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Retaining Wall on km.

1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

Cantilever wall analysis

Input data
Project
Task : Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Part : Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8
Author : Goran Anastasieski
Customer : FUND FOR NATIONAL AND REGIONAL ROADS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA
Date : 16.11.2016
Name : Campade ZIII Stage : 1

7.50 33.33
0.50
+x
0.01

+z
6.63 9.50:1
7.93 7.93 7.93

4.21 1.50 3.300.2300


+z
1.30
0.0760

6.00
Material of structure
Unit weight = 25.00 kN/m3
Analysis of concrete structures carried out according to the standard EN 1992 1-1 (EC2).

Concrete : C 30/37
Longitudinal steel : B500

Geometry of structure
Coordinate Depth
No.
X [m] Z [m]
1 0.00 0.00
2 0.70 6.63
3 4.00 6.63
4 4.00 7.93
5 -2.00 7.93
6 -2.00 6.63
7 -0.50 6.63
8 -0.50 0.00
The origin [0,0] is located at the most upper right point of the wall.

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Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

Wall section area = 13.43 m2.

Basic soil parameters


ef cef su
No. Name Pattern
[] [kPa] [kN/m3] [kN/m3] []

1 Nasipna masa 30.00 30.00 20.00 10.00 10.00

2 Sredno plasticna glina 18.39 30.00 22.50 12.50 12.16

All soils are considered as cohesionless for at rest pressure analysis.

Soil parameters
Nasipna masa

Unit weight : = 20,00 kN/m3


Stress-state : effective

Angle of internal friction : ef = 30,00

Cohesion of soil : cef = 30,00 kPa

Angle of friction struc.-soil : = 10,00


Soil : cohesionless

Saturated unit weight : sat = 20,00 kN/m3

Sredno plasticna glina

Unit weight : = 22,50 kN/m3


Stress-state : effective

Angle of internal friction : ef = 18,39

Cohesion of soil : cef = 30,00 kPa

Angle of friction struc.-soil : = 12,16


Soil : cohesionless

Saturated unit weight : sat = 22,50 kN/m3

Geological profile and assigned soils


Layer
No. Assigned soil Pattern
[m]

1 7.93 Nasipna masa

2 - Sredno plasticna glina

Terrain profile
Terrain behind the structure is flat.

Water influence

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Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

Ground water table is located below the structure.

Inserted surface loads


Surcharge Mag.1 Mag.2 Ord.x Length Depth
No. Type Name
new change [kN/m2] [kN/m2] x [m] l [m] z [m]
1 YES Surface Postojan tovar p 33.33 on terrain

Inserted concentrated loads


Surcharge Magnitude Ord.x Length Width Depth
No. Name
new change [kN] x [m] l [m] b [m] z [m]
1 YES Sila G 7.50 0.00 0.01 0.01 on terrain

Resistance on front face of the structure


Resistance on front face of the structure: passive
Soil on front face of the structure - Nasipna masa
Soil thickness in front of structure h = 4.21 m
Angle of friction struc.-soil = 10.00
Terrain in front of structure is flat.
Earthquake
Horizontal seismic coefficient Kh = 0.2300
Vertical seismic coefficient Kv = 0.0760
Water below the GWT is restricted.

Analysis settings
Active earth pressure calculation - Coulomb (CSN 730037)
Passive earth pressure calculation - Caqout-Kerisel (CSN 730037)
Earthquake analysis theory - Mononobe-Okabe
Standard for concrete structures - EN 1992 1-1 (EC2)
Analysis carried out according to classical theory (safety factor)

Safety factor for slip = 1.50


Safety factor for overturning = 1.50
Factor of safety for bearing capacity = 1.50
The wall is free to move. Active earth pressure is therefore assumed.

Verification No. 1
Passive pressure on front face of the structure - partial results
Layer Thickness d cd d Kp Comment
No. [m] [] [] [kPa] [kN/m3] []
1 1.00 0.00 30.00 30.00 20.00 -10.00 4.164
2 1.91 0.00 30.00 30.00 20.00 -10.00 4.164
3 0.00 89.95(30.00) 30.00 30.00 20.00 -10.00 1.803 MODIFIED
4 1.30 0.00 30.00 30.00 20.00 -10.00 4.164

Passive pressure distribution on front face of the structure


Layer Start [m] Z W Pressure Hor. comp. Vert. comp.
No. End [m] [kPa] [kPa] [kPa] [kPa] [kPa]
0.00 0.00 0.00 122.44 120.58 -21.26
1
1.00 20.00 0.00 205.73 202.61 -35.72

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Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

1.00 20.00 0.00 205.73 202.61 -35.72


2
2.91 58.20 0.00 364.81 359.27 -63.35
2.91 58.20 0.00 185.52 32.38 182.68
3
2.91 58.23 0.00 185.57 32.39 182.72
2.91 58.23 0.00 364.92 359.38 -63.37
4
4.21 84.20 0.00 473.09 465.90 -82.15

Earthquake effects (passive earth pressure) - partial results


Layer Thickness d Ka Kae Kae-Ka Comment
No. [m] [] []
1 1.00 30.00 13.98 3.000 2.529 -0.471
2 1.91 30.00 13.98 3.000 2.529 -0.471
3 0.00 30.00 13.98 1111.648 681.207 -430.441
4 1.30 30.00 13.98 3.000 2.529 -0.471

Earthquake effects (passive earth pressure)


Layer Start [m] Z D Pressure Hor. comp. Vertical comp.
No. End [m] [kPa] [kPa] [kPa] [kPa] [kPa]
0.00 0.00 77.80 0.00 0.00 0.00
1
1.00 18.48 59.32 0.00 0.00 0.00
1.00 18.48 59.32 0.00 0.00 0.00
2
2.91 53.78 24.02 0.00 0.00 0.00
2.91 53.78 24.02 0.00 0.00 0.00
3
2.91 53.80 24.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2.91 53.80 24.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
4
4.21 77.80 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Active pressure behind the structure - partial results


Layer Thickness d cd d Ka Comment
No. [m] [] [] [kPa] [kN/m3] []
1 1.95 30.00 30.00 30.00 20.00 30.00 0.667
2 4.68 30.00 30.00 30.00 20.00 30.00 0.667
3 1.30 0.00 30.00 30.00 20.00 10.00 0.308

Active pressure distribution behind the structure (without surcharge)


Layer Start [m] Z W Pressure Hor. comp. Vert. comp.
No. End [m] [kPa] [kPa] [kPa] [kPa] [kPa]
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
1
1.95 38.97 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
1.95 38.97 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2
6.63 132.60 0.00 62.42 31.21 54.05
6.63 132.60 0.00 9.27 9.13 1.61
3
7.93 158.60 0.00 17.29 17.03 3.00

Earthquake effects (active earth pressure) - partial results


Layer Thickness d Ka Kae Kae-Ka Comment

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Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

No. [m] [] []
1 1.95 30.00 13.98 0.667 1.172 0.505
2 4.68 30.00 13.98 0.667 1.172 0.505
3 1.30 30.00 13.98 0.308 0.502 0.194

Earthquake effects (active earth pressure)


Layer Start [m] Z D Pressure Hor. comp. Vertical comp.
No. End [m] [kPa] [kPa] [kPa] [kPa] [kPa]
0.00 0.00 146.55 65.99 33.00 57.15
1
1.95 36.01 110.54 49.78 24.89 43.11
1.95 36.01 110.54 49.78 24.89 43.11
2
6.63 122.52 24.02 10.82 5.41 9.37
6.63 122.52 24.02 4.04 3.98 0.70
3
7.93 146.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Pressure profile due to surcharge - Postojan tovar p


Point Depth Hor. comp. Vert. comp.
No. [m] [kPa] [kPa]
1 0.00 11.11 19.24
2 1.95 11.11 19.24
3 6.63 11.11 19.24
4 6.63 10.12 1.79
5 7.93 10.12 1.79

Pressure profile due to surcharge - Sila G


Point Depth Hor. comp. Vert. comp.
No. [m] [kPa] [kPa]
1 0.00 0.00 0.00
2 0.00 0.00 0.00
3 0.01 0.00 0.00
4 0.01 6494.87 11245.69
5 0.03 0.00 0.00
6 1.95 0.00 0.00
7 6.63 0.00 0.00
8 7.93 0.00 0.00

Forces acting on construction


Name Fhor App.Pt. Fvert App.Pt. Design
[kN/m] Z [m] [kN/m] X [m] coefficient
Weight - wall 0.00 -2.12 335.64 2.56 1.000
Earthq.- constr. 77.20 -2.12 -25.51 2.56 1.000
FF resistance -1234.10 -1.69 -217.35 0.85 1.000
Earthq.- face 0.00 -4.21 0.00 1.50 1.000
Weight - earth wedge 0.00 -3.62 230.06 3.56 1.000
Active pressure 90.05 -2.43 129.52 5.12 1.000

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Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

Earthq.- act.pressure 129.90 -5.32 220.97 3.63 1.000


Postojan tovar p 74.43 -3.47 129.90 3.95 1.000
Sila G 87.45 -7.92 151.56 2.01 1.000

Verification of complete wall

Check for overturning stability


Resisting moment Mres = 3709.64 kNm/m
Overturning moment Movr = -63.97 kNm/m

Safety factor = 1000.00 > 1.50


Wall for overturning is SATISFACTORY

Check for slip


Resisting horizontal force Hres = 731.19 kN/m
Active horizontal force Hact = -775.08 kN/m

Safety factor = 1000.00 > 1.50


Wall for slip is SATISFACTORY

Forces acting at the centre of footing bottom


Overall moment M = -910.23 kNm/m
Normal force N = 954.80 kN/m
Shear force Q = -775.08 kN/m
Overall check - WALL is SATISFACTORY

Name : Verification Stage : 1; Analysis : 1

174.98

256.33

7.93 230.0
69.71
14 7.93
335.64 157.75
81.30
1253.10
+
0x
6.0

+z

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Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

Bearing capacity of foundation soil


Forces acting at the centre of the footing bottom
Numb Moment Norm. force Shear Force Eccentricity Stress
er [kNm/m] [kN/m] [kN/m] [m] [kPa]
1 -910.23 954.80 -775.08 0.00 159.19

Bearing capacity of foundation soil check

Eccentricity verification
Max. eccentricity of normal force e = 0.0 mm
Maximum allowable eccentricity ealw = 1979.3 mm
Eccentricity of the normal force is SATISFACTORY

Footing bottom bearing capacity verification


Max. stress at footing bottom = 159.19 kPa
Bearing capacity of foundation soil Rd = 380.00 kPa
Safety factor = 2.39 > 1.50
Bearing capacity of foundation soil is SATISFACTORY

Overall verification - bearing capacity of found. soil is SATISFACTORY

Name : Bearing cap. Stage : 1

7.93 7.93

6.00
159.19

159.19

Dimensioning No. 1 (Dimenzioniranje na zid)


Forces acting on construction
Name Fhor App.Pt. Fvert App.Pt. Design

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Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

[kN/m] Z [m] [kN/m] X [m] coefficient


Weight - wall 0.00 -2.86 140.68 0.45 1.000
Earthq.- constr. 32.36 -2.86 -10.69 0.45 1.000
FF resistance -697.74 -1.21 -123.03 0.00 1.000
Earthq.- face 0.00 -2.91 0.00 0.00 1.000
Weight - earth wedge 0.00 -4.42 46.25 0.97 1.000
Pressure at rest 219.70 -2.21 0.00 1.20 1.000
Postojan tovar p 110.47 -3.31 0.00 0.50 1.000
Sila G 0.00 -6.63 0.00 0.50 1.000

Wall stem check


Reinforcement and dimensions of the cross-section
Bar diameter = 22.0 mm
Number of bars = 7
Reinforcement cover = 30.0 mm
Cross-section width = 1.00 m
Cross-section depth = 1.20 m
Reinforcement ratio = 0.23 % > 0.15 % = min

Ultimate moment MRd = 1304.83 kNm > 26.52 kNm = MEd


Cross-section is SATISFACTORY.

Name : Dimenzioniranje na zid Stage : 1; Dimensioning : 1

46.25
140.68
7.93 110.47 7.93
34.08
219.70
708.51
+x
6.00

+z
Dimensioning No. 2 (Dimenzioniranje dolna zona na temel)
Forces acting on construction

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Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

Name Fhor App.Pt. Fvert App.Pt. Design


[kN/m] Z [m] [kN/m] X [m] coefficient
Weight - wall 0.00 -2.12 335.64 2.56 1.000
Earthq.- constr. 77.20 -2.12 -25.51 2.56 1.000
FF resistance -1234.10 -1.69 -217.35 0.85 1.000
Earthq.- face 0.00 -4.21 0.00 1.50 1.000
Weight - earth wedge 0.00 -3.62 230.06 3.56 1.000
Active pressure 90.05 -2.43 129.52 5.12 1.000
Earthq.- act.pressure 129.90 -5.32 220.97 3.63 1.000
Postojan tovar p 74.43 -3.47 129.90 3.95 1.000
Sila G 87.45 -7.92 151.56 2.01 1.000

Front wall jump check


Stress at the footing bottom for wall jump dimensioning is assuemd as uniform.
Reinforcement and dimensions of the cross-section
Bar diameter = 20.0 mm
Number of bars = 7
Reinforcement cover = 30.0 mm
Cross-section width = 1.00 m
Cross-section depth = 1.30 m
Reinforcement ratio = 0.17 % > 0.15 % = min

Ultimate moment MRd = 1181.88 kNm > 90.37 kNm = MEd


Cross-section is SATISFACTORY.

Name : Dimenzioniranje dolna zona na temel Stage : 1; Dimensioning : 2

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9
Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

174.98

256.33

7.93 230.0
69.71
14 7.93
335.64 157.75
81.30
1253.10
+
0x
6.0
7.38

311.00

+z
Dimensioning No. 3 (Dimenzioniranje gorna zona od temel)
Forces acting on construction
Name Fhor App.Pt. Fvert App.Pt. Design
[kN/m] Z [m] [kN/m] X [m] coefficient
Weight - wall 0.00 -0.65 107.25 4.35 1.000
Weight - earth wedge 0.00 -3.62 230.06 3.56 1.000
Active pressure 90.05 -2.43 129.52 5.12 1.000
Postojan tovar p 74.43 -3.47 129.90 3.95 1.000
Sila G 87.45 -7.92 151.56 2.01 1.000
Contact tractions 0.00 0.00 -750.67 4.55 1.000
Gravity surch. 1 0.00 -7.93 5.66 2.78 1.000
Gravity surch. 2 0.00 -7.93 750.00 2.70 1.000

Back wall jump check


Top reinforcement is not required, cross-section is satisfactory.

Name : Dimenzioniranje gorna zona od temel Stage : 1; Dimensioning : 3

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Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

750.00
1745
.986
.6

230.069.71
14
7.93 7.93
157.75

107.25
+
0x
6.0
750.67
+z
Slope stabilty analysis

Project
Analysis type : in effective parameters
Interface
Numbe Coordinates of interface points [m]
Interface location
r x z x z x z
-19,82 -3,72 -2,00 -3,72 -0,50 -3,72
-0,50 0,00 0,00 0,00 23,79 0,00
1

0,00 0,00 0,70 -6,63 4,00 -6,63


4,00 -7,93 23,79 -7,93
2

3 -19,82 -7,93 -2,00 -7,93 -2,00 -6,63


-0,50 -6,63 -0,50 -3,72

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Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

-2,00 -7,93 4,00 -7,93

Soil parameters - effective stress state


Numbe ef cef
Name Pattern
r [] [kPa] [kN/m3]

1 Nasipna masa 30,00 5,00 20,00

2 Sredno plasticna glina 30,00 5,00 20,00

Soil parameters - uplift


Numbe sat s n
Name Pattern
r [kN/m3] [kN/m3] []

1 Nasipna masa 20,00

2 Sredno plasticna glina 20,00

Soil parameters
Nasipna masa

Unit weight : = 20,00 kN/m3

Angle of internal friction : ef = 30,00

Cohesion of soil : cef = 5,00 kPa

Saturated unit weight : sat = 20,00 kN/m3

Sredno plasticna glina

Unit weight : = 20,00 kN/m3

Angle of internal friction : ef = 30,00

Cohesion of soil : cef = 5,00 kPa

Saturated unit weight : sat = 20,00 kN/m3

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Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

Rigid bodies
Numbe
Name Sample
r [kN/m3]

1 Rigid body 25,00

Assigning and surfaces


Numbe Coordinates of surface points [m] Assigned
Surface position
r x z x z soil
4,00 -7,93 4,00 -6,63
Rigid body
0,70 -6,63 0,00 0,00
-0,50 0,00 -0,50 -3,72
1
-0,50 -6,63 -2,00 -6,63
-2,00 -7,93

0,70 -6,63 4,00 -6,63


Nasipna masa
4,00 -7,93 23,79 -7,93
23,79 0,00 0,00 0,00
2

-2,00 -7,93 -2,00 -6,63


Nasipna masa
-0,50 -6,63 -0,50 -3,72
-2,00 -3,72 -19,82 -3,72
3
-19,82 -7,93

-2,00 -7,93 -19,82 -7,93


Sredno plasticna glina
-19,82 -12,93 23,79 -12,93
23,79 -7,93 4,00 -7,93
4

Name : Soils and assignment Stage : 1

1 2
3

Surcharge
/ / / / Slope Magnitude
Numbe
Type z [m] / x1 x [m] / z1 l [m] / x2 b [m] / z2
r [] q, q1, f, F q2 unit
[m] [m] [m] [m]
1 strip on terrain x = 0,00 l = 23,79 0,00 33,33 kN/m2

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13
Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

2 concentrated on terrain x = 0,00 l = 0,01 b = 0,01 7,50 kN

Surcharges
Numbe
Name
r
1 Postojan tovar p
2 Sila G

Water
Water type : No water
Tensile crack
Tensile crack not inputted.
Earthquake
Horizontal seismic coefficient : Kh = 0,23
Vertical seismic coefficient : Kv = 0,08
Analysis settings
Analysis settings : Standard
Analysis type : Safety factor
Safety factor : 1,50

Results (Stage of construction 1)


Analysis 1
Circular slip surface
Slip surface parameters
x= -3,36 [m] 1 = -37,92 []
Center : Angles :
z= 16,02 [m] 2 = 50,19 []
Radius : R= 25,02 [m]
The slip surface after optimization.
Slope stability verification (Bishop)
Sum of active forces : Fa = 635,23 kN/m
Sum of passive forces : Fp = 2310,10 kN/m
Sliding moment : Ma = 31710,96 kNm/m
Resisting moment : Mp = 57798,66 kNm/m

Factor of safety = 1,82 > 1,50


Slope stability ACCEPTABLE

Name : Analysis Stage - analysis : 1 - 1

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Retaining Wall on km.1+480
Goran Anastasieski Motorway Deve Bair - Kjafasan K8

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