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GS-Paper - II

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T.B.C.: P - DTQ - M - QB TEST BOOKLET SERIES

Serial No: TEST BOOKLET


382401 CSAT
PAPER - II
A
Time Allowed: Two Hours Maximum Marks: 200

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4. This Test Booklet contains 80 items (questions). Each item comprises four responses (answers). You select the
response which you want to mark on the Answer sheet. In case, you feel that there is more than one correct response,
mark the response which you consider the best. In any case, choose ONLY ONE response for each item.
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74 TO 80, WHICH DO NOT CARRY ANY PENELTY FOR WRONG ANSWER.
(i) There are four alternatives for the answer to every question. For each question which has a penalty for which a
wrong answer has been given by the candidate, one-third (0.33) of the marks assigned to that question will be
deducted as penalty.
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Directions for the following 15 (fifteen) items: (2) it helps in upward mobility and acquiring
Read the following three passages and answer the social status.
items that follow each passage. Your answer to these (3) it is an inner process of moral and
items should be based on the passage only. intellectual development.
(4) All the (1), (2) and (3) given above are
Passage 1
correct in the context.
Education, without a doubt, has an important
functional, instrumental and utilitarian dimension. 3. Education is a process in which
This is revealed when one asks questions such as
(1) students are converted into trained
what is the purpose of education?. The answers, too
professionals
often, are to acquire qualifications for
(2) opportunities for higher income are
employment/upward mobility, wider/higher (in
generated.
terms of income) opportunities, and to meet the
(3) individuals develop self-critical awareness
needs for trained human power in diverse fields for
and independence of thought.
national development. But in its deepest sense
(4) qualification for upward mobility are
education is not instrumentalist. That is to say, it is
acquired.
not to be justified outside of itself because it leads to
the acquisition of formal skills or of certain desired
Passage 2
psychological social attributes. It must be respected
in itself, Education is thus not a commodity to be Chemical pesticides lose their role in sustainable
acquired or possessed and then used, but a process of agriculture if the pests evolve resistance. The
inestimable importance to individuals and society, evolution of pesticide resistance is simply natural
although it can and does have enormous use value. selection in action. It is almost certain to occurs when
Education then, is a process of expansion and vast numbers of a genetically variable population are
conversion, not in the sense of converting or turning killed. One or a few individuals may be unusually
students into doctors or engineers, but the widening resistant (perhaps because they possess an enzyme
and turning out of the mind the creation, sustenance that can detoxify the pesticide). If the pesticide is
and development of self-critical awareness and applied repeatedly, each successive generation of the
independence of thought. It is an inner process of pest will contain a larger proportion of resistant
moral intellectual development. individuals. Pests typically have a high intrinsic rate
of reproduction, and so a few individuals in one
1. What do you understand by the instrumentalist
generation may give rise to hundreds or thousands in
view of education?
the next, and resistance spreads very rapidly in a
(1) Education is functional and utilitarian in its population
purposes. This problem was often ignored in the past, even
(2) Education is meant to fulfill human needs. though the first case of DDT
(3) The purpose of education is to train the (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) resistance was
human intellect reported as early as 1946. There is exponential
(4) Education is meant to achieve moral increase in the numbers of invertebrates that have
development. evolved resistance and in the number of pesticides
against which resistance has evolved. Resistance has
2. According to the passage, education must be been recorded in every family of arthropod pests
respected in itself because (including dipterans such as mosquitoes and house
flies, lice and mites) as well as in beetles, moths,
(1) it helps to acquire qualifications for
wasps, fleas, lice and mites) as well as in weeds and
employment.
plant pathogens. Take the Alabama leafworm, a moth

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pest of cotton, as an example. IT has developed 3. One pest can develop resistance to many
resistance in one or more reions of the world to pesticides.
aldrin, DDT, dieldrin, endrin, lindane and toxaphene.
Which of the statements given above is/are
If chemical pesticides brought nothing but problems,
correct?
if their use was intrinsically and acutely
unsustainable then they would already have fallen (1) 1 and 2 only (2) 3 only
out of widespread use. This has not happened. (3) 1 and 3 only (4) 1, 2 and 3
Instead, their rate of production has increased
rapidly. The ratio of cost to benefit for the individual 6. Though the problems associated with the use of
agricultural producer has remained in favour of chemical pesticides is knows for a long time, their
pesticide use. In the USA, insecticides have been widespread use has not warned. Why?
estimated to benefit the agricultural products to the
(1) Alternatives to chemical pesticides do not
tune of around $5 for every $1 spent.
exist at all.
Moreover in many poorer countries, the prospect, of
(2) New pesticides are not invented at all.
imminent mass starvation, or of an epidemic disease,
(3) Pesticides are biodegradable.
are so frightening that the social and health costs of
(4) None of the statements (1), (2) and (3) given
using pesticides is justified by objective measures
above is correct.
such as lives saved, economic efficiency of food
production and total food produced. In these very
7. How do pesticides act as agents for the selection
fundamental senses, their use may be described as
of resistant individuals in any pest population?
sustainable. In practice, sustainability depends on
continually developing new pesticides that keeps at 1. It is possible that in a past population the
least one step ahead of the pests pesticides that are individuals will behave differently due to
less persistent, biodegradable and more accurately their genetic makeup.
targeted at the pests. 2. Pests do possess the ability to detoxify the
pesticides.
4. The evolution of pesticide resistance is natural
3. Evolution of pesticide resistance is equally
selection in action. What does it actually imply?
distributed in pest population.
(1) It is very natural for many organisms to have
Which of the statements given above is/are
pesticide resistance.
correct?
(2) Pesticied resistance among organisms is a
universal phenomenon. (1) 1 only (2) 1 and 2 only
(3) Some individuals in any given population (3) 3 only (4) 1, 2 and 3
show resistance after the application of
pesticides. 8. Why is the use of chemical pesticides generally
(4) None of the statements (1), (2) and (3) given justified by giving the examples of poor and
above is correct. developing countries?

1. Developed countries can afford to do away


5. With reference to the passage, consider the
with use of pesticides by adapting to organic
following statements:
framing, but it is imperative for poor and
1. Use of chemical pesticides has become developing countries to use chemical
imperative in all the poor countries of the pesticides
world. 2. In poor and developing countries, the
2. Chemical pesticides should not have any role pesticide addresses the problem of epidemic
in sustainable agriculture. diseases of crops and eases the food problem.

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3. The social and health costs of pesticides use changing world. But adaptation cannot cope with all
are generally ignored in poor and developing the impacts related to climate change, especially as
countries. larger changes unfold in the long term.
Countries cannot grow out of harms way fast enough
Which of the statements given above is/are
to match the changing climate. And some growth
correct?
strategies, whether driven by the government or the
(1) 1 only (2) 1 and 2 only market, can also add to vulnerability particularly if
(3) 2 only (4) 1, 2 and 3 they overexploit natural resources. Under the soviet
development plan, irrigated cotton cultivation
9. What does the passage imply? expanded in water-stressed Central Asia and led to
the near disappearance of the Aral Sea, threatening
(1) Alternatives options to chemical pesticides
the livelihoods of fishermen, herders and farmers.
should be promoted.
And clearing mangroves the natural coastal buffers
(2) Too much use of chemicals is not goods for
against storm surges to make way for intensive
the ecosystem.
farming or housing development, increases the
(3) There is no scope for the improvement of
physical vulnerability of coastal settlements, whether
pesticides and making their use sustainable.
in Guinea or in Louisiana.
(4) Both the statements (1) and (2) above are
correct. 10. Which of the following conditions of growth can
add to vulnerability?
Passage - 3
1. When the growth occurs due to excessive
Todays developing economies use much less energy exploitation of mineral resources and forests.
per capita than developed countries such as the 2. When the growth brings about a change in
United State did at similar incomes, showing the humankinds creative potential.
potential for lower-carbon growth. Adaptation and 3. When the growth is envisaged only for
mitigation need to be integrated into a climate-smart providing houses and social security to the
development strategy that increases resilience, people.
reduces the threat of further global warming, and 4. When the growth occurs due to emphasis on
improves development outcomes. Adaptation and farming only.
mitigation measures can advance development, and
Select the correct answer using the codes given
prosperity can raise incomes and foster better
below:
institutions. A healthier population living in better-
build houses and with access to bank loans and social (1) 1 only (2) 2, 3 and 4 only
security is better equipped to deal with a changes in (3) 1 and 4 only (4) 1, 2, 3 and 4
the climate, already begun, will increase even in the
short term. 11. What does low-carbon growth imply in the
The spread of economic prosperity has always been present context?
intertwined with adaptation to changing ecological
1. More emphasis on the use of renewable
conditions. But as growth has altered the
sources of energy.
environment and as environmental change has
2. Less emphasis on manufacturing sector and
accelerated, sustaining growth and adaptability
more emphasis on agriculture sector.
demands greater capacity to understand our
3. Switching over from monoculture practices
environment, generate new adaptive technologies
to mixed farming.
and practices and diffuse them widely. As economic
4. Less demand for goods and services.
historians have explained, much of humankinds
creative potential has been directed at adapting to the

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Select the correct answer using the codes given 15. Which one of the following statements
below: constitutes the central theme of this passage?

(1) 1 only (1) Countries with greater economic prosperity


(2) 2, 3 and 4 only are better equipped to deal with the
(3) 1 and 4 only consequences of climate change.
(4) None of the above implies low-carbon growth (2) adaptation and mitigation should be
integrated with development strategies.
12. Which of the following conditions is/are (3) Rapid economic growth should not be
necessary for sustainable economic growth? pursued by both developed and developing
economies.
1. Spreading of economic prosperity more.
(4) Some countries resort to overexploitation of
2. Popularising/spreading of adaptive
natural resources for the sake of rapid
technologies widely.
development.
3. Investing on research in adaptation and
mitigation technologies.
16. Consider the following statements:
Select the correct answer using the codes given
1. All artists are whimsical.
below:
2. Some artists are drug addicts.
(1) 1 only (2) 2 and 3 only 3. Frustrated people are prone to become drug
(3) 1 and 3 only (4) 1, 2 and 3 addicts

From the above three statements it may be


13. Which of the following inferences can be made
concluded that
from the passage?
(1) Artists are frustrated.
1. Rainfed crops should not be cultivated in
(2) Some drug addicts are whimsical.
irrigated areas.
(3) All frustrated people are drug addicts.
2. Farming under water-deficient areas should
(4) Whimsical people are generally frustrated.
not be a part of development strategy.

Select the correct answer using the codes given 17. Examine the following statements:
below:
1. Either A and B are of the same age or A is
(1) 1 only (2) 2 only older than B.
(3) Both 1 and 2 (4) Neither 1 nor 2 2. Either C and D are of the same age or D is
older than C.
14. Consider the following assumptions: 3. B is older than C.

1. Sustainable economic growth demands the Which one of the following conclusions can be
use of creative potential of man. drawn from the above statements?
2. Intensive agriculture can lead to ecological
(1) A is older than B
backlash.
(2) B and D are of the same age
3. Spread of economic prosperity can adversely
(3) D is older than C
affect the ecology and environment.
(4) A is older than C
With reference to the passage, which of the above
assumptions is/are valid?

(1) 1 only (2) 2 and 3 only


(3) 1 and 3 only (4) 1, 2 and 3

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18. Examine the following statements: What were the colours of the pants and shirt
worn by C, respectively?
1. Only those who have a pair of binoculars can
become the members of the birdwatchers (1) Orange and black
club. (2) Green and blue
2. Some members of the birdwatchers club (3) Yellow and blue
have cameras. (4) Yellow and black
3. Those members who have cameras can take
part in photo-contests. 21. Ten new TV shows started in January 5 sitcoms,
3 drama and 2 news magazines. By april, only
Which one of the following conclusion can be
seven of the new shows were still on, five of them
drawn from the above statements?
being sitcoms.
(1) All those who have a pair of binoculars are Based on the above information, four
members of the birdwatchers club. conclusions, as given below, have been made.
(2) All members of the birdwatchers club have a Which one of these logically follows from the
pair of binoculars. information given above?
(3) All those who take part in photo-contests are
(1) Only one news magazine show is still on.
members of the birdwatchers club.
(2) Only one of the drama shows is still on.
(4) No conclusion can be drawn.
(3) At least one discontinued show was a drama.
(4) Viewers prefer sitcoms over drama.
19. During the last summer vacation, Ankit went to a
summer camp where he took part in hiking,
22. Read the passage given below and the two
swimming and boating. This summer, he is
statements that follow(given on the basis of the
looking forward to a music camp where he hopes
passage):
to sing, dance and learn to play guitar.
Four men are waiting at Delhi airport for a
Based on the above information, four
Mumbai flight. Two are doctors and the other two
conclusions, as given below, have been made.
are businessmen. Two speak Gujarati and two
Which one of these logically follows from the
speak Tamil. No two of the same profession speak
information given above?
the same language. Two are Muslims and two are
(1) Ankits parents want him to play the guitar. Christians. No two of the same religion are of the
(2) Ankit prefers music to outdoor activities. same profession, nor do they speak the same
(3) Ankit goes to some type of camp every language. The Tamil-speaking doctor is a
summer. Christian.
(4) Ankit likes to sing and dance.
1. The Christian-businessman speaks Gujarati.
2. The Gujarati-speaking doctor is a Muslim.
20. Three persons A, B and C wore shirts of black,
blue and orange colours (not necessarily in that Which of the above statements is/are correct
order). No person wore shirt and pants of the conclusions?
same colour. Further, it is given that.
(1) 1 only (2) 2 only
1. A did not wear shirt of black colour. (3) Both 1 and 2 (4) Neither 1 nor 2
2. B did not wear shirt of blue colour.
3. C did not wear shirt of orange colour. 23. Consider the following statement:
4. A did not wear pants of green colour. Though quite expensive, television is not a
5. B wore pants of orange colour. luxury item, as one can learn many things
through television.

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Which one of the following is a valid inference Directions for the following 11(eleven) items:
from the above statement? Read the following three passages and answer the
items that follow each passage. Your answer to these
(1) All expensive things are regarded as luxury.
items should be based on the passages only.
(2) All essential things for learning are not
luxury. Passage - 1
(3) Television is essential for learning
Invasions of exotic species into new geographic areas
(4) Television is not a luxury item.
sometimes occur naturally and without human
agency. However, human actions have increased this
24. Mr. Kumar drives to work at an average speed of
trickle to a flood. Human - caused introductions may
48 km per hour. The time taken to cover the 1 st
occur either accidentally as a consequence of human
60% of the distance is 10 mins more than the
transport, or intentionally but illegally to serve some
time taken to cover the remaining distance. How
private purpose or legitimately to procure some
far is his office?
hoped-for public benefit by bringing a pest under
(1) 30 km (2) 40 km
control, producing new agricultural products or
(3) 45 km (4) 48 km
providing novel recreational opportunities. Many
introduced species are assimilated into communities
25. Gita is prettier than Sita but not as pretty as Rita.
without much obvious effect. However, some have
Then,
been responsible for dramatic changes to native
(1) Sita is not as pretty as Gita species and natural communities. For example, the
(2) Sita is prettier than Rita accidental introduction of the brown tree snake Boiga
(3) Rita is not as pretty as Gita. irregularis into Guam, an island in the Pacific, has
(4) Gita is prettier than Rita through nest predation reduced 10 endemic forest
bird species to the point of extinction.
26. Given that,
One of the major reasons for the worlds greatest
1. A is the brother of B biodiversity is the occurrence of centers of endemism
2. C is the father of A so that similar habitats in different parts of the world
3. D is the brother of E are occupied by different groups of species that
4. E is the daughter of B happen to have evolved there. If every species
naturally had access to everywhere on the globe, we
Then the uncle of D is
might expect a relatively small number of successful
(1) A (2) B species to become dominant in each biome. The
(3) C (4) E extent to which this homogenization can happen
naturally is restricted by the limited powers of
27. Examine the following statements: dispersal of most species in the face of the physical
barriers that exit ot dispersal. By virtue of the
1. Rama scored more than Rani
transport opportunities offered by humans, the
2. Rani scored less than Ratna
barriers have been breached by an ever-increasing
3. Ratna scored more than Rama
number of exotic species. The effects of introductions
4. Padma scored more than Rama but less than
have been to convert a hugely diverse range of local
Ratna.
community compositions into something much more
Who scored the highest? homogenous.

(1) Rama (2) Padma It would be wrong, however, to conclude that


(3) Rani (4) Ratna introducing species to a region will inevitably cause a
decline in species richness there. For example, there

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are numerous species of plants, invertebrates and 31. How have the human beings influenced the
vertebrates found in continental Europe but absent biodiversity?
from the British Isles (many because they have so far
1. By smuggling live organisms
failed to recolonize after the last glaciations). Their
2. By building highways
introduction would be likely to argument British
3. By making ecosystems sensitive so that new
biodiversity. The significant detrimental effect noted
species are not allowed
above arises where aggressive species provide a
4. By ensuring that new species do not have
novel challenge to endemic biotas ill-equipped to deal
major impact on local species
with them.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
28. With reference to the passage, which of the
following statements is correct? (1) 1 and 2 (2) 2 and 3
(3) 1 and 3 (4) 2 and 4
(1) Introduction of exotic species into new
geographical areas always leads to reduced
32. What can be the impact of invasion of exotic
biodiversity.
species on an ecosystem?
(2) Exotic species introduced by man into new
areas have always greatly altered the native 1. Erosion of endemic species
ecosystems. 2. Change in the species composition of the
(3) Man is the only reason to convert hugely community of the ecosystem
diverse range of local community
Select the correct answer using the codes given
compositions into more homogenous ones
below:
(4) None of the statements (1), (2) and (3) is
correct in this context. (1) 1 only (2) 2 only
(3) Both 1 and 2 (4) Neither 1 nor 2
29. Why does man introduce exotic species into new
geographical areas? Passage - 2

1. To breed exotic species with local varieties Most champions of democracy have been rather
2. To increase agricultural productivity reticent in suggesting that democracy would itself
3. For beautification and landscaping promote development and enhancement of social
welfare they have tended to see them as good but
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
distinctly separate and largely independent goals. The
(1) 1 only (2) 2 and 3 only detractors of democracy, on the other hand, seemed
(3) 1 and 3 only (4) 1, 2 and 3 to have been quite willing to express their diagnosis
of what they see as serious tensions between
30. How is homogenization prevented under natural democracy and development. The theorists of the
conditions? practical split Make up your mind : do you want
development? often came, at least to start with,
(1) Evolution of groups of species specific to
from East Asian countries, and their voice grew in
local habitats
influence as several of these countries were
(2) Presence of oceans and mountain ranges
immensely successful through the 1970s and 1980s
(3) Strong adaptation of groups of species to
and even later in promoting economic growth
local physical and climatic conditions
without pursuing democracy.
(4) All the statements (1), (2) and (3) given
To deal with these issues we have to pay particular
above are correct in this context.
attention to both the content of what can be called
development and to the interpretation of democracy
(in particular to the respective roles of voting and of

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public reasoning). The assessment of development (4) Extent of real freedom that citizens enjoy.
cannot be divorced from the lives that people can lead
and real freedom that they enjoy. Development can 35. What does a constitutive connection between
scarcely be seen merely in terms of enhancement of democracy and development imply?
inanimate objects of convenience, such as a rise in the
(1) The relation between them has to be seen
GNP (or in personal incomes), or industrialization
through external links.
important as they may be as means to the real ends.
(2) Political and civil rights only can lead to
Their value must depend on what they do to the lives
economic development.
and freedom of the people involved, which must be
(3) Political liberties and democratic right are
central to the idea of development.
essential elements of development.
If development is understood in a broader way, with a
(4) None of the statements (1), (2) and (3) given
focus on human lives, then it becomes immediately
above is correct in this context.
clear that the relation between development and
democracy has to be seen partly in terms of their
Passage - 3
constitutive connection, rather than only through
their external links. Even though the question has The need for Competition Law becomes more evident
often been asked whether political freedom is when foreign direct investment (FDI) is liberalized.
conducive to development, we must not miss the The impact of FDI is not always pro-competitive. Very
crucial recognition that political liberties and often FDI takes the form of a foreign corporation
democratic rights are among the constituent acquiring a domestic enterprise or establishing a joint
components of development. Their relevance for venture with one. By making such an acquisition the
development does not have to be established foreign investor may substantially lessen competition
indirectly through their contribution to the growth of and gain a dominant position in the relevant market,
GNP. thus charging higher prices. Another scenario is
where the affiliates of two separate multinational
33. According to the passage, why is a serious
companies (MNCs) have been established in
tension perceived between democracy and
competition with one another in a particular
development by the detractors of democracy?
developing economy, following the liberalisation of
(1) Democracy and development are distinct and FDI. Subsequently, the parent companies overseas
separate goals. merge. With the affiliates no longer remaining
(2) Economic growth can be promoted independent, competition in the host country may be
successfully without pursuing a democratic virtually eliminated and the prices of the products
system of governance. may be artificially inflated. Most of these adverse
(3) Non-democratic regimes deliver economic consequences of mergers and acquisition by MNCs
growth faster and far more successfully than can be avoided if an effective competition law is in
democratic ones. place. Also, an economy that has implemented an
(4) All the statements (1), (2) and (3) given effective competition law is in a better position to
above are correct in this context. attract FDI than one that has not. This is not just
because most MNCs are expected to be accustomed to
34. According to the passage, what should be the the operation of such a law in their home countries
ultimate assessment/aim/view of development? and know how to deal with such concerns but also
that MNCs expect competition authorities to ensure a
(1) Rise in the per capita income and industrial
level playing field between domestic and foreign
growth rates.
firms.
(2) Improvement in the Human Development
Index and GNP. 36. With reference to the passage, consider the
(3) Rise in the saving and consumption trends. following statements:

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1. It is desirable that the impact of Foreign 3. Whenever I go to the theatre I take my


Direct Investment should be pro-competitive. brother along.
2. The entry of foreign investors invariably
Which one of the following conclusions is valid in
leads to the inflated prices in domestic
the context of the above statements?
markets.
(1) If I am bored, I watch TV.
Which of the statements given above is/are
(2) If I am bored, I seek my brothers company.
correct?
(3) If I am not with my brother, then I watch TV.
(1) 1 only (2) 2 only (4) If I am not bored, I do not watch TV.
(3) Both 1 and 2 (4) Neither 1 nor 2
40. Only six roads A, B, C, P, Q and R connect a
37. According to the passage, how does a foreign military camp to the rest of the country. Only one
investor dominate the relevant domestic market? out of A, P and R is open at any one time. If B is
closed, so is Q. Only one of A and B is open during
1. Multinational companies get accustomed to
storms. P is closed during floods. In this context,
domestic laws.
which one of the following statements is correct?
2. Foreign companies establish joint ventures
with domestic companies. (1) Under normal conditions only three roads
3. Affiliates in a particular market/sector lose are open.
their independence as their parent (2) During storms at least one road is open.
companies overseas merge. (3) During floods only three roads are open.
4. Foreign companies lower the cost of their (4) During calamities all roads are closed.
product as compared to that of products of
domestic companies. 41. Examine the following statements:

Which of the statements given above are correct? 1. None but students are members of the club.
2. Some members of the club are married
(1) 1 and 2 only (2) 2 and 3 only
persons.
(3) 1, 2 and 3 only (4) 1, 2, 3 and 4
3. All married persons are invited for dance.

38. What is the inference from this passage? Which one of the following conclusions can be
drawn from the above statements?
(1) Foreign investors and multinational
companies always dominate the domestic (1) All students are invited for dance.
market. (2) All married students of the club are invited
(2) It is not in the best interests of the domestic for dance.
economy to allow mergers of companies. (3) All members of the club are married persons.
(3) With competition law, it is easy to ensure a (4) None of the above conclusions can be drawn.
level playing field between domestic and
foreign firms. 42. Four political parties W, X, Y and Z decided to set
(4) For countries with open economy, Foreign up a joint candidate for the coming parliamentary
Direct Investment is essential for growth. elections. The formula agreed by them was the
acceptance of a candidate, by most of the parties.
39. Examine the following statements: Four aspiring candidates, A, B, C and D
approached the parties for their tickets.
1. I watch TV only if I am bored.
2. I am never bored when I have my brothers A was acceptable to W but not to Z.
company. B was acceptable to Y but not to X.
C was acceptable to W and Y.

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UPSC CSAT 2012

D was acceptable to W and X. 45. The elements of the problem figures given below
are changing with a certain rule as we observe
When candidate B was preferred by W and Z,
them from left to right:
candidate C was preferred by X and Z, and
candidate A was acceptable to X but not to Y; who
got the ticket?

(1) A (2) B
According to this rule, which of the following
(3) C (4) D
would be the next figure if the changes were
continued with the same rule?
43. Consider the following statements:
(1) (2)
1. All X-brand cars parked here are white.
2. Some of them have radial tyres.
3. All X-brand cars manufactured after 1986
have radial tyres.
(3) (4)
4. All cars are not X-brand.

Which one of the following conclusions can be


drawn from the above statements?

(1) Only white cars are parked here. 46. Consider the following information regarding the
(2) Some white X-brand cars with radial tyres performances of a class of 1000 students in four
are parked here. different tests:
(3) Cars other than X-brand cannot have radial Tests I II III IV
tyres. Average marks 60 60 70 80
(4) Most of the X-brand cars are manufactured 30 45 20 0
before 1986. Range of marks to to to to
90 75 100 100
44. Consider the following statement:
If a student scores 74 marks in each of the four
The third world War, if it ever starts, will end tests, in which one of the following tests is her
very quickly with the possible end of civilization. performance the best comparatively?
It is only the misuse of nuclear power which will
(1) Test I (2) Test II
trigger it.
(3) Test III (4) Test IV
Based on the above statement, which one of the
following inferences is correct? 47. Six squares are coloured, front and back, red (R),
blue (B), yellow (Y), green (G), white (W) and
(1) Nuclear power will be used in the Third
orange (O) and are hinged together as shown in
world War.
the figure given below. If they are folded to form
(2) There will be no civilization left after the
a cube, what would be the face opposite the white
Third world War.
face?
(3) The growth of nuclear power will destroy
civilization in the long run. R B
(4) Third world War will not take place.
G Y O
W
(1) R (2) G
(3) B (4) O

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UPSC CSAT 2012

48. Which one of the figure shown below occupies


P Q the blank space (?) in the matrix given above?

10 11 1 (1) (2)

9 7 2
8 6
(3) (4)
5
4 3
R S

In the above figure, circle P represents


hardworking people, circle Q represents Directions for the following 6 (six) items:
intelligent people, circle R represents truthful
Read the following two passages and answer the
people, and circle S represents honest people.
items that follow each passage. Your answer to these
Which region represents the people who are
items should be based on the passage only.
intelligent, honest and truthful but not
hardworking? Passage - 1

(1) 6 (2) 7 The poor especially in market economies, need the


(3) 8 (4) 11 strength that collectivities offer for creating more
economic, social and political space for themselves,
49. Three views of a cube following a particular for enhancing their socio-economic well-being and
motion are given below: voice, and as a protection against free market
individualism. It has been argued that a group
K H B approach to farming, especially in the form of bottom
B K H up agricultural production collectivities, offers
A M P
substantial scope for poverty alleviation and
empowering the poor as well as enhancing
What is the letter opposite to A agricultural productivity. To realize this potential,
however, the groups would need to be voluntary in
(1) H (2) P nature, small in size, participative in decision making
(3) B (4) M and equitable in work sharing and benefit
distribution. There are many notable examples of
50. such collectivities to be found in varied contexts, such
as in the transition economies. All of them bear
witness to the possibility of successful cooperation
under given conditions. And although the gender
impact of the family cooperatives in the transition
economies are uncertain, the Indian examples of
?
women-only groups farming offer considerable
potential for benefiting women.

51. Agricultural collectivities such as group based


farming can provide the rural poor
1. Empowerment.

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UPSC CSAT 2012

2. Increased agricultural productivity. that their political goals remain more or less identical.
3. Safeguard against exploitative markets. By helping to articulate the political voice of the
4. surplus production of agricultural marginalized, democracy in India has led to a
commodities. loosening of social strictures and empowered the
peripherals to be confident of their ability to improve
Select the correct answer using the codes given
the socio-economic conditions in which they are
below:
placed. This is a significant political process that had
(1) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (2) 1, 2 and 3 only led to a silent revolution through a meaningful
(3) 2 and 4 only (4) 1, 3 and 4 only transfer of power from the upper caste elites to
various subaltern groups within the democratic
52. What does the author imply by gender impact? framework of public governance.
(1) Women are doubtful participants in 54. According to the passage, what does deepening
cooperatives. of democracy mean in the Western context?
(2) Family cooperatives may not include women.
(3) Women benefiting from group farming. (1) Consolidation of group and class identities.
(4) Womens role in transition economies is (2) Democratization translated as greater
highly restrictive. involvement of people.
(3) Democratization as greater involvement of
53. Consider the following assumptions: atomized individuals in the public sphere.
(4) None of the statement (1), (2) and (3) given
1. It is imperative for transition economies to above is correct in this context.
have agricultural collectivities.
2. Agricultural productivity can be increased by 55. Greater democratization in India has not
group approach to farming. necessarily led to
With reference to the above passage, which of
these assumptions is/are valid? (1) the dilution of caste and communal identities
in the public sphere.
(1) 1 only (2) 2 only (2) irrelevance of community identity as a
(3) Both 1 and 2 (4) Neither 1 nor 2 governing force in Indian politics.
(3) marginalization of elite group in society.
Passage - 2 (4) relative unimportance of hereditary
In a typical Western liberal context, deepening of identities over class identities.
democracy invariably leads to consolidation of
liberal values. In the Indian context, democratization 56. What is the silent revolution that has occurred
is translated into greater involvement of people not in the Indian democratic process?
as individuals which is a staple to liberal discourse, (1) Irrelevance of caste and class hierarchies in
but as communities of groups. Individuals are getting political processes.
involved in the public sphere not as atomized (2) Loosening of social strictures in voting
individuals but as members of primordial behavior and patterns.
communities drawn on religious or caste identity. (3) Social change through transfer of power from
Community-identity seems to be the governing force. upper caste elites to subaltern groups.
It is not therefore surprising that the so called (4) All the statements (1), (2) and (3) given
peripheral groups continue to maintain their above are correct in this context.
identities with reference to the social groups (castes,
religion or sect) to which they belong while getting
involved in the political processes despite the fact

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UPSC CSAT 2012

Directions for the following 5 (five) items: 63. Consider the following statements:
Examine the information given in the following
1. All machines consume energy.
paragraph and answer the items that follow:
2. Electricity provides energy.
Guest lectures on five subjects viz., Economics, 3. Electrically operated machines are cheap to
History, Statistics, English and Mathematics have to maintain.
be arranged in a week from Monday to Friday. Only 4. Electrically operated machines do not cause
one lecture can be arranged on each day. Economics pollution.
cannot be scheduled on Tuesday. Guest faculty for
Which one of the following inferences can be
History is available only on Tuesday. Mathematics
drawn from the above statements?
lecture has to be scheduled immediately after the day
of economics lecture. English lecture has to be (1) All machines are run by electric energy
scheduled immediately before the day of Economics (2) There is no form of energy other than
lecture. electricity.
(3) Most machines are operated on electric
57. Which lecture is scheduled on Monday?
energy.
(1) History (2) Economics (4) Electrically operated machines are preferable
(3) Mathematics (4) Statistics to use.

58. Which lecture is scheduled between Statistics and 64. Examine the following statements:
English?
1. None but the rich can afford air-travel.
(1) Economics (2) History 2. Some of those who travel by air become sick.
(3) Mathematics (4) No lecture 3. Some of those who become sick required
treatment.
59. Which lecture is the last one in the week?
Which one of the following conclusions can be
(1) History (2) English
drawn from the above statements?
(3) Mathematics (4) Economics
(1) All the rich persons travel by air.
60. Which lecture is scheduled on Wednesday? (2) Those who travel by air become sick.
(3) All the rich persons become sick.
(1) Statistics (2) Economics
(4) All those who travel by air are rich.
(3) English (4) History
65. In five flat, one above the other, live five
61. Which lecture is scheduled before the
professionals. The professor has to go up to meet
Mathematics lecture?
his IAS officer friend The doctor is equally
(1) Economics (2) History friendly to all, and has to go up as frequently as
(3) Statistics (4) English go down. The engineer has to go up to meet his
MLA friend above whose flat lives the professors
62. Two glasses of equal volume are respectively half friend.
and three-fourths filled with milk. They are then
From the ground floor to the top floor, in what
filled to the brim by adding water. Their contents
order do the five professionals live?
are then poured into another vessel. What will be
the ratio of milk to water in this vessel? (1) Engineer, Professor, Doctor, IAS officer, MLA
(2) Professor, Engineer, Doctor, IAS officer, MLA
(1) 1 : 3 (2) 2 : 3
(3) IAS officer, Engineer, Doctor, Professor, MLA
(3) 3 : 2 (4) 5 : 3
(4) Professor, Engineer, Doctor, MLA, IAS officer

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Directions for the following 8 (eight) items: Passage - 2


The following eight items (questions 66 to 73) are
We started pitching the highest camp that has ever
based on three passages in English to test the
been made. Everything took five times as long as it
comprehension of English language and therefore
would have taken in a place where there was enough
these items do not have Hindi version. Read each
air to breathe; but at last we got the tent up, and
passage and answer the items that follow.
when we crawled in, it was not too bad. There was
Passage - 1 only a light wind, and inside it was not too cold for us
to take off our gloves. At night most climbers take off
For fourteen and a half months I lived in my little cell
their boots; but I prefer to keep them on. Hillary, on
or room in the Dehradun jail, and I began to feel as if I
the other hand, took his off and laid them next to his
was almost a part of it. I was familiar with every bit of
sleeping bag.
it , I knew every mark and dent on the whitewashed
walls and on the uneven floor and the ceiling with its 69. What does the expression pitching the highest
moth-eaten rafters. In the little yard outside I greeted camp imply?
little tufts of grass and odd bits of stone as old friends. (1) They reached the summit of the highest
I was not alone in my cell, for several colonies of wasp mountain in the world.
and hornets lived there, and many lizards found a (2) Those who climbed that far earlier did not
home behind the rafters, emerging in the evening in pitch any camp.
search of prey. (3) So far nobody has ever climbed that high.
66. Which of the following explains best the sentence (4) They were too many climbers and needed to
in the passage I was almost a part of it? pitch a big camp.

(1) I was not alone in the cell. 70. They took a long time to finish the work because
(2) I was familiar with every bit of the cell.
(3) I greeted little tufts of grass like old friends. (1) they were very tired.
(4) I felt quite at home in the cell. (2) there was not enough air to breathe.
(3) it was very cold.
67. The passage attempts to describe (4) it was very dark.

(1) the general conditions of the countrys jails. 71. When they crawled into the tent
(2) the prisoners capacity to notice the minute
details of his surroundings. (1) they took off their gloves because it was very
(3) the prisoners conscious efforts to overcome cold.
the loneliness. (2) they could not take off their gloves because it
(4) the prisoners ability to live happily with was very cold.
other creatures. (3) they took off their gloves though it was very
cold.
68. The author of the passage seems to suggest that (4) they did not take off their gloves though it
was not cold.
(1) it is possible to adjust oneself to uncongenial
surroundings. Passage - 3
(2) the conditions in Indian prisons are not bad.
(3) it is not difficult to spend ones time in a A local man, staying on the top floor of an old wooden
prison. house, was awakened at midnight by a fire. Losing his
(4) there is a need to improve the conditions in way in a smoke-filled passage, he missed the stairway
our jails. and went into another room. He picked up a bundle to
protect his face from the fire and immediately fell

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UPSC CSAT 2012

through the floor below where he managed to escape however, is allowed more than the stipulated
through a clear doorway. The bundle proved to be time period. You would
the baby of the Mayors wife. The hero was
(1) Lodge a complaint to the chairperson against
congratulated by all.
the discrimination.
72. The man went into another room because (2) Not listen to any justification from the
committee.
(1) he did not know where exactly the stairway
(3) Ask for withdrawal of your name.
was.
(4) Protest and leave the place.
(2) the passage was full of smoke.
(3) he was extremely nervous.
76. You are handling a time-bound project. During
(4) he stumbled on a bundle.
the project review meeting, you find that the
project is likely to get delayed due to lack of
73. The man was called a hero because he
cooperation of the team members. You would
(1) expressed his willingness to risk his life to
(1) Warm the team members for their non-
save others.
cooperation.
(2) managed to escape from the fire.
(2) Look into reasons for non-cooperation.
(3) showed great courage in fighting the fire.
(3) Ask for the replacement of team members.
(4) saved a life.
(4) Ask for extension of time citing reasons.

Directions for the following 7 (seven) items:


77. You are the chairpersons of a state sports
Given below are seven items. Each item describes a
committee. You have received a complaint and
situation and is followed by four possible responses.
later it was fond that an athlete in the junior age
Indicate the response you find most appropriate.
category who has won a medal has crossed the
Choose only one response for each item. The
age criteria by 5 days. You would
responses will be evaluated based on the level of
appropriateness for the given situation. (1) ask the screening committee for a
clarification.
Please attempt all the items. There is no penalty
(2) Ask the athlete to return the medal.
for wrong answer for these items.
(3) Ask the athlete to get an affidavit from the
74. You have differences of opinion regarding the court declaring his/her age.
final report prepared by your subordinate that is (4) Ask the member of the sports committee for
to be submitted urgently. The subordinate is their views.
justifying the information given in the report. You
would 78. You are handling a priority project and have been
meeting all the deadlines and are therefore
(1) Convince the subordinate that he is wrong.
planning your leave during the project Your
(2) Tell him to reconsider the results.
immediate boss does not grant your leave citing
(3) Revise the report on your own.
the urgency of the project. You would
(4) Tell him not to justify the mistake.
(1) Proceed on leave without waiting for the
75. You are competing with your batch-mate for a sanction.
prestigious award to be decided based on an oral (2) Pretend to be sick and take leave.
presentation. Ten minutes are allowed for each (3) Approach higher authority to reconsider the
presentation. You have been asked by the leave application.
committee to finish on time. Your friend, (4) Tell the boss that it is not justified.

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79. You are involved in setting up water supply


project in a remote area. Full recovery of cost is
impossible in any case. The income levels in the
area are low and 25% population is below
poverty line (BPL). When a decision has to be
taken on pricing you would

(1) Recommend that the supply of water be free


of charge in all respects.
(2) Recommend that the user pay a one time
fixed sum for the installation of taps and
usage of water be free.
(3) Recommend that a fixed monthly charge be
levied only on the non-BPL families and for
BPL families water should be free.
(4) Recommend that the users pay a charge
based on the consumption of water with
differentiated charges for non-BPL and BPL
families.

80. As a citizen you have some work with a


government department. The official calls you
again and again; and without directly asking you,
sends out feelers for a bride. You want to get your
work done. You would

(1) Give a bride.


(2) Behave as if you have not understood the
feelers and persist with your application.
(3) Go to the higher officer for help verbally
complaining about feelers.
(4) Send in a formal complaint.

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Answer Key
Q. Ans. Q. Ans. Q. Ans. Q. Ans.

1 1 21 3 41 2 61 1
2 3 22 3 42 3 62 4
3 3 23 4 43 2 63 4
4 3 24 2 44 1 64 4
5 2 25 1 45 4 65 4

6 4 26 1 46 2 66 2
7 2 27 4 47 3 67 3
8 3 28 4 48 1 68 1
9 4 29 4 49 1 69 3
10 1 30 4 50 4 70 2
11 1 31 1 51 2 71 1
12 2 32 3 52 3 72 2
13 4 33 2 53 2 73 4
14 4 34 4 54 3 74 3
15 2 35 3 55 2 75 1
16 2 36 1 56 3 76 2
17 4 37 2 57 4 77 1
18 2 38 3 58 2 78 3
19 4 39 4 59 3 79 4
20 2 40 2 60 3 80 2