ED 738 Geography for Teachers Class Three

Today Topics

• • • • • • •

Introductions The Purpose of This Course Course Format and Schedule Follow Up – SC Standards and Geography The Six Themes of Geography Teaching Geography Organizational Matters

Introductions

Let’s take a few minutes to introduce ourselves. Where are you from originally, where have you gone to school, what did you do before coming to the MAT, why are you interested in middle grades, what are your content areas, and anything else you’d like to share…

Course Format and Schedule

• See Syllabus • NOTE THIS IMPORTANT CHANGE. WE WILL MEET HERE ON JULY 12 AND ONLINE JULY 8. • If you need help signing on the blog, see me after class.

The Purpose of This Course

• What it is…

– a class designed for pre-service teachers – for the application of Geography – to the teaching of SC Middle School students

• What it is not…

– A course in Geography, in any form (such as Physical geography, Human geography, Environmental geography, Geomatics, Regional geography…)

The Six Themes of Geography

• • • • • •

The World In Spatial Terms Places And Regions Physical Systems Human Systems Environment and Society The Uses of Geography

The World in Spatial Terms

• Geography studies relationships between people, places, and environments by mapping information about them into a spatial context.

– 1. How to use maps and other geographic representations, tools and technologies to acquire, process and report information from a spatial perspective.

– 2. How to use mental maps to organize information about people, places, and environments in a spatial context.

– 3. How to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface.

Places and Regions

• The identities and lives of individuals and peoples are rooted in particular places in those human constructs called regions.

– 4. The physical and human characteristics of places.

– 5. That people create regions to interpret earth's complexity.

– 6. Low culture and experience influence people's perceptions of places and regions

Physical Systems

• Physical processes shape Earth's surface and interact with plant and animal life to create, sustain, and modify ecosystems.

– 7. The physical processes that shape the patterns of Earth's surface.

– 8. The characteristics and spatial distribution of ecosystems on Earth's surface.

Human Systems (Part I)

• People are central to geography in that human activities help shape Earth's surface, human settlements and structures are part of Earth's surface, and humans compete for control of Earth's surface.

– 9. The characteristics, distribution, and migration of human population on Earth's surface.

– 10. The characteristics, distribution, and complexity of Earth's cultural mosaics.

Human Systems (Part II)

• People are central to geography in that human activities help shape Earth's surface, human settlements and structures are part of Earth's surface, and humans compete for control of Earth's surface.

– 12. The processes, patterns, and functions of human settlement.

– 13. How the forces of cooperation and conflict among people influence human control of Earth's surface.

Environment and Society

• The physical environment is modified by human activities, largely as a consequence of the ways in which human societies value and use Earth's natural resources, and human activities are also influenced by Earth's physical features and processes.

– 14. How human actions modify the physical environment.

– 15. How physical systems affect human systems.

– 16. The changes that occur in meaning, use, distribution and importance or resources.

The Uses of Geography

• Knowledge of geography enables people to develop an understanding of the relationships between people, places, and environments over time--that is, of Earth as it was, is, and might be.

– 17. How to apply geography to interpret the past.

– 18. How to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.

Using the Six Themes

• Use in Bloom’s Taxonomy • Use in Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences • Coordination with State Standards

SC Standards and Geography

• What students need to know: • In Social Studies

– http://ed.sc.gov/agency/Standards-andLearning/AcademicStandards/old/cso/social_studies/social.html

• In Science

– http://www.ed.sc.gov/agency/Standards-andLearning/AcademicStandards/old/cso/standards/science/sd.html

Tomorrow

• • • • •

Meet at the UCG Room 506 The tools of geography The Six Themes of Geography (continued) Example of lesson using the six themes Use in Inter-disciplinary Units

Organizational Matters

• Note calendar and change • Selection of presentation dates and topics • Selection of summary project topics

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