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Spatial Database Infrastructure (SDI) for Prevention, Mitigation and Response (PMR) at Dominican Republic.

Client:

The Technical Secretariat of Dominican Republic’s Presidency performing as the Executive Acting Organism for Program 1152/OC-DR, with financing agreed by the Interamerican Development Bank IDB for Preventing, Mitigating and Response (PMR) to natural disasters. Objectives:

Developing procedures and response systems for attending emergencies, specifically create improvements in areas of: (i) Citizens capabilities to face natural disasters (ii) implement instruments for managing territorial and natural resources; (iii) improve the system to control vulnerability of public Works; and (iv) provide modern instruments for effective management within the institutions forming the PMR. Investments:

The total cost for the subprogram was on the amount of US$11.4 million, and was financed primarily with resources coming from IDB Loan No. 1152/OC-DR. The National Government placed a local financing according to the established respective contract. From that total amount a portion of $1.550.000,oo was contracted with the Consortium Ingeniería_Caura-Esri_de_Venezuela-Desagro, for the Implementation of The Environmental Management Instruments and Software to handle the Environmental and Natural Resources (RRNN), provide the required technical assistance to the involved institutions and develop the procedures and systems inherent to the PMR, in the context of natural resources management and territorial land planning. The goals for the Consortium were:

Goals:

  • a) Establishing a National Center for Geoinformatic and a National Environmental and Land Use Information System for the PMR, including training of personnel, identifying equipment, defining the legal framework for the coordination and institutional networking.

  • b) Diagnose of the actual status of the Natural Resources at Dominican Republic.

  • c) Execute rehabilitation programs for the primary environmental resources and services, including the identification, design and execution of programs and projects.

  • d) Developing a model for a participative and collaborative environmental management, consensual, decentralized and preventive, including the startup of pilot projects for implementing the model.

Activities: Additionally the Consortium realized, among others, the following activities:

  • a) Diagnosis of actual legal and information for the Natural Resources and Land Use Planning.

  • b) Developing a methodology for the New Territorial Acting Plan focused on PMR.

  • c) Developing trainers for Environmental Community Evaluation.

  • d) Implementing a Workshop for Environmental Community Evaluation.

  • e) Create Regional Action Territorial Plans focused on PMR. These activities were developed in parallel with the involved Institutions.

  • f) Implementation of the National Geoinformatic Center and the National System for Emergencies Control and Recovery

LOCALIZATION

All activities covered the whole extent of Dominican Republic, with focus on the areas

affected and devastated by Hurricane Georges,

Systems components

The general architecture for PMR includes a Center for National Geoinformatic (CNG) That operates and maintain the Spatial Database Infrastructure (SDI), acting as link and exchange information server among all the Institutions forming part of the National Environmental Information System (SNIA) and also developing and publishing all maps required by the PMR to service opportune information to all municipal civil defense organizations that are active during the emergencies, especially those extremely dangerous like the annual threats by hurricane seasons in the Atlantic and Caribbean Sea.

Esri Venezuela developed and implemented the Spatial Database Infrastructure (SDI) based upon the Esri ArcGIS Platform, combined with emerging technologies for satellite digital image processing, GPS location systems and Internet Map Publishing Systems to show in real time the location of events and emergencies and so improve the response and coordination timing to prevent and mitigate the risks, by collecting, managing the necessary information to stablish proper recovery actions, within the land planning directives and proper management for the Natural Resources (RRNN), ordering the cooperation among the Institutions and organizations for the PMR. For this end the following objectives were stablished:

Objectives:

  • i) Developing a group of trainers to teach civil defense officers on how to collect, manage and distribute the proper Land Use and Natural Resources information in the context of the PMR.

ii) Implement an Institutional Technological Network (RTI) with selected trained personnel and equipped with modern instruments to collect, store, Access, process and standardized the existing information to a compatible digital format, to serve it to the general population and decision take officers for the prevention and mitigation actions during the emergency events.

LOCALIZATION All activities covered the whole extent of Dominican Republic, with focus on the areas affected

Completed Tasks:

The Consortium completed the following tasks for the achievement of the main objectives:

i)

Identified methods and instruments for the data collecting and treatment to be served to the executive unit and general users of the Geo Information System with the adequate means for the management of prevention policies and operative means for mitigation in case of emergencies or disasters.

ii) Designed a distributed Geographical Information System, that allowed to store, Access, process and dynamically analyze the data and simulating the logistic and physical problems of any Region by creating the means for collaboration and interdisciplinary Exchange among groups and Institutions spatially distributed through a electronic network of communications and real time visualization.

iii)

Designed the operative system for the Center of National Geoinformtics (CNG) taking advantage of the detected institutional strengths and opportunities.

iv)

Based upon the operating system proposed for the CNG, and complying with the IDB acquisition procedures, a procurement process was established for the installation and operation of the CNG, compatible with the international standards for treating digital emergency data.

v)

A logical operative framework was stablished indicating how the different

components

must

execute:

goals,

purpose,

indexes,

verification

means

and

supposed achievements.

 

vi)

The general architecture of the systems was diagrammed for the operative proposed institutional network, and also the operating scenario for accessing and distributing of the information from and to the Spatial Database Infrastructure.

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Legal Support:

vii) A legal proposed document was elaborated to formalize the creation of the CNG, giving legal support to the collaborative and operative designed system and to procure the free exchange of information among institutions and users. viii) A System to Store and Navigate among legal texts and decrees for Environmental Management and Land Use Legal Actions was proposed based upon the Capacity Program 21 from PNUD. ix) A proposal for free Exchange of information was legally set to allow and facilitate its signing by the different involved Institutions, This agreement pursues to strength the effective interinstitutional cooperation in a accessible legal format. Dates: The Consortium executed all activities described in 10 months, form September 1st of year 2000 to May 1st of 2001.

Involved Institutions:

To ensure the gathering of all required information owned by different Institutions, a collaborative framework was stablished and a consensus was achieved to treat and manage all Natural Resources Information and Land Planning Ordinances, for this end the Consortium worked and coordinated the following Institutions and State Organisms:

Participating Institutions

1

Instituto Nacional de Recursos Hidráulicos (Cuencas)

INDRHI

2

Oficina Nacional de Planificación

ONAPLAN

3

Instituto Nacional de Recursos Forestales

INAREF

4

Subsecretaría de Recursos Naturales

SURENA

5

Instituto Nacional de Protección Ambiental

INPRA

6

Instituto Geográfico Universitario

IGU

7

Dirección General de Minería

DGM

8

Fondo Pro-Naturaleza

PRONATURA

9

Corp. Acueducto y Alcantarillado de Santo Domingo

CAASD

10

Dirección Nacional de Parques

DNP

11

Sociedad Dominicana de Sismología

SODOSISMICA

12

Instituto Cartográfico Militar

ICM

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