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Pasolink V4

Personnel Training

Module 1
Equipment Overview

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 3

Objectives
At the end of this module, you will be able to do the following:

Describe in your own words the component parts of the Pasolink V4

References:
Pasolink V4 User (Instruction) Manual ROI-S0xxxx-051E
Abbreviations ROI-S04491-052E
General System Description ROI-S04604-052E
Measurement Procedure ROI-S04607-054E
TRP Equipment Description ROI-S04605-054E
Radio Frequency Assignment (n GHz) ROI-various-05xE
MDP Equipment Description ROI-S04488-058E
Installation and Initial Lineup ROI-S04606-054E

Pasolink V4 Sub-band Change Procedure

Pasolink V4 MTD (1+0 / 1+1) PL035-01

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Pasolink V4
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Features Summary:
Only one coaxial cable
Various mounting methods for IDU, ODU and Antenna
Field tunable local oscillator (Synthesizer)
Changing RF frequency without measuring equipment or changing modules
Variable TX Power Control: 0 to 30 dB, 1 dB steps and 30dB fixed attenuator option.
Automatic Transmitter Power Control & Manual Transmitter Power Control available
1+0 unprotected or 1+1 Hot Standby / Space Diversity / Twin Pass System
7/8/13/15/18/23/26/38 GHz bands
IDU is the same for all bands
Fixed bit rate IDU options: 4 x 2Mb/s
Software settable transmission rate IDU option (Bit Rate Free) - 16x2 / 8x2 / 4x2 / 2x2
Mbit/s / 10 Base-T / 100 Base-TX)
LAN interfaces option (x2): separated, auto configuration or various fixed rate, IEE
802.3
Wayside (Option in 16x2 Mb/s only): 1x2 Mb/s G703 (if optional WS INTFC card is
fitted) or LAN (if optional SC LAN INTFC card is fitted), RJ45 connector
Tributary impedance: 75 ohms / 120 ohms, D-type connector
ODU same physical size for 7-38GHz bands
Antenna close coupled to Outdoor Unit (option for 13-38GHz ODUs only)
Supports Direct Mount to antennas with diameters of 0.2m up to 1.8m (13-38GHz)
Antenna remote from Outdoor Unit (option)
N-type/SMA coaxial cable feed or waveguide feed (for 7-8GHz bands)
waveguide feed only (for 13-38GHz RF bands)
Polarization is field changeable
Wide input line voltage: (20 to 60)V DC
Full front access at IDU for all cabling and user interface
Settable BER alarm: 10E-3, 10E-4, 10E-5 or 10E-6 (ext. alarm/AIS injection point)
Near end 2Mb/s loop back
Far end 2Mb/s loop back
Remote monitoring of ODU operating condition on IDU
Calling facility between IDUs
Engineering Order Wire (OW):IDU- IDU (Standard)(SC1)
Local and remote supervision function on IDU
Engineering Order Wire option (OW): IDU-ODU; ODU-ODU
Digital Port: 9.6 kb/s 1ch (RS-232C)(Standard)(SC4)
9.6 kb/s 1ch (RS-232C/RS-422/RS-485; Selectable)(Standard)(SC5)
9.6 kb/s 2ch (RS-232C or RS-422) (option, if using DSC INTFC)(SC2 and SC3)
64 kb/s 1ch (G.703 or V11) (option, if using 64K INTFC, and provided that not using
9.6 Kb/s 1ch RS-232C standard port)(SC4)
VF Ports: 0.3 to 3.4 kHz 2 ch (option, if using ASC INTFC, and provided that not using
9.6 kb/s 2ch (RS-232C or RS-422) ports)(SC2 and SC3)
Alarm Extension: 0.3 to 3.4 kHz 2 ch (option, if using ASC INTFC, and provided that
not using 9.6 kb/s 2ch (RS-232C or RS-422) ports, or VF Ports)(SC2 and SC3)
Pasolink Network Management System (PNMS) (Option requires PMC to be fitted)
Pasolink Network Management Terminal (PNMT) (Option requires PMC))
Parallel Alarm Interface: form C relays on AUX ALM D-type connector
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Pasolink V4
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Pasolink V4
1+0 Link
13-38GHz ODU is shown

Pasolink V4 1+0 IDU is shown

850MHz 70MHz
-43V DC 10MHz MON
10MHz MON 468kHz OW
450kHz OW

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 5

Exchangeable
BPF in ODU

Warnings!
Do not disconnect IF coaxial cable between the IDU and the ODU, in power on
condition, to avoid damaging the IDU and the ODU.
The IF cable between the IDU and the ODU is not only used for IF/control signal
connection but also supply power for the ODU, connecting a test equipment directly to
this terminal may damage it or touching the cable core may cause electrical shock.
Be careful, the top surface of the IDU is hot.

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Pasolink V4
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Pasolink V4
1+1
13-38GHz ODU is shown

Pasolink V4 1+1 IDU is shown

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 6

In addition to the normal Hybrid, there is a 38GHz TX


Attenuator for PASOLINK. The TX Attenuator comprises
directional attenuator, antenna interface, radio mounting
interface and polarizer to provide attenuation only for the TX
signal. The RX signal power, received by a single polarized
antenna, is sent to outdoor unit (ODU) through the TX
Attenuator with less than 2dB loss. On the other hand, the TX
signal power transmitted from ODU is sent to antenna through
the TX Attenuator with more than 30dB attenuation. The TX
Attenuator is very useful in regions where EIRP regulation is
strict. The NEC 38GHz TX Attenuator is suited for Andrew or
RFS Antenna and NEC 38G ODU

Typical list of kit for 1+1 Installation:


Specification for 38G TX Attenuator
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2 x ODU, 1+1 IDU
O-Ring per ODU (Attached to the waveguide type ODU)
O-Ring per ODU (Attached to the antenna direct mounting type ODU)
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Power Connector (Molex Housing M5557-4R) (1 per MD unit)
Cable____________________________________________________________
Terminal (Molex 5556T) (4 per MD unit)
7.5 A Fuse (SMP75) ( 2 per MD unit)
7-8 GHz HYB (1) for 1+1, with N-type or SMA coaxial cable connectors
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13-38 GHz HYB (1) for 1+1

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7-38GHz ODU
Rear View

Front View RF In/Out


Frame
Grounding
Point

IF in/out
RX LEV Mon
July 2006
OW signal gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 7

Some general ODU specification


Refer to General System Description, S04604 or Equipment Description S04605, section
1.2 for more specifications and section 2 for ODU functional description

Frequency Band: 7G 8G 13G 15G 18G 23G 26G 38 G


Output Power at
Antenna Port: +27 +27 +25 +23 +23 +23 +20 +15 (1.5 dB)

RF Interface: N-type*/ N-type*/ PBR PBR PBR PBR PBR PBR


(for non DM) PDR84** PDR84** 140 140 220 220 260 320
The RF port of antenna direct mounting type ODU is a NEC flange, not PBR flange
Notes: * N-type is usually preferred; SMA is also an option.
** Waveguide flange option for 7-8GHz planned for future release
Power Control:
7-38GHz: 0 - 30dB, 1 dB steps, variable 1.0 dB
Warning: Max RF RX input level is -15dBm
RX IF from IDU: 850MHz @ -52 to -3dBm for 7-38GHz. The level varies with cable
length

TX IF to IDU: 70MHz, 0dBm, 50 ohms

Orderwire output to IDU: 468kHz, AM


Orderwire input from IDU: 450kHz, AM

Control/Monitor signal frequency: 10 MHz, ASK (at IF IN/OUT)

DC Component: -43V

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V4 IDU 1+0 Option


E1 Interfaces 75/120 ohm
selectable; ch 9-16
LAN Interface (optional customer fit) 2x
10Base-T/100 Base-TX RJ45; 2 ports

SC LAN 2M/s or Wayside


NMS:LAN
2Mb/s G703/10Base-T
IF connector

Earth point
Alarms SC and
ESD point
Alarm Ext
LCT Remote
Access/PNMS LCT Local
Access/ PNMT
E1 Interfaces 75/120 ohm
selectable; ch 1-8

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 8

Ethernet Type : Auto-sensing of cable, auto-negotiate LAN interface rate (10


Base-T/100 Base-T and rate) and Half Duplex / Full Duplex; or fixed rates
Port Number and Interface : 2 (each port is separated), RJ45
Transmission Rate (selectable) and rest of E1 channels are as shown above
Flow control : Can be switched ON to control flow of data into the LAN port
when received traffic rate exceeds ability to forward it over the radio link.
Forwarding Mode : Store-and-Forward (This interface card is worked as
Ethernet Bridge and compliant with IEEE802.3)
Note: When employing main traffic Ethernet, Ethernet ports and E1 ports can be
used at the same time, but the number of E1 ports available are limited by the
selection of Ethernet transmission rate as shown in the above table.
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Pasolink V4 1+1 IDU


Connectors, LEDs, Measurement Points

Modem 1 / Main

Modem 1 / Standby

1+1 System
16x2Mbps With Ethernet Ports

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 9

Ref: MDP Equipment Description S04488 section 1.2 for specifications

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Pasolink V4
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Antenna connections

Direct Mount Antenna System (13-38GHz)

ODU ODU

Direct Mount 1+1 Antenna System (13-38GHz)

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 10

Mounting Brackets used for all 7/8 GHz Band


ODUs and the remote mounting of 13-38G band
ODUs

Pole Mount

Rack Mount
Wall Mount

Antenna Pole Mounting


Bracket (New Type)

Antenna Pole
Mounting Bracket (Old
Type)

Note: The 7/8GHz band ODU cannot be directly fitted to the antenna. The 7/8G
ODUs must always be remotely mounted using a bracket shown.

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Remote antenna feeds

Remote antenna waveguide


feed (13-38GHz option)

RF Output Coaxial
Connector (SMA)
Remote antenna coaxial feed
(7/8GHz option)
July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 11

Note: The 7/8 GHz version ODU will provide a waveguide (PDR 84) interface
option in a future release.

N-type is the preferred coaxial presentation; SMA may be optional.

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Pasolink V4
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Pasolink-P V4 SC options (Ref: MDP Equipment Description S04488)

Note:
The Wayside presentation can either be G703 2Mb/s (WS INTFC G703 fitted ) or 10-Base T
Ethernet @ 2Mb/s (if WS INTFC LAN is fitted). This wayside option is only available in the16 x 2
MB system.

Alarm and Control Functions from PNMS/PNMT (optional)


To monitor/control the alarm and status of IDU/ODU, the PM CARD module
communicates with PNMS or PNMT via a RS-232C, 19.2 kb/s port specifically
provided for this purpose (PMNS/RA for PNMS, or LA for PNMT). The digital
overhead channel for PM communication purposes is SC6.

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Digital Service Channel


The PMC is an optional extra.
1) The G5440B card provides
RS232 interface for PNMS
and RS232/RS485 for
management chaining.

2)The G8896B card provides


LAN interface for PNMS and
RS232 for management
chaining. This is provided
through a dedicated RJ45
connector
RS232, Async RS232, Async
PNMS: 19.6Kb/s PNMT: 19.6Kb/s
PM card LCT: 9.6Kb/s LCT: 9.6Kb/s
disables the
RA function

LCT/PNMS LCT/PNMT

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 13

Analog Service Channel Signal Transmission


An analog signal applied to the ASC IN terminal is passed on to PCM CODEC
circuit and converted into a digital signal. The opposite applies in the receive
direction.
Digital Service Channel Transmission
The 9.6kb/s digital service channel (DSC) transmission is performed at the following
section: DSC 1 and 2 - MAIN BOARD, DSC 3 and 4 - DSC INTFC (optional)
DSC Transmit Side
The DSC signal received from DSC IN terminal is applied to a 9.6kb/s level
converter, then fed to the DPU circuit on the MAIN BOARD. The opposite applies in
the receive direction.
Wayside Signal Transmission (Optional)
The wayside (WS) signal transmission is performed in the WS INTFC section where
it is code converted and passed on to the MAIN BOARD together with the clock.
64 K Digital Service Channel Transmission
Two types of transmission are provided for the service channel: co-directional
transmission (G.703), and transmission conforming to V.11. Each transmission
scheme corresponds to the type of 64K INTFC section. In the case of G.703 co-
directional, a 64kb/s bipolar signal is applied to the 64K INTFC section, then
converted and inserted into the radio frame. The process of RX side is the reverse of
the process of the TX side. In the case of V11 the data signal and clock signal are
entered into 64K INTFC section and is converted into a format for the radio
transmission and fed to the MAIN BOARD The process of RX side is the reverse of
the process of the TX side.

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Pasolink V4
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Network Management

The PMC is an optional extra. 1) The G5440B card


provides RS232 interface for PNMS and RS232/RS485
for management chaining.

2)The G8896B card provides LAN interface for PNMS


and RS232 for management chaining. This is provided
through a dedicated RJ45 connector.

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 14

Reference: Pasolink V4 MTD (1+0 / 1+1) PL035-01 Section 6

Network Management(Optional)
Pasolink network management system (PNMS) is connected to the NMS/RA port
on the IDU, and Pasolink network management terminal (PNMT) is connected to
the LA PORT in IDU to provide monitoring the status of the actual microwave
link, and also controlling the equipment status. Communication with remote
station units is performed using one of DSC channels.

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Module 2
Installation

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 15

Objectives
At the end of this module, you will be able to do the following:

Describe how to physically install the Pasolink V4 equipment for both the close
coupled and remote antenna configurations

Describe the cabling required for the installation of the Pasolink V4

State the specialist tools that are required to install the equipment

Describe how to physically upgrade a 1+0 link to a 1+1 link and vice versa

References:
Pasolink V4 User (Instruction) Manual ROI-S0xxxx-051E
Abbreviations ROI-S04491-052E
General System Description ROI-S04604-052E
Measurement Procedure ROI-S04607-054E
TRP Equipment Description ROI-S04605-054E
Radio Frequency Assignment (n GHz) ROI-various-05xE
MDP Equipment Description ROI-S04488-058E
Installation and Initial Lineup ROI-S04606-054E

Pasolink V4 Sub-band Change Procedure

Pasolink V4 MTD (1+0 / 1+1) PL035-01

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Grounding

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 16

EP : Earthing Point of tower


FG : Frame Ground terminal
* NEC recommends that frame
ground of ODU should be
connected to earth line, not just
to the EP as shown. FG
connection to EP is the minimum
requirement

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Pasolink V4
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Indoor Unit Mounting - Front

Screw
Bracket

Bracket
1. Remove the 2 brackets from the IDU

4. Allow more than 200mm


3. Fix each side of the IDU to space to the rear section and
2. Align the IDU to the mount position 1U space above and below
the rack with the 2 screws
on the 19 inch rack

At least
one rack
unit*

Screw Flat
washer At least
one rack
unit*
Screw Flat washer

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 17

1+0 System with LAN Ethernet Port Option

Ref: Installation and Initial Line-up, S04606, Section 2

Note the Frame Ground (FG) connection:

Electrical safety, disconnect power before:

working with IF cabling or connectors

Equipment damage, disconnect power before:

before working with IF cabling or connectors

Electrostatic discharge ensure that:

wrist bands are worn if protective covers are removed

What Specialist tools will you require?


Molex crimping tool
Torque wrench
Torque key

Correct installation means improved link


reliability

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Changing the antenna polarisation

Step 1 Step 3

Step 2 Step 4

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Specification for Hybrid:

Reference: Pasolink V4 MTD (1+0 / 1+1) PL035-01 Section 7

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Changing the antenna polarisation


at Hybrids
Vertical Polarisation

Horizontal Polarisation

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 19

Reference: Pasolink V4 MTD (1+0 / 1+1) PL035-01 Section 7

NEC has developed an Ortho-Mode Transducer


(OMT) over the full range of microwave
frequencies for waveguide interface of PASOLINK
series digital microwave radio systems. The OMT
comprises Ortho-Mode transducer, antenna
interface and radio mounting interfaces. The two
independent RF signals received by dual polarized
antenna are separated and sent to two outdoor units
(ODUs) through the OMT for 2+0 systems. The
OMT enables dual polarization feature to double the
transmission capacity for the PASOLINK system.
The NEC OMT has a waveguide interface for 13-
38GHz Bands, which is suited for RFS antenna

Specification for NEC OMT

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Pasolink V4
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Pole Mounting of ODU & Antenna (1)


STEP 1
Mount the azimuth adjustment clamp
and v-clamp to the pole

STEP 2
Position the assembly to the coarse
bearing for the remote end of the link

STEP 3
Inspect your work before proceeding

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 20

STEP 4
Mount the mount pivot plate with the v-clamp to the pole

STEP 5
Ensure the azimuth adjustment bolts are positioned
correctly

STEP 6
Tighten M10 hexagonal head nuts to fix the plate

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Attach the direct mount bracket to the pivot plate using the three bolts, ensuring
the ODU bracket faces down.

STEP 7
Mount the antenna support bracket to the pivot plate mounted in
STEP 4

STEP 8
Adjust the elevation to a value as near to that required by the link
and tighten the M10 hex head nut

STEP 9
Ensure all antenna support bracket fixings are tight

Fasten the antenna to the direct mount bracket using M10 hardware provided. Make
sure the antenna is orientated so the drain holes are at the bottom when the dish is
mounted on the pole.

STEP 10
Mount the antenna to the support bracket

STEP 11
Tighten the antenna M10 hex head fixings

STEP 12
Inspect your work before proceeding

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Pole Mounting of ODU & Antenna


Guide Pin
STEP 13 - ODU Polarisation
A guide pin is fitted on the ODU and
determines the polarisation of the unit.

Vertical polarisation is the supply default and


Plate marked with V in this case the guide pin is fitted to the plate
Guide Pin marked with a V

For Horizontal polarisation move the


guide pin to the H position.

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 22

Remember to install the correct Band Pass Filter before installing the ODU!

This is the orientation of the ODU for


horizontal link polarisation

This is the orientation of the ODU for vertical link


polarisation. The default supply of all ODUs is
vertical polarisation

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Fit the O- ring into the antenna flange. The table below shows whether the small
or large O-ring is to be used.
NEC do not recommend the application of silicon grease to O-Rings

.
ANT-W/G - ODU

Notes: * Do not use both small O-ring and large O-ring simultaneously. Large O-
ring size is different according to frequency band, as follows:

For horizontal polarisation rotate the ODU until the plate marked H is at the top,
and locate the guide pin in the hole on the antenna. It is important to ensure that
the holes align and that the antenna and ODU flanges mate correctly.

For vertical polarisation, rotate the ODU until the plate marked V is at the top.

Note:
Only the 18-38 GHz band Andrew/RFS direct mount antenna has the option to
remote mount the ODU by use of waveguide. These are therefore supplied with
two O-rings; one large, one small, but only one O-ring is to be used. If the small
O-ring is used for ODU direct mount installation, a gap may occur between
ODU and antenna for RF interface. This may cause transmission problems

The 13/15 GHz band antenna does not have small O-ring as this antenna does
not have the waveguide-attach option.

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Pole Mounting of ODU & Antenna


1+0 System is shown

STEP 14
Mount the ODU to the bracket

Guide Pin
STEP 15
Insert the polarisation guide pin into
the hole on the bracket

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 24

Ref: Installation S04606, section 2

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Pole Mounting of ODU & Antenna


1+0 System is shown

STEP 16
Secure the ODU with the four screw to
Screws
a Torque of 4.5 Nm

Screws

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 25

Ref: Installation S04606, section 2

Attach the ODU to the bracket using the four screws provided, and tighten to a
torque of 4Nm.
The ODU must be earthed to the pole using a 16mm2 flexible PVC coated
copper wire from the earth stud (FG) on the ODU. The earth wire should be
attached to a suitable point using a proprietary earth strap, or bolt. The
materials from which the hardware is manufactured must have low electrical
resistance (< 0.3 ohms), and must not cause galvanic reaction. This can be
prevented by using Denso tape or an inhibitor paste depending on the material
used. Where stainless steel hardware is used throughout, then only an inhibitor
paste is needed, otherwise both Denso, and inhibitor paste must be used.

Locate the ODU within an area protected by lightning rod.

To avoid surge currents caused by lightning circulating in the equipment earth


system, connect the equipment earth system (frame ground) to ground of the
lightning rod at ground level.

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Pasolink V4
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Pole mounting of Direct Mount Hybrid, ODU and antenna for 1+1 System

NEC has developed a Hybrid Combiner/Splitter over the full range of microwave
frequencies for PASOLINK series digital microwave radio. This Hybrid comprises a
directional coupler, antenna interface, radio mounting interfaces and polarizers. The RF
signal power received by the single polarized antenna is equally distributed and sent to
two outdoor units through the Hybrid for 1+1 protected systems.
There are two types of NEC Hybrid Combiner/Splitter, one is a coaxial cable connection
type for 7/8GHz Bands and the other is Waveguide connection type for 13-38GHz Bands.
The NEC Hybrid is suited for Andrew or RFS Antenna. The maximum loss through the
Hybrid is <3.8dB, the port isolation being >20dB.

Each field fixing kit for Pasolink contains ODU sealing rings, antenna mounting screws
and antenna bracket fixing screws.
Remove flange protection and install O-ring to antenna interface ports
Mount the assembled unit to antenna using 4 screws. Gradually torque the antenna
mounting screws to 4.0Nm to ensure good microwave contact

ODU Installation
Fix two ODUs to the hybrid with four bolts, respectively.
Notes: 1. Be careful not to damage the O-ring.
2. *Tighten to 4.0Nm torque.
Remove flange protection (blue tape and/or cap) and install O-rings to ODU interface
ports.
Attach ODU1, orientated for correct polarisation to the hybrid ensuring that the
waveguide flange lines up without damaging the O ring.
Repeat for ODU2 on the other side.

Each ODU must be earthed as explained earlier.

ODU blanking plate


The ODU blanking plate is stored on the rear of the antenna bracket for Pasolink. It is
protected with copper based anti seize paste on the screw threads. In the event of ODU
failure, remove the faulty ODU leaving the ODU O-ring seal in position. Remove the
blanking plate from its stored position, and screw into unused mounting holes in the
recess around the relevant ODU port, to avoid RF power leaking from the hybrid and for
waterproofing. Torque screws to 0.5Nm max finger tight is sufficient to ensure a
waterproof seal.

Downgrading from 1+1 system to 1+0 system


Remove ODUs and Hybrid. Attach ODU direct to dish as per previous slides or to ODU
remote mounting bracket as described later. This is normally carried out after Common
Unit has been set up for 1+0 system and IDU is switched off or removed. That way, the
alarms are suppressed.

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Pasolink V4
Personnel Training

Mounting of
Hybrid,
ODU &
Antenna
1+1 System

New Hybrid

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 27

Reference: Pasolink V4 MTD (1+0 / 1+1) PL035-01 Section 7

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Remote ODU Arrangements


Antenna Installation For Remote Mounted ODU
Assemble the antenna including the mounting steel, in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions.

Attach the dish to the pole, ensuring that there will be sufficient access for maintenance
and antenna alignment. Fix temporarily in position with the U-bolts at a convenient
height and orientation. Ensure that the drain holes point downwards.

Release the U-bolts sufficiently to raise the assembly to its required height and rotate the
assembly to point the antenna at the remote site. If the remote site is not visible, add the
current value of the difference between true and magnetic north to the bearing given in
the Microwave Link Deployment Form to obtain the approximate magnetic bearing for
compass alignment of the antenna. This value is to be found on maps. It does vary with
time and location, so the correct map for the area, and the latest version is to be used

Remote mounting of 7/8G ODU for 1+0 System:

Fix coaxial cable to the Connect the cables between antenna and
cable clamp with two bolts. ODU with torque wrench respectively
(pay attention to connecting torque in
order not to break connector screw).

In the case of the 7/8GHz V4 ODU, the N-type coaxial connector is the standard
method of presentation. SMA may also be an option.
A waveguide flange option (PDR 84) will be available during a future release.

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Remote mounting ODU brackets

Pole
Rack
Wall

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 29

Ref: Installation S04606, section 2

Remote mounting of 7/8G ODU for 1+0 System (continued):

Step 1. Mount the bracket to the pole with


U-bolts as shown left.
Note: The diameter of pole is from 48.5 to
114.5 millimeters.

Step 2. Mount the ODU on the


brackets with the bolts (M6).

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Remote Mounting of
7/8G ODU for 1+1 System:
A waveguide flange option
(PDR 84) will be available
during a future release.

1. Mount the bracket to the pole with


U-bolts as shown left.
Note: The diameter of pole is from 48.5 to
114.5 millimeters.

2. Mount the ODU on


the brackets with the
bolts (M6).
3. Check to make sure
that the ODU and the
brackets are fixed
firmly.

4. Repeat steps 1 to 3 for No.2 ODU.


5. Mount the antenna to the pole.
6. Connect the hybrid to the antenna with eight bolts
attached to the antenna.
Note: Normally, turn the coax connector downwards.
Align the directions of antenna waveguide flange and waveguide interface of
hybrid.
7. Connect the cables between the hybrid and ODUs with torque
wrench (observe connecting torque in order not to break connector screw).

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Remote mounting Hybrid (13-38GHz)


Remote mounting of 13-38GHz 1+1 ODU

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 31

Flexi-twist Waveguide
Minimise any localised twisting and bending by distributing any required twisting along
as great a length as possible and maintaining maximum radius bends. Locate the
waveguide beneath supporting steelwork wherever possible to prevent climbing damage.
Secure at intervals not exceeding 300mm using tie-wraps taking care not to crush the
waveguide.

Remote Mount and ODU in 1+0 System


Assemble the remote mount bracket, and attach to the support pole, using the M10 U-
bolts provided. Position the bracket to give easy access for maintenance and
replacement. The bracket can be assembled for both right hand and left hand ODU
mounting relative to the pole.

Attach the ODU support to the remote mount bracket, using the hardware provided.
Tighten to 4Nm. Note: Remove protection metallic plate covering waveguide hole on
ODU.

Mount a waveguide to the ODU, fix the waveguide to the ODU with four bolts
Note: Use the small O-ring and be careful not to damage it.

Remote Mounted Hybrid in 1+1 System (13-38GHz range)


The hybrid is a single assembly, which requires the antenna port to be adapted for the
required polarisation. The factory default is vertical polarisation. To set horizontal
polarisation rotate all the plates so that the H label is positioned up. Mount the hybrid
directly onto the pole mounting bracket, using the hardware provided.

Attach the ODUs to the hybrid as explained earlier.

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WAVEGUIDE CONNECTION FOR ANTENNA DIRECT MOUNTING TYPE ODU


This provides information on the assembling method of bracket and method of waveguide
connection for antenna direct mounting type Outdoor Unit using an option parts consisting
ODU bracket and PBR adapter.
Procedures for mounting method is shown below.

ODU Bracket Side:


1 Mount the attachment with adapter to the ODU bracket using
ten bolts

2 Loosen eight nuts, remove two U-bolts from ODU bracket,

3 Mount the ODU bracket to the pole with two U-bolts,

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Remote mounting ODU

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 33

4. Mount the ODU to the ODU bracket with attached four bolts (Align the guide
pins on the ODU and the guide holes on the adapter),
Note: Be careful not to damage the O-ring.
5. Check to make sure that the ODU and the ODU bracket are fixed firmly.
6. Mount the waveguide to the ODU with four bolts.
Note: Be careful not to damage the O-ring attached with PBR adapter. A large and
a small gasket are included in the antenna package. Please use the small one (The
large gasket is not used in remote ODU mount).

Antenna Side
7. Mount the waveguide (WG) and taper WG to the antenna and fix the flexible
WG, taper WG and antenna with screws.
Note: The flange type between Antenna and waveguide) must be matched. If
necessary, a suitable WG flange transition must be adapted. Refer to the
combination example.

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Remote mounting ODU

Remote mounting of 13-38GHz 1+1 ODU with 2 Antennas Remote mounting of 7-8GHz 1+1 ODU with 2 Antennas

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 34

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

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Remote mounting ODU

Direct mounting of 13-38GHz 1+1 ODU Dual Pole

Remote mounting of 13-38GHz 1+1 ODU Dual Pole

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 35

Remote mounting of 7-8GHz ODU Dual Pole

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

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TRAFFIC IN/OUT
(D-sub Connector, 37 Pins) 2.048 Mbps HDB-3 coded data input/output from/to DTE
(CH 1 to CH 8)
Pins 1 (+) and 2 (-) CH8 data input
Pins 3 (+) and 4 (-) CH7 data input
Pins 6 (+) and 7 (-) CH6 data input For some IDUs (table below), 75 ohm
Pins 8 (+) and 9 (-) CH5 data input (unbalanced),120 ohm (balanced)
Pins 11 (+) and 12 (-) CH4 data input impedance switching of 2 Mb/s
interface is applicable on the front
Pins 13 (+) and 14 (-) CH3 data input
board
Pins 16 (+) and 17 (-) CH2 data input
Pins 18 (+) and 19 (-) CH1 data input Note: These switches are usually set
by factory setting according to
Pins 20 (+) and 21 (-) CH8 data output
customer requirement.
Pins 22 (+) and 23 (-) CH7 data output
If you need to set them, refer to
Pins 25 (+) and 26 (-) CH6 data output
document S04488 Section 3.2.1
Pins 27 (+) and 28 (-) CH5 data output
Pins 29 (+) and 30 (-) CH4 data output
IDU System
Pins 31 (+) and 32 (-) CH3 data output
1+0 1+1
Pins 34 (+) and 35 (-) CH2 data output
H0091A H0161A 4 x 2MB
Pins 36 (+) and 37 (-) CH1 data output
Pins 5,10,15,24 and 33 Ground H0091F H0161F 2/4/8/16x2MB

(CH 9 to CH 16) (for 16 x 2 MB system only)


Pins 1 (+) and 2 (-) CH16 data input
Pins 3 (+) and 4 (-) CH15 data input
Pins 6 (+) and 7 (-) CH14 data input
Pins 8 (+) and 9 (-) CH13 data input
Pins 11 (+) and 12 (-) CH12 data input
Pins 13 (+) and 14 (-) CH11 data input
Pins 16 (+) and 17 (-) CH10 data input
Pins 18 (+) and 19 (-) CH9 data input
Pins 20 (+) and 21 (-) CH16 data output
Pins 22 (+) and 23 (-) CH15 data output
Pins 25 (+) and 26 (-) CH14 data output
Pins 27 (+) and 28 (-) CH13 data output
Pins 29 (+) and 30 (-) CH12 data output
Pins 31 (+) and 32 (-) CH11 data output
Pins 34 (+) and 35 (-) CH 10 data output
Pins 36 (+) and 37 (-) CH 9 data output
Pins 5,10,15,24 and 33 Ground

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Traffic Cables
2Mb/s G703 Traffic

LAN Traffic

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 37

Ref: MDP Equipment Description, S04488, Section 3


Cabling and Connectors - DDF Cabling
The link capacity and the DDF block location is usually given in the site
documentation.

Tie in the cable assemblies neatly between the terminations. Follow


manufacturers instructions for the specific connector terminations used.

Some operators choose to make use of 2Mb/s Wayside channels. This is


available on 16x2Mb/s and 34Mb/s systems.

Some IDUs can support 75 ohm or 120 ohms. This is selectable from the IDU
motherboard, with the chosen terminations appearing on the relevent connectors.

In the case of LAN traffic connection, the Transmission Cable Category is 5,


maximum. length 100 m

10/100BASE-T IN/OUT LAN signal input/output (optional)


(Modular Connector RJ-45 8pins) (MDI-X/MDI auto-sensing)
(PORT1/PORT2)
MDI-X MDI
Pin 1 RD + TD +
Pin 2 RD - TD -
Pin 3 TD + RD +
Pin 6 TD - RD -

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Cabling and Connectors - ALM/AUX Cabling - 1+0 System
Four alarms can be wired out from the common unit 37-way D connector on the front panel.
ALM/AUX ALM (D-sub Connector, 37 Pins)
Alarm and transmission network surveillance auxiliary alarm input/output. The alarms mapping
below is the factory default. These can be changed by the user using the LCT. There is no access
to the alarm relay mapping through PNMT

Pins 1 (COM), 2 (NO) and 3 (NC) Transmitter alarm output (C1) **


Pins 1 and 2 Pins 1 and 3
Normal state : Open Closed
Pins 4 (COM), 5 (NO) and 6 (NC) Receiver alarm output (C2) **
Pins 4 and 5 Pins 4 and 6
Normal state : Open Closed
Pins 20 (COM), 21 (NO) and 22 (NC) BER alarm output when BER worse than 10 -6 /10 -5 /10 -
4 /10 -3 (selectable) (C3) **
Pins 20 and 21 Pins 20 and 22
Normal state : Open Closed
Pins 23 (COM), 24 (NO) and 25 (NC) Maintenance alarm output (C4) **
Pins 23 and 24 Pins 23 and 25
Normal state : Open Closed

Note: When the PM CARD module is mounted, the input/output terminals (Pins 7 to 18
and 26 to 37) are available and configurable through PNMT. These are not configurable
through LCT

Input alarm detectors (Housekeeping)


Pin 7 Input 1-1
Pin 8 Input 1-2 (G) Output Alarms/Controls
Pin 9 Input 2-1 Pin 26 ( Output 1-1 )
Pin 27 ( Output 1-2 )
Pin 10 Input 2-2 (G) Pin 28 ( Output 2-1)
Pin 11 Input 3-1 Pin 29 ( Output 2-2 )
Pin 12 Input 3-2 (G) Pin 30 ( Output 3-1 )
Pin 31 ( Output 3-2 )
Pin 13 Input 4-1
Pin 32 ( Output 4-1 )
Pin 14 Input 4-2 (G) Pin 33 ( Output 4-2 )
Pin 15 Input 5-1
Pin 19 Ground
Pin 16 Input 5-2 (G)
Pins 34 and 35 Not Used
Pin 17 Input 6-1
Pin 18 Input 6-2 (G)

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Alarm Cabling for 1+0 System

4 x 2Mb/s Fixed Rate with LAN interface


ALM/AUX ALM Connector

2/4/8/16 x 2Mb/s Free Rate Composition

2/4/8/16 x 2Mb/s Free Rate with LAN interface


July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 39

Note: Input[ ] indicates the input of housekeeping alarm. The list means that
same order of tens makes the same pair e.g. 11/12 forms a pair. IDU side
interface uses photo-coupler, the photo-coupler turns ON if pair elements
contact each other. Leg 1 is active; leg 2 is connected to earth.
Output[ ] indicates the output of housekeeping alarm. IDU side output uses
relay interface.

Pin 36 Input terminal of buzzer signal


Note: In back-to-back station, the buzzer information
transmits to the next station.

Pin 37 Output terminal of buzzer signal


Note: In back-to-back station, the buzzer information
transmits to the next station.

** Default settings. Can be changed.

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

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Cabling and Connectors - ALM Cabling - 1+1 System
The alarms mapping below is the factory default. These can be changed by the user using the
LCT. There is no access to the alarm relay mapping through PNMT

Normal state : Open Closed


Pins 1 (COM), 2 (NO) and 3 (NC) Transmitter 1 alarm output (C1) **
Pins 1 and 2 Pins 1 and 3
Pins 4 (COM), 5 (NO) and 6 (NC) Transmitter 2 alarm output (C2) **
Pins 4 and 5 Pins 4 and 6
Pins 7 (COM), 8 (NO)and 9 (NC) No.1 receiver alarm output (C3) **
Pins 7 and 8 Pins 7 and 9
Pins 10 (COM), 11(NO) and 12 (NC) No.2 receiver alarm output (C4) **
Pins 10 and 11 Pins 10 and 12
Pins 20 (COM), 21 (NO) and 22 (NC) BER alarm output when BER worse than 10 -6 /10 -5 /10 -
4 /10 -3 (selectable) (C5) **
Pins 20 and 21 Pins 20 and 22
Pins 23 (COM), 24 (NO) and 25 (NC) Maintenance alarm output (C6) **
Pins 23 and 24 Pins 23 and 25
Pins 26 (COM), 27 (No.2) and 28 (No.1) Switching signal output for transmitter (C7) **
Pins 26 and 27 Pins 26 and 28
No.1 CH selection : Open Closed
No.2 CH selection : Closed Open
Pins 29 (COM), 30 (No.2) and 31 (No.1) Switching signal output for receiver (C8) **
Pins 29 and 30 Pins 29 and 31
No.1 CH selection : Open Closed
No.2 CH selection : Closed Open

Pin 14 Input terminal of buzzer signal


Note: In back-to-back station, the buzzer information
transmits to the next station.

Pin 15 Output terminal of buzzer signal


Note: In back-to-back station, the buzzer information
transmits to the next station.

** Default settings. Can be changed.

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Alarm Cabling for 1+1 System


ALM Connector

AUX ALM Connector

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 41

Ref: MDP Equipment Description, S04488, Section 3


1+1 AUX ALM Transmission network surveillance auxiliary
Note: When the PM CARD module is mounted, these input/output terminals
(Pins 1 to 21) are available and configurable through PNMT. These are not
configurable through LCT
Pin 1 Input 1-1
Pin 2 Input 1-2 (G) Note: Input[ ] indicates the input of housekeeping alarm. The
Pin 3 Input 2-1 list means that same order of tens makes the same pair e.g.
Pin 4 Input 2-2 (G) 11/12 forms a pair. IDU side interface uses photo-coupler,
the photo-coupler turns ON if pair elements contact each
Pin 5 Input 3-1 other. Leg 1 is active; leg 2 is connected to earth.
Pin 6 Input 3-2 (G) Output[ ] indicates the output of housekeeping alarm. IDU
Pin 7 Input 4-1 side output uses relay interface.
Pin 8 Input 4-2 (G)
Pin 9 Input 5-1
Pin 10 Input 5-2 (G) Pins 22 and 23 Remote switching control
Pin 11 Input 6-1 signal input for release
Pin 12 Input 6-2 (G) Pins 22 and 24 Remote switching control
Pin 13 Ground signal input for No.1 channel
Pin 14 Output 1-1 Pin 18 Output 3-1 No.1 channel selection : closed
Pin 15 Output 1-2 Pin 19 Output 3-2
Pins 22 and 25 Remote switching control
Pin 16 Output 2-1 Pin 20 Output 4-1 signal input for No.2 channel
Pin 17 Output 2-2 Pin 21 Output 4-2
No.2 channel selection : closed

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OW/DSC/ASC Cabling
OW/DSC/ASC Connector

This slide shows the 1+1 system; the 1+0 system uses the
same pin connections
July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 42

Ref: MDP Equipment Description, S04488, Section 3

Cabling and Connectors - OW/DSC/ASC

OW/DSC/ASC (D-sub Connector, 25 Pins)


Engineering Orderwire (EOW), digital service channel (DSC) and analog service
channel (ASC) signal input/output
Pins 1 (+) and 2 (-) ASC1 input (VF)*or Alarm1* 2 input*
Pins 3 (+) and 4 (-) ASC2 input (VF)* or Alarm2* 2 input*
Pins 5 (+) and 6 (-) EOW input (VF)
Pins 7 (+) and 8 (-) 64 kHz clock input*
Pins 9 (+) and 10 (-) DSC1 input (RS-232, 64K (G.703)* or 64K (V.11)*)
Pins 11 (+) and 12 (-) DSC2 input (RS-232, RS-422 or RS-485)
Pins 14 (+) and 15 (-) ASC1 output (VF)* Alarm1* 2 output*
Pins 16 (+) and 17 (-) ASC2 output (VF)* Alarm2* 2 output*
Pins 18 (+) and 19 (-) EOW output (VF)
Pins 20 (+) and 21 (-) 64 kHz clock output*
Pins 22 (+) and 23 (-) DSC1 output (RS-232, 64K (G.703)* or 64K (V.11)*)
Pins 24 (+) and 25 (-) DSC2 output (RS-232, RS-422 or RS-485)
Pin 13 Ground
Note: * Optional
Notes: 1. * 2 Applies to the ALM INTFC module.
2. Cluster Alarm 1 input (photocoupler)
Normal signal in : Open
Alarm signal in : Closed

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Back to Back IDU Cabling


NMS LAN Port for connection to NMS

NMS Serial Port / RA Port / Back to Back Port


July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 43

Ref: MDP Equipment Description, S04488, Section 3


The NMS/RA port is used for three purposes:
1. Connection to PNMS directly or via a router (RS232 serial interface)
if PM Card (PMC) fitted.
2. Remote Access to control far end of radio link if PMC is not fitted
3. Back-to-back connection (management chaining) for network
management purposes if PMC fitted.
In back-to-back connection, the interface conditions of the PMC
must be matched between two IDUs. Then, check the setting of the
interface if it is RS-485 or RS-232C before connecting the cable.
Note: PMC type G5440B enables both options but G8896B enables
only the RS232 serial option as well as enabling the NMS LAN RJ45
Ethernet port
As back-to-back connections are used for networked managed
systems, the cabling arrangements are detailed within other
documents, such as PNMT

PNMS Cable PNMS LAN Port (RJ45 8 pins)


(RS232
Network management station (PNMS)
connection)
data input/output
Pin 1 LAN PNMS TX+
Pin 2 LAN PNMS TX-
Pin 3 LAN PNMS RX+
Pin 6 LAN PNMS RX-

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WS/SC LAN connection


SC LAN connector

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 44

Ref: MDP Equipment Description, S04488, Section 3

Wayside (120 ohm) connections, RJ45 For some IDUs, 75 ohms


Pin 1 (+) and Pin 2 (-): WS OUT (unbalanced),120 ohms
(balanced) impedance switching
Pin 4 (+) and Pin 5 (-): WS IN
of WS interface is applicable on
Pin 8: Frame Ground (G) the front board
For 75 ohms WS unbalanced interface, RJ45 Note: These switches are usually
Pin 1 and Pin 8 (G): WS OUT set by factory setting according to
Pin 4 and Pin 8 (G): WS IN customer requirement.
Note: Available if WS INTFC is equipped. If you need to set them, refer to
Disabled when SC LAN INTFC is equipped; you document S04488 Section 3.2.1

cannot have both.

SC LAN Interface, RJ45


Pin 1: LAN DSC TX+
Pin 2: LAN DSC TX-
Pin 3: LAN DSC RX+
Pin 6: LAN DSC RX-
Note: Available when SC LAN INTFC is equipped.
Disabled when ALM INTFC, ASC INTFC or DSC
INTFC 64K is used

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IDU Earth and DC connections


ESD connection point IDU Power Switch

IDU Power
Ground connection point
Connector

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 45

7.5A
0V (+)

DC/DC
7.5A
-48V (-)

The equipment is applied only SELV power supply, do not apply a voltage that
varies sharply. This may cause abnormal operation.

While the power supply is ON, do not connect/disconnect the power supply
connector. Otherwise, the DC-DC CONV may fail.
After turning ON the equipment, wait at least 1 minute before turning it OFF
again. Repeatedly turning the power ON and OFF within a short interval may
cause the IDU to fail.
In 1+1 system, when neither No.1 nor No.2 channel is working, first set the OPE
SEL switch to the desired (N0.1 or No.2) position and power on the selected MD
Unit or set the OPE SEL switch to neutral (Auto) position and power on both
MD units.
In 1+1 system, when either No.1 or No.2 channel is working, set the OPR SEL
No.1-No.2 switch on the IDU to the working channel side, then, turn on the
power switch of the not working channel.

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Terminating the
power
connector
Step 1. Remove 3.0 to 3.5 mm of
insulation.
CABLE: AWG#18-24

Step 2. Set the socket contact to the


following position onto a hand
crimping tool.

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 46

Ref: MDP Equipment Description, S04488, Section 3

(Molex M5557-4R Connector, 4 Pins)


-20 V to -60 V/+20 V to +60 V DC power input
Note: The range of DC power input depends on system

Pin 1: 0 V* 4 (or +48 V* 5)


Pin 2: -48 V* 4 (or 0 V* 5)
Note: * 4 -20 V to -60 V DC power input.
* 5 +20 V to +60 V DC power input.

Step 3. Insert cable into socket contact

Step 4. Squeeze the handle of the hand crimping tool until lachet is
released.

Step 5. Insert socket contacts into the power connector till they lock.

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Cabling and Connectors - IF Cable


A single coaxial cable links an ODU to a channel unit.

For cable lengths up to 90m, RG223/U is typically used, with appropriate '
N'type
connectors provided by the installer.

For cable lengths greater than 90m, Belden 9913 is typically used, with appropriate '
N'
type connectors provided by the installer.

Prior to installation and with the ODU end terminated, check the cable for continuity of
the screen and centre conductor. Check for short circuit between screen and centre
conductor.

Ensure that a service/drip-loop of about 1 metre is allowed for at the antenna end for
maintenance or relocation purposes. The excess cabling must be secured to the pole.

Route and secure the cable using either black UV resistant tie-wraps or studding and
REM straps or equivalent approved if agreed with a third-party site owner.

Where the cable is continuously supported by the cable tray in horizontal and vertical
runs, tie in securely at maximum intervals of 1000mm. Where the cable is run on cable
racking or its weight is not supported at all e.g. on walls or trays fixed vertically to
walls, tie in or fix at maximum intervals of 500mm.

Where there is insufficient space on the trays or racking, or they have not been provided,
it is permissible to fix the cables to the pole or direct to a tower leg, but not to LDF
Heliax feeder cables or AC power cabling.

NOTE: Care should be taken to ensure that the coaxial cable is not damaged by
strapping too tightly or strapping against sharp edges.

Note:Tighten connectors to 196 Ncm torque. In case of employing hitless 1+1


protection, ensure the length of the two IF cables are the same (within 50m difference)

Danger: Do not disconnect the coaxial cable before turning off the power switch on the
IDU. Do not touch the IF cable jack core before turning off the power switch.

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IF Cabling

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 48

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Waterproofing of Cable Connections


After cable connection, the following part should be wrapped by self-bonding
tape for waterproof

7/8 GHz BAND

COAXIAL CABLE
Notes:1. *After connection, this part shall be wrapped by self-bonding tape for waterproof

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Waterproofing ODU connector

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 50

For L-shaped connector:

_______________________________________________________________
Waterproofing ODU Connector
Weatherproofing
All external connections, either coaxial or waveguide, must be weatherproofed,
using self-amalgamating tape or an alternative.

Start immediately next to the casing and bind the connector and cable ends to
15mm beyond the cable connector, then continue to bind back up to the start
position. For an efficient seal, the self-amalgamating tape is to be pulled so as to
reduce its width by 50% and overlap each turn 50%.

When complete, it is advisable to cover the self-amalgamating tape with one


layer of PVC tape also applied with a 50% overlap of each layer from the bottom
up.
_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________
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Module 3
Commissioning using LCT

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 51

Objectives
At the end of this module, you will be able to do the following:
State the specialist tools that are required to commission the Pasolink V4
equipment

Describe the use of the local management terminal required to configure the
Pasolink V4 equipment

Demonstrate how to use the management terminal to complete the initial line
up

Describe how to align the Pasolink V4 link and to confirm that the target RSL
matches the predicted value

Describe how to set a 1+0 link into a 1+1 link and vice versa

References:
Pasolink V4 User (Instruction) Manual ROI-S0xxxx-051E
Abbreviations ROI-S04491-052E
General System Description ROI-S04604-052E
Measurement Procedure ROI-S04607-054E
TRP Equipment Description ROI-S04605-054E
Radio Frequency Assignment (n GHz) ROI-various-05xE
MDP Equipment Description ROI-S04488-058E
Installation and Initial Lineup ROI-S04606-054E
Pasolink V4 Sub-band Change Procedure
Pasolink V4 MTD (1+0 / 1+1) PL035-01

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HyperTerminal Configuration (for LCT)


Configure a HyperTerminal session as follows:
Select Start-Programs-Accessories-HyperTerminal-HyperTerminal.
Name the session Pasolink P.
Select Connection as COM1. Click on [Okay].
In the next screen set the following values:
Baud rate : 9600
Data Length : 8
Parity Check : none
Stop bit : 2
Flow control: Hardware
Click on [Okay].
Select File-Properties, and click on the Settings tab. Set the following value:
Emulation : VT100 Video Terminal
Click on [ASCII Config]
Set the following values:
ASCII Sending Send line end with line feeds
ASCII Receiving Wrap lines that exceed terminal width
Click on [Okay], and again.
Re-save the session.

When Windows NT4.0 and HyperTerminal is used, Program Download function is


not available. In this case, please use other terminal software. (e.g., TeraTerm Pro
2.3: http://hp.vector.co.jp/authors/VA002416/teraterm.html)

Serial Cable for LCT


A serial cable is required to connect the PC to the common unit to allow the link
parameters to be accessed. The cable is terminated at the PC end with a 9-way female
D-type connector, and at the common unit end with a density and a half 15-way male
D-type connector.
PC IDU
Pin 2 To Pin 1
Pin 3 To Pin 3
Pin 4 To Pin 6*
Pin 5 To Pin 2
Pin 6 To Pin 4*
Pin 7 To Pin 5
Pin 8 To Pin 4
* On PC connector, ie pin 4 in connected to pin 6.

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July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 53

Ref: Equipment Description, S04605, Section 3


On initial commissioning, it is recommended that you connect the IDU to ODU
after the TX/RX frequency setting has been set on the IDU. This process is
most important to avoid the possibility of transmitting on the incorrect
frequency.

If powering up a 1+1 system, when neither channel is working, first set the OPR
SEL switch to the desired (N0.1 or No.2) position and power on the selected
MD Unit or set the OPE SEL switch to neutral (Auto) position and power on
both MD units. When either No.1 or No.2 channel is working, set the
OPR SEL No.1-No.2 switch on the IDU to the working channel side, then turn
on the power switch of the not working channel.

After powering up the IDU, connect the PC to the common unit, via the serial
cable to the LA Port. Warning: Do not turn on the power of the IDU with a
cable connected between the PC and RA PORT of the IDU.

To access the remote end, the cable should be connected to the RA Port on the
common unit (LCT Remote Access only applies if the PM card is not fitted to
the IDU).

Wait for 10 seconds or more to turn OFF the power switch of the IDU again
after turning it ON. Do not repeat turning ON/OFF the power in a short
time, or the IDU may fail.
In a 1+1 system, before turning off the POWER switch of No.1or No. 2
channel, perform MAINT ON condition with the LCT.

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Link commissioning Logging in

Terminal Set-Up
Start Pasolink P HyperTerminal session.
Once the window is open, press [CNTRL-D].
At Password prompt, press [Return].
At Change Password prompt, enter [0][Return].
The following options will be displayed:

Setting
Maintenance
Monitoring
Exit

Caution: If login is not possible, check if settings of the communication format are ok.
Note:
The keys, 0 to 9 are used for selection of the menu or entering values. RETURN
key is used for confirmation of entering values. ESC key is used for cancellation of
entering values and display the high rank menu.
When controlling the station, connect the cable to the LA PORT. When controlling the
opposite station, connect the cable to the NMS/RA.
In the following cases, the NMS/ RA cannot be used:
The PM CARD is mounted on the IDU.
H BER alarm is issued.
When the PC is connected to the NMS/RA terminal to control the opposite station, enter
password for that station (if required)

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Control+D to Connect
Password :

Change PASSWORD? (No:0 / Yes: 1) :0

Top Level Menu

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 55

Ref: Measurement Procedure, S04607, Appendix

At the end of LCT operation log out from LCT menu by keying "99" and then
exit from the communication software. In case if you have exit from the
communication software without logging out from LCT, repeat connecting and
disconnecting of the RS 232C cable once to reset.
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Link commissioning - Main Configuration


1. Bit Rate
Enter [1] [Return].

Select the required bit rate. Enter [2][Return] for 8x2, and [3][Return] for 16x2.

Caution: In the fixed bit rate type, do not change this item. If you change this
item, service is impossible. Press the 0 1 2 or 3 key and RETURN key,
Caution: Set the same bit rate to the opposite station to enable service.
Note: In the bit rate free type, setting to 4 or 5 is impossible, because the bit
rate free type is not applied to 8 MB 1 and 34 MB 1 system.

2. AIS RCVD on/off (off) [off denotes alarms are inhibited, but status will still
be shown; on denotes alarms are not inhibited]
This specifies whether IDU generates an alarm if it detects AIS at the 2Mb/s
input. The AIS RCVD is used to select whether or not a MAJOR IDU alarm is
generated when AIS is received from any of the channels.
Enter [2][Return], then choose AIS RCVD on/off (off:0 / on:1) :
Usually set to disabled (off), thereby disabling this alarm function for all
tributaries status will still be displayed. Specific channels can be enabled from
the Hidden Menu.

3. AIS SEND on/off (off) [off denotes alarms are inhibited, but status will still
be shown; on denotes alarms are not inhibited]
This option is used to select whether or not a MAJOR IDU alarm is generated
when AIS is sent from any of the E1 tribs
Enter [3][Return], then choose AIS SEND on/off (off:0 / on:1) :
Usually set to disabled (off), thereby disabling this alarm function for all channels.
Status will still be displayed.

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1. Setting
2. Maintenance
3. Monitoring
99. Exit
Select function No. :
Bit rate selection
Setting
1. Bit rate (42MB)
2. AIS RCVD alarm/status (status)
2. AIS RCVD alarm/status (status)
3. AIS SEND alarm/status (status)
4. TX/RX frequency (5ch)
AIS RECEIVED
5. TX power ctrl(0dB) AIS RCVD alarm/status (status:0 / alarm:1): Alarm Indicator
6. Main channel usage 1-16 (used: UNNN NNNN #### ####)
7. BER alarm threshold (10-4)
8. Frame ID (0)
3. AIS SEND alarm/status/ (status)
9. WS channel usage (not used) AIS SEND
10. DSC 1 (232)
11. DSC 2 (232) AIS SEND alarm/status (status:0 / alarm:1): Alarm Indicator
12. DEM invert (off)
13. Alarm table
14. Next items
00. Menu
99. Exit
Select item No. :
July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 57

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Link commissioning - Main Configuration


4. TX/RX frequency (n ch) [(n ch) indicates chosen NEC channel number]

From the Settings window:

Enter [4][Return].

Enter the required transmit channel number, followed by [Return]. You may need to refer to
other documentation for cross-referencing purposes as the channel numbers used are NEC
channel numbers.

Caution: When the frequency is changed in maintenance, first, set frequency in the opposite
station. If you set radio frequency in the local station first, you cannot change the frequency in
the opposite station.

5. TX power ctrl (xdB) [(x dB) indicates current attenuation setting]

The ODU output power specifications are as follows:

7/8G 13GHz 15GHz 18GHz 23GHz 26GHz 38GHz

+27dBm +25dBm +23dBm +23dBm +23dBm +20dBm +15dBm

These are all +/-1.5dB, therefore the worst case output power is:
+25.5dBm +23.5dB +21.5dB +21.5dB +21.5dB +18.5dB +13.5dB

Enter the required amount of attenuation to achieve the desired output level.

Enter [5][Return]

Press the 1 key and Enter key, then select MTPC or ATPC

Press the 2 key and Enterkey, then enter ODU attenuation under MTPC

Press 3 key and Enter key to select ATPC TX power range settings. The MAX power must
be set to a value larger than MIN power. When the TX power control mode is changed from
MTPC to ATPC, if the MAX power is set to -30dB in MTPC, both MAX and MIN power may
be set to -30dB.

Press the 4 key and Enter key, then enter the Alarm Mode choice: When ATPC control
communication is interrupted, the TX power is controlled as follows. MAX: TX power is
controlled to maximum level. MIN: TX power is controlled to minimum level, hold: TX power
is controlled to keep current level.

Press the 5 key and Enter key, then enter the RX Threshold value for ATPC

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1. Setting
2. Maintenance
3. Monitoring
99. Exit
1+0 NEC channel
Select function No. : setting

Setting
1. Bit rate (42MB)
4. TX/RX frequency (No.1:5ch / No.2:10ch)
1. No.1 TX/RX frequency (5ch)
2. AIS RCVD alarm/status (status) Twin Path NEC
3. AIS SEND alarm/status (status)
channel setting
4. TX/RX frequency (5ch)
2. No.2 TX/RX frequency (10ch)
5. TX power ctrl(0dB)
6. Main channel usage 1-16 (used: UNNN NNNN #### ####)
7. BER alarm threshold (10-4)
8. Frame ID (0) 5. TX power ctrl (0dB)
9. WS channel usage (not used)
1. ATPC/MTPC (MTPC) TX attenuator
selection
10. DSC 1 (232) 2. MTPC TX power (0dB)
11. DSC 2 (232)
3. ATPC power range (MAX : 0dB / MIN : -30dB)
12. DEM invert (off)
4. ODU ALM mode (hold)
13. Alarm table
5. RX threshold (-60dBm)
14. Next items
00. Menu 00. Menu
99. Exit 99. Exit
Select item No. :
July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 59

Ref: Equipment Description, S04605, section 3 for general procedure


Ref: Radio Frequency Assignments documents:
S04795-051E for 7G frequency tables
S04800-051E for 8G frequency tables
S047801-051E for 13G frequency tables
S04760-051E for 15G frequency tables
S04686-053E for 18G frequency tables
S04759-052E for 23G frequency tables
S04802-051E for 26G frequency tables
S04760-051E for 7G frequency tables

When the TX power control mode is changed from ATPC to MTPC, current value in
ATPC is applied to the MTPC.

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Link commissioning - Main Configuration continued

6. Main Channel Usage 1-n (used/not used/not available) Set the channel for use.
Channels are not available to use for E1 purposes when 10/100BASE-T(X) LAN is assigned.
The Setting menu displays the following codes:
#: Channels unavailable for E1 purposes
U: channels in use for E1 purposes
N: channels available for E1 purposes, but set us not used (alarms suppressed)
Enter [6][Return].
Select the chosen channel, e.g. 7 by entering [7][Return].

Inhibit channel unused alarm by entering [1][Return].

Repeat for remaining unwanted channels. When commissioning, all channels are likely to
be unused at point of hand-over, with DDF loops left off. An unused channel will cause an
alarm unless inhibited. Note: inhibiting channels prevents loop-back operation.

7. BER alarm threshold (AIS injection point) (10-n) [ (10-n) denotes current choice of
error rate at which AIS is sent into the tributaries; default is 10E-4]
Enter [7][Return],
Displayed: BER alarm point (10-3:0 , 10-4:1 , 10-5:2 , 10-6:3) :
Select a level (normally 10-3), by entering e.g. [0][Return].

8. Frame ID (2) [(n) denotes current Frame ID choice]

The frame ID (also known as link ID) must be the same for both ends of a link for
communication to be possible. The setting is not dependent on whether it is a 16x2 or 8x2,
etc.

Press the desired frame ID number and RETURN key,

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1. Setting
6. Main channel usage 1-16
2. Maintenance
3. Monitoring (1:used 2:not used 3:not used 4:not used
99. Exit
5:not used 6:not used 7:not used 8:not used
Select function No. :
9:N/A 10:N/A 11:N/A 12:N/A
13:N/A 14:N/A 15:N/A 16:N/A
Main channel usage
Setting
1. Bit rate (42MB)
Select channel No. :
2. AIS RCVD alarm/status (status)
3. AIS SEND alarm/status (status)
4. TX/RX frequency (5ch)
5. TX power ctrl(0dB)

AIS point
6. Main channel usage 1-16 (used: UNNN NNNN #### ####)
7. BER alarm threshold (10-4)
7. BER alarm threshold (10-4)
8. Frame ID (0)
BER alarm threshold (10-3:0 / 10-4:1 / 10-5:2 / 10-6:3):
9. WS channel usage (not used)
10. DSC 1 (232)
11. DSC 2 (232)
12. DEM invert (off)
13. Alarm table
8. Frame ID (0)
14. Next items Frame ID
00. Menu Input ID No. (0-7) :
99. Exit
Select item No. :
July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 61

Ref: MDP Equipment Description, S04488, section 3

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Link commissioning - Main Configuration continued

9. WS channel usage (not used) [(not used) denotes alarms are inhibited;
(used) denotes alarms are not inhibited]
The WS channel is only available in the case of a 16x2 radio. If it is not being
used, it should be inhibited. When the WS INTFC (optional) module is not
mounted, this item cannot be selected.

10. DSC 1 (232) [(232) denotes RS232 is currently selected]


Enter [10][Return].

DSC1 (232:0 / 64k:1) :

Select .whether RS232 or 64k. The 64k option is only available if the 64K DSC
optional card has been installed.
Enter [0 or 1][Return]

11. DSC 2 (232) [(232) denotes RS232 is currently selected]


Enter [11][Return]

DSC2 (232:0 / 422:1 / 485(TERM):2 / 485(NON TERM):3) :


Note:
232 RS-232
422 RS-422
485 RS-485
Enter [0, 1, 2 or 3][Return]

12. DEM invert (off) [(off) denotes Demod inversion is off]


DEM on/off. This parameter is used for the 15GHz band only and is used to
change the operation of the demodulator for a particular Transmit/Receive
spacing system.
Enter [12][Return]
DEM invert (off:0 / on:1) :
Enter [0 or 1][Return]

Note: When the 15 GHz (TX/RX shift frequency: 728 MHz) band RF CKT
(E7387/E9655) is used for the system, press the "1" key.

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1. Setting
2. Maintenance
3. Monitoring 9. WS channel usage (not used) Inhibit Wayside Alarm
99. Exit
Select function No. :
WS channel usage (used:0 / not used:1):

DSC 1
Setting
1. Bit rate (42MB)
10. DSC 1 (232)
2. AIS RCVD alarm/status (status)
DSC 1 (232:0 / 64k:1):
3. AIS SEND alarm/status (status)
4. TX/RX frequency (5ch)
5. TX power ctrl(0dB)
6. Main channel usage 1-16 (used: UNNN NNNN #### ####)

11. DSC 2 (232)


DSC 2
7. BER alarm threshold (10-4)
8. Frame ID (0)
DSC 2 (232:0 / 422:1 / 485(TERM):2 / 485(NON TERM):3):
9. WS channel usage (not used)
10. DSC 1 (232)
11. DSC 2 (232)
12. DEM invert (off)
13. Alarm table 12. DEM invert (off)
14. Next items
00. Menu DEM invert (off:0 / on:1) :
99. Exit
Select item No. :
July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 63

Ref: MDP Equipment Description, S04488, section 3


Notes:

DSC signals will appear on the OW/DSC/ASC terminals.

DSC1 input: pins 9 and 10


DSC1 output: pins 22 and 23
DSC2 input: pins 11 and 12
DSC2 output: pins 24 and 25

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Link commissioning

13.Alarm table
Return to the Setting menu by selecting exit as required.

Select the Alarm table menu by entering [13][Return]

Form C1 Form C2 Form C3 Form C4

1.INPUT LOSS OUT --- --- ---

2.AIS RCVD --- --- --- ---

etc.

Configuration of Data Alarms

To select an alarm, enter [alarm item][Return].

Select Relay, by entering [relay number][Return].

Activate alarm, by entering [1][Return].

Notes:

1. Alarms signals C1 to C4 (1+0 link) or C1 to C8 (1+1 link) will appear on the ALM/ AUX
ALM terminals in accordance with the pin-out details given earlier

2. Indications OUT and mean that the alarm is outputted or not outputted,
respectively.
3. Indication MASK means that if this MASK is activated, the alarm usually issued when
the equipment had been set to maintenance mode can be disabled.

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1. Setting
2. Maintenance
Alarm table 1
3. Monitoring
99. Exit
Select function No. :

Setting
1. Bit rate (42MB)
2. AIS RCVD alarm/status (status)
3. AIS SEND alarm/status (status)
4. TX/RX frequency (5ch)
5. TX power ctrl(0dB)
6. Main channel usage 1-16 (used: UNNN NNNN #### ####)
7. BER alarm threshold (10-4)
8. Frame ID (0)
9. WS channel usage (not used)
10. DSC 1 (232)
11. DSC 2 (232)
12. DEM invert (off)
13. Alarm table
14. Next items
00. Menu
99. Exit
Select item No. :
July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees Alarm table 2 65

Ref: MDP Equipment Description, S04488, section 3

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Link commissioning
1. System configuration (Hot standby)
When changing the system from Twin path to Hot standby, hand over the setting
parameter of No. 1 CH to No. 2 CH. When changing the system from 1+0 to Twin path
or from Hot standby to Twin path, first set the frequency of No.2 CH to 0ch and change
the System configuration after 1sec. or later.

1. Throughput (disable) [( ) denotes current state]


Throughput (disable:0 / 2M:1 / 4M:2 / 8M:3 / 16M:4 / 32M:5) :
Select maximum rate option from list. Enter: [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5]
The E1 channels are restricted depending on the throughput bit rate assignment of the
LAN Port 1 and port 2. (see Table on next page). The throughput bit rate for the Port 2
must be set less than Port 1 or the same value with Port 1. Full bandwidth assignment of
the throughput for Port 2 is not applicable.

2. Mode (AUTONEG(AUTO-MDI/MDIX)) [( ) denotes current state]


Mode AUTONEG(AUTO-MDI/MDIX) :0
10M-HALF(MDI) :1 / 10M-FULL(MDI) :2
100M-HALF(MDI) :3 / 100M-FULL(MDI) :4
10M-HALF(MDIX) :5 / 10M-FULL(MDIX) :6
100M-HALF(MDIX):7 / 100M-FULL(MDIX):8
Select maximum rate option from list. Enter: [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5]
AUTONEG denotes automatic rate negotiation. The rate reverts to the slowest LAN port
connected.
HALF denotes half duplex, i.e. LAN transmission takes place one direction at a time.
FULL denotes full duplex, i.e. LAN transmission in both directions at same time.

3. Flow ctrl (on) [( ) denotes current state]


Flow ctrl (off:0 / on:1) :
Enter: [0, or 1]
Flow control is used on LANs to minimise collisions. This is especially important where
100M rated LANs are connected to the Radio Link LAN port as the maximum rate over
the radio link is 32Mb/s (if none of the E1s are used)

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2. LAN Setting
LAN
1. Setting
2. Maintenance 1. Port1 setting (16M)
2. Port2 setting (2M)
3. Monitoring
99. Exit
3. FE link down
(disable)
Setting
Select function No. : 00. Menu
99. Exit
Select item No. :
Setting
1. Bit rate (42MB) 1. Port1 setting
2. AIS RCVD alarm/status (status) 1. Throughput (2M)
14. Next (status)
items 2. Mode (AUTONEG(AUTO-MDI/MDIX)
3. AIS SEND alarm/status
1. LAN
4. TX/RX frequency (5ch)setting
1+0 3. Flow ctrl (on)
4. Framing (on)
2. Channel
5. TX power ctrl(0dB) usage error 5. Collision report (report)
6. Main channel(report)
usage 1-16 (used: UNNN NNNN #### ####) 00. Menu
7. BER alarm threshold (10-4) 99. Exit
00. Menu
8. Frame ID (0) Select item No. :
99. Exit
9. WS channel usage (not used)
Select item No. :
10. DSC 1 (232)
11. DSC 2 (232)
14. Next item
12. DEM invert (off)
1. System configuration (Hot
13. Alarm table
standby)
2. LAN setting 1. System configuration (Hot standby)
14. Next items
3. Channel usage error (report) System configuration (1+0 expandable
00. Menu
99. Exit
00. Menu 1+1 :0/Hot standby:1/Twin path:2):
99. Exit
Select item No. :
Select item No. :
July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 67

Note: When the LAN INTFC is not mounted, LAN setting is not displayed.

4. Framing on/off (off) [( ) denotes current state]


Framing is displayed only when the Throughput bit rate is set to 2M.
Framing (off:0 / on:1) :
Enter: [0, or 1]
Framing is used on LANs to control the length of frames being sent and therefore
prevent a single user from occupying the bandwidth to the detriment of others. When
1 is selected, G.704 E1 formatting is applied to the LAN signal.
6. Collision report (report)
Collision report (report:0 / not report:1): to select whether Ethernet collisions are
reported to the NMS in the form of traps.

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Link commissioning
3. FE link down (disable)
FE link down (disable:0 / enable:1):
The local LAN port is shut off by a far-end LAN Link failure, when enable is selected.
In any case, a radio link failure also causes LAN ports to be shut down.
2. Channel usage error (report)
Channel usage error (report:0 / not report:1):
This setting is effective for both Main Channel (2Mb/s) usage error and WS channel
usage error. It is used to indicate when traffic is connected to an inhibited channel.

System (10/100BASE-T) Applicable Traffic CH Number to use 2MB


Port 1 Port 2
2 x 2MB disable disable CH1, CH2
2M disable CH2
2M 2M -
4M disable -
4 x 2MB disable disable CH1, CH2, CH3, CH4
2M disable CH2, CH3, CH4
2M 2M CH2, CH4
4M disable CH3, CH4
4M 2M CH4
4M 4M -
8M disable -
8 x 2MB disable disable CH1, CH2, CH3, CH4, CH5, CH6, CH7, CH8
2M disable CH2, CH3, CH4, CH5, CH6, CH7, CH8
2M 2M CH2, CH3, CH4, CH6, CH7, CH8
4M disable CH3, CH4, CH5, CH6, CH7, CH8
4M 2M CH3, CH4, CH6, CH7, CH8
4M 4M CH3, CH4, CH7, CH8
8M disable CH5, CH6, CH7, CH8
8M 2M CH6, CH7, CH8
8M 4M CH7, CH8
8M 8M -
16M disable -
16 x 2MB disable disable CH1 CH16
2M disable CH2 CH16
2M 2M CH2 - CH8, CH10 - CH16
4M disable CH3 - CH16
4M 2M CH3 - CH8, CH10 - CH16
4M 4M CH3 - CH8, CH11 - CH16
8M disable CH5 - CH16
8M 2M CH5- CH8, CH10 - CH16
8M 4M CH5 - CH8, CH11 - CH16
8M 8M CH5 - CH8, CH13 - CH16
16M disable CH9 - CH16
16M 2M CH10, CH11, CH12, CH13, CH14, CH15, CH16
16M 4M CH11, CH12, CH13, CH14, CH15, CH16
16M 8M CH13, CH14, CH15, CH16
16M 16M -
32M disable -

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2. LAN Setting
LAN
1. Setting
2. Maintenance 1. Port1 setting (16M)
2. Port2 setting (2M)
3. Monitoring
99. Exit
3. FE link down
(disable)
Setting
Select function No. : 00. Menu
99. Exit
Select item No. :
Setting
1. Bit rate (42MB)
2. AIS RCVD alarm/status (status)
3. FE link down (disable)
14. Next (status)
items
3. AIS SEND alarm/status
1. LAN
1+0 FE link down (disable:0 /
4. TX/RX frequency (5ch)setting
enable:1):
2. Channel
5. TX power ctrl(0dB) usage error
6. Main channel(report)
usage 1-16 (used: UNNN NNNN #### ####) 3. Channel usage error (report)
7. BER alarm threshold
00. Menu(10-4)
Channel usage error (report:0 / not report:1):
8. Frame ID (0)
99. Exit
9. WS channel usage (not used)
Select item No. :
10. DSC 1 (232)
11. DSC 2 (232)
14. Next item
12. DEM invert (off)
1. System configuration (Hot
13. Alarm table
standby)
2. LAN setting
14. Next items
3. Channel usage error (report)
00. Menu
00. Menu
99. Exit
99. Exit 1+1
Select item No. :
Select item No. :
July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 69

Ref: MDP Equipment Description, S04488, section 3

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Link commissioning - Link Panning
Antenna Polarisation Check
Before commencing any panning, confirm that the polarisation is the same at each antenna
and it agrees with the requirement of the Link Deployment Form.

AGC Voltage Optimisation

Procedure for 7/8 GHz band ODU


1 At each station, open the cover of the ODU
2 At each station, connect voltmeter cables to MON and GND jacks using banana clips
3 At each station, set the rotary switch MON SEL to position1,
4 At each station, adjust azimuth and elevation angle for the antenna direction alternately so
that the voltage measuring value becomes maximum.

Procedure for 13-38 GHz band ODU


1 At each station, remove the cap from the RX LEV MON jack
2 At each station, connect voltmeter cables to RX LEV MON jack using F-type plug

A. USING NEW TYPE BRACKET


AZIMUTH ANGLE ADJUSTMENT
Loosen bolts (1 in Fig)
Adjust the azimuth angle by bolt (2 in Fig), secure bolts loosened in steps above
ELEVATION ANGLE ADJUSTMENT
Loosen bolts (3 in Fig)
Adjust the elevation angle by bolt (4 in Fig), secure bolts loosened in steps above

B. USING OLD TYPE BRACKET


AZIMUTH ANGLE ADJUSTMENT
Loosen nuts (1 in Fig)
Adjust azimuth angle by adjusting nut (2 in Fig). Secure nuts loosened
ELEVATION ANGLE ADJUSTMENT
Loosen nut (3 in Fig)
Loosen three nuts (4 in Fig)
Adjust elevation angle by adjusting nut (3 in Fig). Secure nut loosened

4 At each station, disconnect digital multimeter or OW/RX LEV MONITOR from RX LEV
MON jacks,
5 At each station, reconnect the cap removed and record the results

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Alignment adjustment bolts


Old type bracket

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New type bracket

To summarise link panning:


Loosen the azimuth adjustment mechanism.
Move the antenna through 180 centred on the required azimuth, to locate the maximum
AGC voltage. This ensures that the antenna is not aligned to a side-lobe.
Tighten the azimuth adjustment mechanism, making sure that the voltage does not drop as
the mechanism is tightened.
Loosen the elevation adjustment mechanism.
Move the antenna through as wide an arc as possible centred on the required elevation, to
locate the maximum AGC voltage. This ensures that the antenna is not aligned to a side-lobe.
Tighten the elevation adjustment mechanism, making sure that the voltage does not drop as
the mechanism is tightened.
Using the table provided, calculate the RSL from the measured AGC voltage. A discrepancy
of 20dBm or greater between the required and actual RSL may be caused by one of the
antennas being aligned on a side-lobe, or a polarisation mismatch.
Repeat the adjustments on the remote end, and continue in turn until the RSL is within limits
of the value specified on the Link Deployment Form, as specified by your company

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Link commissioning - Receive Signal Level Measurement


The AGC voltage can be measured via the AGC connector on each ODU. It will range
from 1.0V to 4.0V, depending on received level.

AGC Voltage Optimisation


The AGC voltage is measured at the connector at each ODU using a calibrated
voltmeter, and suitable interconnecting lead.

For 1+1 systems, optimise the RSL for each path, with the other path disabled.

There is a graph supplied with each ODU, indicating AGC Voltage v Received Signal
Level. This is to be used to calculate the measured RSL against the requirements..

If neither sources of information is available, an estimate of the RSL can be derived


from the following equation. The accuracy of this method is approximately 6dB.

RSL = 25 x (AGC 4.8) where RSL is in dBm and AGC is in Volts

The AGC voltage can also be read via the PC.

From the main menu, select the Monitoring option, by entering [3][Return].

Select Data option, by entering [1][Return].

The receiving AGC voltage level is displayed for each ODU. To refresh the data, enter
[1][Return].

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RSL Measurement
Adjust for Maximum DC Level

Optional
X0818A
OW/RX
LEV
Monitor

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Ref: Equipment Description (TRP), S04605 section 3.2

Danger: The -43 V DC power is superimposed on the center conductor of the


coaxial cable between the indoor unit (IDU) and outdoor unit (ODU). Connecting
a measurement set may damage that set and touching the coaxial cable core may
cause electrical shock. So, turn off the power switch on the IDU before
disconnecting coaxial cable between the IDU and ODU.

Caution:
To protect the internal circuits against electrostatic discharge, engineers are
requested to wear a wrist band and connect it to the frame ground for Electrostatic
Protection (ESP) before detaching the top cover
Before disconnecting the waveguide, connector or antenna from the RF IN/OUT
of the ODU, turn off the power switch on the IDU or set ODU to mute condition
(this control is performed by personal computer).
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Link commissioning - RSL Out of Limits


Where the derived RSL is outside the expected limits of the value specified on the LDF,
the reasons for the discrepancy must be established and corrected. (These limits are
company specific, but are usually around 4dB)

There are a number of possible reasons for the discrepancy, including equipment
calibration. Before suspecting equipment calibration, however, ensure that at least the
following have been eliminated.
Equipment parameters (transmit power and frequency) set up at variance with the LDF
requirement.
Equipment hardware (antenna size, flexi-twist waveguide length) installed at variance
with the LDF requirement.
Antennas cross-polarised.
Physical damage (distorted waveguide, dented antenna).
Path obstruction (near field or mid-path).
Extra temporary path attenuation due to rain or fog.

The in-built radio monitoring facility may prove useful. Use options: monitoring and
data The voltage readings should be within the ranges:

CHECK ITEM ALLOWABLE RANGE


TX power Depends on transmitter power
0 to 4.6 V DC (for 7-38 GHz ODU)
RX level Depends on received signal level
0.8 to 4.4 V DC (for 7-38 GHz ODU)

The chart shown on the slide is from a typical ODU certificate for a 23GHz ODU. These
are delivered with the ODUs.

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Commissioning: Deriving RSL

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BER Tests

Check each tributary in turn (preferred) or daisy chain


2E15-1, HDB3, 2Mbit/s, 75/120 ohms
Check that all alarms on the IDU at each site are
extinguished i.e. all LEDs are green
Check and record that data over the link has a zero error
count over 5 minutes.

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Ref: Measurement Procedure, S04607, Appendix


Link commissioning - BER Test
BER measurement cannot be performed on channels which are occupied with LAN
traffic, therefore change the setting from LAN to 2MB signal transmission using the
LCT/PNMT before BER measurement.

Connect a BER test set to the DDF at the local end and loop the equipped tributaries at
the far end. Set up the test set for the following bit pattern: 2E15-1, HDB3, 2Mbit/s.
Where the cable impedance is required, set to 75 ohms/120 ohms as appropriate.

Check that all alarms on the IDU at each site are extinguished i.e. all LEDs are green.

Check and record that traffic over the link has a zero error count over 5 minutes or
alternatively measure BER at each channel for 30 minutes to verify that it is 1x10E-9
or less.

It is usually preferred that each tributary is checked one by one. That way, crossed
tributaries will be found. Daisy chained testing is also acceptable as this will find
TX/RX crosses.

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Link commissioning - Fade Margin Test
Test Equipment
Power Meter: Marconi 6970 or equivalent
Power Meter Sensor: Appropriate for power meter and power output used
Coax Attenuators: To increase sensor range
Waveguide to Coax Adaptor: Appropriate for each type of waveguide used
Rotary Vane Attenuator: Appropriate for link frequency:
18" Flextwist Appropriate for link frequency :
Coax Adaptors Power Sensors to waveguide adaptors
2 Mbit BER Tester W&G PA20/25 or equivalent (2 of)
Remote ODU Mounts

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Fade Margin Tests

18" Flextwist 18" Flextwist

Rotary Vane
A Attentuator B
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Full specifications can be found in General System Description, S04604

Perform the fade margin test if required:

Summary:

Verify error free link: test tributary 1 end to end for 15 minutes

Record AGC/RSL

Remove ODU and measure o/p (LDF values) - indicted as A above

Attach variable attenuator (set at 0) and measure o/p - indicated by B above

Reconnect ODU via variable attenuator and confirm 0 errors

Slowly increase attenuation until 1 X 10E-6 error rate

Record attenuator setting

Calculate fade margin

Repeat for other ODU if 1+1 system

Carry out these tests at both terminals

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Alarm Verification Tests


On 1+1 systems, repeat each test on each path, with the other path disabled

Disconnect to Switch off to create Rx


create Data Fail Fail and RSL at Station A
Disconnect to
at Station A create TX Fail at
Station A

These tests also need to be performed at Station B, using the same methods

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Link commissioning - Alarm Verification (Relay Outputs)


With the BER Test Set connected as above, check for the correct operation of the
following alarm relay contacts and ignore Front Panel Alarm LED indications. (On
1+1 systems, repeat each test on each path, with the other path disabled):

Tx Fail
At the local end, disconnect the IDU/ODU cable. At the local end check that Tx fail
contacts on the alarms connector close. Reconnect the IDU/ODU cable, and check
that the LEDs go green, and the alarm contacts open.

Rx Fail and RSL


At the far end, switch the transmitter off. At the local end check that: both the Rx
fail and RSL contacts on the alarms connector close. Switch the far end transmitter
back on, and check that all the LEDs go green, and the alarm contacts open.

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Stability Test

Run BER test with printer enabled


Monitor for 1 hour and check no errors or alarms
Perform this test from 1 terminal
Retain the printout

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Link commissioning - One Hour Stability Test


With the BER Test Set still connected and the 2Mb/s looped back, enable the printer
and monitor the received traffic for 1 hour ensuring error-free transmission. Retain the
printout.

1+1 System Switching


Ensure that the path selection switch is set to Auto, once all the tests are complete.
Also, ensure that path one has been selected at both ends of the link.

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Module 4
Troubleshooting

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Section objectives
This section covers the following:
Identifying alarms
Locating faulty units
Replacing faulty units

Before starting maintenance or troubleshooting procedures, including


operation of the OPR SEL SW on the front panel of the equipment, set
the equipment to maintenance mode using the LCT/PNMT.
After all maintenance operations have been completed, set MAINT back
to OFF.

References:
Pasolink V4 User (Instruction) Manual ROI-S0xxxx-051E
Abbreviations ROI-S04491-052E
General System Description ROI-S04604-052E
Measurement Procedure ROI-S04607-054E
TRP Equipment Description ROI-S04605-054E
Radio Frequency Assignment (n GHz) ROI-various-05xE
MDP Equipment Description ROI-S04488-058E
Installation and Initial Lineup ROI-S04606-054E
Pasolink V4 Sub-band Change Procedure
Pasolink V4 MTD (1+0 / 1+1) PL035-01

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Maintenance
These checks are useful during fault finding and also for periodic maintenance.
The RX LEV MON jack voltage must be same as shown by the PC. This can also
be checked during periodic maintenance:

Method for 7-38 GHz Band


ODU
Remove the cap from the RX
LEV MON jack
Connect the digital multi-meter
or OW/RX LEV Monitor to RX
LEV MON jack. Confirm that
the meter indication is as
expected
Disconnect the digital multi-
meter or OW/RX LEV Monitor
and reconnect the cap

Alarm conditions
Alarm conditions are identified through:
Alarm LED (red) indication on the IDU or
Notification from external equipment

During alarm conditions, red alarm LEDs on the IDU are lit except when there is a power
supply failure. Faults can be isolated using the LED indicators on the front panel of the
IDU. The table below provides information for isolating faults at a station.
LED Indication Fault Location
IDU IDU
ODU ODU
IDU/ODU IF Cable between the IDU and ODU
(synchronous flashing) *

*When the IF cable between the IDU and ODU is in electric short circuit condition or
open condition, the IDU and ODU ALM LEDs are synchronously flashing.

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1. Setting
2.
Maintenance
Monitoring
3. Monitoring

Monitoring
Monitoring Menu
1. Monitoring voltage
Monitoring Monitoring Menu
2. Alarm/Status
1. Monitoring voltage
3. Inventory 2. Monitoring voltage (continuous mode)
3. Alarm/Status Monitoring 1+1
4. Inventory

1. Monitoring voltage
TX power 1 :4.33V (-1dB)
RX level 1 :3.98V (-46dBm)
TX power 2 :44.33V (-1dB)
RX level 2 :3.98V (-46dBm)

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Ref: Equipment Description (TRP), S04605, section 4


Equipment Description (MDP), section 4

CHECK ITEM ALLOWABLE RANGE


TX power Depends on transmitter power
0 to 4.6 V DC (for 7-38 GHz ODU)
RX level Depends on received signal level
0.8 to 4.4 V DC (for 7-38 GHz ODU)
TX power is indicated in dB and RX level is in dBm in parenthesis with voltage
depending on the ODU type.
The TX power indicated in dB is a relative level to the nominal output power.

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Monitoring Monitoring Menu


1. Monitoring voltage
2. Monitoring voltage (continuous mode)
Alarms
3. Alarm/Status
4. Inventory 3. Monitoring of alarm/status 1/2
IDU
INPUT LOSS 1-16 (alarm:**** ---- ---- ----)
CHANNEL USAGE ERROR 1-16 (alarm:**** ---- ---- ----)
AIS RCVD 1-16 (alarm:---- ---- ---- ----)
AIS SEND 1-16 (alarm:**** ---- ---- ----)
OUTPUT LOSS 1-16 (alarm:---- ---- ---- ----)
LAN INTFC ALM (alarm:-)
WS INPUT LOSS (alarm:-)
WS CHANNEL USAGE ERROR (alarm:-)
WS AIS RCVD (alarm:-)
1. Setting
WS AIS SEND (alarm:-)
2. Maintenance WS OUTPUT LOSS (alarm:-)
3. Monitoring TX CLK LOSS (alarm:-)
FSYNC ALM (alarm:*)
99. Exit
HIGH BER ALM (alarm:*)
Select function No. : LOW BER ALM (alarm:*)
BER ALM (alarm:*)
Press any key to continue
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Ref: MDP Equipment Description, S04488, section 3.4.2

1. * : indicates alarm condition.


2. : indicates normal condition.
3. Monitoring of alarm/status displayed on the LCT depend on system configuration.
4. CHANNEL USAGE ERROR 1-16 is displayed only when Channel usage error is
selected to report.
5. WS CHANNEL USAGE ERROR is not displayed when Channel usage error is
selected to not report.

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Monitoring
1. Monitoring voltage
Monitoring Menu
Inventory
2. Monitoring voltage (continuous mode)
3. Alarm/Status
Menu typical
4. Inventory

4. Inventory 1/2
IDU
Serial number 123456
Manufactured date MAY/2003
Software version (ROM/RAM) 1.20/2.32
Bit rate 16 x 2MB
Option module PM CARD
LAN INTFC
1. Setting WS INTFC
2. Maintenance 64k INTFC(G.703)
64k INTFC(V11)
3. Monitoring
ASC INTFC
99. Exit DSC INTFC
Select function No. : ALM INTFC
SC LAN INTFC
Press any key to continue

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Only the mounted modules are


indicated as optional module.

4. Inventory 2/2
ODU
Serial number 23456
Manufactured data JAN/2003
Software version (ROM/RAM) 1.04/1.04
Bit rate 17/34MB
RF band 18GHz Low
Sub band A
Start frequency 17876.250 MHz
Shift frequency 1010 MHz
CH separation 1.25 MHz

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Maintenance Menu
Switching Transmitters/Receivers
1. MAINT (NORM)
MAINT (NORM:0/MAINT:1) :

Maintenance
1. MAINT (NORM)
Set to MAINT first if
2. FE loop back ctrl 1-16 (ctrl:*Z#- ---- ---- ----) switching from front panel
(ans :*--- ---- ---- ----)
3. NE loop back ctrl 1-16 (ctrl:*-#- ---- ---- ----)
(ans :*--- ---- ---- ----)
8. TX SW ctrl (AUTO)
4. BER ALM >> AIS (on)
5. CW (off) TX SW ctrl (AUTO:0 / No.1:1 /
6. Power mute 1 (off)
No.2:2):
7. Power mute 2 (on) 9. RX SW ctrl (AUTO)
8. TX SW ctrl (AUTO) RX SW ctrl (AUTO:0 / No.1:1 /No.2:2):
9. RX SW ctrl (AUTO)
10. ATPC manual ctrl (off)
00. Menu
99. Exit
Select item No.

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Ref: Equipment Description (TRP), S04605, section 4.1


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Maintenance Menu
Muting Transmitters

1. MAINT (NORM)
MAINT (NORM:0/MAINT:1) :

Maintenance
1. MAINT (NORM)
Set to MAINT first
2. FE loop back ctrl 1-16 (ctrl:*Z#- ---- ---- ----)
(ans :*--- ---- ---- ----)
3. NE loop back ctrl 1-16 (ctrl:*-#- ---- ---- ----)
(ans :*--- ---- ---- ----)
4. BER ALM >> AIS (on)
5. CW (off)
6. Power mute 1 (off)
7. Power mute 2 (on)
8. TX SW ctrl (AUTO)
9. RX SW ctrl (AUTO)
10. ATPC manual ctrl (off)
00. Menu
99. Exit
Select item No.

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Ref: Measurement Procedure, S04607

Transmit Mute
For 1+1 systems, there is a mute option for each transmitter.

Return to main menu, by using the Exit options if required.

Select Maintenance, by entering [2][Return].

Select Power Mute option, by entering [6]*[Return].

Set mute on, by entering [1][Return].

To unmute the transmitter, repeat the above steps, except enter [0][Return] as the
last step.

* For 1+1 systems option 6 is for transmitter 1, and option 7 is for transmitter 2.

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Maintenance
Checking Output Frequency
5. CW (No.1:off
/No.2:off)
1. No.1 CW (off)
Maintenance
1. MAINT (NORM) 2. No.2 CW (off)
2. FE loop back ctrl 1-16 (ctrl:*Z#- ---- ---- ----)
(ans :*--- ---- ---- ----) 00. Menu
3. NE loop back ctrl 1-16 (ctrl:*-#- ---- ---- ----)
(ans :*--- ---- ---- ----)
99. Exit
4. BER ALM >> AIS (on)
Select item No. :
5. CW (off)
6. Power mute 1 (off)
7. Power mute 2 (on)
8. TX SW ctrl (AUTO) 5. CW (off)
9. RX SW ctrl (AUTO)
CW (off:0 / on:1):
10. ATPC manual ctrl (off)
00. Menu CW on = unmodulated carrier
99. Exit
Select item No.

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Ref: Measurement Procedure, S04607, Appendix

Maintenance
Transmit Frequency Measurement
Set OPR SEL 1 or 2 as required
Select Maintenance menu on PC
Select 5 (CW) then 1, for switching CW on
Measure frequency. Must be within 10x10E-6 of
assigned RF
Switch CW back off when finished.

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Maintenance
Transmit Power Measurement
No need to use CW, but observe the usual precautions for RF
RF Occupied Measurement
This is accomplished using a spectrum analyser. Use CW to set up (centralise on
spectrum analyser) then normal modulated RF to measure spectrum used. There
are huge variations depending upon data rate and carrier frequency.
Caution: During measurement, service will be interrupted.
1. Set functions of spectrum analyzer as follows:
Bandwidth: 30 kHz (for 2/4/8Mb/s)
100 kHz (for 16x2Mb/s)
Vertical: 10 dB/div
Horizontal: 5 MHz/div
Frequency: Assigned transmit radio frequency
2. Set up as in Fig. (CONN 3),
3. Connect the PC to the LA PORT of the IDU

Ref: Measurement
Procedure,
S04607, Appendix
for other charts

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Maintenance
Checking Output Power
Note: The RF output power levels shown 7 GHz Band: +27 dBm 1.5 dB
below are with the attenuator set to 0 dB
by personal computer 8 GHz Band: +27 dBm 1.5 dB
13 GHz Band: +25 dBm 1.5 dB
Maintenance 15 GHz Band: +23 dBm 1.5 dB
1. MAINT (NORM) 18 GHz Band: +23 dBm 1.5 dB
2. FE loop back ctrl 1-16 (ctrl:*Z#- ---- ---- ----)
(ans :*--- ---- ---- ----)
23 GHz Band: +23 dBm 1.5 dB
3. NE loop back ctrl 1-16 (ctrl:*-#- ---- ---- ----) 26 GHz Band: +20 dBm 1.5 dB
(ans :*--- ---- ---- ----) 38 GHz Band: +15 dBm 1.5 dB
4. BER ALM >> AIS (on)
5. CW (off) 10. ATPC manual ctrl (off)
6. Power mute 1 (off)
7. Power mute 2 (on)
ATPC manual ctrl (off:0 / on:1):
8. TX SW ctrl (AUTO)
9. RX SW ctrl (AUTO)
10. ATPC manual ctrl (off)
ATPC manual ctrl (off:0 / on:1):1
00. Menu
99. Exit ATPC current (-15dB)
Select item No. ATPC current (-30 to 0dB):

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Ref: Measurement Procedure, S04607, Appendix

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Maintenance - BER Measurement


Connect 2Mb/s BERT to required TX and RX 2Mb/s port, Select OPR SEL 1 or 2; Select the
Maintenance window

Maintenance
1. MAINT (NORM)
2. FE loop back ctrl 1-16 (ctrl:*Z#- ---- ---- ----)
(ans :*--- ---- ---- ----)
3. NE loop back ctrl 1-16 (ctrl:*-#- ---- ---- ----)
(ans :*--- ---- ---- ----)

- denotes control off condition


*denotes control on condition
Z indicates request for loop from the far end
# denotes a 2Mb/s capacity used for LAN purposes and therefore not available for loop-back
cont: denotes control request
ans: denotes your control request has been actioned
Loopback is not available if the channels is inhibited by "Not Used" selection
Press the 2 key and RETURN key. The following display will appear on the screen to
allow the loopback function to be activated for channels 1 to 16:

2. FE loop back ctrl 1-16


(1:on 2:off 3:N/A 4:off 5:off 6:off 7:off 8:off
9:off 10:off 11:off 12:off 13:off 14:off 15:off 16:off)
Select channel No. :5

Press the desired channel number and RETURN key. The following display will appear:

Select channel No. :5


Channel 5 (off:0 / on:1) :

Press the 1 key and RETURN key to perform loopback function. The associated channel
at station B will be in loopback. Then, the MAINT indicators on the IDUs at stations A and B
should light. Measure BER at each channel for 30 minutes to verify that it is 1xE10 -9 or less.
Reverse the process when finished.

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Maintenance
BER Measurement
3. NE loop back ctrl 1-16
(1:on 2:off 3:N/A 4:off 5:off 6:off 7:off 8:off
Maintenance 9:off 10:off 11:off 12:off 13:off 14:off 15:off 16:off)
1. MAINT (NORM)
Select channel No. :5
2. FE loop back ctrl 1-16 (ctrl:*Z#- ---- ---- ----)
(ans :*--- ---- ---- ----)
3. NE loop back ctrl 1-16 (ctrl:*-#- ---- ---- ----)
(ans :*--- ---- ---- ----)
4. BER ALM >> AIS (on)
5. CW (off)
Select channel No. :5
6. Power mute 1 (off) (Channel 5 selected for example)
7. Power mute 2 (on) Channel 5 (off:0 / on:1) :
8. TX SW ctrl (AUTO)
9. RX SW ctrl (AUTO)
10. ATPC manual ctrl (off)
00. Menu
99. Exit
Select item No.
4. BER ALM >> AIS (off) To prevent AIS being sent on traffic
channels during BER alarm, select
BER ALM >> AIS (off:0 / on:1): OFF

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Maintenance
1+1 IDU Replacement
The 1+1 IDU consists of three units (No. 1 CH/SW UNIT/No. 2 CH). If any unit fails,
replace only the unit that fails with a spare following the procedure described below.
Caution: When the SW UNIT (COMMON) unit is replaced, service is interrupted.
Note: To replace the SW UNIT with a spare, remove both No. 1 and No. 2 CH units first.
Example: No. 1 CH UNIT (MD) REPLACEMENT
Removing
1 Set OPR SEL No.1-AUTO-No. 2 switch on the SW UNIT to No. 2
2 Turn off the power switch on the No. 1 CH unit
3 Disconnect IF cable from the IF IN/OUT connector on the No. 1 unit
4 Loosen two screws on the No. 1 CH unit
5 To remove the unit, hold its handle then pull it forward
6 Reverse this procedure for insertion of the replacement

SW UNIT (COMMON) REPLACEMENT


In 1+1 system, when the SW UNIT is replaced, service is interrupted.
Removing
6 Carry out steps 2 to 5 for No. 1 CH unit
7 Repeat steps 2 to 5 for No. 2 CH unit
8 Disconnect coaxial and flat cables of the all connectors on the SW UNIT
9 Loosen two screws on the SW UNIT unit
10 To remove the unit, hold its handle then pull it forward
11 Reverse this procedure for insertion of the replacement

Setting Parameters
Perform the setting according to commissioning procedures, only when you replaced a SW
UNIT in the IDU with a spare.
The equipment is considered as fully warmed up after 30 minutes of being powered up

1+0 IDU Replacement


Removing
1 Turn off the power switch on the IDU
2 Disconnect IF cable from the IF IN/OUT connector on the IDU
3 Loosen two screws on the IDU
4 To remove the unit, hold its handle then pull it forward
5 Reverse this procedure for insertion of the replacement
6. The parameters for the radio will need to be set

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Ref: MDP Equipment Description, S04488, section 4

NEC does not recommend replacement of modules in an IDU unit. Whenever a fault
is identified an an IDU unit, the complete IDU unit should be replaced with a spare.
The faulty equipment is to be returned to the factory for repair.

Cautions (these have been mentioned before but serve as a reminder):


While the power supply is ON, do not remove/connect the power supply connector.
Otherwise, the DC-DC CONV may fail.
Before starting maintenance, including operation of the OPR SEL SW on the front
panel of the equipment, select MAINT ON mode using the LCT.
After all maintenance actions have been completed, perform MAINT OFF setting.
Do not disconnect IF cable between the IDU and the ODU in operating condition, as
this may damage the IDU and ODU. Do not remove/connect the IF cable with IDU
power ON, turn IDU power OFF before remounting the IF cable.
When changing the SW UNIT, traffic is interrupted.
To replace the SW UNIT with a spare, both No. 1 and No. 2 MD UNITs have to
removed.
After replacing an IDU, first set the TX/RX frequency from the IDU, then connect
the IDU to ODU. This will avoid the possibility of transmitting on the wrong
frequency.

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Maintenance

Replacing ODU
Before replacing the ODU with a spare, ensure the spare operates in the correct sub-band
and TX high/low as appropriate. Here are procedures for replacing the ODU with a spare
after fault isolation:
Note: Procedures for No. 1 and No. 2 channels are identical.
Removing
1. Turn off the POWER switch on the front panel of the IDU
2. Remove waterproofing and loosen tightening rings of the IF IN/OUT connector (N) on
the ODU by turning them counter-clockwise,
3. Remove the waterproofing for waveguide connector type of ODU, and remove the
waveguide from the RF IN/OUT by removing the four waveguide fixing screws using a
screwdriver,
Note: Be careful not to damage the O-ring between the waveguide and ODU.
4. Remove earth cable
5. Loosen eight screws (M6) on the ODU
6. Remove the ODU
Notes: Be careful not to damage the O-ring between the waveguide and ODU.
7. Replace ODU with a spare, taking care when handling the coaxial/waveguide contact
surface. Torque up the ODU screws: 4.5Nm or Direct or Remote Mount, 2.8Nm to Hybrid
8. Reconnect the earth cable
9. Reconnect the IF cable and waveguide, if relevant
10. Redo all waterproofing and cable/waveguide supports
11. Turn on the POWER switch on the front panel of the IDU
12. Confirm the parameters and functionality of the replacement ODU and perform a BER
test if required.
The ODU is considered as fully warmed up 30 minutes after being power up

In 1+1 system, to avoid occurrence of bit errors due to microphonic


properties, when installing the standby ODU on to the antenna direct
mounting HYB, protect the working ODU from mechanical knocks.

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Unit Replacement -
ODU

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Ref: Equipment Description, S04605, Section 4.4.2

Before disconnecting waveguide, connector or antenna from RF IN/ OUT of the


ODU, turn off PWR switch of the IDU or set ODU to mute condition (this control is
performed by personal computer as shown in following procedure).

Alarm conditions are identified through red alarm ODU LED indication on the IDU
or notification from external equipment

During alarm conditions, a red ODU indicator on the IDU is lit except when there is a
power supply failure

During maintenance, the IDU, and therefore ODU, should be set to maintenance
condition using a PC as shown. (This will normally suppress alarms caused by
maintenance activities)

If an ODU is replaced, the replacement ODU will be considered as fully warmed up


after 30 minutes of being powered up. Note: 8x2Mb/s requires 14MHz frequency
spacing and 16x2Mb/s requires 28MHz frequency spacing

In 1+1 system, when demounting the ODU from the antenna direct mounting HYB,
mount the attached SHORT PLATE to the demounted port of the HYB to avoid RF
power leaking from the hybrid and for waterproofing.

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Module 5
Upgrades/Downgrades

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Section objectives
This section covers the following:
Upgrading 1+0 system to 1+1
Downgrading 1+1 system to 1+0

References:
Pasolink V4 User (Instruction) Manual ROI-S0xxxx-051E
Abbreviations ROI-S04491-052E
General System Description ROI-S04604-052E
Measurement Procedure ROI-S04607-054E
TRP Equipment Description ROI-S04605-054E
Radio Frequency Assignment (n GHz) ROI-various-05xE
MDP Equipment Description ROI-S04488-058E
Installation and Initial Lineup ROI-S04606-054E

Pasolink V4 Sub-band Change Procedure

Pasolink V4 MTD (1+0 / 1+1) PL035-01

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1+0 mode in a 1+1 Chassis


It is possible to use a 1+1 radio in a 1+0 configuration. To disable the additional 1+1
features, select the 1+0 mode:

From the Settings Menu:

Enter [Control-A].

Select option 5.

Select 1+0: Enter [1][Return] for 1+0

Upgrading 1+0 systems (in 1+1 chassis) to 1+1 system


Use of the 1+1 chassis for all modes makes it possible to upgrade to 1+1 with minimal
service interruption. The work order is as follows:
1. Lock the TX/RX path onto channel 1
2. Install lower Traffic Channel Unit
3. Install the second IF cable and terminate this on to the lower Traffic Channel Unit
3. If splitter/hybrid had previously been installed, install the second ODU. Otherwise a
splitter/hybrid will need to be installed. Obviously, this involves traffic interruption and
TX power level adjustments to take additional losses into consideration
4. Terminate the second IF cable on to the second ODU.
5. Enable the 1+1 features:

From the Settings Menu:

Enter [Control-A].

Select option 5.

Select 1+1. Enter [0][Return] for 1+1

Upgrading 1+0 systems (in 1+0 chassis) to 1+1 system (1+1 chassis)

This upgrade involves the removal of the existing IDU and ODU and following the
procedure for installing a 1+1 system. The existing cabling (IF, DC power and tributary)
should be used to minimise traffic interruption

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Microwave Network Upgrade

1+1
1+0

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This slot is left empty for possible future upgrade

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Module 6
Additional Parameter Options

July 2006 gm/nec/general/pasolinkv4/trainees 101

Section objectives
This section covers the following:
Other optional parameter settings from the hidden menu

References:
Pasolink V4 User (Instruction) Manual ROI-S0xxxx-051E
Abbreviations ROI-S04491-052E
General System Description ROI-S04604-052E
Measurement Procedure ROI-S04607-054E
TRP Equipment Description ROI-S04605-054E
Radio Frequency Assignment (15GHz) ROI-S04760-051E
Radio Frequency Assignment (23GHz) ROI-S04759-052E
MDP Equipment Description ROI-S04488-058E
Installation and Initial Lineup ROI-S04606-054E

Pasolink V4 Sub-band Change Procedure

Pasolink V4 MTD (1+0 / 1+1) PL035-01

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Other parameters can be changed from a hidden menu:


To gain access to the hidden menu:
From the Settings Menu:
Enter [Control-A].
A list of options will be shown, according to whether the terminal is 1+0 or 1+1:
1. AIS SEND Report (report/not report)
Select whether to report AIS SEND alarms or status to PNMS
2. AIS RCVD Report (report:#### #### RRRR RRRR)
#: function not available (E1 channel used for LAN)
R: send report to PNMS for specified channel. (channel must be IN USE to select this)
N: do not send report PNMS for channel (channel must be IN USE to select this)
3. WS AIS RCVD report (report/not report)
Select whether to report Wayside AIS Received condition to PNMS
4. Setting clear
Resets IDU to factory defaults. Use only as last resort. No warnings are issued!
5. MD program download
For downloading firmware to the IDU MD. This requires a file and file location to be
identified within the PC attached. PNMT is normally used for this activity.
6. ODU program download
For downloading firmware to the IDU MD. This requires a file and file location to be
identified within the PC attached. PNMT is normally used for this activity.
7. MAINT on AIS activation condition (enable)
IDU automatically assumes MAINT state in event AIS BER = OFF is selected from
Maintenance Menu.
8. ODU sub band
Option to re-specify ODU sub-band in event to filter change. This also sets the
synthesiser to the correct operating sub-band.
9. LAN reset
Resets specified LAN port

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Hidden menu
Settings>Cntrl A

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_____________________________________________________________

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Module 7
Appendices

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Section objectives
This section covers the following:
Abbreviations
Alarm items
Typical microwave antenna parameters

References:
Pasolink V4 User (Instruction) Manual ROI-S0xxxx-051E
Abbreviations ROI-S04491-052E
General System Description ROI-S04604-052E
Measurement Procedure ROI-S04607-054E
TRP Equipment Description ROI-S04605-054E
Radio Frequency Assignment (n GHz) ROI-various-05xE
MDP Equipment Description ROI-S04488-058E
Installation and Initial Lineup ROI-S04606-054E

Pasolink V4 Sub-band Change Procedure

Pasolink V4 MTD (1+0 / 1+1) PL035-01

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LAN Local Area Network
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
LED Light Emitting Diode
AGC Automatic Gain Control
LNA Local Noise Amplifier
A/D Analog-to-Digital
MAINT Maintenance
AIS Alarm Indication Signal
MIC Microwave Integrated Circuit
APC Automatic Phase Control
MIX Mixer
ALM Alarm
MMIC Monolithic Microwave Integrated
AMP Amplifier
Circuit
ASC Analog Service Channel
MOD Modulator
ATPC Automatic Transmitter Power Control
MPU Microprocessor Unit
ATT Attenuator
MPX Multiplexer
B/U Bipolar/Unipolar
MTBF Mean Time Between Failure
Back-pressure Anti-congestion control
MUX Multiplexer
BBE Background Block Error
NMS Network Management System
BBER Background Block Error Ratio
ODU Outdoor Unit
BER Bit Error Rate
OMT Ortho-Mode Transducer
BNC Bayonet Navy Connector
OPR Operation
BR Branching
OW Order Wire
COMP Comparator
PABX Private Automatic Branch Exchange
CONT Control
PBX Private Branch Exchange
CONV Converter
PC Personal Computer
D/A Digital-to-Analog
PCM Pulse Code Mudulation
DEM Demodulator
PM CARD PASOLINK Management CARD
DEMUX Demultiplexer
PNMS PASOLINK Network Management
DET Detector
System
DIG Digital
PNMT PASOLINK Network Management
DPU Digital Processor Unit
Terminal
DSC Digital Service Channel
ppm parts per million
EMC Electro Magnetic Compatibility
PS Power Supply
EQL Equalizer
PSK Phase Shift Keying
ES Erred Seconds
PWR Power
ESR Errored Seconds Ratio
QPSK Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
ETHERNET LAN specification 803.3
RF Radio Frequency
ETSI European Telecommunications
RX Receiver
Standards Institute
SC Service Channel
F/B Front Back Ratio
SEL Selector
FREQ Frequency
SES Severely Errored Seconds
HDB High Density Bipolar
SESR Severely Erred Seconds Ratio
HIC Hybrid Integrated Circuit
SMA Sub-Miniature Type A
HYB Hybrid
SNMP Simple Network Management
IEC International Electrotechnical
Protocol
Commission
SV Supervisory
I/O Input/Output
SYNC Synchronization
IDU Indoor Unit
TX Transmitter
IF Intermediate Frequency
U/B Unipolar/Bipolar
INTFC Interface
UAS Unavailable Seconds
ITU International Telecommunication
VF Voice Frequency
Union
VSWR Voltage Standing Wave Ratio
ITU-R Radio Communication Sector of ITU
WS Wayside
ITU-T Telecommunication Sector of ITU
XPD Cross Pole Discrimination Ratio

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Alarm Items 1+1


Indoor Unit 37
Common Unit Modem 1 ODU 1
WS in
SW DPU MOD/
DEMOD
27
5 6 21
29 25 35
2Mb/s in 42 13-20 23 31 33
1 2
29
DSC/ASC in
9-12

DSC/ASC
out Modem 2 ODU 2
2Mb/s out DPU MOD/
4 3 DEMOD 28
43 22
30
WS out
8 7 14-20 24 26 36
32 34
INTFC 1/4 30

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Alarm Items 1+0


Indoor Unit 1+0

23 Modem 1 ODU 1

DPU MOD/ 18
WS in 5 6 DEMOD
15 17 22
16 20 21
2Mb/s 1 2
in
19
9 11-15
DSC/ASC in 10

11
DSC/ASC
out 12
2Mb/s 4 3
out

WS out 8 7
INTFC:
Traffic,
WS ,SC

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1+0 Alarms
# Alarm Item displayed / Condition / ALM Indication LED/ Relay Output (Form-C) <Note 4>

1 INPUT LOSS 1-16 Loss of input data stream from DTE <Note 1> IDU C1
2 AIS RCVD 1-16 AIS (all "1") is received from DTE <Note 1> IDU<Note5> -
3 AIS SEND 1-16 AIS (all "1") is transmitted to DTE <Note 1> IDU<Note5> -
4 OUTPUT LOSS 1-16 Loss of output data stream to DTE <Note 1> IDU C2
5 WS INPUT LOSS Loss of Way Side traffic input <Note 2,3> IDU C1
6 WS AIS RCVD AIS for Way Side is received <Note 2,3> IDU<Note5> -
7 WS AIS SEND AIS for Way Side is transmitted <Note 2,3> IDU<Note5> -
8 WS OUTPUT LOSS Way Side output loss <Note 3> IDU C2
9 TX CLK LOSS Loss of Transmitter Clock IDU C1
10 RX CLK LOSS Loss of Receiver Clock IDU C2
11 FSYNC ALM Frame Asynchronous at RX DPU IDU C2
12 HIGH BER ALM BER > 10E-3 IDU C3
13 LOW BER ALM BER > 10E-6 IDU -
14 BER ALM: BER (10E-3/-4/-5/-6 selectable)<used for triggering AIS injection> C2, C3
15 MOD ALM MOD 850MHz PLL APC loop is out of lock IDU C1
16 DEM ALM Carrier Asynchronous IDU C2
17 OPR ALM CPU communication error between IDU and ODU IDU C1, C2
18 TX PWR ALM Tx output power decrease<when 3 to 5dB below preset value> C1
19 RX LEV ALM Rx level decrease <Activated when less than -95dBm+/-5dB> C2
20 APC1 ALM 1st local loop out of lock ODU C1, C2
21 APC2 ALM nd local loop out of lock ODU C1, C2
22 IF INPUT ALM TX IF input level decrease <when less than approx. -63dBm> C1
23 MAINT System under maintenance MAINT: C1-C3 MASK C4

<Note 1> Unused channel/interface is masked according to the bit rate.


<Note 2> Way Side alarm inhibit function is applicable. Setting this function inhibits the alarm.
<Note 3> This item is masked in case of no WS system.
<Note 4> The summarization of alarm outputs is fully user programmable; the table shows the factory settings.
<Note 5> ALM LED does not light by the factory settings. It is changeable to light by the settings

Ref: MTD PL035, page 38


See also S04488, page 2-28

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1+1 Alarms
Alarm item displayed / Condition / ALM Indication LED / Indication LED at SW/ Form C Relay
1 INPUT LOSS 1-16 Loss of input data stream from DTE <Note 1> IDU TX No.1/No.2 1, 2
2 AIS RCVD 1-16 AIS (all "1") is received from DTE <Note 1> IDU<Note5> TX No.1/No.2<Note5> -
3 AIS SEND 1-16 AIS (all "1") is transmitted to DTE <Note 1> IDU<Note5> RX No.1/No.2<Note5> -
4 OUTPUT LOSS 1-16 Loss of output data stream to DTE <Note 1> IDU RX No.1/No.2 3, 4
5 WS INPUT LOSS Loss of Way Side traffic input <Note 2,3> IDU TX No.1/No.2 1, 2
6 WS AIS RCVD AIS for Way Side is received <Note 2,3> IDU<Note5> TX No.1/No.2<Note5> -
7 WS AIS SEND AIS for Way Side is transmitted <Note 2,3> IDU<Note5> RX No.1/No.2<Note5> -
8 WS OUTPUT LOSS Loss of Way Side traffic output <Note 3> IDU RX No.1/No.2 3, 4
9 TX CLK LOSS 1 Loss of Transmitter Clock IDU TX No.1 1
10 TX CLK LOSS 2 Loss of Transmitter Clock IDU TX No.2 2
11 RX CLK LOSS 1 Loss of Receiver Clock IDU RX No.1 3
12 RX CLK LOSS 2 Loss of Receiver Clock IDU RX No.2 4
13 FSYNC ALM 1 Frame Asynchronous at RX DPU IDU RX No.1 3
14 FSYNC ALM 2 Frame Asynchronous at RX DPU IDU RX No.2 4
15 HIGH BER ALM 1 BER > 10E-3 IDU RX No.1 3
16 HIGH BER ALM 2 BER > 10E-3 IDU RX No.2 4
17 LOW BER ALM 1 BER > 10E-6 -
18 LOW BER ALM 2 BER > 10E-6 -
19 BER ALM 1: BER (10E-3/-4/-5/-6 selectable) <used for triggering of AIS injection> IDU RX No.1 3, 5
20 BER ALM 2: BER (10E-3/-4/-5/-6 selectable) <used for triggering of AIS injection> IDU RX No.2 4, 5
21 MOD ALM 1 MOD 850MHz PLL APC loop is out of lock IDU TX No.1 1
22 MOD ALM 2 MOD 850MHz PLL APC loop is out of lock IDU TX No.2 2
23 DEM ALM 1 Carrier asynchronous IDU RX No.1 3
24 DEM ALM 2 Carrier asynchronous IDU RX No.2 4
25 OPR ALM 1 CPU communication error between IDU and ODU IDU TX/RX No.1 1, 3
26 OPR ALM 2 CPU communication error between IDU and ODU IDU TX/RX No.2 2, 4
27 TX PWR ALM 1 TX output power decrease <when 3 to 5dB below preset.> ODU TX No.1 1
28 TX PWR ALM 2 TX output power decrease <when 3 to 5dB lower than preset.> ODU TX No.2 2
29 RX LEV ALM 1 Receiving level decrease <when less than -95dBm+/-5dB) ODU RX No.1 3
30 RX LEV ALM 2 Receiving level decrease <when less than -95dBm+/-5dB) ODU RX No.2 4
31 APC1 ALM 1 RF 1st local APC loop out of lock ODU TX No.1 1, 3
32 APC1 ALM 2 RF 1st local APC loop out of lock ODU TX No.2 2, 4
33 APC2 ALM 1 RF 2nd local APC loop out of lock ODU RX No.1 1, 3
34 APC2 ALM 2 RF 2nd local APC loop out of lock ODU RX No.2 2, 4
35 IF INPUT ALM 1 TX IF input level decrease <when less than approx. -63dBm> ODU TX No.1 1
36 IF INPUT ALM 2 TX IF input level decrease <when less than approx. -63dBm> ODU TX No.2 2
37 MAINT System under maintenance MAINT C1-C5 MASK 6
38 TX SEL 1 TX SW select No.1 system - TX No.1 -
39 TX SEL 2 TX SW select No.2 system - TX No.2 7
40 RX SEL 1 RX SW select No.1 system - RX No.1 -
41 RX SEL 2 RX SW select No.2 system - RX No.2 8
42 MDP CPU ALM1 CPU communication error between MD and SW - TX/RX No.1 1, 3
43 MDP CPU ALM2 CPU communication error between MD and SW - TX/RX No.2 2, 4

<Note 1> Unused channel/interface is masked according to the bit rate.


<Note 2> Way Side alarm inhibit function is applicable. Setting this function inhibits the alarm.
<Note 3> This item is masked in case of no WS system.
<Note 4> The summarization of alarm outputs is fully user programmable; the table shows the factory settings.
<Note 5> ALM LED does not light by the factory settings. It is changeable to light by the settings.

Ref: MTD PL035, page 39


See also S04488, page 2-28

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PASOLINK ANTENNA direct mount performance
Freq. Diameter Typical Performance
Band (GHz) (m) Mid Gain(dB) F/B (dB) XPD (dB) VSWR
13 0.6* 35.2 61 30 1.3
0.8 37.8 63 30 1.3
1.2* 41.5 67 30 1.3
1.8 45.0 70 32 1.3
15 0.3* 31.1 53 30 1.3
0.6* 36.3 58 30 1.3
0.8 38.9 64 30 1.3
1.2* 42.5 70 30 1.3
1.8 46.0 71 30 1.3
18 0.3* 33.3 55 30 1.3
0.6* 38.6 60 30 1.3
0.8 41.0 63 30 1.3
1.2* 44.6 67 30 1.3
1.8 48.0 70 30 1.3
23 0.2 30.6 51 30 1.4
0.3* 34.9 61 30 1.3
0.6* 40.1 66 30 1.3
0.8 42.6 68 30 1.3
1.2* 46.0 72 30 1.3
1.8 49.4 75 30 1.3
26 0.2 31.5 52 30 1.4
0.3* 35.0 62 30 1.3
0.6* 41.1 67 30 1.3
0.8 43.6 70 30 1.3
1.2* 46.9 73 30 1.3
1.8 N/A N/A N/A N/A
38 0.2 34.3 54 30 1.3
0.3* 39.6 60 30 1.3
0.6* 44.5 63 30 1.3
0.8 N/A N/A N/A N/A
1.2* N/A N/A N/A N/A
1.8 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Note 1: 18-38GHz antennas are provided with standard waveguide flange (PBR) and PASOLINK
original interface. (13-15GHz antennas are provided with PASOLINK original interface and without
standard waveguide flange.)
Note 2: In case of 7,8,13 and 15GHz remote mount configuration, please dont use this table.
Note 3: This table shows typical values for reference.
Note 4: In case of Dual Pole Direct Mount Antenna System, * marked Diameters are available.

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