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PRA PERANCANGAN PABRIK PEMBUATAN NITROBENZENE KAPASITAS 75000 TON/TAHUN

Kapasitas Produksi 75000 ton/tahun
Basis Perhitungan 1 Jam operasi keterangan berat molekul
Jumlah hari operasi 300 hari/tahun H 1.008
BM N 14.007
Bahan baku C6H6 benzene 99.9% 78.115 O 15.999
H2SO4 asam sulfat 98% 98.078 S 32.064
HNO3 asam nitrat 60% 63.013 C 12.011

Produk C6H5NO2 Nitrobenzene
Mr nitrobenzene 123.112 kg/kmol
Kapasitas 75000 ton 1 tahun 1000 kg 10416.67 kg/jam Mr 1,3 dinitrobenzene 168.110 kg/kmol
tahun 7200 jam 1 ton Mr H2O 18.015 kg/kmol
Mr NO2 46.006 kg/kmol
Kemurnian Nitrobenze 99.97% (sumber: tabel 1 patent utama 21 April 2015)

Kemurnian x kapasitas produksi = 10413.33 kg/jam
jumlah impuritis (C6H4N2O4)= 3.333333 kg/jam

konversi produk nitrobenzene ke molar

n=m/Mr 84.584 kmol/jam

NERACA MASSA MIXING POINT 01

2
MIXING POINT 01
4
3
T P
Aliran 2 input HNO3 30 C 1 atm
Aliran 3 input H2SO4 30 C 1 atm
Aliran 4 output mixed acid 30 C 1 atm

Aliran 2 input HNO3 Aliran 3 input H2SO4 Aliran 4 output mixed acid
input HNO3 5881.7167928 kg/jam total input mixed acid 141634.4 kg/jam HNO3 5881.717
total aliran 9802.8613213 kg/jam total aliran H2SO4 131831.5 kg/jam H2SO4 129194.9
impuritis 3921.1445285 kg/jam input H2SO4 129194.9 kg/jam H20 6557.775
impuritis 2636.631 kg/jam
H20 3921.1445285 kg/jam H20 2636.631 kg/jam total output 141634.4

ALIRAN 2 INPUT HNO3 ALIRAN 3 INPUT H2SO4 Aliran 4 output mixed acid output evaporator untuk recycle
KOMPONEN
kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam C6H6 4.48767 0.05745
HNO3 5881.7167928 93.3415156743 0 0 5881.71679279 93.3415156743 HNO3 138.4288 2.196833
H2SO4 0 0 129194.910912 1317.27315868 129194.910912 1317.27315868 H2SO4 129144 1316.754
H20 3921.1445285 217.6558715254 2636.63083493 146.354764047 6557.77536345 364.010635572 H2O 3254.749 180.6654

9802.8613213 310.9973871997 131831.541746 1463.62792273 141634.403068 1774.62530993
TOTAL
141634.403067756 141634.403067756

neraca massa mixing point recycle
komponen input margin input dg recycle
C6H6
HNO3 138.42876229 5743.2880304999 131779.554712 230.714603814 4.4921620735
H2SO4 129143.96362 50.9472941655 2635.59109423 92.2858415256
H2O 3254.7494066 3303.0259568457

dibutuhkan air untuk mencapai konsentrasi H2SO4 -619.158312377
dibutuhkan air untuk mencapai konsentrasi HNO3 92.2858415256
dibutuhkan air untuk mencapai konsentrasi C6H6 0.0044921621
-526.867978689 kg

mixing point 02
input dari recycle input dari tangki
komponen kg kmol kg
C6H6 4.4876699114 0.0574497343 8417.0173773606
HNO3 138.4287622884 2.1968331595 5743.2880304999
H2SO4 129143.963617347 1316.7536993418 50.9472941655
H20 3254.7494066087 180.6654443718 3838.4004654521

C6H6 78.11472
HNO3 63.01287
H2SO4 98.07754
H20 18.01534

1446825149 5881.0628933704 -526.2818933714 kg/kmol kg/kmol kg/kmol kg/kmol .910911513 213.5194593397 129194.7167927883 0.8679786895 -29.505047272 91.2455195788 6566.input dari tangki input H20 dari utilitas outout mixing point 2 kmol kg kmol kg 107.7520008695 8421.

273 364.ixing point 2 kmol 107.8095 93.34152 1317.4828 .

01287 kg/kmol H2SO4 0 0 129194.2731587 Mr nitrobenzene 123.4 kg/jam total aliran 9802.4007364107 HNO3 63.93498225 kg/jam impurities 2636.25 kg/jam H20 BENZENE 8.775 kg/jam H20 RX 1 1530.1123 kg/kmol C6H5NO2 0 0 0 0 10457.250 84.14453 kg/jam total input benzene 8421.2731586815 129194.9 kg/jam total aliran benzene 8429.338 150064.40074 84.9408 perbandingan molar benzene dan asam nitrat 1.505 107.717 93.042 th 78') Aliran 1 input benzene input HNO3 5881.0055 kg/kmol 8429.809451 0 0 1786.355 8.442 449.338 .5 (dari patent 22 Sept 2015) excess benzene 10% (patent 4.3 dinitrobenzene 168.06781 8.05 (patent nitrobenzene th 1978) s 13.625 150064.429935 kg/jam H20 MIXED ACID 6557.3415156743 529.46793094 6557.86132 kg/jam excess benzene 765.71679 kg/jam benzene 7655.591367934 kg/jam Total aliran H2SO4 131831.9408 84.0086 93.9 kg/jam C6H5NO2 10457.07754 kg/kmol HNO3 0 0 5881.11472 kg/kmol C6H6 8421.911 1317.50504727 kg/jam input H2SO4 129194.091.86867134 H2SO4 98.41934578 Mr NO2 46.01534 kg/kmol H20 8.775 364.1098 kg/kmol Mr H2O 18.911 1317.380 22.277 ### 1774.935 108.9408 84.430 0.631 kg/jam input H20 8.5 kg/jam H20 3921.91367934 kg/jam total input mixed acid 141634.788 kg/jam HNO3 529.9408 84.0106355725 8096.3415 0 0 konversi 91% (patent nitrobenzene th 1978) r 84.338 1882.3545 kg/jam H2SO4 129194.4299349823 kg/jam H20 2636.631 kg/jam Aliran output reaktor C6H6 1020.940779264 Mr 1.903 TOTAL 150064.237 kg/jam NERACA MASSA INPUT OUTPUT ALIRAN BENZENE ALIRAN MIX ACID OUT R-01 BM KOMPONEN kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam C6H6 78.9408 84.REAKSI 1 C6H6 HNO3 C6H5NO2 + H20 keterangan m 98.9408 rasio massa benzene : mixed acid 1 18.

002725 Mr nitrobenzene 123.2169952127 kg/jam HNO3 IN LP 0.33805001 C6H6 INPUT = 1786.225 kg / 100 kg Water in C6H6 = 0.1628633 kg/jam HNO3 IN HP 529.442 kg/jam C6H6 in water (heavy) 18.DECANTER 01 Keterangan kelarutan benzene dalam air 0.0055 kg/kmol H20 8096.86867 18.442316736 kg/jam contoh perhitungan didapat dari COULSON HAL 163 C6H6 IN WATER = 0.3545113509 8.145763 150064.625978392 0.113714007 108.273 129153.7507201114 12270.1628632996 22.9 kg/jam H20 INPUT 8096.8th.01287 kg/kmol C6H6 1786.1716894229 0.442 kg/jam H2SO4 IN LP 41.171689 kg/jam C6h6 in light 1768. hal 2-20) water in heavy 8093.1828219281 8.1123 kg/kmol H2SO4 129194.63546 H2SO4 98.816 kg/jam HNO3 INPUT 529.4193 8093.33805 1882.9109115 1317.3545 kg/jam H20 INPUT 8096.1519713608 TOTAL 150064.008180518 1316.379858512 kg/jam H2O INPUT = 8096.225 per 100 bagian air pada temperature 50 C kelarutan air dalam benzene yaitu 0.398012 0.147 per 100 bagian benzene pada temperatur 50 C untuk aliran oragnic phase masuk ke fraksi ringan untuk aliran asam masuk ke fraksi berat (9) INPUT OUTPUT BM komponen ALIRAN 8 INPUT DECANTER ALIRAN 9 HEAVEY PHASE OF DECANTER ALIRAN 13 LIGHT PHASE DECANTER C6H6 78.2169952127 0.2736 2.442316736 449.3 dinitrobenzene 168.94078 0 0 10457.1828 kg/jam H2SO4 larut dalam air pada semua perbandingan (perry.224336003 1774.8163383437 449.9027309946 0.846 41.250451898 84.147 kg / 100 kg HNO3 water in C6H6 (light) 2.8th.427241 Mr 1.90273 kg/jam H2S04 IN HP 129153 kg/jam . hal 2-25) H2SO4 INPUT 129194.379858512 22.2504519 84.9026914722 137794.01534 kg/kmol Mr NO2 46.1098 kg/kmol C6H5NO2 10457.07754 kg/kmol HNO3 529.400736 529.94078 Mr H2O 18.33805001 150064.11472 kg/kmol kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam HNO3 63.233208 1768.625978 kg/jam larut dalam air pada semua perbandingan (perry.

5948798469 275.8459178372 0.0574497343 HNO3 390.855 ouput Light Heavy C6H6 13.3000 29.26E+03 -9.2635023781 12.2169952127 0.0000 0.2735823106 4839.0582 -4192.0000 C6H5NO2 -54.0000 C6H4N2O4 -19.2531474292 total 137794.0000 0.91359 0.2332082252 0.2169952127 0.7507201114 137794.224336003 1774.2332082252 13.7690 0.754 Mr NO2 46.749 180.1757584909 4.77E+00 8.0000 C6H6 31.10E-11 Pi Ki y*D xW C6H6 2.6654 5252.7540596397 6.066931735 268.01287 kg/kmol C6H6 18.9050756976 F=W+D H20 2.3037 0.224336003 1774.1828219281 8.8000 -22.7507201114 .01938 0.0047319388 H2SO4 129153.4000 -8.2578 -0.59488 275.751 HNO3 2.1828219281 8.5479 D 0.044563171 0.48767 0.7540596 6.031 F 5.48767 0.1968331595 H2SO4 9.3980117384 0.2000 -7.0000 0.05745 H2SO4 98.0445631709 0.008180518 1316.312112 c 356.224336003 INPUT komponen ALIRAN 9 HEAVEY PHASE OF DECANTER xi kg/jam kmol/jam C6H6 18.7536993 H20 4839.008180518 1316.71872436 0.0011 0.7718 -2725.201179 138.8163383437 449.2011785789 138.6700 -0.4937 -2112.6081379388 3254.7653 -4376.8153911093 13.7293253013 0.0000 H2O 29.4621118003 K Evaporator bisa memekatan maksimum 80% (kern) P= 60 mmhg Diinginkan H2SO4 dengan konsentrasi 98% (sesuai konsentrasi H2SO4 sebagai bahan baku) INPUT OUTPUT BM komponen ALIRAN 9 HEAVEY PHASE OF DECANTER LP HP C6H6 78.2735823106 0.761686 0.8605 -3152.0000 NO2 32.5479 D D 319.000319 0.8459178372 9.0015100017 H2SO4 -1.7011416145 6.749 180.83773 0.3210 -0.01534 kg/kmol H2SO4 129153.0191106581 0.00003949 f 1774.00055 0.6 1499.3980117384 390.124181085 W 4.0922184954 129144 1316.224336003 1774.6 1499.7507201114 1 konstanta tekanan uap murni komponen komponen ant A ant B ant C ant D ant E HNO3 71.88663932 770.6734266 137794.077293504 132541.092218 129144 1316.11472 kg/kmol kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam HNO3 63.0000 H2SO4 2.1203 -2.60820623 405.66544437 5252.07754 kg/kmol HNO3 529.66E-03 -5.0237 0.8163383437 449.7293253 0.86 1.00029 0.0448 0.4288 2.5479 W 1454.921590447 834.7419892286 H20 8093.7266 -4117.4000 3.0055 kg/kmol H20 8093.4288 2.0773 132541.EVAPORATOR 01 T= 83.8959 W/D 4.066932 268.4443 0.6081 3254.0001 HNO3 529.175758 4.83967 0.673 TOTAL 137794.5000 14.196833 Mr H2O 18.

0011 0.0000 HNO3 71.0000 H2SO4 2.2000 -7.0616 neraca massa komponen input output liquid output uap kg kmol kg kmol kg C6H6 13.381016205 240.6081379 total 5252.852899 0.974435195 0.9779 D D 46.000639 2.000335 -2.7653 -4376.7718 -2725.partial condensor-01 kondisi operasi ` temperatur 326.1707104184 0.0772935 Komponen ant A ant B ant C ant D ant E C6H6 31.175758491 HNO3 390.9779 D F 5.0582 -4192.1133320186 4.175758491 8.7541 6.595 275.11027685686661E-005 0.0773 W/D 4.0000 0.9779 F=D+W W 4.4453 2.022543 2.0000 0.7419677138 0.2578 -0.876426 .7690 0.033167276 107.980676 1.910154398 0.9779 (trial) komponen xf 10 log p pi Ki xw C6H6 0.262 K tekanan 110.067 268.00 D/F F 275.044563 0.8000 -22.976482 2.0000 Pi = exp(A-(B/(T+C)))) Xw = (zf*(w/d+1))/(ki+w/d) W/D 4.8605 -3152.768 mmHg input komponen kg kmol C6H6 13.201178579 H2SO4 9.092218495 H2O 4839.7223 2.72933 0.00123 1.018852 H2SO4 0.3037 0.0000 0.0000 H2O 29.4000 3.4000 -8.9362 0.72933 0.01571 W 229.000495 HNO3 0.4443 0.000403 H2O 0.482476651 303.

6081379 4046.044543 0.881 224.0922182897 2.7169 5252.3181604593 118.02E-005 H2O 4839.7541 6.1861 total 5252.092218495 9.595 275.HNO3 390.0997 4.6544 H2SO4 9.044563 0.595 .6352744006 792.878 229.0772935 4336.1589851683 915.201178579 272.067 268.

0013566 0.470E-009 0.9556055 1.11472 kg/kmol HNO3 63.00 BM C6H6 78.0624265 .07754 kg/kmol Mr H2O 18.01534 kg/kmol utput uap kmol 0.0409212 4.01287 kg/kmol H2SO4 98. y*D 0.

1.057E-007 43.918308 .8830181 2.972864 45.

2505 84.171689 INPUT H20 DISUSAIKAN DENGAN INPUT ASAM YANG AKAN DICUCI.1457634656 41.MIXER-01 proses penghilangan kandungan sisa asam yang masih ada dalam fasse organik dengan melakukan pencucian dengan air.635463115 0 0 1768.9027309946 0.63546312 HNO3 0.90273 2.250451898 84. UNTUK ITU DIGUNAKAN PERBANDINGAN 1:1 .0164450017 INPUT H2SO4 41.002724672 H2SO4 41.90273 INPUT HNO3 0.0027246723 0 0 0.16286 22.325947 44.902731 0.9407792636 0 0 10457.1628632996 22.0164450017 12312.17168942 0.5287094 2.94077926 H20 2.427240844 C6H5NO2 10457. type air: demineralized water (patent utama) INPUT OUTPUT komponen ALIRAN 13 LIGHT PHASE DECANTER WATER ALIRAN 15 kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam C6H6 1768.4272408443 0 0 41.1716894229 0.625978392 0.471710741 TOTAL 12312.

1123 kg/kmol H2SO4 41.010022 C6H6 IN HP 0.402302 Mr 1.002725 0.45681 0.1098 kg/kmol C6H5NO2 10457.01534 kg/kmol C6H4N2O4 0 0 0 0 0 0 H20 44.733584 TOTAL 12312.144277 41.3 dinitrobenzene 168.94078 0 0 Mr H2O 18.063 22.161668 C6H6 IN LP 1768.010022 0.445918 WATER IN LIGHT C6H6 2.01287 kg/kmol C6H6 1768.37 107.445918 0.929509978 kg/jam HNO3 IN LP 0.25 84.471711 2.024939 39.63546 1768.07754 kg/kmol HNO3 0.1716894229 C6H6 IN WATER = 0.528709387 2.92951 2.902730995 0.64818 2.327434 12312.427241 2.1716894229 0.0626737 .161668 0.5991994091 kg/jam H2SO4 IN HP 39.0164450017 JUMLAH H20 44.599199 0.001283 H2SO4 98.002566 Mr nitrobenzene 123.528709387 JUMLAH C6H6 1768.000159 0.147 kg / 100 kg H2SO4 IN LP 2.902730995 JUMLAH HNO3 0.45681 WATER IN HEAVY 41.63418 0.1001895961 HNO3 IN HP 0.1628633 22.225 kg / 100 kg Water in C6H6 = 0.4779 12230.0164450017 12312.250452 84.10019 0.1628633 JUMLAH H2SO4 41.11472 kg/kmol kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam HNO3 63.DECANTER 02 INPUT OUTPUT MR komponen ALIRAN 15 ALIRAN 16 LP HP TO PENGLIM C6H6 78.94078 10457.016445 110.7443 81.

0025018132 Na2SO4 142.601994 0.05 0.54231 0.049877 NAOH2 0.7443344 4.000159 0.634180519 HNO3 63.1098 kg/kmol C6H4N2O4 0 0 0 0 0 0 Mr H2O 18.024939 0.0525380774 0.006361 0.01534 kg/kmol H20 2.050036 2.0412 kg/kmol Na2SO4 0 0 0 0 3.024938611 0 0 0 0 Mr nitrobenzene 123.100065 0.99717 kg/kmol NaOH 0 0 2.1691816941 12234.37 107.049877 NAOH 1 0.01287 kg/kmol HNO3 0.000159 0 0 0.024939 0.5710131662 12234.000159 0.001309 HNO3 + NAOH NaNO3 + H2O H20 TERBENTUK 0.000159043 0 0 0 0 H2SO4 98.1123 kg/kmol C6H5NO2 10457.0249386107 NANO3 84.11472 kg/kmol C6H6 1768.25 84.445918 0.024939 0.002865 0.MIXER-02 PROSES PENGHILANGAN SISA ASAM YANG MASIH TERLARUT DARI ALIRAN DECANTER-02 INPUT OUPUT komponen ALIRAN 16 LP ALIRAN 17 ALIRAN 18 MR kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam C6H6 78.063 22.002502 0 0 0.898555 0.013518 0.0001590427 12230.202749 0.000159 0.9947 kg/kmol NaNO3 0 0 0 0 0.000159 0.101374 0.000159 0.94077926 0 0 10457.000159 .063 22.010022 0.024939 0.049877 1.5710131662 JUMLAH NAOH YANG DIGUNAKAN H2SO4 + 2NAOH NA2SO4 + 2H20 kmol/jam kg/jam EXCESS NAOH 5% 0.63418052 0 0 1768.000159 0.1166436167 5.599199 0.3109568919 NaOH 39.07754 kg/kmol H2SO4 2.144277011 2.994948 0.9133571 TOTAL 12234.101374 0.57 107.049877 TOTAL NAOH 0.049877 0.000159 0.25 84.3 dinitrobenzene 168.940779264 Mr 1.

0500692 22.10006545 0.166688056 C6H4N2O4 1.046425 IN HV 0.66 gr/cm3 12234.6250144323 0.1123 kg/kmol C6H6 IN WATER = 0.0013410939 H20 1 gr/cm3 Na2SO4 3.05364 .9947 kg/kmol C6H6 in HV 0.01351779 0.5423102 0.0249386107 0 0 3.0025018132 0.5990521303 0.60199413 0.565 gr/cm3 NaOH 0.5710131662 12234.250452 84.0412 kg/kmol water in HP 3.01260449 C6H6 in LP 1768.225 kg / 100 kg Mr 1.59905213 Na2SO4 142.0001590427 Na2SO4 2.84 gr/cm3 C6H4N2O4 0 0 0 0 0 0 C6H5NO2 1.144268836 3.193288162 NaNO3 2.945999 107.13 gr/cm3 NaNO3 0.06267 22.0135177876 0.91351614 12227.94077926 0 0 H2SO4 1.26 gr/cm3 TOTAL 12234.5423101953 0.51 gr/cm3 C6H5NO2 10457.0536399593 0.634180519 1768.99717 kg/kmol water in LP 2.0001613587 HNO3 1.3 dinitrobenzene 168.876 gr/cm3 C6H6 1768.63401916 0.0001590427 0 0 0.571 107.05007 NaOH LARUT DALAM AIR IN LP 0.DECANTER 03 INPUT OUTPUT komponen ALIRAN 18 ALIRAN 19 ALIRAN PENGLIM DENSITAS kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam C6H6 0.002942 NANO3 84.0249386107 NaOH 2.0464254889 0.0029420033 0.720228 6.2 gr/cm3 H20 5.0126044868 0.940779264 10457.147 kg / 100 kg Mr H2O 18.01534 kg/kmol NaOH 39.1098 kg/kmol Water in C6H6 = 0.11472 kg/kmol Mr nitrobenzene 123.3109568919 2.5710131662 MR C6H6 78.001160719 0.2505 84.

001161 0 0 0.1123 kg/kmol C6H6 1768.99717 kg/kmol H20 2.63402 Mr 1.59905 2.63402 0 0 1768.144269 50 2.9459987339 12277.775413 12277.5990521303 0.775413 52.919681 NaOH 0.001161 12227.94078 Mr H2O 18.01534 kg/kmol NaOH 39.7202 50 2.250451898 84.25 84.9459987339 107.M-03 PROSES PENGHILANGAN NAOH SISA PENCUCIAN DI MIXING-02 MENGGUNAKAN DEMIN WATER INPUT OUTPUT MR komponen ALIRAN 19 WATER ALIRAN 21 C6H6 78.4956 TOTAL 12277.3 dinitrobenzene 168.046425 0.95 110.0464254889 0.11472 kg/kmol kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam Mr nitrobenzene 123.94078 0 0 10457.9459987339 INPUT H20 DISESUAIKAN DENGAN JUMLAH BAHAN YANG DICUCI .05 22.0500692167 22.1098 kg/kmol C6H5NO2 10457.

99717 kg/kmol 12277.050069 22.046425 0.00001853 2.118347867 kg/jam C6H6 IN LP 1767. kadar NaOH semakin kecil C6H6 IN WATER = 0.118347867 0.046425489 0.147 kg / 100 kg WATER IN LP 2.00 0 0.63402 1767.DECANTER-04 INPUT OUTPUT komponen ALIRAN 21 ALIRAN 22 ALIRAN KE PENGLIM NaOH maximum 0.01534 kg/kmol NaOH 0.7176 50.001161 NaOH 39.05 kg/jam C6H6 IN HP 0.3 dinitrobenzene 168.001515 C6H6 78.931721 kg/jam .931721 22.16479188 2.7835 107.033 kg kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam C6H6 1768.95 12277.25045 84.94078 0 0 Mr nitrobenzene 123.001161 0.4956 12227.144268 50.00001853 kg/jam NaOH LARUT DALAM AIR NAOH IN LP 0.1098 kg/kmol H20 52.946 110.6325 0.59905213 2.11472 kg/kmol C6H5NO2 10457.94078 10457.599033602 0.599033602 kg/jam WATER IN HV 50.25045 84.225 kg / 100 kg Water in C6H6 = 0.1123 kg/kmol Mr 1.95 semakin banyak penggunaan air.778089 TOTAL 12277.775414 Mr H2O 18.919681 2.00 kg/jam NaOH in HP 0.

53 0 NitroBZ* 137.7 0 13-NitroBZ* 65.KOLOM DESTILASI 01 INPUT komponen ALIRAN 22 kg/jam kmol/jam fraksi mol C6H6 1767.37492283 0 total 1.25045 84.8 0 ln P sat = A+B/(T+C)+DlnT+ET^F kondisi operasi P 1.9958 0.0042 0.356536148 b(intersept)= -2.4151033843 2.550 4.37492283 .434 3.267 0.599033602 0.0042 0.004 Benzene* 3.000 light key = air heavy key = nitrobenzene K ref = nitrobenzene (treybal 435) light key D 0.272 0.2101097162 C6H5NO2 10457.3607613363 2.374922832 3.9278 -7227.0013393157 12227.126 0.310 K 140.903 -14859.9958 84.1442678074 0.3607613363 2.099 total 1 1.019 0.680 T 413.160 KOMPONEN Po Ki Xf Yi H2O* 3.1 0 Benzene* 169.4151033843 0 3.210 0.632504109 0.093 atm 830.1436618826 log D/W W 0.931721 22.78121 107.0025175882 nitrobenzene 0 -2.0025175882 persamaan garis lurus y=mx+b m(slope)= 3.940779264 0.887 -11831.0013393157 0.7885509681 0.896 NitroBZ* 2.584027991 komponen x=logα y= logD/W x*y x^2 air 1.7885509681 C6H4N2O4 0 0 0 H20 2.65 -10314.71755118 1 A B C H2O* 126.0006059248 heavy key D 0.3567512729 W 0.

356751273 0.4151033843 2.000462232 4.144267807 2.1436619 dew point dan bubble point produk komponen kg kmol Yi log Pi air 2.7175512 12227.9783312784 3.1436619 0.7175512 1811.1540316807 nitrobenzene 10413.63250411 1764.8762014 22.5881176606 0.27986079 K Tekanan Bottom Product 912 mmHg NERACA MASSA KOLOM DESTILASI INPUT OUTPUT KOMPONEN KG KMOL KG KMOL AIR 2.593388306 NITROBENZENE 10457.94077926 43.60257034 22.000007160 4.3847709 23.9317213 22.5990336017 0.374922832 237.3567512729 air 1.9241924811 benzene 1764.0154479233 1.7812068491 .000605925 0.0109159411 0.5303133116 2.781207 107.920451898 0.9568905085 84.0042177144 0.593388306 nitrobenzene 0 -2.62374972 1 491.8762014 22.09380146 1 temperatur top produk 375.039115803 0.3567512729 TOTAL 12227.781207 107.0062207984 2.1436618826 BENZENE 1767.37492283 0.9995306078 2.093801461 12227.58402799 0.59338831 0.33 84.250452 84.99030878 K tekanan top produk 760 mmHg komponen kg kmol Xi log Pi air 0.1619818266 nitrobenzene 43.0952381 0.761629117 577.3863371582 23.0555199925 0.komponen x=logα y=log D/W D/W D (KMOL) benzene 1.920451898 0.5881176606 0.2241525875 benzene 3.

37E-06 2 HNO3 -7.09E-05 2 C6H6 C6H5NO2 C6H4N2O4 mmHg (what if analysis) relativ volatility log α Pi α 26.240 33.399 26.000 2.3749228315 (patent utama) -2.523 1.909 1 0 104.03E-06 2 H2SO4 -17.17695 4.718.53031331 3.544.5895 2.0077860761 1.02E-05 2 H2O -23.008 33.085047071 D E F komponen -15.3749228315 . 85.9899 1.9088695504 1.3996 4.41510338 2.

5120562889 24.0555199925 0.115917597 15.0391158 10413.3720555 0.00 218.6328025 0.9924114536 1.0056294665 Mr NO2 1452.0109159411 0.10504226 0.314634879 18.9928775 0.396435934 84.0072259812 905.000131548 14257.7175511797 .832121159 1. W (kmol) 0.584028 10416.0391158029 84.5042823402 0.00060592 3.6237497 107.0006059248 C6H6 HNO3 H2SO4 Mr nitrobenzene Mr 1.0508540021 1.33 84.03202754 0.3 dinitrobenzene Pi Ki Xi=Yi/Ki Mr H2O 839.4823325128 komponen 1.91059323 0.840308783 H2O C6H6 C6H5NO2 C6H4N2O4 Pi Ki Yi= Xi*Ki 16755.3409294835 0.5840279907 BM 0.00 HNO3 H2SO4 102.1298607881 OUTPUT KG KMOL 0.

000 7.000) .861 (3.E 163.000) 0.500) 14.400) (8.770) 0.444) (0.152. (22.117.304) 0.A ant .494) (2. 2.Ant .321 (0.514 (9.112.000 .300) 29.024) 0.000 (19.045) 0.772 (2.363 0.200) (7.727) (4.C ANT .725.200 (10.D ANT .000 31.758.000 29.080.670 (0.000) .000 (54.B ant .000 0.

B ant .321 (0. (22.11225 kg/kmol initrobenzene 168.304) 0.000 7.400) (8.E 163.363 0.11472 kg/kmol 63.861 (3.758.000 0.000 .152. 78.500) 14.0055 kg/kmol Ant .A ant .772 (2.200) (7.514 (9.494) (2.045) 0.770) 0.C ANT . 2.10978 kg/kmol 18.200 (10.D ANT .670 (0.000 31.080.117.000 (54.444) (0.000 29.024) 0.000) .01534 kg/kmol 46.112.01287 kg/kmol 98.000) .07754 kg/kmol 123.300) 29.000) 0.725.000 (19.727) (4.

0016017 benzene 0.588118 benzene 0.1824 V = L + D = (R+1).26 -0.374) komponen Xf α (α-θ)/α Xf/(α-θ)/α air 0.21232 KMOL ALIRAN INLET CONDENSOR Xd kmol kg AIR 0.71443 2086.015448 0.788551 1 -3.356751 43.51 “Treybal 3rd edition”. dimana : V = Lo + D (Pers.79 NITROBENZENE 0.026204 0.006221 0.121044 321.2402986376 nitrobenzene 0.90887 0.0000 θ= 4.30612 KMOL L 4.373) V = RxD + D (Pers.26 (L/D)MIN+1 1.50 “Treybal 3rd edition”.241887 1 0.421823 51.876 nitrobenzene 0.978331 4.978331 26.978331 22.93156 aliran reflux Xd kmol kg air 0.1216 (L/D)AKTUAL 1.CONDENSOR-01 untuk mengkondenssasi aliran top kolom destilasi kondisi operasi temperatur 375.001339 26.5* (L/D)MIN 0.143662 2.472074 benzene 0.373) R = Lo / D (Pers.59339 1764.9142 nitrobenzene 0.hal.840308783 tekanan 760 mmHg 1 Neraca bahan total di enriching section.9903 K 102.060191 BENZEN 0.169866 3.874369 0.015448 0.D = V 27. hal.9.065072 8. hal.00779 0.9.836203 0.49 ‘Treybal 3rd edition”.1216 (L/D)MIN 0.9.21011 33.006221 0.01111 aliran destilat Xd kmol kg air 0.015448 0.92045 .006221 0.

782 27.060191 0.3974 4.2123195825 2141.0650715897 total 2141.neraca massa input output kg kmol kg kmol AIR 3.7821528619 .79 26.71443 321.0262039908 BENZEN 2086.421823 8.7821528619 2141.93156 0.30612 330.169866 0.9142 4.01111 0.121044002 NITROBENZENE 51.472074 0.

373) ‘Treybal 3rd edition”.1188995803 0.0047386268 1 1.0074393409 0.9783312784 1. C atm edition”.1216002943 .0062207984 0. hal.0154479233 -0.374) persamaan dari buku coulson HA Xd Xd/(α-θ)/α 0.hal. hal.373) edition”.

8762014 22.3847709 23.5881176606 0.5933883058 43. output kg kmol 2.3567512729 1811.7821528619 .0938014613 2141.920451898 0.1436618826 1764.

11472 kg/kmol Mr nitrobenzene 123.01534 kg/kmol C6H6 78.1123 kg/kmol .dari buku coulson HALAMAN 525 Mr H2O 18.

.

000196 0.47 27.30612104 3361.014438 0.2 atm 912 mmhg F 107.003522 benzene 0.21232 kmol V 27.000801 0.14 TOTAL 111.62375 kmol feed masuk pada kondisi bubble point atau saturated liquid.30612 kmol B* = L* .012621762 0.29330376 3360.REBOILER -01 media pemanas ulang bagian bottom produk destilasi (STRIPPING SECTION) kondisi operasi temperatur 491.53 27.13 13777.9299 13777.051738 4.9299 kmol V* = V + (q .7176 kmol L 4.1298608 C tekanann 1.985945 nitrobenzene 0.279860788 K 218.9995306078 111.5259399626 DARI REBOILER TERDAPAT KEKURANGAN PRODUK DARI YANG DIINGINKAN YAITU .041465 0.0000072 0.1) F 27.8773 13773. maka q =1 dimana L* = Komponen trap out V* = Komponen Vapor RB-01 F= Komponen Feed KD-01 L= Komponen Refluks V= feed PCD-01 neraca massa boiler INPUT OUTPUT VAPOR kmol kg kmol kg air 0.5259399626 13777.V* 84.000462232 0.30612 kmol L* = F + L 111.

5259399626 0.33 0.4 3777.00 KG ATAU 0 KMOL .000606 0.010916 C6H6 78.05552 Mr nitrobenzene 123.999706 84.11472 kg/kmol 0.1123 kg/kmol 84.62375 10416.STRIPPING SECTION) OUTPUT PRODUK kmol kg Mr H2O 18.58403 10413.01534 kg/kmol 0.039116 3.

16 353.7 25. J/molC ( table 8.5 heat of capacity for gas komponen BM A B C D E C6H6 -31.11E-03 2.60E-02 2.13 0.414 719 0.933 -8.5 11.94E+02 NaOH 87.T/Tc)^n komponen A Tc n Tb C6H6 49.47E-05 1. 322) element solids liquids cp NaNO3 142.30E+00 -3.38E-01 -3. heat capacity of the elements.9 24.56E+02 H2O 92.368 4.24 H2SO4 50.10E+02 HNO3 214.53E-05 4.02E-07 5.99E-05 -1.15 C6H5NO2 67.93E-04 1.31E+02 2.13E-01 -2.68E-01 1.78E-08 3.478 -7.662 1.82E-06 562.50E-03 -3.35E-07 6.321 373.20E+02 3.69E-12 C6H5NO2 -16.39E-03 1.45E-06 1.6 kJ/kmol.93E-04 1.7 H 9.38 610 HNO3 70.16E-08 NaNO3 heat capacity of element.15 H2O 52.053 -4.053 647.6 18 155.13E-07 -4.11E-04 5.115 925 0.01E-06 719 483.56E+02 C6H5NO2 51.29E-08 2.3 Pdan S 22.03E-01 -1.3 19.148 5.23E-12 C6H4N2O4 18.00E-02 -2.489 353.755 1.24 H2SO4 26.11E-11 H2O 33.7 Si 15.62E-01 -3.002 1.004 7.515 -9.2.11E-05 -1.87E-11 HNO3 19.19E-09 2.6 31 all others 26 33.11E-04 8.1 F 20.heat capacity of liquid komponen BM A B C D Tc Tb C6H6 -31.00E-07 -1.06E+00 -2.11E-03 2.569 9.43E-04 8.791 -7.62E-01 -3.41E-06 805 573 NO2 -916.3 J/molC C 7.3 O 16.693 356.82E+03 1.888 562.47E+02 3.03E-06 9.25E+02 6.639 -4.34E-01 -6.53E-03 -3.coulson vol 6 pg.42E-03 2.44E-11 NaOH Na2SO4 HVAP A(1 .6 520 0.00E-07 -1.773 9.9 29.95 C6H4N2O4 14.17E-05 -8.66E+03 Na2SO4 233.23E-12 NO2 32.61E-03 3.95 .52E-08 -5.16 0.486 3.56E+00 -3.84E-04 -4.05E-12 H2SO4 9.81E-04 2.75E-01 -3.23E-08 1.202 5.38 483.K B 11.

116 431.C6H4N2O4 99.386 573 NO2 38.35 0.38 294 .691 805 0.

delHf HAVP on vol 6 pg. 322) .

.

6559 377.55934 H20 217.273 701.0577 133873.0747 H20 146.00021103 5.053 -0.13 55246.0747 H2O 82162.1 924275.692 .0013856 1.001497 -3.004 0.3548 377.03E-006 air 92.0E-007 asam sulfat 26.692 NERACA Panas KOMPONEN INPUT OUTPUT [2] [3] [4] HNO3 51711.692 TOTAL 1113395.70337 -0.93031 1113395.4864 82162.55934 H2SO4 924275.56 51711.4864 55246.NERACA PANAS MIXING POINT-01 komponen A B C D asam nitrat 214.34152 554.35E-007 Tin = 30 C 303.6579 924275.69167845 1113395.7 979522 1113395.039953 -0.15 K Komponen KMOL ʃCpdT Q (KJ) HNO3 93.93 137409.15 K Tref 25 C 298.12737 H2SO4 1317.76762 0.478 -0.0039 51711.

3043 -0.69167845 15854193.4825381816 875775.69167845 OUTPUT T = 90 C = Tref = 25 C = kmol ʃCpdT Q HNO3 93.074660496 H20 137409.2287676117 kg Panas sensibel steam masuk Qs in = 21222642.1576937 .003608 air 214.0106355725 T = 30 C Tref = 25 C INPUT Q (KJ) HNO3 51711.001497 komponen kmol asam nitrat 93.70337 -0.001386 asam sulfat -31.3415156743 asam sulfat 1317.heater 01 komponen A B C asam nitrat 26.478 -0.3415156743 9382.1395779532 12285073 H20 364.76762 0.4660153 kJ steam yang diinputkan T = 200 C Hv = 2790.5593360922 H2SO4 924275.057681862 total 1113395.004 0.0675275 KJ komponen panas masuk (KJ) panas keluar (KJ) Q 1113395.14 H2SO4 1317.662 1.2731586815 air 364.4 KJ/kg Jumlah steam yang dibutuhkan untuk heater-01 m = 7604.2731586815 9326.0106355725 7399.0823713189 2693345 total 2E+007 Qs = 14740797.9 KJ/kg Hl = 852.

60151222 Total 22336037.0675275 6481844.Qs 21222642.759206 22336037.75921 .

15 K (sumber: buku termo hal 692) Panas sensibel steam keluar Qs out = 6481845 KJ .15 K 298.0E-007 363.82E-006 -3.03E-006 3.D 1.

.

4 .039953 -0.8095 691.003608 3.4681 74546.82E-006 air 92.662 1.15 K Tref = 25 C = 298.35E-007 T = 30 C = 303.8 air 0.053 -0.3043 -0.15 K komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q benzene 107.komponen A B C D benzene -31.6376 74723.000211 5.467931 377.4864 176.

9407792636 -174100 -14788189.4463 HNO3 84.83 -285830 C6H5NO2 67.67 total -10619296 .08 49080 HNO3(l) -174.42 atm Panas input Q6 = 15854193.6 67600 Panas yang dihasilkan oleh reaksi pada T = Reaksi: C6H6 + HNO3 → HR = Σvi Hf Hf = Hf° + Σn ∫Cp dT Panas Pembentukan komponen kmol Hf (KJ/kmol) Qf C6H6 84.989 -813989 H20(l) -285. Qr [1] [6] R -01 1= panas dari feed benzene 6= panas dari mixing point-02 7= panas yang dibawa keluar reaktor kondisi operasi Temperatur = 100.1 -174100 H2SO4(l) -813.9407792636 49080 4168893.2 C Tempertatur Referensi = 25 C Tekanan = 4.4326895 KJ Panas Reaksi (Qr) Diketahui Data ΔH'f 298 (25'C) Komponen J/mol KJ/kmol C6H6(l) 49.1577 KJ Q1 = 74723.

52003 HNO3 8.9407792636 14770.94 -18536626 ∆Hr⁰ -7917330.0327644 248354.4193457762 5658.1855 kJ/kg.89095 (eksoterm) Panas keluar aliran R-01 komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q7(KJ) C6H6 22.14696375 2542880.021452 KJ Jumlah Pendingin yang dibutuhkan Qs m  Cp air x (T2  T1 ) m = 66512.7068 H2SO4 1317.9407792636 67600 5741996.8845284 14358125.9407792636 -285830 -24278622.59701667 kg Panas sensibel yang dibawa oleh pendingin masuk Qwin  m x Cpair x (T1  Tref ) Q (w-in) = 1391942.322 1882.8686713402 10860.395519 KJ Neraca Panas R-01 .6782 H20 84.34998633 72417.15 Tkeluar = 49 C = 322.374066 KJ Panas sensibel pendingin keluar dari R-01 Qwout  m x Cpair x (T2  Tref ) Q (w-out) = 6681323.273158682 10899.15 Cp = 4.4007364107 8620.03516 ∆Hr -7836821.'K Panas yang diserap Qserap = 5289381.0507813 1254579.288003 C6H5NO2 84.komponen kmol Hf (KJ/kmol) Qf C6H5NO2 84.5 sebagai pendingin digunakan air pada 30 °C sampai dengan 49 °C Tmasuk = 30 C = 303.9026915 18476357.6231 H20 449.

9644 .15769 Qr -7836821.Panas (Q) Input (kJ) Output (kJ) Q1 74723.4599 Qwout 6681323.96445 17320858.39552 Total 17320858.891 Qwin 1391942.374066 Q7 18476357.43268948 Q6 15854193.

35 K Komponen A B C = 298.91277 -0.004 0.891 untuk produk T=100. REAKTOR [7] = 373.94078 10860.03 922459.24536 total 1654678.35 732219.2 C C6H5NO2 + H20 (sumber: buku termo hal 137 persamaan 4.662 1.00211 H20 92.003608 HNO3 214.15 K Benzene -31.053 -0.76762 0.039953 -0.2C komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 84.64584 HNO3 84.001386 (sumber: buku termo hal 660) 100.773 0.000211 H2SO4 26.94078 8620.15 Panas Reaksi untuk reaktan T= 100.2C .001497 C6H5NO2 51.478 -0.70337 -0.3043 -0.

035 Qproduk .6231 H20 84.14 K K .94078 5658.komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H5NO2 84.Qreaktan 80508.94078 14770.41229 1735187.147 480607.05 1254579.

.

01E-006 5.15) .0E-007 2.03E-006 al 137 persamaan 4.82E-006 -3.35E-007 1. D 3.

.

.

983 HNO3 8.32109 4667324.65257 0 H20 449. HEAT EXCHANGER [10] [7] HE-01 [11] aliran 7 = fluida panas keluaran reaktor aliran 10 = fluida dingin keluaran decanter aliran 8 = output fluida panas aliran 11 = output fluida dingin kondisi operasi aliran 7 = T = 100.476 .6745 H20 449.2 C = aliran 8 T = 70 C = Tref = 25 C = 298.224991 HNO3 8.45868 740552.41935 3385.868671 6377.02009 845991.15 K Q7 18476357 KJ Panas sensibel Q8 komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q8(KJ) C6H6 22.22 10933213.940779 8718.27358 1883.8459 3544.755 C6H5NO2 0 4798.31291 H2SO4 1316.4007364 5062.2628 C6H5NO2 84.0625 1521312.98372 816.3980117 2787.80648 8482984.2732 6439.575 H2SO4 1317.56365 42529.72 Panas sensibel Q10 komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q10(KJ) C6H6 0.2332082 3499.0641 145834.1833 5537539.24461 23407.

7 Q10 5537539.999971 HNO3 8.1 C6H5NO2 0 11366.74 Panas sensibel Q11 komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q11(KJ) C6H6 0.2 .2332082 8331.78331 55509.42218 1970254.52346 11052977.03782 H2SO4 1316.333 13080683.Qlepas = 7543143.3297 0 H20 449.27358 4385.48 Qterima = 7543144 Komponen input (KJ) output (KJ) Q7 18476357 Q8 10933213.8459 8393.60996 1942.3980117 6609.5 Q11 13080683.5 24013897 24013897.

15 K aliran 11 = T = 83.0E-007 C6H5NO2 51.35E-007 H2SO4 26.003608 3.3043 -0.HEAT EXCHANGER .662 1.00211 2.773 0.91277 -0.01 [8] 373.82E-006 HNO3 214.31211 Komponen A B C D Benzene -31.03E-006 .000211 5.76762 0.35 K aliran 10 = T = 50 343.478 -0.001497 -3.039953 -0.70337 -0.001386 1.004 0.053 -0.01E-006 H20 92.

.

15 K C = 356.C = 323.4621 K .

.

86867 3499.653 407601.02 846265.245 23414.04 kg panas sensibel input air = 1291330 KJ panas sensibel output air = 6198383 KJ Komponen input (KJ)output (KJ) Q8 10933214 Q9 6026161 Qw in 1291330 Qw out 6198383 12224543 12224543 .98 HNO3 8.321 4668839 6026161 KJ Panas yang diserap fluida 4907053 KJ Cp air = 4.15 K Panas sensibel input cooler (Q8) = 10933214 KJ Panas sensibel output cooler komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q9(KJ) C6H6 22.15 K Tout= 50 C = 323.3 H20 449.184 kj/kg K Twin = 30 C 303.4193 1883.15 K Tref = 25 C 298.91 C6H5NO2 84.7 H2SO4 1317.94078 4798.15 K Twout = 49 C 322.400736 2787.273 3544.984 80039.15 K Qs m Cpair x (T2  T1 ) massa pendingin yang dibutuhkan = 61727.COOLER -01 Kondisi operasi Tin= 70 C = 343.

000211 5.3043 -0.82E-006 214.478 -0.70337 -0.662 1.01E-006 92.003608 3.001497 -3.053 -0.004 0.76762 0.91277 -0.00211 2.0E-007 51.001386 1.039953 -0.-31.773 0.03E-006 .35E-007 26.

608138 4385.19683316 6609.5 13080683.0922185 8393.422182 792294.609958 1464.59115 H2SO4 1316.55 13080683.6487787 HNO3 2.3121118 C = 356.086 1221186.52346 11052203.17575849 8331.5 Qt 1221186.0381045 H20 268.52346 774.55 Komponen input (KJ) output (KJ) Q11 13080683.422182 1177960.48 .2472 11859496.783309 14520.665444 4385.7537 8393.Evaporator-01 kondisi operasi T = 83.05744973 8331.44667 H2SO4 0.922 panas sensibel bottom out evap komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q11(KJ) C6H6 0.609958 478.15 K Panas sensibel input evaporator Q11 = 13080683 KJ OUTPUT panas sensibel top output evap komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q11(KJ) C6H6 0.07 H20 180.20117858 6609.922 Qb 11859496.351193 HNO3 6.4621 K Tref = 25 C = 298.783309 40988.

154393285 HNO3 1.6352744006 41557.Qv Qs = 10128734.15 K Qs m Cp air x (T2  T1 ) .454162 489882.1133320186 3943.1091416168 446.768 mmHg panas sensibel input pcd = 1221187 panas sensibel output top pc komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 0.Qwin Qs = Qin .7467845458 153798.9728635382 2116.956573 Panas laten bottom product komponen kmol dHv Q(KJ) C6H6 0.5425893826 0.8830181196 3138.59809 9496669.partial condensor -01 kondisi operasi: temperatur = 326.3895195199 9335255.0624264722 3943.68038546 HNO3 4.5425893826 368.5286611 H2SO4 0.97240594 H2SO4 2.9374635926 3917.1133320186 32626.8423144181 475517.3181604593 3138.75313 Cp air = 4.1091416168 246.0008209996 H2O 43.Qcd .7458441 panas sensibel output liquid pc komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 0.262 K tekanan = 110.6182239 99238.3181604593 35616.0922182897 3991.42717991 H2O 224.0922182897 42479.0326851451 13550.53331 Qv = Qlqc -9496669.9701162067 3697.827655 H2SO4 0.880518747 HNO3 4.6352744006 2116.53331 neraca panas total Qin + Qwin = Qncd+ Qcd + Qlcd + Qwout Qs = Qwout .0932309 H2O 224.Qncd .8423144181 93083.15 K Tref = 25 C 298.0568479E-007 3991.15 K Twout = 49 C 322.0326851451 5908.184 kj/kg K Twin = 30 C 303.

4362 .9 panas sensibel input air = 2665457 panas sensibel output air = 12794191 Komponen input (KJ) output (KJ) Qin 1221186. Qs m Cp air x (T2  T1 ) massa pendingin yang dibutuhkan = 127411.7458 Qcd 489882.5140 Qncd 99238.9566 Qlcd -9496669.4362 3886643.5333 Qwout 12794191.9222 Qwin 2665456.2671 total 3886643.

T/Tc)^n komponen A C6H6 49.0036078 3.76762 0.053 -0.0E-007 H2O 92.478 -0.00021103 5.115 HNO3 70.0013856 1.3043 -0.35E-007 HVAP A(1 .03E-006 HNO3 214.039953 -0.001497 -3.004 0.70337 -0.116 kondisi operasi T Tref .Tref 298.053 NO2 38.15 K kJ A B C D C6H6 -31.888 H2SO4 50.6 H2O 52.662 1.82E-006 H2SO4 26.

kg KJ KJ .

35 0.24 32626.15 35616.321 373.38 294 22287.94 520 0.262 K 25 C 298.(1 .54 53.16 0.13 0.15 41557.15 K .75 647.39 431.T/Tc)^n Tc n Tb HVAP 562.693 356.97 925 0.489 353.112 C 326.38 610 42479.

.

27316 3544.321087 4667324.020094 274.224991 HNO3 8.87 QL 488621.244605 23407.42724084 3544.983718 80039.decanter-01 kondisi operasi T = 50 C = 323.273582 1883.39801174 2787.14576347 1883.40073641 2787.983718 816.594328232 H2SO4 0.6588 6026160.020094 846265.866 Panas sensibel fraksi berat decanter Komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q (KJ) C6H6 0.97733 HNO3 8.8686713 3499.755 C6H5NO2 0 4798.9407793 4798.278734 C6H5NO2 84.476 Panas sensibel fraksi ringan decanter Komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q (KJ) C6H6 22.321087 1514.652574 0 H20 449.983718 79223.6354631 3499.9407793 4798.4755347 488621.1833 5537539.321087 4668839.84592 3544.31291 H2SO4 1316.2891 H20 449.652574 407601.00272467 2787.75234 HNO3 0.419346 1883.39 QH 5537539.020094 845991.39 Neraca Panas decanter-01 Komponen input (KJ) output (KJ) Qin 6026160.9 6026160.652574 407601.15 Panas sensibel input decanter Komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q (KJ) C6H6 22.15 Tref = 25 C = 298.033 C6H5NO2 84.2891 H20 0.244605 7.476 total 6026160.87 .244605 23414.90724 H2SO4 1317.23320823 3499.

K K A B C D C6H6 -31.76762 0.35E-007 C6H5NO2 51.003608 3.0E-007 H2O 92.001386 1.001497 -3.91277 -0.00211 2.01E-006 .82E-006 H2SO4 26.478 -0.773 0.000211 5.053 -0.3043 -0.70337 -0.004 0.03E-006 HNO3 214.039953 -0.662 1.

mixer-01

[15] mixer-01

[16]

aliran 15 = output decanter
aliran 16 = input mixer
aliran 17 = output mixer

Temperatur
aliran 15 = 50 C = 323.15 K
aliran 16 = 30 C = 303.15 K
T ref = 25 C = 298.15 K

Q15 = 488621.4 KJ

Panas sensibel aliran 16
Komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q (KJ)
H20 2.325947 377.4864 878.0134
Q16 = 878.0134

Q17 489499.4 KJ

Komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q (KJ)
C6H6 22.63546 3475.052 78659.41
HNO3 0.002725 2767.5 7.540531
H2SO4 0.427241 3519.147 1503.523
C6H5NO2 84.94078 4764.582 404707.3
H20 2.471711 1869.836 4621.694
489499.4

Trial Temperatur 322.9746 K = 49.82456 C

Neraca Panas Mixer-01
Komponen input (KJ)output (KJ)
Q15 488621.4
Q16 878.0134
Q17 489499.4
total 489499 489499

[17]

C6H6 -31.662 1.3043 -0.003608 3.82E-006
H2SO4 26.004 0.70337 -0.001386 1.03E-006
HNO3 214.478 -0.76762 0.001497 -3.0E-007
H2O 92.053 -0.039953 -0.000211 5.35E-007
C6H5NO2 51.773 0.91277 -0.00211 2.01E-006

decanter-02

kondisi operasi
T = 49.82456217 C = 322.9746 K
Tref = 25 C = 298.15 K

Panas sensibel input decanter = 489499.4 KJ

Panas sensibel fraksi berat decanter
Komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q (KJ)
C6H6 0.0012825956 3475.051959 4.457086
H2SO4 0.4023022335 3519.146949 1415.761
HNO3 0.0025656296 2767.500091 7.10038
H20 2.3274337302 1869.836081 4351.92
C6H5NO2 0 4764.581592 0
5779.238

Panas sensibel fraksi ringan decanter
Komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q (KJ)
C6H6 22.634180519 3475.051959 78654.95
H2SO4 0.0249386107 3519.146949 87.76264
HNO3 0.0001590427 2767.500091 0.440151
H20 0.1442770111 1869.836081 269.7744
C6H5NO2 84.940779264 4764.581592 404707.3
483720.2

neraca panas decanter-02
Komponen input (KJ) output (KJ)
Q17 489499.4415
Q18 483720.2038
QH 5779.237708
total 489499.4415 489499.441

03E-006 HNO3 214.82E-006 H2SO4 26.001386 1.001497 -3.662 1.478 -0.76762 0.01E-006 .003608 3.3043 -0.00211 2. A B C D C6H6 -31.91277 -0.053 -0.000211 5.35E-007 C6H5NO2 51.70337 -0.773 0.039953 -0.004 0.0E-007 H20 92.

Mixer -02

[18] mixer-02

[19]

aliran 18 = output decanter 02
aliran 19 = input NaOH
aliran 20 = output mixer-02

trial temperatur = 50.17587 C =
temperatur [18] = 49.82456 C =
temperatur [19] = 30 C =
t ref = 25 C =

Panas sensibel aliran 18 = 483720.2 KJ

panas sensibel aliran 19
komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ)
NaOH 0.05253808 435.6168402 22.88647
H2O 0.11664362 377.4863816 44.03138
66.91785

Panas sensibel keluaran mixer-02 (aliran-20)
komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ)
C6H6 22.6341805 3524.982816 79785.1
H2O 0.31095689 1896.236657 589.6479
C6H5NO2 84.9407793 4832.813897 410503
NaOH 0.00250181 2192.673011 5.485658
Na2SO4 0.02493861 5728.854079 142.8697
NaNO3 0.00015904 3917.366086 0.623029
491026.7

Perhitungan panas reaksi (Qr)

Reaksi 1 : HNO3 + NaOH → NaNO3
m 0.00015904 0.000159
r 0.00015904 0.000159 0.0001590427
s 0.0001590427

HR = Σvi Hf
Hf = Hf° + Σn ∫Cp dT

untuk reaktan
Panas Pembentukan Panas Reaksi
komponen kmol Hf (KJ/kmol) Qf komponen
HNO3 0.00015904 -174100 -27.68934 HNO3
NaOH 0.00015904 -425600 -67.68858 NaOH
-95.37791

untuk prdouk
komponen kmol Hf (KJ/kmol) Qf komponen
NaNO3 0.00015904 -46780 -7.440018 NaNO3
H2O 0.00015904 -285830 -45.45918 H2O
-52.8992

∆Hr 42.6081609
∆Hr 42.6081609

Reaksi 2 : H2SO4 + 2NaOH → Na2SO4
m 0.02493861 0.049877
r 0.02493861 0.049877 0.0249386107
s 0 0 0.0249386107

untuk reaktan
Panas Pembentukan Panas Reaksi
komponen kmol Hf (KJ/kmol) Qf komponen
H2SO4 0.02493861 -813989 -20299.75 H2SO4
NaOH 0.04987722 -425600 -21227.75 NaOH
-41527.5

untuk prdouk
komponen kmol Hf (KJ/kmol) Qf komponen
Na2SO4 0.02493861 -1387100 -34592.35 Na2SO4
H2O 0.04987722 -285830 -14256.41 H2O
-48848.75

∆Hr -7282.18857 (eksotermis)
∆Hr -7282.18857

Q reaksi total -7239.58041

neraca panas
Komponen input (KJ) output (KJ)
Q18 483720.204
Q19 66.9178481
Qr -7239.58041
Q20 491026.702
483787.122 483787.1216

[20]

323.32587459 K
322.974562168 K
303.15 K A
298.15 K C6H6 -31.662
H2SO4 26.004
HNO3 214.478
H2O 92.053
C6H5NO2 51.773
C6H4N2O4 14.002
NO2 -916.569
NaOH 87.639
Na2SO4 233.515

+ H2O Diketahui Data ΔH'f 298 (25'C)
Komponen J/mol
0.000159 HNO3(l) -174
0.000159 H2SO4(l) -814
H20(l) -286
NaNO3 -47
Na2SO4 -1387
NaOH -426

0498772 kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) 0.9246111452 + 2H2O 0.2367 94.673 109.0001590427 3917.0498772215 1896.44867753 .0001590427 1896.7951681579 kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) 0.kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) 0.3661 0.30158262 0.4464394962 0.86966183 0.2367 0.0001590427 2192.562 89.8541 142.6230285252 0.019916464 0.0498772215 2192.38435388 kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) 0.0498772 0.0249386107 3569.3487286617 0.0001590427 2807.0249386107 5728.673 0.579015694 237.0415 0.36443741 198.

00211 2.76762 0. B C D 1.055 -0.3043 -0.70337 -0.82E-006 0.0E-007 -0.41E-006 9.00048368 -4.001497 -3.16E-008 H'f 298 (25'C) KJ/kmol -174100 -813989 -285830 -46780 -1387100 -425600 .01E-006 1.001386 1.003608 3.003112 2.19E-009 -0.0095276 -3.03E-006 -0.5E-005 1.5584 -0.039953 -0.53E-005 -0.025996 2.5E-006 1.35E-007 0.91277 -0.000211 5.

.

decanter -03 kondisi operasi T = 323.814 0 NaOH 0.545078 Na2SO4 0 5728.94058 Na2SO4 0.237 316.000159 3917.001341 2192.8697 NaNO3 0.001161 2192.53 H2O 0.144269 1896.854 0 NaNO3 0 3917.854 142.366 0 490564 panas sensibel aliran ke pengolahan limbah komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 0.15 K = 25 C Panas sensibel input decanter = 491027 KJ Panas sensibel aliran 21 komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 22.63402 3524.366 0.673 2.000161 3524.082 neraca panas decanter-02 Komponen input (KJ)output (KJ) Q20 491026.166688 1896.237 273.3259 K = 50.024939 5728.08 C6H5NO2 0 4832.568787 H2O 0.983 79784.7 Q21 490563.814 410503 NaOH 0.623029 463.0821 total 491027 491027 .983 0.6 QPL 463.673 2.94078 4832.17587 C t ref = 298.5679 C6H5NO2 84.

3 .6 Q22 1047.821 NaOH 0.68 1047.mixing -03 [21] mixer-03 [23] [22] aliran 21 = output decanter -03 aliran 22 = input water aliran 23 = output mixer-03 temperatur aliran 21 = 50.9 H2O 2.919681 1880.281 5489.188 2.4864 1047.775413 377.17587 C = 323.1135 K Q21 = 490564 KJ Panas sensibel aliran 22 Komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q (KJ) H2O 2.44 C6H5NO2 84.3259 K aliran 22 = 30 C = 303.15 K Tref = 25 C = 298.523622 491594 Q23 = 491611 KJ Neraca Panas Mixer-03 Komponen input (KJ)output (KJ) Q21 490563.001161 2174.803 79101.68 Q23 491611.573 406999.94078 4791.68 Panas sensibel aliran 23 Komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q (KJ) C6H6 22.3 491611.15 K T trial = 49.3 491611.63402 3494.96355 C = 323.

5E-006 1.662 1.039953 -0.773 0.3043 -0.01E-006 H2O 92.003608 3.19E-009 .000211 5. A B C D C6H6 -31.00211 2.35E-007 NaOH 87.91277 -0.82E-006 C6H5NO2 51.000484 -4.053 -0.639 -0.

803 5.3 KJ Panas sensibel aliran 24 komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 22.940779 4791.523622 5226.573 0 H2O 2.573 406999.96355 C = 323.803 79096.15 K Q23 491611.7 .188 0 486367 Panas sensibel aliran ke pengolahan limbah komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 0.281 5218.3 491593.0011607 2174.7754135 1880.294809 C6H5NO2 0 4791.264 NaOH 0 2174.9 H2O 0.1135 K Tref = 25 C = 298.188 2.632504 3494.14 C6H5NO2 84.281 271.375 491611.1442678 1880.557 NaOH 0.0015151 3494.decanter-04 kondisi operasi T = 49.38 neraca panas decanter-02 Komponen input (KJ) output (KJ) Q23 491611.3 QPL 5226.3 Q24 486367.

16039 C = 413.6325 17095.9 KJ/kg Hl = 852.3104 K Tref = 25 C = 298.564 1956149 H2O 0.94078 23029.144268 8706.3 KJ panas sensibel keluaran heater (Q25) komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 22.4339 1256.963548 C = 323.15 K Qinput (Q24) = 486367.4 .058 2344314 panas yang dibutuhkan 1857947 KJ steam yang diinputkan T = 200 C Hv = 2790.1 3161293 3161293.3 Qw-in 2674926 Qw-out 816979.285 386909.heater-03 input heater T = 49.4 KJ/kg jumlah steam yang dibutuhkan m = 958.44569 kg panas sensibel steam Qw-in 2674926 KJ Qw-out 816979 KJ neraca panas heater-03 Komponen input (KJ)output (KJ) Q24 486367.3 Q25 2344314.1135 K output heater T = 140.1 C6H5NO2 84.

053 -0.039953 -0.82E-006 C6H5NO2 51.35E-007 .91277 -0. A B C D C6H6 -31.773 0.000211 5.003608 3.662 1.3043 -0.01E-006 H2O 92.00211 2.

Qf beban panas reboiler (Qrb) 2.3567512729 15306.0807040311 3395002.0075898 C6H5NO2 84.707634994 841.15 K = 25 C komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 22.1436618826 39.0006059248 14986.115.3164065 3393791.52004903 9.4622666 1202.115.58424592 254414.060.299 656.023 neraca panas destilasi Komponen input (KJ) output (KJ) Q25 2344314.12986 C komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 0.3567512729 50.115 H2O 0.656.75242 C6H5NO2 0.kolom destilasi-01 panas sensibel feed (Q25) = 2344314.0391158029 30729.154.060 680.887.5933883058 29.786 panas sensibel fraksi berat T = 491.31044088 Qrb 2.9845 panas laten destilat 0 .702811 H2O 0.023 .52930674 260716.5840279907 40123.84031 C Tref = 298.570.316 18.1436618826 5857.806 persamaan neraca panas KD-01 Qf + Qrb = Qd + Qb + Qcd Qrb = Qd + Qb + Qcd . 38 ΔHv2 = ΔHv1  Tc  T2     Tc  Tb  komponen kmol dHv Qcd C6H6 22.611 C6H5NO2 0.75074117 5460.990308783 K = 102.31 KJ panas sensibel destilat T = 375.888.5933883058 11260.380.639 5.370.718 H2O 0.888.2798607881 K = 218.

Qd 260716.9845357 Qb 3395002.542 4460202.333115 .33311473 4460202.482.806302 Qlv 804.

773 0.150 C6H5NO2 67.0021098 H2O 92.91277 -0.414 719.130 0.3043 -0.053 647.662 1.039953 -0.950 .00021103 komponen A Tc n Tb C6H6 49.489 353.160 0. A B C C6H6 -31.240 H2O 52.380 483.000 0.321 373.888 562.053 -0.0036078 C6H5NO2 51.

.

060.8243E-006 2.370.299 39.3469E-007 Dhv 29.887.639 50.316 .0093E-006 5.D 3.

.

71443231 11260.42 kJ/kg Hg-Hf = 1368.75074 996.58425 254414.01 kondisi operasi T = 375.169865873 5857.54228 KJ Fluida dingin yang digunakan saturated -33 C 1.026203991 5857.7280252 804482.15 K = 25 C komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 26.06507159 15306.7374146 H2O 0.75074 6456.143661883 5857.9845 beban panas kondensor Qcd = Qin-Qr-Qd = 804482.52930674 260716.03460364 H2O 0.42 KJ aliran panas keluar pada reflux komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 4.49531709 47554.89309 aliran panas keluar pada destilat komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 22.421822863 15306.61 KJ/kg .58425 46405.433389 H2O 0.11558 C6H5NO2 0.5423 aliran panas input kondensor = 1112754.363166 C6H5NO2 0.71443231 29060.58425 300820.707635 841.75074 5460.02462383 308271.63925 6687.kondensor-01 Panas sensibel masuk kondensor .356751273 15306.3162 21465.38086 C6H5NO2 0.9903088 K = 102.8403 C Tref = 298.030 bar Hf = -912.421822863 50887.59338831 11260.707635 995.19 KJ/kg Hg = 456.121044002 11260.707635 153.8776 Panas laten masuk kondensor -01 komponen kmol dHv Qcd C6H6 26.75242 C6H5NO2 0.702811 H2O 0.169865873 39370.29864 776329.

89309 Q30 260716.8099256 Kg Panas sensibel amoniak masuk = -536194.20624 KJ Neraca panas condensor Komponen input (KJ) output (KJ) Q26 1112754.massa amoniak = 587.336 Qam-out 268288.0839 576560.42 Qam-in -536194.336 KJ Panas sensibel amoniak keluar = 268288.9845 576560.0839 .2062 Q29 47554.

684 Appendix A .662 1.000211 5. A B C D C6H6 -31.053 -0.91277 -0.039953 -0.35E-007 thermodynamic properties of ammonia. gallagher) pg.00211 2.1978(lester haar and john S.003608 3.3043 -0.773 0.01E-006 H2O 92.82E-006 C6H5NO2 51.

240 .

684 Appendix A .er) pg.

.

877332 40123.738 .46227 1589.52005 12.74 8301721.74891337 kg Panas yang dibawa steam masuk 3811230.05173757 30729.Qb Qt = 3211376.00080144 14986.25605 Neraca panas reboiler Komponen input (KJ) output (KJ) Qf 4490491.68 KJ steam yang diinputkan T = 280 C Hv = 2780.806 Qt 3211376.5807 H2O 0.Reboiler-01 kondisi operasi T = 491.256 Qb 3395002.81 KJ Qrb = 2115888.0108365797 4490491.8 KJ/kg massa steam yang dibutuhkan 1370.02 KJ Persamaan overal neraca panas reboiler Qf + Qrb = Qb + Qt Qt = Qf + Qrb .15 K = 25 C panas sensibel input reboiler komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 0.27873 panas yang dibawa steam keluar 1695342.675 8301721.8675564 C6H5NO2 111.31641 4488889.279861 K = 218.45909 panas sensibel liquid output boiler 3395002.129861 C Tref = 298.4 KJ/kg Hl = 1236.28 Qs out 1695342.46 Qs in 3811230.

00211 2.91277 -0.039953 -0.662 1.35E-007 .773 0.003608 3.82E-006 C6H5NO2 51. A B C D C6H6 -31.01E-006 H2O 92.3043 -0.000211 5.053 -0.

cooler-03 Kondisi operasi Tin = 375.4864 54.08399384 H2O 0.759996 KJ Neraca panas cooler 02 Komponen input (KJ)output (KJ) Q30 260717 Q31 16015.143662 5857.15 K = 25 C panas sensibel input cooler komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 22.184 kj/kg K Twin = 30 C 303.92 Qw-in -163095 Qw-out 81605.921507 panas yang diserap fluida 244701.15 K sumber : Ludwig aplied pro Twout = 49 C 322.143662 377.15 K Fluida dingin yang digunakan saturate Qs m Cp air x (T2  T1 ) amoniak yang dibutuhkan m = 178.52930674 260716.702811 H2O 0.4773 339.06303 Cp air = 4.75 5460.30303 KJ Panas sensibel output amoniak 81605.59339 691.15 K = 30 C Tref = 298.76 .15 K Tref = 25 C 298.98454 Panas sensibel output cooler komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 22.4681 15622.59339 11260.58 254414.607109 C6H5NO2 0.230404246 16015.9903 K = 102.356751 15306.75242 C6H5NO2 0.7953 kg Panas sensibel input amoniak -163095.708 841.356751 950.8403 C Tout = 303.

68 .97621.68 97621.

00211 2.773 0.003608 3.039953 -0.19 KJ/kg Hg = 456.662 1. A B C D C6H6 -31.82E-006 C6H5NO2 51.01E-006 H2O 92.35E-007 umber : Ludwig aplied process design rules of thumb HE n yang digunakan saturated amoniak pada -33 C Hf = -912.3043 -0.91277 -0.42 kJ/kg .053 -0.000211 5.

.

15 komponen kmol ʃCpdT Q(KJ) C6H6 0.48 KJ panas sensibel amoniak keluar 1105384.42 kJ/kg massa amoniak 2421.476311 Qam in -2209195.484 Qam out 1105384.48638159 0.8461 1185807.8589152 kg panas sensibel amoniak masuk -2209195.15 Tref = 25 C = 298.46809222 27.chiller-03 panas sensibel input cooler 3395002.846 KJ neraca panas Komponen input (KJ) output (KJ) Qin 3395002.58402799 950.806 Qout 80422.04732962 C6H5NO2 84.47732016 80395.806 KJ panas sensibel output cooler kondisi operasi T = 30 C = 303.33 Fluida dingin yang digunakan saturated amoniak pada -33 C Hf = -912.228728357 80422.322 1185807.000605925 377.039115803 691.19 KJ/kg Hg = 456.3224 .20025 H2O 0.47631 jumlah supply panas 3314580.

01E-006 92.773 0.K K -31.053 -0.35E-007 .82E-006 51.91277 -0.3043 -0.003608 3.662 1.000211 5.00211 2.039953 -0.