rent a car at an airport.
which by todays standards is quite long. Im from California, my parents are European,
Fieen years ago that was very common. and I live in New York, so this was foreign
ere was a time when you could easily do territory for me, the Deep South. Anyway,
1,700 words on a house. Houses are stories. If I went and rented the car. e woman at the
someone is in control of his or her house, thats counter was very nice, I signed the forms and
a biography or an autobiography, so you can she was still nice, I thanked her, I got my keys
read these houses in a lot of ways. But things and went out to the car and as I exited the
are so much shorter now. Many of the pieces parking lot I gave the contract to the woman
I do now are 800 words, because thats the at the gate and she couldnt be more friendly.
space the graphic designer gives you, whether When I got out I thought, what is wrong with
youre writing an epic story or a miniature this picture that Im nding their friendliness
piece. Its weird. But I enjoy writing and I so strange? Oh, I know, they still live on
cannot go without it, I feel lacking if I do. porches, and I live in a box . . . New York is so
crowded that youre constantly trying to avoid
Do you read as much now as you did as a kid everyone. Youre in your apartment, trying not
and a student? to run into your neighbours, in the subway,
Aer I started writing, there was a shi in on the platform or the street youre looking Joseph Giovanninis
the balance. I write more than I read. I love straight ahead, trying to avoid eye contact, and
reading list on space
novels, but most of my reading at the moment at the end of the day you go back to your box.
is related to book projects. Its research, not I had become a box, and they were still porches. Gaston Bachelard, e Poetics of Space,
pleasure reading. Beacon Press, Boston, 1969 (La Potique de
lEspace, Presses Universitaires de
My fantasy is to buy a li le shermans What books about space would you
France, Paris, 1958)
co age out on the Croatian coast by the recommend?
Adriatic Sea and just read for whole months at Well, the classic would be Bachelards e Henri Lefebvre, e Production of Space,
a time. Poetics of Space, but Id recommend Linda Blackwell, Oxford, 1991 (La production
de lespace, Anthropos, Paris, 1974)
Dalrymple Hendersons book titled e Fourth
Which books would you take there? Dimension and Non-Eucledian Geometry in Linda Dalrymple Henderson, Fourth
Some of the Russians, again. Ive never read Modern Art from 1983. at cracked everything Dimension and Non-Eucledian Geometry
War and Peace or Anna Karenina. But Id also open for me. Before Einstein came along, the in Modern Art, Princeton Universi
Press, Princeton, 1983
like to read more contemporary stu. Im fourth dimension was considered a spatial
reading Allan Benne s Untold Stories now dimension, people were interested in what Selim O. Khan-Magomedov, Pioneers of
and Ive read his Uncommon Reader, its a a fourth dimension would be like aer the Soviet Architecture, Rizzoli, New York, 1987

would open people to otherness

172 Mark 65

Tools 173

ha ens if
are desi ned for
the ur ose
Joe Gebbia, co-founder
of Airbnb, on a guest
house designed by Go
Hasagawa, page 184
sharin ?
174 Mark 65 Tools

Doors and Windows

Photo Koen Van Damme

Aluminium frames

Allaert Aluminium
Since 1955, Valentin Allaert has produced aluminium constructions. Before that, he made
windows, doors and hardware in steel, copper and bronze. In 1980, Serge Allaert succeeded his
father. Serges son omas joined him recently. Hes the seventh consecutive generation in the
building and construction sector. is villa in Harelbeke, Belgium, was designed by Francisca
Hautekeete Architectuur. e architect used a combination of Reynaers and Otiima proles. e
Alinel wall cladding is also an accomplishment by Allaert Aluminium.

Window systems
Aluprofs MB-FERROLINE window
system is the perfect solution to
renovating monumental buildings. e
correct appearance of the windows is
preserved by imitating the steel joinery,
while exceptionally good technical
design parameters are insured at the
same time. Various pes of inward
opening, outward opening and xed
windows can be constructed that,
in addition to their perfect thermal
insulation, are characterized by their
very good sound insulation, wind and
water resistance and high durabili.
Doors and Windows 175

Balcony windows
Fakros Galeria balcony windows make it
possible to create a balcony in an a ic space.
In sloped roofs without a knee wall, you
can glaze the entire roof with large balcony
windows that provide ample natural light and
a panoramic view. e FGH-V Galeria is an
innovative window that creates a balcony when
the sashes are opened. e upper sash opens
upward and has an innovative mechanism
that allows it to be le in any position, while
the lower sash can be tilted forward. When
the lower sash is closed, the balcony rails are
hidden inside the window and are not visible
above the roof surface, do not collect dirt or
spoil the aesthetics of the roof.

Sectional doors
Italian manufacturer Breda, which produces sectional doors for residential and industrial use,
has created the Multi Rib. e design is the result of a multiple combination of many small
waves. e optical eect on the panels is very original with a at coat. Multi Rib is available in
the colours White C21, Grey RAL 9006, Grey RAL 7016, Brown C17, Green RAL 6005 and Green
RAL 6009, for the most popular and appreciated Breda models. Another innovation by Breda is
Micacea, paint that combines acrylic resins with micaceous iron pigments. e result is a rened
metallic eect available in Black Smoke, Green Pine, Old Red, Red Scorched Earth, Silver Grey,
Metallic or Graphite that reproduces an antique wrought iron eect.
176 Mark 65 Tools

Entrance doors
Oikos Venezias wide range of bespoke entrance doors has
been extended with yet more quali. UL, the single most
accepted certication mark in the United States, has granted
Oikos the prestigious 2 hours UL10 B/C Mark for re
resistance for its Tekno and Synua doors, demonstrating the
International quali of the product and its compliance to
the strict requirements of safe in the USA, Canadian and
UAE markets. e UL mark is a guarantee of reliabili for
consumers, a safe symbol that obtains trust worldwide.
It also demonstrates the ongoing commitment that Oikos
Venezia has to ensuring the highest level of safe and quali
in its front doors.

Faade performance soware

FenestraPro has released Version 3.0 of its innovative faade
performance soware, as an add-in to Autodesk Revit, which helps
architects design more energy-ecient buildings. Founded by specialist
architects David Palmer and Simon Whelan, FenestraPro Premium for
Revit Version 3.0 supports the use of the platform at any point in the
design process, starting from the conceptual massing tools through
to the detailed project environment. FenestraPro Premium for Revit
Version 3.0 looks at curtain walling, glazing and shading in more detail
than ever before by giving the user the abili to create and resize
windows via user input, or driven through FenestraPro Premiums
calculations. It reads dierent shading devices and provides dynamic
analysis on shading via the existing web service.

Glass doors
Henry Glass
Henry Glass is specialized in the production of
tuovetro glass doors, which both slide and swing.
Twen years of research and experimentation
have led to a range of products with a wealth of
technical and aesthetic details. All Henry Glass
doors are custom-made and can be t into any
architectural situation using exclusive patents.
e Henry Glass collection of decorations, created
by famous Italian artists, oers a range of glass
accessories and nishes clear, frosted, coloured
and lacquered to create dramatic entrances in
commercial and domestic interiors. A perfect
balance between art and design, aesthetic and
quali, model and nction, that bridges the gap
between ancient handicra manufacturing and
high industrial technology.
Doors and Windows 177

Wooden doors and windows

Albertini windows
Since 1954, Albertini has produced exterior doors, windows and shu
ers with the highest
level of technical competence and professionalism. e frames can be produced in a wide
range of woods (Pine, Meranti, Hemlock, Oak, Plantation Teak, Mahogany, Alder) and nishes;
more than a thousand congurations satis and improve the aesthetic and the comfort
in every place and in every season. On request, the wooden frames can be covered with Flush interior
aluminium or bronze, combining the warmth and beau of the wood with the maintenance
facili and longevi oered by the aluminium or bronze. e external aluminium/bronze-
doors and
clad frames oer the very highest protection from weather inuences. skirtings
LINVISIBILE extended its
product range with ORIZZONTE,
an innovative ush-to-wall
Boiserie System that oers
the possibili for walls to be
decorated in the same nishing
as doors. e exclusive skin
system allows walls of any
dimension to be coated, with
only 3 mm of thickness, in
perfect planari with doors, for
a continuous eect. e Boiserie
is available in several nishes:
stone, metal, wood, glass, lacquer
and leather. Another novel
is the ush-to-wall Skirting
System. A thin line embedded in
the wall hides great technology.
is baseboard can also be made
in a varie of materials: glass,
lacquer, metal, stone and wood,
to accompany and complete the
ush-to-wall eect of the door.
178 Mark 65 Tools

Sliding windows
Leading high-end bi-folding
door manufacturer Solarlux
has once again exceeded the
Velbert Test Institutes strict
safe requirements. Sliding
window Cero III was successlly
certied to the highest level
of protection (resistance class
RC3) by the institute. Cero III
exceeded expectations during the
rigorous testing process, deing
even the worst mistreatment,
subsequently being awarded the
highest classication for burglar
resistance. Rather than the glass
window itself, the runners oen
can be tampered with and present
a safe risk. Cero III ings and
runners are extremely robust and
the oor tracks are lly recessed,
complying with the standard for
barrier-free living spaces. e
incredibly resilient Cero III system
even withstood thorough testing
by the Velbert Industry with tools
such as crowbars.
Door handle Olivari
e Marilyn door handle, designed by Chinese architect Ma Yansong of Mad Architects,
transforms a design object into motion with a twist. e result is a handle ready to
ergonomically receive the hand that rests upon it. e design is a balanced, nely-tuned tension
between negative and positive space and subtle shadows. With its sinuous curves and nctional
allure, Marilyn embodies the marriage of architecture and industrial design. e so curves
allude to the innovative design of the Absolute Towers designed by Mad in Toronto, nicknamed
the Marilyn Monroe Towers by the locals. From urban scale to everyday objects the quest for
an organic, turistic, technologically cuing-edge language uses a contemporary vocabulary to
translate a sensitivi to the natural world oen found in Asian art.
Doors and Windows 179

Crystal window
Merck, a leading science and technology
company, is establishing a production unit
for liquid crystal window (LCW) modules.
Switchable windows and elements made from
intelligent glass change their translucency in
seconds at the touch of a buon and yet remain
transparent: they can be darkened to provide
sun protection or made opaque to provide
privacy. e manufacture of the switchable
glass modules is scheduled to begin at the end
of 2017. ere are already pilot applications of
LCWs: the faade on the west side of Mercks
Innovation Center in Darmstadt has been
ed with the new windows for over a year
and the new OLED production building under
construction in Darmstadt will also have

Enamelling system
Guardian Glass
A unique technology has been developed that improves the quali and reduces the time required for
edge enamelling of Guardian heat-treatable spuer-coated glass. Guardian System TEA (True Edge
Application) was developed by Guardian Glass in Europe, in cooperation with Ferro, one of the worlds
leading suppliers of glass enamel products. e technology is not only faster and more reliable than
conventional methods, but also more time-ecient. Guardian System TEA applied to the spuer-
coated glass substrate creates a strong, uniform surface that provides reliable adhesion in structural
glazing applications, including faades, all-glass corners, roof glazing (with a glass overlap), glass
louvre windows, top- and side-hung glass windows in lly-glazed faades, and glass ns.
180 Mark 65 Tools
FAKRO Nowy Scz Poland 181

e DXW window is ush

with the roof surface.

More and more buildings with frames guarantee that FAKRO
at roofs are now found in windows for at roofs have 16 per
landscapes dominated by houses cent more glazing compared with
with pitched roofs. is is thanks competitive solutions. To put

under a to modern technology, which

allows constructors to build
weathertight, heat-insulated at
it simply, by installing FAKRO
windows, more natural light is let
into the room.

Flat Roof roofs. In addition to oering more

space inside buildings, at roofs
can be used as terraces, open-air
recreation spots or even small
Energy saving is another
vital aspect of windows for at
roofs. For example, pe F windows
achieve a heat transfer coecient
gardens. ere is only one question: of U=0.64W/m2K, meaning that
How can the rooms under the at they can be used in energy-saving
roof be provided with sucient and energy-passive buildings. By
natural light? e answer is using such solutions energy needed
surprisingly simple: By employing to heat the room on cold days is
FAKRO windows for at roofs. saved. e aesthetic design of the
FAKROs new pe F and F pe window was given the Red
pe C windows for at roofs Dot Award, an international award
combine high nctionali and for innovative design.
perfect heat-insulating parameters. Windows in the ceiling

FAKRO combines ey provide abundant natural

light and allow the rooms under
pose another problem: they
are dicult to access. FAKRO
abundant light, energy at roofs to be aired. Now every
room of this pe can be warm and
windows for at roofs, however,
were designed to ensure that every
saving, comfortable ll of natural light.
e specially designed
client can nd what they need.
ere are stationary windows that
use and airtightness. shapes of the window sashes and are used only for lighting
182 Mark 65 Tools

A minimalist and perfect design

makes the D_F window stand out.

a room, windows that can be DXW windows, which with their access door. e frame and the sash
'Energy saving opened manually (by means of increased carrying capaci and have a heat-insulating structure,

is another a rod) and windows that can be

operated electrically (this pe has
anti-slip layer can be walked
on, providing free movement on
with a set of seals that guarantees
airtightness and energy saving. e
vital aspect a sensor that automatically shuts
the window when it starts to rain).
terraces or at roofs. Additional
space on the at roof expands our
hatch should be used along with
LML stairs, as this combination
of windows Roller blinds can be installed on
the outside to protect inhabitants
living space. Each year there are
more and more enthusiasts of this
ensures easy access to the at roof.
FAKRO windows for at
for at roofs' from too bright light, and outside solution. roofs meet all of the requirements
shades protect the room from Buildings with at roofs of investors who erect buildings
overheating. intended for public activi or with at roofs: abundant light,
e windows come in a multifamily buildings can be energy saving, comfortable use and
wide range of standard dimensions. equipped with a de-smoking airtightness, while a wide range
F pe windows, with their unique, window, used to release heat and of products ensures that a at
innovative glazing package, can smoke in case of a re. In standard roof is no longer a nuisance, but a
be produced in any dimension conditions a de-smoking window is newly-discovered and use
l space.
from 60 60 to 120 220 cm. used to light and air the rooms. It should come as no surprise that
is solution makes it possible to FAKRO also oers roof buildings with at roofs may soon
replace old, ineective windows hatches for at roofs. In the rst transform our landscape. _
with new ones. version this is a window, whose
Windows o en restrict glazed sash can be li ed to provide
the use of roof terraces, but that easy access to the at roof. e
is not the case with the special second option is the DRL roof
FAKRO Nowy Scz Poland 183

e DSC window has hinges that

allow it to be opened horizontally.
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Guest Performance
An initiative of product designer dismantled and rebuilt in the
is years edition of the Japanese Kenya Hara, the Japanese House mountain village of Yoshino: a

House Vision fair included thirteen Vision fair is a small-scaled and

extraordinary event that saw its
guesthouse that had resulted
from a collaboration of Airbnb
experimental dwellings and second edition this year. irteen
experimental dwellings and
and Go Hasegawa. It was also
the only project that involved
pavilions. Go Hasagawa designed pavilions specially designed for
the occasion by architects such
a Western company as a
collaborating party. The carefully
a guest house for Airbnb that as Kengo Kuma, Sou Fujimoto detailed wooden building is
and Atelier Bow-Wow included the incarnation of the type of
will also be used as a communi innovations in interior product hospitality the Californian tech

centre. Aer being on show, design by companies such as

Panasonic, Toyota and Nippon.
company is partial to: hospitality
as a reciprocal relationship
the building was transported to Installation company Lixil, for
example, introduced a folding
between host and guest. The
Yoshinosugi Cedar House
the mountain village of Yoshino. bathroom with bathtub in a house
designed by Shigeru Ban; logistical
will therefore serve as both a
guest accommodation and as
company Yamato and industrial a community building for the
designer Fumie Shibata jointly villagers. Architect Go Hasegawa
presented a refrigerator accessible and Airbnb co-founder Jo Gebbia
from both the interior and the talk about their contributions to
exterior, facilitating the home the project.
delivery of food and medicine.
Most of the buildings GO HASEGAWA: Our
were demolished once the collaboration with Airbnb began
Yoshinosugi Cedar House fair was over, but one single with a meeting in Karuizawa.
Airbnb with Go Hasegawa specimen was carefully Rather than ending when the

e Yoshinosugi Cedar House was part

of the House Vision fair in Odaiba, Too
from 30 July to 28 August 2016.
Yoshino Nara Japan 185

Cross Section

0 +1






10 05



09 08

exhibition ends, I wanted to residences, Shoinzukuri sle,

be able to relocate the house the samurai sat in a reception
to Yoshino and enable people room one step, 15 cm, higher than 01 Entrance
from around the world to stay his guests, creating a hierarchy. 02 Nursing room
03 Storage
there. e key concept is re- Another sle is Machiya, or
04 Shower
examining the house based on merchant house, from the Edo 05 WC
the relationship between host Period. ese buildings, combining 06 Deck
and guest. Two weeks later, there a residence with a business, had Above e rst oor is the exclusive 07 Machine room
domain of Airbnb guests. 08 Utilities
was a meeting in San Francisco an earthen oor, and there was
09 Kitchen
where discussions were held with a gradation in the relationship Below e ground oor space will be 10 Caf
people from Airbnb. e general between host and guest. en used as a communi centre and caf that 11 Workshop space
framework was established at theres post-war housing. ese is also open to Airbnb guests. e sunken 12 Bedroom
table can be used in both the Japanese
that time. houses had no drawing room,
and the Western fashion.
We conceived of the theme so individuals created clubs and
of the relationship between host had their guests come there.
and guest in residential areas. Nowadays, people dont invite
In Japanese architecture, this guests to their homes as oen.
relationship has changed over Houses in Too are super small
time. Traditional pit houses, for and have no space for entertaining.
example, were placed in a circle Yoshino is renowned for
around an outdoor space. ey had producing Yoshinosugi cedars,
a centripetal relationship where which grow densely; sunlight
the hosts were on the edges and doesnt reach the ground. e
the guests in the middle. Later, in trees grow for around ve
the Shindenzukuri sle, which generations. ey grow slowly, so
ourished in the Heian period, the rings are very dense, creating
the concept of the Kyakuden, beautil, high-quali cedar
or reception hall, emerged. is wood. Yoshino is a lovely town,
reception hall would be built in but the population is decreasing
the middle of the garden to read and I discussed with the people of
poetry together. In this way, Yoshino what could be done about
the host and guest were in an the increasing number of emp
equal relationship. In samurai houses. Its a n town where
186 Mark 65 Tools

tourists can enjoy the forestry guests to create a community.

industry. Most tourists only stay The entire ground floor is like a
a day and do not stay the night. veranda, offering a view of the
ats why I wanted to make a river. The ground floor is cedar
place where people can gather and the first floor has a different
and stay. e Yoshino municipal fragrance of Hinoki cypress. It
government provided a vacant was dismantled in September
lot. I was struck by the fact that and will be completed in Yoshino
the site is an important place in in December.
Yoshinos history because this
is where Yoshinosugi cedar was JOE GEBBIA: Airbnbs involvement
shipped from. with the project began when
Cedar trees were Kenya Hara contacted me last
taken from Mount Yoshino year. Houses of the ture are a
and processed, with Yoshino great responsibili, and Airbnb
craftsmen building the house at acknowledges that responsibili.
House Vision, then dismantling At present, we have 2.5 million
it and taking it to Yoshino, listings in 191 countries. I had
enabling guests to experience it already begun thinking about
through Airbnb. The house can ture housing, the relationship
be transported on seven trucks. between host and guest, and
I think its good for hosts and how architecture deepens that
e Rental Space Tower is an experimental
collective residential facili for single people
with relatively small private rooms and generous
communal facilities including a kitchen-diner,
Rental Space Tower bathroom, library and outdoor spaces.

Daito Trust Construction with Sou Fujimoto A stairway and a ramp connect both halves
of the residential building.
Yoshino Nara Japan 187

Inside-out Furniture Room

Toto and YKK AP with Jun Igarashi and Taiji Fujimori

De Inside-out Furniture Room is a fan-

shaped dwelling in which ve nctions
(sleeping, siing, eating, studying and
bathing) are accommodated by as many
pieces of residential rniture.

All residential rniture is accessed

from a central space.

relationship. I dont think anyone House is a new model. e living

had thought about sharing houses room, dining room and kitchen
like they do now ten years ago. used by guests also serve as a
Guests stay in over a million homes communi centre. e communi
worldwide every day. So what itself is the host. ere is an
happens if houses are designed for economic model that is created
the purpose of sharing? from this. Money from guests
We found Yoshino through that stay in the Yoshinosugi
the Nara Prefectural Government, Cedar House ows into Yoshino.
which was a sponsor of House Guests will also use things in the
Vision. Yoshino historically has town. e materials, rniture and
excellent timber and crasmen, techniques are all from Yoshino.
including forest managers, loers, Many Airbnb guests want a local
builders and carpenters. Yoshino experience, and the realization of
is facing a declining population. this project creates connections
Japans population is decreasing with local people. It means that
and aging, while regional areas guests help the communi. _
suer from depopulation.
Initiatives like this could bring

life to these areas. Yoshino Cedar

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Behind the Faades

Rieder, manufacturer of glassbre-reinforced concrete elements,
has recently completed landmark projects in London and Boston
that both boast vertical ns.

e CitizenM Tower of London vertical concrete ns intersected by were manufactured by Austrian lile or no visible gap between
Hotel was completed earlier horizontal aluminium projections, company Rieder, which specializes each pair of ns, the wall appears
this year to a design by British the lightness of which acts as a in 3D concrete faade elements. entirely solid. As the building is
architecture rm Sheppard Robson. counterpoint to the robustness In Boston, Massachuses, approached, however, these gaps
e 370-bedroom agship hotel of the stone. e vertical array of an even more recently completed progressively increase until the
is located in a prominent location ns has been care lly placed to building that Rieder contributed ns all but disappear, momentarily
next to a Unesco World Heritage provide shading and contribute to is the Center for Integrated Life rendering the skin almost entirely
site, oering its guests superb to the buildings sustainabili Sciences and Engineering (CILSE), reective, before the phenomenon
views out across the capital. credentials. e vertical black designed by American rm Payee. reverses and the buildings earthly
e faade of the building ns, 570 in total, have U-shaped On the two sides where CILSE materiali reasserts itself. e
is characterized by the use of sections and are made of glassbre- abuts public space, the combination resulting visual eect is highly
Portland Stone, a material that is in reinforced concrete (GRC) that of vertical ns and reective glass unusual. A singular building
keeping with the adjacent Trini is only 13 mm thick. e ultra- has a particularly dynamic eect. volume manifests simultaneously
Square. e frame is animated by light folded concrete panels From a distance, where there is as both immaterially crystalline
Rieder Maishofen Austria 189

Opposite e CitizenM Tower of London

Hotel was designed by Sheppard Robson.
Photos Ditz Fejer

Below e black ns have a sparkle eect,

caused by adding micaceous iron oxide to
the concrete.

and impassively opaque. Michael Haslinger, project the vertical elements had to be How is your solution dierent
e copper and light manager at Rieder, talks about the placed between two preinstalled from the techniques that are
tan coloured high-performance challenges and achievements of horizontal elements without any normally used?
concrete panels harken back to the both projects. space for vertical adjustment. A Usually, this kind of faade element
materials of the original campus complicating factor was the fact is hung in a xed position, so
architecture. At the same time, What were the main challenges that Rieder hopped into the project the formed parts are aached
however, the pure geometries and of the CitizenM hotel, from a at a late stage, when the design to the building. In this project,
extensive use of glass allow the technical point of view? of the building, substructure and the elements are fastened onto a
building to stand on its own. e MICHAEL HASLINGER: First of elements was far advanced. is boom bracket, so that the load is
project constitutes Rieders rst all, we had to design a substructure didnt make it easy to develop transferred to these substructure
major 3D job in North America. that would allow dimensional the abovementioned solution. In brackets below. e sideward
In this case, Rieder produced adjustment of the GRC elements general, its our ambition to enter adjustment was ensured by using
700 formparts as well as 550 in all directions, especially into a project at the earliest possible a special kind of set screws inside
wall panels, all with U sections. sidewards during installation. Also, point in the design process. the elements.
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Above e Center for Integrated Life Sciences

and Engineering in Boston, Massachuses,
was designed by Payee.
Did the architects at Sheppard by developing a special system
Robson have any special requests between concrete and inlying Below e ns were pre-assembled before
regarding the ns? substructure. For technical, shipping from Europe to the USA.

They wanted the concrete geometrical reasons, the

surface to have a sparkle. We connection between the concrete
developed a special and new fins and the substructure
type of concrete mixture to could not be achieved with
achieve this effect. We called it usual fastening systems such
luce, the Italian word for light. as undercut anchors or glue.
Affixing the preassembled fin
What causes the sparkle? and substructure units to the
Its a kind of micaceous iron oxide. glass elements of the building
Small particles of this are mixed was a big challenge. Owing to
into the wet concrete before it is the fact that the concrete fins
extruded. are structurally stiffer than the
vertical mullions of the glass
e faade of the CILSE also elements, the design of the
boasts a lot of formparts. How did connection detail of the fin units
you go about designing those? to the glass elements had to take
The architect was stretched to into consideration that a stiffer
his limits when he designed element was being connected to exible in only a vertical, or only What is the substructure made of?
the substructure. Rieder joined a weaker structural element. a horizontal, direction according e ns and faade panels are
the project during the sales to constructional and structural made of Rieders breC material,
process and the challenge for So how does this fastening system requirements. Also, we created a produced in special moulds to
us was to design a substructure actually work? solution that allows the elements achieve the forms. e inlying
with which to attach the e solution was to design the to stand on a boom bracket, substructure, which was
elements to the building. xing points in ways that they which transfers the load to the preassembled before shipping, is
Rieder obtained the contract are either completely rigid, or substructure brackets below. made of aluminium and stainless
Rieder Maishofen Austria 191

steel. e visible components are to Rieders faade elements?

partially coated in a colour that e architects were concerned with
matches that of the concrete. the optical appearance. ey didnt
want the substructure to be visible.
Rieder is based in Austria and the In order to meet their expectations,
building is in Boston. How did we provided concrete samples
that work logistically? in the correct colour and surface
e concrete elements were nish. Also, they wanted the radius
manufactured in Rieders plant in of the U-shaped panels edges to
Kolbermoor, Germany. e assembly have a rather rounded appearance,
of the concrete elements and the with a small tolerance so that all
substructure took place in Rieders elements would have a similar
plant in Maishofen, Austria. e radius. Especially for this project,
formed elements were then packed Rieder improved its production
in specially designed wooden crates process and mould technology to
and shipped in 12-meter containers achieve the architects requirements
via boat to Boston. All elements regarding the edge radius. _
were boxed according to the
installation sequence, provided by
the construction company. As they
installed the ns from the boom
up and the wall panels from west
to east, they saved a lot of space,
time and money because of this Above From a diagonal
optimized logistics concept. viewing angle, the faade
appears opaque.

What were the main concerns of Right A u-shaped panel is

the architects at Payee in regard hoisted to be mounted.
192 Mark 65 Exit

Mark 66
Feb Mar 2017

Photo Kentaro Kurihara

Studio Veloci Also

Miho Iwatsuki and Kentaro Coop Himmelb(l)aus Museum
Kurihara of Japanese oce Studio of Contemporary Art & Planning
Veloci are masters in realizing Exhibition in Shenzhen
totally unexpected and yet modest
houses, oen situated in Aichi Toyo Itos National Taichung eatre
Prefecture. ey break up a house
into a large amount of separate
rooms, split it into two parts
An interview with Dutch
joined by footbridges, give it four
architect Roberto Meyer of MVSA
gardens, or even four staircases:
anything goes. Cathelijne Nuijsink
interviewed the architects and
visited three of their latest projects.
In the beginning there were columns.
And to this day they are a classic staple of architecture. We dont use them.
They clutter up the work environment. So we kick them out of the way to
make room for space. Useful space without visual noise. Optimum space way
up to the ceiling. So bid those classics goodbye. Because once you design
with our advanced construction system, you can have your space. All of it.

g e o m e t r i c a . c o m / a rc h i t e c t u r a l
N o 5 - B LU R

Inspired by the streets of London and the gritty backdrops of railways, The new Industrial Landscape collection is a series of seven carpet
tunnels of factories, workshops and warehouses. The surfaces cracked designs created by Tom Dixon in collaboration with ege carpets.
paving stones and brick blocks make up the crumbling industrial land- Available in tiles and broadloom transforming into different expres-
scape while the massive tidal River Thames splits the city in two, and the sions that reinterpret the rough, raw everyday surfaces that define the
new reflective glass towers start to dominate the skyline. London landscape.

London The Industrial Landscape. New carpet collection by Tom Dixon. Learn more at