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Situational Analysis Matrix

STATE OF ENVIRONMENT OF MANDAUE CITY

AIR QUALITY

Indicator Mandaue City Status Local / National Standard or Requirement

Dust Emission  Level of dust pollution is  RA 8749 or the Philippine Clean Air Act of
moderate to high, largely caused 1999stipulates that the maximum limit of
by transport ferrying quarried particulates is 150 mg/ncm for urban or
and crushed materials for industrial area, 200 mg/ncm in other areas, 150
commercial purposes and by mg/ncm in cement plants (kilns, etc.), 150
batching plants in Labogon, mg/ncm in smelting furnaces, and 200 mg/ncm
Subangadku, Tingub, Alang- in other stationary sources.
alang, Canduman, and
Pagsabungan.  In other stationary sources, RA 8749 stipulates
that total dust shall not exceed in the exhaust
 Dust pollution is also as a result gas by 10 mg/m3 in daily average values and
of post-flooding. 30 mg/m3 in half hourly average.
Offensive Odor  Moderate to high level in  Art. 694 of RA 386 or the Civil Code of the
barangays Canduman, Philippines describes a nuisance as any act,
Maguikay, Labogon, Tingub, and omission, establishment, business, condition of
Pagsabungan brought about by property, or anything else which:(1) Injures or
commercial hog and poultry endangers the health or safety of others; (2)
raising. Annoys or offends the senses; (3) Shocks,
defies or disregards decency or morality; (4)
 3.3% of total households are Obstructs or interferes with the free passage of
engaged in backyard hog raising any public highway or street, or any body of
with majority of them do not water; or (5) Hinders or impairs the use of
have proper waste disposal property.
system.  Section 15 of RA 9003 or the Ecological Waste
 Not necessarily Management Act of 2000 iterates the
throwbacks/negative prevention and control of offensive odor.
-put also accomplishments or
actions already taken

 This includes   RA 8749 describes a hazardous substance as
stationary and present either: (1) short-term acute hazards
mobile sources such as acute toxicity by ingestion, inhalation,
emitting carbon or skin absorption, corrosivity or other skin or
monoxide, sulfur eye contact hazard or the risk of fire explosion;
oxide & nitrogen or (2) long-term toxicity upon repeated
oxide (e.g., motor exposure, carcinogenicity, resistance to
vehicles, detoxification process such as biodegradation,
crematoria, and the potential to pollute underground or surface
industries) of both waters.
private & public
utilities.
 No regular studies
on hazardous gases
conducted.
Open Burning  Burning of wastes such as plastic  Section 48 of RA 9003 prohibits the open
materials, used tires, agricultural burning of solid wastes.
materials still rampant in some  RA 9003 defines recycling as treating of used or
areas due to lack of awareness waste materials through a process of making
of residents on the ill effects of them suitable for beneficial use and for other
burning as well as lack of purposes, and includes any process by which
functionality of MRFs to cater to solid waste materials are transformed into new
compostable and recyclable products in such a manner that the original
materials. product may lose their identity, and which may
be used as raw materials for the production of
other goods or services.
 Mandaue City Ordinance 10-2006-372 imposes
stiffer penalties and fines for improper solid or
liquid waste management and disposal and for
other purposes.

Smoking  Cigarette smoking is rampant  Art. 5 of RA 8749 describes pollution from
among adults and minors even smoking as smoking inside a public building or
in public places, i.e., schools, an enclosed public place including public
vicinity of government buildings, vehicles and other means of transport or in any
etc. enclosed are outside one’s private residence,

 There is obviously lack of private place of work or any duly designated
enforcement. smoking area, which is hereby prohibited by the
Act.
 RA 9211 or the Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003
protects the populace from hazardous products
and promotes the right to health and instill
health consciousness among them.

Ozone Depleting  No baseline data.  RA 8749 defines ODS as those substances that
Substances:  There are service providers / significantly deplete or otherwise modify the
Refrigerants / centers that repair appliances ozone layer in a manner that is likely to result
Chlorofluorocarbons that emit CFCs, but are not well- in adverse effects of human health and the
accounted for. environment such as, but not limited to,
chlorofluorocarbons, halons, and the like.
 Section 30 of RA 8749 makes it consistent with
the terms and conditions of the Montreal
Protocol on Substances that deplete the ozone
layer and other international agreements and
protocols to which the Philippines is a
signatory, by which the DENR shall phase out
ODS.
 Section 36 of RA 8749 describes the role of
LGUs in sharing the responsibility in the
management and maintenance of air quality
within their territorial jurisdiction.

Air Emissions inventory in Region VII, 2011

Mobile Sources

Mobile sources of air pollution are any vehicle or
machine propelled by or through oxidation or reduction
reactions including combustion of carbon-based or
other fuel, constructed and operated principally for the
conveyance of persons or the transportation of
property or good that emit air pollutants as a reaction
product. This include both on-road vehicles (such as

busses and motorcycles/tricycles/MC/TC) and off-road equipment (such as ships. the region has a total number of 574. compressed natural gas (CNG). trucks. airplanes. These enginer are either gasoline. . diesel- powered. liquified petroleum gas (LPG) or other alternative fuels.cars. According to the data given by the Land Transportation Office (LTO) Region 7 as of 2011. agricultural and construction equipment). each contributing a characteristic set of pollutants into the air.623 registered motor vehicles (MV) which is about 15% higher than that of 2009. utility vehicles/UVs.

Stationary sources issued with Permit to Anti-Smoke Belching ( ASB) by LTO-7. Year 2011 Operate-Air (POA). Region VII 2011 .

2011 Air quality trending for PM10 from 2001 to 2011 .Percentage distribution of motor vehicles registered by Province Region VII.

TSP monitoring results as reflected by all Air quality tending for TSP. 2001-2011 sampling stations. 2011 .

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implementation of solid waste segregation at  Mahiga Creek – 90% of informal settlers source and providing penalties for violation do not segregate garbage specifically thereof and creating a special fund for its at barangays Banilad. and Casuntingan. and revival of the quality of our fresh.  RA 9275 or the Clean water Act of 2004 pursues a policy of economic growth in a manner consistent with the protection. WATERSHED (INCLUDING RIVER) Indicator Mandaue City Status Local / National Standard or Requirement Solid wastes  Butuanon River – 90% of informal  RA 9003 or the Ecological Solid Waste settlers do not segregate garbage Management Act of 2000 declares the policy to specifically at brgys. ecological solid waste management program. . Tipolo and Guizo. Alang-Alang.  Absence of linkages with the  Mandaue City Ordinance 10-2006-372 imposes governments of Cebu City regarding the stiffer penalties and fines for improper solid or use of POPs in their farming areas. Umapad. Tabok. Persistent  Absence of an effective monitoring  Mandaue City Ordinance 12-2011.612 provides Organic system regarding the water treatment for a comprehensive clean water quality and for Pollutants procedures of industries. other purposes in Mandaue City. preservation. Maguikay.  RA 6969 or the Toxic Substances and hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990 regulates. incentives. Subangdaku. comprehensive. liquid waste management and disposal and for other purposes. and  Mandaue City Ordinance 10-2005-343stresses the Ibabao. private establishments / entities engaged in  Illegal construction of a road right of business in the City of Mandaue and penalizing way on rivers and creeks thus blocking violators thereof.  Mandaue City Ordinance 10-2005-348 imposes  Casili Creek – 20% of residents are not garbage dumping fees to all barangays and segregating. the flow of water which resulted in illegal dumping of solid wastes and flooding. brackish. Tingub. Paknaan. Cabancalan. adopt a systematic. and marine waters.

minimumrequirements for economic and socialize  Vegetative cover in sloping areas of housing projects in urban and rural areas within about 3. relationships. and may not. moral. shift in development thinking and approach. bio-accumulate through the food web. Banilad. and disposal of chemical substances and mixtures that present unreasonable risk and/or injury to health or the environment. It promotes People and integrity of nature at the center of development initiatives. diverse yet cohesive society characterized same scenario.Brgy.  RA 8749 describes POPs as organic compounds that persist in the environment. Subangdaku and Tipolo The caring.  Philippine Agenda 21 envisions a better quality of Alang-Alang and Umapad life for all through the development of a just.4 km2 are  Section 16 of PD 705 or the Forestry Reform Code highly denuded. participatory and democratic process and living in harmony within the limits of the carrying capacity of nature and the integrity of creation. Paknaan. spiritual. restricts or prohibits the importation.Tabok. sale. heavy rainfall resulting in siltation in and ecologicalconsiderations. economically-vibrant. therefore. Soil  Severe outfall of drainage from  Section 4 of the Revised Implementing Rules and Erosion/Siltati different subdivisions and industrial Regulations for BP 220 provides the on companies. processing.4 km2 are easily erodible during the generally accepted levels of safety. creative. and pose a risk of causing adverse effects to human health and the environment. by appropriate productivity. manufacture.  Siltation in Mahiga Creek . of the Philippines defines needed areas for forest purposes even if they are below eighteen per cent (18%) in slope. use. distribution. Maguikay. which implies the strengthening of roles. Ibabao. Vegetation  Sloping areas of about 3. health. and . be classified as alienable and disposable land Biodiversity  Absence of baseline to determine  Philippine Agenda 21 advocates a fundamental actual decrease/increase of wildlife.

quarry. and flash floods. communal extraction permit and other special permits. Basic sectors have an important role to play in achieving equity and managing the ecosystems that sustain life . pebble picking permit. the Philippine disaster risk reduction and update  Limited training programs for disaster management framework and institutionalizing the risk reduction and management. RA 7942 or the Mining Act of 1995 describes the extraction guidelines pertaining to sand and gravel permits and small-scale mining permits.  Section 16 of RA 10121 provides for the establishment of the Local Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office (LDRRMO) in every province. implementation and coordination of disaster risk management programs within their territorial jurisdiction. . interactions between and among stakeholders in government. labor and business. gemstone gathering permit. and a Barangay Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Committee (BDRRMC) in every barangay. sand and gravel extraction permits. Sand and  Existence of sand and gravel extraction  Revised Implementing Rules and Regulations of gravel for household and commercial use. Disaster  Lack of disaster preparedness  RA 10121 or the Disaster Risk Reduction and Preparedness equipments and facilities for landslides. National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan. city and municipality. Management Act of 2010 aims at strengthening cave-ins. development. civil society. which shall be responsible for setting the direction. government gratuitous and private gratuitous permits.  Mandaue City Ordinance 10-2005-322 regulates the issuance of small-scale mining permits. commercial and gratuitous guano permits.

B-One. by Sto. the low-lying wetland located in barangays  Subdivision development in Cabancalan Banilad and Cabancalan.. bounded by P.Wetland  Clogging of sinkhole due to garbage  Mandaue City Ordinance 09-2002-125 declares Protection dumping. serves as a water catchment for Quezon St. classifies its land use as open spaces.L.. Remedio (B-Two wetland) was stopped as it St. as a protected area and further surface run-off. Niño Village and by M. .

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2011 .Average total coliform and fecal coliform in Butanon River per station.

Bohol FLOOD-PRONE AREAS . San Francisco. Amlan. Pilar. Cebu. Fe. Negros Oriental and Tubigon. Cebu.Cebu *** Residential Containment Area. Cebu and Compostela. Cebu. Cebu. Bohol *** Residential Containment Area. Negros Oriental and Tubigon. Fe. Cebu. San Francisco.Sta. Toledo City and Balamban.Sta. Cebu. Cebu. Pilar. LGUs that were issued an Authority to Close open and controlled dumpsites from 2006-2011. * Private SLF.Asean Energy Systems Corporation and Region 7 Methane Recovery Facility in Consolacion. Cebu ** Sanitary Landfill Under Construction-Badian. Amlan.

ON STREET INTERIOR .

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 Require companies X X X X X X X X X X engaged in crushed materials to cover trucks during transporting or hauling.  Train BPSOs on X X X X X X X X X X enforcement. Mandaue City Environmental Management Framework Plan 2012-2021 AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT Priority Objective/Tar Strategy 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Problem/Ne get 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 ed Dust  Control air  Conduct regular X X X X X X X X X X pollution in pollution and consistent the due to inspection and atmosphere dusts. Public  Reduce  Require X X X X X X X X X X nuisance offensive commercial . monitoring of establishments that emit dusts in close coordination with DENR.  Require companies X X X X X X X X X X engaged in quarrying business to use gadgets and/or to upgrade their facilities to mitigate dust pollution.

due to odor.  Require backyard X X X X X X X X X X hog/poultry raisers to provide affordable waste disposal facilities.  Penalize violators X X X X X X X X X based on . the extent  Deputize traffic X X X X X X X X X of air enforcers through pollutants the LTO and within the educate drivers city’s and operators. on the both mobile  Conduct X environment and research/air and public stationary sampling in health sources. airspace. hog/poultry raisers offensive to construct odor appropriate waste disposal system before a business permit is issued  Require X X X X X X X X X X commercial hog/poultry raisers to rehabilitate existing dilapidated waste disposal facilities. Lack of data  Establish  Enact city X on baseline ordinance against hazardous data on smoke-belching in gases and hazardous support of national their impact gases from law. coordination with  Determine DENR.

 Apprehend X X X X X X X X X X violators of RA 9003. Lack of  Enforce  Mobilize law X X X X X X X X X X enforcement smoke-free enforcers to of laws enclosed include the BPSO. #10- solid wastes of open 2006-372 up to burning of the sitio level solid through wastes. regulating public PNP. on the ill. City Ord. community meetings and distribution of print materials. smoking places and their team based on members. Ecowarden. based/community meetings.  Establish a X counseling/rehabili . and other applicable laws. print materials and effects of effects of center- smoking smoking. Rampant  Eliminate  IEC on RA 9003 X X X X X X X X X X burning of the practice and City Ord. the Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003. Limited  Increase  Educate residents X X X X X X X X X public awareness on the ill-effects of awareness of residents smoking through on the ill. #10-2006-372. applicable local and national laws.

 Designate no. . Absence of  Generate  Conduct inventory X data on CFCs data on of service CFCs. X X X X X X X X X smoking areas. manufacture of CFCs. providers dealing  Develop a with CFCs. system for  Monitor and X X X X X X X X X the regulate the regulation production / of CFCs. tation center for smokers and persons undergoing withdrawal.

Watershed Management Priority Objective/T Strategy 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 Problem/Need arget 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Presence of  Minimize  Coordinate with X X X X informal by 90% HUDO for the settlers as the solid relocation or major waste financial contributors to problem.  Educate informal X X X X settlers about solid waste management thru community meetings and distribution of print materials.  Formulate and X X enforce city ordinance disallowing building of settlements along . assistance and the solid waste removal of problem informal settlers along danger zones.

 Institute legal X X measures. er bodies. Discharge of  Eliminate  Create and make X X industrial dumping operational a wastes into of monitoring rivers/water untreated committee to bodies industrial keep an eye on wastes concerned into industrial rivers/wat establishments. danger zones.  Require micro to X X X X X X X X X X small industries to designate owners/managers as the pollution control officers. Obstruction of  Allow the  Identify obstacles X X waterways natural and plan-out their flow of removal. water  Coordinate with X X thru the Department of removal Engineering and of any barangay officials form of thru meetings and obstacle. . memoranda.

activities/interven tions. Limited linkages  Establish  MOA with Cebu X X with the Cebu City partnership City and and Consolacion re with the Consolacion POP use governments LGUs. of Cebu City  Coordinate with X X X X X X X X X X and and involve the Consolacion for LGUs of Cebu the control of City and the use of POP Consolacion in in the any environment- headwaters of related Mandaue City.  Require medium X X X X X X X X X X to large industries to hire/designate a duly registered pollution control officer. Inappropriate  Ensure that  Make operational X drainage outfall industrial the Drainage from industries companies and Committee and and subdivisions subdivisions implement the .

comply with Comprehensive and observe Drainage Plan. Engineering Office. low-lying areas. species. Make available  Establish and X X X X X X X X X diversity baseline and regularly maintain bio- data update bio.  Organize X X X X X X X X X coordinative meetings between BLGU. Heavy siltation in  Minimize by  Dredge affected X X low-lying areas 80% siltation in areas. the standard  BLGUs to inspect X X X X X X X X X procedures set drainage plans of by national and industries and local agencies subdivisions before issuance of a barangay permit. Depleted  Determine  Land use survey X vegetative cover areas with on sloping areas. diversity data diversity . and City Planning Office in monitoring the drainage system. CENRO. on sloping areas depleted vegetative cover and  Conduct X X X X X establish soil community erosion reforestation prevention program using control native tree measures. Absence of bio.

characteristics  Plan for wetland X of the sinkhole development thru public-private partnership. Presence of solid  Eliminate solid  Conduct regular X X X X X X X X X X wastes along wastes on coastal clean-up. management in preparedness coordination with DILG. watershed development. . Rampant sand and  Eliminate sand  Monitor and X X X X X X X X X X gravel extraction and gravel apprehend SSQ rivers for extraction. housing/commerci  Coordinate with X X X X X X X X X X al use the concerned agencies for legal sanctions. risk disaster risk training for reduction and reduction and disaster management. Institutional  Capacitate the  Mobilize the X X X X X X X X X X strengthening Butuanon BWMB for Watershed Butuanon Mngt. Board. Sinkhole protection  Restore the  Revisit sinkhole X natural study. baseline data. and disaster.  Develop sinkhole X into a Wetpark.  Utilize budget for X X X X X X X X X X disaster risk reduction and management. bank. barangays for barangays on facilities. Lack of  Equip  Build capacity of X X X X X X X X X X equipments. violators.

 Construct X seawalls and ripraps. Cebu City. Depleted  Restore  Mobilize multi. Consolacion for Integrated Coastal Resources Management (ICRM). Trees Floods and  Decrease  Mobilize multi. siltation . RA 8550. and City Ord. Lapu- lapu City.shorelines shorelines. X X overflow at mouths siltation by sectoral of rivers and 80% participation in creeks due to  desiltation. . X X X X X X X X X X mangrove trees mangrove sectoral trees by 100%.   Dredge mouth of X X rivers/creeks. Depleted marine  Restore marine  Mobilize X X X X X X X X X X resources resources MCFARMC and (80%). BantayDagat based on RA 9003. # 09-2003-208   MOA with X X X X X X X X X Cordova. participation  Reserve during quarterly existing mangrove tree mangrove planting activity.

Illegal fishing  Eliminate  Apprehend illegal X X X X X X X X X X illegal fishing. Marginalized  Stabilize  Provide livelihood X X X X X fisherfolks standard of program. fishermen thru  Restore the BantayDagat. livelihood schemes. abundance of marine products. barangays. the juridical  Define boundaries territorial between boundaries of barangays. Reclaimed areas  Maximize land  Plan and define X are not fully use and the land use maximized projected program of the economic area and identify activity.   Conduct X X X X X X X X X X information drive through community meetings and distribution of print materials. living of  Monitoring of X X X X X X X X X fisherfolks. Disaster  Same as  Same as preparedness Watershed Watershed Management Management .

. Priority Objective/Tar Strategy 20 201 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 2021 Problem/Nee get 12 3 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 d High  Provide  Construct X X incidence of sanitary communal unsanitary toilet toilets in toilets among facilities to coastal informal informal barangays. settlers in settlers at  Organize IEC X X X X X X X X X x coastal coastal activities for brangays and areas. informal along creeks. settlers at rivers and big coastal canals barangays.

 Review X X garbage fees by volume and . Contaminatio  Prevent the  Complete X n of contaminatio closure of groundwater n of Umapad at Umapad groundwater dumpsite. dumpsite .  Construct a X X temporary sanitary landfill facility.  Conduct X further studies on lead contamination and implement preventive measures.Untreated  (Refer to  (Refer to wastewater Watershed Watershed (Refer to Managemen Management Watershed t under under Management ‘Discharge ‘Discharge of under of industrial industrial ‘Discharge of wastes into wastes into industrial rivers/water rivers/water wastes into bodies’) bodies’) rivers/water  Regular X X X X X X X X X X bodies’) testing of water samples and treat contaminated water supplies.

Absence of  Establish  Mobilize the X MRFs in 10 MRFs in 10 10 barangays barangays barangays.  Explore and X X develop alternative ideal sites for final disposal (SLF) of solid wastes. agriculture and  Impose X agriculture. Non.  Impose X X X X X X X X X X compliance of RA 9003. develop and implement new tipping fee guidelines. penalties to industries/agri .  Impose X X X X X X X X X X compliance of RA 9003.  Make  Mobilize the 5 X operational operational barangays to MRFs in 5 the MRFs in make their barangays 5 barangays. to establish and make operational their MRFs. MRFs operational. Absence of  Gather data  Conduct X data on POPs on POPs survey/invento used in used in ry related to industries and industries POP use.

formation of Management IWRMB Board formation. culture enterprises using POPs.  Facilitate X water management planning. Remaining  Determine  Conduct X volume of the inventory of groundwater remaining wells and its volume of volume of groundwater extraction . Water the Mandaue  Lobby for the X Resources City IWRMB. including salt water intrusion. Absence of  Organize  Educate X X X X X X X X X X the City and make stakeholders Integrated functional on IWRM.  Mobilize X X X X X X X X X promotion and construction of rainwater cisterns.  Regular X X X X X X X X X X monitoring of POP use/distributio n. (IWRMB)  Facilitate X X X X X X X X X X IWRMB meetings. .

Right to  Provide all  Enact and X X X X X X X X X access to safe HHs with enforce city water access to ordinance on safe water. .Limited data  Gather data  Inventory and X X X X X X X X X X on water on water monitoring of refilling refilling water refilling stations stations. extracting water within city’s territory. use fees from collection of  Enact and X X X X X X X X X X commercial 1% share enforce city water from ordinance providers commercial pertaining to water water resource providers use fees. station. water rights. Unclear policy  Enforce  Review the X on resource 100% City Tax Code.

Organization of the Mandaue City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan. was signed into law on CONGRESS May 27. Creating for this Purpose the Climate change commission and for the other purposes” Disaster Risk Reduction is about helping people passed on 27 of July 2009 become less vulnerable to disaster. Organization of the City Public Safety office . 10121 strategies: “An Act strengthening the Philippine Disaster 1. 2010 Government Policy Formulation. 2010 “An Act of Mainstreaming Climate Change into  Adopted the IRR on October 13. There are four (4) basic component of Disaster risk Management Republic Act no. Appropriating Reduction and Management Council. Mitigation Providing for the National Disaster Risk 3. Preparedness Risk Reduction and Management System 2. Establishing the Basic Components of Disaster Risk Management Framework Strategy and Program on Climate Strategies Change. Funds therefore and for other purposes” 2. Rehabilitation Reduction and Management Framework On Preparedness Institutionalizing the National Disaster Risk 1. Response Effectiveness 4.TWO LAWS PASSED BY THE PHILIPPINE  DRRM Act of 2010. 2010 Republic Act no. 9729  Signed the IRR of the said law on September 27.

to the following department unit. to provide traffic services and force for counter a. promote public order. rescue and recovery operation. Rescue Operation Government of Mandaue City . . DSWD insurgency and also to promote the b. On Response . themselves in a dangerous situation and become victim so the City 4. in order to protect the lives and Damage Assessment and Need Analysis Composed of properties of the community. Hazard assessment and Mapping . the interested to have our rescue groups rescue team gives priority to children. . CEO operational direction during disaster c. Creation of Rescue Groups after the occurrence of a disaster to determine extend .Rehabilitation of denuded watersheds On Mitigation . CPDO relief. Disaster survivors may need help of damage and how much assistance shall be but untrained rescuer can place extended.Relocation sites . Forest and Forestland Management. . experts in the field.They will conduct disaster assessment within 24hrs 3. women (Barangay personnel) trained by and elders.For families located in Disaster Prone Areas .In the event of disaster occurrences.

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Capacity Before  Early Warning Occurrence DISASTER RISK REDUCTION After Occurrence Response Rehabilitation/ Recovery  Damage Assessment &  Livelihood Need Analysis  Housing  Relief  Education  Search &  Infrastructure rescue  Health  Temporary Disaster Risk Reduction Management .On Rehabilitation Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Framework Preparedness Mitigation / Prevention  Knowledge development thru  Risk Assessment & education & Analysis training. resource &  Analysis & Monitoring information  Vulnerability.

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A 10121 some areas requires local especially near govt.) materials and • Relocate informal Settler Government facilities • Demolish illegal structures on 3 Unit (LGU) to  Limited training meter easement  City Order programs for • Install Community Based Monitoring disaster risk System reduction and • Regulate cutting / trimming of trees mgt. Framework. improvement of drainage system requires Local etc.  Lack of training / • Conduct regular meetings. Risk Reduction Mangement (DRRM)  Fire. skill of disaster • Identify flood prone areas/ landslide personnel • Hire additional personnel • Procure of disaster equipments  Lack of Personnel • Identify disaster responders • Conduct trainings for Tanud.  Landslide  Erosion of soil  Dredging of canals/ waterways  Section 16 at (landslide) on R. Typhoon.  R. • Conduct drill • Forge partnership with other sectors (NGO.A 10121 at some areas flooding during monitoring of drainage system and the Disaster typhoon. that post hazard. equipments. ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS MATRIX PRIORITY STATUS STRATEGY LOCAL & PROBLEM /NEED NATIONAL REQUIREMENT  Flooding of  Occasional  Conduct regular inspection and  R.  Lack of • Installation / Rehabilitation.A 10121 earthquake. heavy waterways Risk Reduction rains especially Management on high tide (DRRM) Act of 2010 aims at strengthening the disaster risk reduction and mgt. teachers. etc. Private & Public Evacuation Centers) • Establish early warning device • Purchase / store of foods and basic commodities . Unit to Butuanon Rivers established and mountain local Disaster brgys.

Terminology Disaster Disaster Risk Reduction  When a natural hazard causes serious  Concept and practice of reducing disaster disruption. a dangerous phenomenon that may cause loss of life property damage. social and economic disruption or environmental damages. or cost of property loss for unit of time Hazards  The potential to cause harm. material risks through systematic efforts to economic or environmental losses that analyze and manage the casual factors of exceed the ability to cope of those disasters affected. Vulnerability  Characteristics and circumstances of a community. causing human. system or asset that make it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard . Risk  The combination of frequency or probability and the consequence of a specific hazardous event or the severity of damage or adverse result that could be in terms of fatality or injury.

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material recovery facility for Lack of skills training and 27 barangays. air and water pollution for collection and build disposal facilities that can Insufficient system of Contribute to hazardous effects of climate change address a volume of garbage garbage collection and from the city disposal facilities Basic services affected -Construct the final disposal of facilities Lack of Manpower Poor quality of organic fertilizer production . air pollution -Identify areas for space (Parks. sorting and unidentified market composting area Lack of facilities and space -Livelihood opportunities for for composting recyclables Availability of composting technology guidelines . Plaza. and development of new parks landscaped areas of private premises) Recover the 3-meter easement of riverbank as provided by law. ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS MATRIX Technical Implications and effects Policy Findings/Observation options/Interventions Lack of area for green Causes of flooding. installation of rain water catchment Lack of sewerage and Contamination of underground water -Put up a centralized septage system sewerage and septage facilities Require business stakeholders to put up a proper sewerage and septage facilities Lack of garbage collection More complaints on uncollected waste -Increase number of trucks and disposal facilities Health problems.

Increase in car ownership Air pollution -Regular monitoring on resulting in pollution from emission testing centers exhaust Acquiring of more mobile Heavy traffic smoke testing equipments Unrestricted increase of for random testing surplus cars -Enact anti-smoke belching laws to regulate air pollution problems -Regulate the importation of surplus vehicles Polluted/contaminated -Increase the risk of diseases caused by -Regular monitoring of rivers and natural contaminated water sources industrial establishment waterways Lack of enforcement of -Stakeholders not seriously complying environment -Conduct more training and environmental laws laws seminars and strict implementation of -Barangay-homeowners miscommunication environmental laws Lack of participation of urban homeowners -Strengthen human resource at the barangay level Lack of industrial waste -Improper treatment and disposal -Identify sites and construct disposal facility industrial waste disposal facility through PPP Industrial waste/pollution -Environmental degradation -Strict enforcement of -Decreased aquatic resources environmental laws: -Health hazards Provisions of air/water treatment facilities including all sorts of business establishment as well as the centralized water treatment facilities per barangay .

education. seminar on cooperative systems Limited knowledge on the benefits of composting Lack of appropriate communication technology .Intrusion of salt water -Increased risk of losing the tap water source -Regulate and make moratorium on the drilling of tap water Identify watersheds that -Ecological imbalance -Set a stringent policy on have been converted to urban development residential subdivision Need to explore alternative -Waste of public funds resulting to wrong choice of -Suitable alternative technologies for waste alternative technology technology management No study for bio-gas Maximize Abundance of waste -Bio-gas production for production and utilization domestic use No source of segregation -Lack of cooperation from the community -Information advocacy of due to lack of public Solid Waste Management awareness Construction of high-rise -Intrusion of sea water from a certain inland distance -Planting of trees along building with deep causing salinity of underground water coastline to serve as buffer foundation stockpiles zone destroying water tables Lack of public artesian -Health risks due to poor sanitation among relocated -Request funds for drilling of wells on relocation sites beneficiaries deep wells -Request from NGO’s to donate as well Lack of basic knowledge in -Majority cannot avail of any benefits enjoyed by -Request CDA to conduct pre- cooperative system COOPs membership.

and budget Lack of information on economic benefits No ordinance enacted to -No local government initiative that can respond to -Enact ordinance in respond climate change the possible disaster risk needs of the City accordance with RA 9728 effects in the City “Climate change act of 2009” -Enact ordinance that will institutionalize the disaster management and resiliency system of the City .