Motion of Particle in Space

© All Rights Reserved

7 views

Motion of Particle in Space

© All Rights Reserved

- Comau Robotics_Motion Programming
- Chap 2
- PHY Acceleration Problems
- Chapter 5 Force and Motion-I
- lab report physics
- Motion Kinematics 1D
- Mouse Project
- chapter 2 cp physics
- Kinemat Th
- Intro to Derivatives
- What is a Projectile
- PHY Exam 1
- proyecto fisica
- Lesson Plan
- Higher School Physics Linear Motion Q&A
- Ch 5 Mathematical Model of Motion Notes
- Motion and Energy (Notes)
- ForceandMotionfillintheblank.pdf
- Sci_3Q 12-13 LP2_Road Safety, Waves
- Ejecicios Cap 1

You are on page 1of 4

In this section, we apply the concepts of tangent and normal vectors to study the motion

of an object along a curve in space.

~

Definition: Suppose a particle moves through space so that its position at time t is R(t).

Then the velocity vector of the particle is

V~ (t) = R

~ 0 (t),

and the speed of the particle at time t is ||V~ (t)||. Similarly, the acceleration of the particle

is given by

~ = V~ 0 (t) = R

A(t) ~ 00 (t).

~

Example: The position vector of an object is given by R(t) = ht3 , t2 + 1, t3 1i, t 0. Find

its velocity, acceleration, and speed at time t = 1.

~

A(t) = h6t, 2, 6ti.

||V~ (t)|| = 6t4 + 4t2 + 6t4 = 12t4 + 4t2 .

At time t = 1, V~ (1) = h3, 2, 3i, A(1)

~ = h6, 2, 6i, and ||V~ (1)|| = 16 = 4.

Example: A moving particle starts at initial position R(0) ~ = h0, 1, 0i with initial velocity

~ ~ 2

V (0) = h1, 0, 1i. Its acceleration is A(t) = ht, t , cos 2ti. Find its velocity and position at

time t.

~ = V~ 0 (t),

Since A(t)

Z

V~ (t) = ~

A(t)dt

Z

= ht, t2 , cos 2tidt

1 2 1 3 1 ~

= t , t , sin 2t + C.

2 3 2

Using the initial velocity, V~ (0) = C ~ = h1, 0, 1i. Then

1 1 1

V~ (t) = 2 3

t + 1, t , sin(2t) + 1 .

2 3 2

Since V~ (t) = R

~ 0 (t),

Z

~

R(t) = V~ (t)dt

Z

1 2 1 3 1

= t + 1, t , sin(2t) + 1 dt

2 3 2

1 3 1 4 1 ~

= t + t, t , cos(2t) + t + C.

6 12 4

Using the initial position,

~ 1 ~ = h0, 1, 0i.

R(0) = 0, 0, +C

4

~ = h0, 1, 1/4i and

Thus, C

~ 1 3 1 1 1

R(t) = t + t, t4 + 1 cos(2t) + t + .

6 12 4 4

Example: A force of 20 N acts directly upward from the xy-plane on an object with mass 4

kg. The object starts at the origin with initial velocity V~ (0) = h1, 1, 0i. Find its position

function and its speed at time t.

F~ (t) = mA(t)

~

~

h0, 0, 20i = 4A(t)

~

A(t) = h0, 0, 5i.

~ = V~ 0 (t),

Since A(t)

Z Z

V~ (t) = ~

A(t)dt = ~

h0, 0, 5idt = h0, 0, 5ti + C.

~ = h1, 1, 0i. Thus,

||V~ (t)|| = 2 + 25t2 .

Since V~ (t) = R

~ 0 (t),

Z Z

~ 5

R(t) = V~ (t)dt = h1, 1, 5tidt = t, t, t2 ~

+ C.

2

~

Using the initial position, R(0) ~ = ~0. Thus,

=C

~ 5 2

R(t) = t, t, t .

2

Note: When studying the motion of a particle in space, it is often useful to break the

acceleration down into two components: one in the direction of the unit tangent and one

in the direction of the unit normal. These are known as the tangential and normal

components of acceleration.

~

Suppose that the position of a particle at time t is given by R(t). Then the tangential and

normal components of the particles acceleration are

~ 0 (t) R

R ~ 00 (t) ~ 0 (t) R

||R ~ 00 (t)||

AT = and AN = .

||R~ 0 (t)|| ~ 0 (t)||

||R

~

Example: A particle moves with position function R(t) = ht3 , t2 , ti. Find the tangential and

normal components of acceleration at a general position and at the origin.

First,

~ 0 (t) = h3t2 , 2t, 1i

R

~ 00 (t) = h6t, 2, 0i

R

~ 0 (t)|| = 9t4 + 4t2 + 1

||R

~ 0 (t) R

R ~ 00 (t) = 18t3 + 4t

~i ~j ~k

~ 0 (t) R ~ 00 (t) = 3t2 2t 1 = h2, 6t, 6t2 i

R

6t 2 0

~ 0 (t) R

||R ~ 00 (t)|| = 4 + 36t2 + 36t4 = 2 1 + 9t2 + 9t4 .

Then

18t3 + 4t 2 1 + 9t2 + 9t4

AT = and AN = .

9t4 + 4t2 + 1 9t4 + 4t2 + 1

At the origin (t = 0), AT = 0 and AN = 2.

- Comau Robotics_Motion ProgrammingUploaded byvasudev joshi
- Chap 2Uploaded byhezihilik
- PHY Acceleration ProblemsUploaded byminna1208
- Chapter 5 Force and Motion-IUploaded byAfnan Azizi
- lab report physicsUploaded byapi-256848952
- Motion Kinematics 1DUploaded byalfred8307
- Mouse ProjectUploaded byAlmcoInc
- chapter 2 cp physicsUploaded byapi-96362001
- Kinemat ThUploaded byvinodwarrior
- Intro to DerivativesUploaded bydonnysyafardan
- What is a ProjectileUploaded byLorieAnnBringas
- PHY Exam 1Uploaded bySamantha Gornick
- proyecto fisicaUploaded bynightmare5791
- Lesson PlanUploaded byJALALUDDIN
- Higher School Physics Linear Motion Q&AUploaded byGkid Gkid
- Ch 5 Mathematical Model of Motion NotesUploaded bySalih Hassen Anwar
- Motion and Energy (Notes)Uploaded bykeyur.gala
- ForceandMotionfillintheblank.pdfUploaded byshasagail
- Sci_3Q 12-13 LP2_Road Safety, WavesUploaded byErnest Luigi Manzanares
- Ejecicios Cap 1Uploaded bywilliam redondo
- Radial Transverse SlodeUploaded byShaktivell Letchumanan
- Tranlslate Jurnal Momentum Dan ImpulsUploaded byAnjar Widaningrum
- Dynamics Mid ExamUploaded byAudreyWalangareDimalibot
- Testblueprint Nasc3 1exam OnlyUploaded byJomari M. Marasigan
- ERT 250 - Assgmnt 1.docUploaded bycarl domingo
- Csec Kin&DynUploaded byAmanda Whipple
- p2 Describing MotionUploaded byshiva nayak
- Kinematics ModifiedUploaded byrobin biswas
- PHYS 1110_ch1_v2Uploaded byJames Li
- x-classUploaded byHimanshi Dagar

- Concept Quiz GeotechUploaded byanjibee
- Topic 4 - Investigation of Laterally Unsupported BeamsUploaded byanjibee
- Topic 3 - Design of Laterally Unsupported BeamUploaded byanjibee
- Short Outline - Steel DesignUploaded byanjibee
- Algebra - XUploaded byjadedoctolero
- Religious EducationUploaded byanjibee
- Topic 6 - Investigation of Restrained BeamsUploaded byanjibee
- Topic 8 - Investigation of Propped BeamsUploaded byanjibee
- Topic 9 - Design of Continuous BeamsUploaded byanjibee
- Topic 2 - Investigation of Laterally Supported BeamsUploaded byanjibee
- Topic 1 - Design of Laterally Supported BeamsUploaded byanjibee
- Civil Engineering Reviewer - Soil and FoundationUploaded bymark_torreon
- echos langUploaded byanjibee
- Mathalino - Double Integration MethodUploaded byanjibee
- Area Moment Method from MathalinoUploaded byanjibee
- batanesUploaded byanjibee
- 0.5 cm graph paperUploaded byanjibee
- Test ScribdUploaded byanjibee

- slope analysis.pdfUploaded byernestnsabimana74
- Peter Tavner Durham University Whats Hot in University Offshore Renewable ResearchUploaded byadepoma
- Diesel EngineUploaded bym_mukbel8752
- Advanced Vibration Analysis on Gear Box TrainUploaded byoded98
- flitchplateUploaded bytopknotTK
- 1 Introduction 2016Uploaded byTerry Cheung
- 21 feb 2014Uploaded byAnandraj Govindaraj
- M06 ConsolidationUploaded byrealchic
- 2016 Balmar CatalogUploaded byCDI Electronics
- Saturn SA-3 Flight Evaluation Volume IUploaded byBob Andrepont
- LWN Operating Manual of FanUploaded byYogesh Badhe
- Tubes Properties Arcelor MittalUploaded byanil-kumar-singh-6674
- Condition Monitoring - Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaUploaded byanonimoefra
- Wps-pqr Gmaw LtiUploaded bybgonzalez1981
- tatra-military-vehicles.pdfUploaded byMatko Tomljanović
- Intelligent Winding Machine of Plastic Films for Preventing Both Wrinkles and SlippagesUploaded byMustafa Azam SEZER
- 21948613 02 CB Belt Storage and HandlingUploaded byandino
- Sebastian Eggert- Impurity Effects in Antiferromagnetic Quantum Spin-1/2 ChainsUploaded byPo48HSD
- HVAC & CR Air Filtration.pptUploaded bynursaidah
- User Manual for i Series Discontinued Nov 04 05Uploaded byfreaky-mario3327
- Tech Specs of 50kva Cummins Biogas Generator-141103Uploaded bySyaifulNasution
- 05008403Uploaded byShashi Shekhar
- API 610 11ed.Uploaded byRoberto Galicia Franco
- ANSALDObrochure Steam Turbines LoUploaded byErnesto Sánchez Gómez
- ACD GUPDUploaded byJeremy Jerez
- 01[1] (2)Uploaded byjfcalama
- nagel m2Uploaded bysend-to
- Using Dirac NotationUploaded byJacob Bains
- 3D & 5D Pipe bend for pipelineUploaded bymohammadazrai
- Axelson_6Uploaded byAmit Makwana

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.