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Petroleum Development Oman L.L.C.

Document Title: Specification for Fiber Optic Cables and
Installation Standard.

Document ID SP-2148

Document Type Specification

Security Unrestricted

Discipline IM&T

Owner IT CFDH

th
Issue Date 25 March 2013

Version 1.0

Keywords: This document is the property of Petroleum Development Oman, LLC. Neither the whole nor any part
of this document may be disclosed to others or reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any
form by any means (electronic, mechanical, reprographic recording or otherwise) without prior written consent
of the owner.

Version: 1
Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. 2013

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Page 2 SP-2148 - Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014
Standards
The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.

Version: 1
Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. 2013

i Document Authorisation
Authorised For Issue – March 2013

ii Revision History
The following table lists the four most recent revisions to this document. Details of all revisions prior to
these are held on file by the issuing department.
Version No. Date Author Checked Scope / Remarks
N/A

iii Related Business Processes
Code Business Process
N/A

iv Related Corporate Management Framework (CMF) Documents
The related CMF Documents can be retrieved from the CMF Document Control.

Doc. ID Document Title
ANSI/IEEE Std. 524 IEEE Guide to the Installation of Overhead Transmission Line
Conductors
BS 1990 (Part1), 1984 Specification for Wood Poles for Overhead Lines
CP-117 Project Engineering Code of Practice
EIA-359 Standard Colour for Colour Identification and Coding.
CEPT Regulations
EIA-455 Standard Test Procedures for Fiber Optic Fibers, Cables,
Transducers, Connecting and Terminating Devices
Page 3 SP-2148 - Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014
Standards
The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.

Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. 2013 IEC 65 Safety requirements to mains operated equipment IEC 79-14 Electrical installations in explosive gas atmospheres (other than mines) IEC 529 Environmental protection IEC 793-1 Generic Specification for Optical Fiber IEC 794-1 General Specification for Optical Fiber Cables IEC 794-2 Product Specifications for Optical Fiber Cables IEC 874 Connector for Optical Fiber and Cables IEC 1000 series Electromagnetic comparability standards IEC 1073 Splices for optical fiber and cables IEC 1218 Fiber optic . HSESM Health Safety and Environmental Protection Standards Manual K.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®.8 Separation in the soil between Telecommunication cable and earth system of power facility K.33 Limits for people safety related to coupling into Telecommunications system from AC.Safety guide ESI 43-20 11kV & 33kV Single Circuit Overhead Lines of Heavy Construction on Wood Poles. . electric power and AC electrified railway installations in fault conditions PR-1666 Project Drawing Procedures SP-1099 Specification for Electrical Installation Practice SP-1102 Specification for Design of 33kV Overhead Power Lines SP-1105 Specification for Coding & Identification of Overhead Line Systems SP-1106 Specification for Earthing & Bonding SP-1109 Specification for Earthing & Bonding SP 1131 Hand over and as-built Documentation SP 2047 Preparation & Content of Engineering Drawings Page 4 SP-2148 . Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. GU 373 Installation of external fiber optic cable guideline.

................................ Installation of FOC above ground along the pipe line ..................................................... Accessories for ADSS .................................................................... 51 11........... 22 11............... Access to the site ........ PART TWO FOC INSTALLATION STANDARDS ........................................................ Direct buried FOC/HDPE Duct ................ 22 10.................................................. Installation .......................................................................... 37 8................................................ Acceptance Test ......... 31 B.........................Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®............... Fiber Optic Cable Accessories .................................................................................................................... Acceptance tests ............. 7 3......................................................................................................................................................... 46 10.............. 62 13........................................................................... Definition and abbreviations .......................... Cable construction ..... 7 A......................... 51 12................ 35 5........................................... Manufacturer’s test results ........................................................................ 6 2.... Routine Tests .............. Drawing and documents........................ Introduction .................................................................................................. Appendicies ..................................... 22 9....................................................... Installation methods ............................................................. 35 3..................................... Packaging ....................................... Aerial cable installlation (ADSS)............................ 10 2............................................ 23 13............... 36 7........................ 35 2.......... 39 9.......................... Bidding requirements ................................................................................................................................................................................................. PART ONE FOC SPECIFICATIONS INCLUDING ACCESSORIES .................. 16 6............ 23 12................................... Priority ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED......... General guidlines ....... 10 3........................................................... Purpose .............. Safety regulations ............................ 67 Page 5 SP-2148 ............................................................................................................................. 34 1................... General requirements .. 12 4... 13 5................................................................................. 35 4...................................................................... 3 iv Related Corporate Management Framework (CMF) Documents ....................................................................................... 3 ii Revision History ....................................................................................................... 20 7.................. Cable performance requirements ...................... 2013 TABLE OF CONTENTS i Document Authorisation ............................................................................................................................ 3 iii Related Business Processes............. 3 1............................ Instalation methology ...... 24 14.................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 21 8.............................................. 9 1.................................................... Main Requirements ..... Quality systems ..................................................................................................... Design .......................................................................... 65 14................................. 36 6.............................................................................................. Core Configuration ........................................................ Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March....................... Design testing ........................................... ..................................................................

the cable shall be deployed in underground rout using HDPE ducts. This document is divided into two parts. However. The new SP2148 becomes the single document for all FOC material and installation specification.. Page 6 SP-2148 . This Guideline does not cover the installation of in-building. while the second part two “B” is guide for installation and testing of different types of fiber optic cables. The ADSS fiber optic cable shall be suitable for installation along the route of the 33kV and 132kV overhead lines.2 Scope This document is a PDO generic specification for polyethylene sheathed optical cables. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. design. who encounters an inaccuracy or ambiguity. ducted (blown. applications include pulling/blowing into ducts and direct burial by blowing or by “trench & backfill method”. acceptance criteria of polyethylene sheathed armoured optical cables (herein after called PSA). using the User Comment Form provided. 2004. For PSA cable. The cables described herein have a stranded loose buffer tube construction that is designed so that no net axial fibre strain occurs at maximum pulling tension. It describes the construction. 1.5.1 Purpose This document is a guide to the material. pulling) and All Dielectric Self Supporting (ADSS). The ADSS Fibre Optic Cable shall be supplied from approved local manufacturer. deployments are limited to duct installation by pulling or blowing. and polyethylene sheathed dielectric optical cables (herein after called PSD) and All Dielectric Self Supporting (herein after called ADSS). It supersedes the existing SP 2002. This specification shall be corresponding with one or more of the referenced SPs and international standards to complete the COMPANY requirement for installation works. . For PSD cable. 1265 and 1266. 1. Introduction 1. Where the route of the OHL does not correspond with the desired route of the fiber optic cable. installation and testing of different types of fiber optic cables including buried. 2013 1. it remains the contractor’s responsibility to ensure the complete installation of FOC.2 and 1. PSA designs should be well protected against attack by rodents & termites and have excellent crush & impact resistance.3 Changes to the Specification This specification shall not be changed without approval from the Document Authority. is requested to notify the Document Custodian. 1.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Any user of this specification. The manufacturer shall assure that cables provided to PDO meet the requirements set forth in this specification The supplier shall be responsible for the insurance of the cable and associated accessories from the place of manufacture to the location designated by PDO. The first part one “A” is Material specifications and key accessories. performance. The Contractor shall fully comply with all the requirements in these specifications. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.4 Specification Owner's Responsibility The owner of this specification is responsible for authorising all proposed deviations or amendments to the specification and for the initiation of periodic reviews and updates in accordance with Clauses 1.

6 Review and Improvement As a minimum. the Contractor shall bring the concern or question to the attention of the Company for clarification or resolution. Should The word 'should' indicates a recommendation. . Any deviation to the specification shall be approved by the IT CFDH. supply. Page 7 SP-2148 . If the Contractor has any concern about the applicable specification for a particular project. designate using this User document. this specification will be reviewed every three years and updated when necessary. installations and testing of any FOC in HDPE duct. has entered into a Contractor Contract. 1. Compliance with these specifications for modifications or extension work to existing facilities may not always be possible. The entire FOC work shall be conducted by an approved Company Telecommunications contractor. the Contractor shall consider all the requirements including design.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®.5 Effective period The requirements of this specification shall remain in force indefinitely unless superseded by an authorised revision. The Company and/or Contractor. in such cases the Company's written instructions shall be obtained to indicate whether a deviation is acceptable. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. If a standard becomes old and a latest issue of the same standard is available then the latest issue shall be followed. materials or product related Manufacturer/Supplier services to be used during the fabrication of a facility. 2. The company's decision shall be final and binding. Definition and abbreviations For the purposes of this document. 3. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Shall The word 'shall' indicates a requirement. The party with which the Company. All requirements of this specification shall apply except where the manufacturer’s standards are more stringent. Main Requirements For any project. 2013 1. buried and ADSS. Company Petroleum Development Oman LLC. than the latter shall apply. the following definitions shall apply. A Company supplying goods.

the following abbreviations shall apply: AC Alternating Current ADSS All Dielectric Self Supporting ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials BS British Standard CCITT Committee Consultative International Telegraphy and Telephony Db Decibel DC Direct Current DEP Design and Engineering Practice ERD Engineering Reference Document FAT Factory Acceptance Test FOC Fiber Optic Cable GHz Gigahertz HDPE High Density polyethylene HV High Voltage IEC International Electrotechnical Committee ISO International Standards Organization ITU-T International Telecommunications Union – Telecommunications IT-CFDH Information Technology .Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. 2013 For the purposes of this document.Corporate Functional Discipline Head Kbit/s Kilobits per second LAN Local Area Network LLDPE Linear low density polyethylene m (m/s) Meter (Meter per second) MBL Minimum breaking load MDPE Medium density polyethylene OHL Overhead Line OLTE Optical line Terminating Equipment OTDR Optical Time Domain Reflectometer PE Poly ethylene PMD Polarization Mode Dispersion PSA Polyethylene Sheathed Armoured Optical Cable PSD Polyethylene Sheathed Dielectric Optical Cable SAT Site Acceptance Test SP PDO Specification Practices UV Ultra Violet Page 8 SP-2148 . .

Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. .Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. PART ONE FOC SPECIFICATIONS INCLUDING ACCESSORIES Page 9 SP-2148 . 2013 A. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.

2. A PE inner sheath . Superabsorbent polymer yarns wrapped around the central member (or superabsorbent polymer binders suitably located elsewhere in the cable structure) . A layer of aramid yarn that is engineered to provide the required level of tensile strength. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. . One or two ripcords . A corrugated steel armour tape (PSA only) . Optionally. . Cable construction The required cable shall comprise of the following components listed radially from the centre. . . . A superabsorbent polymer tape wrapped around the aramid yarn . Quality systems The factory where the cable manufacturing takes place must be registered to ISO-9001 and have been registered for a period of at least 2 years. 2013 1. A PE outer sheath (PSA only) 2. SZ stranded loose buffer tube containing optical fibres and a thixotropic filling compound.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. A central strength & anti-buckling member shall be made of GRP. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. filler rods may be used in lower fibre count cables to keep the structure round.1 Design “PSD”: Dielectric Cable FRP Rod Water Blocking Yarn Buffer Tubes & Fibers Dielectric Strength Yarn Ripcord Water Blocking Tape High molecular weight PE sheath Page 10 SP-2148 . .

2013 2. A central strength & anti-buckling member made of 2.5 mm FRP. . . . SZ stranded loose buffer tube containing optical fibers and a thixotropic filling compound. An LLDPE or MDPE inner sheath with printing.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. . . A ripcord for the PE inner sheath. .2 Design “PSA”: Armoured Cable FRP Rod Water Blocking Yarn Buffer Tubes & Fibers Dielectric Strength Yarn Water Blocking Tape Ripcords (2) Corrugated Steel Tape High Molecular Weight PE Sheaths (2) 2. . Super-absorbent polymer yarns wrapped around the central member (or super-absorbent polymer binders suitably located elsewhere in the cable structure) . Page 11 SP-2148 . Optionally.3 Design “ADSS”: All Dielectric Self Supporting FRP Rod Water Blocking Yarn Stranded Core Water blocking Tape PE Inner Sheath Ripcords Torque balanced aramid yarn MDPE or Track Resistant Outer Sheath The required cable shall comprise of the following components listed radially from the centre. filler rods may be used in lower fiber count cables to keep the structure round. A super absorbent polymer water blocking tape. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.

2 ADSS A 2. It must serve dual function.1.A ripcord for the PE outer sheath.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. The central member must be free of imperfections that degrade its performance and must be stiff enough to prevent the cable from kinking at its minimum bend radius. It must serve dual function. and be compatible with all cable components. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.1 PSD and PSA A GRP rod is placed in the centre of the optical cable core. It must be free from foreign matters. Each buffer tube in the finished cable is distinguishable from the others by means of colour coding as follows: Page 12 SP-2148 . The filler material must be made of a material compatible with other core components. . . The fiber and stranded loose tubes shall be colour coded as specified below to provide easy identification at either cable end. The inside of the tubes must be filled with a thixotropic gel to prevent moisture ingress.5 mm FRP rod is placed in the centre of the optical cable core. The fibres must have enough free space inside the tube to provide the required level of mechanical and environmental performance. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.2 Buffer Tubes and Filler Rods 3. . 3. chemically and mechanically. acting as a tensile strength element and as an anti-buckling member. filler rods may be placed into any unused positions in the stranded fibre optic core. Materials used in the construction of the cable shall not affect the physical or optical properties of the fiber and shall be compatible with each other. For lower fibre counts. 3. The buffer tube- filling compound must be non-toxic and dermatological safe. repairs and other defects. acting as a tensile strength element and as an anti-buckling member.A layer of water blocked aramid yarn that is engineered to provide the required level of tensile strength for the project span.2. non-nutritive to fungus. The central member must be free of imperfections that degrade its performance and must be stiff enough to prevent the cable from kinking at its minimum bend radius.1 PSD and PSA The cable must be of stranded loose buffer construction where fibres are contained in a series of tubes (6 or more).1 Central Member 3. General requirements The cables shall not be leftovers from another project without the written permission of PDO. 3.1. and electrically non-conductive. joints. 2013 . non- hygroscopic. Ultimate tensile strength of the cable shall not be less than 42kN. sag and loading conditions.An MDPE or track-resistant PE outer sheath (only for 132kV lines) The cable must be circular in cross-section and free from pinholes. 3.

2. . the following core configuration is to be provided in the cables: Fiber Count Tube Configuration # of Fillers 6 One 6-fiber tubes 4 12 Two 6-fiber tubes 3 16 Four 4-fiber tubes 1 24 Four 6-fiber tubes 1 36 Six 6-fiber tubes 0 48 Four 12-fiber tubes 2 96 Eight 12-fiber tubes 0 Page 13 SP-2148 .2 ADSS Each buffer tube in the finished cable is distinguishable from the others by means of colour coding as follows: Tube number Buffer Tube Colour 1 Blue 2 Orange 3 Green 4 Brown 5 Grey 6 White 4.1.1 PSD and PSA both SM and MM With a view to standardizing fiber distribution in joint closure trays and for compatibility in branching out and jointing. Core Configuration 4.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. 2013 COLOR CODE (PER IEC-304) Tub Color Tube # Color Fiber # Color Fiber # Color e# 1 Blue 7 Red 1 Blue 7 Red 2 Orange 8 Black 2 Orange 8 Black 3 Green 9 Yellow 3 Green 9 Yellow 4 Brown 10 Violet 4 Brown 10 Violet 5 Gray 11 Pink 5 Gray 11 Pink 6 White 12 Aqua 6 White 12 Aqua 3. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.

No fibre splices are allowed in any continuous length of cable. Each cable must have traceability of the optical fibre back to the original fibre ID number and test parameters as provided by the fibre manufacturer. Required fibre colour sequence is as indicated in section 5.2 Fiber Optical specification All optical fibres must meet the requirements set forth in ITU-T Recommendation G. .652D and the detailed specifications below. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Optical fibres shall have a high level of splice compatibility with optical fibres from other manufacturers.1.2 Page 14 SP-2148 .2 PSA and PSD MM 50/125 Fiber Count Standard Tube Layup # of Fillers (Others On Request) 4 One 4-fiber tubes 4 8 Two 4-fiber tubes 3 12 Two 6-fiber tubes 3 16 Four 4-fiber tubes 1 24 Four 6-fiber tubes 1 36 Six 6-fiber tubes 0 48 Four 12-fiber tubes 2 96 Eight 12-fiber tubes 0 4. Each optical fibre must be protected with a dual layer acrylate coating. The coating must be easily strippable with commercially available fibre strippers such as “Miller Strippers”.3 ADSS Fiber Count Tube Configuration # of Fillers 6 Three 2-fibre tubes 3 12 Three 4-fibre tubes 3 18 Three 6-fibre tubes 3 24 Four 6-fibre tubes 2 4.1. unless otherwise specified and approved by PDO. Optical fibres from different manufacturers cannot be mixed in the same cable or in any order. 2013 4.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. strippability and temperature performance while the outer coating shall be a harder material optimised for abrasion performance. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. The inner layer shall be optimised for adhesion to the cladding glass. Each fibre in a tube must be distinguishable from other fibres in the same tube by means of colour coding ink discernible throughout the design life of the cable.

The superabsorbent polymer materials produce a water blocking gel in the presence of water that actively seek out and fill the free space between the core components.7 Outer Sheath 4. This method is preferred because the cable is lighter in weight. The track resistant sheath shall be tested in accordance with BS5604 and IEC587 and the cable supplier must provide evidence of compliance. The minimum spot thickness shall not be less than 80% of the specified thickness. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Category 5. The average thickness of any cross section shall not be less than 90% of the specified thickness. 4. 2013 4. easy to remove and requires no special handling or solvents. Superabsorbent coatings on cable elements are not acceptable. tapes and/or binders.7. The superabsorbent polymer materials must be safe.1 PSD and PSA The strength yarns for PSA and PSD cables shall be aramid yarns. The inner sheath thickness should be nominally 1. type III.5 mm. Class C. Category 5. Grade J3. the nominal outer sheath thickness shall be 1. Page 15 SP-2148 .2 ADSS The strength yarns for ADSS cables shall be water blocked aramid yarns. type III. 4. 4. For MDPE. 33KV system cables shall use MDPE sheathed cables and 132KV system shall use track resistant sheathed (Outer sheath) cables. 4. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. For track resistant polyethylene.2 ADSS The sheath must be made of MDPE or track resistant polyethylene depending on the electrical potential at the ADSS attachment point.5.2 mm or to meet the required cable mechanical and environmental performance characteristics.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. .0 mm or otherwise to meet the required cable mechanical and environmental performance characteristics.1 PSD and PSA The sheath must be made of a high molecular weight linear PE meeting the requirements of ASTM-1248.6 Strength Yarns 4.5. The nominal outer sheath thickness shall be 1.4 Super-absorbent Polymer Materials Cables must be water blocked with superabsorbent polymer water blocking yarns.2 ADSS The sheath must be made of Telecommunications grade LLDPE or MDPE.5 Inner Sheath 4.7.3 Core Construction The central fibre optic unit consists of a SZ stranded core of loose buffer tubes around a GRP anti- buckling and strength member. does not require the use of specialised and costly cable cleaners and because of the improved productivity of PDO splicing personnel. Class C.6.1 PSD and PSA The sheath must be made of a high molecular weight linear PE meeting the requirements of ASTM-1248. 4. 4. Grade J3.8 mm. The inner sheath thickness should be nominally 1.6. the sheath thickness should be engineered to meet project requirements. 4.

8. . 2013 The average thickness of any cross-section shall not be less than 90% of the specified thickness. . The minimum spot thickness shall not be less than 80% of the specified thickness.2 PSD and PSA MM 50/125 PARAMETER SPECIFICATION Maximum Pulling Tension (MPT) 2700N Operating Temperature -40 to +70C Crush Resistance 2500 N/10cm Page 16 SP-2148 .1 PSD and PSA SM 9/125 Parameter Requirements Maximum pulling tension (MPT) 3500N for PSA 2700N for PSD Minimum bend radius.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®.1 Mechanical Characteristics 5. The manufacturer name.8 Sheath Markings 4. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. 5. 4. . Cable performance requirements 5. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. . Meter marks at a one meter interval with arrowhead indicating upward direction of meter markings.1.24 f”) The manufacturer’s name: The year of manufacture: Meter marks at a one-meter interval with arrowhead indicating upward direction of meter markings. . no load 10 times the cable outside diameter Minimum bend radius at maximum pulling 15 times the cable outside diameter tension Compressive Load 5000N/10 cm for PSA 2500N/10 cm for PSD Impact Load 25Nm for PSA 15 Nm for PSD 5. 4.1 PSD and PSA The outer sheath shall be marked with the following: .2 ADSS The inner sheath shall be marked with the following: Company’s Name: “PDO” Type of fiber Optic Cable and the fiber count: (for example: “ADSS 33KV or 132KV . The year of manufacture (for example: “Year 2012”). The fibre count (for example: “24 f”). The words “Petroleum Development Oman – Fibre Optic Cable”.1.8.

Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. no load (zero 10 times the cable outside diameter tension) Minimum bend radius at maximum pulling 20 times the cable outside diameter tension 42kN for 33 KV systems Ultimate Tensile Strength 60 KN for 132 KV systems Compression Strength (IEC-794-1) 3000 N/10 cm Impact Strength (IEC-794-1) 15 N-m 13 Gpa for 33 KV systems Modulus of Elasticity 17 Gpa for 132 KVsystems -6 o 1. 2013 Impact Resistance 12N/m Minimum Bend Radius at MPT 15 times cable diameter Minimum Bend Radius at zero tension 10 times cable diameter Longitudinal Water Blocking (L-Test) 1 meter water head. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.05 x 10 / C for 132KV systems 15 mm for 33 KV systems 16 mm for 132 KV systems Since ADSS cable fittings are dependent on cable diameter. Page 17 SP-2148 .3 ADSS Parameter Requirement Maximum Loading Tension (Stringing 15kN for 33 kV systems Tension + Wind Load + Ice Load) 20kN for 132 kV systems with track resistant outer sheath. . Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.4 to 1. PDO will require ADSS cables in Standard lengths custom length to ensure spans are matched and joints are avoided. Minimum bending radius.1.5 meter diameter 5. 1 meter cable length24 hours Cable Design Lifetime 40 years Packing Lengths 6 or 8 km Drum Size (typical) 1.1x 10 / C for 33 KV systems -6 o Thermal Expansion 1. any deviation from specified diameter Overall cable diameter should be highlighted and approval shall be obtained from the Company prior to manufacturing.

3. Cable average (dB/km) 1383 ±  0.1 dB Chromatic dispersion between 1285 and 1330 nm  3. Cable average (dB/km) 1625  0. Cable average (dB/km) 1550  0.5 Mode Field Diameter (m) 1310 9.1dB at 1550 nm mandrel) Attenuation coefficient at 1310 nm  0.1 dB Bandwidth Distance Product at 850 nm  160 MHzkm Bandwidth Distance Product at 1300 nm  500 MHzkm 5.35 Attenuation Coefficient .4 Page 18 SP-2148 .2 Optical Performance of Cable for G. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.0 dB/km Attenuation coefficient at 1300 nm  0.31 3 Polarization Mode Dispersion (Individual fiber) ps/km .1 dB/km Attenuation at water peak  2. .Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®.3  0.5 ps/nmkm Chromatic dispersion at 1550 nm  18 ps/nmkm Cable cut-off wavelength  1260 nm PMD Coefficient  0.25 Attenuation Coefficient . 2013 5.  3.  0.2 Chromatic Dispersion (ps/nmkm) 1285.0 1330 Chromatic Dispersion (ps/nmkm) 1550  17.3 Optical Performance of Cable for with 62.5/125 GI Multimode fiber Parameter Requirement Attenuation coefficient at 850 nm  3. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.38 dB/km Attenuation coefficient at 1550 nm  0.652D 9/125 Single Mode fiber Parameter Requirement Attenuation variation with wavelength (1285-1330 nm) < 0.652D Attenuation Coefficient Cable aaverage (dB/km) 1310  0.1 dB/km Attenuation with bending (100 turns on a 75 mm diameter  0.25 dB/km Optical point discontinuities at 1310 and 1550 nm < 0.1 PSD MM 50/125 PARAMETER  (nm) G.22 Attenuation Coefficient .7 dB/km Optical point discontinuities at 1310 and 1550 nm < 0.5 ps/km 5.

0  3 Numerical Aperture -.  1260 Coating Diameter (m) -.2 ADSS 2 Wind pressure (velocity) at everyday conditions 39N/m (@ 2.1 PSD and PSA Parameter Requirement Operating Temperature -20 to +70 C Allowable change in attenuation at temperature extremes  0.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®.8 m/s) 2 Max wind pressure (velocity). . 2013 Cable Cutoff Wavelength (nm) -.015 Bandwidth Distance Product (MHzkm) 850  400 Bandwidth Distance Product (MHzkm) 1300  400 5.7 Attenuation Coefficient (dB/km) 1300  0. v 34 m/s Operating Temperature 0 to +70 C Allowable change in attenuation at temperature  0. 0.200  0. q 709N/m (@ 34 m/s) Max wind gust. 245  10 Core Diameter (m) -. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.3.4.2 PSA MM 50/125 PARAMETER  (nm) 50/125 GI Multimode Attenuation Coefficient (dB/km) 850  2.8 Coating Diameter (m) -.4 Environmental Performance of Cable 5.05 dB/km Installation Temperature -20 to +55 C Storage Temperature -20 to +70 C 5.4. 250  15 5. 50. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.05 dB/km extremes Installation Temperature 0 to +55 C Storage Temperature 0 to +70 C Page 19 SP-2148 .

1 dB at 1550nm shall constitute a failure. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.5/125 GI MM fiber Parameter Requirement Core diameter 62. In the absence of pre-existing test reports.652D SM fiber Parameter Requirement Fibre Type G. After release of the compressive load. Page 20 SP-2148 .5  3 m Numerical aperture 0.7 GN/m ) 6.652D – Compliant Single mode fibre made from VAD (Vapour-phase Axial Deposition) performs. The water pressure shall be applied to the cut end of the cable in an “L-test” configuration.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. The tests must have been performed on an identical or similar construction to the one being offered and with equal or higher fibre count. Mode field diameter at 1310 nm 9. 6. Design testing The cable supplier must provide test reports for the IEC-794-1 series of cable tests noted below.0 m Cladding diameter 125  2 m Cladding non-circularity  2% Coating diameter 245  10 m 2 Proof test 1% strain (equivalent to 0. 2013 5. the cable supplier must perform the tests on an actual length of cable manufactured for PDO orders and submit the type test reports to PDO for approval.6 Geometry and Performance Requirements for 62.1 Water Penetration A sample of cable must be tested for water penetration to IEC-794-1-F5 with a 1m head of pressure for a period of 24 hours.275  0.3 0. an increase in optical attenuation greater than 0. 6. .015 Cladding diameter 125  2 m Cladding non-circularity  2% Coating diameter 245  10 m 2 Proof test 1% strain (equivalent to 0.2 Crush Resistance The test shall be performed per IEC-794-1-E3 according to the compressive load requirements shown above.5 Geometry and Performance Requirements for G.7 GN/m ) 5.5 m (Petermann II definition) Mode field concentricity error  1.

Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. 6.1 dB at 1550nm shall constitute a failure. A permanent or temporary increase in optical attenuation value greater than 0. 7. The optical fibres shall maintain mechanical and optical integrity when exposed to operational temperature extremes of minus 40°C to plus 70°C.1 dB at 1550nm and 0. a permanent or temporary increase in optical attenuation value greater than 0. 6. test method E11A.1 dB at 1550nm shall constitute failure. The test shall be performed according to IEC-794-1-F1. 6. After impact. 2013 6. colour coding.1dB/km for 1550nm.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Page 21 SP-2148 . Attenuation increase shall be less than 0. Optical Attenuation OTDR test at 850. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. Summary of certified test data shall be provided upon request.4 Bending The cable must be subjected to a bending radius of 12 times the diameter of the cable for 4 complete turns according to IEC-794-1-E11. 1300. 6. Routine Tests The following routine tests must be performed on all individual lengths of PSD and PSA cable: Test Name Requirements Cable Geometry Sheath thickness. a permanent or temporary increase in optical attenuation value greater than 0.3 Impact The test shall be performed per IEC-794-1-E4 according to the impact load requirements shown above.1 dB at 1550nm. The maximum change in the optical attenuation at the cables rated maximum working tension shall be no greater than 0. .5 Stress-Strain The test must be carried out in accordance with IEC-794-1-E1 to determine the tensile characteristics of the cable under load and to verify the fibre strain margin within the cable.1dB at 850nm shall constitute failure. cable construction.6 Thermal Cycling The cable shall be tested to determine the temperature dependence of attenuation. 1310 and 1550 nm. During or after bending. Optical Length Length in meters as measured with an OTDR PDO has the right to call for schedules of all measurements carried out and check the test results. according to IEC- 794-1-E7.7 Torsion The cable must be subjected to 10 twists of 180°C on a 1 meter cable sample.

Bidding requirements 8. tensile performance. crush resistance.Compliant . Manufacturer shall supply certified summaries of the test made. The following categories must be used in the compliance statement: . The tests shall be as acceptance criteria for Page 22 SP-2148 . cable bend do not form part of standard routine measurements.1 Design Lifetime The cable manufacturer shall clearly state the design lifetime of their cable which is 40 years. standards and the prescriptions mentioned in this specification. Cable Mass . Factory Acceptance Test (FAT) for all the cables must be conducted at the presence of PDO witness or PDO representative. physical and visual tests for each separate production run including a minimum of 10% of the lengths. The Company may call for schedules of any or all measurements carried out. 10. repeated bending. but not limited to. Minimum bend radius at MPT . Tests and checks shall be carried out according to stated codes and the Manufacturer's standard procedures.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Type tests. This shall be paid by the Company (PDO). No other categories are allowable and the use of other responses may disqualify the offer. this shall include attenuation measurements on all cable lengths and standard mechanical. Cable Outside Diameter .2 Compliance Statement The supplier must provide a detailed compliance statement against the requirements of this specification. Must be as per the following details: . 2013 8. Minimum bend radius at no load 9.Non-Compliant . Manufacturer’s test results Factory tests shall demonstrate that the cable under supply is in accordance with the reference codes.3 Cable Design The supplier must provide a detailed design of the cable proposed for PDO projects.Not Applicable All “Non-compliant” items must be clearly identified and explained in detail. The supplier shall inform the Company for the specified dates. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.1 Inspection During manufacture. The supplier shall inform PDO well in advance (not less than 4 weeks) the date required for FAT. Acceptance Test The supplier shall perform tests on the fibre optic cable at 1310nm and 1550 nm at the Company delivery yard at his own expense. 8. 8. The delivery location shall be either at the Company interior fields for projects or at the Company storage areas. the Company or its appointed delegate might visit the Manufacturer's shop to verify that the cable meet the construction rules. such as. All test results shall be submitted to the Company. Final factory testing of cables shall be carried out on each cable length prior to shipment. . Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. 9. drawings and specifications. Maximum Pulling Tension (MPT) .

Version: 1
Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. 2013

the Company to ensure free drum handling damages on the cable. If the tests showed any
damages on the FOC by having:
- More attenuation (optical loss) than what it specified in this document,
- Macrobends,
- Microbends, or/and
- Non-continuity in the FOC.
Then the supplier shall take full responsibility for replacing the whole affected cable drum(s) at his
own expense.
The tests shall be conducted for both850, 1300, 1310 and 1550 nm using;
- Optical Time Domain Reflectometer (OTDR).
- Light/laser source and power meter.
The output of the tests will be:
- OTDR curves and the loss details for each core.
- Attenuation (optical power loss) for each core.
In addition to the optical characteristics, the physical characteristics of the cable will be included in
the acceptance test, such as any abnormalities in construction, bulges or kinks etc.
All tests shall be conducted under the witness of the Company representative. The contractor shall
take full responsibility in case of non compliance or abnormalities found, it will be rejected PDO.

11. Instalation methology
The cable supplier must provide PDO with a detailed installation manual. It must provide vital
information with regard to safety, tensioning, equipment, sheave sizes, etc.
It is preferred that the installation manual be provided in an electronic form, preferably Acrobat.

12. Packaging
The cable shall be shipped on a wooden non-returnable reel. The cables shall be supplied on
standard drums of 2 km, 4 km and 5km as specified by PDO at time or order placement.
Length tolerance is + 5% only. The length shall not be less than the specified quantity.
The reel containing the cable shall be packaged in a robust fashion so as to minimise the risk of
damage during handling and ocean shipping. When requested by PDO, the cable shall be
prepared for air shipment.
The reel shall be visibly marked to indicate the proper direction of rotation.
The inside ends (ISE) and outside ends (OSE) of the cable shall be sealed with a heat shrinkable
end cap. The ends shall be firmly fixed to the reel to prevent transit and handling damage.
The reel shall have a drum that is large enough to prevent damage to the cable and maintain an
optimal bending configuration for long term storage.
The drum shall have the following minimum information on a robust marking plate:
- Petroleum Development Oman LLC
- Name of manufacturer
- Cable type, i.e. “PSD” or “PSA”.
- Fibre count
- Fibre type
- Project name and number
- PDO purchase order number
- Cable length in meters
- Manufacturer’s unique cable ID #
- Month and year of cable manufacture
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- Gross shipping weight in kg

12.1 Deviation drum lengths
The drum length may deviate by a maximum of ± 100m of the nominal drum length. A Maximum
of 10% of the drums to be supplied may have a shorter length. The minimum drum length shall
be not less than 400m.
The packing and forwarding instructions shall be as per requirements of ERD-06-01.

13. Fiber Optic Cable Accessories
This specification is intended to define the minimum requirements for the supply of fiber optic
termination units and other accessories necessary to terminate the fiber optic cable at each end of
the cable installation.
The following is the mostly used materials for FOC work and its specifications. However, it remains
the Contractor responsibility to identify and procure all the required materials for the complete FOC
installation work.

13.1 Fiber optic splice closure
FOC splice closure shall provide a joint closure incorporating optical fiber storage, organization,
securing and protection of splices while being re-enterable and accepting multiple cable entries.
The closure shall be of the unfilled type and shall provide a rugged and waterproof housing for optical
fiber splices and withstand the environmental and desert conditions. It shall be capable of re-entry
without the use of special tools and shall house a minimum of twice the number of splices.

13.1.1 Features
The Optical Fiber Joint Kit shall have the following features:
- Re-enterable
- No special tools required
- Cassette Type. Each cassette shall allow entering two types from both sides.
- Accommodate a maximum of 3 splice cassettes.
- Designed for straight and multiple branch splices on cut or uncut cable.
- Strain relief offering superior cable retention.
- Central strength member retainer.
- Integral fiber management.
- Dust and water proof.
- Each joint shall be capable of being marked with a unique identification number.

13.2 Fiber Optic Termination Patch Panels and Patch Cords
The patch panel shall have a fiber capacity equal to the total number of fibers (connected and
spares) for all cables to be connected. Patch panels shall be designed for rack mounting on a
standard equipment cabinet.
Termination panels shall have Factory connecterised pigtails and splice tray. The termination patch
panel shall be equipped with a suitable means for routing and securing of cables and shall provide a
suitable means of protection for the mounted fiber connectors to prevent damage to fiber and
connectors during all regular operation and maintenance functions. All cables shall be provided with
strain relief. Bend diameters on cable fibers and jumpers must be greater than four (4) inches at all
times to ensure optical and mechanical integrity of the optical fiber.
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Version: 1
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The followings are specifications that shall be included:
- Tray in the front to hold patch cords.
- The front of the patch panel shall be covered to avoid unnecessary access during
maintenance.
- A mechanism/facility shall exist to access pigtail connectors in a secured way for cleaning
purposes in future without the need of removing the adaptor panel plate.
- The termination panel vendor shall provide all the patch panel accessories including Splice
tray, loose tube management, Secure Cable entry to the patch panel, pigtails and adaptors,
etc. These items shall not be provided from a separate vendor other than the termination panel
vendor.
- The FO patch panel shall have half transparent dust cap and allow red light through it for visual
inspection.

In general, the Contractor shall supply fully loaded patch panels with all the above
features, as minimum.
The approved vendors for material can be found in PDO AVME list (AVME C.4.6)

13.2.1 Fiber Optic Pigtail, Patch cords and Patch Panel
The contractor shall supply the required quantities of pig tails, patch cords and patch panels. E-
2000 type connectors (LSH) and terminations shall be utilized. The preferred product can be
found in AVME list. However, the contractor may supply any product identical after obtaining the
Company’s approval.

13.2.2 Outdoor Fiber Optic Patch Panel
The fiber optic cable, once terminated in the pigtails, shall ultimately be terminated in a fiber optic
patch panel.
This panel shall be large enough to accommodate twice the number of fiber (specified) connectors
type E-2000 to enable the input and output fibers to be easily identified. It shall be 19" rack
mounted.
Features

- Support both fusion and mechanical splicing
- Support single mode fiber terminations
- Hinged and recessed front access panel
- Mounts into standard EIA 19" rack
- Storage facility for excess patch cords
- Strain relief at cable entry point
- Guide tube from external cable to splice tray
- Side and rear cable entry
- Withstand high temperatures
The preferred product can be found in PDO AVME list (AVME C.4.6)

13.3 Optical Connectors
Connectors shall have a maximum allowable connection loss of 0.3 dB per mated pair, as
measured per EA.-455-34. No index-matching gel is to be used, dry interfaces only. Single mode

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F. impact strength at zero degrees centigrade.-455-5.4. Wooden drums shall be used covered with wooden planks in case importing outside Oman. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. and shall be capable of 100 repeated mating with a maximum loss increase of 0. G/CDS.99 cable IS : 7328 HDPE material for molding and extrusion ASTM D 1693 Test method for environmental stress cracking of ethylene plastics. 13. Alternatively.1 dB. and shall meet or exceed the applicable provisions of EA. Connectors shall incorporate a key-way design and shall have a zirconia ceramic ferrule. designed for single mode or multimode tolerances. respectively. 2013 connectors shall be capable of field installation on 9/125 micron fiber with 900 micron buffers (OD).4. HDPE Ducts for use as duct for optical fiber 08/01/Dec. ASTM D 1505 Test method for density ASTMD 3895 Method for Oxidation Induction Test 13. TEC Specs no. Each connector shall be of the industry standard E-2000 or ST2 type compatible. The HDPE duct shall be supplied in a continuous length of 1000 m in coil form. and 455-34. The approved vendors for material can be found in PDO AVME list (AVME C. Connector bodies and couplings shall be made of corrosion-resistant and oxidation-resistant materials. to reduce the Internal Co-efficient of Friction (ICF) for increasing the Cable Blowing performance.9). The lubricant shall be of a solid layer of uniform thickness so formulated to provide a permanent.4. 455-2A.2 Material The raw material used for HDPE ducts shall meet the following requirements: Page 26 SP-2148 . 13. low friction boundary layer between the inner surface of the duct and O. cable.4 HDPE duct used for FOC Pressure Blowing Methodology The HDPE duct shall consist of two concentric layers. suitably packed for shipping and handling purposes. such as nickel plated zinc.F. IS 12235 (Para9) Method of tests for unplasticized PVC pipe for portable water supplies. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.1 Standards HDPE Ducts shall conform to the following standards and the technical specifications: IS: 4984 Specifications for HDPE Pipes IS: 2530 Method for tests for polyethylene molding materials and compounds. designed to operate in humid environments without degradation of surface finishes. co-extruded with an inner layer of solid permanent lubricant over spirally ribbed inside surface. The HDPE duct shall have low friction boundary layer between the inner surface of the duct and O. . the outer layer being HDPE.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. IS : 14151 (Part 1) Polyethylene pipes for sprinkler irrigation system IS : 9938 Recommended colour for PVC insulation for LF wires and cables. cable.

The ducts shall be rolled on wooden drums so as not to conduct heat that can have effect on ducts considering the weather in Gulf countries.0mm ± 0. Outer Layer: The base HDPE resin used for the outer layer of the HDPE duct shall conform to any designation of IS-7328 or to any equivalent standard meeting the following requirements. Rib Height : 0.958 g/cc at 27° C . 20 N/mm . The duct surface layers shall not have any spots. . However. The raw material used for extrusion shall be dried to bring the moisture content to less than 0.4. For this purpose. Elongation :Min.9mm Tensile Strength and Elongation: The samples removed from the HDPE ducts when tested as per IS-14151 (Part-I) shall meet the following requirements: . After cooling to room temperature. No. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. the co-extruded inner layer of solid permanent lubricant shall be integral part with HDPE and shall be white in colour and clearly visible in cross- section of duct. 350% 13. The inner layer of solid permanent lubricant shall be continuous all through and shall not come out during storage. Suitable UV stabilizers shall be used for manufacture of the duct to protect against UV degradation.2 to 1. contrast striping shall be provided. The raw material used in the manufacture of the duct shall be such that the service life of the duct and all its accessories can be expected to be more than 50 years. 2 Tensile Strength : Min.4. The raw materials used in the ducts shall be made of pure raw materials. The material of the stripes shall be same as that of base compound for the duct. a duct length of 200 mm shall be placed horizontally in an air-oven or a suitable liquid bath on a support at 110 + 2° C for 60 minutes so that the dimensional changes in duct section are not impeded. The lubricant materials shall have no toxic or dramatic hazards for safe handling. In the finished HDPE duct. 2013 . when tested as per IS-2530. 13. The drums should be covered with wooden planks to avoid ducts from direct sunlight and severe weather conditions. .1 g/10 minutes at 190°C & 5 Kg load Inner Layer: The inner lubrication material shall be of friction reducing. Density : 0. the dimensional change of the duct section shall be measured in the longitudinal Page 27 SP-2148 .4. the manufacturers shall furnish the designation for the HDPE resin as per IS 7328 as applicable.0mm . which shall be integral with HDPE layer.3 HDPE Requirements The ducts shall be of different colour and for further identification. of ribs : 80/32 .4 HDPE tests 13. Melt Flow Rate (MFR) : 0.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®.6 mm/-0.0.4mm .4. when stored in open for a minimum period of 12 months. Additives or recycled materials shall neither be used nor added. These stripes shall be co-extruded during the duct manufacturing. . . Dimensions of ducts: The dimensions of the HDPE ducts with spirally ribbed inside construction shall be as below: Outside diameter : 50mm +0.1 Reversion Test This test shall be carried out as per IS-4984.5 mm/0.940 to 0. . Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Wall thickness : 3.1%. . polymeric material.2 . usage and throughout the life of the duct.3 to 0.

4.4.8 Oxidation Induction Test The induction time in oxygen when tested with a copper pan as per method in Annexure-I of TEC Specs G/CDS-08/01. 13.4.3 Impact Strength The test has to be carried as per IS-12235 (Part – 9). Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.4. .5m before striking the duct. when tested with 10% Igepal (CO 630) solution at 50 + 1° C for 1000 hours.4.4.4. the sample shall not show signs of localized swelling or leakage and shall not burst during the test duration. a sample length of 10 times the outside diameter of the duct shall be taken.4. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. except 5 meters from each end.4. A striker with a hemispherical nose of 13 mm radius and loaded to a total weight of 10 kg shall be allowed to fall freely in a suitable vertical guides through a height of 1. 13. 13. For this purpose.4.7 Coil Set The HDPE duct shall unroll off the drums without snaking or waving having zero coils set.4.5 Mandrel Test A 150 mm long mandrel of diameter 3 mm less than the internal diameter of the duct shall be passed through a 5 meter length of duct.DEC. freely throughout the length. The test temperatures and the duration of the test shall be as follows: Page 28 SP-2148 . it shall be straight without any bends or kinks and without deformation. when a minimum length of 50 meters duct is taken from the coil and laid on the ground. 13.4. The deflection with load on and after recovery period shall not exceed 10% and 2% respectively. 13.9 Hydraulic Characteristics The duct shall be tested for internal pressure creep rupture test as per IS-4984.0 mm before winding up. The dimensions shall not change by more than 3 per cent in the longitudinal direction. The Ovality for 50/44 mm shall not exceed 1. The line of fall of the striker shall coincide with the diameter of the duct.2 Environmental Stress Crack Resistance The specimen cut from the HDPE ducts shall meet the environmental stress cracking as described in ASTM D-1693.4.99 shall not be less than 30 minutes. The ducts shall not crack or split. There shall be no failure. A sample duct 150 mm in length shall be placed on a heavy rigid block whose faces are at an angle of 120°. at 300 mm away from the end.4. 13.6 Ovality Test Ovality is the difference between maximum outside diameter and the minimum outside diameter at the same cross-section of the duct. 13.4.4 Crush Resistance Samples of the duct of 150 mm + 2 mm in length shall be subjected to a dead load of not less than 50 kg for one minute and shall be allowed to recover for 5 minutes.4. The test showing failure within a distance equivalent to the length of end cap from the end shall be disregarded and the test repeated. when the duct is bent to a radius of 5 meters. Thus the duct shall lay straight into the trench without re-coiling. 2013 direction and the deviation from the initial length shall be calculated and stated in percentage.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. 13. For this purpose. At the end of the test.

It shall withstand the air pressure test of 15Kg/cm for a minimum period of 2 hours without any leakage. water. These shall avoid ingress of dust. to prevent the entry of any dirt. Manufacturer’s name (Also can be in abbreviated form) .4. Specific serial number of the duct . . The HDPE duct shall withstand a minimum pressure of 13Bar. Sequential length marking at every meter with Arrow mark in ascending order. . The size of ink markings shall be distinct. shall be fitted on each end of duct coil after manufacturing. easy to install and shall provide air tight and water tight 2 leak proof joint between the two ducts. Some of the accessories are: . Petroleum Development Oman LLC .5 x Inner diameter of FOC. insects/rodents etc into ducts. Page 29 SP-2148 . moisture.4. The manufacturers shall provide complete design details.4. which enables them to be installed on ducts without pre-dismantling. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. into ducts. with the following information at intervals every meter to enable identification of the pipe. The outer diameter of HDP duct shall be 2. End Plug: For sealing the ends of empty ducts.5 Acceptance Test 80 48 3. cable and shall be fitted immediately after laying of duct. Cable Sealing Plug: Used to seal the ends of ducts perfectly. . The design of this shall be simple. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. moisture. The material shall be HDPE/PE 100 (Design Stress 8. Plastic Coupler: The coupler shall be of push-fit type having Push-Lock mechanism.DEC.5 HDPE duct for FOC Pulling Methodology HDPE duct shall be manufactured/produced as per CEN prEN12201-2:2000 or equivalent ISO standard.99 shall not exceed 0.F. 2013 Test Duration (Hrs.11 Identification Markings The duct shall be prominently marked with indelible ink. 13.4.0 MPa). insects/rodents etc into ducts. holding time) (Mps) Type Test 80 165 3. prior to installation of O. procedure for method of installation and type/grade of the material used for the accessories. when tested with respect to Nylon Jacketed unarmored fiber optic cable. after the cable is installed in the duct. . mud. 13. It is used for joining two ducts. clearly and easily visible.10 Internal Co-efficient of Friction The Internal Co-efficient of Friction when tested as per the method in Annexure-2 of TEC Specs G/CDS-08/01. rain water etc. Date of manufacture . End Cap: These caps. 13. water.4. to prevent the entry of dirt. Name of the duct with size . . during transit and storage. made of hard rubber/plastics.8 13.) Induced Stress Test Test Temp °C (Min.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®.08.5 HDPE Duct Accessories The following Accessories are required for jointing the ducts and shall be supplied along with the ducts.

13. It provides a soft buffer around cable sheaths to reduce damage caused by cable movement. smoke. . The Contractor shall supply 3M Scotchcast 4416 kit or equivalent. . . Corrosion and rodent proof. Buffer material: Thermoplastic . Injection molded chemical resistant gasket. 13.6. 13. Gasket that provides soft buffer to protect cable sheath should withstands vibrations of heavy loaded trucks or seismic movements. . .Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Buffer O.6. noxious gases. 13. A clear raceway around cable provides easy repair or upgrade. Tested sealing capacity to minimum of 10 PSI. . polyethylene jacketed polypropylene rope with 1800 psi tensile strength.1 Blank duct plug The blank duct plug is used to seal unoccupied or empty ducts. Corrosion and rodent proof. Strength Member: Kevlar Page 30 SP-2148 . subject o the Company approval. . Removable and reusable. No hazardous toxic compounds or messy foams should be used. 2013 13. Pull rope slack is secure to the plug and the duct is protected. . No hazardous toxic compounds or messy foams should be used. No metallic parts. Removable and reusable. mud and debris. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Split design allows installation around in-place cables.9) 13.9 Pigtail Cable Specifications Optical characteristics shall comply with the optical fiber performance specifications. air and gas tight seals. subject to the Company approval. Bushing sleeves available to suit a wide range of cables. It shall have the same features as Simplex duct plugs. It shall have the following features: . . It shall have the following features: .: 900 um .2 Simplex duct plug It’s a seal around a single cable in conduit. sub-ducts or conduits. No metallic parts.6.7 Duct or Conduit Seals The Duct Sealing Kit prevents water and gas from entering a manhole through a cable duct. . rodents. Water. corrosive chemicals. 13. It is also used to seal around conduits in core-drilled walls. fire.4. . Water. The approved vendors for material can be found in PDO AVME list (AVME C. .6 Duct and Conduit Sealing System All the ducts shall have a sealing system to protect the plant investment from water. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. air and gas tight seals.3 Triplex and Quadrex duct plugs It is a seal around cables and support up to four cables installed after cable splicing.D. .8 Pull Rope Low friction. . Provide Vikamatic "Fiber Glide" or equal. The Contractor shall supply all the plugs and accessories from the approved vendor or equivalent. Attachments to secure pull rope in conduit. It shall also have stainless steel nuts. . Tested sealing capacity to minimum of 10 PSI. Also it allows retrofitting and removal. washers and fasteners.

6) 13. The text shall be engraved on the Aluminum marker. C/w base. Accessories for ADSS There are a number of cable installation accessories. The covers shall be tested to the European standard EN124 B125. Two ducts for in & out (sponge entry system). internal cable holders. Lifting keys shall be provided also. Base material shall have a VICAT SOFTENING RATE of 84C and drain hole. The approved make of both warning and protective tapes can be found in PDO AVME list (C4.12 Cable Markers The markers shall be made from Aluminum with width of 100mm. thickness of 2 mm. Below is a brief description of the major accessories: 14. Jacket O.: 3. Locking should be of at least Allen key secure and sand proof. . The Contractor shall also provide FOC holder.D. Temperature Range: -20 to + 70 C The approved vendors for material can be found in PDO AVME list (AVME C.11 Manholes The manhole shall be/have the followings: . Glass Reinforced Plastic) chamber 915 x 445 x 750mm.FIBRE OPTIC CABLE . acids. FOC joint enclosure and any other installation required within the manhole.4. Ultima (GRP.IF DAMAGED PLEASE CALL 24677200" Printed in English and Arabic text For pipeline route. which are required to properly secure the aerial cable. 2013 . sand cannot enter the chamber when closed).9) 13. manhole number. start and end locations.4. 14. . All covers to be locked and sand proof (i. height of 30mm and thickness of 1mm.C. FOC joint holder. . the same above specifications shall apply but without the conductor/wire.6) 13. and other destructive elements and continuously imprinted on one side with the same text as the warning tape. The warning nets shall be continuously imprinted with the following text: "Petroleum Development Oman L. .L. .0 mm . cable management. . the warning tape shall be in the format of mesh net type and have a conductor/wire for FOC tracing and width of 300mm.1 Clamping Assembly There are two main clamping assemblies used to secure the ADSS cable at joint locations. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. One lifting key among 10 manholes shall be provided. The protective tape shall have a minimum width of 200 mm. Ductile iron covers with a galvanised steel frame for MAF and cement covers for interior sites. The approved vendors for material can be found in PDO AVME list (AVME C. Jacket Material: PVC . .Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. This keeps the cable under the required Page 31 SP-2148 . Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.e. The Contractor shall supply C4 Industries make or equivalent specification. changes in cable direction or at cable terminations.10 Warning and Protective Tape For separate/dedicated route. Internal Cable furniture . have orange protective polyethylene jacket resistant to alkalies. the route. . The text shall provide details of the FOC type.

2 Termination assembly Termination assemblies (also called dead end assembly) shall be manufactured such that the necessary holding strengths on the cable are provided. which are wrapped onto the cable to distribute load and to provide a suitable surface for the dead end component to lock into. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. It shall not degrade in UV light. within deviation of 20 degrees. 14. The extension link plate or chain shall be positioned between the dead end and the pole to allow an acceptable cable bending radius. They are specially designed to provide the required holding strength while minimizing any compressive stresses that may be transferred to the optical fiber element within the cable. Pole attachment component The structural reinforcing rods are helically formed rods. Most fiber failing occurs during dead-end termination. trees or other cables. Care shall be taken not to damage the fiber during the dead end termination. It shall be used at joint locations and change in direction of the ADSS cable. LDPE shall be used in manufacturing the abrasion protector. The assembly should support the cable without stressing the optical elements within the cable. The components of termination assemblies are: . if adjustments are necessary.4. The dielectric support is to be such that it can be used as a stringing traveller during the cable installation process and it shall be installed by drilling into the top of the pole. Dead end components .Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Page 32 SP-2148 . Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.10 degrees from the centre axis on either side of the pole i. Structural reinforcing rods .1 Abrasion Protections Contractor shall install cable abrasion protectors to protect the cable jacket from abrasion against structures. 2013 tension while preserving the desired sag. assemble the extension link. clevis thimble and dead end to the pole attachment. The cushion inserts shall protect the ADSS Cable against damage due to wind induced motion.3 Suspension assembly The suspension assembly is used to secure to the pole where there is little or no bending or change in direction of the cable at the pole. Do not reuse them after the initial installation is complete.4 Other accessories 14. The dead ends may be reapplied three times during the installation. The cable bend at the pole should be within +/. 14. Once the position has been determined. The location of the structural reinforcing rods with respect to cable sag/tension must be identified. The dead end component is then passed through the clevis thimble and wrapped over the structural reinforcing rods. Clevis thimbles . Apply tension to the cable at the pole.e. Extension links . The body and top of the unit shall be made of high strength dielectric material having a non-abrasive surface. . 14.

It shall be made of weather resistant urethane and shall secure the cable minimizing compressive clamping forces. .4 Pole attachment The pole attachment is normally secured via bolt passed through a hole drilled in the pole.4. The position and orientation of the cable clamp must be determined depending upon the incoming and outgoing cable angle prior to the drilling.4.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Page 33 SP-2148 . It shall be supplied with all mounting and fixing accessories necessary to install it onto the wooden pole. Material shall not deteriorate in function or appearance due to effects of severe weather conditions. Vibration dampers shall be provided for all cable spans of 100m and above. Vibration dampers shall be manufactured from rigid impact polyvinyl chloride. The height and the configuration of pole structure depend upon the current carrying capacity and voltage level of the overhead line. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.2 Down lead cushions Down lead cushions shall be provided at ADSS cable termination or where the cable is taken to the underground trench.3 Vibration damper Aeolian vibration can occur in areas prone to low speed laminar wind flows. to hold the cable to the pole. 14. 2013 14. This vibration must be controlled because its presence is a threat to the long-term integrity of the ADSS cable fittings. Detailed drawings of pole structures used for 33kV and 132kV overhead lines with single/twin ELM conductors are listed in SP-1102 and SP-1114A & SP-1114B. It shall consist of a base unit and a top and shall be able to accommodate two cables.4. 14. possessing excellent chemical and strength property and shall retain good physical characteristics in extreme temperature.

Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. 2013 B. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. . Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. PART TWO FOC INSTALLATION STANDARDS Page 34 SP-2148 .

Local fire codes must be consulted before deployment of cables. Testing for explosive gases and proper ventilation of underground facilities is vital. ducted (blown. These safety recommendations are meant to supplement. Installation of fiber optic cables shall be governed by. . This Guideline does not cover the installation of in-building. . . installation and testing of different types of fiber optic cables including buried. not to replace. pulling) and installation along the electrical OHL (ADSS). All local government and end user regulations must be followed at all times. . The project technical specification . 4. 2. procedures and guidelines) . DEPs . Priority Standards shall take the following priority (in order of highest to lowest): . Such right of access along the route of the line as the Company agrees is necessary to enable the Contractor to proceed with installation. Other PDO documents (including ERDs. Fire and safety regulations & laws limit the use of polyethylene-sheathed cables for indoor applications. Other Shell Standards . Capable ventilation equipment must be used according to local regulations & practices prior to installation of OFO cables in underground facilities. The Contractor shall fully comply with all the requirements in these specifications. Some of the key points are: . This document (SP 2148) . standards. and shall be undertaken to high standards of workmanship and in a safe manner. relevant local & national laws. Safety regulations Safety is the most important aspect of a fiber optic cable installation and highest priority shall be assigned to the safety issues.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. never look into the end of an optical fiber unless a power meter is used to verify that no optical signal is present. The Contractor shall regularly liaise with the Company Public Relations Department at all times throughout the construction to ensure minimal disruption of the local population. codes of practice. A running ground must be used whenever there is the possibility that a voltage may be somehow applied to the cable. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. 2013 1. Industry Standards 3. . However. The Contractor shall obtain route approvals from all the concerned local authorities (where required) and from the Company. specifications. it remains the contractor responsibility to ensure the complete installation of FOC. The right to transport material from adjacent road on to each continuous length of the route at agreed points of access. To prevent eye damage. Access to the site The Company shall provide facilities for: . Page 35 SP-2148 . . Purpose A guide to the design. . company-specific safety practices and other codes and regulations. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. International Standards . but not limited to the provisions specified.

ADSS cable should not be installed in wet weather. . tensioning. Contractor shall produce a high intensity plot. . This is used to try and position the cable at locations of minimum field intensity. The attachment point must be selected so that the electrical stresses on the cable do not support destructive electrical surface activity and must also ensure that there is no clashing between the ADSS cable and the phase conductors. Clearances and separations between the line conductors and the Fiber Optic cable shall be referred to Standards SP 1114A & SP 1114B. Installation methods The cable supplier must provide PDO with a detailed installation manual. Although ADSS cable has a fully dielectric construction. Running earth should be used where needed to eliminate the risk of electrical hazards. . equipment. . It is recommended to connect to the earth the installed ADSS cable and all ADSS cable fittings before the cable system is touched. . Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. etc. . When lifting the cable drum by crane or other lifting device. The primary points to be aware of are: . . This applies to installation. Never stand on the cable or allow vehicle to drive over it. etc. The use of compressors for cable blowing requires careful attention be paid to the safety instruction for the compressor and all compressed air fittings. a spreader bar must be used above the drum to avoid inward pressure on the top of the drum flanges. . The structure installation of ADSS cable on an overhead line shall be according to SP 1114A & SP 1114B. The installation will affect the loading and load balancing conditions on the structures. 2013 . Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. General guidlines Care must be taken when handling and installing ADSS FOC. . . testing and maintenance of the cable system.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Do not use gasoline as a cable cleaner. The attachment point of the ADSS cable must be carefully considered during the design stage. splicing. . . earth wires or other suspended cables. adding guy wires. Careful engineering consideration must be given to this incremental loading and any remedial work that might be needed (such as reinforcement of the structures. Cable drums shall be rolled only in the direction indicated by the arrow on the drum. sheave sizes. When positioning the cable near high voltage power lines. the cable can become conductive because of contaminants or moisture on or in the cable. Sufficient skilled personnel shall be made available for supervision and technical advice. Page 36 SP-2148 .). Do not allow the cable to be kinked. . 5. terminating. Use Polywater optical cable cleaner or other effective orange oil based cleaner. . Care must be taken during all phases of handling and installation to ensure that the minimum bending radius is not exceeded. It must provide vital information with regard to safety. The ends of the cable should be sealed with heat resistance sleeve to prevent moisture ingress. . If the surface of the cable is wet. Drums shall not be laid flat for installation or storage. . 6. the ground clamp must be within 2 meters of either side of the point to be touched.

Table 1 shows the parameters to be included for calculating the required System margin. pulling calculations for all conduit runs. The cable pulling and splicing work plan must be approved. pull rope. . In case of cable puling. identification tape. Design In the design stage. conduit plugs. Problem areas shall be identified & fixed and an installation plan should be clearly defined prior to the start of the installation. total layout and locations of all manholes. The pulling plan and pull tension calculations may be prepared by using a software program such as Pull-Planner 2000 by American Polywater Corporation. 2013 It is preferred that the installation manual be provided in an electronic form. Optical power loss budget shall be calculated for any FOC link. Tools and equipment to be used for cable installation and testing e. and traceability to standards of the National Institute for Standards and Testing. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Pull tension calculations b. Detailed description of pull operation methods for all conduit runs d. Catalogue data on all testing devices proposed for use plus certifications of accuracy. . the following shall is mandatory: . . Drawings indicating the routes. In case of HDPE duct installation. . Page 37 SP-2148 . Catalogue Data: Catalogue data on conduit system. . Calculated amount of lubrication required c. a minimum of 15 days prior to pulling cable. 7. The name and qualifications of the supervisory personnel that will be directly responsible for the installation of the cable and/or conduit system. .Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. In case of cable pulling. Physical location of equipment setup and type f. calibration. . based on the average expected joint loss. Detailed schedule for pulling and testing cables . The link calculations (OLTE - -9 OLTE) shall be designed to give a bit error rate of better than 1 x 10 . Detailed bill of materials. and warning signs. a cable pulling and splicing work plan shall be submitted a minimum of 45 days prior to the planned initiation of cable pulling. manholes. conduit fittings. preferably Acrobat. the Contractor shall submit the followings: . Safety and manual assist cable pulling operations h. In case of pressure blowing. detailed methodology of blowing FOC. 7. . Exact location of splice points g. .1 Optical Power Loss Budget The optical Power Budget presents the optical budget calculations. Work plan shall include the following: a. . Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. detailed installation methodology of the duct. or equivalent. A pre-survey of the route shall be conducted for all types of installations. In addition.

The contractor shall ensure that clearances are maintained from the fiber optic cable to any part of the line or surroundings. Link Losses dB Cable loss (G.1 Connector Loss 0. If a change in route is required for any practical reason. . Table 2 shows the recommended parameters to be included for calculating the link losses. the Contractor shall conduct the detailed survey and confirm the line route with reference to preliminary route drawings and shall follow the route shown in the drawings.4 dB/km Splice loss (G.652) 0. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.5 Future Splice Margin (The system shall allow at least 10 0.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Contractor shall check and verify fiber optic cable route and prepare the installation plan prior to the start of the installation. termination points. 2013 System Margin dB Equipment Degradation (ageing of Laser lifetime (Ref. However. 3 CCITT 956) Design Noise 1 Operation Margin (Safety Margin) 1. Normally the Company carries out preliminary survey and issues preliminary line route drawings with the tender. Page 38 SP-2148 . including well access roads.5 FDF loss (Connector loss + Jumper loss) 0. shall be taken as public roads within the terms of ERD-09-03. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. 7. jointing locations and cutting lengths prior to the commencement of any work or committing any materials.2 Route survey The Contractor shall make a physical survey of the project site for the purpose of establishing the exact cable routing.652) 0. All graded roads. Optical attenuates may be required on short sections to accomplish this. prior approval should be obtained from the Company. The location of cable joint shall be so chosen that the cable on each drum is effectively utilised.75 Table 2 Recommended link losses parameters The received optical signal shall not exceed the OLTE upper receive threshold.1 per splice additional joints) Table 1 Required System Margin The fiber optic link shall accommodate up to additional 10 joints (5 repairs) without exceeding the error performance.

Cable installation personnel shall be familiar with the manufacturer's recommended procedures including. If defects are noticed. . Jacket damage shall require removal and re-installation of a new cable run at the Contractor’s expense. the finished appearance of the installation. such as at cabinets or end equipment/system. For long term storage of reels. Under no conditions shall the FOC be left exposed or unattended. Repairs: Repair of cable jacket shall not be permitted. . . use the 3 meter inside end (routed through the flange). All work shall be carried out in accordance and consistent with the highest standards of quality and craftsmanship in the communication industry with regard to the electrical and mechanical integrity of the connections. PTW procedures shall be followed for any FOC installation. For pre-installation tests. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Installation 8. The ends of the cable should be sealed with heat resistance sleeve to prevent moisture ingress. . The following guidelines and procedures shall be followed in any FOC installation: . . The Contractor shall comply with the cable manufacturer's recommended installation procedures at all times. tension shall be monitored by tension meter. . Cable bending radius limitations. . When using a winch. . . . and the work be performed accordingly . The fiber optic cable shall be coiled and secured with cable ties. Cable shall be normally pulled out by hand. The Contractor shall ensure that the minimum bending radius of the fiber optic cable is not compromised when preparing this stored cable slack. Fiber optic cable of each drum shall be installed in continuous lengths without intermediate splices throughout the project. it is advisable not to expose the reel to direct sunlight or excessive levels of moisture. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. General precautions shall be taken before starting the cable laying. .Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. 2013 8. as well as the accuracy and completeness of the documentation. but not limited to the following: . Proper attachment to the cable strength elements for pulling during installation. At termination points. The cable shall be carefully inspected for jacket defects as it is removed from the reel. Remove wood battens just prior to installation. Page 39 SP-2148 . Cable twisting limitations. Cable tensile limitations and tension monitoring procedures. . the pulling operation shall be terminated immediately and the Company Site Representative shall be notified. a five (5) meter loop shall be provided wherever space permits.1 General The Contractor shall determine a suitable cable installation method to ensure that all cable installation requirements shall be met. . . The cable shall be tested at site before starting the laying of the cable and the test results recorded in the approved test sheet format.

it is to be re-coiled onto the cable drum that has been relocated to the other side of the obstruction. where it will be necessary to pass under the obstruction. the damage must be repaired prior to installation to avoid damage or over-tensioning of the cable. without installing a joint. Back tension pressure must NOT be applied to the drum flange. The end of the cable is then taken off the drum and directed under the obstruction. etc.e. and the cable is then laid into the trench. This is in case the hauling rope breaks. Distances up to 750 meters would be handled by walking the cable away for the obstruction until the joint location is reached.4 Cable Hauling Where cable is to be hauled into a pipe. . 8.000 meters (with no bends) without running the risk of damaging the cable. Cable length in excess of 750 meters would normally be re-coiled onto the drum prior to being dispensed into the trench. The mechanical fuse is designed to break before the permitted cable tensile load is reached. Prior to installation. . A suitable cable swivel will also be used to prevent twisting of the cable.. Do not lay reels on their side during installation or storage. and allows the mandrel to be retrieved via the draw wire.3 Figure Eighting of Fiber Optic Cable The objective is to install the cable with the minimum number of joints. When the cable is coiled onto the ground. Pay special attention to ensure there are no protruding nails or other sharp objects that can damage the cable sheath during loading/unloading. the remaining cable on the drum is taken off the drum and coiled on the ground in a large “figure eight” formation. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. With the draw wire. Surplus cable is then moved along this chain of men to the joint location. Reels must be supported on a straight & sturdy axle through the central (arbor) hole. This will allow cable to be mechanically hauled a distance in excess of 1. . i. The procedure to be followed is as follows: . Connect the mechanical fuse to the hauling grip. road. the installation crew must inspect the condition of the reel. provided that provision for the associated joints is accounted for in the power budget design. The recommended mechanical fuse should breakdown at a rate less than the cable tensile force breakdown rate. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. . the Telecom contractor shall insert a mechanical fuse between the cable and the hauling rope. “Wadis”. It shall be necessary to bring the cable drum up to this obstruction. Hauling preparation and practices are as follow: .Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. If there is an obstructions along the route e. It is preferred that the ground is level and area of 20m by 10m is available. Page 40 SP-2148 . At the other side.g. These reels must be handled properly to assure optimum control of the cable. care must be taken to ensure that that ground is free of sharp rocks or obstacles which could damage to cable. 8. Secure the hauling grip to the cable. Whether the cable is re-rolled or is manually handled into the trench stretching away on the far side of the obstruction is determined by the length of the remaining cable. pull the hauling rope through the pipe. Cuts can be allowed for long crossings only and where the crossing is at the middle of the cable length. 2013 8. it shall be passed without cutting the cable. .2 Reels Fiber optic cables are normally supplied on wooden reels. Attach the mandrel to the hauling rope with a draw wire on the negative end. Sufficient Manpower to be allocated so that the cable does not touch the ground or is dragged along the ground. . If there is any evidence of reel damage.

Specific MBR is shown on cable specification sheet. which may cause any impact on the cable. MBR = 10 times the cable diameter at no tension Page 41 SP-2148 . mobile phones. . 8. While laying the cable care must be taken of each of the following items: .6 Moving of Drums When unloading a drum from the truck. Paying out of the cable requires an appropriate area of space for the drum moving and the selection of the side has to be made carefully. . The bending radius while installation shall not be less than 20 times the diameter of the cable. All measures possible must be taken to assure the pulling tension does not exceed the MPT rating of the cable. Connect the hauling rope to the hauling swivel. 2013 . 8. Installation. All connections are to be with a “D” shackle. Non-twisting of the cable. the drum shall be rotated in a direction. splicing & testing crews must be equipped with radios. which is indicated by an arrow mark on the sideboards of the drum. During moving or when leaving the drum the drum shall not be stacked flat and stopper shall be placed properly. The cable should be kept under uniform tension and should not be laid with jerks or stopped suddenly. Connect the hauling swivel to the mechanical fuse. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. Direction of the cable laying. . otherwise damage to the cable performance may result.9 Minimum Bending Radius (MBR) Most fiber optic cables have the following minimum bend radius.5 Cable Laying The cable shall be laid under a specified pulling tension.8 Maximum Pulling Tension (MPT) All fiber Optic cables have a rated maximum. 8. Bending radius of the cable. 8. . Before hauling the cable. check all connections to make sure they are secured. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. MBR = 20 times the cable diameter at maximum pulling tension . Once the cable tension reaches 90% of MPT.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®.7 Communications Communications between installation personnel is vital to assure proper cable handling. Maximum pulling speed in general should be 15m per minute and depending on the recommendations of the cable manufacturer. pulling speed and bending radius. order wires or other communication devices during the entire installation period to avoid accidental over- tensioning or other cable damage. Avoid Jerking the cable while hauling. the drum shall not be dropped on the ground directly. During installation. The drum shall be unloaded carefully using a fork lift or crane. talk sets. the tension applied to the cable MUST be monitored with a calibrated load cell or tensiometer (dynamometer). The MPT is clearly shown on cable specification sheet issued by the Manufacturer. The tension applied to the cable must be consistent throughout the haul to enable an easy passage and avoid any breakage. When moving the cable to the payout location (called the cable pay out site) during the installation. The approved drum allocation schedule shall be followed. . 8. the installation must stop to troubleshoot the cause.

The splicing shall be conducted by trained. while running parallel.2. a minimum 300mm separation from HV or LV cables. Following are important considerations for low-loss. To maintain the strength of the optical fiber. . low angle cleaves. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.10. 8. a minimum separation between FOC and the structure shall be 300 mm. authorized persons only. the coating strippers must be able to remove the primary and secondary coatings without scratching or damaging the cladding glass. a. c. While crossing the structure. the minimum separation shall be 200 mm. well-maintained cleaver that is capable of consistent. water. closure installation and splicing shall be accomplished in accordance with accepted and approved industry standards. All fusion splicing equipment shall be in good working order. maintain a 3 meters separation between the fiber optic cable and poles. reliable fusion splices. The following procedure shall be followed: .10.1 Parallel Runs When installing a buried optical fiber cable near existing HV infrastructure. Maintain cleanliness and temperature/humidity/dust control of the splicing area b. Install fiber optic cable within a PVC pipe at least 3m each side of the crossing.Electrical installation.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Where cable is being installed in the same trench with other electrical cables.1 Separation from non-Electrical Installations/Structures For non-Electrical structures or installation. i.2 Separation from Electrical Installations/Structures 8. The structure can be a pipe (metal or non metal) for gas. any splicing of fiber optic cable shall be by fusion splice only. properly calibrated. Use a quality. . the minimum separation is given as follow: . Cable preparation. Use a quality fusion splicer and maintain it according to the manufacturer recommendations. Refer to drawing STD-4-0104-001.10. Page 42 SP-2148 .2 Crossings Maintain a minimum of 300mm separation between fiber optic and electrical cables.e. stays and existing HV electrical cables. no mechanical splices are permitted. . Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. 2013 It is vital to maintain the minimum bend radius of the cable at all times to avoid catastrophic damage to the cable components including the optical fibers. 8. non-metallic cables can be treated as “Under Ground pipes” as shown in that drawing.11 Splicing In order to provide the optimum performance and reliability. and meeting all industry standards and safety regulations.2. 1000mm (11kV) and 1500mm (33kV). Note the requirements for vertical tiles between HV cables and the fiber optic cable. However.10. 8. and install protective tiles between the power cable and the fiber optic cable at least 1m each side of the crossing. . 8. d. Minimum separation from electrical cables is 750mm (LV).10 Clearances between conduits and other structures 8. oil. sewage or other non. .

Mark the position for duct entries. . Fan-out kits shall be installed in the patch panel enclosures to transition the loose tube fibers to ruggedized tight-buffered fiber pigtail cables. Set the fusion splicer arc settings according to local temperature. . divided by two. Replace box. agamid-reinforced fiber optic jumper assemblies or interconnect cables. floor to be reinforced with steel mesh. . Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. Form a base (min 150 mm thick) with concrete and shall be compacted properly. . 8. removed from the job site. tight-buffered. A wall-mountable splice centre shall house the splices and serve to fully protect excess lengths of loose tube fibers from exposure. Excavate site to the depth required. . . Splice protection sleeves shall be employed on all splices to protect the splices.1 dB or less per splice. Optical fusion splices shall connect the loose tube fibers to the tight-buffered pigtail cables. . Arrange for sump and cable anchors if required. The choice of backfill material will not affect the performance of the box and should be consistent with the preferred compaction method and local conditions. Where Page 43 SP-2148 .0 mm O. Fan-out tubes or furcation kits shall not be used. level the top of the box with the surrounds. Factory-terminated. .12 Fan-Out Termination for Loose Tube Cables Individual fibers within the loose tube cable require handling protection inside the termination cabinets. Perform an arc test periodically to verify splicer performance. wadi and Falaj crossings. Using a screed. Backfill with. Manhole shall be installed at the entry/exit point of any station or site. all waste material shall be deposited in suitable containers. . and disposed of in an environmentally acceptable manner. The optical splice loss shall comply with the specifications for optical splices. Form a floor using mortar. . The following guidelines and procedures shall be followed for FOC Installation at Manholes: . see separate instructions for method to form 'drop over' or 'build around' box. humidity and altitude conditions. Remove box from the excavation. If duct already in situ. All unused couplings shall have protective dust covers. Upon completion of the splicing operation. The duct should extend inside the box by 25-50mm. allow for cover and frame.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Any FOC joint shall be housed inside the manhole. shall connect the optical cable terminations to the patch panel couplings. Check depth with tape. . No individual splice loss measured in a single direction shall exceed 0. . Place length of duct section through cut-out holes and extending to outside of excavation. Cut duct entries with holesaw. Type 1 stone [mixed size road stone] or lean mix. Adjust the depth by packing material under the walls. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Fall to sump if fitted.13 Manholes The manhole shall be provided for the followings: . Splices shall be made in manholes and shall use re-enterable splice closures. All panels shall be furnished with front removable door or cover. . Where anchor required. . standard 3.D. The Contractor shall neither use compacted stone nor lean dry mix concrete for the base. The average splice loss shall be 0. compacting frequently up to the top of the frame.15 dB. 8. 2013 e. f. Manhole shall be installed at both ends of road. The average splice loss is defined as the summation of the loss as measured in both directions using an optical time domain Reflectometer (OTDR) through the fusion splice. Allow 150mm all around the wall for backfill and 150mm for the base. Place the box in the excavation with frame fitted. At every change of route direction for > 30 degrees. .

. The fiber optic cable shall terminate inside a communications cabinet on a termination patch panel. The termination shall be done by fusion splicing the pigtails and bare fibers from the FOC. Form a mortar haunch around the frame 100mm wide by 75mm deep. .The cable shall be marked and labeled at each manhole and at all entry and end points of the fiber optic cables. The connectors shall provide tight fitting termination to the cladding and buffer coating. and be ready for cable installation. . The cable shall not be crushed. Page 44 SP-2148 .5m from the road. [Lean Mix - use 1 cement: 10 aggregate/sand]. The Contractor shall not terminate FOC using field connectorisation by installing connectors on the bare fiber directly. The fiber optic cable shall be coiled and secured with cable ties in the manhole. Refer to Drawings GEN-6-2016-001 and GEN-6-2016-002 for the method and specifications for installation of manhole on the pipeline route. 8. . Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. For Mina Al Fahal office environment.Place frame and cover in position. The Contractor shall ensure that the minimum bending radius of the fiber optic cable is not compromised when preparing this stored cable slack. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. kinked or forced around a sharp corner. The loose fiber shall be organised and secured well in the splice tray.14 Fiber Optic Termination Termination panels shall have Factory connecterised pigtails and splice tray. Ensure the grouting lugs on the frame are properly bedded in the concrete collar. silt and debris on the top of the hand-hole cover. . . Sufficient slack shall be left at each end of the cable to allow proper cable termination. No dry-termination or “quick crimp” connectors are allowed. patch cords and patch panels.The area around the manhole shall be compacted. This method is suitable for rapid deployment only and is not acceptable. . All connectors shall be field-install able and perfectly matched to the cable used.For FOC Joint.The cable shall be looped in all manholes as noted on the plans to provide approximately five (5) meter of extra cable in the manhole.When all cables at each manhole are securely racked. . Epoxy based or “hot melt “adhesives shall be used to bond the fiber and buffer to the connector ferrule and body prior to polishing the end face. .Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. unused conduits and void areas around conduit containing cables shall be sealed. .Upon final acceptance of the conduit/duct system all manholes shall be free of debris and water. For all outdoor and PDO interior locations and applications. All single mode fiber sub-cables or cores within the cable shall be terminated with E-2000 compatible connectors. All Multimode fiber sub-cables or cores within the cable shall be terminated with either E2000 or LC depending on the environment and application.Manholes conduit entries shall be sealed with duct plugs to prevent the intrusion of water and debris into the manholes.Manholes installed in soil areas shall be installed so that the top of the cover is at least 100 mm above the final grade level of the restored surface to prevent accumulation of dirt. The contractor shall supply the required quantities of pig tails. E2000 connectors shall be used for multimode cables. The mortar can be placed under the frame to adjust the finish level. lean mix backfill is recommended. 2013 the excavation is less than 0. cable length of ten (10) meter shall be left coiled on each side of the joint in the manhole for future maintenance requirements. LC connectors shall be used for multimode cables.The pulling of the cable shall be hand assisted at each Manhole or hand hole. .

. A puling rope shall be provided in the conduit for future use. Conduit shall withstand impact test specified in EN 50086-2-4.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Upon completion the ends shall be sealed to prevent ingress of water and sand using a plug. At every change in direction. This shall also be subject to the Company approval and accounted for in the power budget design. During construction the ends of the conduit shall be closed to prevent foreign objects. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. sealing compounds or foams. 2013 8.15. Pull wire and ends sealing shall be provided. Sealing shall be achieved without use of glues. Joints shall provide a watertight seal.15 Crossings The cable shall not be cut at crossings. Along pipeline/flow line route. The Contactor shall install the HDPE duct inside the GI steel pipe with 5 m extension from both sides.3.2 Wadi Crossing The Contractor shall comply with and follow the FOC installation standard at Wadi crossing shown in GEN 6 2016 003 and GEN 6 2016 003 for FOC along pipeline and FOC dedicated route respectively. EN50086-1 and EN 50086-2-4.1 Road Crossings In case of road crossing. shall be utilised for all joints. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. The Contractor shall supply and install 100 mm diameter G.I.). . The cable markers shall be installed in accordance with the followings criteria: . Suitable jointing tubes with indented rings. At Tarmac road crossing a spare GI and HDPE duct/conduit shall be installed adjacent to the cable conduit. . The specifications shall be the same as shown in GEN-6-2016-004. a cut shall be made prior the crossing. 8. 10. Class C steel pipe for the road crossings. stones. Page 45 SP-2148 . the depth of the trench shall be 1000mm. At crossings the cable shall be protected by HDPE duct and Steel conduit. 1 meter from the cable after the machines has finished their activities. Along FOC independent route. at every 1km or 500m on the same marker post of pipeline/flow line. In case the crossing is at the middle of the cable length. Manufacturing shall be according to STD.15. etc. The HDPE duct/conduit shall be of corrugated construction with a plain internal wall of LDPE (low-density polyethylene) and an external corrugated wall of HDPE (High Density Polyethylene). Cuts shall only be allowed for long crossings and subject to the Company approval. Conduit shall withstand 450N with maximum deflection of 5% of internal diameter and 750N with maximum deflection of 15%. After its installation. External colour shall be blue. To enable the use of machines to complete this backfilling operation. The pipe shall extend at least 3 meters on either side of the road. At each joint or/and manhole. wadi and Falaj crossings. . This measurement will then be used to establish the cable route marker. . the conduit shall be cleaned on the inside from any kind of material (earth.16 Route Markers Cable route markers will be installed at the completion of the cable installation and generally after the cable trench has been back filled and compacted. at every 100m. which mate with external corrugations. temporary “off-set” pegs will be placed in the ground with a recorded measurement to the cable. At both ends of every conduit. At both ends of road. 8. 8.sect. .

The axis of the laid cable shall appear as a sinusoidal line in respect to the horizontal plane in Page 46 SP-2148 . A mesh filter shall be used to remove big stones and sharp materials from the excavated material prior to backfilling. The cable shall be laid near the trench and subsequently lowered to the bed by hand. The trench shall be backfilled with remaining excavated material with big and sharp stones removed up to the normal ground level. This excess length is to allow for some soil movement over time and would be in the order of about 3% additional cable. This cable carrier shall move along the trench line with the cable being manually spooled off the drum. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. The cable shall be laid with a sinusoidal slack to avoid stress on the cable while backfilling. GEN-6-2016-007. Once the exact location for the splice is known. The tape shall have warning message printed on top. Installation shall include the route markers. GEN-6-2016-006. FOC shall be lowered on top of this sand bed and positioned at the centre of the trench. Contractor shall provide necessary backfilling materials as mentioned in the normal soil conditions since the excavated rock soil cannot be used for backfilling. 9. the excavation for the splice and trench to the splice must be carried out. A yellow colour protective tape of no less than 200mm wide x 2mm thick shall be lowered on top of the above. Direct buried FOC/HDPE Duct Prior to starting the cable/duct installation. The trench shall be backfilled up to 500mm from the bottom of the trench with excavated material (with no stones larger than 4mmx4mmx4mm size). the axis of the cable shall appear as a gentle sinusoid. As the cable is lowered into the trench. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. If the cable laying is carried out by more than one spread then the meeting points of spreads shall coincide with a splice point. In case of rock soil the trench dimensions and backfilling procedures are same as normal soil. together with the cable depth at each point. A ‘reel ending’ machine shall be used to reduce possibility of cable kinking during unwinding. A warning tape shall be lowered in to the trench on top of the backfilling. The Contractor shall inform PDO regarding backfilling schedule to enable quality verification/inspection of cable installation and backfilling for different layers. 2013 The distance to the cable is to be recorded on each marker. GEN-6-2016-008. The drum shall be turned by hand and the cable laid without any tension. The maximum amplitude of this sinusoid is nominally 300 mm. The distance from the edge of the joint to the centre of the pipeline is nominally 3 meters.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. In cases where the cable or duct is drawn off the cable reel a swivel joint and mechanical "fuse" of the correct capacity shall be used to avoid exceeding the designed maximum pulling force for the cable. The trench shall be filled with clean and soft sand up to 150mm from the bottom of the trench with the surface leveled (flattened). directly into the trench. . Refer to GEN-6-2016-005. The cable/duct shall not be over-stressed during the unwinding and laying process. Clean and soft sand shall be filled up to 300mm from the bottom of the trench. Normal soil trench shall be excavated up to 750mm deep. The print shall be permanent and shall be resistant to erasure due to scratches. If the cable laying is carried out by more than one spread then the meeting points of spreads shall coincide with a splice point. At no stage is the cable to be pulled off the drum. The cable/duct drum shall be installed on the cable carrier (trailer). plates. GEN- 6-2016-011 and GEN-6-2016-009. For all projects a sample of the protective tape shall be submitted to PDO with full text message for approval prior to procurement. The specifications and details are shown in drawing Drawings GEN-6-2016-002. the joint space must be available at the approximate location where the cable would end. posts and all the necessary materials required for installation.

the conduit is wide-open. 9. it is not subjected to the stress usually encountered with conventional methodize. and high air volume (300-600 cfm) blows through it. Vibratory plowing is the preferred method to static plowing because of its lower drawbar force. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. There is no Page 47 SP-2148 . with a minimum spacing of 300mm from the pipe. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. the equipment in use must be capable of maintaining even & consistent cable tension and radii above the minimum bend radius of the cable. Wherever the cable laying is interrupted the cable shall be protected by suitable means. For direct burial of cables in difficult soil. After installation. Since the cable laid in the same trench with the pipeline. Refer to the detailed specifications in drawing GEN-6-2016-001. As no tractive force is exerted at the front end of the cable. This "wind" pushes on the cable and advances it forward at whatever speed the pusher will support. Figure-8’s shall be used for back feed pulling or other situation where removal of the cable from the drum is needed. 9. . generated by a compressor. Particular importance should be paid to the plow itself. Figure 1 High Air Speed Blowing Figure 1 shows the high air speed blowing (HASB) method. lowest tension method of installing optical cables into sealed duct system. The trench shall be backfilled with soft sand and compacted till the depth where the FOC has to be laid.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. This high speed airflow exerts a drag on the entire surface of the cable. even if these are abrupt and/or frequent. It provides the lowest friction. The size of the figure-8 should be marked with cones or other suitable devices. following any undulations or change in direction. In this method. like pulling with a shuttle or rope.1 Along the Pipeline / Flow line The FOC/duct shall be laid in the same trench as the pipeline. It moves easily along inside the duct. a pre-rip (in the same direction as the installation) is required to improve plowing conditions. The FOC/duct shall be located in two o'clock in two or eleven o'clock position on the other side of the service road. the cable rests on the bottom of the duct. assisting its progression. through which flows a powerful air-stream. The cable is therefore not pulled but pushed and carried in the air. 2013 order to avoid damages due to ground settling after backfilling.2 FOC Pressure Blowing Methodology in a HDPE duct The cable laying consists in using a mechanical feeder to push a FOC into a HDPE duct. The figure-8 shall be at least 5 meters long with each loop at least 2 meter minimum diameter. This is also called Cable Jet method. For plowing. the laying of the cable shall match with the laying of the pipeline.

During construction the ends of the conduit shall be closed to prevent foreign objects.2 General Field Procedures The following are some general field practices: . Suitable jointing tubes with indented rings. . Joints shall provide a watertight seal. . The duct shall not lose air pressure at any significant rate. . sealing compounds or foams. After duct installation. Specifications for ducts are provided in 4. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Upon completion the ends shall be sealed to prevent ingress of water and sand using a plug. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. The above are only general guideline.2. Using one blowing machine (Cable Jet). . ambient temperature and profile of the trench. Smooth wall and longitudinal ribbed HDPE conduits are preferable. Be sure that you have air seals to fit the OD of the cable you are installing. Ensure that the duct system is properly installed with pressure tight splices. Dielectric and seamless Accessories shall be used for jointing HDPE ducts. The contractor shall advise for any preferable change subject to PDO approval. stones. . . 9. Up to 1500 or 2000m can be blown. etc. Type of duct is another significant factor in optimised blowing. Choosing the proper cable is important for optimal blowing.2 “HDPE duct used for Pressure Blowing FOC Methodology”. which mate with external corrugations. Consult your cable manufacturer for recommendations. The following are general steps required for the installation: . While stiffer cables are easy to push. Air blowing test shall be conducted to confirm the intact of the joints and no air leaks exist. they consume more force bending and unbending through conduit bends. . First is the flexibility of the cable. 9. shall be utilised for all joints. For HASB.). . The Telecom contractor shall provide the sealing and it shall be achieved without use of glues. the conduit shall be cleaned on the inside from any kind of material (earth. . The HDPE duct shall be in the range of 1075 m – 1500 m drums. The HDPE duct shall be provided in a 1000m per drum. and poor quality duct splices can fly apart. .Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®.1 Keys in Air-Assisted Installation To get the best performance in blown installations. some cables are designed specifically for blowing. depending on quality and characteristics of the cable. The contractor shall develop their own procedures and submit to the Company for approval. Page 48 SP-2148 .2. The jointing accessories shall withstand the pressure required to blow the cable. only a mechanical pushing force at the back and an air drag force distributed along its length. A cable that is too flexible cannot be pushed properly without bunching up. . . end cap the front end of the cable so that it does not hang up in the duct. Sand and projectiles can be blown from the duct. Although most fiber cables can be blown. This shall be tested by sealing one end of the duct and pressurizing the duct using a sealed blowing machine. 2013 pulling force on the front end of the cable. there are several important factors to control. After its installation. integrity testing shall be conducted to ensure proper duct installation.

protective measures shall be used when the cable is installed. An after-cooler shall be sued for all pressure blowing (Cable Jet) installation. A pulling eye shall be attached to the cable end and be used to pull the cable through the duct and conduit system. .All ducts shall be inspected prior to cable installation.based type and approved by the cable manufacturer. the duct space shall be kept 60% free. The following are general guidelines for pulling FOC. it shall be lubricated with water. A cable feeder guide shall be used between the cable reel and the face of the duct and conduit to protect the cable and guide it off the reel and into the duct. blow through a hard mandrel to establish that the duct is not crushed. Sub-duct or inner duct shall be first installed in the existing ducts/conduits. i. Usually. 2013 .For duct pulling installations. the Contractor shall obtain the Company approval for this step out. fiber optic cable is required to be extended into an existing service area. a properly sized wire grip & swivel must be used for all cable pulling operations. without the sub-duct. The original investment in ducts/conduit has been made and space is present but the duct is occupied by one or two existing cables. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.e. If the space is not available to install sub-duct or inner duct in the existing ducts then the step out is to use armored dual sheath FOC and install it directly in the existing ducts. majority of the lubricant are injected in front of the missile with some placed behind it. After completing the cable installation.3 FOC Pulling Methodology in Existing Ducts In this case. all the ducts and sub-ducts shall be sealed using duct sealing kit. . 9. However. . specified in Part one “A”. dry. Slowly turn up the air and watch it go. Crushed or kinked cable resulted during the installation phase shall be replaced by the Contractor with new cable having the same specifications. The requirements herein shall be followed. Check all pneumatic and hydraulic hook-ups.The cable shall be carefully inspected for jacket defects as it is removed from the reel. . If excess water or dirt comes from the duct. The foam should travel through at approximately 100 ft/sec in a clean duct. but does not limit the installation to only those identified. Close and seal the cable and air chamber on the blowing machine. . If necessary. as recommended by the manufacturer. particularly when the cable is to be installed in high ambient temperatures (such as in Oman and the Middle East). For HASP machines. For existing duct systems.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Waviness of the duct causes an undesired increase in cable tension. For high air speed machines (no missile). As the cable is pulled off the reel and into the cable feeder guide. inject the recommended amount of lubricant and spread it by blowing through another foam carrier. The use of an un-cooled compressed air source can cause a dramatic increase in the coefficient of friction between the duct and the cable sheath. For piston type machines. . crushed or twisted. . Hook the blowing machine to the duct. If it was not done previously. the use of a sub-duct/inner-duct system is mandatory. and prove the duct. Damaged sections should be repaired and blockages cleared prior to removal . Clean. . Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. The duct shall be placed so that it is straight. A wire grip is designed to temporarily attach between a cable & pulling Page 49 SP-2148 . dry the duct with dry airflow. Then blow a tight fitting foam carrier through the duct at high pressure. Ducted Single sheath dielectric FOC shall be used for this application.Precautions shall be taken during installation to prevent the cable from being kinked. repeat the process. Use of inner-duct provides additional physical protection for the cable as well as optimal use of main duct space and an individual low friction path for each cable.To reduce the possibility of damage to the outer jacket of the fiber optic cable. Then the FOC shall be pulled in the newly installed sub-duct. Follow the machine manufacturer’s instructions for all operations. Lubricant shall be applied at a rate to provide a continuous 10-mil coating. . hand pushes a hundred feet or so of cable into the duct.

smoke. The required length of cable shall be pulled to that point.75 %. it shall be sufficiently lubricated with a lubricant that shall be water-based type. specifically designed for optical cables and approved by the cable manufacturer. h. Maximum allowable cable strain during installation shall be less than 0. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. . d. the pulling speed shall not exceed 30 meters per minute. The loops shall be laid carefully one upon the other (to prevent subsequent tangling) and shall be in a protected area. and cable guides shall be used to maintain the appropriate bending radius. . Explanations of abnormalities in readings or interruptions e. This can then be reinserted into the duct system for installation into the next section. When this portion of the pull is complete. . Date and time d. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. This is accomplished by hand pulling the cable from the reel and laying into large "figure eight" loops on the ground. The figure eight is then turned over to gain access to the free cable end. Lubrication: As the cable is pulled into the conduit system. . noxious gases. corrosive chemicals. fire. pulling sheaves. After FOC installation. A swivel is a device that will spin to relieve torsional stresses that might build up in the cable or pulling rope during installation. e. pull the fiber optic cable into the conduit from the shipping reel in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications. Tension monitoring shall be accomplished using commercial dynamometers or load cell instruments. The pulling eye/sheath termination hardware on the fiber optic cables shall not be pulled over any sheave blocks.hubbell. 2013 rope. g. and brought out of the cable vault and coiled into a figure eight. c. all the ducts and conduits shall be sealed properly by plugs for protection from water. . . From the midpoint. mud and debris. When power equipment is used to install fiber optic cables. . Dynamometers or break away pulling swings shall be used to ensure the pulling line tension does not exceed the installation tension values specified by the cable manufacturer. The mechanical stress placed upon the cable during installation shall not be such that the cable is twisted and stretched. Page 50 SP-2148 . the remainder of the cable must be removed from the reel to make the inside end available for pulling in the opposite direction. The swivel can be a separate piece or it can be integrated with the wire grip. . b. bending radius and twist limitation for fiber optic cable shall not be exceeded under any circumstances. Reel number b. i.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. The pulling tension.com) or equivalent subject to the Company approval. All pulls shall be documented by a graph which is annotated with the following information: a. Large diameter wheels. bi-directional "centre pull" techniques for pulling of the fiber optic cable is acceptable and shall be implemented as follows: a. . The Contractor shall supply Kellems® grips manufactured by Hubbell (www. Sign-off by Contractor and Construction Site Supervisor. To accommodate long continuous installation lengths. f. In some cases. The inside reel end of the cable is then available for installation. Station from and station to c. The purpose of the figure eight pattern is to avoid cable tangling and kinking. it may be necessary to set up a winch at an intermediate cable vault. rodents.

1 Clamping Assembly There are two main clamping assemblies used to secure the ADSS cable at joint locations. . It is recommended using a double sheath Single steel tape armored cable suited for deployment parallel to the flow lines along the surface. which is being laid on concrete blocks. Installation of FOC above ground along the pipe line 10. (Refer DWG No: PDO-GEN-6-1309-002). which are required to properly secure the aerial cable.2 Recommendations applicable to FOC along the pipe lines Installation of Fiber Optic Cables in GI Trunk with concrete sleepers along the proposed flow lines is as follows. The block is being reinforced with a steel of size 8 mm and concrete grading for concrete blocks shall be C 35.3 Design of Concrete Block In the design bill of quantities we have considered 300x300x500 mm concrete block (Refer DWG No: PDO-GEN-6-1309-002) for the FOC route. They are specially designed to provide the required holding strength while minimising any compressive stresses that may be transferred to the optical fiber element within the cable. The termination shall be carried out at each end to complete the installation of Fiber Optic Cables along the surface line. Aerial cable installlation (ADSS) 11. A neoprene rubber sheet is placed inside the trunking to avoid the direct contact of FOC with the metal. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. . The basic structure contains 50x50mm GI Trunking (hot dip galvanized iron perforated cable tray) with cover. . 11. parallel to the flow lines sleepers. Page 51 SP-2148 . A dedicated route for FOC is envisaged using concrete block (Refer DWG No: GEN-6-1309- 001) at this stage for the complete length. 2013 . . At every road crossings the proposed FOC should be laid through 100 mm GI steel pipe and inserted inside with 50 mm HDPE pipe. The cables should be secured inside the GI Trunking. 10. The Fiber Optic Cables is being laid inside the GI Trunking to avoid exposure of the cable from the external environment. . Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. 11. 10. 10.1. . The concrete blocks are placed parallel to the flow line at every 3 meters and GI trunking will be placed on the block. Below is a brief description of the major accessories: 11. .1 Cable installation accessories There are a number of cable installation accessories. Other protective measures not specified herein may be taken during installation if it will ensure protection of the cable.2 Termination assembly Termination assemblies (also called dead end assembly) shall be manufactured such that the necessary holding strengths on the cable are provided. The cable construction and outer sheathing should be designed to withstand the harsh desert ambient conditions.1 Recommendation on cable type .1. It shall not degrade in UV light.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. changes in cable direction or at cable terminations. to avoid direct exposure of the cables to the external environment. A hole of size about 25 mm will be provided for loading and handling of Concrete blocks. This keeps the cable under the required tension while preserving the desired sag.

It shall consist of a base unit and a top and shall be able to accommodate two cables. Page 52 SP-2148 . Once the position has been determined. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. . trees or other cables. 11. Dead end components .10 degrees from the centre axis on either side of the pole i. The cable bend at the pole should be within +/. Extension links .2 Other installation’s accessories 11. The dielectric support is to be such that it can be used as a stringing traveller during the cable installation process and it shall be installed by drilling into the top of the pole. which are wrapped onto the cable to distribute load and to provide a suitable surface for the dead end component to lock into. The dead ends may be reapplied three times during the installation.2. LDPE shall be used in manufacturing the abrasion protector. Most fiber failing occurs during dead-end termination. The extension link plate or chain shall be positioned between the dead end and the pole to allow an acceptable cable bending radius. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.3 Suspension assembly The suspension assembly is used to secure to the pole where there is little or no bending or change in direction of the cable at the pole. The body and top of the unit shall be made of high strength dielectric material having a non- abrasive surface. Apply tension to the cable at the pole. within a total deviation of 20 degrees. It shall be made of weather resistant urethane and shall secure the cable minimising compressive clamping forces. Care shall be taken not to damage the fiber during the dead end termination.2 Down lead cushions Down lead cushions shall be provided at ADSS cable termination or where the cable is taken to the underground trench. It shall be used at joint locations and change in direction of the ADSS cable.e.1.2. Do not reuse them after the initial installation is complete. 11.1 Abrasion Protections Contractor shall install cable abrasion protectors to protect the cable jacket from abrasion against structures. The assembly should support the cable without stressing the optical elements within the cable. if adjustments are necessary. It shall be supplied with all mounting and fixing accessories necessary to install it onto the wooden pole. 11. The location of the structural reinforcing rods with respect to cable sag/tension must be identified. clevis thimble and dead end to the pole attachment. to hold the cable to the pole. Clevis thimbles . assemble the extension link. The cushion inserts shall protect the ADSS Cable against damage due to wind induced motion. 2013 The components of termination assemblies are: . Pole attachment component The structural reinforcing rods are helically formed rods.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Structural reinforcing rods . The dead end component is then passed through the clevis thimble and wrapped over the structural reinforcing rods.

Page 53 SP-2148 . It shall be designed for spans of less than 140m with 25. The height and the configuration of pole structure depend upon the current carrying capacity and voltage level of the overhead line. They are specially designed to provide the required holding strength while minimizing any compressive stresses that may be transferred to the optical fiber element within the cable. SP 1114A & SP-1114B.3. Material shall not deteriorate in function or appearance due to effects of severe weather conditions. On a normal pole the cable shall be supported by a dielectric support or suspension unit which firmly yet gently supports the ADSS cable.4 Pole attachment The pole attachment is normally secured via bolt passed through a hole drilled in the pole. On a normal pole the cable shall be supported by a dielectric support or suspension unit which firmly yet gently supports the ADSS Cable.3. 11. It shall be designed for spans of less than 160m with 25. Type of supports required at different kinds of poles is explained below: 11. patch cords.2.1 Support at Intermediate poles The ADSS cable shall be supported along the route at a stringing angle of approximately 10° and no greater than 20°. No specific additional support is required at these locations. It is not a point where the cable changes direction or one where a fiber optic joint is installed.5 Other materials Other materials required for FOC installation. etc. Fiber Optic Termination Patch Panels.4mm or less OD cable and for moderate vertical and slip load requirements .2. Vibration dampers shall be provided for all cable spans of 100m and above. shall be referred to part one “A” above.2 Support at Section poles The ADSS cable shall be supported along the route at a stringing angle of approximately 10° and no greater than 20°.4mm or less OD cable and for moderate vertical and slip load requirements. The mounting detail of the dielectric support on intermediate pole shall be as per the drawings referred in SP 1102. 11. 2013 11. Detailed drawings of pole structures used for 33kV and 132kV overhead lines with single/twin ELM conductors are listed in SP-1102 and SP-1114A & SP- 1114B. Vibration dampers shall be manufactured from rigid impact polyvinyl chloride.2. .3 Vibration damper Aeolian vibration can occur in areas prone to low speed laminar wind flows. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. 11. The mounting detail of the dielectric support on SECTION pole shall be as per the drawings referred in SP 1102. 11. The position and orientation of the cable clamp must be determined depending upon the incoming and outgoing cable angle prior to the drilling. No specific additional support is required at these locations.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®.3 Supports for Fiber optic cable The ADSS FOC shall be properly supported at poles. SP 1114A & SP-1114B. optical connectors. jointing and termination including joint closures. This vibration must be controlled because its presence is a threat to the long-term integrity of the ADSS cable fittings. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. possessing excellent chemical strength property and shall retain good physical characteristics in extreme temperature. It is not a point where the cable changes direction or one where a fiber optic joint is installed. pig tails.

It shall have a holding strength of over 1000x the stringing tension load and over 2000x the working load. It is essential to use a swivel during tension stringing of ADSS cable.) The mounting detail of cable jointing on any type of pole shall be as per STD-4-1638-004.3 Support at Angle Poles At pole where the ADSS cable changes direction and at points where the fiber optic cable is taken off the pole for jointing or terminating a more robust support device will be required. SP 1114A & SP-1114B.3. An example of the correct pulley setup is shown below. A typical setup is shown below.3. 2013 11.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. No less than 8m of cable shall be coiled beneath the joint to allow the jointing process to be carried out in a controlled environment. It shall have a structural reinforcing rod which will transfer axial tensile forces and distribute radial compressive forces into the dead-end component ensuring a maximum holding strength without causing cable jacket damage or fiber attenuation. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. The cable is taken off the poles for jointing and held by a down lead cushion. In this case a medium tension dead-end will be used. 11.4 Installation Work Guidelines 11. In this case a medium tension dead-end shall be used. The wire mesh-pulling grip is to be used only for pulling of the ADSS cable. . It is not meant to be used to sag the cable or hold it for long periods of time under high tension. (tie wraps or other temporary holding devices are not accepted. Page 54 SP-2148 . 11. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. The mounting detail of the terminal assembly on angle poles shall be as per the drawings referred in SP 1102. This spare cable is to be coiled below the joint and held by rigid clamps.1 Torsional Considerations Torsion during installation can damage the ADSS cable. Pulleys used during installation must be set up properly to avoid torsion damage. Practical experience has shown that a simple support rope used to hold the pulley at an appropriate angle to the pole or tower will serve to reduce the amount of torsion in the cable.4. It shall have a structural reinforcing rod which will transfer axial tensile forces and distribute radial compressive forces into the dead-end component ensuring a maximum holding strength without causing cable jacket damage or fiber attenuation.4 Support at Poles for Jointing At the pole where the ADSS FOC is taken off the pole for jointing or terminating a more robust support device will be required.

If there is a continuous twist in the cable. then the pull should be halted immediately and the tension on the cable reduced. The best method is to apply a small back tensioning force to the support shaft of the ADSS cable payoff. mobile phones. talk sets.4. splicing & testing crews must be equipped with radios. order wires or other communication devices during the entire installation period to avoid accidental over-tensioning or other cable damage. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.5 ADSS cable installation equipment For all types of installation. 11. 2013 When a pull begins.3 Communications Communications between installation personnel is vital to ensure proper handling of the ADSS cable.4. the equipment in use must be capable of installing the cable without exceeding the maximum pulling tension or minimum bend radius. . it is essential to check for rotation of the ADSS cable by using a flag or other visual means as shown in the following sketch. Installation. 11. Page 55 SP-2148 .Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Efforts should then be made to reposition the pulley and eliminate the source of the torsion. Applying the back tension force to the reel itself is not recommended. especially as it is pulled through line angle changes. 11. The back tension applied should be adjusted as the amount of cable on the reel changes. Observe the indication as the cable is pulled.2 Tension Considerations It is important to control the unwinding of the ADSS cable to prevent over-running.

2013 11. 0 0 The grooves should have a flare angle of 5 to 15 from the vertical centerline reference. The payoff stand or payoff trailer must be located on firm & level ground. The payoff stand must be designed for use with the Tensioner employed on the project. The puller and tensioner should be selected to provide an adequate stringing tension considering the mass and length of the cable to be installed. The grooves should have a depth equal or greater than 50% more than the cable OD. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®.1 Pulling Recommendations The pulling and braking system should be co-ordinate to prevent rapid increase or decrease in tension. The cable may be pulled directly from the drum stand only when employing slack stringing methods that allow minimal tension to be applied directly to the reel of the cable.5. Bull wheel pullers with semicircular grooves are preferred for pulling the cable.1 Cable drum Payoff Stand The cable payoff stand must be supported on a straight & sturdy axle through the central (arbor) hole. The payoff equipment must include a suitable back-tensioning device. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. A positive fail-safe braking system is required for pullers and tensioners so that tension is maintained when pulling is stopped. Tandem bull wheels should be aligned with the offset approximately one-half the groove spacing. direct tension stringing from the cable drum at cable installation stringing tensions should not be attempted.2 Tensioner Standard cable drums are not designed to withstand the force developed by braking during high tension stringing operations. 11. Retarding of the tensioner bull wheels is advisable to maintain constant holdback tension at various pulling speeds. Therefore. Back tension pressure must not be applied to the drum flange. Page 56 SP-2148 .3 Pulling Machines Either bull wheel or reel type pulling machines can be used successfully to install ADSS cable.5.5. The material and finish of the grooves (should not mar the surface of the cable) with elastomer lining is highly preferred. 11.3. . All parts of the pulling system should be controllable to maintain a constant and even pulling tension. The minimum radius at the bottom of the groove should be at least 35 times the cable outside diameter. 11.5. Both the puller and the tensioner must be equipped with a tension indicator and a fail-safe device to prevent over tensioning.

and offer some advantages by reducing the load applied to the cable.5.4 Pulleys Pulley Groove Diameter for Tension Stringing: Condition Pulley Diameter Recommendations Mid span  30 cm Line angle change of > 25 25 times cable OD First tower in pull section 25 times cable OD Last tower in pull section 25 times cable OD Sheave diameters that are larger than those specified are acceptable. neoprene or urethane lining (unlined pulleys are not recommended!) Page 57 SP-2148 .3. Distance from tensioner to the first structure = minimum of 4 times the height of the pulley on the first structure. .2 Positioning of tensioner and puller The positioning of the payoff stand and tensioner relative to the first structure and the positioning of the puller relative to the last structure shall be per the following requirement.3. the installers must give consideration to the fact that the tension at the pulling end will exceed the tension at the tensioner by a large margin. . When circumstances require a higher tension. Distance from puller to the last structure = minimum of 4 times the height of the pulley on the last structure. A good thumb-rule is to keep the pulling tension to 0. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. 11. otherwise damaging twist can occur to the ADSS cable. Rates of 2-3 km per hour are suitable. ANSI/IEEE-524 has formulae for calculation of structural loads based on this practice.3 Pulling rate A conservative approach to pulling is recommended to reduce the risk of cable damage. 11.5.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Pulley Parameters for Tension Stringing: Parameter Recommendation Radius of pulley groove At least 55% greater than the cable OD Depth of pulley groove At least 25% greater than the cable OD Pulley groove flare 15 to 20 from vertical Pulley material Heat treated aluminum or aluminum alloy Safe working load 2 times maximum loading tension of ADSS cable Groove lining Elastomer. With thorough pre-planning. stoppages will be unnecessary. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. 2013 11. Always be sure that the payoff and tensioner are in a straight line with respect to the first two structures. An important point is the smoothness of the pull and it is absolutely vital to avoid cable jerking at all times.5 of the initial sagging tension. The following ratio should be observed: . Temporary guy wire supports may be necessary in some cases.5.

5 Uplift and Hold down Blocks Whenever the possibility of uplift is present.9 Wire Mesh Grips Wire mesh grip shall be used to fix the ADSS cable to the pulling line. The grip must have a swivel link to reduce cable twist during pulling. The running ground must be adjustable and be properly sized for the cable diameter. 11. The liner should be in good condition with no tears.4. If there is significant difference between the two. 11. When a high degree of measurement accuracy is required. The tensiometer should be accurate and must be rated no more than 20% above the maximum installation load of the ADSS cable. The load rating must be at least 2 times the maximum load that will be applied to the cable during installation. Be sure that the chain hoist is properly maintained including lubrication according to the chain hoist manufacturer. 11. A cable breakaway feature is recommended.5. If the measurements are similar. including lubrication according to the recommendations of the pulley manufacturer. Grips can be banded or un-banded and shall be applied per the manufacturer’s instructions. The pulley should rotate freely and the cable release should work well. The running ground system must maintain continuous and intimate contact with the moving cable and should do so without imparting excessive tension on the cable. The hoist must be capable of handling at least twice the maximum loading tension of the cable. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.7 Chain Hoist The chain hoist may be used to sag each installation span.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Do not use wire grips to tension the cable during sagging and do not use the grip to hold the cable under tension.6 Running Grounds For safety reasons. 2013 The pulley must be maintained properly. 11. uplift rollers or hold down blocks must be used. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.5. a running ground must be used on the first and last pulleys in a pull span. Page 58 SP-2148 .5.5. or exposed areas. then the average of the two readings can be used.5. Careful attention must be paid to the adjustment of the running ground tension. . Pulleys must be grounded whenever ADSS cable is installed under live line conditions. two tensiometers can be used in series. The uplift and hold down blocks must follow the size recommendations for pulleys as indicated in clause 5. then investigations must be made to determine if accurate measurements are possible. Running ground systems must be located prior to the first tower in the pull section.8 Tensiometer Tensiometers (also called dynamometer) must be used to measure the tension in each installation span.5. The grip should be a high-quality double or triple weave grip and be properly selected for the cable size and diameter. it is vital to use a running ground system when installing ADSS cable under live line conditions. In addition. 11.

Contractor shall prepare the pulling plan and fill in the checklist (Appendix-B) and obtain prior approval from the Company representative to start the cable installations. . If this is at a terminal pole.1 Drive off method The drive off method involves having the drum support mounted directly on a suitable vehicle or on a trailer towed behind a vehicle. The pulleys must be sized properly. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. 7 When moving past a structure. 11. Step # Recommendation 1 Mount the cable drum on a trailer or truck equipped with a drum carrier.10 Come along Grip Come-along grip must be used to temporarily grip the cable during sagging. then sufficient cable length shall be run off the drum required to enter the equipment room. Be sure that the cable drum is mounted so that the cable pays off from the top of the drum for trailers and from the bottom to the quadrant for line trucks.6 Drum Handling To set up the cable on the cable trailer. 4 Place pulleys at each point along the route. Adjust the tension periodically to compensate for the reduced weight of the reel. 11. 11. In either situation the vehicle is slowly driven along and the cable gently feeds off the drum behind and is manually lifted up onto the pole. Leaving the battens near the work area could result in the cable entangling with them and being damaged. sufficient excess cable must be run off the drum for jointing purposes. not to the reel or cable. 2 Set the brake to minimum. Position the pulleys just above or just below the desired attachment point.7 Cable stringing procedure Prior to starting the cable installation the Contractor shall inspect the cable at site as specified in clause 7.1. stop the vehicle and place the cable in the Page 59 SP-2148 . 5 Dead-end terminate the cable at the first structure. This method is suitable where the pole route is close to a roadway or the vehicles are able to gain access along the route.7. Discarded battens shall be removed from the work site. . The correct drum is selected for the cable route to be installed. . it is important to ensure that a few basic points are followed. .Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. 3 Determine the correct attachment point for dead ends and suspensions and pre-install the necessary attachment hardware. With the cable drum positioned beside the first pole. The brake should apply tension to the arbor shaft. The cable drum shall be loaded on to the cable trailer making sure that the cable will be fed off the top of the drum. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. 2013 11. . 6 Drive the truck along the route and pay off the cable under minimum possible tension. Protective battens around cable drum should only be removed just prior to cable installation to reduce the chance of accidental damage to the cable during loading and transporting to the installation location. if desired. This grip can be a Dead-end specified for the cable but the Dead-end cannot be used more than 3 times.5.

11.2 Haul through Method Haul through or tension-stringing method is used when there are enough obstructions along the route to make the drive off method impracticable. Place the tensioner in-line between the payoff stand and the first 2 structure. 2013 pulley. each tensioning span can be sagged and 9 the support hardware installed. Good communication between the personnel at the puller and tensioner is absolutely vital to the success of tension stringing. Where traffic control is needed a flagman must also be able to communicate with the other installation personnel. The puller and tensioner MUST be operated according to the equipment manufacturer. pipeline crossings. Place pulleys at each point along the route. The cable must be supported by the arbor holes and an 1 effective back tensioning device must be present and in good working order. 7 The swivel link must be used for all ADSS cable installations. Determine the correct attachment point for dead ends and 3 suspensions and pre-install the necessary attachment hardware. Attach the ADSS cable to the wire pulling grip and the swivel link.7. crossing power lines. The pulleys must be sized properly.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. if desired. etc is strongly recommended. 5 Run a small pilot line through the pulleys at each support structure Use the pilot line to pull the installation rope through the pulleys 6 starting at the planned pulling point. Position the pulleys just 4 above or just below the desired attachment point. All hardware must be installed according to the hardware manufacturer’s instructions. Ensure good communication between the vehicle driver and the person positioned near the cable reel. bodies of water. . Use the puller and tensioner to pull the cable through the pulleys according to the pull plan. the cable can be laid on the ground for a number of structures then the cable is lifted into the pulleys. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. In addition. the cable can be tensioned & sagged at the first tensioning point. positioning of personnel at key points 8 such as road crossings. Alternatively. Step # Recommendation Place the cable reel on a suitable reel payoff stand or reel payoff trailer. The ADSS cable must be kept under minimum load to complete the pull. * Alternatively. obstacles. 8 Repeat steps 6 & 7 until the last structure* 9 Go to the first tensioning point from the start point and tension the cable. 10 Install dead ends and suspensions according to the instructions provided by the fitting manufacturer. Page 60 SP-2148 . Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. Feed the cable through the tensioner in the precise manner recommended by the installation equipment manufacturer. Once the cable is installed.

7. External colour of the pipe shall be blue. During construction the ends of the conduit shall be closed to prevent ingress of foreign objects.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®.9 Underground Cable Installation The ADSS cable shall be installed in HDPE duct whenever it is taken off the OHL poles. etc. sighting boards and levels or other approved apparatus necessary for the proper checking of the Works.3 Sagging and Tensioning of Fiber Optic Cable Tensioning the fiber optic cable to provide the correct sag is a delicate process. Pipe joints shall be provided with watertight seal. the pipe shall be cleaned on the inside from any kind of material (earth. 11. the contractor shall record particulars of sagging of cable on each section of the route. stones. the first step is to remove excess slack out of all spans. Clearances between line conductors and ground shall be checked during erection and before handing over the line. sealing compounds or foams. the pipe ends shall be sealed to prevent ingress of water and sand using a plug. SP 1114A & SP-1114B shall be followed to install the ADSS cable. as requested by the Company. At the end of the Contract these schedules shall be handed over to the Company as part of the As-Built Documentation. When required by the Company dynamometers shall be tested and if necessary re-calibrated at the Contractor's expense. The materials used for installation and supporting shall be suitable for mounting on the road crossing structures. Under no circumstances shall the sagging of cables be attempted on a windy day. the Contractor shall be responsible for checking that the relative sag of the cable is within the specified tolerance. When required by the Company prior to issue of a Certificate of Acceptance.8 Road Crossings For road crossings. The Contractor shall provide suitable dynamometers. 11. equivalent span. These schedules shall show section pole numbers. If the sagging is performed on a particular hot or cold day. Such checks shall be conducted at selected points along the route. Sag adjustment should be done through sighting boards and sighting levels and sag should be adjusted and measured at mid-span. . The cable is worked dead-end to dead-end segment back to the starting point (cable drum end). The pipe shall extend to 4m up the pole to form a protective cover for the FOC. Based on the sag /tension chart from the cable manufacturer. After its installation. together with mean actual. Sealing shall be achieved without use of glues. 2013 11. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. Page 61 SP-2148 . The pipe shall have a co-extruded solid polymer lining to provide a permanent lubricated pathway for easy installation and replacement or upgrade in the future should it become necessary. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. SP 1102. as well as both temperature and dates of stringing and checking. the sagging process shall be carried out. When beginning the sagging operation. A pulling rope shall be provided in the conduit for pulling the cables for future use.). Upon completion. design and erection sags. individual span lengths. During progress of the Work. Care shall be taken to limit the stress on the cable on the values recommended by the manufacturer. as recommended by the manufacturer. The aim is to tension the FOC so that the correct sag profile is obtained. HDPE duct used for ADSS cable shall meet the requirement specified in SP-2148 part one “A”. to the satisfaction of the Company. then adjustment need to be made for the ambient temperature. Proper sealing materials shall be used.

The Company at its own discretion shall ask the contractor to include (or waive) any tests to ensure proper functionality of the network. 12. The Contractor shall document each test and submit the report to the Company for review. Test Plan .Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. The fiber optic cables shall be laid in a dedicated trench. Joints in the HDPE pipe shall be seamless so as to allow the installation of the cable. "on-reel" test results shall be compared with the manufacturer's test report delivered with the cable. Result Sheets As a minimum requirement. . The contractor shall provide a detailed Integration acceptance test document with the following information as a minimum for approval by the Company before the scheduled test. Schedule . The tests shall be performed from both ends of each fiber to ensure complete fiber continuity within the cable structure. The spacing between HV cable trench and FOC trench shall be minimum of 1200mm. Procedures . The OTDR tests shall consist of end- to-end length and fiber attenuation (dB/km) measurements to ensure proper performance of the fiber optic cable. all fibers must meet the optical attenuation specifications prior to cable installation. In all cases. Acceptance tests The Contractor shall perform pre-installation and post-installation FOC tests. relevant cable rings and other underground works shall be protected by a manhole. . Cable shall not be installed until the Company has reviewed the test report. which mate with the external corrugations. Page 62 SP-2148 . shall be utilized for all joints. Gross dissimilarities shall be noted and remedied between the contractor and manufacturer. The Contractor shall carry out all the Site Acceptance Tests (SAT) required to prove that the FOC is free from damage. The HDPE duct shall be no less than 3 times the diameter of the cable to be installed (it may be assumed that a 50mm duct will be sufficient for a 15mm diameter FOC). Pre-installation. Documentation shall consist of both hard copy and electronic soft copy in CD- ROM complete with all application software. Equipment setup diagrams . The HDPE pipe shall extend into the Control Rooms/buildings at each location and shall terminate the FOC on the patch panel. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. the Contractor shall conduct the following tests for all the routes and it shall be carried out in the following phases: 12. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. all optical fibers within the cables shall be tested by the Contractor using an OTDR. The data generated in the site acceptance tests is an excellent baseline for comparison to post- installation test data. Suitable jointing tubes with indented rings. 2013 Wherever possible the route shall follow the route of the HV cables. installed according to the Company specifications and requirements and functioning properly.1 Pre-installation Tests Prior to removal of each cable from the delivery reel. All test equipment shall be traceable to LIST standards. The Company Site Representative shall be notified a minimum of 10 days in advance so that these tests are witnessed. The cable joints.

Fiber loss provided by the factory dB/km. . Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. One Way Splice Loss AB and BA shall be less than 0. Where high TDM bit rates (>= 2. The OTDR shall be calibrated for the correct index of refraction to provide proper length measurement for the known length of reference fiber.No Micro or Macro bends. The OTDR shall have an X-Y plotter to provide a hard copy record of each trace of each fiber. The contractor shall include necessary tests for final acceptance of the FOC. A transmission test shall be performed with the use of a 1310 and 1550 nm stabilized light sources and 1310 nm/1550 nm power meters for SMF.No Point Losses along the end to end cable stretch. The contractor shall indicate the group refractive index of the fiber core and an estimated group refractive index of the cable. Microscopic inspection of all connectors (tails or patch cords). Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Page 63 SP-2148 .15 dB at each of the splices. . . Contractor shall include checklist to demonstrate installation of FOC equipment/ network and all components as a part of the SAT document. If the cable is found to have any microbends or macrobends then the Company has the right to instruct the contractor to replace and re-install the damaged portion at contractor own expense.1 SM Fiber Optic Cable For all the OTDR tests. . Splice losses The OTDR trace results shall demonstrate the following pass criteria at both directions at 1310nm and 1550nm wavelength: .3 Acceptance Criteria 12. . This may be achieved by using an optical fiber pigtail of 30 feet or more to display the required cable section.Average Optical Loss per Km on all the fibers shall be within the test results achieved during drum test prior to installation. The OTDR shall be equipped with sufficient internal masking to allow the entire cable section to be tested.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. 850nm and 1300nm equipment shall be sued to conduct the test. . a test of PMD (polarization mode dispersion) is necessary before and after cable installation. 2013 12. The results on the total loss of the cable shall be including the followings: . the contractor shall submit OTDR traces. For MMF. Sample sheet for recording the measurements results of the above tests are provided in Appendix C and D. . A recording OTDR shall be used to test for end-to-end continuity and attenuation of each optical fiber. . This test shall be conducted in both directions on each fiber of each cable. . .5 GBPS) are required at initial startup or for future expansion.3. The OTDR shall be equipped with an 850 nm and 1300 nm light source for the multimode fiber (SMF). event tables indicating any losses on the route. Measured fiber loss (insertion loss) in the field. Upon completion of the previous tests all FOC coils shall be secured with ends capped to prevent of dirt and water. 12.2 Post-Installation Tests After FOC has been installed the following tests shall be performed: . . The OTDR shall be equipped with a 1310 nm and 1550 nm light source for the single mode fiber (SMF).

. although the total measurable actual loss on the FOC found to be less than the calculated one.38 dB/km  Y km + Splice loses (0. Hence the total loss of the route shall be not more than 10. Hence the total loss of the route shall be not more than 15. 12.1 dB at each of the splices. 2013 . Average Splice Loss ((AB) + (BA))/2 shall be less than 0.2 dB + 1dB = 10.4 dB.85 dB. The total FOC loss shall be: (0. For 1550 nm. In addition. HDPE ducts shall be tested for proper laying.25 dB/km  Y km + Splice loses (0.2 dB (Termination losses at both ends) + 1 dB (2 connector losses. Total end to end AB.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.2 dB + 1dB = 15.4 HDPE Duct Integrity Test used for Blowing Methodology After laying the Duct network. The total FOC loss shall be: (0.25 dB/km  69 km)+ (0. No other anomalies/defects developed in the Optic Fiber due to installation. deformity and pressure testing.0 dB/km .5 dB).2 dB (Termination losses at both ends) + 1 dB (2 connector losses. .1 dB  9) + 0.4 dB.85 dB. the contractor will not be free from the responsibility of microbends and macrobends. as mentioned in this section. at contractor own expense. the insertion loss measurement results for 69 km route shall be the following: . Telecoms Contractor shall measure the loss of the Patch cords used for testing by connecting the optical source and the level Meter in a back-to-back fashion prior to conducting the test to get accurate results.1 dB  no. The following tests shall to be carried out on the laid HDPE conduit: Page 64 SP-2148 .1 dB  no. Final Insertion loss testing from both directions at both 1310nm and 1550nm wave length.3.38 dB/km  35 km)+ (0. The losses will be different than the SM and shall be as follow: . for both OTDR and Insertion loss.1 dB  9) + 0. . the total FOC loss shall be 0. the total FOC loss shall be 0. crush. as for SM FOC. Attenuation coefficient at 1300 nm: 0. shall be applicable but at wavelength of 850nm and 1300nm.5 dB) For example. Splices including terminations.7 dB/km 12.2 MM Fiber Optic Cable The same above acceptance criteria. each connector loss is 0. The Contractor shall replace any fiber optic cable in which any fiber (core) does not meet with the above criteria. Connector / adaptor losses at the termination points. . The contractor shall repair the damage caused by the macrobends and microbends even though the measurable loss is less than the calculated loss. each connector loss is 0. For 1310 nm. The Contractor shall remove the obstruction/deformity of any kind before handing over of the Duct network to the Company. Attenuation coefficient at 850 nm: 3. The following theoretical calculations shall be used as a guide to determine the acceptable measurable actual loss on the fiber optic cable: . BA and ((AB) + (BA))/2 shall be less than the calculated Loss based on the total Fiber Length. For 1550 nm using insertion loss measurement. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.For 1310 nm using insertion loss measurement. of splices) + 0. of splices) + 0.

If a deviation of greater than one dB occurs.4. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. fiber number and type. Open the discharge valve of the compressor and blow the shuttle through the duct. . Place the wooden shuttle in the duct.3 Radio Shuttle test In case wooden shuttle gets stuck inside duct then Calibration is done by a simple gadget. index. and operator’s initials. Note: wooden shuttle should be 80% of inner diameter of the duct and 150 mm in length. . Seal one end of the duct with end coupler and then through end Coupler with valve. Note: The shuttle will pass through at a very high speed and must be trapped in flexible wire grip to avoid accident and injury. wavelength. 12.5 Bar is permissible. 13. . Feed the compressed air into the duct. 13. 2013 12.4. dB/km loss. Connect the Compressor pipe fitting to the duct.4.4 Pressure Testing This test is carried out to detect leakage in duct. Pressure drop to a maximum of 0. which consists of a sender a small transmitter (Radio Shuttle).2 Required OTDR Trace Information All traces shall display the entire length of cable under test. . Page 65 SP-2148 . which is blown through the ducts by a Compressed air. The trace shall display fiber length (in km). During installation. This is also possible if the duct has not been uncoiled properly and is laid improperly. the test site.1 Duct Cleaning (Sponge Test) Compressed air should be blown through the duct in order to remove any dirt and water that has accumulated inside the duct with the help of suitable capacity Air Compressor. The documentation shall include the trace plot. radio shuttle is detected and obstruction (kink/deformation) is removed until the whole duct section is clear for blowing. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.2 Crush and Deformity Test This test is required to check the integrity of the duct. . The following information shall be included in the documentation package. pulse width. With the help of the detector. twisting or kinking of the duct. 12. Sponge will be blown through the duct to thoroughly clean the duct from inside. and average fiber attenuation (in dB/km) as measured between two markers placed as near to the opposite ends of the fiber under test as is possible while still allowing an accurate reading. cable ID.4. Connect the air hose supply to the compressor and the equipment.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. 12. .1 Test Results Hard and electronic copy of test documentation shall be submitted to the Company. Radio Shuttle gets stuck at the same point where the wooden shuttle is stack. Place the flexible wire grip to the downstream end of the duct. cable length. the Company shall be notified in writing by the Contractor. fiber loss (dB). raise the pressure up to 5 Bar and then observe for 30 minutes. date and time of test. while backfilling process there is a possibility of flattening. 13. A short blast of air about 2-3 bar shall be blown through the duct for about 2 minutes. highlighting any localized loss discontinuities (installation-induced losses and/or connector losses). The Contractor shall compare the pre-installation test results to the post-installation results. Drawing and documents The documents are an integral part of the equipment required to maintain and restore a fiber optic system.

2013 If connectors exist in the cable under test. Also. Sheath meter marks should be indicated on the map for splice points. The refractive index setting of the OTDR . It shall also provide horizontal and vertical alignment of FOC. and major road crossings. etc. The fiber color or sub-cable number . 13. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. These drawings and documents are typically the construction detail sheets that have been corrected to reflect any changes during construction. One trace shall record the fiber loss (dB) and average attenuation (dB/km) of the entire cable segment under test. Launch point connector number . The optical wavelength used for the test . including connectors. The second trace shall display a magnified view of the connector regions. cumulative distance to each termination point from the structure. The cable reel section length and a cumulative cable length should be marked at each of these points. The cable ID number . All connector losses shall be measured using the 5-point splice loss measurement technique. fiber/buffer colours. meter markings to major construction points such as splice points. The date and time of the test . The OTDR trace shall also include the following information: . The averaging interval of the test 13.3 Key Map The key map is a geographical map showing the system route in relation to roads and highways. The pulse width setting of the OTDR . results of calculations of the field strength levels relative to different structure types. Page 66 SP-2148 . 13. 13. revealing the connector losses (dB). the cable and fiber type and count shall be identified for each reel selection. etc. Its purpose is to provide quick access to key areas of the system. priority sequence during restoration and other pertinent information such as transposed fiber.5 Circuit Diagram The circuit diagram is a schematic that identifies the actual fiber circuits. system number. road crossings.4 Composite Schematic The composite schematic is a straight line schematic identifying the construction sequence of cable reels by reel number. and working and protect fibers. . wadi crossings. documentation provided on the fiber. The original copy should be maintained and handed over to the Company representative for record.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. such as field splice points and major road crossings. any grounding or bonding detail. 13. The cable segment ID number . then two traces shall be recorded.7 As-Built Documentation The as-built drawings and documents shall identify the actual apparatus units at each structure and other information such as the structure type and dimensions.6 Manufacturer provided documentation The manufacturer provided documentation should include the cable data sheets of each cable reel. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.

Description MESC no. . STD 4 1638 009 Fiber Optic Cable Dielectric Suspension Assembly for Intermediate and section pole.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. STD 4 1638 003 Fiber Optic Cable Terminal assembly for Angle pole. STD 4 1638 006 Fiber Optic Cable -Mounting support details. as-Built drawings shall utilise the contract drawings as the basis for the final status of the installation.LIST OF SOME APPLICABLE STANDARD DRAWINGS Drawing no.Mounting support details STD 4 1638 011 ADSS Suspension assembly details Page 67 SP-2148 .Mounting support details. STD 4 1638 008 Fiber Optic Cable . STD 4 1638 004 Fiber Optic Cable Termination assembly for Cable jointing. STD 4 1638 002 Fiber Optic Cable assembly. STD 4 1638 007 Eyebolt and eye nut assembly. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Also shall records all deviation. STD 4 1638 001 Fiber Optic Cable Dielectric Support Assembly for Intermediate and section pole. STD 4 1638 005 Fiber Optic Cable Termination assembly for terminal pole. Appendicies APPENDIX “A”.Mounting support details. STD 4 1638 010 Fiber Optic Cable . 2013 In accordance with SP-1131. deletions and additions with respect to the original scope and 14. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.

Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. ground)? Installation Equipment Is equipment available to load cable onto trailer or payout? Is the cable drum trailer/cable payout shaft appropriate for the reel arbor hole? Is the cable drum trailer/cable payout large enough for the cable? Does the cable drum trailer/cable payout have a brake? Are all bucket trucks (if used) in working order? Is equipment available to drill holes into poles for hardware? Is a chain hoist available? Are all pulleys/sheaves greater than 12" in diameter (dead end pulleys 20")? Is a method available to pull the rope/cable? Is a dynamometer available and accurate? Is equipment available to provide cable back tension control? Tools Are the following tools available? Temporary Tensioning Grip Formed Wire Installation Tools (FIT) Cable Has the cable undergone a satisfactory incoming inspection by OTDR? Pull Rope/Cable Grip If a pull rope is to be used. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®.ADSS CABLE PRE-CONSTRUCTION CHECKLIST Right of Way Yes No Has the right-of-way been secured for the cable route? Is the right-of-way clear. can it support the expected installation tensions? Is a double-clevis swivel available? Is an appropriate cable grip available to attach to the pull rope? Page 68 SP-2148 . . and permits obtained for installation? Is enough room available at start and end of pull (4:1 lead / height ratio)? Poles Are all poles structurally sound and can accept the cable tensions? Clearances Will all clearances meet NESC code (line/line. electrical stress. 2013 APPENDIX “B”.

Nuts. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. . Washers Crew Training Has crew training been performed Page 69 SP-2148 . 2013 Hardware Is all hardware available and inspected? Dead Ends Tangents Suspensions Tower Guide Clamps Splice Boxes Vibration Dampers Bolts. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED.

Site Test ODF-ODF .dBmx100) Attenuatio (.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®.dBmx100) h Attenuation no A-B n B-A nm (dB) 1 2 3 (dB) 1 2 3 1310 1 1550 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Page 70 SP-2148 .): (dBm) 1550 nm Reference value A-B: 1310 nm Measured by: (dBm) 1550 nm Document No. 2013 APPENDIX “C”.Attenuation Measurement Cable Section: Length: Date: 1310 Reference value A-B: nm: Instrument (Sr. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. . no. Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Site A: Site B: Measured Value A-B Measured Value Wavelengt B-A Fiber (.

Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. 2013 APPENDIX “D”.): Measured by: Document No. from (dBx100) Average from (dBx100) Average A B (dB) A B (dB) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Page 71 SP-2148 .TEST REPORT FORMAT FOR SPLICE LOSS Cable Section: Splice Box: Date: Instrument (Srl No. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. . Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. Measured value Splice atten.Splice Box: Length B. Site A Site B No.splice Box: 1310 nm 1550 nm Fibre Measured value Splice atten. Cable type before splice (from A) Cable type after splice (from A) Length A .

write your comments and suggestions and send to Document Control Section (DCS). Printed copies are UNCONTROLLED. . 2013 APPENDIX “E” . In case there is requirement for inquiry DCS or CFDH will get in touch with you.SP USER-COMMENT FORM SP User-Comment Form If you find something that is incorrect. revise at next issue: Accept. Ind: Signature: Date: Phone: Document Control Section Actions Comment Number: Dates CFDH Recd: To CFDH: Ref. Version: 1 Petroleum Development Oman LLC Effective: March. ambiguous or could be improved in this document. SP Details Title Issue Date: Number: Page number: Heading Number: Figure Number: Comments: Suggestions: User’s personal details Name: Ref. Date: Reject: Ind: Accept. Ind: CFDH Actions Recd Date: Decision: Inits: Ref.Specification for Fiber Optic Cable and Installation Printed 20/08/2014 Standards The controlled version of this CMF Document resides online in Livelink®. They will review and then send to CFDH. issue temporary amendment Comments: Originator Date: Inits: Document Date: Inits: Advised: Control Section Advised: Page 72 SP-2148 .