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BIOLOGY

Aiam and Objectives :-

1. To prepare and make the students able for subject wise competitive sprit at
state national and International level.
2. To impart the knowledge about theories Invention, tradition and philosophy of
Indian based eulture with scientific point of view.
3. Indian concept of Biology and environment is most ancient, this has been
included in the syllabus. So, that students will become aware of it.
4. To impart the knowledge about origin of life.
5. To develop awareness about living beings with subject related knowledge
and general principles.
6. To develop human feelings for other living beings, then interest will
creat among them about nature.
7. To gain the knowledge of nutrition, health and hygene,
population, environment and pollution related information.
8. To gain the knowledge of structural organisation of living beings
including position in animal kingdom.
9. Scientific attitude and skill will be developed.
10. Maintainance and conservation of environment will be learned by them.
11. Students will know about the Historical background of Biology and
scientist with special reference to our country.
12. They will follow the meaning of life with clear concept of life processes.
13. Knowledge of Biology will keep them away from misbelief, myths
and misconceptions. They will learn about the reality and scientific
facts.
14. To inculeate moral values in behaviour, keeping in mind about the
modern adverse situations.
15. Lead life with simplicity and high level of thinking.
16. Development of skill acquireness, expression, change in attitude,
creativeness and to develop capacity to analyse facts.

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2. Mineral Nutrition : . Food-components of Food. Deficiency symptoms of elements in plants.mechanism. factors affecting the rate of photoynthesis. site of action (functional aspect of chlorophyll and its structure) Photochemical and Biochemical reactions. Marks 75 Time : 3 Hours [Theory : 75+Practical 25] Unit wise division of marks Unit Order of Contens Marks Periods 1. Respiratory quotient.Pranayam of prevention and cure. Absoption. Chemosynthesis. Mulnutrition.Definition and Mechanism. plant water relationship: Absorption and movement of water (Diffusion.Respiration : Importance.Biology Syllabus : Theory Max.1. essential major and minor elements. Digestion. Functions.1 Nutrition : Importance of nutrition. Fermentation : Mechanism and importance. mode of nutrition in animals. pentose Phosphate Pathway. Sources (In brief). 2. Under nurishment and Nutritional disorder. Factors affecting the Rate of Transpiration and measuring equipments. factors affecting the rate of photorespiration. Class -XII Subject . Permeability.3. Mechanism of respiration-Glycolysis. study of Blood circulatory . transpiration. Anaerobic respiration. 1. Assimilation and Egestion.3. Osmosis. Methods of Nutrition : Autotrophic. Saprophytic.Ingestion. Reproduction. Photophosphorylation (Cyclic and Non cyclic). Intra cellular and Extra cellular digestion : Invertebrates (cockroach). Multicellularity :-Plant physiology 15 1. Photorespiration. Multicellularity : Plant Physiology 15 35 2. Multicellularity: Animal Physology 20 45 3.2. Storage of energy in the Cell.Circulation of body fluid : Open and close circulatory systems.Functions of minerals. Water potential and Imbibition) Theories of water Conduction.Transport of gases by blood. Root pressure. Growth and Development 10 20 4. Biology and Human welfare 15 30 Revision --. Kreb's cycle. 20 Total 75 180 Practical 25 Grand Total 100 Unit 1. Simbiosis and Insectivorous plants. Multicellularity : Animal Physiology 20 2. 2.Gaseous exchange in animals : Respiratory organs of Earthwom. Translacation of solutes (translocation of solutes) Nitrogen metabolism with reference to Nitrogen Fixation. Parasitic. Importance of transpiration. compensation point. Hetrotrophic. Mechanism of opening and closing of Stomata(potassium ion theory). Plasmolysis.Photosynthesis: Importance. Ecology and Environment 15 30 5. C3 and C4 plants. Cockroach and Human and its mechanism-Breathing and its regulation. Electron transport system. 1. Cell : Cell as a physiological unit. Role of Hormones and Enzymes in digestion. Study the digestive system of human. Common respiratory disorder. Unit 2 . Guttation .

5. Heart pulptation and beat.4. 2. Theories of ageing.8. flowering movement. 2. 3. ECG study of Pace Macker. Extra cellular and physiological changes. agencies and factors.Plant growth : Growth regulators (Phytohormons) . Mechanism of urine formation in Human.Growth in animals: Cellular growth. Movement & locomotion in Hydra Earthworm and Human. ABA hormons. growth and Development : 10 3.Methods of reproduction in flowering plant-Micro propagation and Vegetative propagation. Fertilization : Double fertilization and its importance. Essential conditions for germination. Reproduction in Animals: General account about Asexual reproduction.Role of Dhyan-yoga and Nervous Co- ordination.3. Hormonal imbalance and diseases caused by it. Excretory system of man and cockroach. Reproductive cycle in female. Importance of Exercise . secretion and functions of Hormones.Reproducction. Role of liver in human excretory system.Arthritis. Unit 4.2. Role of exercise & diet on ageining.Excretion of Nitrogenous waste products : Ammonotelism. Rhythemicity of heart. Disorders of Immune system. Sexual reproduction-Development of male and female gametophyte. Lymphatic system : Lymph and its Circulation Related disorder of circulatory system. 3.Nervous co-ordination : Study of nervous system in Cockroach and Human.Human skeletal system : Study of axial and appendicular bones. Mechanism and types of Regeneration. Osteoporesis. Ageing. Cytokinins. Structure of human heart and its pumping action. Disorders of nervous system. Plant growth movement . Angina.1.Mechanism of contraction. Inmune System . Sturucture of Sperm and Ovum.Endocrine Glands in Human: . Chemical constituents of urine. Gibberellins. 3. Identification of blood groups.Types. growth rate and growth curve. Embryo development & Parthenogenisis. Photoperiodism and Vernalisation.Location in body. Kidney failure and dialysis kidney transplantation. Ear.6. Fertilization. Incompatability.system in Cockroach and Human. Nose and Tongue and Skin.Ecology and Environment: 15 . Hypertention.Functions of Auxins. 2.Locomotion and movement : Non muscular and Muscular movement. Male and female reproductive systems in Human. Reflex action and its mechanism. Ethroma. hormonal control on growth. Role of Kidney in osmoregulation.Types and location in body. Stress factor-Water and Salt. types and factors affecting germination.7. 2. Gametogenesis.Structure and function and disorder of Eye. Conduction of nerve impulse. Role of white and red muscles in movement. Role of hormone as massenger and regulation of body activities. Seed germination-Mechanism.4. 2. Ureotelism and Urecotelism.Study of Immune system in Human. Ethylene. Importance (Role of Harmones in physiology) Feedback control. Role of growth regulators in seed dormancy.Common plant movement. Pollination. Structure and function of Brain and Spinal cord.physical and chemical events: development of zygote (upto the formation of three germinal layers in Embryo) and Formation of organs (derivatives of three germinal layers in embrgo) General aspects of placenta and Extra embryonic membranes. Joints. Structure and function of reproductive organs. Sense organs of Human . Functions and kinds of girdle. Arterioscleorosis.Cellular. Disorder of bone and cartilage. Unit 3. Pulmonary and systemic Circulation.

Air. Ecological adoptations. . Factors.Organism and its environment : Composition of environment. Range of tolerance. soil. light. water. temperature.1.4.

Nadip. Conservation of protected areas . international and other agancies. Energy flow. Tanke. deserts (with reference to the State ecological point of view).Study and Cure. 4.Efforts of national. and fruit etc. seed Sowing and tissue culture) Hybridization. Competition. Perfect agriculture- general account of Organic agriculture (Rishi. diagnosis.1 Development of population and environment.Biology and Human welfare: 15 5. Unit 5.Environmental Pollution : Effect of different pollutants on biotic community and positive aspect to eradicate pollution. sea level rise.Hybrid Crop. Honey. interferan and immunomodulation. General knowledge about sex related diseases. vegetables.Global environmental changes. Elementary knowledge about Sex Health Education. Pearl. dog. Amla. Bio pyracy and Bio potent.Food production: Management .Population. Ethics. mutualism commonsalism.Factors of population growth. species. maize. (Eugenics & Euthenics) . ecosystem and biosphere. social and personal efforts on population Control. and Hen). study the applied aspect of biology for the welfore of Human society. Hormone.7. reasons and treatment). Madar and Datura.Birth rate. Mental and addiction related diseases. wheat rice. Bio fertilizer.2. Yoga. Ecological interaction-symbiosis. community.3.rat). grassland. Productivity. STD and Cancer immune disorder.hen.forest.Natural resources-Types Conservation of important natural resources : Role of Human in use and missuses of natural resources.5. Cow Unine & Snake venom etc.4. 4. Parasitism. Benifits and hazards. Biopestiside .Biotic succession : Ecological succession : types and mechanism. 5. 4. Ecological efficiencies Decomposition and nutrient cycling.Medicinal and Economically useful plants & Animals' products (Chlorophytrum. global warming. Legistation on environment.Levels of Organisation : Population. Comman diseases of the following animals (cow. 4. 5.Ecosystem: Structure and functions.Modern concept of health in Biology and improvement in Human Race. Description of common crops. Ashwagandha.Kheti). Moral values and social responsibilities.Assesment of benefits and losses. 4. improvment in varieties (wheat. National.Production of Wormi compost. Application of Biotechnology.Green house effect.4. Asparagus. Predation. Treatment with modern technique of AIDS. Study of population growth in relation to sex and age ratio. Lac. Stiwia. Natural and industrial tragidies.8. study of endengered species.) Efforts for alternate arrangement of resources. Preparation of pestiside from Neem. Study of common methods plantation (Grafting Scaling. ground nut and Jetropha and Karang for bio fuels. Biotechnology. Death rate Emigration and Amigration.extinction threatened species. Government and Non-government policies on environment.Common problems of adolescence. Microbiology and Forensic science as a commercial subject. Effect of population on Nature . Cancer diseases (types. Reproductive health . Study of major Biotic Communities Lake .Knowledge of modern technique of Vaccination.2. Effect of Ozone layer depletion on living beings. Consept on enivronment in Indian Culture. Biodiversity. 4. gram. Genetically modified food. General knowledge of Biological war. Cow.Uses.Biotic resources : Terrestrial and aquatic resources.Impractical use of Drugs and Antibiotics and risks developed from their excessive use.6.3.

Small Intestine. Liver.Teachers will arrarge Blood from blood bank) Unit 3: Reproduction. Marks 1 Core Experiment. Study of Osmosis with Potato Osmoscope. Study the presence of uncommon substanus in given Urine sample. Stomach.No. Study of Respiratory Quotient. Xylem. Study of of permanent slides: Parenchyma.Teachers will prepare Urine Sample in the Laboratory. Study of plant pigments through Paper Chromatography. Lungs. Study of Haemolysis and Crenation. Study of Permanent slides of Transverse Section of Mammalian Bone. schlerenchyma. 17 2 Investigatory Exp. Preparation of temporary slides of Root. Growth and Development- 16.) 12. . Unit 2: Multiculluarity in Animal. 02 Total 25 CORE EXPERIMENT: Unit 1: Multiculluarity in Plant.Animal physiology- 9. 13. 11. 8. 14. Effect of Temperature and PH on action of salivary Amylase. Indentification of various plant Diseases caused by deficiency of Minerals. collenchyma. Kidney. 02 4 Sessional. Overy. Protien and Fats). PRACTICAL PRACTICAL EXAMINATION SCHEME BIOLOGY Class. Preparation of slide of Human blood (Note. Testis. 6.Plant physiology- 1. 3. Study of essential conditions for Photosynthesis by Moll's Experment. 4. (Note. 02 3 Record. 02 5 Viva Voce. Measurement the rate of Transpiration with the help of Ganong's potometer. and Stem of Monocot and Dict plant. Study of Bones of Girdles and Limbs of Human (Hands & Legs) . 5. 7. Experiment. 15. 10. 2. Chemical test of Food Components (Starch. Study of Germination in Monocot and Dicot Seeds.M: 25 S. Spinal cord. Cartilage.XII Time: 3 Hours M. phloem and various plant tissues.

20. 21.Study of percolate matter.Study of common symptoms of Malaria Typhoid. 19.At the time of Practical Examination. Study of steps of Germination. 13. The teacher can add some more projects to develop interest in the subject related matter. Study of common symptoms of various Plant Diseases (Rust. 4. Study of Diseases/ Disorders related with various systems of Human.Three Experiments from each Unit along with One Experiment of the Third (3rd) Unit should be essentially done by each student in the session. Study of components of various Ecosystem. Investigatory Experiments: 1. Study of Soil.Physical and Chemical Properties. Polio. 24.Unit 4: Ecology and Environment- 17. 23. 3.Test of present Salts. 10. 8. Dog and Hen. Study of Different types of Germination. Air And Water. Study of Pollutants of Soil. Hepatitis in Human. PH. Study of Interactions in Ecosystem. Unit 5: Biology and Human welfare 22. PH and Water holding capacity. 7. Note. Study of the efforts to maintain the existanance of Extinct and Endengered species of Wild Life. 12. Study of Plants Movements. 11. Study of Essential conditions for Germination 2. 18. Roll of Human in person in maintainence of Natural Resources. Study of dreadfull diseases. . Study and important of Natural and Artificial methods of Vegitative Reproduction. Study of ill effects of drugs on Human body. 14. 5. Study of Water. Study of Air. Smut of cereals and Mildew of Vegetable). 9.(AIDS & Cancer or any other) Note.Study of common Diseases of Animals (Viral and Bacterial Diseases of Cow. Excursion of garden of Medicinal Plants and record of experience. the student will submit the Project File with at least two Projects. Study of various components of any one Ecosystem. 6. Personal Efforts to keep the Global Environment clean and healthy.