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HOME GENERAL TYPES OF INDUCTORS AND APPLICATIONS

Types of Inductors and Applications


JUNE 5, 2015 BY ADMINISTRATOR LEAVE A COMMENT

Contents [hide]

1 Inductor types based on core


1.1 Air Core Inductor
1.2 Iron Core Inductor
1.3 Ferrite Core Inductor
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1.3.0.1 Soft Ferrite


1.3.0.2 Hard Ferrite
1.4 Iron Powder Inductor
1.5 Laminated Core Inductor
1.6 Bobbin based inductor
1.7 Toroidal Inductor
1.8 Multi-layer CeramicInductors
1.9 Film Inductor
1.10 Variable Inductor
1.11 Coupled Inductors
1.12 Related Articles

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Inductor types based on core


There are di erent types of inductors. Depending on their material type they are basically
categorized as follows

Air Core Inductor


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Air Core Inductor

Air Core Inductor

Ceramic core inductors are referred as Air core inductors. Ceramic is the most commonly
used material for inductor cores. Ceramic has very low thermal co-e cient of expansion, so
even for a range of operating temperatures the stability of the inductors inductance is high.
Since ceramic has no magnetic properties, there is no increase in the permeability value due
to the core material.

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Its main aim is to give a form for the coil. In some cases it will also provide the structure to hold
the terminals in place. The main advantage of these inductors are very low core losses, high
Quality factor. These are mainly used in high frequency applications where low inductance
values are required.

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Iron Core Inductor


In the areas where low space inductors are in need then these iron core inductors are best
option.These inductors have high power and high inductance value but limited in high
frequency capacity. These are applicable in audio equipments. When compared with other
core indictors these have very limited applications.

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inductor with iron core

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Ferrite Core Inductor


Ferrite is also referred as ferromagnetic material. They exhibit magnetic properties. They
consist of mixed metal oxide of iron and other elements to form crystalline structures . The
general composition of ferrites is XFe2O4. Where X represents transition materials. Mostly
easily magnetized material combinations are used such as manganese and zinc (MnZn), nickel
and zinc (niZn).

Ferrites are mainly two types they are soft ferrites and hard ferrites. These are classi ed
according to the magnetic coercivity. Coercivity is the magnetic eld intensity needed to
demagnetize the ferromagnetic material from complete saturation state to zero.

Soft Ferrite

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These materials will have the ability to reverse their polarity of their magnetization without any
particular amount of energy needed to reverse the magnetic polarity.

Hard Ferrite

These are also called as permanent magnets. These will keep the polarity of the
magnetization even after removing the magnetic eld.
Ferrite core inductor will help to improve the performance of the inductor by increasing the
permeability of the coil which leads to increase the value of the inductance. The level of the
permeability of the ferrite core used within the inductors will depend on the ferrite material.
This permeability level ranges from 20 to 15,000 according to the material of ferrite. Thus the
inductance is very high with ferrite core when compared to the inductor with air core.

inductor with ferrite core

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Iron Powder Inductor


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Iron Powder Inductor


These are formed from very ne particles with insulated particles of highly pure iron powder.
This type of inductor contains nearly 100% iron only. It gives us a solid looking core when this
iron power is compressed under very high pressure and mixed with a binder such as epoxy or
phenolic. By this action iron powder forms like a magnetic solid structure which consists of
distributed air gap.

Due to this air gap it is capable to store high magnetic ux when compared with the ferrite
core. This characteristic allows a higher DC current level to ow through the inductor before
inductor saturates. This leads to reduce the permeability of the core.

Mostly the initial permeabilitys are below 100 only. Thus these inductors posses with high
temperature co-e cient stability. These are mainly applicable in switching power supplies.

Iron Powder Cores

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Laminated Core Inductor


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Laminated Core Inductor


These core materials are formed by arranging many number of laminations on top of each
other. These laminations may be made up of di erent materials and with di erent thicknesses.
So this construction has more exibility.These laminations are made up of steel with insulating
material between them.

These are arranged parallel to the eld to avoid eddy current losses between the laminations.
These are used in low frequency detectors. They have high power levels so , they are mostly
used at power ltering devices for excitation frequencies above several KHz.

laminated-core-inductor

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Bobbin based inductor


These are wounded on cylindrical bobbin so these are named as bobbin based inductors.
These are mainly used for mounting on printed circuit boards.

It consist of two types of leads they are axial lead and radial lead. Axial lead means lead exits
from both sides of the core for horizontal mounting on PC board. Radial lead means lead exits

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from both sides of the core for vertical mounting on PC board. These are shown below

Two Bobbin Inductor

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Toroidal Inductor
Wire wounded on core which has ring or donut shaped surface. These are generally made up
of di erent materials like ferrite, powdered iron and tape wound etc. This inductor has high
coupling results between winding and early saturation.

Its arrangement gives minimum loss in magnetic ux which helps to avoid coupling magnetic
ux with other devices. It has high energy transferring e ciency and high inductance values at
low frequency applications. These inductors mainly used in medical devices, switching
regulators, air conditioners, refrigerators, telecommunications and musical instruments etc.

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Toroidal Inductor

Back to top

Multi-layer CeramicInductors
The name itself indicates that it consist of multi layers. Simply by adding additional layers of
coiled wire that is wound around the central core to the inductor gives multi-layer inductor.
Generally for more number of turns in a wire , the inductance is also more.

In these multi-layer inductors not only the inductance of the inductor increases but also the
capacitance between the wires also increases. The most advantage of these inductors is by
giving the lower operating frequencies also we can get higher inductance results.

These are having applications at high frequencies to suppress noise, in signal processing
modules like wireless LANs, Bluetooth etc. These are also used at mobile communication
systems.

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Multi-layer Ceramic Inductors

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Film Inductor
These uses a lm of conductor on base material. Thus according to the requirement this lm is
shaped for conductor application. Film inductors in thin size are suitable for DC to DC
converters that serve as power supplies in smart phones and mobile devices. The Rf thin lm
inductor is shown below:

Film Inductor

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Variable Inductor
It is formed by moving the magnetic core in and outside of the inductor windings. By this
magnetic core we can adjust the inductance value. When we consider a ferrite core inductor ,
by moving its core inside and outside on which the coil is wounded , variable ferrite core
inductor can be formed.

These type of inductors are used in radio and high frequency applications where the tuning is
required. These inductors are typically ranged from 10 H to 100 H and in present days these
are ranged from 10nH to 100 mH.

variable inductor

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Coupled Inductors

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The two conductors connected by electromagnetic induction are generally referred as


coupled inductors. We already seen that whenever the AC current is owing in one inductor
produces voltage in second inductor gives us mutual inductance phenomenon.

Coupled inductors will work on this phenomenon only. These can isolate two circuits
electrically by transferring impedance through the circuit. A transformer is one of the type of
coupled inductor.

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Coupled Inductors

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Molded inductors

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These inductors or molded by plastic or ceramic insulators. These are typically available in bar
and cylindrical shapes with wide option of windings.

Molded inductors

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