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COURSE TITLE: GENERAL CHEMISTRY I/Lab

COURSE CODE: CHE111


DURATION: 60 Hours
CREDITS: 4
PRE-REQUISITE: O LEVEL/CXC/IGCE pass or equivalent in science

COURSE DESCRIPTION

This course provides students with an introduction to the fundamental aspects of chemistry as a
physical science. Beginning with principles of the structure of matter, students will be led through an
exploration of the science of the elements, the development and organization of the periodic table,
relationships in the periodic table, chemical bonding, and combinations of elements to form
molecules. This course is a difficult, fast paced class and cannot be mastered by
memorization alone. It is a thinking discipline and students must demonstrate very
high levels of academic maturity, motivation and commitment in order to succeed.

COURSE OBJECTIVES

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

1. Apply the Scientific Method to the solution of problems


2. Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of basic principles and laws of matter
3. Understand atomic theory and its historical development
4. Recognize and describe number and behaviour of sub-atomic particles in atoms
5. Calculate empirical and molecular formulae
6. Interpret mass spectra and use them to determine relative atomic and molecular masses
7. Apply a unit-dimensional analysis approach to solving chemical problems
8. Demonstrate knowledge of the mole concept and apply it to chemical reactions in solution
and gas phases
9. Understand concentration as it applies to chemical reactions and convert between several
concentration units
10. Interpret the periodic table and its design, and understand periodic relationships as they
relate to physical and chemical properties
11. Distinguish several different types of chemical bonds and their properties
12. Recognize and distinguish several different types of chemical reactions

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COURSE CONTENT

I INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY AND MATTER


Chemistry and the Scientific Method
States of matter
Physical and chemical properties of matter
Dimensional analysis in problem solving

II INTRODUCTION TO ATOMIC THEORY


Development of atomic theory
Structure of the atom and line spectra
Atomic number, mass number, isotopes
Introduction to the periodic table
Atoms, ions, and molecules
Molecular mass and mass spectrometry
Percent composition and empirical formula

III REACTION STOICHIOMETRY


Avogadros number and the mole concept
Balancing simple chemical reactions
Mass relationships in chemical reactions
Aqueous solutions and measures of concentration
Reactions in aqueous solution
Limiting reagents

IV GASES
Composition of gases in the atmosphere
Pressure of a gas
Pressure-Volume-Temperature relationships
Ideal gas law
Deviation from ideal behaviour
Daltons Law of Partial Pressures
Stoichiometry of reactions involving gases

V PERIODIC RELATIONSHIPS
Historical development of the Periodic Table
Periodic classification of elements
Periodic variation in physical properties
Periodic variation in chemical properties

VI STRUCTURE AND BONDING


Electrons and Lewis Dot symbols
Ionic, covalent, dative, metallic, and hydrogen bonds
Lattice energy
Electronegativity
The octet rule 3

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VII TYPES OF REACTIONS
Introduction to Redox reactions
Acid-base reactions
Precipitation reactions
Combustion reactions

TENTATIVE SCHEDULE

Week 1 Mon 31st Aug Introduction and review


Week 2 Mon 7th Sept Chapter 1: Introduction to Chemistry and Matter
Week 3 Mon 14th Sept Chapter 2: Introduction to Atomic Theory
(Homework 1)
Week 4 Mon 21 Sept
st
Chapters 3: Reaction Stoichiometry
(Homework 2)
Week 5 Mon 28 Sept
th
Chapter 3: Reaction Stoichiometry (continued)
(Homework 3)
Week 6 Mon 5th Oct Chapter 4: Types of reactions
(Homework 4)
Week 7 Mon 12 Oct
th
Chapter 5: Gases
(Homework 5) and Revision
Week 8 Mon 19 Oct
th
MIDTERM EXAMS & MIDTERM BREAK
Week 9 Mon 26th Oct Chapter 5: Gases (continued)

Week 10 Mon 2nd Nov Chapter 8: Periodic Relationships


(Homework 6)
Week 11 Mon 9 Nov
th
Monday Remembrance Day Public holiday
Chapter 9: Structure and Bonding
(Homework 7)
Week 12 Mon 16th Nov Review Chapters 8 & 9
Week 13 Mon 23rd Nov Make-up sessions
Week 14 Mon 30th Nov Review
Week 15 Mon 7th Dec FINAL EXAMS

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ASSESSMENT
Laboratory/Assignments 40%
Mid-Term Test 20%
Final Examination 40%
Total 100%

REQUIRED TEXTBOOK(S)

The following textbook will be required for this course:

Chang, R., Goldsby, K.; Chemistry, 11th Edition McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2013