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this b6oklet wlth ydirr answer ilieel TEST CODE O12O7O1O
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FORM TP 2016044 MAY/JUNE 20I6

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL


CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE@
EXAMINATION
* BIOLOGY
w
fr Paper 0l - General Proficiency
K
*i
t hour 15 minutes

08 JUNE 2016 (p.m.)

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.


This test consists of 60 items. You will have t hour and I 5 minutes to answer them.

2 In addition to this test booklet, you should have an answer sheet.

J Each item in this test has four suggested answers lettered (A), (B), (C), (D). Read each item
you are about to answer and decide which choice is best.

4 On your answer sheet, find the number which corresponds to your item and shade the space
having the same letter as the answer you have chosen. Look at the sample item below.

Sample Item

Which of the following diseases is due to


a dietary deficiency? Samole Answer

(A)
(B)
Malaria
Diabetes
@@ @o
(C) Influenza
(D) Anaemia

The correct answer to this item is "Anaemia", so (D) has been shaded.

5. If you want to change your answer, erase it completely before you fill in your new choice.

6 When you are told to begin, turn the page and work as quickly and as carefully as you can
If you cannot answer an item, go on to the next one. You may retum to that item later.

7. Figures are not necessarily drawn to scale


I

I DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

- Copyright @ 201 4 Caribbean Examinations Council


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All rights reserved.

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012070t01F 2016
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1 Which of the following features is used 3. Living organisms, such as plants, are

to classify a group of organisms as Class affected by abiotic factors which determine


Insecta? where they become established. Which of
the following options describes some of
these determining factors?
(A) Size
(B) Shape
(c) Colour (A) Sunlight availabilitY, soil PH,
(D) Number of segments minerals
(B) Parasitism, commensalism,
mutualism
x (c) Sediment size, shaPe and colour
2 Eleanor collected 13 snails in a 25 cm
(D) Deforestation, slash and burn,
25 cm quadrat. What is the density of the
shifting cultivation
snail population in a I m2 area?

(A) t3
(B) 52
(c) 208
(D) 832

Item 4 refers to the following diagram of a food web'

L.
7
Large fish

/\

f-::;,'",r,:*
Y# <-
{F.-o o

w
ruNz -
-a
E.'
t-or*-*
, k1
t'-Po +
rf,

Small fish and crustaceans Zooplankton Phytoplankton

4. Trophic Level I is represented by

(A) zooplankton
(B) phytoplankton
(c) small fish and crustaceans
(D) marine mammals and PeoPle

GO ON TO THE NEXT PACE


-3-
Item 5 refers to the following diagram of a Items 6-7 refer to the following options.
mushroom.
(A) Parasitism
(B) Commensalism
(C) Mutualism
(D) Synergism

For Items 6-7, match each item with one


of the options above.

6. The relationship between a wild pine and


a Flamboyant tree

2cm 7 The type ofrelationship between leguminous


plant roots and nitrogen-fixing bacteria

5. The organism shown above is a

(A) producer
(B) consumer
(c) detritivore
(D) decomposer

Item 8 refers to the following diagram which shows energy flow through an ecosystem.

Heat Eeat

Sun Producers Consumers

Inorganic
nutrient
pool

Heat

8. The energy flow is NOT 100% efficient because energy is

(A) recycled from plants to the afinosphere


(B) lost through respiration and excretion
(c) circular, moving in and out of organisms
(D) linear, moving from one organism to the next

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Item 14 refers to the following graph of
9 Which of the following is NOT an example
of a renewable energY resource? f,-oputution growth.

(A) oil
(B) Wind
0
-------l
I

(C) Solar I

(D) Biomass
1A

6l
I

I
4
b!
L
o
10 Which ofthe following practices doesNOT L
(u
help to conserve the environment? !
I
(A) Overgrazing z
(B) CroP rotation
(C) Reafforrestation
(D) Using natural fertilizers 14. Phase 4 of the graph of population groMh
is MOST likelY due to

1l Human activities would have the LEAST


(A) disease resistance
immediate imPact on
(B) high natural birth rate
(A) coralbleaching (c) adequate food and sPace
(B) eutroPhication (D) competition from invasive species
(C) overPoPulation
iOl formation of fossil fuels
15. A mature plant cell is different from a
mature animal cell because the plant
cell

t2 Which of the following effects of climate has


change poses the GREATEST threat to
small islands? (A) mitochondria
(B) a cell membrane
(A) Rising sea level (c) a large permanent vacuole
(B) Ocean acidification (D) a nucleus susPended in the
(C) lncreased greenhouse gas cytoPlasm
(D) Increased global temperature

13 The GREATEST threats to the survival


of
coral reefs are

(A) decreased nitrogen levels


(B) decreased greenhouse gases
(c) i ncreased ocean temPeratures

(D) increased dissolved oxygen levels

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE


5

Item 16 refers to the following diagrams.

I u

16. Which of the following options MOST likely identifies the organelles, I and II above?

(A) Nucleus and chloroplast


(B) Mitochondrion and nucleus
(c) Mitochondrion and chloroplast
(D) Nucleus and mitochondrion

17. Which of the following organelles is Item 19 refers to the following diagram
correctly matched with its function? which represents a metabolic process
carried out in plants.
Organelle Function
(A) Ribosomes Sites of protein synthesis Light q4oa
(B) Mitochondrion Air space in the cell
(c) Nucleus Controls movement of
fats in the cell
(D) Vacuole Site of energy use
Chlorcphyll
Plant
tn Oxygen
cell
18 In a comparison between osmosis and chloroplasts
diffusion, which ofthe following statements
is NOT true?

(A) Osmosis occurs only in living


cells.
(B) Both processes require energy Food
to move particles across a
concentration gradient. 19. The food produced is
(C) Diffusion sometimes requires
a partially permeable (A) fat
membrane. (B) starch
(D) With both processes, molecules (c) protein
move from a high concentration (D) amino acid
to an area of lower concentration.

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Item 20 refers to the following diagram ttem 2l refers to the following diagram'
showin g the cross section ofa d icotyledonous
leaf. Rate of
Photosynthesis
o.o3% co2
I
II

Light intensitY

m2l Which of the following statements BEST


accounts for the shaPe ofthe graPh?

(A) As photosYnthesis rates increase,


there is a decrease in carbon
dioxide levels.
(B) As light intensitY increases, the
rate of PhotosYnthesis also
increases, until a stationarY
20 Which of the following statements about
phase exists, when denaturation
the labelled Parts are true?
of the enzymes occurs.
(c) As light intensity increases, there
Region Function
is an increase in PhotosYnthesis,
I Allows maximum sunl ight until there is no further increase
penetration throu gh transParent in the rate due to some other
cells limiting factor.
II Allows for transPiration via (D) As carbon dioxide levels
cells graduallY increase, there is a
It Allows for gaseous exchange ii*ilu. increase in the rate of
vla cells photosYnthesis, until a Plateau
phase exists where no further
(A) I and II onlY ir"."ut" in carbon dioxide
(B) I and lll onlY results in anY funher increase in
(c) II and lll onlY photosYnthesis.
(D) I, ll and III

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ItemZ2 refers to the following diagram of Item24 refers to the following diagram
a tooth.

I I

II

m
-II

-trI
IV
Corual
-IV

7) Which option correctly identifies the


structures labelled l, II, III and IV? 24 Which two food groups should a person
suffering from hypertension and diabetes
I II III IV limit?
(A) Crown Enamel Dentine Pulp
(A) I and Il
(B) Enamel Crown Root Nerve
(B) I and IV
(c) Enamel Dentine Pulp Capillaries (c) II and III
(D) Dentine Enamel Nerve Capillaries (D) III and IV

23 Which of the following conditions are 25 Which of the following can be ingested to
optimum for the action of salivary amylase? prevent osteomalacia or rickets?

Temperature pH Amount of Maltose (A) Calcium


('c) Produced (pg) (B) Vitamin A
(A) 20-30 1-2 t2 (c) Vitamin C
(D) Magnesium
(B) 30-40 7-8 73
(c) 3H0 9-10 64
(D) 40-s0 7-8 32

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26. Which of the following options correctly 28. Which ofthefollowing BEST identifl some
matches the gaseous exchange structures of the transport substances in animals?
with the organism?
I. Amino acids
Plant II. Hormones
Human Fish
III. Sucrose
(A) Trachea Mouth Stems
IV. Respiratory gases
(B) Alveoli Gill filaments Large leaves
(c) Alveoli Gill rakers Young leaves (A) I and ll only
Cillbars Spongy (B) I and IV only
(D) Trachea
mesophyll (c) II andIII onlY
(D) I, II and IV only

21. The role of respiration is BEST described


as the

(A) release of energY


(B) absorption ofoxYgen
(c) breakdown of carbohYdrates
(D) liberation of carbon dioxide

heart'
Item 29 refers to the following diagram of a human

I
II
UI
Iv

structures labelted I' II' III and IV?


29 Which of the following options correctly identifies the

u ru IV
I
Pulmonary artery Pulmonary vein Bicuspid or Mitral
(A) Aorta
valve
Posterior vena cava Aorta Bicuspid or Mitral
(B) Pulmonary artery
valve
Pulmonary vgtn_ Pulmonary Semi-lunar valve
(c) Aorta
id valve
(D) Pulmonary vein Pulmonary artery_ Anterior vena cava

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30. An Amoeba obtains all the oxygen it needs 34. Which of the following options correctly
by diffusion via its cell membrane, while matches the storage organs to their stored
a human needs to have special respiratory nutrients?
surfaces for this purpose. The BEST reason
for this difference is that Roots Fruits Liver
(A) Starch Sucrose Glycogen
(A) the Amoeba does not require much (B) Starch Fructose Glucose
oxygen (c) Proteins Glucose Fats
(B) oxygen cannot pass through the
(D) Fats Glucose Glycogen
skin of a human
(c) a human requires a larger volume
ofoxygen 35. The BEST description of the role of
(D) a human's surface area to volume excretion in living organisms is to
ratio is too small for diffusion to
be effective (A) produce urine
(B) produce faeces
(C) get rid of toxic waste
31 The essential vitamin and mineral salt (D) get rid of excess water
required for blood clotting in humans are

(A) Item 36 refers to the following diagram of


A and Mg2*
a mammalian kidney nephron.
(B) C and K*
(C) B and Na" I
(D) K and Ca2*

32 Under which conditions will the rate of


transpiration in plants be HIGHEST?
II

(A) Sunny and low wind speed


(B) Sunny and high wind speed
(C) Cloudy and low wind speed
(D) Cloudy and high wind speed UI

36 Which option correctly identifies the


33 Translocation of sucrose in plants occurs
functions of the parts labelled I, II and III?
via specialized vessels which

(A) I II UI
are dead, narrow cells
(B) (A) Ultrafiltration Water Selective
are abundant in mitochondria
conservation reabsorption
(C) contain sieve pores in their end
walls (B) Ultrafiltration Selective Under the
(D) are thin, hollow tubes of lignin reabsorption influence of
ADH
(c) Water Under the Urine
conservation influence production
ofADH
(D) Selective Ultrafiltration Under the
reabsorption influence of
ADH

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37. Which of the following organs does the Item 40 refers to the following diagram
mammalian skeleton Protect?
U
I
(A) Stomach
(B) Pancreas
(C) Bladder
(D) Duodenum
g III

38 Which ofthe following correctly describes


movement in plants?
40. Which of the following options correctly
(A) Irreversible, whole or part identifies the structures labelled I, ll and
movement III above?
(B) Reversible, whole or partmovement
(C) Irreversible, growth or part I II trI
movement
(D) Reversible, growth or part (A) Receptor Relay nerve Effector
movement (B) Skin Intermediate Muscle
nerve
(c) Sensory Spinal nerve Effector
39 Which of the following options BEST nerve
describes the terms 'stimulus' and (D) Receptor Spinal nerve Effector
'response'?

Stimulus Response Item 41 refers to the following diagram of


(A ) A deliberate The movement of an the skin.
provocation of organism
an organism
(B) An organism's The growth of the I
exposure to organism away from
sunlight light
II
(c) A wave of Locomotion of the
excitement in an organism III
organism
(D) A detectable An organism's
change in an reaction to a stimulus
organism's
environment
IV

41. The region which acts in a similar manner


to SPF (Sun Protection Factor) creams is

(A) I
(B) II
(c) III
(D) IV

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42. The function of the choroid layer in the eye 45. Contraception is used PRIMARILY to
is to
(A) limit the size of families
(A) focus most light rays (B) cause infertility in humans
(B) prevent internal refl ection (C) prevent the spread of sexually
(c) maintain the shape of the eyeball transm itted infections
(D) control the amount of light entering (D) increase the world's population
the eye

46. Where does fertilization of the egg cell or


Item 43 refers to the following diagram ovum occur in flowering plants?
which illustrates a measurement of growth
in living organisms. (A) Stigma
(B) Endosperm
(C) Pollen grain
(D) Embryo sac

Item 47 refers to the following diagram of


a flower.

I
43 Which of the following is an INCORRECT
label for the y-axis?
II
(A) Length
(B) Mass
(c) Number of leaves
(D) Units of time ilI

Item 44 refers to the following activities


IV
involved in the menstrual cycle.

I. Repair of the uterus lining


47 Which of the labelled parts is responsible
II. Ovulation
for the production of male gametes?
III. Shedding of the uterus lining
IV Development of the Graafian (A) I
follicle (B) II
(c) III
44. Which of the following is the correct (D) IV
sequence of activities?

(A) l, II, IIl, IV


(B) II, I, III, tV
(C) IV, I, II, III
(D) rY III, Il, I

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48. A vector is defined as an organism that 50 Which of the following are used in the
management of diabetes?
(A) bites humans
(B) causes diseases I. Diet
(c) lives on other organisms II Exercise
(D) transmits disease organisms III Meditation

(A) I and Il onlY


49 Which of the following organisms transmits
(B) I and III onlY
the yellow fever virus? (C) Il and III onlY
(D) I,ll and III
(A) Culex
(B) Tsetse
(C) Anopheles
(D) Aedes aegtPti

gene and allele?


51 Which of the following options correctly describes DNA, chromosome,

Chromosome Gene Allele


DNA
DNA + histamine Unit that codes for a An alternate form of a
(A) Deoxyribonucelic acid
specific protein gene

An alternate form of DNA + protein Histone


(B) Unit that codes for a
specific protein a gene
The smallest unit of An altemate form of a
(c) Nucleic acid that has all DNA + histone
inheritance gene
genetic information
of Unit that codes for a DNA + protein
(D) Nucleic acid that has all The smallest unit
genetic information inheritance specific prglgrn_

53 Tarzan and Jane, both of whom are


52. As a result of mitosis each daughter cell
heterozygous for Blood Groups A and B
has
respectivety can have offspring that are
likely to be
(A) a variable number of chromosomes
(B) twice the number of chromosomes
as the Parent
(A) 100% AB

(c) the same number of chromosomes


(B) 50Yo A: 50Yo AB
as the Parent
(C) 25%o AB: 50Yo B:25Yo O
(D) half the number of chromosomes
(D) 25o/o A:25YoB:25%o AB:25o/oO
as the parent

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54. Zane, the son of Tarzan and Jane, may 58. Which ofthe following is true about natural
have inherited the red-green colour- and artifi cial selection?
blindness gene from his parents. Neither
Tarzan nor Jane is colour-blind. If N Natural Selection Artificial Selection
represents the allele for normal vision, and
(A) Occurs in Occurs in natural
n represents the allele for colour-blindness,
domestic populations. populations.
the genotypes of the parents would MOST
likely be (B) Involves genetic modi- Largely controlled by
fication. the environment.
Tazan Jane (c) Environment acts on Selective breeding for
(A) the population which a particular trait.
XNY XNxn
adapts.
(B) X,Y xNxo
(D) Faster process. Slower process.
(c) x.Y XnXn
(D) XNY XnXn
59 Which of the following is an ecological
55. Variation in populations is due to impl ication of genetic engineering?
I. mutation
(A) Loss of biodiversity
ll. crossing over
(B) Humans'playingCod'
lll. asexualreproduction
(C) Higher prices for organic foods
IV. random segregation
(D) Reduced incidence of allergic
reactions
(A) I, II and III only
(B) I, II and IV only
(c) II, III and IV only 60 Which of the following describes the
(D) I, II, III and IV process of genetic engineering?

56. Variation is important to populations (A) Tissue sample is treated to promote


because it ensures
growth of cells.
(B) Stem cells are grown and used to
(A) diversity treat medical problems.
(B) conformity
(C) Chromosomes from an egg cell are
(c) adaptability replaced by the nucleus from a
(D) abnormality somatic cell.
(D) A gene is inserted into a vector
which is then used to transfer the
57. Speciation may be due to gene to a host cell.

I. geographical isolation
II. behaviouraldifferencesincourtship
III. mutation

(A) I only
(B) I and Il only
(C) Il and III only
(D) I, II and III

END OF TEST

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON THIS TEST.

012070t0tF 2016