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For 13FEB2017

Key Terms to Understand:

a) Binary
b) Element
c) Anion
d) Suffix
e) Prefix
f) Cation
List of Cations:

Name Formula Other name(s)

Aluminum Al+3
Ammonium NH4+
Barium Ba+2
Calcium Ca+2
Chromium(II) Cr+2 Chromous
Chromium(III) Cr+3 Chromic
Copper(I) Cu+ Cuprous
Copper(II) Cu+2 Cupric
Iron(II) Fe+2 Ferrous
Iron(III) Fe+3 Ferric
Hydrogen H+
Hydronium H3O+
Lead(II) Pb+2
Lithium Li+
Magnesium Mg+2
Manganese(II) Mn+2 Manganous
Manganese(III) Mn+3 Manganic
Mercury(I) Hg2+2 Mercurous
Mercury(II) Hg+2 Mercuric
Nitronium NO2+
Potassium K+
Silver Ag+
Sodium Na+
Strontium Sr+2
Tin(II) Sn+2 Stannous
Tin(IV) Sn+4 Stannic
Zinc Zn+2

Simple ions:
Hydride H- Oxide O2-
Fluoride F- Sulfide S2-
Chloride Cl- Nitride N3-
Bromide Br-
Iodide I-

Arsenate AsO43- Phosphate PO43-
Arsenite AsO33- Hydrogen phosphate HPO42-
Dihydrogen phosphate H2PO4-

Sulfate SO42- Nitrate NO3-

Hydrogen sulfate HSO4- Nitrite NO2-
Thiosulfate S2O32-
Sulfite SO32-

Perchlorate ClO4- Iodate IO3-

Chlorate ClO3- Bromate BrO3-
Chlorite ClO2-
Hypochlorite OCl- Hypobromite OBr-

Carbonate CO32- Chromate CrO42-

Hydrogen carbonate
HCO3- Dichromate Cr2O72-
or Bicarbonate

Anions from Organic Acids:

Acetate CH3COO- formate HCOO-

Cyanide CN- Amide NH2-
Cyanate OCN- Peroxide O22-
Thiocyanate SCN- Oxalate C2O42-
Hydroxide OH- Permanganate MnO4-

Notes for Big Sis:

This is quite difficult to explain, so I will try my best to give detailed outlines:
I. Before you start teaching, make sure you open the periodic table of elements on
his iPad (or even better if you print it and give it to him as a hard copy), then
introduce the following concepts:
a) The location of metals, non-metals and metalloids. Explain the terms and
give him real life examples such as gold, aluminium, iron etc so he
gets the hand of it. Make him say the names so he gets used to it.
b) Then explain to him briefly we have an ionic compound when there is a
metal and a non-metal (Ill explain later why), and that we have a
covalent compound when we have two non-metals (again leave the
explanation for me). He really needs to understand this to name the
c) Then introduce notion of an ion (refresh his memory of electrons and
how its gained and lost and who loses or gains them)
d) Then finally introduce cations and anions and how they are represented
with plus or minus signs. Give him few examples from the periodic table
e.g. Li+ for Lithium ion etc
e) Then start teaching him from the presentation Naming Binary
*On slide 3, there is a table of prefixes he has to MEMORISE, but please show that the
names or logical again from real life examples i.e. octopus has eight legs thus octo is for 8,
triangle for 3 etc

There are two practice tables he has to finish. It is going to be difficult for him. Show him the
periodic table AND the list of Cations&Anions and give him an example or two so he knows
whats going on.