You are on page 1of 1

The Indian Plate pushes itself slowly and with inconceivable strength

under the Burma Plate. The plates get caught and tension develops
in the rock. The enormous tension at the edge of the Burma plate
becomes too great. The edge of the plate comes loose and shoots
back to its initial position. The tensions that have often been built up
over years, release in a sudden, abrupt movement that can be felt
as an earthquake. The seabed has moved some meters upward. The
mass of the water that is above the plate’s edge is displaced quickly.
Energy is transferred and the displaced water forms a wave. As the
wave travels and enters shallower water in the coastal area, it
begins to increase in amplitude The Tsunami that develops in this
case spreads in circular form into all directions.
The difference between tsunamis and normal waves or waves
caused by strong wind is the extreme distances between
wavelengths. This is the distance from one wave crest to the next
wave crest, which can be between 100 and 300 km.
In order for a tsunami caused by a seaquakes to occur, three things
have to be happen:
1: The Earthquake must measure at least 7,0 on the Richter scale.
Only from this intensity upwards is there enough energy released to
rapidly displace enough water to create the tsunami. The 2004
Indian Ocean earthquake measured 9.3 on the Richter scale.
2: The seabed must be lifted or lowered by the earthquake. If the
seabed is displaced sideways, no tsunami will occur.
3: The epicentre of the earthquake must be near to the earth's
surface.